Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 706
Filter
1.
In. Rodríguez Temesio, Gustavo Orlando; Olivera Pertusso, Eduardo Andrés; Berriel, Edgardo; Bentancor De Paula, Marisel Lilian; Cantileno Desevo, Pablo Gustavo; Chinelli Ramos, Javier; Guarnieri, Damián; Lapi, Silvana; Hernández Negrin, Rodrigo; Laguzzi Rosas, María Cecilia. Actualizaciones en clínica quirúrgica. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro-FEFMUR, 2024. p.50-51, ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1553000
2.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines Journal ; : 64-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003672

ABSTRACT

Background@#Acute cholangitis (AC) in children is a rare but life-threatening infection. Symptoms vary from mild to severe disease. There are no local published data on pediatric AC.@*Objective@#To determine the clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic, microbiologic features, and treatment outcome of pediatric patients with definite AC.@*Methodology@#Cross-sectional study using medical records of pediatric patients diagnosed with definite AC based on the Modified Tokyo Guidelines of 2018 admitted from January 2016 to June 2021.@*Results@#Twenty-seven patients aged 0 to 18 years old (10.06 + 7.34), predominantly male (51.85%) were included. Choledocholithiasis (22%) and post-Kasai biliary atresia (22%) were the common underlying biliary conditions. Fever (88.89%) was the most frequent presenting symptom. Majority were classified as moderate AC (40.74%). Leukocytosis (mean 16×109/L), elevated inflammatory markers (93.33% with CRP >12mg/L and 100% with serum procalcitonin >0.25ng/mL), hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin 192.54±126.87umol/L) and elevated alanine transferases (mean 59 IU/L) were noted. Twenty-one out of 27 cases (87%) had a negative blood culture. Only 4 patients underwent bile culture, of which two (50%) grew Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to empiric antibiotics. Dilated biliary ducts were observed on abdominal ultrasound in 92.59% of patients. Ampicillin-sulbactam (29.63%) was the most commonly utilized antibiotic. Discharge rate was high (88.89%).@*Conclusions@#AC affects all pediatric age groups but clinical presentations vary. Drug resistant organisms are a significant concern but despite this, favorable outcomes have been documented.


Subject(s)
Child , Cholangitis , Choledocholithiasis
3.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 26(1): 24-32, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530050

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Las Guías Tokio 2018 son un conjunto de directrices médicas actualizadas y reconocidas que ofrecen recomendaciones detalladas para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la colangitis aguda, una inflamación aguda de los conductos biliares que puede ser potencialmente grave. Objetivo: Examinar la utilidad de la aplicación de las Guías Tokio 2018 para el diagnóstico y tratamiento en pacientes con Colangitis Aguda ingresados al Hospital Escuela durante 2018-2019. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal, se revisaron 54 expedientes clínicos que registraron datos sociodemográficos, antecedentes personales y patológicos, laboratoriales e imagenológicas. Los resultados se presentaron como frecuencias, porcentajes, promedios y rangos. Resultados: Las Guías de Tokio 2018 (TG18) fueron implementadas en un 94%. La colangitis aguda leve fue más frecuente en 48.1%. La concordancia en la estatificación de los casos según TG18 erró con mayor proporción en las colangitis grado 2 (15% No, 7% Si); la lesión renal siendo la falla orgánica más frecuente 25.9% (14). El manejo antibiótico concordó en el 70.0%. El drenaje biliar se realizó de forma oportuna en 14.0%. La causa más frecuente de colangitis fue la litiasis en un 48.2%. El promedio de hospitalización fue de 5-9 días en 31.5%. El 63.0% (34) de los pacientes egresó mejorado y el 24.0% (13) fallecieron. Conclusión: La utilización de lasTG18 por parte del Hospital Escuela demostró un enfoque en mejorar la precisión del diagnóstico y optimizar la administración de antibióticos. Sin embargo, su eficacia parece comparativamente disminuida cuando se aplica al aspecto fundamental del drenaje de los conductos biliares.


Background: The Tokyo 2018 Guidelines are a set of recognized and up-to-date medical guidelines that provide detailed recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of acute cholangitis, an acute inflammation of the bile ducts that can be potentially serious. Objective: To examine the usefulness of the application of the Tokyo 2018 Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with Acute Cholangitis admitted to the Hospital Escuela during 2018-2019. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study, reviewing 54 clinical records that recorded sociodemographic data, personal and pathological, laboratory and imaging history. Results were presented as frequencies, percentages, means, and ranges. Results: The Tokyo 2018 Guidelines (TG18) were implemented by 94%. Mild acute cholangitis was more frequent in 48.1%. The concordance in the staging of the cases according to TG18 erred with a greater proportion in grade 2 cholangitis (15% No, 7% Yes); kidney injury being the most frequent organic failure 25.9% (14). The antibiotic management agreed in 70.0%. Biliary drainage was performed in a timely manner in 14.0%. The most frequent cause of cholangitis was lithiasis in 48.2%. The average hospitalization was 5-9 days in 31.5%. 63.0% (34) of the patients discharged improved and 24.0% (13) died. Conclusion: The use of TG18 by the Hospital Escuela demonstrated a focus on improving diagnostic accuracy and optimizing the administration of antibiotics. However, its efficacy appears comparatively diminished when applied to the fundamental aspect of bile duct drainage.


Subject(s)
Cholangitis
4.
Hepatología ; 4(2): 152-164, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1429016

ABSTRACT

La colangitis biliar primaria es una enfermedad hepática autoinmune que conduce a la destrucción progresiva de los conductos biliares intrahepáticos, lo que aumenta el riesgo de desarrollar cirrosis e hipertensión portal. Actualmente, el ácido ursodesoxicólico es el medicamento de primera línea para el tratamiento de esta entidad. Este medicamento desplaza los ácidos biliares hidrofóbicos y aumenta las concentraciones de ácidos biliares hidrofílicos en la bilis, lo cual favorece la integridad de los conductos biliares, adicionalmente, tiene efectos antiinflamatorios y propiedades inmunomo-duladoras y antiapoptóticas. En los últimos 40 años, numerosos ensayos clínicos han respaldado la eficacia clínica del ácido ursodesoxicólico y su seguridad cuando se utiliza en pacientes con colan-gitis biliar primaria. Se realiza una revisión del ácido ursodesoxicólico en el contexto de colangitis biliar primaria, se describe su historia, mecanismos de acción, efectos secundarios y dosificación. Finalmente, se menciona su uso en situaciones especiales como son el embarazo y la lactancia


Primary biliary cholangitis is an autoimmune liver disease that leads to progressive destruction of intrahepatic bile ducts, increasing the risk of developing cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Currently, ursodeoxycholic acid is the first-line drug for the treatment of this condition. This drug displaces hy-drophobic bile acids and increases concentrations of hydrophilic bile acids in the bile, which favors the integrity of the bile ducts, additionally, it has anti-inflammatory effects and immunoprotective and antiapoptotic properties. Over the past 40 years numerous clinical trials have supported the clinical efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid and its safety when used in patients with primary biliary cholangitis. A review of ursodeoxycholic acid in the context of primary biliary cholangitis is carried out, and its history, mechanisms of action, side effects and dosage are described. Finally, its use in special situations such as pregnancy and lactation are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Cholangitis , Safety , Bile , Bile Ducts , Bile Acids and Salts , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 348-354, oct. 2022. graf, il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422947

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La litiasis vesicular asociada a coledocolitiasis puede tener distintos tratamientos, endoscópicos o quirúrgicos, dependiendo del paciente, el entrenamiento del personal médico y de la disponibilidad de instrumental. Ninguno ha demostrado estar exento de complicaciones. Presentamos dos técnicas tendientes a mejorar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de la coledocolitiasis. Una es la extracción transcística de coledocolitiasis y stent, en pacientes que fueron tratados endoscópicamente por colangitis, tendiente a resolver el problema (la litiasis vesicular, la coledocolitiasis y el stent) en un solo tiempo por cirugía laparoscópica. La segunda es una nueva indicación de una técnica ya descripta, la dilatación papilar anterógrada con balón, utilizada en este caso para disminuir las fugas biliares tras un cierre primario de colédoco.


ABSTRACT Cholelithiasis associated with choledocholithiasis may have different treatments, either by endoscopy or surgery, depending on the patient, level of training of the medical staff and availability of instruments. None of them is free of complications. We report two non-conventional techniques aimed at improving the results of the management of choledocholithiasis. Transcystic removal of common bile duct stones and stent in patients who underwent endoscopic treatment for cholangitis is one of these new techniques to manage cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis and stent removal in a single procedure through laparoscopy. The second technique is a new indication of a previously described procedure, antegrade balloon papillary dilation to reduce biliary leaks after primary closure of the common bile duct.


Subject(s)
Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Creativity , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Stents , Cholangitis , Laparoscopy , Common Bile Duct , Lithiasis/surgery
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 359-363, oct. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422949

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El pseudotumor inflamatorio hepático es una lesión muy infrecuente, sin una etiología ni patogenia claras. Su diagnóstico preoperatorio no es habitual pero, en caso de realizarse, puede evitar la cirugía. Presentamos el caso de un paciente joven, con antecedente de lupus cutáneo que, tras debutar con una pancreatitis aguda, presenta episodios de colangitis y cuyos hallazgos radiológicos no permiten descartar la presencia de un colangiocarcinoma, por lo que se realiza hepatectomía izquierda, siendo el diagnóstico histológico final de pseudotumor inflamatorio hepático.


ABSTRACT Inflammatory pseudotumors of the liver are rare and lack clear etiology and pathogenesis. The preoperative diagnosis is seldom made but it avoids unnecessary surgery. We report the case of a young male patient with a history of cutaneous lupus and episodes cholangitis after an acute pancreatitis. As the imaging tests could not rule out cholangiocarcinoma, a left liver resection was performed, and the final histologic diagnosis was inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/surgery , Liver Diseases , Cholangitis/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/pathology , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnostic imaging , Hepatectomy
7.
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e202, jul. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384410

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las complicaciones de la litiasis biliar (LB) son una causa importante de morbilidad en nuestro país y en el mundo entero y generan elevados costos en salud. Objetivo: El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar, que pacientes con una complicación de su patología litiásica de la vía biliar (colecistitis, colangitis aguda, pancreatitis aguda), fueron previamente asintomáticos, resultando dicha complicación el debut de la enfermedad. Lugar: Sanatorio Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevideo Uruguay. Diseño: Estudio observacional descriptivo, retrospectivo, análisis de historias clínicas. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizaron 234 casos clínicos. Se constató en este grupo de pacientes, características epidemiológicas, metodología diagnóstica, tratamientos recibidos y complicaciones. Resultados: Del total de pacientes (n=234), 109 (46.6%) tenían una litiasis vesicular asintomática (LVA) y la complicación biliar, fue el debut de su enfermedad. La colecistitis aguda fue la complicación más frecuente (68%), en segundo lugar, la colangitis aguda (22%) y en tercer lugar la pancreatitis aguda (10%). La edad promedio de presentación de la enfermedad fue los 59 años. Conclusiones: Casi la mitad de los pacientes (46.6%) que presentaron una complicación de su litiasis biliar eran asintomáticos. Este sería un argumento importante para indicar la colecistectomía laparoscópica con un criterio profiláctico en pacientes con una LVA.


Introduction : Complications of gallstones are an important cause of morbidity in our country and throughout the world and generate high health costs. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine which patients with a complication of their bile duct stone pathology (cholecystitis, acute cholangitis, acute pancreatitis) were previously asymptomatic, and this complication resulted in the onset of the disease. Place: Sanatorium Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevideo Uruguay. Design: Descriptive and retrospective observational study with an analysis of medical records. Materials and Methods: 234 clinical cases were analyzed. Epidemiological characteristics, diagnostic methodology, treatments received, and complications were assessed in this group of patients. Results: Of the total number of patients (n=234), 109 (46.6%) had an asymptomatic gallbladder lithiasis and the biliary complication was the debut of their disease. Acute cholecystitis was the most frequent complication (68%), followed by acute cholangitis (22%) and third by acute pancreatitis (10%). The average age of presentation of the disease was 59 years. Conclusions: Almost half of the patients (46.6%) who presented a complication of their gallstones were asymptomatic. This would be an important argument to indicate laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a prophylactic criterion in patients with asymptomatic gallbladder lithiasis.


Introdução: As complicações dos cálculos biliares são uma importante causa de morbidade em nosso país e em todo o mundo e geram altos custos de saúde. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar quais pacientes com uma complicação de sua patologia de cálculo do ducto biliar (colecistite, colangite aguda, pancreatite aguda) eram previamente assintomáticos, e essa complicação resultou no aparecimento da doença. Local: Sanatório Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevidéu - Uruguai. Desenho: Estudo observacional descritivo, retrospectivo, análise de histórias clínicas. Materiais e Métodos: Foram analisados ​​234 casos clínicos. Características epidemiológicas, metodologia diagnóstica, tratamentos recebidos e complicações foram avaliadas neste grupo de pacientes. Resultados: Do total de pacientes (n=234), 109 (46,6%) apresentavam litíase vesicular assintomática e a complicação biliar foi o início da doença. A colecistite aguda foi a complicação mais frequente (68%), seguida da colangite aguda (22%) e a terceira da pancreatite aguda (10%). A idade média de apresentação da doença foi de 59 anos. Conclusões: Quase metade dos pacientes (46,6%) que apresentaram complicação de seus cálculos biliares eram assintomáticos. Esse seria um argumento importante para indicar a colecistectomia laparoscópica com critério profilático em pacientes com litíase vesicular assintomática.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pancreatitis/epidemiology , Biliary Tract Diseases/complications , Cholangitis/epidemiology , Cholecystitis, Acute/epidemiology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Asymptomatic Diseases , Octogenarians , Nonagenarians
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 264-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928465

ABSTRACT

In 2015, the Chinese Society of Hepatology and Chinese Society of Gastroenterology issued a consensus on the diagnosis and management of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). In the past years, more clinical studies have been reported in the field of PBC. To provide guidance to the clinical diagnosis and management of patients with PBC, the Chinese Society of Hepatology invited a panel of experts to assess the new clinical evidence and formulated the current guidelines which comprises 26 clinical recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholangitis/therapy , Consensus , Gastroenterology , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary/therapy
9.
Hepatología ; 3(2): 203-217, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1396104

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colangitis biliar primaria (CBP) es una enfermedad hepática crónica de origen autoinmune, caracterizada por inflamación y destrucción progresiva de las células epiteliales de los conductos biliares intralobulillares, que causa de manera secundaria colestasis, fibrosis, cirrosis e insuficiencia hepática. La historia natural de la enfermedad ha cambiado en los últimos años debido a la mejoría en los métodos diagnósticos y terapéuticos. Metodología. Estudio observacional descriptivo de cohorte retrospectivo, en el cual se efectuó la revisión y análisis de las historias clínicas de los pacientes mayores de 16 años con diagnóstico de CBP, atendidos en la Unidad de Hepatología y Trasplante Hepático del Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, entre los años 2013 a 2021, con el fin de obtener información sobre las características de esta patología a nivel local. Resultados. Se evaluó un total de 239 pacientes, con un promedio de edad de 61,6±12,31 años, el 97,07% fue del sexo femenino, con criterios serológicos como anticuerpos antimitocondriales (AMA) positivos en un 76,89%, el 66,95% de los pacientes presentaban alguna enfermedad autoinmune concomitante y el 31,60% tuvieron sobreposición con hepatitis autoinmune. La manifestación clínica más frecuente fue el prurito en un 61,92% de los pacientes, seguido por la astenia en un 51,88%. La presencia de hipertensión portal al diagnóstico fue del 29,29%. La colangitis no supurativa y la ductopenia en la biopsia de hígado se documentó en un 43,79% de los casos. El ácido ursodesoxicólico (UDCA) fue la terapia de primera línea en el 100% de los pacientes, se identificó refractariedad del 16,36% según criterios de París II y del 31,79% con los criterios de Toronto. La no respuesta al UDCA, se asoció de manera significativa con mayor mortalidad (p=0,039) y presencia de hepatocarcinoma (p=0,042). Conclusión. Se caracterizó la CBP en nuestra población. El diagnóstico serológico por AMA fue bajo, con altos requerimientos de biopsia hepática en el contexto de síndromes de sobreposición. Los signos de hipertensión portal al momento del diagnóstico fueron prevalentes. La refractariedad bioquímica a la terapiafue descrita en relación con mayor progresión de fibrosis, aumento de mortalidad y presencia de hepatocarcinoma.


ntroduction. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic liver disease of autoimmune origin, characterized by inflammation and progressive destruction of the epithelial cells of the intralobular bile ducts, causing secondary cholestasis, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and liver failure. The natural history of the disease has changed in recent years due to the improvement in diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Methodology. Cross-sectional descriptive observational study, where the medical records of patients older than 16 years with a diagnosis of PBC, treated at the Hepatology and Liver Transplant Unit of the Pablo Tobón Uribe Hospital, between the years 2013 to 2021, were reviewed and analyzed in order to obtain information on the characteristics of this pathology at a local level. Results. A total of 239 patients were evaluated, with a mean age of 61.6±12.31 years, 97.07% were females, with serological criteria such as positive antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA) in 76.89%. Of all included patients, 66.95% had some concomitant autoimmune disease and 31.60% had an overlap with autoimmune hepatitis. The most frequent clinical manifestation was pruritus in 61.92% of the patients, followed by asthenia in 51.88%. The presence of portal hypertension at diagnosis was 29.29%. Non-suppurative cholangitis and ductopenia on liver biopsy were documented in 43.79% of the cases. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) was the first line therapy in 100% of patients, 16.36% were refractory to treatment according to the Paris II criteria and 31.79% according to the Toronto criteria. Non-response to UDCA was significantly associated with higher mortality (p=0.039) and presence of hepatocarcinoma (p=0.042). Conclusion. PBC was characterized in our population. Serological diagnosis by AMA was low, with high requirements for liver biopsy in the context of overlap syndromes. Signs of portal hypertension at diagnosis were prevalent. Biochemical refractoriness to therapy was described in relation to greater progression of fibrosis, increased mortality, and the presence of hepatocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Liver Transplantation , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Autoimmune Diseases , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Cholangitis , Cholestasis , Hepatitis, Autoimmune
10.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 460-466, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356955

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La enfermedad de Caroli es una enfermedad infrecuente que requiere un alto índice de sospecha para su diagnóstico. Puede afectar un segmento hepático, un lóbulo o todo el hígado; suele generar episodios repetidos de colangitis. Existe una amplia gama de propuestas terapéuticas que oscilan desde el tratamiento médico hasta el trasplante de hígado. En este trabajo presentamos 3 casos, realizamos una revisión de la literatura y proponemos una ampliación de la clasificación de Alonso-Lej modificada por Todani que, a nuestra manera de ver, tiene implicaciones a la hora de seleccionar un tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Caroli's disease is a rare condition, and its diagnosis requires high level of suspicion. The disease may affect one segment, one lobe or the entire liver, and may result in repeated episodes of cholangitis. The disease can be managed using different therapeutic approaches ranging from medical treatment to liver transplantation. In this paper we report 3 cases with review of the literature and propose a modification of the classification by Alonso-Lej modified by Todani which we believe may be useful to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholelithiasis , Caroli Disease , Therapeutics , Bile Ducts , Cholangitis , Liver Transplantation , Selectins , Dilatation
11.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(3): 113-109, jul. 29, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1282938

ABSTRACT

Los quistes de colédoco son poco comunes, en los países occidentales se ha reportado una incidencia de 1 por cada 100 mil nacidos vivos. En países asiáticos, esta incidencia es mayor, 1 por 100 nacidos vivos. Son usualmente diagnosticados durante la infancia y en el 25 % de los pacientes se presentan durante su vida adulta. Es inusual que se presenten durante el embarazo, sobre todo, que se manifieste durante el primer trimestre. Se realizó un informe de caso con presentación inusual del cuadro clínico no causal, de una embarazada en su primer trimestre con sintomatología obstructiva, evolucionando a colangitis. se realizan exámenes de gabinete como ultrasonografía abdominal y exámenes de laboratorio revelando obstrucción, además de realizarse colangioresonancia y ultrasonografía endoscópica dando como resultado quiste de colédoco tipo 1C, se realiza drenaje. Posteriormente al alta hospitalaria, la paciente presenta nuevamente cuadro de colangitis, se realiza drenaje endoscópico, sin embargo, presenta aborto


Choledochal cysts are rare, in western countries an incidence of 1 per 100,000 live births has been reported. In Asian countries, this incidence is higher 1 per 100 live births. They are usually diagnosed during childhood and in 25 % of patients they present during their adult life. It is unusual for them to occur during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester. A case report was made with an unusual presentation of the non-causal clinical picture, of a pregnant woman in her first trimester with obstructive symptoms, evolving to cholangitis. Cabinet examinations such as abdominal ultrasonography are performed, resulting in type 1C common bile duct cyst. Drainage is performed After discharge from the hospital, the patient presents again with cholangitis, endoscopic drainage is performed, however, she has abortion


Subject(s)
Humans , Choledochal Cyst , Cholangitis , Common Bile Duct , Pregnant Women
12.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 200-205, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289299

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción y objetivos: El ultrasonido endoscópico con punción-aspiración con aguja fina (USE-PAAF) en lesiones neoplásicas biliopancreáticas suele tener un rendimiento alto, que depende de características de la lesión; aspectos técnicos de la USE-PAAF y la experiencia del endoscopista. De los factores menos estudiados es la presencia de patólogo en sala. Se plantea la realización de USE-PAAF con patólogo en sala para disminuir el número de pases, la tasa de muestras inadecuadas y la necesidad de repetir el procedimiento. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo, con recolección prospectiva de enero de 2018 a junio de 2019, en pacientes adultos sometidos a USE-PAAF. Las muestras obtenidas fueron extendidas y evaluadas en salas de endoscopia por médico patólogo con coloración Diff-Quick y cuando se obtenía una muestra suficiente se enviaba en frasco con formol para bloque celular o biopsias. Resultados: Se realizaron 48 USE-PAAF biliopancreáticas en individuos con una edad mediana de 64 años. Las indicaciones más frecuentes fueron punciones por masa o pseudomasa pancreática (71 % de casos); Se diagnosticaron 35 malignidades (77 % correspondientes a adenocarcinoma, y 14 % a tumores neuroendocrinos). La mediana de tamaño de lesiones fue de 28 mm; el número de pases promedio fue de 3. Se obtuvieron resultados diagnósticos en 89 % frente a 11 % de falsos negativos. Se presentó 1 complicación menor (2,1 %), que fue dolor abdominal. Conclusiones: La USE-PAAF con patólogo en sala tiene alto rendimiento diagnóstico, con escasos resultados falsos negativos. Se requiere una mediana de pases menor, que podría minimizar los riesgos del procedimiento y la necesidad de repetir la prueba.


Abstract Introduction: Endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of pancreatobiliary neoplastic lesions usually has a high performance that depends on the characteristics of the lesion, technical aspects, and expertise of the endoscopist. One of the least studied factors is rapid on-site evaluation with a pathologist in the room. Objective: To perform EUS-FNA with a pathologist in the endoscopy room to reduce the number of passes, the rate of inadequate samples and the need to repeat the procedure. Material and methods: Observational retrospective study with a prospective data collection approach from January 2018 to June 2019 of adult patients undergoing EUS-FNA. The samples obtained were spread and evaluated in endoscopy rooms by a pathologist with Diff-Quick stain, and when a sufficient sample was obtained, it was sent in a vial with formalin for cell block and/or biopsy. Results: 48 pancreatobiliary EUS-FNA were performed in individuals with a median age of 64 years. The most frequent indication was aspiration due to pancreatic mass (71%); 35 malignancies were diagnosed (77% were adenocarcinomas and 14% were neuroendocrine tumors). The median size of the lesions was 28mm, and the average number of passes was 3. Diagnostic results were obtained in 89% vs. 11% of false negatives. There was 1 minor complication (2.1%), which was abdominal pain. Conclusions: EUS-FNA with an in-room pathologist has a high diagnostic performance, with few false negative results. Also, a lower median number of passes is required, minimizing the risks of the procedure and the need for repeating it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bile Duct Diseases , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Caroli Disease , Ultrasonics , Abdominal Pain , Cholangitis , Diagnosis
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 139-144, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379288

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar as ferramentas diagnósticas e de manejo da colangite aguda, da tríade de Charcot aos critérios de Tóquio. Foi realizada revisão da literatura no PubMed® utili- zando a combinação dos descritores "Tokyo Guideline", "Char- cot's triad" e "Acute cholangitis". A tríade de Charcot foi a pri- meira ferramenta diagnóstica da colangite aguda. Apesar de sua contribuição, foram os critérios de Tóquio a primeira diretriz com evidência clínica para diagnóstico, classificação de severidade e estratégia para o manejo da colangite aguda. A literatura atual busca identificar marcadores de mau prognóstico do paciente, como a procalcitonina, assim como o tempo ideal para a terapia antibiótica e a drenagem biliar. É bem estabelecido o quanto a tríade de Charcot, juntamente dos critérios de Tóquios, contri- buiu para o melhor diagnóstico e manejo da colangite aguda. Todavia, mais estudos são necessários para validação científica dessas diretrizes na prática clínica-cirúrgica.


The objective of this study was to review acute cholangitis diag- nostic and management tools, from Charcot's triad to Tokyo guidelines. The keywords "Tokyo guideline", "Charcot's triad", and "Acute cholangitis" were searched in PUBMED® and used to review the literature. Charcot's triad was the first diagnostic tool in acute cholangitis. Despite its contribution, Tokyo guidelines were the first evidence-based parameters for diagnosis, severity assessment, and strategy for acute cholangitis management. The current literature searches for biomarkers of patient's bad prognostic, such as procalcitonin, as well the optimal timing of antibiotic therapy and biliary drainage. The good contribution Charcot's triad and Tokyo guidelines has made to improved diagnosis and management of acute cholangitis is well-esta- blished. However, further studies are required for scientific vali- dation of these guidelines in clinical-surgical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholangitis/diagnosis , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Severity of Illness Index , Drainage/methods , Cholangitis/therapy , Acute Disease , Sensitivity and Specificity , Early Diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 422-429, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878280

ABSTRACT

To further improve the standard of diagnosis and treatment of acute biliary tract infections in China, the Branch of Biliary Surgery, Society of Surgery, Chinese Medical Association has revised the guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute biliary tract infections (2011).The guidelines describe the risk factors of acute biliary tract infections, propose diagnostic methods and severity classification criteria, and define the treatment of acute biliary tract infections and the standardized application of antibiotics. The treatment of acute biliary tract infection should be combined with surgical care, antimicrobial therapy and systemic management, and should be completed under the guidance of experienced surgical specialist. Reasonable selection of diagnosis and treatment measures, accurate understanding of surgical procedures and standardized use of antibiotics can achieve maximum treatment result for acute biliary tract infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Biliary Tract , Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures , China , Cholangitis/surgery
15.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 37-39, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1400740

ABSTRACT

El ileo biliar es una rara complicación de la colelitiasis no tratada. Presentamos el cuadro clínico y el manejo de un paciente masculino de 72 años (AU)


The biliary or Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of the non-treated Cholelithiasis. We present the clinical features and the treatment of a 72 years old patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Ileum/abnormalities , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Acidosis/etiology , Cholelithiasis/complications , Cholangitis/diagnosis , Digestive System Fistula/surgery
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 398-406, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288148

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Anteriormente, cuando se diagnosticaba litiasis en la vía biliar, el procedimiento consistía en una co lecistectomía, coledocotomía, extracción de los cálculos y colocación de un drenaje de Kehr. En otros casos se podía hacer papiloesfinteroplastia o una derivación biliodigestiva. Actualmente tenemos mu chas herramientas diagnósticas y terapéuticas como la colangiorresonancia, la pancreatocolangio grafía retrógrada endoscópica, la cirugía laparoscópica de la vía biliar, la ecoendoscopia y la ecografía intraoperatoria. Los procesos de decisiones son más complejos y sin un sustento con evidencia con cluyente. Tenemos estudios que enfocan parceladamente el tema, por lo que, dependiendo de si el diagnóstico se hace antes o durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica, el cirujano empleará su sentido común individualizando cada caso. El manejo ideal de la litiasis de la vía biliar sigue siendo motivo de controversia. Decidir por un manejo endoscópico, laparoscópico o convencional requiere logística, entrenamiento y juicio clínico adecua dos. La cirugía convencional sigue siendo una opción vigente.


ABSTRACT Previously, when a surgeon diagnosed bile duct lithiasis, he/she performed cholecystectomy, chole docotomy, stone removal and placement of a Kehr's "T" tube. Some cases might require sphinctero plasty or bilio-digestive bypass. Nowadays, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, endosco pic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic ultrasound and intraoperative ultrasound have emerged as diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Decision-making processes are complex and there is no conclusive evidence supporting them. Many studies have focused on the matter with a non-compre hensive approach so that each surgeon will use his/her common sense for each individual case. The optimal management of the common bile duct is still controversial. Deciding on endoscopic, lapa roscopic or conventional management requires adequate training and clinical judgment. Conventional surgery is still in valid option.


Subject(s)
Common Bile Duct/surgery , Lithiasis/surgery , Bile Ducts , Choledochostomy , Cholecystectomy , Cholangitis/surgery , Lithiasis/therapy
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(5): e476-e479, oct 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122530

ABSTRACT

El 25 % de la población mundial se encuentra infectada por Ascaris lumbricoides. La ascaridiosis hepatobiliar ocurre en zonas con alta endemicidad y gran carga parasitaria, y genera desde intensa inflamación hasta fibrosis. Se presenta a un paciente de 2 años, que consultó por distensión abdominal y tos de 1 mes de evolución asociada a fiebre en las últimas 72 h. Se realizó una ecografía abdominal que evidenció áscaris en la vía biliar, en el estómago y en el intestino delgado, y una radiografía de tórax con infiltrado inflamatorio intersticial, asociado a hiperleucocitosis con hipereosinofilia y gamma-glutamiltranspeptidasa elevada. Se administró un tratamiento antibiótico, antihelmíntico, sin lograr la eliminación de los parásitos de la vía biliar, por lo que se requirió su extracción mediante colangiografía percutánea


Twenty five percent of the world population is affected by Ascaris lumbricoides. Hepatobiliary ascariasis occurs in areas with high endemicity and great amount of parasitic load, generating intense inflammation to fibrosis. We report a two-year-old patient that consults about abdominal distension and cough of one month of evolution associated with 72 hours of fever. Abdominal ultrasound is performed, which shows bile duct, stomach, small intestine with ascaris and chest x-ray with interstitial inflammatory infiltrate, associated with hyperleukocytosis with hypereosinophilia and elevated gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. Antibiotic, anthelminthic treatment is administered, without achieving the elimination of the bile duct parasites, requiring their removal by percutaneous cholangiography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Ascariasis/diagnostic imaging , Bile Ducts , Parasitic Diseases , Ascariasis/therapy , Cholangiography , Cholangitis
19.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 50-55, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787233

ABSTRACT

Endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure performed widely to induce locoregional tumor control by the transfer of thermal energy to the lesion and subsequent tumor necrosis. A 72-year-old male with a prior history of acute calculous cholangitis and perforated cholecystitis was admitted to the Kyungpook National University Hospital complaining of fever and nausea. He had an indwelling percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) catheter from the previous episode of perforated cholecystitis. An abdominal CT scan showed marked dilation of both the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Common bile duct cancer was confirmed histologically after an endobiliary biopsy. A surgical resection was considered to be the initial treatment option. During open surgery, multiple metastatic nodules were present in the small bowel mesentery and anterior abdominal wall. Resection of the tumor was not feasible, so endobiliary RFA was performed prior to biliary stenting. Cholecystectomy was required for the removal of the PTGBD catheter, but the surgical procedure could not be performed due to a cystic ductal invasion of the tumor. Instead, chemical ablation of the gallbladder (GB) with pure ethanol was performed to breakdown the GB mucosa. Palliative treatment for a biliary obstruction was achieved successfully using these procedures. In addition, a PTGBD catheter was removed successfully without significant side effects. As a result, an improvement in the patient's quality of life was accomplished.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Abdominal Wall , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Biopsy , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Ethanol , Fever , Gallbladder , Mesentery , Mucous Membrane , Nausea , Necrosis , Palliative Care , Quality of Life , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.75-88, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1342987
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL