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1.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3120-3132, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251930

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las enfermedades del eje pancreático/biliar son una consecuencia en la morbimortalidad del aparato digestivo, y es la causa en ocasiones de una obstrucción biliar. La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica es un método preciso para el diagnóstico de la obstrucción biliar, y se asocia con una elevada tasa de sensibilidad y especificidad. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, con el objetivo de valorar el comportamiento de la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica como medio diagnóstico y terapéutico en una muestra de 90 pacientes con dictamen presuntivo de íctero obstructivo. Resultados: predominaron las féminas en el grupo de edad superior a los 50 años. La coluria, la acolia y el íctero como representativos de una enfermedad obstructiva de las vías biliares, fueron las manifestaciones más frecuentes, corroboradas por el estudio endoscópico, donde la litiasis coledociana fue la principal causa de íctero. Conclusión: la esfinterotomía endoscópica fue el proceder terapéutico de elección, y la pancreatitis aguda postintervención fue la complicación más frecuente (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the diseases of the pancreatic-biliary axis are a consequence in the digestive tract morbidity-mortality, and sometimes they are the cause of a biliary obstruction. The endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a precise method for diagnosing the biliary obstruction, and is associated to high rates of sensitivity and specificity. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was carried out with the aim of assessing the behavior of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography as a therapeutic and diagnostic mean in a sample of 90 patients with presumptive report of obstructive jaundice. Results: women aged more than 50 years predominated. Choluria, acholia and jaundice, as representative of the biliary ducts obstructive disease, were the most frequent manifestations, corroborated by the endoscopic study, where choledocal lithiasis was the main cause of jaundice. Conclusions: endoscopic sphincterotomy was the elective therapeutic procedure, and post-intervention acute pancreatitis was the most frequent complication (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Patients , Cholestasis/therapy , Disease , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/standards , Sphincterotomy/methods
3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 347-353, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142344

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Biliary complications remain one of the most important causes of morbidity and graft loss after liver transplant (LT). Endoscopic therapy of biliary complications has proven to be effective over time, leaving surgical treatment restricted to only very few cases. However, we cannot yet predict which patients will have the greatest potential to benefit from endoscopic treatment. OBJECTIVE On this premise we decide to conduct this study to evaluate the role and safety of single operator cholangioscopy (SOC) in the endoscopic treatment of post-LT biliary anastomotic strictures (AS). METHODS: Between March/2016 and June/2017, 20 consecutive patients referred for endoscopic treatment for biliary anastomotic stricture were included in this prospective observational cohort study. Inclusion criteria were age over 18 years old, and a deceased LT performed within at least 30 days. Exclusion criteria were non-anastomotic biliary stricture, biliary leakage, cast syndrome, any previous endoscopic therapy, pregnancy and inability to provide informed consent. All patients underwent SOC before endoscopic therapy with fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) and after stent removal. RESULTS: At pre-treatment SOC, stricture orifice and fibrotic changes could be visualized in all patients, vascular changes and surgical sutures in 60% and acute inflammatory changes in 30%. SOC was essential for guidewire placement in five cases. FCSEMS was successfully deployed in all patients. Stricture resolution rate was 44.4% (median stent indwelling 372 days). Stricture recurrence was 12.5% (median follow-up of 543 days). Adverse events were distal (66.6%) and proximal (5.5%) stent migration, stent occlusion (16.6%), severe abdominal pain (10%) and mild acute pancreatitis (10%). SOC was repeated after FCSEMS removal. Post-treatment SOC showed fibrotic changes in all but one patient; vascular and acute inflammatory changes were less frequent in comparison to index procedure. The disappearance of suture material was remarkable. None of the cholangioscopic findings were statistically correlated to treatment outcome or stricture recurrence. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with SOC is feasible in post-LT patients with AS. Cholangioscopic findings can be classified into fibrotic, vascular and acute inflammatory changes. Cholangioscopy may be helpful to assist guidewire passage, but Its overall role for changing management is post-LT patients was not demonstrated.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: As complicações biliares continuam sendo uma das principais causas de morbidade e perda do enxerto após o transplante hepático. O tratamento endoscópico das complicações biliares provou ser eficaz ao longo do tempo, deixando o tratamento cirúrgico restrito a casos de exceção. No entanto, ainda não podemos prever quais pacientes terão maior potencial de se beneficiar da terapia endoscópica. OBJETIVO: Nesta premissa, decidimos realizar este estudo para avaliar o papel e a segurança da colangioscopia peroral de operador único (CPO) no tratamento endoscópico das estenoses anastomóticas biliares (EA) pós-transplante hepático. MÉTODOS: Entre março de 2016 e junho de 2017, 20 pacientes consecutivos encaminhados para tratamento endoscópico da EA biliar foram incluídos neste estudo prospectivo de coorte observacional. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade superior a 18 anos e um transplante hepático de doador falecido realizado há pelo menos 30 dias. Pacientes com estenose biliar não anastomótica, fístula biliar, "cast" síndrome, qualquer terapia endoscópica prévia, gravidez e incapacidade de fornecer consentimento informado foram excluídos. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à CPO antes da terapia endoscópica com prótese metálica autoexpansível totalmente coberta (PMAEC) e após a sua remoção. RESULTADOS: Na CPO realizada antes do tratamento endoscópico, o orifício de estenose e alterações fibróticas foram visualizadas em todos os pacientes, alterações vasculares e a presença de suturas cirúrgicas em 60%, enquanto alterações inflamatórias agudas em 30%. A CPO foi determinante para a transposição do fio-guia através da estenose em cinco casos. Uma PMAEC foi implantada com sucesso em todos os pacientes. A taxa de resolução da estenose foi de 44,4% (tempo médio de permanência de 372 dias). A recorrência da EA foi de 12,5% (acompanhamento médio de 543 dias). Os eventos adversos foram migração distal (66,6%) e proximal (5,5%) da prótese metálica, oclusão da PMAEC (16,6%), dor abdominal intensa (10%) e pancreatite aguda leve (10%). A CPO foi repetida após a remoção da PMAEC. A colangioscopia realizada após o tratamento endoscópico mostrou alterações fibróticas em todos, exceto em um paciente; alterações vasculares e inflamatórias agudas foram menos frequentes em comparação à CPO inicial. O desaparecimento do material de sutura, observado em todos os casos, foi notável. Nenhum dos achados colangioscópicos foram estatisticamente correlacionados ao resultado do tratamento ou à recorrência de estenose. CONCLUSÃO: A colangioscopia peroral é viável nos pacientes pós-transplante hepático com estenose biliar anastomótica. Os achados colangioscópicos podem ser classificados em alterações inflamatórias agudas, fibróticas e vasculares. A colangioscopia pode ser útil para auxiliar na passagem do fio-guia, mas seu papel geral na mudança de tratamento nos pacientes pós-transplante hepático não foi demonstrado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Bile Ducts/surgery , Bile Ducts/pathology , Cholestasis/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Pancreatitis , Acute Disease , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Constriction, Pathologic , Living Donors
4.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e735, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156450

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La estenosis de la vía biliar es una afección poco frecuente, pero con serias repercusiones en la morbilidad de los pacientes. La gran mayoría ocurre después de la cirugía hepatobiliar: la colecistectomía es la más común de estas cirugías. El reconocimiento temprano y el enfoque multidisciplinario adecuado es la piedra angular para lograr obtener resultados finales óptimos. Objetivo: Describir el tratamiento endoscópico de los pacientes con estenosis poscolescistectomía atendidos en el Instituto de Gastroenterología (Cuba). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo descriptivo de los pacientes con diagnóstico de estenosis biliar poscolescitectomía. Se determinaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y endoscópicas de interés. Resultados: Se estudiaron 16 pacientes. Predominaron las mujeres menores de 50 años. El 75 por ciento de los pacientes tenían antecedente de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Las estenosis biliares tipo I y III, según la clasificación de Bismuth, fueron las más usuales. El tratamiento endoscópico mediante colangiografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) con colocación de múltiples prótesis plásticas fue la conducta terapéutica más empleada. Conclusiones: En las estenosis poscolescitectomía los procedimientos endoscópicos se han convertido en el tratamiento de elección, como un procedimiento menos invasivo, con baja morbilidad y mortalidad, con evidentes resultados comparables a los logrados con procedimientos quirúrgicos no endoscópicos(AU)


Introduction: Bile duct stenosis is an infrequent condition, but it seriously affects patient morbidity. The vast majority of cases occur after hepatobiliary surgery, cholecystectomy being the most common of such surgeries. Early recognition and an appropriate multidisciplinary approach are the cornerstones to achieve optimal final results. Objective: Describe the endoscopic treatment of patients with postcholecystectomy stenosis cared for at the Institute of Gastroenterology in Cuba. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted of the patients diagnosed with postcholecystectomy bile duct stenosis. Determination was made of sociodemographic, clinical and endoscopic variables of interest. Results: A total 16 patients were studied. There was a predominance of women aged under 50 years. 75 percent of the patients had a history of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The most common bile duct stenoses were types I and III by Bismuth's classification. The most frequent therapeutic management was endoscopic treatment by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) with placement of multiple plastic prostheses. Conclusions: Endoscopic procedures have become the treatment of choice in postcholecystectomy stenosis. They are less invasive, their morbidity and mortality are low, and their results are comparable to those of non-endoscopic surgical procedures(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Prostheses and Implants , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(1): 1607-1621, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127018

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: en febrero de 2010 se introdujo la técnica colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica en la provincia de Matanzas, dando cobertura a los casos con esta indicación, y atendiendo a un importante grupo de pacientes en edad geriátrica. Objetivo: describir los resultados después de ocho años de trabajo. Material y Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, en pacientes mayores de 65 años, quienes se realizaron el estudio en el servicio de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso del Hospital Universitario Clínico Quirúrgico "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", en el período de enero 2010 a enero de 2018. La población de estudio quedó conformada por 698 pacientes, que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión con 713 informes de colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica. Resultados: predominó el sexo femenino y la canulación del conducto deseado, se utilizó como técnica complementaria el pre corte, en cuanto a los diagnósticos realizados la litiasis coledociana resultó ser el más frecuente, y la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica con acción terapéutica fue la más realizada con la pancreatitis como complicación más encontrada, fallecieron en el período estudiado cuatro pacientes como consecuencia de colangitis aguda grave. Conclusiones: los resultados obtenidos son similares a los realizados, en poblaciones sometidas al proceder en general, independientemente a la edad de los pacientes, resultando ser un proceder seguro en edades geriátricas, siendo la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica en este medio un arma con gran utilidad diagnóstica y terapéutica con una frecuencia de morbi-mortalidad que lo garantiza (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography technique was introduced in the province of Matanzas in February 2010, for the treatment of the cases with this indication and attending an important group of patients in geriatric age. Objective: to describe the results of this technique after eight years of use. Method: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in patients aged more than 65 years, who were attended in the service of Minimal Access Surgery of the Clinical Surgical University Hospital "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", in the period January 2010-January 2018. The studied population was 698 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria for 713 reports of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Results: female sex and cannulation of the desired duct predominated; pre-cut was used as complementary technique. Choledocholithiasis was the most frequent diagnosis; the most used therapeutic action was endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and pancreatitis was the most commonly found complication. In the studied period, four patients died as a consequence of severe acute cholangitis. Conclusions: the obtained results are similar to those obtained in populations undergoing the procedure in general, patients´ age-independent. It is a safe procedure in geriatric ages. The endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a tool of a great diagnosis and therapeutic usefulness in our midst, with a morbid-mortality frequency guarantying it (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Patients/classification , Minor Surgical Procedures/methods , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/standards , Methods
6.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(2): e1432, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001039

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Obesity can be treated with bariatric surgery; but, excessive weight loss may lead to diseases of the bile duct such as cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure for these conditions, and may be hampered by the anatomical changes after surgery. Aim: Report the efficacy and the safety of videolaparoscopy-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography technique in patients after bariatric surgery with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Method: Retrospective study performed between 2007 and 2017. Data collected were: age, gender, surgical indication, length of hospital stay, etiological diagnosis, rate of therapeutic success, intra and postoperative complications. Results: Seven patients had choledocholithiasis confirmed by image exam, mainly in women. The interval between gastric bypass and endoscopic procedure ranged from 1 to 144 months. There were no intraoperative complications. The rate of duodenal papillary cannulation was 100%. Regarding complications, the majority of cases were related to gastrostomy, and rarely to endoscopic procedure. There were two postoperative complications, a case of chest-abdominal pain refractory to high doses of morphine on the same day of the procedure, and a laboratory diagnosis of acute pancreatitis after the procedure in an asymptomatic patient. The maximum hospital stay was four days. Conclusion: The experience with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography through laparoscopic gastrostomy is a safe and effective procedure, since most complications are related to the it and did not altered the sequence to perform the conventional cholangiopancreatography.


RESUMO Racional: A obesidade pode ser tratada com a cirurgia bariátrica; porém, doenças da via biliar como colelitíase e coledocolitíase podem surgir, principalmente devido à grande perda de peso. A colangiopancreatografia retrógrada é procedimento diagnóstico e terapêutico dessas afecções, e pode ser dificultada pela alteração anatômica após a operação. Objetivos: Relatar a eficácia e a segurança da colangiopancreatografia endoscópica retrógrada assistida por videolaparoscopia nos pacientes pós-cirurgia bariátrica com derivação gástrica em Y-de-Roux. Método: Estudo retrospectivo entre 2007 e 2017. Foram coletados: idade, gênero, indicação cirúrgica, tempo de internamento, diagnóstico etiológico, taxa de sucesso terapêutico, intercorrências intra e pós-operatórias. Resultados: Sete pacientes tiveram coledocolitíase confirmada por exame de imagem, principalmente em mulheres. O intervalo entre a derivação gástrica e o procedimento endoscópico variou de 1 a 144 meses. Não houve intercorrências intraoperatórias. A canulação da papila duodenal foi obtida em 100% dos casos. A maioria dos casos de complicações foi relacionada à gastrostomia, e raramente ao procedimento endoscópico. Houve duas intercorrências pós-operatórias, um caso de dor toracoabdominal refratária às doses elevadas de morfina no mesmo dia do procedimento, além de um diagnóstico laboratorial de pancreatite aguda pós-procedimento em paciente assintomático. A permanência hospitalar máxima foi de quatro dias. Conclusão: A colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica pela gastrostomia laparoscópica é método eficaz, seguro, visto que a maioria das complicações foi relacionada à gastrostomia; ela não altera a sequência de realização da colangiopancreatografia convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gastric Bypass/methods , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Weight Loss , Cholelithiasis/etiology , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
7.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(5): 1617-1628, set.-oct. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978691

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó un caso con complicación tardía de una colecistectomía video-laparoscópica, cuatro años después de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Se procedió a realizar la colangiopancreatografia retrograda endoscópica mediante la técnica convencional, por un especialista en Gastroenterología. Se procedió a realizar pre-corte papilar y se logró extraer el clip con pinza de biopsia. Se produjo la expulsión espontánea de un litio oscuro de aproximadamente 1 cm de diámetro (AU).


ABSTRACT We presented a case with late complication of a video-laparoscopic cholecystectomy, occurring four years after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A specialist in Gastroenterology carried out an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography using the conventional technique. A papillary pre-cut was done and the clip was extracted with biopsy clamp. A dark stone of around 1 cm of diameter was spontaneously passed (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgical Instruments/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Patients , Surgical Procedures, Operative/rehabilitation , Gallstones/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Foreign Bodies/complications
8.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(2): 79-92, 20180000. cua
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370668

ABSTRACT

Choledocholithiasis is one of the more common benign disorders of the biliary tract with multiple features of presentation and several alternatives for its diagnosis and treatment. Our aim was to perform a based-evidence revision to propose a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. The raised values of gamma glutamiltranspeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin, are well predictors for a choledocholithiasis. The image evidence for a pre-operative detection with higher sensibility, specificity and better cost-effectiveness is the cholangioresonance. For its intraoperative detection, the cholangiography is the method most frequently used, though cholangioscopy is likewise useful. In the case of a post-operative suspicious, the cholangiography through the T tube is the gold standard. With regard to the treatment of the choledocholithiasis, the different stages are analyzed. depending if the detection was performed pre, intra or postoperatively. As a conclusion, the approach of the choledocholithiasis in one step seems to be better that to perform it in two steps, being the laparoscopic exploration for bile ducts stones more safety than the use of the intraoperative ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) .The postoperative ERCP is not recommended excepting in very selected cases, and the biliodigestive derivations should be reserved only for the primary lithiasis of the common bile duc


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts/surgery , Cholangiography , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Choledocholithiasis/pathology , Mirizzi Syndrome/therapy
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 56(1): 84-90, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900968

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Mirizzi es una inflamación poco frecuente y crónica ocasionada por un cálculo impactado en la bolsa de Hartmann con obstrucción parcial o completa del conducto biliar principal, que infiere un difícil diagnóstico preoperatorio y controversial manejo terapéutico. El objetivo del trabajo fue exponer el tratamiento de cinco pacientes con diagnóstico de síndrome de Mirizzi tipo V. Se realizó una revisión de las bases de datos Pubmed, Dynamed y Conchrane en busca de artículos relacionados. Se presentó el tratamiento de esta entidad en cinco pacientes teniendo en cuenta la experiencia del autor y los hallazgos de la revisión realizada. La cirugía convencional es la vía ideal de acceso para el tratamiento de esta entidad utilizando las derivaciones bilioentéricas en sus variantes. Un alto índice de sospecha se requiere para un diagnóstico preoperatorio e intraoperatorio certero, con una óptima planificación quirúrgica(AU)


Mirizzi's syndrome is a rare and chronic inflammation caused by a gallstone impacted in the Hartmann's pouch with partial or complete obstruction of the main bile duct, which results in difficult preoperative diagnosis and controversial therapeutic management. To present the treatment of five patients diagnosed with Mirizzi's syndrome type V. A search for articles was carried out in the databases Pubmed, Dynamed and Conchrane. The treatment of this entity was presented in five patients, taking into account the author´s experience of the review´s findings. Conventional surgery is the ideal access route for this entity´s treatment using bilioenteric bypass in its variants. A high index of suspicion is required for accurate preoperative and intraoperative diagnosis, with optimal surgical planning(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Cholecystectomy/methods , Mirizzi Syndrome/diagnosis , Databases, Bibliographic/statistics & numerical data , Review Literature as Topic
10.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(4): 269-271, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837542

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Models for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography training allow practice with an expert feedback and without risks. A method to rapidly exchange the papilla can be time saving and accelerate the learning curve. Aim: To demonstrate a newly method of rapid exchange papilla in ex-vivo models to teach retrograde cholangiopancreatography advanced procedures. Methods: A new model of ex-vivo papilla was developed in order to resemble live conditions of procedures as cannulation, papilotomy or fistula-papilotomy, papiloplasty, biliary dilatation, plastic and metallic stentings. Results: The ex-vivo model of papilla rapid exchange is feasible and imitates with realism conditions of retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures. Conclusion: This model allows an innovative method of advanced endoscopic training.


RESUMO Racional: Nas últimas décadas os simuladores de colangiopancreatografia retrógrada tiveram grande evolução. Atualmente dispõem-se de vários métodos para realizar o treinamento minimizando os riscos de complicações e tornando a curva de aprendizagem muito rápida. Objetivo: Demonstrar uma variação dos modelos ex-vivos desenvolvidos para o treinamento avançado em colangiopancreatografia retrograda. Método: Foi criado um modelo ex-vivo simulando fatores e condições reais para o treinamento avançado de colangiopancreatografia retrograda como canulação, papilotomia, fistulotomia, papiloplastia e uso de próteses plásticas e metálicas. Resultados: Esse modelo ex-vivo, com a possibilidade de troca rápida da papila, mostrou-se viável e no treinamento simula condições muito próximas às reais. Conclusão: Neste modelo há grande inovação para o treinamento de novos endoscopistas em procedimento avançados na colangiopancreatografia retrógrada.


Subject(s)
Animals , Radiology/education , Ampulla of Vater , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Swine , Time Factors , Models, Animal
11.
Rev. cuba. med ; 55(3): 257-263, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844999

ABSTRACT

La fasciolasis, en su fase crónica, puede causar un íctero obstructivo biliar por lo que el diagnóstico se confunde frecuentemente con litiasis de vía biliar principal. Se reportó el caso de una paciente con sospecha de colelitiasis, a la que se le realizó colangiopancreatoiografía retrógrada endoscópica. Durante el proceder se encontró un espécimen de Fasciola hepatica. A pesar que se han reportado en la literatura varios casos de esta trematodosis diagnosticados mediante técnica imagenológica, en Cuba son escasos estos reportes.


Fasciolosis, in its chronic phase, can cause biliary obstructive jaundice so the diagnosis is frequently confused with bile duct calculi. This is case report of a patient diagnosed with cholelithiasis who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (CPRE) and during the procedure, fasciola hepatica was found. Despite the cases reported in literature, in Cuba, there are few cases that have been diagnosed trematodoses by imagenological technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Fasciola hepatica/immunology
12.
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(4): 283-288, jul. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-788895

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Presentar la experiencia sobre la utilidad de la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) en el manejo pre- y postoperatorio de pacientes con hidatidosis hepática complicada. Material y método Serie de casos de carácter retrospectivo de 14 pacientes sometidos a CPRE en el Servicio de Cirugía y Endoscopía del Hospital Regional de Coyhaique, desde enero de 2005 a diciembre de 2014. En esta presentación se separan a los pacientes en los cuales la CPRE fue utilizada como diagnóstico de aquellos en los que se utilizó como manejo de la fístula biliar externa. Los pacientes después del alta fueron controlados al mes, 3, 6 meses, para posteriormente realizarlo anualmente. Resultados Hubo 5 pacientes sometidos a CPRE en el preoperatorio. El motivo de consulta fue ictericia y dolor. En todos se encontraron membranas hidatídicas las cuales fueron extraídas. Se realizó esfinterotomía en todos ellos y en solo uno se dejó endoprótesis. Cuatro pacientes fueron estabilizados y operados de manera programada y solo uno no requirió de intervención. En los 9 pacientes con fístula biliar externa, débito > 200 ml, se realizó CPRE en el postoperatorio. El tamaño promedio del quiste fue de 12 cm y 2/3 de ellos eran multivesiculares. La técnica realizada fue quistectomía parcial y en 4/9 se llevó a cabo mediante videolaparoscopía. La indicación de la CPRE se efectúo a los 20 días y el débito promedio fue de 498 ml/día. En todos se realizó esfinterotomía con instalación de endoprótesis. El cierre de la fístula biliar externa aconteció a los 28 días. El seguimiento promedio alcanzó los 6 años y no existió mortalidad en la presente serie. Conclusión Este estudio confirma que la CPRE es un procedimiento útil y seguro en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las complicaciones biliares de la hidatidosis hepática.


Aim To report the experience with endoscopic colangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the pre and postoperative management of complicated liver hydatidosis. Material and methods Case series retrospective of 14 patients who underwent ERCP in the Department of Surgery and Endoscopy Regional Hospital of Coyhaique, from January 2005 to December 2014. In this presentation, patients are separated in whom ERCP was used as diagnosis of those in which was used as handling external biliary fistula. Patients after discharge were monitored per month, 3, 6 months later to realize it annually Results Five patients consulting for jaundice and pain were subjected to ERCP in the preoperative period. Hydatid membranes were found and extracted in all. A sphincterotomy was performed in all and an endoprosthesis was placed in one. Four patients were operated posteriorly and only one did not require surgery. On 9 patients with an external biliary fistula draining more than 200 ml/day, a postoperative ERCP was carried out. The mean sized of the cyst was 12 cm and two thirds were multi-vesicular. The surgical procedure was a partial cystectomy and in four it was laparoscopic. The mean output of fistulae was 498 ml/day. The ERCP was carried out in the twentieth postoperative day, performing a sphincterotomy and placing an endoprosthesis in all. Fistulae closed at 28 days. Patients were followed for six years and none died. Conclusions ERCP is safe and useful for the diagnosis and management of biliary complications of liver hydatidosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Biliary Fistula/surgery , Biliary Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Echinococcosis, Hepatic/complications , Bile Duct Diseases/surgery , Bile Duct Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Biliary Fistula/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Echinococcosis, Pulmonary/surgery
13.
Rev. cuba. med ; 55(2): 141-149, abr.-jun. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-795963

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las neoplasias de la vía biliar son infrecuentes y se asocian a alta mortalidad y mal pronóstico. Ocupan el quinto lugar entre los cánceres digestivos después de estómago, colon, recto y esófago. En Cuba existe un incremento en el diagnóstico de esta entidad. Objetivo: caracterizar clínica y endoscópicamente los tumores de la vía biliar de los pacientes. Métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva retrospectiva en pacientes que se realizaron colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica en el Centro de Investigaciones Médico Quirúrgicas entre enero del 2006 y diciembre del 2014. Se revisaron todos los informes de este proceder y se determinaron las variables sociodemográficas (edad y sexo), datos clínicos por lo que se realiza, diagnóstico endoscópico y terapéuticas endoscópicas realizadas. Resultados: se realizaron 830 colangiopancreatografías retrógradas endoscópicas y se diagnosticó tumor de la vía biliar en 73 (8,8 por ciento) pacientes y ampulomas en 40 (4,8 por ciento), predominó el grupo etario entre 60 y 69 años (31,0 por ciento), el 57,8 por ciento del total de pacientes era del sexo femenino, el principal dato clínico que motivó la indicación del proceder fue el síndrome ictérico que estuvo presente en el 76,7 por ciento del total de pacientes y la colocación de endoprótesis fue la terapéutica endoscópica más empleada (80,2 por ciento de los casos). Conclusión: predominaron los pacientes del sexo femenino y la sexta década de la vida, el tumor al nivel del hepático común fue más frecuente, la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica desempeñó el papel principal en el diagnóstico y tratamiento paliativo de este grupo de pacientes(AU)


Introduction: neoplasms of the biliary tract are rare and are associated with high mortality and poor prognosis. It ranks fifth among gastrointestinal cancers after stomach, colon, rectum and esophagus. In Cuba there is an increase in the diagnosis of this entity. Objective: to characterize the clinical and endoscopic bile duct tumors of patients. Methods: a retrospective descriptive study in patients was conducted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were performed in the CIMEQ Hospital between January 2006 and December 2014. To conduct the study were reviewed all reports of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and sociodemographic variables (age and sex), clinical data so that the procedure is performed, endoscopic diagnosis and endoscopic treatment performed type are determined. Results: 830 proceedings of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography where bile duct tumor was diagnosed in 73 (8.8 percent) patients and ampullary in 40 (4.8 percent) patients, predominant age group between 60 and 69 years to 31,0 percent were performed , the female was present in 57.8 percent of patients, as the main clinical data that motivated the indication of proceeding was the jaundice syndrome was present in 76.7 percent of patients and placement stent was the most used endoscopic therapy in 80.2 percent of cases. Conclusion: patients were predominantly female and the sixth decade of life, the level of the common tumor was more frequent liver, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography played the leading role in the diagnosis and palliative treatment of this patient group(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bile Duct Neoplasms/diagnosis , Bile Duct Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 54(4): 0-0, oct.-dic. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-769388

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada es un procedimiento que permite el tratamiento mínimamente invasivo de afecciones biliopancreáticas. Objetivos: describir los resultados de las colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada realizadas en pacientes de la tercera edad y comparar los síntomas y signos, motivos de indicación, diagnósticos, maniobras terapéuticas y complicaciones con los de los adultos no ancianos. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, que incluyó a 120 pacientes a los que se les realizó colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada en el servicio de Gastroenterología del Hospital Militar Dr. Luis Díaz Soto desde septiembre 2012 hasta diciembre del 2013. Los pacientes fueron divididos en dos grupos de edades y se tomó como punto de corte los 65 años. Se analizaron variables clínicas, endoscópicas y las complicaciones. Resultados: no se encontraron diferencias entre los síntomas y signos. Predominaron en el grupo de ancianos la indicación de la CPRE ante la sospecha de tumores (30/120, 25 por ciento, p=0,001) y el diagnóstico de estenosis maligna de la vía biliar distal (23/120, 19,1 por ciento, p=0,02). La fosfatasa alcalina estuvo más elevada en estos casos (1066,3 mmol/L, p=0,05). La litiasis coledociana fue más común entre los más jóvenes (39/120, 32,5 por ciento, p=0,001), en ellos se realizó mayor número de esfinterotomías (50/120; 41,6 por ciento, p=0,05). Ocurrió un 5 por ciento de complicaciones leves, de tipo hemorrágicas en los ancianos. No existió mortalidad. Conclusiones: se confirma el valor de la colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada como procedimiento seguro en pacientes de la tercera edad, que permite el tratamiento curativo o paliativo de afecciones biliopancreáticas(AU)


Introduction: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure that allows the minimally invasive treatment of biliopancreatic conditions. Objectives: To describe the results of the ERCP in aged patients and to compare the symptoms and signs, reasons of indication, diagnoses, therapeutic maneuvers and complications with those of non-aged adults. Methods: Descriptive study that included 120 patients who were performed endoscopic retrograde cholangeiopancreatography at the Gastroenterology servvice of Dr. Luis Díaz Soto Military Hospital from September 2012 to December 2013. The patients were divided into two age groups and the cutoff point was 65 years. Clinical and endoscopic variables as well as complications were analyzed. Results: No differences between symptoms and signs were found. In the elderly group, the indication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in view of tumor suspicion (30/120, 25 percent, p=0.001) and the diagnosis of malignant distal biliary tract stenosis (23/120, 19.1 percent, p=0.02) prevailed. The alkaline fosfatase values were higher in these cases (1066.3 mmol/L, p=0.05). Cholelithiasis was more common in youngsters (39/120, 32,5 percent, p=0,001) who underwent sphyncterotomy more frequently (50/120, 41,6 percent, p=0,05). Five percent of slight complications, of hemorrhagic type occurred in the elderly. There were no deaths. Conclusions: This paper confirmed the value of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography as safe procedure in elderly patients that allows the curative or palliative treatment of biliopancreatic diseases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/adverse effects , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(9): 1121-1128, set. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-762682

ABSTRACT

Background: Intraductal stones, ductal abnormalities and pancreatic pseudocysts are part of chronic pancreatitis (CP). The goal of treatment is pain relief, resolution of local complications and relapse prevention. Endoscopic therapy (ET) can be considered in those who do not respond to medical treatment. Aim: To evaluate the indication, immediate and long-term results of ET in CP patients. Patients and Methods: Review of a database of patients with CP analyzing results of ET in 18 patients aged 16 to 60 years (13 males). Demographics, etiology, endoscopic technique, indication for treatment, pain relief, relapses and complications were recorded. Results: The etiology of CP was alcohol consumption in 5, idiopathic in 11, hereditary in one and autoimmune in one case. The follow-up period was 6 months to 14 years. Seven patients had diabetes mellitus type 3c and eight had moderate to severe exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Pancreatic papillotomy was performed in all patients, with removal of some stones, without attempting a complete clearance of the pancreatic duct. In addition, a 7-10 French stent was placed in the main pancreatic duct in 15 patients with varying permanence (months to years). The stent was changed guided by recurrence of clinical symptoms. During the follow-up period, 10 patients remained asymptomatic and in three, pain or relapse were significantly reduced. Stenting failed in one patient for technical reasons. Two patients were operated. There were neither immediate nor late complications from ET. Conclusions: Long-lasting improvement of CP was observed in 13 of 18 patients treated with ET, without complications associated with the procedure.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Pancreatitis, Chronic/surgery , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Abdominal Pain/therapy , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Period , Pancreatitis, Chronic/complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/adverse effects , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/methods , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
17.
Gut and Liver ; : 109-112, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61567

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is technically challenging in patients with altered gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy. We evaluated the feasibility of cap-assisted ERCP in patients with altered GI anatomy. METHODS: The outcome of ERCP procedures (n=136) was analyzed in 78 patients with Billroth II (B-II) gastrectomy (n=72), Roux-en-Y total gastrectomy (n=4), and hepaticoduodenostomy (n=2). The intubation rate for reaching the papilla of Vater (POV), deep biliary cannulation rate, therapeutic interventions and procedure-related complications were analyzed. All of the procedures were conducted using a cap-fitted forward-viewing endoscope. RESULTS: The rate of access to the POV was 97.1% (132/136). In cases with successful access, selective biliary cannulation was achieved in 98.5% (130/132) of the patients. The successful biliary cannulation rates were 100% (125/125) for B-II gastrectomy, 50% (2/4) for Roux-en-Y gastrectomy and 100% (3/3) for hepaticoduodenostomy. After selective biliary cannulation, therapeutic interventions, including stone extraction (n=57), sphincterotomy (n=54), stent placement (n=37), nasobiliary drainage (n=20), endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation (n=7) and mechanical lithotripsy (n=15), were performed successfully. The procedure-related complication rate was 8.8% (12/136), including immediate bleeding (5.9%, 8/136), pancreatitis (2.2%, 3/136), and perforation (0.7%, 1/136). There were no procedure-related deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Cap-assisted ERCP is efficient and safe in patients with altered GI anatomy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Duodenostomy/methods , Feasibility Studies , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Bypass/methods , Gastrointestinal Tract/abnormalities , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 417-423, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142459

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be an effective treatment for bile leakage after liver transplantation. We evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in liver transplantation in patients who developed bile leaks. METHODS: Forty-two patients who developed bile leaks after liver transplantation were included in the study. If a bile leak was observed on ERCP, a sphincterotomy was performed, and a nasobiliary catheter was then inserted. If a bile leak was accompanied by a bile duct stricture, either the stricture was dilated with balloons, followed by nasobiliary catheter insertion across the bile duct stricture, or endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage was performed. RESULTS: In the bile leakage alone group (22 patients), endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 19 (86.4%) and clinically successful in 17 (77.3%) cases. Among the 20 patients with bile leaks with bile duct strictures, endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 13 (65.0%) and clinically successful in 10 (50.0%) cases. Among the 42 patients who underwent ERCP, technical success was achieved in 32 (76.2%) cases and clinical success was achieved in 27 (64.3%) cases. CONCLUSIONS: ERCP is an effective and safe therapeutic modality for bile leaks after liver transplantation. ERCP should be considered as an initial therapeutic modality in post-liver transplantation patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Bile , Biliary Tract Diseases/etiology , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Drainage , Female , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 417-423, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142458

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be an effective treatment for bile leakage after liver transplantation. We evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in liver transplantation in patients who developed bile leaks. METHODS: Forty-two patients who developed bile leaks after liver transplantation were included in the study. If a bile leak was observed on ERCP, a sphincterotomy was performed, and a nasobiliary catheter was then inserted. If a bile leak was accompanied by a bile duct stricture, either the stricture was dilated with balloons, followed by nasobiliary catheter insertion across the bile duct stricture, or endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage was performed. RESULTS: In the bile leakage alone group (22 patients), endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 19 (86.4%) and clinically successful in 17 (77.3%) cases. Among the 20 patients with bile leaks with bile duct strictures, endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 13 (65.0%) and clinically successful in 10 (50.0%) cases. Among the 42 patients who underwent ERCP, technical success was achieved in 32 (76.2%) cases and clinical success was achieved in 27 (64.3%) cases. CONCLUSIONS: ERCP is an effective and safe therapeutic modality for bile leaks after liver transplantation. ERCP should be considered as an initial therapeutic modality in post-liver transplantation patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Bile , Biliary Tract Diseases/etiology , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Drainage , Female , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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