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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42: e233513, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356596

ABSTRACT

Resumo A fibrose cística é uma doença genética, ainda sem cura, provocada por mutações cromossômicas, que pode afetar vários sistemas, dentre os quais o respiratório e o digestivo são os mais comumente atingidos. O adoecimento crônico traz alterações psicológicas para os pacientes e seus cuidadores. Com o objetivo de avaliar problemas internalizantes e externalizantes, e também competências de crianças e adolescentes com fibrose cística, foram entrevistados 31 cuidadores familiares, majoritariamente mães de pacientes na faixa etária de 6 a 18 anos, em salas de espera de três centros de referência no tratamento da doença na cidade de São Paulo. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Inventário de Comportamentos da Infância e da Adolescência e diário de campo. Os resultados apontaram a prevalência de problemas internalizantes em adolescentes com fibrose cística. A análise do diário de campo indicou dificuldades na adesão ao tratamento e demandas de atendimento psicológico não assistidas em pacientes e seus cuidadores familiares. A ausência de profissional de Psicologia nas equipes multiprofissionais configurou-se como um prejuízo frente as condições psicológicas dos pacientes de fibrose cística e seus cuidadores familiares.(AU)


Abstract Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease, still without cure, caused by chromosomal mutations that can affect various systems, the respiratory and digestive systems being the most common. Chronic illness brings psychological changes to patients and their caregivers. Aiming to evaluate internalizing and externalizing problems, and competences of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis, we interviewed 31 family caregivers, mostly mothers, of patients aged 6 to 18 years in waiting rooms of three Reference Centers in the treatment of the disease in the municipality of São Paulo, state of São Paulo. The instruments used were: Child behavior checklist and Field Diary. The results pointed out the prevalence of internalizing problems in patients with cystic fibrosis in adolescence. Field diary analysis indicated difficulties in adherence to treatment and unassisted demands for psychological care in patients and their family caregivers. The absence of a Psychology professional in the multiprofessional teams showed to be prejudicial to the psychological conditions of cystic fibrosis patients and their family caregivers.(AU)


Resumen La fibrosis quística es una enfermedad genética, aún sin cura, causada por mutaciones cromosómicas y que puede afectar varios sistemas, entre ellos los sistemas respiratorio y digestivo son los más comunes. La enfermedad crónica trae cambios psicológicos a los pacientes y sus cuidadores. Para evaluar los problemas de internalización y externalización, así como las competencias de niños y adolescentes con fibrosis quística, se entrevistó a 31 cuidadores familiares, en su mayoría madres de pacientes de 6 a 18 años de edad, en salas de espera de tres centros de referencia en el tratamiento de la enfermedad en la ciudad de São Paulo. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron: Inventario del Comportamiento de Niños y Adolescentes y diario de campo. Los resultados mostraron la prevalencia de problemas de internalización en pacientes con fibrosis quística en la adolescencia. El análisis del diario de campo indicó dificultades en la adherencia al tratamiento y demandas de asistencia psicológica no asistida en pacientes y sus cuidadores familiares. Se hace necesario un profesional de psicología en los equipos multiprofesionales ante las condiciones psicológicas de los pacientes con fibrosis quística y sus cuidadores familiares.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Social Behavior , Child Behavior , Cystic Fibrosis , Psychology, Developmental , Internal-External Control , Psychology , Behavior , Chronic Disease , Disease , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Genetics
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(3): 1-7, 30 de diciembre del 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352450

ABSTRACT

Introducción: No existe un mecanismo plausible del trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) como causa de epilepsia, sin embargo, su coocurrencia es seguramente el resultado de factores predisponentes para ambas condiciones, incluyendo factores genéticos y ambien-tales. El objetivo de este estudio es establecer la prevalencia de epilepsia en pacientes con TEA y encontrar asociación con otros factores. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal retrospectivo basado en las historias clínicas del Centro de Enfermedades Neurológicas y Nutricionales en Niños y Adolescentes (CENNA) de 81 pacientes (3-19 años) con diagnóstico de TEA, en donde se identificaron a los pacientes con coexistencia epilepsia durante un periodo de 6 años, y las diferentes variables en este grupo. Resultados: Se identificaron 81 pacientes con diagnóstico de TEA, de los cuales 12 pacientes (15%) presentaban coexistencia de epilepsia. Al analizar el grado de TEA, se evidenció que la comorbilidad en ambas entidades es más común en el TEA grado 3 (58.33%). La edad inicio de la epilepsia en el rango entre 5 a 10 años (42%). Se evidencio que el 25% de los pacientes tienen antecedentes familiares de epilepsia, mientras que sólo el 8% tiene ante-cedente familiar de TEA. Todos los tipos de crisis epiléptica se presentaron en los pacientes con TEA, pero las más comunes fueron las crisis de tipo focal (58%), específicamente moto-ras con alteración de la conciencia (33%). Además, existió un 100% de mejoría en el comportamiento autista en los pacientes que recibieron su tratamiento antiepiléptico, y sólo el 8% presentó epilepsia de difícil control. Conclusiones: El estudio mostró una prevalencia significativa de epilepsia en la población con diagnóstico de TEA. El estudio logró observar la distribución de población con comorbilidad de TEA y epilepsia, para en un futuro encontrar una variable común entre ambas patologías. A nuestro conocimiento, este es el primer estudio retrospectivo en Ecuador que analiza la comorbilidad de TEA y epilepsia en la población ecuatoriana


Introduction: Compared to the general population, there is a higher prevalence of epilepsy in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with an indecency of approximately 20%. There is no plausible mechanism for ASD as a cause of epilepsy; however, its cooccurrence is surely the result of predisposing factors for both conditions, including genetic and environmental factors. The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of epilepsy in patients with ASD and find a correlation with other factors, such as sex, etiology, type of seizure or epileptic syndrome, age of onset of epilepsy, EEG abnormalities, and therapeutic response. Methods: A retrospective longitudinal study was carried out based on the clinical records of the Center for Neurological and Nutritional Diseases in Children and Adolescents (CENNA) of 81 patients (3-19 years) with a diagnosis of ASD, where patients coexisted with epilepsy for a period of 6 years, and the different variables in this group. Results: Eighty-one patients with a diagnosis of ASD were identified, of whom 12 patients (15%) had coexisting epilepsy. When analyzing the degree of ASD, it was evidenced that comorbidity in both entities is more common in ASD grade 3 (58.33%). The age of onset of epilepsy ranged between 5 and 10 years (42%). Twenty-five percent of patients had a family history of epilepsy, while only 8% had a family history of ASD. All types of epileptic seizures occurred in patients with ASD, but the most common were focal-type seizures (58%), specifically motor seizures with altered consciousness (33%). In addition, there was a 100% improvement in autistic behavior in the patients who received their antiepileptic treatment, and only 8% had difficult-to-control epilepsy. Conclusion: The study showed a significant prevalence of epilepsy in the population diagnosed with ASD. The study managed to observe the distribution of the population with comorbidities of ASD and epilepsy to find a common variable between both pathologies in the future. To our knowledge, this is the first retrospective study in Ecuador that analyzes the comorbidity of ASD and epilepsy in the Ecuadorian population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Autistic Disorder , Epilepsy , Child Behavior , Environment , Genetics
3.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 12(3): 119-136, set-dez.2021. Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359133

ABSTRACT

Empatia é uma resposta emocional que se assemelha à emoção sentida pelo outro. Baixos níveis de empatia repercutem nas relações sociais, associando-se a problemas emocionais e de comportamento. Objetivou-se comparar grupos de crianças com e sem indicadores clínicos de problemas internalizantes, externalizantes e escalas sindrômicas relacionadas quanto a empatia. Participaram do estudo 106 crianças matriculadas do 1° ao 3° anos do ensino fundamental e seus responsáveis, que responderam aos instrumentos: Escala de Empatia Infanto-juvenil, Questionário de Dados Sociodemográficos e Inventário dos Comportamentos de Crianças e Adolescentes. Testes de comparação (tstudent e Mann-Whitney) indicaram que crianças com problemas externalizantes apresentaram maior média de preocupação com o outro, crianças com comportamentos de quebrar as regras e sintomas internalizantes exibiram índices mais altos de envolvimento emocional com o outro. Os resultados sugerem que altos níveis de empatia afetiva podem aumentar a vulnerabilidade ao desenvolvimento de problemas emocionais e de comportamento neste período de desenvolvimento da criança (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Behavior , Child Development , Empathy , Problem Behavior , Interpersonal Relations
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 124-136, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348429

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de esta revisión narrativa es analizar críticamente las publicaciones sobre las diferentes estrategias y técnicas que la literatura odontológica mundial recomienda para la atención de los niños que rechazan el tratamiento (AU)


The purpose of this narrative review is to do a critically analysis of all the papers currently published on different strategies and techniques recommended by the world dental literature for the management of children who refuse dental treatment or non-compliant child patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Behavior , Dental Anxiety , Dental Care for Children , Pediatric Dentistry , Dentist-Patient Relations
5.
Rev. psicanal ; 28(2): 293-309, Agosto 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359264

ABSTRACT

O artigo aborda alguns pontos teóricos sobre a técnica, pontos estes relacionados aos pacientes que funcionam de forma ao nível da falha básica, como descreve o psicanalista Michael Balint. O objetivo é trazer reflexões para o atendimento dos pacientes que apresentam quadros regressivos, no sentido de permitir a vivência do novo começo. O texto discute algumas ideias da teoria balintiana sobre a questão da regressão em psicanálise (Au)


The article addresses some theoretical points about the technique related to patients who function more at the level of basic failure, as described by psychoanalyst Michael Balint. The objective is to bring reflections for the care of patients who present regressive conditions in order to allow the experience of the new beginning. The text discusses some ideas of the Balintian theory on the issue of regression in psychoanalysis.


El artículo aborda algunos puntos teóricos sobre la técnica, puntos que se relacionan con pacientes que funcionan en el nivel de falla básica, como lo describe el psicoanalista Michael Balint. El objetivo es traer reflexiones para el cuidado de los pacientes que presentan condiciones regresivas, a fin de permitir la experiencia de un nuevo comienzo. El texto analiza algunas ideas de la teoría balintiana sobre el tema de la regresión en psicoanálisis


Subject(s)
Regression, Psychology , Anxiety Disorders , Psychoanalytic Theory , Child Behavior , Psychological Techniques
6.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(3): 125-119, jul. 29, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1282982

ABSTRACT

La caries de la temprana infancia puede afectar severamente la dentición primaria que requiere tratamientos complejos y en ocasiones la extracción del diente afectado. Se presenta informe de caso sobre la rehabilitación dental integral de un paciente de 6 años, la evolución de su comportamiento y la mejora en su calidad de vida, autoestima e interacción social. El plan de tratamiento incluyó una fase de adaptación a la consulta odontológica, eliminación de caries, restauración dental, exodoncias y elaboración de dos prótesis removibles. Al inicio del tratamiento presentó temor y rechazo al tratamiento, pero con el avance del proceso rehabilitador odontológico y la evidencia de los resultados, el comportamiento del niño fue de aceptación y colaboración. Su evolución positiva de comportamiento se presentó también en sus relaciones sociales, aumentó la interacción con otras personas y su participación en juegos con otros niños. La rehabilitación protésica contribuyó a recuperar las funciones de masticación y fonación. La renovación de la estética dental produjo un significativo cambio de conducta, mejora en su autoestima con un impacto psicológico positivo en su calidad de vida


Early childhood caries can severely affect the primary dentition requiring complex treatments and sometimes the extraction of the affected tooth. A case report is presented on the comprehensive dental rehabilitation of a 6-year-old patient, the evolution of his behavior and the improvement in his quality of life, self-esteem and social interaction. The treatment plan included a phase of adaptation to the dental consultation, elimination of cavities, dental restoration, extractions and elaboration of two removable prostheses. At the beginning of the treatment, he presented fear and rejection of the treatment, but with the progress of the dental rehabilitation process and the evidence of the results, the child's behavior was one of acceptance and collaboration. Their positive behavior evolution was also present in their social relationships, increased interaction with other people and their participation in games with other children. Prosthetic rehabilitation contributed to recovering the functions of chewing and phonation. The renovation of dental aesthetics produced a significant change in behavior, an improvement in their self-esteem with a positive psychological impact on their quality of life


Subject(s)
Child , Child Behavior , Pediatric Dentistry , Prosthodontics , Mouth Rehabilitation
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): 170-176, Junio 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1222869

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los jóvenes no fueron muy afectados desde el punto de vista infeccioso por la pandemia de COVID-19. Sin embargo, las medidas de aislamiento social modificaron de manera profunda su estilo de vida, y se cree que esto los afecta psicológicamente. El objetivo fue evaluar el impacto del aislamiento por COVID-19en la salud emocional de jóvenes en escolaridad primaria o secundaria.Población y métodos. Participaron del estudio padres de jóvenes de San Carlos de Bariloche. Se evaluó la percepción del adulto sobre el impacto emocional y de comportamiento del aislamiento sobre el joven, cambio de hábitos de sueño, uso de pantallas, actividades deportivas y alimentación y de asistencia a consulta médica.Resultados. Se incluyeron 267 padres. El 96,3 % observó cambios emocionales y de comportamiento. Los más frecuentes fueron que estaban más aburridos (el 76,8 %), irritables (el 59,2 %), desganados (el 56,9 %) y enojados (el 54,7 %). Se observó que se levantaban y acostaban más tarde y dormían 30 minutos más. Además, el uso de pantallas por esparcimiento aumentó 3 horas durante los días hábiles. El tiempo dedicado a la actividad física no varió, pero sí cambió el tipo de actividades: la natación y los deportes de equipo fueron reemplazados por ciclismo, caminatas y esquí.Conclusiones. El aislamiento por COVID-19impactó sobre la salud emocional y los hábitos de los jóvenes. El aburrimiento, la irritabilidad y el desgano estuvieron más presentes durante el aislamiento. La posibilidad de realizar actividades al aire libre permitió que continuaran practicando deportes.


Introduction. From an infectious perspective, children and adolescents were not highly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, social isolation measures have deeply changed their lifestyle, which is believed to have a psychological impact on them. The objective was to assess the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the emotional health of children and adolescents attending primary or secondary school.Population and methods. Parents of children and adolescents from San Carlos de Bariloche participated in the study. Adults' perception of the emotional and behavioral impact of lockdown on children and adolescents, changes in sleeping habits, screen use, sports-related activities, eating, and medical consultations, was assessed.Results. A total of 267 parents were included. Of them, 96.3 % noticed emotional and behavioral changes. The most common ones were that their children were more bored (76.8 %), more irritable (59.2 %), more reluctant (56.9 %), and angrier (54.7 %). It was observed that they woke up and went to bed later, and slept 30 minutes more. Moreover, leisure screen use increased by 3 hours on weekdays. Time dedicated to physical activities did not change, but the type of activities did: swimming and team sports were replaced by biking, walking, and skiing.Conclusions. COVID-19 lockdown affected the emotional health and habits of children and adolescents. Boredom, irritability, and reluctance were more present during lockdown. The possibility of doing outdoor physical activities allowed them to keep practicing sports


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Social Isolation/psychology , Education, Distance , COVID-19/prevention & control , Parents , Argentina/epidemiology , Child Behavior/psychology , Mental Health/trends , Child Health/trends , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Health Surveys , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Adolescent Health/trends , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology
9.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 14(1): 1-29, jan.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1279120

ABSTRACT

Este estudo buscou descrever e comparar práticas educativas e comportamentos infantis em crianças diferenciadas por problema de comportamento, escolaridade e sexo. Participaram 155 mães de crianças da rede pública de ensino, em idade pré-escolar ou escolar, de ambos os sexos, que responderam aos instrumentos CBCL, RE-HSE-P. Os dados foram analisados por meio do teste t de Student. O estudo encontrou que meninos e crianças com problemas de comportamento são mais expostas às práticas negativas e as mães se queixam mais frequentemente de seus comportamentos. Por outro lado, as meninas obtiveram maiores médias para habilidades sociais e práticas positivas. Foram encontradas práticas específicas e comportamentos infantis mais frequentes para grupos diferenciados pelo sexo ou pelo diagnóstico de problemas de comportamento, tanto do ensino infantil quanto do fundamental. Análises como essas podem colaborar para o desenvolvimento de estratégias de intervenção para grupos focais.


This study aimed to describe and compare educational practices and child behaviors in children differentiated by behavior problem, education and sex. The participants were 155 mothers of children from the public school system, in preschool and school age, of both sexes, who answered the CBCL, RE-HSE-P instruments. The data were analyzed through test t of Student. The study found that boys and children with behavior problems are more exposed to negative practices and mothers complain more often about their behaviors. In contrast, the girls obtained higher averages for social skills and positive practices. Specific practices and more frequent child behaviors were found for groups differentiated by sex or diagnosis of behavioral problems, both in early childhood education and elementary school. Such analyzes can contribute to the development of intervention strategies for focus groups.


Subject(s)
Behavior , Psychology, Educational , Child Behavior , Focus Groups , Social Skills , Problem Behavior
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(3): 1127-1136, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153811

ABSTRACT

Resumo O uso de mídias por crianças na primeira infância está cada vez mais habitual, o que torna necessário investigar os fatores determinantes para o tempo de tela, entendido como o tempo total pelo qual a criança permanece exposta a todas as telas, incluindo televisão e mídias interativas. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e exploratório, realizado com 180 crianças, entre 24 a 42 meses de idade, alocadas em: Grupo 1, exposição à tela inferior a duas horas/dia; Grupo 2, exposição à tela igual/superior a duas horas/dia. Realizou-se análise bivariada e de regressão logística binária. Os fatores determinantes no tempo de tela estudados foram os recursos do ambiente familiar, investigado por meio do Inventário de Recursos do Ambiente Familiar; fatores socioeconômicos; estado nutricional e status do desenvolvimento infantil, mensurado pelo teste Bayley III. Como resultado verificou-se que 63% das crianças apresentaram tempo de tela superior a 2 horas/dia e que a televisão ainda é a principal responsável pela exposição das crianças às telas. Observou-se que o tempo de exposição à tela esteve positivamente associado aos recursos familiares, nível econômico e desenvolvimento da linguagem. Entretanto, apenas os dois últimos fatores explicaram o maior tempo de tela.


Abstract The use of media by children in early childhood is increasingly common, and it is necessary to investigate the determinants of screen time, which is understood as the total child screen exposure time, including television and interactive media. This is a descriptive, exploratory, and cross-sectional study conducted with 180 children between 24 and 42 months of age, allocated in Group 1, less than two hours daily screen exposure time; Group 2, daily screen exposure time equal to or more than two hours. Bivariate and binary logistic regression analyses were performed. Screen time determining factors studied were family environment, evaluated with the Family Environment Resource Inventory; socioeconomic factors; nutritional status and child development status, evaluated with the Bayley III test. As a result, 63% of children had daily screen time exceeding two hours, and television still is the main culprit for children screen exposure. We observed that screen time exposure was positively associated with family resources, economic level, and language development. However, only the last two factors explained the longer screen time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Child Behavior , Screen Time , Parents , Television , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 52(1): 34962, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282760

ABSTRACT

A personalidade com insensibilidade e afetividade restrita (Callous-Unemotional personality) é bem investigada nos agressores de bullying, porém pouco se sabe sobre essa característica nas vítimas. O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a personalidade de insensibilidade e afetividade restrita em crianças que vivenciaram situações de bullying. Participaram da pesquisa 60 crianças do 6.º ano escolar divididas em grupos de agressores (n=15), vítimas (n=15), vítimas-agressores (n=15), e grupo controle (n=15). Foram aplicadas escalas de personalidade e de comportamento. Os resultados apontaram que as vítimas demonstraram um nível mais baixo de personalidade com insensibilidade e afetividade restrita se comparado aos outros grupos, apresentando também maior nível de comportamento pró-social. Torna-se, então, necessário investigar se níveis mais baixos deste traço de personalidade estão associados a maior passividade nas vítimas e, consequentemente, a uma maior probabilidade de serem alvo de bullying.


The Callous-Unemotional personality it is well examined among bullying aggressors, however little is known regarding this characteristic in victims. The present study aimed to investigate the insensibility and coldness in children living under bullying circumstances. Sixty children of the 6° school grade took part in the study, divided in groups of aggressors (n=15), victims (n=15), bully-victims (n=15), and a control group (n=15). Personality and behavior assessment scales were applied. Results revealed that victims showed a lower level of Callous-Unemotional personality compared to other groups, and also presented a higher level of pro-social behavior. It turns necessary to investigate if lower levels of those personality traits are associated to a higher passivity in victims and, consequently, to a greater probability of being target of bullying.


La personalidad con insensibilidad y afectividad restringida (Callous-Unemotional Personality) está bien investigada en agresores de bullying, pero poco se sabe sobre este rasgo en las víctimas. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la personalidad de insensibilidad y afectividad restringida en niños que experimentaron situaciones de bullying. Participaran de la investigación 60 niños del 6º año escolar divididos en grupos de agresores (n = 15), víctimas (n = 15), víctimas-agresores (n = 15) y grupo controle (n = 15). Se aplicaron escalas de personalidad y conducta. Los resultados mostraron que las víctimas mostraron un menor nivel de personalidad con insensibilidad y afectividad restringida en comparación con los otros grupos, además de presentar un mayor nivel de conducta prosocial. Entonces se hace necesario investigar si los niveles más bajos de este rasgo de personalidad están asociados con una mayor pasividad en las víctimas y, en consecuencia, a una mayor probabilidad de ser acosado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Personality Assessment , Child Behavior/psychology , Bullying , Emotions , Empathy
12.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346626

ABSTRACT

Abstract Exposure to maternal depressive symptoms and negative parenting practices during childhood configures a vulnerability factor associated with behavior problems among children. This study aims to verify the predictive effects of maternal depression (main factor) on behavioral outcomes and maternal parenting practices, considering the sex of the children (covariate factor); and the predictive effect of maternal depression, parenting practices, and child's sex on behavioral outcomes. The sample was composed of a community sample of 101 mother-child pairs. Mothers answered to: Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders, Parenting Styles Inventory, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. The covariance and multiple linear regressions analysis showed that being a boy, and specific practices of neglect, physical abuse, and permissive discipline were the main predictors of behavioral problems among children exposed to negative practices and maternal depression. These findings underline the role of the child's sex in the interactions between variables, which could contribute to interventions in mental health.


Resumo Na infância, a exposição a sintomas depressivos maternos e práticas parentais negativas configura-se como vulnerabilidade, associando-se a problemas comportamentais. Este estudo teve por objetivos: verificar o efeito da depressão materna (fator principal) para os indicadores comportamentais e práticas parentais, considerando-se o efeito do sexo dos filhos (fator covariável); e verificar os efeitos preditivos da depressão materna, práticas parentais maternas e sexo das crianças para os indicadores comportamentais. Incluída amostra da comunidade de 101 díades de mães-crianças. As mães responderam: Entrevista Clínica Estruturada para o DSM-IV, Inventário de Estilos Parentais e Questionário de Capacidades e Dificuldades da Criança. Análises de covariância e regressão linear multivariada evidenciaram o sexo masculino e práticas de negligência, abuso físico e disciplina relaxada como principais preditores de problemas comportamentais de crianças expostas a práticas negativas e depressão materna. Tais resultados evidenciam o papel do sexo nas interações entre as variáveis, podendo nortear intervenções em saúde-mental.


Resumen La exposición a depresión materna y prácticas parentales negativas en la infancia se configuran como factor de vulnerabilidad relacionado con problemas comportamentales. Este estudio tuvo por objetivo verificar el efecto de la depresión materna (factor principal) en los indicadores comportamentales y prácticas parentales, considerando el efecto del sexo de los hijos (factor covariable); así como identificar los efectos predictivos de la depresión, las prácticas parentales maternas y el sexo de los niños en los indicadores comportamentales. Se compuso la muestra comunitaria con 101 díadas madres-hijos. Las madres respondieron a la Entrevista Clínica Estructurada para el DSM-IV, al Inventario de Estilos Parentales y al Cuestionario de Capacidades y Dificultades. Los análisis de covariancia y de regresión lineal multivariada evidenciaron el sexo masculino y las prácticas de negligencia, abuso físico y disciplina relajada como los principales predictores de problemas comportamentales de niños expuestos a prácticas negativas y a depresión materna. Tales resultados evidencian el papel del sexo en las interacciones entre las variables, favoreciendo las intervenciones en salud mental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sex , Child Behavior , Mental Health , Disaster Vulnerability , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Problem Behavior , Physical Abuse , Forecasting , Mothers
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346685

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the influence of the first thousand days of life on establishing determinant behaviors for dental caries in childhood. Material and Methods: Longitudinal retrospective study involving 664 children born in 2009 living in a southern Brazilian municipality was carried out. Data was collected through interviews with mothers and through child's health card. Dependent variables were 1) tooth brushing onset after two years of age; 2) absent tooth brushing or once a day; 3) tooth brushing without adult supervision; 4) not having gone to the dentist until the age of 6; and 5) seek for dental services due to toothache at 6 years of age, over the last 30 days. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed using Poisson Regression to estimate relative risks (RR) and respective confidence intervals at the 95% accuracy level. Results: Mothers with lower schooling at child's birth presented a higher risk of "child's tooth brushing onset only after two years of age", "brushing the teeth once a day only or not brushing" and with "child not having gone to the dentist until the age of 6". Mothers who did not have a job when the child was born were associated with "not having gone to the dentist until the age 6". Children with gastroesophageal reflux who underwent hospitalization for more than 2 days under age 2 were associated with "seeking dental services because of pain at 6 years of age over the last 30 days". Conclusion: Higher risks of some determinant behaviors related to dental caries were associated with variables of the period of the first thousand days of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child Behavior/psychology , Oral Health/education , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Dental Caries , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk , Multivariate Analysis , Regression Analysis , Longitudinal Studies , Dentists , Mothers
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287495

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To provide an overview of the most relevant studies on non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques for contemporary children, the so-called alpha generation, who undergo dental treatment. Material and Methods: A systematic search was performed on the Medline/PubMed and Google Scholar (grey literature) databases. The articles were read and data collected by two reviewers on an independent basis. Two reviewers collected data from the studies selected in tables structured by using the Rayyan QCRI software. The following data were extracted: year of study, child's age, child's gender, technique used. Results: A total of 322 articles were found, remaining only 17 after duplicates were removed and inclusion and exclusion criteria applied. The studies were conducted between 2010 and 2019 in Saudi Arabia, Greece, India, Brazil, USA, Italy, and Switzerland. The samples ranged from 15 to 306 children aged between 3 and 10 years old. The children attended the dental office for different reasons, ranging from simple prevention to endodontic treatment under local anaesthesia. Several behaviour modification methods are known to be used before and during a dental consultation. Conclusion: After reading the articles, we concluded that alpha generation children are inserted in a daily environment of modernization and that conventional non-pharmacological techniques using technology, such as audio-visual glasses, are more interesting and make children distracted and relaxed during dental treatment, thus minimizing their stress, anxiety and fear.


Subject(s)
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Child Behavior , Dental Anxiety , Dental Care for Children , Handling, Psychological , Brazil , Child , Pediatric Dentistry
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e088, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285727

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate factors associated with dental anxiety in children treated under moderate sedation. Prior to treatment, each child's dental anxiety was evaluated using the modified Venham Picture Test (VPT). Interviews were also conducted with parents/guardians to gather information on the child's dental anxiety (Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale [DAS]), age and sex, shyness or anxiety in the presence of strangers, and dental history, as well as socioeconomic factors. All the children were sedated, and had at least one tooth restored using the atraumatic restorative treatment technique. Child behavior was assessed using the Frankl scale. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics and bivariate tests. The median VPT score was 2.0 (range: 0 to 8). Children who were shy in the presence of strangers (yes: median 2.0 [0-8]; no: 0.5 [0-4]; p = 0.018), and those with negative behavior during dental care (negative: 3.0 [0-8]; positive: 1.0 [0-8]; p = 0.014) had greater anxiety. The child's dental anxiety was associated with the mother's education level (≤ 8 years: 4 [2-7]; > 8 years: 1 [0-8]; p = 0.016). The dental anxiety of children treated under sedation is associated with negative behavior, shyness, and the mother's education level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment , Parents , Child Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Anxiety/epidemiology
16.
Psicol. USP ; 32: e210008, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346772

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo é parte de uma ampla investigação sobre vivência do processo de adoção malsucedida de crianças e adolescentes sob a perspectiva dos adotantes. Foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa, com base em entrevistas semiestruturadas com 11 sujeitos independentes, nove mulheres e dois homens, moradores de diferentes estados do Brasil, que passaram por adoções malsucedidas. Neste trabalho, buscamos investigar as falhas no reconhecimento da alteridade do filho, vivenciadas no período do estágio de convivência, nos casos de devolução na adoção. Foi comum, entre os participantes, a busca por uma explicação psicopatológica para os comportamentos considerados ruins da criança/adolescente. Ficou evidente a necessidade de maior investimento afetivo-emocional nos períodos iniciais do estabelecimento do vínculo parento-filial, para o acolhimento da criança/adolescente em sua totalidade e individualidade.


Résumé Cette étude découle d'une recherche approfondie sur l'expérience des adoptions infructueuses d'enfants et d'adolescents du point de vue des adoptants. Axé sur une approche qualitative, on a mené des entretiens semi-structurés avec 11 sujets indépendants (neuf femmes et deux hommes), habitant dans différents États du Brésil, qui ont vécu des adoptions infructueuses. La recherche s'intéresse à l'échec de la reconnaissance de l'altérité de l'enfant, vécues pendant la phase de coexistence, dans les cas d'interruption de l'adoption. Il était courant, chez les participants, la recherche d'une explication psychopathologique aux comportements dit mauvais de l'enfant/adolescent. Les résultats montrent la nécessité d'un plus grand investissement émotionnel-affectif dans les périodes initiales d'établissement du lien parent-enfant, pour accueillir l'enfant/adolescent dans son intégralité et son individualité.


Resumen El presente estudio es parte de una extensa investigación sobre la experiencia del proceso fallido de adopción de niños, niñas y adolescentes desde la perspectiva de los adoptantes. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa, basada en entrevistas semiestructuradas con 11 sujetos independientes, nueve mujeres y dos hombres, residentes en diferentes estados de Brasil, que tuvieron adopciones fallidas. En este trabajo se busca investigar las fallas en el reconocimiento de la alteridad del niño, vividas durante el período de la etapa de convivencia, en los casos de devolución en adopción. Entre los participantes, fue común la búsqueda de una explicación psicopatológica de los comportamientos considerados malos por el niño / adolescente. Era evidente la necesidad de una mayor inversión afectivo-emocional en los períodos iniciales de establecimiento del vínculo pariente-hijo, para acoger al niño / adolescente en su totalidad e individualidad.


Abstract This study derives from a broader investigation on the experience of unsuccessful adoptions of children and adolescents from the adopters' perspective. Based on a qualitative approach, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 11 independent subjects (nine women and two men), living in different states of Brazil, who experienced unsuccessful adoptions. The research investigates the failure in recognizing the child's alterity, experienced during the cohabitation stage, in cases of disruptions. Common among the participants was the search for a psychopathological explanation for the child/adolescent's supposed bad behaviors. Results show the need for greater emotional-affective investment in the initial periods of establishing the parent-child bond, to welcome the child/adolescent in their totality and individuality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Adoption/psychology , Child Behavior/psychology , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Child, Adopted/psychology , Object Attachment , Parenting
17.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1143373

ABSTRACT

Abstract Some studies indicate differences in self-regulatory behaviors of infants, depending on their gestational age. This paper aimed to compare interactive behaviors of full-term and preterm infants in the Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF) paradigm. Thirty prematurely born infants and thirty full-term infants were observed in the FFSF's experimental procedure, which consists in exposing the infant to two episodes of interaction with the mother plus another episode in which the interaction gets interrupted. The Coding System and Analysis of Infant Behaviors Expressed in Still-Face adapted was used to analyze the infants' interactive behaviors. Significant differences were observed in self-comfort behaviors. All the infants showed the still-face and the recovery effect, and full-term infants showed a carry-over effect. Results contribute to planning interventions that will help mothers promote more positive dyadic interactions.


Resumo Estudos têm apresentado diferenças nos comportamentos de autorregulação de bebês quando considerada a idade gestacional. Este estudo teve por objetivo comparar comportamentos interativos de bebês nascidos a termo e prematuros segundo paradigma experimental do Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF). Trinta bebês nascidos prematuros e trinta a termo foram observados no procedimento experimental do FFSF que consiste na exposição do bebê a dois episódios de interação com a mãe e a um episódio em que se interrompe a interação. Utilizou-se uma adaptação do Sistema de Codificação e de Análise dos Comportamentos Infantis Expressos no Still-Face para analisar os comportamentos interativos dos bebês. Diferenças significativas foram observadas nos comportamentos de autorregulação. Todos os bebês apresentaram o efeito still-face e de recuperação e os bebês a termo apresentaram o efeito carry-over. Os resultados contribuem para o planejamento de intervenções que auxiliem as mães a promoverem interações diádicas mais positivas.


Resumen Estudios han mostrado diferencias en las conductas de autorregulación de bebés, de acuerdo con su edad gestacional. Este estudio buscó comparar las conductas interactivas de bebés nacidos a término y prematuros en el paradigma experimental Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF). Treinta bebés nacidos prematuros y treinta a término fueron observados en el procedimiento experimental del FFSF que consiste en la exposición del bebé a dos episodios de interacción con la madre y a un episodio en el que se interrumpe la interacción. Se utilizó de una adaptación del Sistema de Codificación y Análisis de las Conductas Infantiles expresadas en Still-face para analizar las conductas interactivas de los bebés. Se observaron diferencias significativas en las conductas de autorregulación. Los bebés mostraron los efectos still-face y de recuperación, y los bebés a término presentaron un efecto carry-over. Los resultados contribuyen para planificar intervenciones que auxilien a las madres a promover interacciones diádicas más positivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Premature , Child Behavior , Premature Birth , Ego , Face , Emotional Regulation , Mother-Child Relations , Mothers
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 415-420, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1151286

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar os comportamentos agressivos e as reações à agressão entre escolares e verificar se há associação com as variáveis idade, sexo, escolaridade, situação conjugal dos pais e ao tipo de instituição escolar. Método: estudo descritivo, transversal e quantitativo. População composta por 492 crianças, a qual gerou uma amostra de 26 crianças da escola privada e 86 da escola pública, que responderam ao Questionário de Comportamentos Agressivos e Reativos entre Pares. Os dados passaram pela análise descritiva e o teste exato de Fisher. Resultados: a maioria das crianças apresentou agressividade e reações agressivas abaixo da média. E no que se refere as reações a agressividade as mais frequentes foram as respostas internalizadas. Conclusão: os dados obtidos podem nortear intervenções de combate e prevenção da agressividade escolar. Porém, ficou evidente que será necessário desenvolver estudos com designs metodológicos mais robustos


Objective: to identify aggressive behaviors and reactions to aggression among schoolchildren and to verify if there is an association with the variables age, sex, schooling, parents' marital status and type of school institution. Method: descriptive, cross - sectional and quantitative study. A population composed of 492 children, which generated a sample of 26 children from the private school and 86 from the public school, who answered the Questionnaire on Aggressive and Reactive Behaviors among Peers. Data were subjected to descriptive analysis and Fisher's exact test. Results: most children presented aggression and aggressive reactions below average. And the most frequent reactions to aggression were the internalized responses. Conclusion: the data obtained can guide interventions to combat and prevent school aggression. However, it has become evident that it will be necessary to develop studies with more robust methodological designs


Objetivo: identificar los comportamientos agresivos y las reacciones a la agresión entre escolares y verificar si hay asociación con las variables edad, sexo, escolaridad, situación conyugal de los padres y al tipo de institución escolar. Método: estudio descriptivo, transversal y cuantitativo. Población compuesta por 492 niños, la cual generó una muestra de 26 niños de la escuela privada y 86 de la escuela pública, que respondieron al Cuestionario de Comportamientos Agresivos y Reactivos entre Pares. Los datos pasaron por el análisis descriptivo y la prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados: la mayoría de los niños presentó agresividad y reacciones agresivas por debajo de la media. Y en lo que se refiere a las reacciones a agresividad las más frecuentes fueron las respuestas internalizadas. Conclusión: los datos obtenidos pueden orientar intervenciones de combate y prevención de la agresividad escolar. Sin embargo, resulta evidente que será necesario desarrollar estudios con diseños metodológicos más robustos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Students , Health Education , Aggression/psychology , Child , Child Behavior , Child Development , Causality
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e219590, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340414

ABSTRACT

Resumo O estudo das habilidades sociais contribui para a compreensão das relações interpessoais, embora ainda haja poucos estudos que relacionem esse tema a crianças com altas habilidades/superdotação (AH/SD). Portanto, os objetivos deste estudo foram: a) descrever e comparar as habilidades sociais de crianças com AH/SD sob o ponto de vista da criança e de seus respectivos pais/responsáveis e professoras; b) descrever e comparar as habilidades sociais e os problemas de comportamento de crianças com AH/SD sob o ponto de vista de seus pais/responsáveis e professoras, considerando o sexo e comparando a importância das habilidades sociais para os dois grupos; e c) descrever a competência acadêmica das crianças segundo as professoras. Participaram dez pais/responsáveis, oito professoras e dez crianças estudantes do ensino fundamental identificados com AH/SD. Os participantes responderam ao questionário Sistema de Avaliação de Habilidades Sociais (SSRS) versão para pais, professores e alunos, e ao Questionário de Respostas Socialmente Habilidosas (QRSH), versão para pais e professores. Os resultados apontaram que as crianças apresentaram habilidades sociais acima da média para seus pais e professores, e abaixo da média no autorrelato das crianças. Entretanto, há indicativos de necessidade de atenção preventiva e de intervenção nos fatores que apresentaram déficits sociais de acordo com o relato dos três grupos de participantes em: autocontrole/civilidade; cooperação/empatia; assertividade/desenvoltura social; problemas de comportamento externalizantes e internalizantes; e hiperatividade. Tais dados possibilitam que sejam programadas intervenções preventivas, conforme indicação dos pais/responsáveis e professoras, condizentes com a necessidade apontada pelas próprias crianças para a promoção de habilidades sociais. (AU)


Abstract Studying social skills helps understanding interpersonal relations, but studies relating both issues in high-ability/gifted (HA/G) children are still scarce. Thus, this study aimed to describe (a) the social skills of HA/G children from the viewpoints of the children themselves, their parents/guardians, and teachers; (b) the social skills and behavioral problems of HA/G children from the viewpoints of their parents/guardians and teachers, considering gender and the importance attributed by each group to social skills; and (c) children academic competence according to their teachers. The study comprised ten parents/guardians, eight teachers, and ten elementary school students identified as presenting with high abilities/giftedness. Data were collected by means of the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS), applied to parents, teachers, and students; and the Socially Skillful Responses Questionnaire (SSRQ), applied to parents and teachers. For parents and teachers, children's social skills were considered above average, whereas for themselves they were considered below average. However, the three groups indicated social deficits in some factors that require preventive attention and interventions, namely: self-control/civility; cooperation/empathy; social assertiveness/resourcefulness; external and internalizing behavior problems; and hyperactivity. These findings enable the development of preventive interventions aimed at promoting social skills among HA/G children based on the reports of parents/guardians, teachers and children themselves. (AU)


Resumen Los estudios de las habilidades sociales contribuyen a la comprensión de las relaciones interpersonales, pero todavía son pocos los que relacionan este tema al de niños con altas habilidades/superdotados (AH/SD). Teniendo en cuenta esto, los objetivos de este estudio fueron: a) describir y comparar las habilidades sociales de niños con AH/SD desde el punto de vista del niño y de sus respectivos padres/responsables y profesoras; b) describir y comparar las habilidades sociales y los problemas conductuales de niños con AH/SD desde el punto de vista de sus padres/responsables y profesoras, considerando el sexo y la importancia de las habilidades sociales para ambos grupos; y c) describir la competencia académica de los niños según las profesoras. Participaron 10 padres/responsables, siendo ocho profesoras y diez alumnos de educación primaria de una escuela pública identificados con AH/SD. Los participantes respondieron al cuestionario Sistema de Evaluación de las Habilidades Sociales (SSRS), versión para padres, profesores y alumnos, y al Cuestionario de Respuestas Socialmente Habilidosas (CRSH), versión para profesores. Los resultados indicaron que los niños presentaban habilidades sociales mayor del promedio para sus padres y maestros y por debajo del promedio en el autoinforme de los niños. Sin embargo, se observó la necesidad de atención preventiva e intervención en los factores que presentaron déficits sociales de acuerdo con el relato de los tres grupos de participantes en: autocontrol/cortesía; cooperación/empatía; asertividad social/ingenio; problemas de conducta externos e internalizantes e hiperactividad. Estos datos permiten programar intervenciones preventivas, conforme indicación de los padres/responsables y profesoras y la necesidad de los propios niños, para la promoción de habilidades sociales. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Behavior , Child, Gifted , Social Skills , Problem Behavior , Parents , Aptitude , Assertiveness , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Behavior Therapy , Child Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Compliance , Empathy , Self-Control , Impulsive Behavior , Interpersonal Relations
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was aimed at examining the trends and correlates of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors among Chinese children.@*Methods@#A total of 4,341 subjects (6,936 observations) aged 6-17 years who participated in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (2004-2015) were included. Of the subjects, 41% participated in the survey twice or more. Random-effects ordinal regression models and repeated-measures mixed-effects models were used to examine the PA trends. Quantile regression models were applied to examine the factors influencing PA and sedentary behaviors.@*Results@#From 2004 to 2015, the prevalence of physical inactivity among Chinese children aged 6-17 years increased by 5.5% [odds ratio ( @*Conclusions@#A declining PA trend among Chinese children aged 6-17 years was observed from 2004 to 2015, and certain subgroups and geographical areas are at higher risk of physical inactivity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data , Child , Child Behavior/ethnology , China/epidemiology , Exercise , Female , Humans , Male , Nutrition Surveys , Regression Analysis , Sedentary Behavior/ethnology
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