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1.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 61-66, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279075

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La distinción clínica entre infecciones arbovirales y las provocadas por rickettsias es crucial para iniciar el tratamiento médico apropiado. Objetivo: Comparar las diferencias entre fiebre manchada de las Montañas Rocosas (FMMR) y otras enfermedades transmitidas por vector (dengue y chikungunya) con presentación clínica similar e identificar los datos que pudieran ayudar al diagnóstico rápido de esas enfermedades. Métodos: Se evaluaron datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y de laboratorio de 399 pacientes de cinco hospitales y clínicas en Sonora, México, entre 2004 y 2016, con el diagnóstico confirmado por laboratorio de FMMR, dengue o chikungunya. Resultados: El grupo con FMMR presentó la mayor letalidad (49/63 muertes, 77.8 %), seguido por el de chikungunya (3/161, 1.9 %) y el de dengue (3/161, 1.9 %). Las diferencias clínicas consistieron en la presencia de exantema, edema y prurito; además, se documentaron diferencias en múltiples biomarcadores como plaquetas, hemoglobina, bilirrubina indirecta y niveles de sodio sérico. Conclusión: El exantema en palmas y plantas, edema y ausencia de prurito, aunados a niveles altos de bilirrubina directa y trombocitopenia severa pudieran ser indicadores útiles para diferenciar a pacientes con FMMR en etapas avanzadas de aquellos con dengue y chikungunya.


Abstract Introduction: Clinical distinction between arbovirus infections and those caused by rickettsia is crucial to initiate appropriate medical treatment. Objective: To compare the differences between Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) and other vector-borne diseases (dengue and chikungunya) with similar clinical presentation, and to identify data that could aid rapid diagnosis of these diseases. Methods: Sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory data of 399 patients from five hospitals and clinics of Sonora, Mexico, with laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of RMSF, dengue, or chikungunya between 2004 and 2016 were evaluated. Results: The RMSF group had the highest lethality (49/63 deaths, 77.8 %), followed by the chikungunya group (3/161, 1.9 %) and the dengue group (3/161, 1.9 %). Clinical differences included the presence of rash, edema, and pruritus; in addition, differences in multiple biomarkers such as platelets, hemoglobin, indirect bilirubin, and serum sodium levels were documented. Conclusion: Rash on the palms and soles, edema and absence of pruritus, together with high levels of direct bilirubin and severe thrombocytopenia could be useful indicators to differentiate patients at RMSF advanced stages from those with dengue and chikungunya.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/diagnosis , Dengue/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/complications , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dengue/complications , Dengue/mortality , Diagnosis, Differential , Symptom Assessment , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Chikungunya Fever/mortality , Mexico/epidemiology
2.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280959

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chikungunya virus is spreading worldwide due to migration and globalization and could be presented with systemic and with unusual symptoms. Objective: To report a case of virus-transmitted infection detected in a woman during the gynecological examination at a vulvar clinic. Case report: A 73-year-old Caucasian woman attended a vulvar clinic because of dyspareunia and vulvar burning. Ulcers were observed on labia minora and perineum. A Chikungunya was diagnosed by seroconversion in paired specimens. She was prescribed prednisolone 40 mg once a day for 10 days. After oral steroid treatment, the woman had no body rashes or lesions on her genitals. Conclusion: This study emphasized that rare signs of unusual vulvitis with ulcers could be associated with Chikungunya infection.


Introdução: O vírus Chikungunya está se espalhando pelo mundo por conta da migração e da globalização, podendo apresentar sintomas sistêmicos e incomuns. Objetivo: Relatar um caso de infecção pelo vírus detectado em uma mulher por ocasião do exame ginecológico em clínica de patologia vulvar. Relato do caso: Uma mulher caucasiana de 73 anos foi a uma clínica vulvar por causa de dispareunia e queimação vulvar. Úlceras foram observadas nos pequenos lábios e no períneo. O diagnóstico de Chikungunya foi realizado por soroconversão em espécimes pareados. Foi prescrita prednisolona 40 mg uma vez ao dia por dez dias. Após o tratamento com esteróides orais, a mulher não apresentou erupções ou lesões nos órgãos genitais. Conclusão: Este estudo enfatizou que quadros raros de vulvite com úlcera podem estar associados à infecção por Chikungunya.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ulcer/virology , Vulvitis/virology , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Gynecological Examination
3.
Rev. fac. cienc. méd. (Impr.) ; 17(1): 43-46, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223833

ABSTRACT

Chikungunya es una enfermedad emergente en Honduras y en la región Centro y Suramericana, estudios anteriores indican que 0.3% pueden ser formas atípicas o severas. Objetivo: analizar como la inmunosupresión provocada por el virus de chikungunya predispuso al paciente para que el Staphylococcus aureusentrara al torrente sanguíneo y produjera complicaciones Presentación del caso clínico:paciente de 8 meses de edad, inicia cuadro clínico febril y rash generalizado. Diez días después presenta dificultad respiratoria y dolor torácico, acompañado de absceso en maléolo interno de pierna derecha; se realiza ecografía torácica y se diagnostica pericarditis, se ordena serología por inmunoglobulina M para chikungunya, considerando la epidemia del momento (2015), que resultó positiva. Posteriormente paciente evoluciona con las siguientes complicaciones: taponamiento cardiaco, shock séptico y cardiogénico, conjuntivitis bacteriana, insuficiencia renal aguda, endocarditis y osteomielitis bacteriana. El paciente mejoró progresivamente hasta su recuperación completa. Conclusión:la infección con el virus del chikungunya provocó inmunosupresión, se complicó por infección de Staphylococcus aureus, presente en el absceso de la pierna derecha, pasó al torrente sanguíneo, afectando a múltiples órganos, necesitando manejo en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricosdel Instituto Hondureño de Seguridad Social, poniendoen riesgo la vida del paciente...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Viruses , Immunosuppression
5.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 537-543, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1096757

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar, avaliar e transmitir novos dados e recomendações aos profissionais de saúde. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases Scopus, Cinahl, Ibecs, Medline e Lilacs. Resultados: inicialmente foram encontrados 248 artigos, após exclusão dos artigos que não se enquadraram nos critérios de inclusão foram selecionados 6. Conclusão: Concluímos que existe um alto índice de mortalidade em idosos por alterações cardíacas, associação elevada de comorbidades e recursos simples de diagnóstico nas fases das alterações cardíacas por Chikungunya. Torna-se necessário garantir uma maior atenção ao atendimento inicial e acompanhamento do idoso com esta arbovirose envolvendo melhores práticas na rotina da assistência clínica, ampliação do uso de exames cardiológicos de imagem e laboratoriais em unidades de saúde e de pesquisas científicas por parte dos profissionais de saúde


Objective: To identify, evaluate and transmit new data and recommendations to health professionals. Method: this is an integrative review of the literature performed in the bases Scopus, Cinahl, Ibecs, Medline and Lilacs. Results: 248 articles were initially found, after exclusion of the articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria, 6 were selected. Conclusion: We conclude that there is a high mortality rate in elderly patients due to cardiac alterations, a high association of comorbidities and simple diagnostic resources in the phases of cardiac changes by Chikungunya. It is necessary to ensure greater attention to the initial care and follow-up of the elderly with this arbovirose involving better practices in the routine of clinical care, expansion of the use of imaging and laboratory cardiology exams in health units and scientific research by the professionals of Cheers


Objetivo: identificar, evaluar y transmitir nuevos datos y recomendaciones a los profesionales de la salud. Método: se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en las bases Scopus, Cinahl, Ibecs, Medline y Lilacs. Resultados: inicialmente se encontraron 248 artículos, después de la exclusión de los artículos que no se encuadrar en los criterios de inclusión fueron seleccionados 6. Conclusión: Concluimos que existe un alto índice de mortalidad en ancianos por alteraciones cardíacas, asociación elevada de comorbilidades y recursos simples de diagnóstico en las las fases de las alteraciones del corazón por Chikungunya. Se hace necesario garantizar una mayor atención a la atención inicial y acompañamiento del anciano con esta arbovirosa involucrando mejores prácticas en la rutina de la asistencia clínica, ampliación del uso de exámenes cardiológicos de imagen y de laboratorio en unidades de salud y de investigaciones científicas por parte de los profesionales de la salud salud


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chikungunya virus , Health of the Elderly , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Heart Diseases
8.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(4): e2020056, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124769

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as características demográficas e a dinâmica espaço-temporal das internações por síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) no Brasil, no período 2008-2017. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo ecológico com dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS); foram calculadas taxas de internações por SGB e construiu-se um diagrama de controle; na análise espacial, utilizou-se o intervalo de quebras naturais. Resultados: foram registradas 15.512 internações por SGB no período do estudo; entre 2008 e 2014, observou-se uma média de 1.344 internações por ano; em 2015, foram registradas 1.953 internações, representando um incremento de 45% em relação à média dos anos anteriores; internações por SGB estiveram presentes em nível epidêmico na região Nordeste, nos anos de 2015 e 2016. Conclusão: houve aumento das internações por SGB a partir de 2015, após a introdução do vírus chikungunya e a rápida propagação do vírus Zika no Brasil.


Objetivo: describir las características demográficas y la dinámica espacio-temporal de las hospitalizaciones por síndrome de Guillain-Barré (GBS) en Brasil, en el período 2008-2017. Métodos: este es un estudio ecológico con datos del Sistema de Información Hospitalaria del SUS (SIH/SUS); se calcularon las tasas de hospitalización por GBS y se construyó un diagrama de control; en el análisis espacial, se utilizó el rango de rupturas naturales. Resultados: se registraron 15.512 ingresos por GBS durante el período de estudio. Entre 2008-2014, se observó un promedio de 1.344 hospitalizaciones por año, en el año siguiente (2015), se registraron 1.953 hospitalizaciones, lo que representa un aumento del 45% en relación con el promedio de años anteriores; las hospitalizaciones por GBS estuvieron presentes a nivel epidémico en la Región Nordeste en los años 2015 y 2016. Conclusión: hubo un aumento en las hospitalizaciones por GBS a partir de 2015, después de la introducción del virus chikungunya y la rápida propagación del virus Zika en Brasil.


Objective: to describe the demographic characteristics and the spatio-temporal dynamics of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) hospitalizations in Brazil between 2008 and 2017. Methods: this is an ecological study using data from the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian National Health System (SIH/SUS); GBS hospitalization rates were calculated and a control diagram was built; natural break ranges were used in the spatial analysis. Results: 15,512 GBS hospitalizations were recorded during the study period; between 2008-2014 there were 1,344 hospitalizations per year on average, in the following year (2015), 1,953 hospitalizations were registered, representing an increase of 45% in relation to the average of previous years; GBS hospitalizations reached an epidemic level in the Northeast region in 2015 and 2016. Conclusion: GBS hospitalizations increased with effect from 2015, following the introduction of chikungunya virus and the rapid spread of Zika virus in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/epidemiology , Ecological Studies , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Epidemiological Monitoring , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Zika Virus Infection/complications
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190517, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136911

ABSTRACT

Abstract Since the emergence of the chikungunya virus in Brazil in 2014, more than 700,000 cases have been reported throughout the country, corresponding to one-third of all cases reported in the Americas. In addition to its high attack rates, resulting in hundreds of thousands of cases, the disease has high chronicity rates with persistent joint manifestations for more than 3 months, which can spread to more than half of the patients affected in the acute phase. Pain associated with musculoskeletal manifestations, often disabling, has an effect on patients' quality of life at different stages of the disease. Currently, the challenge faced by specialists is identifying the best therapy to be instituted for symptom relief despite the limited number of published intervention studies. In 2016, a multidisciplinary group published pharmacological treatment protocols for pain in patients with chikungunya, which was incorporated into the guidelines for clinical management of the Brazilian Ministry of Health in 2017; in that same year, a consensus was published by the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology about diagnosis and treatment. After 5 years of experience with chikungunya epidemics, in 2019, specialists involved in the protocols of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology and Brazilian Ministry of Health prepared an update with the main objective of developing flowcharts for the therapeutic approach of musculoskeletal manifestations in adult patients to enable specialists at different levels of healthcare to spread and apply this guideline in a systematic and simplified manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Rheumatology , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/therapy , Quality of Life , Brazil , Consensus
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e04312019, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136839

ABSTRACT

Abstract Since its re-emergence in the late 1990s, there have been reports of Chikungunya fever (CHIK-F) presenting with severe or atypical findings. There is little knowledge regarding the clinical events leading to the death of patients with CHIK-F. This study aimed to systematically review the literature regarding CHIK-F and identify clinical features preceding death. We searched PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Lilacs, and IsiWeb for case-reports, case-series, or cohorts of CHIK-F reporting at least one death, up to December 2019. Fifty-seven reports were analyzed, including 2140 deaths. Data about specific clinical events that precede death are scarce. The central tendency of time between disease onset and death ranged from 2 days to 150 days. The most common clinical findings among decedents were fever (22.0%), arthralgia (15.7%), myalgia (10.7%), and headache (8.2%). Excluding pediatric populations, the reported central tendency of age among the decedents was 53 or older, with a non-weighted median of 67, ranging up to 80 years old. Authors mentioned organic dysfunction in 91.2% reports. Among all the 2140 decedents, the most common dysfunctions were cardiovascular (7.2%), respiratory (6.4%), neurological (5.4%), renal (4.2%), liver (3.0%), and hematological (1.3%) dysfunction. Exacerbation of previous diabetes (5.6%) or hypertension (6.9%) was mentioned as conditions preceding death. Currently, older age, primary neurological, cardiovascular, or respiratory dysfunction and a previous diagnosis of diabetes or hypertension are the main clinical events preceding death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chikungunya Fever/mortality , Cause of Death , Disease Progression , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190160, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057295

ABSTRACT

Abstract Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a demyelinating autoimmune neuropathic condition characterized by extensive bilateral and confluent lesions in the cerebral white matter and cerebellum. The basal ganglia and gray matter may also be involved. In most cases, the symptoms are preceded by viral infection or vaccination. In this report, we present a case of ADEM associated with optic neuritis presenting alongside two potential triggering factors: chikungunya virus infection and yellow fever immunization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Chikungunya virus/immunology , Optic Neuritis/diagnostic imaging , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/virology , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/diagnostic imaging , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/complications , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis
12.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 575-579, Out.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056614

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In 2004, a global spread of Chikungunya fever affected most tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In 2016, an outbreak occurred in Northeast Brazil with hundreds of cases documented. Solid organ transplant recipients have a modified immune response to infection and the clinical course is usually different from immunocompetent patients. The diagnosis can be challenging in this population. Most reports describe patients residing in endemic areas, although we must emphasize the importance of differential diagnosis in kidney transplanted travelers who visit endemic regions, such as Northeast Brazil. Here, we reported a case of a kidney transplant recipient that acquired Chikungunya fever after a trip to an endemic region at Northeast Brazil during the outbreak in 2016, with a good clinical evolution. We also present warning recommendations for travelers to endemic areas as additional measures to prevent disease outbreaks.


RESUMO Em 2004, um surto global de Chikungunya afetou a maioria das regiões tropicais e subtropicais do mundo. Em 2016, um surto ocorreu no Nordeste do Brasil com centenas de casos documentados. Receptores de transplantes de órgãos sólidos têm uma resposta imune modificada à infecção, e o curso clínico é geralmente diferente daquele em pacientes imunocompetentes. O diagnóstico pode ser desafiador nessa população. A maioria dos relatos descreve pacientes residentes em áreas endêmicas, embora devamos enfatizar a importância do diagnóstico diferencial em viajantes transplantados renais que visitam regiões endêmicas, como o Nordeste do Brasil. Aqui, nós relatamos o caso de um receptor de transplante renal que adquiriu febre Chikungunya após uma viagem a uma região endêmica no Nordeste do Brasil durante o surto de 2016, com uma boa evolução clínica. Também apresentamos recomendações de alerta para viajantes em áreas endêmicas, como medidas adicionais para prevenir surtos de doenças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Chikungunya virus/immunology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Chikungunya Fever/therapy , Brazil/epidemiology , Chikungunya virus/genetics , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/immunology , Hospitalization , Immunosuppressive Agents/standards , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(5): 338-341, Sept.-Oct. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042383

ABSTRACT

Resumo A febre Chikungunya é um problema de saúde pública mundial, com potencial para gerar epidemias de alta morbidade, visto que elevado número de pacientes pode apresentar sequelas articulares prolongadas e alterações oftalmológicas. As manifestações oftalmológicas podem estar presentes na fase aguda da doença ou ter início após várias semanas da instalação do quadro. Na literatura mundial é descrito desde alterações mais comuns e de fácil tratamento como conjuntivites até alterações mais complexas e que podem cursar com sequelas visuais graves como a retinite e neurite óptica.


Abstract Chikungunya fever is a world public health problem with the potential to generate epidemics of high morbidity, since a high number of patients may present prolonged joint sequelae and ophthalmological alterations. Ophthalmologic manifestations may be present in the acute phase of the disease or begin after several weeks of the onset of the disease. In the world literature is described from more common and easy to treat changes such as conjunctivitis to more complex changes and that can occur with severe visual sequelae such as retinitis and optic neuritis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eye Diseases/etiology , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Serologic Tests/methods , Chikungunya virus/isolation & purification , Chikungunya virus/immunology , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Eye Diseases/drug therapy , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/drug therapy , Chikungunya Fever/blood , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190112, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057250

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chikungunya (CHIK) is caused by the Chikungunya virus, which is an Alphavirus of the Family Togaviridae transmitted to humans through female mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving the administration of a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic and health variables and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire on general pain to patients with CHIK in the City of Imperatriz, Brazil, between January and December 2017. RESULTS Data of a total of 130 patients were evaluated. The mean age was 52 years (standard deviation=13.3); majority of the patients were female (n=120) with a prevalence of 38.0% for functional disability. Statistical differences were noted for marital status (p=0.037), presence/absence of comorbidities (p=0.050), and the use of medications prior to the diagnosis of CHIK (p=0.050), use of methotrexate (p=0.030), use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (p≤0.035), and use of nonhormonal anti-inflammatory drugs (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS Patients in the chronic phase of CHIK present functional disability, thus alerting healthcare professionals to the importance of implementing actions aimed at an adequate treatment in all phases of the disease, mainly related to pain treatment and motor rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Disability Evaluation , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190167, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041575

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical-epidemiological profile of Chikungunya virus infection and the factors associated with hospitalization during the peak of the most recent epidemic period in Brazil (2016-2017). METHODS Two official databases of the State Health Secretariat of Ceará were used, and a total of 182,731 notifications were analyzed. RESULTS Independent factors associated with hospital admission were chronic kidney disease (OR 4.56, 95% CI 3.36-6.17), hypertension (OR 1.90, 95% CI 1.69-2.14), leukopenia (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.56-2.30) and diabetes mellitus (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.44-1.99). CONCLUSIONS The pre-existing comorbidities have shown the potential to destabilize the patients' clinical status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Epidemics , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Educational Status , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Hospitalization , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180232, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041517

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chikungunya infection presents with distinct clinical features depending on the patient age group. METHODS: Medical records of children with positive IgM for the chikungunya virus who were hospitalized in a pediatric ward in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil were analyzed. RESULTS: Fourteen children with a median age of 4 months (36 days to 15 years) were included. All patients presented with fever persisting for an average of 5 days. The joints were involved in 6 (42.8%) children, and 8 (57.1%) children presented with bullous rash. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic involvement and atypical clinical manifestations characterize severe forms of chikungunya infection in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/blood , Severity of Illness Index , Hospitalization
20.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20190015, 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012620

ABSTRACT

Algumas infecções virais sistêmicas podem estar relacionadas ao desenvolvimento de complicações vasculares, como trombose venosa profunda e linfedema de membros inferiores e superiores. Essa relação já está bem estabelecida em pacientes portadores do vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV), hepatite C ou influenza. Recentemente introduzido no continente americano (2013), o vírus chicungunha, um arbovírus transmitido pelo mosquito do gênero Aedes e agente etiológico da febre chicungunha (FC), ainda não tem essa relação bem sedimentada. Porém, o surto de FC, ocorrido entre 2015 e 2016, fez com que fossem descritos na literatura médica os primeiros casos de complicações vasculares agudas e crônicas secundárias à infecção por essa arbovirose. Neste relato de caso, descrevemos uma paciente que desenvolveu linfedema de membros superiores e inferiores após quadro de FC


Certain systemic viral infections can be related to development of vascular complications, such as deep venous thrombosis and lymphedema of lower and upper limbs. These links have been well-established in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C, or influenza. Recently introduced into the American continent (2013), chikungunya virus is an arbovirus transmitted by mosquitoes of the Aedes genus and is the etiologic agent of chikungunya fever (CF), but its relationship to these vascular complications has not yet been consolidated. However, the CF outbreak that occurred during 2015 and 2016 resulted in the first cases described in the medical literature of acute and chronic vascular complications secondary to infection by this arbovirus. In this report, we describe the case of a patient who developed lymphedema of upper and lower limbs after an episode of CF


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lower Extremity , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Lymphedema , Arbovirus Infections , Chikungunya virus , Chronic Disease , Upper Extremity , Infections
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