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1.
Rev. argent. salud publica ; 14: 1-9, 20 de Enero del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, ARGMSAL | ID: biblio-1353587

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La provincia de La Rioja es endémica para la enfermedad de Chagas, que es transmitida principalmente en forma vectorial por el insecto hematófago Triatoma infestans (vinchuca). El objetivo de este trabajo fue generar un abordaje integrador para conocer la importancia asignada por la comunidad a la enfermedad de Chagas y sus vectores, y relevar información relacionada con la prevención de la transmisión. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal con un abordaje mixto no probabilístico mediante una encuesta semiestructurada, con la cual se indagaron las percepciones de 96 pobladores pertenecientes a 41 localidades de Los Llanos riojanos. RESULTADOS: T. infestans apareció en sexto lugar entre los animales que más preocupan a la población. El 83% de los encuestados fue capaz de identificar correctamente a los adultos de T. infestans respecto de otros triatominos. Sin embargo, el 79% expresó confusión con relación al proceso de transmisión vectorial de la enfermedad de Chagas. El gallinero fue reconocido como el sitio más frecuente donde se encontraban vinchucas, seguido por los corrales. El 92% informó que nunca había colectado insectos que encontraba en su vivienda para llevarlos a analizar a un centro de salud. DISCUSIÓN: Esta investigación descriptiva permitió generar información útil para guiar el trabajo en conjunto con las comunidades locales e identificar aspectos a ser abordados para evitar la transmisión vectorial de Chagas en el área de estudio.


Subject(s)
Argentina , Chagas Disease , Health Promotion
2.
MedUNAB ; 24(3): 387-391, 202112.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353470

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Chagas es una zoonosis producida por la infección del Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) (1), cuya principal vía de transmisión es vectorial (2). Esta enfermedad se caracteriza por ser una infección crónica que puede ocasionar daños cardiacos, digestivos y neurológicos irreversibles (3). En el departamento del Putumayo, de acuerdo con los datos del Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica (SIVIGILA), entre el año 2015 y el 2020, se han notificado 19 casos de Chagas crónico y 4 casos de Chagas agudos (4). Por este motivo resulta de gran interés compartir con los lectores de la revista MedUNAB la actualización de la distribución geográfica de los triatominos, vectores de la enfermedad de Chagas, y establecer el riesgo epidemiológico que representan para la población Putumayense, donde hay hallazgos de gran importancia porque se identifican especies en municipios y localidades donde antes no se conocían. Palabras claves: Triatominae; Enfermedad de Chagas; Infección por Trypanosoma cruzi; Infecciones; Insectos Vectores; Colombia.


Chagas Disease is a zoonotic disease produced by infection with Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) (1), whose main route of transmission is vectorial (2). This disease is characterized by being a chronic infection that can cause irreversible cardiac, digestive, and neurological damage (3). In the department of Putumayo, according to data from the epidemiological surveillance system (SIVIGILA, for the Spanish original), between 2015 and 2020, 19 chronic cases and 4 acute cases of Chagas were reported (4). For this reason, it is important to share with the readers of the MedUNAB journal the update to the geographical distribution of triatomines, vectors of Chagas Disease, and to establish the epidemiological risk that they represent for the population of Putumayo, where there are findings of great importance as species are identified in municipalities and localities where they were not previously found. Keywords: Triatominae; Chagas Disease; Trypanosoma cruzi; Infections; Insect Vectors; Colombia.


A doença de Chagas é uma zoonose causada por infecção com Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) (1), cujo principal modo de transmissão é vetorial (2). Esta doença é uma infecção crônica que pode causar danos cardíacos, digestivos e neurológicos irreversíveis (3). No Departamento de Putumayo, de acordo com dados do Sistema de Vigilância Epidemiológica (SIVIGILA), entre 2015 e 2020, foram notificados 19 casos de Chagas crônica e quatro casos de Chagas aguda (4). Por esta razão, é de grande interesse compartilhar com os leitores da revista MedUNAB a atualização da distribuição geográfica dos triatomíneos, vetores da doença de Chagas, e estabelecer o risco epidemiológico que representam para a população de Putumayo, onde há descobertas de grande importância, pois são identificadas espécies em municípios e localidades onde antes eram desconhecidas. Palavras-chave: Triatominae; Doença de Chagas; Infecção por Trypanosoma cruzi; Infecções; Insetos Vetores; Colômbia.


