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2.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090040

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the density of anti-galectin-3-immunostained cells, collagen percentage, mast cell density and presence of pathological processes in intestinal muscle biopsies of patients. Methods Thirty-five patients who underwent intestinal biopsy were selected from 1997 to 2015. Patients were divided into three groups: chagasic patients with mucosal lesion (n=13), chagasic patients with intact mucosa (n=12) and non-chagasic patients with no mucosal lesion (n=10). Histological processing of the biopsied fragments and immunohistochemistry for galectin-3 were performed. Additional sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin to evaluate the general pathological processes, picrosirius for evaluation of collagen and toluidine blue to evaluate the mast cell density. Results Patients of mucosal lesion group had a significantly higher frequency of ganglionitis and myositis when compared to the chagasic patients with intact mucosa and non-chagasic group. The density of anti-galectin-3-immunostained cells was significantly higher in the chagasic patients with intact mucosa group when compared to the non-chagasic group. The group of chagasic patients with intact mucosa presented a higher percentage of collagen in relation to the patients with mucosal lesion and to the non-chagasic group, with a significant difference. There was no significant difference in mast cell density among the three groups. Conclusion The higher density of anti-galectin-3-immunostained cells in patients in the chagasic patients with intact mucosa group suggested the need for greater attention in clinical evaluation of these patients, since this protein is associated with neoplastic transformation and progression.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a densidade de células imunomarcadas por anti-galectina-3, a percentagem de colágeno, a densidade de mastócitos e a presença de processos patológicos na musculatura intestinal de pacientes biopsiados. Métodos Foram selecionados 35 pacientes submetidos à biópsia de intestino entre 1997 a 2015. Os pacientes foram divididos em três grupos: chagásicos com lesão de mucosa (n=13), chagásicos com mucosa íntegra (n=12) e não chagásicos sem lesão de mucosa (n=10). Foram realizados processamento histológico dos fragmentos biopsiados e imunohistoquímica para galectina-3. Cortes adicionais foram corados por hematoxilina e eosina, para avaliar os processos patológicos gerais, pelo picrosírius, para avaliação do colágeno, e pelo azul de toluidina, para avaliar a densidade de mastócitos. Resultados Os pacientes do grupo chagásicos com lesão de mucosa apresentaram frequência significativamente maior de ganglionite e miosite quando comparados aos dos grupos chagásico com mucosa íntegra e não chagásicos. A densidade das células imunomarcadas por anti-galectina-3 foi significativamente maior no grupo chagásicos com mucosa íntegra quando comparada ao grupo não chagásico. O grupo de chagásicos com mucosa íntegra apresentou maior percentagem de colágeno em relação aos grupos chagásicos com mucosa lesada e ao grupo de não chagásicos, com diferença significativa. Não houve diferença significativa com relação à densidade de mastócitos entre os três grupos. Conclusão A maior densidade de células imunomarcadas por anti-galectina-3 nos pacientes do grupo chagásico com mucosa íntegra sugere a necessidade de maior atenção na avaliação clínica desses pacientes, uma vez que essa proteína está associada com transformação e progressão neoplásica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonoscopy/methods , Chagas Disease/pathology , Galectin 3/analysis , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Megacolon/pathology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis , Biopsy , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Case-Control Studies , Cell Count , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Galectin 3/immunology , Mast Cells/pathology , Middle Aged , Myositis/pathology
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 183-188, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001301

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To test the hypothesis that Chagas disease predisposes to optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer alterations. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study including 41 patients diagnosed with Chagas disease and 41 controls, paired by sex and age. The patients underwent ophthalmologic examinations, including intraocular pressure measurements, optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer screening with retinography, optical coherence tomography, and standard automated perimetry. Results: All of the patients with Chagas disease had a recent cardiologic study; 15 (36.6%) had heart failure, 14 (34.1%) had cardiac form without left ventricular dysfunction, and 12 (29.3%) had indeterminate form. Optic nerve/retinal nerve fiber layer alterations were observed in 24 patients (58.5%) in the Chagas disease group and 7 controls (17.1%) (p£0.01). Among these, optic nerve pallor, optic nerve alterations suggestive of glaucoma, notch, peripapillary hemorrhage, and localized retinal nerve fiber layer defect were detected. Alterations were more prominent in patients with Chagas disease and heart failure (11 patients), although they also occurred in those with Chagas disease without left ventricular dysfunction (7 patients) and those with indeterminate form (6 patients). Optical coherence tomography showed that themean of the average retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measured 89 ± 9.7 mm, and the mean of retinal nerve fiber layer superior and inferior thickness measured 109 ± 17.5 and 113 ± 16.8 mm, respectively were lower in patients with Chagas disease. In controls, these values were 94 ± 10.6 (p=0.02); 117 ± 18.1 (p=0.04), and 122 ± 18.4 mm (p=0.03). Conclusion: Changes in optic nerve/ retinal nerve fiber layer were more prevalent in patients with Chagas disease.


