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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 26-34, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878232

ABSTRACT

Intermittent hypoxia (IH) could induce cognitive impairment through oxidative stress and inflammation. However, the degree of cell damage is closely related to the IH stimulus frequency. IH stimulation with different frequencies also induces opposite results on neuronal cell lines. Therefore, this study was aimed to compare the effects of IH stimulation with three different frequencies on murine hippocampal neuronal HT22 cell activity, and to explore the molecular mechanism of the IH stimulus frequency-related neuron injury. HT22 cells were cultured and divided into control group and three IH stimulation groups with different frequencies. Oxygen concentration in the chamber was circulated between 21% and 1% (IH1 group, 6 cycles/h; IH2 group, 2 cycles/h; IH3 group, 0.6 cycle/h). Cell morphology was observed at 6, 12, 24 and 48 h of IH treatment. Cell viability was determined by the CCK-8 kit, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) content in cell supernatant was determined by LDH kit, oxidative stress level was detected by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) probe, and protein expression levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) and phosphorylated nuclear factor κB (p-NF-κB) were detected by Western blot. The results showed that, compared with control group, cell number and activity in the three IH groups were decreased, LDH content and ROS levels were increased with the prolongation of IH stimulation time, and the changes were most obvious in the IH1 group among those of the three IH groups. Hif-1α expression and the p-NF-κB/NF-κB ratio were also up-regulated with the prolongation of IH stimulation time, and the changes of IH1 group were the most significant. These results suggest that IH stimulation induces oxidative stress injury in HT22 cells, which is related to increased Hif-1α expression and NF-κB phosphorylation. Moreover, the higher frequency of IH stimulation induces more serious cell injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Survival , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of periostin on hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts and the molecular mechanism involved.@*METHODS@# cultured human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were placed in an anaerobic gas-producing bag for hypoxia treatment for 48 h followed by treatment with periostin at low (25 ng/mL), moderate (50 ng/mL) or high (100 ng/mL) doses. MTT assay was used to measure the cell viability, and the cell apoptosis rate was determined using flow cytometry. The contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the cells were determined with ELISA, and ROS levels were measured using a fluorescent plate reader. The intracellular SOD activity was detected using ELISA. The expressions of HIF-1α, P21, cyclin D1, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2, P38MAPK and p-p38 MAPK proteins in the cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Hypoxia treatment significantly reduced the cell viability ( < 0.05), increased P21, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 protein levels ( < 0.05), promoted cell apoptosis ( < 0.05), and decreased cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 protein levels ( < 0.05) in the cells. Compared with the hypoxic group, the cells treated with periostin at different concentrations showed significantly increased cell viability ( < 0.05) with significantly lowered apoptotic rates ( < 0.05) and decreased expression levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 ( < 0.05) but significantly increased expression levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 ( < 0.05). Hypoxic exposure of the cells resulted in significantly increased expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and increased levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) but decreased SOD activity ( < 0.05). Periostin treatment at different concentrations significantly lowered the expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) and significantly increased SOD activity in the hypoxic cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periostin promotes the proliferation, inhibits apoptosis, enhances cellular antioxidant capacity, and reduces inflammatory damage in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts exposed to hypoxia possibly by inhibiting the activation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Cell Hypoxia , Fibroblasts , Humans , Oxidative Stress , Periodontal Ligament , Cell Biology , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828061

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate whether the mechanism of salvianolic acid B in protecting H9 c2 cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation injury is related to the regulation of mitochondrial autophagy mediated by NIX. H9 c2 cardiomyocytes were cultured in vitro and divided into normal group, model group and salvianolic acid B group(50 μmol·L~(-1)). Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury model was established by hypoxia for 4 h and reoxygenation for 2 h. In normal group, high glucose DMEM medium was used for culture. Those in model group were cultured with DMEM medium without glucose and oxygen, and no drugs for hypoxia and reoxyge-nation. In salvianolic acid B group, salvianolic acid B prepared by glucose-free DMEM medium was added during hypoxia, and the other process was as same as the model group. The cell viability was evaluated by CCK-8 assay. The leakage of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) was detected by microplate method. The levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential(ΔΨm) were measured by chemical fluorescence method. The level of intracellular adenosine triphosphate(ATP) was mea-sured by fluorescein enzyme method. The autophagy related proteins LC3-Ⅰ, LC3-Ⅱ, apoptosis related protein cleaved caspase-3 and mitochondrial autophagy receptor protein NIX were detected by Western blot. As compared with the normal group, the activity of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes and ATP level were decreased(P<0.05); LDH leakage and ROS production were increased(P<0.01); ΔΨm was decreased(P<0.01); LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio, cleaved caspase-3 and NIX protein expression levels were increased(all P<0.05) in the model group. As compared with the model group, the activity of cells and ΔΨm were significantly increased(P<0.01); ATP level was increased(P<0.05); LDH leakage and ROS generation were decreased(P<0.01); LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio was decreased(P<0.01); cleaved caspase-3 and NIX expression levels were decreased(P<0.05) in the salvianolic acid B group. The protective effect of salvianolic acid B on hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes may be associated with inhibiting mitochondrial auto-phagy. The specific mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation of mitochondrial autophagy mediated by NIX, increasing ΔΨm, reducing ROS production, reducing the expression of cleaved caspase-3, LC3-Ⅱ, and increasing cell viability.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Benzofurans , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Survival , Humans , Hypoxia , Myocytes, Cardiac
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880589

ABSTRACT

Cardiomyocytes injury model has been widely used in the study for the molecular mechanism of cardiovascular diseases and drug action. It is very important to select the appropriate model due to the different formation mechanisms for various models. Clinical cardiovascular pathological change is relatively complex. Currently used models according to the characteristics of clinical cardiovascular diseases mainly include hydrogen peroxide-induced myocardial cell damage model, hypoxia reoxygenation injury model, adriamycin-induced myocardial cell damage model, high sugar high fat-induced myocardial cell damage model, and isoprenaline-induced myocardial cell damage model. Every model has its advantages as well as its disadvantages. The suitable model of myocardial cell injury can be selected according to the research purpose.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Hypoxia , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Research
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 336-342, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777181

ABSTRACT

Drug metabolism is significantly affected under hypoxia environment with changes of pharmacokinetics, expression and function of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Studies have shown that hypoxia increases the release of a series of inflammatory cytokines which can modulate drug metabolism. Besides, both hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and microRNA-mediated pathways play a role in regulating drug metabolism. This article reviewed the impact and single-factor modulating mechanisms of drug metabolism under hypoxia, and put forward the speculation and prospects of multi-factor modulating mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Cell Hypoxia , Humans , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Physiology , Membrane Transport Proteins , Physiology , MicroRNAs , Physiology , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813099

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of airway epithelial cells on macrophages chemotaxis and inflammatory cytokine expression under hypoxic conditions.
 Methods: Human bronchial epithelial cells (HBE) treated with different concentrations (0, 100, 200, 400, 800 μmol/L) of CoCl2 or transfected with HIF-1α siRNA were co-cultured with THP-1-derived M1 macrophages or M2 macrophages. The chemotactic effects on macrophages were analyzed by Transwell assay. The levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-13 and IL-10 in the supernatants of macrophages were detected by ELISA, and HIF-1α or Cav-1 mRNA expression in HBE or macrophages was detected by RT-qPCR.
 Results: HBE cells promoted macrophages chemotaxis in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Compared to un-transfected group, the chemotactic ability of HBE transfected with HIF-1α siRNA was significantly weakened (P<0.01). Under the same culture conditions, the chemotaxis of M2 macrophages was greater than that in THP1-derived M1 macrophages. The concentrations of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-13 and IL-10 in the supernatants of macrophages were increased in a time-and concentration-dependent manner. The concentrations of TNF-α and IFN-γ were increased further after co-culturing for 8 and 12 h; while IL-4, IL-13 and IL-10 concentrations were increased further during 24 h of co-culture. The levels of cytokines in the supernatants of macrophages co-cultured with HBE and transfected with HIF-1α siRNA were significantly lower than those in un-transfected cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The reduction of TNF-α or IFN-γ was more obvious. The expression of HIF-1α or Cav-1 mRNA in HBE or macrophages was increased in a concentration-dependent manner after 8 or 12 h co-culture, which was significantly reduced when HBE was transfected with HIF-1α siRNA.
 Conclusion: Airway epithelial cells can enhance macrophages chemotaxis and pro-inflammatory cytokines expressions under hypoxic condition. HIF-1α and Cav-1 may be the important mediators in these processes.


Subject(s)
Cell Hypoxia , Chemotaxis , Cytokines , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Macrophages
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of 280 nm-LED ultraviolet irradiation on the proliferation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) HL-60 cells under hypoxic conditions and related mechanism.@*METHODS@#HL-60 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were selected and divided into control, hypoxia, ultraviolet and hypoxia+ultraviolet groups. The cells in the hypoxia group were treated with cobalt chloride (with a final concentration of 150 μmol/L), those in the ultraviolet group were irradiated by 280 nm-LED ultraviolet with an energy intensity of 30 J/m, and those in the hypoxia+ultraviolet group were treated with cobalt chloride and then irradiated by 280 nm-LED ultraviolet. After 48 hours of treatment, the cells were placed under an invert microscope to observe cell morphology. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the inhibition rate of cell proliferation. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining flow cytometry was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of Bcl-2. Each experiment above was repeated three times independently.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the experimental groups showed shrinkage, decreased brightness, and disordered arrangement of cells, and the number of cells decreased over the time of culture. There were significant differences in the inhibition rate of cell proliferation and cell apoptosis rate among the groups (P<0.01), and the hypoxia+ultraviolet group showed the strongest inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of cell apoptosis, followed by the ultraviolet group and the hypoxia group. Compared with the control group, the other three groups had a gradual reduction in the mRNA expression of Bcl-2, and the hypoxia+ultraviolet group had a significantly greater reduction than the hypoxia and ultraviolet groups (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both hypoxia and ultraviolet irradiation can inhibit the proliferation of HL-60 cells and induce cell apoptosis, and ultraviolet irradiation has a better effect on proliferation inhibition and cell apoptosis under hypoxic conditions than under normoxic conditions, possibly by downregulating the mRNA expression of Bcl-2.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of salvianolic acid A (SAA) on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in response to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury and to determine whether the Akt signaling pathway might play a role.@*METHODS@#An in vitro model of H/R injury was used to study outcomes on primary cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. The cardiomyocytes were treated with 12.5, 25, 50 μg/mL SAA at the beginning of hypoxia and reoxygenation, respectively. Adenosine triphospate (ATP) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were assayed. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry and the expression of cleaved-caspase 3, Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by Western blotting. The effects of SAA on mitochondrial dysfunction were examined by determining the mitochondrial membrane potential (△Ψm) and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), followed by the phosphorylation of Akt (p-Akt) and GSK-3β (p-GSK-3β), which were measured by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#SAA significantly preserved ATP levels and reduced ROS production. Importantly, SAA markedly reduced the number of apoptotic cells and decreased cleaved-caspase 3 expression levels, while also reducing the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2. Furthermore, SAA prevented the loss of △Ψm and inhibited the activation of mPTP. Western blotting experiments further revealed that SAA significantly increased the expression of p-Akt and p-GSK-3β, and the increase in p-GSK-3β expression was attenuated after inhibition of the Akt signaling pathway with LY294002.@*CONCLUSION@#SAA has a protective effect on cardiomyocyte H/R injury; the underlying mechanism may be related to the preservation of mitochondrial function and the activation of the Akt/GSK-3β signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Caffeic Acids , Pharmacology , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Physiology , Lactates , Pharmacology , Mitochondria, Heart , Physiology , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins , Myocytes, Cardiac , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Physiology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-186 inhibition on the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-α) and mitochondrial function in hypoxic vascular endothelial cells.@*METHODS@#Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured in routine or hypoxic conditions for 6 h were examined for the expression of miR-186. A miR-186 inhibitor was transfected in the HUVECs, and the cells were subsequently cultured in hypoxic condition for 6 h to observe the changes in the mitochondrial structure under an electron microscope. The changes in the mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α in response to miR-186 interference were tested using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-18 was mildly increased in HUVECs after hypoxic exposure for 6 h (=0.0188). Interference of miR-186 expression obviously promoted the mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α in HUVECs. In hypoxic conditions, miR-186 interference significantly reduced mitochondrial damage in HUVECs as observed under electron microscope (=0.0297).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Inhibition of miR-186 protects vascular endothelial cells against hypoxic injuries by promoting HIF-α expression to lessen mitochondrial damage, suggesting the possibility of targeted miR-186 interference for treatment of hemorrhagic shock.


Subject(s)
Cell Hypoxia , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , MicroRNAs , Mitochondria , Umbilical Veins
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773090

ABSTRACT

Astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI), but its mechanism of action has not yet been determined. This study aims to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of AS-Ⅳ on H9c2 cardiomyocyte injury induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation(H/R). The H/R model of myocardial cells was established by hypoxic culture for 12 hours and then reoxygenation culture for 8 hours. After AS-Ⅳ treatment, cell viability, the reactive oxygen species(ROS) levels, as well as the content or activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), interleukin 6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α), were measured to evaluate the effect of AS-Ⅳ treatment. The effect of AS-Ⅳ on HO-1 protein expression and nuclear Nrf2 and Bach1 protein expression was determined by Western blot. Finally, siRNA was used to knock down HO-1 gene expression to observe its reversal effect on AS-Ⅳ intervention. The results showed that as compared with the H/R model group, the cell viability was significantly increased(P<0.01), ROS level in the cells, MDA, hs-CRP and TNF-α in cell supernatant and nuclear protein Bach1 expression in the cells were significantly decreased(P<0.01), while SOD content, HO-1 protein expression in cells and expression of nuclear protein Nrf2 were significantly increased(P<0.01) in H/R+AS-Ⅳ group. However, pre-transfection of HO-1 siRNA into H9c2 cells by liposome could partly reverse the above effects of AS-Ⅳ after knocking down the expression of HO-1. This study suggests that AS-Ⅳ has significant protective effect on H/R injury of H9c2 cardiomyocytes, and Nrf2/Bach1/HO-1 signaling pathway may be a key signaling pathway for the effect.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Metabolism , Humans , Myocytes, Cardiac , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Metabolism , Saponins , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Triterpenes , Pharmacology
11.
Biol. Res ; 52: 12, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011414

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypoxia microenvironment plays a crucial role during tumor progression and it tends to exhibit poor prognosis and make resistant to various conventional therapies. HIF-1α acts as an important transcriptional regulator directly or indirectly associated with genes involved in cell proliferation, angiogenesis, apoptosis and energy metabolism during tumor progression in hypoxic microenvironment. This study was aimed to investigate the expression pattern of the hypoxia associated genes and their association during breast cancer progression under hypoxic microenvironment in breast cancer cells. METHODS: Cell proliferation in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines treated with different concentration of CoCl2 was analyzed by MTT assay. Flow cytometry was performed to check cell cycle distribution, whereas cell morphology was examined by phase contrast microscopy in both the cells during hypoxia induction. Expression of hypoxia associated genes HIF-1α, VEGF, p53 and BAX were determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR and real-time PCR. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression at protein level. RESULTS: Our study revealed that cell proliferation in CoCl2 treated breast cancer cells were concentration dependent and varies with different cell types, further increase in CoCl2 concentration leads to apoptotic cell death. Further, accumulation of p53 protein in response to hypoxia as compare to normoxia showed that induction of p53 in breast cancer cells is HIF-1α dependent. HIF-1α dependent BAX expression during hypoxia revealed that after certain extent of hypoxia induction, over expression of BAX conquers the effect of anti-apoptotic proteins and ultimately leads to apoptosis in breast cancer cells. CONCLUSION: In conclusion our results clearly indicate that CoCl2 simulated hypoxia induce the accumulation of HIF-1α protein and alter the expression of hypoxia associated genes involved in angiogenesis and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Hypoxia/drug effects , Cobalt/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Transfection , Cell Hypoxia/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , MCF-7 Cells , Flow Cytometry
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(12): e8834, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055472

ABSTRACT

Polydatin (PD), a monocrystalline polyphenolic drug mainly found in the roots of Polygonum cuspidatum, has various pharmacological activities. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 5 (DGCR5) was found to participate in the suppression of multiple cancers. Here, we proposed to study the effect of PD on myocardial infarction (MI) by inducing DGCR5. CCK-8 assay was performed to detect the viability of H9c2 cells. Flow cytometry was utilized to test apoptosis of H9c2 cells. These results determined the optimal concentration and effect time of hypoxia as well as PD. Si-DGCR5 was transfected into cells and the expression level was determined by qRT-PCR. Western blot was utilized to evaluate the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved-caspase-3, as well as autophagy-associated proteins including Beclin-1, p62, and LC3-II/LC3-I. As a result, PD efficiently attenuated hypoxia-induced apoptosis and autophagy in H9c2 cells. The expression of DGCR5 was down-regulated by hypoxia and up-regulated by PD. Besides, knocking-down the expression of DGCR5 inhibited the protection of PD in H9c2 cells. In addition, PD up-regulated the accumulation of DGCR5, DGCR5 decreased the expression of Bcl-2 and p62, raised the expression of Bax and cleaved-caspase-3, and the proportion of LC3-II/LC3-I. PD stimulated the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and MEK/ERK signaling pathways via up-regulating the expression of DGCR5. Our data demonstrated that PD reduced cell apoptosis and autophagy induced by hypoxia in cardiomyocytes. Moreover, PD activated PI3K/AKT/mTOR and MEK/ERK signaling pathways by up-regulating the expression of DGCR5.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Cell Hypoxia/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , RNA, Long Noncoding/drug effects , Glucosides/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Cell Line , Cytoprotection , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e7994, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984040

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction (MI) is a common presentation for ischemic heart disease, which is a leading cause of death. Emodin is a Chinese herbal anthraquinone used in several diseases. However, the effect of emodin in hypoxia-induced injury in cardiomyocytes has not been clearly elucidated. Our study aimed to clarify the functions of emodin in hypoxia-induced injury in rat cardiomyocytes H9c2 and explore the underlying mechanism. The effects of emodin on cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed by the Cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively. The cell proliferation- and cell apoptosis-related proteins were detected by western blot. qRT-PCR was used to determine the relative expression of miR-138. Cell transfection was performed to alter miR-138 and MLK3 expression. miR-138 target was performed by dual luciferase activity assay. Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways-related factors phosphorylation were analyzed by western blot. Emodin inhibited hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells by promoting cell viability and reducing cell apoptosis. miR-138 was down-regulated by hypoxia treatment but up-regulated by emodin. Up-regulation of miR-138 alleviated hypoxia-induced cell injury. Down-regulation of miR-138 attenuated the growth-promoting effect of emodin on hypoxia-induced injury, whereas up-regulation of miR-138 enhanced the growth-promoting effects of emodin. The underlying mechanism might be by inactivating Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways. MLK3 was negatively regulated by miR-138 expression and inactivated Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways. Emodin alleviated hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells via up-regulation of miR-138 modulated by MLK3, as well as by activating Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Hypoxia/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Emodin/therapeutic use , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Hypoxia/complications , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Cell Line , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , MicroRNAs
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of Celastrus Orbiculatus extracts (COE) on metastasis in hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The effect of COE (160, 200 and 240 µ g/mL) on cell viability, scratch-wound, invasion and migration were studied by 3-4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), scratch-wound and transwell assays, respectively. CoCl was used to establish a hypoxia model in vitro. Effects of COE on the expressions of E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin were investigated with Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis, respectively.@*RESULTS@#COE inhibited proliferation and metastasis of hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). Furthermore, the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers were also remarkably suppressed in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). In addition, the upstream signaling pathways, including the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 α (Hif-1 α) and Twist1 were suppressed by COE. Additionally, the Hif-1 α inhibitor 3-5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole (YC-1), potently suppressed cell invasion and migration as well as expression of EMT in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells. Similarly, the combined treatment with COE and YC-1 showed a synergistic effect (P<0.01) compared with the treatment with COE or YC-1 alone in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COE significantly inhibited the tumor metastasis and EMT by suppressing Hif-1 α/Twist1 signaling pathway in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cell. Thus, COE might have potential effect to inhibit the progression of HepG2 in the context of tumor hypoxia.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Celastrus , Chemistry , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Proliferation , Cell Shape , Cobalt , Down-Regulation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Notch signal on hypoxic induction factor (HIF-1α) and autophagy-associated genes Beclin1, LC3I, LC3II in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) induced myocardial cell injury.@*METHODS@#The OGD model was established using hypoxic culture box and hypoglycemic DMEM medium. The cells were divided into normal control group, OGD group, OGD + NC siRNA group, OGD + Notch1 siRNA group and OGD + HIF-1α siRNA group. Western blot was used to detect the interference effects of HIF-1α siRNA and Notch1 siRNA. The effects of Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA on the activity of myocardial cells in OGD model were detected by the CCK-8 assay. The effects of Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA on autophage-associated genes Beclin1, LC3I and LC3II expression were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The results of Western blot showed that HIF-1α siRNA could effectively knock down the expression of HIF-1α in myocardial cells in OGD model, and Notch1 siRNA could effectively knock down the expression of Notch1 and HIF-1α in myocardial cells in OGD model. The result of CCK-8 assay showed that Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA reduced the activity of myocardial cells in OGD model, and there was no statistical difference between the two groups. Western blot results showed that Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA could reduce the expressions of the autophagy-associated genes Beclin1, LC3I and LC3II, and reduce the ratio of LC3II to LC3I at mRNA level.@*CONCLUSION@#Notch1 plays a role in myocardial protection by regulating the expression of HIF-1α to regulate the autophagy in OGD model cells.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Glucose , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Pathology , Oxygen , Receptors, Notch , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776003

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expressions of mucosal barrier proteins in colon cell line DLD-1 under hypoxic environment and its mechanism. Methods After DLD-1 cells were treated separately with hypoxia(l% O),vitamin D(100 nmol/L),or vitamin D plus hypoxia for 48 hours,the expressions of vitamin D receptor(VDR),tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1(ZO-1),occludin,Claudin-1,and adherent junction protein(E-cadherin)were determined by Western blot.Stable VDR knock-down(Sh-VDR)DLD-1 cell line and control DLD-1 cell line were established by lentivirus package technology and the protein expressions after hypoxia treatment were detected. Results Compared with control group,the expressions of occludin,Claudin-1,and VDR increased significantly after hypoxia treatment(all <0.001).In addition to the protein expressions of occludin,Claudin-1 and VDR,the expressions of ZO-1 and E-cadherin were also obviously higher in vitamin D plus hypoxia group than in single vitamin D treatment group(all <0.001).After hypoxia treatment,Sh-VDR cell line showed significantly decreased expressions of ZO-1(<0.001),occludin(<0.05),Claudin-1(<0.01)and E-cadherin(<0.001)when compared with untreated Sh-VDR cell line. Conclusion VDR acts as a regulator for the expressions of intestinal mucosal barrier proteins under hypoxia environment in DLD-1 colon cell line,indicating that VDR pathway may be another important protective mechanism for gut barrier in low-oxygen environment.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Cadherins , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line , Claudin-1 , Metabolism , Colon , Cell Biology , Humans , Occludin , Metabolism , Receptors, Calcitriol , Metabolism , Tight Junctions , Vitamin D , Pharmacology , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein , Metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813301

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of propofol on human cardiac AC16 cells under CoCl2-induced hypoxic injury and the possible mechanisms.
 Methods: Human AC16 cardiomyocytes were treated with cobalt chloride (CoCl2) to mimic hypoxic condition in cultured cardiomyocytes. The AC16 cells were divided into 3 groups: a control group, a CoCl2 hypoxia group (CoCl2 group), and a propofol+CoCl2 group (propofol+ CoCl2 group). The cell viability was assessed by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). Cell apoptosis ratio (AR) and the mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) were detected by flow cytometry. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in AC16 cells were determined with the ROS-sensitive fluorescent probe. Meanwhile, total intracellular levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in AC16 cells were detected with commercially available kits. Western blot was used to evaluate the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 signaling pathways.
 Results: 1) Compared with the control group, AC16 cell viability was decreased significantly in the CoCl2 group following the treatment with 500 μmol/L CoCl2 (P<0.01); 2) Compared with the control group, AR value in AC16 cells was increased significantly in the CoCl2 group, while Δψm was decreased significantly (all P<0.01). Compared with the CoCl2 group, AR value in AC16 cells was decreased significantly in the propofol+CoCl2 group, while Δψm was increased significantly (both P<0.05); 3) Compared with the control group, the levels of ROS and MDA were increased significantly, and the level of SOD was significantly decreased in the CoCl2 group (all P<0.01). Compared with the CoCl2 group, the ROS and MDA levels in the propofol+CoCl2 group were increased significantly and the SOD levels were decreased significantly (all P<0.05); 4) Compared with the control group, the phosphorylation levels of JNK and p38 were increased significantly (both P<0.05) in the CoCl2 group. Compared with the CoCl2 group, the phosphorylation levels of JNK and p38 were decreased significantly in the propofol+CoCl2 group (both P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The pretreatment with propofol may protect human cardiac AC16 cells from the chemical hypoxia-induced injury through regulation of JNK and p38 signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Cobalt , Pharmacology , Humans , Hypoxia , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Propofol , Reactive Oxygen Species
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813225

ABSTRACT

To explore the role of miR-873 in cardiomyocyte injury induces by hypoxia reoxygenation (H/R) and its related mechanisms.
 Methods: H/R model was established by culturing mouse cardiac H9c2 cells in vitro, and miR-873 mimic was transfected. The experiments were divided into a control group, a H/R group, a negative control group and a miR-873 mimic group. The expression of miR-873 was measured using real-time PCR. The protein expression levels of egl-9 family hypoxia inducible factor 3 (Egln3), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) were evaluated by Western blotting. Cell apoptosis ELISA kit and cysteine-containing, aspartate-specific proteases-3 (caspase-3) activity kit was used to detect cell apoptosis and caspase-3 activity, respectively. The targeting effect of miR-873 on Egln3 were examined by the dual luciferase report gene assay, and the experiments were divided into a negative control group, a Egln3 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTR) WT group (WT group) and a Egln3 3'-UTR MUT group (MUT group). In order to further detect the effects of Egln3 on miR-873 mimics, the Egln3 overexpressed cells were constructed, and the experiments were divided into a H/R group, a H/R+miR-873 mimic group, a H/R+pcDNA3-Egln3 (pcEgln3) group and a H/R+ miR-873 mimic+pcEgln3 group.
 Results: Compared with the control group, the expression level of miR-873 was significantly decreased in the H/R group (P0.05). In the over-expression experiment, compared with the H/R group, the cell apoptosis and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 were significantly reduced in the miR-873 mimic group (both P<0.05). Compared with miR-873 mimic group, the cell apoptosis and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 were significantly up-regulated in the H/R+pcEgln3 group and the H/R+miR-873 mimic+pcEgln3 group (all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: MiR-873 can inhibit H/R- induced apoptosis of cardiomyocyte via targeting Egln3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Mice , MicroRNAs , Myocytes, Cardiac
19.
Medisur ; 16(6): 951-963, nov.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-976220

ABSTRACT

Las células realizan transformaciones estructurales y metabólicas ante situaciones de estrés, lo que les permite mantener una adecuada homeostasis y evitar la muerte. La presente revisión bibliográfica tuvo como objetivo describir los principales cambios morfofisiológicos celulares que acontecen en la parada cardiaca y reanimación cardiopulmocerebral. El método incluyó una revisión documental (bases de datos SciELO Regional, PubMed, Cochrane e Infomed), realizada durante el primer semestre del 2018. Fueron seleccionadas 28 referencias. Se concluye que existen cambios celulares durante el cese circulatorio, las maniobras de resucitación y en la reperfusión. En la parada cardiaca, los cambios celulares se expresan en todos los organelos y puede llevar a muerte por necrosis. Durante la reperfusión se producen nuevos cambios estructurales, por entrada de calcio, alteraciones en sodio, producción de radicales libres e inflamación. Los cambios morfofisiológicos dependerán del estado metabólico previo, el tiempo de parada cardiaca y la instauración eficaz de medidas de resucitación.


Cell suffer structural and metabolic changes in stress situations,which allow them to maintain an adequate homeostasis and avoid death . This bibliographic review had the objective of describing the main morph-physiological changes which occur in cardiac failure and cardiac-pulmonary-cerebral resuscitation. The method was documentary reviewing (database Regional SciELO, PubMed, Cochrane and Infomed), developed during the first semester of 2018. Twenty eight references were selected. It was concluded that there are cellular changes during circulatory stop, the procedures of resuscitation and re-perfusion. In cardiac failure, cellular changes are expressed in all the organelles. And may cause death due to necroses. During re-perfusion new structural changes occur, for calcium entrance, sodium disturbances, production of free radicals and swelling. Morph.physiological changes depend on previous metabolic condition, time of cardiac failure and the successful establishment of resuscitation measures.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Cell Physiological Phenomena/physiology , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/statistics & numerical data , Heart Arrest/physiopathology , Cell Hypoxia/physiology
20.
West Indian med. j ; 67(3): 262-273, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045855

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This cross-sectional study evaluated the association of plasma cytochrome c (CytoC) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, as mitochondrial dysfunction and cellular hypoxia biomarkers, with disease risk factors and prognosis in Type 2 diabetic patients in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A total of 252 patients (94 males and 158 females) were eligible and were matched by socio-economic status, age and body mass index (BMI) with 106 healthy participants (71 males and 35 females). They were subgrouped according to BMI, disease duration and treatment. Lipid and glycaemic control indices were colorimetrically measured to calculate insulin resistance (IR) and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP). Haemoglobin A1c, C-reactive protein (CRP), CytoC and HIF-1α were measured using specific immunoassays. Results: Among the patients, 50% (38.64% of males and 52.53% of females), 40.48% (43.18% of males and 40.51% of females), 4.365% (6.82% of males and 3.80% of females), 2.381% (4.55% of males and 1.90% of females), and ~0.8% (males) suffered from peripheral neuropathy, ophthalmopathy, kidney disease, myocardial infarction and ketoacidosis, respectively. The majority of complicated cases had greater age, BMI, disease duration, plasma insulin and AIP, and were on insulin. The two investigated groups were non-significantly different considering CytoC, but highly significantly different considering lipid profile (as reflected on AIP) and glycaemic control parameters (as reflected on IR, plasma CRP and HIF-1α), with significant correlations among all of them in a group-specific pattern. Conclusion: Patients suffered a high rate of complications that correlated with age, BMI, disease duration, AIP, plasma insulin and insulin treatment due to poor disease control. Reduced HIF-1α and non-significant increased CytoC levels correlated negatively with bad prognostic indicators of the disease pointing to a pathogenetic implication.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Este estudio transversal evaluó la asociación del citocromo C del plasma (CitoC) y el factor inducible por hipoxia (HIF)-1α, como la disfunción mitocondrial y los biomarcadores de la hipoxia celular, con los factores de riesgo y pronóstico de enfermedad en pacientes diabéticos de tipo 2 en Arabia Saudita. Métodos: Un total de 252 pacientes (94 varones y 158 mujeres) fueron elegidos y apareados por estado socioeconómico, edad e índice de masa corporal (IMC) con 106 participantes sanos (71 varones y 35 hembras). Se dividieron entonces en subgrupos de acuerdo con el IMC, la duración de la enfermedad y el tratamiento. Se midieron los índices de lípidos y control glucémico para calcular la resistencia a la insulina (RI) y el índice aterogénico de plasma (IAP). la hemoglobina A1C, la proteína C-reactiva (PCR), CitoC y HIF-α fueron medidos usando inmunoensayos específicos. Resultados: Entre los pacientes, el 50% (38.64% de los varones y el 52.53% de las mujeres), 40.48% (43.18% de los varones y 40.51% de las mujeres), 4.365% (6.82% de los varones y 3.80% de las mujeres), 2.381% (4.55% de los varones y 1.90% de las mujeres), y ~ 0.8% (varones) padecían de neuropatía periférica, oftalmopatía, enfermedad renal, infarto de miocardio y cetoacidosis, respectivamente. la mayor parte de los casos complicados tenían mayor edad, IMC, duración de la enfermedad, insulina plasmática e IAP, y recibían tratamiento de insulina. Los dos grupos investigados no fueron significativamente diferentes considerando la CitoC, pero fueron muy significativamente diferentes en cuanto a su perfil lipídico (como se refleja en el IAP) y los parámetros de control glicémico (como se refleja en la RI, el plasma y el HIF-α), con importantes correlaciones entre todos ellos en un patrón específico de grupo. Conclusión: Los pacientes tuvieron un alto índice de complicaciones que se correlacionaron con la edad, el IMC, la duración de la enfermedad, el IAP, la insulina plasmática y el tratamiento de la insulina debido al pobre control de la enfermedad. La reducción del HIF-α y el aumento no significativo de los niveles de CitoC se correlacionaron negativamente con los indicadores de mal pronóstico de la enfermedad, que apuntaban a una implicación patogénica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cell Hypoxia , Mitochondrial Diseases/etiology , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Prognosis , Saudi Arabia , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
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