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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202202972, feb. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524470

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El dengue es la enfermedad transmitida por mosquitos con mayor propagación mundial en los últimos años. Presenta un amplio espectro de manifestaciones clínicas y, en ocasiones, evoluciona a un estado crítico llamado dengue grave. Su tratamiento es de sostén. La información disponible acerca de las características clínicas, epidemiológicas y de laboratorio de la enfermedad en la población pediátrica es limitada. Objetivo. Describir la epidemiología y las manifestaciones clínicas y de laboratorio de la enfermedad. Población y métodos. Estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo. Incluyó pacientes entre 1 y 180 meses asistidos por dengue probable o confirmado en un hospital de niños, desde el 01 de enero de 2020 hasta el 31 de mayo de 2020. Resultados. Se incluyeron 85 pacientes por criterios microbiológicos de positividad o clínicoepidemiológicos. Veinticinco (29 %) confirmados por RT-PCR, todos serotipos DENV-1. La mediana de  edad fue de 108 meses (rango intercuartílico: 84-144). Las principales manifestaciones clínicas fueron fiebre, cefalea y mialgias. Los hallazgos de laboratorio más importantes fueron leucopenia, trombocitopenia y elevación de transaminasas. Conclusión. El reconocimiento y la comprensión de las alteraciones clínicas y de laboratorio que se presentan durante la enfermedad pueden permitir un abordaje eficaz y contribuir a la reducción de cuadros clínicos más graves en los niños.


Introduction. Dengue has been the most widespread mosquito-borne disease worldwide in recent years. It develops with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and sometimes progresses to a critical condition known as severe dengue. It is managed with supportive treatment. Available information about its clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory characteristics in the pediatric population is limited. Objective. To describe the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory characteristics of dengue. Population and methods. Descriptive, observational, and retrospective study. It included patients aged 1 to 180 months seen due to probable or confirmed dengue at a children's hospital between 1/1/2020 and 5/31/2020. Results. A total of 85 patients with positive microbiological or clinical-epidemiological criteria were included. Of these, 25 (29%) were confirmed by RT-PCR; all corresponded to DENV-1 serotype. Patients' median age was 108 months (interquartile range: 84­144). The main clinical manifestations were fever, headache, and myalgia. The most important laboratory findings were leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and high transaminase levels. Conclusion. The recognition and understanding of clinical and laboratory alterations that occur during dengue disease may allow an effective approach and help to reduce the more severe clinical form in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Thrombocytopenia , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/epidemiology , Leukopenia , Retrospective Studies , Fever/epidemiology , Serogroup
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202303029, feb. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524483

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se describen los resultados preliminares del Programa de Acompañamiento al Sueño en la Infancia desde Terapia Ocupacional (PASITO) en niños y niñas con trastornos del neurodesarrollo (NN-TND), de 3 a 10 años, y con insomnio; realizado entre junio de 2020 y septiembre de 2021. Población y métodos. Estudio cuasiexperimental de preintervención y posintervención con un grupo de intervención y otro grupo de control, medido por el Cuestionario de Hábitos de Sueño (CHS) y el Diario de Sueño (DS). Resultados. Participaron 22 NN-TND, 8 en el grupo control. El puntaje total del CHS del grupo de intervención mejoró (p <0,001) de 54,9 (DE 5,5) a 48,4 (DE 4,5) y se acercó al rango de referencia 42,6 (DE 4,9). El DS evidenció aumento en duración, adelanto de fase de sueño y reducción en cantidad de despertares. Conclusión. Estos resultados provisorios y favorables muestran que PASITO podría ser una intervención posible para dificultades del sueño en NN-TND


Introduction. Here we describe the interim results of the Program to Support Child Sleep from the Occupational Therapy Perspective (Programa de Acompañamiento al Sueño en la Infancia desde Terapia Ocupacional, PASITO) for children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) aged 3­10 years with insomnia, conducted between June 2020 and September 2021. Population and methods. Pre- and post-intervention quasi-experiment in an intervention group and a control group using the Sleep Habits Questionnaire (SHQ) and the Consensus Sleep Diary (CSD). Results. A total of 22 children with NDDs participated, 8 in the control group. The overall SHQ score for the intervention group improved (p < 0.001) from 54.9 (SD: 5.5) to 48.4 (SD: 4.5) and moved closer to the reference range of 42.6 (SD: 4.9). The CSD showed an increased sleep duration, earlier sleep onset, and fewer night wakings. Conclusion. These interim favorable results demonstrate that the PASITO may be a possible intervention to manage sleep problems in children with NDDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Occupational Therapy , COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/etiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Sleep , Pandemics
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202302992, feb. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1525290

ABSTRACT

La resistencia a los antirretrovirales (ARV) es un problema de salud pública. Con el uso de inhibidores de la integrasa (INSTI) en pediatría, también comienzan a aparecer resistencias. El objetivo de esta comunicación es describir 3 casos con resistencia a los INSTI. Se describen 3 pacientes pediátricos con transmisión vertical del virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Iniciaron ARV de lactantes y preescolares, con mala adherencia al tratamiento, cursaron con diferentes planes secundarios a comorbilidades asociadas y fallas virológicas por resistencia. Los 3 casos clínicos describen la rápida aparición de resistencia frente a la falla virológica y el compromiso de los INSTI. La adherencia debe ser supervisada para detectar precozmente el aumento de la viremia. La falla virológica en un paciente tratado con raltegravir obliga a un rápido cambio de esquema ARV, ya que continuar utilizándolo podría favorecer nuevas mutaciones y resistencia a los INSTI de segunda generación.


Antiretroviral (ARV) drug resistance is a public health issue. Resistance has also been observed in the case of integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) used in pediatrics. The objective of this article is to describe 3 cases of INSTI resistance. These are the cases of 3 children with vertically-transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). They were started on ARVs as infants and preschoolers, with poor treatment adherence, and had different management plans due to associated comorbidities and virological failure due to resistance. In the 3 cases, resistance developed rapidly as a result of virological failure and INSTI involvement. Treatment adherence should be monitored so that any increase in viremia can be detected early. Virological failure in a patient treated with raltegravir forces to a rapid change in ARV therapy because its continued use may favor new mutations and resistance to second-generation INSTIs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1/genetics , HIV Integrase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , HIV Integrase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Uruguay , Raltegravir Potassium/therapeutic use , Raltegravir Potassium/pharmacology , Mutation
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202303031, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1525821

ABSTRACT

La espondiloencondrodisplasia con desregulación inmune relacionada a ACP5 (SPENCDI #607944, por la sigla de spondyloenchondrodysplasia with immune dysregulation y el número que le corresponde en OMIM, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man) es una displasia inmuno-ósea poco frecuente con manifestaciones heterogéneas y gravedad variable. Presenta lesiones espondilometafisarias, disfunción inmune y compromiso neurológico. Se reportan aspectos clínicos, radiológicos y genéticos de cuatro niñas con SPENCDI en un hospital pediátrico. Todas presentaron manifestaciones esqueléticas y tres de ellas enfermedad inmunológica grave. Se encontró en tres pacientes la variante probablemente patogénica c.791T>A; p.Met264Lys en homocigosis, y en una paciente las variantes c.791T>A; p.Met264Lys y c.632T>C; p.lle211Thr (variante de significado incierto con predicción patogénica según algoritmos bioinformáticos) en heterocigosis compuesta en ACP5. La presencia de la variante repetida c.791T>A sugiere la posibilidad de un ancestro en común en nuestra población. El reconocimiento y diagnóstico de esta entidad es importante para lograr un oportuno abordaje, que deberá ser multidisciplinario, orientado hacia la prevención de posibles complicaciones.


Spondyloenchondrodysplasia with immune dysregulation related to ACP5 (SPENCDI, OMIM number 607944) is an uncommon immune-skeletal dysplasia with heterogeneous manifestations and variable severity. It is characterized by spondylar and metaphyseal lesions, immune dysfunction, and neurological involvement. Here we report the clinical, radiological and genetic aspects of 4 girls with SPENCDI treated at a children's hospital. They all had skeletal manifestations and 3 developed severe immune disease. In 3 patients, the likely pathogenic variant c.791T>A; p.Met264Lys (homozygous mutation) was observed, while 1 patient had variants c.791T>A; p.Met264Lys and c.632T>C; p.lle211Thr (variant of uncertain significance with pathogenic prediction based on bioinformatics algorithms) caused by a compound heterozygous mutation in ACP5. The repeated presence of variant c.791T>A suggests the possibility of a common ancestor in our population. The recognition and diagnosis of this disorder is important to achieve a timely approach, which should be multidisciplinary and aimed at preventing possible complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Autoimmune Diseases , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/complications , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase/genetics
5.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; fev. 2024. 345 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531984

ABSTRACT

Esta obra intitulada "Cuidado e formação no campo da saúde em diálogo com os saberes populares" é uma coletânea de produções, escrita a muitas mãos, no campo da educação popular em saúde, trazendo as reflexões de Paulo Freire para o campo da saúde em outros países, em especial, na América Latina, experiências vivenciadas no enfrentamento à pandemia da covid-19 e reflexões baseadas nos processos atuais de promoção, educação e cuidado em saúde nos territórios. Nos 10 anos da Política Nacional de Educação Popular em Saúde no Sistema Único de Saúde (PNEPS-SUS), esta obra expressa a força e a potência desta política que foi resistindo e se implantando, apesar das adversidades dos contextos históricos que o Brasil vivenciou. Como a força e a flexibilidade da água, os processos de educação popular em saúde foram contornando obstáculos, enfrentando barreiras, ocupando, ampliando espaços e se expandindo. Assim, as práticas e os conceitos da educação popular em saúde vão se constituindo no movimento das marés, das águas, do ar, da terra, das sementes e se espalhando nos diferentes territórios do Brasil e da América Latina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Health Education , Health Human Resource Training , Health Services Accessibility , Public Health
6.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; jan. 2024. 280 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527218

ABSTRACT

A Promoção da Saúde defende que para produzirmos saúde é necessário termos capacidade de reconhecer e realizar desejos e projetos, satisfazer nossas necessidades, transformar e/ou criar mecanismos de convivência com a realidade social e ambiental. Nessa direção, saúde e qualidade de vida implicam em estarmos informados para decidir sobre os rumos singulares de nossas vidas e sobre os processos de determinação social que operam no cotidiano, associando-se à ideia de autonomia. O exercício da autonomia, que se distancia muito de uma liberdade individualista e ilimitada, vincula-se à ampliação da nossa capacidade reflexiva frente ao bombardeio de informações que nos cercam e nos chegam, notadamente com a presença e expansão das tecnologias digitais. Daí a importância, em especial no campo da Promoção da Saúde, da literacia em saúde. A literacia em saúde pode ser definida como a capacidade dos sujeitos em obter, compreender, avaliar criticamente e utilizar informações sobre saúde para seu próprio cuidado ou de terceiros. Ela envolve uma ampla gama de habilidades e competências, que são desenvolvidas ao longo da vida e que possuem influência de fatores demográficos, culturais, sociopolíticos e ambientais. Com as novas e crescentes exigências de compreensão e uso de informações sobre saúde na vida cotidiana, especialmente para enfrentarmos os riscos da desinformação, é fundamental ampliar o debate acerca da literacia em saúde. Esse foi o principal objetivo da I Mostra Brasileira de Literacia em Saúde, cujas conferências e trabalhos encontram-se sistematizados neste e-book.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Patient Education as Topic , Health Literacy
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e257402, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355856

