Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 68
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773650

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish screening methods of anaphylactoid reaction caused by safflower yellow for injection based on RBL-2 H3 cell degranulation model and mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction,and evaluate the hypersensitivity caused by safflower yellow for injection from different batches. An in vitro cell model was used to keep the cells stimulated for an hour with different batches of safflower yellow for injection as the drug group,serum-free MEM medium as negative control group and 30 mg·L-1 C48/80 as positive control group respectively. The supernatant was then absorbed,and neutral red staining technique was used to detect the effect of safflower yellow injection on the degranulation of RBL-2 H3 cells with the positive cell rate of degranulation as the indicator.An in vivo model was established to validate the experimental results,and mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction and ELISA method were adopted to detect the plasma histamine content,and screen the hypersensitivity caused by safflower yellow for injection at the animal level by using plasma histamine content as a test index. The results of the neutral red staining experiments showed that the positive control C48/80 could cause cell degranulation,and most of the cells were deeply stained. There was significant difference in positive cell rate between different batches of safflower yellow and positive control group. In the mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction,it was found that the positive control C48/80 significantly increased the histamine content in the plasma of mice,while the safflower yellow in each batch did not cause a significant increase in plasma histamine( P<0. 000 1). The mechanism of anaphylactoid reaction is relatively complicated. This study was mainly based on the release of histamine and other active substances by degranulation of mast cells. No significant degranulation reaction of RBL-2 H3 cells induced by safflower yellow for injection was detected,nor was the plasma histamine level significantly increased in mice from the in vitro and in vivo aspects.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Animals , Cell Degranulation , Cells, Cultured , Chalcone , Histamine , Blood , Mast Cells , Mice
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773225

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the mechanism of safflower yellow injection for regulating inflammatory response against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury( MIRI) in rats. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group,model group,Hebeishuang group,safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups. MIRI model was established by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery. Myocardial histopathological changes were observed by HE staining; myocardial infarct size was detected by TTC staining; content and changes of tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α) and interleukin-6( IL-6),serum creatine kinase( CK),aspartate aminotransferase( AST),and lactate dehydrogenase( LDH) were detected by biochemical method or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression of Toll-like receptor 4( TLR4) and nuclear factor-κB( NF-κB p65) in myocardial tissues. The results showed that as compared with the sham operation group,the myocardial arrangement of the model group was disordered,with severe edemain the interstitial,significantly increased area of myocardial infarction,increased activities of AST,CK and LDH in serum,and significantly increased contents of TNF-α and IL-6; the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in myocardial tissues were also increased. As compared with the model group,the myocardial tissues were arranged neatlyin the Hebeishuang group and safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups; the edema was significantly reduced; the myocardial infarct size was significantly reduced; the serum AST,CK,LDH activity and TNF-α,IL-6 levels were significantly decreased,and the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in myocardial tissues were decreased. As compared with the Hebeishuang group,the myocardial infarct size was larger in the safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups; the activities of AST,CK and LDH in serum and the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum were higher,but there was no statistically significant difference in the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in tissues. It is suggested that safflower yellow injection has a significant anti-MIRI effect,and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of TLR-NF-κB pathway to inhibit inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Chalcone , Pharmacology , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741640

ABSTRACT

Bioactivity-guided fractionation of MeOH extract of the dried fruits of Amomum tsao-ko led to isolation of nine compounds (1 – 9). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including extensive 1D and 2D-NMR, as alpinetin (1), naringenin-5-O-methyl ether (2), naringenin (3), hesperetin (4), 2′,4′,6′-trihydroxy-4-methoxy chalcone (5), tsaokoin (6), boesenbergin B (7), 4-hydroxyboesenbergin B (8), and tsaokoarylone (9). Of these, compound 8 was isolated from a natural source for the first time, which was previously reported as a synthetic product. The isolated compounds (1 – 9) were tested for their inhibitory effects on LPS-induced nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Among them, three chalcone derivatives (compounds 5, 7, and 8) and a diarylheptanoid (compound 9) exhibited significant inhibitory activity on the NO production with IC₅₀ values ranging from 10.9 to 22.5 µM.


