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1.
Femina ; 49(6): 367-372, 20210630. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290580

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados à escolha da via de parto entre estudantes do curso de Medicina em uma universidade no Sul do país. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com estudantes de Medicina da Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (Unisul) ­ Tubarão, no período de julho a novembro de 2019. Resultados: Fizeram parte da pesquisa 423 alunos, homens e mulheres, dos aproximadamente 600 matriculados no período. A maioria dos alunos considerou o parto vaginal (PV) mais seguro, e 44,1% dos estudantes escolheriam essa via para si/sua companheira. O principal motivo pelo qual os alunos escolheram PV foi a "alta hospitalar precoce", e o principal motivo que levou à escolha de cesariana (PC) foi a "ausência de dor durante o parto". Houve associação entre renda mais baixa e a escolha do PV (p = 0,002). A via de parto pela qual o estudante nasceu também se associou com a que ele escolheria (p = 0,001). Ademais, houve significância estatística entre a via de parto que o aluno considerou mais segura e a que ele de fato escolheria (p = 0,001). Todas as alunas que já tiveram filhos realizaram PC. Conclusão: O fator mais relevante de escolha do PC foi a "ausência de dor durante o parto", enquanto do PV foi "alta hospitalar precoce".(AU)


Objective: To identify the factors associated with the choice of birth delivery route among medical students at a university in the south of Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out with medical students from the University of Southern Santa Catarina (Unisul) ­ Tubarão, from July to November 2019. Results: Four hundred twenty three students took part in the research, men and women, out of the approximately 600 enrolled in the period. Most students considered vaginal delivery (VD) to be safer, and 44.1% of students would choose this route for their partner. The main reason why students chose VD was "early hospital discharge", and the main reason that led to the choice of cesarean section (CS) was "no pain during childbirth". There was an association between lower income and the choice of VD (p = 0.002). The route of delivery that the student was born was also associated with the one he would choose (p = 0.001). In addition, there was statistical significance between the route of delivery that the student considered safer with the one he would actually choose (p = 0.001). All female students who already had children underwent CS. Conclusion: The most relevant factor for choosing CS was "no pain during delivery", while for VD was "early hospital discharge".(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Choice Behavior , Parturition , Obstetrics/methods , Brazil , Cesarean Section/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Natural Childbirth/methods
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 250-255, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280036

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the effect of closure types of the anterior abdominal wall layers in cesarean section (CS) surgery on early postoperative findings. Methods The present study was designed as a prospective cross-sectional study and was conducted at a university hospital between October 2018 and February 2019. A total of 180 patients who underwent CS for various reasons were enrolled in the study. Each patient was randomly assigned to one of three groups: Both parietal peritoneum and rectus abdominis muscle left open (group 1), parietal peritoneum closure only (group 2), and closure of the parietal peritoneum and reapproximation of rectus muscle (group 3). All patients were compared in terms of postoperative pain scores (while lying down and duringmobilization), analgesia requirement, and return of bowel motility. Results The postoperative pain scores were similar at the 2nd, 6th, 12th, and 18th hours while lying down. During mobilization, the postoperative pain scores at 6 and 12 hours were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 3. Diclofenac use was significantly higher in patients in group 1 than in those in group 2. Meperidine requirements were similar among the groups. There was no difference between the groups' first flatus and stool passage times. Conclusion In the group with only parietal peritoneum closure, the pain scores at the 6th and 12th hours were higher. Rectus abdominismuscle reapproximations were found not to increase the pain score. The closure of the anterior abdominal wall had no effect on the return of bowel motility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Cesarean Section/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Wound Closure Techniques , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Pain Management , Gastrointestinal Motility , Analgesics/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e656, ene.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156370

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipertensión arterial pulmonar es una enfermedad con una baja incidencia en la gestante, aunque trae consigo una alta mortalidad una vez presentada. Un diagnóstico oportuno y un manejo perioperatorio adecuado minimizan el riesgo de desenlace fatal tanto para la madre como el feto. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de la hipertensión arterial pulmonar en la gestante a término y su conducción anestésica. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 23 años, antecedentes de salud, edad gestacional de 35.2 semanas. Luego de presentar dolor de espalda y ardor en el pecho relacionado con el esfuerzo, palpitaciones, disnea y bloqueo de rama derecha en electrocardiograma, se ingresa en UTI con sospecha de tromboembolismo pulmonar, el cual queda descartado tras diagnóstico confirmatorio de hipertensión pulmonar después de realizar angio TAC y ecocardiografía. Se decide realizar cesárea programada bajo técnica regional peridural, sin complicaciones tanto para la madre como el niño. Después de 2 días bajo vigilancia intensiva se traslada a su centro hospitalario de cabecera. Conclusiones: La vía del parto, así como una elección adecuada de la técnica anestésica, puede ser la diferencia entre el éxito y la fatalidad. Las técnicas regionales suelen recomendarse por encima de la técnica de anestesia general siempre que no se presenten contraindicaciones(AU)


Introduction: Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a disease with low incidence in the pregnant woman, although it brings about high mortality once presented. Timely diagnosis and adequate perioeprative management minimize the risk of fatal outcome for both mother and fetus. Objective: To describe pulmonary arterial hypertension and its anesthetic management in the term pregnant woman. Case presentation: 23-year-old female patient, with health history and gestational age of 35.2 weeks. After presenting back pain and chest burning associated with exertion, palpitations, dyspnea and right bundle branch block in the electrocardiogram, the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit with suspected pulmonary thromboembolism, which was ruled out due to the confirmatory diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension after performing computerized tomography angiography and echocardiography. Scheduled cesarean section was decided to be perform using the regional peridural technique, without complications for both the mother and the child. After two days under intensive surveillance, she was transferred to her primary hospital. Conclusions: The route of delivery, as well as an adequate choice of the anesthetic technique, can be the difference between success and fatality. Regional techniques are usually recommended over the general anesthesia technique, as long as there are no contraindications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/complications , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/diagnostic imaging , Anesthesia, General/methods , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Cesarean Section/methods
4.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 134-146, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353050

ABSTRACT

El Hospital Nacional Dr. Mario Catarino Rivas (hospital de segundo nivel de atención), sirve como centro de atención para embarazos de alto riesgo de la zona noroccidental de Honduras; reportó 1,702 casos de trastor-nos hipertensivos del embarazo en 2017 y 2,070 casos en 2018. Se caracterizó pacientes con signos y síntomas de trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo agrupadas desde un punto de vista obstétrico, epidemiológico y clínico. Se realizó un estudio, descriptivo de corte transversal en gestantes que presentaron cefalea, cifras tensionales elevadas (≥ 140/90mmHg); registrando ausencia o presencia de proteinuria, atendidas en la emergencia de labor y parto de un hospital nacional de segundo nivel de atención en San Pedro Sula, Honduras, desde junio hasta octubre del 2019. Se incluyeron 110 pacientes de entre 18-43 años, mestizas y amas de casa, la edad gestacional promedio por fecha de ultima menstruación de 37.7 semanas; el 28.2% presentó preeclampsia severa. Las manifestaciones clínicas frecuentes fueron edema de miembros inferiores y cefalea. El 57.3% desarrolló trabajo de parto espontá-neo, la resolución del embarazo fue cesárea en el 57.3% de las gestantes. Respecto al producto de la concepción, 66.4% tenían peso normal y talla apropiada para la edad gestacional, un APGAR de 8 al primer minuto y de 9 a los 5 minutos. En este estudio, se reporta una prevalencia del 13.72% con respecto a los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo. Particularmente en pacientes mayores de 35 años, multípara, con índice de masa corporal ≥ 32 kg/m2, presentando antecedentes de hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus y preeclampsia.


The National Hospital Dr. Mario Catarino Rivas (second-level care hospital), serves as a care center for high-risk pregnancies in the northwestern part of Honduras; it reported 1,702 cases of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in 2017 and 2,070 cases in 2018. Patients with signs and symptoms of hypertensive disorders of preg-nancy were characterized grouped from an obstetric, epidemiological and clinical point of view. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in pregnant women who presented headache, high blood pressure (≥ 140 / 90mmHg); registering the absence or presence of proteinuria in urine, attended in the labor and delivery emer-gency of a national hospital of second level of care in San Pedro Sula, Honduras; from June to October 2019. 110 patients between 18-43 years old, mixed race and housewives were included, the average gestational age by date of last menstruation of 37.7 weeks, 28.2% presented severe preeclampsia. The frequent clinical manifestations were lower limb edema and headache. 57.3% developed spontaneous labor, the pregnancy termination route was cesarean section in 57.3% of pregnant women. Regarding the product of conception, 69.1% had weight and height appropriate for gestational age, an APGAR of 8 at the first minute and of 9 at 5 minutes. In this study, a prevalence of 13.72% is reported with respect to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Particularly in patients older than 35 years, multiparous, with a body mass index ≥ 32 kg / m2, presenting a history of arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and pre-eclampsia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Cesarean Section/methods , Gestational Age , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Natural Childbirth , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Proteinuria/complications , Infant, Newborn/growth & development , Labor, Obstetric , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , HELLP Syndrome/diagnosis , Eclampsia/diagnosis , Headache/diagnosis , Honduras
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 457-463, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143967

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) risk factors have not been defined for obstetric patients. In this study, our objective was to identify potential risk factors for PONV after cesarean sections performed under spinal anesthesia. Methods: One cohort of patients submitted to cesarean under spinal anesthesia was used to investigate potential risk factors for PONV. The best numerical risk factors were dichotomized using chi-squared method. A conditional independence (incremental association method) casual network was used to select the best predictors for PONV. Results: Two hundred and fifty of 260 patients remained in the study. Odds ratio for PONV of younger maternal age (< 25 years: 2.9 [1.49−5.96]), lower spinal bupivacaine dose (< 13 mg, inf [2.4-inf]), lower spinal morphine dose (< 80 mg, 0.03 [0−0.97]), history of motion sickness (2.5 [1.27−5.25]), significant nausea during the first trimester (0.3 [0.16−0.64]), intraoperative nausea and vomiting (8.2 [3.67−20.47]), and lower gestational age (< 38 weeks, 2.0 [1.01−4.08]) were statistically significant. The causal network selected absence of significant nausea during the first gestational trimester, intraoperative nausea, and gestational age < 38 weeks as the main direct risk factors for PONV. Conclusions: Intraoperative nausea and maternal age < 25 years were the main risk factors for PONV after cesareans under spinal anesthesia. Absence of self-reported nausea during the first trimester was a protective factor for post-cesarean nausea and vomiting.


Resumo Introdução: Os fatores de risco para náusea e vômitos pós-operatórios (NVPO) ainda não foram definidos para pacientes de obstetrícia. Neste estudo, nosso objetivo foi identificar potenciais fatores de risco para NVPO após parto cesariano realizado sob raquianestesia. Método: Uma coorte de pacientes submetidas a cesariana sob raquianestesia foi usada para investigar potenciais fatores de risco para NVPO. Os melhores fatores de risco numéricos foram dicotomizados por meio do método qui-quadrado. Uma rede casual de independência condicional (método de associação adicional) foi usada para selecionar os melhores preditores de NVPO. Resultados: Das 260 pacientes iniciais, 250 completaram o estudo. A razão de chances para NVPO foi estatisticamente significante para menor idade materna (< 25 anos: 2,9 [1,49−5,96]), dose mais baixa de bupivacaina raquidiana (< 13 mg, inf [2,4-inf]), dose mais baixa de morfina raquidiana (< 80 mg, 0,03 [0−0,97]), histórico de enjoo de movimento (2,5 [1,27−5,25]), náuseas importantes durante o primeiro trimestre (0,3 [0,16−0,64]), náusea e vômitos intraoperatórios (8,2 [3,67−20,47]) e menor idade gestacional (< 38 semanas, 2,0 [1,01−4,08]). A rede causal selecionou ausência de náuseas significativas durante o primeiro trimestre gestacional, náusea intraoperatória e idade gestacional < 38 semanas como os principais fatores de risco diretos para NVPO. Conclusões: Náusea intraoperatória e idade materna < 25 anos foram os principais fatores de risco para NVPO após cesariana sob raquianestesia. A ausência de náusea autorreferida durante o primeiro trimestre foi um fator protetor para náusea e vômitos após cesariana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Cesarean Section/methods , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Prognosis , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Maternal Age , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/etiology , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Morphine/administration & dosage
6.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 500-507, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143955

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Limited data are present on safety and efficiency of epinephrine for the prophylaxis and treatment of spinal-hypotension. This study was conducted to compare the effect of epinephrine with norepinephrine and phenylephrine on the treatment of spinal-hypotension and ephedrine requirement during cesarean delivery. Methods: One hundred and sixty parturients with uncomplicated pregnancies undergoing elective cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia were recruited. They were allocated randomly to receive norepinephrine 5 µg.mL−1 (n = 40), epinephrine 5 µg.mL−1 (n = 40), phenylephrine 100 µg.mL−1 (n = 40) or 0.9% saline infusions (n = 40) immediately after induction of spinal anesthesia. Whenever systolic blood pressure drops to less than 80% of baseline, 5 mg of intravenous ephedrine was administered as rescue vasopressor. The incidence of hypotension, total number of hypotension episodes, the number of patients requiring ephedrine, the mean amount of ephedrine consumption and side effects were recorded. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in incidence of maternal hypotension between groups. The number of patients requiring ephedrine was significantly greater in group saline than in group phenylephrine (p< 0.001). However, it was similar between phenylephrine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine groups. The mean ephedrine consumption was significantly higher in group saline than in norepinephrine, epinephrine, phenylephrine groups (p= 0.001). Conclusion: There is no statistically significant difference in incidence of hypotension and ephedrine consumption during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery with the use of epinephrine when compared to norepinephrine or phenylephrine. Epinephrine can be considered an alternative agent for management of spinal hypotension.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Existem dados limitados sobre segurança e eficiência da epinefrina na profilaxia e tratamento da hipotensão arterial associada à raquianestesia. O presente estudo foi realizado para comparar o efeito da epinefrina com norepinefrina e fenilefrina no tratamento da hipotensão após raquianestesia e necessidade de efedrina durante o parto cesáreo. Método: Foram recrutadas 160 parturientes com gestações não complicadas, submetidas a cesariana eletiva sob raquianestesia. Elas foram alocadas aleatoriamente para receber norepinefrina 5 µg.mL-1 (n = 40), epinefrina 5 µg.mL-1 (n = 40), fenilefrina 100 µg.mL-1 (n = 40) ou infusão de solução fisiológica NaCl a 0,9% (n = 40) imediatamente após a indução da raquianestesia. Sempre que houvesse redução da pressão arterial sistólica para valor inferior a 80% da linha de base, 5 mg de efedrina iv eram administrados como vasopressor de resgate. A incidência de hipotensão, o número total de episódios de hipotensão, o número de pacientes que necessitaram de efedrina, o consumo médio de efedrina e os efeitos colaterais foram registrados. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na incidência de hipotensão materna entre os grupos. O número de pacientes que necessitaram de efedrina foi significantemente maior no grupo solução fisiológica do que no grupo fenilefrina (p< 0,001). No entanto, foi semelhante entre os grupos fenilefrina, norepinefrina e epinefrina. O consumo médio de efedrina foi significantemente maior no grupo solução fisiológica do que nos grupos norepinefrina, epinefrina e fenilefrina (p = 0,001). Conclusão: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na incidência de hipotensão e consumo de efedrina durante raquianestesia para parto cesáreo com uso de epinefrina quando comparada à norepinefrina ou fenilefrina. A epinefrina pode ser considerada como agente alternativo para o tratamento da hipotensão após raquianestesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Phenylephrine/administration & dosage , Norepinephrine/administration & dosage , Ephedrine/administration & dosage , Hypotension/prevention & control , Vasoconstrictor Agents/administration & dosage , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/methods , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Hypotension/etiology , Hypotension/epidemiology , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 669-671, Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144154

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present report describes the case of a 31-year-old primigravida, with dichorionic twins at 31 weeks. She presented with history of myalgia, jaundice, and abdominal discomfort. No flu-like symptoms as fever or cough. She was not aware of exposure to COVID-19. Normal blood pressure and O2 saturation. Laboratory tests showed platelet count of 218,000 mm3, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 558 IU and serum creatinine 2.3 mg/dl. Doppler ultrasound in one twin was compatible with brain sparing. Partial hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome was the hypothesis, and a cesarean section was performed. On day 2, the white-cell count reached 33,730, with decreased consciousness and mild respiratory distress. Tomography revealed both lungs with ground-glass opacities. Swab for COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was positive. Thrombocytopenia in patients with COVID-19 appears to be multifactorial, similar to what occurs in preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome. We assume that the synergism of these pathophysiological mechanisms could accelerate the compromise of maternal conditions and could be a warning to the obstetric practice.


Resumo O presente relato descreve o caso de uma gestante de 31 anos, gemelar dicoriônica com 31 semanas, com queixa de mialgia, icterícia e desconforto abdominal. A paciente não apresentava sintomas gripais como febre ou tosse e não tinha conhecimento de exposição ao COVID-19. Pressão arterial e saturação de oxigênio normais. Os exames laboratoriais apresentaram contagem de plaquetas de 218,000 mm3, ALT 558 IU e creatinina 2.3 mg/dl. Doppler compatível com centralização de um dos fetos. Síndrome de hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (HELLP) parcial foi a hipótese diagnóstica inicial e a cesariana foi realizada. No segundo dia, a paciente apresentou leucócitos de 33.730 com queda do nível de consciência e desconforto respiratório leve. A tomografia revelou opacidade pulmonar em vidro fosco bilateralmente. A pesquisa de COVID-19 por polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/swab teve resultado positivo. Trombocitopenia em pacientes com COVID-19 é multifatorial, semelhante ao que ocorre na pré-eclâmpsia e na síndrome HELLP. Acreditamos que o sinergismo da fisiopatologia das doenças em questão pode acelerar o comprometimento materno e deve servir de alerta para a prática obstétrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Outcome , HELLP Syndrome/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Cesarean Section/methods , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnosis, Differential , Pandemics , Pregnancy, Twin , COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19
8.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(2): [7], mar.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127030

ABSTRACT

El término infección puerperal se utiliza para describir cualquier infección bacteriana del aparato genital después del parto. Durante gran parte del siglo XX las infecciones puerperales, la preeclampsia y la hemorragia obstétrica formaron parte de la tríada letal de mortalidad materna. La ecografía, la resonancia magnética y la tomografía axial computarizada son la triada de elección para el diagnóstico del abdomen agudo en el puerperio. El mismo resulta difícil debido a factores intrínsecos y es entonces, cuando el radiólogo adquiere un papel crucial. Se presentó un caso de una mujer de 30 años, con 8 días de habérsele practicado una cesárea con un puerperio inmediato normal. Posteriormente presentó dolor abdominal, fiebre, escalofríos y masa palpable en fosa iliaca izquierda. Se practicaron técnicas de imágenes se plantea una masa ovárica izquierda, se realizó laparotomía exploradora y se concluyó como absceso ovárico (AU).


The term puerperal infection is used to describe any bacterial infection of the genital tract after delivery. During much of the twentieth century puerperal infections, preeclampsia and obstetric hemorrhage were part of the lethal triad of maternal mortality. Ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are the triad of choice for the diagnosis of acute abdomen in the puerperium, which is difficult due to intrinsic factors and it is when radiologist plays a vital role. The authors present the case of a woman, aged 30 years, at the 8th day after undergoing a cesarean section with a normal immediate puerperium, who later presented abdominal pain (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Puerperal Infection/diagnosis , Women , Puerperal Disorders/diagnosis , Signs and Symptoms , Cesarean Section/methods , Methods , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Laparotomy/methods
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 537-545, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057471

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objective: Remifentanil is used to attenuate maternal hemodynamic response to intubation and surgical stress during Induction-Delivery period of cesarean section. The goal was to compare the effects of two remifentanil dosing regimens on oxidative stress level, in correlation with its hemodynamic and neonatal effects. Methods: Fifty-one patients, 17 per group, enrolled for elective cesarean section were randomly divided by computer-generated codes into three parallel groups: (A) patients received a 1 µg.kg-1 remifentanil bolus immediately before induction, followed by 0.15 µg.kg-1.min-1 infusion, that was stopped after skin incision; (B) patients received a 1 µg.kg-1 remifentanil bolus immediately before induction; (C) (control), patients did not receive remifentanil until delivery. Maternal venous blood samples were taken at basal time, at extraction and 30 minutes after the end of operation for spectrophotometrical determination of malondialdehyde and advanced oxidation protein products concentration. The same was conducted for umbilical venous sample. Results: Systolic blood pressure and heart rate remained significantly lower in group A compared to B and C during entire Induction-Delivery period (p < 0.001, p = 0.02 after intubation; p = 0.006, p = 0.03 after skin incision; p = 0.029, p = 0.04 after extraction; respectively). Malondialdehyde concentration was lower at time of extraction in maternal blood in group A compared to B and C (p = 0.026). All neonatal Apgar scores were ≥ 8 and umbilical acid-base values within normal range. Conclusions: The remifentanil dosing regimen applied in group A significantly attenuated lipid peroxidation and maternal hemodynamic response during entire I-D period, without compromising neonatal outcome.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo: O remifentanil é usado para atenuar a resposta hemodinâmica materna à intubação e ao estresse cirúrgico durante o intervalo indução-parto cesariana. O objetivo foi comparar os efeitos de dois regimes posológicos de remifentanil sobre o nível de estresse oxidativo, em correlação com seus efeitos na hemodinâmica materna e no neonato. Métodos: Mediante códigos gerados por computador, 51 pacientes (17 por grupo) programadas para cesariana eletiva foram randomicamente divididas em três grupos paralelos (A, B e C). No Grupo A, as pacientes receberam remifentanil em bolus de 1 µg.kg-1 imediatamente antes da indução, seguido por infusão de 0,15 µg.kg-1.min-1 que foi interrompida após a incisão da pele; no Grupo B, as pacientes receberam remifentanil em bolus de 1 µg.kg-1 imediatamente antes da indução; no Grupo C (controle), as pacientes não receberam remifentanil até o parto. Amostras de sangue venoso materno foram colhidas no momento basal, na extração do feto e 30 minutos após o término da operação para determinar espectrofotometricamente as concentrações do malondialdeído e dos produtos proteicos de oxidação avançada. O mesmo foi feito para a coleta das amostras de sangue venoso umbilical. Resultados: A pressão arterial sistólica e a frequência cardíaca permaneceram significativamente menores no Grupo A, comparado aos grupos B e C, durante todo o intervalo indução-parto (p < 0,001, p = 0,02 após a intubação; p = 0,006, p = 0,03 após a incisão da pele; p = 0,029, p = 0,04 após a extração do feto, respectivamente). No momento da extração do feto, a concentração do malondialdeído foi menor no sangue materno do Grupo A, comparado aos grupos B e C (p = 0,026). Todos os escores de Apgar neonatais foram ≥ 8 e os valores da avaliação ácido-base do cordão umbilical estavam dentro da faixa normal. Conclusões: O regime posológico de remifentanil aplicado ao Grupo A atenuou de modo significativo a peroxidação lipídica e a resposta hemodinâmica materna durante todo o intervalo indução-parto, sem comprometer o desfecho neonatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Cesarean Section/methods , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Apgar Score , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Drug Administration Schedule , Pregnancy Outcome , Prospective Studies , Remifentanil/pharmacology , Heart Rate/drug effects , Hemodynamics/drug effects
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 631-634, nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057483

ABSTRACT

Abstract Loss of consciousness during spinal anesthesia is a rare but scary complication. This complication is generally related to severe hypotension and bradycardia, but in this case, the loss of consciousness occurred in a hemodynamically stable parturient patient. We present a 31 years-old patient who underwent an emergency cesarean section. She lost consciousness and had apnea that started 10 minutes after successful spinal anesthesia and repeated three times for a total of 25 minutes, despite the stable hemodynamics of the patient. The case was considered a subdural block, and the patient was provided with respiratory support. The subdural block is expected to start slowly (approximately 15-20 minutes), but in this case, after about 10 minutes of receiving anesthesia, the patient suddenly had a loss of consciousness. After the recovery of consciousness and return of spontaneous respiration, the level of a sensory block of the patient, who was cooperative and oriented, was T4. There were motor blocks in both lower extremities. Four hours after intrathecal injection, both the sensory and motor blocks ended, and she was discharged two days later with no complications. Hence, patients who receive spinal anesthesia should be closely observed for any such undesirable complications.


Resumo A perda de consciência durante a raquianestesia é uma complicação rara, mas assustadora. Essa complicação geralmente está relacionada à grave hipotensão e bradicardia, mas, neste caso, a perda de consciência ocorreu em uma paciente parturiente hemodinamicamente estável. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 31 anos, submetida a uma cesariana de emergência. A paciente perdeu a consciência e apresentou apneia que teve início 10 minutos após a raquianestesia bem-sucedida e repetiu o episódio três vezes por 25 minutos, a despeito de sua hemodinâmica estável. O caso foi considerado como um bloqueio subdural e a paciente recebeu suporte respiratório. Espera-se que o bloqueio subdural inicie lentamente (aproximadamente 15-20 minutos), mas, neste caso, cerca de 10 minutos após a anestesia, a paciente repentinamente perdeu a consciência. Após a recuperação da consciência e o retorno da respiração espontânea, a paciente que estava orientada e cooperativa apresentou nível de bloqueio sensorial em T4. Havia bloqueio motor em ambas as extremidades inferiores. O bloqueio sensório-motor terminou quatro horas após a injeção intratecal e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar dois dias depois, sem complicações. Considerando o exposto, os pacientes que recebem raquianestesia devem ser atentamente observados para quaisquer complicações indesejáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Unconsciousness/etiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods
11.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(3): e486, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093660

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los fibromas uterinos, también conocidos como miomas o leiomiomas son los tumores benignos más frecuentes de la porción superior del aparato genital femenino; pueden alcanzar gran tamaño y generalmente no requieren de tratamiento quirúrgico durante el embarazo. La prevalencia del mioma en el embarazo es desconocida. El manejo quirúrgico se reserva solo para los miomas complicados. Objetivo: Mostrar un caso al que se realizó la miomectomía de un gran fibroma suberoso sintomático coexistente con un embarazo de 21 semanas, debido a que no es frecuente su realización en la práctica médica. Presentación de caso: Paciente de 41 años, nulípara, de 21 semanas de gestación, con síntomas compresivos dados por vómitos, molestias digestivas e intolerancia al decúbito supino, afectada por un gran mioma, que fue sometida a miomectomía. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente. Acudió a consultas prenatales cada 15 días hasta las 39,6 semanas, en que se le realizó la cesárea electiva obteniéndose un recién nacido de buen peso y Apgar. Conclusiones: La miomectomía durante el embarazo es un proceder quirúrgico seguro y eficiente con altas tasas de éxito. La discusión del caso es esencial y debe ser realizada por un equipo multidisciplinario, con experiencia probada en cirugía ginecológica(AU)


Introduction: Uterine fibroids, also known as myomas or leiomyomas are the most frequent benign tumors of the upper portion of the female genital tract. They can reach large size and generally do not require surgical treatment during pregnancy. The prevalence of myoma in pregnancy is unknown. Surgical management is reserved only for complicated myomas. Objective: To report a case in which the myomectomy was performed to a large symptomatic suberose fibroid coexisting with a 21-week pregnancy, which is not frequent in medical practice. Case report: A 41-year-old nulliparous patient, 21 weeks pregnant had compressive symptoms due to vomiting, digestive discomfort and intolerance to the supine position. She underwent myomectomy because she was affected by a large myoma. The patient evolved satisfactorily. She was followed up at prenatal consultations every 15 days until 39.6 weeks, when she had an elective caesarean section, resulting a newborn of good weight and Apgar. Conclusions: Myomectomy during pregnancy is a safe and efficient surgical procedure with high success rates. Case discussion is essential and should be carried out by a multidisciplinary team, with proven experience in gynecological surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/surgery , Cesarean Section/methods , Uterine Myomectomy/methods
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(8): 485-492, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042329

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Themoment of admission for deliverymay be inappropriate for offering an intrauterine device (IUD) to women without prenatal contraception counseling. However, in countries with high cesarean rates and deficient prenatal contraception counseling, this strategy may reduce unexpected pregnancies and repeated cesarean sections. Methods This was a prospective cohort study involving 100 women without prenatal contraception counseling. Postplacental IUD was offered after admission for delivery and placed during cesarean. The rates of IUD continuation, uterine perforation, and endometritis were assessed at 6 weeks and 6 months, and the proportion of women continuing with IUD at 6 months was assessed with respect to the number of previous cesareans. Results Ninety-seven women completed the follow-up. The rate of IUD continuation was 91% at 6 weeks and 83.5% at 6 months. The expulsion/removal rate in the first 6 weeks was not different from that between 6 weeks and 6 months (9 vs 9.1%, respectively). There were 2 cases of endometritis (2.1%), and no case of uterine perforation. Among 81 women continuing with intrauterine device after 6-months, 31% had undergone only the cesarean section in which the IUD was inserted, 44% had undergone 2 and 25% had undergone 3 or more cesarean sections. Conclusion Two thirds of the women who continued with IUD at 6 months had undergone 2 ormore cesarean sections. Since offering trial of labor is unusual after 2 or more previous cesareans, we believe that offering IUD after admission for delivery may reduce the risk of repeated cesarean sections and its inherent risks.


Resumo Objetivo O momento da admissão para o parto pode ser considerado inapropriado para oferecer o dispositivo intrauterino (DIU) para mulheres sem aconselhamento contraceptivo pré-natal. Entretanto, em países com elevadas taxas de cesáreas e aconselhamento contraceptivo deficiente, essa estratégia pode reduzir o risco de gestações não programadas e cesáreas repetidas. Métodos Estudo de coorte envolvendo 100 mulheres sem aconselhamento contraceptivo pré-natal. A inserção de DIU pós-dequitação foi oferecida após a admissão para o parto e indicação de cesárea. As taxas de continuidade com o DIU, perfuração uterina e endometrite foram avaliadas após 6 semanas e 6 meses, e a proporção de mulheres que continuaram com o DIU após 6 meses foi analisada em relação ao número de cesáreas prévias. Resultados Noventa e sete mulheres completaram o seguimento. A taxa de permanência do DIU foi de 91% em 6 semanas e 83,5% em 6 meses. A taxa de expulsão/ remoção nas primeiras 6 semanas foi não foi diferente daquela observada entre 6 emanas e 6 meses (9 vs 9,1%, respectivamente). Houve dois casos de endometrite (2,1%), e nenhum caso de perfuração uterina. Entre as 81mulheres que permaneceram como DIU após 6 meses, 31% haviam sido submetidas a apenas uma cesárea, em que o DIU foi inserido, 44% a 2, e 25% a 3 ou mais cesáreas. Conclusão Dois terços das mulheres que continuaram com o DIU após 6 meses haviam sido submetidas a 2 ou mais cesáreas. Considerando que oferecer a tentativa de parto vaginal após duas oumais cesáreas prévias é incomum, é possível que a oferta do DIU na admissão para o parto possa reduzir o risco de cesáreas repetidas e de seus riscos associados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Cesarean Section/methods , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Intrauterine Devices , Prenatal Care , Time Factors , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Counseling , Postpartum Period , Family Planning Services
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(3): 266-271, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013416

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Pregnant women are considered patients at risk for pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents. The study aim was to evaluate the gastric antral cross-sectional area using ultrasound. Method: In this prospective study, 85 scheduled term pregnant women underwent gastric ultrasound. The outcomes were the measurement of the gastric antral cross-sectional area (main outcome), the estimated gastric volume, the incidence of pregnant women at risk for pulmonary aspiration, and the association between gastric antral cross-sectional area and clinical-demographic characteristics. Gastric antral cross-sectional area and gastric volume were compared according to body mass index <30 or ≥30. Results: The median (IIQ) for gastric antral cross-sectional area was 4 cm2 (2.8-6.3), for the estimated gastric volume it was 49.8 mL (33.7-87.2), and for the gastric volume estimated in mL.kg-1 it was 0.62 mL.kg-1 (0.39-0.95). The 95th percentile [95% confidence interval (CI)] of the gastric antral cross-sectional area and the estimated gastric volume were ≤10.3 cm2 (95% CI: 7.6-15.6) and 1.42 mL.kg-1 (95% CI: 1.20-2.64), respectively. The incidence of pregnant women at risk for pulmonary aspiration was 3.5% (CI: 3.5 (1.2-9.8)). There was a positive correlation between gastric antral cross-sectional area and weight, p < 0.001 and body mass index <0.001. Patients with a body mass index ≥30 had a gastric antral cross-sectional area and an estimated gastric volume greater than those with a body mass index <30, respectively, p < 0.01 and p < 0.02. Conclusion: Measuring the gastric antral cross-sectional area of pregnant women is feasible and easy. There was positive correlation between gastric antral cross-sectional area, body weight and body mass index. The estimation of gastric volume by measuring the gastric antral cross-sectional area can identify patients at risk for pulmonary aspiration. Obese patients had a gastric antral cross-sectional area and an estimated gastric volume greater than non-obese patients.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: As gestantes são consideradas pacientes de risco para aspiração pulmonar do conteúdo gástrico. O objetivo foi avaliar a área transversal do antro gástrico por meio de ultrassonografia. Método: Neste estudo prospectivo, 85 gestantes a termo agendadas foram submetidas à ultrassonografia do antro gástrico. Os desfechos foram a mensuração da área transversal do antro gástrico (desfecho principal), a estimativa do volume gástrico, a incidência de gestantes sob risco de aspiração pulmonar, a associação entre a área transversal do antro gástrico e características clínico-demográficas. A área transversal do antro gástrico e do volume gástrico foi comparada de acordo com o índice de massa corporal < 30 ou ≥ 30. Resultados: A mediana (IIQ) da área transversal do antro gástrico foi 4 cm2 (2,8-6,3), do volume gástrico estimado 49,8 mL (33,7-87,2) e do volume gástrico estimado em mL.kg-1 de 0,62 mL.kg-1 (0,39-0,95). O percentil 95 [intervalo de confiança (IC) 95%] da área transversal do antro gástrico e do volume gástrico estimado foi ≤ 10,3 cm2 (IC 95%: 7,6-15,6) e 1,42 mL.kg-1 (IC 95%: 1,20-2,64), respectivamente. A incidência de gestantes sob risco de aspiração pulmonar foi de 3,5% (IC: 3,5 (1,2-9,8). Houve correlação positiva entre a área transversal do antro gástrico e peso, p < 0,001 e índice de massa corporal p < 0,001. As pacientes com índice de massa corporal ≥ 30 apresentaram maior área transversal do antro gástrico, e do volume gástrico estimado, do que as com índice de massa corporal < 30, respectivamente p < 0,01 e p < 0,02. Conclusão: A mensuração da área transversal do antro gástrico de gestantes é factível e fácil. A área transversal do antro gástrico correlacionou-se positivamente com peso e índice de massa corporal. A estimativa do volume gástrico através da mensuração da área transversal do antro gástrico pode identificar pacientes sob risco de aspiração pulmonar. As pacientes obesas apresentaram área transversal do antro gástrico e volume gástrico estimado maior do que as não obesas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pyloric Antrum/diagnostic imaging , Cohort Studies , Ultrasonography/methods , Respiratory Aspiration/prevention & control , Preoperative Care/methods , Body Mass Index , Cesarean Section/methods , Prospective Studies , Gastrointestinal Contents/diagnostic imaging , Obesity/complications
14.
Health sci. dis ; 20(5): 13-17, 2019. ilus
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1262820

ABSTRACT

Introduction. La césarienne est un acte chirurgical le plus souvent réalisé sous rachianesthésie. Le but de ce travail était d'évaluer la qualité de l'analgésie chez des parturientes ayant bénéficié d'une césarienne pratiquée sous rachianesthésie associant bupivacaïne, fentanyl et morphine. Patientes et méthodes. Il s'agit d'une étude prospective, descriptive, d'une durée de deux ans (1er mai 2016 au 30 avril 2018). Les critères d'inclusion étaient: être opérée pour césarienne en chirurgie programmée ou en urgence relative, être sous rachianesthésie réalisée avec l'association bupivacaïne, fentanyl et morphine. Les variables étudiées étaient les données sociodémographiques, les paramètres hémodynamiques et respiratoires, l'apparition de la douleur, la durée des blocs sensitif et moteur, les effets indésirables et la satisfaction de la patiente. Résultats. 1645 césariennes ont été pratiquées soit 18,5% des naissances. 250 patientes ont été retenues, 160 (64%) en urgence relative et 90 (36%) en chirurgie programmée. L'âge moyen des patientes était de 27,5 ± 6,1 ans. L'extension des blocs était au niveau de T6 dans 64% des cas. Les besoins en analgésiques intraveineux étaient observés à H4, H8 et H12 pour 15 patientes (6%), 25 patientes (10%) et 80 (32%) respectivement. Les effets secondaires les plus rencontrés étaient les nausées-vomissements (12%) et le prurit (18%). Le taux de satisfaction des parturientes concernant les informations sur la technique et le protocole anesthésique était de 92%. Conclusion. Le protocole bupivacaïne-fentanyl-morphine en intrathécal procure une analgésie efficace et durable. Il devrait s'intégrer dans notre stratégie d'analgésie multimodale postopératoire


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Analgesia, Obstetrical , Anesthesia, Spinal , Bupivacaine , Cesarean Section/methods , Drug Therapy, Combination , Fentanyl , Gabon , Morphine
15.
J. Public Health Africa (Online) ; 10(1): 1-5, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1263179

ABSTRACT

Since the adoption of free obstetric care policy in Guinea in 2011, no study has examined the surgical site infections in maternity facilities. The objective of this study was to assess the trends of and factors associated with surgical site infection following cesarean section in Guinean maternity facilities from 2013 to 2015. This was a retrospective cohort study using routine medical data from ten facilities. Overall, the incidence of surgical site infections following cesarean section showed a declining trend across the three periods (10% in 2013, 7% in 2014 and 5% in 2015, P<0.001). Women who underwent cesarean section in 2014 (AOR: 0.70; 95%CI: 0.57-0.84) and 2015 (AOR: 0.43; 95%CI: 0.34-0.55) were less likely to develop surgical site infections during hospital stay than women operated in 2013. In the contrary, women with comorbidities were more likely to experience surgical site infection (AOR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.25-1.90) than those who did not have comorbidities. The reductions achieved in 2014 and 2015 (during the Ebola outbreak) should be sustained in the post-Ebola context


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section/methods , Cesarean Section/trends , Guinea , Hospitals, Maternity , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control
16.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 17(3): 1-7, set.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991037

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anestesia regional es la más empleada en la cesárea obstétrica. En particular, el uso de la anestesia intratecal tiene sus ventajas. Aunque la tasa de falla es baja, la aparición de este evento genera dificultades que merecen atención. Objetivo: Describir la conducta anestésica en una paciente obstétrica en la que falla la anestesia regional intratecal. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina, de 20 años a la que se le administró anestesia intratecal por el especialista. No hubo errores en la punción lumbar, esta se realizó con trócar 25 punta Whitacre. No se constató bloqueo sensitivo, motor ni simpático, por lo que se realizó anestesia general endotraqueal, la cual transcurrió sin dificultades. En el posoperatorio inmediato se observa hiperlaxitud articular lo que llevó a sospechar el diagnóstico. Este fue positivo conjuntamente con el servicio de Neurología, se determinó Síndrome de Ehlers danlos tipo III. Conclusiones: El índice de falla es muy bajo en anestesia suaracnoidea pero si se presenta un paciente de este tipo, debe descartarse por completo. Existen pocos casos documentados de resistencia a la anestesia local; pero si así fuera, debe estudiarse exhaustivamente para buscar estrategias que permitan un acto anestésico óptimo(AU)


Introduction: Regional anesthesia is the most used in obstetric caesarean section. In particular, the use of intrathecal anesthesia has its advantages. Although the failure rate is low, the onset of this event generates difficulties that deserve attention. Objective: To describe the anesthetic management in an obstetric patient with failure of regional intrathecal anesthesia. Clinical case: Female patient, aged 20 years, who was administered intrathecal anesthesia by the specialist. There were no errors in the lumbar puncture, this was done with a trocar 25 of Whitacre tip. No sensory, motor or sympathetic block was observed, so general endotracheal anesthesia was performed, which went on smoothly. In the immediate postoperative period, joint hypermobility was observed, leading to suspicion of the diagnosis. This was positive in conjunction with the Neurology service, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 3 was determined. Conclusions: The failure rate is very low for subarachnoid anesthesia. However, for a patient of this type, it should be completely ruled out. There are few documented cases of resistance to local anesthesia. If it were the case, it should be studied exhaustively to look for strategies that allow an optimal anesthetic management(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Drug Resistance/genetics , Cesarean Section/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/complications , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/methods
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(5): 513-526, nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978126

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El espectro de acretismo placentario es un fenómeno infrecuente del embarazo cuya incidencia ha aumentado considerablemente y que está caracterizado por el anclaje anormal de las vellosidades coriónicas al miometrio, lo cual aumenta la morbi-mortalidad materna durante la resolución quirúrgica. Según las capas uterinas comprometidas, serán clasificadas como placenta acreta (contacta miometrio), increta (penetra miometrio) y percreta (compromete todo el miometrio y/o eventualmente órganos adyacentes), siendo su mayor factor de riesgo: la cesárea anterior y la placenta previa. En este artículo se realizó una revisión bibliográfica abarcando definiciones, diagnóstico y las nuevas tendencias en manejo quirúrgico no conservador propuesto en la nueva guía de la Federación Internacional de Ginecología y Obstetricia publicada en 2018 y elaborando una discusión respecto a ellas.


SUMMARY Placenta accreta spectrum is an uncommon phenomenon of pregnancy whose incidence has increased considerably over time and is characterized by the abnormal anchoring of the chorionic villi to the myometrium, which increases maternal morbidity and mortality during surgical resolution. According to the compromised uterine layers, they will be classified as placenta accreta (contacts myometrium), increta (penetrates myometrium) and percreta (compromises the entire myometrium and / or possibly adjacent organs), being previous caesarean section and placenta previous its major risk factor. In this review, we included definitions, diagnosis, and the new topics in non-conservative surgical management developed by the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecolgy published in 2018, and developing a discussion of the topic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Placenta Accreta/diagnosis , Placenta Accreta/physiopathology , Cesarean Section/methods , Hysterectomy
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 1027-1036, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973478

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To compare two suture threads, poliglecaprone 25 and nylon, used as intradermal suture for skin closure in women undergoing their first cesarean section. Methods: This is a randomized clinical trial. A total of 60 women undergoing their first cesarean section were enrolled and prospectively assessed. They were randomly allocated to group I (n=30), which received an intradermal suture with nylon 4.0 or to group II (n=30), which had an intradermal suture with poliglecaprone 25, 4.0. The main author took standardized photographs of the scar 6 months after the operation. Four independent raters, two senior obstetricians and two senior plastic surgeons (a male and a female physician from each specialty) assessed the photographs.The panelists rated the scar according to Trimbos scale, composed by the subscales hypertrophy, color and width of the scar. Results: At baseline, patients in both groups were similar regarding age and body mass index. Five patients withdraw the study, four from group and one from group II. Scars of patients from group II were significantly less hypertrophic (p=0.001), thinner (p=0.019) and had more acceptable color (p=0.019). Conclusion: The intradermal suture with poliglecaprone 25 for skin closure after cesarean incision provides better aesthetic result.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polyesters/therapeutic use , Sutures , Cesarean Section/methods , Suture Techniques , Cicatrix , Dioxanes/therapeutic use , Nylons , Reference Values , Biocompatible Materials , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Esthetics
19.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 44(3): 1-8, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093602

ABSTRACT

En Cuba, la primera operación cesárea en madre muerta para el sabio bibliógrafo cubano don Carlos M. Trelles Govín (1866-1951), se practicó en La Habana en 1825, pero no se cita quien la realizó ni la fuente bibliográfica, documental o testimonial por la que conoció tan importante información. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo dar continuidad a la historia de la cesárea. En este momento, la búsqueda se enclavó en nuestro país y los inicios de este tipo de operación. Se realizó un recorrido por las diferentes etapas de la cesárea en Cuba. Sobre todo, en los doctores que, en su tiempo, fueron vanguardias en la ciencia(AU)


In Cuba, the first Cesarean section in a dead mother for the wise Cuban bibliographer, Carlos M. Trelles Govín (1866-1951), was practiced in Havana in 1825, but neither the person who made it nor the bibliographic, documentary or testimonial source was cited. for which he knew such important information. The present work aims to give continuity to the history of cesarean section. At this time, the search was enclaved in our country and the beginnings of this type of operation. A tour of the different stages of caesarean section in Cuba was made. Above all, in the doctors who, in their time, were vanguards in science(AU)


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section/methods , Cesarean Section/history , Cuba
20.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 44(1): 1-9, ene.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978440

ABSTRACT

Los traumatismos craneoencefálicos constituyen una epidemia silenciosa para la Organización Mundial de la Salud; y en específico, las fracturas de cráneo tienen una incidencia elevada en la sociedad moderna. El objetivo es presentar el caso de una embarazada con una fractura craneal antigua (fractura-hundimiento frontal) que condiciona la indicación de una cesárea electiva. Además, resulta una afectación anatómica poco habitual en la práctica de la Obstetricia. Se presenta una gestante de 22 años que a la edad de 4 años sufrió trauma craneoencefálico al caer accidentalmente desde un cuarto piso. Se impactó en la región frontal del cráneo con un recipiente de cerámica pesado. Quedó inconsciente y con sangrado profuso, se operó de urgencia y la paciente quedó sin secuela clínica de daño cerebral, pero con deformidad craneal por hundimiento de forma ovalada bien delimitada. Se determinó cesárea electiva por orientación del Programa Materno Infantil Nacional a las 40,5 semanas, peso del recién nacido 3 802 g y Apgar 9-9. Tuvo una evolución satisfactoria durante su atención prenatal y puerperio. La valoración y el manejo de una gestante con antecedentes de un traumatismo craneoencefálico antiguo requieren de un seguimiento multidisciplinario que involucre a obstetras, neurocirujanos, neurólogos y otros especialistas, con vistas a evitar las complicaciones que una afección como esta, pueden resultar letales para la madre o el feto(AU)


Cranium cerebral trauma constitutes a silent epidemic for the World Organization of the Health; and specifically skull fractures have risen incidence in the modern society. To present the case of a pregnant woman with an old cranial fracture (front fracture-sinking) that conditions the indication of elective caesarean operation. In addition, it is an unusual anatomical involvement in Obstetrics practice. We present the case of a 22 year-old pregnant that suffered encephalic skull trauma at the age of 4. This trauma is the result of her falling accidentally from a fourth floor to a heavy ceramic recipient and she impacted the front region of her skull. She was unconscious and bled profusely. She underwent urgent surgery. She survived without clinical sequel of cerebral damage but she has cranial sinking deformity in a well-defined oval way. Elective caesarean operation is determined by orientation from the national infantile maternal program to the 40,5 weeks, weight of the newly born 3 802 grams, Apgar 9-9. Satisfactory evolution during their prenatal attention and puerperium. Elective cesarean section is determined at 40.5 weeks, the newborn weight 3 802 g, Apgar 9-9, in alignment with the Cuban national program for the mother and the child. She had a satisfactory evolution during her prenatal and puerperal care. The assessment and management of a pregnant woman with a history of an old cranioencephalic trauma requires multidisciplinary monitoring involving obstetricians, neurosurgeons, neurologists and other specialists, for avoiding complications which can be lethal to the mother or the fetus(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cesarean Section/methods , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/epidemiology , Skull Fracture, Basilar
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