ABSTRACT

Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an infectious disease predominant in countries located in the tropics. The prediction of occurrence of infectious diseases through epidemiologic modeling has revealed to be an important tool in the understanding of its occurrence dynamic. The objective of this study was to develop a forecasting model for the incidence of VL in Maranhão using the Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average model (SARIMA). We collected monthly data regarding VL cases from the National Disease Notification System (SINAN) corresponding to the period between 2001 and 2018. The Box-Jenkins method was applied in order to adjust a SARIMA prediction model for VL general incidence and by sex (male or female) for the period between January 2019 and December 2013. For 216 months of this time series, 10,431 cases of VL were notified in Maranhão, with an average of 579 cases per year. With regard to age range, there was a higher incidence among the pediatric public (0 to 14 years of age). There was a predominance in male cases, 6437 (61.71%). The Box-Pierce test figures for overall, male and female genders supported by the results of the Ljung-Box test suggest that the autocorrelations of residual values act as white noise. Regarding monthly occurrences in general and by gender, the SARIMA models (2,0,0) (2,0,0), (0,1,1) (0,1,1) and (0,1,1) (2, 0, 0) were the ones that mostly adjusted to the data respectively. The model SARIMA has proven to be an adequate tool for predicting and analyzing the trends in VL incidence in Maranhão. The time variation determination and its prediction are decisive in providing guidance in health measure intervention.


Resumo A leishmaniose visceral (LV) é uma doença de natureza infecciosa, predominante em países de zonas tropicais. A predição de ocorrência de doenças infecciosas através da modelagem epidemiológica tem se revelado uma importante ferramenta no entendimento de sua dinâmica de ocorrência. O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver um modelo de previsão da incidência da LV no Maranhão usando o modelo de Média Móvel Integrada Autocorrelacionada Sazonal (SARIMA). Foram coletados os dados mensais de casos de LV através do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN) correspondentes ao período de 2001 a 2018. O método de Box-Jenkins foi aplicado para ajustar um modelo de predição SARIMA para incidência geral e por sexo (masculino e feminino) de LV para o período de janeiro de 2019 a dezembro de 2023. Durante o período de 216 meses dessa série temporal, foram registrados 10.431 casos de LV no Maranhão, com uma média de 579 casos por ano. Em relação à faixa etária, houve maior registro no público pediátrico (0 a 14 anos). Houve predominância do sexo masculino, com 6437 casos (61,71%). Os valores do teste de Box-Pierce para incidência geral, sexo masculino e feminino reforçados pelos resultados do teste Ljung-Box sugerem que as autocorrelações de resíduos apresentam um comportamento de ruído branco. Para incidência mensal geral e por sexo masculino e feminino, os modelos SARIMA (2,0,0) (2,0,0), (0,1,1) (0,1,1) e (0,1,1) (2, 0, 0) foram os que mais se ajustaram aos dados, respectivamente. O modelo SARIMA se mostrou uma ferramenta adequada de previsão e análise da tendência de incidência da LV no Maranhão. A determinação da variação temporal e sua predição são determinantes no norteamento de medidas de intervenção em saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/epidemiology , Seasons , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Models, Statistical
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 83: e0003, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529931

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar o perfil dos doadores de tecidos oculares humanos na área de atuação do Banco de Olhos da Paraíba, destacando o impacto da sorologia positiva para hepatite B no descarte dos tecidos para transplante. Métodos: O estudo é transversal e utilizou dados do Banco de Olhos da Paraíba entre janeiro de 2013 e dezembro de 2022. Dados sobre procedência, idade, sexo, causa do óbito, tempo entre óbito e enucleação, resultados sorológicos e motivo de descarte das córneas dos doadores foram coletados. Resultados: O maior motivo de descarte foi por sorologia positiva (56,5%), sendo positivadas as sorologias positivas para hepatite B e HBsAg em 11,1% e 4,75% dos pacientes, respectivamente. Conclusão: A sorologia positiva para hepatite B como um critério de descarte absoluto é responsável por grande parcela de descartes, apesar da pouca informação sobre suas repercussões e representação de infectividade nos receptores do transplante.


ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the profile of human ocular tissue donors in the area covered by the Eye Bank of Paraíba (PB), highlighting the impact of positive serology for hepatitis B (anti-HBc) in the disposal of tissues for transplantation. Methods: This is a cross-sectional that uses data from the Eye Bank of Paraíba (PB) between January 2013 and December 2022. Data on origin, age, sex, cause of death, time between death and enucleation, serological results, and reason for discarded donor corneas were collected. Results: The main reason for discarding was due to positive serology (56.5%), with positive anti-HBc and HBsAg serology in 11.1% and 4.75% of patients, respectively. Conclusion: Anti-HBc positive serology as an absolute disposal criterion is responsible for great part of disposals, despite little information about its repercussions and representation of infectivity in transplant recipients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/standards , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Donor Selection/standards , Eye Banks/standards , Hepatitis B Antibodies/analysis , Serologic Tests/standards , Hepatitis B virus , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Disease Transmission, Infectious/legislation & jurisprudence , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Disease Transmission, Infectious/statistics & numerical data , Eye Banks/statistics & numerical data , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B/transmission , Hepatitis B Core Antigens/analysis
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220023, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529146

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To estimate the incidence of dental caries and associated factors in the school period from six/seven to ten years of age. Material and Methods: A longitudinal study involving 168 children was followed up between 2015 and 2019 in the municipality of Palhoça, Brazil. The dependent variable was the caries incidence rate in the mixed dentition. The independent variables included information regarding demographic and socioeconomic status. Multivariate analyzes were carried out using Poisson Regression with a robust estimator. Variables with p <0.20 in the bivariate analysis were included in the adjusted model. Relative risks were estimated, as well as 95% confidence intervals. Results: Of 168 followed schoolchildren, 32 developed the disease, providing an incidence rate of 19.0%. Female children had a 10% higher risk [RR = 1.10 (95% CI 1.03; 1.18)] of developing caries than males. Also, children born from fathers with ≤ 8 years of schooling at baseline had a 9% higher risk [RR = 1.09 (95% CI 1.01; 1.16)] of developing dental caries compared to fathers with higher education. Conclusion: The incidence of dental caries in a four-year period was 19.0%. Females and children born from fathers with a lower level of education showed higher incidence rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dentition, Mixed , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies
10.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 11(1): e401, 2024. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1527677

ABSTRACT

Objetivo principal: Conocer la epidemiologia de las fracturas del cuarto distal del radio en el esqueleto en crecimiento y el tratamiento realizado en el CHPR en los años 2017 y 2018. Objetivos específicos: Valorar re-desplazamiento, necesidad de re manipulación, complicaciones, re-fractura. Metodología: Estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes de 0 a 14 años con fractura de radio distal (fisaria, metafisaria y suprametafisaria) valorados en el CHPR entre 1 enero del 2017 y 31 diciembre del 2018. Criterios de exclusión: pacientes con radiografía normal, fracturas en miembros con malformaciones, infecciones óseas, patología tumoral maligna o benigna. Obtención de datos: Valoración de radiografías de puño y antebrazo realizadas en el CHPR en 2017 y 18, iniciales y evolutivas. Se analizaron: edad, sexo, fecha fractura, topografía de la fractura, desplazamiento inicial, tratamiento, evolución radiográfica y complicaciones. Resultados: se incluyeron 662 pacientes. Siendo en su mayoría de género masculino (65%), con una media de 9 años, miembro derecho (61%), en los meses de verano (36%). En cuanto a la topografía se evidenció una frecuencia mayor en fracturas tipo rodete y metafisarias (31.72% y 31.57%), seguido por suprametafisaria (18.43%) y fisaria (18.28%). El tratamiento realizado fue ortopédico en el 86.56% de los casos, mientras que quirúrgico fue el 12.84%, en su gran mayoría con alambres de Kirschner (11,2%). El tiempo de inmovilización promedio fue de 6 semanas, con un porcentaje de complicaciones del 14.05% del total de las fracturas. Conclusiones: Se valoraron las características de los pacientes y fracturas de radio distal en el CHPR en los años 2017 y 18, siendo un total de 662 fracturas, en las que su mayoría se realizó tratamiento ortopédico con un índice de complicaciones que ronda el 14%, siendo mayor cuanto mayor es el desplazamiento inicial de la fractura.


Objetivo principal: Conhecer a epidemiologia das fraturas do quarto distal do rádio no esqueleto em crescimento e o tratamento realizado no CHPR nos anos de 2017 e 2018. Objetivos específicos: Avaliar re-deslocamento, necessidade de remanipulação, complicações, refratura. Metodologia: Estudo observacional descritivo retrospectivo. Critérios de inclusão: pacientes de 0 a 14 anos com fratura do rádio distal (fisário, metafisário e suprametafisário) avaliados no CHPR entre 1º de janeiro de 2017 e 31 de dezembro de 2018. Critérios de exclusão: pacientes com radiografias normais, fraturas em membros com malformações, osso infecções, patologia tumoral maligna ou benigna. Coleta de dados: Avaliação das radiografias de punho e antebraço realizadas no CHPR em 2017 e 18, inicial e evolutiva. Foram analisados: idade, sexo, data da fratura, topografia da fratura, deslocamento inicial, tratamento, evolução radiográfica e complicações. Resultados: 662 pacientes foram incluídos. Sendo maioritariamente do sexo masculino (65%), com média de 9 anos, membro direito (61%), nos meses de verão (36%). Em relação à topografia, foi evidenciada maior frequência nas fraturas da borda e metafisárias (31,72% e 31,57%), seguidas das suprametafisárias (18.43%) e fisárias (18.28%). O tratamento realizado foi ortopédico em 86.56% dos casos, enquanto cirúrgico em 12.84%, sendo a maioria com fios de Kirschner (11,2%). O tempo médio de imobilização foi de 6 semanas, com percentual de complicações de 14.05%. Conclusões: Foram avaliadas as características dos pacientes e fraturas do rádio distal no CHPR nos anos de 2017 e 18, com um total de 662 fraturas (0,9 por dia), em que a maioria foi submetida a tratamento ortopédico com índice de complicações que fica em torno de 14%, sendo maior quanto maior for o deslocamento inicial da fratura.


Title: Fractures of the distal end of the radius in the immature skeleton. Epidemiological study at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center. Main objective: To know the epidemiology of fractures of the distal fourth of the radius in the growing skeleton and the treatment carried out in the CHPR in the years 2017 and 2018. Specific objectives: To assess re-displacement, need for re-manipulation, complications, re- fracture. Methodology: Retrospective descriptive observational study. Inclusion criteria: patients aged 0 to 14 years with distal radius fracture (physeal, metaphyseal and suprametaphyseal) evaluated at the CHPR between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018. Exclusion criteria: patients with normal radiographs, fractures in limbs with malformations, bone infections, malignant or benign tumor pathology. Data collection: Assessment of fist and forearm X-rays performed at the CHPR in 2017 and 18, initial and evolutionary. The following were analyzed: age, sex, fracture date, fracture topography, initial displacement, treatment, radiographic evolution and complications. Results: 662 patients were included. Being mostly male (65%), with an average of 9 years, right limb (61%), in the summer months (36%). Regarding the topography, a higher frequency was evidenced in rim and metaphyseal fractures (31.72% and 31.57%), followed by suprametaphyseal (18.43%) and physeal (18.28%). The treatment performed was orthopedic in 86.56% of the cases, while surgical was 12.84%, mostly with Kirschner wires (11.2%). The average immobilization time was 6 weeks, with a percentage of complications of 14.05%. Conclusions: The characteristics of the patients and fractures of the distal radius in the CHPR in the years 2017 and 18 were evaluated, with a total of 662 fractures (0.9 per day), in which the majority underwent orthopedic treatment with an index of complications that is around 14%, being greater the greater the initial displacement of the fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Wrist Fractures/epidemiology , Recurrence , Skeleton/growth & development , Uruguay/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Age and Sex Distribution , Temporal Distribution , Wrist Fractures/classification , Wrist Fractures/complications , Wrist Fractures/therapy
11.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 611-624, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419225

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A imobilização prolongada acarreta prejuízos sistêmicos que repercute diretamente em maiores agravos aos pacientes, dentre eles se encontra a redução da VFC, indicativo de maior morbimortalidade clínica. OBJETIVO: Analisar se o tempo de internação hospitalar influencia a modulação autonômica da frequência cardíaca em pacientes pediátricos. METODOLOGIA: Estudo longitudinal, quantitativo e prospectivo, realizado em uma enfermaria pediátrica. A amostra foi de pacientes entre 4 a 11 anos, ambos gêneros, internados dentro das primeiras 48 horas. A coleta iniciou após a assinatura do TCLE pelo responsável, seguida do colhimento dos dados pessoais e clínicos dos pacientes seguida da coleta da VFC, repetida no último dia de internação. A captação da VFC foi realizada pelo monitor Polar RS800CX. Os dados foram transferidos e passados por uma análise matemática no programa Kubios HRV2.2. Por fim, os dados foram tabulados e analisados pelo Microsoft Excel 2013 e software BioEstat® 5.3 respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Os valores lineares no domínio do tempo obtiveram média pré (IRR=644,7 com P=0,42; RMSSD= 46,1 com P=0,017 e SDNN=43,5 com P=0,017) e pós (IRR=656,3; RMSSD=34,8; SDNN=35,38) e no domínio da frequência média pré (LF=41,9 com P=0,013; HF=58,0 com P=0,013; LF/HF=1,03 com P=0,04) e pós (LF=52,2; HF=47,7; LF/HF=3,56). A correlação de Pearson na análise tanto de RMSSD pós x tempo de internação, quanto SDNN pós x tempo de internação demonstraram R=0,55 e R=0,59 respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Foi observado que o tempo de internação exerce influência negativa sobre a modulação autonômica da frequência cardíaca em pacientes pediátricos.


INTRODUCTION: Prolonged immobilization causes systemic damage that has a direct impact on greater harm to patients, among which is the reduction in HRV, indicative of greater clinical morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the length of hospital stay influences the autonomic modulation of heart rate in pediatric patients. METHODOLOGY: Longitudinal, quantitative and prospective study, carried out in a pediatric ward. The sample consisted of patients between 4 and 11 years old, both genders, hospitalized within the first 48 hours. The collection began after the signature of the TCLE by the guardian, followed by the collection of the patients' personal and clinical data, followed by the HRV collection, repeated on the last day of hospitalization. HRV capture was performed by the Polar RS800CX monitor. The data were transferred and passed through a mathematical analysis in the Kubios HRV2.2 program. Finally, data were tabulated and analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2013 and BioEstat® 5.3 software, respectively. RESULTS: Linear values in the time domain obtained mean pre (IRR=644.7 with P=0.42; RMSSD=46.1 with P=0.017 and SDNN=43.5 with P=0.017) and post (IRR=656.3; RMSSD=34.8; SDNN=35.38) and in the pre mean frequency domain (LF=41.9 with P=0.013; HF=58.0 with P=0.013; LF/HF=1,03 with P=0.04) and powders (LF=52.2; HF=47.7; LF/HF=3.56). Pearson's correlation in the analysis of both the RMSSD post x length of stay and the SDNN post x length of stay showed R=0.55 and R=0.59 respectively. CONCLUSION: It was observed that the length of stay has a negative influence on the autonomic modulation of heart rate in pediatric patients.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La inmovilización prolongada provoca daños sistémicos que repercuten directamente en un mayor perjuicio para los pacientes, entre los que se encuentra la disminución de la VFC, indicativa de una mayor morbimortalidad clínica. OBJETIVO: Analizar si la duración de la estancia hospitalaria influye en la modulación autonómica de la frecuencia cardiaca en pacientes pediátricos. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio longitudinal, cuantitativo y prospectivo, realizado en una planta de pediatría. La muestra consistió en pacientes entre 4 y 11 años, de ambos sexos, hospitalizados dentro de las primeras 48 horas. La recogida se inició tras la firma del TCLE por el tutor, seguida de la recogida de los datos personales y clínicos de los pacientes, seguida de la recogida de la VFC, repetida el último día de hospitalización. La captura de la VFC se realizó con el monitor Polar RS800CX. Los datos se transfirieron y pasaron por un análisis matemático en el programa Kubios HRV2.2. Finalmente, los datos fueron tabulados y analizados utilizando Microsoft Excel 2013 y el software BioEstat® 5.3, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron valores lineales en el dominio temporal medios pre (TIR=644,7 con P=0,42; RMSSD=46,1 con P=0,017 y SDNN=43,5 con P=0,017) y post (TIR=656,3; RMSSD=34. 8; SDNN=35,38) y en el dominio de la frecuencia media pre (LF=41,9 con P=0,013; HF=58,0 con P=0,013; LF/HF=1,03 con P=0,04) y polvos (LF=52,2; HF=47,7; LF/HF=3,56). La correlación de Pearson en el análisis tanto de la RMSSD post x duración de la estancia como de la SDNN post x duración de la estancia mostró R=0,55 y R=0,59 respectivamente. CONCLUSIÓN: Se observó que la duración de la estancia influye negativamente en la modulación autonómica de la frecuencia cardíaca en pacientes pediátricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pediatrics , Hospitalization , Autonomic Nervous System , Child , Prospective Studies , Hospitals , Length of Stay
12.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 979-995, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425164

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Essa pesquisa teve como objetivo determinar o perfil clínico, epidemiológico e espacial daLeishmaniose Visceral, bem como, sua associação com o desmatamento nos municípios pertencentesao 12º centro regional de saúde no Sudeste do Estado do Pará, Brasil de 2016 a 2020. Método: Trata-se de um estudo analítico ecológico, realizado com dados provenientes de 15 municípios do 12º Centro Regional de Saúde, obtidos por meio do banco de dados do Data-SUS-TABNET, através do SINAN. Resultados: Para o período do estudo foram notificados 415 casos de LV nos municípios analisados, o que correspondeu a uma média anual de 83 casos. O ano com maior número de notifi- cações foi 2017, apresentando 34,7%, sendo o município de Redenção com o maior número de casos.Conclusões: Portanto, há necessidade de ampliação das medidas de controle e vigilância da LV, comfoco na notificação de casos, a fim de realizar a obtenção do panorama fidedigno da LV e elaborar estratégias mais assertivas para seu controle e mitigação.


Objective: This research aimed to determine the clinical, epidemiological and spatial profile of Vis- ceral Leishmaniasis, as well as its association with deforestation in the municipalities belonging to the 12th regional health center in the Southeast of Pará State, Brazil from 2016 to 2020. Method: Thisis an ecological analytical study, conducted with data from 15 municipalities of the 12th Regional Health Center, obtained through the Data-SUS-TABNET database, through SINAN. Results: For thestudy period, 415 cases of VL were reported in the analyzed municipalities, corresponding to an an-nual average of 83 cases. The year with the highest number of notifications was 2017, present- ing 34.7%, being the municipality of Redenção with the highest number of cases. Conclu- sion: Therefore,there is a need to expand VL control and surveillance measures, focusing on the notification of casesin order to obtain a reliable picture of VL and develop more assertive strategies for its control and mitigation.


Objetivo: Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar el perfil clínico, epidemiológico y espacial de la Leishmaniasis Visceral, así como su asociación con la deforestación en municipios pertenecientes al 12º Centro Regional de Salud del Sudeste del Estado de Pará, Brasil, de 2016 a 2020. Método: Trata-se de um estudo analítico ecológico, realizado com dados provenientes de 15 municípios do 12º Centro Regional de Saúde, obtidos por meio do banco de dados do Data-SUS-TABNET, através do SINAN. Resultados: Durante el período de estudio, fueron notificados 415 casos de LV en los municipios analizados, correspondiendo a una media anual de 83 casos. El año con mayor número de notificaciones fue 2017, 34,7%, y el municipio de Redenção presentó el mayor número de casos. Conclusiones: Por lo tanto, es necesario ampliar las medidas de control y vigilancia de la LV, centrándose en la notificación de casos con el fin de obtener una imagen fiable de la LV y desarrollar estrategias más asertivas para su control y mitigación.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Surveillance/statistics & numerical data , Clinical Studies as Topic/methods , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/epidemiology , Unified Health System , Health Strategies , Notification/statistics & numerical data , Spatial Analysis , One Health/statistics & numerical data
13.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 25(3): 162-173, Sep.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | SaludCR, LILACS | ID: biblio-1529075

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study is to determine the impact of oral conditions on the quality of life related to the oral health of preschool children in a rural and urban area of Cusco. The study was descriptive and cross-sectional, from a population of 179 preschoolers aged 3 to 5 years, from two public early childhood education institutions, and their respective parents or caregivers in the department of Cusco, Peru. We worked with the entire population that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, seventy-four preschool children were selected for each area, deciding to have the same amount of children per group based on the smallest group. A clinical odonto-stomatological examination was carried out for oral conditions (dental caries, malocclusion, and dental trauma) according to the WHO's criteria and a survey that was used for sociodemographic characteristics. In addition, a validated Peruvian version of the ECOHIS questionnaire was used to obtain data on the impact on quality of life. All the variables of the total and individual scores of the ECOHIS domains were analyzed individually and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine the association between variables. The oral conditions prevalence in preschool children in rural areas referring to dental caries was 100% (dmft index > 6), dental trauma 10.8%, and malocclusions 60.8%; for the urban area dental caries was 93.2% (dmft index > 6), dental trauma 9.5% and malocclusions 36.5%. Of the three oral conditions only the experience of dental caries was related to the OHRQOL of preschoolers in urban and rural areas.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio es determinar el impacto de las alteraciones bucales en la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal de niños preescolares de una zona rural y urbana de Cusco. El estudio fue descriptivo y transversal, de una población de 179 preescolares de 3 a 5 años de edad, de dos instituciones públicas de educación inicial, y sus respectivos padres o cuidadores en el departamento de Cusco, Perú. Se trabajó con toda la población que cumplió con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se seleccionaron setenta y cuatro niños preescolares por cada área, decidiendo tener la misma cantidad de niños por grupo en base al grupo más pequeño. Se realizó un examen clínico odonto-estomatológico para detectar alteraciones bucales (caries dental, maloclusión y trauma dental) según los criterios de la OMS y una encuesta que se utilizó para las características sociodemográficas. Además, se utilizó una versión peruana validada del cuestionario ECOHIS para obtener datos sobre el impacto en la calidad de vida. Todas las variables de los puntajes totales e individuales de los dominios ECOHIS fueron analizadas individualmente y se utilizó la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis para determinar la asociación entre variables. La prevalencia de alteraciones bucales en niños preescolares de zonas rurales referida a caries dental fue del 100% (índice dmft > 6), traumatismo dental 10,8% y maloclusiones 60,8%; para la zona urbana la caries dental fue del 93,2% (índice dmft > 6), el traumatismo dental 9,5% y las maloclusiones 36,5%. De las tres alteraciones bucales, sólo la experiencia de caries dental se relacionó con la OHRQOL de los preescolares de las zonas urbana y rural.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child Care , Rural Health/statistics & numerical data , Dental Health Services , Peru , Child Development , Dental Caries , Malocclusion/epidemiology
14.
Med. infant ; 30(4): 336-339, Diciembre 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524212

ABSTRACT

La infección por Bartonella henselae (BH) adopta diversas formas de presentación clínica en pediatría. Según la bibliografía la forma de presentación más frecuente en pacientes inmunocompetentes es la linfadenopatía única asociada a fiebre. En el 85 % de los casos se compromete un solo ganglio siendo los axilares y los epitrocleares los más frecuentemente involucrados. Existen otras formas de presentación menos frecuentes que debemos tener en consideración, para poder realizar un diagnóstico precoz e indicar un tratamiento adecuado si así lo requiere. El diagnóstico requiere de la sospecha clínica del equipo de salud tratante, junto al antecedente epidemiológico, los hallazgos clínicos del examen físico y la realización de serologías que incluyan el dosaje de inmunoglobulina M y G. Los objetivos del presente trabajo fueron reconocer las manifestaciones clínicas típicas y atípicas de la EAG por Bartonella henselae, describir la epidemiología, características clínicas y evolución de esta enfermedad que se presentaron en nuestro hospital. Se estudiaron un total de 187 pacientes. La media de edad fue de 7.6 años (rango 1-14); siendo 53.5% de género masculino. Las formas de presentación más frecuentes en nuestro trabajo fueron la adenitis y la fiebre. La mayoría recibió diversos esquemas de tratamiento antibiótico, secundario al retraso en el diagnóstico. La tasa de hospitalización fue muy baja, remitió con tratamiento ambulatorio con antibióticos o sin ellos (AU)


Bartonella henselae infection has different clinical presentations in pediatrics. According to the literature, the most common form of presentation in immunocompetent patients is single lymphadenopathy associated with fever. In 85 % of the cases a single lymph node is involved, with the axillary and epitrochlear nodes being the most commonly involved. There are other, less frequent, forms of presentation that should be taken into consideration in order to make an early diagnosis and indicate appropriate treatment if required. Diagnosis relies on clinical suspicion by the treating healthcare team, together with the epidemiological history, clinical findings on physical examination, and serology including immunoglobulin M and G dosage. The objectives of this study were to identify both the typical and atypical clinical manifestations of Bartonella henselae cat scratch disease, to describe the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of cases presenting at our hospital. A total of 187 patients were studied. The mean age was 7.6 years (range 1-14); 53.5% were male. The most frequent forms of presentation in our study were adenitis and fever. Most of them received different antibiotic treatment regimens due to delayed diagnosis. The hospitalization rate was very low and the disease typically resolved with outpatient treatment, with or without antibiotics (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cats , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/drug therapy , Cat-Scratch Disease/epidemiology , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Fever , Lymphadenopathy , Serologic Tests , Retrospective Studies , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Med. infant ; 30(4): 340-345, Diciembre 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524213

ABSTRACT

La infección por Clostridioides difficile (ICD) es la principal responsable de diarreas nosocomiales en adultos. En los últimos años se registró un aumento en la incidencia de la ICD en la población adulta que, en cambio, no fue bien caracterizado en pediatría. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar los datos resultantes del diagnóstico microbiológico de ICD en el Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan". Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo observacional descriptivo que abarcó desde el 01/01/2018 hasta el 31/12/2021. El diagnóstico se realizó mediante enzimoinmunoensayo para glutamato deshidrogenasa (GDH) y toxinas en materia fecal (MF). Cuando sólo se detectó GDH, se realizó un cultivo toxigénico (CT) de la MF para la detección de toxinas in vitro. Se registraron: edad, sexo y procedencia de los pacientes y recurrencias de las ICD. Se efectuaron estudios de sensibilidad de 387 cepas de C. difficile a metronidazol (MTZ) y vancomicina (VAN). Resultados: en 6632 muestras (1764 pacientes) se registraron 649 estudios positivos (9,8%) (139 pacientes), la mayoría correspondieron a pacientes internados en áreas no críticas. Edad promedio: 7 años (7 ± 4,7). Sexo: 55% masculino. Recurrencias: 62 (45%). Positivos detectados mediante CT: 43%. Sensibilidad antibiótica: 100% a MTZ y 99,7% a VAN. Conclusión: Nuestra población presenta un bajo porcentaje de positividad. Se destaca el rendimiento del CT que permitió el diagnóstico de más de un tercio de los casos. MTZ y VANCO tuvieron excelente actividad in vitro frente a C. difficile (AU)


Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is the main cause of nosocomial diarrhea in adults. In recent years there has been an increase in the incidence of CDI in the adult population; however, CDI has not been well characterized in pediatrics. The aim of this study was to analyze the data resulting from the microbiological diagnosis of CDI at Hospital de Pediatría Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan. Materials and methods: a retrospective, observational and descriptive study was conducted from 01/01/2018 to 12/31/2021. Diagnosis was made using enzyme immunoassay for glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and toxins in stools. When only GDH was detected, toxigenic culture (TC) of stools was performed for in vitro toxin detection. The age, sex and origin of patients and CDI recurrences were recorded. Sensitivity studies of 387 strains of C. difficile to metronidazole (MTZ) and vancomycin (VAN) were performed. Results: In 6,632 samples (1,764 patients), 649 positive results (9.8%) were recorded (139 patients), most of which corresponded to patients hospitalized in noncritical areas. Mean age: 7 years (7 ± 4.7). Sex: 55% male. Recurrences: 62 (45%). TC-positive results: 43%. Antibiotic sensitivity: 100% to MTZ and 99.7% to VAN. Conclusion: A low percentage of positivity was found in our population. The performance of TC was outstanding, allowing for the diagnosis of more than one third of the cases. MTZ and VANCO had excellent in vitro activity against C. difficile (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Clostridioides difficile , Immunoenzyme Techniques/instrumentation , Clostridium Infections/diagnosis , Clostridium Infections/microbiology , Diarrhea, Infantile/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
17.
Med. infant ; 30(4): 346-357, Diciembre 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524214

ABSTRACT

La Atención farmacéutica (AF) ayuda a los pacientes a alcanzar objetivos terapéuticos reduciendo los problemas relacionados al medicamento (PRM). Objetivos: analizar los PRM en la práctica de la AF a pacientes con inmunodeficiencia adquirida (IDA) y/o tuberculosis (TBC) y evaluar su impacto. Método: estudio, descriptivo, observacional, en el área ambulatoria de Farmacia. Se incluyeron pacientes con IDA y/o TBC con: inicio de tratamiento, polifarmacia, reinternaciones frecuentes, regular/mala adherencia, reacciones adversas a medicamentos (RAM) previas y/o comorbilidades. Se entrevistaron pacientes o cuidadores y se registraron PRM, errores, grados de adherencia y conocimiento farmacoterapéutico, retiro oportuno de medicamentos y parámetros clínicos. Se registró la intervención farmacéutica y entregó material educativo. Se repitieron las mediciones en una segunda entrevista. Resultados: Se estudiaron 54 pacientes (28 con IDA y 26 con TBC). Se realizaron 93 intervenciones (29.9% dirigidas al prescriptor, 27.8% a otros profesionales) y se detectaron 8 RAM y 53 errores (28 IDA y 25 TBC), el principal PRM fue la mala/regular adherencia con bajo porcentaje de conocimiento farmacoterapéutico completo. Después de la AF, en IDA el grado de adherencia tuvo una mejora estadísticamente significativa (p= 0.012), también fue significativa la mejora en el retiro oportuno de la medicación (28.6% a 71.4% p=0.005 IDA). Se obtuvieron resultados favorables de carga viral (CV) en 72% pacientes con IDA y aumento de peso en 92% pacientes con TBC, aunque no fueron estadísticamente significativos. Conclusiones: mediante AF se mejoró la adherencia y la comunicación en pacientes pediátricos con IDA y/o TBC (AU)


Pharmacovigilance (PV) helps patients achieve therapeutic goals by reducing drug-related problems (DRP). Objectives: to analyze DRPs in the practice of PV in patients with acquired immunodeficiency (AIDS) and/or tuberculosis (TB) and to evaluate its impact. Methods: A descriptive, observational study was conducted in the outpatient pharmacy area. Patients with AIDS and/or TB with: treatment initiation, polypharmacy, frequent readmissions, regular/poor adherence, previous adverse drug reactions (ADR) and/or comorbidities were included. Patients or caregivers were interviewed, and DRP, errors, adherence and pharmacotherapeutic knowledge, timely drug withdrawal, and clinical parameters were recorded. The pharmaceutical intervention was recorded and educational material was delivered. Measurements were repeated in a second interview. Results: We studied 54 patients (28 with AIDS and 26 with TB). Ninety-three interventions were performed (29.9% addressed to the drug prescriber, 27.8% to other professionals) and 8 ADRs and 53 errors were detected (28 AIDS and 25 TB). The main DRP was poor/regular adherence together with a low level of complete pharmacotherapeutic knowledge. After PV, in patients with AIDS the degree of adherence statistically significantly improved (p= 0.012). The improvement in timely medication withdrawal was also significant (28.6% vs. 71.4% p=0.005 AID). Favorable viral load results were obtained in 72% of patients with AIDS and weight gain in 92% of patients with TB, although they were not statistically significant. Conclusions: PV improved adherence and communication in pediatric patients with AIDS and/or TB (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Outpatient Clinics, Hospital , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Pharmacovigilance , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Hospitals, Pediatric , Medication Errors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Interview
19.
Med. infant ; 30(4): 373-381, Diciembre 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524219

ABSTRACT

El trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) es una condición crónica del neurodesarrollo caracterizada por déficits persistentes en la comunicación e interacción social y un patrón de intereses restringidos y/o comportamientos repetitivos que pueden afectar el funcionamiento del individuo en la vida diaria familiar y comunitaria. El diagnóstico oportuno intenta mejorar la trayectoria, reducir el impacto funcional y disminuir los efectos de condiciones médicas asociadas. El diagnóstico tardío de TEA es considerado como aquel realizado luego de los 6 años de edad, en coincidencia con el fin de la escolaridad inicial. Si bien esta edad puede resultar arbitraria lo que se busca es una generalización de aquellos casos en los que probablemente hubo múltiples pérdidas de oportunidades diagnósticas y terapéuticas. Objetivo: Reflexionar sobre los determinantes del diagnóstico tardío del TEA con el fin de proponer posibles soluciones a esta problemática. Desarrollo: A partir de tres viñetas clínicas de pacientes que recibieron el diagnóstico en nuestro servicio, luego de los 6 años de edad, nos proponemos identificar y analizar aquellos factores (motivos sociodemográficos, problemas organizacionales, en la etapa de evaluación diagnóstica, respecto al género, cuidadores/ familiares y características clínicas) que determinan la demora diagnóstica. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico tardío del TEA es una problemática compleja y multifactorial, que implica desafíos significativos en el desarrollo de los NNyA con esta condición, sus familias y su entorno. Es importante considerar las causas que demoran el diagnóstico, desde el ámbito clínico, familiar y socio-ambiental para poder intervenir oportunamente (AU)


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental condition characterized by persistent deficits in communication and social interaction and a pattern of restricted interests and/or repetitive behaviors that can affect the individual's daily functioning both at home and in the community. Early diagnosis is important to improve the developmental trajectory, reduce functional impairment, and decrease the impact of comorbid medical conditions. Delayed diagnosis of ASD is defined as a diagnosis made after the age of 6 years, coinciding with the end of preschool. Although this age may be arbitrary, it serves to encompass cases in which there were probably multiple missed diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities. Objective: To explore the causes of late diagnosis of ASD in order to propose possible solutions to this problem. Development: Based on three clinical vignettes of patients who were diagnosed at our department after 6 years of age, we aimed to identify and analyze factors influencing diagnostic delays. These factors included sociodemographic causes, organizational challenges, issues during the diagnostic workup, considerations related to gender, caregivers/families, and clinical characteristics. Conclusions: Delayed diagnosis of ASD is a complex and multifactorial problem leading to significant challenges in the development of children and adolescents with this condition as well as their families and their environment. Identification of the causes of diagnostic delay is important from the clinical, family and socio-environmental point of view, in order to start timely interventions (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Autistic Disorder/diagnosis , Delayed Diagnosis , Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis , Caregivers , Sociodemographic Factors
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