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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9017, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142574

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-cancer effect of melittin on growth, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. This study also explored the potential anti-cancer mechanism of melittin in NSCLC cells. The results demonstrated that melittin suppressed growth, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells in vitro. Melittin increased pro-apoptotic caspase-3 and Apaf-1 gene expression. Melittin inhibited tumor growth factor (TGF)-β expression and phosphorylated ERK/total ERK (pERK/tERK) in NSCLC cells. However, TGF-β overexpression (pTGF-β) abolished melittin-decreased TGF-β expression and pERK/tERK in NSCLC cells. Treatment with melittin suppressed tumor growth and prolonged mouse survival during the 120-day observation in vivo. Treatment with melittin increased TUNEL-positive cells and decreased expression levels of TGF-β and ERK in tumor tissue compared to the control group. In conclusion, the findings of this study indicated that melittin inhibited growth, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells through down-regulation of TGF-β-mediated ERK signaling pathway, suggesting melittin may be a promising anti-cancer agent for NSCLC therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Melitten/pharmacology , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Caspase 3 , Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1 , Neoplasm Invasiveness
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210209, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340103

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the common type of cancer that leads to death; and is becoming a global concern. Due to the lack of efficient chemotherapeutic agents for patients with oral cancer, the prognosis remains poor. 6-shogaol, a bioactive compound of ginger, has a broad spectrum of bioactivities and has been widely used to relieve many diseases. However, its effects on human oral cancer have not yet been fully evaluated. In our study, we investigated the anticancer effects of 6-shogaol on the proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis, and underlying mechanisms within human OSCC cell lines. Methodology We investigated the effect of 6-shogaol on the growth of OSCC cells by cell viability and soft agar colony formation assay. Migration and invasion assays were conducted to confirm the effect 6-shogaol on OSCC cell metastasis. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and the underlying mechanism on the antigrowth effect of 6-shogaol in OSCC cells was assessed using western blotting. Results In our results, 6-shogaol not only suppressed proliferation and anchorage-independent cell growth in OSCC cells, but also induced apoptosis by regulating the apoptosis-associated factors such as p53, Bax, Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3. Migration and invasion of OSCC cells were inhibited following the regulation of E-cadherin and N-cadherin by 6-shogaol. Additionally, 6-shogaol treatment significantly inhibited the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Conclusion Therefore, our results may provide critical evidence that 6-shogaol can be a potential new therapeutic candidate for oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Catechols/pharmacology , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Movement , Apoptosis , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism
3.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 11(2): 25-38, 2021. ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1281693

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar, describir y diferenciar las características fenotípicas de los fibroblastos gingivales (FGs) en pacientes con hiperplasia gingival idiopática (HGI) e individuos periodontalmente sanos. Métodos: los FGs fueron aislados a partir de tejido gingival de individuos periodontalmente sanos (n=2) y pacientes con HGI (n=2). Los FGs se cultivaron en el medio DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) a 37°C con 5% de CO2. La identificación y localización de la actina, vimentina y mitocondrias en FGs fue realizada y evaluada microscópicamente mediante inmunofluorescencia con anticuerpos monoclonales. La capacidad de migración de los FGs en los pacientes con HGI e individuos sanos también fue estudiada. Resultados: todos los FGs fueron mononucleares, fusiformes y con prolongaciones citoplasmáticas visibles. La faloidina permitió identificar una densa red de actina en los FGs de pacientes con HGI, contrariamente a los FGs de individuos periodontalmente sanos. La vimentina y mitocondrias fueron identificadas en los FGs de individuos sanos y pacientes con HGI sin ninguna alteración en su expresión y localización. La migración de la monocapa de los FGs indicó una actividad de migración celular importante en los FGs de los pacientes con HGI, en relación a los FGs de los individuos periodontalmente sanos. Conclusión: los FGs de pacientes con HGI conservan características fenotípicas celulares similares a los FGs de individuos periodontalmente sanos. Sin embargo, los FGs de pacientes con HGI simulan tener una mayor capacidad migratoria que amerita ser explorada en futuros trabajos de investigación.


Objective: To identify and to describe the phenotypic characteristics of gingival fibroblasts from patients with idiopathic gingival hyperplasia (IGH) and periodontally healthy individuals. Methods: Gingival fibroblasts (GFs) were isolated from gingival tissue from periodontally healthy individuals (n=2) and patients with IGH (n=2). The GFs were grown in DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) at 37°C with 5% CO2. The identification and location of actin, vimentin and mitochondria in GFs were performed and evaluated microscopically by immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibodies. The migration capacity of GFs from IGH and healthy individuals was also studied. Results: All the GFs were mononuclear, fusiform and with visible cytoplasmic extensions. The phalloidin allowed to identify a dense actin network in the GFs of patients with IGH, contrary to the GFs of periodontally healthy individuals. Vimentin and mitochondria were identified in the GFs of healthy individuals and patients with IGH without any alteration in their expression and location. Monolayer migration of GFs indicates significant cell migration activity in the GFs of patients with IGH in relation to the GFs of periodontally healthy individuals. Conclusion: GFs from patients with IGH retain cellular phenotypic characteristic similar to GFs from periodontally healthy individuals. However, the GFs of patients with IGH simulate having a greater migratory capacity that deserves to be explored in future research works.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroblasts/physiology , Gingival Hyperplasia , Patients , Cell Movement , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Healthy Volunteers
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e10837, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285644

ABSTRACT

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been extensively elucidated with regard to their significant implications in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study performed the functional investigation of circRNA dehydrogenase E1 and transketolase domain containing 1 (circDHTKD1) in OSCC. RNA expression levels of different molecules were measured via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cellular behaviors were detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) for cell viability, colony formation assay for clonal capacity, flow cytometry for cell apoptosis, wound healing assay for migration, and transwell assay for migration/invasion. Western blot was used for analyzing protein expression. RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assays were applied to assess the binding between targets. A xenograft tumor model was established in nude mice for in vivo experiments. Our expression analysis revealed that circDHTKD1 was upregulated in OSCC tissues and cells. circDHTKD1 knockdown was shown to impede OSCC cell growth and metastasis but motivate apoptosis. Additionally, circDHTKD1 served as a microRNA-326 (miR-326) sponge and the function of circDHTKD1 was achieved by sponging miR-326 in OSCC cells. Also, miR-326 inhibited OSCC development via targeting GRB2-associated-binding protein 1 (GAB1). circDHTKD1 could sponge miR-326 to alter GAB1 expression. Furthermore, circDHTKD1 contributed to OSCC progression in vivo via the miR-326/GAB1 axis. These data disclosed a specific circDHTKD1/miR-326/GAB1 signal axis in governing the malignant progression of OSCC, showing the considerable possibility of circDHTKD1 as a predictive and therapeutic target for clinical diagnosis and treatment of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Cell Movement , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mice, Nude
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10940, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285675

ABSTRACT

Recently, an increasing number of studies have reported that dysregulation of circular RNA (circRNA) expression plays critical roles in the progression of several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the detailed molecular mechanisms of circRNAs involvement in CRC remain largely unknown. Here, we confirmed that the level of circEGFR was significantly increased in CRC tissues compared to matched adjacent non-tumor tissues, and a high level of circEGFR was correlated with poor clinicopathological characteristics and poor prognosis in patients with CRC. Moreover, increased circEGFR expression promoted CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Mechanistically, circEGFR acted as a ceRNA for miR-106a-5p to relieve the repressive effect of miR-106a-5p on DDX5 mRNA. Moreover, circEGFR enhanced DDX5 expression, thereby upregulating p-AKT levels. Together, these findings showed that circEGFR promoted CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion through the miR-106a-5p/DDX5/AKT axis, and may serve as a promising diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for CRC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , RNA, Circular
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e9695, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249332

ABSTRACT

Altered expression of miR-182 has been observed in various types of human cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of miR-182 and its role in prostate cancer (PCa). Expression of miR-182 and ST6GALNAC5 in tumor tissues and the Du145 PCa cell line was analyzed. Cell proliferation assay, colony formation assay, transwell assay, and wound healing assay were performed. The impact of miR-182 on tumor growth was investigated using a xenograft model. The results indicated that expression of miR-182 was higher in PCa tissues and cell lines, while ST6GALNAC5 was decreased. Downregulating miR-182 significantly inhibited the capacities of proliferation and invasion of PC3 and Du145 cells. ST6GALNAC5 was demonstrated to be a target of miR-182 by luciferase assay, and western blot results indicated PI3K/Akt pathway was involved in miR-182 associated effects on PC3 and Du145 cells. The animal experiment suggested that knockdown of miR-182 inhibited tumor growth. Our study proved that miR-182 participated in the proliferation and invasion of PCa cells via mediating expression of ST6GALNAC5 and established a miR-182/ST6GALNAC5/PI3K/AKT axis in regulation of tumor progression. Our investigation provided a basis for further exploration of the application of miR-182 or ST6GALNAC5-associated therapies for PCa patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sialyltransferases , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10062, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249323