RESUMO Objetivo: Testar a hipótese de que a doença de Chagas predispõe a alterações no nervo óptico e camada de fibras nervosas peripapilar. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 41 pacientes diagnosticados com doença de Chagas e 41 controles, pareados por sexo e idade. Os pacientes foram submetidos a exames oftalmológicos, incluindo medida da pressão intraocular, avaliação do nervo óptico e camada de fibras nervosas através de retinografia, tomografia de coerência óptica e perimetria automatizada padrão. Resultados: Todos os pacientes com doença de Chagas apresentavam estudo cardiológico recente; 15 pacientes (36,6%) apresentavam insuficiência cardíaca; 14 (34,1%) forma cardíaca sem disfunção de ventrículo esquerdo e 12 (29,3%), forma indeterminada. Alterações do nervo óptico/camada de fibras nervosas foram observadas em 24 pacientes (58,5%) do grupo com doença de Chagas e 07 controles (17,1%) (p£0,01). Dentre estas, palidez do nervo óptico, alterações do nervo óptico sugestivas de glaucoma, entalhe, hemorragia peripapilar e defeito da camada de fibras localizado foram detectados. As alterações foram mais proeminentes nos pacientes com doença de Chagas e insuficiência cardíaca (11 pacientes) embora também ocorressem naqueles com doença de Chagas sem disfunção de ventrículo esquerdo (7 pacientes) e com forma indeterminada (6 pacientes). A tomografia de coerência óptica mostrou que a média da espessura da camada de fibras nervosas da retina mediu 89 ± 9,7 mm), e a média da espessura da camada de fibras nervosas superior e inferior mediu 109 ± 17,5 e 113 ± 16,8 mm, respectivamente, foi menor em pacientes com doença de Chagas. Nos controles, esses valores foram de 94 ± 10,6 mm (p=0,02); 117 ± 18,1 (p=0,04) e 122 ± 18,4 mm (p=0,03). Conclusão: Alterações do nervo óptico/camada de fibras nervosas da retina foram mais prevalentes nos pacientes com doença de Chagas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Optic Nerve/pathology , Retina/pathology , Chagas Disease/pathology , Nerve Fibers/pathology , Optic Nerve/physiopathology , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Retina/physiopathology , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Retinal Diseases/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Optic Nerve Diseases/physiopathology , Optic Nerve Diseases/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Field Tests , Intraocular Pressure
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(12): 853-856, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983857

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Gaspar Vianna is considered one of the great names in Medicine and Science in Brazil. Yet, little prominence has been given to his studies in Neuropathology. He was the first to describe, in 1911, the histopathology and pathogenesis of chagasic encephalitis in the acute phase of Chagas disease, as well as the intracellular life cycle of Trypanosoma cruzi. Over 100 years have elapsed and Gaspar Vianna's pioneering study remains an example of a meticulous and still up-to-date description of central nervous system involvement in the acute phase of Chagas disease.


RESUMO Gaspar Vianna é considerado um dos grandes nomes da Medicina e da Ciência no Brasil. Contudo, pouco destaque tem sido dado aos seus estudos em Neuropatologia. Ele foi o primeiro a descrever a histopatologia e a patogênese da encefalite chagásica na fase aguda da doença de Chagas, bem como o ciclo evolutivo intracelular do Trypanosoma cruzi, em 1911. Passados mais de 100 anos, o estudo pioneiro de Gaspar Vianna permanece como exemplo de descrição minuciosa e ainda atual do envolvimento do sistema nervoso central na fase aguda da doença de Chagas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Tropical Medicine/history , Chagas Disease/history , Neuropathology/history , Trypanosoma cruzi , Brazil , Chagas Disease/pathology
6.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 26(4): 234-239, out.-dez.2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-831553

ABSTRACT

A presente revisão descreve os principais achados anatomopatológicos que caracterizam a cardiopatia chagásica crônica, discute a teoria autoimune e parassimpaticopriva que dominaram a explicação patogenética nas ultimas décadas e propõe novos caminhos a partir de achados mais recentes. Esses achados se relacionam com a presença de outros microrganismos que talvez tenham sejam levados até o miocárdio por estarem em simbiose com o T. cruzi, como micoplasmas, clamídias e arqueias. As arqueias têm como característica aumentar a inflamação por apresentarem antígenos aos linfócitos T CD8+. A inflamação exacerbada pode levar à vasodilatação da microcirculação e à falha na distribuição de sangue no miocárdio, ocasionando áreas de isquemia em regiões distais de dupla irrigação. Isto explicaria as regiões de afilamento e dilatação aneurismática ventricular, bem como a fibrose e infiltração gordurosa do sistema de condução (feixe de His, nó sinoatrial e atrioventricular). Esses microrganismos no interior da fibra cardíaca podem induzir uma resposta imunológica com fibrose ao redor dos cardiomiócitos, os quais se tornam extremamente hipertróficos por não entrarem em apoptose. A simbiose entre esses microrganismos pode levar à produção de micropartículas infecciosas que circulam e fazem parte da patogenia da descompensação cardíaca. Assim, a ação terapêutica na doença de Chagas deveria incluir a eliminação simultânea desses diferentes microrganismos e não somente do T. cruzi


This review describes the main anatomopathological findings that characterize chronic Chagasic cardiomyopathy, discusses the autoimmune and parasympathetic dysautonomia theories that have dominated the pathogenic explanation in recent decades, and proposes new routes based on the most recent findings. These findings relate to the presence of other microorganisms, such as micoplasmas, chlamydias and archaea, that are perhaps carried to the myocardium as they are in symbiosis with T. cruzi. A characteristic of archaea is that they increase inflammation by presenting T CD8+ lymphocyte antigens. Exacerbated inflammation may lead to vasodilation of the microcirculation and failure of blood distribution in the myocardium, leading to areas of ischemia in distal regions of double irrigation. This would explain the regions of thinning and dilation of the ventricular aneurysm, as well as the fibrosis and fatty infiltration of the conduction system (His bundle, sinoatrial node and atrioventricular node). These microorganisms in the interior of the heart fiber may lead to an immunological response with fibrosis around the cardiomyocytes, which become extremely hypertrophic, as they do not enter apoptosis. The symbiosis between these microorganisms can lead to the production of infectious microparticles that circulate and form part of the pathogenesis of decompensated heart failure. The therapeutic conduct in Chagas disease should therefore include the simultaneous elimination of these different microorganisms, and not only of T. cruzi


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Chagas Disease/pathology , Heart Failure/etiology , Trypanosoma cruzi/parasitology , Infections/diagnosis , Inflammation/diagnosis
7.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 68(3): 217-232, sep.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-844993

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la infección por Trypanosoma cruzi, conocida como enfermedad de Chagas, es un problema importante de salud pública en países de América Central y Sudamérica.Objetivo: evaluar la actividad de extractos crudos de acetato de etilo de plantas in vitro de 6-8 meses y 10-12 meses de edad, de tallos leñosos y hojas de plantas silvestres maduras y el lignano tetrahidrofurano grandisina, aislados de Piper solmsianum, sobre las formas epimastigota y tripomastigota de T. cruzi in vitro.Métodos: en la evaluación del efecto de diversos extractos crudos de acetato de etilo y grandisina de P. solmsianum, sobre la viabilidad de las formas epimastigota y tripomastigota de T. cruzi, se utilizó el método MTT (3-(4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il)-2,5-difeniltetrazolium bromuro).Resultados: en la forma epimastigota, el mejor resultado en la inhibición del crecimiento fue obtenido con 50 µg/mL de extracto de tallo y en la forma tripomastigota con 25 y 50 µg/mL de grandisina y plantas in vitro de 6-8 meses de edad, respectivamente. En todos los casos los valores de inhibición oscilaron entre 86 a 96 por ciento. Plantas in vitro de 6-8 meses de edad y grandisina fueron más activas sobre las formas epimastigota y tripomastigota de T. cruzi con valores de CI50 de 0,018 y 0,360 µg/mL, respectivamente.Conclusiones: se demuestra la actividad tripanocida de extractos de plantas silvestres y plantas in vitro de P. solmsianum(AU)


Introduction: the infection by Trypanosoma cruzi, known as Chagas' disease, poses a major public health problem in Central and South America countries.Objective: to evaluate the activity of crude ethyl acetate extracts from in vitro plants of 6-8 and 10-12 months of age, stem barks and mature wild plant leaves and tetrahydrofuran lignin grandisin isolated from Piper solmsianum against the epimastigote and trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi in vitro.Methods: in the evaluation of the effect of various crude ethyl acetate extracts and grandisin from P. solmsianum on the viability of epimastigote and trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi, the MTT method (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-il)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) was used.Results: in the epimastigote form, the best results in growth inhibition was obtained with 50 µg/mL of stem extract, and in the trypomastigote form, with 25 and 50 µg/mL of grandisin and 6-8 months-old in vitro plants, respectively. The inhibition values in all cases ranged from 86 to 96 percent. 6-8 months old in vitro plants and grandisin were found to be active against the epimastigote and trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi with IC50 of 0.018 µg/mL and 0.360 µg/mL, respectively.Conclusions: the trypanocidal activity of extracts from wild plants and in vitro plants of P. solmsianum was proved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypanocidal Agents/therapeutic use , Trypanosoma cruzi/pathogenicity , Chagas Disease/pathology , South America , Central America
8.
Salvador; s.n; 2016. 110 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001002

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A doença de Chagas é uma relevante causa de insuficiência cardíaca na América Latina, onde cerca de 30% dos indivíduos infectados por Trypanosoma cruzi desenvolvem a cardiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC). Fatores relacionados à interação parasito-hospedeiro, resposta imune, reparo e regeneração tecidual participam da fisiopatologia da doença. A identificação de novos alvos terapêuticos depende de um melhor entendimento destes processos. Anteriormente, demonstramos que a galectina-3 (Gal-3), uma lectina com capacidade de ligação a β-galactosídeos, é superexpressa no tecido cardíaco em um modelo experimental de CCC. OBJETIVOS: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o papel exercido pela Gal-3 na patogênese da CCC e seu potencial uso como alvo terapêutico. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: A expressão de Gal-3 foi avaliada no coração de camundongos C57Bl/6...


INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease is a relevant cause of heart failure in Latin America, where about 30% of individuals infected with Trypanosoma cruzi develop chronic Chagas' disease cardiomyopathy (CCC). Several factors related to host-parasite interactions, immune response, tissue repair and regeneration participate in the pathophysiology of the disease. The identification of novel therapeutic targets relies on a better understanding of these processes. Previously, we have demonstrated that the galectin-3 (Gal-3) - a β-galactoside binding lectin - is overexpressed in the cardiac tissue in an experimental model of CCC. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Gal-3 in the pathogenesis of CCC and its potential use as a therapeutic target. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of Gal-3 was assessed in the hearts of T. cruzi infected C57BL/6...


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/mortality , Chagas Disease/parasitology , Chagas Disease/pathology , Chagas Disease/blood , Chagas Disease/transmission , Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology , Trypanosoma cruzi/pathogenicity
9.
Salvador; s.n; 2016. 116 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001009

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A cardiomiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC), doença de elevada morbimortalidade, associada à grave disfunção ventricular e a arritmias cardíacas, caracteriza-se histologicamente por intensa reação inflamatória multifocal, com pronunciada fibrose miocárdica. Diante da ausência de uma terapia eficaz para os pacientes com as formas mais graves da doença, torna-se crucial a descoberta de biomarcadores que possam identificar pacientes em estágios mais precoces, sob risco mais elevado para a progressão da doença. Neste contexto, surge a syndecan-4, uma glicoproteína transmembrana associada à inflamação e fibrose, cujos níveis estão aumentados em indivíduos com insuficiência cardíaca. OBJETIVO: Neste trabalho, avaliamos o padrão de expressão da syndecan-4 no tecido cardíaco de camundongos e de indivíduos com cardiomiopatia chagásica e a possível correlação entre a concentração sérica de syndecan-4 com grau de fibrose miocárdica e com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo em indivíduos com doença de Chagas...


INTRODUCTION: The hallmark of chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) is the presence of a multifocal inflammatory reaction, which leads to myocardial fibrosis, often followed by ventricular dysfunction and arrhythmias. Syndecan-4 is a transmembrane glycoprotein associated with inflammation and fibrosis. Syndecan-4 levels are increased in subjects with heart failure and it has been proposed as a biomarker to predict cardiovascular events. The expression of syndecan-4 is increased in the hearts of mice chronically infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, suggesting a role of this protein in the pathogenesis of CCC. OBJETIVE: Here we aimed to evaluate the pattern of expression of syndecan-4 in heart tissue of mice and subjects with Chagas cardiomyopathy, and to correlate with the degree of inflammation and fibrosis, as well as to determine the correlation of syndecan-4 serum concentration with the degree of myocardial fibrosis and with left ventricular ejection fraction in subjects with Chagas disease...


Subject(s)
Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/immunology , Chagas Disease/microbiology , Chagas Disease/pathology , Chagas Disease/transmission
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(5): 472-478, Nov. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764994

ABSTRACT

AbstractBackground:Galectin-3, a β-galactoside binding lectin, has been described as a mediator of cardiac fibrosis in experimental studies and as a risk factor associated with cardiovascular events in subjects with heart failure. Previous studies have evaluated the genetic susceptibility to Chagas disease in humans, including the polymorphisms of cytokine genes, demonstrating correlations between the genetic polymorphism and cardiomyopathy development in the chronic phase. However, the relationship between the galectin-3 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and phenotypic variations in Chagas disease has not been evaluated.Objective:The present study aimed to determine whether genetic polymorphisms of galectin-3 may predispose to the development of cardiac forms of Chagas disease.Methods:Fifty-five subjects with Chagas disease were enrolled in this observational study. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for genotyping the variants rs4644 and rs4652 of the galectin-3 gene.Results:For the SNP rs4644, the relative risk for the cardiac form was not associated with the genotypes AA (OR = 0.79, p = 0.759), AC (OR = 4.38, p = 0.058), or CC (OR = 0.39, p = 0.127). Similarly, for the SNP rs4652, no association was found between the genotypes AA (OR = 0.64, p = 0.571), AC (OR = 2.85, p = 0.105), or CC (OR = 0.49, p = 0.227) and the cardiac form of the disease.Conclusion:Our results showed no association between the different genotypes for both SNPs of the galectin-3 gene and the cardiac form of Chagas disease. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2015; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).


ResumoFundamento:A galectina-3, uma lectina de ligação à β-galactosidase, foi descrita como um mediador de fibrose cardíaca em estudos experimentais e um fator de risco associado com eventos cardiovasculares em indivíduos com insuficiência cardíaca. Estudos prévios avaliaram a susceptibilidade genética para doença de Chagas em humanos, incluindo polimorfismos dos genes de citocinas, demonstrando correlações entre o polimorfismo genético e o desenvolvimento de cardiomiopatia na fase crônica. No entanto, a relação entre polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (single nucleotide polymorphism, SNP) e variações fenotípicas na doença de Chagas ainda não foi avaliada.Objetivo:O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar se os polimorfismos genéticos da galectina-3 podem predispor ao desenvolvimento de formas cardíacas da doença de Chagas.Métodos:Cinquenta e cinco indivíduos com doença de Chagas foram incluídos neste estudo observacional. A genotipagem das variantes rs4644 e rs4652 do gene da galectina-3 foi realizada por PCR (reação em cadeia de polimerase).Resultados:Para o SNP rs4644, não houve associação entre o risco relativo para a forma cardíaca e os genótipos AA (OR = 0,79, p = 0,759), AC (OR = 4,38, p = 0,058), ou CC (OR = 0,39, p = 0,127). Similarmente, para o SNP rs4652, não foi encontrada associação entre os genótipos AA (OR = 0,64, p = 0,571), AC (OR = 2,85, p = 0,105), ou CC (OR = 0,49, p = 0,227) e a forma cardíaca da doença.Conclusão:Nossos resultados não mostraram associação entre os diferentes genótipos para ambos SNPs do gene da galectina-3 e a forma cardíaca da doença de Chagas. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2015; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chagas Disease/genetics , Genetic Association Studies , /genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Chronic Disease , Chagas Disease/pathology , Echocardiography, Doppler , Fibrosis , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Galectins/genetics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pregnancy Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
11.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(3): 245-250, May-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-752591

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In order to examine the effectiveness of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in combating the oxidative insult caused by Trypanosoma cruzi during the development of the chronic phase of Chagas disease, Swiss mice were infected intraperitoneally with 5.0 × 104 trypomastigotes of T. cruzi QM1strain. Methods: Mice were given supplements of two different doses of vitamin C for 180 days. Levels of lipid oxidation (as indicated by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances-TBARS), total peroxide, vitamin C, and reduced glutathione were measured in the plasma, TBARS, total peroxide and vitamin C were measured in the myocardium and histopathologic analysis was undertaken in heart, colon and skeletal muscle. Results: Animals that received a dose equivalent to 500 mg of vitamin C daily showed increased production of ROS in plasma and myocardium and a greater degree of inflammation and necrosis in skeletal muscles than those that received a lower dose or no vitamin C whatsoever. Conclusion: Although some research has shown the antioxidant effect of vitamin C, the results showed that animals subject to a 500 mg dose of vitamin C showed greater tissue damage in the chronic phase of Chagas disease, probably due to the paradoxical actions of the substance, which in this pathology, will have acted as a pro-oxidant or pro-inflammatory. .


Introdução: Para verificar a eficácia da vitamina C em combater o insulto oxidativo causado pelo Trypanosoma cruzi durante a evolução da fase crônica da doença de Chagas, camundongos Swiss foram previamente infectados via intraperitoneal com 5.0 × 104 tripomastigotas da cepa QM1 de T. cruzi. Métodos: Camundongos foram suplementados com duas diferentes doses de vitamina C por 180 dias. Foram mensurados os níveis de peroxidação lipídica (indicado por substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico-TBARS), peróxido total, vitamina C, e glutationa reduzida no plasma e TBARS, peróxido total e vitamina C no miocárdio, e foi realizado o estudo histopatológico em coração, cólon e músculo esquelético. Resultados: Animais que receberam diariamente uma dosagem equivalente a 500 mg de vitamina C apresentaram aumento na produção de ROS e RNS no plasma e no miocárdio e maior grau de inflamação e necrose em músculo esquelético em comparação àqueles que receberam doses menores ou nenhuma vitamina C. Conclusão: Embora muitas pesquisas tenham mostrado o efeito antioxidante da vitamina C, nossos resultados mostraram que os animais que foram expostos a 500 mg de vitamina C apresentaram maior dano tecidual na fase crônica da doença de Chagas, provavelmente devido a ações paradoxais desta substância, onde nesta patologia, poderá agir como pró-oxidante ou pró-inflamatória. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Chagas Disease/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Biomarkers/blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chronic Disease , Chagas Disease/blood , Chagas Disease/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glutathione/blood , Lipid Peroxidation , Nitric Oxide/blood , Peroxidase/blood , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
12.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(4): 500-506, 09/06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748873

ABSTRACT

Re-infections with Trypanosoma cruzi are an aggravating factor for Chagas disease morbidity. The Colombian strain of T. cruzi represents multiclonal populations formed by clonally propagating organisms with different tropisms and degrees of virulence. In the present study, the influence of successive inoculations with clones of the Colombian strain, exhibiting different degrees of virulence, on chronic myocarditis and the humoral and cellular immune responses (Col-C1 high virulence, Col-C8 medium virulence and Col-C5 low virulence) were demonstrated. Mice from three groups with a single infection were evaluated during the acute (14th-30th day) and chronic phases for 175 days. An immunofluorescence assay, ELISA and delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) cutaneous test were also performed. Mice with a triple infection were studied on the 115th-175th days following first inoculation. The levels of IgM and IgG2a were higher in the animals with a triple infection. DTH showed a higher intensity in the inflammatory infiltrate based on the morphometric analysis during a 48 h period of the triple infection and at 24 h with a single infection. The histopathology of the heart demonstrated significant exacerbation of cardiac inflammatory lesions confirmed by the morphometric test. The humoral responses indicate a reaction to the triple infection, even with clones of the same strain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chagas Disease/parasitology , Myocarditis/parasitology , Trypanosoma cruzi/pathogenicity , Antigens, Protozoan/immunology , Chronic Disease , Cloning, Molecular , Chagas Disease/pathology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunity, Cellular/immunology , Myocarditis/pathology , Parasitemia/immunology , Trypanosoma cruzi/genetics , Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology , Virulence/immunology
13.
Acta fisiátrica ; 22(1)mar. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771295

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Em pacientes chagásicos crônicos, determinar a frequência dos episódios de penetração e aspiração laríngea e avaliar sua relação de interpretação, não só com os padrões exibidos na videofluoroscopia e na esofagomanometria, mas também, com a triagem clínica, a avaliação fonoaudiológica estrutural e funcional. Método: 22 indivíduos foram incluídos no estudo, sendo 15 mulheres e 7 homens, média de idade de 55,9 ± 10,2. Os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação clínica, fonoaudiológica (estrutural e funcional), e aos exames de videofluoroscopia e esofagomanometria computadorizada. Resultados: Dentre as queixas na triagem clínica, 18,2% relataram engasgos, 13,6% pigarro, 40,9% azia, 22,7% regurgitação e 36,4% sensação de alimento parado na garganta. Apenas 18,2% apresentavam uma dentição adequada. Na avaliação funcional da deglutição 31,8% tiveram diagnóstico de deglutição funcional. Na videofluoroscopia foi encontrada permanência de resíduos na faringe em 18,2% dos casos, seguida de deglutições múltiplas em 95,4% e escape posterior em 100%. Observou-se 4 casos de penetração laríngea de grau 2 (disfagia) e em 82% dos casos os achados foram semelhantes entre a videofluoroscopia e avaliação funcional da deglutição, quanto a não ocorrência de penetração laríngea. Os valores de abertura do esfíncter esofágico superior indicam uma relação com o volume de bolo deglutido. Já na manometria foram encontrados 42,1% de alterações em corpo do esôfago e 5,3% em faringe. Conclusão: A penetração laríngea foi prevalente em 18,2% dos casos com uma relação de interpretação importante entre a avaliação fonoaudiológica funcional e os achados videofluoroscópicos, quanto à ausência de penetração laríngea, com resultados semelhantes em 82% dos casos


Objective: To determine the frequency of episodes of laryngeal penetration and aspiration in chronic Chagas patients and to evaluate the interpreted relationship not only with the patterns displayed in videofluoroscopy and manometry, but also with clinical screening and structural and functional phonoaudiological evaluation. Method: Clinical and phonoaudiological (structural and functional) evaluation, fluoroscopy, and computed manometry were performed on all patients. Results: Twenty-two patients were included in the study, fifteen females and seven males. Age ranged between 37 and 70 years, mean 55.9 ± 10.2 years. Among the complaints in clinical screening, 18.2% were choking, 13.6% reported throat-clearing, 40.9% heartburn, 22.7% regurgitation, and 36.4% had the sensation of food stuck in the throat. Only 18.2% of patients had adequate dentition. Functional assessment of swallowing detected only 31.8% capable of functional swallowing. In videofluoroscopy, lingering residues were found in the pharynx in 18.2% of cases, followed by multiple swallows 95.4% and 100% posterior escape. There were 4 cases of grade 2 laryngeal penetration (dysphagia) and, in 82% of cases, the findings were similar for the non-occurrence of laryngeal penetration in the videofluoroscopy and in the functional assessment of swallowing. The apertures of the upper esophageal sphincter indicated a relationship with the volume of swallowed bolus. In the manometry, 42.1% of changes were found in the body of the esophagus and 5.3% in the pharynx. Conclusion: Laryngeal penetration was prevalent in 18.2% of cases with an important interpretation of the functional relationship between clinical assessment and videofluoroscopic findings regarding the absence of laryngeal penetration, with similar results in 82% of cases


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluoroscopy/instrumentation , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Deglutition Disorders , Chagas Disease/pathology , Manometry/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-770789

ABSTRACT

El Instituto Universitario de Ciencias de las Salud ha mostrado un particular compromiso con la formación de sus estudiantes en la estrategia de Atención Primaria de la Salud, con las prácticas asistenciales dedicadas al 1er nivel de atención ambulatoria y a las patologías prevalentes en ese ámbito. Del mismo modo se han desenvuelto las actividades de formación en investigación. Como exponente de esa orientación, la revista Ciencias de la Salud publicó en el Vol. 2, N°1, 2011:4-9, el artículo “Prevalencia de la Enfermedad de Chagas” de Érica G. Morais, que había obtenido el premio “Futuros Líderes”, otorgado por el Curso Anual Internacional de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud (IUCS-AMA, Prof. Carlos Álvarez Bermúdez). Aquella investigación formaba parte de un proyecto más amplio realizado en el Hospital Teodoro Álvarez entre 2004 y 2012, en el que participaron un conjunto de investigadores, que compartieron la autoría de la actual publicación. El Dr. Jorge Mitelman, Prosecretario de Ciencia y Técnica del IUCS e integrante de ese equipo, preparó además una reseña sobre la jornada del INCOSUR, realizada en abril del presente año, describiendo asimismo el proceso de desarrollo de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, como área no endémica, para encarar las consecuencias de la enfermedad de Chagas


Subject(s)
Chagas Disease , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Chagas Disease/pathology , Chagas Disease/prevention & control
15.
Salvador; s.n; 2015. 57 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1000995

ABSTRACT

Um dos principais desafios na miocardiopatia chagásica é a detecção de alterações precoces na função ventricular esquerda. A avaliação do strain pelo speckle tracking na ecocardiografia bidimensional (2-D ST) é um novo método com aplicações em diversas doenças cardíacas, tendo sido validado para pacientes com infarto do miocárdio em comparação à ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC). Neste estudo, avaliamos a hipótese de que o strain global longitudinal (SGL) possui um valor incremental à fração de ejeção (FE) pelo método de Simpson para predição de fibrose miocárdica na RMC, em pacientes portadores de doença de Chagas (DC). Métodos: Estudo observacional, com um total de 58 pacientes portadores de DC. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à realização de ecocardiograma convencional e com strain pelo speckle tracking,além de RMC. Resultados: A análise da curva ROC mostrou que tanto a SGL (área sob a curva: 0,78, p = 0,001) quanto a fração de ejeção (área sob a curva:0,82, p < 0,001) tiveram significância estatística na detecção de fibrose. Em relação á porcentagem de fibrose, uma alta correlação foi observada tanto com a FE pela ecocardiografia (r = - 0,70, p < 0,001) quanto com o SGL (r = 0,64, p < 0,001). Contudo, quando ajustado pela regressão linear múltipla, o SGL perdeu a significância estatística como preditor independente de fibrose miocárdica (p = 0.111). Conclusões: SGL não possui valor incremental em relação à FE na predição de fibrose miocárdica em pacientes portadores de DC.


One of the most challenging issues of chronic Chagas disease is to provide earlier detection of heart involvement. Two-dimensional speckle tracking (2-D ST) echocardiography, a new imaging modality with useful applications in several cardiac diseases, has been validated for subjects with myocardial infarction against cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Here we hypothesize that the longitudinal global strain (LGS) has an incremental value to ejection fraction for predicting myocardial fibrosis in subjects with Chagas disease. Methods: This observational study comprised 58 subjects with Chagas disease, confirmed by two positive serologic tests. All subjects underwent conventional Doppler echocardiogram plus speckle tracking strain, and cardiac magnetic resonance. Results: The ROC curve analysis revealed that both LGS (Area under the curve: 0.78, p = 0.001) and ejection fraction (Area under the curve: 0.82, p < 0.001) were significant predictors of myocardial fibrosis. Regarding the percentage of fibrosis, a high correlation was observed with both ejection fraction assessed by echocardiography (r = - 0.70, p < 0.001) and LGS (r = 0.64, p < 0.001). However, when adjusted through multiple linear regression, the LGS lost statistical significance as a predictor of myocardial fibrosis (p = 0.111). Conclusions: LGS has no incremental value to conventional ejection fraction measurement in the prediction of myocardial fibrosis in subjects with Chagas disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/pathology , Chagas Disease/prevention & control , Chagas Disease/blood , Chagas Disease/therapy , Chagas Disease/transmission
16.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(8): 1005-1013, 12/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732612

ABSTRACT

Trypanosoma cruzi infection may be caused by different strains with distinct discrete typing units (DTUs) that can result in variable clinical forms of chronic Chagas disease. The present study evaluates the immune response and cardiac lesions in dogs experimentally infected with different T. cruzi strains with distinct DTUs, namely, the Colombian (Col) and Y strains of TcI and TcII DTU, respectively. During infection with the Col strain, increased levels of alanine aminotransferase, erythrocytes, haematocrit and haemoglobin were observed. In addition, CD8+ T-lymphocytes isolated from the peripheral blood produced higher levels of interleukin (IL)-4. The latter suggests that during the acute phase, infection with the Col strain may remain unnoticed by circulating mononuclear cells. In the chronic phase, a significant increase in the number of inflammatory cells was detected in the right atrium. Conversely, infection with the Y strain led to leucopoenia, thrombopoenia, inversion of the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ T-lymphocytes and alterations in monocyte number. The Y strain stimulated the production of interferon-γ by CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocytes and IL-4 by CD8+ T-cells. In the chronic phase, significant heart inflammation and fibrosis were observed, demonstrating that strains of different DTUs interact differently with the host.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Chagas Disease/immunology , Myocardium/pathology , Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology , Alanine Transaminase/blood , /metabolism , /metabolism , Chronic Disease , Chagas Disease/blood , Chagas Disease/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Erythrocyte Count , Flow Cytometry , Fibrosis/immunology , Fibrosis/parasitology , Hematocrit , Hemoglobins/analysis , /metabolism , Lymphocyte Count , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/chemistry , Myocardium/chemistry , Myocardium/immunology , Phenotype , Trypanosoma cruzi/metabolism
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 47(6): 739-746, Nov-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732991

ABSTRACT

Introduction Most studies that have evaluated the stomachs of patients with Chagas disease were performed before the discovery of Helicobacter pylori and used no control groups. This study compared the gastric features of chagasic and non-chagasic patients and assessed whether gastritis could be associated with Chagas disease. Methods Gastric biopsy samples were taken from patients who underwent endoscopy for histological analysis according to the Updated Sydney System. H. pylori infection was assessed by histology, 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) polymerase chain reaction (PCR), serology and the 13C-urea breath test. Patients were considered H. pylori-negative when all of these diagnostic tests were negative. Clinical and socio-demographic data were obtained by reviewing medical records and using a questionnaire. Results The prevalence of H. pylori infection (70.3% versus 71.7%) and chronic gastritis (92.2% versus 85%) was similar in the chagasic and non-chagasic groups, respectively; such as peptic ulcer, atrophy and intestinal metaplasia. Gastritis was associated with H. pylori infection independent of Chagas disease in a log-binomial regression model. However, the chagasic H. pylori-negative patients showed a significantly higher grade of mononuclear (in the corpus) and polymorphonuclear ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Chagas Disease/pathology , Gastritis/pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/microbiology , Gastroscopy , Gastritis/complications , Gastritis/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Prevalence
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 102(5): 456-464, 10/06/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-711090

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Pacientes com doença de Chagas com alteração segmentar apresentam pior prognóstico independentemente da fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda. A ressonância magnética cardíaca é atualmente o melhor método para detecção de alteração segmentar e para avaliação de fibrose miocárdica. Objetivo: Quantificar a fibrose, por meio do realce tardio, pela ressonância magnética cardíaca, em pacientes com doença de Chagas com fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda preservada ou minimamente comprometida (> 45%) e detectar padrões de dependência entre fibrose, alteração segmentar e fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda na presença de arritmia ventricular. Métodos: Foram realizados eletrocardiograma, teste ergométrico, Holter e ressonância magnética cardíaca em 61 pacientes, separados em três grupos: (1) eletrocardiograma normal e ressonância magnética cardíaca sem alteração segmentar; (2) eletrocardiograma alterado e ressonância magnética cardíaca sem alteração segmentar; e (3) ressonância magnética cardíaca com alteração segmentar independentemente de alteração no eletrocardiograma. Resultados: O número de pacientes com arritmia ventricular em relação ao número total de pacientes em cada grupo, a porcentagem de fibrose e a fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda foram, respectivamente: no primeiro grupo, 4/26, 0,74% e 74,34%; no segundo grupo, 4/16, 3,96% e 68,5%; e no terceiro grupo, 11/19, 14,07% e 55,59%. Arritmia ventricular foi encontrada em 31,1% dos pacientes. Aqueles com e sem arritmia ventricular apresentaram fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda média de 59,87% ...


Background: Patients with Chagas disease and segmental wall motion abnormality (SWMA) have worse prognosis independent of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is currently the best method to detect SWMA and to assess fibrosis. Objective: To quantify fibrosis by using late gadolinium enhancement CMR in patients with Chagas disease and preserved or minimally impaired ventricular function (> 45%), and to detect patterns of dependence between fibrosis, SWMA and LVEF in the presence of ventricular arrhythmia. Methods: Electrocardiogram, treadmill exercise test, Holter and CMR were carried out in 61 patients, who were divided into three groups as follows: (1) normal electrocardiogram and CMR without SWMA; (2) abnormal electrocardiogram and CMR without SWMA; (3) CMR with SWMA independently of electrocardiogram. Results: The number of patients with ventricular arrhythmia in relation to the total of patients, the percentage of fibrosis, and the LVEF were, respectively: Group 1, 4/26, 0.74% and 74.34%; Group 2, 4/16, 3.96% and 68.5%; and Group 3, 11/19, 14.07% and 55.59%. Ventricular arrhythmia was found in 31.1% of the patients. Those with and without ventricular arrhythmia had mean LVEF of 59.87% and 70.18%, respectively, and fibrosis percentage of 11.03% and 3.01%, respectively. Of the variables SWMA, groups, age, LVEF and fibrosis, only the latter was significant for the presence of ventricular arrhythmia, with a cutoff point of 11.78% for fibrosis mass (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Even in patients with Chagas disease and preserved or minimally impaired ventricular function, electrical instability can be present. Regarding the presence of ventricular arrhythmia, fibrosis is the most important variable, its amount being proportional to the complexity of the groups. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Stroke Volume/physiology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/physiopathology , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Body Mass Index , Chagas Disease/pathology , Electrocardiography , Exercise Test , Fibrosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Observer Variation , Predictive Value of Tests , Reference Values , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Tachycardia, Ventricular/pathology
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(1): 51-60, 02/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703645

ABSTRACT

Chagasic megaoesophagus and megacolon are characterised by motor abnormalities related to enteric nervous system lesions and their development seems to be related to geographic distribution of distinct Trypanosoma cruzi subpopulations. Beagle dogs were infected with Y or Berenice-78 (Be-78) T. cruzi strains and necropsied during the acute or chronic phase of experimental disease for post mortem histopathological evaluation of the oesophagus and colon. Both strains infected the oesophagus and colon and caused an inflammatory response during the acute phase. In the chronic phase, inflammatory process was observed exclusively in the Be-78 infected animals, possibly due to a parasitism persistent only in this group. Myenteric denervation occurred during the acute phase of infection for both strains, but persisted chronically only in Be-78 infected animals. Glial cell involvement occurred earlier in animals infected with the Y strain, while animals infected with the Be-78 strain showed reduced glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactive area of enteric glial cells in the chronic phase. These results suggest that although both strains cause lesions in the digestive tract, the Y strain is associated with early control of the lesion, while the Be-78 strain results in progressive gut lesions in this model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Chagas Disease/parasitology , Colon/parasitology , Disease Models, Animal , Esophagus/parasitology , Myenteric Plexus/parasitology , Trypanosoma cruzi/classification , Autopsy , Acute-Phase Reaction/parasitology , Chronic Disease , Chagas Disease/pathology , Colitis/parasitology , Colon/pathology , Disease Progression , Esophageal Achalasia/parasitology , Esophagitis/parasitology , Esophagus/pathology , Megacolon/parasitology , Species Specificity
20.
Salvador; s.n; 2014. 99 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1000910

ABSTRACT

O Trypanosoma cruzi é um parasita intracelular e agente causador da doença de Chagas, que afeta milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo. Sabe-se que durante os processos de inflamação, regeneração e fibrose desencadeados pelo T. cruzi no hospedeiro há a participação de diversos mediadores e fatores. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a associação entre polimorfismos de nucleotídeos únicos com as formas clínicas e o grau de fibrose em pacientes com doença de Chagas. Os polimorfismos foram analisados por PCR em tempo real. Foram incluídos no estudo 55 pacientes com diagnóstico de doença de Chagas e classificados de acordo com a forma clínica da doença, sendo que 17 apresentavam a forma indeterminada, 15 a forma cardíaca sem disfunção ventricular e 23 a forma cardíaca com disfunção ventricular. Os genótipos CA dos polimorfismos do gene LGALS3 (rs4644 e rs4652); AG e GG do SOCS3 (rs4969170); CT e TT do IL-28B (rs12979860 e 8099917, respectivamente); AG, AG, CC, AG e AG do CLDN-1 (rs10212165, rs3909582, rs9865082, rs9880018 e rs9848283, respectivamente); e CC do CCL5 (rs2280789) foram estatisticamente mais frequentes em pacientes com a forma cardíaca do que com a forma indeterminada da doença. Com relação ao grau de fibrose, os genótipos CC dos polimorfismos do gene LGALS3 (rs4644 e rs4652); AA do SOCS3 (rs4969170); CC do rs12979860 e TT do rs8099917 do IL-28B; AA do rs10212165, AA, AG e GG do rs3909582, CC e CT do rs9865082, AG e GG do rs9880018 e AA do rs9848283 do gene CLDN1; e CC do CCL5 (rs2280789) foram estatisticamente mais frequentes em indivíduos com fibrose cardíaca <15% quando comparados com o grupo com fibrose ≥15%. Diante do exposto concluimos que os polimorfismos analisados podem ser úteis como futuros biomarcadores para estadiamento e conduta terapêutica em pacientes com doença de Chagas.


Trypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular parasite and the agent that causes Chagas disease, which affects millions of people worldwide. Several factors and mediators are known to actively participate in the inflammation, fibrosis and tissue regeneration, which is triggered by T. cruzi within the host. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms with clinical forms and rate of fibrosis in Chagas disease patients. The polymorphisms were analyzed by real-time PCR. The study consisted of 55 Chagas disease patients that were classified according to the clinical form of the disease, including 17 patients presenting the indeterminate form, 15 patients presenting the cardiac form without ventricular dysfunction and 23 patients presenting the cardiac form with ventricular dysfunction. The genotypes of CA of LGALS3 gene polymorphisms (rs4644 and rs4652); AG and GG of SOCS3 (rs4969170); CT and TT of IL-28B (rs12979860 and 8099917, respectively); AG, AG, CC, AG and AG of CLDN-1 (rs10212165, rs3909582, rs9865082, rs9880018 and rs9848283, respectively); and CC of CCL5 (rs2280789) were significantly more frequent in patients presenting the cardiac form compared to patients presenting the indeterminate form. Regarding the degree of fibrosis, the CC genotype of polymorphisms of the genes LGALS3 (rs4644 and rs4652); AA of SOCS3 (rs4969170); CC of rs12979860 and TT of rs8099917 of the IL-28B; AA of rs10212165 and AA, AG and GG of rs3909582, CC and CT of rs9865082, AG and GG of rs9880018 and AA of rs9848283 of the gene CLDN1; and CC of CCL5 (rs2280789) were statistically more frequent in patients presenting <15% cardiac fibrosis when compared to patients presenting fibrosis ≥15%. Taken together, our results suggest that the polymorphisms analyzed may be useful biomarkers for therapeutic management of patients with Chagas disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/mortality , Chagas Disease/parasitology , Chagas Disease/pathology , Chagas Disease/prevention & control , Chagas Disease/therapy , Trypanosoma cruzi , Trypanosoma cruzi/growth & development
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