Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 314
Filter
1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 125-130, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288183

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La vesícula izquierda (VI) es una rara anomalía de la vía biliar que, cuando enferma, no suele dar sín tomas diferentes de aquella normoposicionada, haciendo infrecuente su diagnóstico preoperatorio. Presentamos el caso de una colecistitis aguda en un paciente con VI, resuelto en forma segura por vía laparoscópica. Un paciente ingresa por un cuadro típico de colecistitis aguda. Como hallazgo in traoperatorio se constata una vesícula biliar inflamada, ubicada en posición siniestra. Se modificó la ubicación de los puertos de trabajo y se realizó colangiografía transvesicular por punción, antes de iniciar la disección del hilio vesicular. Luego de identificar el conducto cístico, se realizó colangiografía transcística que confirmó la anatomía de la vía biliar completa y expedita. Se completó la colecistec tomía laparoscópica en forma segura. El hallazgo de una VI obliga al cirujano a cambiar la técnica de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta anomalía incrementa el riesgo de lesiones de la vía biliar. La disección cuidadosa del hilio vesicular logrando una visión crítica de seguridad y el uso de colangiogra fía intraoperatoria son de extrema importancia para una colecistectomía segura.


ABSTRACT Left-sided gallbladder (LSGB) is a rare bile duct abnormality, usually found during a cholecystectomy. Symptoms usually do not differ from those of a normally positioned gallbladder, making the preoperative diagnosis extremely uncommon. We report the case of an acute cholecystitis in a patient whit LSGB, safely managed with laparoscopic surgery. A 24-year-old male patient was admitted to our institution with clinical and radiological signs of acute cholecystitis. The intraoperative finding of an acute cholecystitis in a LSGB made us modify ports positioning and a cholangiograhy was done by direct puncture of the gallbladder before hilum dissection. After the cystic duct was identified, a transcystic cholangiography was performed which confirmed a complete and clear bile duct anatomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was safely completed. The intraoperative finding of a LSGB makes the surgeon change some aspects of the usual technique to perform a safe cholecystectomy as LSGB significantly increases the risk of common bile duct injuries. Meticulous dissection of the gallbladder hilum to achieve a critical view of safety and the systematic use of intraoperative cholangiography are extremely important to perform a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Cholangiography , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020232, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153174

ABSTRACT

Acute hemorrhagic cholecystitis is a rare, life-threatening condition that can be further complicated by perforation of the gallbladder. We describe a patient with clinical and radiologic findings of acute cholecystitis with a gallbladder rupture and massive intra-abdominal bleeding. Our patient is a 67-year-old male who presented with an ischemic stroke and was treated with early tissue plasminogen activator. His hospital course was complicated by a fall requiring posterior spinal fusion surgery. He recovered well, but several days later developed subxiphoid and right upper quadrant pain and an episode of hemobilia and melena. A computed tomography scan revealed an inflamed, distended gallbladder with indistinct margins and a large hematoma in the gallbladder fossa extending to the right paracolic gutter. The patient also developed hemodynamic instability concerning for hemorrhagic shock. He underwent an emergent laparoscopic converted to open subtotal fenestrating cholecystectomy with abdominal washout for management of his acute hemorrhagic cholecystitis with massive intra-abdominal hemorrhage. Prompt recognition of this lethal condition in high-risk patients is crucial for optimizing patient care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures , Cholecystitis, Acute/complications , Gallbladder/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Stroke/surgery
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1155-1159, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124909

ABSTRACT

La colecistitis aguda (CA) es la principal complicación de la litiasis vesicular. Existe evidencia que respalda el hecho que la proteína C reactiva (PCR) se elevaría en distintos niveles según gravedad de la CA. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar asociación entre valores de PCR y estadios clínicos de gravedad de CA. Serie de casos consecutivos de adultos con CA diagnosticada por clínica, ultrasonografía y criterios de Tokio; tratados en un centro de salud terciario de La Paz, Bolivia (diciembre 2019 y enero 2020). La variable resultado fue niveles de PCR. Otras de interés fueron variables biodemográficas. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva (cálculo de porcentajes, de medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión); y posteriormente, se aplicaron estadísticas analíticas para estudiar asociación entre variables (test exacto de Fisher para variables categóricas y t de student para variables continuas). Se estudiaron 44 pacientes (33 con CA leve y 10 con CA moderada), con edad promedio de 51,7±15,3 años; 59,1 % de sexo femenino. El peso, estatura e IMC promedio fueron 69,6±10,3 kg; 1,6±0,1 m; y 27,0±3,1 kg/m2 respectivamente. Las cifras promedio de PCR fueron 9,0±11,6 y 29,5±20,2 en los subgrupos CA leve y moderada respectivamente (p=0,001). Los valores de PCR se asociaron a dos estadios de gravedad clínica de CA.


Serum levels of C-reactive protein as a marker of gravity of acute cholecystitis. Prospective series of cases. Acute cholecystitis (AC) is the main complication of cholelithiasis. There is evidence supporting the fact that C-reactive protein (CRP) would rise at different levels depending on severity of AC. The objective of this study was to determine the association between CRP values and clinical stages of CA severity. Series of consecutive cases of adults with AC diagnosed by clinical, ultrasound and Tokyo criteria; treated at a tertiary health center in La Paz, Bolivia between December 2019 and January 2020. The result variable was CRP determination. Others of interest were biodemographic variables. Descriptive statistics (calculation of percentages, measures of central tendency and dispersion) were applied; later, analytical statistics were applied to study the association between variables (Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Student's t test for continuous variables). Also, 44 patients were treated (33 with mild AC and 10 with moderate AC), with an average age of 51.7±15.3 years; 59.1 % female. Average weight, height and BMI were 69.6±10.3 kg; 1.59±0.1 m; and 27±3.1 kg/m2 respectively. The mean CRP values were 9.0±11.6 and 29.5±20.2 in the mild and moderate AC subgroups respectively (p=0.001). CRP values were associated with two stages of clinical severity of Acute Cholecystitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnosis , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Biomarkers/blood , Prospective Studies , Cholecystitis, Acute/blood
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(3): 436-448, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123180

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el tratamiento estándar para la colecistitis aguda. En pacientes con coledocolitiasis, la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica es el tratamiento de elección. Se ha reportado que, después de este procedimiento endoscópico, la colecistectomía laparoscópica es más difícil y son mayores las tasas de conversión, hemorragia y tiempo operatorio. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si en nuestro medio las colecistectomías laparoscópicas posteriores a este procedimiento endoscópico presentan más complicaciones posquirúrgicas y mayor dificultad técnica. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte prospectivo, en el que se comparó un grupo de pacientes sometidos a colecistectomía laparoscópica previa colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica, contra un grupo homogéneo de pacientes sin colangiografía previa, para evaluar la dificultad en la colecistectomía laparoscópica, la conversión, la reintervención y las complicaciones. Resultados. El 45,4 % de las cirugías fueron difíciles.No hay relación entre la realización previa de colangio-pancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica y la dificultad de la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Con el modelo de regresión logística, se encontraron como factores predictores para una cirugía difícil, la edad, el sexo masculino, la cirugía abdominal previa, la colecistitis aguda y la mayor gravedad de la colecistitis aguda. Conclusión. La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica en nuestro medio no constituye un factor de riesgo para dificultad en la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Debe prestarse especial cuidado al sexo masculino, la gravedad de la colecistitis aguda, los antecedentes de cirugía abdominal y la presencia de comorbilidades a la hora de planear una colecistectomía laparoscópica, tomando precauciones adicionales en estos casos para prevenir complicaciones


Introduction: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard treatment for acute cholecystitis. In patients who also have choledocholithiasis, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is the treatment of choice. In some studies, it has been reported that, after this endoscopic examination, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is more difficult, and conversion rates, bleeding and operative time are higher. The objective of this study was to determine whether laparoscopic cholecystectomies after this endoscopic procedure present more postoperative complications and greater technical difficulty in our setting.Methods: Prospective cohort study, in which a group of patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy prior endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was compared against a homogeneous group of patients without previous cholangiography, to assess the difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, conversion, reoperation and complications.Results: 45.4 % of the surgeries were difficult. There is no relationship between the previous performance of ERCP and the difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. With the logistic regression model, age, male gender, previous abdominal surgery, acute cholecystitis and greater degree of severity of acute cholecystitis were found as predictive factors for difficult surgery.Conclusion: ERCP in our setting is not a risk factor for difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Special care should be taken to the male gender, the severity of acute cholecystitis, the history of abdominal surgery and the presence of comorbidities when planning a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, taking additional precautions in these cases to prevent complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Conversion to Open Surgery
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(4): 593-600, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147903

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Alrededor de un 10 % de las laparoscopias se convierten a cirugía abierta por dificultades en obtener una visión crítica durante la colecistectomía en colecistitis severas. La colecistectomía subtotal es una posibilidad terapéutica disponible, que disminuye la tasa de conversión en cirugía laparoscópica y mantiene bajas tasas de morbilidad y mortalidad. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de pacientes sometidos a colecistectomía subtotal en la Clínica CES (Medellín, Colombia) entre enero y diciembre de 2015. Se identificaron variables demográficas, detalles de la cirugía, morbilidad y mortalidad. Resultados. De un total de 710 colecistectomías en dicho periodo, a 17 (2,4 %) se les realizó colecistectomía sub-total. Quince (88 %) de ellas fueron por laparoscopia y dos requirieron conversión. La distribución en cuanto a sexo fue similar (10 mujeres / 7 hombres) y la edad promedio fue de 51 años. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 119 minutos. En 14 (82 %) pacientes se dejó drenaje subhepático. Dos pacientes presentaron fístula biliar y un paciente reingresó por un hematoma; no se presentaron otras complicaciones. La estancia hospitalaria promedio fue de 5,2 días. Discusión. La colecistectomía subtotal es una alternativa en pacientes con colecistectomía difícil y en nuestra experiencia presenta una alta tasa de éxito


Introduction. About 10% of laparoscopies are converted to open surgery due to difficulties in obtaining critical vision during cholecystectomy in severe cholecystitis. Subtotal cholecystectomy is an available therapeutic possibi-lity, which decreases the conversion rate in laparoscopic surgery and maintains low morbidity and mortality rates.Methods. Descriptive, retrospective study of patients who underwent subtotal cholecystectomy between January and December 2015. Demographic variables, details of surgery, morbidity and mortality were identified.Results. Of a total of 710 cholecystectomies in that period, 17 (2.4%) underwent subtotal cholecystectomy. Fifteen (88%) of them were by laparoscopy and two required conversion. The gender distribution was similar (10 women/7 men) and the average age was 51 years. The average surgical time was 119 minutes. Subhepatic drainage was left in 14 (82%) patients. Two patients had a biliary fistula and one patient was readmitted for a hematoma; there were no other complications. The average hospital stay was 5.2 days.Discussion. Subtotal cholecystectomy is an alternative in patients with difficult cholecystectomy and in our experience, it has a high success rate


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Conversion to Open Surgery , Intraoperative Complications
6.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.75-88, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342987
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811440

ABSTRACT

A 64-year-old man was treated with sunitinib as a first-line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. He was given oral sunitinib in cycles of 50 mg once daily for 2 weeks followed by a week off. During the 5th week of treatment right upper quadrant pain developed, but this resolved spontaneously during the 6th week (off treatment). However, on the 8th week of treatment, he was admitted to hospital because the acute right upper quadrant pain recurred with nausea, vomiting, and fever. Acute acalculous cholecystitis was then diagnosed by ultrasonography and CT. In addition, his laboratory findings indicated disseminated intravascular coagulation. Accordingly, sunitinib therapy was discontinued and broad-spectrum antibiotics initiated. He subsequently recovered after emergent percutaneous cholecystostomy. His Naranjo Adverse Drug Reaction Probability Scale score was 7, indicaing a probable association of the event with sunitinib. Suspicion of sunitinib-related acute cholecystitis is required, because, although uncommon, it can be life-threatening.


Subject(s)
Acalculous Cholecystitis , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholecystostomy , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Fever , Humans , Middle Aged , Nausea , Ultrasonography , Vomiting
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 253-256, jun. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058265

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La ascitis quilosa es la presencia de líquido linfático en la cavidad peritoneal. Como consecuencia de una cirugía abdominal es muy infrecuente, encontrando 5 casos previos en la literatura revisada tras colecistectomía. OBJETIVO: Presentar un caso clínico de ascitis quilosa poscolecistectomía, su manejo y una revisión de la literatura. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Varón de 77 años, quiloperitoneo 21 días después de realización de colecistectomía programada por colecistitis aguda. Resultados: Se realiza drenaje percutáneo con débito de 5 L en 24 horas, se inicia octreótido subcutáneo y nutrición parenteral total. Al tercer día disminuye el débito por el drenaje, por lo que se inicia dieta rica en triglicéridos de cadena media con buena evolución posterior. De los 5 casos previos tras colecistectomía, el 60% se resolvió con tratamiento conservador, un paciente precisó reintervención y otro colocación de un shunt portosistémico intrahepático trasnyugular (TIPSS). CONCLUSIÓN: La ascitis quilosa es una complicación postquirúrgica infrecuente, encontrando solo 5 casos previos tras colecistectomía. Inicialmente el manejo debe ser conservador, en caso de persistencia se deben valorar otras medidas.


INTRODUCTION: Chylous ascites is defined as the presence of lymph fluid in the peritoneal cavity. It is a rare complication after abdominal surgery; only 5 previously reported cases were found after cholecystectomy. Aim: Present a case report and a literature review. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Case report of a 77 year old male who underwent an elective cholecystectomy due to acute cholecystitis. Chyloperitoneum showed up 21 days after surgery. RESULTS: We performed a percutaneous drainage and 5 L of fluid were removed in 24 hours. We started treatment with subcutaneous Octreotide and total parenteral nutrition. After 3 days drain output decreased and we started a medium-chain triglycerides diet with good progress. The outcome of 60% of the 5 previous case reports of chyloperitoneum after cholecystitis, were successful with conservative management, surgical intervention was needed in one patient and a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) was placed in another patient. CONCLUSION: Chylous ascites is a rare complication after surgery, there are only 5 previously case reports after cholecystectomy. Conservative management has to be the first option and in case of persistence another therapy has to be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Chylous Ascites/surgery , Chylous Ascites/etiology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Drainage , Chylous Ascites/diagnostic imaging , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery
9.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(1): 15-19, mar. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003255

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la demora en el tratamiento de la litiasis vesicular sintomática (LVS) aumenta el riesgo de complicaciones biliares. Se plantea la hipótesis de que existen diferencias en el tratamiento de la LVS entre el sector público y el de obras sociales del Gran Buenos Aires (GBA). Objetivo: comparar la proporción de pacientes con litiasis biliar complicada (LBC) que presentaban diagnóstico previo de LVS, y evaluar la historia previa de la LBC según la presencia de síntomas y la relación con el sistema de salud. Material y métodos: estudio de corte transversal comparativo entre un hospital público (HPu) y otro privado (HPr) del GBA. Se analizó la historia clínica y se realizó una encuesta a pacientes colecistectomizados por LBC (colecistitis aguda, pancreatitis aguda y coledocolitiasis). Resultados: se incluyeron 105 pacientes del HPu y 136 del HPr. Las características basales difirieron en la edad, nivel educativo, distancia domicilio-hospital y ASA. El diagnóstico previo de LVS fue más frecuente en el HPu (60% vs. 39,7%; p = 0,02), diferencia que se mantuvo luego del ajuste multivariable (OR 2,14; IC 95%: 1,1 a 4,1; p = 0,02). Los pacientes del HPu mostraron una mayor frecuencia de dolores abdominales, tiempo desde el diagnóstico, número de consultas de urgencia luego del diagnóstico y mayor tiempo en lista de espera. Conclusiones: ell HPu mostró mayor pérdida de oportunidad quirúrgica de la litiasis vesicular en un estadio previo no complicado. Las causas podrían ser multifactoriales, pero se necesitan más estudios para corroborar esta hipótesis.


Background: Delays in the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis (SCL) increases the risk of biliary complications. There may be differences in the treatment of SCL between the public sector and the social security in the Greater Buenos Aires (GBA). Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of patients with complicated gallstone disease (CGD) with previous diagnosis of SCL and to evaluate the history of CGD according to the presence of symptoms and its relation with the health care system. Material and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study comparing a public hospital (PH) versus a private center (PrH) in the GBA. The clinical records were analyzed and patients with a history of cholecystectomy due to CGD (acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis and acute choledocholithiasis) were surveyed. Results: A total of 105 PH patients and 136 PrH patients were included. The baseline characteristics differed in terms of age, educational level, distance from home to hospital and ASA physical status classification. The previous diagnosis of SCL was more common in the PH (60% vs. 39.7%; p = 0.02) and this difference persisted after multivariate adjustment (OR 2.14; 95% CI, 1.1-4.1; p = 0.02). The PH presented more patients with abdominal pain and more visits to the emergency department (ED) after the diagnosis; time after the diagnosis was greater and these patients spent more time on the waiting list. Conclusions: The PH showed greater loss of surgical opportunity of uncomplicated cholelithiasis. This may be due to multiple factors, but further studies are necessary to confirm this hypothesis.


Subject(s)
Pancreatitis , Cholecystectomy , Choledocholithiasis , Cholecystolithiasis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Patients , Social Adjustment , Bereavement , Abdominal Pain , Cross-Sectional Studies , Causality , Classification , Diagnosis , Methods
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e729, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093148

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El ultrasonido es una prueba de imagen segura y efectiva que ha ayudado a los médicos por más de medio siglo en el diagnóstico de enfermedades y se ha convertido en el estetoscopio del siglo XXI. El dolor abdominal agudo es una causa muy frecuente en los departamentos urgencia y emergencias de todo el mundo. Objetivo: Exponer la utilidad del ultrasonido en la evaluación del dolor abdominal agudo. Método: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica del tema en las bases de datos PubMed, BVS-BIREME y Cochrane. Se consideraron en la búsqueda todo tipo de estudios publicados desde enero de 1958 hasta junio de 2018, a los cuales se tuvo acceso. Los idiomas utilizados en la búsqueda fueron el español y el inglés. Resultados: De forma general, la tomografía axial computarizada es el estudio por imagen de mayor sensibilidad y especificidad en evaluación del dolor abdominal agudo, lo que supera objetivamente al ultrasonido. Sin embargo, la utilización del ultrasonido por médicos no radiólogos, como complemento del examen físico gana cada día más espacio, sobre todo después del surgimiento del Point-of-Care Ultrasonography. Conclusiones: El ultrasonido realizado por radiólogos es una herramienta útil en la evaluación del dolor abdominal agudo. El cirujano general puede diagnosticar con precisión los cálculos biliares pero el diagnóstico de colecistitis y de apendicitis es más desafiador. Son necesarios más estudios para avalar la utilización del ultrasonido por cirujanos generales en la evaluación del dolor abdominal agudo(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Ultrasound is a safe and effective imaging test that has helped physicians for more than half a century in the diagnosis of diseases and has become the stethoscope of the 21st century. Acute abdominal pain is a common cause in urgency departments and emergency rooms worldwide. Objective: To present the usefulness of ultrasound in the assessment of acute abdominal pain, performed in the department of radiology, emergency and by general surgeons. Method: A literature review of the subject was carried out in the databases PubMed, BVS-BIREME and Cochrane. All types of studies published from January 1958 to June 2018, which were accessed, were considered in the search. The languages used in the search were Spanish and English. Results: Generally speaking, the computed tomography is the imaging study of greater sensitivity and specificity in the assessment of acute abdominal pain, objectively surpassing ultrasonography. However, the use of ultrasound by non-radiological physicians, as a complement to the physical examination, gains more space each day, especially after the emergence of point-of-care ultrasonography. Conclusions: Ultrasonography performed by radiologists is a useful tool in the assessment of acute abdominal pain. The general surgeon can accurately diagnose gallstones, but the diagnosis of cholecystitis and appendicitis is more challenging. More studies are needed to support the use of ultrasound by general surgeons in the assessment of acute abdominal pain(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Abdominal Pain/diagnostic imaging , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(1): 29-36, 20190000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982071

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía es uno de los procedimientos más comunes en cirugía general y que produjo la explosión de la laparoscopia a finales de los años 80. Una de las complicaciones más temida es la lesión de la vía biliar, en especial en la colecistitis complicada, por lo que la Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) promueve la estrategia de colecistectomía segura. Se presenta una serie de casos que muestra la frecuencia de las lesiones de la vía biliar en las colecistectomías complicadas (grados II y III de la clasificación de Tokio). Materiales y métodos. Se configuró una serie de casos con pacientes a quienes un cirujano general experto en laparoscopia les practicó colecistectomía laparoscópica en el Hospital Universitario Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá en un periodo de dos años, de enero de 2016 a marzo de 2018. El objetivo era establecer la frecuencia de lesiones de la vía biliar durante la colecistectomía. Resultados. Se identificaron 56 pacientes con colecistitis complicada, 2 (3,57 %) de ellas, Tokio III. Se encontró una frecuencia de complicaciones de 1,78 %, sin evidenciar lesión de la vía biliar. Discusión. La incidencia de lesión de la vía biliar en nuestra población no es superior a la informada, entre 0,2 y 0,4 %, sin necesidad de una colecistectomía subtotal por laparoscopia en la gran mayoría de ellas. En el futuro, debe considerarse el desarrollo de criterios para establecer cuándo se requiere un procedimiento quirúrgico abreviado


Introduction: Cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in general surgery and was responsible for the dissemination of laparoscopy among surgeons starting in the late 1980's. One of the most feared complication is bile duct injury, particularly in complicated cholecystitis. That is why SAGES (Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons) has promoted a safe cholecystectomy program. A case series of complicated cholecystectomies and the frequency of complications is presented. Materials and methods: This case series enrolled patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the University Hospital Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá (Bogotá, Colombia) in the two year period from January 2016 to March 2018 by a single surgeon with laparoscopic expertise. The outcome sought was bile duct injury. Results: Fifty-six patients were identified as having complicated cholecystitis, two of them (3.57%) being Tokyo III. The frequency of complication in our study reported 1.78%, none of them a bile duct injury. Discussion: In our study bile duct injury incidence was not superior to the one reported in international literature, 0.2-0.4%, without performing a subtotal cholecystectomy. In the future, it is worth considering the development of a set of criteria to define when an abbreviated procedure is indicated


Subject(s)
Humans , Gallbladder , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis, Acute , Intraoperative Complications
12.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(1): 45-54, 20190000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982074

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el procedimiento laparoscópico más comúnmente realizado por el cirujano general. La lesión de la vía biliar es la complicación más temida debido a sus implicaciones clínicas y económicas. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la incidencia de la lesión de la vía biliar en un centro de formación académica e identificar los posibles factores de riesgo asociados a su presentación. Materiales y métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional retrospectivo en pacientes a quienes se les practicó una colecistectomía laparoscópica en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación de Medellín entre marzo de 2011 y septiembre 2016. Se realizó un análisis univariado y bivariado para explorar la asociación de algunas variables preoperatorias e intraoperatorias con la lesión de la vía biliar. Se utilizó el programa estadístico Stata 2014™. Resultados. Se incluyeron 1.601 pacientes. La incidencia de lesión de la vía biliar fue de 0,8 % (14 pacientes), con una mortalidad global de 0,4 %. La mayoría de estas lesiones fueron tipo A de Strasberg; solo dos pacientes requirieron una reconstrucción compleja de la vía biliar. Se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa con mayor tiempo operatorio (p<0,05) y mayor sangrado intraoperatorio (p<0,05) con la presentación de lesión de la vía biliar. Conclusión. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es un procedimiento seguro en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación, centro de formación de residentes quirúrgicos. La tasa de lesión de la vía biliar es similar a la reportada en la literatura


Introduction. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most common laparoscopic procedure performed by the general surgeon. Bile duct injury (BDI) is the most feared complication due to its clinical and economic implications. The goal of this study was to determine the incidence of BDI at a teaching hospital and to identify possible related risk factors. Methods. This is an observational retrospective study that included patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at San Vicente Foundation University Hospital (HUSVF) in Medellin, Colombia, in the period 2011 to September 2016. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed to explore possible association of some perioperative variables with BDI. Statistic software STATA 2014 was used. Results. A total of 1,601 patients were included. BDI incidence was 0.8% (14 patients), global mortality was 0.4%. Most of BDIs were type A of the Strasberg classification and only two patients required complex reconstructions of the bile ducts. Longer operative time (p>0.05) and higher intraoperative blood loss (p<0.05) were related with BDI. Conclusion. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure at HUSVF, a training center for surgical residents. Bile duct injury rate at this hospital is similar to that reported in the literature


Subject(s)
Humans , Common Bile Duct , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis, Acute , Intraoperative Complications
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760167

ABSTRACT

Sex and gender medicine investigates the impact of sex and gender differences on normal conditions, pathogenesis, and clinical features of diseases. By considering sex and gender differences during diagnosis, treatment and prevention, a person can receive the best individualized treatment based on scientific evidence. In this review, sex and gender differences in the field of pancreatobiliary diseases are described regarding gallstones, acute cholecystitis, acute and chronic pancreatitis, and cancers of the pancreas and biliary tract. In addition, recent policy on clinical and preclinical research which states that sex and gender analysis should be included during planning, conducting, and interpretation of the researches and websites containing resources about sex and gender medicine are introduced. This review highlights the importance of considering sex and gender aspect in research, clinics, and medical education.


Subject(s)
Biliary Tract , Cholecystitis, Acute , Diagnosis , Education, Medical , Gallstones , Humans , Pancreas , Pancreatitis, Chronic
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760163

ABSTRACT

A 59-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain. Abdominal computerized tomography was suggestive of biliary stones. During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, adult worms resembling Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) were drained. Eggs were detected in stool using the formalin-ether concentration method and C. sinensis-specific antibody was detected in the serum. A diagnosis of C. sinensis infection was made. The symptoms of the patient gradually resolved after treatment with anti-parasite medication. The patient lived in a non-endemic region for C. sinensis infection and had no history of intake of raw or undercooked freshwater fishes. South Korea is one of the endemic countries for C. sinensis infection and people can be infected via indirect routes of transmission such as cooking utensils. Therefore, the possibility of C. sinensis infection should be considered in patients presenting with biliary diseases in South Korea. We describe the clinical findings of this case with a review of literature.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adult , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Clonorchis sinensis , Cooking and Eating Utensils , Diagnosis , Eggs , Female , Fishes , Fresh Water , Humans , Korea , Methods , Middle Aged , Ovum
16.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 262-268, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763432

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is often difficult to manage acute cholecystitis after metal stent (MS) placement in unresectable malignant biliary strictures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: The clinical outcomes of 10 patients who underwent EUS-GBD for acute cholecystitis after MS placement between January 2011 and August 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. The procedural outcomes of percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) with tube placement (n=11 cases) and aspiration (PTGBA) (n=27 cases) during the study period were evaluated as a reference. RESULTS: The technical success and clinical effectiveness rates of EUS-GBD were 90% (9/10) and 89% (8/9), respectively. Severe bile leakage that required surgical treatment occurred in one case. Acute cholecystitis recurred after stent dislocation in 38% (3/8) of the cases. Both PTGBD and PTGBA were technically successful in all cases without severe adverse events and clinically effective in 91% and 63% of the cases, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: EUS-GBD after MS placement was a feasible option for treating acute cholecystitis. However, it was a rescue technique following the established percutaneous intervention in the current setting because of the immature technical methodology, including dedicated devices, which need further development.


Subject(s)
Bile , Cholecystitis, Acute , Constriction, Pathologic , Joint Dislocations , Drainage , Gallbladder , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762717

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aims of this case series study were to review the 10 patients who were diagnosed with left-sided gallbladder and analyze their anatomic variations in the bile duct, portal vein, and hepatic vessels. METHODS: In this case series study, 10 patients with left-sided gallbladder were retrospectively analyzed at 2 tertiary referral centers between April 2004 and May 2019. RESULTS: Mean age was 61.1 years; there were 7 women and 3 men. Ten patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis or symptomatic gallbladder stone. The mean operation time was 77.2 minutes. Three ports were used in laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.5 days, and there were no cases of surgery-related morbidity. Two patients had type 1 bile duct and 3 had type 3 bile duct (2 type 3B and 1 type 3A). The right posterior portal vein as the first branch of the main portal vein was observed in all patients. Segment IV branches of the left portal vein crossing over to the segment VIII territory were observed in 7 of the 10 patients. CONCLUSION: Although left-sided gallbladder is a very rare disease, it is possible to diagnose it preoperatively and perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy safely by adjusting port position. The common important features of left-sided gallbladder include distribution of the left portal vein crossing over to the right side of the liver and increased size of the left portal vein. These variations may have important clinical implications in the management of hepatic resection including donor hepatectomy.


Subject(s)
Anatomic Variation , Bile Ducts , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis, Acute , Crossing Over, Genetic , Female , Gallbladder , Hepatectomy , Humans , Length of Stay , Liver , Male , Portal Vein , Rare Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Tissue Donors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Because acute cholecystitis in elderly hip fracture is not easily distinguishable from other gastrointestinal symptoms and involves atypical clinical behaviors, it may not be diagnosed in the early stage. However, the exact incidences could not be reported. We utilized data from a nationwide claims database and attempted to assess the incidence of acute cholecystitis in elderly hip fracture patients and how cholecystitis affects mortality rates after hip fracture. METHODS: Study subjects were from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Senior cohort. From a population of approximately 5.5 million Korean enrollees > 60 years of age in 2002, a total of 588,147 participants were randomly selected using 10% simple random sampling. The subjects included in this study were those who were over 65 years old and underwent surgery for hip fractures. RESULTS: A total of 15,210 patients were enrolled in the cohort as hip fracture patients. There were 7,888 cases (51.9%) of femoral neck fracture and 7,443 (48.9%) cases of hemiarthroplasty. Thirty-six patients developed acute cholecystitis within 30 days after the index date (30-day cumulative incidence, 0.24%). Four of the 36 acute cholecystitis patients (11.1%) died within 30 days versus 2.92% of patients without acute cholecystitis. In the multivariate-adjusted Poisson regression model, hip fracture patients with incident acute cholecystitis were 4.35 (adjusted risk ratio 4.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.66–11.37; P = 0.003) times more likely to die within 30 days than those without acute cholecystitis. CONCLUSION: Incidence of acute cholecystitis in elderly patients after hip fracture within 30 days after the index date was 0.24%. Acute cholecystitis in elderly hip fracture patients dramatically increases the 30-day mortality rate by 4.35-fold. Therefore, early disease detection and management are crucial for patients.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cohort Studies , Femoral Neck Fractures , Hemiarthroplasty , Hip Fractures , Hip , Humans , Incidence , Mortality , National Health Programs , Odds Ratio
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(4): 364-371, 20190000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1049204

ABSTRACT

La colecistitis aguda es la inflamación de la vesícula biliar, en la mayoría de los casos, explicada por la presencia de cálculos mixtos o de colesterol que producen obstrucción y desencadenan factores inflamatorios diversos. La colecistectomía por vía laparoscópica se ha convertido en su tratamiento estándar y definitivo. El procedimiento quirúrgico debe realizarse idealmente en las primeras 72 horas después de iniciados los síntomas, lo que habitualmente se denomina como cuadro agudo. Existe controversia sobre cuál es el manejo más adecuado cuando han pasado más de 72 horas del inicio de los síntomas, condición denominada 'colecistitis aguda tardía', cuando se considera que el proceso inflamatorio es mayor y, el procedimiento, técnicamente más complejo y peligroso.Para esta condición, se han establecido dos estrategias iniciales de manejo: la cirugía temprana ­durante la hospitalización inicial­ o el tratamiento conservador con antibióticos para la supuesta resolución completa de la inflamación, es decir, 'enfriar el proceso'; varias semanas después, se practica una colecistectomía laparoscópica tardía ­diferida o electiva­. Existen muchas publicaciones sobre ambas estrategias, en las que se exponen los beneficios y probables complicaciones de cada una; en la actualidad, se sigue debatiendo sobre el momento óptimo para practicar la intervención quirúrgica. Los trabajos más recientes y con mayor peso epidemiológico, resaltan los beneficios de la cirugía temprana pues, aunque las complicaciones intraoperatorias ocurren en las mismas proporciones, la cirugía en la hospitalización inicial reduce los costos, los reingresos y los tiempos hospitalarios.Después de revisar la literatura disponible a favor y en contra, este artículo pretende recomendar el procedi-miento temprano, inclusive cuando hayan pasado más de tres días de iniciados los síntomas y, solo en casos muy seleccionados, diferir la cirugía (AU)


Acute cholecystitis is the inflammation of the gallbladder, in most cases explained by the presence of mixed or cholesterol stones that produce obstruction by triggering various inflammatory factors; for its definitive management, laparoscopic cholecystectomy became the gold standard, the surgical procedure should ideally be performed within the first 72 hours after the onset of symptoms, which is usually referred to as acute condition; There are controversies in what is the most appropriate management when more than 72 hours have elapsed from the onset of symptoms, a condition called late acute cholecystitis, at which time the inflammatory process is commonly believed to be greater and the procedure more technically complex and dangerous.For this condition, two management strategies have been defined, which consist of early surgery (during index hospitalization) versus initial conservative antibiotic treatment for the supposed complete resolution of the inflammation "cooling the process", followed by a late laparoscopic cholecystectomy several weeks later (deferred, elective); For both strategies, there is abundant literature exposing the benefits and probable complications that concern each one, but at the present time the optimal moment to practice the surgical intervention is still being debated. The most recent works show some benefits in favor of early surgery, since although intraoperative complications occur in the same proportions, surgery in the index hospitalization reduces costs, readmissions, and hospital times. The present article, reviewing the wide literature available for and against, has as main objective to recommend this procedure early, even when more than three days of symptoms have passed, and only in very selected cases, defer surgery (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholecystostomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Drug Therapy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL