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1.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(3): 555-589, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345403

ABSTRACT

Resumen En la última década se ha incrementado el número de estudios y publicaciones sobre las vesículas extracelulares y los exosomas. En Colombia, ha habido interés y avances en su estudio, lo que se evidencia en el aumento de publicaciones y proyectos de investigación. Sin embargo, este es un campo de investigación aún en desarrollo, con desafíos analíticos y limitaciones técnicas, por lo cual, en el planteamiento de los proyectos de investigación y desarrollo, es necesario considerar cuál es el estado del campo científico a nivel mundial en cuanto a la nomenclatura y la clasificación de las vesículas extracelulares, las técnicas, recursos, requisitos y especificaciones de calidad y las instituciones que regulan el campo. La respuesta a esta pregunta permitirá desarrollar estudios que cumplan con los estándares internacionales, y las exigencias y recomendaciones institucionales. Sin embargo, la información científica disponible se encuentra dispersa y no todos los aspectos son tratados a cabalidad. En este actualización se condensa la información disponible y se presentan los términos oficiales para denominar las vesículas extracelulares y la nomenclatura aceptada actualmente, así como la evolución del campo, la homogenización de los parámetros experimentales, el establecimiento de autoridades científicas, instituciones y recursos, y las recomendaciones que se han generado a nivel mundial para el desarrollo de investigaciones en vesículas extracelulares, incluidos su aislamiento, caracterización y estudio funcional. Por último, se analiza el contexto nacional de una forma crítica, teniendo en cuenta las fortalezas institucionales, los errores usualmente cometidos, y las técnicas y tecnologías analíticas disponibles.


Abstract In the last decade, the number of studies and publications on extracellular vesicles (EV) and exosomes has boomed. Colombia has displayed interest and progress in their study as shown in the increase of research project publications and products. However, this research field is still developing and has its own analytical challenges and technical limitations. For planning research projects and developing EV studies it is necessary to consider what is the state of the scientific field worldwide concerning EV nomenclature and classification, available techniques, resources, requirements and quality specifications, and the institutions that regulate the field. Answering this question will elicit EV studies that comply with international standards and respond to institutional demands and recommendations. However, the scientific information available is scattered and not all the aspects are considered in full. In this update, the available information is condensed and the official terms and currently defined nomenclature is presented, as well as the evolution of the field, the homogenization of the experimental parameters, the establishment of scientific authorities, institutions, and resources, and the recommendations generated worldwide for their development and research including their isolation, characterization, and functional studies. Finally, I analyzed the national context in a critical way, considering institutional strengths, common mistakes, and available analytical techniques and technologies.


Subject(s)
Extracellular Vesicles , Chemistry Techniques, Analytical , Resource Guide , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Exosomes , Chemical Phenomena , Terminology as Topic
2.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200082, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135226

ABSTRACT

Respiratory failure (RF) is the main cause of hospital admission in HIV/AIDS patients. This study assessed comorbidities and laboratory parameters in HIV/AIDS inpatients with RF (N = 58) in relation to those without RF (N = 36). Tuberculosis showed a huge relative risk and platelet counts were slightly higher in HIV/AIDS inpatients with RF. A flow cytometry assay for reactive oxygen species (ROS) showed lower levels in platelets of these patients in relation to the healthy subjects. However, when stimulated with adrenaline, ROS levels increased in platelets and platelet-derived microparticles of HIV/AIDS inpatients, which may increase the risk of RF during HIV and tuberculosis (HIV-TB) coinfection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Insufficiency/complications , HIV Infections/blood , HIV/immunology , Reactive Oxygen Species/blood , Cell-Derived Microparticles/metabolism , Respiratory Insufficiency/blood , Blood Platelets , Biomarkers/blood , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Flow Cytometry
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2046-2050, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the levels of microparticles (MP) in plasma of patients with esseutial thrombo-cythermia(ET) and analyze the relationship between the JAK2V617F mutant and MP in ET patients.@*METHODS@#The numerical values of MPs were analysed by using flow cytometry. Venous blood of 56 ET patients and 28 healthy persons was collected in the morning and anticoagulated with sodium citrate (1∶9). The RMP, PMP, TF@*RESULTS@#The detection results showed that the MP levels in ET group were higher than those in normal control group: RMP (157.2±304.9/μl vs 21.3±18.4/μl), PMP (1378.9±2454/μl vs 113.8±97.1/μl), TF@*CONCLUSION@#The numerical values of MP detected are more in ET patients than those in healthy controls. The number of MP is higher in patients with thrombus than that without thrombus, so do in patients with splenomegaly and without splenomegaly. Patients with JAK2V617F mutation show higher number of TF


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Endothelial Cells , Humans , Mutation , Patients , Thrombocythemia, Essential/genetics
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1363-1366, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the appropriate procedures for preparing extracellular microvesicles (MV) derived from human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC).@*METHODS@#Human MSCs from umbilical cords were cultured in a serum-free medium and maintained in a basal medium for 72 hours after the cell confluence reached to 80%. The supernatants of cultured cells were collected and MVs were enriched. MVs were identified by flow cytometry and electron microscopy. The total protein amount in MVs was used as a parameter for the content of MVs. The supernatants were adjusted to different pH values, and the output of MVs was detected. The supernatants were also collected for enriching the MV and detecting the protein content of MV after the cells were maintained in the basic medium for different time.@*RESULTS@#Flow cytometric analysis showed that the MVs expressed CD9, CD63 and CD81, morphologically presented round under an electron microscope and the diameter of MV was around 100 nm. After enrichment of MV, the protein content of MVs in the supernatants was 416.8±128.1, 255.4±77.9 and 142.8±46.4 μg per 10 MSC,respectively at pH of supernatant 3, 7 and 9 (P<0.05). The protein content of the supernatants per 10 MSC was 173.6±44.5, 262.4±49.6 and 364.2±37.8 μg respectively after starvation culture for 48, 72 and 96 hrs (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MVs can be readily collected after MSCs were starved for 96 hours, and the pH of the supernatants is adjusted at 3.0.


Subject(s)
Cell-Derived Microparticles , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Umbilical Cord
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812997

ABSTRACT

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including apoptotic bodies, microvesicles and exosomes, play a crucial role in cell-to-cell communication. EVs derived from various cell types have the potential to deliver complex information to endothelial cells and to induce either pro- or anti-angiogenic signaling.


Subject(s)
Cell-Derived Microparticles , Endothelial Cells , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Neovascularization, Pathologic
6.
Clinics ; 74: e1234, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, open-label study aimed to compare the effects of antihypertensive treatment based on amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide on the circulating microparticles and central blood pressure values of hypertensive patients. METHODS: The effects of treatments on circulating microparticles were assessed during monotherapy and after the consecutive addition of valsartan and rosuvastatin followed by the withdrawal of rosuvastatin. Each treatment period lasted for 30 days. Central blood pressure and pulse wave velocity were measured at the end of each period. Endothelial, monocyte, and platelet circulating microparticles were determined by flow cytometry. Central blood pressure values and pulse wave velocity were recorded at the end of each treatment period. RESULTS: No differences in brachial blood pressure were observed between the treatment groups throughout the study. Although similar central blood pressure values were observed during monotherapy, lower systolic and diastolic central blood pressure values and early and late blood pressure peaks were observed in the amlodipine arm after the addition of valsartan alone or combined with rosuvastatin. Hydrochlorothiazide-based therapy was associated with a lower number of endothelial microparticles throughout the study, whereas a higher number of platelet microparticles was observed after rosuvastatin withdrawal in the amlodipine arm. CONCLUSIONS: Despite similar brachial blood pressure values between groups throughout the study, exposure to amlodipine was associated with lower central blood pressure values after combination with valsartan, indicating a beneficial interaction. Differences between circulating microparticles were modest and were mainly influenced by rosuvastatin withdrawal in the amlodipine arm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Amlodipine/administration & dosage , Cell-Derived Microparticles/drug effects , Rosuvastatin Calcium/administration & dosage , Hydrochlorothiazide/administration & dosage , Hypertension/drug therapy , Antihypertensive Agents/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination , Flow Cytometry , Valsartan/administration & dosage
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of Astragaloside IV (AST) on diastolic function of rat thoracic aorta rings which was injured by microvesicles derived from hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and the mechanism of AST.@*METHODS@#H/R-induced endothelial microvesicles (H/R-EMVs) were generated from cultured HUVECs under the condition of hypoxia for 12 hour/Reoxygenation for 4 hour, H/R-EMVs were stored in D-Hank's solution. Male Wistar rats were underwent thoracotomy, the thoracic aorta with intact endothelium were carefully removed and cut into 3~4 mm rings. The experiment was divided into six groups. H/R-EMVs group:thoracic aortic rings of rats were incubated in culture medium and treated with H/R-EMVs in a final concentration of 10g/ml; different doses of AST groups:thoracic aortic rings of rats were treated with 10, 20, 40, 60 mg/L AST co-incubated with 10g/ml H/R-EMVs respectively; control group were treated with the same volume of D-Hank's solution. Duration of incubation was 4 h, each group was tested in five replicate aortic rings. Effects of AST on endothelium-dependent relaxation were detected. The production of nitric oxide (NO) and the level of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), phosphorylated eNOS (p-eNOS, Ser-1177), serine/threonine kinase (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt, Ser-473), extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2) and phosphorylated ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2, Thr202/Tyr204) of rat thoracic aortic rings were detected.@*RESULTS@#Teng/ml H/R-EMVs could impaire the relaxation of rat thoracic aortic rings significantly (<0.01). Compared with H/R-EMVs group, relaxation of rat thoracic aortic rings was increased by 20, 40 and 60 mg/L AST in a concentration-dependent manner (<0.01), the level of NO production was also enhanced (<0.05, <0.01). The level of t-eNOS, t-Akt and ERK1/2 was not changed, but the level of p-eNOS, p-Akt and p-ERK1/2 increased by the treatment with AST (<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AST could effectively ameliorate endotheliumdependent relaxation of rat thoracic aortic rings impaired by H/R-EMVs in a concentration-dependent manner, the mechanism might involve the increase in production of NO, and the protein level of p-eNOS, p-Akt and p-ERK1/2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Pathology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Male , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Saponins , Pharmacology , Triterpenes , Pharmacology , Vasodilation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813206

ABSTRACT

To explore the healing effect on wound after transplanting sheep acellular dermal matrix (ADM) microparticle together with autoallergic skin microparticle.
 Methods: The rats were divided into three groups. Full-thickness skin wound at size about 4.0 cm×4.0 cm was generated on the back of every rat. Group A, the sheep ADM microparticle and autoallergic skin microparticle were mixed according to the ratio of 5:1, coating on wound of rat back. Group B, the sheep ADM microparticle and autoallergic skin microparticle were mixed according to the ratio of 2:1. Group C, autoallergic skin microparticle was only put on wound and be covered with heterograft. We observed the development of wound healing and compared the wound contraction rate among the three groups.
 Results: Three groups displayed same speed on extending of autoallergic skin microparticle and wound healing. The skin microparticles in Group A were wrapped up by around tissues and fused each other. A few renewal blood vessels were found in tissues, and ADM was replaced by around tissues and mixed with autoallergic skin microparticle. At the muscle surface, a few derma tissues distributed into point or patch, and the wound contraction rate was the lowest one among the 3 groups. The skin microparticles in Group B were mixed with more sheep ADMs than those in Group A. Some ADMs were wrapped by around tissues but could not been absorbed. Sheep ADM microparticles were free from around tissues, and the wound healing was delayed. The wound contraction rate in Group B was higher than that in Group A. The wound healing in Group C was faster than that in Group B, but there were few derma tissues under the skin. The wound contraction rate was the highest one.
 Conclusion: Mixing sheep ADM microparticle with autoallergic skin microparticle according to the ratio of 5:1 is good for regenerating derma tissues, and it can improve healing effect of wound.


Subject(s)
Acellular Dermis , Animals , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Transplantation , Contracture , Pathology , Postoperative Complications , Pathology , Rats , Sheep , Skin , Wounds and Injuries , Skin Transplantation , Methods , Soft Tissue Injuries , Pathology , General Surgery , Wound Healing
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773008

ABSTRACT

Microvesicles (MVs, also known as microparticles) are small vesicles that originate from plasma membrane of almost all eukaryotic cells during apoptosis or activation. MVs can serve as extracellular vehicles to transport bioactive molecules from their parental cells to recipient target cells, thereby serving as novel mediators for intercellular communication. Importantly, more and more evidence indicates that MVs could play important roles in early pathogenesis and subsequent progression of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Elevated plasma concentrations of MVs, originating from red blood cells, leukocytes, platelets, or other organs and tissues, have been reported in various cardiometabolic diseases. Circulating MVs could serve as potential biomarkers for disease diagnosis or therapeutic monitoring. In this review, we summarized recently-published studies in the field and discussed the role of MVs in the pathogenesis of cardiometabolic diseases. The emerging values of MVs that serve as biomarker for non-invasive diagnosis and prognosis, as well as their roles as novel therapeutic targets in cardiometabolic diseases, were also described.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases , Blood , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Cell Communication , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Metabolism , Humans , Metabolic Diseases , Blood , Diagnosis , Therapeutics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689586

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the serum levels of platelet microparticle (PMP), fibronectin (FN), and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) in acute leukemia (AL) patients with thrombocytopenic and to analyze the relationship of the serum levels of PMP, FN and vWF with bleeding degree.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and one newly diagnosed AL patients from May 2014 to May 2017 were enrolled the AL group. According to the WHO standard of bleeding stratification, 101 AL patients were divided into 5 sub groups: 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 score groups; 52 normal persons subjected to physical examination were enrolled in control group. The PMP level was detected by flow cytometry; the FN and vWF levels were detected by ELISA. The levels of PMP, FN and vWF were compared between the AL group and the control group. The serum levels of PMP, FN and vWF were compared according to bleeding degree group. The relationship of bleeding degree with the serum levels of PMP, FN and vWF was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia aged 18 to 60, and accounted for 61.39%. The degree of bleeding was mainly 1 score, which accounted for 38.61%. The serum levels of PMP, vWF and FN AL groups were significantly higher than those in control group (6.06%±4.38% vs 0.89%±0.50%, 205.82±24.89 vs 58.04±13.35 µg/L, 398.29±46.93 vs 311.37±26.02 µg/L)(P<0.001). The serum levels of PMP, FN and vWF were different among 5 subgroup (P<0.01); the level of PMP and FN were the highest in 0 score group and the lowest in 4 score group; the vWF level was the highest in 4 score groups and the lowest in 0 score group. The bleeding degree in the patients with acute leukemia negatively correlated with PMP level, and positively with NF and vWF levels (r=-0.753, r=0.648, r=0.805).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>According to the relationship of the bleeding degree with serum levels of PMP, FN, vWF in patients, the detection of PMP, vWF and FN levels can help to evaluale the bleeding degree in the patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Adult , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Hemorrhage , Humans , Leukemia , Middle Aged , Young Adult , von Willebrand Factor
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of daunorubicin on the number and procoagulant activity of Microparticles derived from acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>APL cells were isolated from bone Marrow of 5 newly diagnosed APL patients, the bone marrow mononuclear cells were collected from 5 patients with iron deficiency anemia as control.APL cells were treated with different concentration of daunorubicin(0.1,0.5,1.0 and 2.0µmol/L) for 24 h. Microparticles were extracted from the cell culture medium for qualitative anaysis of the extracted microparticles.The morphologic features of the microparticles were observed by transmission electron microscopy.The number of microparticles was detected by flow cytometry.The procoagulant activity of microparticles was measured by recalcification time assays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under a transmission electron microscope, theextracted microparticles took a round or oval morphology with a transparent center,and their diameters were arund 100nm, consistent with the morphological characteristics of microparticles. Compared with bone marrow mononuclear cells-derived microparticles,the counts of the bone marrow APL cells-derived microparticles significantly increased(P<0.05).Daunorubicin increased the shedding of microparticles in a dose-dependent manner(r=0.73,P<0.01).Compared with normal bone marrow mononuclear cells-derived microparticles,bone marrow APL cells-derived microparticles showed higher procoagulant activity(P<0.05).Daunorubicin treatment enhanced the prccoagulant activity of APL cells-derived microparticles which paralleled the increasing drug concentrations(r=-0.78,P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Daunorubicin can promote the release of APL cells-derived microparticles and enhance their related procoagulan activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Daunorubicin , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(6): 675-678, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888702

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cell-derived microparticles (MPs) have been described as vital contributors to the inflammatory process. However, its role in the periodontal disease pathogenesis remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to detect the presence neutrophil (CD66b+) and platelet (CD41b+) derived microparticles in gingival crevicular fluid from individuals having periodontitis aggravated by type 2 diabetes. Twelve patients (56.2 ±7.2 yrs) with severe form of chronic periodontitis aggravated by type 2 diabetes were included. Clinical and metabolic data were gathered. Gingival crevicular fluid was collected using filter strips from deep and shallow sites. MPs were detected by flow cytometry according to their size (< 1 µm) and the expression of surface markers (CD66b for neutrophil-derived MPs and CD41b for platelet-derived MPs). All samples were positive for the antibodies. Median levels of CD66b+ MPs and CD41b+ MPs were, respectively, 3,677.0 (2,553.2 - 9,059.8) MP/µL and 520.7 (432.9 - 766.1) MP/µL in deep sites. In shallow sites, the corresponding values were 2,644.9 (1,451.5 - 3,858.9) MP/µL and 371.2 (287.2 - 692.7) MP/µL. There was no significant difference between deep and shallow sites (p>0.05). In conclusion, this study reported the presence of neutrophil and platelet derived microparticles in gingival crevicular fluid from individuals having severe periodontitis and type 2 diabetes.


Resumo As micropartículas derivadas de células (MPs) têm sido descritas como contribuintes vitais para o processo inflamatório. No entanto, seu papel na patogênese da doença periodontal permanece obscuro. Por isso, nosso objetivo foi detectar a presença de micropartículas derivadas de neutrófilos (CD66b +) e plaquetas (CD41b +) no fluido gengival de indivíduos com periodontite e diabetes tipo 2. Doze pacientes (56,2 ± 7,2 anos) com periodontite crônica severa e diabetes tipo 2 foram incluídos no estudo. Foram coletados dados clínicos e metabólicos. O fluido gengival foi coletado usando tiras de filtro de papel em sítios rasos e profundos. As MPs foram detectadas por citometria de fluxo de acordo com o seu tamanho (<1 μm) e pela expressão de marcadores de superfície (CD66b para MPs derivadas de neutrófilos e CD41b para MPs derivadas de plaquetas). Todas as amostras foram positivas para os anticorpos. Os níveis médios de CD66b + MPs e CD41b + MPs foram, respectivamente, 3.677.0 (2,553.2 - 9,059.8) MP/μL e 520.7 (432.9 - 766.1) MP/μL nos sítios profundos. Nos sítios rasos, os valores correspondentes foram 2,644.9 (1,451.5 - 3,858.9) MP/μL e 371.2 (287.2 - 692.7) MP/μL. Não houve diferença significativa entre os sítios rasos e profundos (p>0.05). Concluindo, o presente estudo reportou a presença de micropartículas derivadas de neutrófilos e plaquetas no fluido gengival de pacientes com periodontite e com diabetes tipo 2 .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cell-Derived Microparticles/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/metabolism , Periodontitis/metabolism , Antigens, CD/immunology , Cell-Derived Microparticles/immunology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Flow Cytometry , Periodontitis/complications
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(3): 212-216, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838711

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The effects of chronic exposure to exercise training on vascular biomarkers have been poorly explored. Objective: Our study aimed to compare the amounts of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and endothelial (EMP) and platelet (PMP) microparticles between professional runners and healthy controls. Methods: Twenty-five half-marathon runners and 24 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were included in the study. EPCs (CD34+/KDR+, CD133+/KDR+, and CD34+/CD133+), EMP (CD51+) and PMP (CD42+/CD31+) were quantified by flow-cytometry. All blood samples were obtained after 12 h of fasting and the athletes were encouraged to perform their routine exercises on the day before. Results: As compared with controls, the CD34+/KDR+ EPCs (p=0.038) and CD133+/KDR+ EPCs (p=0.018) were increased, whereas CD34+/CD133+ EPCs were not different (p=0.51) in athletes. In addition, there was no difference in MPs levels between the groups. Conclusion: Chronic exposure to exercise in professional runners was associated with higher percentage of EPCs. Taking into account the similar number of MPs in athletes and controls, the study suggests a favorable effect of exercise on these vascular biomarkers.


Resumo Fundamento: Os efeitos da exposição crônica ao exercício sobre biomarcadores vasculares foram pouco estudados. Objetivo: Nosso estudo teve como objetivo comparar as quantidades de células progenitoras endoteliais (CPEs), e de micropartículas endoteliais (MPEs) e plequetárias (MPPs) de corredores profissionais com controles sadios. Métodos: Vinte e cinco corredores de meia maratona e 24 controles pareados quanto à idade e ao sexo foram incluídos no estudo. CPEs (CD34+/KDR+, CD133+/KDR+ e CD34+/CD133+), MPE (CD51+) e MPPs (CD42+/CD31+) foram quantificadas por citometria de fluxo. Todas as amostras de sangue foram obtidas após 12 horas de jejum, e os atletas foram incentivados a realizar seus exercícios de rotina no dia anterior à coleta. Resultados: Em comparação aos controles, CPEs CD34+/KDR+ (p=0,038) e CD133+/KDR+ (p=0,018) estavam aumentados, e CPEs CD34+/CD133+ não foram diferentes (p=0,51) nos atletas. As concentrações de MP não diferiram entre os grupos. Conclusão: A exposição crônica ao exercício em corredores profissionais associou-se a uma maior porcentagem de CPEs. Considerando o número similar de MPs entre atletas e controles, o estudo sugere um efeito favorável do exercício sobre esses biomarcadores vasculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Running/physiology , Blood Platelets/physiology , Cell-Derived Microparticles/physiology , Athletes , Endothelial Progenitor Cells/physiology , Reference Values , Spirometry , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Antigens, CD34/blood , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/blood , Exercise Test , Flow Cytometry , AC133 Antigen/blood
14.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 801-810, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756981

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The finding that cellular microparticles (MPs) generated by injured cells profoundly impact on pathological courses of TBI has paved the way for new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. MPs are subcellular fragments or organelles that serve as carriers of lipids, adhesive receptors, cytokines, nucleic acids, and tissue-degrading enzymes that are unique to the parental cells. Their sub-micron sizes allow MPs to travel to areas that parental cells are unable to reach to exercise diverse biological functions. In this review, we summarize recent developments in identifying a casual role of MPs in the pathologies of TBI and suggest that MPs serve as a new class of therapeutic targets for the prevention and treatment of TBI and associated systemic complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Biological Transport , Blood Coagulation Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Chemistry , Metabolism , Pathology , Cytokines , Blood , Genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Microglia , Metabolism , Pathology , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Signal Transduction
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48333

ABSTRACT

Changes in microparticles (MP) from red blood cell (RBC) concentrates in the context of irradiation have not been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate how irradiation affects the number of MPs within transfusion components. Twenty RBC concentrates, within 14 days after donation, were exposed to gamma rays (dose rate: 25 cGy) from a cesium-137 irradiator. Flow cytometry was used to determine the numbers of MPs derived from RBC concentrates before and 24 hr after irradiation. The mean number of MPs (±standard deviation) in RBC concentrates was 21.9×10(9)/L (±22.7×10(9)/L), and the total number of MPs ranged from 2.6×10(9)/L to 96.9×10(9)/L. The mean number of MPs increased to 22.6×10(9)/L (±31.6×10(9)/L) after irradiation. Before irradiation, the CD41-positive and CD235a-positive MPs constituted 9.5% (1.0×10(9)/L) and 2.2% (263×10(6)/L) of total MPs, respectively. After irradiation, CD41-positive MPs increased to 12.1% (1.5×10(9)/L) (P=0.014), but the CD235a-positive MPs decreased to 2.0% (214×10(6)/L) of the total MPs (P=0.369). Irradiation increases the number of CD41-positive MPs within RBC concentrates, suggesting the irradiation of RBC concentrates could be associated with thrombotic risk of circulating blood through the numerical change.


Subject(s)
Cell-Derived Microparticles/chemistry , Erythrocytes/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Gamma Rays , Humans , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Metalloendopeptidases/metabolism , Platelet Membrane Glycoprotein IIb/metabolism
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 28(6): 511-513, nov.-dez. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-788770

ABSTRACT

Nas últimas décadas, houve redução da mortalidade por infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMCSST) associada a um conjunto de ações que une avanços tecnológicos e políticas públicas. Entretanto, sua característica de doença tempo-dependente ainda é responsável por elevado número de casos de morte súbita e as consequências da reperfusão tardia ou ineficiente estão relacionadas à ocorrência de insuficiência cardíaca e maior morbimortalidade. Sob esse ponto de vista, foram revisados três diferentes aspectos: o impacto das arritmias ventriculares no atendimento pré-hospitalar; a influência do fator de Von Willebrand e o papel das micropartículas no diagnóstico da doença.


In the past decades, there was a reduction in mortality from ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) associated with a set of actions combining technological advances and public policies. However, its characteristic of a time-dependent disease is still responsible for a high number of cases of sudden death and the consequences of late or inefficient reperfusion are related to heart failure and increased morbidity and mortality. From this point of view, three different aspects were reviewed: the impact of ventricular arrhythmias in prehospital care; the influence of Von Willebrand factor and the role of microparticles in the diagnosis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Atrial Fibrillation , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , von Willebrand Factor , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Cell-Derived Microparticles
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(2): 169-174, 02/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741150

ABSTRACT

Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease is a choice of great relevance because of its impact on health. Some biomarkers, such as microparticles derived from different cell populations, have been considered useful in the assessment of cardiovascular disease. Microparticles are released by the membrane structures of different cell types upon activation or apoptosis, and are present in the plasma of healthy individuals (in levels considered physiological) and in patients with different pathologies. Many studies have suggested an association between microparticles and different pathological conditions, mainly the relationship with the development of cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, the effects of different lipid-lowering therapies have been described in regard to measurement of microparticles. The studies are still controversial regarding the levels of microparticles that can be considered pathological. In addition, the methodologies used still vary, suggesting the need for standardization of the different protocols applied, aiming at using microparticles as biomarkers in clinical practice.


A prevenção primária da doença cardiovascular constitui uma opção de grande relevância pelos seus impactos na saúde. Alguns biomarcadores têm sido considerados úteis na avaliação da doença cardiovascular, dentre eles micropartículas originadas de diferentes populações de células. Micropartículas são estruturas liberadas pela membrana de diferentes tipos celulares após ativação ou apoptose, presentes tanto no plasma de indivíduos saudáveis (níveis considerados fisiológicos) quanto em portadores de diferentes doenças. Muitos estudos têm sugerido uma associação entre micropartículas e diferentes condições patológicas, destacando-se a relação com o desenvolvimento das doenças cardiovasculares. Além disso, têm sido descritos os efeitos de diferentes terapias hipolipemiantes na mensuração de micropartículas. Os estudos ainda são controversos quanto aos níveis de micropartículas que possam ser considerados patológicos, e os métodos utilizados ainda são variados, o que sugere a necessidade da padronização dos diferentes protocolos utilizados, visando à utilização de micropartículas como biomarcadores úteis na prática clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/pathology , Cell-Derived Microparticles/pathology , Biomarkers , Blood Platelets/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus/pathology , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Endothelium/pathology , Medical Illustration , Monocytes/pathology
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1673-1678, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272540

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the alteration of microparticles (MP) in the recipients following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and its significance, and to search the early diagnostic indicators of thrombotic complications after transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the occurrence of transplantation-associated complications, 94 allo-HSCT patients were divided into 4 groups: thrombotic group (VOD n = 7, TMA n = 2), acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) group (n = 27), infection group (n = 41) and non-complication group (n = 17). Alterations of serum concentration of tissue factor positive microparticles (TF(+) MP) and endothelial microparticles (EMP) were analyzed by flow cytometry during the process of conditioning treatment and the early stage after transplantation. The relation of these 2 kinds of MP with complications was analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The levels of TF(+) MP and EMP of patients undogoing allo-HSCT before conditioning treatment were obviously higher than those in normal controls, and showed some elevation during different times, but there was no significant statistical difference. Although the levels of TF(+) MP and EMP at the end of conditioning treatment were some higher than those before conditioning treatment, but there was no statistical difference between them. (2)The levels of TF(+) MP and EMP in thrombotic group were obviously higher than those in aGVHD group and infection group (P < 0.05). (3)The levels of TF(+) MP and EMP in thrombotic group at different times were significant differences from those in other groups (P < 0.05), and the levels of TF(+) MP and EMP were no significant difference from those in non-complication group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The increase of the TF(+) MP and EMP levels may be associated with occurrence of thrombosis after transplantation, indicating occurrence of the thrombotic complications, like hepatic vein occulusive disease (HVOD). The dynamically monitoring levels of TF(+) MP and EMP contributes to early discovery of thrombotic complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell-Derived Microparticles , Flow Cytometry , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Thrombosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232576

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the quantity and size distribution of 24-hour urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) from healthy adults.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 24-hour uEVs from 9 healthy adults were isolated by hydrostatic filtration dialysis (HFD). The effectiveness of uEVs enrichment was evaluated using Western blotting and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The quantity and size distribution of the uEVs was analyzed with BCA protein quantification, TEM, and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>uEVs with different sizes and morphologies were observed under TEM. Western blotting confirmed the expression of TSG101 in all the uEV fractions from the 9 donors, ranging from 132.50 to 760.70 ng/mL. NTA results showed that the number of 24-hour uEVs amount ranged from 3.56 × 10¹² particles to 5.12 × 10¹² particles, with a CV of 14.23%. The proportion of the vesicles with a diameter <40 nm was 0.04%-0.69% with a number range of (1.80-26.49)× 10⁹ particles; the proportion of vesicles with a diameter of 40-100 nm (which is consistent with the size of exosomes)was 22.07%-42.08% with a number range of (1.00-1.77)× 10¹² particles. The proportion of vesicles with a diameter of 100-1000 nm (consistent with the size of microvesicles) was 57.88%-77.85% with a number range of (2.09-3.86)× 10¹² particles.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The established HFD method allows efficient and convenient isolation of uEVs from a large amount of urine samples. The 24-hour uEVs from healthy adults show narrow differences between individuals and thus can be an ideal source of samples for relevant studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blotting, Western , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Exosomes , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Nanoparticles , Urine
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254978

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a flow cytometric method to detect the alteration of phenotypes and concentration of circulating microvesicles (MVs) from myocardial ischemic preconditioning (IPC) treated rats (IPC-MVs), and to investigate the effects of IPC-MVs on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Myocardial IPC was elicited by three.cycles of 5-min ischemia and 5-min reperfusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. Platelet-free plasma (PFP) was isolated through two steps of centrifugation at room temperature from the peripheral blood, and IPC-MVs were isolated by ultracentrifugation from PFR PFP was incubated with anti-CD61, anti-CD144, anti-CD45 and anti-Erythroid Cells, and added 1, 2 µm latex beads to calibrate and absolutely count by flow cytometry. For functional research, I/R injury was induced by 30-min ischemia and 120-min reperfusion of LAD. IPC-MVs 7 mg/kg were infused via the femoral vein in myocardial I/R injured rats. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and ST-segment of electro-cardiogram (ECG) were monitored throughout the experiment. Changes of myocardial morphology were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The activity of plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was tested by Microplate Reader. Myocardial infarct size was measured by TTC staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total IPC-MVs and different phenotypes, including platelet-derived MVs (PMVs), endothelial cell-derived MVs (EMVs), leucocyte-derived MVs (LMVs) and erythrocyte-derived MVs (RMVs) were all isolated which were identified membrane vesicles (<1 Vm) with corresponding antibody positive. The numbers of PMVs, EMVs and RMVs were significantly increased in circulation of IPC treated rats (P<0.05, respectively). In addition, at the end of 120-min reperfusion in I/R injured rats, IPC-MVs markedly increased HR (P<0.01), decreased ST-segment and LDH activity (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The damage of myocardium was obviously alleviated and myocardial infarct size was significantly lowered after IPC-MVs treatment (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method of flow cytometry was successfully established to detect the phenotypes and concentration alteration of IPC-MVs, including PMVs, EMVs, LMVs and RMVs. Furthermore, circulating IPC-MVs protected myocardium against I/R injury in rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Metabolism , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , Flow Cytometry , Heart Rate , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocardium , Pathology , Phenotype , Rats
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