Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 375
Filter
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(6): 1051-1060, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152934

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Em regiões endêmicas da doença de Chagas, por muitos anos, existe uma observação empírica recorrente de que a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) é incomum em pacientes com doença de Chagas. Estudos anteriores baseados em análise patológica ou angiografia coronária invasiva apresentam resultados controversos. Objetivo Investigar se a DAC é menos prevalente e menos grave em pacientes com doença de Chagas crônica em comparação a uma população pareada controle, com perfil de risco para DAC similar. Métodos Um total de 86 participantes, 43 pacientes com doença de Chagas crônica consecutivos e 43 indivíduos assintomáticos, sem qualquer história prévia de doença cardíaca ou doença DAC conhecida (grupo controle), foram incluídos no estudo. Pacientes e controles foram pareados quanto sexo, idade e escore de risco de Framingham. Todos os pacientes foram analisados quanto ao escore de cálcio coronário (ECC) e submetidos à angiotomografia coronária usando um tomógrafo de 320 detectores. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi de p < 0,05. Resultados O ECC foi significativamente mais baixo em pacientes com doença de Chagas em comparação aos controles (p<0,05). A presença de placas ateroscleróticas coronárias foi significativamente menos frequente em pacientes com doença de Chagas que nos controles (20,9% versus 41,9%, p=0,037). Após ajuste quanto ao escore de Framingham, o odds ratio para a presença de qualquer calcificação coronária foi de 0,26 (IC95%: 0,07-0,99, p=0,048). O padrão é similar para escore de cálcio coronário (ECC) > 10 (OR: 0,11, IC95%: 0,01-0,87, p=0,04), e para a presença de estenose (OR: 0,06, IC95%: 0,01-0,47, p=0,001). O pareamento por escore de propensão também mostrou um efeito da doença de Chagas no ECC (-21,6 pontos no escore absoluto e 25% menos pacientes com ECC > 10; p=0,015). Conclusões A prevalência e a gravidade da DAC são mais baixas nos pacientes com doença de Chagas crônica em comparação a uma população pareada e perfil de risco para DAC similar. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1051-1060)


Abstract Background In Chagas' disease endemic regions, there has been for many years a recurrent empirical observation that coronary artery disease (CAD) is uncommon in patients with Chagas' disease. Previous pathological and invasive coronary angiography studies led to controversial results. Objective We sought to investigate whether CAD is less prevalent and less severe in patients with chronic Chagas' disease when compared with a matched population with a similar CAD risk profile. Methods A total of 86 participants, 43 consecutive patients with chronic Chagas' disease and 43 asymptomatic individuals, without any prior history of cardiac disease or known CAD (control group), were included. Patients and controls were matched according to gender, age, and Framingham risk score. All participants underwent coronary calcium scoring and coronary computed tomography angiography on a 320-row detector scanner. Statistical significance level adopted was p < 0.05. Results The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was significantly lower in patients with Chagas' disease than in controls (p<0.05). The presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques was significantly less frequent in patients with Chagas' disease than in controls (20.9% versus 41.9%, p=0.037). After adjustment for the Framingham score, the odds ratio for the presence of any coronary artery calcium (CAC) in Chagas patients was 0.26 (95%CI: 0.07-0.99, p=0.048). The pattern is similar for CACS > 10 (OR: 0.11, 95%CI: 0.01-0.87, p=0.04) and for the presence of any stenosis (OR: 0.06, 95%CI: 0.01-0.47, p=0.001). Propensity score matching also indicated an effect of Chagas disease on the CACS (-21.6 points in the absolute score and 25% less of patients with CACS >10, p=0.015). Conclusions CAD is less prevalent and less severe in patients with chronic Chagas' disease when compared with a matched population with a similar CAD risk profile. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1051-1060)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Chagas Disease/diagnostic imaging , Prevalence , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , Computed Tomography Angiography
6.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(2): 101-114, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1140312

