Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 14 de 14
Filter
1.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 108 p. graf, tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007410

ABSTRACT

O conceito de heterogeneidade vascular é bem aceito pela comunidade cientifica, desempenhando papel essencial em processos fisiológicos e patológicos. Uma vez que os vasos sanguíneos são importantes na organogênese, diferenciação e morfogênese de tecidos e órgãos, torna-se interessante desvendar a diversidade vascular cerebral, identificando novos marcadores moleculares para este órgão tão importante. Utilizando tecnologia combinatorial de phage display in vivo, identificamos um novo motivo peptídico, na qual os aminoácidos FenilalaninaArginina-Triptofano (Phe-Arg-Trp; FRW) predominam. Este motivo peptídico é um ligante seletivo para vasos sanguíneos cerebrais e não se acumula em outros órgãos, incluíndo tecidos como intestinos e gônadas, que também apresentam barreiras endoteliais especificas. No entanto, mais surpreendente foi a observação de que o motivo FRW não se liga aos vasos sanguíneos da retina, o que implica em uma diferença até então desconhecida entre duas barreiras: a barreira hematoencefálica e a barreira hematoretiniana. Combinando phage display in vivo e microscopia eletrônica de transmissão, observamos a presença de partículas de fago ligadas à vasculatura cerebral em um nível supramolecular: aglomerados de fagos filamentosos expressando o motivo FRW foram visualizados ligados às regiões de contato entre as células endoteliais. Por fim, a utilização do peptídeo CFFWKFRWMC permite imageamento in vivo, demonstrando que novas ferramentas para estudar e visualizar o cérebro podem surgir deste motivo


The concept of vascular heterogeneity is well accepted by the scientific community, playing an essential role in physiological and pathological processes. Since blood vessels are important in organogenesis, differentiation, and morphogenesis of tissues and organs, it becomes interesting to unveil the cerebral vascular diversity, identifying new molecular markers for such important organ. Using in vivo phage display, we show that a new peptide motif that emerged from our combinatorial screening of the vasculature binds selectively to blood vessels in the brain in vivo but not to vessels in other organs. Peptides containing a conserved motif in which amino acids Phenylalanine-Arginine-Tryptophan (Phe-Arg-Trp; FRW) predominate could be visualized by transmission electron microscopy bound to the junctions between endothelial in all areas of the brain, including the optic nerve but not in other barrier containing tissues, such as intestines and testis. Remarkably, peptides containing the motif do not bind to vessels in the retina, implying an important molecular difference between these two vascular barriers. Furthermore, the peptide allows for in vivo imaging, demonstrating that new tools for studying and imaging the brain are likely to emerge from this motif


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Peptides/analysis , Blood-Brain Barrier/metabolism , Cell Surface Display Techniques/instrumentation , Stroke , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission/instrumentation
2.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2018. 71 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-996644

ABSTRACT

Anticorpos são moléculas de grande interesse científico e farmacêutico, principalmente, devido a sua alta especificidade contra antígenos determinados. Atualmente, anticorpos monoclonais estão entre os medicamentos (biofármacos) mais vendidos do mundo. São utilizados para o tratamento das mais diversas doenças, como câncer, retinopatias, doenças inflamatórias e do sistema imune, entre outras. Nos últimos 30 anos, as tecnologias para a obtenção de anticorpos monoclonais evoluíram muito, desde a tecnologia do hibridoma, até os processos de humanização de anticorpos murinos. Entre os métodos mais utilizados para a produção de anticorpos humanos, destaca-se a tecnologia do Phage Display. Nesta técnica, os genes que codificam as regiões variáveis de imunoglobulinas são inseridos no genoma de um bacteriófago, resultando na produção de partículas virais híbridas que contém fragmentos de anticorpos em fusão com uma das proteínas do capsídeo viral. Neste trabalho, desenvolvemos novos vetores para a apresentação de fragmentos ScFv em fusão com duas proteínas das proteínas do capsídeo viral, a pIII e pVIII. Os oligonucleotídeos utilizados para amplificar os genes de imunoglobulinas foram redesenhados e para minimizar a perda do repertório durante a produção da biblioteca, avaliamos em bancos de dados enzimas de restrição que não apresentam sítios de restrição nas sequencias gênicas. Esses sítios de restrição foram utilizados para construir as regiões de clonagem do vetor Phagemid. Outra etapa crítica na produção de bibliotecas de anticorpos é a reação do PCR de overlap, que pode restringir a diversidade de anticorpos e resultar na produção de amplicons codificando anticorpos truncados. Por isso, nossos vetores foram desenhados para permitir a clonagem direta das regiões variáveis das imunoglobulinas humanas ou murinas, sem a necessidade do PCR de overlap. Nossa expectativa, é que estes novos reagentes serão mais efetivos para a produção de novas bibliotecas de anticorpos pelo sistema do Phage Display


Antibodies are molecules of great scientific and pharmaceutical interest, mainly because of their high specificity against certain antigens. Currently, monoclonal antibodies are among the best selling drugs (biopharmaceuticals) in the world. They are used for the treatment of the most diverse disorders, such as cancer, retinopathies, inflammatory and immune system diseases, among others. In the past 30 years, technologies for obtaining monoclonal antibodies has greatly evolved from hybridoma technology to the humanization processes of murine antibodies. Among the methods used for the production of human antibodies, the technology of Phage Display stands out. In this technique, the genes encoding the immunoglobulin variable regions are inserted into the genome of a bacteriophage, resulting in the production of hybrid virus particles which contain fragments of antibodies in fusion with one of the viral capsid proteins. In this work, we developed new vectors for the presentation of ScFv fragments in fusion with two proteins of viral capsid proteins, pIII and pVIII. The oligonucleotides used to amplify the immunoglobulin genes were redesigned and to minimize repertory loss during library production, we evaluated restriction enzymes in databases that lack restriction sites in the gene sequences. These restriction sites were used to construct the cloning regions of the Phagemid vector. Another critical step in the production of antibody libraries is the overlap PCR reaction, which may restrict the diversity of antibodies and result in the production of amplicons encoding truncated antibodies. Therefore, our vectors were designed to allow the direct cloning of human or murine Immunoglobulins variable regions without the need for overlap PCR. Our expectation is that these new reagents will be more effective for the production of new antibody libraries by the Phage Display system


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Preparations , Cell Surface Display Techniques/instrumentation , Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis , Immunoglobulins/classification , Single-Chain Antibodies
3.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2018; 22 (3): 202-209
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-192469

ABSTRACT

Background: Phenolic compounds, which are produced routinely by industrial and urban activities, possess dangers to live organisms and environment. Laccases are oxidoreductase enzymes with the ability of remediating a wide variety of phenolic compounds to more benign molecules. The purpose of the present research is surface display of a laccase enzyme with adhesin involved in diffuse adhesion [AIDA-I] autotransporter system on the surface of Escherichia coli cells for bioremediation of phenolic compounds


Methods: The expression of laccase was regulated by a phenol-responsive promoter [a 54 promoter]. The constitutively-expressed CapR transcription activator was able to induce laccase expression in the presence of phenolic compounds


Results: Western blot analysis showed the expression and correct transfer of the enzyme to the outer membrane of E. coli cells in the presence of phenol. Activity assay confirmed the correct folding of the enzyme after translocation through the autotransporter system. HPLC analysis of residual phenol in culture medium showed a significant reduction of phenol concentration in the presence of cells displaying laccase on the surface


Conclusion: Our findings confirm that autodisplay enables functional surface display of laccase for direct substrate-enzyme availability by overcoming membrane hindrance


Subject(s)
Cell Surface Display Techniques , Laccase/genetics , Phenols , Adhesins, Escherichia coli , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
4.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2016. 109 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-847483

ABSTRACT

Tie1 é um receptor tirosina quinase expresso em células endoteliais importante em angiogênese, formação de vasos sanguíneos a partir de vasos pré-existentes. Este receptor pertence a uma família pequena composta por apenas dois membros (Tie1 e Tie2) para os quais angiopoietinas foram identificadas como ligantes de Tie2. No entanto, Tie1 continua a ser um receptor órfão, sem ligantes identificados até o momento. Sendo assim, é difícil compreender completamente as propriedades biológicas de Tie1 e seus mecanismos moleculares em angiogênese sem um ligante identificado. Entretanto, como sugerido através de estudos de deleção gênica, este receptor é uma molécula essencial na angiogênese, apresentando um papel importante no desenvolvimento da vascularização da retina e desenvolvimento de tumores. O nosso objetivo foi estudar a participação do domínio extracelular de Tie1 na neovascularização e, no processo, identificar possíveis ligantes para este receptor. Através da tecnologia de phage display, identificamos um peptídeo específico e seletivo para Tie1, sugerindo a existência de um sítio de ligação único neste receptor. Mostramos que este peptídeo é capaz de inibir a proliferação de células endoteliais induzida por Ang1, um ligante bem caracterizado de Tie2 que também modula a atividade de Tie1. Além disso, também mostramos que este peptídeo inibe a angiogênese in vivo num modelo animal bastante relevante para estudo de doenças humanas, o modelo da retinopatia induzida por oxigênio. Uma vez que este peptídeo liga-se a um sítio único e seletivo para Tie1, hipotetizamos que o mesmo poderia mimetizar possíveis ligantes naturais deste receptor. Para identificá-los, proteínas com mimetopo cruzado com este peptídeo foram identificadas em extrato proteico de diferentes linhagens celulares. Tais proteínas são possíveis candidatos a interação com Tie1. Em resumo, demonstramos que o domínio extracelular de Tie1 é importante para a angiogênese patológica e identificamos proteínas como possíveis ligantes deste receptor, o que poderá contribuir para um melhor entendimento da participação de Tie1 na formação de vasos. O peptídeo aqui identificado poderá ser ainda uma ferramenta útil para o desenvolvimento de novas terapias anti-angiogênicas com importantes aplicações à saúde humana


Tie1 is a tyrosine kinase receptor expressed by endothelial cells and important in angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. This receptor belongs to a small family of receptors composed of two members only (Tie1 and Tie2) to which angiopoietins have been identified as ligands for Tie2. On the other hand, Tie1 is still an orphan receptor with no ligand identified to date. Thus, it is difficult to assess Tie1 mechanism of action in neovascularization without a known ligand. Nevertheless, gene deletion studies have shown that Tie1 is essential in angiogenesis, and plays an important role in retinal and tumoral vascularization. The aim of our study was to evaluate the participation of Tie1 extracellular domain in angiogenesis, and in the process, to identify putative ligands for this receptor. Utilizing phage display, we have identified and characterized a Tie1 specific and selective ligand peptide, which suggests the existence of a binding site unique to this receptor and not shared by other family members. We show that this peptide prevents endothelial cells proliferation, induced by angiopoetin-1, a ligand for Tie2 but which also modulates Tie1 activity. Using a well-accepted mouse model for human diseases, the oxygen induced retinopathy model, we show that this peptide inhibits angiogenesis in vivo. Since this peptide maps to a unique binding site in Tie1, we hypothesized that it might mimic a natural ligand for this receptor. To identify them, proteins with cross reactive epitopes with an anti-peptide sera were identified by proteomic approaches. These proteins are thus possible ligands for Tie1. In summary, we have shown that Tie1 extracellular domain is important in angiogenesis and we have identified putative ligand for this receptor, which might contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with Tie1 in blood vessel formation. The peptide here characterized may also be an important tool for the development of novel anti-angiogenesis therapeutic approaches for disesase with an angiogenic component


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/analysis , Receptor, TIE-1/analysis , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/analysis , Cell Surface Display Techniques/methods , Mass Spectrometry/methods
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(4): 370-379, July-Aug. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755961

ABSTRACT

Abstract

Phage display is a high-throughput subtractive proteomic technology used for the generation and screening of large peptide and antibody libraries. It is based on the selection of phage-fused surface-exposed peptides that recognize specific ligands and demonstrate desired functionality for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Phage display has provided unmatched tools for controlling viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections, and allowed identification of new therapeutic targets to treat cancer, metabolic diseases, and other chronic conditions. This review presents recent advancements in serodiagnostics and prevention of leishmaniasis -an important tropical parasitic disease- achieved using phage display for the identification of novel antigens with improved sensitivity and specificity. Our focus is on theranostics of visceral leishmaniasis with the aim to develop biomarker candidates exhibiting both diagnostic and therapeutic potential to fight this important, yet neglected, tropical disease.

.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Biomarkers , Cell Surface Display Techniques/methods , Leishmaniasis/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis/therapy , Vaccination , Biotechnology , Drug Discovery/methods , Genetic Techniques , Immunotherapy/methods , Leishmaniasis/immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315046

ABSTRACT

Phage display technology refers to a high-throughput in vitro screening technology for extracting required peptides/ proteins from colonies with mass mutants. Due to its high efficiency, practicability and convenience, it has been widely applied in pharmaceutical research and development, as well as target protein screening for active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines. Target protein is the binding site of drug molecules in vivo, and good targets are the basis of excellent pharmaceuticals. This article summarizes the advance in studies on the phage display technology and its application in targeted protein screening for active ingredients of Chinese materia medica.


Subject(s)
Binding Sites , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Mass Screening , Methods , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Proteins , Chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306487

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct full-length human bladder cancer-specific antibody libraries for efficient display of full-length antibodies on the surface of mammalian cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The total RNA was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with bladder cancer. The repertoires of IgG1 heavy chain variable region (VH) and Kappa light chain were amplified by RT-PCR using specific primers. The antibody genes were inserted into the vector pDGB-HC-TM to construct the bladder-cancer-specific antibody libraries of heavy chains and light chains. Ten clones from each library were randomly picked for gene sequencing and transient transfection into FCHO cells to analyze antibody display on mammalian cell surface by flow cytometry after staining with corresponding fluorescent labeled antibodies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The libraries of bladder-cancer-specific antibody heavy chain (IgG1) and light chain (LCk) were successfully constructed. Seven out of the 10 clones randomly selected from the heavy chain library and 9 out of the 10 clones from the light chain library showed correct open reading frame, coding for 7 unique VH and 9 unique LCk. The combinatory library size reached 3.32×10(11).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We have successfully constructed a full-length human bladder-cancer-specific antibody library with a combinatory diversity of 3.32×10(11) based on mammalian display technology, which can be used for screening monoclonal antibodies against bladder-cancer-associated antigens.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antibodies , Genetics , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Gene Library , Humans , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains , Genetics , Peptide Library , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306456

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct dengue virus-specific full-length fully human antibody libraries using mammalian cell surface display technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total RNA was extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from convalescent patients with dengue fever. The reservoirs of the light chain and heavy chain variable regions (LCκ and VH) of the antibody genes were amplified by RT-PCR and inserted into the vector pDGB-HC-TM separately to construct the light chain and heavy chain libraries. The library DNAs were transfected into CHO cells and the expression of full-length fully human antibodies on the surface of CHO cells was analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Using 1.2 µg of the total RNA isolated from the PBMCs as the template, the LCκ and VH were amplified and the full-length fully human antibody mammalian display libraries were constructed. The kappa light chain gene library had a size of 1.45×10(4) and the heavy chain gene library had a size of 1.8×10(5). Sequence analysis showed that 8 out of the 10 light chain clones and 7 out of the 10 heavy chain clones randomly picked up from the constructed libraries contained correct open reading frames. FACS analysis demonstrated that all the 15 clones with correct open reading frames expressed full-length antibodies, which could be detected on CHO cell surfaces. After co-transfection of the heavy chain and light chain gene libraries into CHO cells, the expression of full-length antibodies on CHO cell surfaces could be detected by FACS analysis with an expressible diversity of the antibody library reaching 1.46×10(9) [(1.45×10(4)×80%)×(1.8×10(5)×70%)].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Using 1.2 µg of total RNA as template, the LCκ and VH full-length fully human antibody libraries against dengue virus have been successfully constructed with an expressible diversity of 10(9).</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , CHO Cells , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Dengue Virus , Allergy and Immunology , Gene Library , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Allergy and Immunology , Transfection
9.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2013. 131 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-846939

ABSTRACT

Em Leptospira interrogans algumas proteínas com capacidade de ligação aos componentes de matriz extracelular foram identificadas e, em sua maioria, são fatores de virulência. Phage display é considerada uma técnica poderosa na identificação de novos ligantes, inclusive de moléculas adesinas, importantes no primeiro estágio de infecção do hospedeiro. A técnica de shotgun phage display foi utilizada visando à obtenção de ligantes à células de mamíferos. Quatro bibliotecas, por inserção de fragmentos aleatórios obtidos por sonicação do DNA de L. interrogans nos fagomídeos pG8SAET (BBT1 e BBT2) e pG3DSS (BBT5 e BBT6), foram construídas. As bibliotecas BBT1 e BBT5 contém insertos maiores e as BBT2 e BBT6 contém insertos menores, com tamanhos médios de 1500 pb e 350 pb, respectivamente. Após ensaio de panning da BBT5 contra células de mamíferos e soro fetal bovino, as sequências de clones selecionados foram analisadas quanto a orientação correta e se a fusão estava em fase com a proteína pIII. As proteínas codificadas pelos genes LIC11719, LIC10769, LIC13143 e LIC12976 foram selecionadas com estas características. Os genes que codificam a LIC12976, LIC10768, LIC10769 e LIC13418, tiveram sua conservação avaliada em diferentes sorovares da espécie patogênica L. interrogans e no sorovar Patoc da espécie de vida livre L. biflexa. As proteínas LIC12976 (selecionada pela técnica de phage display) e LIC13418 (selecionada por ferramentas de bioinformática) tiveram suas sequências amplificadas por PCR, clonadas em pGEM T easy, subclonadas em vetor de expressão pAE e expressas na fração celular correspondente ao corpúsculo de inclusão em E. coli BL21 (DE3) Star pLysS e E. coli BL21 SI, respectivamente. Após renaturação e purificação destas proteínas por cromatografia de afinidade a metal bivalente, um grupo de cinco animais BALB/c fêmeas foi imunizado. Ambas as proteínas se mostraram imunogênicas com títulos dos soros policlonais 1:256000 e 1:512000, respectivamente. Em ensaio de Western Blot os soros foram específicos no reconhecimento das proteínas recombinantes e as proteínas nativas foram verificadas em extratos de sorovares patogênicos de L. interrogans. Em ensaios de adesão, as proteínas recombinantes aderiram às células A31, LLC-PK1 e Vero e especificamente à laminina. Em ensaios de interferência em células usando laminina houve um aumento da adesão das proteínas recombinantes, o que pode ser explicado pela ligação da laminina às células e uma maior ligação das LICs estudadas. Em ensaio de localização celular usando imunofluorescência e microscopia eletrônica, foi observado que ambas as proteínas se encontram na superfície da L. interrogans. No experimento de desafio animal, a LIC12976 e a LIC13418 não se mostraram protetoras. Este trabalho contribuiu para a identificação das novas adesinas LIC13418 e LIC12976 que podem participar da virulência de leptospiras patogênicas envolvendo a primeira etapa da infecção na interação patógeno-hospedeiro


In Leptospira interrogans, proteins capable to bind to extracellular matrix components have been identified and most of them are important virulence factors. Phage display is a powerful technique to identify new ligands, including adhesin molecules that are important in the first stage of host infection. A shotgun phage display technique was used in order to obtain cell ligands. Four libraries were constructed by inserting random fragments obtained by sonication of L. interrogans DNA into phagemids pG8SAET (BBT1 and BBT2) and pG3DSS (BBT5 and BBT6). The libraries BBT1 and BBT5 contain larger inserts and BBT2 and BBT6 contain smaller inserts, with 1500 bp and 350 bp average sizes, respectively. After panning of BBT5 against mammalian cells and bovine fetal serum, the sequences of selected clones were analyzed for correct orientation and fusion with pIII protein. The proteins encoded by genes LIC11719, LIC10769, LIC13143 and LIC12976 were selected. The genes LIC12976, LIC10768, LIC10769 and LIC13418 were evaluated for their conservation in different pathogenic serovars of L. interrogans and free-living L. biflexa serovar Patoc. Proteins LIC12976 (selected by phage display technique) and also LIC13418 that was selected by bioinformatic tools, were amplified by PCR, cloned into pGEM T easy, subcloned into expression vector pAE and expressed in cellular fraction corresponding to the inclusion body in E. coli BL21 (DE3) Star pLysS and E. coli BL21 SI, respectively. After protein renaturation protocol and purification by affinity chromatography, a group of five BALB/c mice was immunized with the purified proteins. Both proteins were shown to be immunogenic with 1:256000 and 1:512000 polyclonal sera titers, respectively. In Western blot the sera were specific to recognize recombinant proteins and native proteins were detected in pathogenic L. interrogans serovars extracts. In binding assays, recombinant proteins bind to A31, LLC-PK1 and Vero cells and specifically to laminin. In interference cell assay using laminin there was an increase of recombinant protein bindings, which can be explained by the laminin binding to cells and further binding of the recombinant LICs. In cellular localization assay using immunofluorescence and electron microscopy, it was observed that both are surface proteins of L. interrogans. In the animal challenge, the LIC12976 and LIC13418 were not protective. As a whole, this work contributed to the identification of LIC12976 and LIC13418 as new adhesins and they can participate in the virulence of pathogenic Leptospira in the first stage of host pathogen interaction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Adhesins, Bacterial/analysis , Cell Surface Display Techniques/instrumentation , Leptospira interrogans/metabolism , Biochemistry , Blotting, Western/methods , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/statistics & numerical data , Gene Library , Leptospirosis/complications , Plasmids , Vaccines
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 557-564, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342461

ABSTRACT

Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) plays a key role in the pesticide determination. However, the extraction of AChE from natural materials has the disadvantages of low yield, complex purification and poor stability. Therefore, the preparation of recombinant AChE with high performance becomes the hot topic of researchers in recent years. In this article we summarize the progress in the expression of recombinant AChE and the improvement of its analytical characteristic. Finally, we point out that the directed evolution strategy combined with surface display technology is the future trend on improving recombinant AChE activity.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Chemistry , Genetics , Baculoviridae , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Evolution, Molecular , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Pesticide Residues , Pichia , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1637-1644, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304536

ABSTRACT

We developed a new method for soluble expression of phage-displayed scFv antibody specific for zebrafish vitellogenin. The scFv antibody F5 could bind zebrafish vitellogenin specifically in phage-displayed form but not soluble form. The gene of scFv antibody F5 was cloned into vector pET 32a and transferred into Escherichia coli ori DE3. With inducible expression, soluble scFv antibody 32a-F5 was obtained successfully and could also specifically bind to zebrafish vitellogenin. The insoluble expression of phage-displayed scFv antibody was a common problem in the practical use of phage display. This study offered a feasible way to express soluble scFv antibodies with biological activity.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antibody Specificity , Base Sequence , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Single-Chain Antibodies , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Solubility , Vitellogenins , Allergy and Immunology , Zebrafish , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235121

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a rheumatoid arthritis-specific full-length fully human mammalian display antibody libraries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The repertoires of kappa light chain (LCκ) and heavy chain variable region (VH) of the antibodies were amplified by RT-PCR. The amplified LCκ and VH genes were inserted into the vector pDGB-HC-TM separately, and the ligated libraries were transformed into competent E.coli TOPO-10 strain to construct the rheumatoid arthritis-specific antibody heavy and light chain libraries. 293T cells were co-transfected with the libraries and the full-length fully human antibody expressed on the surface of 293T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The libraries of rheumatoid arthritis-specific antibody LCκ and heavy chain (IgG1) were constructed. The expression of full-length fully human antibody on the surface of 293T cells was confirmed by flow cytometry. With the rates of correct LCκ and heavy chain sequence insertion reaching 80% and 60%, respectively, as shown by DNA sequence analysis of the randomly selected clones, the libraries showed an expressible combinatory diversity of 6.13×10(10).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The constructed libraries provide a useful platform for screening rheumatoid arthritis-specific antibodies.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antibodies , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Specificity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Genetics , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains , Genetics , Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Peptide Library , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Transfection
13.
Immune Network ; : 16-22, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160488

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To develop a novel treatment strategy for hepatitis B virus infection, a major cause of liver chirosis and cancer, we aimed to make human monoclonal antibodies inhibiting RNase H activity of P protein playing in important role in HBV replication. In this regard, phage display technology was employed and demonstrated as an efficient cloning method for human monoclonal antibody. So this study analysed the usability of human monoclonal antibody as protein based gene therapy. METHODS: RNase H of HBV was expressed as fusion protein with maltose binding protein and purified with amylose resin column. Single chain Fv (scFv) phage antibody library was constructed by PCR cloning using total RNAs of PBMC from 50 healthy volunteers. Binders to RNase H were selected with BIAcore 2000 from the constructed library, and purified as soluble antibody fragment. The affinity and sequences of selected antibody fragments were analyzed with BIAcore and ABI automatic sequencer, respectively. And finally RNase H activity inhibiting assay was carried out. RESULTS: Recombinant RNase H expressed in E. coli exhibited an proper enzyme activity. Naive library of 4.46 X 10(9) cfu was screened by BIAcore 2000. Two clones, RN41 and RN56, showed affinity of 4.5 X 10(-7) M and 1.9 X 10(-7) M, respectively. But RNase H inhibiting activity of RN41 was higher than that of RN56. CONCLUSION: We cloned human monoclonal antibodies inhibiting RNase H activity of P protein of HBV. These antibodies can be expected to be a good candidate for protein-based antiviral therapy by preventing a replication of HBV if they can be expressed intracellularly in HBV-infected hepatocytes.


Subject(s)
Amylose , Antibodies , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Bacteriophages , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Clone Cells , Cloning, Organism , Genetic Therapy , Healthy Volunteers , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis , Hepatocytes , Humans , Immunoglobulin Fragments , Liver , Maltose-Binding Proteins , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ribonuclease H , Ribonucleases , RNA , Single-Chain Antibodies
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81351

ABSTRACT

In this study, we are to produce the single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies against surface protein of hepatitis B virus (HBV) using antibody phage display technique. Balb/c mice were immunized with preS1 and cDNAs of heavy and light chains of splenic B cells from immunized mice were prepared using RT-PCR. Two cDNAs were linked with (64S) linker DNA under recombination PCR to produce single chain Fv DNA. After digestion of scFv DNA with Sp 1 and Not 1, the digested DNA was ligated into pCANTAB 5E and electroporated into E. coli XL1-Blue to prepare scFv-library. The size of library was 1 * 10' pfu/ml. Phage antibodies (phabs) against preS1 were rescued with M13K07 helper phages, and preS1-binders were selected through 3 times of panning using 96 well microtitre plates. Phage antibody clones were assayed directly for the ability to bind preS1 by ELISA. And then 7 phage antibody clones had high ELISA signals against preS1. Phabs from preS1-specific pMsc-17 had the strongest ELISA signal to preS1. Phabs from pMsc-17 were used for Western blot to preS1 and the results revealed that it was specific to preS1. To prepare the soluble scFv antibody, phabs from pMsc-17 were transfected into non-suppressor E. coli HB2151, and grown under 1 mM IPTG. Soluble scFv antibody was mainly accumulated in the periplasmic space, but small amount of antibody was secreted into culture media.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , B-Lymphocytes , Bacteriophages , Blotting, Western , Cell Surface Display Techniques , Clone Cells , Culture Media , Digestion , DNA , DNA, Complementary , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis , Isopropyl Thiogalactoside , Mice , Periplasm , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombination, Genetic , Single-Chain Antibodies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL