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Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 101-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971158


Since researchers have found that the conditioned medium and exosomes of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) had the biological effects equivalent to those of MSCs, MSC exosomes (MSC-Exos), the representative product of MSCs' paracrine effect, have become the research focus of the "cell-free" therapy of MSCs. However, most researchers currently use conventional culture condition to culture MSCs and then isolate exosomes for the treatment of wound or other diseases. Theoretically, the paracrine effect of MSCs is directly associated with the pathological condition of the wound (disease) microenvironment or in vitro culture condition, and their paracrine components and biological effects may be altered with the changes of the wound (disease) microenvironment or in vitro culture condition. Thus, the feasibility of using traditional culture condition to culture MSCs for exosome extraction for the treatment of different diseases without considering the actual situation of the disease to be treated needs further discussion. Therefore, the author suggests that the research of MSC-Exos should consider the microenvironment of the wound (disease) to be treated. as much as possible, otherwise the extracted MSC-Exos may not be "accurate" or may not really achieve the treatment effect of MSCs. In this article, we summarized some thoughts of the author and problems related to the researches about MSC-Exos and wound microenvironment, and hoped to discuss with researchers.

Exosomes , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Culture Media, Conditioned , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 127-137, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970062


Adoptive therapeutic immune cells, such as chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells and natural killer cells, have established a new generation of precision medicine based on which dramatic breakthroughs have been achieved in intractable lymphoma treatments. Currently, well-explored approaches focus on autologous cells due to their low immunogenicity, but they are highly restricted by the high costs, time consumption of processing, and the insufficiency of primary cells in some patients. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are cell sources that can theoretically produce indefinite well-differentiated immune cells. Based on the above facts, it may be reasonable to combine the iPSC technology and the CAR design to produce a series of highly controllable and economical "live" drugs. Manufacturing hypoimmunogenic iPSCs by inactivation or over-expression at the genetic level and then arming the derived cells with CAR have emerged as a form of "off-the-shelf" strategy to eliminate tumor cells efficiently and safely in a broader range of patients. This review describes the reasonability, feasibility, superiority, and drawbacks of such approaches, summarizes the current practices and relevant research progress, and provides insights into the possible new paths for personalized cell-based therapies.

Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Killer Cells, Natural , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , T-Lymphocytes , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Neoplasms/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982379


Tumor recurrence is one of the major life-threatening complications after liver transplantation for liver cancer. In addition to the common mechanisms underlying tumor recurrence, another unavoidable problem is that the immunosuppressive therapeutic regimen after transplantation could promote tumor recurrence and metastasis. Transplant oncology is an emerging field that addresses oncological challenges in transplantation. In this context, a comprehensive therapeutic management approach is required to balance the anti-tumor treatment and immunosuppressive status of recipients. Double-negative T cells (DNTs) are a cluster of heterogeneous cells mainly consisting of two subsets stratified by T cell receptor (TCR) type. Among them, TCRαβ+ DNTs are considered to induce immune suppression in immune-mediated diseases, while TCRγδ+ DNTs are widely recognized as tumor killers. As a composite cell therapy, healthy donor-derived DNTs can be propagated to therapeutic numbers in vitro and applied for the treatment of several malignancies without impairing normal tissues or being rejected by the host. In this work, we summarized the biological characteristics and functions of DNTs in oncology, immunology, and transplantation. Based on the multiple roles of DNTs, we propose that a new balance could be achieved in liver transplant oncology using them as an off-the-shelf adoptive cell therapy (ACT).

Humans , T-Lymphocytes , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Transplantation, Homologous , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 32: 32210, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425697


As células CAR-T são linfócitos geneticamente modificados para reconhecerem um espectro amplo de antígenos de superfície celulares. Além disso, atacam células tumorais malignas, que expressam esses antígenos, por meio da ativação da coestimulação citoplasmática, secreção de citocinas, citólise de células tumorais e proliferação de células T. O objetivo desse estudo é abordar a imunoterapia com células CAR-T, a fim de explicar seu conceito, processo de fabricação e papel no tratamento de neoplasias hematológicas e tumores sólidos. Foi realizada uma revisão através do portal PubMed, utilizando como descritores: "car-t cell therapy" e "neoplasms", determinados com base nos "Descritores em Ciências da Saúde". Foram obtidos, inicialmente, 10 artigos, os quais foram lidos integralmente para a confecção dessa revisão. Além disso, foram adicionados 3 ensaios clínicos atualizados sobre o tema. Na terapia com células CAR-T, as células T são coletadas do paciente, geneticamente modificadas para incluir receptores de antígeno específicos e, posteriormente, expandidas em laboratórios e transfundidas de volta para o paciente. Assim, esses receptores podem reconhecer células tumorais que expressam um antígeno associado a um tumor. A terapia com células CAR-T é mais conhecida por seu papel no tratamento de malignidades hematológicas de células B, sendo a proteína CD19 o alvo antigênico mais bem estudado até o momento. Entretanto, estudos estão sendo feitos para verificar a eficácia desse tratamento, também, em tumores sólidos. Portanto, apesar de inicialmente ser indicada apenas para um grupo seleto de pessoas, essa terapia tem demonstrado grande potencial para atuar em um espectro maior de pacientes.

