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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 161-166, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352984

ABSTRACT

Mujer de 54 años sometida a colecistectomía laparoscópica programada por colecistolitiasis sintomática, el procedimiento fue convertido a abordaje abierto por presencia de bilirragia perioperatoria no localizada, tratada con sutura primaria del lecho vesicular bajo sospecha de un conducto aberrante de Luschka. Al vigésimo día postoperatorio se diagnostica una fístula biliar tras la aparición de bilirragia a través de la herida quirúrgica. Una colangiografía transhepática percutánea mostró una pérdida completa de continuidad con fuga a ese nivel, confirmando la lesión del conducto hepático derecho, con un extremo cortado retraído del conducto hepático. Debido a la compleja lesión de la vía biliar proximal, a los 3 meses de la primera cirugía se realiza una hepatectomía derecha. Aunque la hepatectomía no es un procedimiento estándar para pacientes con lesiones quirúrgicas de la via biliar, debe considerarse como parte del arsenal quirúrgico para la reparación de un grupo seleccionado de pacientes en lesiones postcolecistectomía


A 54-year-old female underwent a planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to a symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, the procedure was converted to an open approach due to the presence of a not located perioperative bilirhagia, treated with a primary suture of the gallbladder bed under the suspicion of an aberrant duct of Luschka. On the 20th postoperative day, the patient is diagnosed with a biliary fistula after the appearance of bilirhagia through the surgical wound. A percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography showed a complete loss of continuity with leakage at that level, confirming the right hepatic duct injury, with a retracted cut end from the hepatic duct. Due to the complex proximal bile duct injury, 3 months after the first surgery, a right hepatectomy is performed. Although an hepatectomy is not a standard procedure for patients with IBDI, it should be considered as a part of the surgical armamentarium for the repair of a selected group of patients in postcholecystectomy injuries


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Hepatectomy , Bile Ducts
2.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1493, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347546

ABSTRACT

La litiasis vesicular en la infancia y adolescencia ha acusado un notable incremento en los últimos años. En países europeos, como Inglaterra, las colecistectomías se han triplicado desde 1997 y en el 2012 en el Hospital Infantil de Santiago de Cuba representó el 96,4 % de todas las operaciones mayores electivas. En el IV Simposio Nacional de Cirugía Pediátrica (Varadero, Matanzas, 1- 3 de julio de 2019) fue presentada, discutida y aprobada esta "Guía de Práctica Clínica de litiasis vesicular en niños y adolescentes" y se recomendó, al concluir dicho evento, compartir dicha guía a través de su publicación, para que los servicios de cirugía pediátrica la empleen como referencia y la apliquen en las instituciones del sistema cubano de salud encargadas de la atención sanitaria de niños y adolescentes(AU)


Vesicular lithiasis in childhood and adolescence has had a marked increase in recent years. In European countries such as England, cholecystectomies have tripled since 1997 and in 2012 at the Children's Hospital in Santiago de Cuba accounted for 96.4% of all major elective operations. At the IV National Symposium on Pediatric Surgery (Varadero, Matanzas, July 1-3, 2019) this " Clinical Practice Guidelines of Vesicular Lithiasis in Children and Adolescents" was presented, discussed and approved, and it was recommended, at the conclusion of that event, to share this guidelines through its publication, for pediatric surgery services to use it as a reference and to be applied in the institutions of the Cuban health system which are responsible for the health care of children and adolescents(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Cholecystectomy/methods , Urinary Bladder Calculi/epidemiology , Practice Guideline , Health Systems , Delivery of Health Care/methods
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(6): 307-311, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359098

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar metodología diagnostica y resección atípica, con fines curativos de hepatocarcinoma. Caso clínico: Femenina de 82 años, con múltiples antecedentes entre el que se destaca, hepatitis a virus C de 15 años de evolución, que presenta por estudios complementarios alta sospecha de hepatocarcinoma, se realiza laparotomía exploradora con resección atípica de tumor en segmento 5 y 6 con radiofrecuencia quirúrgica y colecistectomía con colangiografía intraoperatoria. Cursa post operatorio sin complicaciones con alta sanatorial al 8vo dia. Conclusion: Hay que sospechar esta patología en pacientes con antecedentes de hepatopatía viral, plantear screening adecuado para un diagnóstico temprano y la mejor resolución adaptada a cada paciente. Dentro de las opciones terapéuticas encontramos la radiofrecuencia quirúrgica como una buena herramienta, con índice bajo de complicaciones


Objective: To present diagnostic methodology and atypical resection, for curative purposes of hepatocarcinoma. Clinical case: An 82-year-old female, with multiple history factors, among them, hepatitis C virus of 15 years of evolution, which presents high suspicion of hepatocarcinoma due to complementary studies, exploratory laparotomy is performed with atypical resection of tumor in segments 5 and 6 with surgical radiofrequency and cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography. Post-operative course without complications with sanatorial discharge on the 8th day. Conclusion: This pathology must be suspected in patients with history of viral liver disease. We suggest an adequate screening for an early diagnosis and the best resolution adapted to each patient. Among the therapeutic options we find surgical radiofrequency as a good tool, with a low rate of complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy/rehabilitation , Incidence , Aftercare/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Laparotomy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 252-257, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359182

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La colecistitis aguda es una patología quirúrgica común. Su resolución ideal es a través de la colecistectomía. En ocasiones, no es posible el abordaje quirúrgico, tomando protagonismo la colecistostomía percutánea. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los resultados de la colecistostomía percutánea y de la colecistectomía quirúrgica en pacientes con colecistitis aguda. Material y Métodos: Se diseñó una revisión de trabajos clínicos que realizaron colecistostomías percutáneas y/o colecistectomías quirúrgicas en pacientes críticos con colecistitis aguda litiásica y/o alitiásica. Resultados: La búsqueda bibliográfica arrojó 12 artículos, de los cuáles se excluyeron 8 y se analizaron 4. De los artículos revisados, se reunieron 11374 pacientes con colecistitis (litiásica: 84,6% vs. alitiásica: 15,4%) analizando sus datos epidemiológicos. En el 21,4% de los casos se realizó colecistostomía percutánea y en el 78,6% colecistectomía quirúrgica. La morbilidad y mortalidad de los procedimientos percutáneos fue 11% y 9,8%, mientras que la de los procedimientos quirúrgicos fue 17,2% y 5,4%, respectivamente. El promedio de días de hospitalización fue 15.3 y 15.5, respectivamente. Conclusión: La colecistostomía percutánea presentó menor morbilidad, aunque reportó una mayor mortalidad. No hubo diferencias con respecto a la estadía hospitalaria. Los procedimientos percutáneos fueron menos costosos.


Introduction: Acute cholecystitis is a common surgical pathology. Its ideal resolution is through cholecystectomy. On occasions, a surgical approach is not possible, with percutaneous cholecystostomy taking center stage. The objective of this work was to analyze the results of percutaneous cholecystostomy and surgical cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis. Methods: A review of clinical studies that performed percutaneous cholecystostomies and / or surgical cholecystectomies in critically ill patients with acute lithiasic and / or alithiasic cholecystitis was designed. Results: The bibliographic search yielded 12 articles, of which 8 were excluded and 4 were analyzed. Of the articles reviewed, 11,374 patients with cholecystitis (lithiasic: 84.6% vs. alithiasic: 15.4%) were collected, analyzing their data epidemiological. Percutaneous cholecystostomy was performed in 21.4% of the cases and surgical cholecystectomy in 78.6%. The morbidity and mortality of percutaneous procedures was 11% and 9.8%, while that of surgical procedures was 17.2% and 5.4%, respectively. The average days of hospitalization were 15.3 and 15.5, respectively. Conclusion: Percutaneous cholecystostomy presented lower morbidity, although it reported higher mortality. There were no differences regarding hospital stay. Percutaneous procedures were less expensive.


Subject(s)
Comparative Study , Cholecystectomy , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 272-275, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359357

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Presentar una resección quirúrgica R0, con fines curativos de un cáncer de vesícula biliar estadio 1B. Caso Clínico: Femenina de 60 años de edad, sin antecedentes de relevancia, que presenta por estudios complementarios alta sospecha de cáncer de vesícula biliar (T2N0Mx), se realiza laparotomía exploradora con colecistectomía convencional, bisegmentectomía 4 b y 5 del hígado y vaciamiento ganglionar. Sin complicaciones con alta sanatorial al 4 día post operatorio. Conclusión: El diagnostico precoz y una cirugía temprana en el cáncer de vesicula biliar puede ser una herramienta fundamental para poder ofrecer al paciente una cirugía curativa en este tipo de patología


Objects: This paper introduces an R0 surgical resection in the treatment of stage 1B gallbladder cancer. Discussion: 60-year female patient without medical history with highly suspect gallbladder cancer (T2N0Mx), revealed by clinical exams. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy, a conventional cholecystectomy, a double segmentectomy for 4b-5 liver, and the lymph node was removed. Complications were not reported, and the patient was discharged four days after surgery. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and early surgery on gallbladder cancer patients may prove essential to cure such pathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cholecystectomy , Ultrasonography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic
7.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 101-108, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178954

ABSTRACT

La litiasis vesicular sintomática puede presentarse asociada a litiasis de la vía biliar principal, siendo necesaria la utilización de medios diagnósticos adecuados para su posterior tratamiento. En este trabajo, se sugiere la evaluación mediante las guías de la Sociedad Americana para Endoscopia Gastrointestinal (American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ASGE), usando factores como la edad, pruebas hepáticas y hallazgos ecográficos, categorizando a los pacientes en baja, intermedia y alta probabilidad de coledocolitiasis. Estudio de diseño retrospectivo, observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos, sobre pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular sintomática y sospecha de litiasis de la via biliar principal internados en la II Cátedra de Clínica Quirúrgica, del Hospital de Clínicas de San Lorenzo, entre los años 2017 a 2019. Con los siguientes resultados, de un total de 339 pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular sintomática, el 6,64% tuvo el diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis asociada. En cuanto a los predictores muy fuertes de coledocolitiasis el más frecuentemente (68,6%,) encontrado fue el nivel de la bilirrubina total ≥ 4mg/dl; de los predictores fuertes el 70,6% presentaba la vía biliar principal dilatada; de los predictores moderados, el 84,3% presentó las enzimas hepáticas alteradas. En conclusión, se pudo identificar que la mayoría de los pacientes presentó alta probabilidad de coledocolitiasis y la conducta tomada fue realizar en primer lugar una colangiografía retrógrada endoscópica, con fines terapéuticos y luego colecistectomía, correspondiente al manejo correcto establecido por las guías actuales internacionales.


Symptomatic gallstones can occur associated with lithiasis of the main bile duct, requiring the use of adequate diagnostic tools for subsequent treatment. In this paper, we suggest using the guidelines of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), that uses factors such as age, liver tests, and ultrasound findings, categorizing patients as those with low, intermediate, and high probability. of choledocholithiasis. A Retrospective, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional design study, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases, on patients with a diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones and suspected stones of the main bile duct admitted to the the 2nd Surgical Department and Service of Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo, between the years 2017 to 2019. With the following results; of a total of 339 patients with the diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones, 6.64% had associated choledocholithiasis. Regarding the very strong predictors of choledocholithiasis, the most frequent (68.6%) was the total bilirubin level ≥ 4mg / dl; 70.6% had a dilated main bile duct as a strong predictor; as a moderate predictor, 84.3% had altered liver enzymes. In conclusion, it was possible to identify that most of the patients presented a high probability of choledocholithiasis and the action taken was to first perform an endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, for therapeutic purposes, and then cholecystectomy, corresponding to the correct management established by current international guidelines.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Bilirubin , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy , Gallstones , Lithiasis , Liver , Sampling Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Endoscopy
8.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 52-58, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251547

ABSTRACT

Resumen La disfunción del esfínter de Oddi es un síndrome clínico causado por una enfermedad funcional (discinesia) o estructural (estenosis). La prevalencia estimada de disfunción del esfínter de Oddi en la población en general es del 1 %; aumentando a 20 % para pacientes con dolor persistente posterior a colecistectomía y a 70 % en pacientes con pancreatitis aguda recurrente idiopática. Se caracteriza clínicamente por la presencia de dolor abdominal, similar al cólico biliar o dolor tipo pancreático en ausencia de patología biliar orgánica; así como en pacientes con pancreatitis recurrente idiopática asociada con elevación de enzimas pancreáticas o hepáticas, y dilatación del conducto biliar o pancreático. El tratamiento para la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi tipo I se basa en la realización de esfinterotomía endoscópica, pero existe controversia en el manejo de la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi tipo II y III. En este artículo se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 67 años con antecedente de colecistectomía por laparotomía. Después del procedimiento quirúrgico refirió un dolor abdominal de predominio en el hipocondrio derecho tipo cólico asociado con emesis de características biliares. En el reporte de colangiorresonancia se encontró una ligera dilatación de la vía biliar intrahepática y gammagrafía con ácido iminodiacético hepatobiliar (HIDA) diagnóstica de disfunción del esfínter de Oddi. Se realizó una esfinterotomía endoscópica. En el seguimiento, dos años después, la paciente se encontraba asintomática con la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi resuelta.


Abstract Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction is a clinical syndrome caused by functional (dyskinesia) or structural (stenosis) disease. The estimated prevalence of this condition in the general population is 1%, reaching 20% in patients with persistent pain after cholecystectomy and 70% in patients with idiopathic recurrent acute pancreatitis. It is clinically characterized by the presence of abdominal pain, similar to biliary colic or pancreatic pain in the absence of organic biliary disease. It is also observed in patients with idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis, associated with elevated pancreatic or hepatic enzymes, and bile duct and/or pancreatic duct dilatation. Treatment for sphincter of Oddi dysfunction type I is based on endoscopic sphincterotomy, but there is controversy regarding the management of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction types II and III. This article presents the clinical case of a 67-year-old female patient with a history of cholecystectomy by laparotomy. After the surgical procedure, she reported abdominal pain predominantly in the right hypochondrium, colicky, associated with emesis of biliary characteristics. Cholangioresonance report revealed mild intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, and scintigraphy with HIDA scan showed sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was performed. The patient was asymptomatic and the sphincter of Oddi dysfunction had resolved at two-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic , Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction , Syndrome , Cholecystectomy , Laparotomy
9.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151621

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es determinar si los factores socioeconómicos inciden en las complicaciones posoperatorias de la colecistectomía. Para ello, se definió realizar un estudio de tipo observacional, analítico y enfoque cuantitativo, en 100 pacientes en los que se les realizó colecistectomía. Se aplicó un modelo de regresión logística en el que se incorporaron como variables, factores de riesgo, características socioeconómicas, junto con una variable de control. Se aplicaron tres modelos con variables dependientes alternativas que están delimitadas por el tipo de complicación posoperatoria registrado. Los resultados encontrados mostraron que las mujeres manifiestan un mayor riesgo de presentar complicaciones posteriores a la colecistectomía, igual ocurre en los pacientes de mayor edad. Asimismo el riesgo es mucho menor en las personas con niveles de educación superior y en los pacientes en los que se realizó colecistectomía laparoscópica, alcanzando solo un 5% de riesgo de presentar complicaciones. Las complicaciones posoperatorias luego de la colecistectomía se minimizan al emplear la técnica laparoscópica y los factores socioeconómicos incidirían en el riesgo de padecer complicaciones posoperatorias luego de dicha cirugía, lo que la convierte a la colecistectomía laparoscópica en una operación segura y con muchos otros beneficios y ventajas sobre la cirugía tradicional o convencional.


The article ́s goal isto determine if socioeconomic factors influence the postoperative complications of cholecystectomy. For this, the observational study was defined, analytical and quantitative study was conducted in 100 patients who underwent cholecystectomy. A logistic regression model was applied in which risk factors, socioeconomic characteristics, along with a control variable, were incorporated as variables. Three models were run with alternative dependent variables that are delimited by the type of postoperative complication recorded. The results found showed that women show a higher risk of presenting complications after cholecystectomy, the same occurs in older patients. Likewise, the risk is much lower in people with higher education levels and in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, they only have a 5% risk of presenting complications. Postoperative complications after cholecystectomy are minimized by using the laparoscopic technique and socioeconomic factors would influence the risk of suffering postoperative complications after said surgery, which makes laparoscopic cholecystectomy a safe operation with many other benefits and advantages over traditional or conventional surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Cholecystectomy/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy/methods , Biliary Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Cholecystitis/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Ecuador , Observational Study
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2986-2996,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156790

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El colangiocarcinoma es un tumor maligno originado en el epitelio de los conductos biliares intra o extrahepáticos. En el cuadro clínico destacan el dolor en hipocondrio derecho, ictericia y baja de peso. Actualmente, el diagnóstico se ha facilitado por la disponibilidad de variados procedimientos imagenológicos y endoscópicos. Se presentó un caso al que se le realizó el diagnóstico de este tipo de tumor. Se sometió a tratamiento endoscópico, quirúrgico y oncológico con Gemcitabina, Cisplatino y Oxaliplatino. Fue seguido por equipo multidisciplinario y evolucionó con sobrevida de 5 años (AU).


ABSTRACT Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignant tumor originated in the epithelium of the intra or extra hepatic biliary ducts. Pain in the right hypochondrium, jaundice and low weight are the main clinical features. Currently, the diagnosis has been facilitated by the availability of different imaging and endoscopic procedures. The authors presented a case diagnosed with this kind of tumor. The patient underwent surgical, endoscopic and oncologic treatment with gemcitabine, cisplatine and oxaliplatine. He was followed up by a multidisciplinary team and evolved with five-year survival (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Cholecystectomy/mortality , Morbidity , Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnosis , Klatskin Tumor , Cholangiocarcinoma/surgery , Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology , Cholangiocarcinoma/drug therapy , Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Common Bile Duct Neoplasms
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 83-90, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150522

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La patología biliar es una causa frecuente de intervención quirúrgica, pero en Colombia no se cuenta con datos oficiales de mortalidad ni volumen quirúrgico asociados a este procedimiento. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el volumen de colecistectomías y describir la tasa general de mortalidad perioperatoria en seis regiones geográficas del país, en el periodo de 2012 a 2016.Métodos. Estudio de cohortes retrospectivo que incluyó pacientes mayores de 18 años, afiliados al régimen contributivo de salud, llevados a colecistectomía. Se utilizó la base de datos de suficiencia de la Unidad de Pago por Capitación (UPC), la base de estadísticas vitales del Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE) y la del Sistema Integrado de Información de la Protección Social (SISPRO).Resultados. Durante el periodo de estudio, se realizaron 192.080 colecistectomías, lo que corresponde a 206 colecistectomías por 100.000 habitantes. Se encontró mayor volumen quirúrgico en personas entre los 65 y 80 años, en el sexo femenino y en la ciudad de Bogotá. La mortalidad perioperatoria encontrada correspondió al 0,6 %, siendo mayor en los pacientes de sexo masculino, de edad avanzada, en aquellos en quienes se practicó laparotomía y en los pacientes operados en la ciudad de Bogotá. Discusión. De acuerdo con los hallazgos, esta investigación puede servir de base para estudios posteriores, que muestren claramente las cifras oficiales de volumen quirúrgico y de mortalidad por colecistectomía en Colombia


Introduction. Biliary pathology is a frequent cause of surgical intervention, but in Colombia there are no official data on mortality or surgical volume associated with this procedure. The objective of this study is to determine the volume of cholecystectomies and to describe the general perioperative mortality rate in six geographic regions during the period from 2012 to 2016.Methods. Retrospective cohort study that included patients older than 18 years and affiliated to the contributory health regimen who underwent cholecystectomy. The sufficiency database of the Capitation Payment Unit (UPC), the vital statistics database of the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE) and that of the Integrated Social Protection Information System (SISPRO) were used.Results. During the study period, 192,080 cholecystectomies were performed, corresponding to 206 cholecystectomies per 100,000 inhabitants. Higher surgical volume was found in people between 65 and 80 years old, in females and geographically in the city of Bogotá. The perioperative mortality found corresponded to 0.58%, being higher in elderly male patients, in those who underwent laparotomy and in patients operated on in the city of Bogotá.Discussions. According to the findings, these results can serve as the basis for subsequent studies that clearly show the official figures for surgical volume and mortality from cholecystectomy in Colombia


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy , Mortality , Perioperative Period
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887872

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of surgical site infection(SSI)following conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy and to analyze the related risk factors. Methods The clinical data of 179 patients who had experienced conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the associations between clinical variables and SSI. Results The incidence of SSI was 19.0%(34/179)after conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy.The multivariable analysis demonstrated that preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)(


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202907, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed by residents of the first and second-year of a general surgery residency program. We studied the primary total cost of treatment and complication rates as primary outcomes, comparing the groups operated by senior and resident surgeons. Methods: this was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed in a training hospital of large surgical volume in Brazil, in the period between June 1, 2018 and May 31, 2019. The study population comprised patients who underwent elective cholecystectomy due to uncomplicated chronic calculous cholecystitis or to the presence of gallbladder polyps with surgical indication. We divided the cases into three groups, based on the graduation of the main surgeon at the time of the procedure: first-year residents (R1), second-year residents (R2), and trained general surgeons (GS). Results: during the study period, 1,052 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed, of which 1,035 procedures met the inclusion criteria, with 78 (7.5%) patients operated on with the participation of first-year residents (R1), 500 (48.3%) patients with the participation of second-year residents (R2), and 457 (44.2%) with the participation of senior surgeons only. There was no difference in conversion rates, complications, and reporting of adverse events between groups. We observed a significant difference regarding hospitalization costs (p = 0.003), with a higher mean for the patients operated with the participation of R1, of US$ 2,671.13, versus US$ 2,414.60 and US$ 2,396.24 for the procedures performed by senior surgeons and R2, respectively. Conclusions: laparoscopic cholecystectomy with the participation of residents is safe, even in their first years of training. There is an additional cost of about 10% in the treatment of patient operated with the participation of first-year residents. There was no significant difference in the cost of the group operated by second-year residents.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade e segurança da realização de colecistectomias laparoscópicas por residentes do primeiro e segundo ano do programa de cirurgia geral. Foram estudados como desfechos primários o custo médio total de tratamento e os índices de complicações, comparando os grupos operados por cirurgiões seniores e residentes. Métodos: trata-se de estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomias laparoscópicas realizadas em hospital escola de grande volume cirúrgico, no Brasil, no período entre 01 de junho de 2018 e 31 de maio de 2019. A população do estudo compreendeu pacientes que realizaram colecistectomias eletivas por colecistite calculosa crônica não complicada ou por presença de pólipos de vesícula biliar com indicação cirúrgica. Os casos foram divididos em 3 grupos, baseados na graduação do cirurgião principal no momento do procedimento: residentes do primeiro ano (R1), residentes do segundo ano (R2) e cirurgiões formados (CG). Resultados: no período do estudo, foram realizadas 1.052 colecistectomias videolaparoscópicas, sendo que, após aplicados os critérios de exclusão, foram incluídos no estudo 1.035 procedimentos, com 78 (7,5%) pacientes operados com a participação de residentes do primeiro ano (R1), 500 (48,3%) pacientes com a participação de residentes do segundo ano (R2) e 457 (44,2%) apenas com a participação somente de cirurgiões seniores. Não houve diferença nas taxas de conversão, de complicações e de notificações de eventos adversos entre os grupos. Foi evidenciada diferença com relação aos custos de internação (p= 0,003), sendo observado maior custo médio de internação para os pacientes operados com participação dos R1, com custo médio de US$ 2.671,13, versus US$ 2.414,60 e US$ 2.396,24 das operações realizadas pelos cirurgiões seniores e R2, respectivamente. Conclusões: é segura a realização de colecistectomia videolaparoscópica com a participação de residentes, mesmo em seus primeiros anos de formação. Existe custo adicional de cerca de 10% no tratamento de pacientes operados com a participação de residentes do primeiro ano. Não foi observada diferença significativa no custo do grupo operado por residentes do segundo ano.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery/education , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Internship and Residency , Brazil , Cholecystectomy , Retrospective Studies
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1600, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345017

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Repair of inguinal hernia concomitant with cholecystectomy was rarely performed until more recently when laparoscopic herniorrhaphy gained more adepts. Although it is generally an attractive option for patients, simultaneous performance of both procedures has been questioned by the potential risk of complications related to mesh, mainly infection. Aim: To evaluate a series of patients who underwent simultaneous laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy, with emphasis on the risk of complications related to the mesh, especially infection. Methods: Fifty patients underwent simultaneous inguinal repair and cholecystectomy, both by laparoscopy, of which 46 met the inclusion criteria of this study. Results: In all, hernia repair was the first procedure performed. Forty-five (97,9%) were discharged within 24 h after surgery. Total mean cost of the two procedures performed separately ($2,562.45) was 43% higher than the mean cost of both operations done simultaneously ($1,785.11). Up to 30-day postoperative follow-up, seven (15.2%) presented minor complications. No patient required hospital re-admission, percutaneous drainage, antibiotic therapy or presented any other signs of mesh infection after three months. In long-term follow-up, mean of 47,1 months, 38 patients (82,6%) were revaluated. Three (7,8%) reported complications: hernia recurrence; chronic discomfort; reoperation due a non-reabsorbed seroma, one in each. However, none showed any mesh-related complication. Satisfaction questionnaire revealed that 36 (94,7%) were satisfied with the results of surgery. All of them stated that they would opt for simultaneous surgery again if necessary. Conclusion: Combined laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy is a safe procedure, with no increase in mesh infection. In addition, it has important advantage of reducing hospital costs and increase patient' satisfaction.


RESUMO Racional: Reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante à colecistectomia era raramente realizado até mais recentemente, quando a herniorrafia laparoscópica ganhou mais adeptos. Embora geralmente seja opção atraente para pacientes, a realização simultânea tem sido questionada pelo risco potencial de complicações relacionadas à tela, principalmente infecção. Objetivo: Avaliar uma série de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia e herniorrafia inguinal laparoscópica simultâneas, com ênfase no risco de complicações relacionadas a tela, em especial infecção. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes foram submetidos a herniorrafia e colecistectomia simultâneas por videolaparoscopia, dos quais 46 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Resultados: Em todos, a herniorrafia foi realizada inicialmente. Quarenta e cinco (97,9%) tiveram alta em 24 h. O custo médio total dos dois procedimentos realizados separadamente ($2.562,45) foi 43% maior do que o custo médio das duas operações feitas simultaneamente ($1.785,11). Após 30 dias de acompanhamento pós-operatório, sete (15,2%) apresentaram complicações menores. Após três meses, nenhum necessitou de readmissão hospitalar, drenagem, antibioticoterapia ou sinal de infecção de tela. No seguimento em longo prazo, média de 47,1 meses, 38 (82,6%) foram reavaliados. Três (7,8%) relataram complicações: recorrência de hérnia; desconforto crônico; reoperação por seroma não reabsorvido. No entanto, nenhum apresentou qualquer complicação relacionada à tela. Questionário de satisfação revelou que 36 (94,7%) ficaram satisfeitos com o resultado da operação. Todos afirmaram que optariam pela ela simultânea novamente se necessário. Conclusão: O reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante com colecistectomia por laparoscopia é procedimento seguro, sem aumento de infecção da tela. Além disso, tem a vantagem importante de reduzir custos hospitalares e aumentar a satisfação do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects
15.
San Salvador; s.n; 2021. 46 p
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359959

ABSTRACT

La patología biliar es de los dolores abdominales más frecuentemente atendido en el Hospital Militar Central, la mayoría ya conocidos desde la consulta externa con plan quirúrgico de manera electiva. Sin embargo, hay casos en los que es necesario realizar procedimiento quirúrgico, colecistectomía abierta o por videolaparoscopia, o colecistostomia, de acuerdo a la patología y comórbidos que presenta el paciente. Es por ello que debido a la alta prevalencia de esta enfermedad. Aun durante periodo de pandemia por Sars-Cov2, siempre se mantuvo la consulta de cuadros por patología biliar en unidad de emergencia, poniendo en discusión el manejo que se brindaría a dichos pacientes, según los protocolos que se contaban durante dicho periodo, por lo que se busca explicar manejo y evolución de los pacientes ya sea sospechosos o positivos a Sars-Cov2, tanto como los que no tenían patología sugestiva a Sars-Cov2 con patología biliar durante ese periodo.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Cholecystectomy , COVID-19
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 398-406, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288148

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Anteriormente, cuando se diagnosticaba litiasis en la vía biliar, el procedimiento consistía en una co lecistectomía, coledocotomía, extracción de los cálculos y colocación de un drenaje de Kehr. En otros casos se podía hacer papiloesfinteroplastia o una derivación biliodigestiva. Actualmente tenemos mu chas herramientas diagnósticas y terapéuticas como la colangiorresonancia, la pancreatocolangio grafía retrógrada endoscópica, la cirugía laparoscópica de la vía biliar, la ecoendoscopia y la ecografía intraoperatoria. Los procesos de decisiones son más complejos y sin un sustento con evidencia con cluyente. Tenemos estudios que enfocan parceladamente el tema, por lo que, dependiendo de si el diagnóstico se hace antes o durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica, el cirujano empleará su sentido común individualizando cada caso. El manejo ideal de la litiasis de la vía biliar sigue siendo motivo de controversia. Decidir por un manejo endoscópico, laparoscópico o convencional requiere logística, entrenamiento y juicio clínico adecua dos. La cirugía convencional sigue siendo una opción vigente.


ABSTRACT Previously, when a surgeon diagnosed bile duct lithiasis, he/she performed cholecystectomy, chole docotomy, stone removal and placement of a Kehr's "T" tube. Some cases might require sphinctero plasty or bilio-digestive bypass. Nowadays, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, endosco pic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic ultrasound and intraoperative ultrasound have emerged as diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Decision-making processes are complex and there is no conclusive evidence supporting them. Many studies have focused on the matter with a non-compre hensive approach so that each surgeon will use his/her common sense for each individual case. The optimal management of the common bile duct is still controversial. Deciding on endoscopic, lapa roscopic or conventional management requires adequate training and clinical judgment. Conventional surgery is still in valid option.


Subject(s)
Common Bile Duct/surgery , Lithiasis/surgery , Bile Ducts , Choledochostomy , Cholecystectomy , Cholangitis/surgery , Lithiasis/therapy
17.
Medisan ; 24(6) ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143271

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente de 95 años de edad, quien acudió al Cuerpo de Guardia del Hospital Provincial Docente Clinicoquirúrgico Saturnino Lora Torres de Santiago de Cuba por presentar dolor abdominal difuso, de comienzo súbito con 48 horas de evolución, acompañado de náuseas y vómitos de escasa cuantía y de coloración oscura, así como ligera distención abdominal, sin expulsión de heces ni gases. Se decidió su ingreso para tratamiento quirúrgico urgente, con el diagnóstico presuntivo de oclusión intestinal. Durante la cirugía se encontró la vesícula distendida con su pedículo torcido. Se realizó colecistectomía típica. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y no presentó complicaciones posoperatorias.


The case report of a 95 years patient is described, she went to the emergency department of Saturnino Lora Torres Teaching Clinical Surgical Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba due to a diffuse abdominal pain, of sudden beginning with 48 hours of clinical course, accompanied by nauseas and vomits of scarce quantity and dark color, as well as slight abdominal distention, without expulsion of stools neither gases. Her admission was decided for emergency surgical treatment, with the presumptive diagnosis of intestinal occlusion. During the surgery the distended gallbladder with bent pedicle was found. A typical cholecystectomy was carried out. The patient had a favorable clinical course and she didn't present postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Gallbladder/surgery , Torsion Abnormality , Middle Aged
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1212-1216, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134427

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La ingestión de mondadientes (IM) constituye un evento poco frecuente (se han publicado alrededor de 157 casos a nivel mundial), pero puede causar perforaciones intestinales (PI), con peritonitis, sepsis e incluso muerte. Este hecho, determina la necesidad de intervenir quirúrgicamente a la mayoría de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue informar resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de 3 casos de PI por IM. Caso 1: hombre de 52 años, con perforación duodenal y de la vesícula biliar. Caso 2: Mujer de 54 años con perforación cecal. Caso 3: hombre de 72 años, con perforación de colon izquierdo y lesión esplénica. Todos fueron hospitalizados por dolor abdominal y fiebre. En dos casos el diagnóstico se verificó por tomografía y en uno por ecotomografía. Los tres casos fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente a través de laparotomía. Intervenciones: Caso 1: se realizó colecistectomía y sutura duodenal. Caso 2: se realizó hemicolectomía derecha e ileotransverso anastomosis. Caso 3: se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda y esplenectomía. En todos los casos se encontró el mondadientes. Todos los pacientes evolucionaron de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones postoperatorias. La IPD es una emergencia quirúrgica. Las PI son comunes y la peritonitis asociada es frecuente. El pronóstico depende de un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento oportuno.


SUMMARY: Toothpick ingestion (TPI) is a rare event, but can cause intestinal perforation (IP), peritonitis, sepsis, and even death (approximately 157 cases have been published worldwide). This fact determines the need for surgical intervention in most of these patients. The aim of this manuscript was to report the results of the surgical treatment in 3 cases of IP by TPI. The report involves the following: Case 1: A 52-year-old man, with duodenal and gallbladder perforation. Case 2: A 54-year-old woman with cecal perforation. Case 3: A 72-year-old man, with perforation of the left colon and splenic rupture. All were hospitalized for abdominal pain and fever. In two of the cases the diagnosis was verified by tomography and in one by ultrasound. All three patients underwent laparotomy. In the first case (1), cholecystectomy and duodenal suture were performed; in the second case (2) right hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis were performed, and in the third case (3), Left hemicolectomy and splenectomy were performed. Toothpick was found in all cases. The patients in this report all evolved satisfactorily without postoperative complications. In conclusion, TPI is a surgical emergency. IP are common and the associated peritonitis is high. Prognosis depends on early diagnosis and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Cholecystectomy , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Colectomy , Foreign Bodies/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology
19.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 287-292, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138713

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En algunas áreas el cáncer de la vesícula biliar se detecta en hasta el 3,5% de los pacientes intervenidos por colelitiasis. Con el objetivo de evaluar el rol de la ruptura de la vesícula y la consiguiente contaminación por bilis, se evaluó una serie de pacientes portadores de cáncer de vesícula diagnosticado posterior a la colecistectomía. Materiales y Método: El estudio se efectuó en 109 pacientes en quienes se diagnosticó un cáncer de vesícula posterior a la colecistectomía. El grupo a estudiar se dividió de acuerdo a la ocurrencia o no de contaminación por bilis al momento de la colecistectomía, como también de acuerdo a la magnitud de ésta. Resultados: De los pacientes estudiados, en 32 se documentó la ocurrencia de contaminación por bilis al momento de la colecistectomía. De estos, en 13 la contaminación fue considerada mayor. El tiempo promedio de seguimiento fue de 33 meses, 35 pacientes (32,1%) fallecieron durante el seguimiento. La sobrevida media de la totalidad de la serie que tuvo contaminación por bilis no se diferenció de los pacientes sin contaminación. Sin embargo, el grupo que tuvo una contaminación catalogada como mayor, presentó una sobrevida estadísticamente inferior al resto de los pacientes. Finalmente, se realizó un análisis mediante el modelo de regresión de COX que incluyó edad, género, nivel de invasión y tipo de contaminación, resultando la existencia de contaminación mayor por bilis un factor independientemente asociado al pronóstico. Conclusión: La presencia de ruptura vesicular y contaminación mayor por bilis debiera considerarse un factor pronóstico.


Background: Incidental gallbladder cancer is observed in up to 3.5% of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To study the role of wall perforation on the prognosis, we evaluated a series of patients in whom perforation occurred during the cholecystectomy. Materials and Method: 109 patients who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in whom final diagnosis was gallbladder cancer were the focus of the study. We divided the patients according the occurrence of spillage. Furthermore, patients with spillage were divided into two categories according the spillage magnitude. Results: Of the patients, spillage was documented in 32 (29.3%). In 13 patients spillage was considered major. The median follow-up of patients was 36 months, while 35 (32.1%) patients died during the follow-up. Five-year survival of all patients with spillage was not statistically different from the group without spillage. However, the group with major spillage had a statistically worse survival than the rest. A Cox regression analysis including age, gender, level of invasion and spillage category showed that major spillage was independently associated with a worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology , Bile/microbiology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Gallbladder Neoplasms/mortality , Surgical Wound Infection/mortality , Cholecystectomy/mortality , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Aftercare
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 329-332, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279747

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores fibrosos solitarios hepáticos, una neoplasia poco frecuente, son tumores benignos del tejido submesotelial, pero con un potencial maligno no definido. Suelen presentarse asintomáticos, pero pueden debutar como una masa abdominal palpable y con síntomas de plenitud. Por imágenes pueden ser confundidos con otros tumores y está indicado el tratamiento quirúrgico. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 70 años resuelto por hepatectomía lateral izquierda, y realizamos una revisión bibliográfica del tema.


ABSTRACT Solitary fibrous tumors of the liver are uncommon benign tumors originating from the submesothelial tissue with non-well-defined malignant potential. Most cases present as asymptomatic, some cases show abdominal bloating and a palpable mass. They may mimic other tumors on imaging tests and surgery is indicated. We report a case of a 70-year-old female patient treated with left lateral liver resection with literature review of the condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/surgery , Hepatectomy , Cholangiography/methods , Cholecystectomy , Tomography , Ultrasonography , Liver/diagnostic imaging
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