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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 427-433, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356952

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la litiasis biliar tiene una prevalencia actual en Occidente del 10-20%. El 7-16% de los pacientes presentan también coledocolitiasis. El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis es difícil de establecer. Objetivo: establecer nuestra experiencia en el estudio de la patología biliar complicada y el manejo de la coledocolitiasis en dos tiempos, como terapéutica de elección. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional. Pacientes con patología biliar sometidos a procedimientos en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Vidal, desde el 30/06/2019 al 30/12/2019. Resultados: la ecografía hepato-bilio-pancreática (HPB) es específica, con exactitud del 80,9% y sensibilidad del 50%. La colangio resonancia magnética (CRNM) es 100% específica, tiene exactitud del 84,6% y sensibilidad de 67%. La colangio pancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (ERCP -por sus siglas en inglés-), durante la primera colangiografía mostró en el 100% litiasis coledociana, pero, luego del tratamiento, la colangiografía de "control" muestra 0% de sensibilidad, 100% especificidad, con exactitud del 15,4%. En los hallazgos intraoperatorios, el cístico dilatado en asociación con alteraciones humorales ha demostrado una sensibilidad del 100%, especificidad del 90% y tasa de exactitud de 93,6%. Conclusión: la colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO) es el procedimiento de referencia ("gold standard") en el abordaje de la patología biliar complicada, siendo su uso sistemático. La asociación entre alteraciones de parámetros humorales y el cístico dilatado resulta un parámetro con alto valor predictivo para la presencia de litiasis coledociana.


ABSTRACT Background: Nowadays, the prevalence of gallstones ranges between 10 and 20% in Western world, and 7-16% of the patients also present choledocholithiasis. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is difficult. Objective: To establish our experience in the evaluation of complicated gallstone disease and two-stage management of choledochal lithiasis as standard or care. Material and methods: This prospective and observational study included patients hospitalized with gallstone disease undergoing procedures in the Department of General Surgery of Hospital Vidal from June 30, 2019, to December 30, 2019. Results: Ultrasound of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas was specific, with accuracy of 80.9% and sensitivity of 50%. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) had a sensitivity of 100%, accuracy of 84.6% and sensitivity of 67%. As for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was made in 100% of the cases during the first cholangiography while "control" cholangiography had a sensitivity of 0%, specificity of 100% and accuracy of 15.4%. The presence of a dilated cystic duct intraoperatively in association with abnormal biochemical parameters had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 90%, and accuracy of 93.6%. Conclusion: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is the gold standard procedure for the management of complicated gallstone disease. The association of biochemical parameters and a dilated cystic duct has high predictive value for choledochal lithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biliary Tract , Cholangiography , Lithiasis , Pancreas , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Cystic Duct , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Liver , Methods
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358272

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 40 años portadora de litiasis biliar sintomática que se operó de coordinación por abordaje laparoscópico


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Lithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder/abnormalities , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Lithiasis/surgery
4.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 101-108, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178954

ABSTRACT

La litiasis vesicular sintomática puede presentarse asociada a litiasis de la vía biliar principal, siendo necesaria la utilización de medios diagnósticos adecuados para su posterior tratamiento. En este trabajo, se sugiere la evaluación mediante las guías de la Sociedad Americana para Endoscopia Gastrointestinal (American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ASGE), usando factores como la edad, pruebas hepáticas y hallazgos ecográficos, categorizando a los pacientes en baja, intermedia y alta probabilidad de coledocolitiasis. Estudio de diseño retrospectivo, observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos, sobre pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular sintomática y sospecha de litiasis de la via biliar principal internados en la II Cátedra de Clínica Quirúrgica, del Hospital de Clínicas de San Lorenzo, entre los años 2017 a 2019. Con los siguientes resultados, de un total de 339 pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular sintomática, el 6,64% tuvo el diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis asociada. En cuanto a los predictores muy fuertes de coledocolitiasis el más frecuentemente (68,6%,) encontrado fue el nivel de la bilirrubina total ≥ 4mg/dl; de los predictores fuertes el 70,6% presentaba la vía biliar principal dilatada; de los predictores moderados, el 84,3% presentó las enzimas hepáticas alteradas. En conclusión, se pudo identificar que la mayoría de los pacientes presentó alta probabilidad de coledocolitiasis y la conducta tomada fue realizar en primer lugar una colangiografía retrógrada endoscópica, con fines terapéuticos y luego colecistectomía, correspondiente al manejo correcto establecido por las guías actuales internacionales.


Symptomatic gallstones can occur associated with lithiasis of the main bile duct, requiring the use of adequate diagnostic tools for subsequent treatment. In this paper, we suggest using the guidelines of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), that uses factors such as age, liver tests, and ultrasound findings, categorizing patients as those with low, intermediate, and high probability. of choledocholithiasis. A Retrospective, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional design study, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases, on patients with a diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones and suspected stones of the main bile duct admitted to the the 2nd Surgical Department and Service of Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo, between the years 2017 to 2019. With the following results; of a total of 339 patients with the diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones, 6.64% had associated choledocholithiasis. Regarding the very strong predictors of choledocholithiasis, the most frequent (68.6%) was the total bilirubin level ≥ 4mg / dl; 70.6% had a dilated main bile duct as a strong predictor; as a moderate predictor, 84.3% had altered liver enzymes. In conclusion, it was possible to identify that most of the patients presented a high probability of choledocholithiasis and the action taken was to first perform an endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, for therapeutic purposes, and then cholecystectomy, corresponding to the correct management established by current international guidelines.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Bilirubin , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy , Gallstones , Lithiasis , Liver , Sampling Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Endoscopy
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 125-130, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288183

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La vesícula izquierda (VI) es una rara anomalía de la vía biliar que, cuando enferma, no suele dar sín tomas diferentes de aquella normoposicionada, haciendo infrecuente su diagnóstico preoperatorio. Presentamos el caso de una colecistitis aguda en un paciente con VI, resuelto en forma segura por vía laparoscópica. Un paciente ingresa por un cuadro típico de colecistitis aguda. Como hallazgo in traoperatorio se constata una vesícula biliar inflamada, ubicada en posición siniestra. Se modificó la ubicación de los puertos de trabajo y se realizó colangiografía transvesicular por punción, antes de iniciar la disección del hilio vesicular. Luego de identificar el conducto cístico, se realizó colangiografía transcística que confirmó la anatomía de la vía biliar completa y expedita. Se completó la colecistec tomía laparoscópica en forma segura. El hallazgo de una VI obliga al cirujano a cambiar la técnica de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta anomalía incrementa el riesgo de lesiones de la vía biliar. La disección cuidadosa del hilio vesicular logrando una visión crítica de seguridad y el uso de colangiogra fía intraoperatoria son de extrema importancia para una colecistectomía segura.


ABSTRACT Left-sided gallbladder (LSGB) is a rare bile duct abnormality, usually found during a cholecystectomy. Symptoms usually do not differ from those of a normally positioned gallbladder, making the preoperative diagnosis extremely uncommon. We report the case of an acute cholecystitis in a patient whit LSGB, safely managed with laparoscopic surgery. A 24-year-old male patient was admitted to our institution with clinical and radiological signs of acute cholecystitis. The intraoperative finding of an acute cholecystitis in a LSGB made us modify ports positioning and a cholangiograhy was done by direct puncture of the gallbladder before hilum dissection. After the cystic duct was identified, a transcystic cholangiography was performed which confirmed a complete and clear bile duct anatomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was safely completed. The intraoperative finding of a LSGB makes the surgeon change some aspects of the usual technique to perform a safe cholecystectomy as LSGB significantly increases the risk of common bile duct injuries. Meticulous dissection of the gallbladder hilum to achieve a critical view of safety and the systematic use of intraoperative cholangiography are extremely important to perform a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Cholangiography , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 480-489, dic. 2020. graf, il, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288160

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la lesión quirúrgica de la vía biliar representa un gran problema de salud y puede surgir ante cualquier cirujano que realice una colecistectomía. Objetivos: el objetivo del trabajo fue presentar nuestra experiencia en reparación de la vía biliar, ana lizando la morbimortalidad y la incidencia de dicha patología en nuestro Servicio. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo descriptivo; se tomaron las variables de las historias clínicas de los pacientes en un período de 8 años, de enero de 2011 a julio de 2019 donde fueron admitidos 19 pacientes que presentaron lesión quirúrgica de la vía biliar en el Hospital José Ramón Vidal de la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina. Resultados: 12 pacientes fueron tratados quirúrgicamente mediante hepático-yeyuno anastomosis, 2 por bihepático-yeyuno anastomosis y dos mediante sutura término-terminal bilio-biliar sobre tubo de Kehr. Tres pacientes fueron tratados mediante colocación de stent y dilatación posterior mediante colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica. Conclusión: los cirujanos deben entrenarse para disminuir al mínimo la posibilidad de una lesión. El objetivo de una colecistectomía debería ser no lesionar la vía biliar.


ABSTRACT Background: Bile duct injury represents a serious health problem and can occur after any cholecystectomy. Objectives: The aim of this study was to report our experience in repairing bile duct injuries analyzing morbidity, mortality and its incidence in our department. Material and Methods: We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study. The information was retrieved form the medical records of 19 patients with bile duct injury hospitalized at the Hospital José Ramón Vidal, Corrientes, Argentina, between January 2011 and July 2019. Results: A Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was performed in 12 patients, double hepaticojejunostomy in two patients, and two patients were treated with end-to-end ductal anastomosis with suture over a T tube. Three patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with stent placement and dilation. Conclusion: Surgeons should be trained to avoid the possibility of bile duct injury. The main goal of cholecystectomy should be to avoid this complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Argentina , Bile Ducts/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cholangiography , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Computed Tomography Angiography , Hospitals, Public
7.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 498-507, dic. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288162

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: el uso de la colangiografía intraoperatoria dinámica (CIOd) durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica (Colelap) sigue siendo un tema en discusión. Objetivos: Este trabajo tiene como objetivo describir y evaluar la curva de aprendizaje y los hallazgos en la CIOd durante las colecistectomías laparoscópicas realizadas por residentes de Cirugía General, incluyéndola como herramienta para una colecistectomía segura, así como entrenamiento para el de sarrollo de habilidades y destrezas. Material y métodos: se incluyeron pacientes con indicación de colecistectomía laparoscópica pro gramada o de urgencia. En las cirugías se realizó tracción según Hunter, visión crítica de seguridad y CIOd sistemática, por un residente mayor y la CIOd por un residente inferior, tutorizado por cirujano de planta. Se evaluaron curva de aprendizaje, tiempos operatorios, relación del tiempo de CIOd con el tiempo de duración de la Colelap (CIO/CX), redisección del cístico y litiasis cística y coledociana. Resultados: se operaron 456 pacientes durante un año (2017-2018). Se observó que, independiente mente de quien realice la CIOd, los residentes pudieron mejorar su curva de aprendizaje, objetiván dose tiempos más cortos para la Colelap, CIOd y la relación CIO/CX. Los coeficientes de aprendizaje fueron mejores en cirugías más complejas en relación con el semestre. El 5,26% presentó litiasis cole dociana (n = 24); de estas, 66,7% tenían litiasis cística (n = 16) y 25% colecistitis (n = 6) asociadas. Todas se resolvieron por vía transcística. No hubo conversiones y se realizó CIOd en el 100%. Conclusión: la CIOd es un procedimiento ideal para ser practicado de manera sistemática durante la Residencia, porque da el entrenamiento necesario para el manejo de la vía transcística, permite evitar una lesión quirúrgica de vía biliar mayor y el diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis.


ABSTRACT Background: The use of dynamic intra-operative cholangiography (dIOC) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lap Chole) remains a topic under discussion. Objectives: This study aims to describe and evaluate the learning curve and findings in the dIOC during laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed by Residents of General Surgery, including it as a tool for a safe cholecystectomy, as well as training for the development of skills and abilities. Material and methods: Patients with indication of scheduled or emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included. In the surgeries, traction was performed according to Hunter, critical safety vision and systematic dIOC, by a senior Resident and the dIOC by a less trained resident, tutored by a staff surgeon. Learning curve, operative times, dIOC time relationship with Lap Chole duration time (IOC/LC), repeated cystic dissection, cystic lithiasis and choledocholithiasis were evaluated. Results: 456 patients were operated for one year (2017-2018). It was observed that regardless of who performs the dIOC, they were able to improve their learning curve, objectifying shorter times for Lap Chole, dIOC and the IOC/LC relationship. The learning coefficients were better in complex surgeries in relation to the semester. 5.26 % had choledocholithiasis (n = 24), of these, 66.7% had cystic lithiasis (n = 16) and 25% associated cholecystitis (n = 6). All were resolved trancystically. There were no conversions and dIOC was performed in 100% of cases. Conclusion: The dIOC is an ideal procedure to be practiced systematically during residency. Because it gives the necessary training for the management of the transcystic pathway, allows avoiding an upper bile duct injury and the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cholangiography/psychology , Learning Curve , Medical Staff, Hospital/psychology , General Surgery/education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/psychology , Internship and Residency
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(5): e476-e479, oct 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122530

ABSTRACT

El 25 % de la población mundial se encuentra infectada por Ascaris lumbricoides. La ascaridiosis hepatobiliar ocurre en zonas con alta endemicidad y gran carga parasitaria, y genera desde intensa inflamación hasta fibrosis. Se presenta a un paciente de 2 años, que consultó por distensión abdominal y tos de 1 mes de evolución asociada a fiebre en las últimas 72 h. Se realizó una ecografía abdominal que evidenció áscaris en la vía biliar, en el estómago y en el intestino delgado, y una radiografía de tórax con infiltrado inflamatorio intersticial, asociado a hiperleucocitosis con hipereosinofilia y gamma-glutamiltranspeptidasa elevada. Se administró un tratamiento antibiótico, antihelmíntico, sin lograr la eliminación de los parásitos de la vía biliar, por lo que se requirió su extracción mediante colangiografía percutánea


Twenty five percent of the world population is affected by Ascaris lumbricoides. Hepatobiliary ascariasis occurs in areas with high endemicity and great amount of parasitic load, generating intense inflammation to fibrosis. We report a two-year-old patient that consults about abdominal distension and cough of one month of evolution associated with 72 hours of fever. Abdominal ultrasound is performed, which shows bile duct, stomach, small intestine with ascaris and chest x-ray with interstitial inflammatory infiltrate, associated with hyperleukocytosis with hypereosinophilia and elevated gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. Antibiotic, anthelminthic treatment is administered, without achieving the elimination of the bile duct parasites, requiring their removal by percutaneous cholangiography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Ascariasis/diagnostic imaging , Bile Ducts , Parasitic Diseases , Ascariasis/therapy , Cholangiography , Cholangitis
9.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 329-332, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279747

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores fibrosos solitarios hepáticos, una neoplasia poco frecuente, son tumores benignos del tejido submesotelial, pero con un potencial maligno no definido. Suelen presentarse asintomáticos, pero pueden debutar como una masa abdominal palpable y con síntomas de plenitud. Por imágenes pueden ser confundidos con otros tumores y está indicado el tratamiento quirúrgico. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 70 años resuelto por hepatectomía lateral izquierda, y realizamos una revisión bibliográfica del tema.


ABSTRACT Solitary fibrous tumors of the liver are uncommon benign tumors originating from the submesothelial tissue with non-well-defined malignant potential. Most cases present as asymptomatic, some cases show abdominal bloating and a palpable mass. They may mimic other tumors on imaging tests and surgery is indicated. We report a case of a 70-year-old female patient treated with left lateral liver resection with literature review of the condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/surgery , Hepatectomy , Cholangiography/methods , Cholecystectomy , Tomography , Ultrasonography , Liver/diagnostic imaging
10.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(2): 99-103, jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013352

ABSTRACT

Debido a la falta de órganos para trasplantes se han desarrollado diferentes alternativas quirúrgicas, como la bipartición hepática (BH) y los trasplantes hepáticos con donantes vivos. En la BH clásica, de la división de un hígado de donante cadavérico se obtienen dos injertos, uno correspondiente a los segmentos 2-3 y otro a los segmentos 1, 4-8. Para poder utilizar los injertos de una BH, en pacientes adultos, se puede realizar una BH derecha/izquierda típica, donde se obtienen un injerto derecho (segmentos 5-8) y otro izquierdo (segmentos 1-4). La BH se puede realizar en el momento de la ablación (BH in situ) o en la cirugía de banco (BH ex situ). En este trabajo informamos el primer caso de BH in situ derecha/izquierda típica de la Argentina, resaltando los detalles de la cirugía del donante y del receptor.


Due to the shortage of organs for transplantation, different surgical alternatives have been developed, as split liver transplantation (SLT) and living-donor liver transplantation. In classical SLT, the liver of a cadaveric donor is divided and two allografts are obtained, one corresponding to segments 2-3 and the other to segments 1, 4-8. In order to produce two grafts from one liver for two adult recipients, splitting of the liver can create a right graft including segments 5-8 and a left graft with segments 1-4. Splitting of the liver can be performed during procurement (in situ) or on the bench (ex situ). The aim of our study is to describe the first case of in situ full-right full-left split liver transplantation, with focus on donor and recipient surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Middle Aged , Liver Transplantation/instrumentation , Hepatectomy/methods , Cholangiography/methods , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Metastasis
11.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(3): 138-139, may 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025433

ABSTRACT

The term choledocholithiasis refers to a condition when a gallstone or gallstones become lodged within any duct of the bile system. We can find pigment gallstones, cholesterol gallstones and mixed. During surgery to remove the gallbladder you may have a procedure called intraoperative cholangiogram to look for gallstones that may be in the common bileduct. Stones in the bile ducts are classified as either primary (arising the novo), secondary (migrating from the gallbladder), recurrent (reforming after biliary tract surgery) or retained (overlooked at the time of surgery). The prevalence of choledocholithiasis in patients with simptomatic gallbladder lithiasis can be a reason for enlargement of the hospital stay, and eventually in the complexity on the prevented surgical procedure. Our aim was to investigate its prevalence in our Hospital, and the results with the empoyement of the intraoperative cholangiography accordin to our surgical protoco, and the recognized guideliness from other Centers. The results obtained are discused


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholangiography/instrumentation , Gallstones/complications , Retrospective Studies , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Electronic Health Records/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
12.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 30(3): 135-140, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104134

ABSTRACT

We report a 63-year-old male patient who consulted for a 4-month history of xerophthalmia, xerostomia and cervicalgia, associated with jaundice, choluria, low weight and night sweats. Exams show an obstructive pattern and abdominal ultrasound describes a possible mass in the pancreatic head with secondary dilation of the bile duct. Colangio-MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) confirms a focal pancreatic head lesion that determines intrapancreatic bile duct stenosis, proximal dilation of the bile duct and stenosis of the main pancreatic duct. Pancreatic neoplasia versus autoimmune pancreatitis (PAI) is proposed, complementing a study with a count of IgG subclasses where IgG4 stands out at 1050 mg/dl (normal range: 3.9-86) and computed tomography (CT) of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis, that in addition to the biliary-pancreatic alterations, shows thickening of the vesicular wall, multiple bilateral lesions in the renal parenchyma and peri-aortic soft tissue. Salivary gland biopsy reports lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate characteristic of IgG4 disease. A disease related to IgG4 (ER-IgG4) is diagnosed with pancreatic, renal, biliary, vascular, lymphatic, salivary and lacrimal glands involvement. It is treated with corticoidal therapy, evolving favorably with resolution of the symptomatology and regression of imaging alterations.


Se reporta caso de paciente de sexo masculino de 63 años que consulta por cuadro de 4 meses de xeroftalmia, xerostomía y cervicalgia, asociado a ictericia, coluria, baja de peso y sudoración nocturna. En exámenes destaca pruebas hepáticas con un patrón obstructivo y ecografía abdominal que muestra una posible masa en la cabeza pancreática con dilatación secundaria de la vía biliar. Colangio-resonancia (resonancia magnética-RM) confirma una lesión focal en la cabeza pancreática que determina estenosis del colédoco intrapancreático, dilatación proximal de la vía biliar y estenosis del conducto pancreático principal. Se plantea neoplasia de páncreas versus pancreatitis autoinmune (PAI), complementando estudio con recuento de subclases de IgG donde destaca IgG4 de 1.050 mg/dl (rango normal: 3,9-86) y tomografía computada (TC) de tórax, abdomen y pelvis, que además de las alteraciones bilio-pancreáticas, demuestra engrosamiento de la pared vesicular, lesiones múltiples bilaterales en el parénquima renal y tejido de partes blandas peri-aórtico. Biopsia de las glándulas salivales informa sialoadenitis crónica e inespecífica. Se diagnostica una enfermedad relacionada a IgG4 (ER-IgG4) con compromiso pancreático, renal, biliar, vascular, linfático, de glándulas salivales y lagrimales. Se trata con terapia corticoidal, evolucionando favorablemente con resolución de la sintomatología y regresión de las alteraciones imagenológicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cholangiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/drug therapy , Autoimmune Pancreatitis/diagnosis
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1416, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973382

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Cholelithiasis is a highly prevalent condition, and choledocholitiasis is a high morbidity complication and requires accurate methods for its diagnosis. Aim: To evaluate the population of patients with suspected choledocholitiasis and check the statistical value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, ultrasonography, the laboratory and the clinic of these patients comparing them to the results obtained by perioperative cholangiography. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study, which were evaluated 76 patients with cholelithiasis and suspected choledocholithiasis. Results: It was observed that the presence of dilatation of the biliary tract or choledocholithiasis in the ultrasonography was four and eight times increased risk of perioperative cholangiography for positive choledocholithiasis, respectively. For each unit increased in serum alkaline phosphatase was 0.3% increased the risk of perioperative cholangiography for positive choledocholithiasis. In the presence of dilatation of the bile ducts in the ultrasonography was four times greater risk of positive magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography for choledocholithiasis. In the presence of pancreatitis these patients had five times higher risk of positive magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography for choledocholithiasis. On the positive magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography presence to choledocholithiasis was 104 times greater of positive perioperative cholangiography for choledocholithiasis. Conclusions: The magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography is a method with good accuracy for propedeutic follow-up for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, consistent with the results obtained from the perioperative cholangiography; however, it is less invasive, with less risk to the patient and promote decreased surgical time when compared with perioperative cholangiography.


RESUMO Racional: A colelitíase é afecção de alta prevalência, sendo a coledocolitíase complicação de elevada morbidade e que necessita de métodos acurados para seu diagnóstico. Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil populacional de pacientes com suspeita de coledocolitíase e verificar o valor estatístico da colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética, da ultrassonografia, dos exames laboratoriais e da clínica desses pacientes e compará-los aos resultados obtidos pela colangiografia peroperatória. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo longitudinal, de coorte, retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados 76 pacientes com diagnóstico de colelitíase e suspeita de coledocolitíase. Resultados: Observou-se que na presença de dilatação das vias biliares ou coledocolitíase na ultrassonografia havia risco quatro e oito vezes maior, respectivamente, de colangiografia peroperatória positiva para coledocolitíase. Para cada unidade de aumento na fosfatase alcalina sérica houve aumento em 0,3% no risco de colangiografia peroperatória positiva para coledocolitíase. Na presença de dilatação das vias biliares na ultrassonografia ou clínica de pancreatite havia risco quatro e cinco vezes maior, respectivamente, de colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética positiva para coledocolitíase. Na presença de colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética positiva para coledocolitíase o risco foi 104 vezes maior de colangiografia peroperatória positiva para coledocolitíase. Conclusão: A colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética para seguimento propedêutico tem boa acurácia para o diagnóstico de coledocolitíase, e concordante com os resultados obtidos na colangiografia peroperatória. O método é menos invasivo, com menores riscos ao paciente e com diminuição do tempo cirúrgico dispendido para realização da colangiografia peroperatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cholangiography/methods , Choledocholithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance/methods , Pancreatitis/diagnostic imaging , Biliary Tract/diagnostic imaging , Cholecystectomy/methods , Logistic Models , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Ultrasonography/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Dilatation, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Perioperative Period
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786487

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a patient with biliary and duodenal atresia who showed false-negative hepatobiliary scintigraphy results. The patient was born at 37 weeks and 2 days of gestation. Her mother had undergone amnioreduction after detection of a double-bubble ultrasound sign in the fetal abdomen. At 2 days of age, total serum bilirubin level was elevated. On hepatobiliary scintigraphy 4 days later, the gallbladder was visualized from 30 min and it showed duodeno-gastric reflux at 240 min. After 24 h, the radiotracer was almost washed out in the hepatic parenchyma, but there was retention in the gastroduodenal junction. Because the biliary to duodenal transit was visible, biliary atresia seemed unlikely. Abdominal ultrasonography at 7 days of age showed a small dysmorphic gallbladder, but triangular cord sign was not definite. Magnetic resonance cholangiography revealed atretic gallbladder. Although cystic and common bile ducts were visible, the proximal common hepatic bile duct was not visible. The next day, serum total bilirubin levels remained elevated (17.1 mg/dl) with direct bilirubin level of 1.2 mg/dl. Kasai portoenterostomy with duodeno-duodenostomy was performed at 10 days of age. Histopathological evaluation showed a fibrous obliteration of the common bile duct, consistent with that of biliary atresia.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Bile Ducts , Biliary Atresia , Bilirubin , Cholangiography , Common Bile Duct , Duodenogastric Reflux , Gallbladder , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Jaundice, Neonatal , Mothers , Pregnancy , Radionuclide Imaging , Ultrasonography
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 300-307, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763849

ABSTRACT

Sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is defined as a condition with progressive stenosis and destruction of the bile ducts due to diffuse inflammation and fibrosis and currently includes three categories: primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), secondary cholangitis, and IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC). SC categories share similar clinical features, such as cholestasis. Patients with SC present with cholestatic symptoms, including jaundice and pruritus, and blood tests reveal elevation of cholestatic enzymes. Cholangiography, endoscopic or magnetic, is inevitably required for making a diagnosis. Although the presentation of IgG4-SC and PSC are similar, the comorbidities, treatment response, and outcomes differ significantly, and therefore, it is strongly advisable to be familiar with these two diseases to make a correct diagnosis. Differentiation of cholangiocarcinoma from IgG4-SC and PSC is also extremely important. In this review, the clinical characteristics, comorbidities, treatment and outcomes of IgG4-SC and PSC will be outlined based on experience mainly from Japan.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangiography , Cholangitis , Cholangitis, Sclerosing , Cholestasis , Comorbidity , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Fibrosis , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Inflammation , Japan , Jaundice , Pruritus
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719544

ABSTRACT

Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare benign disease with a prevalence of 0.16–3.4% and is characterized by chronic nonspecific inflammation and extensive fibrosis in the adipose tissue of the mesentery although the exact pathogenesis is still elusive. A 65-year-old woman was referred with suspicion of an abdominal mass and biliary stones on abdominal ultrasonography and CT. Bile duct stones were confirmed by endoscopic ultrasonography and successfully treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with stone removal. Furthermore, a 4.7 cm conglomerated mass on small intestinal mesentery was suspected as sclerosing mesenteritis based on the features on abdominal MRI. However, because it could not be differentiated from malignancy without histologic examination, laparoscopic excisional biopsy was performed; it showed only inflammatory cells with extensive fibrosis. Therefore, the abdominal mass was confirmed as sclerosing fibrosis and the patient was followed-up without any treatments because no mass-related symptoms accompanied the findings. Six months later, abdominal CT showed no significant change in the mass. Herein, we report a rare case of incidentally found idiopathic sclerosing mesenteritis.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Aged , Bile Ducts , Biopsy , Cholangiography , Endosonography , Female , Fibrosis , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mesentery , Panniculitis, Peritoneal , Prevalence , Sclerosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
17.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(8): 389-390, oct2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1050446

ABSTRACT

A rare case of left-sided gallbladder (sinistraposition) is reported with review of the literature. Left-sided gallbladder is very unusual, with a frequency of 0.3% of the cases, being generally associated to situs inversus. The aim of this invesigation was to establish the association between left-sided gallbladder and right-sided round ligaments. Left-sided gallbladder is a rare anomaly and has been classified into two situations: 1) gallbladder migration to the left side, and 2) development of a second gallbladder with atrophy of the original one. Left-sided gallbladder were reported to be associated with right-sided round ligaments.


Subject(s)
Female , Middle Aged , Situs Inversus/pathology , Bile Ducts/abnormalities , Laparoscopy , Round Ligament of Liver/pathology , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Surgical Instruments , Cholangiography
18.
Rev. argent. cir ; 110(3): 152-155, set. 2018. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-985180

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: actualmente un punto discutido de la colecistectomía laparoscópica (CL) es la realización sistemática de la colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO); sin embargo, esta permite el diagnóstico de litiasis coledociana insospechada (LCI). Objetivo: establecer el porcentaje de CIO realizadas, el número de LCI diagnosticadas, describir qué terapéutica se utilizó para resolverlas y establecer si existe relación entre el tamaño de las litiasis diagnosticadas y su tratamiento transcístico. Resultados: de las 1077 CL electivas, la CIO pudo realizarse en el 89,14% de los pacientes. En 2014, el porcentaje de CIO fue el más alto de la serie (95,38%). Se encontraron 38 LCI. El tratamiento realizado incluyó el abordaje transcístico y la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) intraoperatoria. La morbilidad global fue del 7,9 % sin mortalidad. Discusión: nuestro porcentaje de CIO se encuentra por debajo del enunciado en otras publicaciones, pero el porcentaje aumentó con los años. La incidencia de LCI en nuestro caso fue del 3,96%. En nuestro servicio primeramente se intenta la resolución transcística (tasa de éxito del 77,42% sin complicaciones). Otra opción es la CPRE intraoperatoria, que se utilizó en 4 casos con una eficacia del 100% sin complicaciones. Conclusión: el tratamiento de la LCI continúa siendo un reto para los cirujanos, debido sobre todo a la imprevisibilidad del cuadro; resulta un factor muy importante para la resolución transcística el tamaño de la litiasis encontrada (más o menos de 6 mm). Consideramos la CPRE intraoperatoria como una herramienta importante en la resolución de esta patología.


Background: currently a discussed point of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the systematic implementation of intraoperative cholangiography (IOC); however, it allows the diagnosis of unsuspected common bile duct stones (UBDS). Objective: to establish the percentage of IOC performed, the number of UBDS diagnosed, to describe what therapeutic was used to solve them and to establish if there is a relationship between the size of the diagnostic lithiasis and the transcystic treatment of the same. Results: of the 1077 elective LC, IOC could be performed in 89.14% of patients. In 2014 the percentage of IOC was the highest in the series (95.38%). 38 UBDS were found. The treatment included the transcritical approach and intraoperative ERCP. Overall morbidity was 7.9% without mortality. Discussion: our IOC percentage is below the utterance in other publications, but the percentage has increased over the years. The incidence of UBDS in our case was 3.96%. In our service we first try the transcritical resolution (success rate of 77.42% without complications). Another option is intraoperative ERCP that was used in 4 cases with 100% efficacy without complications. Conclusion: the treatment of the UBDS continues being a challenge for the surgeons, mainly due to the unpredictability of the picture; a very important factor for transcystic resolution is the size of the stone found (more or less than 6 mm). We consider intraoperative ERCP as an important tool in the resolution of this pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Bladder Calculi , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Choledocholithiasis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Cholangiography , Efficacy , Incidence , Morbidity , Mortality , Common Bile Duct , Lithiasis , Diagnosis , Gallbladder
19.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(3): e589, jul.-set. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985525

ABSTRACT

La ascitis quilosa es la acumulación de quilo en la cavidad peritoneal por ruptura u obstrucción de los conductos linfáticos abdominales. Aunque es infrecuente, se describe mayor probabilidad de aparición después de traumas abdominales. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 46 años que sufre herida por arma blanca tóracoabdominal por lo que requirió tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencia. Luego de varias cirugías se constató la presencia de líquido abdominal blanquecino, con triglicéridos elevados. Se confirmó la ascitis quilosa, que se reabsorbió en 45 días con nutrición parenteral y octreótido(AU)


Chylous ascites is the accumulation of lipid-rich lymph in the peritoneal cavity due to rupture or obstruction of the abdominal lymph ducts. Although it is rare, greater probability is described for its onset after abdominal traumas. The case is presented of a 46-year-old male patient who suffers from a thorax-abdomen knife wound and therefore required emergency surgical treatment. After several surgeries, the presence of whitish abdominal liquid was detected, with elevated triglycerides. Chylous ascites was confirmed, which was reabsorbed in 45 days with parenteral nutrition and octreotide(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Cholangiography/methods , Octreotide/therapeutic use , Chylous Ascites/diagnosis , Parenteral Nutrition/methods , Weapons , Laparotomy/methods
20.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(2): 79-92, 20180000. cua
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370668

ABSTRACT

Choledocholithiasis is one of the more common benign disorders of the biliary tract with multiple features of presentation and several alternatives for its diagnosis and treatment. Our aim was to perform a based-evidence revision to propose a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. The raised values of gamma glutamiltranspeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin, are well predictors for a choledocholithiasis. The image evidence for a pre-operative detection with higher sensibility, specificity and better cost-effectiveness is the cholangioresonance. For its intraoperative detection, the cholangiography is the method most frequently used, though cholangioscopy is likewise useful. In the case of a post-operative suspicious, the cholangiography through the T tube is the gold standard. With regard to the treatment of the choledocholithiasis, the different stages are analyzed. depending if the detection was performed pre, intra or postoperatively. As a conclusion, the approach of the choledocholithiasis in one step seems to be better that to perform it in two steps, being the laparoscopic exploration for bile ducts stones more safety than the use of the intraoperative ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) .The postoperative ERCP is not recommended excepting in very selected cases, and the biliodigestive derivations should be reserved only for the primary lithiasis of the common bile duc


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts/surgery , Cholangiography , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Choledocholithiasis/pathology , Mirizzi Syndrome/therapy
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