Subject(s)
Chagas Disease , Triatominae , Colombia , Infections , Insect Vectors
3.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(4): 410-416, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350825

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The screening of Trypanosoma cruzi-infected blood donors using two serological techniques frequently leads to conflicting results. This fact prompted us to evaluate the diagnostic performance of four "in-house" immunodiagnostic tests and two commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Material and Methods: One hundred and seventy-nine blood donors, whose screening for Chagas disease was doubtful, underwent three in-house ELISAs, one in-house immunoblotting test (TESA-blot), and two commercial ELISAs (bioMérieux and Wiener) in an attempt to define the presence or absence of infection. Simultaneously, 29 donors with previous positive results from three conventional serological tests and 30 donors with constant negative results were evaluated. Results: The ELISA-Wiener showed the highest rate in sensitivity (98.92%) and the ELISA-bioMérieux, the highest specificity (99.45%), followed by the TESA-blot, which showed superior performance, with lower false-negative (2.18%) and false-positive (1.12%) rates. In series, the combination composed of the TESA-blot and ELISA-bioMérieux showed slightly superior performance, with trifunctional protein deficiency (TFP) = 0.01%. Conclusion: Our study confirms the high sensitivity and specificity of commercial kits. To confirm the presence or absence of T. cruzi infection, the combination of TESA-blot and ELISA-bioMérieux may be suggested as the best alternative. Individually, the TESA-blot performed the closest to the gold standard; however, it is not commercially available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypanosoma cruzi , Immunologic Tests , Chagas Disease , Blood Donors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunoblotting
4.
Rev. APS ; 24(Supl 1): 70-85, 2021-12-31.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1366641

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: classificar pacientes chagásicos com a forma digestiva da doença associando com variáveis demográficas, clínicas e de utilização de serviços de saúde, além de analisar as possibilidades de atuação da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) no manejo e acompanhamento dos casos. Casuística e métodos: estudo transversal com base em dados secundários provenientes de prontuários. Foram utilizadas as classificações do megaesôfago e do megacólon propostas por Rezende (1982) e Silva (2013), respectivamente. Resultados: Foram analisados 156 prontuários, sendo 94 (60,2%) relativos a megaesôfagos, 29 (18,6%) a megacólons e 29 (18,6%) a ambas as formas clínicas. O maior número de internações (p=0,02; OR=3,71) e de dias internados (p<0,01; OR=3,30) foi associado aos pacientes classificados nos grupos III e IV de megaesôfago. Em relação ao sexo masculino (p=0,02), o maior número de internações (p<0,0001) e de dias internados (p<0,0001) foi associado aos pacientes classificados no grau III de megacólon. Conclusões: Concluiu-se que a APS possui papel importante na diminuição da sobrecarga dos serviços de média e alta complexidade com o acompanhamento dos casos estáveis e menos graves e que a melhoria da qualidade de vida dos pacientes chagásicos é um efeito direto que pode ser esperado do protagonismo da APS neste cuidado.


Objectives: To classify chagasic patients with the digestive form of the disease, associating with demographic, clinical, and use of health services variables, in addition to analyzing the possibilities of Primary Health Care (PHC) acting in the management and follow-up of cases. Casuistry and Methods: A cross-sectional study based on secondary data from medical records was conducted. We used the classification of megaesophagus and megacolon proposed by Rezende (1982) and Silva (2013), respectively. Results: 156 medical records were analyzed: 94 (60.2%) related to megaesophagus, 29 (18.6%) to megacolon, and 29 (18.6%) with both clinical forms. The highest number of hospitalizations (p=0.02; OR=3.71) and days hospitalized (p<0.01; OR=3.30) were associated with patients classified in groups III and IV with megaesophagus. Male gender (p=0.02), more hospitalizations (p=0.0001), and more days in the hospital (p=0.0001) were all linked to patients classified as having gradeIII megacolon. Conclusions: We concluded that PHC has an important role in reducing the burden of medium and high-complexity services with the monitoring of stable and less severe cases. It also demonstrated the direct effect of PHC protagonism on the improvement of chagasic patients' quality of life.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Quality of Life , Esophageal Achalasia , Chagas Disease , Health Services , Megacolon
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(4): 867-871, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153428

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chagas disease (CD) is considered a typical low-income population sickness of the developing countries in Latin America. Given the historical relevance of CD in individuals in southern Rio Grande do Sul (RS) State, Brazil, the aim of this study was to identify the knowledge of the CD and its vectors by cardiac patients, and the prevalence of anti-T cruzi antibodies in these individuals in Pelotas, city located in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) state, Brazil. The subjects with cardiac disease were submitted to a semi-structured questionnaire as well as two serological tests in order to detect anti-T. cruzi IgG antibodies. Of the individuals that born in municipalities showing the highest triatomine infestation rates in recent decades, 81.8% were able to recognize the vector insect (p = 0.0042; OR = 5.9), and 83.3% reported either themselves or someone in their families to have CD (p = 0.043, OR = 5.2). Of the 54 patients submitted to serological analysis, only 01 patient (1.9%) was positive for anti-T. cruzi antibodies, a 55 year old man from the rural area of Canguçu county. This study provides support for the evaluation to be extended to other cardiology centers, given the importance of Chagas disease in Brazil.


Resumo A doença de Chagas (DC) é considerada uma doença típica da população de baixa renda dos países em desenvolvimento da América Latina. Dada a relevância histórica da DC em indivíduos do sul do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RS), o objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o conhecimento da doença de Chagas (DC) e seus vetores em pacientes cardíacos, e a prevalência de anticorpos anti-T cruzi nesses indivíduos, em Pelotas, cidade localizada no Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brasil. Os pacientes cardiopatas foram submetidos a um questionário semiestruturado, e também a dois testes sorológicos para detecção de anticorpos anti-T. cruzi IgG. Dos indivíduos que nasceram em municípios com as maiores taxas de infestação por triatomíneos nas últimas décadas, 81,8% foram capazes de reconhecer o inseto vetor (p = 0,0042; OR = 5,9), e 83,3% relataram que eles próprios ou alguém em suas famílias tem DC (p = 0,043, OR = 5,2). Dos 54 pacientes submetidos à análise sorológica, apenas 01 paciente (1,9%) foi positivo para anticorpos anti-T.cruzi, um homem de 55 anos da área rural do município de Canguçu. Este estudo fornece subsídios para que a avaliação seja estendida a outros centros de cardiologia, devido à importância da doença de Chagas no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Middle Aged , Trypanosoma cruzi , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Insect Vectors
6.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(3): 1-6, 30 de diciembre del 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352457

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad de Chagas es una afección parasitaria, transmitida por vectores con características eco epidemiológicas causada por el protozoario Trypanosoma cruzi, del 2013 al 2019 el Ecuador reportó 108 casos agudos de los cuales 7 estuvieron en la provincia de Pichincha. Presentamos el caso por sus características eco-epidemiológicas. Caso clínico: un caso agudo de paciente masculino de 14 años, residente en zona no endémica que inició con signo de Romaña, fiebre de tres semanas de evolución con esplenomegalia leve e hipertrofia concéntrica del ventrículo izquierdo. Evolución: el paciente fue tratado con benznidazol 7mg/kg/día vía oral cada 8 horas por dos meses, medidas de soporte y seguimiento multidisciplinario. Conclusión: La zona de detección fue el noreste del distrito metropolitano de Quito, la cual es parte del distrito de salud 17D01, sin reportes previos hasta el año 2016, cuya aparición se podría relacionar con cambios en el ecosistema local y el impacto en la transmisión de enfermedades vectoriales.


Introduction: Chagas disease is a parasitic disease transmitted by vectors with echo-epidemiological characteristics caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. From 2013 to 2019, Ecuador reported 108 acute cases, of which 7 were in the province of Pichincha. We present the case due to its ecoepidemiological characteristics. Clinical case: An acute case of a 14-year-old male resident in a nonendemic area that began with Romaña's sign, fever of three weeks of evolution with mild splenomegaly and concentric hypertrophy of the left ventricle. Evolution: The patient was treated with benznidazole 7 mg/kg/day orally every 8 hours for two months, support measures and multidisciplinary follow-up. Conclusion: The detection zone was the northeast of the metropolitan district of Quito, which is part of health district 17D01, without previous reports until 2016, whose appearance could be related to changes in the local ecosystem and the impact on the transmission of vector diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Case Reports , Chagas Disease , Trypanosoma cruzi , Climate Change , Chagas Cardiomyopathy
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(5): 934-941, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350016

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A doença de Chagas leva à redução da capacidade funcional. Entretanto, o estágio em que o comprometimento funcional é detectável permanece obscuro. Objetivos: O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar a capacidade funcional de pacientes em diferentes estágios da doença de Chagas e de indivíduos saudáveis e verificar os determinantes do consumo de oxigênio de pico (VO2pico). Métodos: Em um estudo transversal, foram selecionados 160 indivíduos, 35 saudáveis e 125 com doença de Chagas. No grupo chagásico, 61 (49%) estavam na forma indeterminada da doença, 45 (36%) com cardiomiopatia chagásica (CC) e função cardíaca preservada e 19 (15%) com disfunção cardíaca e CC dilatada. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise de regressão univariada e multivariada. A significância estatística foi fixada em 5%. Resultados: Pacientes na forma indeterminada da doença apresentaram capacidade funcional semelhante a indivíduos saudáveis (p> 0,05). Pacientes com ChC e função cardíaca preservada apresentaram VO2pico menor que os pacientes na forma indeterminada (p <0,05), mas apresentaram valores de VO2pico semelhantes ao ChC dilatado (p = 0,46). A idade, sexo masculino, classe funcional da NYHA, pressão arterial diastólica, razão entre a velocidade do fluxo transmitral diastólico precoce e a velocidade anular mitral diastólica precoce, a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) e o diâmetro diastólico final do ventrículo esquerdo foram associados à capacidade funcional. Porém, apenas idade, sexo masculino, FEVE e classe funcional da NYHA permaneceram associados ao VO2pico no modelo final (R2 ajustado = 0,60). Conclusão: Pacientes com CC apresentam menor capacidade funcional do que pacientes na forma indeterminada. FEVE, idade, sexo masculino e classe funcional da NYHA foram determinantes do VO2pico em pacientes com doença de Chagas.


Abstract Background: Chagas disease leads to reduced functional capacity. However, the stage at which functional impairment is detectable remains unclear. Objectives: The present study was addressed to compare the functional capacity of patients at different stages of Chagas disease and healthy individuals and to verify the determinants of peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 160 individuals were selected, 35 healthy and 125 with Chagas disease. In the Chagasic group, 61 (49%) were in the indeterminate form of the disease, 45 (36%) with Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChC) and preserved cardiac function and 19 (15%) with cardiac dysfunction and dilated ChC. The data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: Patients in the indeterminate form of disease showed similar functional capacity to healthy individuals (p>0.05). Patients with ChC and preserved cardiac function had lower VO2peak than patients in the indeterminate form (p<0.05), but showed similar VO2peak values than dilated ChC (p=0.46). The age, male sex, NYHA functional class, diastolic blood pressure, ratio of the early diastolic transmitral flow velocity to early diastolic mitral annular velocity, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter were associated with functional capacity. However, only age, male sex, LVEF and NYHA functional class, remained associated with VO2peak in the final model (adjusted R2=0.60). Conclusion: Patients with ChC had lower functional capacity than patients in the indeterminate form. LVEF, age, male sex and NYHA functional class were determinants with VO2peak in patients with Chagas disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Chagas Cardiomyopathy , Chagas Disease , Stroke Volume , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Diastole
10.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(4): 808-823, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343982

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo objetivou analisar a produção científica brasileira sobre a doença de Chagas a partir de publicações indexadas na base de dados Web of Science. Foram coletados e analisados os dados de 1.008 publicações no período entre 2006 e 2020. A interpretação dos dados permitiu identificar um expressivo crescimento da produção científica brasileira sobre a doença de Chagas e a abrangência da temática em periódicos internacionais. Contudo, há um enfoque nas áreas biomédicas do conhecimento com destaque para a Parasitologia e um diminuto número de investigações direcionadas às áreas da Saúde Pública, Ciências Sociais e Farmacêuticas. A bibliometria desvelou as lacunas ainda existentes na produção nacional e a necessidade de fortalecimento de políticas direcionadas a editais de pesquisa no país.


The present study aimed to analyze the Brazilian scientific production on Chagas disease from publications indexed in the Web of Science database. Data from 1,008 articles published between 2006 and 2020 were collected and analyzed. The interpretation of the data allowed the identification of an expressive growth of Brazilian scientific production on Chagas disease and comprehensiveness of the theme in international journals. However, there is a focus on the biomedical areas of knowledge with emphasis on Parasitology and a small number of investigations directed to the areas of Public Health, Social Sciences and Pharmaceuticals. The bibliometry revealed the gaps that still exist in the national production and the need to strengthen policies directed to research edicts in the country.


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la producción científica brasileña sobre la enfermedad de Chagas, a partir de las publicaciones indexadas en la base de datos Web of Science. Se recogieron y analizaron los datos de 1.008 artículos publicados entre 2006 y 2020. La interpretación de los datos permitió identificar un crecimiento expresivo de la producción científica brasileña sobre la enfermedad de Chagas y la amplitud del tema en las revistas internacionales. Sin embargo, hay un enfoque en las áreas biomédicas del conocimiento con énfasis en la Parasitología y un pequeño número de investigaciones dirigidas a las áreas de Salud Pública, Ciencias Sociales y Farmacéutica. La bibliometría reveló las lagunas que aún existen en la producción nacional y la necesidad de fortalecer las políticas dirigidas a los edictos de investigación en el país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Bibliometrics , Chagas Disease , Scientific and Technical Activities , Neglected Diseases , Parasitology , Tropical Medicine , Data Analysis
11.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(281): 6319-6334, out.-2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344421

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Construir e validar uma tecnologia gerencial, baseada no referencial teórico de Dorothea Orem, para mediar à consulta de enfermagem ao paciente com doença de chagas no Ambulatório de Cardiopatia Chagásica de uma instituição de ensino no município de Belém/Pa. Método: Pesquisa metodológica do tipo exploratória com abordagem quantitativa, realizada no período de maio a novembro de 2019, constituída em duas fases: elaboração do instrumento; submissão, avaliação e validação do instrumento por juízes especialistas. Resultados: Com exceção de um único item do instrumento, todo este foi validado com concordância de 95,12%. Conclusão: O instrumento validado contribuirá para a implementação da assistência a população. Os princípios da teoria do autocuidado são aplicáveis e pertinentes para planejar e avaliar a assistência aos pacientes que, neste estudo, especificamente, são os que vivem com doença de chagas, assim, este estudo proporciona aos enfermeiros um instrumento baseado em evidências científicas e validado por profissionais qualificados.(AU)


Objective: To construct and validate a management technology, based on Dorothea Orem's theoretical framework, to mediate the nursing consultation with patients with chagas disease at the Chagas Heart Disease Outpatient Clinic of an educational institution in the city of Belém/Pa. Method: Exploratory methodological research with quantitative approach, carried out from May to November 2019, consisting of two phases: elaboration of the instrument; submission, evaluation and validation of the instrument by expert judges. Results: With the exception of a single item of the instrument, the whole of this was validated with agreement of 95.12%. Conclusion: The validated instrument will contribute to the implementation of assistance to the population. The principles of the theory of self-care are applicable and pertinent to plan and evaluate care for patients who, in this study, specifically, are those living with Chagas disease, thus, this study provides nurses with an instrument based on scientific evidence and validated by qualified professionals.(AU)


Objetivo: Construir y validar una tecnología de manejo, basada en el marco teórico de Dorothea Orem, para mediar la consulta de enfermería con pacientes con enfermedad de Chagas en el Ambulatorio de Cardiopatías de Chagas de una institución educativa de la ciudad de Belém/Pa. Método: Investigación metodológica exploratoria con enfoque cuantitativo, realizada de mayo a noviembre de 2019, constituida en dos fases: elaboración del instrumento; presentación, evaluación y validación del instrumento por jueces expertos. Resultados: Con la excepción de un solo ítem del instrumento, el conjunto de este fue validado con concordancia de 95,12%. Conclusión: El instrumento validado contribuirá a la implementación de la asistencia a la población. Los principios de la teoría del autocuidado son aplicables y pertinentes para planificar y evaluar la atención de los pacientes que, en este estudio, específicamente, son los que viven con la enfermedad de Chagas, por lo que este estudio brinda al enfermero un instrumento basado en evidencia científica y validada. por profesionales calificados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Disease , Biomedical Technology/instrumentation , Nursing Care
12.
Ludovica pediátr ; 24(1): 6-14, Ene.-Jul.2021.
Article in Spanish | Redbvs, LILACS, Redbvs, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1293217

ABSTRACT

Introducción:La transmisión congénita de Trypanosoma cruzi constituye, en la actualidad, la vía que genera mayor cantidad de nuevos casos de infección aguda. El diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano aseguran una elevada probabilidad de cura parasitológica. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar el seguimiento de potenciales casos de Chagas Congénito, estimar la tasa de transmisión materno-fetal y la capacidad diagnóstica del microhematocrito. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal sobre hijos de mujeres con Chagas, que concurrieron al Laboratorio Central del H.I.A.E.P. Sor María Ludovica durante abril 2013-febrero 2019. Los niños fueron estudiados por microhematocrito y pruebas serológicas. Los resultados se obtuvieron del Sistema Informático de Laboratorio de Wiener®. Resultados: En el período de tiempo evaluado, fueron estudiados por microhematocrito un total de 268 niños (edad promedio= 2,35 meses), obteniéndose 16 resultados positivos. De los 252 niños con microhematocrito negativo, 58 fueron seguidos por pruebas serológicas hasta el año de vida, obteniéndose 3 resultados positivos. Se evidenció una pérdida de seguimiento serológico del 77%. La tasa de transmisión congénita estimada fue del 6,9% y el porcentaje de detección diagnóstica de la técnica directa, del 84,2%. Conclusión: La búsqueda de infección congénita en hijos de mujeres con Chagas, y su seguimiento hasta el año de vida, resulta esencial para lograr la detección y tratamiento temprano de nuevos casos. Sin embargo, la pérdida de seguimiento de potenciales casos de Chagas Congénito resulta alarmante. Esto enfatiza la necesidad de plantear estrategias sólidas para mejorar la aplicación del algoritmo diagnóstico


Introduction:Congenital Trypanosoma cruzi transmission is currently the route that generates the largest number of new cases of acute infection. Early diagnosis and treatment ensure a high probability of parasitological cure. The aim of this article was to evaluate the follow-up of possible cases of Congenital Chagas, to estimate the maternal-fetal transmission rate and the diagnostic capacity of microhematocrit. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on children born from Chagasic women, who attended the Central Laboratory of the H.I.A.E.P Sor María Ludovica during April 2013-February 2019. The children were studied by microhematocrit and serological tests. The results were obtained from the Wiener® Laboratory Information System. Results: In the evaluated time period, a total of 268 children (mean age = 2.35 months) were studied by microhematocrit, obtaining 16 positive results. Among the 252 children with negative microhematocrit, 58 were followed by serological tests up to one year of life, obtaining 3 positive results. A 77% loss of serological follow-up was evidenced. The estimated congenital transmission rate was 6.9% and the percentage of diagnostic detection of the direct technique was 84.2%. Conclusion: The search for congenital infection in children born from Chagasic women, and its follow-up until one year of life, is essential to achieve the early detection and treatment of new cases. However, the loss of follow-up of potential cases of Congenital Chagas is alarming. This emphasizes the need to propose solid strategies to improve the application of the diagnostic algorithm


Subject(s)
Infant , Child, Preschool , Serologic Tests , Chagas Disease , Diagnosis
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 665-673, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153396

ABSTRACT

Abstract Educational interventions may trigger actions that contribute to prevent parasitic diseases, such as Chagas disease (CD). This study aimed at investigating the impact of an instructional video named "Documentary on Chagas Disease" on knowledge about CD and its vectors displayed by a population that lives in an endemic area in Brazil, so as to validate it as an educational tool. The video was shown to 226 subjects, divided into two groups. Group 1 was composed of users of Basic Health Units (BHU) in Pelotas and Pinheiro Machado, cities located in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) state, Brazil, where CD is endemic. Group 2 consisted of students who attend three public schools located in the rural area in Pinheiro Machado, RS. Two questionnaires with questions about their knowledge about triatomines and CD were applied, before and after the documentary was shown. After the video was shown, there was significant increase in individuals' knowledge (in both groups) about "kissing bugs", their notification, the disease and its prevention. Besides, watchers considered that the quality of the material was satisfactory. Since the "Documentary on CD" can be easily accessed on the internet and was effective in teaching the population that lives in endemic areas, its use should be encouraged in places and meetings connected to health that aim at fighting against triatominae and at exposing an updated view of CD.


Resumo Intervenções educacionais podem desencadear ações que contribuam para a prevenção de doenças parasitárias, como a doença de Chagas (DC). Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o impacto de um vídeo instrucional denominado "Documentário Doença de Chagas" no conhecimento sobre DC e seus vetores exibidos a uma população que vive em área endêmica no Brasil, para validá-lo como uma ferramenta educacional. O vídeo foi exibido para 226 indivíduos, divididos em dois grupos. O grupo 1 foi composto por usuários das Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS) de Pelotas e Pinheiro Machado, cidades do estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brasil, onde a DC é endêmica. O grupo 2 foi formado por estudantes que frequentam três escolas públicas localizadas na zona rural de Pinheiro Machado, RS. Dois questionários com perguntas sobre conhecimentos sobre triatomíneos e DC foram aplicados, antes e depois da exibição do documentário. Após a exibição do vídeo, houve um aumento significativo no conhecimento dos indivíduos (em ambos os grupos) sobre "triatomíneos", sua notificação, a doença e sua prevenção. Além disso, os observadores consideraram que a qualidade do material era satisfatória. Como o "Documentário DC" pode ser facilmente acessado na Internet e ser eficaz no ensino à população que vive em áreas endêmicas, seu uso deve ser incentivado em locais e reuniões relacionadas à saúde, que visam combater os triatomíneos e exibir uma informação atualizada sobre a DC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Triatoma , Triatominae , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Insect Vectors
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 132-141, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285223

ABSTRACT

Resumo A doença de Chagas (DC) é causada pelo Trypanosoma Cruzi. Esse parasita pode infectar vários órgãos do corpo humano, especialmente o coração, causando inflamação, fibrose, arritmias e remodelação cardíaca, e promovendo a cardiomiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC) no longo prazo. Entretanto, poucas evidências científicas elucidaram os mecanismos moleculares que regulam os processos fisiopatológicos nessa doença. Os microRNAs (miRNAs) são reguladores de expressão gênica pós-transcricional que modulam a sinalização celular, participando de mecanismos fisiopatológicos da DC, mas o entendimento dos miRNAs nessa doença é limitado. Por outro lado, há muitas evidências científicas demonstrando que o treinamento com exercício físico (TEF) modula a expressão de miRNAs, modificando a sinalização celular em indivíduos saudáveis. Alguns estudos também demonstram que o TEF traz benefícios para indivíduos com DC, porém esses não avaliaram as expressões de miRNA. Dessa forma, não há evidências demonstrando o papel do TEF na expressão dos miRNAs na DC. Portanto, essa revisão teve o objetivo de identificar os miRNAs expressos na DC que poderiam ser modificados pelo TEF.


Abstract Chagas disease (CD) is caused by Trypanosoma Cruzi. This parasite can infect several organs of the human body, mainly the heart, causing inflammation, fibrosis, arrhythmias, and cardiac remodeling, promoting long-term Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCC). However, little scientific evidence has elucidated the molecular mechanisms that govern the pathophysiological processes in this disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of post-transcriptional gene expression that modulate signaling pathways, participating in pathophysiological mechanisms in CD, but the understanding of miRNAs in this disease is limited. On the other hand, a wide range of scientific evidence shows that physical exercise training (PET) modulates the expression of miRNAs by modifying different signaling pathways in healthy individuals. Some studies also show that PET is beneficial for individuals with CD; however, these did not evaluate the miRNA expressions. Thus, there is no evidence showing the role of PET in the expression of miRNAs in CD. Therefore, this review aimed to identify miRNAs expressed in CD that could potentially be modified by PET.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypanosoma cruzi , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/genetics , Chagas Disease , MicroRNAs/genetics , Exercise
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1,supl.1): 1-7, jul. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1285251
17.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 154-158, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287265

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad de Chagas es endémica en América Latina y sigue siendo un problema regional a pesar de que su frecuencia ha disminuido gracias a importantes avances en salud ambiental. Para determinar su frecuencia en pacientes con enfermedades miocárdicas de El Salvador, se llevó a cabo una in vestigación observacional retrospectiva en nuestro hospital que es un centro de referencia de nivel nacional. Se revisó el registro del Laboratorio de Chagas en el período 2013-2015 para conocer cuántos individuos internados en la Unidad Cardiológica eran positivos por serología para infección chagásica y cuáles fueron sus diagnósticos. Se realizó un total de 1472 pruebas a pacientes individuales durante los 36 meses del período de estudio. De los 557 pacientes con serología positiva para Chagas, 97 (17.4%) fueron eventualmente hospitalizados en la Unidad Cardiológica. A su vez, estos 97 pacientes representaron el 33.7% de los 288 pacientes con cardiopatías. Entre los 97 con cardiopatía chagásica, 40 (41.2%) cumplieron criterios para colocación de marcapaso permanente, mientras que solo 13 de 191 (6.8%) enfermos con cardiopatías no chagásicas cumplieron esos criterios. La frecuencia de bloqueos auriculoventriculares asociados a infección por Trypanosoma cruzi resultó mucho mayor que las publicadas en estudios previos realizados en Sudamérica.


Abstract Chagas disease is endemic in Latin America and remains a regional problem despite improvements in en vironmental health conditions that have helped to control its transmission. To know more about its prevalence in heart disease patients, we carried out a survey in our national (El Salvador) reference hospital. We reviewed the Chagas Lab´s records 2013-2015 to find out how many of the patients admitted to the Hospital´s Heart Unit were serologically positives for Trypanosoma cruzi infection and which the associated diagnoses were. A total of 1472 patients were tested along the 36-month study period. Out of 557 (37.8%) patients with positive serology for Chagas infection, 97 (17.4%) were eventually admitted to the Heart Unit. Among these 97 Chagas infected patients with heart disease, 40 (41.2%) met the criteria for permanent pacemaker placement, while only 13 of 191 (6.8%) patients with non-chagasic heart disease met these criteria. The frequency of heart atrioventricular block associated with Trypanosoma cruzi infection was higher than frequencies reported in South American studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypanosoma cruzi , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Atrioventricular Block/etiology , Atrioventricular Block/epidemiology , El Salvador , Latin America
18.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 28-34, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280490

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La Enfermedad de Chagas también conocida como Tripanosomiasis americana es un problema de salud pública. Se calcula que en el mundo hay entre 6 y 7 millones de personas infectadas por Trypanosoma cruzi, la mayoría de ellas en América Latina. Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia de infección por Trypanosoma cruzi en donantes de un banco de sangre del departamento de Boyacá 2016-2018. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo realizado en 25.920 donantes de sangre del departamento de Boyacá. La fuente de información fue secundaria. Se determinó la prevalencia de la infección por Trypanosoma cruzi y se compararon según sexo, grupo etario y tipo de donante a través de análisis de frecuencias. Resultados: Se evaluaron 9187 donantes durante el año 2016; 8517 en el 2017 y 8216 en el 2018, de los cuales 56,1% eran de sexo femenino y 43,9% masculino. La prevalencia de la infección por Trypanosoma cruzi fue 0,17 % en la tamización y 0,08 % con las pruebas confirmatorias de las cuales el 70,0% eran mujeres, el 85,0% donantes voluntarios por primera vez, el rango de edad en el que se presentó mayor prevalencia de este marcador serológico fue de 41 a 50 y de 51 a 65 años con un 35,0% cada uno . La prevalencia de la infección de Chagas presentó asociación estadísticamente significativa con la edad (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Los bancos de sangre resultan ser una de las fuentes de información disponibles para monitorear el comportamiento de la enfermedad de Chagas y evaluar la toma de decisiones en salud pública, teniendo en cuenta que la enfermedad se caracteriza de manera asintomática y sin compromiso clínico en la mayoría de los casos.


Abstract Introduction: Chagas Disease, also known as American Trypanosomiasis, is a public health problem. It is estimated that in the world there are between 6 and 7 million people infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, most of them in Latin America. Objectives: To identify the prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in donors from a blood bank in the department of Boyacá 2016-2018. Materials and methods: Retrospective-descriptive study carried out in 25,920 blood donors from the department of Boyacá (Colombia). The source of information was secondary. The prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection was determined and compared according to sex, age group and type of donor through frequency analysis. Results: 9187 donors were evaluated during 2016; 8,517 in 2017 and 8,216 in 2018, of which 56.1% were female and 43.9% male. The prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection was 0.17% in screening and 0.08% with confirmatory tests of which 70.0% were women, 85.0% first-time volunteer donors, the range of The age at which the highest prevalence of this serological marker was found was 41 to 50 and 51 to 65 years with 35.0% each. The prevalence of Chagas infection showed a statistically significant association with age (p <0.05). Conclusions: Blood banks turn out to be one of the sources of information available to monitor the behavior of Chagas disease and evaluate decision-making in public health, taking into account the characteristics of the disease in which the majority of cases they are asymptomatic and without clinical compromise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Trypanosoma cruzi , Blood Banks , Blood Donors , Chagas Disease , Tissue Donors , Volunteers , Blood , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Infections
19.
Rev. patol. trop ; 50(2): 1-14, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254546

ABSTRACT

Captive animals, despite the constant care provided, are susceptible to infections from different sources. We herein report the natural trypanosome infection of 11 (28.2% positive) out of 39 non-human primates from 13 different species, in a Brazilian zoological park. Immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and conventional polymerase chain reaction (cPCR) ruled out Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease. However, sequencing performed with positive samples employing hsp70 primers revealed similarities from 86% to 88% to diverse trypanosomes, including T. cruzi, Trypanosoma grayi, Trypanosoma lewisi, Trypanosoma rangeli and Trypanosoma vivax. We believe that the low similarity values obtained by sequencing reflect the difficulties in the molecular identification of trypanosomes, which share a large portion of their genetic material; this similarity may also preclude the diagnosis of co-infection by more than one trypanosome species. Thus, our study demonstrates the presence of diverse trypanosomes in primates, which are susceptible to infection by these parasites. Mechanical devices such as windows and bed nets, etc., are required to avoid vector insects in these environments, in addition to preventive quarantining of animals recently introduced into zoos. Therefore, investigation of the parasites in both the animals already residing in the zoo and those being introduced is of paramount importance, although no easy task.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Primates , Trypanosoma , Haplorhini , Chagas Disease
20.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(supl.1): 47-59, mayo 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285449

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Introduction: Chagas' disease is the leading cause of infectious myocarditis worldwide. This infection caused by Trypanosoma cruzi is usually life-long and asymptomatic; however, the third part of infected people can develop severe or even fatal cardiomyopathy. As the parasitemia in the chronic phase is both low-grade and intermittent, T. cruzi infection is principally detected by serology, although this method has sensitivity and specificity limitations. Objective: To determine the level of agreement between serologicand molecular tests in 658 voluntary blood donors from six provinces in the Colombian department of Santander. Materials and methods: We evaluated an array of diagnostic technologies by cross-section sampling performing a serological double diagnostic test for T. cruzi antibody detection (Chagas III ELISA™, BiosChile Group, and ARCHITECT Chagas CMIA™, Abbott) , and DNA detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We collected the demographic, clinical, and epidemiological information of participants. The sample size was calculated using Epidat™ and the statistical analysis was done with Stata 12.1™. Results: PCR was six times more sensitive in detecting T. cruzi infection than ELISA/CMIA with prevalence values of 1.8% (12/658) and 0.3% (2/658), respectively, and kappa=0.28 (95%CI: -0.03 - 0.59). In contrast, serology showed a sensitivity of 16.7% (95%CI: 2.09 - 48.4) and a specificity of 100% (95%CI: 99.4 - 100). All seropositive samples were found to be positive by PCR. Conclusions: The implementation of PCR as a complementary method for screening donors could reduce the probability of false negative and the consequent risk of transfusional-transmission of Chagas' disease, especially in endemic regions.


Resumen | Introducción. La enfermedad de Chagas constituye la principal causa de miocarditis infecciosa en el mundo. Causada por Trypanosoma cruzi,la infección puede persistir toda la vida de manera asintomática y silenciosa, pero un tercio de los infectados desarrolla cardiomiopatía grave. Debido a que la parasitemia en la fase crónica es baja e intermitente, el diagnóstico se hace principalmente mediante la detección de anticuerpos (serología), método que tiene limitaciones de sensibilidad y especificidad. Objetivo. Determinar la concordancia entre el diagnóstico serológico y molecular de T. cruzien 658 donantes voluntarios de sangre del departamento de Santander, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio de evaluación de tecnologías diagnósticas con muestreo transversal, utilizando un doble diagnóstico serológico para la detección de anticuerpos anti-T. cruzi (Chagas III ELISA™, BiosChile Group, y ARCHITECT ChagasCMIA™, Abbott) y la de ADN por PCR. Se recolectó la información demográfica, clínica y epidemiológica de los participantes. El tamaño de la muestra se estimó utilizando Epidat™ y el análisis estadístico se hizo mediante Stata 12.1™. Resultados. La sensibilidad de la PCR fue seis veces mayor que la de las pruebas de ELISA/CMIA, con prevalencias de 1,8 % (12/658) y 0,3 % (2/658), respectivamente, y kappa de 0,28 (IC95% -0,03 - 0,59). La sensibilidad serológica fue de 16,7 % (IC95% 2,09 - 48,4) y la especificidad de 100 % (IC95% 99,4 - 100). Todas las muestras seropositivas fueron positivas también en la PCR. Conclusiones. El uso de la PCR como método complementario para la tamización de donantes podría reducir el riesgo de falsos negativos y disminuir los casos de transmisión transfusional de la enfermedad de Chagas, especialmente en regiones endémicas.


Subject(s)
Trypanosoma cruzi , Blood Donors , Serology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Chagas Disease
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