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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect and mechanism of down-regulating lncRNA TTTY15 targeting miR-4500 on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of A172 glioma cells.@*METHODS@#The difference in TTTY15 expression between the glioma cells and tissue was determined with a qRT-PCR method. Complementary binding sites of TTTY15 and miR-4500 were predicted with Starbase software, and the targeting relationship was validated with a luciferase reporter system. A172 glioma cells were divided into Control, si-NC (transfected with control siRNA), si-TTTY15 (transfected with TTTY15 siRNA), si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-NC (co-transfected with TTTY15 siRNA and inhibitor control) and si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-4500 (co-transfected with TTTY15 siRNA and miR-4500 inhibitor) groups. Proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion, and the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins of the A172 glioma cells were respectively detected with CCK-8, flow cytometry, Transwell chamber and Western blotting assays.@*RESULTS@#The expression of TTTY15 in glioma cells and glioma tissues have both increased. The expression levels of TTTY15 and miR-4500 in glioma tissues were inversely correlated. TTTY15 and miR-4500 are mutually targeted. Compared with those of the Control and si-NC groups, the glioma cells in the si-TTTY15 group showed increased level of miR-4500, decreased survival rate, increased apoptosis rate, enhanced cell migration and invasion, increased expression of Bax protein, and decreased expression of Bcl-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins (P<0.05). Compared with those of the si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-NC group, the A172 glioma cells in the si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-4500 group showed decreased level of miR-4500, increased cell survival rate, decreased apoptosis rate, enhanced cell migration and invasion, decreased expression of Bax protein, and increased expression of Bcl-2, MMP-2, and MMP-9 proteins (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulating TTTY15 targeting miR-4500 can inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion and induce apoptosis of the A172 glioma cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioma/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928207

ABSTRACT

Cell migration is defined as the directional movement of cells toward a specific chemical concentration gradient, which plays a crucial role in embryo development, wound healing and tumor metastasis. However, current research methods showed low flux and are only suitable for single-factor assessment, and it was difficult to comprehensively consider the effects of other parameters such as different concentration gradients on cell migration behavior. In this paper, a four-channel microfluidic chip was designed. Its characteristics were as follows: it relied on laminar flow and diffusion mechanisms to establish and maintain a concentration gradient; it was suitable for observation of cell migration in different concentration gradient environment under a single microscope field; four cell isolation zones (20 μm width) were integrated into the microfluidic device to calibrate the initial cell position, which ensured the accuracy of the experimental results. In particular, we used COMSOL Multiphysics software to simulate the structure of the chip, which demonstrated the necessity of designing S-shaped microchannel and horizontal pressure balance channel to maintain concentration gradient. Finally, neutrophils were incubated with advanced glycation end products (AGEs, 0, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 μmol·L -1), which were closely related to diabetes mellitus and its complications. The migration behavior of incubated neutrophils was studied in the 100 nmol·L -1 of chemokine (N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenyl-alanine) concentration gradient. The results prove the reliability and practicability of the microfluidic chip.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Chemotaxis , Equipment Design , Lab-On-A-Chip Devices , Microfluidic Analytical Techniques , Microfluidics , Neutrophils , Reproducibility of Results
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927872

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the performance and mechanism of(+)-corynoline in treating triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-436 cells and thus provide an option for the development of drugs against this cancer. Methods The viability,proliferation,apoptosis and migration/invasion of MDA-MB-436 cells treated with(+)-corynoline were detected by CCK-8 assay,colony formation assay,flow cytometry and Transwell assay,respectively.Furthermore,Western blotting was employed to determine the expression of related proteins,and RNA-Seq was performed for the MDA-MB-436 cells treated with(+)-corynoline. Results (+)-corynoline inhibited the proliferation and stemness and promoted the apoptosis of MDA-MB-436 cells.Further,(+)-corynoline may activate the oxidative phosphorylation pathway to play a role in inhibiting triple negative breast cancer. Conclusion (+)-corynoline can inhibit triple negative breast cancer cells,which helps to address the poor efficacy of existing chemotherapeutics and facilitate the development of drugs against this cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Berberine Alkaloids , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927851

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of puerarin inhibiting the proliferation,invasion,and migration of non-small cell lung cancer cells. Methods A549 cells were cultured and treated with different concentrations of puerarin.The inhibition rate (IR) on cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8,and qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA levels of miR-490 and denticleless E3 ubiquitin protein ligase(DTL).Double luciferase reporter assay was employed to identify the targets of miR-490 and DTL based on the establishment of NC mimic group,miR-490 mimic group,NC inhibitor group,and miR-490 inhibitor group.The cells treated by 20 μmol/L puerarin were classified into six groups:DMSO,puerarin,puerarin+NC inhibitor,puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor,puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC,and puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL.Transwell was used to detect cell migration and invasion.Western blotting was performed to detect the protein levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related markers E-cadherin,N-cadherin,and Vimentin. Results With the increase in puerarin concentration,the IR gradually elevated (F=105.375,P<0.001),miR-490 expression gradually increased (F=32.919,P<0.001),and DTL expression gradually decreased (F=116.120,P<0.001).Compared with NC mimic group,miR-490 mimic group had decreased luciferase activity (t=7.762,P=0.016),raised miR-490 mRNA level (t=13.319,P<0.001),and declined DTL mRNA level (t=7.415,P=0.002).Compared with those in NC inhibitor group,miR-490 demonstrated decreased mRNA level (t=9.523,P=0.001) and DTL presented increased mRNA level (t=11.305,P<0.001) in miR-490 inhibitor group.Western blotting showed that the protein level of DTL was higher in NC mimic group (t=7.953,P=0.001) than in miR-490 mimic group and higher in miR-490 inhibitor group than in NC inhibitor group (t=10.552,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group showed up-regulated mRNA level of miR-490 (t=10.255,P=0.001) while down-regulated mRNA level of DTL (t=6.682,P=0.003).Compared with those in puerarin+NC inhibitor group,the mRNA level of miR-490 declined (t=10.995,P<0.001) while that of DTL raised (t=12.478,P<0.001) in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group.The mRNA level of miR-490 had no significant difference between puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group and puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group (t=1.081,P=0.341),and that of DTL was lower in the latter group (t=14.321,P<0.001).The protein level of DTL was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (t=11.423,P<0.001),and lower in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group (t=12.080,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group showed inhibited cell proliferation (F=129.27,P<0.001).The activity of cell proliferation was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (F=75.12,P<0.001),and higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group (F=52.59,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group had suppressed cell migration (t=8.963,P=0.001).The cell migration ability was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (t=12.117,P<0.001) and higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group (t=12.934,P<0.001).Puerarin group showed weakened cell invasion ability compared with DMSO group (t=4.710,P=0.009).The cell invasion ability was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (t=13.264,P<0.001) and lower in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group (t=13.476,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group showed up-regulated protein level of E-cadherin (t=7.137,P=0.002) while down-regulated protein levels of N-cadherin (t=8.828,P=0.001) and vimentin (t=6.594,P=0.003).Compared with those in puerarin+NC inhibitor group,the protein level of E-cadherin (t=12.376,P<0.001) decreased while those of N-cadherin (t=13.436,P<0.001) and vimentin (t=11.467,P<0.001) increased in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group.Compared with puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group,puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group up-regulated the protein level of E-cadherin (t=13.081,P<0.001) while down-regulated the protein levels of N-cadherin (t=10.835,P<0.001) and vimentin (t=11.862,P<0.001). Conclusion Puerarin could inhibit the proliferation,invasion,and migration of non-small cell lung cancer cells by up-regulating miR-490 and down-regulating DTL.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Humans , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 714-723, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927545

