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Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 186-191, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971341


Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a senile brain lesion caused by the abnormal structure and function of arterioles, venules and capillaries in the aging brain. The etiology of CSVD is complex, and disease is often asymptomatic in its early stages. However, as CSVD develops, brain disorders may occur, such as stroke, cognitive dysfunction, dyskinesia and mood disorders, and heart, kidney, eye and systemic disorders. As the population continues to age, the burden of CSVD is increasing. Moreover, there is an urgent need for better screening methods and diagnostic markers for CSVD, in addition to preventive and asymptomatic- and mild-stage treatments. Integrative medicine (IM), which combines the holistic concepts and syndrome differentiations of Chinese medicine with modern medical perspectives, has unique advantages for the prevention and treatment of CSVD. In this review, we summarize the biological markers, ultrasound and imaging features, disease-related genes and risk factors relevant to CSVD diagnosis and screening. Furthermore, we discuss IM-based CSVD prevention and treatment strategies to stimulate further research in this field.

Humans , Integrative Medicine , Brain/pathology , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/pathology , Stroke/complications , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 34(2): 166-170, abr.-jun. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-712400


La microangiopatía cerebral retiniana con calcificaciones y quistes es una enfermedad poco frecuente, caracterizada por alteraciones cerebrales, retinianas y óseas, así como por predisposición al sangrado gastrointestinal. Existen pocos reportes de casos de esta condición, especialmente en adultos, en quienes la incidencia es baja. Los hallazgos por medio de neuroimágenes son característicos, con calcificaciones bilaterales y múltiples formaciones quísticas. El propósito de este artículo fue hacer una revisión bibliográfica e ilustrar dos casos cuyo diagnóstico fue posible con la ayuda de neuroimágenes.

Cerebroretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts is a rare condition characterized by brain, retinal and bone anomalies, as well as a predisposition to gastrointestinal bleeding. There are few reported cases of this condition in adults, among whom the incidence is low. Neuroimaging findings are characteristic, with bilateral calcifications, leukoencephalopathy and intracranial cysts. The purpose of this article was to do a literature survey and illustrate two cases diagnosed with the aid of neuroimaging.

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Ataxia/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Brain/pathology , Calcinosis/pathology , Central Nervous System Cysts/pathology , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/pathology , Leukoencephalopathies/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Muscle Spasticity/pathology , Neuroimaging/methods , Retinal Diseases/pathology , Seizures/pathology , Ataxia/diagnosis , Brain Neoplasms/diagnosis , Calcinosis/diagnosis , Central Nervous System Cysts/diagnosis , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Hair Color , Hypopigmentation/etiology , Intellectual Disability/etiology , Leukoencephalopathies/diagnosis , Muscle Spasticity/diagnosis , Quadriplegia/etiology , Retinal Diseases/diagnosis , Seizures/diagnosis , Trochlear Nerve Diseases/etiology