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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(2): 224-228, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1365477

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: los avances en cuidados perioperatorios e inmunosupresión permitieron que la su pervivencia de los pacientes trasplantados aumente significativamente, así observamos que la litiasis vesicular es más frecuente en este grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar y describir los resultados obtenidos en colecistecto mías en pacientes trasplantados cardíacos. Material y métodos: seleccionamos los pacientes mediante una búsqueda cruzada entre las bases de datos de Trasplante Cardíaco y Cirugía Biliar. Recopilamos información sobre sus antecedentes médi cos, parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio, entre otros. Resultados: entre enero 1994-diciembre 2017 se realizaron 154 trasplantes cardíacos con una edad media de 40 años; 16 pacientes fueron incluidos en este estudio y en los cuales fue realizada la cole cistectomía laparoscópica posterior al trasplante. No se registraron morbilidad, readmisiones ni mor talidad. Conclusión: la colecistectomía laparoscópica es segura y es el método de elección en pacientes tras plantados cardíacos. Se debe realizar colangiografía intraoperatoria, ya que los predictores de litiasis coledociana suelen estar alterados.


ABSTRACT Background: The advances in perioperative care and immunosuppressive treatment resulted in a significant increase in survival of transplant patients; as a result, cholelithiasis is more common in transplant patients. Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze and describe the results obtained in cholecystectomies in heart transplant patients. Material and methods: We selected patients by cross-referencing the databases of heart transplantation and scheduled biliary surgeries, and collected information on their medical history, clinical parameters and laboratory tests, among other data. Results: Between January 1994 and December 2017, 154 heart transplant procedures were performed; mean age was 40 years; 16 underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy after heart transplantation and were included in this study. There were no complications, readmissions or deaths. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and is the method of choice for heart transplant patients with cholelithiasis. Intraoperative cholangiography should be performed as the predictors of choledocholithiasis are usually abnormal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Heart Transplantation , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Cystectomy , Immunosuppression , Transplants , Choledocholithiasis , Alkalies , Heart
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 732-749, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289815

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: en enero de 2000, comenzó la cirugía videolaparoscópica en el Hospital Militar Docente Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy, de la ciudad de Matanzas. El equipo quirúrgico, en esa época, lo constituían cirujanos con varios años de experiencia y con una sólida formación en cirugía convencional. También poseían habilidades demostradas en la realización de colecistectomía a cielo abierto. A partir de 2011, una nueva generación de cirujanos desarrolló la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, con poca experiencia en cirugía a cielo abierto. Por lo tanto, se presentó la contradicción de que cada vez menos cirujanos tenían la experiencia técnica que requieren los casos más difíciles. Objetivo: determinar la seguridad en la realización de la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Materiales y métodos: Investigación observacional, descriptiva y retrospectiva de los pacientes intervenidos de afecciones biliares benignas, por la técnica de colecistectomía laparoscópica, entre enero de 2014 y diciembre de 2017. Resultados: fueron colecistectomizados 2 016 pacientes. De ellos, 1 759 (87 %) correspondieron al sexo femenino, y 257 (13 %) al masculino. Comorbilidades presentes en el 46,3 %. Cirugías: electivas, 1 801; urgentes, 215. Eventos adversos, 38 (1,88 %). Conversiones, 28 (1,3 %). Mortalidad operatoria, 5 (0,24 %). Conclusiones: resultan seguras las colecistectomías laparoscópicas por el bajo índice de eventos adversos, conversiones y mortalidad operatoria (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: video laparoscopic surgery began in January 2000, at the Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy Military Hospital. The surgical team, at that time, were surgeons with years of experience and a solid training in conventional surgery. They also had demonstrated skills in performing open cholecystectomy. Starting in 2011, a new generation of surgeons developed minimally invasive surgery, with little experience in open surgery. Therefore, it arose the paradox that fewer and fewer surgeons had the technical experience required in the most difficult cases. Objective: to determine the safety in performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and methods: retrospective, descriptive and observational research of the patients who underwent surgeries of benign biliary conditions, by the technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the period January 2014- December 2017. Results: 1759 patients were cholecystectomized. 87.25% were female ones and 257 (13%) were male: Comorbidities were present in 46.3%. 1 801 were elective surgeries; emergency surgeries were 215. There were 38 (1.88%) adverse events and 28 (1.3%) conversions. The operatory mortality was 5 (0.24%). Conclusions: laparoscopic cholecystectomy are safe because of the low index of adverse events, conversion and operatory mortality (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Hospitals, State/methods , General Surgery/methods , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/standards , Toxicity/methods
3.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1037, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289373

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abordaje de la vía aérea del paciente bajo cirugía laparoscópica representa múltiples retos para el anestesiólogo. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad y seguridad de tres dispositivos supraglóticos con acceso gástrico en el abordaje de la vía aérea de pacientes bajo colecistectomía laparoscópica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, prospectivo, longitudinal en el Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García", entre el 2017 y 2019. Se constituyeron tres grupos de 40 pacientes, según dispositivo: máscara laríngea proseal, máscara laríngea supreme y máscara I-gel. Se estudió: tiempo de inserción, número de intentos para colocación, facilidad de inserción de la sonda nasogástrica, presión y suficiencia de sellado orofaríngeo, presión pico con neumoperitoneo y complicaciones. Las variables cualitativas se analizaron con frecuencias absolutas y relativas, y las cuantitativas con medias y desviación estándar. Para la asociación entre variables cualitativas, se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado, y el análisis de varianza para la asociación entre cuantitativas y cualitativas. Se consideró significativo valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: La máscara laríngea supreme se insertó con éxito al primer intento en la mayoría de los pacientes (p = 0,004). La I-gel registró el menor tiempo de inserción (10,05 ± 1,75 seg) y la Supreme mayor facilidad para la sonda nasogástrica (p < 0,001). La mayor presión de sellado fue con la máscara laríngea proseal (30,87 ± 2,60 cmH2O). Las complicaciones fueron pocas y similares con cada uno. Conclusiones: La utilización de dispositivos supraglóticos con acceso gástrico demostró seguridad y efectividad en pacientes intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica(AU)


Introduction: Airway management in the patient undergoing laparoscopic surgery presents multiple challenges for the anesthesiologist. Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of three supraglottic devices with gastric access in the airway management in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: A quasiexperimental, prospective and longitudinal study was carried out, between 2017 and 2019, at General Calixto García University Hospital. Three groups of forty patients were made up, according to the usage of each device: ProSeal laryngeal mask, Supreme laryngeal mask, and I-gel mask. The following variables were studied: insertion time, number of placement attempts, ease of insertion of nasogastric tube, pressure and sufficiency of oropharyngeal sealing, peak pressure with pneumoperitoneum, and complications. Qualitative variables were analyzed with absolute and relative frequencies; and quantitative variables, with means and standard deviation. For the association between qualitative variables, the chi-square test was used, while variance analysis was used for the association between quantitative and qualitative variables. A value of P< 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The Supreme laryngeal mask was successfully inserted on the first attempt in most patients (P=0.004). The I-gel mask had the shortest insertion time (10.05±1.75 seconds), while the Supreme was the easiest for the nasogastric tube (P< 0.001). The highest sealing pressure was obtained with the ProSeal laryngeal mask (30.87±2.60 cmH2O). The complications were few and similar with each device. Conclusions: The use of supraglottic devices with gastric access showed safety and effectiveness in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Laryngeal Masks/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Airway Management/methods , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 682-685, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155770

ABSTRACT

Abstract Myotonic dystrophy type-1 (Steinert disease) is an autosomal dominant, progressive multisystem disease in which myotonic crisis can be triggered by several factors including pain, emotional stress, hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In this report, dexmedetomidine-based general anesthesia, in combination with a thoracic epidural for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with Steinert disease, is presented. An Aintree intubation catheter with the guidance of a fiberoptic bronchoscope was used for intubation to avoid laryngoscopy. Prolonged anesthetic effects of propofol were reversed, and recovery from anesthesia was accelerated using an intravenous infusion of theophylline.


Resumo A Distrofia Miotônica (DM) tipo-1 (Doença de Steinert) é uma doença multissistêmica progressiva autossômica dominante em que a crise miotônica pode ser desencadeada por vários fatores, incluindo dor, estresse emocional, hipotermia, tremores e estímulo mecânico ou elétrico. O presente relato descreve anestesia geral realizada com dexmedetomidina em combinação com peridural torácica para colecistectomia laparoscópica em paciente com Doença de Steinert. Para evitar laringoscopia, a intubação traqueal foi realizada utilizando cateter de intubação Aintree guiado por broncofibroscopia óptica. Os efeitos anestésicos prolongados do propofol foram revertidos e a recuperação anestésica foi acelerada pelo uso de infusão intravenosa de teofilina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic , Dexmedetomidine , Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Myotonic Dystrophy/complications , Theophylline/administration & dosage , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Propofol , Bronchoscopes , Analgesics, Opioid , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 520-526, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143964

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and undesirable complication observed after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). We investigated the effects of auriculoacupuncture (AA) on the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in the immediate postoperative period of uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Sixty-eight patients were randomly divided into two groups, auriculoacupuncture (n = 35) and control (n = 33), and then they were evaluated prospectively. The needle was placed before anaesthesia induction and remained for 20 minutes. Nausea intensity was evaluated using an analogic visual scale and PONV events were registered immediately after anaesthesia care unit admission and in the second, fourth and sixth hours after the surgery. Results: The auriculoacupuncture group had a significantly smaller incidence of nausea and vomiting than the control group throughout the whole postoperative period (16/35 vs. 27/33, p= 0.03 and 4/35 vs. 15/33, p= 0.005, respectively); the AA group had fewer nausea events 2 h (p= 0.03) and 6 h (p= 0.001) after surgery and fewer vomiting events 2 h (p= 0.01) and 6 h (p= 0.02) after surgery. Conclusions: Auriculoacupuncture can partially prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting when compared to metoclopramide alone after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Auriculoacupuncture can be recommended as an adjuvant therapy for postoperative nausea and vomiting prevention in selected patients.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Náuseas e vômitos são complicações comuns e indesejáveis no pós-operatório de colecistectomia laparoscópica (CL). Nós investigamos os efeitos da auriculoacupuntura (AA) para a prevenção de náuseas e vômitos no período pós-operatório (NVPO) imediato da CL não complicada. Métodos: 68 pacientes foram aleatoriamente divididos em dois grupos, auriculoacupuntura (n = 35) e controle (n = 33), e foram avaliados prospectivamente. A agulha foi aplicada antes da indução anestésica e permaneceu no lugar por 20 minutos. A intensidade da náusea foi avaliada mediante escala visual analógica e episódios de NVPO foram registrados imediatamente após a admissão na unidade de recuperação anestésica e duas, quatro e seis horas após a cirurgia. Resultados: O grupo AA apresentou significativamente menos episódios de NVPO do que o grupo controle durante todo o período pós-operatório (16/35 vs. 27/33, p = 0,03 e 4/35 vs. 15/33, p = 0,005, respectivamente). O grupo auriculoacupuntura apresentou episódios de náuseas menos intensos às 2 horas (p = 0,03) e 6 horas (p = 0,001) após a cirurgia e menos episódios de vômitos 2 horas (p = 0,01) e 6 horas (p = 0,02) após a cirurgia. Conclusão: A auriculoacupuntura aliviou náuseas e vômitos no pós-operatório em número significante de pacientes, mas não foi capaz de prevenir náuseas e vômitos no pós-operatório em todos os pacientes. Ela pode ser recomendada como terapia adjuvante para prevenção de náuseas e vômitos no pós-operatório no pós-operatório de colecistectomia laparoscópica em pacientes selecionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Antiemetics/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Double-Blind Method , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Metoclopramide/administration & dosage
6.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 464-470, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143954

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction and objectives: The incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) after video cholecystectomy is high. Progress in pharmacological PONV prophylaxis includes a new generation of 5-HT3 antagonists. This study aims to assess the effect of the 5-HT3 antagonist in postanesthetic antiemetic management of patients submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy with total intravenous anesthesia. Methods: Sixty individuals who underwent video cholecystectomy were randomized into three groups of 20 individuals according to the treatment administered: 0.125 mg of palonosetron (Group 1); 4 mg of ondansetron associated with 4 mg of dexamethasone (Group 2); 4 mg of dexamethasone (Group 3). General intravenous anesthesia was performed with propofol, remifentanil and rocuronium. The group to which the participant belonged was concealed from the investigator who assessed drug effect. PONV was assessed using the Rhodes Scale at 12 and 24 hours after surgery. Rescue medication was 0.655 to 1.5 mg of droperidol. Results: Group 1 presented a lower incidence of PONV and required less rescue medication in the first postoperative hour. There was no significant difference among the three groups regarding PONV incidence in the first 12 postoperative hours. Groups 1 and 2 were superior to Group 3 regarding the control of PONV from 12 to 24 hours, and after rescue medication from 12 to 24 hours. Group 1 showed significantly superior nausea control in the first 12 postoperative hours. Conclusions: The present study showed evidence that palonosetron is superior to the drugs compared regarding a protracted antiemetic effect and less requirement of rescue drugs, mainly related to its ability to completely inhibit the uncomfortable symptom of nausea.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo: Náuseas e Vômitos no Pós-Operatório (NVPO) têm alta incidência após videocolecistectomia. Avanços na profilaxia farmacológica de NVPO incluem a nova geração de antagonista 5-HT3. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do antagonista 5-HT3 no controle antiemético pós-anestésico em videocolecistectomia com anestesia venosa total. Método: Estudo realizado no HC-UFU (Hospital Terciário). Sessenta indivíduos submetidos a videocolecistectomia foram randomizados em três grupos de igual número, sendo administrados 0,125 mg de palonosetrona (Grupo 1); 4 mg de ondasetrona e 4 mg de dexametasona (Grupo 2); ou 4 mg de dexametasona (Grupo 3). A anestesia geral venosa foi realizada com propofol, remifentanil e rocurônio. O avaliador do efeito da droga desconhecia o grupo ao qual o indivíduo pertencia. NVPO foi avaliada aplicando a Escala de Rhodes após 12 e 24 horas do término da cirurgia. Para resgate terapêutico, foi estabelecido 0,655−1,5 mg de droperidol. Resultado: Observou-se no Grupo 1 menor incidência de NVPO e de resgate terapêutico na primeira hora de PO. Não foi observada diferença significativa entre os três grupos com relação a ocorrência de NVPO nas primeiras 12 horas de pós-operatório. Os grupos 1 e 2 foram superiores ao Grupo 3 no que se refere ao controle de NVPO de 12 a 24 horas e após o resgate de 12−24 horas. Observou-se que o controle de náuseas nas primeiras 12 horas de pós-operatório do Grupo 1 foi significantemente superior. Conclusão: O presente estudo mostrou evidências da superioridade da palonosetrona às demais drogas empregadas no que se refere ao efeito antiemético prolongado e menor necessidade de resgate, principalmente na capacidade de inibir completamente o desconfortável sintoma de náusea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Antiemetics/administration & dosage , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Propofol/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Ondansetron/administration & dosage , Rocuronium/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Palonosetron/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(2): 90-96, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137168

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction and objectives: The association pneumoperitoneum and obesity in video laparoscopy can contribute to pulmonary complications, but has not been well defined in specific groups of obese individuals. We assessed the effects of pneumoperitoneum in respiratory mechanics in Grade I obese compared to non-obese. Methods: Prospective study including 20 patients submitted to video laparoscopic cholecystectomy, normal spirometry, divided into non-obese (BMI ≤ 25 kg.m-2) and obese (BMI > 30 kg.mg-2), excluding Grade II and III obese. We measured pulmonary ventilation mechanics data before pneumoperitoneum (baseline), and five, fifteen and thirty minutes after peritoneal insufflation, and fifteen minutes after disinflation (final). Results: Mean BMI of non-obese was 22.72 ± 1.43 kg.m-2 and of the obese 31.78 ± 1.09 kg.m-2, p < 0.01. Duration of anesthesia and of peritoneal insufflation was similar between groups. Baseline pulmonary compliance (Crs) of the obese (38.3 ± 8.3 mL.cm H2O-1) was lower than of the non-obese (47.4 ± 5.7 mL.cm H2O-1), p = 0.01. After insufflation, Crs decreased in both groups and remained even lower in the obese at all moments assessed (GLM p < 0.01). Respiratory system peak pressure and plateau pressure were higher in the obese, albeit variations were similar at moments analyzed (GLM p > 0.05). The same occurred with elastic pressure, higher in the obese at all times (GLM p = 0.04), and resistive pressure showed differences in variations between groups during pneumoperitoneum (GLM p = 0,05). Conclusions: Grade I obese presented more changes in pulmonary mechanics than the non-obese during video laparoscopies and the fact requires mechanical ventilation-related care.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Em videolaparoscopias, a associação de pneumoperitônio e obesidade pode contribuir para complicações pulmonares, mas não está bem definida em grupos específicos de obesos. Avaliamos os efeitos do pneumoperitônio na mecânica respiratória dos obesos Grau I em comparação aos não obesos. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo envolvendo 20 pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica, com espirometria normal, separados em não-obesos (IMC ≤ 25 kg.m-2) e obesos (IMC > 30 kg.mg-2), excluídos obesos Grau II e III. Mensuramos dados da mecânica ventilatória pulmonar antes do pneumoperitônio basal, após cinco, quinze e trinta minutos da insuflação peritoneal e quinze minutos após a desinsuflação final. Resultados: O IMC médio dos não obesos foi de 22,72 ± 1,43 kg.m-2 e dos obesos 31,78 ± 1,09 kg.m-2, p < 0,01. A duração da anestesia e da insuflação peritoneal foram semelhantes entre os grupos. A complacência pulmonar (Crs) basal dos obesos (38,3 ± 8,3 mL.cm H2O-1) foi inferior aos não obesos (47,4 ± 5,7 mL.cm H2O-1), p = 0,01. Após a insuflação, a Crs diminuiu nos dois grupos e permaneceu ainda mais baixa nos obesos em todos os momentos avaliados (GLM p < 0,01). A pressão de pico e a pressão de platô do sistema respiratório foram mais elevadas nos obesos, mas apresentaram semelhantes variações nos momentos analisados (GLM p > 0,05). O mesmo ocorreu com a pressão elástica, mais elevada nos obesos em todos tempos (GLM p = 0,04), e a pressão resistiva apresentou diferenças nas variações entre os grupos durante o pneumoperitônio (GLM p = 0,05). Conclusão: Obesos Grau I apresentam maiores alterações na mecânica pulmonar que os não obesos em videolaparoscopias e este fato recomenda cuidados relacionados a ventilação mecânica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial , Respiratory Mechanics , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery , Obesity/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 43-50, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125780

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la colecistitis enfisematosa (CE) es una forma de presentación infrecuente de la colecistitis aguda. Material y métodos: presentecedentes patológicos, mientras que los otros eran diabéticos. A todos se les realizó tomografía computarizada (TC). Dos pacientes fueron sometidos a colecistectomía videolaparoscópica (CL) con buena evolución, mientras que en un caso se realizó colecistostomía percutánea (CP). Discusión: la CE se refiere a la presencia de gas en la luz o en la pared de la vesícula biliar. La tasa de morbilidad es del 50%. Los pacientes suelen padecer diabetes, pero puede presentarse en pacientes más jóvenes sin factores de riesgo. La TC es el método de elección para el diagnóstico. El tratamiento definitivo es la CL, aunque la CP es otra opción válida. Conclusión: la CL se considera un enfoque eficaz y seguro para el tratamiento de la CE.


Background: Emphysematous cholecystitis (EC) is a rare presentation of acute cholecystitis. Material and methods: We report three cases of EC in two men and one woman between 55 and 79 years. One of the patients was otherwise healthy while the other two were diabetics. A computed tomography (CT) scan was performed in all the cases. Two patients underwent video-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy with favorable outcome and one patient underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy. Discussion: Emphysematous cholecystitis is characterized by the presence of gas in the gallbladder lumen or wall. Mortality rate is 50%. Most patients are diabetics, but EC may present in younger patients without risk factors. Computed tomography scan is the method of choice for the diagnosis. Cholecystectomy is indicated as definite treatment, but percutaneous cholecystostomy may be a valid option. Conclusions: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and antibiotics are effective and safe to treat.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Emphysematous Cholecystitis/surgery , Cholecystostomy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Abdominal Pain/complications , Emphysematous Cholecystitis/drug therapy , Emphysematous Cholecystitis/diagnostic imaging , Diabetes Complications , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension/complications
9.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(2): 171-177, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125798

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la colecistectomía laparoscópica es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más frecuentemente realizados. Las diferencias en la anatomía y en el grado de inflamación vesicular suelen causar dificultades técnicas intraoperatorias. Objetivo: determinar el valor de la proteína C reactiva (PCR) y la velocidad de sedimentación globular (VSG) como predictores de colecistectomía dificultosa y evaluar su aplicación en la planificación prequirúrgica de un programa de residencia universitario. Material y métodos: se confeccionó un estudio retrospectivo, analítico, en un hospital universitario de tercer nivel. Se incluyeron 104 pacientes adultos operados de colecistectomía laparoscópica por litiasis vesicular sintomática entre enero y julio de 2019. Se categorizó a los pacientes en un grupo de colecistectomías dificultosas y otro de colecistectomías no dificultosas. Resultados: se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas al comparar los valores de VSG y PCR de ambos grupos (p < 0,001). La sensibilidad de la VSG fue del 100%, la especificidad del 45%, el VPP del 40% y el VPN de 100%. La sensibilidad de la PCR fue del 87,5%, la especificidad del 86,3%, el VPP del 70% y el VPN de 95%. Ambos parámetros se vieron elevados en 14 de 16 colecistectomías dificultosas y en 2 de 44 colecistectomías no dificultosas. La sensibilidad para ambos parámetros elevados fue del 87,5%, la especificidad del 95%, el VPP del 87,5% y el VPN de 95%. Conclusión: la VSG y la PCR han demostrado ser un método fiable en la predicción de colecistectomías dificultosas por litiasis vesicular sintomática. Esto podría ser aplicado en la programación de cirugías dentro de un programa de residencia universitario.


Background: laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in general surgery. The anatomical differences of the gallbladder and the presence of factors related to inflammation can cause technical issues during surgery. Objective: the aim of the present study was to determine the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as predictors of difficult cholecystectomy and to evaluate their application during presurgical planning within a university residency program. Material and methods: we conducted a retrospective and analytical study in a tertiary university hospital. A total of 104 adult patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to symptomatic cholelithiasis between January and July 2019 were included. The patients were categorized into two groups: difficult cholecystectomy and non-difficult cholecystectomy. Results: there were statistically significant differences in ESR and CRP values between both groups (p < 0.001). Sensitivity of ESR was 100%, specificity was 45%, with a PPV of 40% and NPV of 100%. Sensitivity of CRP was 87.5%, specificity was 86.3%, with a PPV of 70% and NPV of 95%. Both parameters were elevated in 14 of 16 difficult cholecystectomies and in 2 of 44 non-difficult cholecystectomies. Sensitivity of CRP was 87.5%, specificity was 86.3%, with a PPV of 70% and NPV of 95%. Conclusion: measuring ESR and CRP has proved to be a reliable method to predict difficult cholecystectomies due to symptomatic cholelithiasis. This could be applied for surgical planning within a university residency program.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , General Surgery/methods , Blood Sedimentation , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, University , Inflammation/diagnosis , Internship and Residency
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1456-1462, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040153

ABSTRACT

La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el tratamiento indicado en la colelitiasis, sin embargo el procedimiento no está exento de complicaciones o morbilidad concomitante. Es posible que, debido a lesiones ductales colaterales, ocurra sangrado con posibilidad de conversión de la cirugía e indeseables resultados. Para un correcto abordaje de la región se hace fundamental la identificación del trígono cistohepático (TCH) y sus componentes, a su vez de la ligadura y sección de la arteria cística (AC). Conociendo la elevada variabilidad de la AC, el objetivo de este trabajo consistió en identificar el número, origen, trayecto y relación de la AC con el TCH y sus variaciones, utilizando angiotomografía por medio de un tomógrafo detector de 64 cortes, en el preoperatorio de 30 pacientes de sexo femenino, entre 24 y 54 años de edad, con colelitiasis diagnosticadas clínicamente y por ecosonografía. La AC en el 76,67 % era única y se encontraba dentro del TCH, en el 16,67 % era única y se observó fuera del TCH. En el 6,67 % se observaron dos AC, una dentro y otra fuera del TCH. En el 66,67 % de los casos la AC se originaba de manera normal de la arteria hepática derecha. La trazabilidad de la AC fue en el 53,3 % medianamente visible y en el 46,7 % de trazabilidad excelente. En conclusión, la identificación de la AC y sus variaciones anatómicas se puede determinar en el preoperatorio y puede ser útil para mejorar el plan quirúrgico en pacientes con colelitiasis, brindando información al procedimiento, optimizarlo y disminuir los riesgos de eventuales complicaciones relacionados con sangrado.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment indicated for cholelithiasis, however the procedure is not free of complications or concomitant morbidity. It is possible that, due to collateral ductal lesions, bleeding occurs with the possibility of surgery conversion and undesirable results. For a correct approach to the region it is essential to identify the cystohepatic trigone (CHT) and its components, as well as the ligation and section of the cystic artery (AC). Knowing the high variability of CA, the aim of this work was to identify the number, origin, path and relationship of CA with the CHT and its variations using angiotomography by means of a 64-slice detector tomograph in the preoperative period of 30 female patients, between 24 and 54 years old, with clinically diagnosed cholelithiasis and by echo sonography. The AC in 76.67 % was unique and was within the CHT, in 16.67 % it was unique and was observed outside the CHT. In 6.67 %, two ACs were observed, one inside and one outside the TCH. In 66.67 % of cases, CA originated normally from the right hepatic artery. The traceability of AC was 53.3 % moderately visible and 46.7 % excellent traceability. In conclusion, the identification of AC and its anatomical variations can be determined in the preoperative period and can be useful to improve the surgical plan in patients with cholelithiasis, providing information on the procedure, optimizing it and reducing the risks of possible bleeding related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Arteries/abnormalities , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography , Preoperative Care/methods , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Anatomic Variation , Hepatic Artery/abnormalities , Hepatic Artery/diagnostic imaging
11.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(3): e500, sept.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093117

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía video laparoscópica posee beneficios para los pacientes. Las intervenciones con tiempos reducidos implican técnicas anestésicas ajustadas a ellos, lo que determina no pocas dificultades cuando el dolor aparece en la práctica asistencial. El hallazgo de pacientes con dolor posoperatorio inmediato motivó la realización del estudio. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de un opioide de acción rápida como analgésico posoperatorio inmediato administrado vía intranasal. Método: Se desarrolló un estudio causiexpereimental, con dos grupos de enfermos (100 cada uno) a los que se les realizó colecistectomía por vía laparoscópica en el Hospital Militar Central Dr. Luis Díaz Soto, a los 100 pacientes en estudio se les administró FENTANYL 50 mcg intranasal en gotas al llegar a la sala de cuidados posoperatorios. Las variables de estudio incluyeron el dolor según la Escala Visual Análoga (EVA), el tiempo de inicio de acción del opioide y la analgesia lograda, así como los efectos derivados de su empleo. Resultados: la edad promedio fue 51 ± 2, predominó el sexo masculino con 55 por ciento de los casos, se evidenció una EVA promedio de todos los casos iniciales en 3. Al alta, 100 por ciento de los pacientes del grupo estudio poseían analgesia excelente (EVA 2), mientras que los controles poseían una EVA promedio en 5. El prurito fue el evento adverso más frecuente tras la administración de FENTANYL intranasal. Conclusiones: El empleo de un opioide de acción rápida (FENTANYL) es una medida de control del dolor posoperatorio excelente y segura(AU)


Introduction: Videolaparoscopic surgery has benefits for patients. Interventions with reduced times involve anesthetic techniques adjusted to them, which determines many difficulties when pain manifests in the care practice. The finding of patients with immediate postoperative pain motivated the study. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fast-acting opioid as an immediate postoperative analgesic administered by intranasal way. Method: A quasiexperimental study was developed, with two groups of patients (100 each) who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Dr. Luis Díaz Soto Central Military Hospital. The hundred patients under study were administered fentanyl 50 mcg as intranasal drops upon arriving at the postoperative care room. The study variables included pain according to the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the onset time of opioid action, and the analgesia achieved, as well as the effects derived from its use. Results: The average age was 51 ± 2, the male sex predominated with 55 percent of the cases, an average VAS of all the initial cases was evidenced in three. At discharge, 100 percent of the patients in the study group had excellent analgesia (VAS 2), whereas the controls had an average VAS in 5. Pruritus was the most frequent adverse event after the administration of intranasal fentanyl. Conclusions: The use of a fast-acting opioid (fentanyl) is an excellent and safe postoperative pain control measure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 561-568, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057475

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: The primary aim of this study is to assess the effect of ultrasoung-guided erector spinae block on postoperative opioid consumption after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The secondary aims are to assess the effects of erector spinae plane block on intraoperative fentanyl need and postoperative pain scores. Methods: Patients between 18-70 years old, ASA I-II were included in the study and randomly allocated into two groups. In Group ESP, patients received bilateral US-ESP with 40 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine at the level of T7, while in Group Control, they received bilateral US-ESP with 40 ml of saline before the induction of anesthesia. Then a standard general anesthesia procedure was conducted in both groups. NRS scores at the postoperative 15th, 30th, 60th minutes, 12th and 24th hours, intraoperative fentanyl need and total postoperative tramadol consumption were recorded. Results: There were 21 patients in Group ESP and 20 patients in Group Control. Mean postoperative tramadol consumption was 100 ± 19.2 mg in Group ESP, while it was 143 ± 18.6 mg in Group Control (p < 0.001). The mean intraoperative fentanyl need was significantly lower in Group ESP (p = 0.022). NRS scores at the postoperative 15th, 30th min, 12th hour and 24th hour were significantly lower in ESP group (p < 0.05). According to repeated measures analysis, NRS score variation over time was significantly varied between two groups (F[1, 39] = 24.061, p < 0.0005). Conclusions: Bilateral US-ESP block provided significant reduction in postoperative opioid consumption, intraoperative fentanyl need and postoperative pain scores of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O objetivo primário deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do bloqueio do plano do músculo eretor da espinha guiado por ultrassom (US-ESP) sobre o consumo de opioides no pós-operatório após colecistectomia laparoscópica. Os objetivos secundários foram avaliar os efeitos do bloqueio do plano eretor da espinha sobre a necessidade de fentanil no intraoperatório e nos escores de dor pós-operatória. Métodos: Pacientes entre 18 e 70 anos, ASA I-II, foram incluídos no estudo e alocados randomicamente em dois grupos. No Grupo ESP, os pacientes receberam o bloqueio bilateral US-ESP com 40 mL de bupivacaína a 0,25% no nível de T7, enquanto no Grupo Controle os pacientes receberam o bloqueio bilateral US-ESP com 40 mL de solução salina antes da indução da anestesia. Em seguida, um procedimento-padrão de anestesia geral foi feito em ambos os grupos. Os escores da NRS aos 15, 30 e 60 minutos e em 12 e 24 horas de pós-operatório, a necessidade de fentanil no intraoperatório e o consumo total de tramadol no pós-operatório foram registrados. Resultados: O grupo ESP foi constituído por 21 pacientes e o Grupo Controle por 20. O consumo médio de tramadol no pós-operatório foi de 100 ± 19,2 mg no Grupo ESP e de 143 ± 18,6 mg no grupo controle (p < 0,001). A necessidade média de fentanil no intraoperatório foi significativamente menor no grupo ESP (p = 0,022). Os escores da NRS aos 15, 30 e 60 minutos e em 12 e 24 horas de pós-operatório foram significativamente menores no grupo ESP (p < 0,05). De acordo com a análise de medidas repetidas, a variação do escore NRS ao longo do tempo foi estatisticamente significativa entre dois grupos (F [1,39] = 24,061, p < 0,0005). Conclusões: O bloqueio bilateral US-ESP reduziu de forma significativa o consumo de opioides no pós-operatório, a necessidade de fentanil no intraoperatório e os escores de dor no pós-operatório dos pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Nerve Block/methods , Time Factors , Tramadol/administration & dosage , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Fentanyl/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(1): e475, ene.-abr. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093098

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fibrosis quística es una enfermedad genética que constituye causa frecuente de neumopatía crónica grave en adultos jóvenes. Se asocia a cirrosis de vías biliares y cálculos vesiculares, por lo que el anestesiólogo debe estar familiarizado con las características clínicas de la enfermedad a fin de disminuir el índice de complicaciones perioperatorias que pueden presentarse. Objetivo: Presentar las características clínicas y la conducta perioperatoria en una paciente con diagnóstico de fibrosis quística anunciada para colecistectomía videolaparoscópica. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 19 años de edad, raza negra, con múltiples infecciones respiratorias durante la infancia, que se diagnosticó como caso nuevo de fibrosis quística y durante los estudios se observó litiasis vesicular sintomática por lo que se anunció para colecistectomía videolaparoscópica. Se describe la evaluación y preparación preoperatoria, así como la conducta anestésica intraoperatoria. Conclusiones: Los resultados anestésicos dependen de la atención a una enfermedad compleja que afecta a múltiples órganos y el control estrecho y el tratamiento oportuno de la enfermedad pulmonar previa(AU)


Introduction: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that is a frequent cause of severe chronic lung disease in young adults. It is associated with biliary tract cirrhosis and gallstones, a reason why the anesthesiologist must be familiar with the clinical characteristics of the disease in order to reduce the rate of perioperative complications that may occur. Objective: To present the clinical characteristics and perioperative behavior in a patient diagnosed with cystic fibrosis announced for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy. Clinical case: Female patient of 19 years of age, black race, with multiple respiratory infections during childhood, who was diagnosed as a new case of cystic fibrosis. During the studies, symptomatic vesicular lithiasis was observed, that's why the patient what was announced for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy. The evaluation and preoperative preparation, as well as the intraoperative anesthetic behavior are described. Conclusions: Anesthetic outcomes depend on the attention to a complex disease that affects multiple organs and the close control and timely treatment of previous lung disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Anesthetics/therapeutic use
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e757, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093144

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La cirugía de mínimo acceso en general y en particular la abdominal laparoscópica ha revolucionado la cirugía ofreciendo mejoría en la calidad de vida de los pacientes lo cual se hace más evidente en los adultos mayores. Objetivo: Describir la efectividad y seguridad de la cirugía abdominal laparoscópica en el adulto mayor. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva en una serie consecutiva de 204 adultos mayores con indicación de cirugía abdominal laparoscópica en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso en el primer semestre del año 2017. Resultados: La edad mediana fue de 68,0 (60-90) años, predominó el sexo femenino (71,6 por ciento). La comorbilidad en 180 pacientes (88,2 por ciento). La litiasis vesicular (43,2 por ciento), hernia inguinal (14,1 por ciento) y afecciones colorrectales (12,2 por ciento) fueron los diagnósticos más frecuentes mientras que la colecistectomía laparoscópica (44,1 por ciento), hernioplastia inguinal (14,1 por ciento) y la cirugía colorrectal (12,2 por ciento) las técnicas más realizadas. La mediana del tiempo quirúrgico fue 60,0 (15-360) minutos. Hubo una tasa de complicaciones de 6,9 por ciento, de conversión de 3,4 por ciento, reintervención de 2,0 por ciento y mortalidad de 0,5 por ciento. La mediana de la estadía hospitalaria fue de 1,0 (1-52) días. El antecedente de cirugía por cáncer se asoció con la presencia de complicaciones, p=0,000. Conclusiones: La cirugía abdominal laparoscópica constituye una opción efectiva y segura para el adulto mayor(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Minimal access surgery in general, and particularly laparoscopic abdominal surgery, have revolutionized surgery that offers improvement in the quality of life of patients, which is more evident in older adults. Objective: To describe the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic abdominal surgery in the aged adult. Methods: A descriptive investigation was carried out in a consecutive series of 204 aged adults with indication for laparoscopic abdominal surgery, at the National Center for Minimal Access Surgery, in the first semester of 2017. Results: The median age was 68.0 (60-90) years. The female sex predominated (71.6 percent). Comorbidity in 180 patients (88.2 percent). Vesicular lithiasis (43.2 percent), inguinal hernia (14.1 percent) and colorectal disorders (12.2 percent) were the most frequent diagnoses, while laparoscopic cholecystectomy (44.1 percent), inguinal hernioplasty (14.1 percent) and colorectal surgery (12.2 percent) were the most performed techniques. The median surgical time was 60.0 (15-360) minutes. There was a complication rate of 6.9 percent, a conversion rate of 3.4 percent, reintervention of 2.0 percent and mortality of 0.5 percent. The median of the hospital stay was 1.0 (1-52) days. The history of surgery for cancer was associated with the presence of complications, p=0.000. Conclusions: Laparoscopic abdominal surgery is an effective and safe option for the aged adult(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Urinary Bladder Calculi/diagnosis , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
15.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 17(6): 931-942, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991298

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Cada día resulta mayor la proporción de ancianos que asiste a los quirófanos. El manejo de estos pacientes ha ido evolucionando aparejadamente a las técnicas mínimamente invasivas, encaminadas a evitar la hospitalización, las complejas pruebas complementarias y los costosos tratamientos. Objetivo: Determinar los factores que repercuten en la hemodinamia del paciente geriátrico durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal y analítico de 132 pacientes mayores de 60 años intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica electiva, en el Hospital clínico-quirúrgico Julio Trigo López durante el período comprendido desde enero de 2014 hasta junio de 2016. Resultados: Predominó el grupo correspondiente a los 60 - 69 años de edad, el sexo femenino y el estado físico ASA II. El 75 por ciento de los pacientes no sufrió cambios hemodinámicos. Se presentó un 25 por ciento de variabilidades hemodinámicas predominantes en el grupo de 70-79 años de edad. La diferencia en la variabilidad hemodinámica entre los grupos etarios resultó altamente significativa. La hipertensión arterial (51,5 por ciento) y la taquicardia (27,3 por ciento) fueron las variaciones más frecuentes. Los factores determinantes en los cambios fueron dependientes del proceder quirúrgico: mayor presión intrabdominal posneumoperitoneo (22 por ciento) y Trendelenburg superior a 10 grados (93,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: Los factores determinantes en la hemodinamia fueron dependientes del acto quirúrgico. Se presentaron variaciones significativas entre los diferentes grupos etarios, sugiriendo cierta influencia del factor edad, pero la mayor longevidad no constituyó un aspecto decisivo. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es una valiosa alternativa terapéutica para los pacientes ancianos(AU)


Introduction: The number of elderly patients undergoing surgery is greater every day. The management of these patients has been evolving together with minimal invasive techniques, aimed at avoiding hospitalization, complex complementary tests, and expensive treatments. Objective: To determine the factors that have an effect on the hemodynamics of the geriatric patient during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Material and Methods: A prospective, longitudinal, and analytic study was conducted in 132 patients older than 60 years of age who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the Julio Trigo López Clinical and Surgical Hospital during the period between January 2014 to June 2016. Results: Subjects aged 60 to 69 years, the female sex, and the physical state ASA II predominated in the study. 75% of these patients did not suffer hemodynamic changes. 25 percent of predominant hemodynamic variabilities were present especially in the group aged 70 to 79 years. The difference in hemodynamic variability between the age groups was highly significant. Arterial hypertension (51,5 percent and tachycardia (27,3 percent) were the most frequent variations. The determining factors in the changes were dependent on the surgical procedure: higher intra-abdominal pressure after pneumoperitoneum (22 percent) and Trendelenburg higher than 10 degrees (93.9 percent). Conclusions: The determining factors in hemodynamics were dependent on the surgical act. There were significant variations among the different age groups, suggesting a certain influence of the age factor, but the greatest longevity didn't constitute a decisive aspect. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a valuable therapeutic alternative for elderly patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Head-Down Tilt/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(1): 22-32, ene.-mar. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960343

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las vías clínicas son una de las principales herramientas de la gestión de la calidad asistencial para la estandarización de los procesos asistenciales. Se ha demostrado que su implantación permite disminuir la variabilidad de la práctica clínica. Objetivos: Elaborar una vía clínica para el diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento de enfermos con enfermedades benignas de la vesícula biliar operados por mínimo acceso. Método: se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital Provincial Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero del año 2011 hasta septiembre del año 2014 con una muestra de 1287 pacientes operados. Se diseñó la vía clínica mediante el consenso de expertos y se dividió la muestra en dos grupos para llevar a cabo el cuasi-experimento. Resultados: en el grupo B, 97,3 por ciento de los pacientes fueron egresados en 24 h o menos luego de ser operados; 93,9 pr ciento de los pacientes del grupo B fueron operados en 60 minutos o menos. Se observó una disminución significativa del tiempo quirúrgico en el grupo B al compararse ambos grupos (p= 0,004). Hubo una disminución estadísticamente significativa (p= 0,047) de las lesiones de la vía biliar principal en el grupo B. Conclusiones: la aplicación de la vía clínica disminuyó de forma significativa la estadía hospitalaria, los tiempos quirúrgicos y las lesiones iatrogénicas de la vía biliar(AU)


Introduction: The clinical pathways are one of the main tools for the management of the quality of care in the standardization of the caring processes. its implantation has been shown to reduce the variability of clinical practice. Objectives: To elaborate a clinical pathway for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients with benign diseases of the gall bladder and operated by minimal access. Method: A quasi-experimental study was carried out in the surgery service of Saturnino Lora Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from January 2011 to September 2014, with a sample of 1287 operated patients. The clinical pathway was designed upon expert consensus and the sample was divided into two groups, in order to carry out the quasi-experiment. Results: In group B, 97.3 percent of the patients were discharged after 24 hours or less of being operated; 93.9 percent of patients in group B were operated in 60 minutes or less. A significant decrease in surgical time was observed in group B, when both groups were compared (p= 0.004). The group B had a statistically significant decrease (p= 0.047) of the lesions of the main bile duct in. Conclusions: The application of the clinical pathway significantly reduced hospital stay, surgical times and iatrogenic lesions of the bile duct(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Calculi/diagnosis , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(1): 75-85, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886253

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To develop and test a model of teaching by means of an abdominal cavity simulator. Methods: This study had two stages: development of a teaching model and an experimental prospective study that aimed to evaluate the residents' competence. The participants were divided into 3 groups: first-year resident, second-year resident, and senior surgeon. The two groups of resident physicians received training in the simulator, under instructor supervision for skill acquisition, according to the model proposed in first stage. The surgeons did not receive this intervention. The correlations and associations were verified through simple and multiple linear regressions. The learning curves were analysed using Cox regression models. The impact of the epidemiological characteristics was tested. Results: All residents reached the maximum score at the end of 16 steps and were comparable to the experimental (p<0.001). Conclusion: Residents who underwent training using the methodology of the proposed teaching model, which is based on realistic simulation, acquired proficiency in the accomplishment of endosutures in up to 16 hours of training in the laboratory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Suture Techniques/education , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/education , Abdominal Cavity/surgery , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods , Simulation Training/methods , Psychomotor Performance , Reference Values , Time Factors , Brazil , Linear Models , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Clinical Competence , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Learning Curve , Internship and Residency
19.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(3): e1388, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949238

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The search for less traumatic surgical procedures without compromising efficacy and safety, together with the technological advances and greater experience of the teams, led to the development of operative techniques with increasingly smaller incisions, the so-called "minimally invasive surgeries". Aim: To evaluate the technical aspects and results of single port cholecystectomy. Method: Were analyzed 170 patients between 18-74 years submitted to videolaparoscopic cholecystectomies by single port, regardless of elective or urgent indication, without restriction of patient selection. Results: Among the 170 operations, 158 were exclusively performed by single port, and the conversion rate was 7% (inclusion of other accessory trocars or conversion to multiportal). Conversion to open surgery occurred in three cases (1.76%). The mean surgical time was 67.97 min, showing a marked decrease when was reached close to 50 cases and a stabilization after 100 surgeries. The overall complication rate was 10%, with minor complications such as: incisional pain, hematomas, granulomas, port access hernias (9.41%). Conclusion: Single port cholecystectomy can, after standardization and surgical team training, be a safe surgical procedure associated with a recognized aesthetic advantage.


RESUMO Racional: A busca de procedimentos cirúrgicos menos traumáticos, esteticamente melhores, sem comprometimento da eficácia e segurança, em conjunto com os avanços tecnológicos e maior experiência das equipes, levaram ao desenvolvimento de técnicas operatórias com incisões cada vez menores, as denominadas "cirurgias minimamente invasivas". Objetivo: Avaliar os aspectos técnicos e resultados da colecistectomia por portal único. Método: Foram analisados 170 pacientes entre 18-74 anos submetidos à colecistectomias videolaparoscópicas por portal único, independente da indicação eletiva ou de urgência, sem restrição de seleção dos pacientes. Resultados: Das 170 operações, 158 foram exclusivamente realizadas por portal único, sendo que a taxa de conversão foi de 7% (inclusão de outros trocárteres acessórios ou conversão para multiportal). Já a conversão para laparotomia ocorreu em três casos (1,76%). A média de tempo cirúrgico foi de 67,97 min, mostrando decréscimo acentuado quando chegou-se perto dos 50 casos, e estabilização após a centésima operação. A taxa de complicação global foi de 10% sendo que em sua maior parte foram complicações leves como: dor incisional, hematomas, granulomas, hérnias no portal de acesso (9,41%). Conclusão: A colecistectomia por portal único consegue, após padronização técnica e treinamento da equipe cirúrgica, ser procedimento cirúrgico seguro, associado à vantagem estética reconhecida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(3): e1756, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956559

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the effects of nicotine patch on pain control, occurrence of nausea and its hemodynamic repercussions in laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures. Methods: we conducted an analytical, prospective, randomized, triple-blinded, clinical study between January and July 2017. The sample consisted of 17 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for the treatment of cholelithiasis. Nine patients used nicotine patch, and eight, placebo patch. The studied variables were pain, nausea, patient satisfaction, blood pressure, heart rate, oximetry and morphine rescue. Results: taking into account the pain and nausea parameters, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups (p>0.05). Also, the evaluation of rescue medication, both opioids and prokinetics, did not show any significant statistical difference between the groups. Among the hemodynamic parameters, there was only one statistically significant difference in the analysis of oxygen saturation and systolic blood pressure (SBP) six hours after surgery: the mean oxygen saturation was higher in the Test group (97.89 x 95.88) and the mean SBP was higher in the Control group (123.89 x 110.0). Conclusion: although pain levels were lower for nicotine within 24 hours, the action of nicotine and the need for rescue opioids in pain control were not statistically significant between the groups and at the time intervals studied. There was no clinical repercussion in the hemodynamic parameters.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar os efeitos do adesivo de nicotina sobre o controle da dor, ocorrência de náuseas e suas repercussões hemodinâmicas em cirurgias de colecistectomia videolaparoscópica. Métodos: estudo analítico, do tipo ensaio clínico, prospectivo, randomizado e triplo-cego realizado entre janeiro e julho de 2017. A amostra foi composta de 17 pacientes em pós-operatório de colecistectomia videolaparoscópica para tratamento de colelitíase. Nove pacientes fizeram uso do adesivo com nicotina e oito de adesivo placebo. As variáveis estudadas foram: dor, náusea, satisfação do paciente, pressão arterial, frequência cardíaca, oximetria e resgate de morfina. Resultados: levando em consideração os parâmetros dor e náuseas, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos (p>0,05). Ainda, a avaliação da medicação de resgate, tanto opioide como procinéticos, também não evidenciou diferença estatística relevante entre os grupos. Dentre os parâmetros hemodinâmicos, só houve diferença estatística nas análises da saturação de oxigênio e da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) seis horas após a cirurgia: a média da saturação de oxigênio foi maior no grupo Teste (97,89 x 95,88) e a média da PAS foi maior no grupo Controle (123,89 x 110,0). Conclusão: apesar dos níveis de dor terem sido menores para nicotina no intervalo de 24 horas, a ação da nicotina e a necessidade de opioide de resgate no controle da dor não foram estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos e intervalos de tempo estudados. Não houve repercussão clínica nos parâmetros hemodinâmicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Pain Management/methods , Tobacco Use Cessation Devices , Nausea/prevention & control , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Morphine/therapeutic use
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