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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(2): 236-246, mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1104216

ABSTRACT

Chloroform extract (CE) and fractions obtained from Aldama arenaria roots were evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activity against 10 human tumor cell lines [leukemia (K-562), breast (MCF-7), ovary expressing a multidrug-resistant phenotype (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), lung (NCI-H460), prostate (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovary (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251), and kidney (786-0)]. CE presented weak to moderate antiproliferative activity (mean log GI50 1.07), whereas fractions 3 and 4, enriched with pimaranetype diterpenes [ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid and ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presented moderate to potent activity for most cell lines, with mean log GI50 of 0.62 and 0.59, respectively. The results showed promising in vitro antiproliferative action of the samples obtained from A. arenaria, with the best results for NCI/ADR-RES, HT29, and OVCAR-3, and TGI values ranging from 5.95 to 28.71 µg.ml -1, demonstrating that compounds of this class may be potential prototypes for the discovery of new therapeutic agents.


El extracto de cloroformo (CE) y las fracciones obtenidas de las raíces de Aldama arenaria fueron evaluadas por su actividad antiproliferativa in vitro contra 10 líneas celulares tumorales humanas [leucemia (K-562), mama (MCF-7), ovario que expresa un fenotipo resistente a múltiples fármacos (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), pulmón (NCI-H460), próstata (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovario (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251) y riñón (786-0)]. CE presentó actividad antiproliferativa débil a moderada (log GI50 promedio de 1.07), mientras que las fracciones 3 y 4, enriquecidas con diterpenos de tipo pimarane [ent-pimara-8 (14), ácido 15-dien-19-oico y ent-8 (14), 15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presentaron actividad moderada a potente para la mayoría de las líneas celulares, con un log GI50 promedio de 0.62 y 0.59, respectivamente. Los resultados mostraron una prometedora acción antiproliferativa in vitro de las muestras obtenidas de A. arenaria, con los mejores resultados para NCI/ADR-RES, HT29 y OVCAR-3, y valores de TGI que van desde 5.95 a 28.71 µg.ml -1, lo que demuestra que los compuestos de esta clase pueden ser prototipos potenciales para el descubrimiento de nuevos agentes terapéuticos.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Chloroform , Plectranthus/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , In Vitro Techniques , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Ethnobotany , Cuba , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Diterpenes/chemistry
2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 20-29, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782127

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Curcumin exerts its anti-cancer effects, partly by targeting special microRNAs, in human cancers. MiR-21 is a key oncomir in carcinogenesis of multiple human cancers. Here, we aimed to further explore the mechanistic insight into the link between curcumin and miR-21 on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR assays were performed to assess the levels of miR-21 and Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) mRNA. In situ hybridization assay was used for miR-21 expression visualization in lymphoma tissues. Western blot was used for determination of VHL protein, Ki-67, caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-3 levels. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay were employed to confirm the direct target of miR-21. MTT assay, flow cytometric analysis, and transwell assay were used to evaluate cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration and invasion capacities, respectively.RESULTS: Curcumin repressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities and promoted apoptosis in SU-DHL-8 cells. Curcumin inhibited miR-21 expression and curcumin exerted its anti-proliferation, anti-migration, anti-invasion, and pro-apoptosis effects by miR-21 in SU-DHL-8 cells. VHL was a direct target of miR-21. Moreover, curcumin exerted its regulatory effects on SU-DHL-8 cells by VHL.CONCLUSION: Curcumin exerted its anti-proliferation, anti-migration, anti-invasion, and pro-apoptosis functions, at least partly, by repressing miR-21 and regulating VHL expression in DLBCL cell line. Our findings provided a possible molecular mechanism of curcumin-mediated anti-cancer effect.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , B-Lymphocytes , Blotting, Western , Carcinogenesis , Caspase 3 , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Curcumin , Humans , Immunoprecipitation , In Situ Hybridization , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , MicroRNAs , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA , RNA, Messenger
3.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762471

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: LINC01234, a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is overexpressed in several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the role of LINC01234 in CRC development and confirmed its correlation with Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6), a tumor suppressor gene that is dysregulated in CRC. METHODS: We tested mRNA levels using quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Tissue samples from patients with CRC, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), hyperplastic polyp, and adenoma were included. Correlations between clinicopathological parameters, overall survival (OS) rate, and LINC01234 were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis H test. Additionally, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and tumor formation in nude mice were tested to investigate the mechanism of LINC01234. Western blotting was used to determine protein levels. RESULTS: LINC01234 expression was significantly upregulated in CRC tissues and CRC cell lines than in non-tumor tissues and normal epithelial cells, respectively. LINC01234 was associated with high tumor stage, larger tumor size, and metastasis. Patients with higher LINC01234 expression showed reduced OS. Cell proliferation was inhibited by LINC01234 knockdown, whereas apoptosis was enhanced. Mice injected with SW480 cells with LINC01234 knockdown displayed decreased tumor volume, weight, and Ki-67 levels compared with those injected with control cells. KLF6 was negatively regulated by LINC01234. Overexpression of KLF6 showed effects similar to those observed following LINC01234 knockdown on cell proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: LINC01234 could be a prognostic biomarker in CRC patients. Upregulation of LINC01234 in CRC promotes tumor development through negative regulation of KLF6.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Epithelial Cells , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mice , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Metastasis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polyps , Prognosis , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Burden , Up-Regulation
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 210-217, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811475

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of hsa-let-7g on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and elucidate its role in lung cancer development.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression levels of has-let-7g and HOXB1 in tissues and cells were measured by qRT-PCR. An inhibitor of hsa-let-7g or one targeting a control messenger RNA were transfected into A549 and H1944 lung cancer cells, and the effects of hsa-let-7g dysregulation on cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed using CCK-8 and apoptosis detection assays. HOXB1 was confirmed as the target gene of hsa-let-7g, based on luciferase reporter assay results. The relationship between hsa-let-7g and HOXB1 was confirmed by co-transfection of inhibitors of hsa-let-7g and HOXB1 followed by Western blot, CCK-8, and apoptosis detection assays.RESULTS: We observed high expression of hsa-let-7g in lung cancer tissues compared to the corresponding normal tissues, and generally higher expression of hsa-let-7g in patients with advanced tumor classification. The results of CCK-8 and apoptosis detection experiments showed that the inhibition of hsa-let-7g significantly inhibited proliferation of A549 and H1944 cells, but also promoted apoptosis. HOXB1 is a specific target of hsa-let-7g, and downregulation of HOXB1 in lung cancer cells reversed the suppressive effects caused by knocking down hsa-let-7g.CONCLUSION: These data collectively suggest that the expression of hsa-let-7g inhibits lung cancer cells apoptosis and promotes proliferation by down-regulating HOXB1. The results from this study demonstrate the potential of hsa-let-7g/HOXB1 axis as a therapeutic target for the treatment of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Classification , Down-Regulation , Humans , Luciferases , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , MicroRNAs , RNA, Messenger , Sincalide
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the cell viability and migration of Endosequence Bioceramic Root Canal Sealer (BC Sealer) compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus.MATERIALS AND METHODS: BC Sealer, MTA Fillapex, and AH Plus were placed in contact with culture medium to obtain sealers extracts in dilution 1:1, 1:2 and 1:4. 3T3 cells were plated and exposed to the extracts. Cell viability and migration were assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazoyl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Scratch assay, respectively. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's test (p < 0.05).RESULTS: The MTT assay revealed greater cytotoxicity for AH Plus and MTA Fillapex at 1:1 dilution when compared to control (p < 0.05). At 1:2 and 1:4 dilutions, all sealers were similar to control (p > 0.05) and MTA Fillapex was more cytotoxic than BC Sealer (p < 0.05). Scratch assay demonstrated the continuous closure of the wound according to time. At 30 hours, the control group presented closure of the wound (p < 0.05). At 36 hours, only BC Sealer presented the closure when compared to AH Plus and MTA Fillapex (p < 0.05). At 42 hours, AH Plus and MTA Fillapex showed a wound healing (p > 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: All tested sealers demonstrated cell viability highlighting BC Sealer, which showed increased cell migration capacity suggesting that this sealer may achieve better tissue repair when compared to other tested sealers.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Animals , Calcium , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Fibroblasts , Mice , Pemetrexed , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the indirect effect of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), as 2 calcium silicate-based hydraulic cements, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) through different dentin thicknesses.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-chamber setups were designed to simulate indirect pulp capping (IPC). Human molars were sectioned to obtain 0.1-, 0.3-, and 0.5-mm-thick dentin discs, which were placed between the 2 chambers to simulate an IPC procedure. Then, MTA and CEM were applied on one side of the discs, while hDPSCs were cultured on the other side. After 2 weeks of incubation, the cells were removed, and cell proliferation, morphology, and attachment to the discs were evaluated under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDXA) spectroscopy was performed for elemental analysis. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was assessed quantitatively. The data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.RESULTS: SEM micrographs revealed elongated cells, collagen fibers, and calcified nucleations in all samples. EDXA verified that the calcified nucleations consisted of calcium phosphate. The largest calcifications were seen in the 0.1-mm-thick dentin subgroups. There was no significant difference in ALP activity across the CEM subgroups; however, ALP activity was significantly lower in the 0.1-mm-thick dentin subgroup than in the other MTA subgroups (p < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The employed capping biomaterials exerted biological activity on hDPSCs, as shown by cell proliferation, morphology, and attachment and calcific precipitations, through 0.1- to 0.5-mm-thick layers of dentin. In IPC, the bioactivity of these endodontic biomaterials is probably beneficial.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Biocompatible Materials , Calcium , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Dental Pulp Capping , Dental Pulp , Dentin , Endodontics , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Miners , Molar , Pemetrexed , Spectrum Analysis , Stem Cells
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811199

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) is a transcriptional co-repressor that is overexpressed in many cancers. CtBP1 transcriptionally represses a broad array of tumor suppressors, which promotes cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and resistance to apoptosis. Recent studies have demonstrated that CtBP1 is a potential target for cancer therapy. This study was designed to screen for compounds that potentially target CtBP1.METHODS: Using a structure-based virtual screening for CtBP1 inhibitors, we found protocatechuic aldehyde (PA), a natural compound found in the root of a traditional Chinese herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza, that directly binds to CtBP1. Microscale thermophoresis assay was performed to determine whether PA and CtBP1 directly bind to each other. Further, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats associated Cas9 nuclease-mediated CtBP1 knockout in breast cancer cells was used to validate the CtBP1 targeting specificity of PA.RESULTS: Functional studies showed that PA repressed the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, PA elevated the expression of the downstream targets of CtBP1, p21 and E-cadherin, and decreased CtBP1 binding affinity for the promoter regions of p21 and E-cadherin in breast cancer cells. However, PA did not affect the expression of p21 and E-cadherin in the CtBP1 knockout breast cancer cells. In addition, the CtBP1 knockout breast cancer cells showed resistance to PA-induced repression of proliferation and migration.CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that PA directly bound to CtBP1 and inhibited the growth and migration of breast cancer cells through CtBP1 inhibition. Structural modifications of PA are further required to enhance its binding affinity and selectivity for CtBP1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cadherins , Carrier Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Humans , Mass Screening , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Repression, Psychology , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 407-416, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1114915

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma NOS (no especificado de otra manera) es un tumor salival sin patrón especial poco mencionado en la literatura; su diagnóstico es un desafío porque estructuralmente no se identifica con otros carcinomas salivales más definidos. Por otro lado, Ki67 es un marcador de proliferación celular que brinda información pronóstica de las neoplasias. En cuanto a la mucina humana transmembrana MUC-1 se sobre-expresa en las neoplasias malignas perdiendo su localización exclusivamente apical. Presentamos dos casos de adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosticados con H/E y correlacionamos la expresión de Ki67 y la localización y sobreexpresión de MUC-1 con su grado histológico y pronóstico. Cortes histológicos de dos adenocarcinomas NOS de parótida en mujeres de 62 y 63 años respectivamente se colorearon con H/E e inmunomarcaron para Ki67 y MUC-1. En ambos tumores predominaban estructuras ductales, algunas quísticas, cordones celulares ramificados e islotes sólidos. Las formaciones glandulares presentaban células claras y algunas de aspecto oncocítico. Había importante atipia celular, comedonecrosis, invasión perineural, áreas hemorrágicas y compromiso de los márgenes quirúrgicos. La marcación nuclear con Ki67 fue importante; MUC-1 presentó una fuerte coloración en membranas y citoplasmas. Las dos lesiones se diagnosticaron como de alto grado de malignidad. Nuestros resultados demuestran que existe una importante proliferación marcada con Ki67 y una sobre-expresión de MUC-1 asociadas a atipia celular, infiltración perineural, necrosis y compromiso de márgenes quirúrgicos, factores asociados a un peor pronóstico. El reconocimiento de este tumor es trascendente para médicos y odontólogos ya que por la ausencia de rasgos distintivos que sí presentan otros carcinomas más específicos es fundamental el diagnóstico de exclusión.


Adenocarcinoma NOS (not otherwise specified) is a no special pattern salivary tumor briefly mentioned in the literature; its diagnosis is a challenge because structurally it is not identified with other more definite salivary carcinomas. On the other hand, Ki67 is a marker of cellular proliferation that provides prognostic information of neoplasms. As for human transmembrane mucin, MUC-1 is overexpressed in malignant neoplasms, losing their exclusively apical location. We present two cases of adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosed with H/E and correlate the expression of Ki67 and the location and over-expression of MUC-1 with its histological grade and prognosis. Histological sections of two NOS adenocarcinomas of parotid in women of 62 and 63 ages respectively were stained with H/E and immunolabelled for Ki67 and MUC-1. Both are predominated by ductal structures, some cystic, branched cell cords and solid islets. The glandular formations presented clear cells and some of oncocytic appearance. There was important cellular atypia, comedonecrosis, perineural growth, haemorrhagic areas and compromise of surgical margins. Nuclear marking with Ki67 was important; MUC-1 presented a strong staining in membranes and cytoplasms. They were diagnosed as high-grade malignancy. Our results show that there is an important proliferation marked with Ki67 and overexpression of MUC-1 associated with cellular atypia, perineural growth, necrosis and compromise of surgical margins, factorsassociated with a poor prognosis. The recognition of this tumor is transcendent for physicians and dentists since, due to the absence of distinctive features that other more specific carcinomas present, the diagnosis of exclusion is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Parotid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Parotid Neoplasms/metabolism , Parotid Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Mucin-1/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Proliferation
9.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(1): 37-43, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1117078

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The androgen receptor (AR) plays an important role in normal development of the prostate gland, as well as in prostatic neoplasms. Transcriptional regulation by AR is modulated by its interaction with co-activators or co-repressors, such as NCoR1 (nuclear receptor co-repressor 1), which is involved in reducing AR activity over the target gene transcription. Methods: To identify the role of NCoR1 in the prostate cancer androgen independence in a cell line model, we aimed to evaluate the effects of silencing NCoR1 on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) gene expression, the proliferative response and PSA secretion on the supernatant of C4-2B and LNCaP cells that were submitted to small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) transfection, and to treatments with different androgen dosages. Results: In LNCaP and C4-2B cells with no dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment, a decrease in PSA mRNA expression was observed 48 hours and 72 hours after gene silencing in the siNCoR group when compared to the control and siNC groups. The LNCaP and C4-2B cells showed a biphasic pattern in response to dihydrotestosterone treatment in transfected groups (siNCoR and siNC) as well as in the control condition (without transfection). The secretion of PSA in cell supernatant of LNCaP and C4-2B cells was higher in the siNCoR group, and, in relation to hormonal treatment, higher in the 10-8 M DHT group. Conclusions: A reduction in the NCoR1 levels seems to have a double influence on the activity of AR in PCa cells. These results suggest that NCoR may act as an AR co-repressor depending upon hormonal stimulation.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Cell Proliferation , Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 1 , Dihydrotestosterone , Receptors, Androgen , Cell Line , Co-Repressor Proteins
10.
Coluna/Columna ; 18(4): 289-293, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055990

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The role of diffusion-weighted MRI in differential diagnostics and predicting the survival of patients with spine metastases was studied. Methods: The study included data from MRI and morphological studies of 23 patients with spine metastases. Results: The values obtained for the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of tumors were compared with their histological type, cell density and Ki-67 proliferation index. The effect of ADC values on overall patient survival was also assessed. A reliable inverse correlation was established between ADC values and Ki-67 proliferation index for various types of spine metastases (r=-0.753, p=0.017). The dependence of ADC values and overall survival of patients with metastases in the spine is shown. Conclusion: The technique of diffusion-weighted MRI can be used as part of a comprehensive assessment in the preoperative planning of surgical treatment, and as a prognostic factor of overall survival for this group of patients. Level of Evidence II. Prognostic retrospective study,


RESUMO Objetivos: O papel da RM ponderada por difusão nos diagnósticos diferenciais e na previsão da sobrevida dos pacientes com metástases da coluna vertebral foram analisados. Métodos: O estudo incluiu dados da RM e estudos morfológicos de 23 pacientes com metástases da coluna vertebral. Resultados: Os valores obtidos para o coeficiente de difusão aparente (ADC) dos tumores foram comparados com seu tipo histológico, densidade celular e índice de proliferação Ki-67. Além disso, avaliou-se o efeito dos valores de ADC na sobrevida global dos pacientes. Foi estabelecida uma correlação inversa confiável entre os valores de ADC e o índice de proliferação Ki-67 para diversos tipos de metástases da coluna vertebral (r =-0,753, p=0,017). A dependência dos valores de ADC e a sobrevida global dos pacientes com metástases na coluna vertebral é demostrada. Conclusão: A técnica da RM ponderada por difusão pode ser utilizada como parte de uma avaliação abrangente do planejamento pré-operatório do tratamento cirúrgico e como fator prognóstico da sobrevida global para esse grupo de pacientes. Nível de Evidência II. Estudo retrospectivo prognóstico.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Fueron analizados el papel de la RM ponderada por difusión en los diagnósticos diferenciales y en la previsión de la sobrevida de los pacientes con metástasis de la columna vertebral. Métodos: El estudio incluyó datos de RM y estudios morfológicos de 23 pacientes con metástasis de la columna vertebral. Resultados: Los valores obtenidos para el coeficiente de difusión aparente (ADC) de los tumores se compararon con su tipo histológico, densidad celular e índice de proliferación Ki-67. Además, se evaluó el efecto de los valores de ADC en la sobrevida global de los pacientes. Se estableció una correlación inversa confiable entre los valores de ADC y el índice de proliferación Ki-67 para diversos tipos de metástasis de la columna vertebral (r =-0,753, p=0,017). Es demostrada la dependencia de los valores de ADC y la sobrevida global de los pacientes con metástasis en la columna vertebral. Conclusión: La técnica de RM ponderada por difusión puede utilizarse como parte de una evaluación integral de la planificación preoperatoria del tratamiento quirúrgico y como un factor pronóstico de la sobrevida global para este grupo de pacientes. Nivel de Evidencia II. Estudio retrospectivo pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Survival , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Metastasis
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(4): 697-702, Nov. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1001477

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the antibacterial and antiproliferative activities of the essential oil of Psidium guajava leaves (PG-EO), traditionally used in folk medicine. The essential oil was obtained from fresh leaves by hydrodistillation, using a modified Clevenger apparatus. The major PG-EO chemical constituents were identified by GC-MS and GC-FID as being β-caryophyllene (16.1%), α-humulene (11.9%), aromadendrene oxide (14.7%), δ-selinene (13.6%), and selin-11-en-4α-ol (12.5%). The antibacterial activity of the essential oil of P. guajava leaves was determined in terms of its minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) using the broth microdilution method in 96-well microplates. PG-EO had moderate activity against Streptococcus mutans (MIC = 200 µg/mL), S. mitis (MIC = 200 µg/mL), S. sanguinis (MIC = 400 µg/mL), S. sobrinus (MIC = 100 µg/mL), and S. salivarius (MIC = 200 µg/mL). The antiproliferative activity was evaluated against different tumor cell lines: breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa), and human gliobastoma (M059J). A normal human cell line (GM07492A, lung fibroblasts) was included. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated using the XTT assay and the results were expressed as IC50. The essential oil showed significantly lower IC50 values against MCF-7 and M059J lines than that obtained for the normal line, showing selectivity. Our results suggest that the essential oil of Psidium guajava L. has promising biological activities and can be considered a new source of bioactive compounds.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou as atividades antibacteriana e antiproliferativa do óleo essencial das folhas frescas de Psidium guajava (PG-OE), tradicionalmente utilizadas na medicina popular. O óleo essencial foi obtido por hidrodestilação das folhas frescas, utilizando aparelho do tipo Clevenger. Os principais constituintes químicos de PG-OE identificados por CG-EM e CG-DIC foram: β-cariofileno (16,1%), α-humuleno (11,9%), óxido de aromadendreno (14,7%), δ-selineno (13,6%) e selin-11-en-4α-ol (12,5%). A atividade antibacteriana do óleo essencial das folhas de P. guajava foi determinada em termo de sua concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) utilizando o método de microdiluição de caldo em microplacas de 96 poços. PG-OE apresentou moderada atividade contra Streptococcus mutans (CIM = 200 μg/mL), S. mitis (CIM = 200 μg/mL), S. sanguinis (CIM = 400 μg/mL), S. sobrinus (CIM = 100 μg/mL) e S. salivarius (CIM = 200 μg/mL). A atividade antiproliferativa foi avaliada frente a diferentes linhagens de células tumorais como: adenocarcinoma de mama (MCF-7), adenocarcinoma cervical humano (HeLa) e gliobastoma humano (M059J). Foi incluída uma linhagem celular humana normal (GM07492A, fibroblastos pulmonares). A atividade antiproliferativa foi avaliada utilizando o ensaio XTT e os resultados foram expressos como CI50. As linhagens MCF-7 e M059J mostraram valores significativamente mais baixos de CI50 do que os obtidos para a linhagem normal, mostrando seletividade. Nossos resultados sugerem que o óleo essencial das folhas frescas de Psidium guajava L. possui atividades biológicas promissoras e pode ser considerado como uma nova fonte de compostos bioativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Leaves , Psidium , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Azulenes/pharmacology , Monocyclic Sesquiterpenes , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
12.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(5): 480-491, sept. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1008273

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we investigated the antiproliferative activity of essential oil from leaves of Melissa officinalis L. grown in Southern Bosnia and Herzegovina. In vitro evaluation of antiproliferative activity of the M. officinalis essential oil was carried out on three human tumor cell lines: MCF-7, NCI-H460 and MOLT-4 by MTT assay. M. officinalis essential oil was characterized by high percentage of monoterpenes (77,5%), followed by the sesquiterpene fraction (14,5%) and aliphatic compounds (2,2%). The main constituents of the essential oil of M. officinalis are citral (47,2%), caryophyllene oxide (10,2%), citronellal (5,4%), geraniol (6,6%), geranyl acetate (4,1%) and ß- caryophyllene (3,8%). The essential oil showed significant antiproliferative activity against three cancer cell lines, MOLT-4, MCF-7, and NCI-H460 cells, with GI50 values of <5, 6±2 and 31±17 µg/mL, respectively. The results revealed that M. officinalis L. essential oil has a potential as anticancer therapeutic agent.


En el presente estudio, investigamos la actividad antiproliferativa del aceite esencial de las hojas de Melissa officinalis L. cultivadas en el sur de Bosnia y Herzegovina. La evaluación in vitro de la actividad antiproliferativa del aceite esencial de M. officinalis se llevó a cabo en tres líneas celulares de tumores humanos: MCF-7, NCI-H460 y MOLT-4 utilizando el ensayo de MTT. El aceite esencial de M. officinalis se caracterizó por un alto porcentaje de monoterpenos (77,5%), seguido de la fracción sesquiterpénica (14,5%) y compuestos alifáticos (2,2%). Los principales constituyentes del aceite esencial de M. officinalis fueron citral (47,2%), óxido de cariofileno (10,2%), citronelal (5,4%), geraniol (6,6%), acetato de geranilo (4, 1%), y ß-cariofileno (3,8%). El aceite esencial mostró una actividad antiproliferativa significativa contra las líneas celulares de cáncer MOLT-4, MCF-7 y NCI-H460, con valores GI50 de <5, 6±2 y 31±17 µg/mL, respectivamente. Los resultados revelaron que el aceite esencial de M. officinalis L. tiene potencial como agente terapéutico contra el cáncer.


Subject(s)
Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Melissa , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes/analysis , In Vitro Techniques , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Plant Leaves , Monoterpenes/analysis , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry
13.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 41: 48-55, sept. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087162

ABSTRACT

Background: Plant gene homologs that control cell differentiation can be used as biotechnological tools to study the in vitro cell proliferation competence of tissue culture-recalcitrant species such as peppers. It has been demonstrated that SERK1 homologs enhance embryogenic competence when overexpressed in transformed tissues; therefore, cloning of a pepper SERK1 homolog was performed to further evaluate its biotechnological potential. Results: A Capsicum chinense SERK full-length cDNA (CchSERK1) was cloned and characterized at the molecular level. Its deduced amino acid sequence exhibits high identity with sequences annotated as SERK1 and predicted-SERK2 homologs in the genomes of the Capsicum annuum CM-334 and Zunla-1 varieties, respectively, and with SERK1 homologs from members of the Solanaceae family. Transcription of CchSERK1 in plant tissues, measured by quantitative RT-PCR, was higher in stems, flowers, and roots but lower in leaves and floral primordia. During seed development, CchSERK1 was transcribed in all zygotic stages, with higher expression at 14 days post anthesis. During somatic embryogenesis, CchSERK1 was transcribed at all differentiation stages, with a high increment in the heart stage and lower levels at the torpedo/cotyledonal stages. Conclusion: DNA sequence alignments and gene expression patterns suggest that CchSERK1 is the C. chinense SERK1 homolog. Significant levels of CchSERK1 transcripts were found in tissues with cell differentiation activities such as vascular axes and during the development of zygotic and somatic embryos. These results suggest that CchSERK1 might have regulatory functions in cell differentiation and could be used as a biotechnological tool to study the recalcitrance of peppers to proliferate in vitro.


Subject(s)
Capsicum/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , In Vitro Techniques , Biotechnology , Gene Expression , Cell Differentiation , Genes, Plant , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Solanaceae/genetics , Arabidopsis Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Embryonic Development , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1132-1141, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1012409

ABSTRACT

Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) have self-renewal and differentiation capacity essential for sperm production throughout the male reproductive life. The electrospun polycaprolactone/gelatin (PCL/Gel) nanofibrous scaffold mimics important features of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which can provide a promising technique for the proliferation and differentiation of SSCs in vitro. The goal of the present study was to investigate the effects of PCL/Gel nanofibrous scaffold on the propagation and differentiation of neonate mouse SSCs (mSSCs). mSSCs were enzymatically isolated, and the cells were purified by differential plating method and seeded on scaffold. After 2 weeks, viability, colony number and diameter, and expression of specific spermatogonial cell genes were investigated. After mSSCs propagation, the cells were cultivated in a differentiation medium on the scaffold for another 2 weeks, and differentiating cells were analyzed by real-time PCR. The number of mSSC colony (P<0.01) and expression levels of specific spermatogonial genes Plzf and Inga6 (P<0.01) and also differentiation genes c-Kit, Tp1 and Ptm1 (P<0.05) were higher in scaffold group compared with control during the culture period. We conclude that mSSCs can be expanded and can differentiate toward spermatid cells on PCL/Gel nanofibrous scaffold with improved developmental parameters.


Las células madre espermatogónicas (CME) tienen capacidad de auto renovación y diferenciación esenciales para la producción de esperma a lo largo de la vida reproductiva masculina. El «scaffold¼ nanofibroso de policaprolactona / gelatina (PCL / Gel) electrohilado imita características importantes de la matriz extracelular (MEC), que puede proporcionar una técnica prometedora para la proliferación y diferenciación de CME in vitro. El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar los efectos del «scaffold¼ nanofibroso PCL / Gel en la propagación y diferenciación de CME de ratones neonatos (mSSC). Los mSSC se aislaron enzimáticamente y las células se purificaron mediante un método de siembra diferencial y se sembraron en un «scaffold¼. Después de 2 semanas, se investigaron la viabilidad, el número y el diámetro de las colonias y la expresión de genes específicos de células espermatogónicas. Después de la propagación de mSSC, las células se cultivaron en un medio de diferenciación en el «scaffold¼ durante otras 2 semanas, y las células se analizaron mediante PCR en tiempo real. El número de colonias mSSC (P <0,01) y los niveles de expresión de los genes espermatogónicos específicos Plzf e Inga6 (P <0,01) y también los genes de diferenciación c-Kit, Tp1 y Ptm1 (P <0,05) fueron mayores en el grupo de «scaffold¼ en comparación con el control durante el período de cultivo. Concluimos que los mSSC pueden expandirse y diferenciarse en células espermátidas en un «scaffold¼ de nanofibras PCL / Gel con parámetros de desarrollo mejorados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Spermatogonia/cytology , Spermatogonia/metabolism , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Polyesters/chemistry , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cell Survival , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Tissue Scaffolds , Nanofibers/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Animals, Newborn
15.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 40-44, July. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1053231

ABSTRACT

Background: The study of plant-associated microorganisms is very important in the discovery and development of bioactive compounds. Pseudomonas is a diverse genus of Gammaproteobacteria comprising more than 60 species capable of establishing themselves in many habitats, which include leaves and stems of many plants. There are reports of metabolites with diverse biological activity obtained from bacteria of this genus, and some of the metabolites have shown cytotoxic activity against cancer cell lines. Because of the high incidence of cancer, research in recent years has focused on obtaining new sources of active compounds that exhibit interesting pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties that lead to the development of new therapeutic agents. Results: A bacterial strain was isolated from tumors located in the stem of Pinus patula, and it was identified as Pseudomonas cedrina. Extracts from biomass and broth of P. cedrina were obtained with chloroform:methanol (1:1). Only biomass extracts exhibited antiproliferative activity against human tumor cell lines of cervix (HeLa), lung (A-549), and breast (HBL-100). In addition, a biomass extract from P. cedrina was fractioned by silica gel column chromatography and two diketopiperazines were isolated: cyclo-(L-Prolyl-L-Valine) and cyclo-(L-Leucyl-L-Proline). Conclusions: This is the first report on the association of P. cedrina with the stems of P. patula in Mexico and the antiproliferative activity of extracts from this species of bacteria against human solid tumor cell lines.


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas/chemistry , Pinus/microbiology , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Plants/microbiology , Symbiosis , Biomass , Gammaproteobacteria/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects
16.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 30-39, July. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1053221

ABSTRACT

Background: Myostatin (MSTN) negatively regulates muscle mass and is a potent regulator of energy metabolism. However, MSTN knockout have affect mitochondrial function. This research assessed the mitochondrial energy metabolism of Mstn−/+ KO cells, and wondered whether the mitochondria biogenesis are affected. Results: In this study, we successfully achieved Mstn knockout in skeletal muscle C2C12 cells using a CRISPR/Cas9 system and measured proliferation and differentiation using the Cell-Counting Kit-8 assay and qPCR, respectively. We found that MSTN dysfunction could promote proliferation and differentiation compared with the behaviour of wild-type cells. Moreover, Mstn KO induced an increase in KIF5B expression. The mitochondrial content was significantly increased in Mstn KO C2C12 cells, apparently associated with the increases in PGC-1α, Cox1, Cox2, ND1 and ND2 expression. However, no differences were observed in glucose consumption and lactate production. Interestingly, Mstn KO C2C12 cells showed an increase in IL6 and a decrease in TNF-1α levels. Conclusion: These findings indicate that MSTN regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and metabolism. This gene-editing cells provided favourable evidence for animal breeding and metabolic diseases.


Subject(s)
Myostatin/genetics , Mitochondria/genetics , Mitochondria/metabolism , Organelle Biogenesis , Immunoblotting , Cell Differentiation , Muscle, Skeletal/cytology , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Myoblasts/cytology , Myoblasts/metabolism , MicroRNAs , Cell Proliferation , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Flow Cytometry , Gene Editing
17.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 733-740, mayo.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1094080

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El adenomioepitelioma es un tumor de la mama poco frecuente, generalmente de comportamiento benigno, de histología variable, que puede simular otras lesiones epiteliales, mioepiteliales y bifásicas de la mama. Patológicamente es un desorden raro caracterizado por la proliferación simultánea de las células del epitelio ductal y células mioepiteliales. Es más común en las glándulas salivales o en la piel, raras veces es encontrado en el tejido mamario. Afecta fundamentalmente al sexo femenino, alrededor de los 50 años de edad. Clínicamente se presenta por una pequeña masa palpable que ocupa cuadrantes centrales de la mama. El tratamiento de elección es la exéresis amplia de la lesión. Es frecuente la recidiva local y en algunas ocasiones puede tener degeneración maligna. Se presentó una paciente 13 años de edad, que acudió al Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy" , municipio Colón, provincia de Matanzas con un tumor de consistencia dura; pero no pétreo, de 8-10 cm de diámetro, en cuadrantes inferiores y región retroareolar de la mama derecha. El estudio sonográfico informó la presencia de una imagen hipoecoica, de forma oval. Se realizó exéresis de la lesión. El estudio patológico e inmunohistoquímico aportó un adenomioepitelioma de la mama. La paciente no presentó complicaciones postoperatorias. Actualmente se sigue por consulta a 7 años de la cirugía.


ABSTRACT Adenomyoepithelioma is a very rare and generally benign tumor of varying histology that can simulate other epithelial, myoepithelial and biphasic lesions of the breast. Pathologically it is rare disorder characterized by the simultaneous proliferation of ductal epithelium and myoepithelial cells. It is more common in salivary glands and in skin. Rarely found in mammal tissue, it mainly affects women, aged around 50 years, and clinically presents like a palpable mass occupying central breast quadrants. The treatment of choice is the extensive excision of the lesion. Local recidivisms is very frequent, and sometimes they could have malignant degeneration. The authors present the case of a female patient, aged 13 years, who assisted the service of Surgery of the Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy", municipality of Colon, province of Matanzas with a tumor of hard consistence, of 8-10 cm diameter, in lower quadrants and retro alveolar region of the right mamma. The sonographic study informed the presence of a hypoechoic, oval image. The lesion was excised. The pathological and immunohistochemical study showed a breast adenomyoepithelioma. The patient did not have post-surgery complications. Currently she is followed in consultation after seven years of the surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasonography , Fibroadenoma/pathology , Fibroadenoma/diagnostic imaging , Cell Proliferation , Adenomyoepithelioma/surgery , Adenomyoepithelioma/diagnosis , Adenomyoepithelioma/pathology , Adenomyoepithelioma/ultrastructure
19.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 533-547, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-783966

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) play an important role in cancer metabolism and development. The lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 7 (SNHG7) was reported to be upregulated in colorectal cancer and contribute to its progression. In the current study, we investigated the role of lncRNA-SNHG7 in breast cancer and explored the underlying mechanism.METHODS: We monitored the expression of lncRNA-SNHG7 in breast cancer tissues and breast cancer cell lines. We evaluated the effects of lncRNA-SNHG7 on cell proliferation and glycolysis in breast cancer cells by knocking down or overexpressing lncRNA-SNHG7. We searched for the potential microRNA (miRNA) target of lncRNA-SNHG7 and evaluated the effects of the target miRNA on glycolysis. We evaluated the potential regulation of lncRNA-SNHG7 by c-Myc.RESULTS: LncRNA-SNHG7 was up-regulated in both breast cancer tissues and breast cancer cell lines. Knocking down lncRNA-SNHG7 inhibited breast cancer cell proliferation while overexpressing lncRNA-SNHG7 enhanced cell proliferation. Knocking down lncRNA-SNHG7 resulted in decreased expression of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) and decreased glycolysis. LncRNA-SNHG7 targeted miR-34a-5p to regulate LDHA expression and glycolysis. c-Myc bound to promoter of lncRNA-SNHG7 and positively regulated lncRNA-SNHG7 expression.CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that c-Myc regulated glycolysis through the lncRNA-SNHG7/miR-34a-5p/LDHA axis in breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Glycolysis , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA, Small Nucleolar
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1838-1844, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-781531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect and mechanism of miR-30b on cisplatin-resistance of human NK/T cell lymphoma lines SNK-6 and YTS cells.@*METHODS@#Normal NK cells, SNK-6 and YTS cells were cultured, the expression levels of miR-30b and macrophage-derived chemokine (CCL22) were detected by real-time PCR assay, and the CCL22 expression was detected by Western blot. The SNK-6 and YTS cells were transfected with miR-30b mimics and inhibitor respectively, then the effect of cisplatin resistance in SNK-6 and YTS cells was measured by MTT assay, the activity of caspase-3 was detected by caspase-3 assay kit, and the cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to determine the targeting relationship between miR-30b and CCL22. Furthermore, the effect of CCL22 on cisplatin-resistance and caspase-3 actirity was also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal NK cells, the expression levels of miR-30b significantly decreased in both SNK-6 and YTS cells (P<0.01), but CCL22 mRNA expression increase in both cells (P<0.01). MiR-30b mimics decreased the cell activity (P<0.05), down-regulated the cisplatin-resistance (P<0.05), and increased cell apoptosis and caspase-3 activity (P<0.05). The effects of miR-30b inhibitor were contrary to the mimics. Up-regulation of miR-30b expression significantly decreased the luciferase activity in CCL22 3'-UTR-transfected NK cells, but not in Mut-CCL22 3'UTR group, suggesting that CCL22 could act as a direct target of miR-30b. The expressions of CCL22 pathway proteins were down-regulated after SNK-6 cells transfected with miR-30b mimics (P<0.05), while this effect was restored by overexpression of CCL22. Moreover, CCL22 overexpression also increased the cell activity and decreased caspase-3 activity when SNK-6 cells were transfected with miR-30b mimics.@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-30b inhibits cisplatin-resistance of human NK/TCL SNK-6 and YTS cells by targeting CCL22.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Chemokine CCL22 , Cisplatin , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Genetics , MicroRNAs , T-Lymphocytes
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