Subject(s)
Amomum , Chalcone , Ether , Fruit , Macrophages , Nitric Oxide , Zingiberaceae
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771561

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the effect of various production processes on the quality of Safflower Injection, the biological activities of the intermediates were evaluated by measuring activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) induced platelet aggregation in vitro. Intermediates were produced by key processes, such as extraction, concentration, twice alcohol precipitation, water sedimentation and two sterilizations during the production of Safflower Injection. The content of main chemical components in intermediates was determined by HPLC. The results showed that with the advance of the preparation process of Safflower Injection, the inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation rate of each intermediate decreased gradually, and the trend of extending APTT activity decreased first and then increased. Meanwhile, the content of hydroxy safflor yellow A (HSYA) was gradually lowered, the content of p-hydroxy-cinnamic acid was increased, and new chemical component p-hydroxybenzaldehyde was produced. In conclusion, sterilization played a key role in the biological activity and HSYA content of Safflower injection.


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius , Chalcone , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Aggregation
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713576

ABSTRACT

Chalcone, (2E)-1,3-Diphenylprop-2-en-1-one, and its synthetic derivatives are known to possess anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we prepared a novel synthetic chalcone compound, (E)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)prop-2-en-1-one name (YJI-7), and investigated its inhibitory effects on endotoxin-stimulated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and expression of inflammatory mediators in macrophages. We demonstrated that treatment of RAW 264.7 macrophages with YJI-7 significantly suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated ROS production. We also found that YJI-7 substantially decreased NADPH oxidase activity stimulated by LPS, indicating that YJI-7 regulates ROS production via modulation of NADPH oxidase in macrophages. Furthermore, YJI-7 strongly inhibited the expression of a number of inflammatory mediators in a gene-selective manner, suggesting that YJI-7 possesses potent anti-inflammatory properties, as well as anti-oxidative activity. In continuing experiments to investigate the mechanisms that could underlie such biological effects, we revealed that YJI-7 suppressed phosphorylation of p38MAPK and JNK stimulated by LPS, whereas no significant effect on ERK was observed. Furthermore, LPS-stimulated production of ROS, activation of NADPH oxidase and expression of inflammatory mediators were markedly suppressed by treatment with selective inhibitor of p38MAPK (SB203580) and JNK (SP600125). Taken together, these results demonstrated that YJI-7, a novel synthetic chalcone derivative, suppressed LPS-stimulated ROS production via modulation of NADPH oxidase and diminished expression of inflammatory mediators, at least in part, via down-regulation of p38MAPK and JNK signaling in macrophages.


Subject(s)
Chalcone , Down-Regulation , Macrophages , NADPH Oxidases , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740060

ABSTRACT

It is noted that chalcone derivatives have characteristic diverse pharmacological properties, and that precise evidence has been growing that they could regulate a tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induced insulin resistance. The purpose of the present investigation is to elucidate the effects of the identified chalcone derivatives on adipogenesis, and to find the underlying mechanism of action in that case. Consequently, we first investigated whether the chalcone derivatives could affect the identified PPARγ-induced transcriptional activity on the proliferator-activated receptor response elements (PPRE) at target promoters, and find that trans-chalcone most significantly increased the PPARγ-induced transcriptional activity. Additionally, we confirmed that there were up-regulatory effects of trans-chalcone during the adipogenesis and lipid accumulation, and on the mRNA of adipogenic factors in 3T3-L1 cells. Next, we examined the effect of trans-chalcone on the inhibition induced by TNF-α on adipogenesis. To that end, we noted that the treatment with trans-chalcone attenuated the effect of TNF-α mediated secretion of various adipokines that are involved in insulin sensitivity. For this reason, we noted that this study clearly demonstrates that trans-chalcone enhanced adipogenesis, in part, by its potent effect on PPARγ activation and by its reverse effect on TNF-α.


Subject(s)
3T3-L1 Cells , Adipogenesis , Adipokines , Chalcone , Insulin Resistance , Necrosis , Response Elements , RNA, Messenger
7.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (6): 2085-2089
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189718

ABSTRACT

A novel flavone derivative has been synthesized in good yield from ketone and aldehyde. The structure has been established by different spectroscopic techniques like H NMR, C NMR, IR and elemental analysis. The compound was then screened for its acute toxicity and antinociceptive activity studies on animal model. The novel compound was safe upto a maximum dose of 500mg/kg body weight oral dose in mice and showed 65.92 and 82.18% pheriperal analgesic activity at 15 and 30mg/kg body weight doses. Central antinociceptive activity of the compound was 53.13 and 64.44% at 15 and 30mg/kg body weight respectively


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Flavones , Analgesics , Mice , Toxicity Tests, Acute , Chalcone
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158424

ABSTRACT

Mice deficient in the toll-like receptor (TLR) or the myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) are resistant to acute liver failure (ALF) with sudden death of hepatocytes. Chalcone derivatives from medicinal plants protect from hepatic damages including ALF, but their mechanisms remain to be clarified. Here, we focused on molecular basis of piperidylmethyloxychalcone (PMOC) in the treatment of TLR/MyD88-associated ALF. C57BL/6J mice were sensitized with D-galactosamine (GalN) and challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS, TLR4 agonist) or oligodeoxynucleotide containing unmethylated CpG motif (CpG ODN, TLR9 agonist) for induction of ALF. Post treatment with PMOC sequentially ameliorated hepatic inflammation, apoptosis of hepatocytes, severe liver injury and shock-mediated death in ALF-induced mice. As a mechanism, PMOC inhibited the catalytic activity of TGF-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) in a competitive manner with respect to ATP, displaced fluorescent ATP probe from the complex with TAK1, and docked at the ATP-binding active site on the crystal structure of TAK1. Moreover, PMOC inhibited TAK1 auto-phosphorylation, which is an axis in the activating pathways of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) or activating protein 1 (AP1), in the liver with ALF in vivo or in primary liver cells stimulated with TLR agonists in vitro. PMOC consequently suppressed TAK1-inducible NF-κB or AP1 activity in the inflammatory injury, an early pathogenesis leading to ALF. The results suggested that PMOC could contribute to the treatment of TLR/MyD88-associated ALF with the ATP-binding site of TAK1 as a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Animals , Apoptosis , Catalytic Domain , Chalcone , Death, Sudden , Escherichia coli , Hepatocytes , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Liver , Liver Failure, Acute , Mice , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Phosphotransferases , Plants, Medicinal , Toll-Like Receptors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147985

ABSTRACT

Benzylideneacetophenone derivative (1E)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) hept-1-en-3-one (JC3) elicited cytotoxic effects on MDA-MB 231 human breast cancer cells-radiation resistant cells (MDA-MB 231-RR), in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC₅₀ value of 6 μM JC3. JC3-mediated apoptosis was confirmed by increase in sub-G1 cell population. JC3 disrupted the mitochondrial membrane potential, and reduced expression of anti-apoptotic B cell lymphoma-2 protein, whereas it increased expression of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-associated X protein, leading to the cleavage of caspase-9, caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. In addition, JC3 activated mitogen-activated protein kinases, and specific inhibitors of these kinases abrogated the JC3-induced increase in apoptotic bodies. JC3 increased the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species and enhanced oxidative macromolecular damage via lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, and DNA strand breakage. Considering these findings, JC3 is an effective therapy against radiation-resistant human breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Chalcone , DNA , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Lipid Peroxidation , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Oxidative Stress , Phosphotransferases , Protein Carbonylation , Reactive Oxygen Species
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209974

ABSTRACT

(E)-3-Phenyl-1-(2-pyrrolyl)-2-propenone (PPP) is a pyrrole derivative of chalcone, in which the B-ring of chalcone linked to β-carbon is replaced by pyrrole group. While pyrrole has been studied for possible Src inhibition activity, chalcone, especially the substituents on the B-ring, has shown pharmaceutical, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant properties via inhibition of NF-κB activity. Our study is aimed to investigate whether this novel synthetic compound retains or enhances the pharmaceutically beneficial activities from the both structures. For this purpose, inflammatory responses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW264.7 cells were analyzed. Nitric oxide (NO) production, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) mRNA expression, and the intracellular inflammatory signaling cascade were measured. Interestingly, PPP strongly inhibited NO release in a dose-dependent manner. To further investigate this anti-inflammatory activity, we identified molecular pathways by immunoblot analyses of nuclear fractions and whole cell lysates prepared from LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells with or without PPP pretreatment. The nuclear levels of p50, c-Jun, and c-Fos were significantly inhibited when cells were exposed to PPP. Moreover, according to the luciferase reporter gene assay after cotransfection with either TRIF or MyD88 in HEK293 cells, NF-κB-mediated luciferase activity dose-dependently diminished. Additionally, it was confirmed that PPP dampens the upstream signaling cascade of NF-κB and AP-1 activation. Thus, PPP inhibited Syk, Src, and TAK1 activities induced by LPS or induced by overexpression of these genes. Therefore, our results suggest that PPP displays anti-inflammatory activity via inhibition of Syk, Src, and TAK1 activity, which may be developed as a novel anti-inflammatory drug.


Subject(s)
Chalcone , Genes, Reporter , HEK293 Cells , Luciferases , Macrophages , Necrosis , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Phosphotransferases , RNA, Messenger , Transcription Factor AP-1
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287148

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study observed attenuating effect of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), an effective ingredient of aqueous extract of Carthamus tinctorius L, on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endothelium inflammatory injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eahy926 human endothelium cell (EC) line was used; thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) test was assayed to observe the viability of EC; Luciferase reporter gene assay was applied to measure nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 subunit nuclear binding activity in EC; Western blot technology was used to monitor mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPKs) and NF-κB activation. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method was applied to observe intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and E-selectin mRNA level; EC surface ICAM-1 expression was measured with flow cytometry and leukocyte adhesion to EC was assayed with Rose Bengal spectrophotometry technology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HSYA protected EC viability against LPS-induced injury (P <0.05). LPS-induced NF-κB p65 subunit DNA binding (P <0.01) and nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor α (IκBα) phosphorylation was inhibited by HSYA. HSYA attenuated LPS triggered ICAM-1 and E-selectin mRNA levels elevation and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK or c-Jun N-terminal kinase MAPK. HSYA also inhibited LPS-induced cell surface ICAM-1 protein expression P <0.01) and leukocyte adhesion to EC (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HSYA is effective to protect LPS-induced high expression of endothelium adhesive molecule and inflammatory signal transduction.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Cell Survival , Chalcone , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , E-Selectin , Genetics , Metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular , Pathology , Gene Expression Regulation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , I-kappa B Proteins , Metabolism , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukocytes , Cell Biology , Lipopolysaccharides , MAP Kinase Signaling System , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , Phosphorylation , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Protein Binding , Quinones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism
12.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 4(3): 205-210, jun.2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779223

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to evaluate the action of the synthetic chalcone 1-phenyl-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-propen-1-one to induce pulp healing in rats. Material and Methods: Sixty lower first molars of male Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups (n=20): control (no treatment); calcium hydroxide and chalcone. After relative isolation, the cavities were prepared using a sterile low-speed » round dental bur. After controlling the hemorrhaging, all the pulp exposures were capped with the capping material, by groups. The cavities were sealed with glass ionomer cement and the repair process was assessed at 21 days of procedure. The data were statistically analyzed using the Fisher exact test (p<0.05). Results: Moderate inflammation was observed in all the experimental groups and significant (p<0.05) reparative dentin (tertiary) formation in the calcium hydroxide and chalcone groups. The chalcone group showed dentinal tubules and a low number of cellular inclusions (p<0.05). Conclusion: The chalcone used in this study indicates potential as an inducer of reparative dentine (tertiary) in a rat model...


