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Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 306-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936011


Objective: The surgical reconstruction strategy for scar contracture deformity in chin and neck was explored, aiming to obtain better aesthetic outcome. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From December 2017 to April 2021, 34 patients with scar contracture deformity in chin and neck after burns were hospitalized in the Department of Plastic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University), aged 12-54 years, including 13 males and 21 females, 4 cases with chin affected only, 7 cases with neck affected only, and 23 cases with both chin and neck affected. The scar areas were 48-252 cm2. All the patients were treated by operation with expanded flaps, following the "MRIS" principle of matching of the color and thickness of the repair flaps (match), reconstructing of the aesthetic features of subunits (reconstruction), design of incision according to the plastic principle (incision), and prevention of the surgical incision scar (scar). The rectangular or kidney shaped skin and soft tissue expander (hereinafter referred to as the expander) with rated capacity of 80-400 mL was embedded in the first stage, which was routinely expanded to 3-5 times of the rated capacity of the expander. In the second stage, scar resection and expanded flap excision were performed to repair the secondary wound, and the flap donor site was sutured directly. The expansion ratio of the expander (with average value being calculated), the type of flaps used, the reconstruction of local aesthetic morphology, the appearance of postoperative incision, the survival of flap, and the situation of donor and recipient sites observed during follow-up were recorded. Results: Among the 34 patients, the average expansion ratio of the implanted expander was 3.82 times of the rated capacity of the expander. Three cases were repaired by the expanded local pedicled flap only, 19 cases by the expanded shoulder and/or chest perforator pedicled flap only, 10 cases by the expanded local pedicled flap combined with the expanded shoulder and/or chest perforator pedicled flap, and 2 cases by the expanded local pedicled flap combined with the expanded free flap of the second intercostal perforator of internal thoracic artery. After scar resection, the shapes of lower lip and chin-lip groove were reconstructed in 10 cases, chin process reconstruction and chin lengthening were performed in 16 cases, and the cervico-mental angle and mandibular margin contour were reconstructed in 28 cases. The surgical incision was concealed, most of which were located at the natural junction or turning point of the chin and neck subunits. The vertical incision of neck was Z-shaped or fishtail-shaped. All the expanded flaps in 34 patients survived after operation, of which 8 patients had minor necrosis at the edge or tip of the expanded flaps 1-3 days after operation and healed after dressing change. During the follow-up of 3-18 months, little difference in color and thickness between the expanded flap and the skin of chin and neck was observed, and the aesthetic shape of chin and neck was significantly improved, with mild scar hyperplasia of surgical incision. Conclusions: Reconstruction of scar contracture deformity in chin and neck by using expanded flaps based on the "MRIS" principle is beneficial to improve the quality of surgery and achieve better aesthetic outcome.

Chin/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Female , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Male , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 1025-1034, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405235


SUMMARY: The aim of this research was to evaluate the changes obtained with the mentoplasty technique in the increase of the airway imaging. A systemic review was performed using the parameters of the prism matrix, in the PubMed, Science Direct, Redalyc database, covering the years 1984 to 2019 with the use of defined inclusion criteria. The authors independently applied the selected parameter of data extraction, study selection and risk-to-bias assessment. A total of 1,251 articles were obtained among the 3 databases, of which 10 met the inclusion criteria. The variables studied were: type of research, sample size, sex, age, dento-skeletal diagnosis, airway classification, diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), type of imaging evaluation, variables evaluated in the image, pre and post-operative values, surgical technique and type of fixation used, other surgical procedures applied, and complications. In the cases of linear evaluation with cephalometric analysis (9 articles) they used PAS (posterior airspace), MP-H (mandibular plane to the hyoid) and SNB (saddle-nasion-point B), and SCSA (section area as the most relevant points, smallest cross section) and VT (total volume) in the volumetric evaluations (2 articles). The average change in posterior airspace achieved by the cited authors is 4.2 mm with standard deviation of 1.4 mm with the use of advancement mentoplasty. The most widely used technique was mentoplasty with a horizontal osteotomy by 5 authors. Based on the research there is a positive relationship between the increase in the airway and the advancement mentoplasty procedure, however, more standardized studies associated with the way of measuring and evaluating the relationship between advancement and the airway are necessary.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar los cambios obtenidos con la técnica de mentoplastia en el incremento de la via aérea. Una revisión sistemática fue realizada utilizando parámetros de la matriz prisma, en PubMed, Science Direct, Redalyc database, cubriendo los años 1984 a 2019 con criterios de inclusión definidos. Los autores aplicaron de forma independiente los parámetros de selección y extracción de datos, selección de estudios y riesgos de sesgo. Un total de 1251 artículos fueron obtenidos de las 3 bases de dato, donde 10 artículos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Las variables estudiadas fueron: tipo de investigación, tamaño de la muestra, genero, edad, diagnóstico dento esqueletal, clasificación de la vía aérea, diagnostico de síndrome de apnea del sueño (SAOS), tipo de evaluación de la imagen, variables evaluadas en la imagen en pre y postoperatorio, técnica quirúrgica y tipo de fijación utilizada, otros procedimientos quirúrgicos y complicaciones. En el caso de la evaluación linear con cefalometria (9 artículos), usaron PAS (posterior airspace), MP-H (plano mandibular hacia el hueso hioide) y SNB (silla turca-nasion- punto B) y SCSA (sección de puntos mas relevantes, menores transfversales) y el VT (volumen total) en las evaluaciones volumétricas (2 artículos). El promedio de cambio posterior de la vía aérea citado por autores fue de 4,2 mm con una desviación estándar de 1,4 mm con el uso de la mentoplastia de avance. La técnica mas habitual fue la mentoplastia con osteotomía horizontal (5 autores). Basados en esta investigación existe una relación positiva entre el incremento de la vía aérea y el avance con genioplastia; sin embargo, mas estudios estandarizados junto con medidas definidas y la evaluación correcta del avance y la vía área son necesarios.

Humans , Pharynx/anatomy & histology , Chin/anatomy & histology , Genioplasty , Mandibular Advancement , Mandible/anatomy & histology
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(4): e2119347, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339808


ABSTRACT Objectives: This study aimed to (I) assess the morphology of the symphysis and soft tissue chin associated with sex, age and sagittal/vertical skeletal patterns, and (II) identify the individual and combined contributions of these variables to different portions of the symphysis. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 195 lateral cephalometric radiographs from untreated adults. Alveolar, basal, and soft tissue of the symphysis were measured by an X/Y cranial base coordinate system, and divided in accordance to four predictor variables: sex, age, and sagittal/vertical skeletal patterns. Parametric tests were conducted for comparison and correlation purposes, while multiple regression analysis was performed to explore combined interactions. Results: Alveolar inclination is related to sagittal and vertical patterns, and both explained 71.4% of the variations. Alveolar thickness is weakly predicted and poorly influenced by age. Symphysis height was 10% higher in males, and associated with a vertical skeletal pattern and sex, and both explained 43.6% of variations. Basal symphyseal shows an individual thickness, is larger in males, and vertically short-positioned with age. Soft tissue chin is not necessarily related to the size of the underling skeletal pattern, and enlarges with age, even in adulthood. Conclusions: The symphysis and surrounding tissues are influenced by sex, age, and sagittal and vertical patterns, acting differently on the alveolar, basal and soft tissue portions. Sagittal and vertical skeletal patterns are the strongest association on alveolar symphysis inclination, whereas sex and age acts on the vertical symphysis position and soft tissues thickness.

RESUMO Introdução: O presente estudo objetivou: 1) avaliar a morfologia da sínfise mandibular e dos tecidos tegumentares do mento, associada ao sexo, idade, padrões sagital e vertical; e 2) identificar as contribuições dessas variáveis, individualmente ou combinadas, às diferentes regiões da sínfise. Métodos: Este estudo transversal incluiu 195 radiografias cefalométricas laterais de adultos não tratados ortodonticamente. Os tecidos alveolar, basal e mole da sínfise foram medidos por um sistema de coordenadas x, y e z da base do crânio e divididos de acordo com quatro variáveis preditoras: sexo, idade e padrões esqueléticos sagitais e verticais. Testes paramétricos foram conduzidos para fins de comparação e correlação, enquanto a análise de regressão múltipla foi realizada para explorar as interações combinadas. Resultados: A inclinação alveolar está relacionada aos padrões sagitais e verticais, e ambos explicaram 71,4% das variações. A espessura alveolar é fracamente prevista e pouco influenciada pela idade. A altura da sínfise foi 10% maior no sexo masculino e esteve associada ao padrão esquelético vertical e ao sexo, sendo que ambos explicaram 43,6% das variações. A sínfise basal mostra espessura individual, é maior no sexo masculino e verticalmente curta com a idade. O tecido mole do mento não está necessariamente relacionado ao tamanho do padrão esquelético subjacente e aumenta com a idade, mesmo na idade adulta. Conclusões: A sínfise e os tecidos circundantes são influenciados pelo sexo, idade e padrões sagitais e verticais, que atuam de forma diferenciada nas porções alveolar, basal e de tecidos tegumentares. Os padrões esqueléticos sagitais e verticais são a associação mais forte na inclinação da sínfise alveolar, enquanto o sexo e a idade atuam na posição vertical da sínfise e na espessura dos tecidos tegumentares.

Humans , Male , Adult , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Cephalometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chin/anatomy & histology , Chin/diagnostic imaging
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1120-1127, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124904


Facial harmony is the consequence of a proper balance between all facial structures. The identification and classification of morphologic characteristics that detract from facial harmony is most effectively accomplished by clinical examination. The maintenance of the ratios between the facial thirds, correct spatial bone position and soft tissues accommodation are all factors that directly contribute in a balanced facial profile. The chin, likewise, contributes significantly in facial balance, mainly in the profile view. Expressive changes on chin position are associated with the perception of strong or delicate characters. Thus, over the years, a series of studies has been constructed focusing on mandibular osteotomies techniques that enable changes in chin position: advances, setback, extrusion, intrusion, widening, narrowing and asymmetry. This study aims to address historical and technical aspects of genioplasty; associating patient's condition with the surgical techniques that can be applied for correction of chin deformities.

La armonía facial es la consecuencia del balance entre las estructuras facial. La identificación y clasificación de las características morfológicas que están acompañando la armonía facial son mas efectivas al realizar un estudio de análisis facial. La obtención de promedios entre los tercios, corrección especial de la posición del hueso y la acomodación de los tejidos blandos son factores directamente involucrados en el balance del perfil. El mentón, contribuye significativamente en este balance. Cambios expresivos en la posición del mentón son asociados con la percepción de características fuertes o delicadas. Durante los años, una serie de estudios han sido desarrollados enfocándose en las osteotomías mandibulares y técnicas capaces de alcanzar los cambios en la posición del mentón: avances, retrocesos, extrusiones, ensanchamientos, estrechamientos y asimetrías. Este estudio pretende orientar las condiciones históricas y técnicas respecto de la genioplastia; la asociación de las características del paciente con la técnica quirúrgica pueden ser aplicadas para la corrección de las deformidades.

Humans , Chin/surgery , Genioplasty/methods
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 12-14, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253404


O tratamento das deformidades faciais está também associada a correção da posição do mento. O emprego de diferentes formatos de mentoplastia tem por objetivo agregar um melhor contorno, preenchimento e simetria a região anterior da mandibula e adjacente ao mento, além de permitir alinhamento da sinfise nas três dimensões. Nessa nota técnica temos por objetivo apresentar uma modificação ao procedimento convencional, mentoplastia em forma de asa, bem como sua aplicabilidade e execução... (AU)

The treatment of facial deformities is also associated with correction of the chin position. The use of different genioplasty formats aims to add a better contour, filling and symmetry to the anterior region of the mandible and adjacent to the chin, in addition to allowing alignment of the symphysis in the three dimensions. In this technical note, we aim to present a modification to the conventional procedure, chin wing osteotomy, as well as its applicability and execution... (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Osteotomy , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Orthognathic Surgery , Genioplasty , Congenital Abnormalities , Therapeutics , Chin , Mandible
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 30(59): 9-20, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223943


El 81,3% de una encuesta realizada a 96 ortodoncistas y ortopedistas calificados y técnicos radiólogos consultados informan que ubican la cabeza del paciente en una posición ideal, subjetiva del profesional instruido que lo asiste, ya que muchas de sus fotografías y telerradiografías no son posiciones naturales de la cabeza genuinas. Se ha utilizado la vertical verdadera como parámetro para mediciones, todas angulares, para definir la disposición ánteroposterior del punto A´ (de construcción) para el cuerpo del labio superior, el punto Pg´para el mentón, el Labrale superior y el Labrale inferior para el bermellón de cada labio, con la finalidad de planificar correcciones ortopédicas, ortodóncicas u ortodóncicas-quirúrgicas de acuerdo a la anomalía detectada (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Posture/physiology , Cephalometry/methods , Head , Orthopedics/methods , Reference Values , Anthropometry/methods , Health Surveys , Chin/anatomy & histology , Photography, Dental , Lip/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941971


OBJECTIVE@#There is no universally accepted method for determining the ideal sagittal position of the maxilla in orthognathic surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare how well the Delaire's cephalometric analysis correlated with postoperatively findings in patients who underwent orthognathic surgery planned using other cephalometric analyses, as well as to evaluate the feasibility of the Delaire's cephalometric analysis in predicting the ideal sagittal position of the maxilla and chin.@*METHODS@#In the study, 35 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion were involved and met the criteria. Treatment plans were developed using photographs, 3-D photographs, radiographs, and standard cephalometric measurements. The Delaire's cephalometric analysis data, like the phase measurements (∠C1-L1 and ∠C1-L2) of the sagittal positions of the maxillary and the chin separating the reference line (L1) of NP point and the reference line (L2) of Me point, were analyzed using Dolphin Imaging software. At the same time, the analyses on standard measurements were also performed. Four orthognathic doctors, 4 orthodontic doctors and 4 college students from non-medical majors were selected as aesthetic evaluators to assess the patients' profile aesthetic by visual analogue scale (VAS). The results through the Delaire's cephalometric analysis were statistically compared with that through standard methods.@*RESULTS@#The mean of ∠C1-L1 was 83.93°±2.99° and∠C1-L2 was 89.08° ±2.48° for males postoperatively, and 85.67° ±3.60° and 88.30° ±4.20° for females postoperatively. Compared with the reference values of Chinese goodlooking people, there was no significant difference of NP point, whereas there was a significant difference of Me point. The postoperative aesthetic scores were: the mean was 6.71±0.25 of upper jaws, 6.81±0.30 of chins and 6.90±0.29 of the overall for males; and 7.19±0.22, 7.26±0.34 and 7.39±0.29 for females. Compared with preoperative scores, there was a significant improvement. Furthermore, the scores of chins and the overall scores were related to the sagittal position of the chins.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with standard cephalometric analysis, the Deliare's cephalometric analysis well unravel the preoperative deformity and the final esthetic sagittal positions of maxillary and chin in the present sample, and could be a useful tool for the planning of surgery-first approach in orthognathic surgery.

Cephalometry , Chin , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Mandible , Maxilla , Orthognathic Surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(3): 15-20, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253800


Introdução: Identificar qual projeção do mento é ideal para compor um rosto harmônico, de acordo com a opinião de leigos e cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais (BMF), relacionando as variáveis: sexo, etnia(raça) e região de origem(local). Metodologia: Participaram do estudo 386 leigos e 198 cirurgiões BMF. Este estudo foi realizado por meio de um formulário que continha dezoito imagens da face com diferentes projeções do mento: nove do sexo masculino e nove do sexo feminino, tendo o público escolhido a imagem que mais o agradou. Resultados: Em relação à avaliação da imagem masculina, as categorias: grupo(leigos/cirurgiões), sexo masculino e feminino, regiões (Nordeste e Sudeste) e raça, os entrevistados leigos escolheram um mento retraído em relação à linha vertical verdadeira, semelhante à escolha dos cirurgiões. Em relação à imagem feminina, para as mesmas categorias do sexo masculino, as projeções protruídas de mento foram mais escolhidas, tanto para os leigos como para os cirurgiões. Entretanto, as subcategorias leigos da região Sudeste, leigos de raça branca e leigos do sexo masculino escolheram uma imagem feminina com projeções de mento mais retraída. Conclusões: A harmonia facial pode ser considerada subjetiva, pois engloba padrões pessoais de beleza; assim, os cirurgiões devem estar atentos às peculiaridades dos pacientes... (AU)

Introduction: To identify which projection of the chin is ideal for compose a harmonic face according to the opinion of laypeople and oral maxillofacial surgeons, relating the variables: gender, ethnicity (race) and region of origin (local). Methodology: 386 lay people and 198 surgeons participated in the study. This study was carried out by means of a form. This form contained eighteen images of faces with different projections of the chin: nine males and nine females. So, the audience chose the image that most pleased them. Results: In relation to the evaluation of the male image. The categories: group (laymen/ surgeons), male and female, regions (northeast and southeast) and race, lay interviewee chose a retracted chin in relation to the true vertical line, similar to the surgeons' choice. In relation to the female image, for the same male categories, the protruding projections of the chin were more chosen, both for the laymen and for the surgeons. However, for the lay subcategories of the Southeast region, white laymen and male laymen, both chose a female image with more retracted chin projections. Conclusions: The facial harmony can be considered subjective since it includes personal standards of beauty, so surgeons must be attentive to the peculiarities of the patients... (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Chin , Esthetics, Dental , Face , Orthognathic Surgery , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Body Image , Esthetics
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(4): 54-62, Jul.-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019797


ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aims at using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to analyze the maxillomandibular characteristics present in adults with mandibular asymmetries and different sagittal jaw relationships. Methods: 360 patients were selected and divided into three groups (Class I, Class II, and Class III), with 120 individuals per group. The groups were then subdivided according to the intensity of lateral deviation of the gnathion point, into: 1) relative symmetry, 2) moderate asymmetry, and 3) severe asymmetry. Three planes of reference were established in the CBCT images and several measurements were taken to compare the bilateral skeletal differences between the intensities of asymmetry for the different sagittal jaw relationships. Results: When the groups were compared by the intensity of asymmetry, significant differences among patients with relative symmetry and moderate to severe asymmetry were found. This was especially noticed for severe asymmetry, suggesting that the deviation of the chin did not constitute the only morphological alteration for these patients, especially because a series of measurements showed significant bilateral differences. When comparing sagittal jaw relationships, the only significant finding was the vertical positioning of the gonion between Class II and III patients with severe asymmetry. Conclusions: When comparing the three sagittal jaw relationships with the same intensity of asymmetry, most maxillofacial aspects were quite similar. The only difference was found for patients with severe asymmetry, as the individuals with Class II showed greater bilateral difference in the vertical positioning of the gonion, when compared to patients with Class III.

RESUMO Objetivo: o presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar, por meio de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), as características esqueléticas maxilomandibulares presentes em adultos com diferentes graus de assimetria mandibular e diferentes relações esqueléticas sagitais. Métodos: foram selecionados 360 pacientes, os quais foram divididos em três grupos, com 120 indivíduos cada (Classe I, Classe II e Classe III). Cada grupo foi, ainda, subdividido de acordo com a intensidade do desvio lateral do mento: 1) simetria relativa; 2) assimetria moderada; e 3) assimetria severa. Três planos de referência foram estabelecidos nas imagens de TCFC e várias medidas foram realizadas, sendo comparadas as diferenças esqueléticas bilaterais existentes entre os graus de assimetria em cada grupo, nas diferentes relações esqueléticas sagitais. Resultados: quando comparados os grupos pelos graus de assimetria, existiram diferenças significativas entre pacientes com simetria relativa e pacientes assimétricos, especialmente para a assimetria severa, sugerindo que o desvio do mento não constitui a única alteração morfológica para esses pacientes, especialmente porque uma série de medidas apresentou diferenças bilaterais significativas. Quando comparadas as relações sagitais entre si, não foram encontradas diferenças significativas, exceto para o posicionamento vertical do gônio entre as Classe II e III na assimetria severa. Conclusão: ao comparar a mesma intensidade de assimetria entre as diferentes relações esqueléticas sagitais, pouca diferença pôde ser observada. A única diferença encontrada foi em pacientes com assimetria severa, na qual os indivíduos com Classe II apresentaram maior diferença bilateral no posicionamento vertical do gônio, quando comparados àqueles com Classe III.

Humans , Adult , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Cephalometry , Chin , Facial Asymmetry , Head , Mandible
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 47(1): 47-52, 2019. ^etab, graf, mapasilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1053423


Introducción: La relación de la nariz con la morfología facial no es solo estructural. Numerosos estudios sugieren la relación entre la función respiratoria nasal y el de-sarrollo craneofacial. Objetivo: Determinar la mejoría en el ángulo de convexidad facial y proyección del mentón en pacientes en postoperatorio de rinoseptoplastia. Diseño: Estudio observacional analítico tipo corte transversal. Metodología: Mues-tra de 43 pacientes, 26 de género femenino y 17 masculino, entre 12 y 43 años, sometidos a rinoseptoplastia con evolución postoperatoria mínima de 3 meses. Se analizaron las variables de edad, sexo, ángulo de convexidad facial de Legan y proyección del mentón según González Ulloa antes y después de la cirugía, así como tiempo postquirúrgico. Resultados: El ángulo de convexidad facial se redujo 3,72°+2,19. En la técnica de González Ulloa, se evidenció avance del pogonion 2,53 mm+ 1,60. De los 43 pacientes, un 72%, mostró cambios favorables en el án-gulo de convexidad facial y en la proyección del mentón. Los mejores resultados se evidenciaron en menores de 16 años y evolución postquirúrgica mayor a 1 año. Discusión: A diferencia de otras investigaciones, observamos cambios significativos en pacientes adultos. Tal hecho nos lleva a otras interrogantes sobre mecanismos adicionales que pudieran influir en los patrones de crecimiento facial. Conclusiones: La rinoseptoplastia al considerarse un procedimiento que mejora la función respira-toria nasal, favorece cambios neuromusculares y endocrinos que permiten un mejor desarrollo del perfil facial en especial del tercio inferior.

Introduction: The relation between the nose and the facial morphology is not only structural. Numerous studies have demonstrated also a relationship between nasal respiratory function and craniofacial development. Objective: To determine the im-provement in the angle of facial convexity and chin projection in patients in the postoperative period of rhinoseptoplasty. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: 43 patients were selected. 26 women and 17 men between 12 and 43 years old, undergoing Rhinoplasty with minimum 3 months of postoperative evolution. We analyzed the variables of age, sex, Legan's angle of facial convexity and projection of the chin according to Gonzalez Ulloa before and after surgery, as well as post-surgical time. Results: The angle of facial convexity was reduced X + D.S 3.72 ° + 2.19. The technique of González Ulloa showed progress of the pogonion X + D.S 2.53 mm + 1.60. Of the 43 patients, 72%, showed positive changes at the angle of facial convexity and the projection of the Chin. Best results were apparent in children under 16 years and more than 1 year postsurgical evolution. Discussion: Unlike other research, we observe significant changes in adult patients. This fact leads to other questions about additional mechanisms that might influence the facial growth patterns. Conclusions: Rhinoseptoplasty is a procedure that improves the nasal respiratory function, favors neuromuscular and endocrine changes that allow better development of the facial profile especially in the lower third.

Humans , Chin , Body Size
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719317


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of heritability on the craniofacial soft tissue cephalometric characteristics of monozygotic (MZ) twins, dizygotic (DZ) twins, and their siblings (SIB). METHODS: The samples comprised Korean adult twins and their siblings (mean age, 39.8 years; MZ group, n = 36 pairs; DZ group, n = 13 pairs of the same gender; and SIB group, n = 26 pairs of the same gender). Thirty cephalometric variables were measured to characterize facial profile, facial height, soft-tissue thickness, and projection of nose and lip. Falconer's method was used to calculate heritability (low heritability, h2 0.9). After principal components analysis (PCA) was performed to extract the models, we calculated the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) value and heritability of each component. RESULTS: The MZ group exhibited higher ICC values for all cephalometric variables than DZ and SIB groups. Among cephalometric variables, the highest h2 (MZ-DZ) and h2 (MZ-SIB) values were observed for the nasolabial angle (NLA, 1.544 and 2.036), chin angle (1.342 and 1.112), soft tissue chin thickness (2.872 and 1.226), and upper lip thickness ratio (1.592 and 1.026). PCA derived eight components with 84.5% of a cumulative explanation. The components that exhibited higher values of h2 (MZ-DZ) and h2 (MZ-SIB) were PCA2, which includes facial convexity, NLA, and nose projection (1.026 and 0.972), and PCA7, which includes chin angle and soft tissue chin thickness (2.107 and 1.169). CONCLUSIONS: The nose and soft tissue chin were more influenced by genetic factors than other soft tissues.

Adult , Chin , Humans , Lip , Methods , Nose , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Siblings , Twins , Twins, Dizygotic , Twins, Monozygotic
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741586


BACKGROUND: To introduce a novel technique for advancement genioplasty helping surgeons to avoid soft tissue difficulties especially in short-faced patients with deep mentolabial fold and everted lower lip. CASE PRESENTATION: In a trapezius-shaped, osteotomy was performed in the chin region. The mobilized segment was advanced, and the existing gap was grafted using interpositional allograft materials. Each side had been fixated by three-hole plates and two screws. The outcomes revealed no change in lower anterior teeth vitality. The patients did not report any changes of sensation in lower lip and chin either. The measurements indicated no increase in depth of mentolabial fold in patients undergoing this surgical technique. The postoperative evaluation showed a successful esthetic outcome for the patient and the surgeon concurrently. CONCLUSION: Based on our experience, the authors concluded that the Balcony technique is a simple and reliable procedure for patients with a deep mentolabial fold.

Allografts , Chin , Genioplasty , Humans , Lip , Osteotomy , Sensation , Surgeons , Tooth , Transplants
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764510


SHORT syndrome is an extremely rare congenital condition due to a chromosomal mutation of the PIK3R1 gene found at 5q13.1. SHORT is a mnemonic representing six manifestations of the syndrome: (S) short stature, (H) hyperextensibility of joints and/or inguinal hernia, (O) ocular depression, (R) Rieger anomaly, and (T) teething delay. Other key aspects of this syndrome not found in the mnemonic include lipodystrophy, triangular face with dimpled chin (progeroid facies, commonly referred to as facial gestalt), hearing loss, vision loss, insulin resistance, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). 3q duplication syndrome is rare syndrome that occurs due to a gain of function mutation found at 3q25.31-33 that presents with a wide array of manifestations including internal organ defects, genitourinary malformations, hand and foot deformities, and mental disability. We present a case of a 2 year and 3 month old male with SHORT syndrome and concurrent 3q duplication syndrome. The patient presented at birth with many of the common manifestations of SHORT syndrome such as bossing of frontal bone of skull, triangular shaped face, lipodystrophy, micrognathia, sunken eyes, and thin, wrinkled skin (progeroid appearance). Additionally, he presented with findings associated with 3q duplication syndrome such as cleft palate and cryptorchidism. Although there is no specific treatment for these conditions, pediatricians should focus on referring patients to various specialists in order to treat each individual manifestation.

Chin , Cleft Palate , Cryptorchidism , Depression , Facies , Fetal Growth Retardation , Foot Deformities , Frontal Bone , Hand , Hearing Loss , Hernia, Inguinal , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Joints , Lipodystrophy , Male , Micrognathism , Parturition , Skin , Skull , Specialization , Tooth , Tooth Eruption
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759708


Cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) is a subset of orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) and considered to be a monosymptomatic form of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS), which is characterized by the triad of chronic lip swelling, facial paralysis, and fissured tongue. The labial swelling is thought to be associated with an orofacial swelling, which affects the chin, cheeks, and oral mucosa. Histologically, it is distinguished by noncaseating granulomas consisting of lymphohistiocytes and giant cells. Although systemic steroids with or without intralesional triamcinolone injections are the mainstay of treatment, and various agents have been proposed for this rare disease, no successful treatment modality has been reported in the literature yet. Herein, we present our experience with three different CG cases, which showed a varied level of positive response to the combination therapy.

Cheek , Cheilitis , Chin , Facial Paralysis , Giant Cells , Granuloma , Granulomatosis, Orofacial , Lip , Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome , Mouth Mucosa , Rare Diseases , Steroids , Tongue, Fissured , Triamcinolone
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766025


Necrobiotic xanthogranulomatous reaction is a multiorgan, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis with an unknown etiology. Occurrence in the salivary gland is extremely rare. We recently identified a case of necrobiotic xanthogranulomatous sialadenitis in a 73-year-old Korean woman who presented with a painless palpable lesion in the chin. There was no accompanying cutaneous lesion. Partial resection and subsequent wide excision with neck dissection were performed. Pathological examination showed a severe inflammatory lesion that included foamy macrophages centrally admixed with neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and scattered giant cells, as well as necrobiosis. During the 12-month postoperative period, no grossly remarkable change in size was noted. Necrobiotic xanthogranulomatous inflammation may be preceded by or combined with hematologic malignancy. Although rare, clinicians and radiologists should be aware that an adhesive necrobiotic xanthogranuloma in the salivary gland may present with a mass-like lesion. Further evaluation for hematologic disease and close follow-up are needed when a pathologic diagnosis is made.

Adhesives , Aged , Chin , Diagnosis , Eosinophils , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cells , Hematologic Diseases , Hematologic Neoplasms , Histiocytosis , Humans , Inflammation , Lymphocytes , Macrophages , Neck Dissection , Necrobiotic Disorders , Necrobiotic Xanthogranuloma , Neutrophils , Plasma Cells , Postoperative Period , Salivary Glands , Sialadenitis , Skin , Submandibular Gland
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762795


Post-traumatic hematoma formation is a common complication of contusion. If the hematoma is large enough to aspirate or drain, it can be treated quickly and appropriately. However, if the hematoma is small or concealed by local swelling, it may be overlooked and left untreated. In most cases, a hematoma will resolve following conservative treatment; however, associated infection or muscle fibrosis can occur. Herein, we present the case of a patient with a chin deformity caused by a post-traumatic hematoma. The deformity was treated using botulinum toxin and triamcinolone acetonide injections as minimally invasive treatments. The course of treatment was good.

Botulinum Toxins , Chin , Congenital Abnormalities , Contusions , Facial Asymmetry , Fibrosis , Hematoma , Humans , Triamcinolone Acetonide
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787367


Vertical facial growth triggers the rotation of mandible to move the chin point to the downward and backward direction, which showed remarkably effective result making the less prominent chin. Recently, the intraoral removable appliance utilizing class III elastic demonstrated the vertical growth trigger mechanism. The treatment change was very fast and wearing was quite easy, compared to extraoral appliances.The purpose of this study was to verify the duration of the treatment on class III malocclusion using intraoral removable appliances, which designed to accelerate vertical facial growth.56 patients were selected with the complaint of the protruded mandible and class III malocclusion (overjet : −3 – 0 mm, overbite : 0 – 4 mm). Information like; age at start, duration of the treatment events, type of the treatment, overjet, overbite etc. was collected and calculated.The average age of the patients delivering the initial brace was 8.75 ± 1.10 year. Most of the anterior crossbite was resolved within 6 months. The total treatment period was 21.79 ± 10.73 months with the additional procedures like the alignment of anterior teeth and torque control using additional removable and fixed orthodontic appliances. The correlation study showed that patient's cooperation (p = 0.000) and the use of fixed appliance (p = 0.032) were significantly influenced on treatment duration.

Braces , Chin , Humans , Malocclusion , Mandible , Orthodontic Appliances , Overbite , Statistics as Topic , Tooth , Torque
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 80-89, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975031


Abstract Facial asymmetry is a condition that compromises function and social interactions and, consequently, the quality of life. Orthodontic-surgical treatment may be indicated to achieve a stable occlusion and significant improvement in facial aesthetics. The virtual planning of the maxillary, mandibular and chin movements can be done prior to surgery. These movements can be successfully performed with the use of prototyped guides obtained from virtual planning. The aim of this article is to show the state of the art of treatments of facial asymmetries, and emphasize how important is the multi-disciplinary approach to achieve predictable aesthetic and functionally stable results in a patient with facial asymmetry and chin protrusion.

Resumo A assimetria facial é uma condição capaz de comprometer a função oclusal e as interações sociais e, consequentemente, a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos. Nessas condições, para se obter oclusão estável e melhora significativa na estética facial, o tratamento ortodôntico-cirúrgico pode estar indicado. A simulação virtual da cirurgia permite planejar de forma adequada, e antecipada, os movimentos cirúrgicos a serem efetuados na maxila, mandíbula e mento. Esses movimentos são, então, realizados com sucesso graças ao uso de guias prototipados obtidos a partir do planejamento virtual. Assim, os objetivos do presente artigo consistem em relatar o estado da arte no planejamento virtual do tratamento de um paciente com assimetria facial e protrusão do mento, e enfatizar a importância da abordagem multidisciplinar para se atingir resultados estéticos previsíveis e funcionalmente estáveis.

Humans , Male , Esthetics , Facial Asymmetry/surgery , Facial Asymmetry/therapy , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures/methods , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Orthodontics, Corrective , Osteotomy/methods , Patient Care Planning , Cephalometry , Chin/surgery , Osteotomy, Le Fort/methods , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Dental Occlusion , Facial Asymmetry/diagnostic imaging , Dentofacial Deformities/surgery , Dentofacial Deformities/therapy , Malocclusion/surgery , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/surgery , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/surgery , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 26-30, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893181


SUMMARY: By analysing cephalometrics before and after the treatment of Angle's class II division 1 malocclusion, soft tissue profile changes were observed, and to explore whether there was a correlation between the change of posterior occlusal plane (OP-P) and soft tissue profile. The study aimed to provide a theoretical reference in the clinical diagnosis and orthodontic treatment of early permanent dentition of Angle class II division 1 malocclusion patients. We randomly selected 20 cases of orthodontics in Shanxi Medical University orthodontics patients (aged 12-18 years) of the lateral cephalograms, Winceph 8.0 software was used to measure the posterior occlusal plane (OP-P), TUL-EP, TLL-EP, nasolabial angle, upper lip base thickness, upper lip tension, lower lip H line distance, chin soft tissue thickness and Z angle. And SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the correlation between OP-P and other measurement indexes. The change of posterior occlusal plane was positively related to the distance from upper lip to the esthetic plane, the distance from lower lip to the esthetic plane, the tension of the upper lip and distance from lower lip to H line, and the change of posterior occlusal plane was negatively related to nasolabial angle and Z angle. The change of posterior occlusal plane had no significant correlation with upper lip base thickness and soft tissue chin thickness. The change of posterior occlusal plane has an important guiding significance for orthodontic treatment,by focusing on the change of the posterior occlusal plane to achieve the purpose of changing the soft tissue profile.

RESUMEN: Se realizó un estudio cefalométrico antes y después del tratamiento de ortodoncia en pacientes portadores de maloclusión clase II división 1 de Angle. Se observaron cambios en el perfil de los tejidos blandos y se exploró si había una correlación entre el cambio del plano oclusal posterior (OP-P) y el perfil de los tejidos blandos. El objetivo de este estudio fue otorgar una referencia teórica en el diagnóstico clínico y el tratamiento de ortodoncia de los pacientes con dentición permanente temprana con maloclusión clase II división 1 de Angle. Seleccionamos al azar 20 casos cefalometrías de pacientes de ortodoncia de la Universidad Médica de Shanxi (entre 12 y18 años). Para ello, se utilizó el software Winceph 8.0 para medir el plano oclusal posterior (OP-P), TUL-EP, TLL-EP, ángulo nasolabial, grosor de la base del labio superior, tensión del labio superior, distancia entre líneas del labio inferior H, grosor del tejido blando del mentón y ángulo Z. Se utilizó el software SPSS 22.0 para analizar la correlación entre OP-P y otros índices. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior tuvo una correlación positiva con la distancia desde el labio superior al plano estético, la distancia desde el labio inferior hasta el plano estético, la tensión del labio superior y distancia del labio inferior a la línea H. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior tuvo una correlación negativa con el ángulo nasolabial y el ángulo Z. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior no tuvo una correlación significativa con el grosor de la base del labio superior y la barbilla de tejido blando. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior tiene un importante significado de orientación para el tratamiento de ortodoncia, de tal manera que al cambiar el plano oclusal posterior se podrá lograr el propósito de cambiar el perfil del tejido blando.

Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cephalometry , Chin/anatomy & histology , Dental Occlusion , Lip/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Orthodontics , Treatment Outcome , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/pathology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719213


Dental origins are a common cause of facial cutaneous sinus tracts. However, it can be easily overlooked or misdiagnosed if not suspected by a surgeon who is not familiar with dental origins. Cutaneous odontogenic sinuses are typically nodulocystic lesions with discharge and are most frequently located on the chin or jaw. This article presents two cases of unusual cutaneous odontogenic sinus presentations, as deep dimpling at the middle of the cheek. The patients were undergone surgical excision of sinus tract and dimpling immediate before and after treatment of causal teeth and the lesions resolved without recurrence. Surgeons should consider dental origins of facial dimpling lesions with discharge and provide appropriate treatment.

Cheek , Chin , Cutaneous Fistula , Humans , Jaw , Periapical Abscess , Plastics , Recurrence , Surgeons , Tooth