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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358272

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 40 años portadora de litiasis biliar sintomática que se operó de coordinación por abordaje laparoscópico


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Lithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder/abnormalities , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Lithiasis/surgery
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1172-1176, Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346974

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The gold standard technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is using four ports in the upper abdomen. However, this operative approach may not provide aesthetic satisfaction for some patients because of visible incision marks. This study sought to demonstrate that these incision marks can be hidden by safely changing the port locations. METHODS For patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis undergoing LC between March 2019 and March 2020, the modified bikini line approach was used. With the patient in the supine position with open legs, the first trocar (10 mm) was inserted into the abdomen through an 11-mm incision in the umbilicus. The other three trocars were placed in the abdomen at the bikini line with the help of a camera. The standard equipment for LC was then used to perform the surgery. RESULTS The modified bikini line approach to LC was used for 38 patients. Average operative time was 28.65 min, and the average hospital stay was 1.07 days. No perioperative or postoperative complications occurred. Follow-up was at 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months. Cosmetic results were satisfactory for all patients. CONCLUSIONS As an alternative to the standard LC approach, the modified bikini line technique is safe and useful in patients for whom postoperative aesthetic appearance is important. The modified approach is simple to learn and use and is effective to hide the incision marks well.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 272-275, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359357

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Presentar una resección quirúrgica R0, con fines curativos de un cáncer de vesícula biliar estadio 1B. Caso Clínico: Femenina de 60 años de edad, sin antecedentes de relevancia, que presenta por estudios complementarios alta sospecha de cáncer de vesícula biliar (T2N0Mx), se realiza laparotomía exploradora con colecistectomía convencional, bisegmentectomía 4 b y 5 del hígado y vaciamiento ganglionar. Sin complicaciones con alta sanatorial al 4 día post operatorio. Conclusión: El diagnostico precoz y una cirugía temprana en el cáncer de vesicula biliar puede ser una herramienta fundamental para poder ofrecer al paciente una cirugía curativa en este tipo de patología


Objects: This paper introduces an R0 surgical resection in the treatment of stage 1B gallbladder cancer. Discussion: 60-year female patient without medical history with highly suspect gallbladder cancer (T2N0Mx), revealed by clinical exams. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy, a conventional cholecystectomy, a double segmentectomy for 4b-5 liver, and the lymph node was removed. Complications were not reported, and the patient was discharged four days after surgery. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and early surgery on gallbladder cancer patients may prove essential to cure such pathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cholecystectomy , Ultrasonography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(2): 224-228, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1365477

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: los avances en cuidados perioperatorios e inmunosupresión permitieron que la su pervivencia de los pacientes trasplantados aumente significativamente, así observamos que la litiasis vesicular es más frecuente en este grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar y describir los resultados obtenidos en colecistecto mías en pacientes trasplantados cardíacos. Material y métodos: seleccionamos los pacientes mediante una búsqueda cruzada entre las bases de datos de Trasplante Cardíaco y Cirugía Biliar. Recopilamos información sobre sus antecedentes médi cos, parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio, entre otros. Resultados: entre enero 1994-diciembre 2017 se realizaron 154 trasplantes cardíacos con una edad media de 40 años; 16 pacientes fueron incluidos en este estudio y en los cuales fue realizada la cole cistectomía laparoscópica posterior al trasplante. No se registraron morbilidad, readmisiones ni mor talidad. Conclusión: la colecistectomía laparoscópica es segura y es el método de elección en pacientes tras plantados cardíacos. Se debe realizar colangiografía intraoperatoria, ya que los predictores de litiasis coledociana suelen estar alterados.


ABSTRACT Background: The advances in perioperative care and immunosuppressive treatment resulted in a significant increase in survival of transplant patients; as a result, cholelithiasis is more common in transplant patients. Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze and describe the results obtained in cholecystectomies in heart transplant patients. Material and methods: We selected patients by cross-referencing the databases of heart transplantation and scheduled biliary surgeries, and collected information on their medical history, clinical parameters and laboratory tests, among other data. Results: Between January 1994 and December 2017, 154 heart transplant procedures were performed; mean age was 40 years; 16 underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy after heart transplantation and were included in this study. There were no complications, readmissions or deaths. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and is the method of choice for heart transplant patients with cholelithiasis. Intraoperative cholangiography should be performed as the predictors of choledocholithiasis are usually abnormal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Heart Transplantation , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Cystectomy , Immunosuppression Therapy , Transplants , Choledocholithiasis , Alkalies , Heart
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 732-749, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289815

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: en enero de 2000, comenzó la cirugía videolaparoscópica en el Hospital Militar Docente Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy, de la ciudad de Matanzas. El equipo quirúrgico, en esa época, lo constituían cirujanos con varios años de experiencia y con una sólida formación en cirugía convencional. También poseían habilidades demostradas en la realización de colecistectomía a cielo abierto. A partir de 2011, una nueva generación de cirujanos desarrolló la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, con poca experiencia en cirugía a cielo abierto. Por lo tanto, se presentó la contradicción de que cada vez menos cirujanos tenían la experiencia técnica que requieren los casos más difíciles. Objetivo: determinar la seguridad en la realización de la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Materiales y métodos: Investigación observacional, descriptiva y retrospectiva de los pacientes intervenidos de afecciones biliares benignas, por la técnica de colecistectomía laparoscópica, entre enero de 2014 y diciembre de 2017. Resultados: fueron colecistectomizados 2 016 pacientes. De ellos, 1 759 (87 %) correspondieron al sexo femenino, y 257 (13 %) al masculino. Comorbilidades presentes en el 46,3 %. Cirugías: electivas, 1 801; urgentes, 215. Eventos adversos, 38 (1,88 %). Conversiones, 28 (1,3 %). Mortalidad operatoria, 5 (0,24 %). Conclusiones: resultan seguras las colecistectomías laparoscópicas por el bajo índice de eventos adversos, conversiones y mortalidad operatoria (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: video laparoscopic surgery began in January 2000, at the Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy Military Hospital. The surgical team, at that time, were surgeons with years of experience and a solid training in conventional surgery. They also had demonstrated skills in performing open cholecystectomy. Starting in 2011, a new generation of surgeons developed minimally invasive surgery, with little experience in open surgery. Therefore, it arose the paradox that fewer and fewer surgeons had the technical experience required in the most difficult cases. Objective: to determine the safety in performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and methods: retrospective, descriptive and observational research of the patients who underwent surgeries of benign biliary conditions, by the technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the period January 2014- December 2017. Results: 1759 patients were cholecystectomized. 87.25% were female ones and 257 (13%) were male: Comorbidities were present in 46.3%. 1 801 were elective surgeries; emergency surgeries were 215. There were 38 (1.88%) adverse events and 28 (1.3%) conversions. The operatory mortality was 5 (0.24%). Conclusions: laparoscopic cholecystectomy are safe because of the low index of adverse events, conversion and operatory mortality (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Hospitals, State/methods , General Surgery/methods , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/standards , Toxicity/methods
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(3): 167-171, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361256

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La colecistectomía laparoscópica se ha convertido rápidamente en el procedimiento de elección de rutina para la enfermedad de la vesícula biliar, y actualmente es el procedimiento abdominal mayor que se realiza con mayor frecuencia en los países occidentales; la mayoría de los autores sugieren que es seguro observar a pacientes con cálculos biliares asintomáticos, y que la colecistectomía solo se realiza por aquellos pacientes que desarrollan síntomas. El quince por ciento de los pacientes persiste teniendo síntomas posteriores a la colecistectomía. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el uso de la esofagogastroduodenoscopía previa a la colecistectomía laparoscópica y su impacto en el manejo. Método: Este fue un estudio clínico prospectivo que involucró a pacientes con cálculos biliares ingresados en el Hospital Docente de Al-Basra, Departamento de Cirugía General desde enero de 2016 hasta diciembre de 2019. Todos los pacientes fueron seguidos desde el momento del ingreso hasta seis meses después. Estos pacientes se dividieron en siete grupos según la edad. A todos los pacientes se les realizó una ecografía abdominal para diagnosticar la presencia de colelitiasis y descartar otros problemas abdominales. Todos los pacientes programados para colecistectomía laparoscópica se sometieron a una endoscopia del tracto gastrointestinal superior antes de la operación. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 1200 pacientes con rango de edad de 21 a 82 años (mujeres, 83,33%, hombres, 16,66%) con colelitiasis. La proporción de mujeres a hombres fue de 5:1. Se observaron hallazgos endoscópicos positivos en 380 (31,6%) pacientes. En estos pacientes se modificó el plan de manejo con hallazgos positivos por endoscopia y se pospuso su cirugía hasta recibir el tratamiento adecuado. Conclusión: El uso rutinario de esofagogastroduodenoscopia previa a la colecistectomía disminuiría la colecistectomía innecesaria en pacientes con colelitiasis y hallazgos endoscópicos positivos, lo que disminuye la persistencia de síntomas post colecistectomía.


Introduction: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has rapidly become the procedure of choice for routine gallbladder disease, and it is currently the most performed major abdominal procedure in Western countries, most authors suggest that it's safe to observe patients with asymptomatic gallstones, with cholecystectomy only being performed for those patients who develop symptoms. Fifteen percent of patients persist to have post cholecystectomy symptoms. This study aimed to evaluate the use of oesophagogastroduodenoscopy prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and its impact on the management. Method: This was a prospective clinical study involving patients with gallstone admitted to the Al-Basra Teaching Hospital, Department of General Surgery from January 2016 to December 2019. All patients were followed up from the time of admission until six months later. These patients were divided into seven groups according to age. All patients were having an abdominal ultrasound examination in order to diagnose the presence of cholelithiasis and to exclude other abdominal problems. All patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy underwent upper GIT endoscopy preoperatively. Results: A total of 1200 patient age range from 21 to 82 years were included (women, 83.33%, men, 16.66%) had cholelithiasis. Female to male ratio was 5:1. Positive endoscopic findings were observed in 380(31.6 %) patients. The management plan was changed in these patients with positive findings by endoscopy and their surgery was postponed until they received proper treatment. Conclusion: The routine use of oesophagogastroduodenoscopy prior to cholecystectomy would decrease the unneeded cholecystectomy in patients with cholelithiasis and positive endoscopic findings, which decrease post cholecystectomy persistence of symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prospective Studies , Endoscopy, Digestive System/statistics & numerical data , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Aftercare , Unnecessary Procedures , Gallbladder Diseases/therapy
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 462-470, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254292

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más realizados a nivel mundial, por lo que su aprendizaje es cada vez más necesario para los médicos residentes en entrenamiento, pero sin comprometer la seguridad de los pacientes. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el impacto de la participación de los médicos residentes en los principales desenlaces clínicos de la colecistectomía. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo de cohortes, donde se incluyeron los pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica, desde junio de 2019 hasta julio de 2020. Se llevó a cabo el análisis estadístico para describir medidas de frecuencia, tendencia central, dispersión y análisis bivariados para los desenlaces de interés. Resultados. Se incluyeron 482 pacientes a quienes se les practicó colecistectomía, 475 de ellas por vía laparoscópica. El 62,5 % fueron mujeres y el 76,2 % se realizaron de carácter urgente. En el 96 % de los procedimientos se contó con la participación de un residente. En el análisis bivariado no se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la participación del residente y un impacto negativo en los desenlaces clínicos de las variables relevantes. Discusión. No hay evidencia de que la participación de médicos residentes en la colecistectomía laparoscópica se asocie con desenlaces adversos en los pacientes, lo que sugiere estar en relación con una introducción temprana y responsable a este procedimiento por parte de los docentes, permitiendo que la colecistectomía sea un procedimiento seguro


Introduction. Cholecystectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures worldwide, so its learning is increasingly necessary for resident physicians in training, but without compromising the safety of patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the participation of resident physicians on the main clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy. Methods. A prospective cohort study was performed, which included patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecys-tectomy from June 2019 to July 2020. Statistical analysis was carried out to describe measures of frequency, central tendency, dispersion, and bivariate analysis for outcomes of interest. Results. 482 patients who underwent cholecystectomy were included, 475 of them laparoscopically; 62.5% were women and 76.2% were performed urgently, and 96% of the procedures involved the participation of a resident. In the bivariate analysis, no statistically significant difference was found between resident participation and a negative impact on the clinical outcomes of the relevant variables. Discussion. There is no evidence that the participation of resident physicians in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with adverse outcomes in patients, which suggests being related to an early and responsible introduction to this procedure by teachers, allowing cholecystectomy to be a safe procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Education, Medical , Cholelithiasis , Health Postgraduate Programs , Intraoperative Complications
9.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 62-72, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288175

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la prevalencia conjunta de litiasis vesicular y coledociana aumenta con la edad y llega al 15% en la octava década de la vida. Su manejo continúa siendo controvertido: algunos profesionales prefieren el abordaje en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia, y otros, el abordaje en dos tiempos con endoscopia (CPRE preoperatoria) seguida de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia y seguridad del manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia en pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular y coledociana. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo con datos de una base de datos prospectiva, entre julio de 2008 y julio de 2018. Resultados: sobre un total de 2447 colecistectomías laparoscópicas realizadas en el citado período, 416 (17%) presentaron litiasis coledociana. El éxito global de la vía transcística en la extracción de litiasis coledociana fue del 81,2%: del 70,4% en los casos con diagnóstico prequirúrgico de colestasis extrahepática litiásica y del 92,9% en los otros diagnósticos. La morbilidad fue del 4%, sin mortalidad ni lesiones quirúrgicas de la vía biliar. Conclusión : el manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia es eficaz y seguro debido al elevado éxito global de la instrumentación transcística (ITC). El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis condi ciona una disminución de esa eficacia, por mayor indicación de coledocotomía, con un aumento de la morbilidad y del tiempo de internación.


ABSTRACT Background: The prevalence of common bile duct stones associated with cholelithiasis increases with age and is about 15 % in the 8th decade of life but its management is still controversial. Some surgeons prefer the single-stage approach with laparoscopy while others suggest the two-stage management with preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of feasibility of single-stage laparoscopic surgery in patients with cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective study with prospectively collected data between July 2008 and July 2018. Results: Of 2447 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed during the study period, 416 presented common bile duct stones. The global success of the transcystic approach to clear common bile duct stones was 81.2%, 70.4% in the cases with preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis and 92.9% for other diagnoses. The rate of complications was 4% without deaths or bile duct injuries. Conclusion: Single-stage laparoscopic surgery is an efficient and safe approach based on the high global success of transcystic exploration. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis reduces the efficacy of the procedure due to greater indication of choledocotomy, with complications and longer length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy , Cholelithiasis , Efficacy , Retrospective Studies , Choledocholithiasis , Endoscopy
10.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 125-130, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288183

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La vesícula izquierda (VI) es una rara anomalía de la vía biliar que, cuando enferma, no suele dar sín tomas diferentes de aquella normoposicionada, haciendo infrecuente su diagnóstico preoperatorio. Presentamos el caso de una colecistitis aguda en un paciente con VI, resuelto en forma segura por vía laparoscópica. Un paciente ingresa por un cuadro típico de colecistitis aguda. Como hallazgo in traoperatorio se constata una vesícula biliar inflamada, ubicada en posición siniestra. Se modificó la ubicación de los puertos de trabajo y se realizó colangiografía transvesicular por punción, antes de iniciar la disección del hilio vesicular. Luego de identificar el conducto cístico, se realizó colangiografía transcística que confirmó la anatomía de la vía biliar completa y expedita. Se completó la colecistec tomía laparoscópica en forma segura. El hallazgo de una VI obliga al cirujano a cambiar la técnica de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta anomalía incrementa el riesgo de lesiones de la vía biliar. La disección cuidadosa del hilio vesicular logrando una visión crítica de seguridad y el uso de colangiogra fía intraoperatoria son de extrema importancia para una colecistectomía segura.


ABSTRACT Left-sided gallbladder (LSGB) is a rare bile duct abnormality, usually found during a cholecystectomy. Symptoms usually do not differ from those of a normally positioned gallbladder, making the preoperative diagnosis extremely uncommon. We report the case of an acute cholecystitis in a patient whit LSGB, safely managed with laparoscopic surgery. A 24-year-old male patient was admitted to our institution with clinical and radiological signs of acute cholecystitis. The intraoperative finding of an acute cholecystitis in a LSGB made us modify ports positioning and a cholangiograhy was done by direct puncture of the gallbladder before hilum dissection. After the cystic duct was identified, a transcystic cholangiography was performed which confirmed a complete and clear bile duct anatomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was safely completed. The intraoperative finding of a LSGB makes the surgeon change some aspects of the usual technique to perform a safe cholecystectomy as LSGB significantly increases the risk of common bile duct injuries. Meticulous dissection of the gallbladder hilum to achieve a critical view of safety and the systematic use of intraoperative cholangiography are extremely important to perform a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Cholangiography , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy
11.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(1): e202, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1180959

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: la colecistectomía laparoscópica (CL) es la cirugía más frecuente del tracto digestivo. A pesar de considerarse un procedimiento seguro, la morbilidad se reporta hasta en un 10%, no existiendo registro a nivel nacional. Objetivo: describir la incidencia de complicaciones y morbimortalidad de la CL electiva en una población no seleccionada de un servicio universitario. Método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo observacional de los pacientes intervenidos en forma electiva de CL, entre el 1/1/2010 y el 31/12/2019 en la Clínica Quirúrgica B del Hospital de Clínicas y en la Unidad Docente Asistencial de Cirugía del Hospital Español. Las variables incluidas fueron demográficas, diagnóstico operatorio, conversión, morbimortalidad, reintervenciones y readmisiones. Resultados: se reclutó un total de 1.499 CL electivas, edad promedio 49 años (15-87), 79% sexo femenino, incidencia de litiasis de vía biliar principal (LVBP) en 210 (17%) casos; 25 conversiones (1,7%). Hubo un total de 64 complicaciones (4,3%) con una incidencia significativamente mayor en pacientes con LVBP (2,8% vs 7,6%, p 0,01). Hubo dos lesiones del hepato-colédoco (0,13%) (tipo Hannover D y C), ambas detectadas y reparadas en la misma cirugía y tres lesiones viscerales (0,20%). Hubo 16 readmisiones (1,07%) y 9 reintervenciones (0,6%). Dos pacientes fallecieron (0,13%) en el posoperatorio (insuficiencia hepatocítica crónica descompensada y pancreatitis grave pos-CPRE posoperatoria). Conclusiones: la CL en la población no seleccionada del servicio universitario analizado en este trabajo demuestra ser un procedimiento seguro, con tasas de complicaciones, reintervenciones y readmisiones que en este estudio se comparan favorablemente con las reportadas en la literatura. La presencia de litiasis en la vía biliar principal se asoció a una incidencia significativamente mayor de complicaciones posoperatorias y de mayor severidad.


Summary: Introduction: laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the most frequent surgery of the digestive tract. Despite it being considered a safe procedure, morbidity is reported to be up to 10%, there being no record at the national level. Objective: to describe the incidence of complications and morbimortality of elective LC in a non-selected population group in a university hospital. Method: retrospective observational study of patients who underwent elective LC between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2019 in the Surgical Clinic B at the Clinicas Hospital and the surgery assistance Teaching Unit at Español Hospital. The following variables were included: demographics, surgical diagnosis, conversion, morbimortality, reoperations and readmissions. Results: 1.499 CL were found, average age was 49 years old (15-87), 79% were women, main bile duct lithiasis in 210 cases (17%), 25 conversions (1.7%). There were 64 complications (4.3%), the incidence being significantly higher in patients with main bile duct lithiasis (2.8% vs 7.6%, p 0,01). Two bile duct-hepatic lesions (Hannover type D and C), both detected and repaired in the same surgery, and three visceral lesions (0.20 %). There were 16 readmissions (1.07%) and 9 reoperations (0.6%). Two patients died (0.13%) in the postoperative: decompensated chronic liver failure and post Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) severe pancreatitis. Conclusions: CL in a non-selected population at the university service analysed in the study proved to be a safe procedure, and complications, reoperation and readmission rates found in the study are positively compared to those reported in literature. The presence of lithiasis in the bile duct was associated with postoperative complications and a greater severity.


Resumo: Introdução: a colecistectomia laparoscópica (CL) é a cirurgia mais comum do trato digestivo. Apesar de ser considerado um procedimento seguro, a morbidade descrita é de 10%, e não há um registro nacional. Objetivo: descrever a incidência de complicações e morbimortalidade das CL eletivas, em uma população não selecionada em serviço universitário. Método: estudo observacional retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos à CL eletiva, realizado no período 1 de janeiro de 2010 - 31 de dezembro de 2019 na Clínica Cirúrgica B do Hospital de Clínicas e Unidade Docente Assistencial de Cirurgia do Hospital Espanhol. Foram incluidas variáveis demográficas, diagnóstico operatório, conversão, morbimortalidade, reoperações e reinternações. Resultados: foram incluidas 1.499 LCs eletivas, a idade média dos pacientes foi 49 anos (15-87), sendo 79% mulheres com incidência de cálculos biliares principais (LVBP) em 210 (17%) casos; 25 conversões (1,7%). Houve um total de 64 complicações (4,3%) com uma incidência significativamente maior em pacientes com LVBP (2,8% vs 7,6%, p 0,01). Ocorreram duas lesões hepato-colédoco (0,13%) (Hannover tipos D e C), ambas detectadas e reparadas na mesma cirurgia, e três lesões viscerais (0,20%). Ocorreram 16 readmissões (1,07%) e 9 reoperações (0,6%). Dois pacientes morreram (0,13%) no pós-operatório (insuficiência hepatocítica crônica descompensada e pancreatite pós-operatória grave por CPRE). Conclusões: a LC na população não selecionada do serviço universitário analisado neste estudo, mostrou-se como um procedimento seguro, com índices de complicações, reoperações e reinternações que neste estudo se comparam favoravelmente com os relatados na literatura. A presença de litíase no ducto biliar principal foi associada a uma incidência significativamente maior de complicações pós-operatórias e de maior gravidade.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1037, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289373

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abordaje de la vía aérea del paciente bajo cirugía laparoscópica representa múltiples retos para el anestesiólogo. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad y seguridad de tres dispositivos supraglóticos con acceso gástrico en el abordaje de la vía aérea de pacientes bajo colecistectomía laparoscópica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, prospectivo, longitudinal en el Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García", entre el 2017 y 2019. Se constituyeron tres grupos de 40 pacientes, según dispositivo: máscara laríngea proseal, máscara laríngea supreme y máscara I-gel. Se estudió: tiempo de inserción, número de intentos para colocación, facilidad de inserción de la sonda nasogástrica, presión y suficiencia de sellado orofaríngeo, presión pico con neumoperitoneo y complicaciones. Las variables cualitativas se analizaron con frecuencias absolutas y relativas, y las cuantitativas con medias y desviación estándar. Para la asociación entre variables cualitativas, se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado, y el análisis de varianza para la asociación entre cuantitativas y cualitativas. Se consideró significativo valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: La máscara laríngea supreme se insertó con éxito al primer intento en la mayoría de los pacientes (p = 0,004). La I-gel registró el menor tiempo de inserción (10,05 ± 1,75 seg) y la Supreme mayor facilidad para la sonda nasogástrica (p < 0,001). La mayor presión de sellado fue con la máscara laríngea proseal (30,87 ± 2,60 cmH2O). Las complicaciones fueron pocas y similares con cada uno. Conclusiones: La utilización de dispositivos supraglóticos con acceso gástrico demostró seguridad y efectividad en pacientes intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica(AU)


Introduction: Airway management in the patient undergoing laparoscopic surgery presents multiple challenges for the anesthesiologist. Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of three supraglottic devices with gastric access in the airway management in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: A quasiexperimental, prospective and longitudinal study was carried out, between 2017 and 2019, at General Calixto García University Hospital. Three groups of forty patients were made up, according to the usage of each device: ProSeal laryngeal mask, Supreme laryngeal mask, and I-gel mask. The following variables were studied: insertion time, number of placement attempts, ease of insertion of nasogastric tube, pressure and sufficiency of oropharyngeal sealing, peak pressure with pneumoperitoneum, and complications. Qualitative variables were analyzed with absolute and relative frequencies; and quantitative variables, with means and standard deviation. For the association between qualitative variables, the chi-square test was used, while variance analysis was used for the association between quantitative and qualitative variables. A value of P< 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The Supreme laryngeal mask was successfully inserted on the first attempt in most patients (P=0.004). The I-gel mask had the shortest insertion time (10.05±1.75 seconds), while the Supreme was the easiest for the nasogastric tube (P< 0.001). The highest sealing pressure was obtained with the ProSeal laryngeal mask (30.87±2.60 cmH2O). The complications were few and similar with each device. Conclusions: The use of supraglottic devices with gastric access showed safety and effectiveness in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Laryngeal Masks/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Airway Management/methods , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 71-76, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248986

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hepatobiliary surgery and hepatic trauma are frequent causes of bile leaks and this feared complication can be safely managed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The approach consists of sphincterotomy alone, biliary stenting or a combination of the two but the optimal form remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare sphincterotomy alone versus sphincterotomy plus biliary stent placement in the treatment of post-surgical and traumatic bile leaks. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 31 patients with the final ERCP diagnosis of "bile leak". Data collected included patient demographics, etiology of the leak and the procedure details. The treatment techniques were divided into two groups: sphincterotomy alone vs. sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting. We evaluated the volume of the abdominal surgical drain before and after each procedure and the number of days needed until cessation of drainage post ERCP. RESULTS: A total of 31 patients (18 men and 3 women; mean age, 51 years) with bile leaks were evaluated. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the etiology of the leak in 14 (45%) cases, followed by conventional cholecystectomy in 9 (29%) patients, hepatic trauma in 5 (16%) patients, and hepatectomy secondary to neoplasia in 3 (9.7%) patients. The most frequent location of the leaks was the cystic duct stump with 12 (38.6%) cases, followed by hepatic common duct in 10 (32%) cases, common bile duct in 7 (22%) cases and the liver bed in 2 (6.5%) cases. 71% of the patients were treated with sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, and 29% with sphincterotomy alone. There was significant difference between the volume drained before and after both procedures (P<0.05). However, when comparing sphincterotomy alone and sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, regarding the volume drained and the days needed to cessation of drainage, there was no statistical difference in both cases (P>0.005). CONCLUSION: ERCP remains the first line treatment for bile leaks with no difference between sphincterotomy alone vs sphincterotomy plus stent placement.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Cirurgia hepatobiliar e trauma hepático são causas frequentes de fístulas biliares, e esta temida complicação pode ser manejada de forma segura através da colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE). O procedimento consiste em esfincterotomia isolada, passagem de prótese biliar ou combinação das duas técnicas, porém a forma ideal permanece incerta. OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo é comparar a realização de esfincterotomia isolada versus locação de prótese biliar no tratamento de fístulas pós-cirúrgicas e traumáticas. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados de forma retrospectiva 31 CPREs com diagnóstico final de "fístula biliar". A informação colhida incluía dados demográficos dos pacientes, etiologia das fístulas e detalhes dos procedimentos. As técnicas de tratamentos foram divididas em dois grupos: esfincterotomia isolada vs esfincterotomia associada a locação de prótese biliar. Foram analisados os volumes dos drenos abdominais cirúrgicos antes e depois de cada procedimento e o número de dias necessários para que ocorresse cessação da drenagem pelo dreno abdominal cirúrgico após a CPRE. RESULTADOS: Um total de 31 pacientes (18 homens e 3 mulheres; idade média de 51 anos) com fístulas biliares foram avaliados. Colecistectomia laparoscópica foi a etiologia da fístula em 14 (45%) casos, seguida de colecistectomia convenvional em 9 (29%) pacientes, trauma hepático em 5 (16%) pacientes, e hepatectomia secundária a neoplasia em 3 (9,7%) pacientes. As localizações mais frequentes das fístulas foram: coto do ducto císticos com 12 (38,6%) casos, seguido de ducto hepático comum em 10 (32%) casos, ducto colédoco em 7 (22%) cases e leito hepático em 2 (6,5%) casos. 71% dos pacientes foram tratados com esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar e 29% com esfincterotomia isolada. Houve diferença estatística em relação ao volume drenado antes e depois de ambos os procedimentos (P<0,05). Entretanto, quando comparada esfincterotomia isolada e esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar, em relação ao volume drenado e ao número de dias necessários para cessação da drenagem, não houve diferença estatística em ambos os casos (P>0,005). CONCLUSÃO: A CPRE permanece como tratamento de primeira linha no tratamento de fístulas biliares, sem diferença entra a esfincterotomia isolada versus esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Sphincterotomy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Bile , Stents , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/adverse effects , Hospitals , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 324-333, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223998

ABSTRACT

La colecistectomía laparoscópica es uno de los procedimientos más realizados a nivel mundial. La técnica laparoscópica se considera el estándar de oro para la resolución de la patología de la vesícula biliar secundaria a litiasis, y aunque es un procedimiento seguro, no se encuentra exenta de complicaciones. La complicación más grave es la lesión de la vía biliar, que, aunque es poco frecuente, con una incidencia de 0,2 a 0,4%, conduce a una disminución en la calidad de vida y contribuye a un aumento en la morbi-mortalidad. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar nuestra técnica quirúrgica, enfatizando los principios del programa de cultura para una colecistectomía segura, propuesta y descrita por the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), para minimizar los riesgos y obtener un resultado quirúrgico satisfactorio


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most performed procedures worldwide. The laparoscopic technique is considered the gold standard for the resolution of gallbladder pathology secondary to lithiasis, and although it is a safe procedure, it is not without complications. The most serious complication is the injury to the bile duct, which, although rare, with an incidence of 0.2% to 0.4%, leads to a decrease in quality of life and contributes to an increase in morbidity and mortality. The objective of this article is to report our surgical technique, emphaszing the principles of the program for a safe cholecystectomy, proposed and described by the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), to minimize the risks and obtain a satisfactory surgical result


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Common Bile Duct , Patient Safety , Intraoperative Complications
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202907, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed by residents of the first and second-year of a general surgery residency program. We studied the primary total cost of treatment and complication rates as primary outcomes, comparing the groups operated by senior and resident surgeons. Methods: this was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed in a training hospital of large surgical volume in Brazil, in the period between June 1, 2018 and May 31, 2019. The study population comprised patients who underwent elective cholecystectomy due to uncomplicated chronic calculous cholecystitis or to the presence of gallbladder polyps with surgical indication. We divided the cases into three groups, based on the graduation of the main surgeon at the time of the procedure: first-year residents (R1), second-year residents (R2), and trained general surgeons (GS). Results: during the study period, 1,052 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed, of which 1,035 procedures met the inclusion criteria, with 78 (7.5%) patients operated on with the participation of first-year residents (R1), 500 (48.3%) patients with the participation of second-year residents (R2), and 457 (44.2%) with the participation of senior surgeons only. There was no difference in conversion rates, complications, and reporting of adverse events between groups. We observed a significant difference regarding hospitalization costs (p = 0.003), with a higher mean for the patients operated with the participation of R1, of US$ 2,671.13, versus US$ 2,414.60 and US$ 2,396.24 for the procedures performed by senior surgeons and R2, respectively. Conclusions: laparoscopic cholecystectomy with the participation of residents is safe, even in their first years of training. There is an additional cost of about 10% in the treatment of patient operated with the participation of first-year residents. There was no significant difference in the cost of the group operated by second-year residents.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade e segurança da realização de colecistectomias laparoscópicas por residentes do primeiro e segundo ano do programa de cirurgia geral. Foram estudados como desfechos primários o custo médio total de tratamento e os índices de complicações, comparando os grupos operados por cirurgiões seniores e residentes. Métodos: trata-se de estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomias laparoscópicas realizadas em hospital escola de grande volume cirúrgico, no Brasil, no período entre 01 de junho de 2018 e 31 de maio de 2019. A população do estudo compreendeu pacientes que realizaram colecistectomias eletivas por colecistite calculosa crônica não complicada ou por presença de pólipos de vesícula biliar com indicação cirúrgica. Os casos foram divididos em 3 grupos, baseados na graduação do cirurgião principal no momento do procedimento: residentes do primeiro ano (R1), residentes do segundo ano (R2) e cirurgiões formados (CG). Resultados: no período do estudo, foram realizadas 1.052 colecistectomias videolaparoscópicas, sendo que, após aplicados os critérios de exclusão, foram incluídos no estudo 1.035 procedimentos, com 78 (7,5%) pacientes operados com a participação de residentes do primeiro ano (R1), 500 (48,3%) pacientes com a participação de residentes do segundo ano (R2) e 457 (44,2%) apenas com a participação somente de cirurgiões seniores. Não houve diferença nas taxas de conversão, de complicações e de notificações de eventos adversos entre os grupos. Foi evidenciada diferença com relação aos custos de internação (p= 0,003), sendo observado maior custo médio de internação para os pacientes operados com participação dos R1, com custo médio de US$ 2.671,13, versus US$ 2.414,60 e US$ 2.396,24 das operações realizadas pelos cirurgiões seniores e R2, respectivamente. Conclusões: é segura a realização de colecistectomia videolaparoscópica com a participação de residentes, mesmo em seus primeiros anos de formação. Existe custo adicional de cerca de 10% no tratamento de pacientes operados com a participação de residentes do primeiro ano. Não foi observada diferença significativa no custo do grupo operado por residentes do segundo ano.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery/education , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Internship and Residency , Brazil , Cholecystectomy , Retrospective Studies
16.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 368-370, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349410

ABSTRACT

A heterotopia pancreática é definida como a presença de tecido pancreático em localização topográfica anômala. Essa patologia pode acometer variadas estruturas da cavidade abdominal, mas raramente manifesta-se na vesícula biliar. Até o momento, menos de 40 casos de heterotopia pancreática em vesícula biliar foram relatados na literatura médica. Apresentamos um caso de uma mulher de 25 anos, que realizou uma colecistectomia videolaparoscópica por colelitíase, com exame anatomopatológico que identificou uma heterotopia pancreática. Apesar de rara, a doença deve ser considerada em pacientes com sintomatologia de doenças da via biliar e de doenças pancreáticas e sem diagnóstico após uma investigação de rotina, tendo em vista que o tecido pancreático ectópico está sujeito às mesmas alterações patológicas, manifestações clínicas e complicações encontradas no próprio pâncreas. (AU)


Heterotopic pancreas is defined as the presence of pancreatic tissue at an anomalous location. This condition may affect multiple structures in the abdominal cavity but rarely appears in the gallbladder. To date, fewer than 40 cases of heterotopic pancreas in the gallbladder have been reported in the medical literature. We present a case of a 25 year-old woman who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis, with a pathology test that detected heterotopic pancreas. Despite its rarity, this disease must be considered in cases of corresponding symptoms without a diagnosis after a routine evaluation, considering that ectopic pancreatic tissue is exposed to the same pathological alterations, clinical manifestations, and complications found in the pancreas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pancreas , Choristoma/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Choristoma/physiopathology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 682-685, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155770

ABSTRACT

Abstract Myotonic dystrophy type-1 (Steinert disease) is an autosomal dominant, progressive multisystem disease in which myotonic crisis can be triggered by several factors including pain, emotional stress, hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In this report, dexmedetomidine-based general anesthesia, in combination with a thoracic epidural for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with Steinert disease, is presented. An Aintree intubation catheter with the guidance of a fiberoptic bronchoscope was used for intubation to avoid laryngoscopy. Prolonged anesthetic effects of propofol were reversed, and recovery from anesthesia was accelerated using an intravenous infusion of theophylline.


Resumo A Distrofia Miotônica (DM) tipo-1 (Doença de Steinert) é uma doença multissistêmica progressiva autossômica dominante em que a crise miotônica pode ser desencadeada por vários fatores, incluindo dor, estresse emocional, hipotermia, tremores e estímulo mecânico ou elétrico. O presente relato descreve anestesia geral realizada com dexmedetomidina em combinação com peridural torácica para colecistectomia laparoscópica em paciente com Doença de Steinert. Para evitar laringoscopia, a intubação traqueal foi realizada utilizando cateter de intubação Aintree guiado por broncofibroscopia óptica. Os efeitos anestésicos prolongados do propofol foram revertidos e a recuperação anestésica foi acelerada pelo uso de infusão intravenosa de teofilina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic , Dexmedetomidine , Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Myotonic Dystrophy/complications , Theophylline/administration & dosage , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Propofol , Bronchoscopes , Analgesics, Opioid , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 480-489, dic. 2020. graf, il, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288160

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la lesión quirúrgica de la vía biliar representa un gran problema de salud y puede surgir ante cualquier cirujano que realice una colecistectomía. Objetivos: el objetivo del trabajo fue presentar nuestra experiencia en reparación de la vía biliar, ana lizando la morbimortalidad y la incidencia de dicha patología en nuestro Servicio. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo descriptivo; se tomaron las variables de las historias clínicas de los pacientes en un período de 8 años, de enero de 2011 a julio de 2019 donde fueron admitidos 19 pacientes que presentaron lesión quirúrgica de la vía biliar en el Hospital José Ramón Vidal de la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina. Resultados: 12 pacientes fueron tratados quirúrgicamente mediante hepático-yeyuno anastomosis, 2 por bihepático-yeyuno anastomosis y dos mediante sutura término-terminal bilio-biliar sobre tubo de Kehr. Tres pacientes fueron tratados mediante colocación de stent y dilatación posterior mediante colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica. Conclusión: los cirujanos deben entrenarse para disminuir al mínimo la posibilidad de una lesión. El objetivo de una colecistectomía debería ser no lesionar la vía biliar.


ABSTRACT Background: Bile duct injury represents a serious health problem and can occur after any cholecystectomy. Objectives: The aim of this study was to report our experience in repairing bile duct injuries analyzing morbidity, mortality and its incidence in our department. Material and Methods: We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study. The information was retrieved form the medical records of 19 patients with bile duct injury hospitalized at the Hospital José Ramón Vidal, Corrientes, Argentina, between January 2011 and July 2019. Results: A Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was performed in 12 patients, double hepaticojejunostomy in two patients, and two patients were treated with end-to-end ductal anastomosis with suture over a T tube. Three patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with stent placement and dilation. Conclusion: Surgeons should be trained to avoid the possibility of bile duct injury. The main goal of cholecystectomy should be to avoid this complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Argentina , Bile Ducts/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cholangiography , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Computed Tomography Angiography , Hospitals, Public
19.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 469-479, dic. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288159

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: como Cirugía Mayor Ambulatoria (CMA) se designan procedimientos quirúrgicos te rapéuticos o diagnósticos, realizados con anestesia general, locorregional o local, con sedación o sin ella, que requieren cuidados posoperatorios de corta duración, por lo que no necesitan ingreso hos pitalario. Objetivo: analizar la experiencia de la Unidad de Cirugía Mayor Ambulatoria integrada al Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital Avellaneda, de San Miguel de Tucumán, en el período enero 2014- diciembre 2018. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte transversal, de asociación cruzada. Pacientes entre 14 y 75 años. Los datos fueron recolectados de una base prospectiva implementada desde el inicio de una experiencia piloto. Resultados: se realizaron 3827 intervenciones quirúrgicas, de las cuales 2327 fueron procedimientos quirúrgicos bajo la modalidad de CMA; 1514 correspondieron al sexo femenino; prevaleció el rango de 45 a 54 años de edad. Los procedimientos quirúrgicos realizados fueron: colecistectomía laparoscópi ca, patología de la pared abdominal, patologías orificiales, procedimientos combinados. Indicadores de calidad: la tasa de cancelación, valor atribuible a la ausencia del paciente el día de la cirugía, y de suspensión, debido a la modalidad selección del paciente y de infraestructura, ambas tasas mostraron una disminución estadísticamente significativas entre los años 2014 y 2018. La tasa de reintervención fue en el último año de 0,35%; los ingresos y reingresos disminuyeron a 1,6% y 1,07%, respectivamen te al año 2018. Se presentaron 52 complicaciones, 13 mayores y 39 menores. El grado de satisfacción fue elevado: un 99,5%. Conclusión: la CMA es un proceso seguro, con tasas de complicaciones bajas.


ABSTRACT Background: Major ambulatory surgery is defined as therapeutic or diagnostic surgical procedures, performed under general, regional or local anesthesia, with or without sedation, which require short-term postoperative care, and therefore do not require hospital admission Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the experience of the same day unit integrated to the Department of General Surgery and Gastrointestinal Surgery at Hospital de Clínicas Pte. Avellaneda in San Miguel de Tucumán between January 2014 and December 2018. Material and methods: We conducted a descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients between 14 and 75 years were included. Data were collected from a prospective database implemented for the beginning of a pilot experience. Results: A total of 3827 surgeries were performed; 2327 corresponded to MAS procedures; 1514 patients were women, and aged ranged between 45 and 54 years. The surgical procedures corresponded to laparoscopic cholecystectomy, abdominal wall defects, perianal diseases and combined procedures. Quality indicators: the cancellation rate, which indicates the percentage of patients who did not attend the day surgery unit, and the rate of procedures suspended due to issues associated with patient selection and infrastructure, showed a statistically significant reduction between 2014 and 2018. Unplanned repeated surgery rate was 0.35% in 2018, and unplanned admissions and readmissions decreased to 1.6% and 1.07%, respectively, in 2018. Major complications occurred in 13 patients and 39 patients presented minor complications. Patient's satisfaction was 99.5%.. Conclusion: MAS is a safe process, with low rate of complications.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Postoperative Complications , Surgery Department, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Patient Satisfaction , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Quality Indicators, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 498-507, dic. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288162

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: el uso de la colangiografía intraoperatoria dinámica (CIOd) durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica (Colelap) sigue siendo un tema en discusión. Objetivos: Este trabajo tiene como objetivo describir y evaluar la curva de aprendizaje y los hallazgos en la CIOd durante las colecistectomías laparoscópicas realizadas por residentes de Cirugía General, incluyéndola como herramienta para una colecistectomía segura, así como entrenamiento para el de sarrollo de habilidades y destrezas. Material y métodos: se incluyeron pacientes con indicación de colecistectomía laparoscópica pro gramada o de urgencia. En las cirugías se realizó tracción según Hunter, visión crítica de seguridad y CIOd sistemática, por un residente mayor y la CIOd por un residente inferior, tutorizado por cirujano de planta. Se evaluaron curva de aprendizaje, tiempos operatorios, relación del tiempo de CIOd con el tiempo de duración de la Colelap (CIO/CX), redisección del cístico y litiasis cística y coledociana. Resultados: se operaron 456 pacientes durante un año (2017-2018). Se observó que, independiente mente de quien realice la CIOd, los residentes pudieron mejorar su curva de aprendizaje, objetiván dose tiempos más cortos para la Colelap, CIOd y la relación CIO/CX. Los coeficientes de aprendizaje fueron mejores en cirugías más complejas en relación con el semestre. El 5,26% presentó litiasis cole dociana (n = 24); de estas, 66,7% tenían litiasis cística (n = 16) y 25% colecistitis (n = 6) asociadas. Todas se resolvieron por vía transcística. No hubo conversiones y se realizó CIOd en el 100%. Conclusión: la CIOd es un procedimiento ideal para ser practicado de manera sistemática durante la Residencia, porque da el entrenamiento necesario para el manejo de la vía transcística, permite evitar una lesión quirúrgica de vía biliar mayor y el diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis.


ABSTRACT Background: The use of dynamic intra-operative cholangiography (dIOC) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lap Chole) remains a topic under discussion. Objectives: This study aims to describe and evaluate the learning curve and findings in the dIOC during laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed by Residents of General Surgery, including it as a tool for a safe cholecystectomy, as well as training for the development of skills and abilities. Material and methods: Patients with indication of scheduled or emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included. In the surgeries, traction was performed according to Hunter, critical safety vision and systematic dIOC, by a senior Resident and the dIOC by a less trained resident, tutored by a staff surgeon. Learning curve, operative times, dIOC time relationship with Lap Chole duration time (IOC/LC), repeated cystic dissection, cystic lithiasis and choledocholithiasis were evaluated. Results: 456 patients were operated for one year (2017-2018). It was observed that regardless of who performs the dIOC, they were able to improve their learning curve, objectifying shorter times for Lap Chole, dIOC and the IOC/LC relationship. The learning coefficients were better in complex surgeries in relation to the semester. 5.26 % had choledocholithiasis (n = 24), of these, 66.7% had cystic lithiasis (n = 16) and 25% associated cholecystitis (n = 6). All were resolved trancystically. There were no conversions and dIOC was performed in 100% of cases. Conclusion: The dIOC is an ideal procedure to be practiced systematically during residency. Because it gives the necessary training for the management of the transcystic pathway, allows avoiding an upper bile duct injury and the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cholangiography/psychology , Learning Curve , Medical Staff, Hospital/psychology , General Surgery/education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/psychology , Internship and Residency
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