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is an essential regulator of carcinogenesis and cancer progression. In the study, we explored the role of lncRNA DLGAP1-AS1 in gastric cancer (GC). qRT-PCR was carried out to detect DLGAP1-AS1 expression in GC tissues and cell lines. CCK-8 assay, EdU assay, and transwell experiments were employed to detect the malignant biological behaviors of GC cells with DLGAP1-AS1 knockdown or overexpression. Bioinformatics and dual-luciferase report assay were used to confirm the binding relationship between DLGAP1-AS1 and miR-515-5p. MARK4 expression was detected by western blot after DLGAP1-AS1/miR-515-5p was selectively regulated. DLGAP1-AS1 was up-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines, and its high expression was closely associated with larger tumor size, higher TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, DLGAP1-AS1 overexpression enhanced cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and miR-515-5p could reverse these effects. DLGAP1-AS1 participated in the regulation of the MARK4 signaling pathway by targeting miR-515-5p. DLGAP1-AS1 promoted GC progression through miR-515-5p/MARK4 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement/genetics , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Cell Line, Tumor
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10236, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249317

ABSTRACT

This work aimed to research the function of MARVEL domain-containing protein 1 (MARVELD1) in glioma as well as its functioning mode. Bioinformatics analysis was utilized to assess the MARVELD1 expression in glioma tissues and its relationship with grade and prognosis, based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) databases. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, and Transwell assays were carried out to determine the impact of MARVELD1 on malignant biological behavior of glioma, such as proliferation, invasion, and migration. qRT-PCR was carried out to test the mRNA level of MARVELD1. Western blot assay was performed to measure the protein expression of MARVELD1 and JAK/STAT pathway-related proteins. MARVELD1 was expressed at high levels in glioma tissues and cell lines. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the higher MARVELD1 expression, the shorter the survival time of patients with glioma. Also, the MARVELD1 expression in WHO IV was significantly enhanced compared to that in WHO II and WHO III. Furthermore, the functional analysis of MARVELD1 in vitro revealed that knockdown of MARVELD1 in U251 cells restrained cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while up-regulation of MARVELD1 in U87 cells presented opposite outcomes. Finally, we found that JAK/STAT signaling pathway mediated the function of MARVELD1 in glioma. MARVELD1 contributed to promoting the malignant progression of glioma, which is the key driver of activation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway in gliomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Brain Neoplasms , Glioma , Phenotype , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Mice, Nude , Microtubule-Associated Proteins
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(6): e10754, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285670

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling and components of the fibrinolytic system, including urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and thrombomodulin (TM), have been implicated in tumor progression. In the present study, we employed cBioPortal platform (http://www.cbioportal.org/), cancer cell lines, and an in vivo model of immunocompromised mice to evaluate a possible cooperation between EGFR signaling, uPA, and TM expression/function in the context of cervical cancer. cBioPortal analysis revealed that EGFR, uPA, and TM are positively correlated in tumor samples of cervical cancer patients, showing a negative prognostic impact. Aggressive human cervical cancer cells (CASKI) presented higher gene expression levels of EGFR, uPA, and TM compared to its less aggressive counterpart (C-33A cells). EGFR induces uPA expression in CASKI cells through both PI3K-Akt and MEK1/2-ERK1/2 downstream effectors, whereas TM expression induced by EGFR was dependent on PI3K/Akt signaling alone. uPA induced cell-morphology modifications and cell migration in an EGFR-dependent and -independent manner, respectively. Finally, treatment with cetuximab reduced in vivo CASKI xenografted-tumor growth in nude mice, and decreased intratumoral uPA expression, while TM expression was unaltered. In conclusion, we showed that EGFR signaling regulated expression of the fibrinolytic system component uPA in both in vitro and in vivo settings, while uPA also participated in cell-morphology modifications and migration in a human cervical cancer model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Rats , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Prognosis , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , ErbB Receptors , Mice, Nude
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(6): e10474, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285667

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma is a highly malignant tumor that occurs in the bone. Previous studies have shown that multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the development of osteosarcoma. This study aimed to explore the role of miR-629-5p and its target gene, caveolin 1 (CAV1), in osteosarcoma development. To analyze the expression of miR-629-5p and CAV1 mRNA in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, qRT-PCR analysis was performed. Dual-luciferase reporter experiments were subsequently performed to validate the relationship between CAV1 and miR-629-5p. CCK8 assay was used to measure osteosarcoma cell proliferation, and wound-healing assay was performed to study their migratory phenotype. Our findings revealed that miR-629-5p was overexpressed in osteosarcoma tissues and cells, and thereby enhanced cell proliferation and migration. Further, we validated that miR-629-5p targets CAV1 mRNA directly. CAV1 expression, which was negatively correlated with miR-629-5p expression, was found to be downregulated in osteosarcoma tissue samples. Moreover, our data showed that an increase in CAV1 level led to a decline in osteosarcoma cell proliferation and migration, which could be rescued by miR-629-5p upregulation. Overall, our study confirmed that miR-629-5p promoted osteosarcoma proliferation and migration by directly inhibiting CAV1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Caveolin 1/genetics
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e9700, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180737

ABSTRACT

Lung adenocarcinomas are usually sensitive to radiation therapy, but some develop resistance. Radiation resistance can lead to poor patient prognosis. Studies have shown that lung adenocarcinoma cells (H1299 cells) can develop radioresistance through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and this process is regulated by miRNAs. However, it is unclear which miRNAs are involved in the process of EMT. In our present study, we found that miR-183 expression was increased in a radioresistant lung adenocarcinoma cell line (H1299R cells). We then explored the regulatory mechanism of miR-183 and found that it may be involved in the regulation of zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) expression and mediate EMT in lung adenocarcinoma cells. qPCR results showed that miR-183, ZEB1, and vimentin were highly expressed in H1299R cells, whereas no difference was observed in E-cadherin expression. Western blot results showed that ZEB1 and vimentin were highly expressed in H1299R cells, while E-cadherin expression was decreased. When miR-183 expression was inhibited in H1299R cells, radiation resistance, proliferation, and cell migration were decreased. The expression of ZEB1 and vimentin in H1299R cells was decreased, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased. Moreover, miR-183 overexpression in H1299 cells enhanced radiation resistance, proliferative capacity, and cell migration ability. The expression of ZEB1 and vimentin in H1299 cells was increased, while that of E-cadherin was decreased. In conclusion, miR-183 may promote EMT and radioresistance in H1299 cells, and targeting the miR-183-ZEB1 signaling pathway may be a promising approach for lung cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10394, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153512

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been indicated to be frequently dysregulated in various cancers and promising biomarkers for colon cancer. The present study aimed to assess the prognostic significance and biological function of miR-1273a in colon cancer. The expression levels of miR-1273a was estimated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of miR-1273a in patients of colon cancer. The effects of miR-1273a on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were investigated by cell experiments. The expression of miR-1273a was downregulated in colon cancer tissues and tumor cell lines compared with the normal controls (all P<0.001). The aberrant expression of miR-1273a was associated with vascular invasion (P=0.005), differentiation (P=0.023), lymph node metastasis (P=0.021), and TNM stage (P=0.004). The patients with low miR-1273a expression had low overall survival compared with the patients with high miR-1273a expression (log-rank P=0.002). miR-1273a was detected to be an independent prognostic biomarker for patients. Furthermore, the results of cell experiments revealed that miR-1273a downregulation promoted, while miR-1273a upregulation suppressed the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. In conclusion, all data indicated that a downregulated expression of miR-1273a predicted poor prognosis for colon cancer and enhanced tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Thus, we suggest that methods to promote miR-1273a expression may serve as novel therapeutic strategies in colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , MicroRNAs/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9161, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153511

ABSTRACT

Patients with osteosarcoma (OS) usually have poor overall survival because of frequent metastasis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be associated with tumorigenesis and metastasis. In this study, we investigated the expression and roles of lncRNA human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex P5 (HCP5) in OS, aiming to provide a novel molecular mechanism for OS. HCP5 was up-regulated both in OS tissues and cell lines and high expression of HCP5 was associated to low survival in OS patients. Down-regulation of HCP5 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, suggesting its carcinogenic role in OS. miR-101 was targeted by HCP5 and its expression was decreased in OS. The inhibitor of miR-101 reversed the impact of HCP5 down-regulation on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis in OS. Ephrin receptor 7 (EPHA7) was proved to be a target of miR-101 and had ability to recover the effects of miR-101 inhibitor in OS. In conclusion, lncRNA HCP5 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis through depleting the expression of EPHA7 by binding to miR-101, providing a potential therapeutic strategy of HCP5 in OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Osteosarcoma/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Receptor, EphA7/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880860

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and with 354 864 new cases each year. Cancer metastasis, recurrence, and drug resistance are the main causes to cripples and deaths of OSCC patients. As potent growth factors, fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are frequently susceptible to being hijacked by cancer cells. In this study, we show that FGF8 is upregulated in OSCC tissues and high FGF8 expression is related with a set of clinicopathologic parameters, including age, drinking, and survival time. FGF8 treatment enhances the invasive capability of OSCC cells. Lentivirus-based FGF8 expression promotes OSCC metastasis in a mouse lung metastasis model. Further, mechanistic study demonstrates that FGF8 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in OSCC cells. These results highlight a pro-metastatic function of FGF8, and underscore the role of FGF8 in OSCC development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fibroblast Growth Factor 8 , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mice , Mouth Neoplasms , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880841

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of overexpression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 on the proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma U251 cells by suppressing the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1@*METHODS@#The expression of lncRNA MEG3 and HIF1@*RESULTS@#The expression of MEG3 was significantly lower and HIF1@*CONCLUSIONS@#MEG3 overexpression inhibits the proliferation and invasion of U251 cells through suppressing the expression of HIF1


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effects of dihydromyricetin on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer BGC-823 cells and explore the molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#BGC-823 cells in routine culture were treated with different concentrations of dihydromyricetin (0, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120 μg/mL) for 24 h, and the changes in cell viability were detected using CCK-8 assay; colony forming assay and Transwell assay were performed to assess the changes in colonyforming and migration abilities of the cells, respectively. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the treated cells were determined using ELISA, and Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, cyclin D1, cyclin E1, HSP70 and HMGB1 and the phosphorylation levels of Akt and Stat3.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 assay showed that dihydromyricetin treatment dose-dependently inhibited the viability of BGC-823 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dihydromyricetin inhibits the proliferation and migration of BGC-823 cells through suppressing the activation of Akt/stat3 signaling pathways and HMGB1 expression.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Flavonols , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Stomach Neoplasms
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of propofol on the proliferation and invasion of glioma U87 cells and to explore the possible anti-tumor mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The glioma U87 cells was divided into a blank group, a positive control group, and the propofol groups (1.00, 2.00 or 5.00 mmol/L). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell proliferation; Transwell method was used to detect the effect of propofol on invasion and migration of U87 cells; real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of microRNA-134 (miR-134); Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of reproduction-related protein Ki-67, invasion-related protein metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway-related protein.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the proliferation, invasion and migration capacity of U87 cells were reduced in the positive control group and the propofol groups after 48 hours (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Propofol can decrease the proliferation rate, and the invasion and migration abilities of U87 cells, which may be achieved by up-regulation of miR-134 and suppression of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Glioma/genetics , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Propofol/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA-TUC338 on the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of TUC338 in different lymphoma cells was detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, cell proliferation by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, migration of lymphoma cells by transwell assay, and protein expression in PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of TUC338 in lymphoma cells Daudi, U937, BC-3, and Raji significantly increased in comparison with human normal T lymphocytes H9 (t=13.277, 10.103, 16.200, and 26.687, P=0.002, 0.005, 0.001, and 0.000). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the number of cells crossing the chamber of TUC338-siRNA group was significantly reduced (t=30.508, P=0.000), the protein expression levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT significantly decreased (t=16.872 and 18.371, P=0.000 and 0.000), and OD@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of TUC338 significantly increases in lymphoma cells, and silence of TUC338 effectively inhibits the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells, which has a potential application value in diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Signal Transduction
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT.@*METHODS@#Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays.@*RESULTS@#After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878450

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effect of the regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) on the proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and its potential molecular mechanism. Metho⁃ds The expression status and clinical significance of RGS2 in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and matched adjacent normal tissues were evaluated using TCGA database. Three OSCC cell lines (i.e., SCC-9, Cal27, and Fadu) were overexpressed with RGS2, and the effect of RGS2 on cell proliferation and invasion was determined using the Transwell, clone formation, and cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assays. Moreover, the yeast two-hybrid scree-ning and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays were conducted to detect the correlation of RGS2, four and a half LIM domains protein 1 (FHL1), and damage DNA-binding protein 1 (DDB1).@*RESULTS@#The expression level of RGS2 in OSCC was significantly lower than that in matched adjacent normal tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#RGS2 plays an important role in the inhibition of OSCC proliferation and invasion. The structure stability of RGS2 is competitively regulated by FHL1 and DDB1.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , GTP-Binding Proteins , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , LIM Domain Proteins , Mouth Neoplasms , Muscle Proteins , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
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