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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 137-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928460

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholestasis is a clinical syndrome due to the defect of bile acid synthesis, abnormal bile excretion, and mechanical or functional disturbance of intrahepatic bile flows caused by hepatic parenchymal cell and/or intrahepatic bile duct diseases. It commonly occurs as cholestatic liver diseases, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, and genetic/metabolic-related cholestatic diseases. In recent years, new information and progress in diagnosis and treatment of intrahepatic cholestatic diseases have been achieved. In order to provide updated clinical reference and guidance for clinicians, we organized experts to compile the Expert Consensus on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Intrahepatic Cholestasis (2021), on the basis of the 2015 edition.


Subject(s)
Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Cholestasis/complications , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/therapy , Consensus , Female , Humans , Pregnancy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of SLC25A13 gene variants in 16 infants with neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD).@*METHODS@#The infants were subjected to high-throughput DNA sequencing for coding exons and flanking regions of the target genes. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 16 NICCD cases, 15 were found to harbor pathogenic variants. Among these, IVS14-9A>G, c.1640G>A, c.762T>A, c.736delG, c.1098Tdel and c.851G>A were previously unreported.@*CONCLUSION@#Six novel SLC25A13 variants were found by high-throughput sequencing, which has enriched the spectrum of SLC25A13 gene variants and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/genetics , Citrullinemia/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Organic Anion Transporters/genetics , Protein Deficiency
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358322

ABSTRACT

Se describe los casos de tres pacientes a quien se les realiza diagnóstico de colestasis intrahepática del embarazo (CIE) de aparición temprana. En dos de ellos el diagnóstico se relacionó con infección por el virus de la hepatitis C (VHC). Reconocer que esta enfermedad puede presentarse de manera temprana en el embarazo y su relación con la infección por el VHC es fundamental para hacer un diagnóstico oportuno de ambas enfermedades y tomar las conductas terapéuticas adecuadas, mejorando así el pronóstico materno y fetal.


It is of great importance to acknowledge that this disease can occur early in pregnancy and that its relationship with HCV infection is a key point for a prompt diagnosis, allowing taking timely appropriate therapeutic decisions, aimed at improving the fetal prognosis.


Descrevemos os casos de três pacientes com diagnóstico de colestase intra-hepática da gravidez de início precoce. Em dois deles o diagnóstico estava relacionado à infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C (VHC). Reconhecer que esta doença pode se manifestar precocemente na gravidez e sua relação com a infecção pelo VHC é fundamental para fazer um diagnóstico oportuno de ambas as doenças e assumir condutas terapêuticas adequadas, melhorando assim o prognóstico materno e fetal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pruritus , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/diagnosis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/etiology , Hepatitis C/complications , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Chlorpheniramine/therapeutic use , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic findings of patients with infantile intrahepatic cholestasis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data were collected in children who were admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology in Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2017 to June 2019 and were suspected of inherited metabolic diseases. Next generation sequencing based on target gene panel was used for gene analysis in these children. Sanger sequencing technology was used to verify the genes of the members in this family.@*RESULTS@#Forty patients were enrolled. Pathogenic gene variants were identified in 13 patients (32%), including @*CONCLUSIONS@#The etiology of infantile intrahepatic cholestasis is complex. Next generation sequencing is helpful in the diagnosis of infantile intrahepatic cholestasis.


Subject(s)
Alagille Syndrome/genetics , Child , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/genetics , Citrullinemia , Genetic Testing , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins , Mutation
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e00102021, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288093

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis is a potentially fatal syndrome characterized by jaundice, painful hepatomegaly, and organ dysfunction. Two cases of sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis associated with dengue fever were described. Endothelial damage/dysfunction is a mechanism involved in severe hepatobiliary complications related to sickle cell diseases. However, the reasons for the lack of increase in the admission of patients with sickle cell disease having severe acute hepatobiliary complications triggered by endothelial damage/dysfunction due to dengue fever remain unknown. This study describes the first association between sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis and dengue fever.


Subject(s)
Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/etiology , Dengue/complications , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Pain , Hospitalization
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): S12-S49, 2020-02-00. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1096510

ABSTRACT

La presencia de ictericia en la etapa neonatal puede responder a diversas causas, desde situaciones fisiológicas hasta enfermedades graves. En los neonatos de término que persisten ictéricos más allá de los 14 días de vida, debe determinarse si la hiperbilirrubinemia es no conjugada o conjugada para establecer, a la brevedad, el plan de estudios etiológicos y la terapéutica correspondiente. La hiperbilirrubinemia conjugada (colestasis) refleja una disfunción hepática en la mayoría de los casos, cuyas consecuencias son alteraciones del flujo biliar secundarias a anormalidades estructurales o moleculares del hígado y/o del tracto biliar.Durante la última década, los nuevos estudios moleculares revolucionaron el abordaje de los pacientes colestáticos, lo que permitió el diagnóstico de diversas entidades genéticas. La etiología de la hiperbilirrubinemia del primer trimestre debe determinarse con urgencia, ya que, en muchos casos, el tratamiento instituido de modo precoz puede modificar sustancialmente la evolución de la enfermedad o salvar la vida del paciente.


Neonatal jaundice may be due to different causes, ranging from physiological conditions to severe diseases. In term neonates with persistent jaundice beyond 14 days of life, it should be determined whether hyperbilirubinemia is unconjugated or conjugated, in order to study the etiology and start early treatment. In the majority of cases, conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (cholestasis) is a sign of liver dysfunction possibly associated with alterations in the bile flow secondary to structural or molecular abnormalities of the liver and/or the biliary tract. Over the past decade, new molecular studies have revolutionized the approach of cholestatic patients, leading to the identification of different genetic entities. It is important to determine the etilogy of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia since in many cases early treatment will substantially improve morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/genetics , Cholestasis/immunology , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/genetics , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/diagnosis , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/etiology , Cholestasis/etiology , Cholestasis/drug therapy , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/diagnosis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/drug therapy
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(1): 102-111, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089304

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of echinochrome (Ech) on intrahepatic cholestasis in rats induced by a single (i.p.) injection of alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) (75 mg/kg body weight). The rats were pre-treated orally for 48hr (one dose / 24hr) with Ech (1, 5 and 10 mg/kg body weight) or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) 80 mg/kg body weight drug then, injected with ANIT. ANIT markedly increased serum activities of alanine amino transaminase (ALT), aspartate amino transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), which was accompanied by a massive inflammation of epithelial cells on bile duct at 24h after ANIT injection. ANIT also increased the levels of total protein (TP), total bilirubin (TB), direct bilirubin (DB), indirect bilirubin (IB), however decrease albumin content (ALB). In addition ANIT increased hepatic MDA and NO level and decreased GSH level and GST activity. The Ech exerted hepatoprotective and anticholestatic effects as assessed by a significant decrease in the activities of serum AST, ALT and ALP, and the levels of TP, TB, DB and IB as well as liver MDA level and NO level. In conclusion, Ech was found to possess hepatoprotective effect against intrahepatic cholestasis induced by hepatotoxin such as ANIT.


Resumo O presente estudo destinou-se a avaliar os efeitos protetores do Ech na colestase intra-hepática em ratos induzidos por uma única injeção (i.p.) de alfa-naftilisotiocianato (ANIT) (75 mg / kg de peso corporal). Os ratos foram pré-tratados oralmente durante 48 horas (uma dose / 24 horas) com cada (1, 5 e 10 mg / kg de peso corporal) e ácido ursodeoxicólico (UDCA) 80 mg / kg de peso corporal, em seguida, injetado com ANIT. ANIT atividades de soro marcadamente aumentadas de alanina amino transaminasa (ALT), aspartato de amino transaminases (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), que foi acompanhada por uma inflamação maciça de células epiteliais no ducto biliar às 24h após a injeção de ANIT. A ANIT também aumentou os níveis de proteína total (TP), bilirrubina total (TB), bilirrubina direta (DB), bilirrubina indireta (IB), no entanto, diminuem o teor de albumina (ALB). Além disso, a ANIT aumentou o nível de MDA hepático e NO e diminuiu o nível de GSH e a atividade de GST. O Ech exerceu efeitos hepatoprotectores e anticolestáticos como avaliado por uma diminuição significativa nas atividades de AST sérica, ALT e ALP e os níveis de TP, TB, DB e IB, bem como o nível de MDA no fígado e o nível de NO. Ech foi encontrado para possuir efeito protetor no fígado contra a colestase intra-hepática induzida por hepatotoxina, como a ANIT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Bilirubin , 1-Naphthylisothiocyanate
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811413

ABSTRACT

We present an 8 years old girl who was diagnosed at 6 months of age of Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis type 2. Although liver transplantation (LT) was classically considered curative for these patients, cholestasis recurrence with normal gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), mediated by anti-bile salt export pump (BSEP) antibodies after LT (auto-antibody Induced BSEP Deficiency, AIBD) has been recently reported. Our patient underwent LT at 14 months. During her evolution, patient presented three episodes of acute rejection. Seven years after the LT, the patient presented pruritus with cholestasis and elevation of liver enzymes with persistent normal GGT. Liver biopsy showed intrahepatic cholestasis and giant-cell transformation with very low BSEP activity. Auto-antibodies against BSEP were detected therefore an AIBD was diagnosed. She was treated with Rituximab and immunoadsorption with resolution of the AIBD. As a complication of the treatment she developed a pneumocystis infection successfully treated with corticoids, cotrimoxazol and anidulafungin.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Antibodies , Bile , Biopsy , Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Female , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Pneumocystis Infections , Pruritus , Recurrence , Rituximab
10.
Clin. biomed. res ; 39(1): 101-103, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026227

ABSTRACT

This paper reports a case of severe cholestasis as an atypical manifestation of Graves' disease. It discusses the pathophysiology, the diagnosis and the investigation of this complication of hyperthyroidism as well as the impact of this finding on the therapeutic options for managing the disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Graves Disease/diagnosis , Graves Disease/therapy , Graves Disease/diagnostic imaging , Thyroidectomy/methods , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(4): e201900401, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001090

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the relations of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expressions with fetal brain injury in rats with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). Methods: Sixty rats pregnant for 15 days were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The ICP model was established in experimental group. On the 21st day, the blood biochemical test, histopathological examination of pregnant rat liver and fetal brain tissues and immunohistochemical analysis of fetal rat brain tissues were performed. Results: On the 21st day, the alanineaminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and total bile acid levels in experimental group were significantly higher than control group (P<0.01). Compared with control group, there was obvious vacuolar degeneration in pregnant rat liver tissue and fetal brain tissue in experimental group. NPY expression in fetal brain tissue was negative in control group and positive in experimental group. HO-1 expression in fetal brain tissue was strongly positive in control group and positive in experimental group. There was significant difference of immunohistochemical staining optical density between two groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: In fetal brain of ICP rats, the NPY expression is increased, and the HO-1 expression is decreased, which may be related to the fetal brain injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Pregnancy Complications/metabolism , Neuropeptide Y/metabolism , Brain Injuries/metabolism , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Pregnancy Complications/pathology , Brain Injuries/etiology , Brain Injuries/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/complications , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741823

ABSTRACT

Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC), a rare cause of cholestasis, is characterized by recurrent episodes of cholestasis without permanent liver damage. BRIC type 2 (BRIC2) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by ABCB11 mutations. A 6-year-old girl had recurrent episodes of jaundice. At two months of age, jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly developed. Liver function tests showed cholestatic hepatitis. A liver biopsy revealed diffuse giant cell transformation, bile duct paucity, intracytoplasmic cholestasis, and periportal fibrosis. An ABCB11 gene study revealed novel compound heterozygous mutations, including c.2075+3A>G in IVS17 and p.R1221K. Liver function test results were normal at 12 months of age. At six years of age, steatorrhea, jaundice, and pruritus developed. Liver function tests improved following administration of phenylbutyrate and rifampicin. Her younger brother developed jaundice at two months of age and his genetic tests revealed the same mutations as his sister. This is the first report of BRIC2 confirmed by ABCB11 mutations in Korean siblings.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Biopsy , Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Female , Fibrosis , Giant Cells , Hepatitis , Humans , Jaundice , Liver , Liver Function Tests , Pruritus , Rifampin , Siblings , Steatorrhea
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766026

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) is a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive liver diseases that present as neonatal cholestasis. Little is known of this disease in Korea. METHODS: The records of five patients histologically diagnosed with PFIC, one with PFIC1 and four with PFIC2, by liver biopsy or transplant were reviewed, and ATP8B1 and ABCB11 mutation status was analyzed by direct DNA sequencing. Clinicopathological characteristics were correlated with genetic mutations. RESULTS: The first symptom in all patients was jaundice. Histologically, lobular cholestasis with bile plugs was the main finding in all patients, whereas diffuse or periportal cholestasis was identified only in patients with PFIC2. Giant cells and ballooning of hepatocytes were observed in three and three patients with PFIC2, respectively, but not in the patient with PFIC1. Immunostaining showed total loss of bile salt export pump in two patients with PFIC2 and focal loss in two. Lobular and portal based fibrosis were more advanced in PFIC2 than in PFIC1. ATP8B1 and ABCB11 mutations were identified in one PFIC1 and two PFIC2 patients, respectively. One PFIC1 and three PFIC2 patients underwent liver transplantation (LT). At age 7 months, one PFIC2 patient was diagnosed with concurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and infantile hemangioma in an explanted liver. The patient with PFIC1 developed steatohepatitis after LT. One patient showed recurrence of PFIC2 after 10 years and underwent LT. CONCLUSIONS: PFIC is not rare in patients with neonatal cholestasis of unknown origin. Proper clinicopathologic correlation and genetic testing can enable early detection and management.


Subject(s)
Bile , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Fatty Liver , Fibrosis , Genetic Testing , Giant Cells , Hemangioma , Hepatocytes , Humans , Jaundice , Korea , Liver , Liver Diseases , Liver Transplantation , Recurrence , Sequence Analysis, DNA
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773221

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanism and action of Cinnamomi Ramulus in ameliorating intrahepatic cholestasis induced by α-isothiocyanate( ANIT) in rats by regulating FXR pathway. Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group,model group,positive control( ursodeoxycholic acid) group( 60 mg·kg~(-1)),Cinnamomi Ramulus treatment( 60 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) group,and Cinnamomi Ramulus treatment( 20 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) group,with 8 rats in each group. Except for the normal control group,the other groups were intragastrically administered with the corresponding concentrations of continuous aqueous solution( 0. 005 m L·g~(-1)),once a day,for 7 days.Except for the normal group,the other groups were treated with ANIT( 100 mg·kg~(-1)),once a day,for 3 days. Blood was taken from the abdominal aorta 24 hours after the last administration,and serum alanine aminotransferase( ALT),aspartate aminotransferase( AST),total bilirubin( TBi L),and total bile acid( TBA) were measured. 1. 5-2 cm of rat liver tissue was taken. After fixation with10% formaldehyde,paraffin-embedded sections were taken,HE staining was performed,and immunohistochemistry( IHC) was used to analyze the expression of FXR. RNA and protein were extracted from rat liver tissue to detect FXR mRNA expression,as well as bile acid synthesis and detoxification,transport related SHP,UGT2 B4,BSEP protein expressions at downstream of FXR. Compared with the normal group,serum ALT,AST,TBi L,and TBA levels were elevated in the model group( P<0. 01),liver damage was severe,FXR protein's optical density decreased,FXR mRNA expression decreased,and SHP,UGT2 B4,BSEP protein expressions were decreased( P<0. 05,P<0. 01). Compared with the model group,the drug group could reduce serum ALT,AST,TB,TBA levels to different degrees( P<0. 05,P<0. 01),alleviate liver tissue damage,increase the optical density of FXR protein,and promote the expressions of FXR mRNA and FXR,SHP,BSEP and UGT2 B4 proteins( P<0. 05,P<0. 01). Cinnamomi Ramulus can alleviate ANIT-induced intrahepatic cholestasis,and reduce hepatocyte injury and serum ALT,AST,TBi L and TBA levels. The mechanism may be through FXR-SHP,FXR-UGT2 B4,FXR-BSEP signaling pathways. Therefore,in the pathogenesis of intrahepatic cholestasis,we can try to further explore in alleviating intrahepatic cholestasis with Cinnamomi Ramulus,so as to provide effective drugs for clinical treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Bile Acids and Salts , Blood , Bilirubin , Blood , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Drug Therapy , Cinnamomum , Chemistry , Isothiocyanates , Liver , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a pedigree affected with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC).@*METHODS@#Target sequence capture and next generation sequencing (NGS) were applied for the proband. PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to verify the suspected mutation in his sister with similar symptoms and his parents.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his sister manifested after birth with symptoms including jaundice, pruritus and developmental retardation. NGS has identified compound heterozygous mutations of ABCB11 gene, which encodes bile salt export pump protein (BSEP), namely c.2494C>T (p.Arg832Cys) and c.3223C>T (p.Gln1075*), in the proband, which were inherited from his father and mother respectively. His sister carried the same compound mutations.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the phenotype and genetic testing, the patients were diagnosed as PFIC2 caused by mutation of the ABCB11 gene. The c.3223C>T is a novel nonsense mutation which may cause premature termination of translation. Above results have enriched the spectrum of ABCB11 mutations and provided new evidence for the molecular basis of PFIC, which also facilitated genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 11 , Genetics , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760868

ABSTRACT

Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) is a group of severe genetic disorders, inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, causing cholestasis of hepatocellular origin, later progressing to biliary cirrhosis and liver failure. This is the first report of PFIC type 1 with novel compound heterozygous mutations in Korea. The patient was presented with intrahepatic cholestasis, a normal level of serum γ-glutamyl transferase, steatorrhea, and growth failure. Genetic testing of this patient revealed novel compound heterozygous mutations (p.Glu585Ter and p.Leu749Pro) in the ATP8B1 gene. After a liver transplantation at age 19 months, the patient developed severe post-transplant steatohepatitis.


Subject(s)
Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Fatty Liver , Genetic Testing , Humans , Korea , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Liver Failure , Liver Transplantation , Steatorrhea , Transferases
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777517

ABSTRACT

Chrysosplenium nudicaule,Tibetan name " Yajima",is recorded as an effective medicine for the treatment of liver and gallbladder diseases by Tibetan Pharmacopoeia published in the past dynasties,but its traditional efficacy has not yet been investigated by means of modern pharmacological research methods. In this paper,the protective effect of extract of C. nudicaule(ECN) on liver injury in mice was observed by using the mice model of intrahepatic cholestasis(IC) induced by α-naphthyl isothiocyanate(ANIT) and the possible mechanism by which ECN work as the therapeutic agent was discussed. The results showed that the serum levels of AST,ALT,ALP,DBIL,TBIL and TBA of the model mice were notably reduced in dose-dependent manner(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). The activity of SOD and GSH-Px in the liver homogenate of mice was increased,while the content of MDA was decreased(P<0. 01,P<0. 05).Pathological examination of liver in mice showed that ECN could improve the pathological changes of liver tissue in mice. The mRNA expression level of genes related to bile acid metabolism were detected by RT-PCR and the results suggested that ECN could significantly increase the expression of genes such as BSEP,FXR and MRP2(P<0. 01,P<0. 05),meanwhile significantly reduce the expression of CYP7 A1(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). These results confirmed the protective effect of ECN on intrahepatic cholestasis-induced liver injury in mice,and indicated that the mechanism may be related to activating FXR and its target genes,reducing bile acid synthesis and increasing bile acid excretion. This study provides a modern pharmacological basis for the clinical application of Yajima in Tibetan medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Drug Therapy , Liver , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , Plant Preparations , Pharmacology , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
18.
Gut and Liver ; : 722-727, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718114

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although endoscopic bilateral stent-in-stent placement is challenging, many recent studies have reported promising outcomes regarding technical success and endoscopic re-intervention. This study aimed to evaluate the technical accessibility of stent-in-stent placement using large cell-type stents in patients with inoperable malignant hilar biliary obstruction. METHODS: Forty-three patients with inoperable malignant hilar biliary obstruction from four academic centers were prospectively enrolled from March 2013 to June 2015. RESULTS: Bilateral stent-in-stent placement using two large cell-type stents was successfully performed in 88.4% of the patients (38/43). In four of the five cases with technical failure, the delivery sheath of the second stent became caught in the hook-cross-type vertex of the large cell of the first stent, and subsequent attempts to pass a guidewire and stent assembly through the mesh failed. Functional success was achieved in all cases of technical success. Stent occlusion occurred in 63.2% of the patients (24/38), with a median patient survival of 300 days. The median stent patency was 198 days. The stent patency rate was 82.9%, 63.1%, and 32.1% at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively, respectively. Endoscopic re-intervention was performed in 14 patients, whereas 10 underwent percutaneous drainage. CONCLUSIONS: Large cell-type stents for endoscopic bilateral stent-in-stent placement had acceptable functional success and stent patency when technically successful. However, the technical difficulty associated with the entanglement of the second stent delivery sheath in the hook-cross-type vertex of the first stent may preclude large cell-type stents from being considered as a dedicated standard tool for stent-in-stent placement.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Drainage , Humans , Klatskin Tumor , Prospective Studies , Self Expandable Metallic Stents , Stents
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1253741

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de una mujer de 62 años en la que se diagnostica una estenosis del colédoco en el contexto de hipertensión portal prehepática (cavernomatosis portal).


We report the case of a 62 years old woman with a choledochal stricture and chronic obstruction of the portal vein (portal cavernomatosis).


Relatamos o caso de uma mulher de 62 anos com diagnóstico de estenose do colédoco no contexto da hipertensão portal pré-hepática (cavernomatose portal).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/etiology , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Hypertension, Portal/diagnostic imaging , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Common Bile Duct/pathology , Constriction, Pathologic , Gallbladder/pathology
20.
Medisan ; 21(7)jul. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894635

ABSTRACT

Mediante una extensa revisión bibliográfica fue posible profundizar en el tema de las ictericias obstructivas o las colestasis, sobre todo en los aspectos más importantes de su definición, semiogénesis, clasificación, etiopatogenia, manifestaciones clínicas, estudios de laboratorio e imagenológicos, además del diagnóstico, la evolución, el pronóstico y tratamiento, con el objetivo de proporcionar los elementos más novedosos de cada uno de ellos, a través de un enfoque didáctico y una base científica, desde la óptica del internista, para así facilitar conocimientos prácticos acerca del síndrome


It was possible to deepen in the topic of the obstructive icterus or cholestasis by means of an extensive literature review, mainly in the most important aspects of its definition, semiogenesis, classification, etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, laboratory and imagenological studies, besides diagnosis, clinical course, prognosis and treatment in this respect, with the objective of providing the most original elements of each of them, through a didactic approach and a scientific base, from the internist's optics, and in this way, to facilitate practical knowledge about the syndrome


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholestasis, Extrahepatic , Cholestasis/classification , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/therapy , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Jaundice, Obstructive , Hyperbilirubinemia
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