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1.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151621

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es determinar si los factores socioeconómicos inciden en las complicaciones posoperatorias de la colecistectomía. Para ello, se definió realizar un estudio de tipo observacional, analítico y enfoque cuantitativo, en 100 pacientes en los que se les realizó colecistectomía. Se aplicó un modelo de regresión logística en el que se incorporaron como variables, factores de riesgo, características socioeconómicas, junto con una variable de control. Se aplicaron tres modelos con variables dependientes alternativas que están delimitadas por el tipo de complicación posoperatoria registrado. Los resultados encontrados mostraron que las mujeres manifiestan un mayor riesgo de presentar complicaciones posteriores a la colecistectomía, igual ocurre en los pacientes de mayor edad. Asimismo el riesgo es mucho menor en las personas con niveles de educación superior y en los pacientes en los que se realizó colecistectomía laparoscópica, alcanzando solo un 5% de riesgo de presentar complicaciones. Las complicaciones posoperatorias luego de la colecistectomía se minimizan al emplear la técnica laparoscópica y los factores socioeconómicos incidirían en el riesgo de padecer complicaciones posoperatorias luego de dicha cirugía, lo que la convierte a la colecistectomía laparoscópica en una operación segura y con muchos otros beneficios y ventajas sobre la cirugía tradicional o convencional.


The article ́s goal isto determine if socioeconomic factors influence the postoperative complications of cholecystectomy. For this, the observational study was defined, analytical and quantitative study was conducted in 100 patients who underwent cholecystectomy. A logistic regression model was applied in which risk factors, socioeconomic characteristics, along with a control variable, were incorporated as variables. Three models were run with alternative dependent variables that are delimited by the type of postoperative complication recorded. The results found showed that women show a higher risk of presenting complications after cholecystectomy, the same occurs in older patients. Likewise, the risk is much lower in people with higher education levels and in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, they only have a 5% risk of presenting complications. Postoperative complications after cholecystectomy are minimized by using the laparoscopic technique and socioeconomic factors would influence the risk of suffering postoperative complications after said surgery, which makes laparoscopic cholecystectomy a safe operation with many other benefits and advantages over traditional or conventional surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Cholecystectomy/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy/methods , Biliary Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Cholecystitis/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Ecuador , Observational Study
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787233

ABSTRACT

Endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure performed widely to induce locoregional tumor control by the transfer of thermal energy to the lesion and subsequent tumor necrosis. A 72-year-old male with a prior history of acute calculous cholangitis and perforated cholecystitis was admitted to the Kyungpook National University Hospital complaining of fever and nausea. He had an indwelling percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) catheter from the previous episode of perforated cholecystitis. An abdominal CT scan showed marked dilation of both the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Common bile duct cancer was confirmed histologically after an endobiliary biopsy. A surgical resection was considered to be the initial treatment option. During open surgery, multiple metastatic nodules were present in the small bowel mesentery and anterior abdominal wall. Resection of the tumor was not feasible, so endobiliary RFA was performed prior to biliary stenting. Cholecystectomy was required for the removal of the PTGBD catheter, but the surgical procedure could not be performed due to a cystic ductal invasion of the tumor. Instead, chemical ablation of the gallbladder (GB) with pure ethanol was performed to breakdown the GB mucosa. Palliative treatment for a biliary obstruction was achieved successfully using these procedures. In addition, a PTGBD catheter was removed successfully without significant side effects. As a result, an improvement in the patient's quality of life was accomplished.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Aged , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Biopsy , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Ethanol , Fever , Gallbladder , Humans , Male , Mesentery , Mucous Membrane , Nausea , Necrosis , Palliative Care , Quality of Life , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202614, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136546

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In December 2019, in Wuhan, China, the first cases of what would be known as COVID-19, a disease caused by an RNA virus called SARS-CoV-2, were described. Its spread was rapid and wide, leading the World Health Organization to declare a pandemic in March 2020. The disease has distinct clinical presentations, from asymptomatic to critical cases, with high lethality. Parallel to this, patients with non-traumatic surgical emergencies, such as acute appendicitis and cholecystitis, continue to be treated at the emergency services. In this regard, there were several doubts on how to approach these cases, among them: how to quickly identify the patient with COVID-19, what is the impact of the abdominal surgical disease and its treatment on the evolution of patients with COVID-19, in addition to the discussion about the role of the non-operative treatment for abdominal disease under these circumstances. In this review, we discuss these problems based on the available evidence.


RESUMO Em dezembro de 2019, em Wuhan na China, foram descritos os primeiros casos do que seria conhecida como a COVID-19, doença causado por um RNA vírus denominado SARS-CoV-2. A disseminação foi rápida e ampla, levando a Organização Mundial de Saúde a decretar pandemia em março de 2020. A doença tem apresentação clínica variada, desde portadores assintomáticos até casos críticos, com alta letalidade. Paralelamente a isto, pacientes com urgências cirúrgicas não traumáticos, como apendicites agudas e colecistites agudas, continuam a ser atendidos nos serviços de emergências. Neste contexto, surgiram várias dúvidas sobre a conduta nestes casos, entre essas: como identificar rapidamente o paciente com COVID-19, qual o impacto da doença cirúrgica abdominal e o tratamento na evolução dos pacientes com COVID-19, além da discussão sobre o emprego de tratamento não operatório para a doença abdominal nestas circunstâncias. Nesta revisão, trazemos a discussão destes problemas sob a luz das evidências disponíveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Appendicitis/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Cholecystitis/therapy , Acute Disease , Health Personnel , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Emergencies , Pandemics , Gastrointestinal Diseases/surgery , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
4.
San Salvador; s.n; 2020. 29 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1151020

ABSTRACT

La colecistitis aguda es una enfermedad que se diagnostica a diario en la práctica médica diaria, presentando como síntoma principal dolor en hipocondrio derecho, realizando colecistectomías como una de las primeras diez causas de intervenciones o procedimientos quirúrgicos realizados de forma emergente como ambulatorio, y es por lo cual importante resaltar el interés en el uso de protocolos o algoritmos para la mejor toma de decisiones y resultados en el manejo de dicha entidad. Mediante el siguiente trabajo queremos evaluar y plantear la importancia de la aplicación de las guías de manejo en la práctica clínica en pacientes con colecistitis aguda calculosa, Por medio de la revisión bibliográfica, actualización y análisis de guías utilizadas a nivel internacional para el diagnóstico, clasificación y tratamiento de los pacientes con colecistitis aguda calculosa, con el objetivo de mejorar la atención de los pacientes y realizar promoción, prevención y tratamiento oportuno, de esa forma disminuir el costo de intervención médico y quirúrgico, disminuir los días de estancia intrahospitalaria y evitar las complicaciones graves en los pacientes, sin embargo queremos conocer la variabilidad terapéutica que existe en esta patología. Ante tal situación gracias a la evidencia e investigación científica la terapéutica médica ha ido evolucionando gradualmente, con el fin de mejorar la costo-efectividad de los tratamientos, y por ello que los profesionales en la práctica médica especialmente los cirujanos más allá de la técnica quirúrgica les es importante estar constantemente actualizados con todos los hallazgos y resultados que se reportan en el contexto de esta enfermedad


Subject(s)
Cholecystitis , General Surgery , Practice Guideline
5.
Infectio ; 23(3): 253-258, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1002159

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Biliary tract infections include cholangitis and cholecystitis. They are associated with high morbidity and mortality in elderly patients with co-morbid disease. The present study was undertaken to determine the microbial aetiology causing biliary tract infections and also to study their antimicrobial resistance profile. Materials & methods: A retrospective study was conducted from January 2011 to December 2016 at the Enteric Diseases Division, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal. Patients with biliary tract infections admitted in tertiary referral health care hospital, Manipal were included for the study. Aerobic and anaerobic bacteriological and fungal aetiology of biliary tract infections were recorded along with their antimicrobial resistance profile. Results: Out of 307 bile samples sent for aerobic culture and susceptibly testing 187 (60.91%) were positive for culture, of which Escherichia coli (44.4%) was the predominant aetiology followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (27.3%). Among the 14 samples sent for anaerobic culture, 5 (35.75%) specimens showed growth, of which Bacteroides fragilis group was found to be the predominant anaerobe. Among the 201 bacterial pathogens tested for their antimicrobial susceptibility, 108 (53.73%) isolates were resistant, out of which 9 were PDR Enterobacteriaceae with 12 ESBL strains. All the Candida species were susceptible to fluconazole with the exception of C. glabrata and C. krusei. All the anaerobic isolates were found to be susceptible to Metronidazole. Conclusions: The high rate of bacterial infection particularly gram-negative bacteria was recorded. It is necessary that antimicrobial therapy be initiated when culture or the clinical conditions reports caution. Routine aerobic and anaerobic culturing of bile samples with biliary tract infections are imperatively necessary. With the emergence of multidrug resistant pathogens and change in the microbiological spectrum of biliary tract infections, there is a need for the empirical antimicrobial therapy in every clinical setting.


Resumen Objectivo: Las infecciones del tracto biliar incluyen colangitis y colecistitis. Se asocian a gran mortalidad y morbildiad en pacientes ancianos y con comorbilidad. El presente studio se hizo para detemrianr la etiologia microbiana que produce infecciones biliares y para estudiar su perfil de resistencia antimicrobiana. Materiales & metodos: Se hizo un studio retrospectivo entre los meses de Enero 2011 a Diciembre de 2016 en la "Enteric Diseases Division, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal" en India. Los pacientes con infección de vías biliares admitidos al centro de atención de tercer nivel se incluyeron en el estudio. Se buscaron bacterias aerobicas y anaerobicas y etiologia fungica y se analizó su perfil de resistencia antibiotica. Resultados: De 307 muestras de bilis enviadas para cultivo aerobico y antibiograma, 187 (60.91%) crecieron en el medio de cultivo, predominando Escherichia coli (44.4%) seguida por Klebsiella pneumoniae (27.3%). Entre las 14 muestras analizadas en medio anaerobio, 5 (35.75%) mostraron crecimiento de Bacteroides fragilis. Entre 201 bacterias probadas por antibiograma, 108 (53.73%) tuvieron perfil de resistencia, de los cuales 9 fueron PDR Enterobacteriaceae con 12 cepas ESBL. Todas las especies de Candida fueron susceptibles al fluconazol con la excepción de C. glabrata y C. krusei. Todos los aislados anaerobios fueron susceptibles al Metronidazol. Conclusiones: Se encontró una alta tasa de infección bacteriana con predominio de gram-negativos. Se hace necesario iniciar terapia antimicrobiana cuando lo sugieren las condiciones clínicas o el resultado del cultivo. El cultivo rutinario de bilis es imperioso. Dado el aumento de patógenos multirresistentes se requiere inicio empírico inmediato


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Cholangitis/diagnosis , Cholecystitis , beta-Lactamases , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Microbial , India , Metronidazole
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(2): 107-110, jun. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013354

ABSTRACT

Los quistes congénitos de la vía biliar son infrecuentes y se definen por la dilatación quística del árbol biliar en cualquiera de sus porciones. Los quistes del conducto cístico son aún menos frecuentes. Su etiología permanece incierta y el tratamiento consiste en la resección debido a su potencial desarrollo de malignidad. Presentamos el caso de una paciente en la que se diagnosticó dilatación del conducto cístico y fue tratada por vía laparoscópica.


Congenital biliary duct cysts are rare and are defined as cystic dilatations of the biliary tree in any of its portions. Cystic duct cysts are more uncommon. Their etiology remains uncertain and they should be resected due to the possible development of malignancy. We report the case of a female patient with a diagnosis of dilation of the cystic duct that was treated with laparoscopic surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Choledochal Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Laparoscopy/methods , Biliary Tract Diseases/diagnosis , Cholecystitis/diagnosis , Ultrasonography , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. chil. cir ; 71(1): 70-74, feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985382

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La colecistitis hemorrágica es una complicación poco frecuente de la colecistitis aguda con una alta mortalidad. Materiales y Método: Paciente con dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho e ictericia. Los exámenes de laboratorio y ultrasonido hepatobiliar mostraron datos sugestivos de colecistitis aguda; durante su estancia hospitalaria presenta deterioro de su estado general, realizándose tomografía computarizada mostrando imágenes sugestivas de colecistitis hemorrágica y hemoperitoneo. Resultados: Laparotomía de urgencia, corroborando los hallazgos tomográficos y resolviéndose satisfactoriamente con la colecistectomía. Discusión: El diagnóstico de colecistitis hemorrágica es difícil ya que sus manifestaciones clínicas de inicio no difieren de la colecistitis aguda, por lo que la sospecha clínica y el adecuado estudio de imagen son importantes para su detección. Conclusión: A pesar que la colecistitis hemorrágica con perforación y hemoperitoneo es una patología muy poco común, de diagnóstico confuso, es importante establecer la realización de una tomografía computarizada abdominal con contraste endovenoso en pacientes con sospecha de colecistitis aguda grave.


Introduction: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis is a rare complication of acute cholecystitis with a high mortality. Materials and Method: Patient with abdominal pain in right hypochondrium and jaundice. Laboratory analyses and hepatobiliary ultrasound suggested acute cholecystitis, however, general worsening during hospital stay was observed and a computed tomography was performed, revealing hemorrhagic cholecystitis and hemoperitoneum. Results: Urgent laparotomy which confirmed tomographic results, successfully solved with cholecystectomy. Discussion: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis diagnosis is difficult as symptoms at the beginning do not differ from acute cholecystitis, then, clinical suspicion and a correct image analysis is crucial for its detection. Conclusion: Although, perforated hemorrhagic cholecystitis with hemoperitoneum is a very rare entity with confused diagnosis, an abdominal computed tomography with intravenous contrast is very important in any patient with severe acute cholecystitis suspicion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholecystitis/surgery , Cholecystitis/diagnostic imaging , Hemorrhage/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain , Acute Disease , Hemoperitoneum/surgery , Hemoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging , Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods
8.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 598-605, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785664

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: For the treatment of malignant biliary obstruction, endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) has been widely accepted as a standard procedure. However, post-ERBD complications can affect the lives of patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictive factors for these complications, including the patient’s status, cancer status, and stent type.METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis conducted in a single tertiary hospital from January 2007 to July 2017. The following variables were evaluated: sex, age, body mass index, cancer type, history of pancreatitis, gallbladder stone, previous biliary stenting, precut papillotomy, stent type, contrast injection into the pancreatic duct or gallbladder, cystic duct invasion by the tumor, and occlusion of the cystic duct orifice by a metal stent.RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that contrast injection into the pancreatic duct was a risk factor for pancreatitis. Patients with a history of bile drainage showed a lower risk of pancreatitis. For cholecystitis, the analysis revealed contrast injection into the gallbladder and cystic duct invasion by the tumor as important predictive factors. Metal stents showed a greater risk of post-procedure pancreatitis than plastic stents, but did not affect the incidence of cholecystitis.CONCLUSIONS: Considering that contrast injection is the most important factor for both complications, a careful approach by the physician is essential in preventing the occurrence of any complications. Further, choosing the type of stent is an important factor for patients at a risk of post-procedure pancreatitis.


Subject(s)
Bile , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Body Mass Index , Cholecystitis , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Gallbladder , Humans , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatitis , Plastics , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents , Tertiary Care Centers
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785612

ABSTRACT

Perihepatic capsulitis is associated with various diseases, such as Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, perforated cholecystitis, perforated hepatic abscess, and tuberculous peritonitis. Miliary tuberculosis is present in about 2% of all reported cases of tuberculosis and is characterized by the widespread millet-like hematogenous dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We describe a 24-year-old virgin patient presenting with right upper quadrant and costovertebral angle pain. Diffuse perihepatic capsular enhancement was observed in abdominal computed tomography scans. Chest radiography showed miliary tuberculosis, and a polymerase chain reaction hybridization assay of sputum revealed the presence of M. tuberculosis. Symptoms improved after administering anti-tuberculosis medications. This report describes a rare case of miliary tuberculosis accompanying perihepatitis.


Subject(s)
Cholecystitis , Humans , Liver Abscess , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Peritonitis, Tuberculous , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Radiography , Sputum , Thorax , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Miliary , Young Adult
10.
Gut and Liver ; : 114-131, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gallstone disease (GSD) is a common gastrointestinal disorder. Clinical epidemiological studies revealed that alcohol consumption has a preventive effect on the development of GSD. This study aimed to evaluate the relative risks of drinking for GSD development and investigate the dose-response relationships. METHODS: A systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for studies published up to 2018 was performed. All studies that satisfied the following eligibility criteria were included: patients with GSD with or without cholecystitis; and cohort or case-control studies investigating the association between alcohol consumption and GSD development. RESULTS: Sixteen case-control studies including 24,401 gallstone cases and 76,185 controls, and eight cohort studies with 14,693 GSD cases among 2,432,471 person-years were enrolled. Alcohol consumption presented a decreased overall risk of GSD (pooled relative ratio [RR], 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 0.89; p=0.02). Subgroup analyses according to drinking levels indicated a gradual risk reduction for GSD compared to nondrinkers (light: RR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.94 to 0.99; p=0.75; moderate: RR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.75 to 0.85; p=0.27; high: RR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.56 to 0.79; p < 0.01). A nonlinear risk reduction was observed in a dose-response meta-analysis of all the studies (n=14, p < 0.01 for nonlinearity). CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review with meta-analysis, alcohol consumption could decrease the risk of GSD, and the dose-response analysis revealed a dose-dependent linear risk reduction and a weakened linear trend between alcohol consumption levels less than and greater than 28 g/day.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Case-Control Studies , Cholecystitis , Cohort Studies , Drinking , Epidemiologic Studies , Gallstones , Humans , Risk Reduction Behavior
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760163

ABSTRACT

A 59-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain. Abdominal computerized tomography was suggestive of biliary stones. During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, adult worms resembling Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) were drained. Eggs were detected in stool using the formalin-ether concentration method and C. sinensis-specific antibody was detected in the serum. A diagnosis of C. sinensis infection was made. The symptoms of the patient gradually resolved after treatment with anti-parasite medication. The patient lived in a non-endemic region for C. sinensis infection and had no history of intake of raw or undercooked freshwater fishes. South Korea is one of the endemic countries for C. sinensis infection and people can be infected via indirect routes of transmission such as cooking utensils. Therefore, the possibility of C. sinensis infection should be considered in patients presenting with biliary diseases in South Korea. We describe the clinical findings of this case with a review of literature.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adult , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Clonorchis sinensis , Cooking and Eating Utensils , Diagnosis , Eggs , Female , Fishes , Fresh Water , Humans , Korea , Methods , Middle Aged , Ovum
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762700

ABSTRACT

The da Vinci surgical system released its new pure single-port platform, the da Vinci SP, offering improvements and refinements for established robotic single-site procedures. Herein, we present the first case of robotic single-site cholecystectomy using the da Vinci SP system (RSPC) demonstrating its safety and technical feasibility. A 59-year-old female with chronic calculus cholecystitis was admitted for elective RSPC. Docking time took 6 minutes. The patient underwent successful RSPC with a total operation time of 89 minutes. There was no significant intraoperative event. The patient had unremarkable postoperative course. Multijoint instruments, simple docking process, and third-arm functionality are among the RSPC's advantages. Absence of the port for an assistant surgeon can be a hindrance in performing more complicated surgeries. The present case suggests that RSPC is safe and feasible. The promising features and potential application of da Vinci SP in hepatobiliary and pancreas surgery need further study.


Subject(s)
Calculi , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pancreas
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765792

ABSTRACT

The use and application of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been regarded as a first-choice treatment option for benign gallbladder disease, even if patients have situs inversus totalis. Furthermore, surgical procedures in general are becoming less invasive, because of both patient and surgeon preferences for reduced trauma and improved cosmetic outcomes attributable to minimized incisions. A 37 years old man was aware of situs inversus totalis with chronic cholecystitis. The operation was successfully performed without any specific complications. Single port laparoscopic cholecystectomy, in an experienced operator, is possible even in patients with situs inversus totalis.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis , Gallbladder Diseases , Humans , Situs Inversus
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Because acute cholecystitis in elderly hip fracture is not easily distinguishable from other gastrointestinal symptoms and involves atypical clinical behaviors, it may not be diagnosed in the early stage. However, the exact incidences could not be reported. We utilized data from a nationwide claims database and attempted to assess the incidence of acute cholecystitis in elderly hip fracture patients and how cholecystitis affects mortality rates after hip fracture. METHODS: Study subjects were from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Senior cohort. From a population of approximately 5.5 million Korean enrollees > 60 years of age in 2002, a total of 588,147 participants were randomly selected using 10% simple random sampling. The subjects included in this study were those who were over 65 years old and underwent surgery for hip fractures. RESULTS: A total of 15,210 patients were enrolled in the cohort as hip fracture patients. There were 7,888 cases (51.9%) of femoral neck fracture and 7,443 (48.9%) cases of hemiarthroplasty. Thirty-six patients developed acute cholecystitis within 30 days after the index date (30-day cumulative incidence, 0.24%). Four of the 36 acute cholecystitis patients (11.1%) died within 30 days versus 2.92% of patients without acute cholecystitis. In the multivariate-adjusted Poisson regression model, hip fracture patients with incident acute cholecystitis were 4.35 (adjusted risk ratio 4.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.66–11.37; P = 0.003) times more likely to die within 30 days than those without acute cholecystitis. CONCLUSION: Incidence of acute cholecystitis in elderly patients after hip fracture within 30 days after the index date was 0.24%. Acute cholecystitis in elderly hip fracture patients dramatically increases the 30-day mortality rate by 4.35-fold. Therefore, early disease detection and management are crucial for patients.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cohort Studies , Femoral Neck Fractures , Hemiarthroplasty , Hip Fractures , Hip , Humans , Incidence , Mortality , National Health Programs , Odds Ratio
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758471

ABSTRACT

The absence of a gallbladder is a very rare anomaly. While it is usually asymptomatic, it can cause biliary colic symptoms. For these reasons, gallbladder agenesis can be misdiagnosed as a hepatobiliary disease and is diagnosed correctly after surgery. This condition may also be detected through an autopsy for other causative diseases. Abdominal ultrasonography is used as a diagnostic method to detect gallbladder agenesis. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and endoscopic cholangiopancreatography are also used to make a more accurate diagnosis. In the emergency room, however, gallbladder agenesis can still be misdiagnosed as acute or chronic cholecystitis, leading to the detection of gallbladder agenesis in the operating room. Although some cases of gallbladder agenesis detected in adults during surgery have been reported in Korea, there are no reports of gallbladder agenesis in pediatric patients to date. This paper reports a case of gallbladder agenesis in a symptomatic child that was detected incidentally by a radiographic examination.


Subject(s)
Adult , Autopsy , Child , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Cholecystitis , Colic , Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gallbladder , Humans , Korea , Methods , Operating Rooms , Pediatrics , Radionuclide Imaging , Ultrasonography
16.
Ultrasonography ; : 221-230, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761984

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the comet tail artifact on ultrasonography can be used to reliably diagnose benign gallbladder diseases. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed the clinical findings, imaging findings, preoperative ultrasonographic diagnoses, and pathological diagnoses of 150 patients with comet tail artifacts who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with pathologic confirmation. The extent of the involved lesion was classified as localized or diffuse, depending on the degree of involvement and the anatomical section of the gallbladder that was involved. This study evaluated the differences in clinical and imaging findings among pathologic diagnoses. RESULTS: All gallbladder lesions exhibiting the comet tail artifact on ultrasound examination were confirmed as benign gallbladder diseases after cholecystectomy, including 71 cases of adenomyomatosis (47.3%), 74 cases of chronic cholecystitis (49.3%), two cases of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (1.3%), and three cases of cholesterolosis (2.0%); there were two cases of coexistent chronic cholecystitis and low-grade dysplasia. There were no statistically significant differences in any of the clinical and ultrasonographic findings, with the exception of gallstones (P=0.007), among the four diseases. There were no significant differences in the average length, thickness, or number of comet tail artifacts among the four diagnoses. No malignancies were detected in any of the 150 thickened gallbladder lesions. CONCLUSION: The ultrasonographic finding of the comet tail artifact in patients with thickened gallbladder lesions is associated with the presence of benign gallbladder diseases, and can be considered a reliable sign of benign gallbladder disease.


Subject(s)
Artifacts , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis , Diagnosis , Gallbladder Diseases , Gallbladder , Gallstones , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Tail , Ultrasonography
17.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(2): e1438, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019235

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferable treatment for chronic or acute cholecystitis. Some factors may increase the rate of laparoscopic conversion to open cholecystectomy and perioperative complications. The role of gender as a risk factor for laparoscopic cholecystectomy is controversial. Aim: To evaluate the role of the gender on the operative findings and outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Method: All patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for chronic or acute cholecystitis were included. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, imaging exams, intraoperative and postoperative data were obtained and analyzed. The data was obtained retrospectively from electronic medical records and study protocols. Results: Of a total 1,645 patients who were subjected to laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 540 (32.8%) were men and 1,105 (67.2%) were women. Mean age was similar in both genders (p=0.817). Operative time has longer in the male (72.48±28.50) than in the female group (65.46±24.83, p<0.001). The rate of acute cholecystitis was higher in the male (14.3%) than in the female group (5.1%, p<0.001). There was no difference between the genders in regard to the rate of conversion (p=1.0), intraoperative complication (p=1.0), postoperative complication (p=0.571), and operative mortality (p=1.0). Conclusion: Male gender is not an independent risk factor for laparoscopic conversion and perioperative complications.


RESUMO Racional: A colecistectomia laparoscópica é o tratamento de escolha para colecistite crônica ou aguda. Alguns fatores podem aumentar a taxa de conversão para colecistectomia laparotômica e de complicações perioperatórias. O papel do gênero, como um fator de risco para colecistectomia laparoscópica, é controverso. Objetivo: Avaliar o papel do gênero nos achados operatórios e no desfecho da colecistectomia laparoscópica. Métodos: Todos os pacientes que foram submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica por colecistite crônica ou aguda foram incluídos. Dados demográficos, clínicos, laboratoriais, de imagem, intraoperatórios e pós-operatórios foram obtidos e analisados. Os dados foram obtidos retrospectivamente a partir de prontuários eletrônicos e protocolos de estudo. Resultados: De um total de 1.645 pacientes que foram submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica, 540 (32,8%) eram homens e 1.105 (67,2%) mulheres. A idade média foi semelhante em ambos os gêneros (p=0,817). O tempo operatório foi maior nos homens (72,48±28,50) do que nas mulheres (65,46±24,83) (p<0,001). A taxa de colecistite aguda foi maior no grupo masculino (14,3%) do que no feminino (5,1%, p<0,001). Não houve diferença entre os gêneros quanto à taxa de conversão (p=1,0), complicação intraoperatória (p=1,0), complicação pós-operatória (p=0,571) e mortalidade operatória (p=1,0). Conclusão: O gênero masculino não é fator de risco independente para a conversão laparoscópica e complicações perioperatórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cholecystitis/surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/statistics & numerical data
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(6): e20192366, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057190

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar, comparativamente, a incidência de câncer incidental de vesícula biliar em colecistectomias de urgência versus colecistectomias eletivas realizadas em hospitais públicos de Teresina-PI. Métodos: estudo observacional descritivo, quantitativo, com delineamento transversal, cujo cenário foram dois hospitais públicos de Teresina-PI. Foram analisados 6.329 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia, entre janeiro de 2011 e dezembro de 2017. Os dados coletados foram divididos em dois grupos e confrontados estatisticamente através do teste Z para diferença entre proporções. Resultados: detectou-se câncer incidental da vesícula biliar em 6,53% das colecistectomias de urgência e em 0,38% das eletivas. Quanto ao sexo, observou-se que, na cirurgia de urgência, 69% eram mulheres e 31%, homens, enquanto no procedimento eletivo, 78% eram mulheres e 22%, homens. Quanto à idade, a maioria dos pacientes possuía mais de 60 anos e, entre estes, 69,3% submetidos à colecistectomias de urgência e 82,6%, à eletivas. O tipo histopatológico "adenocarcinoma" foi encontrado em 84,6% das cirurgias de urgência e 100% das eletivas. Conclusão: câncer incidental de vesícula biliar foi mais frequente em colecistectomias de urgência em comparação às eletivas. O perfil dos pacientes com essa doença maligna nos dois tipos de procedimento foi do sexo feminino, maiores de 60 anos de idade e com diagnóstico histopatológico de adenocarcinoma.


ABSTRACT Objective: to comparatively analyse the incidence of incidental gallbladder cancer in emergency cholecystectomies versus in elective cholecystectomies performed in public hospitals in Teresina city, Piaui state (PI). Methods: descriptive, quantitative, observational, cross-sectional study, whose scenarios were two public hospitals in Teresina-PI. We analysed 6,329 medical records of patients undergoing cholecystectomy between January 2011 and December 2017. The collected data were divided into two groups and statistically compared using Z-test for difference between proportions. Results: incidental gallbladder cancer was detected in 6.53% of emergency cholecystectomies and in 0.38% of elective ones. Regarding gender, it was observed that in emergency surgeries 69% of patients were women and 31% men, while in elective procedures 78% were women and 22% men. Regarding age, most patients were over 60 years old, and, among these, 69.3% underwent emergency cholecystectomies and 82.6% underwent elective cholecystectomies. The histopathological type "adenocarcinoma" was found in 84.6% of patients who underwent emergency surgeries and in 100% of patients who underwent elective surgeries. Conclusion: incidental gallbladder cancer was more frequent in urgent cholecystectomies compared to elective cholecystectomies. The profile of patients with this malignant disease in both types of procedure was female, older than 60 years, and with histopathological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Cholecystitis/surgery , Incidental Findings , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cholecystectomy/methods , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Cholecystitis/complications , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Elective Surgical Procedures , Gallbladder Neoplasms/complications , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(6): e20192279, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057182

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever os achados histológicos das vesículas biliares de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia e avaliar a presença de fatores associados ao câncer incidental da vesícula. Métodos: estudo descritivo, transversal e observacional de 1.278 exames anatomopatológicos de vesículas biliares oriundas de colecistectomias por colelitíase e de seus respectivos laudos, realizadas no período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2017. Resultados: o achado anatomopatológico mais frequente foi a colecistite crônica, presente em 1.251 pacientes (97,8%), seguido pela colesterolose em 131 (10,2%). O câncer de vesícula foi identificado em seis pacientes, com prevalência de 0,5% nesta amostra. Houve associação significativa entre a presença de câncer e idade ≥60 anos e com a espessura da parede ≥0,3cm. Conclusão: houve baixa prevalência de câncer de vesícula na população avaliada, maior ocorrência na população idosa e associação de tumor com espessamento da parede vesicular.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the histological findings of the gallbladders of patients undergoing cholecystectomy and to evaluate the presence of factors associated with gallbladder incidental cancer. Methods: we conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study with 1,278 histopathological exams of gallbladders coming from cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis and of their reports, held from January 2008 to December 2017. Results: the most common pathological finding was chronic cholecystitis, present in 1,251 patients (97.8%), followed by gallbladder cholesterolosis, in 131 (10.2%). Gallbladder cancer was identified in six patients, with a prevalence of 0.5% in this sample. There was a significant association between the presence of cancer and age ≥60 years and wall thickness ≥0.3cm. Conclusion: there was low prevalence of gallbladder cancer in this population, higher occurrence in the elderly and association of the tumor with gallbladder wall thickness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy/methods , Cholelithiasis/pathology , Cholecystitis/pathology , Gallbladder/pathology , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholelithiasis/complications , Cholecystitis/surgery , Cholecystitis/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Gallbladder/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/etiology , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 110(4): 218-219, dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985194

ABSTRACT

Se registra el caso de una paciente femenina de 73 años con antecedente de colecistitis crónica, quien al examen físico presentaba una tumoración palpable en hipocondrio derecho que se extendía a fosa ilíaca derecha. La ecografía abdominal mostró aumento del tamaño vesicular que alcanzaba fosa ilíaca derecha con contenido multilitiásico; se confirmó dicho hallazgo con estudio tomográfico. Se realizó laparotomía exploradora con hallazgo operatorio de vesícula gigante de paredes engrosadas, tensa, adherida a órganos circundantes, de dificultosa disección, que requirió punción para drenaje de su contenido. Se efectuó, además, colecistectomía convencional según técnica de Pribram, y se obtuvo una pieza quirúrgica de aproximadamente 15 × 10 cm, con informe de anatomía patológica de colecistitis crónica. En contraste con la presentación habitual de la colecistitis crónica, el caso de referencia obedece a una presentación atípica con una vesícula gigante.


We report the case of a 73-year old female patient with a history of chronic cholecystitis with a palpable mass extending from the right hipochondrium to the right iliac region. An abdominal ultrasound showed an enlarged gallbladder extending to the right iliac region with multiple gallstones confirmed by computed tomography scan. An exploratory laparotmy was performed. A giant gallbladder with thickened walls and presence of adhesions to the neighbor organs that were difficult to remove were found and required drainage. A conventional cholecystectomy was performed using the Pribram's technique. A surgical specimen measuring 15 x 10 cm was sent to the pathologist who made a diagnosis of chronic cholecystitis. This case is an atypical presentation of chronic cholecystitis due to a giant gallbladder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cholecystectomy , Gallbladder/diagnostic imaging , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain/complications , Cholecystitis/complications , Ultrasonography , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy
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