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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1120-1127, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124904

ABSTRACT

Facial harmony is the consequence of a proper balance between all facial structures. The identification and classification of morphologic characteristics that detract from facial harmony is most effectively accomplished by clinical examination. The maintenance of the ratios between the facial thirds, correct spatial bone position and soft tissues accommodation are all factors that directly contribute in a balanced facial profile. The chin, likewise, contributes significantly in facial balance, mainly in the profile view. Expressive changes on chin position are associated with the perception of strong or delicate characters. Thus, over the years, a series of studies has been constructed focusing on mandibular osteotomies techniques that enable changes in chin position: advances, setback, extrusion, intrusion, widening, narrowing and asymmetry. This study aims to address historical and technical aspects of genioplasty; associating patient's condition with the surgical techniques that can be applied for correction of chin deformities.


La armonía facial es la consecuencia del balance entre las estructuras facial. La identificación y clasificación de las características morfológicas que están acompañando la armonía facial son mas efectivas al realizar un estudio de análisis facial. La obtención de promedios entre los tercios, corrección especial de la posición del hueso y la acomodación de los tejidos blandos son factores directamente involucrados en el balance del perfil. El mentón, contribuye significativamente en este balance. Cambios expresivos en la posición del mentón son asociados con la percepción de características fuertes o delicadas. Durante los años, una serie de estudios han sido desarrollados enfocándose en las osteotomías mandibulares y técnicas capaces de alcanzar los cambios en la posición del mentón: avances, retrocesos, extrusiones, ensanchamientos, estrechamientos y asimetrías. Este estudio pretende orientar las condiciones históricas y técnicas respecto de la genioplastia; la asociación de las características del paciente con la técnica quirúrgica pueden ser aplicadas para la corrección de las deformidades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chin/surgery , Genioplasty/methods
2.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 12-14, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253404

ABSTRACT

O tratamento das deformidades faciais está também associada a correção da posição do mento. O emprego de diferentes formatos de mentoplastia tem por objetivo agregar um melhor contorno, preenchimento e simetria a região anterior da mandibula e adjacente ao mento, além de permitir alinhamento da sinfise nas três dimensões. Nessa nota técnica temos por objetivo apresentar uma modificação ao procedimento convencional, mentoplastia em forma de asa, bem como sua aplicabilidade e execução... (AU)


The treatment of facial deformities is also associated with correction of the chin position. The use of different genioplasty formats aims to add a better contour, filling and symmetry to the anterior region of the mandible and adjacent to the chin, in addition to allowing alignment of the symphysis in the three dimensions. In this technical note, we aim to present a modification to the conventional procedure, chin wing osteotomy, as well as its applicability and execution... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteotomy , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Orthognathic Surgery , Genioplasty , Congenital Abnormalities , Therapeutics , Chin , Mandible
3.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 30(59): 9-20, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223943

ABSTRACT

El 81,3% de una encuesta realizada a 96 ortodoncistas y ortopedistas calificados y técnicos radiólogos consultados informan que ubican la cabeza del paciente en una posición ideal, subjetiva del profesional instruido que lo asiste, ya que muchas de sus fotografías y telerradiografías no son posiciones naturales de la cabeza genuinas. Se ha utilizado la vertical verdadera como parámetro para mediciones, todas angulares, para definir la disposición ánteroposterior del punto A´ (de construcción) para el cuerpo del labio superior, el punto Pg´para el mentón, el Labrale superior y el Labrale inferior para el bermellón de cada labio, con la finalidad de planificar correcciones ortopédicas, ortodóncicas u ortodóncicas-quirúrgicas de acuerdo a la anomalía detectada (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Posture/physiology , Cephalometry/methods , Head , Orthopedics/methods , Reference Values , Anthropometry/methods , Health Surveys , Chin/anatomy & histology , Photography, Dental , Lip/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(3): 15-20, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253800

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Identificar qual projeção do mento é ideal para compor um rosto harmônico, de acordo com a opinião de leigos e cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais (BMF), relacionando as variáveis: sexo, etnia(raça) e região de origem(local). Metodologia: Participaram do estudo 386 leigos e 198 cirurgiões BMF. Este estudo foi realizado por meio de um formulário que continha dezoito imagens da face com diferentes projeções do mento: nove do sexo masculino e nove do sexo feminino, tendo o público escolhido a imagem que mais o agradou. Resultados: Em relação à avaliação da imagem masculina, as categorias: grupo(leigos/cirurgiões), sexo masculino e feminino, regiões (Nordeste e Sudeste) e raça, os entrevistados leigos escolheram um mento retraído em relação à linha vertical verdadeira, semelhante à escolha dos cirurgiões. Em relação à imagem feminina, para as mesmas categorias do sexo masculino, as projeções protruídas de mento foram mais escolhidas, tanto para os leigos como para os cirurgiões. Entretanto, as subcategorias leigos da região Sudeste, leigos de raça branca e leigos do sexo masculino escolheram uma imagem feminina com projeções de mento mais retraída. Conclusões: A harmonia facial pode ser considerada subjetiva, pois engloba padrões pessoais de beleza; assim, os cirurgiões devem estar atentos às peculiaridades dos pacientes... (AU)


Introduction: To identify which projection of the chin is ideal for compose a harmonic face according to the opinion of laypeople and oral maxillofacial surgeons, relating the variables: gender, ethnicity (race) and region of origin (local). Methodology: 386 lay people and 198 surgeons participated in the study. This study was carried out by means of a form. This form contained eighteen images of faces with different projections of the chin: nine males and nine females. So, the audience chose the image that most pleased them. Results: In relation to the evaluation of the male image. The categories: group (laymen/ surgeons), male and female, regions (northeast and southeast) and race, lay interviewee chose a retracted chin in relation to the true vertical line, similar to the surgeons' choice. In relation to the female image, for the same male categories, the protruding projections of the chin were more chosen, both for the laymen and for the surgeons. However, for the lay subcategories of the Southeast region, white laymen and male laymen, both chose a female image with more retracted chin projections. Conclusions: The facial harmony can be considered subjective since it includes personal standards of beauty, so surgeons must be attentive to the peculiarities of the patients... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chin , Esthetics, Dental , Face , Orthognathic Surgery , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Body Image , Esthetics
5.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(4): 54-62, Jul.-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019797

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aims at using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to analyze the maxillomandibular characteristics present in adults with mandibular asymmetries and different sagittal jaw relationships. Methods: 360 patients were selected and divided into three groups (Class I, Class II, and Class III), with 120 individuals per group. The groups were then subdivided according to the intensity of lateral deviation of the gnathion point, into: 1) relative symmetry, 2) moderate asymmetry, and 3) severe asymmetry. Three planes of reference were established in the CBCT images and several measurements were taken to compare the bilateral skeletal differences between the intensities of asymmetry for the different sagittal jaw relationships. Results: When the groups were compared by the intensity of asymmetry, significant differences among patients with relative symmetry and moderate to severe asymmetry were found. This was especially noticed for severe asymmetry, suggesting that the deviation of the chin did not constitute the only morphological alteration for these patients, especially because a series of measurements showed significant bilateral differences. When comparing sagittal jaw relationships, the only significant finding was the vertical positioning of the gonion between Class II and III patients with severe asymmetry. Conclusions: When comparing the three sagittal jaw relationships with the same intensity of asymmetry, most maxillofacial aspects were quite similar. The only difference was found for patients with severe asymmetry, as the individuals with Class II showed greater bilateral difference in the vertical positioning of the gonion, when compared to patients with Class III.


RESUMO Objetivo: o presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar, por meio de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), as características esqueléticas maxilomandibulares presentes em adultos com diferentes graus de assimetria mandibular e diferentes relações esqueléticas sagitais. Métodos: foram selecionados 360 pacientes, os quais foram divididos em três grupos, com 120 indivíduos cada (Classe I, Classe II e Classe III). Cada grupo foi, ainda, subdividido de acordo com a intensidade do desvio lateral do mento: 1) simetria relativa; 2) assimetria moderada; e 3) assimetria severa. Três planos de referência foram estabelecidos nas imagens de TCFC e várias medidas foram realizadas, sendo comparadas as diferenças esqueléticas bilaterais existentes entre os graus de assimetria em cada grupo, nas diferentes relações esqueléticas sagitais. Resultados: quando comparados os grupos pelos graus de assimetria, existiram diferenças significativas entre pacientes com simetria relativa e pacientes assimétricos, especialmente para a assimetria severa, sugerindo que o desvio do mento não constitui a única alteração morfológica para esses pacientes, especialmente porque uma série de medidas apresentou diferenças bilaterais significativas. Quando comparadas as relações sagitais entre si, não foram encontradas diferenças significativas, exceto para o posicionamento vertical do gônio entre as Classe II e III na assimetria severa. Conclusão: ao comparar a mesma intensidade de assimetria entre as diferentes relações esqueléticas sagitais, pouca diferença pôde ser observada. A única diferença encontrada foi em pacientes com assimetria severa, na qual os indivíduos com Classe II apresentaram maior diferença bilateral no posicionamento vertical do gônio, quando comparados àqueles com Classe III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Cephalometry , Chin , Facial Asymmetry , Head , Mandible
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764510

ABSTRACT

SHORT syndrome is an extremely rare congenital condition due to a chromosomal mutation of the PIK3R1 gene found at 5q13.1. SHORT is a mnemonic representing six manifestations of the syndrome: (S) short stature, (H) hyperextensibility of joints and/or inguinal hernia, (O) ocular depression, (R) Rieger anomaly, and (T) teething delay. Other key aspects of this syndrome not found in the mnemonic include lipodystrophy, triangular face with dimpled chin (progeroid facies, commonly referred to as facial gestalt), hearing loss, vision loss, insulin resistance, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). 3q duplication syndrome is rare syndrome that occurs due to a gain of function mutation found at 3q25.31-33 that presents with a wide array of manifestations including internal organ defects, genitourinary malformations, hand and foot deformities, and mental disability. We present a case of a 2 year and 3 month old male with SHORT syndrome and concurrent 3q duplication syndrome. The patient presented at birth with many of the common manifestations of SHORT syndrome such as bossing of frontal bone of skull, triangular shaped face, lipodystrophy, micrognathia, sunken eyes, and thin, wrinkled skin (progeroid appearance). Additionally, he presented with findings associated with 3q duplication syndrome such as cleft palate and cryptorchidism. Although there is no specific treatment for these conditions, pediatricians should focus on referring patients to various specialists in order to treat each individual manifestation.


Subject(s)
Chin , Cleft Palate , Cryptorchidism , Depression , Facies , Fetal Growth Retardation , Foot Deformities , Frontal Bone , Hand , Hearing Loss , Hernia, Inguinal , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Joints , Lipodystrophy , Male , Micrognathism , Parturition , Skin , Skull , Specialization , Tooth , Tooth Eruption
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766025

ABSTRACT

Necrobiotic xanthogranulomatous reaction is a multiorgan, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis with an unknown etiology. Occurrence in the salivary gland is extremely rare. We recently identified a case of necrobiotic xanthogranulomatous sialadenitis in a 73-year-old Korean woman who presented with a painless palpable lesion in the chin. There was no accompanying cutaneous lesion. Partial resection and subsequent wide excision with neck dissection were performed. Pathological examination showed a severe inflammatory lesion that included foamy macrophages centrally admixed with neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and scattered giant cells, as well as necrobiosis. During the 12-month postoperative period, no grossly remarkable change in size was noted. Necrobiotic xanthogranulomatous inflammation may be preceded by or combined with hematologic malignancy. Although rare, clinicians and radiologists should be aware that an adhesive necrobiotic xanthogranuloma in the salivary gland may present with a mass-like lesion. Further evaluation for hematologic disease and close follow-up are needed when a pathologic diagnosis is made.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Aged , Chin , Diagnosis , Eosinophils , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cells , Hematologic Diseases , Hematologic Neoplasms , Histiocytosis , Humans , Inflammation , Lymphocytes , Macrophages , Neck Dissection , Necrobiotic Disorders , Necrobiotic Xanthogranuloma , Neutrophils , Plasma Cells , Postoperative Period , Salivary Glands , Sialadenitis , Skin , Submandibular Gland
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762795

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic hematoma formation is a common complication of contusion. If the hematoma is large enough to aspirate or drain, it can be treated quickly and appropriately. However, if the hematoma is small or concealed by local swelling, it may be overlooked and left untreated. In most cases, a hematoma will resolve following conservative treatment; however, associated infection or muscle fibrosis can occur. Herein, we present the case of a patient with a chin deformity caused by a post-traumatic hematoma. The deformity was treated using botulinum toxin and triamcinolone acetonide injections as minimally invasive treatments. The course of treatment was good.


Subject(s)
Botulinum Toxins , Chin , Congenital Abnormalities , Contusions , Facial Asymmetry , Fibrosis , Hematoma , Humans , Triamcinolone Acetonide
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741586

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To introduce a novel technique for advancement genioplasty helping surgeons to avoid soft tissue difficulties especially in short-faced patients with deep mentolabial fold and everted lower lip. CASE PRESENTATION: In a trapezius-shaped, osteotomy was performed in the chin region. The mobilized segment was advanced, and the existing gap was grafted using interpositional allograft materials. Each side had been fixated by three-hole plates and two screws. The outcomes revealed no change in lower anterior teeth vitality. The patients did not report any changes of sensation in lower lip and chin either. The measurements indicated no increase in depth of mentolabial fold in patients undergoing this surgical technique. The postoperative evaluation showed a successful esthetic outcome for the patient and the surgeon concurrently. CONCLUSION: Based on our experience, the authors concluded that the Balcony technique is a simple and reliable procedure for patients with a deep mentolabial fold.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Chin , Genioplasty , Humans , Lip , Osteotomy , Sensation , Surgeons , Tooth , Transplants
10.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 47(1): 47-52, 2019. ^etab, graf, mapasilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1053423

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La relación de la nariz con la morfología facial no es solo estructural. Numerosos estudios sugieren la relación entre la función respiratoria nasal y el de-sarrollo craneofacial. Objetivo: Determinar la mejoría en el ángulo de convexidad facial y proyección del mentón en pacientes en postoperatorio de rinoseptoplastia. Diseño: Estudio observacional analítico tipo corte transversal. Metodología: Mues-tra de 43 pacientes, 26 de género femenino y 17 masculino, entre 12 y 43 años, sometidos a rinoseptoplastia con evolución postoperatoria mínima de 3 meses. Se analizaron las variables de edad, sexo, ángulo de convexidad facial de Legan y proyección del mentón según González Ulloa antes y después de la cirugía, así como tiempo postquirúrgico. Resultados: El ángulo de convexidad facial se redujo 3,72°+2,19. En la técnica de González Ulloa, se evidenció avance del pogonion 2,53 mm+ 1,60. De los 43 pacientes, un 72%, mostró cambios favorables en el án-gulo de convexidad facial y en la proyección del mentón. Los mejores resultados se evidenciaron en menores de 16 años y evolución postquirúrgica mayor a 1 año. Discusión: A diferencia de otras investigaciones, observamos cambios significativos en pacientes adultos. Tal hecho nos lleva a otras interrogantes sobre mecanismos adicionales que pudieran influir en los patrones de crecimiento facial. Conclusiones: La rinoseptoplastia al considerarse un procedimiento que mejora la función respira-toria nasal, favorece cambios neuromusculares y endocrinos que permiten un mejor desarrollo del perfil facial en especial del tercio inferior.


Introduction: The relation between the nose and the facial morphology is not only structural. Numerous studies have demonstrated also a relationship between nasal respiratory function and craniofacial development. Objective: To determine the im-provement in the angle of facial convexity and chin projection in patients in the postoperative period of rhinoseptoplasty. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: 43 patients were selected. 26 women and 17 men between 12 and 43 years old, undergoing Rhinoplasty with minimum 3 months of postoperative evolution. We analyzed the variables of age, sex, Legan's angle of facial convexity and projection of the chin according to Gonzalez Ulloa before and after surgery, as well as post-surgical time. Results: The angle of facial convexity was reduced X + D.S 3.72 ° + 2.19. The technique of González Ulloa showed progress of the pogonion X + D.S 2.53 mm + 1.60. Of the 43 patients, 72%, showed positive changes at the angle of facial convexity and the projection of the Chin. Best results were apparent in children under 16 years and more than 1 year postsurgical evolution. Discussion: Unlike other research, we observe significant changes in adult patients. This fact leads to other questions about additional mechanisms that might influence the facial growth patterns. Conclusions: Rhinoseptoplasty is a procedure that improves the nasal respiratory function, favors neuromuscular and endocrine changes that allow better development of the facial profile especially in the lower third.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chin , Body Size
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759708

ABSTRACT

Cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) is a subset of orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) and considered to be a monosymptomatic form of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS), which is characterized by the triad of chronic lip swelling, facial paralysis, and fissured tongue. The labial swelling is thought to be associated with an orofacial swelling, which affects the chin, cheeks, and oral mucosa. Histologically, it is distinguished by noncaseating granulomas consisting of lymphohistiocytes and giant cells. Although systemic steroids with or without intralesional triamcinolone injections are the mainstay of treatment, and various agents have been proposed for this rare disease, no successful treatment modality has been reported in the literature yet. Herein, we present our experience with three different CG cases, which showed a varied level of positive response to the combination therapy.


Subject(s)
Cheek , Cheilitis , Chin , Facial Paralysis , Giant Cells , Granuloma , Granulomatosis, Orofacial , Lip , Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome , Mouth Mucosa , Rare Diseases , Steroids , Tongue, Fissured , Triamcinolone
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of heritability on the craniofacial soft tissue cephalometric characteristics of monozygotic (MZ) twins, dizygotic (DZ) twins, and their siblings (SIB). METHODS: The samples comprised Korean adult twins and their siblings (mean age, 39.8 years; MZ group, n = 36 pairs; DZ group, n = 13 pairs of the same gender; and SIB group, n = 26 pairs of the same gender). Thirty cephalometric variables were measured to characterize facial profile, facial height, soft-tissue thickness, and projection of nose and lip. Falconer's method was used to calculate heritability (low heritability, h2 0.9). After principal components analysis (PCA) was performed to extract the models, we calculated the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) value and heritability of each component. RESULTS: The MZ group exhibited higher ICC values for all cephalometric variables than DZ and SIB groups. Among cephalometric variables, the highest h2 (MZ-DZ) and h2 (MZ-SIB) values were observed for the nasolabial angle (NLA, 1.544 and 2.036), chin angle (1.342 and 1.112), soft tissue chin thickness (2.872 and 1.226), and upper lip thickness ratio (1.592 and 1.026). PCA derived eight components with 84.5% of a cumulative explanation. The components that exhibited higher values of h2 (MZ-DZ) and h2 (MZ-SIB) were PCA2, which includes facial convexity, NLA, and nose projection (1.026 and 0.972), and PCA7, which includes chin angle and soft tissue chin thickness (2.107 and 1.169). CONCLUSIONS: The nose and soft tissue chin were more influenced by genetic factors than other soft tissues.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chin , Humans , Lip , Methods , Nose , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Siblings , Twins , Twins, Dizygotic , Twins, Monozygotic
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787367

ABSTRACT

Vertical facial growth triggers the rotation of mandible to move the chin point to the downward and backward direction, which showed remarkably effective result making the less prominent chin. Recently, the intraoral removable appliance utilizing class III elastic demonstrated the vertical growth trigger mechanism. The treatment change was very fast and wearing was quite easy, compared to extraoral appliances.The purpose of this study was to verify the duration of the treatment on class III malocclusion using intraoral removable appliances, which designed to accelerate vertical facial growth.56 patients were selected with the complaint of the protruded mandible and class III malocclusion (overjet : −3 – 0 mm, overbite : 0 – 4 mm). Information like; age at start, duration of the treatment events, type of the treatment, overjet, overbite etc. was collected and calculated.The average age of the patients delivering the initial brace was 8.75 ± 1.10 year. Most of the anterior crossbite was resolved within 6 months. The total treatment period was 21.79 ± 10.73 months with the additional procedures like the alignment of anterior teeth and torque control using additional removable and fixed orthodontic appliances. The correlation study showed that patient's cooperation (p = 0.000) and the use of fixed appliance (p = 0.032) were significantly influenced on treatment duration.


Subject(s)
Braces , Chin , Humans , Malocclusion , Mandible , Orthodontic Appliances , Overbite , Statistics as Topic , Tooth , Torque
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 80-89, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Facial asymmetry is a condition that compromises function and social interactions and, consequently, the quality of life. Orthodontic-surgical treatment may be indicated to achieve a stable occlusion and significant improvement in facial aesthetics. The virtual planning of the maxillary, mandibular and chin movements can be done prior to surgery. These movements can be successfully performed with the use of prototyped guides obtained from virtual planning. The aim of this article is to show the state of the art of treatments of facial asymmetries, and emphasize how important is the multi-disciplinary approach to achieve predictable aesthetic and functionally stable results in a patient with facial asymmetry and chin protrusion.


Resumo A assimetria facial é uma condição capaz de comprometer a função oclusal e as interações sociais e, consequentemente, a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos. Nessas condições, para se obter oclusão estável e melhora significativa na estética facial, o tratamento ortodôntico-cirúrgico pode estar indicado. A simulação virtual da cirurgia permite planejar de forma adequada, e antecipada, os movimentos cirúrgicos a serem efetuados na maxila, mandíbula e mento. Esses movimentos são, então, realizados com sucesso graças ao uso de guias prototipados obtidos a partir do planejamento virtual. Assim, os objetivos do presente artigo consistem em relatar o estado da arte no planejamento virtual do tratamento de um paciente com assimetria facial e protrusão do mento, e enfatizar a importância da abordagem multidisciplinar para se atingir resultados estéticos previsíveis e funcionalmente estáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Esthetics , Facial Asymmetry/surgery , Facial Asymmetry/therapy , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures/methods , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Orthodontics, Corrective , Osteotomy/methods , Patient Care Planning , Cephalometry , Chin/surgery , Osteotomy, Le Fort/methods , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Dental Occlusion , Facial Asymmetry/diagnostic imaging , Dentofacial Deformities/surgery , Dentofacial Deformities/therapy , Malocclusion/surgery , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/surgery , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/surgery , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 26-30, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893181

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: By analysing cephalometrics before and after the treatment of Angle's class II division 1 malocclusion, soft tissue profile changes were observed, and to explore whether there was a correlation between the change of posterior occlusal plane (OP-P) and soft tissue profile. The study aimed to provide a theoretical reference in the clinical diagnosis and orthodontic treatment of early permanent dentition of Angle class II division 1 malocclusion patients. We randomly selected 20 cases of orthodontics in Shanxi Medical University orthodontics patients (aged 12-18 years) of the lateral cephalograms, Winceph 8.0 software was used to measure the posterior occlusal plane (OP-P), TUL-EP, TLL-EP, nasolabial angle, upper lip base thickness, upper lip tension, lower lip H line distance, chin soft tissue thickness and Z angle. And SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the correlation between OP-P and other measurement indexes. The change of posterior occlusal plane was positively related to the distance from upper lip to the esthetic plane, the distance from lower lip to the esthetic plane, the tension of the upper lip and distance from lower lip to H line, and the change of posterior occlusal plane was negatively related to nasolabial angle and Z angle. The change of posterior occlusal plane had no significant correlation with upper lip base thickness and soft tissue chin thickness. The change of posterior occlusal plane has an important guiding significance for orthodontic treatment,by focusing on the change of the posterior occlusal plane to achieve the purpose of changing the soft tissue profile.


RESUMEN: Se realizó un estudio cefalométrico antes y después del tratamiento de ortodoncia en pacientes portadores de maloclusión clase II división 1 de Angle. Se observaron cambios en el perfil de los tejidos blandos y se exploró si había una correlación entre el cambio del plano oclusal posterior (OP-P) y el perfil de los tejidos blandos. El objetivo de este estudio fue otorgar una referencia teórica en el diagnóstico clínico y el tratamiento de ortodoncia de los pacientes con dentición permanente temprana con maloclusión clase II división 1 de Angle. Seleccionamos al azar 20 casos cefalometrías de pacientes de ortodoncia de la Universidad Médica de Shanxi (entre 12 y18 años). Para ello, se utilizó el software Winceph 8.0 para medir el plano oclusal posterior (OP-P), TUL-EP, TLL-EP, ángulo nasolabial, grosor de la base del labio superior, tensión del labio superior, distancia entre líneas del labio inferior H, grosor del tejido blando del mentón y ángulo Z. Se utilizó el software SPSS 22.0 para analizar la correlación entre OP-P y otros índices. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior tuvo una correlación positiva con la distancia desde el labio superior al plano estético, la distancia desde el labio inferior hasta el plano estético, la tensión del labio superior y distancia del labio inferior a la línea H. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior tuvo una correlación negativa con el ángulo nasolabial y el ángulo Z. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior no tuvo una correlación significativa con el grosor de la base del labio superior y la barbilla de tejido blando. El cambio del plano oclusal posterior tiene un importante significado de orientación para el tratamiento de ortodoncia, de tal manera que al cambiar el plano oclusal posterior se podrá lograr el propósito de cambiar el perfil del tejido blando.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cephalometry , Chin/anatomy & histology , Dental Occlusion , Lip/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Orthodontics , Treatment Outcome , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/pathology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Along with the advances in technology of three-dimensional (3D) printer, it became a possible to make more precise patient-specific 3D model in the various fields including oral and maxillofacial surgery. When creating 3D models of the mandible and maxilla, it is easier to make a single unit with a fused temporomandibular joint, though this results in poor operability of the model. However, while models created with a separate mandible and maxilla have operability, it can be difficult to fully restore the position of the condylar after simulation. The purpose of this study is to introduce and asses the novel condylar repositioning method in 3D model preoperational simulation. METHODS: Our novel condylar repositioning method is simple to apply two irregularities in 3D models. Three oral surgeons measured and evaluated one linear distance and two angles in 3D models. RESULTS: This study included two patients who underwent sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and two benign tumor patients who underwent segmental mandibulectomy and immediate reconstruction. For each SSRO case, the mandibular condyles were designed to be convex and the glenoid cavities were designed to be concave. For the benign tumor cases, the margins on the resection side, including the joint portions, were designed to be convex, and the resection margin was designed to be concave. The distance from the mandibular ramus to the tip of the maxillary canine, the angle created by joining the inferior edge of the orbit to the tip of the maxillary canine and the ramus, the angle created by the lines from the base of the mentum to the endpoint of the condyle, and the angle between the most lateral point of the condyle and the most medial point of the condyle were measured before and after simulations. Near-complete matches were observed for all items measured before and after model simulations of surgery in all jaw deformity and reconstruction cases. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that 3D models manufactured using our method can be applied to simulations and fully restore the position of the condyle without the need for special devices.


Subject(s)
Chin , Congenital Abnormalities , Equidae , Glenoid Cavity , Humans , Jaw , Joints , Mandible , Mandibular Condyle , Mandibular Osteotomy , Maxilla , Methods , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Orbit , Orthognathic Surgery , Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus , Surgery, Oral , Temporomandibular Joint
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741551

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the differences in the position and shape of the anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve (ALIAN) in relation to the growth pattern of the mandibular functional subunit. METHODS: The study was conducted on 56 patients among those who had undergone orthognathic surgery at the Gangnam Severance Hospital between January 2010 and December 2015. Preoperative computerized tomography (CT) images were analyzed using the Simplant OMS software (ver.14.0 Materialise Medical, Leuven, Belgium). The anterior and inferior lengths of ALIAN (dAnt and dInf) and each length of the mandibular functional subunits were measured. The relationship between dAnt, dInf, and the growth pattern of the mandibular subunits was analyzed. RESULTS: The length of the anterior portion of ALIAN (dAnt) reached 3.34 ± 1.59 mm in prognathism and 1.00 ± 0.97 mm in retrognathism. The length of the inferior portion of ALIAN (dInf) reached 6.81 ± 1.33 mm in prognathism and 5.56 ± 1.34 mm in retrognathism. The analysis of Pearson’s correlation coefficiency on all samples showed that the lengths of functional subunits were positively correlated with the loop depth. The length of the symphysis area in prognathic patients was positively correlated with the anterior loop depth (p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Both the anterior and inferior length of ALIAN are longer in prognathic patients. Especially, it seems to be associated with the growth of the symphysis area.


Subject(s)
Chin , Genioplasty , Humans , Mandibular Nerve , Orthognathic Surgery , Prognathism , Retrognathia
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: After the resection at the mandibular site involving oral cancer, free vascularized fibular graft, a type of vascularized autograft, is often used for the mandibular reconstruction. Titanium mesh (T-mesh) and particulate cancellous bone and marrow (PCBM), however, a type of non-vascularized autograft, can also be used for the reconstruction. With the T-mesh applied even in the chin and angle areas, an aesthetic contour with adequate strength and stable fixation can be achieved, and the pores of the mesh will allow the rapid revascularization of the bone graft site. Especially, this technique does not require microvascular training; as such, the surgery time can be shortened. This advantage allows older patients to undergo the reconstructive surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: Reported in this article are two cases of mandibular reconstruction using the ready-made type and custom-made type T-mesh, respectively, after mandibular resection. We had operated double blind peer-review process. A 79-year-old female patient visited the authors’ clinic with gingival swelling and pain on the left mandibular region. After wide excision and segmental mandibulectomy, a pectoralis major myocutaneous flap was used to cover the intraoral defect. Fourteen months postoperatively, reconstruction using a ready-made type T-mesh (Striker-Leibinger, Freibrug, Germany) and iliac PCBM was done to repair the mandible left body defect. Another 62-year-old female patient visited the authors’ clinic with pain on the right mandibular region. After wide excision and segmental mandibulectomy on the mandibular squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), reconstruction was done with a reconstruction plate and a right fibula free flap. Sixteen months postoperatively, reconstruction using a custom-made type T-mesh and iliac PCBM was done to repair the mandibular defect after the failure of the fibula free flap. The CAD-CAM T-mesh was made prior to the operation. CONCLUSIONS: In both cases, sufficient new-bone formation was observed in terms of volume and strength. In the CAD-CAM custom-made type T-mesh case, especially, it was much easier to fix screws onto the adjacent mandible, and after the removal of the mesh, the appearance of both patients improved, and the neo-mandibular body showed adequate bony volume for implant or prosthetic restoration.


Subject(s)
Aged , Autografts , Bone Marrow , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chin , Computer-Aided Design , Female , Fibula , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Mandible , Mandibular Osteotomy , Mandibular Reconstruction , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms , Myocutaneous Flap , Titanium , Transplants
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715938

ABSTRACT

This study recruited two men with dysphagia after stroke, aged 57 and 62 years. They had difficulty using both hands properly due to paralysis of the left upper extremity and rheumatoid arthritis of the right hand in patient 1 and paralysis of both upper extremities in patient 2. This study examined the effects of 4 weeks of hand-free chin-tuck-resistance exercise on the hyoid movement and aspiration. The exercises involved isotonic and isometric parts. In isometric CTAR, the patients were asked to chin tuck against the device 3 times for 60 s each with no repetition. In isotonic CTAR, the patient performed 30 consecutive repetitions by strongly pressing against the resistance device and then releasing it. Based on a video fluoroscopic swallowing study, the degree of aspiration was measured using the Penetration-Aspiration Scale (PAS) and two-dimensional motion analysis of the hyoid bone. Post-intervention, the hyoid movements in both patients improved by 0.16 and 0.22 cm (anterior movement), and 0.26 and 0.28 cm (superior movement), and the PAS scores decreased by 2 and 2 points, respectively. This study confirms that hands-free chin-tuck resistance exercise is applicable and helpful for improving the hyoid movement and reducing aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke. Therefore, this exercise can be introduced as an intervention for improving the swallowing function in patients with dysphagia who have difficulty using both hands.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Chin , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders , Exercise , Hand , Humans , Hyoid Bone , Male , Paralysis , Stroke , Upper Extremity
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740377

ABSTRACT

In recent years, as interest in maintaining beauty and a youthful appearance has grown, filler procedures such as soft tissue augmentation have become more popular. These fillers are sometimes seen as radiopaque shadows on radiographic images, either due to the fillers themselves or because of secondary reactions; such findings may present a diagnostic challenge to dentists. The present report describes 3 cases of dermal fillers observed in panoramic and cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. All 3 elderly female patients had filler injected into their cheeks and chin area for cosmetic purposes decades ago. On panoramic images, multiple symmetric radiopacities were observed in the facial area; on CBCT, these calcifications were seen in the subcutaneous tissue in various shapes and with varying density. In conclusion, dentists should be aware of the imaging characteristics of dermal filler, and should be able to differentiate dermal filler from other pathological findings.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aged , Beauty , Cheek , Chin , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dentists , Dermal Fillers , Female , Humans , Radiography, Panoramic , Subcutaneous Tissue
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