Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 25
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921769

ABSTRACT

Clinical comprehensive evaluation was conducted in "6+1" dimensions(safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine) to reflect the advantages and characteristics of Diemai-ling~® Kudiezi Injection in the treatment of cerebral infarction. This study adopted a combination of qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods. Based on the methodologies of evidence-based medicine, epidemiology, clinical medicine, evidence-based pharmacy, pharmacoeconomics, mathematical statistics, and health technology assessment(HTA), experts gave weight to the criterion layer and index layer, and multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model and CSC v2.0 were used for calculations to evaluate the clinical value of Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection. The existing evidence showed that active monitoring and a number of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) have been carried out after the listing of Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection. Since the total incidence of adverse reactions is 0.099% and the incidence of adverse drug reactions(ADR) is rare, the safety evaluation is grade A. The evidence value of effectiveness demonstrated that Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection combined with conventional western medicine improves the total effective rate of neurological deficit score and quality of daily life in the acute stage of cerebral infarction, which is superior to that in the conventional western medicine treatment group, and the level of evidence is high. Therefore, its efficacy is assessed as grade A. According to the results of economic research, when Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection combined with conventional western medicine treatment is compared with conventional western medicine treatment, the Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection group has a greater incremental effect, but the cost is affordable. Given the overall quality evaluation results of economic report is clear, it is evaluated as grade B. The innovation is grade A. The drug is favorable for clinical operation by medical staff and can be accepted by patients due to easy usage without special technical and management requirements. Since the drug exhibits good suitability for clinicians, nurses, pharmacists, and patients, it is evaluated as grade B. Considering its moderate price among similar drugs and good affordability and availability, it is evaluated as grade B. Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection can evidently improve the clinical symptoms and neurological deficits of fire toxin syndrome of acute cerebral infarction, and this medicine belongs to ethnic medicine. Large-sample active monitoring research has been conducted with rich experience in human use. Therefore, the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine are evaluated as grade A. The comprehensive clinical evaluation of Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection is class A. We suggest that it can be directly transformed into relevant policy results of basic clinical medication management by procedure.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921767

ABSTRACT

Through investigating the current research on the effect of Naoxintong Capsules in the treatment of cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris, this study conducted a clinical comprehensive evaluation in "6+1" dimensions [safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)], so as to highlight the advantages and clinical value of Naoxintong Capsules. By combining qualitative and quantitative methods, we used the multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model to measure each dimension, and the results thereby were divided into four grades of A, B, C, and D in high-to-low order. Through literature review and evaluation, the adverse effects of Naoxintong Capsules are mainly caused by the gastrointestinal system. Since the safety risk is controllable based on current research, the safety evaluation is grade B. The effectiveness of Naoxintong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris is evaluated as grade A, as compared with conventional therapy alone. The economy of Naoxintong Capsules, compared with Tongxinluo Capsules, is assessed as grade B. According to literature reports, Naoxintong Capsules exhibits outstanding clinical innovation in optimizing the current anti-platelet therapy strategy for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), and the innovation is class A. Given the capsule formulation is convenient for storage and transportation, and its usage is easy for patients to grasp and accept, the suitability is grade B. The accessibility is grade A considering the price level, availability, and affordability, and the characteristics of TCM are evaluated as grade A from the perspectives of theoretical characteristics and human experience. The results of the comprehensive drug evaluation showed that the clinical value of Naoxintong Capsules is class A for treating cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris. According to the Guidelines for the Management of Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation of Drugs(trial 2021 version) issued by the National Health Commission, relevant policy results for basic clinical drug management can be formulated directly by procedure.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Capsules , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Qi
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879059