The CAR-T cells are lymphocytes genetically modified to recognize a broader spectrum of cell surface antigens. In addition, they attack malignant tumor cells, which express these antigens, by activating cytoplasmic co-stimulation, cytokine secretion, tumor cell cytolysis and T cell proliferation. The aim of this study is to address immunotherapy with CAR-T cells, in order to explain its concept, manufacturing process and role in the treatment of hematological neoplasms and solid tumors. This is a literature review conducted through the PubMed portal, that uses the terms "car-t cell therapy" and "neoplasms" as descriptors, determined based on the DeCS (Descritores em Ciências da Saúde). To prepare this review, initially 10 articles were found and read in full. In addition, 3 updated clinical trials on the subject were added. For CAR-T cell therapy, T cells are collected from the patient, genetically modified to include specific antigen receptors, and later expanded in laboratories and transfused back to the patient. Thus, these receptors can recognize tumor cells that express a tumor-associated antigen. CAR-T cell therapy is best known for its role in the treatment of B cell hematological malignancies, with the CD19 protein being the most studied antigenic target to date. However, studies are being conducted to verify the effectiveness of this treatment, also, in solid tumors. Therefore, despite being formulated only for a selected group of patients, this therapy has great potential to act on a broader spectrum of patients.

Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Hematologic Neoplasms , Cellular Reprogramming , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Receptors, Antigen , Inducible T-Cell Co-Stimulator Ligand , Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy/methods , Antigens/immunology , Neoplasms
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 249-252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935936


Liver failure is a serious clinical syndrome in which multiple pathogenic factors exceed the liver's self-repair capability, resulting massive hepatocellular necrosis, rapid disease progression and high mortality. Liver transplantation is the most effective method for the treatment of liver failure, but it has disadvantages, such as insufficient liver donor and high cost. The clinical efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells in liver failure have been validated, but its application has been limited to certain extent. Cell-free-based therapies, especially mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes, has become a research hotspot in recent years. This paper reviews the research advances in the treatment of liver failure with the use of mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes.

Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Exosomes , Hepatic Insufficiency , Liver Failure/therapy , Liver Failure, Acute/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935934


The high incidence of chronic liver disease is a serious threat to public health, and the current comprehensive internal medicine treatment is ineffective. Liver transplantation is limited by the shortage of liver source and post-transplant rejection, and thus unmet the clinical needs. More importantly, cell therapy shows great promise for the treatment of chronic liver disease. Over recent years, domestic and foreign scholars have carried out a variety of cell therapy preclinical and clinical trials for critical liver disease, and achieved certain results, providing new methods for the treatment of chronic liver diseases. This review discusses the cell therapy research status and application progress, various existing problems and challenges, and key issues of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of chronic liver diseases.

Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Liver Diseases/therapy , Liver Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 233-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935933


There are increasing number of clinical studies on the use of stem cells in the treatment of liver diseases. Most studies have shown that stem cells can significantly improve liver function and prolong survival in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and liver failure. However, the current study has high heterogeneity and few mechanistic research data, which cannot answer many key questions about stem cell therapy for liver diseases. This paper reviews the research status of stem cells, in order to clarify the existing problems and challenges, and puts forward some reflections and countermeasures, with hope to promote the clinical application of stem cells in the treatment of liver diseases.

Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/therapy , Liver Diseases/therapy
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408404


Introducción: La medicina regenerativa se basa en la sustitución o regeneración de células humanas, tejidos u órganos con la finalidad de restablecer una función normal. Es una terapia basada en el tratamiento con células madre. Las estrategias terapéuticas basadas en la terapia celular permiten su empleo en diferentes enfermedades que no resuelven o tardan más en resolver por tratamientos médicos convencionales. Objetivos: Analizar aspectos éticos de la investigación que contribuyen a la reflexión cognitiva y ética de la ciencia en el ámbito de la medicina regenerativa. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión que consideró artículos originales y de corte experimental publicados en la última década, en algunas bases de datos de la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud (BVS) de Cuba. Se emplearon los descriptores del Medical Subject Headings y de Ciencias de la Salud. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se abordan las aplicaciones y generalidades relacionadas con las células madre y los avances en la medicina regenerativa, así como los procedimientos y tratamientos con células madre para diferentes enfermedades con la aplicación de los conocimientos destinados al beneficio social del ser humano. Conclusiones: Se señala la importancia de una postura ética en la medicina regenerativa para la valoración adecuada de los avances en el tratamiento de diversas enfermedades, el impacto de la adquisición de nuevos conocimientos, así como una actitud más responsable y el desarrollo de valores sociales que forman parte de la humanidad(AU)

Introduction: regenerative medicine is based on the replacement or regeneration of human cells, tissues or organs in order to restore normal function; it is a therapy based on stem cell treatment. Therapeutic strategies based on cell therapy allow their use in different diseases that do not resolve or take longer to resolve by conventional medical treatments. Objectives: to address ethical aspects of research those contribute to cognitive and ethical reflection of science in the field of regenerative medicine research. Methods: A review was carried out that considered original and experimental articles published in the last decade, in some databases of the Virtual Health Library (VHL) of Cuba. The descriptors of the Medical Subject Headings and Descriptors in Health Sciences were used. Analysis and synthesis of the information: Applications and generalities related to stem cells and advances in regenerative medicine are summarized, as well as procedures and treatments with stem cells for different diseases with the application of knowledge aimed at the social benefit of the human being. Conclusions: the importance of an ethical posture in regenerative medicine was pointed out for the adequate assessment of the advances in the treatment of various diseases, the impact of the acquisition of new knowledge, as well as a more responsible attitude and the development of social values that they are part of humanity(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Health Strategies , Regenerative Medicine , Libraries, Digital , Health Sciences , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(4): 987-1005, out.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344160


A cooperação científica internacional tornou-se um fator essencial para que os países emergentes alcancem novos patamares de pesquisa, publicações e financiamento. No contexto de uma discussão analítica sobre a cooperação científica global, foram analisadas as publicações brasileiras indexadas na Web of Science e a coautoria entre pesquisadores locais e estrangeiros, com o objetivo de ilustrar as mudanças ocorridas na medicina regenerativa nas duas últimas décadas. O artigo conclui que, na última década, expandiu-se a coautoria entre autores brasileiros e destes com autores de países desenvolvidos, especialmente com aqueles dos Estados Unidos, mas também, em menor grau, com os de outros países emergentes e da América Latina. Pesquisadores brasileiros também publicaram artigos de impacto global, indicando a qualidade atingida, no país, pela pesquisa científica na área. A análise mostra que a colaboração abriu portas, no âmbito global, para a pesquisa local, mas também que as assimetrias científicas se mantiveram ao longo do tempo.

International scientific cooperation has become a key factor for emerging countries to improve research advancement, publication and funding. An analysis of local publications indexed in the Web of Science and co-authored between Brazilian researchers and non-residents was carried out, in the context of an analytical discussion on global scientific cooperation and with the aim of illustrating changes in the last two decades in regenerative medicine regarding this topic. The article concluded that in the last decade Brazil increased scientific co-authorships significantly domestically and with advanced country authors, especially with American authors, but also to a lesser degree with those of other emerging economies in and beyond Latin American. Local researchers have also published on their own several articles of global impact, revealing the academic quality attained in local sciences related to the area. Collaboration has undoubtedly opened doors for Brazilian regenerative medicine globally, but historical scientific inequalities remain.

La cooperación científica internacional se ha transformado en un factor sustancial para que los países emergentes progresen en investigación, publicación y financiación. Se desarrolló un análisis de publicaciones locales indexadas en la Web of Science y coautorías entre investigadores brasileños y extranjeros en el contexto de una reflexión sobre cooperación científica global y con el fin de ilustrar las modificaciones producidas en la medicina molecular regenerativa durante los dos últimos decenios. El artículo concluye que, en el último decenio, Brasil aumentó significativamente las coautorías domésticas y con autores de países avanzados, especialmente de los Estados Unidos, y en menor medida con aquellos de otras economías emergentes dentro y fuera de América Latina. Los investigadores locales han publicado varios artículos propios de impacto global, lo cual revela la calidad académica lograda, en Brasil, en el área. La colaboración ha abierto puertas en el mundo para la medicina regenerativa brasileña, pero las asimetrías científicas históricas persisten.

Humans , Brazil , Regenerative Medicine , Scientific and Technical Publications , Authorship in Scientific Publications , Technical Cooperation , Empirical Research , Science and Technology Information Networks , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(2): 1-15, mayo-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357203


Resumen Introducción: el desarrollo alcanzado en la medicina regenerativa posibilita el tratamiento de enfer medades incurables o que tienen una respuesta reducida a las terapéuticas actuales, así como la dis minución del consumo de medicamentos, en algunos casos. En Cuba, las especialidades de angiología y de ortopedia y traumatología son las que más han aplicado esta terapia. En el artículo se interpretan estadísticamente los resultados de la comparación, mediante STATGRAPHICS® Centurion XVI, de las varia bles controladas en dos tratamientos de osteoartritis en rodilla, uno empleando células madre mononucleares obtenidas de la sangre periférica y otro con la terapia convencional, para fundamentar la superioridad del nuevo tratamiento. Presentación del caso: se trataron 100 pacientes adultos atendidos en el Departamento de Ortopedia del Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología por osteoartrosis de rodilla, divididos en dos grupos. El grupo A (control) recibió el tratamiento convencional de infiltración con acetato de triamcinolona en la articulación afectada. El grupo B (estudio) recibió la implantación del concentrado de células mononucleares adultas hematopoyéticas por vía percutánea. Conclusión: se analizaron cada una de sus variables y se pudo comprobar que la mayoría de los datos recopilados no cumplía con una distribución normal, por lo que las siguientes pruebas se ejecutaron tomando como referencia la mediana de cada muestra. Se comparó entre la evaluación del dolor a la actividad y el consumo de medicamentos de cada uno de los grupos de tratamiento. Se evidenció la mejor respuesta de los pacientes para el tratamiento con células madre y una disminución en el consumo de fármacos.

Abstract Introduction: The development achieved in regenerative medicine has allowed the treatment of incurable diseases or those with a reduced response to current therapies, as well as cases with decreased consump tion of medicines. In Cuba, angiology, orthopedic, and traumatology specialists use this therapy the most. In this paper, we have presented the statistical analysis using the STATGRAPHICS® Centurion XVI for controlled variables in two osteoarthritis-knee treatments, one using mononuclear stem cells obtained from the peripheral blood and the other with a conventional therapy so as to demonstrate the superiority of the new treatment regime. Case report: A total of 100 adult patients treated in the Orthopedic Department at the Hematology and Immunology Institute for osteoarthritis-knee pains were studied. Group A (control) received the conventional treatment with triamcinolone acetate infiltration in the affected knee. Group B received the percutaneous implantation of the hematopoietic adult mononuclear cell concentrate. Conclusion: The analysis of each of the variables was performed to verify that most of the collected data did not comply with a normal distribution; hence, the following tests were performed taking the median of each sample as a reference. Comparisons were made between the evaluation of pain to the activity, as well as the consumption of drugs from each of the treatment groups. The best response of the patients was indicated for treatments with stem cells and a decrease in the consumption of drugs.

Resumo Introdução: o desenvolvimento alcançado na medicina regenerativa possibilita o tratamento de doenças incuráveis ou que têm uma resposta reduzida frente às terapias atuais, bem como a redução do consumo de medicamentos, em alguns casos. Em Cuba, as especialidades de angiologia e ortopedia e traumato logia são as que mais têm aplicado esta terapia. O estudo interpreta estatisticamente os resultados da comparação, por meio do STATGRAPHICS® Centurion XVI, das variáveis controladas em dois tratamentos de osteoartrite de joelho, sendo um utilizando células-tronco mononucleares obtidas de sangue periférico e outro com terapia convencional, com o objetivo de comprovar a superioridade do novo tratamento. Apresentação do caso: foram tratados 100 pacientes adultos atendidos no Departamento de Ortopedia do Instituto de Hematologia e Imunologia para osteoartrite de joelho, divididos em dois grupos. O grupo A (controle) recebeu tratamento convencional de infiltração com acetato de triancinolona na articulação afetada. O grupo B (estudo) recebeu implantação percutânea de concentrado de células mononucleares hematopoiéticas adultas. Conclusão: a análise de cada uma de suas variáveis foi realizada e constatou-se que a maioria dos dados coletados não obedecia a uma distribuição normal, de modo que os seguintes testes foram realizados tomando-se como referência a mediana de cada amostra. Foram feitas compara ções entre a avaliação da dor à atividade, bem como o consumo de medicamentos em cada um dos grupos de tratamento. Evidenciou-se uma melhor resposta dos pacientes ao tratamento com células-tronco e diminuição do consumo de medicamentos.

Humans , Stem Cells , Osteoarthritis , Therapeutics , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Cuba , Pain Management , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Data Analysis
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 101-104, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249655


ABSTRACT Approximately 80% of the world population experiences some type of back pain at some point in their life, and in 10% of this population the pain causes chronic disability resulting in a high cost for the treatment of these patients, in addition to compromising their work and social interaction abilities. Current treatment strategies include the surgical procedure for degenerated intervertebral disc resection, the nerve root block and physiotherapy. However, such treatments only relieve symptoms and do not prevent the degeneration of intervertebral discs. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies have emerged and include manipulating cells to recover the degenerated disc. This article will discuss the possible cell therapy alternatives used in the disc regeneration process, featuring a descriptive study of translational medicine that involves clinical aspects of new treatment alternatives and knowledge of basic research areas, such as cellular and molecular biology. Level of evidence V; Expert Opinion.

RESUMO Aproximadamente 80% da população mundial sofre algum tipo de dor nas costas em alguma fase de vida, sendo que em 10% dessa população, as dores acarretam incapacidade crônica, deflagrando alto custo de tratamento desses pacientes, além de comprometer as habilidades de trabalho e convívio social desses indivíduos. As estratégias de tratamento atuais incluem o procedimento cirúrgico por ressecção do disco intervertebral degenerado, bloqueio de raízes nervosas e fisioterapia. Entretanto, tais tratamentos apenas aliviam os sintomas e não impedem que ocorra a degeneração de discos intervertebrais. Portanto, novas estratégias terapêuticas têm surgido e incluem a manipulação de células com o objetivo de recuperar o disco degenerado. No presente artigo, serão discutidas as diferentes possibilidades alternativas de terapias celulares no processo de regeneração discal, caracterizando um estudo descritivo da medicina translacional que envolve aspectos clínicos de novas alternativas de tratamento e o conhecimento de áreas básicas de pesquisa como biologia celular e molecular. Nível de evidência V; Opinião do Especialista.

RESUMEN Aproximadamente 80% de la población mundial sufre algún tipo de dolor de espalda en alguna etapa de la vida, y en 10% de esa población, los dolores causan incapacidad crónica, deflagrando alto costo de tratamiento de esos pacientes, además de comprometer las habilidades laborales y convivencia social de esos individuos. Las estrategias de tratamiento actuales incluyen el procedimiento quirúrgico para la resección del disco intervertebral degenerado, bloqueo de las raíces nerviosas y fisioterapia. Entretanto, tales tratamientos solo alivian los síntomas y no impiden que ocurra la degeneración de discos intervertebrales. Por lo tanto, han surgido nuevas estrategias terapéuticas e incluyen la manipulación de células con el objetivo de recuperar el disco degenerado. En el presente artículo se discutirán las diferentes posibilidades alternativas de las terapias celulares en el proceso de regeneración discal, caracterizando un estudio descriptivo de la medicina traslacional que involucra aspectos clínicos de nuevas alternativas de tratamiento y conocimiento de áreas básicas de investigación como biología celular y molecular. Nivel de evidencia V; Opinión del especialista.

Humans , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Intervertebral Disc
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1982-1986, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922236


Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy was awarded as the largest research breakthrough in 2017 by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, at present, it is rapidly becoming the most promising new treatment for hematological malignancies. However, this therapy also produces a new challenge: toxic adverse events such as cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurotoxicity, partial of them can bring death to the patients. The incidence and severity of the above toxic events in different multi-center trial reports are also different, which may be attributed to the different in the considerably variable assessment and grading of toxicities between clinical trials and across institutions. The ASTCT published at 2018 advanced the consensus grading for cytokine release syndrome and neurologic toxicity associated with immune effector cells, it was focusing on CRS and neurotoxicity associated with immune effector cells. In order to provide reference for the development of relevant work in this field and the formulation of security strategies in our country, the main content of the consensus was summarized briefly.

Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Consensus , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(1): 4-16, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252505


Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is used to speed up tissue repair. Despite its widespread use, the therapeutic application of PRP generates controversies in clinical results due to the variability in methods of obtaining the different preparations and differences between the components of different types of PRP, so it's recommended to mention the type of platelet preparation used. In this article, we describe technical and biologics characteristics of our platelet product, and we compare them to different commercial preparations described in order to validate their clinical use. Our results determine that the preparation can be considered a platelet rich plasma with biological activity in vivo and in vitro, which supports its use as a valid therapeutic tool, alternative to products currently available in Regenerative Medicine. (AU)

Humans , Regenerative Medicine/trends , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10807, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249324


Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are currently considered a central pivotal player in pathogenesis and development of atherosclerotic lesions. As consequence of vascular injury, SMCs migrate from the tunica media into the tunica intima layers where they contribute to neointimal formation by converting into foam cells and producing pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress markers. We targeted the replacement of neointimal SMCs by using the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy in experimentally induced atherosclerosis in an attempt to improve the atherosclerotic lesion and its concomitant complications. Rats were divided into 4 groups (n=20). Control group: rats kept on a standard chow diet; atherosclerotic group: rats received the atherogenic diet; stem cells-treated group: rats were injected with CD34+ stem cells (6×106 cells in 0.5 mL PBS in rat tail vein) and maintained on the atherogenic diet; and resveratrol-treated group: rats were supplemented orally with resveratrol at a dose level 3 mg/kg per day and the atherogenic diet. After 12 weeks, rats were euthanized, blood samples were collected for separation of serum, and abdominal aortas were excised for further biochemical, molecular, and histopathological investigations. We used resveratrol, the well-established anti-atherosclerotic drug, as a benchmark to assess the efficacy of stem cell therapy. MSCs treatment revealed significant amelioration in both histopathological and biochemical patterns as evidenced by decreased foam cells formation, ICAM-1, VCAM, M-CSF, iNOS, COX-2, and TNF-α. We concluded that MSCs therapy significantly replaced the neointimal SMCs and decreased adhesion molecules as well as the oxidative and inflammatory markers in atherosclerosis.

Animals , Rats , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Atherosclerosis/therapy , Cell Adhesion , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 942-959, out.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145570


A mídia funciona como uma ponte entre a medicina e o público, e impacta como a informação é organizada e apresentada às pessoas. Realizou-se uma análise de conteúdo, quantitativo e qualitativo, dos enquadramentos principais nas matérias sobre medicina regenerativa publicadas pela Folha de São Paulo e O Globo, entre janeiro de 2012 e maio do 2019. A análise mostrou algumas limitações nas informações publicadas: um número bastante escasso de relatos, com poucas matérias sobre controvérsias sociais e regulatórias e matérias de tons otimistas demais sobre os benefícios das terapias celulares. Conclui-se que falta uma contribuição mais sistemática da imprensa à legitimação social e institucional desta área de ponta no país, desenvolvida com recursos públicos e que oferece uma oportunidade imperdível no aumento da consciência em saúde coletiva, assim como, na participação competitiva do Brasil no cenário global.

Mass media works as a bridge between medicine and the public and produces an impact according to how information is organized and presented. A quantitative and qualitative content analysis was developed on the main framings on regenerative medicine found in reports by the newspapers Folha de São Paulo and O Globo between January 2012 and May 2019. The analysis found limitations in the information published: a reduced number of stories, the presence of few articles on social and regulatory controversies and a portrayal of over-optimistic accounts on the benefits of cellular-based therapies. The article concludes that there is a lack of a more systematic contribution of the printed press to the social and institutional legitimation of the local area, one developed with public resources and that offers a valuable opportunity to raise awareness on collective health, as well as, for a competitive inclusion of Brazil at the global level.

Los medios de comunicación masiva funcionan como un puente entre la medicina y el público, e impactan en los públicos según cómo la información sea organizada y presentada. Se realizó un análisis de contenido, cuantitativo y cualitativo, de los encuadramientos principales en los diarios: Folha de S.Paulo y O Globo sobre la medicina regenerativa entre enero de 2012 y mayo de 2019. El análisis demostró las limitaciones de los contenidos: um número bastante escaso de reportajes, pocas noticias sobre debates y controversias sociales y de tono demasiado optimista acerca de los beneficios de las terapias celulares. Se concluye que falta una contribución sistemática de la prensa a la legitimación social e institucional de esta área de punta em el país, desarrollada com recursos públicos y que ofrece una valiosa oportunidad para un aumento de conciencia sobre la salud colectiva y una participación competitiva de Brazil en el escenario global.

Humans , Communications Media , Regenerative Medicine , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Communications Media/classification , Communications Media/statistics & numerical data , Resource Allocation , e-Government
Medwave ; 20(11)dic. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146051


Objective This living, systematic review aims to provide a timely, rigorous, and continuously updated summary of the available evidence on the role of cell-based therapies in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. Data sources We conducted searches in PubMed/Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), grey literature, and in a centralized repository in L·OVE (Living OVerview of Evidence). L·OVE is a platform that maps PICO questions to evidence from the Epistemonikos database. In response to the COVID-19 emergency, L·OVE was adapted to expand the range of evidence it covers and customized to group all COVID-19 evidence in one place. All the searches covered the period until 23 April 2020 (one day before submission). Eligibility criteria for selecting studies and methods We adapted an already published standard protocol for multiple parallel systematic reviews to the specificities of this question. We searched for randomized trials evaluating the effectiveness and safety of cell-based therapies versus placebo or no treatment in patients with COVID-19. Anticipating the lack of randomized trials directly addressing this question, we also searched for trials evaluating other coronavirus infections, such as MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, and nonrandomized studies in COVID-19. Two reviewers independently screened each study for eligibility. A living, web-based version of this review will be openly available during the COVID-19 pandemic. We will resubmit this review to a peer-reviewed journal every time the conclusions change or whenever there are substantial updates. Results We screened 1 043 records, but no study was considered eligible. We identified 61 ongoing studies, including 39 randomized trials evaluating different types of cell-based therapies in COVID-19. Conclusions We did not find any studies that met our inclusion criteria, and hence there is no evidence to support or refute the use of cell-based therapies for treating patients with COVID-19. A substantial number of ongoing studies should provide valuable evidence to inform researchers and decision-makers in the near future. PROSPERO Registration number CRD42020179711

Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
NOVA publ. cient ; 18(34): 47-56, jul.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149456


Resumen Introducción. Los fibroblastos gingivales (FGs) son células del tejido conjuntivo gingival que han tomado en los últimos años una relevancia promisoria por su probable utilización en la terapia celular, dadas sus capacidades de multipotencialidad y de autorrenovación. Objetivo. Conocer y describir el impacto de la ausencia en la suplementación de Suero Fetal Bovino (SFB) en la supervivencia de fibroblastos gingivales en cultivos. Materiales y métodos. Fibroblastos gingivales fueron aislados de tejido gingival de pacientes sanos y cultivados en medios de cultivos DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) en ausencia y suplementados con 0.2% de SFB a 37°C en una atmósfera húmeda con 5% de CO2. Se llevó a cabo una evaluación morfológica, de supervivencia y proliferación de los FGs, así como la identificación mediante la técnica de inmunofluorescencia de marcadores del citoesqueleto celular como la actina y mitocondrias. Resultados. Los FGs cultivados en ausencia y con suplementación de 0.2% de SFB evidenciaron una forma fusiforme, con núcleos ovalados y numerosas prolongaciones citoplasmáticas durante el tiempo de cultivo. Un leve aumento en la proliferación de FGs fue observado en aquellas células en contacto con el medio DMEM+0.2% de SFB comparadas con el medio donde estuvo ausente la suplementación. El inmunomarcaje de la actina y las mitocondrias dejó en evidencia que la ausencia y suplementación a 0.2% de SFB no afectó su localización en los FGs evaluados. Conclusión. Los fibroblastos gingivales sobreviven y proliferan en ausencia de SFB, conservando sus características morfológicas celulares.

Abstract Introduction. Gingival fibroblasts (GF) are cells of gingival connective tissue that have taken promising relevance in recent years due to their probable use in cell therapy, given their multipotencial and self-renewal capabilities. Objective. To know and to describe the impact of the absence of Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS supplementation on the survival of gingival fibroblasts in cultures. Materials and methods. Gingival fibroblasts were isolated from gingival tissue of healthy patients and cultured in DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) culture media in absence and supplemented with 0.2% FBS at 37 ° C in a humid atmosphere with 5% CO2. A morphological evaluation, survival and proliferation of GF were carried out, as well as the identification by the immunofluorescence technique of cellular cytoskeleton markers such as actin and mitochondria. Results. The GF grown in the absence and with supplementation of 0.2% FBS showed a fusiform shape, with oval nuclei and numerous cytoplasmic extensions during the culture time. A slight increase in the proliferation of GF was observed in those cells in contact with the DMEM medium +0.2% FBS compared to the medium where the supplementation was absent. Immunostaining of actin and mitochondria showed that the absence and supplementation to 0.2% of FBS did not affect its location in the evaluated. Conclusion. Gingival fibroblasts survive and proliferate in the absence of FBS, preserving their cellular morphological characteristics.

Humans , Connective Tissue Cells , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Fibroblasts , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2223-2232, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142318


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da ω-conotoxina MVIIC e das células-tronco mesenquimais (CTM) de forma isolada e sua associação nos ratos submetidos ao trauma medular agudo (TMA). Trinta Rattus novergicus, linhagem Wistar, três meses de idade, foram distribuídos igualmente em cinco grupos experimentais: controle negativo (CN), controle positivo (CP), ω-conotoxina MVIIC (MVIIC), células-tronco mesenquimais da medula óssea (CTM-MO) e associação (MVIIC + CTM-MO). O grupo CN foi submetido à laminectomia sem trauma medular, e os grupos CP, MVIIC, CTM-MO e MVIIC + CTM-MO foram submetidos ao trauma medular contusivo. O grupo CP recebeu, uma hora após o TMA, 10µL de PBS estéril, e os grupos MVIIC e MVIIC + CTM-MO receberam 10µL de PBS contendo 20pmol da ω-conotoxina MVIIC, todos por via intratecal. Os grupos CTM-MO e MVIIC + CTM-MO receberam, 24 horas após, 1x106 de CTM via intravenosa. Avaliou-se a recuperação da função locomotora até o sétimo dia pós-trauma. Os animais tratados com MVIIC + CTM-MO obtiveram recuperação motora após o trauma medular agudo (P<0,05). Conclui-se que essa associação apresentou efeito neuroprotetor com melhora na função locomotora em ratos Wistar.(AU)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of isolated ω-conotoxin MVIIC and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its association in rats submitted to acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Thirty Rattus norvegicus, Wistar strain, three-month-old rats were randomly distributed in five experimental groups with six animals: negative control (CN), positive control (CP), ω-conotoxin MVIIC (MVIIC), bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (CTM-MO) and the association (MVIIC + CTM-MO). The CN group underwent laminectomy without spinal cord trauma, and groups CP, MVIIC, CTM-MO and MVIIC + CTM-MO were submitted to contusive spinal cord trauma. The CP group received 10µl of PBS one hour after SCI, and groups MVIIC and MVIIC + CTM-MO received 10µl of PBS containing 20pmol of ω-conotoxin MVIIC, both intrathecally. Groups CTM-MO and MVIIC + CTM-MO received 1x106 of MSCs intravenously 24 hours later. The recovery of locomotor function was evaluated up to seven days post-injury. The animals treated with MVIIC + CTM-MO obtained motor recovery after SCI (P<0.05). It is concluded that this association showed neuroprotective effect with improvements in locomotor function in Wistar rats.(AU)

Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries/rehabilitation , Calcium Channel Blockers , omega-Conotoxins/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/veterinary , Neuroprotection , Rats, Wistar
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1496-1507, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134467


RESUMEN: En la enfermedad hepática crónica el trasplante ortotópico es la única alternativa terapéutica actual pero es limitada por falta de donantes. Ensayos con células madre adultas en daño hepático agudo evidencian promisorios resultados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar en ratas con daño hepático crónico la efectividad de la infusión de células madre adiposas humanas (CMAd-h). Ratas con fibrosis hepática inducida por tioacetamida fueron agrupadas en: grupo I control que no recibió tioacetamida ni células madre, grupo II recibió tioacetamida y suero fisiológico i.v., grupo III recibió tioacetamida y células madre adiposas 1 x 106/kg i.v. vía vena de la cola. La regeneración hepática histológica se evaluó por el index METAVIR, mientras las Macrophagocytus stellatus, células estrelladas a- SMA+ y células colágeno I+ por inmunohistoquímica; el daño funcional se evaluó por los niveles sanguíneos de los analitos Aspartato Aminotransferasa (AST), Alanina Aminotransferasa (ALT), Fosfatasa Alcalina (ALP), úrea y nitrógeno ureico (BUN) y hemograma. Los resultados muestran atenuación del daño estructural hepático evidenciado por disminución de los nódulos, del grado de lesión histológica en el score Metavir, y disminución de Macrophagocytus stellatus, células a-SMA+ y células colágeno tipo I+; funcionalmente hay reducción moderada de AST, ALT, urea, BUN y disminución moderada de células blancas pero efecto favorable sobre el volumen corpuscular media y la hemoglobina corpuscular media. Ocho semanas después de la infusión hay escasa población de CMAd-h en el hígado. En conclusión la infusión intravenosa de CMAd-h en ratas disminuye el daño funcional y estructural de la fibrosis hepática con escasa persistencia de CMAd-h en el parénquima hepático. A nuestro conocimiento este es el primer trabajo que evalúa el efecto de las CMAd-h en el modelo daño hepático crónico murino y la persistencia de las células trasplantadas.

SUMMARY: In chronic liver disease, orthotopic transplantation is the only current therapeutic alternative but it is limited due to lack of donors. Trials with adult stem cells in acute liver damage show promising results. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of human adipose stem cell (h-ASC) infusion in rats with chronic liver damage. Rats with thioacetamide- induced liver fibrosis were grouped into: group I control that did not receive thioacetamide and h-ASC, group II received thioacetamide and saline i.v., group III received thioacetamide and h-ASC 1 x 106/ kg i.v. via tail vein. Histological liver regeneration was evaluated by METAVIR index, while Macrophagocytus stellatus (Kupffer cells), stellate cells a-SMA+ and collagen I+ cells by immunohistochemistry; functional damage was evaluated by blood levels of the analytes Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Urea and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and hemogram. The results show attenuation of structural liver damage evidenced by decreased nodules, degree of histologic injury on Metavir score, and decreased Macrophagocytus stellatus, a-SMA+ cells and type I+ collagen cells; functionally there is moderate reduction of AST, ALT, urea, BUN and moderate decrease of white cells but favorable effect on mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin. Eight weeks after infusion there is a small population of h-ASC in the liver. In conclusion, intravenous infusion of h-ASC in rats reduces functional and structural damage of hepatic fibrosis with low persistence of h- ASC in the liver parenchyma. To our knowledge this is the first work that evaluates the effect of h-SC in the model of chronic murine liver damage and the persistence of transplanted cells.

Animals , Female , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/therapy , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Treatment Outcome , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/methods , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/pathology