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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 44-49, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360708

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment classification and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of acute cerebral infarction as well as acute cerebral infarction's risk factors. METHODS: The clinical data of 3,996 patients with acute cerebral infarction hospitalized in Hebei Renqiu Kangjixintu Hospital from January 2014 to November 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. According to Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment, they were divided into five groups: arteriosclerosis, cardio cerebral embolism, arterial occlusion, other causes, and unknown causes. Through questionnaire design, routine physical examination, and physical and chemical analysis of fasting venous blood samples, the risk factors were evaluated, and the correlation between Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment classification and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale classification was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. In addition, the relationship between National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and risk factors in different groups was compared, and the correlation between Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment classification and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was analyzed. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes, atrial fibrillation or stroke history, age, and education level were related to Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment classification. In the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale comparison, the scores of the cardio cerebral embolism group were significantly higher than those of the other four groups, and patients with diabetes, atrial fibrillation, or stroke history had a high share, especially atrial fibrillation (33.06%). CONCLUSIONS: The nerve function defect is more serious after acute cerebral infarction with cardiogenic cerebral embolism, indicating a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke/etiology , United States , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/diagnosis , Chondroitin Sulfates , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Dermatan Sulfate , Heparitin Sulfate , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
3.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 56(3): 21-24, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120507

ABSTRACT

O infarto da artéria de Percheron é uma apresentação rara de acidente vascular cerebral, caracterizado principalmente por isquemia talâmica bilateral. A apresentação clinica desse infarto se apresenta de maneira inesperada e variável. Relata-se um caso de um paciente masculino, idoso, acometido por diversas comorbidades, admitido na emergência em coma e hemiplégico a direita, demonstrando acometimento neurológico. A condição clínica do paciente variou durante a hospitalização, apresentando melhora do quadro neurológico focal e midríase fixa à direita, levando a um diagnóstico tardio. Paciente evoluiu ao óbito devido a causas não neurológicas.


The artery of Percheron infarct is a rare presentation of stroke, featured mainly by thalamic bilateral ischemia. The clinical presentation of this infarct is unexpected and variable. It's reported a case of a male patient, elderly, affected with several comorbidities, admitted to the emergency in comatose state and right hemiplegic, proving neurological involvement. The patient's clinical condition has fluctuated throughout the hospitalization presenting improvement of the focal neurologic implication and right mydriasis, culminating in a lagged diagnosis. Patient's death due to non neurologic causes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Thalamus/blood supply , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Posterior Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Thalamus/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Fatal Outcome
5.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1271850

ABSTRACT

La mortalité à 3 mois des infarctus cérébraux demeure encore élevée en Afrique Sub Saharienne. L'objectif de notre étude était d'évaluer la mortalité intra hospitalière, à un mois et à 3 mois des patients hospitalisés pour infarctus cérébral au Burkina Faso. Il s'agissait d'une étude de cohorte prospective de patients consécutivement hospitalisés pour infarctus cérébral, de mars 2015 à février 2016, puis suivis en consultation externe durant au moins 3 mois après l'AVC au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tingandogo, à Ouagadougou, au Burkina Faso. Les caractéristiques sociodémographiques, cliniques et paracliniques des patients à l'admission, les complications et la mortalité cumulée respectivement à la sortie d'hospitalisation, à un mois et à 3 mois, ont été analysées. En tout, 151 patients ont été enregistrés, avec une prédominance masculine (59,6 %) et une moyenne d'âge de 63,4 ans. Lors de l'admission, le National Institute of Health Stroke Score (NIHSS) moyen était de 14. L'oedème cérébral (39,7 %) et l'effet de masse (35,1 %) était les complications neuroradiologiques précoces les plus fréquentes. La durée moyenne d'hospitalisation était de 13,4 jours. Les taux de mortalité, intra hospitalière, à un mois et 3 mois étaient respectivement de 17,9 %, 19 % et 25,9 %. La mortalité des infarctus cérébraux reste élevée en Afrique Sub Saharienne. L'utilisation de la fibrinolyse, la mise en place des unités neurovasculaires et un accès des patients à la rééducation fonctionnelle, contribueront à l'amélioration de la survie des patients après infarctus cérébraux


Subject(s)
Africa South of the Sahara , Burkina Faso , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/diagnosis , Cerebral Infarction/epidemiology , Cerebral Infarction/mortality , Inpatients
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 410-417, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141639

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the stroke mechanism and the factors associated with ischemic stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who were on optimal oral anticoagulation with warfarin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter case-control study. The cases were consecutive patients with NVAF who developed cerebral infarction or transient ischemic attack (TIA) while on warfarin therapy with an international normalized ratio (INR) > or =2 between January 2007 and December 2011. The controls were patients with NVAF without ischemic stroke who were on warfarin therapy for more than 1 year with a mean INR > or =2 during the same time period. We also determined etiologic mechanisms of stroke in cases. RESULTS: Among 3569 consecutive patients with cerebral infarction or TIA who had NVAF, 55 (1.5%) patients had INR > or =2 at admission. The most common stroke mechanism was cardioembolism (76.0%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that smoking and history of previous ischemic stroke were independently associated with cases. High CHADS2 score (> or =3) or CHA2DS2-VASc score (> or =5), in particular, with previous ischemic stroke along with > or =1 point of other components of CHADS2 score or > or =3 points of other components of CHA2DS2-VASc score was a significant predictor for development of ischemic stroke. CONCLUSION: NVAF patients with high CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc scores and a previous ischemic stroke or smoking history are at high risk of stroke despite optimal warfarin treatment. Some other measures to reduce the risk of stroke would be necessary in those specific groups of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Stroke/etiology , Warfarin/adverse effects
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 410-417, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141638

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the stroke mechanism and the factors associated with ischemic stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who were on optimal oral anticoagulation with warfarin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter case-control study. The cases were consecutive patients with NVAF who developed cerebral infarction or transient ischemic attack (TIA) while on warfarin therapy with an international normalized ratio (INR) > or =2 between January 2007 and December 2011. The controls were patients with NVAF without ischemic stroke who were on warfarin therapy for more than 1 year with a mean INR > or =2 during the same time period. We also determined etiologic mechanisms of stroke in cases. RESULTS: Among 3569 consecutive patients with cerebral infarction or TIA who had NVAF, 55 (1.5%) patients had INR > or =2 at admission. The most common stroke mechanism was cardioembolism (76.0%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that smoking and history of previous ischemic stroke were independently associated with cases. High CHADS2 score (> or =3) or CHA2DS2-VASc score (> or =5), in particular, with previous ischemic stroke along with > or =1 point of other components of CHADS2 score or > or =3 points of other components of CHA2DS2-VASc score was a significant predictor for development of ischemic stroke. CONCLUSION: NVAF patients with high CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc scores and a previous ischemic stroke or smoking history are at high risk of stroke despite optimal warfarin treatment. Some other measures to reduce the risk of stroke would be necessary in those specific groups of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Stroke/etiology , Warfarin/adverse effects
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 283-287, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120582

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The association of ischemic stroke and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) with or without diabetes mellitus (DM) is not clear. The present study aimed to identify the impact of diabetes or hyperglycemia on the risk of MetSyn-associated ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised an Asian population of 576 patients with acute nonembolic cerebral infarction and 500 controls. MetSyn was defined according to the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation. MetSyn patients were further subgrouped according to their glucose levels: MetSyn with DM, MetSyn with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and MetSyn with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). The impact of MetSyn on cerebral infarction was then evaluated. RESULTS: At baseline, the prevalence of MetSyn in patients with cerebral infarction was higher than that of the controls (57.29% vs. 10.00%, p<0.01). In the stroke group, the prevalences of MetSyn with DM, IFG, and NGT were 25.69%, 8.85% and 22.74%, respectively, all of which were higher than that of the controls (all p-values <0.05). By multiple logistic regression analysis, we discovered that MetSyn was associated with an increased risk of cerebral infarction (odds ratio: 5.73, p<0.01). After adjustment for all the components of MetSyn, the odds ratios of MetSyn with DM, IFG, and NGT were 5.70, 2.24 and 2.19 (all p-values <0.05), respectively. CONCLUSION: In Asian population, patients with MetSyn accompanied by T2DM are at the greatest risk for acute non-embolic stroke. Additionally, IFG was not observed to be associated with an increased risk for MetSyn-related ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Diabetes Complications/epidemiology , Female , Glucose Intolerance/complications , Humans , Hyperglycemia/complications , Logistic Models , Male , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Risk Factors
10.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 18(8): 722-725, mar. 2012. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-656559

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar la evolución de los pacientes con un infarto criptogénico (IC) tras un año de seguimiento. Método: De nuestro registro prospectivo de ictus, durante un período de 4 años, identificamos 121 pacientes consecutivos con un IC. Se recogieron datos de recurrencia del ictus, eventos cardiovasculares y otras incidencias tras un año de seguimiento. Analizamos los datos de nuestro estudio y se correlacionan con datos de revisión bibliográfica. Resultados: Edad media: 70.6 años, 53.7% de varones. La arteria cerebral media (ACM) fue el territorio más afectado (52 casos), 70% de ellos con afección cortical. Ningún paciente falleció durante el ingreso. Durante el período de seguimiento, se detectó fibrilación auricular (FA) en 7 pacientes (6.54%), su edad media fue 75 años y en cinco de ellos el IC había sido en el territorio de la ACM (cuatro superficiales y uno profundo). Tres pacientes (2.76%) sufrieron una recurrencia del ictus isquémico, en las semanas 15, 16 y 44 después del IC. En los tres casos el ictus fue nuevamente considerado criptogénico. Dos pacientes sufrieron un infarto agudo de miocardio y cuatro fallecieron (infarto de miocardio, neoplasia de esófago, neumonía y muerte súbita). Conclusión: En nuestra serie, la tasa de recurrencia y de episodios cardiovasculares en el primer año tras un IC es baja. Un 11% de los pacientes con un IC en el territorio cortical de la ACM presentaron FA en el año siguiente, por lo que detectamos un subgrupo de IC tributarios de estudios cardiológicos más extensos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/epidemiology , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Recurrence/prevention & control
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58111

ABSTRACT

Phantom limbs are usually observed after amputation of extremities. In patients after a stroke, a similar but rarely occurring phenomenon consisting of the patient experiencing the presence of an additional limb has been described. This phenomenon, generally called supernumerary phantom limb (SPL), may be caused by lesions in the right or left cerebral hemisphere, but has been predominantly reported in patients who have had a right hemispheric stroke. We report two cases of atypical SPL and phantom limb pain (PLP) after pontine hemorrhage. The patients were treated conservatively and their symptoms lasted more than 1 month. This is the first report of SPLs after left pontine hemorrhage, and phantom perception and pain lasted longer than those in previously observed cases. Our results indicate that SPL may be more common than reported; therefore, thorough examinations are essential for the care of stroke patients.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage/complications , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain/etiology , Phantom Limb/diagnosis , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Stroke/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 76(3): 175-179, 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-597582

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una primigesta de 32 años que acude en la semana 38,3 por cefalea de carácter migrañoso de aparición brusca e intensidad moderada de dos días de evolución, asociada a fotopsias y a pérdida definida de un campo de la visión lateral izquierda. Tras descartar otra focalidad neurológica y preclampsia se comprueba el bienestar fetal y es valorada por oftalmólogos y neurólogos diagnosticando una cuadrantapnosia superior izquierda asociada a un síndrome de vasoconstricción cerebral reversible. La resonancia magnética revela un infarto cerebral en el territorio de la arteria cerebral posterior derecha y se comprueba en la angio-resonancia el defecto de repleción. Valorando la posibilidad de un inicio espontáneo del parto y la necesidad de iniciar tratamiento médico con ácido acetil salicílico para resolver el ictus se realiza una cesárea urgente con anestesia general con excelente resultado obstétrico y materno.


We report a case of a 38.3 weeks first prengancy woman o 32 year old who comes to the emergency service because she referred a two day acute migraine headache of sudden appereance with spintherism and a loose of a part of the left visual field. She did not had convulsive seizures nor strength or sensitive looses. Blood pressure was incongruous with preeclampsia, and she did not have proteinuria. After reassuring about well fetal being she is studied by ophtalmologists and neurologist who diagnose an of upper-left quadrantapnosia due to a reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. NMR and angio-NMR show a cerebral infarction in the right back cerebral artery area. Because of the risk of an spontaneous start of birth labour and the need of salicilyc acid treatment we decided to finish the pregnancy practising an urgent caesarean section under general anesthesic with an excellent mother and fetal result.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Female , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Migraine Disorders/etiology , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Vasoconstriction , Cesarean Section , Hemianopsia/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Outcome
14.
Rev. cuba. med ; 49(2)abr.-jun. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-584773

ABSTRACT

La presencia de aire en la cavidad abdominal o neumoperitoneo, sugiere en la mayoría de los casos, una lesión abdominal grave y por tanto la necesidad de tratamiento quirúrgico urgente. Presentamos un paciente portador de una micosis fungoide, que durante el ingreso por un cuadro convulsivo, se le diagnosticó un neumoperitoneo bilateral sin síntomas ni signos de peritonitis, se planteó un neumoperitoneo espontáneo no quirúrgico. Se descartaron las principales causas de esta afección y se mantuvo actitud terapéutica conservadora. La evolución del paciente fue satisfactoria


Presence of air in abdominal cavity or pneumoperitoneum in most cases, indicates a severe abdominal lesion and thus it is necessary an urgent surgical treatment. This is the case of a patient carrier of a fungoid mycosis which during admission according a convulsive picture, a bilateral pneumoperitoneum was diagnosed without symptoms and signs of peritonitis, considering a non-surgical spontaneous pneumoperitoneum. Leading causes of this affection were emphasized and there was a conservative therapeutical attitude. Patient's course was satisfactory


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Abdomen , Pneumoperitoneum , Cerebral Infarction/complications
15.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 48(1): 44-48, mar. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-577344

ABSTRACT

The simultaneous and involuntary displacement of the opposite limb during a volitional movement is called mirror movements. They mimic the gesture, partly or wholly. They can be congenital, familiar or installed in various CNS pathologies. We present a 64 years old woman with familiar history of mirror movements that affect their hands, since childhood. At admission presented confused with left hemiplegia and homolateral sensory involvement. The brain CT defined a right ischemic stroke affecting the posterior limb of the internal capsule, lenticular nucleus, sub insular region and par ventricular white matter. The paretic left hand, unable to perform voluntary movements, presented mirror movements during volitional movements of the contra lateral hand. Neurophysiologic studies have suggested that mirror movements are due the activation of the direct corticospinal pathway or simultaneous discharge of both motor cortexes due inhibitory pathways failures. Cortical origin seems unlikely for the movements in this patient, due to the injury of the internal capsule. Our case could be interpreted by the simultaneously brain innervations on both anterior horns, together with a congenital deregulation of the Central Pattern Generator Networks.


Se denomina movimiento en espejo (ME) el desplazamiento involuntario, imitativo y simultáneo de la extremidad opuesta al de un movimiento volitivo. Los ME pueden tener un origen congénito y familiar o generarse por patologías diversas del sistema nervioso central. Se presenta una mujer de 64 años con el antecedente de ME desde la infancia de carácter familiar. Ingresa en estado confusional y presentando una hemiplejía y hemihipoestesia faciobraquicrural izquierda. La tomografía cerebral mostraba compromiso del brazo posterior de la cápsula interna, núcleo lenticular, región subinsular y de la sustancia blanca paraventricular. La mano izquierda pléjica que era incapaz de realizar movimientos voluntarios, se movía en espejo al mover la mano derecha. Esta curiosa manifestación hace necesario una más ajustada interpretación neurofisiológica de los movimientos en espejo. Se ha postulado una activación de la vía corticoespinal directa, o la descarga simultánea de ambas cortezas motoras por fallas en la natural inhibición transcortical. En este caso parece improbable un origen cortical contralateral de los movimientos, debido a la lesión de la cápsula. Tal vez podrían comprenderse los ME de esta paciente, si se demostrara una doble inervación de ambas astas anteriores, asociada a una falla en la inhibición normal por desregulación congénita de los Circuitos Generadores Centrales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hemiplegia/diagnosis , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Movement Disorders/congenital , Movement Disorders/physiopathology , Stroke/complications , Functional Laterality , Hand/physiopathology , Reflex , Synkinesis , Central Nervous System/physiopathology
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 138(2): 217-219, feb. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-546214

ABSTRACT

Hemi paretic ataxia (HA) is a lacunars syndrome that presents with motor deficit and pyramidalism associated to ipsilateral ataxia out of proportion to such deficit. Topography of lesions is wide and acute infarcts have been recognized at the infernal capsule, pons, thalamus, corona radiate and cortex. Symptoms are associated to involvement of pyramidal and corticopontocerebellar tracts. We report a 44-year-old mole presenting with right hemi paresis and severe ataxia. The magnetic resonance imaging showed a sub acute infarction of the left lenticular nucleus and infernal capsule. The patient was treated with physiotherapy, anti platelet agents and statins and was discharged with an evident recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Ataxia/etiology , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Paresis/drug therapy , Ataxia/drug therapy , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Internal Capsule/blood supply , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paresis/etiology , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index
17.
New Egyptian Journal of Medicine [The]. 2010; 42 (Supp. 2): 23-29
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-166037

ABSTRACT

Serum C-reactive protein [CRP] concentration issensitive marker of underlying systemic inflammation. Patientsunder continuous hemodialysis have an activated inflammatoryresponse, evidenced by increased serum CRP levels especiallyin patients with cerebral stroke. The study was performed toevaluate serum levels of CRP as inflammatory markers inpatients with stroke under continuous hemodialysis. The study was included 33 patients with chronicrenal failure under continuous hemodialysis divided into twogroups. Group I included 23 patients with acute stroke. Group II [control group] included 10 patients without stroke. All patientswere subjected to complete history and clinical examinationwith special emphasis to history of co-morbid conditions,hypertension, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease.Serum creatinine, urea, CBC, albumin, lipid profile, calcium,fasting and post prandial blood sugar, sodium, potassium, serumuric acid, phosphorus, C-reactive protein and other investigationwere evaluated. In addition axial CT or MRI was performed atadmission and after 72 hours. The following parameterswere significantly higher in groupe I when compared to group II;ages [t=3.5. p< 0.01], CRP [t=7.1, p<0.001], serum creatinine [tett, p<0.0] and blood urea [t=4.3, p<0.01], while serumlevels of Hb% and serum calcium were significantly lower ingroup I when compared to group II [t=3.1, p<0.01 and t=2.2,p<0.05 respectively]. On the hand no significant differences inthe other studied parameters between two groups. Serum levelsof CRP were positively correlated with INR [r=520, p<0.05] and negatively correlated with serum calcium [r=0.580, p<0.05] and serum albumin [r=-540, p<0.05]. On the other hand nosignificant correlations were found between CRP and otherstudied parameters. According to ROC curve between group Iand II in CRP the cutoff were greater than 12 with sensitivity,specificity, Positive Perdictive Value and Negative PredictiveValue were 100% by accuracy 100%. Elevatedserum CRP could be a predictor of cerebrovascular stroke indialysis patients. Therefore, regular determination of serumCRP may be helpful to detect early signs of tissue damage andasymptomatic inflammation in these patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , C-Reactive Protein/biosynthesis , Cerebral Infarction/blood , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/statistics & numerical data , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Failure, Chronic/blood , Kidney Function Tests/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, University
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 31(6)nov.-dic. 2009.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-578004

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cerebrovasculares (ECV) constituyen uno de los problemas de salud más importantes en todos los países desarrollados y en nuestro país. Nos proponemos profundizar en los factores que inciden en la morbiletalidad de estos pacientes en nuestra área, cumpliendo con el objetivo general de profundizar en el estudio de las enfermedades cerebrovasculares para interactuar y lograr disminuir su morbilidad, sus secuelas y la letalidad que las caracterizan. Se realiza un estudio prospectivo descriptivo, se incluyen los pacientes que ingresaron en el hospital Dr Mario Muñoz Monroy de Matanzas con enfermedades cerebrovasculares de Junio del 2000 a Junio del 2003, tenemos que el sexo más frecuente es el masculino y el grupo de edad, el comprendido entre 70-79 años, resultando la Hipertensión Arterial , el factor de riesgo que más incide, presentándose en la mayoría de los pacientes, algún grado de discapacidad. Llegamos a la conclusión que el incremento de la morbilidad y letalidad, a medida que aumenta la edad, asociado a la forma mas frecuente de presentación que lo constituye el infarto cerebral, con afectación de la cerebral media, fundamentalmente, predominando las complicaciones sépticas, existiendo dificultad en cuanto a la correlación clínico patológica.


Cerebrovascular diseases are one of the main health problems in all the developed countries and in our country. Our purpose is to deepen in the factors striking in the morbilethality of these patients in our area, fulfilling the general objective of deepening in the study of the cerebrovascular diseases to interact and achieve a decrease of their morbidity, sequelae and the lethality characterizing them. We carried out a descriptive prospective study, including the patients entering the hospital Dr Mario Muñoz Monroy of Matanzas with cardiovascular diseases from June 2000 to June 2003 obtaining that the most frequent genre is the male one, and the age group, the one between 70-79 years-old, being arterial hypertension the risk fact with higher incidence, most of the patients showing some level of disability. We arrived to the conclusion that morbidity and lethality increase with age, associated to the most frequent presentation, cerebral stroke, affecting mainly the cerebral media. Septic complications are predominant, with difficulties in the clinic-pathologic correlation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Hypertension , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebrovascular Disorders/complications , Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders/prevention & control , Disabled Persons , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
19.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 20(3): 382-385, mayo 2009. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-525318

ABSTRACT

Presentamos un caso clínico radiológico de un paciente joven, de 47 años, con una estenosis carotidea hipercrítica precoz, con una carótida única ya que previamente había ocluido su carótida contralateral. Revisamos imágenes de su evaluación diagnóstica radiológica y también de su tratamiento endovascular, haciendo una breve reseña del marco teórico diagnóstico de este caso.


We present a clinical radiological case report of a young patient 47 years of age with an early onset of a critical carotid artery stenosis, and a contralateral carotid occlusion. We review images of the different diagnostic radiological different diagnostic imaging tools available in the evaluation of such a patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Carotid Stenosis/diagnosis , Stents , Angioplasty , Cerebral Angiography , Carotid Stenosis/etiology , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
20.
Arch. méd. Camaguey ; 12(6)nov.-dic. 2008.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-577757

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: El infarto cerebral constituye la tercera causa de muerte en Cuba y en la mayoría de los países desarrollados, sólo superada por las enfermedades cardiovasculares y el cáncer. Objetivo: Conocer el comportamiento de la enfermedad cerebrovascular en la consulta de Medicina Interna. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo a 47 pacientes egresados de los hospitales Enrique Santiesteban Báez del municipio Santa Cruz del Sur y del Manuel Ascunse Domenech de la provincia de Camagüey con el diagnóstico de infarto cerebral desde el 1rode septiembre de 2006 hasta el 1ro de septiembre del 2007. Resultados: El rango de edad de 71 años y más constituyó el 67 por ciento de la casuística. La hipertensión arterial, el tabaquismo y la dislipidemia predominaron en el sexo masculino como factores de riesgo con 91,5, 65,9y 61,7 por ciento, respectivamente. El infarto aterotrombótico se presentó en el 44,7 por ciento de los pacientes. Conclusiones: El sexo masculino, la edad de 71 años y más fueron los más frecuentes en nuestro estudio, el territorio vascular de mayor afección lo constituyó el carotídeo en ambos sexos. La diabetes mellitus predominó en el femenino. El infarto cerebral aterotrombótico fue el más frecuente


Background: The cerebral infarction constitutes the third fatal cause in Cuba and in the majority of developed countries, only surpassed for cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Objective: To know the cerebrovascular disease behavior at Internal Medicine consultation. Method: A descriptive study to 47 patients discharged from the hospitals Enrique Santiesteban Báez of Santa Cruz del Sur municipality and Manuel Ascunse Domenech of Camagüey province was performed with the diagnosis of cerebral infarction from September 1st 2006 to September 1st 2007. Results: The age range of 71 years and more constituted the 67 percent of the casuistics. Hypertension, smoking and dyslipidemia predominated in the masculine sex as risk factors with 91,5, 65,9 y 61,7 percent, respectively. The atherothrombotic infarction showed up in the 44,7 percent of the patients. Conclusions: The masculine sex, the age of 71 years and more were the most frequent in our study, the vascular territory of bigger affection was constituted by the carotid in both sexes. Diabetes mellitus predominated in the female sex. The atherothrombotic cerebral infarction was the most frequent


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive
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