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Ginkgo Leaf Tablets(GLT) in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction(ACI). Seven databases both at home and abroad were systematically retrieved from their establishment to March 2020. The data of the included studies were extracted after review and screening. The quality of the included studies was assessed with the Cochrane risk bias assessment tool, and then the included studies were put into Meta-analysis by RevMan 5.3 to evaluate the total cli-nical efficiency, neurological function score, blood lipids and incidence of adverse reactions in treatment of ACI by GLT. Finally, the GRADE system was adopted to evaluate the evidence quality of each outcome indicator and form recommendations. Ten studies involving 886 participants were included, all of which were of low quality. Meta-analysis results showed that,(1)in terms of the total clinical efficiency, GLT+Western medicine was superior to Western medicine alone(RR_(NDS)=1.20, 95%CI[1.06, 1.36], P=0.005; RR_(NIHSS)=1.35, 95%CI[1.09, 1.69], P=0.007), and there was no statistical difference between GLT+Xuesaitong Injection+Wes-tern medicine and Xuesaitong Injection+Western medicine(RR=1.16, 95%CI[1.00, 1.35], P=0.05).(2)In terms of improving neurological function score, GLT+Western medicine was superior to Western medicine alone(MD_(NIHSS[moderate(severe)])=-1.55, 95%CI[-2.22,-0.88], P<0.000 01; MD_(NIHSS(severe))=-7.51, 95%CI[-8.00,-7.02], P<0.000 01; MD_(NDS)=-1.36, 95%CI[-2.39,-0.33], P=0.01), and GLT+Danshen Injection+Western medicine was superior to Danshen Injection+Western medicine(MD_(NDS)=-3.09, 95%CI[-3.84,-2.34], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of regulating blood lipids, GLT+Western medicine was superior to Wes-tern medicine alone(MD_(TC)=-1.40, 95%CI[-2.13,-0.66], P=0.000 2; MD_(TG)=-1.29, 95%CI[-1.86,-0.73], P<0.000 01; MD_(LDL-C)=-1.48, 95%CI[-2.91,-0.04], P=0.04; MD_(HDL-C)=0.07, 95%CI[0.02, 0.12], P=0.009).(4)In terms of incidence of adverse reactions, there was no statistical difference between GLT+Western medicine and Western medicine alone(RR=0.63, 95%CI[0.30, 1.32], P=0.22). The results of the evaluation showed that the evidence level of each outcome indicator was low, and the recommendation was at weak level. In conclusion, GLT+Western medicine could improve the total clinical efficiency, neurological function score, and blood lipid status, with a low incidence of adverse reactions. However, due to the small amount of included stu-dies, low study quality and low level of evidence, it is expected to carry out clinical studies with standardized design and large sample size in the future to further investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of GLT in the treatment of ACI.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Ginkgo biloba , Humans , Plant Leaves , Tablets , Treatment Outcome
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e10000, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153552

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effect of intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase on clinical efficacy, inflammatory factors, and neurological function in patients with acute cerebral infarction. A total of 120 patients with acute cerebral infarction were divided into two groups by the random number table method, with 60 patients in each group: observation group (intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase) and control group (intravenous thrombolysis with batroxobin). The clinical efficacy after a 14-day treatment was observed. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), CD62p, GMP-140, and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were measured. Scores of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were determined. The total effective rate in the observation group was 81.67%, which was higher than the 61.67% in the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of inflammatory factors (CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, CD62p, GMP-140, and NSE), NIHSS, MMSE, and MoCA in the observation group was superior to that in the control group (all P<0.05). The modified Rankin scale at three months after hospital discharge in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.01). Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase for acute cerebral infarction can enhance the clinical efficacy, alleviate inflammatory response and brain injury, and improve cognitive function, which is worthy of further clinical application and study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Tissue Plasminogen Activator , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Clinics ; 76: e2728, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278925

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the safety and efficacy of combined tirofiban-ozagrel therapy for treating progressive stroke patients out of thrombolytic therapy time window. METHODS: This prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled study included 337 patients who had experienced an acute ischemic stroke between November 2017 and December 2018. All patients were randomized into three groups: 1) the tirofiban/ozagrel group (n=113), 2) the tirofiban group (n=110), and 3) the ozagrel group (n=114). The platelet aggregation (PAG), thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and fibrinogen (FIB) levels in the patients from these groups were evaluated before starting treatment and then, at 24h, 7 days, and 14 days after treatment. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were evaluated before treatment and then, 24h, 1 week, 2 weeks, and 4 weeks after treatment. The Barthel Index (BI) score was used to measure safety, and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate disability following 3 months of treatment. The risk factors affecting clinical outcomes were analyzed using logistic multivariate regression. RESULTS: The mean NIHSS score for all the patients was 13.17±3.13 before treatment, and no significant difference between the basic clinical parameters of the three patient groups was found. Following treatment, both PAG and FIB were significantly reduced compared with the baseline (p<0.05). The levels of PAG and FIB in the tirofiban/ozagrel group were significantly lower than those in the tirofiban and ozagrel groups at 24h and 7 days after treatment (p<0.05). The NIHSS score decreased significantly in all treatment groups (p<0.05). The tirofiban/ozagrel NIHSS scores were significantly lower than that of the tirofiban and ozagrel groups at 24h, 1 week, and 2 weeks post initiation (p<0.05 for all). There were no significant differences in the BI and mRS scores or the intracranial hemorrhage rates; further, age, sex, Trial of ORG 10172 in acute stroke treatment (TOAST) type, baseline NIHSS and 24-h NIHSS scores, baseline thrombus-related factors, and treatment methods were shown to not be independent risk factors for clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: The combination of tirofiban and ozagrel, as well as monotherapy with either tirofiban or ozagrel, transiently improves the neural function of patients and reduces platelet aggregation and fibrinogen formation in the first 4 weeks following a stroke event; additionally, none of these treatments increased the risk for hemorrhage in these progressive stroke patients over a 3-month period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tirofiban/therapeutic use , Methacrylates
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888034

ABSTRACT

To overview the systematic reviews of Panax notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction. CNKI, CBM, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved to collect the systematic reviews of the efficacy of P. notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction. The retrieval time was from the time of database establishment to January 2021. After two researchers independently screened out the literature and extracted the data, AMSTAR-2 scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included systematic reviews, GRADE system was used to grade the quality of evidences of the outcome indicators, and the efficacy evaluation was summarized. A total of 5 systematic reviews were included. AMSTAR-2 evaluation results showed that 3 items were relatively complete, while 4 items had a poor overall quality. P. notoginseng saponins combined with conventional Western medicine therapy was superior to single conventional therapy in the recovery of neurological function, enhancement of the total effective rate in clinic, and improvement of activities of daily living. GRADE evaluation results showed that the quality of evidence was from low quality to very low quality. In conclusion, in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction, P. notoginseng saponins can improve the clinical efficacy, with a good safety but a not high methodological quality and a low evidence quality. It is suggested that high-quality clinical studies shall be further carried out to provide evidence-based basis for the application of P. notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Humans , Panax notoginseng , Saponins , Systematic Reviews as Topic
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888032

ABSTRACT

To systematically search and sort out the clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the prevention and treatment of acute cerebral infarction with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) by using the method of evidence map, and to understand the evidence distribution of related studies. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were retrieved from January 2016 to September 2020, and literatures related to the prevention and treatment of acute cerebral infarction with traditional Chinese medicine were included. Text description combined with table and bubble chart were used to analyze the distribution characteristics of evidence. A total of 1 102 clinical articles in recent five years were retrieved. The annual trend of clinical study publication, study size, TCM therapy category and main scheme, and study literature quality were analyzed. We find that TCM treatment of acute cerebral infarction has become a hot topic of clinical research, the number of literature showed a trend of increased year by year, various means of intervention of TCM in the treatment of the advantages of increasingly highlight. Follow-up clinical research should highlight the characteristics of TCM: in the analysis of outcome indicators; increase the neuropsychological patients after stroke and cognitive ability, and the theory of combined treatment of TCM disease when thoughts; At the same time, the quality of clinical research needs to be improved. At present, there is still a lack of unified standards for the production of evidence map. This study is the first to explore the application of evidence map to summarize and display the clinical research status of TCM treatment of acute cerebral infarction, and combine it with the setting of priority areas of TCM clinical research, so as to provide a reference basis for determining the priority topic selection of TCM treatment optimization research.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stroke/drug therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888026

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the efficacy of Chinese medicine injections( CMIs) for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis for acute cerebral infarction from the perspectives of clinical medication and mechanism of action based on two complex network analysis methods. Firstly,the current 13 kinds of CMIs for acute cerebral infarction were obtained from 2019 List of medicines for national basic medical insurance,industrial injury insurance and maternity insurance with the method of network Meta-analysis. Secondly,with the use of network pharmacology,the mechanisms of top 2 CMIs with the highest therapeutic effect for acute cerebral infarction were explored from two levels including core target and network function enrichment. The result of network Meta-analysis showed Mailuoning Injection was superior to Danhong Injection in terms of total effectiveness rate for neurological deficit score and NIHSS score. The network pharmacology results showed that Mailuoning Injection had more core targets,interaction networks,enriched biological functions and more signaling pathways than Danhong Injection for cerebral infarction. Both two CMIs can play a role in treating cerebral infarction through core targets such as TP53 and NOS3,biological processes such as fibrinolysis,nitric oxide biosynthesis,nitric oxide-mediated signal transduction,negative regulation of apoptosis in endothelial cells and apoptosis process,as well as the signaling pathways such as PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway,HIF-1 signaling pathway and cell apoptosis signaling pathways. The results of pharmacological studies explained their differences in clinical efficacy to a certain extent. A research strategy based on curative effect should be advocated in efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine,where comparative research on clinical efficacy can be conducted firstly,and then mechanism research based on outstanding effective drugs to better provide references and basis for selection of similar competitive drugs for one disease in the clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Endothelial Cells , Female , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pregnancy , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879192

ABSTRACT

The increasing burden of cardiovascular disease in China has become a major public health problem, and the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease is in urgent need. For the reality of integrated Chinese and Western medicine in the Chinese health care system, we can consider the service ability of traditional Chinese medicine. Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablet is a kind of Chinese patent medicine commonly used in the treatment of recovery stage of ischemic stroke and angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Based on the data of hospitalized patients covered by national urban basic medical insurance of China Medical Insurance Research Association in 2013, this study evaluated the treatment cost and detailed composition of the cost for the patients with cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease treated by Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets. At the same time, the differences in disease burden and direct medical expenses among Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group, Western medicine group and another commonly used Chinese patent medicine group were analyzed. Among the three groups of patients with cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease, the hospitalization rates caused by various causes(44.4% and 29.6%) and diseases(20.8% and 5.2%) in Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group were the lowest(all P<0.01), and the number of hospitalization times in half a year was highest in the common Chinese patent medicine group(all P<0.01). In patients with cerebral infarction, the median annual total outpatient expenses were 7 476.8, 7 601.8, 15 650.1 yuan respectively in Western medicine group, Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group and the common Chinese patent medicine group(P<0.01), and the median hospitalization expenses were 11 620.2, 14 988.9, 13 325.6 yuan respectively(P=0.058). In patients with coronary heart disease, the total outpatient expenses of the three groups were 6 831.4, 10 228.6, 13 132.4 yuan respectively(P<0.01), and the total hospitalization expenses were 13 354.7, 14 911.5, 15 725.3 yuan respectively(P=0.134). The results showed that in patients with cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease, the hospitalization rate was lowest in Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group, beneficial to the turnover of hospital beds and full use of hospital medical resources. The total annual outpatient cost of Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets group was lower than that of common Chinese patent medicine group, beneficial to reduce the burden of disease.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , China , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Cost of Illness , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Tablets
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(11): e8930, 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132486

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate whether the routine administration of escitalopram for three months would improve the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke and decrease the plasma copeptin level. A total of 97 patients with acute cerebral infarction were randomly allocated to receive escitalopram (5-10 mg once per day, orally; n=49) or not to receive escitalopram (control group; n=48) for 12 weeks starting at 2-7 days after the onset of stroke. Both groups received conventional treatments, including physiotherapy and secondary prevention of stroke. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was used to evaluate the disability of patients at the initial evaluation and at the monthly follow-up visits for three months. Impairment in the daily activities was assessed using the Barthel Index (BI), while cognitive impairment was assessed using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score. The psychiatric assessment included the administration of the Present State Examination modified to identify Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) symptoms of depression. The severity of depression was measured using the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD). During the 3-month follow-up period, 95 patients were included in the analysis (two patients withdrew from the escitalopram group). NIHSS and BI improvement at the 90th day were significantly greater in the escitalopram group (P<0.05), while HAMD and plasma copeptin levels significantly decreased, compared to the control group (P<0.01). In patients with acute ischemic stroke, the earlier administration of escitalopram for three months may improve neurological functional prognosis and decrease copeptin level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Brain Ischemia , Stroke/prevention & control , Stroke/drug therapy , United States , Citalopram/therapeutic use , Cerebral Infarction/prevention & control , Acute Disease
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 138(2): 217-219, feb. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-546214

ABSTRACT

Hemi paretic ataxia (HA) is a lacunars syndrome that presents with motor deficit and pyramidalism associated to ipsilateral ataxia out of proportion to such deficit. Topography of lesions is wide and acute infarcts have been recognized at the infernal capsule, pons, thalamus, corona radiate and cortex. Symptoms are associated to involvement of pyramidal and corticopontocerebellar tracts. We report a 44-year-old mole presenting with right hemi paresis and severe ataxia. The magnetic resonance imaging showed a sub acute infarction of the left lenticular nucleus and infernal capsule. The patient was treated with physiotherapy, anti platelet agents and statins and was discharged with an evident recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Ataxia/etiology , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Paresis/drug therapy , Ataxia/drug therapy , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Internal Capsule/blood supply , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paresis/etiology , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-63687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The association of low-dose aspirin use and gastro-intestinal bleeding is well described. However, the gastroduodenal mucosal changes associated with low-dose aspirin therapy have not been properly evaluated. We undertook a prospective, endoscopic study to evaluate gastro-duodenal mucosal lesions produced by low-dose aspirin. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with non-hemorrhagic cerebral infarct or transient ischemic attacks and normal upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were randomized to receive either enteric-coated (n=25) or plain (n=22) aspirin (150 mg/day). Follow-up endoscopy was done at 2, 4 and 8 weeks; gastro-duodenal mucosal lesions, if present, were scored. Forty-seven patients with hemorrhagic infarct who were not treated with aspirin served as controls. RESULTS: Twenty eight (60%) of 47 patients receiving aspirin had mucosal lesions; stomach alone was the most frequent site (32%), followed by both stomach and duodenum (23%). Frequency of mucosal changes in the stomach at 8 weeks (19%) was significantly lower (p<0.05) than those at 2 weeks (53%) and 4 weeks (55%). Coated (56%) and plain (63.6%) aspirin induced mucosal lesions with similar frequency. CONCLUSION: Administration of low-dose aspirin, either plain or enteric-coated, induces endoscopic gastro-duodenal mucosal lesions in a large majority of patients. The frequency of damage decreased after 8 weeks of therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Aspirin/administration & dosage , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastric Mucosa/drug effects , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Ischemic Attack, Transient/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tablets, Enteric-Coated
14.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 135(4): 391-6, jul.-ago. 1999. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-266447

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Evaluar la eficacia de dipiridamol intravenoso en la evolución de pacientes afectados de infarto cerebral. Método. Se realizó un ensayo clínico doble ciego en 60 pacientes con infarto cerebral de 24 horas de evolución, en el Hospital General 1 IMSS de la ciudad de Colima. Los pacientes fueron asignados en forma aletoria a uno de los dos grupos de estudio; a un grupo se le administró dipiridamol 10 mg intravenoso cada ocho horas y al otro, aspirina oral 300 mg, cada 24 horas; los pacientes de ambos grupos recibieron 25 a 50 ml/kg de solución fisiológica en 24 horas. Las condiciones basales fueron registradas en cinco variables (comer, caminar, abrir ojos, motor y respuesta verbal) durante los primeros cinco días de evolución. Resultados. Seis pacientes murieron, cuatro correspondientes al grupo de tratamiento con dipiridamol y dos al de aspirina. No hubo diferencia significativa entre los grupos en relación a edad (66 ñ 11 años) y sexo. Tampoco la severidad del infarto fue diferente entre los grupos estudiados. Cuando comparamos los valores obtenidos para las variables estudiadas antes y después del tratamiento, el grupo dipiridamol no cambió significativamente (p<2), mientras que el grupo aspirina indujo una mejoría en tres variables (caminar, motor y comer (p<0.003). Conclusión. Nuestros resultados indican que el dipiridamol no modifica las condiciones basales de pacientes que sufren infarto cerebral después de 24 horas de evolución. Concluimos que los cuidados médicos apropiados y la ausencia de complicaciones, son las condiciones que permiten una evolución satisfactoria en los enfermos afectados de infarto cerebral


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Cerebral Infarction/physiopathology , Dipyridamole/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Vasodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Acute Disease , Administration, Oral , Fibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Aspirin/administration & dosage , Infusions, Intravenous
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 127(7): 814-9, jul. 1999. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-245387

ABSTRACT

Background: The only effective therapy for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke is the infusion of tissue plasminogen activator in the first three hours after the onset of symptoms. Aim: To report the experience with tissue plasminogen activator infusion in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Patients and methods: Ten males and 10 females, aged 52 to 85 years old with an acute ischemic stroke, admitted within 89 min after the onset of symptoms were studied. Tissue plasminogen activator was infused following the guidelines designed by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Patients were assessed according to Rankin scale after three months of follow up. Results: All patients had normal CAT scans. The delay between the onset of symptoms and the infusion ranged from 75 to 180 min. One patient had a gastrointestinal bleeding due to a gastric ulcer and one patient had a fatal intracranial hemorrhage. After three months of follow up, 38 percent of patients had a good recuperation (Rankin 0 to 1), 33 percent had a mild to moderate disability (Rankin 2 or 3) and 14 percent had a moderate to severe disability (Rankin 4). There was a 15 percent mortality. Conclusions: This series show that treatment of acute ischemic stroke with tissue plasminogen activator is feasible and safe. The obtained results are similar to those reported abroad


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/pharmacology , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/administration & dosage , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/diagnosis , Clinical Protocols , Hemorrhage/etiology , Patient Selection , Blood Pressure/physiology , Risk Factors , Tomography, Emission-Computed , Treatment Outcome
16.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 10(1): 65-70, 1999.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-274709

ABSTRACT

Hasta hace poco años atrás no existía una terapia espececífica para el tratamiento del infarto cerebral (IC), sin embargo en los últimos treinta años la trombolisis constituyó un campo activo de la investigación terapéutica orientada a solucionar esta deficiencia en el tratamiento del IC. Actualmente la trombolisis es la única terapia específica disponible para casos seleccionados de IC. En este artículo presentamos una revisión de la literatura relacionada a la terapia fibronolítica como tratamiento IC y entregamos una pauta de criterios para el uso de fibronolítico con las prepaciones comerciales disponibles actualmente. Las recomendaciones dada en este trabajo están respaldadas por evidencia científica demostrada


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator/pharmacology , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Cerebral Infarction/etiology , Blood Coagulation/physiology , Fibrinolysis/physiology , Thrombolytic Therapy
17.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 1998 Oct; 42(4): 555-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-106448

ABSTRACT

A randomized placebo controlled double-blind clinical trial of nimodipine was conducted in 31 patients of acute cerebral infarction. Nimodipine was administered in dosage of 120 mg/day for 28 days. Treatment was begun within 48 hours of ischemic stroke. Diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomographic (CT) scan. Similar number of patients (control) received placebo. Neurological assessment was done at the time of entry into the trial, and after 4 weeks, by using Mathew's scale. After four weeks of treatment with nimodipine or placebo, Mathew's scale score improved significantly (< 0.001) in both groups, but difference in mean score between two groups was insignificant (> 0.05). However, significant difference (< 0.05) was noted in relative change in neurological deficit (mean X-value) of two groups. The nimodipine group had higher value in scores on Mathew's scale. No adverse reaction, was observed in either group. The study suggests a beneficial a effect of nimodipine in acute cerebral ischaemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests , Nimodipine/therapeutic use
18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 53(3,pt.B): 680-9, set.-nov. 1995. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-157100

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo trata do caso de um paciente que apresentou incontinência do choro e hemiplegia direita por infarto ventroprotuberancial paramediano detectado pela RNM. O caráter circunscrito da lesäo foi endossado pela normalidade dos potenciais evocados sômato-sensitivos e auditivos de curta-latência. Os episódios de choro desapareceram poucos dias depois do início do tratamento com doses baixas de imipramina. Discutimos o choro e o riso patológicos como forma de incontinência da mímica resultante de desconexäo límbico-motora enfatizando a impropriedade de incluí-los na síndrome pseudobulbar, uma vez que dependem de correlatos anatômicos e funcionais distintos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cerebral Infarction/diagnosis , Crying , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Cerebrum/pathology , Hemiplegia/etiology , Imipramine/therapeutic use , Pons/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
19.
Med. intensiva ; 12(4): 154-6, 1995.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-195375

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso de accidente cerebrovascular isquémico agudo, rápidamente progresivo, con afectación neurológica muy severa que mejora dramáticamente luego de la infusión de Estreptoquinasa sistémica. Nueve días más tarde repite accidente cerebrovascular en territorio similar al amenazado originalmente y luego fallece. Hay evidencia experimental y clínica sobre la utilidad de los trombolíticos en el accidente cerebrovascular. Se están desarrollando en este momento numerosos estudios para corroborarlo. Se discute la posible utilización de trombolíticos en un restringido grupo de Stroke grave progresivo


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Carotid Arteries/injuries , Aspirin/administration & dosage , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis/therapy , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy
20.
AMB rev. Assoc. Med. Bras ; 37(1): 27-35, jan.-mar. 1991. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-97532

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo, em doentes com infarto cerebral (IC), para avaliaçäo do tratamento com glicerol. Este medicamento tem açäo sobre o edema cerebral isquêmico, principal fator de piora dos doentes com IC; foi introduzido por via endovenosa, na dose de 1,5g/Kg/dia (fracionado em três aplicaçöes), durante dez dias, e näo causou efeitos colaterais significativos. A casuística constou de 187 doentes selecionados através de metodologia específica para abordagem do edema cerebral. Foi dividida em dois grupos randomizados: A) que näo recebeu medicaçäo antiedematosa, composto de 92 doentes. e B) tratados com glicerol, com 95 casos. Os grupos foram subdivididos segundo a idade e a gravidade. Os resultados mostraram açäo benéfica do tratamento com glicerol em todos os subgrupos


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Glycerol/therapeutic use , Analysis of Variance , Glycerol/administration & dosage , Injections, Intravenous , Posology , Prospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL