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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): e85-e88, abril 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363977

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas con hundimiento de cráneo intrauterinas representan una entidad poco frecuente, generalmente secundaria a traumatismos (previos o durante el nacimiento) o de etiología desconocida. Suelen requerir evaluación y seguimiento por el servicio de Neurocirugía Pediátrica. A la fecha, es controversial la necesidad de tratamiento quirúrgico y el momento oportuno para concretarlo. Se presentan dos casos clínicos de pacientes de término, nacidas porcesárea,condiagnósticoposnatalinmediatodehundimiento de cráneo de tipo ping-pong no traumático. Ambas pacientes presentaron examen neurológico normal. Se confirmó el diagnóstico a través de radiografía y tomografía de cráneo, sin observarse lesiones asociadas. Fueron valoradas por el servicio de Neurocirugía, que indicó corrección quirúrgica de la lesión en ambos casos, con buena evolución posterior.


Spontaneous intrauterine depressed skull fractures are a rare entity. They can appear secondarily to head trauma (before or during birth) or due to unknown etiology. They usually require a complete evaluation from pediatric neurosurgery specialists. Their optimal management, including timely surgical treatment remains controversial. We describe two cases delivered by cesarean section, with postnatal diagnosis of spontaneous intrauterine depressed skull fracture. Both had a normal neurological exam. A skull radiography and head CT were performed, and no associated lesions were found. Both cases required surgical correction, with positive results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Skull Fracture, Depressed/surgery , Skull Fracture, Depressed/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cesarean Section , Parturition
2.
Femina ; 50(1): 61-64, 20220131. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358222

ABSTRACT

O infarto agudo do miocárdio no período gravídico-puerperal é uma condição rara em que a principal causa é a dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária. É um evento comumente subdiagnosticado, com pouca literatura disponível e elevado índice de morbimortalidade. Esse relato descreve o caso de uma gestante de 36 semanas de gravidez gemelar, monocoriônica-diamniótica, com infarto agudo do miocárdio secundário à dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária. As equipes de cirurgia cardíaca e obstetrícia optaram pela realização de parto cesariano e histerectomia subtotal, seguido da revascularização da artéria mamária descendente anterior. Discutem-se as orientações adotadas na dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária, bem como a abordagem terapêutica e a conduta obstétrica, quando essa condição ocorre durante a gravidez.(AU)


Acute myocardial infarction in the pregnancy-puerperal period is a rare condition the main cause of which is the spontaneous coronary artery dissection. A commonly underdiagnosed event with little available literature and a high rate of morbidity and mortality. This case reports a 36-week pregnant woman of mono-chorionic-diamniotic pregnancy who had a myocardial infarction secondary to a spontaneous coronary artery dissection. In a joint discussion between the team of cardiac surgery and obstetrics, it was decided to perform a cesarean delivery and subtotal hysterectomy followed by revascularization of the mammary anterior descendant. It discusses the conducts to be adopted in a case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection as well as therapeutic approaches and obstetric conducts to be taken in a case of dissection during pregnancy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/surgery , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Dissection/adverse effects , Acute Coronary Syndrome/pathology , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Cesarean Section , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnancy, Twin , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hysterectomy , Myocardial Infarction/etiology
3.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1358554

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Verificar os fatores que influenciam a parturiente na decisão da via de parturição e identificar a preferência da via de parto em uma próxima gestação. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura com artigos datados de 2010 a 2020, retirado nas bases da SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) e LILACS (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências e Saúde). Resultados: Sete dimensões refletem os fatores que influenciam a parturiente no momento da decisão da via de parto: dor ou ausência de dor no momento do parto; dor ou ausência de dor no pós-parto; recuperação no pós-parto; risco de infecção e de hemorragia; experiência prévia; influência da família e médicos, e pelo desejo de realizar a laqueadura. As perguntas norteadoras da pesquisa estão expressas em: quais são os fatores que influenciam a parturiente no momento da decisão da via de parto? E, qual é a via de parto em uma nova gestação? Considerações finais: Os fatores que mais influenciam as gestantes na decisão da via de parto são o medo da dor no parto e a recuperação no pós parto. Em uma nova gestação, acabam optando pela mesma via de parto anterior, devido à segurança, por já terem vivenciado a experiência


Objectives: This study aims to verify the factors that influence the decision of the parturition method and identify the preferred route of parturition in the next pregnancy. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review with articles dated from 2010 to 2020, taken from the SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Science and Health) databases. Results: Seven dimensions reflect the factors that influence the parturient when deciding the parturition method: pain or absence at the time of parturition; postpartum pain or absence; postpartum recovery; risk of infection and bleeding; previous experience; influence of family and doctors and tubal ligation. The guiding questions of this research are expressed in: What are the factors that influence the parturient when deciding the parturition method? And what is the preferred parturition method a new pregnancy? Final considerations: The factors that most influence pregnant women while deciding the mode of parturition are fear of pain during childbirth and postpartum recovery. In a new pregnancy, they end up opting for the same birth route as the previous one due to the safety of having lived through the experience


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pain, Postoperative , Parturition , Labor Pain , Fear , Brazil , Cesarean Section , Vaginal Birth after Cesarean , Obstetric Labor Complications , Natural Childbirth/rehabilitation , Nursing Care
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 427-439, Fev. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356078

ABSTRACT

Resumo As taxas mundiais de cirurgia cesariana têm crescido há 30 anos, correspondendo a mais de 56% dos nascimentos no Brasil. Considerando os agravos ocasionados por cesáreas eletivas na saúde materna e infantil, esta revisão buscou apresentar uma estratégia para a redução dessas taxas. Para realizar a síntese das melhores evidências, adotou-se a metodologia SUPPORT. Foram incluídas revisões sistemáticas publicadas em inglês, português ou espanhol sobre intervenções não clínicas. As buscas resultaram em quatro estudos, que em metanálise associaram o apoio contínuo durante o parto à redução de 25% a 51% nas taxas de cesárea. Igualmente, o apoio contínuo reduziu a duração e as intervenções clínicas desnecessárias durante o trabalho de parto e a probabilidade de bebê com baixo escore de Apgar aos cinco minutos. Além disso, proporcionou melhoria na amamentação e na recuperação da mulher, aumento da satisfação com o processo de nascimento e maiores chances de parto vaginal espontâneo. O apoio contínuo foi benéfico para a gestante e o recém-nascido. A intervenção garante respeito, segurança e qualidade durante o parto, bem como reduz custos hospitalares. Portanto, é uma estratégia efetiva que deve ser adotada nos serviços de saúde para ampliar o acesso das mulheres aos seus direitos.


Abstract Cesarean section rates have increased globally in the last 30 years, representing more than 56% of total births in Brazil. Considering the impacts of elective cesarean sections in maternal and child health, this review aimed to present an option to reduce these rates. We used the SUPPORT tools to summarize the best evidence. We included systematic reviews published in English, Portuguese, or Spanish, which focused on non-clinical interventions. Continuous support during labor and birth was described in four systematic reviews as an option to reduce cesarean rates (down to -51%). It also decreased unnecessary clinical interventions during labor, the duration of labor, and the likelihood of delivering a baby with a low Apgar score at five minutes. Moreover, continuous support improved breastfeeding, postpartum recovery of women during the puerperium period, and increased women's satisfaction with the birth experience and the possibility of spontaneous vaginal deliveries. The continuous support was beneficial for women and newborns. The intervention fosters respect, safety, and quality during birth, besides reducing hospital costs. Therefore, it is an effective strategy that should be adopted in hospitals and other health services to improve women's access to their rights.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Labor, Obstetric , Cesarean Section , Delivery, Obstetric , Parturition , Policy
5.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353024

ABSTRACT

Objective: the study's goal has been to describe the experience of the accompanying father in the birth process by caesarean section at the Obstetric Center and point out the favorable and unfavorable conditions that influence this process.Methods: qualitative research, carried out at a University Hospital from august to september 2016 with 10 accompanying parents. The data collection was established by a semi-structured interview, submitted to Bardin's content analysis. Results: through the analysis, two categories emerged: possibilities and limitations in the experience of accompanying parents and emotional aspects in the birth process, which include the physical aspects of the operating room, the welcoming and guidance of the multidisciplinary team and the feelings presented by the parents. Conclusion: the father's participation in the cesarean delivery provides positive impacts for the mother-child-family trinomial, making crucial his presence since prenatal care and the physical adequacy of the cesarean environment


Objetivo: descrever a vivência do pai acompanhante no processo de nascimento por cesariana no Centro Obstétrico e apontar as condições favoráveis e desfavoráveis que influenciaram neste processo. Métodos: pesquisa qualitativa, realizada em um Hospital Universitário de agosto a setembro de 2016 com 10 pais acompanhantes. A coleta de dados se estabeleceu por meio de uma entrevista semiestruturada, submetida à análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: pela análise, emergiram duas categorias: possibilidades e limitações na vivência do pai acompanhante e aspectos emocionais no processo de nascimento, que compreenderam: os aspectos físicos da sala de cirurgia, o acolhimento e orientação da equipe multiprofissional e os sentimentos apresentados pelos pais. Conclusão: a participação do pai no parto cesárea proporciona impactos positivos ao trinômio mãe-filho-família, tornando cruciais a sua presença desde o pré-natal e a adequação física do ambiente da cesárea


Objetivo: describir la experiencia del padre acompañante en el proceso de parto por cesárea en el Centro de Obstetricia y señalar las condiciones favorables y desfavorables que influyeron en este proceso. Métodos: investigación cualitativa realizada en un Hospital Universitario de agosto a septiembre de 2016 con 10 padres acompañantes. La recopilación de datos se estableció mediante una entrevista semiestructurada, sometida al análisis del contenido de Bardin. Resultados: por análisis, surgieron dos categorías: posibilidades y limitaciones en la experiencia del padre acompañante y aspectos emocionales en el proceso del parto, que incluyeron los aspectos físicos de la sala de operaciones, la bienvenida y la orientación del equipo multidisciplinario y los sentimientos presentados por los padres. Conclusión: la participación del padre en la cesárea proporciona impactos positivos para el trinomio madre-hijo-familia, lo que hace que su presencia desde la atención prenatal y la adecuación física del entorno de la cesárea sean cruciales


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Parents , Cesarean Section/psychology , Obstetric Nursing/trends , Paternity , Delivery Rooms/trends , Qualitative Research , Family Relations , Hospitals, University
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 106-114, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357582

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este artículo fue dar a conocer el protocolo institucional del manejo de la placenta percreta como un procedimiento varias horas después de la cesárea, con embolización de arterias placentarias de forma selectivas, previo a la práctica de la histerectomía, y presentar los resultados. Métodos. Estudio de serie de casos, donde se evaluaron las pacientes con placenta percreta, manejadas durante un año en un hospital de cuarto nivel de complejidad en la ciudad de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. Se efectuó cesárea fúndica y se dejó la placenta in situ, 48 a 72 horas después se realizó embolización ultra selectiva y luego de 2 a 3 días se procedió a practicar la histerectomía vía abdominal. Resultados. Se evaluaron 5 pacientes, con paridad de 3,8 embarazos promedio, con diagnóstico de placenta percreta. El tiempo promedio de espera entre la embolización y la histerectomía fue de 1,6 días. No se presentaron complicaciones asociadas a la embolización, ni morbimortalidad materno fetal. Los volúmenes de sangrado en promedio durante la histerectomía de cada paciente fueron de 1160 ml. Conclusión. Existen datos limitados sobre el tratamiento óptimo del acretismo placentario. La sospecha diagnóstica permite planificar de forma favorable el manejo intraparto y, es por ello, que el surgimiento de nuevas técnicas, como la embolización de arterias placentarias, constituyen alternativas para un manejo más seguro de las pacientes.


Introduction. The objective of this article was to present the institutional protocol for the management of percrete placenta as a procedure several hours after cesarean section, with selective embolization of placental arteries, prior to the practice of hysterectomy, and to present the results. Methods. Case series study, where patients with percrete placenta were evaluated, managed for 1 year in a hospital of fourth level of complexity in the city of Bogotá, Colombia. A fundic cesarean section was performed and the placenta was left in situ, 48 to 72 hours later an ultra-selective embolization was performed, followed by an abdominal hysterectomy after 2 to 3 days.Results. Five patients with a diagnosis of placenta percreta were evaluated; mean wait time between embolization and hysterectomy was 1.6 days. There were no complications associated with embolization, or maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Average bleeding volumes during hysterectomy for each patient were 1160 ml. Conclusion. There are limited data on the optimal treatment of percrete placenta. Diagnostic suspicion allows for a favorable planning of intrapartum management and, for this reason, the emergence of new techniques, such as placental artery embolization, constitute alternatives for a safer management of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Placenta Accreta , Placenta, Retained , Placenta Previa , Cesarean Section , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hysterectomy
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 985-987, Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357091

ABSTRACT

Abstract Conjoined twins (CTs) are a rare complication from monochorionic and monoamniotic twin pregnancies. We describe the use of 3D technologies, including 3D virtual and 3D physical models on prenatal evaluation of one parapagus CT. A 16-year-old G1P0 woman was referred for fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) anatomical evaluation of a CT at 28 weeks of gestation. 3D images of the fetal surface were generated by the software during the examination for spatial comprehension of the relationship between the fetal parts. The pair of CTs died at the 32nd week of gestation, a few hours after cesarean section. 3D technologies are an important tool for parental counseling and preparation of the multidisciplinary care team for delivery and neonatal assistance and possible surgical planning for postnatal separation in CTs cases.


Resumo Gêmeos unidos (GUs) são uma complicação rara de gestações gemelares monocoriônicas e monoamnióticas. Descrevemos o uso de tecnologias 3D, incluindo modelos 3D virtuais e físicos, na avaliação pré-natal de GU parapagus. Mulher de 16 anos, G1P0, foi encaminhada para avaliação anatômica por ressonância magnética (RM) fetal de GU com 28 semanas de gestação. Imagens 3D da superfície fetal foram geradas pelo software durante o exame para compreensão espacial da relação entre as partes fetais. O par de GUs morreu na 32ª semana de gestação, poucas horas após a cesariana. As tecnologias 3D são uma importante ferramenta de aconselhamento dos pais e de preparação da equipe multiprofissional para o parto e a assistência neonatal, além de possível planejamento cirúrgico para separação pós-natal em casos de GUs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Twins, Conjoined , Prenatal Diagnosis , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pregnancy, Twin
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 961-967, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357088

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the differences between bladder emptying options (permanent catheterization and intermittent bladder emptying/spontaneous urination) regarding the effects on labor length, need of operative vaginal deliveries, and cesarean section rate. Data Sources The search was conducted in MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. Selection of Studies The survey returned 964 studies. A total of 719 studies were evaluated by title and abstract, of which 4 were selected for inclusion. Data Collection All references were inserted in the Rayyan QCRI tool (Rayyan Systems Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA). The full text of the selected articles was obtained so we could later decide whether or not to include them in this systematic review. Data Synthesis No differences were found in the number of instrumented deliveries or in cesarean section rate between groups. Conclusions After evaluating the studies performed on the topic, we concluded that there is no clear advantage to either method, although continuous catheterization was associated with a greater occurrence of eutocic births. In the remaining outcomes, there were no differences between catheterization types.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar as diferenças entre as opções de esvaziamento vesical (cateterismo permanente e esvaziamento vesical intermitente/micção espontânea) em relação aos efeitos na duração do trabalho de parto, necessidade de partos vaginais operatórios e taxa de cesárea. Fontes de Dados A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, e The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Seleção de Estudos A pesquisa retornou 964 estudos. Um total de 719 estudos foram avaliados por título e resumo, dos quais 4 foram selecionados para inclusão. Coleta de Dados Todas as referências foram inseridas na ferramenta Rayyan QCRI (Rayyan Systems Inc., Cambridge, MA, EUA). O texto completo dos artigos selecionados foi obtido para posterior decisão de incluí-los nesta revisão sistemática. Síntese dos Dados Não foram encontradas diferenças no número de partos instrumentados ou na taxa de cesariana entre os grupos. Conclusões Após avaliação dos estudos realizados sobre o tema, concluímos que não hávantagem clara de qualquer um dos métodos, embora o cateterismo contínuo tenha sido associado à maior ocorrência de partos eutócicos. Nos demais desfechos, não houve diferenças entre os tipos de cateterismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Labor, Obstetric , Cesarean Section , Catheterization , Delivery, Obstetric , Parturition
9.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(4): 396-406, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360992

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Hacer un ejercicio académico, con datos locales reales, sobre la aplicación del C-Model v1.0 en cuanto a la manera como se obtiene y utiliza la información para generar el modelo, su aplicación a fin de identificar el posible exceso de cesáreas en una institución y, si se identifica, cómo se aplica la distribución de los partos según los grupos de la Clasificación de Robson para explicar ese exceso. Metodología: A partir de las bases de datos reales de cinco instituciones hospitalarias de Colombia, seleccionadas a conveniencia para lograr el cumplimiento de los objetivos, se estimó la razón estandarizada y la diferencia absoluta entre la proporción observada y la probabilidad esperada de cesárea según el C-Model v1.0 en cada institución. Con base en los supuestos que subyacen a la distribución de los grupos según la Clasificación de Robson, se proponen explicaciones a los excesos y a las diferencias entre las instituciones. Resultados: La razón estandarizada de cesárea aplicando el C-Model identificó excesos del procedimiento diferentes en presencia de proporciones institucionales similares de cesárea. Se encontró variabilidad importante en la proporción de cesárea dentro de grupos de mujeres con características clínicas y obstétricas similares que podría ser la explicación para los excesos detectados. Conclusión: El C-Model permite estimar proporciones de cesárea esperadas según las condiciones específicas de las mujeres atendidas en cada institución; su distribución de acuerdo con la Clasificación de Robson permite explorar el origen y las particularidades de dichas diferencias.


ABSTRACT Objective: To carry out an academic exercise based on real local data regarding the application of the C-Model v1.0 to determine how data are gathered and used to generate the model, how the model is applied in order to identify potential excess numbers of cesarean sections in an institution, and when identified, how the model is applied to distribute deliveries according to the Robson Classification system and explain excess numbers. Methodology: The standardized ratio and absolute difference between the observed proportion and the expected probability of c-sections according to the C-Model v1.0 were estimated for each institution using real databases of five hospitals in Colombia. Convenience selection was used to meet the objectives. Based on the assumptions underpinning group distributions according to the Robson classification, proposed explanations for excess numbers and differences among institutions are presented. Results: Applying the C-Model, the c-section standardized ratio identified different excess numbers of the procedure in the presence of similar institutional c-section proportions. Important variability was found in the proportion of c-sections among women with similar clinical and obstetric characteristics, which might explain the excess numbers identified. Conclusion: The C-Model allows to estimate expected c-section proportions according to the specific characteristics of the women seen at each institution; their distribution according to the Robson Classification is a way to explore the origin and particulars of those differences.


Subject(s)
Female , Cesarean Section , Models, Statistical , Forecasting
10.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e202, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Information regarding the clinical behavior and the anesthetic and perioperative management in pregnant patients with SARS-CoV-2 is starting to appear in the literature in the form of case reports or case series. However, strong evidence and recommendations are still limited. Objective To describe the clinical characteristics, the results of anesthetic and perioperative management, and complications in seroprevalent pregnant women for SARS-CoV-2 infection, delivered by cesarean section. Methodology Observational study in which 107 clinical records of pregnant women who were seroprevalent for SARS-CoV-2 infection were reviewed and analyzed between April and June, 2020. Demographic, clinical and serological data were collected, as well as data on the anesthetic technique and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Results Of the 107 pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection, 99 (92.52%) were asymptomatic and 8 (7.48%) had mild symptoms. The most frequent reasons for cesarean section were cephalo-pelvic disproportion in 20 (18.68%), previous cesarean section in 20 (18.68%) and non-reassuring fetal status in 14 (13.08%). Anesthesia technique was neuraxial in all cases, with spinal used in 100 (93.5%), combined spinal-epidural in 4 (3.7%) and epidural catheter in 3 (2.8%) patients. No deaths had occurred until the third postoperative day of follow-up. Conclusions The majority of pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection are asymptomatic. In this work, spinal, combined spinal-epidural and epidural neuroxial anesthesia techniques were shown to be effective and safe for these patients and their newborn babies.


Resumen Introducción La información del comportamiento clínico, manejo anestésico y perioperatorio en gestantes con SARS-CoV-2 empieza a aparecer en la literatura mediante reportes de casos o serie de casos. Aún son limitadas la evidencia contundente y las recomendaciones. Objetivo Describir las características clínicas, resultados del manejo anestésico, perioperatorio y complicaciones en gestantes seroprevalentes para infección por SARS-CoV-2, cuyo parto fue por cesárea. Metodología Estudio observacional en el cual se revisaron y analizaron 107 historias clínicas de gestantes seroprevalentes para infección por SARS-CoV-2, de abril a junio del 2020. Se recolectaron datos demográficos, clínicos, serología, técnica anestésica y complicaciones intra y postoperatorias. Resultados De las 107 gestantes con infección por SARS-CoV-2, 99 (92,52 %) fueron asintomáticas y 8 (7,48 %) presentaron síntomas leves. Los motivos más frecuentes de cesárea fueron: desproporción céfalo-pélvica 20 (18,68 %), cesárea previa 20 (18,68 %) y estado fetal no tranquilizador 14 (13,08 %). La técnica anestésica fue neuro axial en su totalidad, espinal en 100 (93,5 %), combinada espinal-epidural en 4 (3,7 %) y epidural con catéter en 3 (2,8 %) pacientes. No se registraron muertes hasta el tercer día postoperatorio de seguimiento. Conclusiones Las gestantes con infección por SARS-CoV-2 presentan -en su mayoría- infecciones asintomáticas. En este trabajo, la anestesia neuro axial: espinal, combinada espinal-epidural y epidural, se presentan como técnicas efectivas y seguras para estas pacientes y sus recién nacidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , SARS-CoV-2 , Anesthesia , Peru , COVID-19 , Anesthesia, Epidural
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 728-735, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357063

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The role of breast milk in the physical and mental health of infants and in the prevention of infant death is widely known. The benefits of breastfeeding for mothers and infants have been proven, but several factors can affect breastfeeding. Childbirth is one of the most influential factors. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the type of delivery (natural childbirth and cesarean section) on breastfeeding based on the latch, audible swallowing, type of nipple, comfort, hold (LATCH) scoring system. Methods The present cross-sectional observational study was performed using the census method among women who referred to Afzalipour Hospital for delivery in May 2020; the breastfeeding pattern was completed by observation and the in-case information, by LATCH checklist. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, United States) software, version 19.0, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the Chi-squared statistical test. Results Out of a total of 254 deliveries (127 natural childbirths and 127 cesarean deliveries), there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 study groups in terms of age, maternal employment status, and infant weight, but there was a statistically significant relationship between the type of delivery, the maternal level of schooling, and the appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration (Apgar) score in the first minute. The mean score of breastfeeding patterns among the natural childbirth group (9.33) was higher than that of the cesarean section group (7.21). Conclusion The type of delivery affects the mother's performance during breastfeeding, and mothers submitted to cesarean sections need more support and help in breastfeeding.


Resumo Objetivo É sabido o papel do leite materno na saúde física e mental dos bebês e na prevenção da mortalidade infantil. Os benefícios da amamentação para mães e bebês foram comprovados, mas vários fatores podem afetar a amamentação. O parto é um dos fatores mais influentes. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o efeito do tipo de parto (parto Natural e cesariana) na amamentação com base no sistema de pontuação agarramento, deglutição audível, tipo de mamilo, conforto, segurar (latch, audible swallowing, type of nipple, comfort, hold, LATCH, em inglês). Métodos Este estudo transversal e observacional foi realizado pelo método do censo entre mulheres que buscaram atendimento no Hospital Afzalipour para parto em maio de 2020; o padrão de amamentação foi completado por observação e in-case, pela lista de verificação do LATCH. Os dados foram analisados usando o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, Estados Unidos), versão 19.0, análise de variância (analysis of variance, ANOVA, em inglês) e o teste estatístico do qui-quadrado. Resultados De um total de 254 partos (127 parto naturais e 127 cesarianas), não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os dois grupos de estudo em termos de idade, situação laboral materna e peso do bebê, mas houve uma relação estatisticamente significativa entre os tipo de parto, a escolaridade materna e o índice de aparência, frequência cardíaca, irritabilidade reflexa, tônus muscular, e respiração appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration (Apgar), no primeiro minuto. A pontuação média do padrão de amamentação no grupo do parto natural (9,33) foi maior do que a do grupo da cesariana (7,21). Conclusão O tipo de parto afeta desempenho da mãe durante a amamentação, e as mães submetidas a cesariana necessitam de mais apoio e ajuda na amamentação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Breast Feeding , Cesarean Section , Cross-Sectional Studies , Milk, Human , Mothers
12.
Femina ; 49(9): 556-571, 20211030. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342326

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar a correlação entre vias de parto, locais de parto e prognóstico neonatal por meio do índice de Apgar e a capacidade de diagnosticar malforma- ções. Métodos: A pesquisa foi realizada no Sistema de Informação de Nascidos Vivos para variáveis de parto e malformações. Também correlacionamos o Apgar com ou sem malformação fetal e local do parto. Resultados: Houve uma quantidade considerável de dados de Apgar indefinidos, especialmente em partos domiciliares. Os partos domiciliares com malformações fetais com Apgar 0-2 e 3-5 no primeiro minuto também apresentaram piores taxas de recuperação no quinto minuto em comparação a cesárea e parto vaginal intra-hospitalar. O registro do diagnóstico das malformações fetais ocorre em ambiente hospitalar e é mais frequente do que no domiciliar. Recém-nascidos com malformações fetais apresentaram maiores taxas de Apgar ao nascer em ambiente hospitalar. As anomalias associadas aos piores prognósticos foram neurológicas e cardiológicas, enquanto as menos associadas foram as de pés e quadris. Conclusão: Esta pesquisa sugere que a cesárea e o parto hospitalar estão correlacionados a um melhor prognóstico do recém-nascido com malformação, bem como a capacidade de diagnosticar doenças congênitas que potencialmente requerem intervenção médica imediata.(AU)


Objective: To determine the correlation between delivery routes, delivery sites and neonatal prognosis through Apgar score and the ability to diagnose malformations. Methods: Research was carried out in the Live Birth Information System for delivery variables and malformations. We also correlated Apgar with or without fetal malformation and delivery site. Results: There was a considerable amount of undefined Apgar data, especially in home births. Home births with fetal malformations with Apgar 0-2 and 3-5 in the first minute also showed worse recovery rates in the fifth minute compared to cesarean section and intra-hospital vaginal delivery. Registration of the diagnosis of fetal malformations occurs in a hospital environment and is more frequent than at home. Newborns with fetal malformations had higher Apgar rates when born in a hospital environment. The abnormalities associated with the worst prognoses were neurological and cardiological, while the least associated were those of the feet and hips. Conclusion: This research suggests that caesarean section and hospital births are correlated with a better prognosis of the newborn with malformation, as well as ability to diagnose congenital diseases that potentially require immediate medical intervention.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Apgar Score , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Congenital Abnormalities/epidemiology , Parturition , Prognosis , Cesarean Section , Birth Setting , Home Childbirth , Natural Childbirth
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 374-380, 20210000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358971

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La histerectomía periparto de emergencia es una cirugía de alto riesgo, que se realiza mayoritariamente después de un parto vaginal o cesárea. Dada la importancia de las complicaciones y la mortalidad de las embarazadas para el sistema de salud, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la incidencia y las complicaciones de la histerectomía periparto de emergencia en los hospitales generales y docentes de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Zahedan. Materiales y Métodos: En este estudio descriptivo-analítico transversal, luego de obtener la aprobación del Comité de Ética, se investigó la historia clínica de las pacientes con histerectomía periparto de emergencia ingresadas en el hospital Ali ibn Abitaleb de Zahedan para la interrupción del embarazo durante 2017-2018. fueron estudiados. Después de evaluar las características demográficas, incluida la edad, la educación y la ocupación, se investigaron las causas y las complicaciones de la histerectomía de emergencia. Finalmente, los datos fueron analizados por el software SPSS.Resultados: De 2438 casos, se investigaron 50 casos de histerectomía. La edad media de las madres y el número medio de embarazos fue de 31,06 ± 5,21 y 5,72 ± 2,31, respectivamente. En este estudio, se registraron 35 cesáreas (70%) y 15 partos vaginales normales (30%), y solo el 2% condujo a una histerectomía de emergencia. Las causas más comunes de histerectomía de emergencia incluyeron placenta accreta (28%), atonía uterina (24%) y rotura uterina (20%). Las complicaciones también incluyeron fiebre (24%), coagulopatía (14%) e infección de la herida (12%). Conclusión: la placenta accreta y la atonía uterina son las causas más importantes de histerectomía. Las complicaciones más comunes de la histerectomía de emergencia son fiebre, coagulopatía e infecciones de heridas. Una disminución en el parto por cesárea electiva y un mayor fomento del parto vaginal natural podrían reducir significativamente la incidencia de histerectomía periparto y la mortalidad materna


Introduction: The emergency peripartum hysterectomy is a high-risk surgery, which is mostly performed after vaginal delivery or Caesarean section. Given the importance of complications and mortality of pregnant mothers for the health system, the present study aimed to investigate the incidence and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy in general and teaching hospitals of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study, after obtaining the Ethics Committee approval, the medical record of patients with emergency peripartum hysterectomy admitted to Ali ibn Abitaleb hospital of Zahedan for pregnancy termination during 2017-2018 were investigated. were studied. After evaluating demographic characteristics, including age, education, and occupation, causes, and complications of emergency hysterectomy were investigated. Finally, data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: Out of 2438 cases, 50 cases of hysterectomy were investigated. The mean age of mothers and the average number of pregnancies was 31.06±5.21 and 5.72±2.31, respectively. In this study, 35 caesarean sections (70%) and 15 normal vaginal delivery (30%) were recorded, with only 2% leading to emergency hysterectomy. The most common causes of emergency hysterectomy included placenta accreta (28%), uterine atony (24%), and uterine rupture (20%). The complications also included fever (24%), coagulopathy (14%), and wound infection (12%). Conclusion: Placenta accreta and uterine atony are the most important causes of hysterectomy. The most common complications of emergency hysterectomy are fever, coagulopathy, and wound infections. A decrease in elective caesarean delivery and further encouraging to natural vaginal delivery could significantly reduce the incidence of peripartum hysterectomy and maternal mortality


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Uterine Rupture/surgery , Cesarean Section , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Parturition , Postpartum Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Hysterectomy/mortality
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 655-661, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351776

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe the clinical experience with the B-Lynch technique in the management of postpartum hemorrhage as well as the factors related to the indication of the technique and to present the success rates of the application of the B-Lynch technique. Methods Observational, retrospective, cross-sectional, and analytical study. Patient data was obtained through the study of medical records. The study population comprised of patients who underwent hemostatic suture using the B-Lynch technique, including 104 patients within the period from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2019. Results Of the total of 104 patients, 82.7% did not present any complications. Blood transfusion and intensive care unit admission were the most prevalent complications, with 13.5% and 15.4%, respectively. Only 1% of the patients had puerperal and surgical site infections. The factors most related to the application of the technique were the presence of previous cesarean section (30.8%), use of oxytocin (16.3%), and pre-eclampsia (11.6%). Puerperal hysterectomy was performed in 4.8% of the patients due to failure of the method. Conclusion The clinical experience with the B-Lynch technique was satisfactory since it presented few complications, with excellent results in hemorrhagic control. Previous cesarean section, the use of oxytocin, and preeclampsia stood out as factors related to the indication of the application of the technique, and the success rate in controlling postpartum hemorrhage was 95.2%.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever a experiência clínica com a técnica de B-Lynch no manejo da hemorragia pós-parto e os fatores relacionados à indicação da técnica bem como apresentar as taxas de sucesso da aplicação da técnica de B-lynch. Métodos Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, de corte transversal e analítico. Os dados foram obtidos por estudo de prontuário. A população do estudo foi constituída de pacientes submetidas à sutura hemostática com a técnica de B-Lynch, sendo incluídas 104 pacientes dentro do período de 01 de janeiro de 2005 a 31 de dezembro de 2019. Resultados Do total de 104 pacientes, 82,7% não apresentaram qualquer complicação. A transfusão de sangue e a internação na UTI foram as complicações mais prevalentes, com 13,5% e 15,4%, respectivamente. Apenas 1% teve infecção puerperal e do sítio cirúrgico. Os fatores mais relacionados com a aplicação da técnica foram a presença de cesárea anterior (30,8%), uso de ocitocina (16,3%) e pré-eclâmpsia (11,6%). A histerectomia puerperal foi realizada em 4,8% das pacientes por falha do método. Conclusão A experiência clínica com a técnica de B-Lynch foi satisfatória, pois apresentou poucas complicações, com excelentes resultados no controle hemorrágico. A cesárea anterior, o uso de ocitocina e a pré-eclâmpsia se destacaram como fatores relacionados à indicação da aplicação da técnica. A taxa de sucesso avaliada foi de 95,2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Postpartum Hemorrhage/surgery , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques
16.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e702, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280188

ABSTRACT

The SES-Hospital Universitario de Caldas takes care of approximately 210 deliveries per month, with an overall cesarean section rate of 32 %, of which 72 % were conducted with, or had an epidural catheter, as an extension of the analgesia delivered during labor and were therefore excluded from the trial. This may address some of the concerns expressed by Sotelo 1 It is important to consider the observational character of the study discussed; in the discussion paragraph, mention is made of a potential selection bias, based on the convenience sampling and the non-randomized approach which are typical of the design used


el SES-Hospital Universitario de Caldas atiende aproximadamente 210 partos por mes, con una tasa global de cesáreas del 32%, de las cuales el 72% se realizaron con o tenían un catéter epidural, como una extensión de la analgesia administrada durante el trabajo de parto y por lo tanto, fueron excluidos del ensayo. Esto puede abordar algunas de las preocupaciones expresadas por Sotelo 1 Es importante considerar el carácter observacional del estudio discutido; En el párrafo de discusión, se menciona un posible sesgo de selección, basado en el muestreo de conveniencia y el enfoque no aleatorio que son típicos del diseño utilizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Labor, Obstetric , Cesarean Section , Character , Selection Bias , Sampling Studies , Catheters , Analgesia
17.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e701, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280187

ABSTRACT

After reading the article entitled "Comparison of subarachnoid opioid mix for cesarean section" published by Isabel Osorio et al., in January 2020; I would like to make the following observations and comments. The number of patients studied (n =71) is surprising considering that the hospital where the research was conducted is a third-level institution and a referral center for high complexity obstetric care. During the duration of the trial (one year, from June 2028 through May 2019) most likely many patients underwent this type of surgical intervention. Is it then possible to consider a potential selection bias? Moreover, the group distribution is not clearly defined, and certainly it was not random: A (29), B (16), C (26)


Después de leer el artículo titulado "Comparación de mezcla de opioides subaracnoides para cesárea" publicado por Isabel Osorio et al., En enero de 2020; Me gustaría hacer las siguientes observaciones y comentarios. Sorprende el número de pacientes estudiadas ( n = 71) si se considera que el hospital donde se realizó la investigación es una institución de tercer nivel y un centro de referencia de atención obstétrica de alta complejidad. Durante la duración del ensayo (un año, desde junio de 2028 hasta mayo de 2019), lo más probable es que muchos pacientes se hayan sometido a este tipo de intervención quirúrgica. ¿Es posible entonces considerar un posible sesgo de selección? Además, la distribución de los grupos no está claramente definida, y ciertamente no fue aleatoria: A (29), B (16), C (26)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Cesarean Section , Analgesics, Opioid , Research , Selection Bias , Hospitals
18.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e600, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a rare disease with multi-systemic involvement, predominantly neurological. Little evidence exists about the anesthetic management of patients with this disorder, particularly in pregnant women. This article discusses a case of a patient with TSC admitted to our hospital for the delivery of a twin gestation. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the patient presented left-side facial-brachial hypoesthesia and headache. A brain CT revealed a right frontal cortical bleeding tumor, which was diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme. The patient was discharged 15 days after admission and a neurosurgical approach was suggested.


Resumen La esclerosis tuberosa es una enfermedad poco frecuente asociada con compromiso multisistémico, principalmente neurológico. Es poca la evidencia sobre el manejo anestésico de los pacientes con este trastorno, en particular las mujeres embarazadas. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente con esclerosis tuberosa ingresada en nuestro hospital para el parto de una gestación gemelar. Veinticuatro horas después de la cirugía, la paciente presentó hipoestesia facial y braquial izquierda y cefalea. La tomografía cerebral mostró un tumor cortical sangrante en el lóbulo frontal derecho, diagnosticado como glioblastoma multiforme. La paciente fue dada de alta 15 días después de su ingreso y, con recomendación de manejo por neurocirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Glioblastoma , Headache , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthetics , Neurosurgery , Tuberous Sclerosis , Brain , Rare Diseases , Parturition , Hemorrhage , Hospitals , Hypesthesia , Neoplasms , Nervous System Diseases
19.
Más Vita ; 3(3): 8-21, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1343291

ABSTRACT

Analizar la evolución del síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo (SDRA) en neonatos pretérminos del área de cuidados intensivos del Hospital General Delfina Torres de Concha. Materiales y Métodos: La investigación es un estudio cuantitativo, de corte transversal y alcance descriptivo. La muestra probabilística quedó conformada por 49 madres de neonatos prematuros. Las técnicas utilizadas son el estudio documental y la encuesta. Los criterios de inclusión incluyeron ambos sexos, que nacieron entre las 26 y las 35 semanas de gestación, durante los meses de julio, agosto y septiembre de 2020. Las variables fueron los factores sociodemográficos de las madres, los factores de riesgo maternos, el género, vía del parto, peso al nacer, complicaciones de los neonatos y la mortalidad infantil. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que la etnia prevalente fue la mestiza (65,3%), el estado civil más representado fue el de unión libre (51,0%) y el nivel de escolaridad es muy bajo, así como el per cápita económico familiar. Los factores de riesgo maternos fueron la hipertensión (21,5%), la edad y la preeclamsia (18,5%, respectivamente). En los recién nacidos prevaleció el sexo masculino (46,9%) sobre el femenino (53.06%), al igual que las cesáreas (55,1%). Las complicaciones más importantes fueron la hemorragia intraventricular (23,8%), la hipertensión pulmonar persistente (20,6%) y la displasia broncopulmonar (15,9%). La tasa de mortalidad infantil se situó en el 32,7%. Conclusiones: Existe una correlación entre las complicaciones severas de los recién nacidos y la mortalidad neonatal. Por la trascendencia familiar y social del fallecimiento de neonatos y la frecuencia de trastornos respiratorios en la morbimortalidad de los recién nacidos en dicho Hospital, se hace necesario realizar estudios que estimulen la prevención y diagnóstico oportuno, especialmente en contextos como el nuestro


To analyze the evolution of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in preterm neonates in the intensive care area of the Hospital General Delfina Torres de Concha. Materials and Methods: The research is a quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive study. The probabilistic sample consisted of 49 mothers of preterm infants. The techniques used were documentary study and survey. The inclusion criteria included both sexes, born between 26 and 35 weeks of gestation, during the months of July, August and September 2020. The variables were sociodemographic factors of the mothers, maternal risk factors, gender, and route of delivery, birth weight, neonatal complications and infant mortality. The results: The results show that the most prevalent ethnic group was mestizo (65.3%), the most represented marital status was a union (51.0%) and the level of schooling was very low, as well as the family economic per capita. Maternal risk factors were hypertension (21.5%), age and preeclamsia (18.5%, respectively). Among the newborns, the male sex (46.9%) prevailed over the female (53.06%), as did cesarean sections (55.1%). The most important complications were intraventricular hemorrhage (23.8%), persistent pulmonary hypertension (20.6%) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (15.9%). The infant mortality rate was 32.7%. Conclusions: There is a correlation between severe newborn complications and neonatal mortality. Due to the family and social importance of neonatal deaths and the frequency of respiratory disorders in the morbidity and mortality of newborns in this Hospital, it is necessary to carry out studies to stimulate prevention and timely diagnosis, especially in contexts such as ours


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/mortality , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Social Class , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cesarean Section , Surveys and Questionnaires , Educational Status , Age Groups
20.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e687, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289354

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La decisión de realizar la inducción anestésica con propofol o tiopental en la paciente obstétrica para operación cesárea es un tema controvertido, con resultados contradictorios entre las investigaciones. Objetivo: Presentar los resultados que se publicaron en la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el uso del propofol como agente anestésico en la inducción de la anestesia general en la operación cesárea electiva. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión no sistemática de la bibliografía basada en artículos que se publicaron en bases de datos indexadas en Infomed como Hinari, Ebsco, Scielo, Pubmed, Cubmed, Cocrhane; en idioma español e inglés, durante los últimos diez años, utilizando palabras clave como: (inducción anestésica OR anestesia general OR) AND (propofol OR) AND (operación cesárea OR cesárea OR). Desarrollo: Se destacaron artículos donde se comparan los resultados del uso del propofol contra el tiopental y otros barbitúricos durante la inducción anestésica en cuanto a variables hemodinámicas, efectos adversos, calidad anestésica y desenlaces neonatales como el estado físico, capacidad de adaptación neurológica y gases arteriales. Conclusiones: El propofol es el agente más común para la inducción anestésica en la paciente obstétrica que necesita cesárea electiva. Este presenta resultados adecuados maternos y fetales, y menor incidencia de efectos adversos(AU)


Introduction: The decision to perform anesthetic induction with propofol or thiopental in obstetric patients for cesarean section is a controversial issue, with contradictory oncomes among investigations. Objective: To present the results published in the national and international literature about the use of propofol as an anesthetic agent in the induction of general anesthesia in elective cesarean section. Methods: A nonsystematic review of the bibliography was carried out, with a focus on articles in Spanish and English published, during the last ten years, in databases indexed in Infomed, such as Hinari, Ebsco, Scielo, Pubmed, Cubmed, Cocrhane, using keywords such as (inducción anestésica [anesthetic induction] OR anestesia general [general anesthesia] OR) AND (propofol OR) AND (operación cesárea [cesarean section] OR cesárea [cesarean] OR). Development: Articles were highlighted if they compared the results of propofol usage against thiopental and other barbiturates during anesthetic induction in terms of hemodynamic variables, adverse effects, anesthetic quality and neonatal outcomes such as physical state, neurological adaptation capacity and arterial gases. Conclusions: Propofol is the commonest agent for anesthetic induction in obstetric patients requiring elective caesarean section. This presents adequate maternal and fetal outcomes, as well as a lower incidence of adverse effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Propofol , Cesarean Section , Anesthesia, General
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