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1.
Medisan ; 24(6) ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143270

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 27 años de edad, con antecedentes de colecistectomía convencional desde hacía 10 meses por aparente colecistitis, quien acudió al Hospital Luis Vernaza de Guayaquil, Ecuador, por presentar ictericia y dolor abdominal. Teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos clínicos, de laboratorio e imagenológicos se le diagnosticó sepsis de foco abdominal, colangitis y coledocolitiasis. Durante la intervención quirúrgica se observó la presencia de 2 Ascaris lumbricoides y cálculo de colesterol en la vía biliar, por lo que se le realizó una derivación bilioentérica. Después de algunas complicaciones como insuficiencia respiratoria y descompensación hemodinámica, la paciente egresó de la institución a los 25 días de operada, con seguimiento por consulta externa durante 2 meses.


The case report of a 27 years patient is presented, with history of conventional cholecystectomy for 10 months due to apparent cholecystitis who went to Luis Vernaza Hospital in Guayaquil, Ecuador, presenting jaundice and abdominal pain. Taking into account the clinical, laboratory and imaging findings a sepsis of abdominal focus, cholangitis and choledocolithiasis was diagnosed. During the surgical intervention the presence of 2 Ascaris lumbricoides and cholesterol calculi in the bile duct was observed, reason why a bilioenteric bypass was carried out. After some complications such as breathing failure and hemodynamic upset, the patient was discharged from the institution 25 days after the surgery, with follow up in outpatient clinics during 2 months.


Subject(s)
Ascaridiasis/diagnosis , Bile Ducts/surgery , Choledochostomy , Ascaridiasis/diagnostic imaging , Ascaris lumbricoides , Adult
2.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 398-406, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288148

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Anteriormente, cuando se diagnosticaba litiasis en la vía biliar, el procedimiento consistía en una co lecistectomía, coledocotomía, extracción de los cálculos y colocación de un drenaje de Kehr. En otros casos se podía hacer papiloesfinteroplastia o una derivación biliodigestiva. Actualmente tenemos mu chas herramientas diagnósticas y terapéuticas como la colangiorresonancia, la pancreatocolangio grafía retrógrada endoscópica, la cirugía laparoscópica de la vía biliar, la ecoendoscopia y la ecografía intraoperatoria. Los procesos de decisiones son más complejos y sin un sustento con evidencia con cluyente. Tenemos estudios que enfocan parceladamente el tema, por lo que, dependiendo de si el diagnóstico se hace antes o durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica, el cirujano empleará su sentido común individualizando cada caso. El manejo ideal de la litiasis de la vía biliar sigue siendo motivo de controversia. Decidir por un manejo endoscópico, laparoscópico o convencional requiere logística, entrenamiento y juicio clínico adecua dos. La cirugía convencional sigue siendo una opción vigente.


ABSTRACT Previously, when a surgeon diagnosed bile duct lithiasis, he/she performed cholecystectomy, chole docotomy, stone removal and placement of a Kehr's "T" tube. Some cases might require sphinctero plasty or bilio-digestive bypass. Nowadays, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, endosco pic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic ultrasound and intraoperative ultrasound have emerged as diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Decision-making processes are complex and there is no conclusive evidence supporting them. Many studies have focused on the matter with a non-compre hensive approach so that each surgeon will use his/her common sense for each individual case. The optimal management of the common bile duct is still controversial. Deciding on endoscopic, lapa roscopic or conventional management requires adequate training and clinical judgment. Conventional surgery is still in valid option.


Subject(s)
Common Bile Duct/surgery , Lithiasis/surgery , Bile Ducts , Choledochostomy , Cholecystectomy , Cholangitis/surgery , Lithiasis/therapy
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 382-389, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138798

ABSTRACT

Resumen El tratamiento de la coledocolitiasis ha evolucionado de forma significativa desde que Robert Abbe realizó la primera coledocotomía y la exploración de las vías biliares en Nueva York, en 1889. La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE), que inicialmente fue un método diagnóstico, ahora solo tiene validez como método terapéutico. En la actualidad, los principales métodos diagnósticos son la colangioresonancia magnética (CRM) y la ultrasonografía endoscópica (USE). El tratamiento de la coledocolitiasis pasó de la técnica quirúrgica abierta -en la que, de forma rutinaria, se realizaba la coledocorrafia sobre un tubo de Kehr o tubo en T- a la endoscópica, mediante el uso de la CPRE, la esfinteroplastia y la instrumentación con balones y canastilla. Hoy en día se dispone de técnicas adicionales como la litotricia mecánica (LM) o extracorpórea, la dilatación con balón (DB) de gran tamaño y el Spyglass ® . La técnica laparoscópica se usa desde hace varios años, en diversas partes del mundo, para el tratamiento de la coledocolitiasis. Estudios recientes proponen incluso el cierre primario del colédoco o la coledocoduodenostomía, con lo cual no sería necesaria la utilización del tubo en T. Pero en muchos otros sitios, y por diversas razones, se continúa usando la exploración quirúrgica abierta y el tubo en T, que representa una importante opción en el tratamiento de algunos pacientes. Caso clínico: paciente masculino de 88 años, con coledocolitiasis recidivante, cálculo gigante de difícil manejo endoscópico y sepsis de origen biliar, que requirió drenaje quirúrgico abierto de urgencias. Se realizó una coledocotomía, y se dejó el tubo en T. Posteriormente, se efectuó un tratamiento exitoso conjunto, mediante instrumentación por el tubo en T, por parte de cirugía general, y CPRE, por gastroenterología.


Abstract The treatment of choledocholithiasis has evolved significantly since Robert Abbé performed the first bile duct exploration via choledochotomy in New York in 1889. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), which was initially used for diagnosis, is now only valid as a therapeutic tool. Currently, the main diagnostic methods are magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). The treatment of choledocholithiasis moved from the open surgery in which biliary stenting was routinely performed on a Kehr tube or T-tube, to the endoscopic technique using ERCP, sphincteroplasty and instrumentation with balloons and baskets. Additional techniques are now available such as mechanical or extra-corporeal lithotripsy, endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation and SpyGlass cholangioscopy. The laparoscopic technique has been used for several years in different parts of the world for the treatment of choledocholithiasis. Recent studies even propose performing the primary closure of the bile duct or choledochoduodenostomy, so that the T-tube is not necessary. However, in many other places, and for a variety of reasons, open exploratory surgery and the T-tube continue to be used, being an important option in the treatment of some patients. Case presentation: 88-year-old male patient with recurrent choledocholithiasis and a giant gallstone that was difficult to treat endoscopically, with sepsis of biliary origin, which required open surgical drainage at the emergency room. Choledocotomy was performed, and a T-tube was inserted at the site. Subsequently, a successful joint treatment was performed by the General Surgery Service and the Gastroenterology Service, using T-tube instrumentation and ERCP, respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis , General Surgery , Bile Ducts , Choledochostomy , Mechanics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715800

ABSTRACT

Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis that is characterized by obstruction of the common hepatic duct due to mechanical compression by impacted stones in the neck of the gallbladder or the cystic duct. Treatment of MS is surgical, and operative procedure would vary depending on its classification type. Biliary stricture after surgical treatment of MS is an unusual complication and endoscopic approach is not possible for patients who have undergone bilioenteric anastomosis. We report a case of a 60-year-old patient with biliary anastomotic stricture after surgical management of MS who was successfully treated with long-term percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Cholecystolithiasis , Choledochostomy , Classification , Constriction, Pathologic , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Gallbladder , Hepatic Duct, Common , Humans , Middle Aged , Mirizzi Syndrome , Neck , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 56(3): 1-9, jul.-set. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900986

ABSTRACT

La fistulas biliares internas son consideras una complicación poco frecuente de las enfermedad biliar y aún más raras del ulcus duodenal. Constituyen un hallazgo ocasional durante la colangiografía retrograda endoscópica durante el estudio de la enfermedad biliar recurrente. Se relaciona principalmente con la litiasis vesicular complicada. Puede afectar hasta un 2 por ciento del total de los pacientes con enfermedad biliar y se asocia a una mayor incidencia de carcinoma de este sistema. La localización más habitual es entre la vesícula y el duodeno (colecistoduodenal) en un 72 - 80 por ciento de los casos. La coledocoduodenal -la cual se relaciona con el caso a reportar- es de las menos frecuentes, la cual se encuentra solo en 3-5 por ciento. Se presenta a un paciente masculino de 44 años, operado hace 26 años de úlcera duodenal perforada. En octubre de 2015 debutó con íctero ligero, coluria y dolor en hipocondrio derecho, que impresionó hepatitis toxica, cuadro que recurrió en varias ocasiones. Durante el estudio realizado en su última crisis, se halló una fístula coledocoduodenal, se remitió a nuestro centro para tratamiento quirúrgico. Debido a lo infrecuente del caso, se decidió realizar revisión de la literatura actual y su presentación(AU)


Internal biliary fistulas are considered a rare complication of biliary disease and even rarer of duodenal ulcers. They are an occasional finding during endoscopic retrograde cholangiography during the study of recurrent biliary disease. It is mainly related to complicated vesicular lithiasis. It can affect up to 2 percent of all patients with biliary disease and is associated with a higher incidence of carcinoma in this system. The most common localization is between the gallbladder and the duodenum (cholecystoduodenal) in 72-80 percent of cases. The choledocoduodenal type, related to the case to be reported, is the least frequent, which is found in 3-5 percent of the cases. A case is presented of a 44-year-old male patient, operated 26 years ago for perforated duodenal ulcer. In October 2015, the patient debuted with light icterus, choluria and pain to the right hypochondrium, which seemed to be toxic hepatitis, a clincal frame that relapsed in several occasions. During the study performed in his last crisis, a choledochoduodenal fistula was found and he was referred to our center for surgical treatment. Due to the infrequent case, it was decided to review the current literature and its presentation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Biliary Fistula/complications , Biliary Fistula/diagnosis , Cholangitis/complications , Choledochostomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192942

ABSTRACT

Choledochal cyst has only rarely been encountered in association with pregnancy. The clinical manifestations are nonspecific and variable that makes it difficult to differentiate from physiologic changes in pregnancy. Consequently, diagnosis is often delayed until patients present with life-threatening complications. During pregnancy, symptoms of choledochal cyst may be developed by hormonal changes and the enlarged uterus. Because of the risk of fetal mortality and maternal morbidity, definitive surgical treatment should be delayed and step-by-step management should be carefully implemented to avoid complication until delivery. Herein, we report a case of enlarged, symptomatic choledochal cyst that developed in a 26-year-old pregnant woman. The temporal relationship between pregnancy and symptom development, as well as the biliary sludge formation in the enlarged cyst, suggest that the choledochal cyst was influenced by pregnancy. In order to buy time for fetal maturation, endoscopic ultrasonography-guided choledochoduodenostomy was performed for biliary decompression as a bridge to surgical excision.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bile , Choledochal Cyst , Choledochostomy , Decompression , Diagnosis , Endosonography , Female , Fetal Mortality , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Uterus
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131730

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop a simple and reliable rat model of in situ reversible obstructive jaundice with low morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: Rats were divided into 4 groups with 8 rats each: the sham-operated (SH) group only underwent laparotomy, the control internal drainage (ID-C) group underwent choledochoduodenostomy, the new internal drainage (ID-N) group and the long-term internal drainage (ID-L) group underwent choledochocholedochostomy. Common bile duct ligation was performed in all the drainage groups 7 days before reversal procedures. All rats were sacrificed for samples 7 days after the last operation except rats of the ID-L group that survived 28 days before sacrifice. Body weight, liver function, histopathological changes, morbidity and mortality were assessed. RESULTS: One rat died and 2 rats had complications with tube blockage in the ID-C group. No death or complications occurred in the ID-N and ID-L groups. The drainage tube remained patent in the long-term observation ID-L group. Body weight showed no significant difference between the ID-C and ID-N groups after 7 days drainage. Liver function was not fully recovered in the ID-C and ID-N groups after 7 days drainage, but statistical differences were only observed in the ID-C group compared with the SH and ID-L groups. Periportal inflammation and bile duct proliferation showed severer in the ID-C group than in the ID-N group. CONCLUSION: The present study provided an efficient, simple, and reliable rat model that is especially suitable for long-term or consecutive studies of reversible obstructive jaundice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Ducts , Body Weight , Choledochostomy , Common Bile Duct , Drainage , Inflammation , Jaundice, Obstructive , Laparotomy , Ligation , Liver , Models, Animal , Mortality , Rats
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131728

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop a simple and reliable rat model of in situ reversible obstructive jaundice with low morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: Rats were divided into 4 groups with 8 rats each: the sham-operated (SH) group only underwent laparotomy, the control internal drainage (ID-C) group underwent choledochoduodenostomy, the new internal drainage (ID-N) group and the long-term internal drainage (ID-L) group underwent choledochocholedochostomy. Common bile duct ligation was performed in all the drainage groups 7 days before reversal procedures. All rats were sacrificed for samples 7 days after the last operation except rats of the ID-L group that survived 28 days before sacrifice. Body weight, liver function, histopathological changes, morbidity and mortality were assessed. RESULTS: One rat died and 2 rats had complications with tube blockage in the ID-C group. No death or complications occurred in the ID-N and ID-L groups. The drainage tube remained patent in the long-term observation ID-L group. Body weight showed no significant difference between the ID-C and ID-N groups after 7 days drainage. Liver function was not fully recovered in the ID-C and ID-N groups after 7 days drainage, but statistical differences were only observed in the ID-C group compared with the SH and ID-L groups. Periportal inflammation and bile duct proliferation showed severer in the ID-C group than in the ID-N group. CONCLUSION: The present study provided an efficient, simple, and reliable rat model that is especially suitable for long-term or consecutive studies of reversible obstructive jaundice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Ducts , Body Weight , Choledochostomy , Common Bile Duct , Drainage , Inflammation , Jaundice, Obstructive , Laparotomy , Ligation , Liver , Models, Animal , Mortality , Rats
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153384

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD), EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS), and EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) can effectively palliate obstructive jaundice, but have not been well established yet. The incidence of complications is about 30% in EUSBD and higher for EUS-HGS. Several complications have been reported such as bleeding, perforation and peritonitis. Bleeding occurs due to puncture of portal vein, hepatic vein and artery, and we should use color Doppler. When a cautery dilator is used for fistula dilation, burn effects may cause delayed bleeding. Endoscopic hemostasis is only effective for anastomotic bleeding and embolization with interventional radiology technique is required for pseudo aneurysm. There are some types of perforation: failed stent placement after puncture or fistula dilation, double puncture during CDS procedure, and stent migration. Peritonitis with perforation requires surgery and can be fatal. Stent migration before mature fistula formation causes severe peritonitis because EUS-BD makes fistula between two unattached organs. Stents with flaps or long covered self-expandable metallic stents (cSEMSs) are effective to prevent migration. Recent development of lumen apposing stents may reduce early migration in EUS-CDS. Peritonitis without migration can be due to 1) leakage of bile juice or gastric/duodenal contents during EUS-BD or 2) leakage along the placed stent. We should make procedure time as short as possible, and cSEMSs reduce bile leak along the stent by occluding the dilated fistula. In summary, we should understand the mechanism of complications and the technique to prevent and manage complications. Development of dedicated devices to increase the success rate and reduce complications is required.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Bile , Burns , Cautery , Choledochostomy , Drainage , Fistula , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Hepatic Veins , Incidence , Jaundice, Obstructive , Peritonitis , Portal Vein , Punctures , Radiology, Interventional , Stents
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45553

ABSTRACT

Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct (IPNB) leads to malignant transformation and mucin production. Herein, we presented two cases of mucin-producing IPNB with obstructive jaundice who underwent resection of the intrahepatic lesions and bypass hepaticojejunostomy. The first case was a 69 year-old male patient with 5-year follow up for gallstone disease. Imaging studies showed mucin-secreting IPNB mainly in the hepatic segment III bile duct (B3) and multiple intrahepatic duct stones for which, segment III resection, intrahepatic stone removal, end-to-side choledochojejunostomy and B3 hepaticojejunostomy were conducted. The second case was a 74 year-old female patient with 11-year follow up for gallstone disease. Imaging studies showed mucin-producing IPNB with dilatation of the segment IV duct (B4) and mural nodules for which, segment IV resection, partial resection of the diaphragm and central hepaticojejunostomy were conducted. Both patients recovered uneventfully from surgery. These cases highlight that in patients with IPNB, abundant production of highly viscous mucin inducing obstructive jaundice may be associated with malignant transformation.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholangiocarcinoma , Choledochostomy , Diaphragm , Dilatation , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gallstones , Humans , Jaundice , Jaundice, Obstructive , Male , Mucins
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-181950

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The feasibility of a rat choledochojejunostomy (CJ) training model was investigated, as an introductory model to microsurgery for general surgeons. METHODS: Roux-en-Y CJ was performed on 20 rats. Interrupted 10-0 prolene sutures were used to perform CJ. The animals were observed for 7 days and sacrificed and examined. RESULTS: The rats were divided into 2 groups of 10 based on surgical order. The CJ time showed a significant decrease from 36.2 ± 5.6 minutes in group 1 to 29.4 ± 5.7 minutes in group 2 (P = 0.015). The bile leakage rate was 40% in group 1 and 10% in group 2. The survival time was 5.4 ± 2.2 days in group 1 and 7 days in group 2 (P = 0.049). CONCLUSION: The rat CJ training model is a feasible introductory model for general surgeons with no previous experience in microsurgery.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Choledochostomy , Microsurgery , Polypropylenes , Rats , Sutures
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 75(5): 311-314, Oct. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841519

ABSTRACT

La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) se considera el tratamiento de primera línea para el drenaje biliar en pacientes con cáncer de páncreas. En los casos de fracaso por CPRE, generalmente se realiza un drenaje biliar transparietohepático o una derivación biliar quirúrgica. En la última década, las indicaciones y la utilidad de la ecoendoscopia en pacientes con cáncer de páncreas han ido creciendo, y se han informado numerosos casos de drenajes biliares guiados por ecoendoscopia como una alternativa al drenaje biliar percutáneo o quirúrgico en fracasos en la CPRE. Nuestro objetivo es comunicar un caso con cáncer de páncreas localmente avanzado que se presentó con ictericia indolora y síndrome coledociano con obstrucción biliar y duodenal, en el que se realizó una colédoco-duodenostomía guiada por ecoendoscopia mediante la colocación de una prótesis metálica autoexpandible.


Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is considered the first-approach for biliary drainage. In cases of ERCP failure, patients are usually referred for percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage or surgical biliary bypass. In the last decade, the indications of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the management of patients with pancreatic cancer have increased, and numerous cases of EUS-guided biliary drainage have been reported in patients with failures during the ERCP. Our goal is to report a patient with locally advanced pancreatic cancer who presented with painless jaundice and cholestasis with biliary and duodenal obstruction. A EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy was performed by placement of a self-expanding metal stent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Choledochostomy/methods , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Duodenoscopy/methods , Duodenal Obstruction/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Adenocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Cholestasis/complications , Ultrasonography , Jaundice, Obstructive/complications , Duodenal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Self Expandable Metallic Stents
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28887

ABSTRACT

BAlthough intraductal radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been reported to be a feasible treatment of malignancy biliary obstruction in unresectable cholangiocarcinoma, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-guided intraductal RFA has a disadvantage that cannot be directly visualize the biliary tract using the fluoroscopic image. On the other hand, direct peroral cholangioscopy-guided intraductal RFA is easy to insert catheter and apply treatment by visualizing the bile duct lesions. We present a case of direct peroral cholangioscopy-guided intraductal RFA without biliary stent in 67-year-old woman patient with cholangiocarcinoma for treatment of malignancy biliary obstruction. In the past, she underwent choledochoduodenostomy for intrahepatic stones. She underwent direct peroral cholangioscopy-guided intraductal RFA via choledochoduodenostomy orifice, and biliary patency was preserved for 90days without additional treatment such as biliary stent and severe complication. Direct peroral cholangioscopy-guided intraductal RFA is expected to be able to reduce the complications of the procedure by ensuring the bile duct lesions. Prospective studies with long term follow up are warranted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bile Ducts , Biliary Tract , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledochostomy , Female , Hand , Humans , Stents
15.
Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. 2015; 16 (3-4): 145-147
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174972

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy [EUS-CDS] using a fully-covered self-expandable metal stent [SEMS] is increasingly used as an alternative to failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. An EUS-CDS fistula can provide endoscopists with a new approach route for intrahepatic bile ducts. Here, we present successful placement of multiple SEMS for intrahepatic biliary obstruction via an EUS-CDS fistula


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Fistula , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Choledochostomy
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80547

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a porcine training model for laparoscopic choledochojejunostomy (CJ) that can act as a bridge between simulation models and actual surgery for novice surgeons. The feasibility of this model was evaluated. METHODS: Laparoscopic CJ using intracorporeal sutures was performed on ten animals by a surgical fellow with no experience in human laparoscopic CJ. A single layer of running sutures was placed in the posterior and anterior layers. Jejunojejunostomy was performed using a linear stapler, and the jejunal opening was closed using absorbable unidirectional sutures (V-Loc 180). RESULTS: The average operation time was 131.3 +/- 36.4 minutes, and the CJ time was 57.5 +/- 18.4 minutes. Both the operation time and CJ time showed a steady decrease with an increasing number of cases. The average diameter of the CBD was 6.4 +/- 0.8 mm. Of a total of ten animals, eight were sacrificed after the procedure. In two animals, a survival model was evaluated. Both pigs recovered completely and survived for two weeks, after which both animals were sacrificed. None of the animals exhibited any signs of bile leakage or anastomosis site stricture. CONCLUSION: The porcine training model introduced in this paper is an adequate model for practicing laparoscopic CJ. Human tissue simulation is excellent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Choledochostomy , Constriction, Pathologic , Humans , Laparoscopy , Running , Sutures , Swine
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76947

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Choledochoduodenal fistula (CDF) is an extremely rare condition even in the most populous nations. However, diagnostic tools are inadequate for the young surgeon to be made aware of such a rare condition before surgery. Hence, basic understanding of the epidemiology, etiology, and management for this unusual but discoverable condition are necessary and essential. METHODS: The exclusive case reports of CDF, which were published from 1983 to 2014 concerning mainland Chinese people, were performed to review the epidemiology, etiology, and management. RESULTS: A total of 728 cases were incorporated into this review among 48 papers. More than half of the CDF cases were female (416) with an average age of 57.3 years. CDF was usually caused by cholelithiasis (573 of 728). Epigastric pain (589 of 728) and cholangitis (395 of 728) were the most common symptoms of CDF. CDF was usually detected and confirmed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (475 of 728) in Mainland China. The fistulas larger than 1 cm (82 of 654) were recommended for surgical biliary reconstruction. Fistulas between 0.5 cm and 1.0 cm (467 of 654) which were followed frequently by cholangitis attacks also required surgery; the rest were recommended to have stone removal and/or the application of an effective biliary drainage. Fistulas less than 0.5 cm (105 of 654) were usually received conservative therapy. CONCLUSION: CDF should be considered in differential diagnosis of recurrent epigastric pain and cholangitis. A possible ERCP should be arranged to investigate carefully. Depending on the size of fistula and clinical presentation, different programs for CDF are indicated, ranging from drug therapy to choledochojejunostomy.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biliary Fistula , China , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Choledochostomy , Cholelithiasis , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Disease Management , Drainage , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Female , Fistula , Humans
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62984

ABSTRACT

We present a rare case of functional stenosis of the jejunal loop following left hepatectomy and hepaticojejunostomy long after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), which was successfully managed by balloon dilation. A 70-year-old Korean man had undergone PPPD 6 years before due to 1.8 cm-sized distal bile duct cancer. Sudden onset of obstructive jaundice led to diagnosis of recurrent bile duct cancer mimicking perihilar cholangiocarcinoma of type IIIb. After left portal vein embolization, the patient underwent resection of the left liver and caudate lobe and remnant extrahepatic bile duct. The pre-existing jejunal loop and choledochojejunostomy site were used again for new hepaticojejunostomy. The patient recovered uneventfully, but clamping of the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tube resulted in cholangitis. Biliary imaging studies revealed that biliary passage into the afferent jejunal limb was significantly impaired. We performed balloon dilation of the afferent jejunal loop by using a 20 mm-wide balloon. Follow-up hepatobiliary scintigraphy showed gradual improvement in biliary excretion and the PTBD tube was removed at 1 month after balloon dilation. This very unusual condition was regarded as disuse atrophy of the jejunal loop, which was successfully managed by balloon dilation and intraluminal keeping of a large-bore PTBD tube for 1 month.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangitis , Choledochostomy , Constriction , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Drainage , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatectomy , Humans , Jaundice, Obstructive , Liver , Muscular Disorders, Atrophic , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Portal Vein , Radionuclide Imaging
19.
Cir. parag ; 38(1): 8-11, jun. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-972551

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: Las posibilidades de coexistencia de cálculos en la vía biliar principal (VBP) al mismo tiempo que en la vesícula son del orden del 10 al 20%; su tratamiento es muy importante para evitar las complicaciones de la obstrucción ductal –ictericia y colangitis– y la pancreatitis aguda. Las distintas modalidades de tratamiento buscan reducir al máximo las complicaciones al tiempo de lograr la eficacia máxima, determinada fundamentalmente por la completa evacuación de los cálculos en los conductos. OBJETIVO: evaluar las complicaciones y/o litiasis residual en pacientes con litiasis de la vía biliar, tratados quirúrgicamente –coledocotomía– o por vía endoscópica (esfinterotomía), controlados durante 1 año.Pacientes y método: Estudio analítico de cohortes retrospectivo; Grupo A=50 pacientes operados, con edad promedio de 48 años y Grupo B=50 pacientes con tratamiento endoscópico, con edad promedio de 49 años. El diámetro de la VBP fue de 12.5 y 11.4 mm en los grupos respectivos y el diámetro de los cálculos 18 y 9.2 mm, respectivamente. Fueron evaluados: tiempo de internación, complicaciones y resolución definitiva de la litiasis, evaluada mediante un seguimiento de 1 año. RESULTADOS: Las complicaciones se encontraron en 10% y 18% en los grupos A y B, respectivamente; el tiempo de internación post procedimiento fueron 7.2 y 3.6 días. El éxito terapéutico fueron 96 y 80% respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: las ventajas de la esfinterotomía se limitan a un tiempo de internación más breve, pero con mayor frecuencia de complicaciones.


BACKGROUND: The potential coexistence of stones in the bile duct while in the gallbladder are on the order of 10 to 20% treatment is important to prevent the complications of ductal obstruction –jaundice and cholangitis– and acute pancreatitis. The different treatment modalities seek to minimize complications at the time of maximum essentially determined by the complete removal of stones in the ducts effectively. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate complications and / or residual calculi in patients with gall stones Road, treated surgically - choledochotomy - or endoscopically ( sphincterotomy ), controlled for 1 year. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study analytical; Group A= 50 patients operated with an average age of 48 years and Group B= 50 patients with endoscopic treatment, with a mean age of 49 years. VBP diameter was 12.5 and 11.4 mm in the respective groups, and calculate the diameter of 18 and 9.2 mm, respectively. Were evaluated: length of stay, complications and final resolution of the stone, as assessed by a 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Complications were found in 10% and 18% in groups A and B, respectively; procedure time post hospitalization were 7.2 and 3.6 days. Treatment success was 96 and 80% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The advantages of EE are limited to a shorter hospitalization time but with greater frequency of complications. Keywords: Choledocholithiasis bile duct. Choledochotomy. Endoscopic sphincterotomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Choledochostomy , Lithiasis , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic
20.
Rev. Soc. Peru. Med. Interna ; 27(2): 68-74, abr.-jun. 2014. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-728046

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la morbilidad y la mortalidad en las derivaciones biliodigestivas en el servicio de Cirugía general en el Hospital Enrique Cabrera, de enero de 2007 a diciembre de 2011. Material y Métodos: Se realizó una investigación observacional, descriptiva y prospectiva. La muestra fue constituida por 51 pacientes a los que se les realizó una o más derivaciones biliodigestivas. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, causa de intervención, tecnica quirúrgica, complicaciones, estado al egreso y causa de muerte. Se calculó la frecuencia de complicaciones y la mortalidad para cada técnica. Resultados: Fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente 51 pacientes, con un promedio de edad de 57,5 años El tumor de cabeza de páncreas correspondió a 56,9% de los casos y la lesión de vía biliar, a 17,6%. La infección del sitio quirúrgico ocurrió en 33,3%. Fallecieron 50% de los operados por ténica de Whipple. La técnica quirúrgica más utilizada fue la coledocoduodenostomía. La mortalidad fue 11,8% y la principal causa de muerte, la falla multiorgánica. Conclusiones: El tumor de cabeza de páncreas fue la causa de intervención más frecuente La pancreatoduodenectomía de Whipple reportó la mayor morbimortalidad. Las tasas de incidencia de complicaciones y de mortalidad para la cirugía biliodigestiva fueron altas.


Objectives: To determine the morbidity and mortality in biliary bypasses in the Service of General Surgery at the Enrique Cabrera Hospital from January of 2007 to December of 2011. Material and Methods: It was carried out an observational, descriptive and prospective study. The sample constituted by 51 patients who had underwent a biliary bypass. The studied variables were: age, sex, intervention cause, surgical technique, complications, condition at discharge and cause of death. Frequency of complications and mortality were calculated for each technique. Results: Fifty one patients underwent a biliary bypass, age average of 57,5 year-old. The head's pancreas tumor was 56,9% and biliary's ducts lesions 17,6%. Surgical wound infection occurred in 33,3% of cases, and 50% of those who underwent a Whipple's technique died. The more used surgical technique was the choledocoduodenostomy. The mortality was of 11,8% and the main cause of death was multiorganic failure. Conclusions: The head's pancreas tumor was the cause that underwent surgery. The Whipple's pancreatoduodenectomy reported the highest morbidity and mortality. The frequency of complications and mortality for a biliary bypass were high.


Subject(s)
Female , Choledochostomy/mortality , Biliopancreatic Diversion/mortality , Morbidity , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic , Prospective Studies
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