El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la acción de la chalcona sintética 1-fenil-3- (4-clorofenil) -2-propen-1-ona para inducir la reparación de la pulpa dentaria en ratas. Materiales y métodos: Sesenta primeros molares inferiores de ratas Wistar machos se dividieron en 3 grupos (n = 20): control (sin tratamiento); hidróxido de calcio y chalcona. Después del aislamiento relativo, las cavidades se prepararon usando una fresa dental redonda de » estéril a baja velocidad. Después de controlar la hemorragia, todas las exposiciones pulpares se taparon con el material de recubrimiento de acuerdo con los grupos del experimiento. Las cavidades fueron selladas con cemento de ionómero de vidrio y el proceso de reparación se evaluó a los 21 días del procedimiento. Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher (p<0,05). Resultados: Se observó inflamación moderada en todos los grupos experimentales y significativa (p <0,05) formación de dentina reparadora (terciaria) en los grupos de hidróxido de cálcio y chalcona. El grupo de chalcona mostró túbulos dentinarios y un bajo número de inclusiones celulares (p <0,05). Conclusión: La chalcona utilizada en este estudio indica potencial como un inductor de la dentina reparadora (terciaria) en ratas...


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Chalcone/chemistry , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Rats, Wistar
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 728-731, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351613

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate the effect of hydroxysafflor yellow A ( HYSA) on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and the related mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>VSMCs derived from SD rats were treated with DMEC culture medium (Control), 10 ng/ml PDGF (PDGF group), pretreatment with HYSA at different doses (1, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60 µmol/L) for 24 h then cotreatment with PDGF. After 24 h, MTT assay, Western blot and immunohistochemical staining were performed to evaluate the inhibitory effects of HYSA on VSMCs proliferation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HYSA inhibited PDGF induced VSMCs proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, dowregulated proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and blocked PDGF activated PDGFR-MEK-ERK1/2 signaling pathway.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HYSA inhibits VSMCs proliferation possibly via downregulating the expression of PCNA and blocking MEK-ERK1/2 signal transduction in VSMCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Chalcone , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Quinones , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104384

ABSTRACT

Chalcones (1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-ones), a subfamily of flavonoid, are widely known to possess potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-1-(thio3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl phen-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (TI-I-175), a synthetic chalcone derivative, on endotoxin-induced expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), one of the key chemokines that regulates migration and infiltration of immune cells, and its potential mechanisms. TI-I-175 potently inhibited MCP-1 mRNA expression stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW 264.7 macrophages without significant effect on cell viability. Treatment of cells with TI-I-175 markedly prevented LPS-induced transcriptional activation of activator protein-1 (AP-1) as measured by luciferase reporter assay, while nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity was not inhibited by TI-I-175, implying that TI-I-175 suppressed MCP-1 expression probably via regulation of AP-1. In addition, TI-I-175 treatment significantly inhibited LPS-induced Akt phosphorylation and led to a significant decrease in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by LPS, which act as up-stream signaling events required for AP-1 activation in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Taken together, these results indicate that TI-I-175 suppresses MCP-1 gene expression in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages via suppression of ROS production and Akt activation.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Chalcone , Chalcones , Chemokine CCL2 , Chemokines , Gene Expression , Inflammation , Luciferases , Macrophages , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species , RNA, Messenger , Transcription Factor AP-1 , Transcriptional Activation
15.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 162-169, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124631

ABSTRACT

Hamamelis japonica (Hamamelidaceae), widely known as Japanese witch hazel, is a deciduous flowering shrub that produces compact clumps of yellow or orange-red flowers with long and thin petals. As a part of our ongoing search for phenolic constituents from this plant, eleven phenolic constituents including six flavonol glycosides, a chalcone glycoside, two coumaroyl flavonol glycosides and two galloylated compounds were isolated from the flowers. Their structures were elucidated as methyl gallate (1), myricitrin (2), hyperoside (3), isoquercitrin (4), quercitrin (5), spiraeoside (6), kaempferol 4'-O-beta-glucopyranoside (7), chalcononaringenin 2'-O-beta-glucopyranoside (8), trans-tiliroside (9), cis-tiliroside (10), and pentagalloyl-O-beta-D-glucose (11), respectively. These structures of the compounds were identified on the basis of spectroscopic studies including the on-line LCNMR- MS and conventional NMR techniques. Particularly, directly coupled LC-NMR-MS afforded sufficient structural information rapidly to identify three flavonol glycosides (2 - 4) with the same molecular weight in an extract of Hamamelis japonica flowers without laborious fractionation and purification step. Cytotoxic effects of all the isolated phenolic compounds were evaluated on HCT116 human colon cancer cells, and pentagalloyl-O-beta-D-glucose (11) was found to be significantly potent in inhibiting cancer cell growth.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Chalcone , Colonic Neoplasms , Flowers , Glycosides , Hamamelis , Humans , Molecular Weight , Phenol , Plants
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244577

ABSTRACT

Bio-active components from Carthamus tinctorius were separated on the basis of antioxidant capacities in vitro. The antioxidant capacity was investigated on the basis of the ability to scavenge DPPH radical, ABTS radical and reduce Fe3+ of different polar fractions. Furthermore, the chemical compounds were isolated from bio-active fraction, and were evaluated for the antioxidative effects. Five major components were isolated and identified from water extract as 6-hydroxykaempferol 3,6,7-tri-O-β-D-glucoside(1), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3-O-β-rutinoside-6-O-β-D-glucoside (2), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (3), hydroxysafflor yellow A (4) and anhydrosafflor yellow B (5). By evaluating and comparing the antioxidative effects of different fractions and obtained compounds, the results showed that water extract displayed significantly high antioxidative activities and 6-hydroxykaempferol glycosides and quinochalcone C-glycosides were found as main contribution for antioxidant property.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Benzothiazoles , Metabolism , Biphenyl Compounds , Metabolism , Carthamus tinctorius , Chemistry , Chalcone , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Ferric Compounds , Metabolism , Free Radicals , Metabolism , Kaempferols , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Oxidation-Reduction , Picrates , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quinones , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Sulfonic Acids , Metabolism , Water , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300239

ABSTRACT

To study on the effects of Achyranthes bidentata on Tongsaimai pellets main active ingredients chlorogenic acid, isoliquiritin, harpagoside and glycyrrhizin in rats in vivo pharmacokinetic behaviors, a method for the simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, isoliquiritin, harpagoside and liquiritigenin in rat plasma was established by UPLC-MS/MS. The analysis was performed on a waters Acquity BEH C18 column (2.1 mm x 100 mm, 1.7 microm) with the mixture of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid/water as mobile phase, and the gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.3 mL x min(-1). The analytes were detected by tandem mass spectrometry with the electrospray ionization (ESI) source and in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. It turned out that the analytes of Tongsaimai pellets groups C(max) and AUC(Q-infinity) values were higher than that with A. bidentata group, and the C(max) values of chlorogenic acid had significantly difference (P < 0.05), the AUC(0-infinity) values of chlorogenic acid and glycyrrhizin had significantly difference (P < 0.05); The T(max) and CL values of two groups had no significantly difference. Results showed that the established method was specific, rapid, accurate and sensitive for the studies of Tongsaimai pellets four main active ingredients in rat in vivo pharmacokinetic, and A. bidentata have varying degrees of effects on Tongsaimai pellets four main active ingredients in rat in vivo pharmacokinetic behaviors.


Subject(s)
Achyranthes , Chemistry , Animals , Chalcone , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Chlorogenic Acid , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Glucosides , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Glycosides , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Pharmacokinetics , Herb-Drug Interactions , Male , Pyrans , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Hydroxy Safflower Yellow A (HSYA) on the expression of osteogenic markers, such as alkaline phosphatase, Cbf(alpha)l and type I collagen, and explore the mechanism of HSYA in the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced ischemic necrosis of femoral head.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifteen healthy and adult New Zealand white rabbits were collected and weighted 0.9 to 1.3 kg. The rabbits were injected abdominally with anesthetic drugs, then received marrow cavity puncture of tibia and anterior superior iliac spine to get bone marrow blood. Rabbits bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were separated from the bone marrow blood, cultured in vitro and passaged. The 3rd generation of BMSCs which had good growth condition were randomly divided into blank group, model group and HSYA groups with different doses. The BMSCs in model group were treated with high dose of dexamethasone to induce adipogenic differentiation of cells cultured in vitro, and inhibit osteogenic differentiation. The BMSCs in HSYA groups received high dose of dexamethasone and different concentrations of HSYA simultaneously. The blank group received not any special handling. After a week,the expressions of alkaline phosphatase, Cbf(alpha)l and type I collagen mRNA were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly decreased in BMSCs of the model group as compared with the blank group (P < 0.01), and the expression of Cbf(alpha)l and type I collagen mRNA were also decreased significantly (P<0.01). The alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly increased in BMSCs of each HSYA group as compared with the model group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and the expression of Cbf(alpha)l and type I collagen mRNA were also increased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mechanism of HSYA may be related to the effect of antagonism to the reduced osteogenic differentiation induced by glucocorticoid.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Genetics , Metabolism , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Chalcone , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Collagen Type I , Genetics , Metabolism , Core Binding Factor alpha Subunits , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Female , Glucocorticoids , Pharmacology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Osteogenesis , Rabbits
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1136-1142, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299156

ABSTRACT

The effect of amygdalin joint hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on the endplate chondrocytes derived from intervertebral discs of rats induced by IL-1beta and the possible mechanism were studied and explored. Chondrocytes were obtained from endplate of one-month SD rat intervertebral discs and cultured primary endplate chondrocytes. After identification, they were divided into normal group, induced group, amygdalin group, HSYA group and combined group. CCK-8 kit was adopted to detect the proliferation of the endplate chondrocytes. FCM was measured to detect the apoptosis. Real-time PCR method was adopted to observe the mRNA expression of Aggrecan, Col 2 alpha1, Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13 and the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta. The protein expression of Col II, Col X was tested through immunofluorescence. Compared with the normal group, the proliferation of the endplate chondrocytes decreased while the apoptosis increased (P < 0.05). With down regulation of the mRNA expressions of Aggrecan, Col 2 alpha1 and up regulation of the mRNA expressions of Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13, IL-1beta (P < 0.05), the protein expression of Col II decreased while the protein expression of Col X increased. Compared with the induced group, amygdalin group, HSYA group, the combined group could inhibit the apoptosis and promote the proliferation (P < 0.05). They could increase the mRNA expressions of Aggrecan and Col 2 alpha1 while decrease the mRNA expressions of Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13 and IL-1beta (P < 0.05). They could also enhance the protein expression of Col II while reduce the protein expression of Col X. The effect of the combined group was significantly better than that of amygdalin and HSYA. Amygdalin joint HSYA could inhibit the degeneration of the endplate chondrocytes derived from intervertebral discs of rats induced by IL-1beta and better than the single use of amygdalin or HSYA.


Subject(s)
Amygdalin , Pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Chalcone , Pharmacology , Chondrocytes , Collagen , Metabolism , Drug Synergism , Interleukin-1beta , Intervertebral Disc , Cell Biology , Quinones , Pharmacology , Rats
20.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 163-168, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39649

ABSTRACT

Isoliquiritigenin (ILTG) is a chalcone compound and shows various pharmacological properties, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. In recent study, we have reported a novel role of ILTG in sleep through a positive allosteric modulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A))-benzodiazepine (BZD) receptors. However, the effect of ILTG in GABA(A)R-mediated synaptic response in brain has not been tested yet. Here we report that ILTG significantly prolonged the decay of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) mediated by GABA(A)R in mouse hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons without affecting amplitude and frequency of sIPSCs. This enhancement was fully inhibited by flumazenil (FLU), a specific GABA(A)-BZD receptor antagonist. These results suggest a potential role of ILTG as a modulator of GABAergic synaptic transmission.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Chalcone , Flumazenil , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials , Mice , Neurons , Synaptic Transmission
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL