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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 206-213, 20220316. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362915

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistitis aguda es una de las causas más frecuentes de ingresos hospitalarios y la colecistectomía laparoscópica es el estándar de oro para su manejo. Dentro de los efectos de la pandemia por COVID-19 se ha percibido un aumento en la severidad de presentación en estos pacientes. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar la presentación clínica y quirúrgica de la colecistitis aguda antes y durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo de una cohorte con pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica por colecistitis aguda entre 2019 y 2020. Se realizó un análisis bivariado y de Kaplan Meier con el tiempo transcurrido entre inicio de síntomas y el ingreso al hospital, y entre el ingreso del hospital y la realización de la cirugía. Resultados. Fueron llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica por colecistitis aguda un total de 302 pacientes. El tiempo de evolución de los síntomas hasta el ingreso fue de 83,3 horas (IC95%: 70,95 ­ 96,70) antes de la pandemia y 104,75 horas (IC95%: 87,26 ­ 122,24) durante la pandemia. El tiempo entre el ingreso al hospital y el procedimiento quirúrgico fue significativamente menor en el período de pandemia (70,93 vs. 42,29; p<0,001). El porcentaje con mayor severidad (Parkland 5) fue igual antes y durante la pandemia (29 %). Conclusión. Se reporta una severidad clínica y quirúrgica similar antes y durante la pandemia por COVID-19, probablemente secundario a los resultados de un tiempo de entrada al quirófano significativamente menor durante la pandemia, debido a una mayor disponibilidad de quirófanos para las patologías quirúrgicas urgentes.


Introduction. Acute cholecystitis is one of the most frequent causes of hospital admissions in the adult population and laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the gold standard for its management. Within the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in the severity of presentation has been perceived in these patients. This study aims to compare the clinical and surgical presentation based on the different severity scales of acute cholecystitis before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was performed with patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis between 2019 and 2020. A bivariate and Kaplan Meier analysis was performed with the time elapsed between onset of symptoms and admission to hospital, and between admission to hospital and performance of surgery. Results. A total of 302 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. The time of evolution of symptoms until admission was 83.3 hours (95% CI: 70.95 - 96.70) vs. of 104.75 hours (95% CI: 87.26 - 122.24) before and during the pandemic, respectively. The time between admission to the hospital and the surgical procedure was significantly shorter in the current pandemic period (70.93 vs. 42.29; p<0.001). The patients with greater severity (Parkland 5) was the same before and during pandemic (29%). Conclusion. Similar clinical and surgical severity is reported before and during the COVID 19 pandemic, probably secondary to the results of a significantly shorter entry time to the operating room during the pandemic, due to a greater availability of operating rooms for urgent surgical pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis , COVID-19 , Coronavirus , SARS Virus , Cholecystitis, Acute , Pandemics
3.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 101-106, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280500

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El Síndrome de Mirizzi es una complicación infrecuente de la enfermedad litiásica biliar, con una incidencia menor al 1% en países desarrollados, puede desarrollarse en cinco variantes, siendo menos frecuente la variante tipo V. La literatura actual discrepa sobre el manejo de esta condición, afirmando que la cirugía laparoscópica no es segura como procedimiento estándar. Caso Clínico: Se presenta el caso de Síndrome de Mirizzi en un hombre de 80 años, que es remitido al departamento de urgencias por sospecha de sepsis de origen abdominal, con estudio ecográfico de colelitiasis, neumobilia y dilatación de las vías biliares. Se realizó Colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica con imposibilidad técnica para la movilización y extracción de los cálculos por gran tamaño, recurriéndose a exploración a través de técnica laparoscópica, obteniéndose resultados satisfactorios. Conclusión: Para tratar el Síndrome de Mirizzi, es necesario considerar las características del paciente y la experiencia del cirujano ya que ambos factores influyen directamente en la modalidad del tratamiento, sus complicaciones y tasas de éxito. En el presente caso, la experiencia del autor principal en el manejo de procedimientos mínimamente invasivos y la consideración de reducir el riesgo de complicaciones como infecciones en un paciente frágil, fueron los factores que influyeron para la decisión de intervención laparoscópica.


Abstract Introduction: Mirizzi's syndrome is an infrequent complication of biliary lithiasic disease, with an incidence of less than 1% in developed countries, being even less frequent the type V variant. Current literature disagrees on the management of this condition, stating that laparoscopic surgery is not safe as a standard procedure. Clinical Case: We present the case of Mirizzi's Syndrome in an 80-year-old man, which is referred to the emergency department for suspicion of sepsis of abdominal origin, with ultrasound study of cholelithiasis, pneumoobilia and dilation of the bile ducts. Retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography was performed with technical impossibility for the mobilization and extraction of large-size stones, resorting to exploration through laparoscopic technique, obtaining satisfactory results. Conclusion: It is necessary to emphasize that the type of Mirizzi syndrome, the patient's characteristics and the surgeon's experience directly influence the treatment modality, its complications and/or success rates. In the present case, the experience of the main author in the management of minimally invasive procedures and the consideration of reducing the risk of complications such as infections in a fragile patient, were the factors that influenced the decision for laparoscopic intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Cholelithiasis , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Laparoscopy , Mirizzi Syndrome , Therapeutics , Bile Ducts , Calculi , Sepsis , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Infections
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 227-233, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285313

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare hepatobiliary disorder, whose etiology remains not fully elucidated. Given how rare PSC is in childhood, until the recent publication of a multicenter international collaboration, even data on its characteristics and natural history were scarce. Symptomatic cholelithiasis has not been previously reported as the presentation of PSC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the diagnosis of PSC following the initial unusual presentation with symptomatic cholelithiasis, that followed an atypical clinical course that could not be explained by cholelithiasis alone. A literature review was also conducted. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of three patients, who were diagnosed and/or followed at the Clinics Hospital, University of Campinas - Sao Paulo/ Brazil, between 2014 and 2020. Data analyzed included gender, age of presentation, past medical history, imaging findings, laboratory results, endoscopic evaluation, response to medical therapy and follow-up. RESULTS: Age at time of presentation with cholelithiasis varied from 10 to 12 years. In two of the cases reported, a more subacute onset of symptoms preceded the episode of cholelithiasis. Two patients were managed with cholecystectomy, not followed by any surgical complications, one patient was managed conservatively. Percutaneous liver biopsy was performed in all three cases, showing histological findings compatible with PSC. Associated inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was not seen in any of the patients. The patients have been followed for a mean time of 3.4 years. CONCLUSION: PSC and cholelithiasis are both rare in the pediatric population. This study reports on symptomatic cholelithiasis as a presentation of PSC and raises the importance of suspecting an underlying hepatobiliary disorder in children with cholelithiasis without any known predisposing factors and/or that follow an atypical clinical course for cholelithiasis alone.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A colangite esclerosante primária (CEP) é uma doença hepatobiliar rara, cuja etiologia ainda não está totalmente elucidada. Dada a raridade do CEP na infância, até a recente publicação de uma colaboração multicêntrica internacional, mesmo dados sobre suas características e história natural eram escassos. A colelitíase sintomática não foi relatada anteriormente como a apresentação inicial de CEP na infância. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi o diagnóstico de CEP após a apresentação inicial incomum com colelitíase sintomática, que seguiu um curso clínico atípico que não poderia ser explicado apenas pela colelitíase. Também foi realizada uma revisão da literatura. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada uma revisão retrospectiva dos prontuários de três pacientes, que foram diagnosticados e/ou acompanhados no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas - São Paulo / Brasil, entre 2014 e 2020. Os dados analisados incluíram sexo, idade de apresentação, história médica pregressa, achados de imagem, resultados laboratoriais, avaliação endoscópica, resposta à terapia médica e acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: A idade no momento da apresentação da colelitíase variou de 10 a 12 anos. Em dois dos casos relatados, um início mais subagudo dos sintomas precedeu o episódio de colelitíase. Dois pacientes foram tratados com colecistectomia, não seguida de qualquer complicação cirúrgica, e um paciente foi tratado de forma conservadora. Biópsia hepática percutânea foi realizada em todos os três casos, mostrando achados histológicos compatíveis com CEP. Doença inflamatória intestinal associada não foi observada em nenhum dos pacientes. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por um tempo médio de 3,4 anos. CONCLUSÃO: CEP e colelitíase são raras na população pediátrica. Este estudo relata a colelitíase sintomática como uma apresentação de CEP e levanta a importância da suspeita de doença hepatobiliar subjacente em crianças com colelitíase sem quaisquer fatores predisponentes conhecidos e/ou que seguem um curso clínico atípico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/complications , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/diagnosis , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/therapy , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Cholelithiasis/complications , Cholelithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Multicenter Studies as Topic
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 462-470, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254292

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más realizados a nivel mundial, por lo que su aprendizaje es cada vez más necesario para los médicos residentes en entrenamiento, pero sin comprometer la seguridad de los pacientes. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el impacto de la participación de los médicos residentes en los principales desenlaces clínicos de la colecistectomía. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo de cohortes, donde se incluyeron los pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica, desde junio de 2019 hasta julio de 2020. Se llevó a cabo el análisis estadístico para describir medidas de frecuencia, tendencia central, dispersión y análisis bivariados para los desenlaces de interés. Resultados. Se incluyeron 482 pacientes a quienes se les practicó colecistectomía, 475 de ellas por vía laparoscópica. El 62,5 % fueron mujeres y el 76,2 % se realizaron de carácter urgente. En el 96 % de los procedimientos se contó con la participación de un residente. En el análisis bivariado no se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la participación del residente y un impacto negativo en los desenlaces clínicos de las variables relevantes. Discusión. No hay evidencia de que la participación de médicos residentes en la colecistectomía laparoscópica se asocie con desenlaces adversos en los pacientes, lo que sugiere estar en relación con una introducción temprana y responsable a este procedimiento por parte de los docentes, permitiendo que la colecistectomía sea un procedimiento seguro


Introduction. Cholecystectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures worldwide, so its learning is increasingly necessary for resident physicians in training, but without compromising the safety of patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the participation of resident physicians on the main clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy. Methods. A prospective cohort study was performed, which included patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecys-tectomy from June 2019 to July 2020. Statistical analysis was carried out to describe measures of frequency, central tendency, dispersion, and bivariate analysis for outcomes of interest. Results. 482 patients who underwent cholecystectomy were included, 475 of them laparoscopically; 62.5% were women and 76.2% were performed urgently, and 96% of the procedures involved the participation of a resident. In the bivariate analysis, no statistically significant difference was found between resident participation and a negative impact on the clinical outcomes of the relevant variables. Discussion. There is no evidence that the participation of resident physicians in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with adverse outcomes in patients, which suggests being related to an early and responsible introduction to this procedure by teachers, allowing cholecystectomy to be a safe procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Education, Medical , Cholelithiasis , Health Postgraduate Programs , Intraoperative Complications
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 62-72, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288175

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la prevalencia conjunta de litiasis vesicular y coledociana aumenta con la edad y llega al 15% en la octava década de la vida. Su manejo continúa siendo controvertido: algunos profesionales prefieren el abordaje en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia, y otros, el abordaje en dos tiempos con endoscopia (CPRE preoperatoria) seguida de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia y seguridad del manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia en pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular y coledociana. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo con datos de una base de datos prospectiva, entre julio de 2008 y julio de 2018. Resultados: sobre un total de 2447 colecistectomías laparoscópicas realizadas en el citado período, 416 (17%) presentaron litiasis coledociana. El éxito global de la vía transcística en la extracción de litiasis coledociana fue del 81,2%: del 70,4% en los casos con diagnóstico prequirúrgico de colestasis extrahepática litiásica y del 92,9% en los otros diagnósticos. La morbilidad fue del 4%, sin mortalidad ni lesiones quirúrgicas de la vía biliar. Conclusión : el manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia es eficaz y seguro debido al elevado éxito global de la instrumentación transcística (ITC). El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis condi ciona una disminución de esa eficacia, por mayor indicación de coledocotomía, con un aumento de la morbilidad y del tiempo de internación.


ABSTRACT Background: The prevalence of common bile duct stones associated with cholelithiasis increases with age and is about 15 % in the 8th decade of life but its management is still controversial. Some surgeons prefer the single-stage approach with laparoscopy while others suggest the two-stage management with preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of feasibility of single-stage laparoscopic surgery in patients with cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective study with prospectively collected data between July 2008 and July 2018. Results: Of 2447 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed during the study period, 416 presented common bile duct stones. The global success of the transcystic approach to clear common bile duct stones was 81.2%, 70.4% in the cases with preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis and 92.9% for other diagnoses. The rate of complications was 4% without deaths or bile duct injuries. Conclusion: Single-stage laparoscopic surgery is an efficient and safe approach based on the high global success of transcystic exploration. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis reduces the efficacy of the procedure due to greater indication of choledocotomy, with complications and longer length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy , Cholelithiasis , Efficacy , Retrospective Studies , Choledocholithiasis , Endoscopy
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e912, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144441

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El íleo biliar representa el 4 por ciento de las causas de obstrucción intestinal en la población general. Objetivo: Mostrar un paciente con cuadro de oclusión intestinal por íleo biliar que fue diagnosticado y tratado en el transoperatorio. Caso clínico: Paciente de 78 años de edad con un cuadro oclusivo por un íleo biliar, al cual se le realizó enterolitotomía como tratamiento definitivo. Conclusiones: El íleo biliar es una causa de oclusión intestinal que todo cirujano general debe tener presente ante un anciano con elementos clínicos e imaginológicos de oclusión y sin intervenciones quirúrgicas previas o hernias de la pared abdominal(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gallstone ileus represents 4 percent of the causes of intestinal obstruction in the general population. Objective: To present a patient with intestinal obstruction due to gallstone ileus and who was diagnosed and treated during the intraoperative period. Clinical case: The is presented of a 78-year-old patient with an occlusive condition due to gallstone ileus, who underwent enterolithotomy as definitive management procedure. Conclusions: Gallstone ileus is a cause of intestinal occlusion that every general surgeon should be aware of in the presence of an elderly with clinical and imaging elements of occlusion and without previous surgical interventions or hernias of the abdominal wall(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Cholelithiasis/complications , Gallstones/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1018-1020, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136339

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic noncaseating granulomatous disease that rarely affects the gastrointestinal system. The initial diagnosis of sarcoidosis with gallbladder/gallbladder-associated lymph node involvement is a very rare condition in the literature. Herein, we aimed to report a case of newly diagnosed sarcoidosis with lymph node involvement associated with the gallbladder.


RESUMO A sarcoidose é uma doença granulomatosa multissistêmica não-caseosa que raramente afeta o sistema gastrointestinal. O diagnóstico inicial de sarcoidose com envolvimento de linfonodo da vesícula biliar ou associado à vesícula biliar é muito raro na literatura. Aqui, o nosso objetivo foi relatar um caso de sarcoidose recém-diagnosticado com envolvimento de linfonodos associados à vesícula biliar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis/etiology , Sarcoidosis/complications , Rare Diseases
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 552-557, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098286

ABSTRACT

La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el tratamiento de elección de la colelitiasis; sin embargo, se acompaña de comorbilidades y no está exenta de complicaciones mayores que pueden ser letales; la identificación del trígono cistohepático con disección y ligadura de la arteria cística son pasos obligatorios de la cirugía; la identificación de las variaciones de la arteria cística y los conductos biliares pueden minimizar las eventuales complicaciones. Al protocolo preoperatorio se implementó una angiotomografía con Tomógrafo Siemens Somatón Sensation ® de 64 cortes para identificar la arteria cística en pacientes con colelitiasis de la Unidad de Cirugía General del Hospital de Especialidades Teodoro Maldonado Carbo IESS de Guayaquil. Se escogieron 60 pacientes femeninos en forma aleatoria (edades 19-70 años, promedio 44,25 años) y la muestra se dividió en dos grupos de 30; al grupo estudio se aplicó angiotomografía hasta un mes antes de la cirugía y al grupo control se le aplicó el protocolo convencional. Se evaluó morbilidades relacionadas con: hemorragia operatoria por lesión de la arteria cística y en el posoperatorio: infección de herida operatoria, íleo y drenaje. La angiotomografía permitió identificar la arteria cística en el preoperatorio y contribuyó a disminuir comorbilidades que acompañan a la colecistectomía laparoscópica.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of cholelithiasis of choice; however, it is accompanied by comorbidities and is not exempt from major complications that can be lethal; the identification of the cystohepatic trigone with dissection and ligation of the cystic artery are mandatory steps of surgery; the identification of the variations of the cystic artery and the bile ducts can minimize the possible complications. The preoperative protocol was implemented with an angiotomography with Siemens Somatón Sensation ® 64-slice Tomograph to identify the cystic artery in patients with cholelithiasis of the General Surgery Unit of the Teodoro Maldonado Carbo IESS Specialty Hospital of Guayaquil. 60 female patients were chosen at random (ages 19 -70 years, average 44.25 years) and the sample was divided into two groups of 30; Angiotomography was applied to the study group up to one month before surgery and the conventional protocol was applied to the control group. Morbidities related to: operative haemorrhage due to cystic artery and postoperative injury: operative wound infection, ileus and drainage were evaluated. Angiotomography allowed to identify the cystic artery in the preoperative period and contributed to decrease comorbidities that accompany laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Celiac Artery/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Preoperative Care , Cholelithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Comorbidity , Celiac Artery/anatomy & histology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
10.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 96-101, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094585

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El íleo biliar se define como una obstrucción intestinal por impactación de un cálculo biliar a cualquier nivel, sucede por presencia de una fistula bilio-digestiva y es usual en personas mayores de 60 años, principalmente en mujeres. Objetivo: Describir un caso de íleo biliar en un paciente masculino adulto medio, tratado con enterolitotomia más colecistectomía. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 41 años, sin antecedentes patológicos conocidos, con diagnóstico de íleo biliar, quién recibió manejo quirúrgico con enterolitotomia más colecistectomía en el mismo tiempo quirúrgico, con posteriores reintervenciones y manejo en unidad de cuidado intensivo, teniendo evolución favorable y egreso hospitalario. Conclusión: Este caso de obstrucción intestinal en paciente sin antecedentes quirúrgicos abdominales y con edad de presentación atípica para íleo biliar, representa un reto para el diagnóstico clínico y su correspondiente manejo quirúrgico.


Introduction: Biliary ileus is defined as an intestinal obstruction caused by gallstones. It is due to the presence of a bile-digestive fistula and is common in people older than 60 years of age, mainly in women. Objective: To describe a case of biliary ileus in an average adult male patient treated with enterolithotomy and cholecystectomy. Presentation of the case: A 41-year-old male patient, with a diagnosis of biliary ileus and no known pathological history, who underwent surgical management with enterolithotomy and cholecystectomy at the same surgical time. He had subsequent surgical interventions and management in an intensive care unit, having a favorable outcome and hospital discharge. Conclusion: This case of intestinal obstruction in a patient with no abdominal surgical history and an atypical age presentation represents a challenge for clinical diagnosis of biliary ileus and its corresponding surgical management.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Cholelithiasis , Biliary Fistula , Ileus , Intestinal Obstruction
11.
Arch. med ; 20(1): 221-225, 2020-01-18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053285

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas colecistoentéricas se forman como una complicación poco frecuente de la colelitiasis. Se presenta el caso de un paciente femenino de 64 años con diagnóstico de sangrado de tubo digestivo alto debido a una fístula colecistoduodenal. El caso representa una urgencia gastroenterológica poco común que nos recuerda que las complicaciones raras de las enfermedades comunes pueden ser fácilmente omitidas en cualquier escenario clínico..(AU)


Bilioenteric fístulas occurs as a rare complication of gallstone disease. A 64 years-old female patient with diagnosis of upper digestive bleeding due to a cholecystoduodenal fístula is presented. This clinical case represents a rare gastrointestinal emergency that remember us that rare complications of diverse diseases can be omitted in any clinical scenario..(AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Cholelithiasis , Fistula
12.
Rev. méd. Paraná ; 78(1): 21-27, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146951

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Verificar a quantidade de crises de dor em pacientes com colelitíase, anteriores à cirurgia. METODOLOGIA: Foram estudados 385 pacientes com colelitíase, tratada no Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba, entre 2012 e 2018. Os dados obtidos foram analisados por gráficos e tabelas de frequência. Para cálculos de associação foram feitos os testes t de student para observações independentes e qui quadrado. Significância adotada: 5%. RESULTADOS: Dos pacientes entrevistados, 69% são mulheres, enquanto 31% são do sexo masculino. Em média, os pacientes têm 50,5 anos. A grande maioria vive na Grande Curitiba. Cirurgias urgentes foram realizadas em 44% dos pacientes, enquanto eletivas ocorreram em 56% dos casos. Mais da metade dos pacientes teve mais de 3 crises de dor, antes de serem operados. Aproximadamente, 35% deles sofreu de 1 a 3 crises antes da cirurgia. Somente 5% foram operados sem crises de dor. Em média, decorreram 9,44 meses entre o diagnóstico e o tratamento cirúrgico dos pacientes. Quase que a totalidade dos pacientes realizaram ecografias para o diagnóstico da colelitíase. Proporcionalmente, mais homens foram operados imediatamente após o diagnóstico do que mulheres (p=0,001). Pacientes que passaram por mais de um hospital fizeram, proporcionalmente, mais ecografias que os pacientes que foram atendidos apenas pelo Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba (p=0,003). CONCLUSÃO: Pelos resultados obtidos, pode-se estabelecer que os pacientes operados pelo HUEC, em âmbito de SUS, passam muito tempo aguardando a operação. É prudente considerar a opção cirúrgica, para evitar complicações que levem o paciente a ser operado emergencialmente.


Verify the amount of pain crises on patients with cholelithiasis, prior to surgical treatment. METHODS: The analysis involved 385 patients with cholelithiasis, treated at Evangelical University Hospital of Curitiba, between 2012 and 2018. The resulting data were analyzed by graphs and frequency charts. For association calculations, Student's t test for independent observations and chi square test were used. The adopted significance is 5%. RESULTS: Of the interviewed patients, 69% are female, while 31% are male. The average age is 50,5 yearsold. The vast majority lives in and around Curitiba. Emergency surgeries were performed in 44% of patients, while elective procedures were used in 56%. More than half the patients suffered more than 3 biliary colic events, prior to being put through surgery. Approximately, 35% had 1 to 3 painful bouts. Only 5% where operated on without biliary colic. The average surgical wait time was 9,44 months. Almost all patients had ultrasounds performed for the diagnosis. Proportionally, more men were put through surgery immediately after being diagnosed than women (p=0,001). Patients who went to more than one hospital had more ultrasounds done than patients who were only cared for at Evangelical University Hospital of Curitiba (p=0,003) CONCLUSION: From the obtained data, it can be inferred that patients operated at Evangelical University Hospital of Curitiba, by the public healthcare system, spend too much time on the surgical wait list. It is prudent to consider the surgical option soon, to avoid complications that lead the patient to emergency surgery


Subject(s)
Pain , Cholelithiasis , Hospitals, University , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy , Colic
13.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 30(supl.5): S22-S26, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223731

ABSTRACT

Com exceção dos casos decorrentes de doença hemolítica crônica, a colelitíase biliar é pouco comum na infância e adolescência quando comparada aos adultos. No entanto, nas últimas décadas observou-se importante aumento da incidência da doença na pediatria, principalmente em adolescentes do sexo feminino. Os fatores de risco associados à colelitíase têm se assemelhado àqueles encontrados nos adultos e o cálculo de colesterol é o principal responsável pelo aumento da prevalência. Acredita-se que a maioria dos pacientes pediátricos com colelitíase biliar apresente sintomas inespecíficos; a cólica biliar típica é encontrada mais frequentemente em crianças mais velhas. O tratamento padrão para a colelitíase sintomática é o tratamento cirúrgico com retirada da vesícula biliar, sendo a colecistectomia videolaparoscópica preferível à cirurgia aberta devido ao menor tempo de recuperação e de internação hospitalar. Contudo, na colelitíase assintomática o tratamento deve ser individualizado, sendo indicada a cirurgia em casos selecionados. O objetivo desta revisão é apresentar os principais aspectos da doença calculosa biliar na infância e contribuir para maior suspeição clínica da doença entre os pediatras, aprimorando a abordagem diagnóstica e a definição terapêutica adequada.


Excluding the cases resulting from chronic hemolytic disease, cholelithiasis is uncommon in childhood and adolescence when compared to adults. However, in recent decades there has been noted an increased incidence of the disease in pediatrics, especially in female adolescents. The risk factors associated with cholelithiasis have been similar to those found in adults and cholesterol stones are the main responsible for the increase of the prevalence. The majority of pediatric patients with cholelithiasis have no specific symptoms; typical biliary colic is found more often among older children. The standard treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis is surgery to remove the gallbladder; the laparoscopic cholecystectomy is preferable to open surgery because of the shorter recovery time and hospital stay. However, in asymptomatic cholelithiasis treatment must be individualized and surgery is indicated in selected cases. The aim of this review is to present the main aspects of gallstone disease in childhood and contribute to greater clinical suspicion of the disease among pediatricians, improving the diagnostic approach and the appropriate therapeutic definition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cholelithiasis , Pediatrics , Cholecystectomy , Cholelithiasis/diagnosis , Gallstones , Incidence
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1456-1462, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040153

ABSTRACT

La colecistectomía laparoscópica es el tratamiento indicado en la colelitiasis, sin embargo el procedimiento no está exento de complicaciones o morbilidad concomitante. Es posible que, debido a lesiones ductales colaterales, ocurra sangrado con posibilidad de conversión de la cirugía e indeseables resultados. Para un correcto abordaje de la región se hace fundamental la identificación del trígono cistohepático (TCH) y sus componentes, a su vez de la ligadura y sección de la arteria cística (AC). Conociendo la elevada variabilidad de la AC, el objetivo de este trabajo consistió en identificar el número, origen, trayecto y relación de la AC con el TCH y sus variaciones, utilizando angiotomografía por medio de un tomógrafo detector de 64 cortes, en el preoperatorio de 30 pacientes de sexo femenino, entre 24 y 54 años de edad, con colelitiasis diagnosticadas clínicamente y por ecosonografía. La AC en el 76,67 % era única y se encontraba dentro del TCH, en el 16,67 % era única y se observó fuera del TCH. En el 6,67 % se observaron dos AC, una dentro y otra fuera del TCH. En el 66,67 % de los casos la AC se originaba de manera normal de la arteria hepática derecha. La trazabilidad de la AC fue en el 53,3 % medianamente visible y en el 46,7 % de trazabilidad excelente. En conclusión, la identificación de la AC y sus variaciones anatómicas se puede determinar en el preoperatorio y puede ser útil para mejorar el plan quirúrgico en pacientes con colelitiasis, brindando información al procedimiento, optimizarlo y disminuir los riesgos de eventuales complicaciones relacionados con sangrado.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment indicated for cholelithiasis, however the procedure is not free of complications or concomitant morbidity. It is possible that, due to collateral ductal lesions, bleeding occurs with the possibility of surgery conversion and undesirable results. For a correct approach to the region it is essential to identify the cystohepatic trigone (CHT) and its components, as well as the ligation and section of the cystic artery (AC). Knowing the high variability of CA, the aim of this work was to identify the number, origin, path and relationship of CA with the CHT and its variations using angiotomography by means of a 64-slice detector tomograph in the preoperative period of 30 female patients, between 24 and 54 years old, with clinically diagnosed cholelithiasis and by echo sonography. The AC in 76.67 % was unique and was within the CHT, in 16.67 % it was unique and was observed outside the CHT. In 6.67 %, two ACs were observed, one inside and one outside the TCH. In 66.67 % of cases, CA originated normally from the right hepatic artery. The traceability of AC was 53.3 % moderately visible and 46.7 % excellent traceability. In conclusion, the identification of AC and its anatomical variations can be determined in the preoperative period and can be useful to improve the surgical plan in patients with cholelithiasis, providing information on the procedure, optimizing it and reducing the risks of possible bleeding related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Arteries/abnormalities , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography , Preoperative Care/methods , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Anatomic Variation , Hepatic Artery/abnormalities , Hepatic Artery/diagnostic imaging
15.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(1): 34-40, mar 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1026338

ABSTRACT

Being the main treatment for cholelithiasis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy does not always solve the problem. It often entails postcholecystectomy syndrome (PCS). Oral medication to dissolve gallstones with bile acids is alternative therapy for some patients. However, lack of efficacy and limited medical indications make it necessary to apply combination treatment tactics. This study was conducted to investigate the dissolution of gallstones during the combined effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and rosuvastatin as well as to assess the results of eradication therapy in the presence of H. pylory as a measure to prevent cholelithiasis in the course of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Cholelithiasis/prevention & control , Cholelithiasis/drug therapy , Administration, Oral , Helicobacter pylori , Drug Therapy, Combination/trends , Disease Eradication , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(6): e20192279, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057182

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever os achados histológicos das vesículas biliares de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia e avaliar a presença de fatores associados ao câncer incidental da vesícula. Métodos: estudo descritivo, transversal e observacional de 1.278 exames anatomopatológicos de vesículas biliares oriundas de colecistectomias por colelitíase e de seus respectivos laudos, realizadas no período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2017. Resultados: o achado anatomopatológico mais frequente foi a colecistite crônica, presente em 1.251 pacientes (97,8%), seguido pela colesterolose em 131 (10,2%). O câncer de vesícula foi identificado em seis pacientes, com prevalência de 0,5% nesta amostra. Houve associação significativa entre a presença de câncer e idade ≥60 anos e com a espessura da parede ≥0,3cm. Conclusão: houve baixa prevalência de câncer de vesícula na população avaliada, maior ocorrência na população idosa e associação de tumor com espessamento da parede vesicular.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the histological findings of the gallbladders of patients undergoing cholecystectomy and to evaluate the presence of factors associated with gallbladder incidental cancer. Methods: we conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study with 1,278 histopathological exams of gallbladders coming from cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis and of their reports, held from January 2008 to December 2017. Results: the most common pathological finding was chronic cholecystitis, present in 1,251 patients (97.8%), followed by gallbladder cholesterolosis, in 131 (10.2%). Gallbladder cancer was identified in six patients, with a prevalence of 0.5% in this sample. There was a significant association between the presence of cancer and age ≥60 years and wall thickness ≥0.3cm. Conclusion: there was low prevalence of gallbladder cancer in this population, higher occurrence in the elderly and association of the tumor with gallbladder wall thickness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy/methods , Cholelithiasis/pathology , Cholecystitis/pathology , Gallbladder/pathology , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholelithiasis/complications , Cholecystitis/surgery , Cholecystitis/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Gallbladder/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/etiology , Middle Aged
17.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(2): e1432, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001039

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Obesity can be treated with bariatric surgery; but, excessive weight loss may lead to diseases of the bile duct such as cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure for these conditions, and may be hampered by the anatomical changes after surgery. Aim: Report the efficacy and the safety of videolaparoscopy-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography technique in patients after bariatric surgery with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Method: Retrospective study performed between 2007 and 2017. Data collected were: age, gender, surgical indication, length of hospital stay, etiological diagnosis, rate of therapeutic success, intra and postoperative complications. Results: Seven patients had choledocholithiasis confirmed by image exam, mainly in women. The interval between gastric bypass and endoscopic procedure ranged from 1 to 144 months. There were no intraoperative complications. The rate of duodenal papillary cannulation was 100%. Regarding complications, the majority of cases were related to gastrostomy, and rarely to endoscopic procedure. There were two postoperative complications, a case of chest-abdominal pain refractory to high doses of morphine on the same day of the procedure, and a laboratory diagnosis of acute pancreatitis after the procedure in an asymptomatic patient. The maximum hospital stay was four days. Conclusion: The experience with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography through laparoscopic gastrostomy is a safe and effective procedure, since most complications are related to the it and did not altered the sequence to perform the conventional cholangiopancreatography.


RESUMO Racional: A obesidade pode ser tratada com a cirurgia bariátrica; porém, doenças da via biliar como colelitíase e coledocolitíase podem surgir, principalmente devido à grande perda de peso. A colangiopancreatografia retrógrada é procedimento diagnóstico e terapêutico dessas afecções, e pode ser dificultada pela alteração anatômica após a operação. Objetivos: Relatar a eficácia e a segurança da colangiopancreatografia endoscópica retrógrada assistida por videolaparoscopia nos pacientes pós-cirurgia bariátrica com derivação gástrica em Y-de-Roux. Método: Estudo retrospectivo entre 2007 e 2017. Foram coletados: idade, gênero, indicação cirúrgica, tempo de internamento, diagnóstico etiológico, taxa de sucesso terapêutico, intercorrências intra e pós-operatórias. Resultados: Sete pacientes tiveram coledocolitíase confirmada por exame de imagem, principalmente em mulheres. O intervalo entre a derivação gástrica e o procedimento endoscópico variou de 1 a 144 meses. Não houve intercorrências intraoperatórias. A canulação da papila duodenal foi obtida em 100% dos casos. A maioria dos casos de complicações foi relacionada à gastrostomia, e raramente ao procedimento endoscópico. Houve duas intercorrências pós-operatórias, um caso de dor toracoabdominal refratária às doses elevadas de morfina no mesmo dia do procedimento, além de um diagnóstico laboratorial de pancreatite aguda pós-procedimento em paciente assintomático. A permanência hospitalar máxima foi de quatro dias. Conclusão: A colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica pela gastrostomia laparoscópica é método eficaz, seguro, visto que a maioria das complicações foi relacionada à gastrostomia; ela não altera a sequência de realização da colangiopancreatografia convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gastric Bypass/methods , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Weight Loss , Cholelithiasis/etiology , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
18.
Niger. j. surg. (Online) ; 25(1): 21-25, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1267525

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Cholelithiasis is known to produce diverse histopathological changes in the gallbladder mucosa. In the present study, we aimed to find the correlation between various gallstone characteristics (i.e., number, size, and morphological type) with the type of mucosal response in gallbladder mucosa (i.e., inflammation, hyperplasia, metaplasia, and carcinoma). Methods: The present study was conducted prospectively on 100 patients undergoing cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholecystitis. Gallstones were assessed for various parameters, i.e., number, size, and morphological type. Gallbladder mucosa was subjected to histopathological examination. Sections were taken from body, fundus, and neck of gallbladder. Results: Of 100 cases, maximum type was of mixed stones (54%) and was multiple in number (46%). However, gallstone type and number are nonsignificant variables to produce precancerous lesions (i.e., hyperplasia and metaplasia). Statistically significant results were obtained while comparing the mucosal response with gallstone size (P = 0.012). Conclusion: As the gallstone size increases, the response in gallbladder mucosa changes from cholecystitis, hyperplasia, and metaplasia to carcinoma. Gallstone type and number are nonsignificant variables to produce precancerous lesions


Subject(s)
Cholelithiasis , Gallbladder , Mucous Membrane
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762695

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: South Korea has a high prevalence of gallstones, the type of which could be influenced by changes in diet and socioeconomic status. Here we aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and changing patterns of gallstones over the past 20 years in Korea. METHODS: A total of 5,808 patients who underwent cholecystectomy due to gallstones at Seoul National University Hospital between 1996 and 2015 were analyzed. Patients were divided into 4 subgroups: period 1 (1996–2000, n = 792), period 2 (2001–2005, n = 1,215), period 3 (2006–2010, n = 1,525), period 4 (2011–2015, n = 2,276). Gallstones were classified by type: pure cholesterol (PC), mixed cholesterol (MC), calcium bilirubinate (CB), black pigment (BP), and combination (COM). RESULTS: The female to male ratio was 1.16 with mean ages of 53.6 and 55.3 years old, respectively. The ratio of cholesterol stones to pigment stones was 0.96:1. The mean age and male to female ratio of the patients increased over time. The proportion of cholesterol vs pigment stone did not differ significantly. Proportions of PC and MC stone subtypes did not change notably, whereas proportion of BP stones increased (34.0% to 45.5%), and CB stones decreased (20.7% to 5.3%). CONCLUSION: Gallstone types and occurrences were affected by environmental changes, and pigment stones remained common in Korea. Although no distinct increase in cholesterol stones was noted, the proportion of CB stones decreased. As the mean age at gallstone presentation increases, BP stones could become more prevalent.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystolithiasis , Cholelithiasis , Cholesterol , Classification , Diet , Female , Gallstones , Humans , Korea , Male , Prevalence , Seoul , Social Class
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787154

ABSTRACT

The hepatobiliary system is one of the most common sites of extraintestinal manifestation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The progression of IBD can lead to a primary hepatobiliary manifestation and can occur secondary to multiple drugs or accompanying viral infections. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is the representative hepatobiliary manifestation of IBD, particularly in ulcerative colitis. Although most agents used in the treatment of IBD are potentially hepatotoxic, the risk of serious hepatitis or liver failure is low. The prevalence of HBV and HCV in IBD is similar to the general population, but the clinical concern is HBV reactivation associated with immunosuppressive therapy. Patients undergoing cytotoxic chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy with a moderate to high risk of HBV reactivation require prophylactic antiviral therapy. On the other hand, HCV has little risk of reactivation. Patients with IBD are more likely to have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease than the general population and tend to occur at younger ages. IBD and cholelithiasis are closely related, especially in Crohn's disease.


Subject(s)
Cholangitis, Sclerosing , Cholelithiasis , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Drug Therapy , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Hand , Hepatitis , Hepatitis Viruses , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Liver Failure , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Prevalence
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