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este estudio fue describir la asociación entre el estado nutricional, la presencia de síndrome metabólico (SM), y el estado inflamatorio, en pacientes con Enfermedad de Chagas (ECh), atendidos en la consulta externa del Instituto de Medicina Tropical en Caracas. El estudio fue de tipo transversal y correlacional, en el cual se seleccionaron 34 pacientes a los cuales se les realizó un diagnóstico parasitológico, inmunológico y molecular de la ECh. Se evaluaron variables antropométricas, clínicas y bioquímicas, así como el SM el cual fue determinado por los criterios del III Panel estadounidense para el Tratamiento de Adultos del Programa Nacional de Educación sobre el Colesterol (ATP-III, por sus siglas en inglés). Se encontró que la mayoría de los pacientes presentaron sobrepeso u obesidad (73,5%), un porcentaje de grasa corporal (% GC) alto o muy alto (82,3%), y obesidad abdominal (61,8 %). La frecuencia de SM fue de 29,4% y más del 90% mostraron valores elevados de Proteína C Reactiva ultrasensible (PCRus). Valores más elevados del IMC se asociaron con un estadio más avanzado de la ECh. Los sujetos con presencia de ADN de Tripanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) circulante en sangre, presentaron mayor % GC, y en su mayoría, fueron diagnosticados con SM. En conclusión, los pacientes evaluados mostraron un exceso de adiposidad, que puede favorecer el estado inflamatorio, el desarrollo de SM y la progresión de la ECh(AU)


The purpose of the study was to describe the association between nutritional and inflammatory status and the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) on patients with Chagas disease (CD) treated at the Outpatient Services of the Tropical Medicine Institute in Caracas, Venezuela. The study was cross-sectional and correlational. Thirty-four (34) patients were selected and a molecular, immunological, and parasitological diagnostic test was ran for Chagas disease. Anthropometric, clinic, and biochemical variables were evaluated, and the MS was determined using National Cholesterol Education Program Expert/Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP-III) criteria. The results showed a high percentage of patients overweight or presenting obesity (73.5%), a high and very high percentage of body fat (82.3%), and abdominal obesity (61.8%). The prevalence of MS was 29,4% and more than 90% of patients showed elevated values of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). Higher body-mass index values were associated with advanced stages of the CD. Subjects in the presence of T. cruzi DNA in the blood showed a greater percentage of body fat and, most of them, were diagnosed with MS. In conclusion, the evaluated patients showed an excess of adiposity which may favor an inflammatory status, the development of the MS, and the progress of the CD(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nutritional Status , Chagas Disease/complications , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Anthropometry , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Inflammation
7.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(2): 172-174, Apr.-Jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134978

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Chagasic megacolon is the second most frequent cause of manifestation of the digestive forms of Chagas disease (trypanosoma cruzi parasitosis), characterized by progressive pseudo-occlusive symptoms or chronic constipation, caused by an alteration in the functioning of the colonic wall musculature. In Venezuela, cases of chagasic disease reported in the past are referred to chagasic heart disease, this being the first documented case of chagasic megacolon. We broach herein a case of chagasic megacolon in which early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment led to a successful outcome.


RESUMO O megacólon chagásico é a segunda causa mais frequente de manifestação das formas digestivas da doença de Chagas (parasitose do Trypanosoma cruzi), caracterizado por sintomas pseudo-oclusivos progressivos ou constipação crônica, causado por uma alteração no funcionamento da musculatura da parede do cólon. Na Venezuela, os casos da doença chagásica relatados no passado são referidos como doença cardíaca chagásica, sendo este o primeiro caso documentado de megacólon chagásico. Neste artigo, abordamos um caso de megacólon chagásico no qual o diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento cirúrgico imediato levaram a um resultado bem-sucedido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Chagas Disease/complications , Constipation , Megacolon/surgery , Trypanosoma cruzi , Colonic Diseases , Megacolon/diagnosis
8.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200504, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136867

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first officially described in Brazil on February 26th, 2020. The accumulation of reports of concomitant infections with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and pathogens that cause diseases endemic to tropical countries, such as dengue and chikungunya fever, has started to draw attention. Chagas disease and leprosy remain public health problems in many developing countries, such as Brazil. In this manuscript, we describe a case of concomitant leprosy, Chagas disease, and COVID-19, highlighting the cutaneous manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the clinical behavior of household contacts who previously received prophylactic Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Leprosy, Borderline/complications , Chagas Disease/complications , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Brazil , BCG Vaccine/administration & dosage , Family Characteristics , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190566, 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136804

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Among patients with Chagas disease, men have a higher risk of worse pathological symptoms than women. We aimed to explore the role of the Y chromosome in men diagnosed with Chagas disease and assess the relationship between their ancestry and disease status. METHODS In this comparative study, we analyzed 150 men with unrelated non-chagasic disease (nCD) and 150 men with unrelated chagasic disease (CD). We assessed the serological diagnosis of Chagas disease, biochemical parameters, thoracic X-rays, electrocardiogram, and transthoracic echocardiography and determined the haplogroup by analyzing a set of 17 microsatellites from the Y chromosome. We examined the associations between common Y chromosome haplogroups and the clinical parameters of risk by logistic regression. RESULTS For all patients, the most common haplogroups were R1b (43%), G2a (9%), and E1b1b (9%). The R1b and G2a haplogroup was more frequent in men with nCD and CD, respectively. As expected, we observed a high proportion of symptomatic patients in the CD group independent of the haplogroups. Men from both groups classified as having the R1b haplogroup showed less clinical evidence of disease. Multivariate analysis showed that CD patients without R1b were about five times more likely to have a cardio-thorax index >0.5% (OR [odds ratio] = 5.1, 95% CI [confidence interval] = 3.31-8.17). Men without the R1b haplogroup were 2.5 times more likely to show EcoCG alterations (OR = 2.50, 95% CI = 0.16-3.94). CONCLUSIONS: Our results provided evidence that the R1b haplogroup may have a potential protective cardiovascular effect for its carriers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/genetics , Cardiomyopathies , Haplotypes , Odds Ratio , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 183-188, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001301

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To test the hypothesis that Chagas disease predisposes to optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer alterations. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study including 41 patients diagnosed with Chagas disease and 41 controls, paired by sex and age. The patients underwent ophthalmologic examinations, including intraocular pressure measurements, optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer screening with retinography, optical coherence tomography, and standard automated perimetry. Results: All of the patients with Chagas disease had a recent cardiologic study; 15 (36.6%) had heart failure, 14 (34.1%) had cardiac form without left ventricular dysfunction, and 12 (29.3%) had indeterminate form. Optic nerve/retinal nerve fiber layer alterations were observed in 24 patients (58.5%) in the Chagas disease group and 7 controls (17.1%) (p£0.01). Among these, optic nerve pallor, optic nerve alterations suggestive of glaucoma, notch, peripapillary hemorrhage, and localized retinal nerve fiber layer defect were detected. Alterations were more prominent in patients with Chagas disease and heart failure (11 patients), although they also occurred in those with Chagas disease without left ventricular dysfunction (7 patients) and those with indeterminate form (6 patients). Optical coherence tomography showed that themean of the average retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measured 89 ± 9.7 mm, and the mean of retinal nerve fiber layer superior and inferior thickness measured 109 ± 17.5 and 113 ± 16.8 mm, respectively were lower in patients with Chagas disease. In controls, these values were 94 ± 10.6 (p=0.02); 117 ± 18.1 (p=0.04), and 122 ± 18.4 mm (p=0.03). Conclusion: Changes in optic nerve/ retinal nerve fiber layer were more prevalent in patients with Chagas disease.


RESUMO Objetivo: Testar a hipótese de que a doença de Chagas predispõe a alterações no nervo óptico e camada de fibras nervosas peripapilar. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 41 pacientes diagnosticados com doença de Chagas e 41 controles, pareados por sexo e idade. Os pacientes foram submetidos a exames oftalmológicos, incluindo medida da pressão intraocular, avaliação do nervo óptico e camada de fibras nervosas através de retinografia, tomografia de coerência óptica e perimetria automatizada padrão. Resultados: Todos os pacientes com doença de Chagas apresentavam estudo cardiológico recente; 15 pacientes (36,6%) apresentavam insuficiência cardíaca; 14 (34,1%) forma cardíaca sem disfunção de ventrículo esquerdo e 12 (29,3%), forma indeterminada. Alterações do nervo óptico/camada de fibras nervosas foram observadas em 24 pacientes (58,5%) do grupo com doença de Chagas e 07 controles (17,1%) (p£0,01). Dentre estas, palidez do nervo óptico, alterações do nervo óptico sugestivas de glaucoma, entalhe, hemorragia peripapilar e defeito da camada de fibras localizado foram detectados. As alterações foram mais proeminentes nos pacientes com doença de Chagas e insuficiência cardíaca (11 pacientes) embora também ocorressem naqueles com doença de Chagas sem disfunção de ventrículo esquerdo (7 pacientes) e com forma indeterminada (6 pacientes). A tomografia de coerência óptica mostrou que a média da espessura da camada de fibras nervosas da retina mediu 89 ± 9,7 mm), e a média da espessura da camada de fibras nervosas superior e inferior mediu 109 ± 17,5 e 113 ± 16,8 mm, respectivamente, foi menor em pacientes com doença de Chagas. Nos controles, esses valores foram de 94 ± 10,6 mm (p=0,02); 117 ± 18,1 (p=0,04) e 122 ± 18,4 mm (p=0,03). Conclusão: Alterações do nervo óptico/camada de fibras nervosas da retina foram mais prevalentes nos pacientes com doença de Chagas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Optic Nerve/pathology , Retina/pathology , Chagas Disease/pathology , Nerve Fibers/pathology , Optic Nerve/physiopathology , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Retina/physiopathology , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Retinal Diseases/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Optic Nerve Diseases/physiopathology , Optic Nerve Diseases/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Field Tests , Intraocular Pressure
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(3): 240-246, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In the past two decades, a new epidemiological profile of Chagas' disease (CD) has been registered in the Brazilian Amazon where oral transmission has been indicated as responsible for the increase of acute cases. In the Amazonas state, five outbreaks of acute CD have been registered since 2004. The cardiac manifestations in these cases may be characterized by diffuse myocarditis, with alteration in the electrocardiogram (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). Objective: To perform a cardiac evaluation in autochthonous patients in the acute phase and at least one year after submitted to treatment for acute CD and evaluate the demographic variables associated with the presence of cardiac alterations. Methods: We evaluated patients diagnosed with acute CD through direct parasitological or serological (IgM) methods from 2007 to 2015. These patients were treated with benznidazole and underwent ECG and TTE before and after treatment. We assumed a confidence interval of 95% (CI 95%, p < 0.05) for all variables analyzed. Results: We observed 63 cases of an acute CD in which oral transmission corresponded to 75%. Cardiac alterations were found in 33% of the cases, with a greater frequency of ventricular repolarization alteration (13%), followed by pericardial effusion (10%) and right bundle branch block and left anterior fascicular block (2%). The follow-up occurred in 48 patients with ECG and 25 with TTE for a mean period of 15.5 ± 4.1 months after treatment. Of these, 8% presented normalization of the cardiac alterations in ECG, 62.5% remained with the normal exams. All of the patients presented normal results in TTE in the post-treatment period. As for the demographic variables, isolated cases presented more cardiac alterations than outbreaks (p = 0.044) as well as cases from Central Amazonas mesoregion (p = 0.020). Conclusions: Although cardiac alterations have not been frequent in most of the studied population, a continuous evaluation of the clinical-epidemiological dynamics of the disease in the region is necessary in order to establish preventive measures.


Resumo Fundamento: Nas últimas duas décadas, um novo perfil epidemiológico da Doença de Chagas (DC) foi registrado na Amazônia brasileira, onde a transmissão oral foi indicada como responsável pelo aumento dos casos agudos. No estado do Amazonas, foram registrados cinco surtos da doença desde 2004. As manifestações cardíacas nesses casos podem ser caracterizadas por miocardite difusa, com alteração nos resultados eletrocardiograma (ECG) e ecocardiografia transtorácica (ETT). Objetivo: avaliar parâmetros cardíacos em pacientes autóctones com DC na fase aguda e em um ano ou mais após tratamento, e avaliar as variáveis demográficas associadas com a presença de alterações cardíacas. Métodos: Avaliamos os pacientes diagnosticados com DC aguda por método direto parasitológico e exame sorológico (IgM) entre 2007 e 2015. Os pacientes foram tratados com benzonidazol e submetidos à ECG e ETT antes e após tratamento. Assumimos um intervalo de confiança de 95% (p < 0,05) para todas as variáveis analisadas. Resultados: Observamos 63 casos de DC aguda em que a transmissão oral ocorreu em 75% dos casos. Alterações cardíacas foram encontradas em 33% dos casos, com maior frequência de repolarização ventricular (13%), seguida de derrame pericárdico (10%), e bloqueio do ramo direito e bloqueio fascicular anterior esquerdo (2%). O acompanhamento foi realizado com 48 pacientes com ECG e 25 com ETT por um período médio de 15,5±4,1 meses após o tratamento. Desses pacientes, observou-se normalização das alterações eletrocardiográficas em 8% dos pacientes, e 62,5% continuaram com os parâmetros normais. Todos os pacientes apresentaram resultados da ETT normais no período pós-tratamento. Quanto às variáveis demográficas, os casos isolados apresentaram mais alterações cardíacas em comparação aos casos de surtos (p=0,044) e os casos identificados na mesorregião do Amazonas Central (p = 0,020). Conclusões: Apesar de as alterações cardíacas não terem sido frequentes na maioria da população do estudo, é necessária uma avaliação contínua da dinâmica clínica-epidemiológica da doença na região para se estabelecer medidas preventivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Trypanocidal Agents/therapeutic use , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/parasitology , Chagas Disease/drug therapy , Nitroimidazoles/therapeutic use , Trypanosoma cruzi/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Echocardiography , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/diagnostic imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Electrocardiography
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180258, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990442

