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1.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 301-310, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114939

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Elective cesarean section is associated with several damages to the newborn's health, such as respiratory, gastrointestinal problems and diabetes that last throughout life. However, few studies discuss aspects related to psychological developmentOBJECTIVE: To investigate the development of Brazilian children according to the type of birth and gestational age in the cognitive, language, motor, socio-emotional and adaptive behavior domainsMETHODS: This is an exploratory and descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the city of São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo, Brazil, between June 2016 and March 2017. The final sample consisted of 263 children up to 42 months of age. For data collection were applied a socio demographic questionnaire and the Bayley-III Scale. The statistical analysis was based on both a North American reference sample and a local sample using the SPSS version 21, through Pearson's Chi-square statistical test and significance criteria p <0.05RESULTS: A significant difference (p<0.005) was observed, with a higher risk of problems in fine motor development and expressive language in children born at pre-term between 37- 39 weeks compared to those born at term between 39 - 41 weeks. Significant difference (p<0.005) was also observed in sensory processing and adaptive behavior, with greater impairment in children born via elective cesarean section compared to those born vaginallyCONCLUSION: Despite its limitations and discrepancies, this research indicates potential impairments in the psychological development of children born at early term via elective cesarean


INTRODUÇÃO: A cesárea eletiva está associada a diversos prejuízos à saúde do recém-nascido, como problemas respiratórios, gastrointestinais e diabetes, que perduram ao longo da vida. No entanto, poucos estudos discutem os aspectos relacionados ao desenvolvimento psicológicoOBJETIVO: Investigar o desenvolvimento de crianças brasileiras segundo a via de parto e a idade gestacional nos domínios cognitivo, linguagem, motor, socioemocional e comportamento adaptativoMÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório-descritivo, transversal, realizado no município de São Bernardo do Campo, entre junho de 2016 e março de 2017. A população foi composta por 400 crianças até 42 meses de idade. Para coleta de dados foram aplicados questionário sociodemográfico e Escala Bayley-III. Foi utilizada para análise estatística tanto a normatização oferecida pela Escala Bayley (norte-americana) quanto a normatização referente à amostra estudada, por meio do SPSS version 21, utilizando o teste estatístico do Qui-Quadrado de Pearson, critérios de significância p<0,05RESULTADOS: Observou-se diferença significativa (p<0,005), com maior risco de problemas no desenvolvimento motor fino e na linguagem expressiva em crianças nascidas a termo precoce (37 a<39 semanas) quando comparadas às nascidas a termo (=39 a <41 semanas). Diferença significativa (p<0,005) também foi observada no processamento sensorial e comportamento adaptativo, com maior prejuízo observado nas crianças nascidas via CE em comparação às nascidas de parto vaginalCONCLUSÃO: Este estudo evidencia o aumento de riscos psicológicos em crianças nascidas via cesárea eletiva quando comparadas com as nascidas por parto vaginal nos aspectos relacionados ao processamento sensorial, motricidade fina, linguagem expressiva e emissão de comportamentos adaptativos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Infant, Premature , Cesarean Section , Child Development , Child Health Services , Natural Childbirth
2.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 205, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1102879

ABSTRACT

La Parálisis Cerebral (PC) es un conjunto de alteraciones motrices no progresivas en la población infantojuvenil, ocasionadas por lesión ­a nivel cerebral- de neuronas o fibras de esa vía, de sus aferencias o de las que la modulan; para su diagnóstico deben conocerse otras patologías también frecuentes y que pueden incidir simultánea o causalmente en la motricidad del paciente; la resultante sería disfunción motora tanto voluntaria como involuntaria, refleja o con propósito, de la postura y/o del tono muscular. Objetivo: detectar errores innatos metabólicos (EIM) que causan o se asocian con PC en una serie significativa. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo-interpretativo, se revisaron los expedientes clínicos del Centro de Parálisis Cerebral de Caracas, en cuyos diagnósticos se presentaron ambas alteraciones, entre los años 1988 y 2018. Resultados: De las 2.000 historias clínicas revisadas, el exámen clínico y las pruebas de laboratorio permitieron seleccionar 174 casos de EIM. Conclusiones: Se tipificaron los errores innatos metabólicos en diez formas clínicas distintas, se evidenciaron en pacientes con PC atendidos en un centro público de Caracas, es posible que la casuística sea varias veces mayor en Venezuela dado que ya no se aplica la pesquisa en los centros de atención pública(AU)


Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a set of non-progressive motor alterations in the child and youth population, caused by injury - at the brain level - of neurons or fibers of that pathway, their afferences or those that modulate it; for its diagnosis, other pathologies that are also frequent and that can simultaneously or causally affect the motor skills of the same patient must be known; The result would be both voluntary and involuntary motor dysfunction, reflected or with purpose, of posture and / or muscle tone. Objective: to detect inborn metabolic errors (EIM) that cause or are associated with CP in a significant series. Methods: Descriptive-interpretive study, we reviewed the clinical records of the Cerebral Palsy Center of Caracas, in whose diagnoses both alterations were presented, between the years 1988 and 2018. Results: Of the 2,000 clinical histories reviewed, the clinical examination and tests Laboratory tests allowed the selection of 174 cases of IMD. Conclusions: Inborn metabolic errors were typified in ten different clinical forms, they were evidenced in patients with CP treated in a public center in Caracas, it is possible that the casuistry is several times greater in Venezuela since the investigation is no longer applied in the centers of public attention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cerebral Palsy/pathology , Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Neurons/metabolism , Pediatrics , Nervous System Diseases
3.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 62-71, jul. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1103066

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La boca del recién nacido se contamina inmediatamente con microorganismos maternos. Caufield determinó la colonización con SGM para niños americanos a los 26 meses de edad. Estudios latinoamericanos la ubican entre los 14,9-18 meses. Objetivos: Identificar el momento de adquisición y colonización del SGM en una población de niños uruguayos y relacionarlo con factores del niño y maternos. Establecer el tiempo necesario para la recolección de la muestra y estudio de su pérdida. Método: Estudio observacional, longitudinal prospectivo, de 83 pares madre-hijo de un policlínico de Montevideo. De 83 pares examinados, 20 completaron el estudio. Se incluyeron niños de 0-9 meses, con/sin dientes y primera toma salival negativa para SGM. Resultados: Edad promedio de adquisición del SGM 16,4 meses (±4,13) y colonización 18,6 meses (±3,80) de edad. La pérdida de la muestra fue 71,42%. Conclusiones: La colonización resultó similar a la encontrada por Florio (Brasil), observándose diferencias significativas con Caufield (EEUU).


Introduction: The newborn's mouth is immediately contaminated with maternal microorganisms during birth. Caufield determined that the average age of colonization with Streptococcus Mutans (SM) for American children was 26 months old. Latin American studies indicate that it occurs at an age between 14.9 and 18 months old. Objectives: To identify the time of Sm acquisition and colonization in a population of Uruguayan children and to relate it with various child and mother factors. To establish the time needed to collect the sample and its loss. Methods: Observational, longitudinal prospective study, of 83 mother-child pairs from a medical center in Montevideo. From the 83 pairs examined, 20 completed the study. Children between 0-9 months old, with/without teeth, whose first salivary sample was negative for Sm, were included. Results: The mean age of Sm acquisition was 16.4 months (± 4.13), and colonization occurred at 18.6 months (± 3.80) of age. The sample loss was 71.42%. Conclusions: The colonization found was similar to that found by Florio (Brazil) but showed significant differences with Caufield's results (USA).


Introdução: A boca do recém-nascido é imediatamente contaminada por microrganismos maternos. Caufield determinou a colonização com SGM para crianças americanas aos 26 meses de idade. Estudos latino-americanos o situam entre 14,9-18 meses. Objetivos: Identificar o momento de aquisição e colonização do SGM em uma população de crianças uruguaias e relacioná-lo com fatores da criança e da mãe. Estabeleça o tempo necessário para coletar a amostra e estudar sua perda. Método: Estudo observacional, longitudinal prospectivo, de 83 pares mãe-filho da uma policlínica de Montevidéu. Dos 83 pares examinados, 20 completaram o estudo. Foram incluídas crianças de 0-9 meses com / sem dentes e primeira amostra salivar negativa para SGM. Resultados: Idade média de aquisição do SGM 16,4 meses (± 4,13) e colonização 18,6 meses (± 3,80) de idade. A perda estabelecida da amostra foi 71,42%. Conclusões: A colonização foi semelhante aos de Florio (Brasil), observando diferenças significativas com Caufield (EUA).


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Streptococcus mutans , Uruguay , Infant
4.
Rev. hered. rehabil ; 3(1): 13-19, ene.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1116194

ABSTRACT

A lo largo del tiempo, las alteraciones de voz han incrementado su presencia significativamente, más aún en la población infantil, afectando muchas veces su comunicación y desarrollo personal, por lo que es importante generar una cultura de prevención. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de las alteraciones de la altura tonal e intensidad vocal en niños de 4 a 6 años de las Instituciones de Educación Inicial Públicas del Distrito de Magdalena del Mar en el año 2015. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal. Se utilizaron dos instrumentos para la recolección de datos: Una Ficha de Recolección que fue respondida por los padres de familia sobre el género, la edad y el estado actual de la voz de su niño y un Software de análisis acústico PRAAT (Versión 5.4.06) con el cual se midió la altura tonal e intensidad vocal, permitiendo determinar si la voz era la adecuada o presentaba alguna alteración, al ser comparados los resultados obtenidos con los parámetros bibliográficamente establecidos. Resultados: De una muestra total de 128 niños, se recolectó 117 datos, el 22,22% de esta población presentó tanto la altura tonal como la intensidad vocal alterados, donde el 65,38% fueron de género femenino. Además los niños de 4 y 6 años presentaron su altura tonal alterada, con un 34,29% a su población, proporcionalmente. Conclusiones: El intensidad vocal, lo que indica un inadecuado uso vocal. (AU)


Over time, the voice alterations have increased their presence significantly, affecting frequently the communication and personal development of the child population. For this reason is important to generate a culture of prevention. Objective: To determinate the frequency of the alterations of the tonal height and vocal intensity in children from 4 to 6 years old of the public Institutions of Initial Education in Magdalena del Mar district in 2015. Material and Methods: Descriptive study of transverse type. Two instruments were used for data collection: A record collection sheet that was answered by parents about the gender, age and the actual state of the voice of their child. Also a software of acoustic analysis PRAAT (Version 5.4.06) which was used to measure the tonal height and vocal intensity. It allowed to determinate if the voice was suitable or presented any alteration when the results obtained were compared with the bibliographitly parameters established. Results: A total sample of 128 children was collected 117 data, the 22.22% of this population presented both the tonal height and the vocal intensity altered, where 65.38% was of female gender. Also children of 4 and 6 years old presented their pitch altered this represents a 34.29% of their population proportionately. Conclusions: The 55.56% of the sample presented an alteration of the level of the vocal intensity which indicated a vocal inappropriate use. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pitch Perception , Voice , Voice Quality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
5.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 02 jun 2020. 1-16 p. tab, graf, mapa.(Informe Epidemiológico Covid-19, 9).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1103353

ABSTRACT

Em 11 de março de 2020, a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) classificou a Doença pelo Coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) como uma pandemia. Isso significa que o vírus está circulando em todos os continentes e há ocorrência de casos oligossintomáticos, o que dificulta a identificação. Deste modo, principalmente no hemisfério sul, onde está o Brasil, os países devem se preparar para o outono/inverno com o objetivo de evitar casos graves e óbitos. Em Goiás, a partir de 04 de fevereiro até 02 de junho, foram notificados à Vigilância Epidemiológica 39.225 casos de COVID-19. Já foram confirmados 4.334 (11,1%) casos, destes 4.223 (97,6%) confirmados por critério laboratorial, 101 (2,2%) pelo critério clinícoepidemiológico. Do total de casos notificados 10.715 (27,3%) foram descartados e 24.176 (61,6%) continuam como suspeitos


On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) classified Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. This means that the virus is circulating on all continents and there are oligosymptomatic cases, which makes it difficult to identify. Thus, especially in the southern hemisphere, where Brazil is located, countries should prepare for autumn/winter in order to avoid severe cases and deaths. In Goiás, from February 4 to June 2, 39,225 cases of COVID-19 were reported to the Epidemiological Surveillance. A total of 4,334 (11.1%) cases, of these 4,223 (97.6%) confirmed by laboratory criteria, 101 (2.2%) by the clinicoepidemiological criterion. Of the total number of reported cases 10,715 (27.3%) were discarded and 24,176 (61.6%) remain as suspects


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology
6.
Lima; Instituto Nacional de Salud; mayo 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BRISA | ID: biblio-1116129

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: La inmunización es una de las intervenciones en salud pública más costo efectivas y rentables. Sarampión, parotiditis y rubeola (SPR) son enfermedades virales, que pueden causar complicaciones y consecuencias graves, especialmente en niños desnutridos e inmunodeprimidos; siendo importante destacar, que estas enfermedades son prevenibles mediante la vacunación. El resurgimiento de las infecciones por el virus de las paperas entre personas previamente vacunados con dos dosis, ha planteado preocupaciones en el mundo, sobre la ausencia de inmunidad a largo plazo después de la vacunación contra esta enfermedad y ha aperturado discusiones sobre nuevas estrategias para mitigar el riesgo de brotes futuros, incluyendo la posibilidad de implementar una tercera dosis de la vacuna SPR como respuesta a un brote epidémico, frente al cual, además surge la necesidad de estudios adicionales que evalúen la protección a largo plazo proporcionada por tres dosis de las vacunas SPR, así como la rentabilidad de la implementación de ésta intervención. OBJETIVO: El objetivo de la presente revisión sistemática es sintetizar evidencias científicas sobre la seguridad y efectividad frente a parotiditis de la vacuna Sarampión, Rubéola, Paperas (SPR) en personas mayores de 5 años. METODOLOGÍA: La búsqueda sistemática se realizó en la base de datos de Medline (PubMed), Lilacs y Cochrane Library fueron formuladas una estrategia de búsqueda para la pregunta PICO de la revisión, no se aplicaron filtros de fecha ni idiomas, la búsqueda abordó la evidencia publicada hasta 12 de marzo del 2020. La selección de título y resumen y extracción de datos fue realizada por un solo revisor. RESULTADOS: La búsqueda identificó 9 estudios: 1 revisión sistemática, 1 ensayo clínico y 7 estudios observacionales. La revisión incluyó tres estudios en niños y adolescentes. El ensayo clínico se realizó en adultos y los estudios observacionales fueron en adultos y en niños. CONCLUSIONES: No se observan diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los niños que reciben una tercera dosis con los que reciben dos dosis. La vacuna SPR en niños mayores de 5 años presenta pocos y leves reacciones adversas. En adultos sanos, la tercera dosis de SPR no presenta reacciones adversas graves o largo plazo. En población militar, la aplicación de vacuna SPR no se asocia con aparición de diabetes mellitus tipo 1. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine/administration & dosage , Measles/prevention & control , Mumps/prevention & control , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Health Evaluation
7.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 12 maio 2020. 1-9 p. tab, graf, mapa.(Informe Epidemiológico Covid-19, 6).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS, Inca, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1103147

ABSTRACT

Em 11 de março de 2020, a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) classificou a Doença pelo Coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) como uma pandemia. Isso significa que o vírus está circulando em todos os continentes e há ocorrência de casos oligossintomáticos, o que dificulta a identificação. Deste modo, principalmente no hemisfério sul, onde está o Brasil, os países devem se preparar para o outono/inverno com o objetivo de evitar casos graves e óbitos. Em Goiás, a partir de 04 de fevereiro até esta data, foram notificados à Vigilância Epidemiológica 17.243 casos de COVID-19. Dos quais 1.114 (6,4%) foram confirmados, 4.029 (23,3%) descartados e 12.100 (70,3%) continuam como suspeitos nos sistemas de informação (ESUS VE e SIVEP Gripe) aguardando encerramento pelos municípios de residência


On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) classified Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. This means that the virus is circulating on all continents and there are oligosymptomatic cases, which makes it difficult to identify. Thus, especially in the southern hemisphere, where Brazil is located, countries should prepare for autumn/winter in order to avoid severe cases and deaths. In Goiás, from February 4 to this date, 17,243 cases of COVID-19 were reported to the Epidemiological Surveillance. Of which 1,114 (6.4%) were confirmed, 4,029 (23.3%) discarded and 12,100 (70.3%) remain as suspects in the information systems (ESUS VE and SIVEP Gripe) awaiting closure by the municipalities of residence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology
8.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 21 maio 2020. 1-10 p. tab, graf, mapa.(Informe Epidemiológico Covid-19, 7).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1103227

ABSTRACT

Em 11 de março de 2020, a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) classificou a Doença pelo Coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) como uma pandemia. Isso significa que o vírus está circulando em todos os continentes e há ocorrência de casos oligossintomáticos, o que dificulta a identificação. Deste modo, principalmente no hemisfério sul, onde está o Brasil, os países devem se preparar para o outono/inverno com o objetivo de evitar casos graves e óbitos. Em Goiás, a partir de 04 de fevereiro até esta data, foram notificados à Vigilância Epidemiológica 22.857 casos de COVID-19. Dos quais 1.846 (8,1%) foram confirmados, 5.352 (23,4%) descartados e 15.659 (68,5%) continuam como suspeitos.


On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) classified Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. This means that the virus is circulating on all continents and there are oligosymptomatic cases, which makes it difficult to identify. Thus, especially in the southern hemisphere, where Brazil is located, countries should prepare for autumn/winter in order to avoid severe cases and deaths. In Goiás, from February 4 to this date, 22,857 cases of COVID-19 were reported to the Epidemiological Surveillance. Of which 1,846 (8.1%) were confirmed, 5,352 (23.4%) discarded and 15,659 (68.5%) remain as suspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology
9.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 28 maio 2020. 1-13 p. graf, tab, mapa.(Informe Epidemiológico Covid-19, 8).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1103349

ABSTRACT

Em 11 de março de 2020, a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) classificou a Doença pelo Coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) como uma pandemia. Isso significa que o vírus está circulando em todos os continentes e há ocorrência de casos oligossintomáticos, o que dificulta a identificação. Deste modo, principalmente no hemisfério sul, onde está o Brasil, os países devem se preparar para o outono/inverno com o objetivo de evitar casos graves e óbitos. Em Goiás, a partir de 04 de fevereiro até 26 de maio, foram notificados à Vigilância Epidemiológica 29.228 casos de COVID-19. Dos quais 2.671 (9,1%) foram confirmados, 7.891 (27%) descartados e 15.659 (63,9%) continuam como suspeitos


On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) classified Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. This means that the virus is circulating on all continents and there are oligosymptomatic cases, which makes it difficult to identify. Thus, especially in the southern hemisphere, where Brazil is located, countries should prepare for autumn/winter in order to avoid severe cases and deaths. In Goiás, from February 4 to May 26, 29,228 cases of COVID-19 were reported to the Epidemiological Surveillance. Of which 2,671 (9.1%) were confirmed, 7,891 (27%) discarded and 15,659 (63.9%) remain as suspects


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology
10.
Goiânia; SES-GO; maio 2020. 1-42 p. ilus, tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1096093

ABSTRACT

O surto da doença respiratória causada pelo novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2) aconteceu na cidade de Wuhan, capital da província de Hubei, na China, em dezembro de 2019, a qual disseminou-se de forma acelerada e, logo, atingiu mais de uma centena de países dos cinco continentes. Em 12 de março de 2020, a situação foi caracterizada como pandemia pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS, 2020). Em razão da disseminação o do Coronavírus pelo mundo, o Ministério da Saúde declarou Emergência de Saúde Pública de Importância Nacional (ESPIN) em decorrência da infecção pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19) e estabeleceu o Centro de Operações de Emergência em Saúde Pública (COE-COVID-19) como mecanismo de gestão coordenada da resposta à ESPIN no país (BRASIL, 2020a). Seguindo a linha mundial, o Ministério da Saúde elaborou e publicou "Plano de Contingência Nacional para Infecção Humana pelo Novo Coronavírus COVID-19" para organizar a detecção, monitoramento e resposta dos serviços de saúde à doença (BRASIL, 2020b). O Estado de Goiás instituiu o Centro de Operações Estratégicas de Saúde Pública (COE) em 18 de fevereiro de 2020 (GOIÁS, 2020a). E, seguindo as orientações nacionais, propõe o presente PLANO ESTADUAL DE CONTINGÊNCIA PARA O ENFRENTAMENTO DA DOENÇA PELO CORONAVÍRUS (COVID-19), a fim de organizar e fortalecer as políticas públicas de saúde, visto que, para que atinjam eficácia e eficiência, é necessário atuação conjunta e ordenada dos entes federados, bem como dos setores públicos e privados.


The outbreak of respiratory disease caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) occurred in Wuhan city, capital of Hubei province, China, in December 2019, which spread rapidly and thus reached more than a hundred countries on five continents. On March 12, 2020, the situation was characterized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO, 2020). Due to the spread of Coronavirus around the world, the Ministry of Health declared a Public Health Emergency of National Importance (ESPIN) due to infection by the new coronavirus (COVID-19) and established the Center for Emergency Operations in Public Health (COE-COVID-19) as a mechanism for coordinated management of the response to ESPIN in the country (BRASIL, 2020a). Following the global line, the Ministry of Health elaborated and published "National Contingency Plan for Human Infection by the New Coronavirus COVID-19" to organize the detection, monitoring and response of health services to the disease (BRASIL, 2020b). The State of Goiás established the Center for Strategic Operations of Public Health (COE) on February 18, 2020 (GOIÁS, 2020a). And, following the national guidelines, it proposes this State CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR COPING WITH CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19), in order to organize and strengthen public health policies, since, in order to achieve effectiveness and efficiency, joint and orderly action of federal entities, as well as public and private sectors, is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/transmission
12.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 84-90, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094583

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La alimentación adecuada es fundamental para el desarrollo físico e intelectual pleno de los niños. Objetivo: Analizar el patrón de consumo de verduras en una población infantil de Pamplona, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una investigación cualitativa mediante la metodología de discusión grupo focal con la participación de madres de familia de un hogar infantil. La información fue analizada a través de la propuesta de Attride-Stirling. Resultados: Las participantes consideraron que el consumo de verduras es importante e influye positivamente en el estado de salud. El consumo es afectado por la baja cantidad y poca frecuencia de suministro, preferencias limitadas por algunas preparaciones, ejemplo inadecuado en padres de familia. La frecuencia de compra, el lugar, precio y características organolépticas, son factores que condicionan la compra de verduras en el hogar. Se mencionaron estrategias positivas y negativas para incentivar la ingesta en los niños. Conclusiones: Las madres tienen conocimientos asertivos sobre el consumo de verduras y su relación con la salud en los niños. La cantidad consumida es inadecuada puesto que difiere de las recomendaciones establecidas. Los elogios, animación y compañía de padres para incentivar su consumo son estrategias positivas, aunque utilizan el castigo y el premio.


Introduction: Adequate nutrition is fundamental for the physical and intellectual development of children. Objective: To analyze the vegetable consumption pattern of a child population in Pamplona (Colombia). Materials and methods: We conducted a qualitative research with mothers that used children's day care facilities applying the focus group discussion methodology. The information was analyzed with the Attride-Stirling tool. Results: Participating mothers considered that vegetable consumption is important and has a positive effect on children's health. A poor consumption is caused by low quantity and frequency of supply, limited preferences for some food preparations, and inadequate examples set by parents. The purchasing frequency, place, price and organoleptic characteristics of vegetables are important factors that limit their purchase at home. Some positive and negative strategies are suggested to encourage the ingestion of vegetables in children. Conclusions: Mothers have assertive knowledge about vegetable consumption and its relation to children's health. The level of vegetable consumption was low as it differs from the established recommendations. Praise, motivation and companionship of parents are positive strategies to encourage vegetable consumption, although some prefer punishment and reward.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Vegetables , Health , Diet , Nutritional Sciences , Feeding Behavior
13.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 91-95, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094584

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) establece los patrones de crecimiento de niños menores de 5 años. Colombia adoptó indicadores antropométricos y puntos de corte para clasificar el estado nutricional. Sin embargo, para desnutrición se considera Peso/Talla en vez del Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC). Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia de malnutrición en menores de 5 años del área urbana del municipio de Palermo, Huila (Colombia), comparando los resultados con los patrones de la OMS y resolución 2465 de 2016 en el parámetro IMC/Edad. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal, con enfoque analítico con 254 niños menores de 5 años del municipio de Palermo. Resultados: Según IMC/edad el 11,81% de los menores presentaron algún tipo de malnutrición: 1,9% desnutrición y 9,8% sobrepeso y obesidad. Un 25,5% estuvieron en riesgo de presentarlo, siendo mayor el sobrepeso (17,7%). Según parámetros OMS el 12,2% presentaron malnutrición: 9,8% por exceso y 2,4% por déficit. El 18,5% y 7,9% tuvieron riesgo de sobrepeso y bajo peso respectivamente. Conclusión: No existen diferencias al comparar la clasificación nutricional entre la Resolución y los parámetros de la OMS.


Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO), has established the growth patterns of children under 5 years of age. Colombia has adopted anthropometric indicators and cut-off points to classify nutritional status. However, weight/height are the only measurements taken into account for defining malnutrition, instead of Body Mass Index (BMI). Objective: To identify malnutrition prevalence in children who are younger than 5 years of age and live in the metropolitan area of the municipality of Palermo-Huila (Colombia), comparing the results with the WHO reference standards and with the IMC/Age parameter of Resolution 2465 of 2106. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study with an analytical approach was conducted on 254 children younger than 5 years old from Palermo. Results: According to the BMI/Age parameter 11.81% of the children showed some nutrition problem: 1.9% malnutrition and 9.8% overweight and obesity. 25.5% of children were at risk of having some type of malnutrition, with the risk of overweight (17.7%) being the highest. According to WHO parameters, 12.2% of child participants showed malnutrition: 9.8% due to excess and 2.4% because of a deficient intake of nutrients. It was observed that 18,5% and 7,9% of the minors were at risk of being overweight and underweight, respectively. Conclusions: There are no differences when comparing the nutritional classification of the Resolution with the one based on the WHO parameters.


Subject(s)
Infant , Child, Preschool , Malnutrition , Caregivers , Overweight , Social Determinants of Health , Obesity
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 89-: I-94, II, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1099856

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La fiebre en pediatría es motivo de consulta frecuente. El objetivo fue evaluar los conocimientos, actitudes y temores de los padres ante la fiebre de sus hijos.Material y métodos. Estudio observacional, analítico, transversal. En 2018, se realizó una encuesta a padres de niños de entre 6 meses y 5 años que asistieron al Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires.Se analizó la asociación entre las variables sociodemográficas y los conocimientos, actitudes y temores frente al cuadro febril.Resultados. Se realizaron 201 encuestas. El 56,7 % de los padres consideró que la fiebre era mala para la salud. El 37 % definió fiebre entre 37 °C y 37,5 °C, y el 59 %, 38-38,5 ºC. La media de temperatura considerada grave fue 39,2 °C (desvío estándar 0,69). El 93 % de los cuidadores utilizaba medidas físicas; el 97 % administraba antitérmicos y el 14,5 % los alternaba. Los temores a las consecuencias fueron, en el 82 %, convulsiones; en el 41 %, deshidratación; en el 18 %, daño cerebral y, en el 12 %, muerte. El 86,5 % despertaba a sus hijos para administrarles antitérmico. En el estrato de mayor instrucción materna, fue menor el temor a la fiebre (odds ratio0,5; intervalo de confianza del 95 %: 0,28-0,91).Conclusiones. Un tercio de los encuestados consideró fiebre valores bajos de temperatura. El temor a la fiebre fue elevado y el nivel de instrucción materna podría mitigarlo.


Introduction. In pediatrics, fever is a common reason for consultation. The objective was to assess parental knowledge, behaviors, and fears in the management of fever in their children.Materials and methods. Observational, analytical, cross-sectional study. In 2018, a survey was administered to the parents of children aged 6 months to 5 years who attended Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez, in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The association between sociodemographic outcome measures and knowledge, behaviors, and fears in cases of fever was analyzed.Results. A total of 201 surveys were completed: 56.7 % of parents considered that fever was bad for health; 37 % defined fever between 37 °C and 37.5 °C, and 59 %, between 38 °C and 38.5 °C. The mean temperature considered severe was 39.2 °C (standard deviation: 0.69). Physical methods were used by 93 % of caregivers; 97 % administered antipyretic agents, and 14.5 % used alternating agents. Fears of consequences included seizures in 82 %, dehydration in 41 %, brain damage in 18 %, and death in 12 %. Also, 86.5 % woke up their children to give them an antipyretic agent. Among the higher maternal education level, fear of fever was lower (odds ratio: 0.5; 95 % confidence interval: 0.28-0.91).Conclusions. One-third of survey respondents considered low body temperature values as fever. Fear of fever was high, and the level of maternal education may mitigate it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Disease Management , Fever/therapy , Parents , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Fever/diagnosis
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 132-135, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100246

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El subdiagnóstico y subregistro de sobrepeso y obesidad en pediatría es muy frecuente. El uso de una historia clínica electrónica podría contribuir favorablemente. El objetivo fue conocer el porcentaje de registro de este problema por pediatras de cabecera y analizar si se asociaba con la realización de estudios complementarios.Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal. Se evaluó el registro del problema en pacientes pediátricos con sobrepeso y obesidad, y la presencia de resultados de glucemia, triglicéridos y colesterol de alta densidad en pacientes obesos.Resultados. Se analizaron 7471 pacientes con sobrepeso y obesidad; el registro adecuado del problema fue del 19 %. El 44 % de los obesos (n = 1957) tenía registro adecuado y el 32 %, resultados de laboratorio, con asociación significativa entre variables.Conclusiones. Los porcentajes de registro de sobrepeso y obesidad y realización de estudios complementarios fueron bajos. El registro del problema se asoció a mayor solicitud de estudios


Introduction. Under-diagnosis and under-recording of overweight and obesity in pediatrics is very common. Using an electronic medical record may be helpful. The objective was to establish the percentage of recording of this problem by primary care pediatricians and analyze if it was associated with the performance of ancillary tests.Methods. Cross-sectional study. The recording of this problem among overweight and obese pediatric patients and the presence of blood glucose, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol results in obese patients were assessed.Results. A total of 7471 overweight and obese patients were included; this health problem was adequately recorded in only 19 %. Among all obese patients (n = 1957), 44 % had adequate recording of this health problem; 32 % had lab test results showing a significant association among outcome measures.Conclusions. The percentage of overweight and obesity recording and ancillary test performance was low. Recording was associated with a higher level of test ordering


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Medical Records Systems, Computerized/statistics & numerical data , Overweight/epidemiology , Electronic Health Records , Obesity/epidemiology , Triglycerides , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholesterol, HDL
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 135-138, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100249

ABSTRACT

El daño renal agudo es causa de morbilidad en niños diabéticos en países en vías de desarrollo, especialmente, en pacientes con cetoacidosis diabética. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar factores de riesgo para daño renal agudo en pacientes con cetoacidosis diabética. Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectiva. Se incluyeron 50 pacientes diabéticos con cetoacidosis; el 54 % desarrollaron daño renal; en ellos, los niveles de glucosa y ácido úrico fueron mayores (541 mg/dl contra 407 mg/dl, p = 0,014, y 8,13 mg/dl contra 5,72 mg/dl, p = 0,015, respectivamente). El ácido úrico mayor de 6,5 mg/dl demostró un odds ratio de 6,910 (p = 0,027) para daño renal. En conclusión, la hiperuricemia fue un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de daño renal agudo en estos pacientes. Son necesarios estudios prospectivos para determinar el papel del ácido úrico en la patogénesis del daño renal agudo en pacientes diabéticos.


Acute kidney injury is a cause of morbidity in children with diabetes in developing countries, especially in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors for acute kidney injury in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. This was a retrospective cohort study. A total of 50 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis were included; 54 % developed kidney injury. These had higher glucose and uric acid levels (541 mg/dL vs. 407 mg/dL, p = 0.014 and 8.13 mg/dL vs. 5.72 mg/dL, p = 0.015, respectively). Uric acid levels above 6.5 mg/dL showed an odds ratio of 6.910 (p= 0.027) for kidney injury. To conclude, hyperuricemia was a risk factor for acute kidney injury in these patients. Prospective studies are required to determine the role of uric acid in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury in patients with diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury , Uric Acid , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hyperuricemia
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 139-142, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100250

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein (PHS) es una vasculitis sistémica de vasos pequeños. El objetivo fue evaluar el índice de neutrófilos/linfocitos (INL) en sangre y el volumen plaquetario medio (VPM) en la PHS e investigar la relación con el compromiso renal y gastrointestinal.Métodos: Se incluyeron niños con PHS y controles sanos. Se evaluaron concentración de hemoglobina, recuento de leucocitos, recuento de trombocitos, INL, VPM, velocidad de sedimentación globular y proteína C-reactiva.Resultados: El INL fue significativamente mayor en los pacientes con PHS con hemorragia gastrointestinal (p < 0,001). El valor ideal de corte del INL para predecir la hemorragia gastrointestinal fue 2,05, con 93 % de sensibilidad y 62 % de especificidad. El VPM fue significativamente mayor en los pacientes con PHS con compromiso renal (p = 0,027).Conclusiones: El INL en sangre y el VPM podrían ser útiles para identificar el compromiso renal y gastrointestinal en la PHS


Background: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic small-vessel vasculitis that occurs mainly in children. The aim was to evaluate the blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with HSP and to investigate the relationship with gastrointestinal and renal involvement.Methods: Children with HSP and healthy individuals as controls were included. Hemoglobin level, white blood cell count, platelet count, NLR, MPV erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were evaluated.Results: There were 71 HSP children and 74 controls. NLR was significantly higher in HSP patients with gastrointestinal bleeding than without gastrointestinal bleeding (p < 0,001). The optimal cutoff value of NLR for predicting gastrointestinal bleeding was 2.05, with 93 % sensitivity and 62 % specificity. MPV was significantly higher in HSP patients with renal involvement than without renal involvement (p = 0,027).Conclusions:Blood NLR and MPV may be useful markers to identify gastrointestinal and renal involvement in HSP patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/blood , Lymphocytes/pathology , Mean Platelet Volume , Neutrophils/pathology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Kidney Diseases
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e166-e169, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100425

ABSTRACT

La mastoiditis aguda es una infección de las celdillas mastoideas, generalmente, secundaria a la progresión de una otitis media aguda. Las bacterias aisladas con más frecuencia en las mastoiditis son Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes y Staphylococcus aureus. La infección mastoidea puede extenderse por contigüidad, afectar a estructuras vecinas y dar lugar a complicaciones intra- o extracraneales. Las más frecuentes son las intracraneales, entre las que se incluyen la meningitis, el absceso cerebeloso o del lóbulo temporal, el absceso epi- o subdural y la trombosis de senos venosos.Se presenta el caso de una niña de 4 años que desarrolló dos complicaciones intracraneales (absceso epidural y trombosis de senos venosos transverso y sigmoideo) a partir de una mastoiditis aguda producida por Streptococus pyogenes


Acute mastoiditis is an infection that affects the mastoid air-cell system, usually due to the progression of an acute otitis media. The bacteria most frequently isolated in acute mastoiditis are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. The mastoid infection can extend affecting contiguous structures and producing intra or extracranial complications. The most frequent ones are intracranial complications, including meningitis, temporal lobe or cerebellar abscess, epidural or subdural abscess and venous sinus thrombosis.We present the case of a 4-year-old girl who developed two intracranial complications (intracranial epidural abscess and transverse and sigmoid sinus thrombosis) initiated in an acute mastoiditis produced by Streptococcus pyogenes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial/diagnostic imaging , Streptococcus pyogenes , Epidural Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Mastoiditis/complications , Mastoiditis/drug therapy , Mastoiditis/diagnostic imaging
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e194-e198, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100477

ABSTRACT

La pseudoartrosis congénita de la clavícula es una malformación rara y benigna, caracterizada por la ausencia del tercio medio de la clavícula. Suele ser unilateral y mayoritaria en el lado derecho. La etiología es desconocida y se postulan diversas teorías etiopatogénicas (vascular, embriológica y genética).Puede detectarse en el período neonatal o, más frecuentemente, durante la infancia. En ocasiones, puede ser sintomática. Puede requerir tratamiento mediante reconstrucción quirúrgica por injerto óseo.Se presentan 2 casos, uno de diagnóstico neonatal y otro de 3 años de edad realizados con 24 h de diferencia. Se destaca la consideración de este diagnóstico como diferencial de fractura obstétrica o postraumática, displasia cleidocraneal y neurofibromatosis de tipo 1.


The congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle is a rare and benign malformation, characterized by the absence of the middle third of the clavicle. It is usually unilateral and the majority on the right side. The etiology is unknown, postulating diverse etiopathogenic theories (vascular, embryological and genetic).It can be detected in the neonatal period or, more frequently, during childhood. Occasionally it can be symptomatic. It may require treatment by surgical reconstruction by bone graft. Two cases are presented, one of neonatal diagnosis and another one of 3 years of age performed with 24 hours of difference. We emphasize on its consideration as a differential diagnosis of obstetric or post-traumatic fracture, cleidocranial dysplasia and neurofibromatosis type I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child, Preschool , Pseudarthrosis/congenital , Clavicle/abnormalities , Pseudarthrosis/diagnostic imaging , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnosis, Differential
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e199-e203, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100481

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad mano-pie-boca (EMPB) típica es exantemática, con sintomatología clásica de fiebre, exantema papulovesicular en las manos y los pies, asociada o no a herpangina. Es causada, principalmente, por enterovirus 71 y virus Coxsackie A16, miembros del género Enterovirus. En los últimos años, se han descrito brotes mundiales de EMPB con manifestaciones atípicas causadas, sobre todo, por el virus Coxsackie A6. La EMPB atípica se considera emergente con características clínicas y epidemiológicas peculiares: la afección de adultos, el predominio en invierno y un amplio espectro de manifestaciones clínicas en la extensión y la distribución de las lesiones. Las características morfológicas de las lesiones son muy variables: pueden simular varicela, impétigo o vasculitis.Se describe el caso de un niño de 4 años con EMPB atípica. Se detalla su forma de presentación, evolución clínica, metodología diagnóstica y terapéutica empleada.


Typical hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is an exanthematous viral disease with a classic symptomatology of fever, papulovesicular rash on the hands and feet with or without herpangina. It is usually caused by enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A16, members of the genus Enterovirus. Recently, worldwide outbreaks of HFMD with atypical manifestations caused by Coxsackievirus A6 have been described. Atypical HFMD is considered an emerging disease due to its peculiar clinical and epidemiological characteristics: it affects adults, has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations in the extension and distribution of the lesions and occurs in winter. The morphological characteristics of the lesions are very variable and can be misdiagnosed as chickenpox, impetigo or vasculitis. Here we describe the symptoms, clinical evolution, diagnostic methodology and treatment employed on a 4-year-old male patient with atypical HFMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Enterovirus A, Human/classification , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/diagnosis , Coxsackievirus Infections/epidemiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Genotype , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/therapy
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