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are considered to be important regulators in cancer biology. In this study, we focused on the effect of circRNA baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) repeat containing 6 (circBIRC6) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression.@*METHODS@#The NSCLC and adjacent non-tumor tissues were collected at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was conducted for assessing the levels of circBIRC6, amyloid beta precursor protein binding protein 2 (APPBP2) messenger RNA (mRNA), baculoviral IAP repeat containing 6 mRNA (BIRC6), and microRNA-217 (miR-217). Western blot assay was adopted for measuring the protein levels of APPBP2, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and vimentin. Colony formation assay, transwell assay, and flow cytometry analysis were utilized for evaluating cell colony formation, metastasis, and apoptosis. Dualluciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay were carried out to determine the interaction between miR-217 and circBIRC6 and APPBP2 in NSCLC tissues. The murine xenograft model assay was used to investigate the function of circBIRC6 in tumor formation in vivo. Differences were analyzed via Student's t test or one-way analysis of variance. Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis was used to analyze linear correlation.@*RESULTS@#CircBIRC6 was overexpressed in NSCLC tissues and cells. Knockdown of circBIRC6 repressed the colony formation and metastasis and facilitated apoptosis of NSCLC cells in vitro and restrained tumorigenesis in vivo. Mechanically, circBIRC6 functioned as miR-217 sponge to promote APPBP2 expression in NSCLC cells. MiR-217 inhibition rescued circBIRC6 knockdown-mediated effects on NSCLC cell colony formation, metastasis, and apoptosis. Overexpression of miR-217 inhibited the malignant phenotypes of NSCLC cells, while the effects were abrogated by elevating APPBP2.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CircBIRC6 aggravated NSCLC cell progression by elevating APPBP2 via sponging miR-217, which might provide a fresh perspective on NSCLC therapy.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/metabolism , Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , China , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mice , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular/genetics , RNA, Messenger
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).@*METHODS@#We examined the expression levels of miR-744-5p in 65 pairs of ccRCC and adjacent tissue specimens and in 5 ccRCC cell lines and human renal tubular epithelial (HK2) cells using qRT-PCR. The ccRCC cell lines 786-O and OSRC2 were transfected with miR-744-5p mimic, CCND1 mimic, or their negative control mimics, and the changes in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were evaluated with CCK-8, wound healing, and Transwell assays. The downstream target molecules of miR-744-5p were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, and the expression level of CCND1 in ccRCC cells was verified by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The relationship between miR-744-5p and CCND1 was further validated by dual luciferase reporter assay, and the role of the miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis in ccRCC was explored by rescue experiments.@*RESULTS@#MiR-744-5p was significantly downregulated in ccRCC tissues and cell lines (all P < 0.05), and its overexpression inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccRCC cells (all P < 0.05). Bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase reporter assay showed that CCND1 was a downstream target of miR-744-5p. The results of rescue experiments showed that upregulation of CCND1 could partially reverse the inhibitory effect of miR-744-5p overexpression on ccRCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-744-5p inhibits the malignant phenotype of ccRCC cells by targeting CCND1, and the miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis may be a novel target for diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cyclin D1/genetics , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of proline 4-hydroxylase Ⅱ (P4HA2) in the occurrence and progression of liver cancer.@*METHODS@#GEPIA and Human Protein Atlas database were used to predict the expression of P4HA2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and K-M plotter online database was used to analyze the relationship between P4HA2 expression and the prognosis of HCC. We also examined the expressions of P4HA2 in HCC cells and normal hepatocytes using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. With lentivirus-mediated RNA interference, P4HA2 expression was knocked down in hepatoma SNU-449 and Hep-3B cells, and the changes in cell proliferation, migration and invasion were assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation test, scratch test and Transwell assay. The changes in the expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathway-related proteins were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Online database analysis showed that the expression of P4HA2 was significantly higher in HCC tissues than in normal liver tissues (P < 0.05). The expression levels of P4HA2 mRNA and protein were also significantly higher in HCC cell lines than in normal hepatocytes (P < 0.01). Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference of P4HA2 significantly lowered the expression levels of P4HA2 mRNA and protein in the hepatoma cells (P < 0.05) and caused obvious inhibition of cell proliferation, migration and invasion. P4HA2 knockdown significantly increased the expression of E-cadherin protein, lowered the expressions of N-cadherin and Snail, and obviously decreased the expressions of phosphorylated PI3K, AKT and mTOR (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#P4HA2 enhances the proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of hepatoma cells by activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway to promote the occurrence and progression of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936355

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Talin1 in the fallopian tube and chorionic villi in patients with tubal pregnancy and its role in regulating invasion and migration of trophoblasts.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the localization and expression level of Talin1 in the fallopian tube and chorionic villi in patients with tubal pregnancy and in women with normal pregnancy. In the cell experiment, HTR-8/SVneo cells was transfected with Talin1 siRNA and the changes in cell invasion and migration were assessed using scratch assay and Transwell assay. The expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9, N-cadherin and Snail in the transfected cells were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Positive expression of Talin1 was detected in both normal fallopian tube tissues and tissues from women tubal pregnancy, and its expression was localized mainly in the cytoplasm of cilia cells. The expression level of Talin1 was significantly higher in both the fallopian tube and chorionic villi in women with tubal pregnancy than in normal fallopian tube and chorionic villi samples (P < 0.01). In HTR-8/SVneo cells, transfection with Talin1 siRNA significantly inhibited cell invasion (P < 0.01) and migration (P < 0.05), down-regulated the expression of N-cadherin, MMP-2 and Snail (P < 0.05), and up-regulated the expression of MMP-9 in the cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of Talin1 in the fallopian tube and chorionic villi is significantly increased in women with tubal pregnancy, suggesting the association of Talin1-regulated trophoblast cell invasion with the occurrence of tubal pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Cadherins/metabolism , Cell Movement , Chorionic Villi/metabolism , Fallopian Tubes/metabolism , Female , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Tubal/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Talin/metabolism , Trophoblasts/metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of immunoglobulin mucin molecule 3 (TIM-3) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and the effects of TIM-3 knockdown and overexpression on proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells.@*METHODS@#We analyzed TIM-3 expression in EOC and normal ovarian tissues using GEPIA database. We also detected TIM-3 expression levels in 82 surgical specimens of EOC and 18 specimens of normal ovarian tissues using immunohistochemistry, and analyzed the correlation of TIM-3 expression with clinicopathological parameters and survival outcomes of the patients. The expression of TIM-3 and Wnt1 mRNA in the tissues were detected using qRT-PCR. We constructed SKOV3 cell models of TIM-3 knockdown and overexpression and examined the changes in proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of the cells using MTT assay, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, scratch test and Transwell assay. The activity of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in the transfected was detected using dual luciferase reporter assay, and the mRNA levels of TCF-7, TCCFL-2 and CD44 were detected using qPCR. The protein expressions of MMP-9, CD44, Wnt1, β-catenin and E-cad in the transfected cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of TIM-3 was significantly higher in EOC tissues than in normal ovarian tissues (P < 0.05). The expression of TIM-3 was significantly correlated with FIGO stage, histological differentiation and lymph node metastasis, and was positively correlated with Wnt1 level (P < 0.05). In SKOV3 cells, TIM-3 knockdown significantly lowered the activity of Wnt/ β-catenin pathway, inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and promoted cell apoptosis. TIM-3 knockdown significantly down-regulated the mRNA levels of TCF-7, TCFL-2 and CD44 and the protein levels of MMP-9, CD44, Wnt1 and β-catenin, and significantly up-regulated the expression level of E-cad (P < 0.05). Overexpression of TIM-3 caused opposite effects in SKOV3 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#TIM-3 is highly expressed in EOC tissue to promote malignant behaviors of the tumor cells possibly by activating the Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2/metabolism , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of CCN5 in endometriotic tissues and its impact on proliferation, migration and invasion of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs).@*METHODS@#We collected ovarian endometriosis samples from 20 women receiving laparoscopic surgery and eutopic endometrium samples from 15 women undergoing IVF-ET for comparison of CCN5 expression. Cultured HESCs were transfected with a recombinant adenovirus Ad-CCN5 for CCN5 overexpression or with a CCN5-specific siRNA for knocking down CCN5 expression, and the changes of cell proliferation, migration and invasion were evaluated using CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay and Transwell chamber assay. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to examine the expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin in HESCs with CCN5 overexpression or knockdown.@*RESULTS@#CCN5 expression was significantly decreased in ovarian endometriosis tissues as compared with eutopic endometrium samples (P < 0.01). CCN5 overexpression obviously inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs, significantly increased the expression of E-cadherin and decreased the expressions of N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin (P < 0.01). CCN5 knockdown significantly enhanced the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs and produced opposite effects on the expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CCN5 can regulate the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs and thus plays an important role in EMT of HESCs, suggesting the potential of CCN5 as a therapeutic target for endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Endometriosis/metabolism , Endometrium/metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Female , Humans , Stromal Cells
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929139

ABSTRACT

In contrast to the well-established genomic 5-methylcytosine (5mC), the existence of N6-methyladenine (6 mA) in eukaryotic genomes was discovered only recently. Initial studies found that it was actively regulated in cancer cells, suggesting its involvement in the process of carcinogenesis. However, the contribution of 6 mA in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) still remains uncharacterized. In this study, a pan-cancer type analysis was first performed, which revealed enhanced 6 mA metabolism in diverse cancer types. The study was then focused on the regulation of 6 mA metabolism, as well as its effects on TSCC cells. To these aspects, genome 6 mA level was found greatly increased in TSCC tissues and cultured cells. By knocking down 6 mA methylases N6AMT1 and METTL4, the level of genomic 6 mA was decreased in TSCC cells. This led to suppressed colony formation and cell migration. By contrast, knockdown of 6 mA demethylase ALKBH1 resulted in an increased 6 mA level, enhanced colony formation, and cell migration. Further study suggested that regulation of the NF-κB pathway might contribute to the enhanced migration of TSCC cells. Therefore, in the case of TSCC, we have shown that genomic 6 mA modification is involved in the proliferation and migration of cancer cells.


Subject(s)
AlkB Homolog 1, Histone H2a Dioxygenase/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Site-Specific DNA-Methyltransferase (Adenine-Specific)/metabolism , Tongue Neoplasms/metabolism
12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 249-262, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929098

ABSTRACT

The radial migration of cortical pyramidal neurons (PNs) during corticogenesis is necessary for establishing a multilayered cerebral cortex. Neuronal migration defects are considered a critical etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia, epilepsy, and intellectual disability (ID). TRIO is a high-risk candidate gene for ASDs and ID. However, its role in embryonic radial migration and the etiology of ASDs and ID are not fully understood. In this study, we found that the in vivo conditional knockout or in utero knockout of Trio in excitatory precursors in the neocortex caused aberrant polarity and halted the migration of late-born PNs. Further investigation of the underlying mechanism revealed that the interaction of the Trio N-terminal SH3 domain with Myosin X mediated the adherence of migrating neurons to radial glial fibers through regulating the membrane location of neuronal cadherin (N-cadherin). Also, independent or synergistic overexpression of RAC1 and RHOA showed different phenotypic recoveries of the abnormal neuronal migration by affecting the morphological transition and/or the glial fiber-dependent locomotion. Taken together, our findings clarify a novel mechanism of Trio in regulating N-cadherin cell surface expression via the interaction of Myosin X with its N-terminal SH3 domain. These results suggest the vital roles of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (GEF1) and GEF2 domains in regulating radial migration by activating their Rho GTPase effectors in both distinct and cooperative manners, which might be associated with the abnormal phenotypes in neurodevelopmental disorders.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder/metabolism , Cell Movement/genetics , Humans , Interneurons/metabolism , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/genetics , Neurons/metabolism , Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of all lung cancer, with highmorbidity and mortality rate. Nove drug development for NSCLC is urgently needed.This study aims to investigate the activity of lathyrol derivatives and the mechanism for its inhibitory effect on the growth of NSCLC cells.@*METHODS@#Three lathyrol derivatives were synthesized from lathyrol and their structures were verified by nuclear magnetic resonance. MTT assay was used to detect the effects of the lathyrol derivatives on the proliferation activity of NSCLC cells (A549 and H1299 cells), and the compound with the best activity was selected for subsequent experiments. Colony forming assay, wound-healing assay, and transwell assay were applied to detect in vitro cell proliferation, migration and invasion ability in A549 and H1299 cells, respectively. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to detect mRNA and protein levels of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, β-catenin, and MMP2 in A549 cells, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Three lathyrol derivatives inhibited the growth of A549 and H1299 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and they showed a weak inhibitory effect on normal cells Beas-2B and 16HBE, indicating that they possessed certain selective toxic effects. Therefore, C-5 benzoylated lathyrol with the best activity was selected as the ideal drug for the subsequent experiments. Compared with the control group, the number and size of cell clusters in the treatment group of A549 and H1299 cells were significantly decreased, the relative mobility were significantly decreased, and the number of invaded cells were significantly decreased (all P<0.05), indicating that the in vitro cell proliferation, migration and invasion ability were decreased. The mRNA levels of integrin α2, integrin β1, MMP2, MMP9, β-catenin, and N-cadherin were decreased, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased (all P<0.05). The protein levels of N-cadherin, β-catenin, MMP2, and integrin αV were decreased, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The lathyrol derivatives synthesized in this study possess good inhibitory activity against NSCLC. Among them, C-5 benzoylated lathyrol significantly inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion ability of NSCLC cells in vitro through regulating the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition.


Subject(s)
Cadherins/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , RNA, Messenger , beta Catenin/genetics
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Bladder cancer is one of the most common urothelial tumors with high incidence and mortality rates. Although it has been reported that microRNA (miR)-133b can regulate tumorigenesis of bladder cancer, the mechanism remains unclear. Sex-determining region Y-box transcription factor 4 (SOX4) exhibits an important role in tumorigenesis, but it is unclear whether SOX4 and miR-133b are associated with regulation of pathogenesis of bladder cancer. This study aims to determine the expressions of SOX4 and miR-133b in bladder cancer tissues and cells, investigate their effects on the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion of bladder cancer cells, and to explore the association between miR-133b and SOX4 in regulating biological featurss of bladder cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The bladder cancer and adjacent tissue samples of 10 patients who underwent surgical resection in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South Universty from Januray to June 2015 were obtained. The levels of miR-133b were tested by real-time PCR, and the protein levels of SOX4 were evaluated using Western blotting in bladder cancer tissues, matched adjacent tissues, and cell lines. The correlation between miR-133b expression and SOX4 expression in bladder cancer tissues was analyzed. Using the online database TargetScan, the relationship between SOX4 and miR-133b was predicted. MiR-133b mimics, miR-133b inhibitor, and short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-SOX4 were transfected into T24 cells by Lipofectamine 2000. The relationship between miR-133b and SOX4 was also verified by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. The proliferation of T24 cells cultured for 0, 12, 48, 72, and 96 h was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The colony formation capacity of bladder cancer cells was tested after 14-day culture, and cell invasion capacity was evaluated with Transwell invasion assay.@*RESULTS@#Bladder cancer tissue and bladder cancer cells had low level of miR-133b but high level of SOX4, compared with matched adjacent tissues and normal bladder epithelial cells. A negative correlation between miR-133b mRNA and SOX4 protein levels in bladder cancer tissues was also found (r=-0.84). The results of online database TargetScan showed that miR-133b targets at SOX4, and overexpression of miR-133b significantly attenuated the expression of SOX4 in T24 cells. Both overexpression of miR-133b and knockdown of SOX4 significantly inhibited the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion capacity of bladder cancer cells in vitro. SOX4 down-regulation restored the effects of miR-133b inhibitor on the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion capacity of T24 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The up-regulation of SOX4 contributes to the progression of bladder cancer, and miR-133b can regulate the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion of bladder cancer cells via inhibiting SOX4.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , SOXC Transcription Factors/genetics , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 226-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928803

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#A lack of effective treatment for lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) makes it an important factor restricting the 5-year survival rate of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Long non-coding RNA 00668 (LINC00668) was reported to play crucial regulatory roles in the tumorigenesis and progression of various cancers; however, its role in LUSC is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognosis value and biological function of LINC00668 in NSCLC, especially in LUSC.@*METHODS@#The expression pattern of LINC00668 and its relationship with clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients were investigated in the NSCLC especially LUSC based on The Cancer Genome Altas (TCGA) database. Its function in LUSC cells was explored in vitro.@*RESULTS@#LINC00668 expression was significantly up-regulated in LUSC patients and high expression level of LINC00668 was associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TMN) stage. Moreover, the expression of LINC00668 significantly increased in smoking patients, and was a prognostic indicator for overall survival (OS) of smoking patients with LUSC. In vitro experiments showed that LINC00668 has significantly higher expression level in LUSC cell lines and tissues compared to normal bronchial epithelial cell and para-tumor tissues; meanwhile, functional assay indicated knockdown of LINC00668 effectively inhibited the migration and invasion of LUSC cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LINC00668 might closely relate to the development of LUSC, and inhibition of LINC00668 may reduce the metastasis of LUSC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 354-362, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936018

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the regulatory effects of bio-intensity electric field on the transformation of human skin fibroblasts (HSFs). Methods: The experimental research methods were used. HSFs were collected and divided into 200 mV/mm electric field group treated with 200 mV/mm electric field for 6 h and simulated electric field group placed in the electric field device without electricity for 6 h. Changes in morphology and arrangement of cells were observed in the living cell workstation; the number of cells at 0 and 6 h of treatment was recorded, and the rate of change in cell number was calculated; the direction of cell movement, movement velocity, and trajectory velocity within 3 h were observed and calculated (the number of samples was 34 in the simulated electric field group and 30 in 200 mV/mm electric field group in the aforementioned experiments); the protein expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in cells after 3 h of treatment was detected by immunofluorescence method (the number of sample was 3). HSFs were collected and divided into simulated electric field group placed in the electric field device without electricity for 3 h, and 100 mV/mm electric field group, 200 mV/mm electric field group, and 400 mV/mm electric field group which were treated with electric fields of corresponding intensities for 3 h. Besides, HSFs were divided into simulated electric field group placed in the electric field device without electricity for 6 h, and electric field treatment 1 h group, electric field treatment 3 h group, and electric field treatment 6 h group treated with 200 mV/mm electric field for corresponding time. The protein expressions of α-SMA and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by Western blotting (the number of sample was 3). Data were statistically analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test, one-way analysis of variance, independent sample t test, and least significant difference test. Results: After 6 h of treatment, compared with that in simulated electric field group, the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group were elongated in shape and locally adhered; the cells in simulated electric field group were randomly arranged, while the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group were arranged in a regular longitudinal direction; the change rates in the number of cells in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). Within 3 h of treatment, the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group had an obvious tendency to move toward the positive electrode, and the cells in simulated electric field group moved around the origin; compared with those in simulated electric field group, the movement velocity and trajectory velocity of the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group were increased significantly (with Z values of -5.33 and -5.41, respectively, P<0.01), and the directionality was significantly enhanced (Z=-4.39, P<0.01). After 3 h of treatment, the protein expression of α-SMA of cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group was significantly higher than that in simulated electric field group (t=-9.81, P<0.01). After 3 h of treatment, the protein expressions of α-SMA of cells in 100 mV/mm electric field group, 200 mV/mm electric field group, and 400 mV/mm electric field group were 1.195±0.057, 1.606±0.041, and 1.616±0.039, respectively, which were significantly more than 0.649±0.028 in simulated electric field group (P<0.01). Compared with that in 100 mV/mm electric field group, the protein expressions of α-SMA of cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group and 400 mV/mm electric field group were significantly increased (P<0.01). The protein expressions of α-SMA of cells in electric field treatment 1 h group, electric field treatment 3 h group, and electric field treatment 6 h group were 0.730±0.032, 1.561±0.031, and 1.553±0.045, respectively, significantly more than 0.464±0.020 in simulated electric field group (P<0.01). Compared with that in electric field treatment 1 h group, the protein expressions of α-SMA in electric field treatment 3 h group and electric field treatment 6 h group were significantly increased (P<0.01). After 3 h of treatment, compared with that in simulated electric field group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in 100 mV/mm electric field group, 200 mV/mm electric field group, and 400 mV/mm electric field group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01); compared with that in 100 mV/mm electric field group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group and 400 mV/mm electric field group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01); compared with that in 200 mV/mm electric field group, the protein expression of PCNA of cells in 400 mV/mm electric field group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with that in simulated electric field group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in electric field treatment 1 h group, electric field treatment 3 h group, and electric field treatment 6 h group were significantly decreased (P<0.01); compared with that in electric field treatment 1 h group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in electric field treatment 3 h group and electric field treatment 6 h group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01); compared with that in electric field treatment 3 h group, the protein expression of PCNA of cells in electric field treatment 6 h group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusions: The bio-intensity electric field can induce the migration of HSFs and promote the transformation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, and the transformation displays certain dependence on the time and intensity of electric field.


Subject(s)
Actins/biosynthesis , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electricity , Fibroblasts/physiology , Humans , Myofibroblasts/physiology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/biosynthesis , Skin/cytology
17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 90-94, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935981

ABSTRACT

Biomechanical microenvironment refers to a variety of mechanical signals in the extracellular mechanical microenvironment, which will change correspondingly with time and space. It plays an important role in histological changes such as cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation, and can further affect wound healing. Wound healing is a complex pathophysiological process, and one of the important factors that affects wound healing is whether the cells can efficiently and quickly migrate to the wound center or not. Previous studies have shown that biomechanical microenvironment can not only induce the directional migration of cells, but also improve the migration rate of cells. In the complex natural environment, cells adopt various migration patterns and are dominated by special patterns such as local myosin contractility and extracellular microenvironment. In addition to overcoming the extracellular barrier, cells also need to interact with neighboring cells and tissue through local physical and mechanical forces and signals to complete migration and thus accelerate wound healing. Therefore, in recent years, scholars at home and abroad have been actively developing biological materials based on improving biomechanical microenvironment in order to further promote cell migration and thus accelerate wound healing. This paper reviews the recent research advances on the role of biomechanical environment in wound healing promotion via the regulating of cell migration and the development of related biomaterials.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Cell Differentiation , Cell Movement , Wound Healing
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 63-68, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the expression and effect of small nuclear ribonucleoprotein-associated protein B (SNRPB) on proliferation and metastasis of liver cancer tissues and cells. Methods: The bioinformatics database starBase v3.0 and GEPIA were used to analyze the expression of SNRPB in liver cancer tissue and normal liver tissue, as well as the survival and prognosis of liver cancer patients. The expression of SNRPB mRNA and protein in liver cancer cell lines were analyzed by qRT-PCR and Western blot. RNA interference technique (siRNA) was used to determine SNRPB protein expression down-regulation. The proliferation effect on hepatocellular carcinoma cells was observed by MTT assay. Transwell invasion and migration assay was used to detect the changes in the metastatic ability of liver cancer cells after SNRPB down-regulation. Western blot was used to detect the changes of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in liver cancer cells after down-regulation of SNRPB expression. Data were compared between two groups and multiple groups using t-test and analysis of variance. Results: The expression of SNRPB was significantly higher in liver cancer tissue than normal liver tissue, and its expression level was correlated with the prognosis of liver cancer patients. Compared with the immortalized hepatocyte LO(2), the expression of SNRPB was significantly increased in the liver cancer cells (P < 0.01). siRNA-SNRPB had significantly inhibited the expression of SNRPB mRNA and protein in liver cancer cells. MTT results showed that the absorbance value was lower in SNRPB knockdown group than negative control group, and the difference at 96 h after transfection was most significant (P < 0.01). Transwell assay results showed that compared with the negative control group, the SNRPB knockdown group (MHCC-97H: 121.27 ± 8.12 vs. 46.38 ± 7.54; Huh7: 126.50 ± 6.98 vs. 41.10 ± 8.01) invasion and migration (MHCC-97H: 125.20 ± 4.77 vs. 43.18 ± 7.32; Huh7: 132.22 ± 8.21 vs. 38.00 ± 6.78) ability was significantly reduced (P < 0.01) in liver cancer cells. Western blot showed that the expression level of epithelial phenotype marker E-cadherin was decreased after down-regulation of SNRPB, while the expression levels of mesenchymal phenotype markers N-cadherin and vimentin was increased, suggesting that down-regulation of SNRPB inhibited EMT in liver cancer cells. Conclusion: SNRPB expression is significantly increased in liver cancer tissues and cells, and it is involved in regulating the proliferation, metastasis and EMT of liver cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , snRNP Core Proteins
19.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 366-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide reference for clinical application of liquid plasmatrix, and to investigate the optimal centrifugation time of liquid plasmatrix prepared by horizontal centrifugation for soft tissue regeneration from the aspects of mechanical properties, biological properties, and the effect of promoting soft tissue regeneration. Methods: Venous blood was collected from 6 healthy volunteers [3 males and 3 females, aged (26±2) years, with informed consent] who volunteered to donate blood at School of Stomatology, Wuhan University from September to November 2021. The collected venous blood was centrifuged at 500 ×g for 3, 5, 8 and 12 min to obtain liquid plasmatrix. The volume, weight, solidification time, and mechanical properties of liquid plasmatrix prepared at different centrifugation time were measured and recorded (the sample size at each time point was 3). The microstructure of different groups of liquid plasmatrix clot was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The rheological properties of each group of liquid plasmatrix clot were measured by rheological test. The number and concentration of cells in the whole blood group and in each liquid plasmatrix group were measured using complete blood count test. The distribution of cells in the liquid plasmatrix clots was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The effect of control group (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing 20% fetal bovine serum) and liquid plasmatrix clot exudates in 3, 5, 8, 12 min group (the sample size at each time point was 3) on gingival fibroblast migration was detected by cell migration method. Finally, the effects of control group and liquid plasmatrix clot exudates on the morphology of gingival fibroblasts were observed by fluorescence microscope. Results: The volume of liquid plasmatrix in 3, 5, 8 and 12 min group were approximately (2.47±0.12), (2.67±0.12), (3.53±0.12) and (3.73±0.12) ml, respectively. The weight of liquid plasmatrix in 3, 5, 8 and 12 min group were approximately (0.35±0.01), (0.46±0.02), (0.88±0.06) and (1.03±0.01) g, respectively. The maximum tensile force of liquid plasmatrix clots in 3, 5, 8 and 12 min group were (0.55±0.03), (0.56±0.03), (1.31±0.05) and (1.38±0.02) N, respectively. SEM results showed that the fibers inside the liquid plasmatrix clot became denser with increased centrifugation time. Compared with other groups, the concentrations of leukocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes in 8 min group were the highest, and the distribution of cell was more even. Compared with other groups, the efficiency of stimulating gingival fibroblast migration in 8 min group was the best (1.60±0.01). Fluorescence staining test showed that the liquid plasmatrix clot exudates could make gingival fibroblasts more stretched compared with control group. Conclusions: The present study shows that liquid plasmatrix prepared by centrifugation with 500 ×g centrifugal force for 8 min has higher concentration of viable cells and the ability to promote the migration of gingival fibroblasts.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Centrifugation/methods , Female , Fibroblasts , Gingiva , Humans , Male , Wound Healing
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 334-340, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935217

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and mechanism of Casticin (CAS) on the proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer T24 cells. Methods: T24 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into control group, 5, 10, 20 μmol/L CAS groups, si-NC group, si-TM7SF4 group, CAS+ pcDNA group and CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell proliferation; Transwell was used to detect cell migration and invasion; western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of cyclin D1, p21, MMP-2, MMP-9 and TM7SF4, and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of TM7SF4 mRNA. Results: The inhibition rates of T24 cells in the 5, 10, 20 μmol/L CAS groups were (17.68±1.41)%, (33.54±3.16)% and (61.44±5.50)%, respectively, higher than (0.00±0.00)% of the control group (P<0.001), but the numbers of migration and invasion were 72.83±5.66, 59.13±4.27, 41.25±3.22 and 55.83±5.15, 42.19±3.06, 31.13±3.22, respectively, lower than 86.11±5.16 and 68.82±5.29 of the control group (P<0.001). The protein expression levels of cyclin D1, MMP-2, MMP-9, TM7SF4 and the expression levels of TM7SF4 mRNA in the 5, 10, and 20 μmol/L CAS groups were lower than the control group (P<0.001). However, the protein expression levels of p21 were 0.37±0.03, 0.51±0.04, and 0.66±0.06, respectively, higher than 0.25±0.03 in the control group (P<0.001). The inhibition rate of T24 cells in the si-TM7SF4 group was (50.35±4.67)%, higher than (6.31±0.58)% in the si-NC group (P<0.001), but the numbers of migration and invasion were 53.51±4.18 and 42.92±3.81, lower than 85.26±4.99 and 67.93±4.64 of the si-NC group (P<0.001). The protein expression levels of TM7SF4, CyclinD1, MMP-2, MMP-9 in the si-TM7SF4 group were lower than the si-NC group (P<0.001). However, the protein expression level of p21 in the si-TM7SF4 group was higher than the si-NC group (P<0.001). The inhibitory rate of T24 cells in the CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group was (21.45±2.46)%, lower than (64.06±4.49)% of the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001), but the number of migration and invasion in the CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group were 75.66±6.57 and 59.35±5.40, higher than 40.43±3.85 and 30.25±3.32 in the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001). The protein expression levels of TM7SF4, CyclinD1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group were higher than the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001), but the protein expression level of p21 was lower than the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001). Conclusion: CAS may suppress the proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer T24 cells by inhibiting the expression of TM7SF4.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Female , Flavonoids , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics
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