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION The diagnosis and classification of megaesophagus can be challenging in patients with Chagas disease. The present study aimed to evaluate the agreement between upper endoscopies and esophagographies for the diagnosis and classification of megaesophagus in Chagas disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 50 patients with Chagas disease with upper digestive symptoms was undertaken. Esophagography and upper endoscopy exams were performed to compare diagnoses. Statistical analysis included sensitivity and specificity used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of upper endoscopies, and measures of agreement: linearly weighted Kappa (κw) and Cohen`s classical Kappa (κ) coefficients with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Twenty-three patients (46%) were diagnosed with megaesophagus by esophagography. The upper endoscopy sensitivity and specificity for megaesophagus diagnosis were 100% and 33.3%, respectively. Regarding megaesophagus classifications, there was a substantial agreement between the two exams (κw = 0.622; 95% CI: 0.498 to 0.746). Within megaesophagus groups, agreement for group I was slight (κ = 0.096; 95% CI: 0.000 to 0.403); for group II, substantial (κ = 0.703; 95% CI: 0.456 to 0.950); and for groups III and IV, inconclusive (κ = 0.457; 95% CI: 0.000 to 0.967; κ = 0.540; 95% CI: 0.035 to 1.000, respectively). CONCLUSIONS Upper endoscopy has a high sensitivity, but a low specificity to diagnose megaesophagus. Agreement between the two exams varies depending on the megaesophagus grade. Thus, upper endoscopy can be used in the diagnostic workup of a possible Chagas disease megaesophagus, but all identified cases should undergo esophagography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Radiography/methods , Esophageal Achalasia/etiology , Esophageal Achalasia/diagnostic imaging , Esophagoscopy/methods , Chagas Disease/complications , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Esophageal Achalasia/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(6): 869-872, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977102

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS 1) occurs when acute heart failure leads to acute kidney injury. There are several etiologies of CRS 1, including Chagas disease. Here, we present the first case report of CRS 1 in a patient with acute Chagas disease. Electrocardiography, transthoracic echocardiography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed signs of acute myocarditis. Laboratory examination revealed severe loss of kidney function, with a creatinine clearance of 30 mL/min, which fully normalized after treatment. Due to emergence of Chagas disease in the Brazilian Amazon, it is important to report unique clinical features in order to improve patients' outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Chagas Disease/complications , Cardio-Renal Syndrome/parasitology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography , Acute Disease , Electrocardiography , Cardio-Renal Syndrome/diagnosis
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 665-669, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041484

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Serological cross-reactivity between leishmaniasis and Chagas disease, especially at low titers, leads to difficulties of the seroepidemiological interpretation. METHODS: We have studied the ability of urea as a chaotrope to select high-avidity antibodies in IgG ELISA, thus reducing low-avidity IgG cross-reactivity in serologically positive samples in both assays. RESULTS: Using 0.5M urea for diluting the sample efficiently defined leishmaniasis or double infections in high-avidity IgG ELISA and eliminated false-positive results. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a chaotropic diluting agent is useful for improving the specificity of Chagas disease and leishmaniasis immunoassays.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urea/pharmacology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Leishmaniasis/immunology , Chagas Disease/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Antibody Affinity/immunology , Urea/chemistry , Brazil/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/chemistry , Leishmaniasis/complications , Leishmaniasis/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis/epidemiology , Population Surveillance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/epidemiology
15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(3): 195-201, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950455

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: We investigated parasympathetic innervation abnormalities of the iris sphincter and ciliary muscles in chronic Chagas disease by measuring pupillary diameter and intraocular pressure. Methods: A group of 80 patients with Chagas disease was compared with 76 healthy individuals without chagasic infection. The following procedures were performed: pupillometry, hypersensitivity test to pilocarpine 0.125%, intraocular pressure measurement (IOP), basal pupil diameter (BPD), absolute pupillary constriction amplitude (ACA), relative pupillary constriction amplitude (RCA) and the presence of anisocoria. Results: The prevalence of anisocoria was higher in chagasic patients (p<0.01). These patients had mean basal pupillary diameter, mean photopic pupillary diameter and mean value of absolute pupillary constriction amplitude significantly lower than non-chagasic ones (p<0.01, mean difference -0.50mm), (p=0.02, mean difference -0.20mm), (p<0.01, mean difference -0.29mm), respectively. The relative pupillary constriction amplitude did not differ between the two groups (p=0.39, mean difference -1.15%). There was hypersensitivity to dilute pilocarpine in 8 (10%) of the chagasic patients in the right eye and in 2 (2.5%) in the left eye and in 1 (1.25%) in both eyes. The mean value of intraocular pressure had a marginal statistical significance between the two groups (p=0.06, mean difference -0.91mmHg). Conclusions: Patients with chagasic infection may exhibit ocular parasympathetic dysfunction, demonstrable by pupillometry and the dilute pilocarpine hypersensitivity test.


RESUMO Introdução: Investigaram-se anormalidades da inervação parassimpática dos músculos esfíncter da íris e ciliar na doença de Chagas crônica, através de medidas pupilares e da pressão intraocular. Métodos: Foram estudados dois grupos, um com 80 chagásicos e outro com 76 indivíduos saudáveis sem infecção chagásica. Foram realizados os seguintes procedimentos: pupilometria, teste de hipersensibilidade à pilocarpina a 0,125%, medida da pressão intraocular (PIO), diâmetro basal da pupila (DBP), amplitude de constrição pupilar absoluta (ACA), amplitude de constrição pupilar relativa (ACR), e presença de anisocoria. Resultados: A prevalência de anisocoria foi maior nos chagásicos (p<0,01). Estes pacientes apresentaram diâmetro basal pupilar médio, diâmetro fotópico médio e valor médio da amplitude de constrição pupilar absoluta, significativamente menores que os não chagásicos, (p<0,01, diferença de média -0,50mm), (p=0.02, diferença de média -0,20mm), (p<0,01, diferença de média -0,29mm), respectivamente. A amplitude de constrição pupilar relativa não diferiu entre os dois grupos (p=0,39, diferença de média -1,15%). Houve hipersensibilidade à pilocarpina diluída em 8 (10%) chagásicos no olho direito em 2 (2,5%) no olho esquerdo e em 1 (1,25%) em ambos os olhos. O valor médio da pressão intraocular teve significância marginal entre os dois grupos (p=0,06, diferença de média -0,91mmHg). Conclusões: Pacientes com infecção chagásica podem apresentar disfunção parassimpática ocular, demonstrável pela pupilometria e pelo teste de hipersensibilidade à pilocarpina diluída.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Reflex, Pupillary/physiology , Anisocoria/etiology , Chagas Disease/complications , Intraocular Pressure/physiology , Pilocarpine/pharmacology , Reflex, Pupillary/drug effects , Anisocoria/diagnosis , Anisocoria/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Miotics/pharmacology
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(3): 397-400, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957427

ABSTRACT

Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF), a type of supraventricular arrhythmia increases the risk of thromboembolism. Chagas disease has been reported in the Brazilian Amazon region over approximately 20 years. Cardiac abnormalities are recorded in at least 50% of patients and among these, 3.3% develop AF. We describe a case of a 41-year-old man from Muaná, Pará State, who reported a 30-day history of a febrile illness. Acute Chagas disease was confirmed, and an electrocardiogram revealed AF. He was treated with antiparasitic and anti-arrhythmic drugs, beta blockers, and anticoagulants. Reversion to sinus rhythm was observed at his 9-month follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/parasitology , Chagas Disease/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Echocardiography , Acute Disease , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/drug therapy , Chagas Disease/transmission , Electrocardiography
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(5): 412-417, May 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950150

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sudden cardiac death is the most frequent death mechanism in Chagas disease, responsible for 55% to 65% of the deaths of patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). The most often involved electrophysiological mechanisms are ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has a beneficial role in preventing sudden death due to malignant ventricular arrhythmias, and, thus the correct identification of patients at risk is required. The association of microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) with the appearance of ventricular arrhythmias has been assessed in different heart diseases. The role of MTWA is mostly unknown in patients with CCC. Objectives: To evaluate the association between MTWA and the occurrence of malignant ventricular arrhythmias in patients with CCC. Method: This is a case-control study including patients with CCC and ICD, with history of malignant ventricular arrhythmias (case group), and patients with CCC and no history of those arrhythmias (control group). The MTWA test results were classified as negative and non-negative (positive and indeterminate). The significance level adopted was a = 0.05. Results: We recruited 96 patients, 45 cases (46.8%) and 51 controls (53.1%). The MTWA test was non-negative in 36/45 cases (80%) and 15/51 controls (29.4%) [OR = 9.60 (95%CI: 3.41 - 27.93)]. After adjustment for known confounding factors in a logistic regression model, the non-negative result continued to be associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias [OR = 5.17 (95%CI: 1.05 - 25.51)]. Conclusion: Patients with CCC and history of malignant ventricular arrhythmias more often have a non-negative MTWA test as compared to patients with no history of arrhythmia.


Resumo Fundamento: A morte súbita cardíaca é o mecanismo de morte mais comum na doença de Chagas, responsável pelo óbito de 55% a 65% dos pacientes com cardiomiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC). Os mecanismos mais frequentemente envolvidos são as taquiarritmias ventriculares. O cardioversor-desfibrilador implantável (CDI) apresenta impacto na redução da mortalidade por arritmias ventriculares e faz-se necessária a correta identificação de pacientes sob risco. A associação de microalternância de onda T (MTWA) com o aparecimento de arritmias ventriculares foi avaliada em diferentes cardiopatias através de um teste. O papel da MTWA na identificação de pacientes sob risco na CCC permanece incerto. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre MTWA e a ocorrência de arritmias ventriculares malignas na CCC. Método: Trata-se de um estudo caso-controle, que incluiu pacientes com CCC em uso de CDI, com história prévia de arritmias ventriculares malignas (casos) ou sem história prévia (controles). Os resultados do teste foram classificados em negativo e não negativo (positivo e indeterminado). O nível de significância foi a = 0,05. Resultado: Foram recrutados 96 pacientes, 45 no grupo caso (46,8%) e 51 no grupo controle (53,1%). O teste de MTWA apresentou resultado não negativo em 36/45 pacientes no grupo caso (80%) e 15/51 no grupo controle (29,4%), OR = 9,60 (IC95%: 3,41 - 27,93). Após ajuste para fatores de confusão num modelo de regressão logística, o resultado não negativo continuou associado à presença de arritmias ventriculares malignas, com OR = 5,17 (IC95%: 1,05 - 25,51). Conclusão: Na CCC, pacientes com história de arritmia ventricular maligna apresentam maior frequência de teste de MTWA não negativo quando comparados a pacientes sem ocorrência prévia de arritmias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology , Chagas Disease/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Survival Analysis , Risk Factors , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology , Defibrillators, Implantable , Electrocardiography
20.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 29(supl.1): S45-S48, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117779

ABSTRACT

Chagas disease is an endemic zoonosis that can cause chronic medical complications in a third of those infected, usually decades after infection. It mainly affects the peripheral nervous system of heart, esophagus and colon. At digestive level, motor dysfunction leads to the development of megaesophagus and megacolon whose predominant symptoms are dysphagia and constipation. It should be suspected in patients with epidemiological history and compatible symptoms. In the chronic phase it is confirmed with the detection of specific antibodies. The etiological treatment is effective in early stages after infection. In the chronic stage the management is symptomatic, medical and/or surgical.


La enfermedad de Chagas es una zoonosis endémica que puede producir complicaciones médicas crónicas en un tercio de los infectados, habitualmente décadas luego de la infección. Afecta principalmente el sistema nervioso periférico de corazón, esófago y colon. A nivel digestivo la disfunción motora lleva a la formación de megaesófago y megacolon cuyos síntomas predominantes son disfagia y constipación. Debe sospecharse en pacientes con antecedentes epidemiológicos y síntomas compatibles. En la fase crónica se confirma con la detección de anticuerpos específicos. El tratamiento etiológico es efectivo en las fases tempranas post-contagio. En la etapa crónica el manejo es sintomático, médico y/o quirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Disease/complications , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Diseases/parasitology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Trypanosoma cruzi/pathogenicity , Esophageal Achalasia/parasitology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL