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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.788-792, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353341
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(11): 5765-5776, nov. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350449

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente artigo objetivou estimar a prevalência de dislipidemias e sua associação e adequação da ingestão de gorduras saturadas, monoinsaturadas, trans, ômega-3 e carboidratos, em adultos de Viçosa-MG. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 884 adultos com idades entre 20 e 59 anos. Foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, de consumo alimentar, antropométricos e bioquímicos da população. As associações entre as variáveis foram verificadas utilizando-se o teste qui-quadrado. Verificou-se elevada prevalência de dislipidemias na população (64,25%), com pelo menos um dos lipídeos séricos alterados. Houve predomínio de inadequação na ingestão de gorduras saturadas, trans, monoinsaturadas e carboidratos. Ressalta-se que a ingestão de ômega-3 esteve adequado para a maioria dos indivíduos. Adultos eutróficos apresentaram maiores prevalências de ingestão excessiva de gorduras saturadas e trans. Observou-se que 38,7% dos indivíduos com HDL-c reduzido apresentaram ingestão acima do recomendado de gordura saturada. A maioria dos indivíduos com triglicerídeos e razão TG/HDL-c elevada possuíam ingestão insatisfatória de gordura monoinsaturada. Faz-se necessária a avaliação de outros fatores que podem influenciar o padrão alimentar.


Abstract This study aimed to assess the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its association with an adequate intake of carbohydrates, saturated, monounsaturated, trans, and omega-3 fats among adults living in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study with 884 adults aged 20 to 59 years. Sociodemographic, food intake, anthropometric, and biochemical data were collected. Associations between study variables were investigated by the chi-square test. There was a high prevalence of dyslipidemia in the study population (64.25%), with most individuals having abnormal levels of at least one serum lipid component. Inadequate intakes of saturated, trans, and monounsaturated fats and carbohydrates were predominant. It is noteworthy that omega-3 intake levels were adequate in most individuals. Eutrophic adults showed a higher prevalence of excessive intake of saturated and trans fats. It was found that 38.7% of individuals with low levels of High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) had an excessive intake of saturated fat. Most individuals with high triglyceride levels or high triglyceride/HDL-c ratios had an insufficient intake of monounsaturated fat. Further studies are needed to evaluate other factors that may influence dietary patterns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Dietary Fats , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholesterol, HDL
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(2): 270-278, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339144

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O uso de estatinas destaca-se como a terapia mais frequentemente utilizada para o tratamento de dislipidemias e pode ser considerado a intervenção farmacológica mais eficiente para a redução da lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL). Por outro lado, o treinamento físico pode ser considerado uma estratégia não farmacológica eficiente e segura para promover melhorias no perfil lipídico. No entanto, não se sabe qual seria a influência das estatinas nas adaptações lipídicas decorrentes do treinamento aquático em populações com dislipidemia. Objetivos: Analisar a influência do uso de sinvastatina nas adaptações lipídicas decorrentes do treinamento aeróbico em meio aquático e de resistência em mulheres idosas com dislipidemia. Métodos: Sessenta e nove mulheres idosas (66,13 ± 5,13 anos), sedentárias e dislipidêmicas, tanto não usuárias quanto usuárias de sinvastatina (20 mg e 40 mg), foram randomizadas nos 3 grupos seguintes: treinamento aeróbico em meio aquático (WA), treinamento de força em meio aquático (WR) e grupo controle (GC). A duração total das intervenções, para todos os grupos experimentais, foi de 10 semanas, com 2 sessões semanais. As análises bioquímicas foram realizadas antes do início das intervenções e repetidas após o final do ensaio. Foram utilizadas equações de estimativa generalizada para comparar esses dados, estabelecendo α = 0,05. Resultados: Na análise por intenção de tratar, as participantes medicadas demonstraram uma redução de magnitude maior do colesterol total (CT) (−3,41 a −25,89 mg.dl−1; p = 0,038), LDL (−5,58 a −25,18 mg.dl−1; p = 0,007) e da relação CT/HDL (−0,37 a −0,61; p = 0,022) quando comparadas às participantes não medicadas, essa redução sendo estatisticamente significativa apenas no grupo WR. Conclusões: O uso de estatina incrementa as adaptações promovidas pelo treinamento físico aquático no CT, nos níveis de LDL e na relação CT/HDL, sendo mais pronunciado após WR.


Abstract Background: Statin use is highlighted as the most commonly utilized therapy for the treatment of dyslipidemias and can be considered as the most efficient pharmacological intervention for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) reduction. On the other hand, physical training can be considered an efficient and safe non-pharmacological strategy to promote improvements in lipid profile. However, the influence of statins on lipid adaptations arising from water-based training in populations with dyslipidemia is not known. Objectives: To analyze the influence of simvastatin use on lipid adaptations arising from water-based aerobics and resistance training in elderly women with dyslipidemia. Methods: Sixty-nine elderly (66.13 ± 5.13 years), sedentary, and dyslipidemic women, both non-users and users of simvastatin (20 mg and 40 mg), were randomized into the following 3 groups: water-based aerobic training (WA), water-based resistance training (WR), and control group (CG). Total duration of interventions, for all experimental groups consisted of 10 weeks, with 2 weekly sessions. Biochemical analyses were performed before the beginning of the interventions and repeated after the end of the trial. Generalized estimating equations were used to compare these data, setting α = 0.05. Results: In intention-to-treat analysis, the medicated participants obtained a greater magnitude of decrease in total cholesterol (TC) (−3.41 to −25.89 mg.dl−1; p = 0.038), LDL (−5.58 to −25.18 mg.dl−1; p = 0.007) and TC/HDL ratio (−0.37 to −0.61; p = 0.022) when compared to the non-medicated participants, and this decrease was statistically significant only in the WR group. Conclusions: Statin use enhances the adaptations promoted by water-based physical training in CT, LDL levels, and CT/HDL ratio, and it is more pronounced after WR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(4): 549-554, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340640

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is characterized by lipid being deposited into hepatocytes, affects nearly one in three adults globally. Inflammatory markers were suggested to be related with hepatic steatosis. Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio is proposed as a novel inflammatory and metabolic marker. We aimed to compare Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio levels of patients with Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to those of healthy controls and find out potential correlations between Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio and other inflammatory and metabolic markers of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease who were on clinical follow-up in our institution were enrolled in the study as the Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease group, while healthy volunteers were enrolled as the control group. The Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the groups was compared and potential correlations were studied between Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio and fasting blood glucose, transaminases, serum lipids (triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol), weight, and body mass index. RESULTS: The Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (13±5%) group was significantly higher compared to the Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the control (10±4%) group (p<0.001). Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio was significantly and positively correlated with fasting blood glucose, transaminases, triglyceride, body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, and body mass index. A ROC analysis revealed that a Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio level greater than 9.6% has 73% sensitivity and 51% specificity in determining Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. CONCLUSION: Due to the inexpensive and easy-to-assess nature of Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio, we suggest that elevated Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio levels be considered a useful tool in diagnosing hepatic steatosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Uric Acid , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Triglycerides , Body Mass Index , Waist Circumference , Cholesterol, HDL
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(1): 43-51, jan-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151409

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Usuários do sistema de saúde com doenças crônicas não transmissíveis devem estar em acompanhamento constante para evitar complicações em seu estado de saúde. Objetivo: Analisar os indicadores laboratoriais de saúde em usuários de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde com e sem o diagnóstico para a diabetes e hipertensão. Métodos: A amostra foi de 231 usuários de uma unidade básica de saúde da cidade de Santarém-PA, maiores de idade, que foram agrupados em pacientes com DM/HAS (DM/HAS; n=144), e sem o diagnóstico para DM/HAS (AUS; n=87). As coletas envolveram informações socioeconômicas, clínicas e laboratoriais. Os dados foram tratados com estatística descritiva e inferencial, adotando-se p<0.05. Resultados: Tanto no DM/HAS como no AUS predominou o sexo feminino, estado civil casado, com vínculo empregatício, cor de pele parda, com 4-7 anos de estudo, renda de 1-2 salários, não tabagistas, não etilista e faixa etária de 38-77 anos. A HAS foi a doença mais presente de forma geral, bem como por sexo. Identificou-se no DM/HAS valores menores para a taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) e maiores valores para a glicemia, triglicerídeos, colesterol total, LDL-c e não HDL-c. Conclusão: De acordo com a proposta desenvolvida, destaca-se que os usuários com DM/HAS apresentam associação positiva para valores alterados de glicemia, colesterol total, não HDL-c, triglicerídeos, TFG e para a presença da síndrome metabólica e risco cardiovascular moderado/alto.


Introduction: Users of the health system with chronic non-communicable diseases must be constantly monitored to avoid complications in their health status. Objective: Analyze laboratory health indicators in users of a Basic Health Unit with and without a diagnosis for diabetes and hypertension. Methods: The sample consisted of 231 users of a basic health unit in the city of Santarém-PA, all of them of age, grouped into patients with DM/SAH (DM/SAH; n=144), and without the diagnosis for DM/SAH (ABS; n=87). The collections involved socioeconomic, clinical, and laboratory information. The data were treated with descriptive and inferential statistics, adopting p <0.05. Results: In both DM/SAH and ABS groups, there was a predominance of female individuals, married status, employed, brown skin color, with 4-7 years of study, income of 1-2 salaries, non-smokers, non-alcoholic drinkers, and aged between 38-77 years. SAH was the most common disease in general, as well as when analyzing by gender. Lower values for the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were identified in the DM/SAH and higher values for the glycemia, triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-c, and non-HDL-c. Conclusion: According to the proposal of this paper, it is noteworthy that users with DM/SAH have a positive association for altered values of blood glucose, total cholesterol, non-HDL-c, triglycerides, GFR, and for the presence of metabolic syndrome and moderate/high cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Evaluation/statistics & numerical data , Health Centers , Health Status Indicators , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cholesterol/blood , Chronic Disease/nursing , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Noncommunicable Diseases/prevention & control , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hypertension/diagnosis , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 224-229, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287815

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Association of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and highly sensitive C-reactive protein in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients was assessed in this study. METHODS: 591 consecutive patients who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction were enrolled and assigned into tertiles according to their serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Differences in highly sensitive C-reactive protein among low-density lipoprotein cholesterol tertiles and correlations between highly sensitive C-reactive protein and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were assessed. RESULTS: Highly sensitive C-reactive protein levels differed significantly among the groups (p<0.001) and found to be highest in the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol tertile 1 and lowest in the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol tertile 3 (post-hoc p-values: tertile 1 vs. 2 <0.001; tertile 1 vs. 3 <0.001; tertile 2 vs. 3=0.019). There was a negative correlation between hs-CRP and both low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=-0.332, p<0.001) and total cholesterol (r=-0.326, p<0.001). There was also a negative correlation between highly sensitive C-reactive protein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, though the strength of this relationship was weak (r=-0.103, p=0.014). CONCLUSION: Lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels are associated with higher inflammatory burden in patients with acute STEMI. Further studies are required to elucidate the significance of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in ST-elevation myocardial infarction settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , C-Reactive Protein , Biomarkers , Acute Disease , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the level and significance of serum γ-glutamyl transferase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) and monocyte count to high-density lipoprotein ratio (MHR) in patients with essential hypertension (EH) and unstable angina (UA).@*METHODS@#A total of 218 patients with coronary angiography aged ≥60 years, who were admitted to the EH hospital of the Department of Cardiac Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College, were selected from September 2018 to September 2019. They were divided into an EH+UA group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, patients in the EH+UA group and the EH group had higher body mass index (BMI), tyiglyceride (TG), GPR, and MHR, and lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a correlation between GPR, MHR and EH combined with UA pectoris, and the combined detection of the two indicators has adjuvant diagnostic value for elderly EH combined with UA.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angina, Unstable , Cholesterol, HDL , Coronary Angiography , Essential Hypertension , Humans , Lipoproteins, HDL , Monocytes
10.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 59-64, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283550

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El hipotiroidismo subclínico (HSC) se define bioquímicamente por una elevación en la concentración sérica de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides (TSH), con niveles normales de tiroxina libre (T4L). La asociación entre el HSC y el daño cardiovascular ha sido un tema controversial. OBJETIVO: determinar la asociación entre el HSC y el desarrollo de la enfermedad cardiovascular mediante la cuantificación de la proteína C reactiva ultrasensible PCR-us y la determinación de lípidos circulantes asociados a la enfermedad cardiovascular y la ateroesclerosis. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, correlacional de corte transversal realizado en el Hospital IESS de Riobamba, Ecuador en el periodo comprendido desde enero a diciembre de 2019. Se estudiaron 70 individuos (40 pacientes con HSC y 30 controles) con edades entre 18 y 75 años. Se realizaron las historias clínicas y el examen físico a cada paciente y la toma de las muestras sanguíneas para determinar la concentración sérica de los siguientes parámetros bioquímicos y hormonales: colesterol total, triglicéridos, HDL colesterol y LDL colesterol, TSH, T4L y PCR-us. RESULTADOS: Se encontró un incremento significativo en la concentración de colesterol total (p<0.0001), LDL colesterol (p<0.01) y PCR-us (p<0.0001) en los pacientes con HSC vs los controles. Se observó una correlación positiva (p<0.0001; r=0.9148) entre la TSH y la PCR-us en los pacientes con HSC. CONCLUSIÓN: los pacientes con HSC experimentan una elevación en los niveles séricos de PCR-us la cual está correlacionada con un incremento en la concentración sérica de TSH. Estos parámetros asociados a un aumento del colesterol total y de la LDL colesterol sugieren un estado inflamatorio de bajo grado que podría estar asociado con el desarrollo de aterosclerosis y daño cardiovascular.


INTRODUCTION: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is defined biochemically by an elevation in serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration, with normal levels of free thyroxine (T4L). The association between SH and cardiovascular damage has been a controversial issue. OBJECTIVE: to determine the association between SH and the development of cardiovascular disease through the quantification of the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-PCR) and the determination of circulating lipids associated to cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. METHODS: Observational, correlational cross-sectional study with patients captured in the internal medicine office as well as those attending screening activities at the IESS Hospital in Riobamba- Ecuador, in the period from January to December 2019. Seventy individuals (40 patients with SH and 30 controls) between the ages of 18 and 75 years were studied. Each patient's medical history and physical examination were performed, and blood samples were taken to determine the serum concentration of the following biochemical and hormonal parameters: total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, TSH, T4L and hs-PCR. RESULTS: A significant increase in the concentration of total cholesterol (p<0.0001), LDL cholesterol (p<0.01) and hs-PCR (p<0.0001) was found in patients with SH vs. controls. A positive correlation (p<0.0001; r=0.9148) was observed between TSH and hs-PCR in patients with SH. CONCLUSION: patients with SH experience an elevation in serum hs-PCR levels which is correlated with an increase in serum TSH concentration. These parameters associated with an increase in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol suggest a low-grade inflammatory state that may be associated with the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Hypothyroidism/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador , Atherosclerosis , Hypothyroidism/complications , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
11.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 65-73, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283551

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las dislipidemias favorecen la formación precoz de placas ateroscleróticas, aumentando el riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECVs). La Actividad Física (AF) es un factor protector de ECVs, por lo que el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la asociación entre AF medida objetivamente y dislipidemias en población pediátrica. METODOLOGÍA: La AF fue evaluada en 159 niños (9-13 años) de la Región de La Araucanía a través de acelerometría (ActiGraph GT3X+). Por este medio se estimó el porcentaje de AF moderada a vigorosa (AFMV) y el de conducta sedentaria (CS). Sujetos con ≥60 min de AFMV se consideraron físicamente activos según recomendación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Individuos con %CS>75° percentil fueron considerados sedentarios. El perfil lipídico fue determinado usando métodos convencionales. Fueron calculados índices de aterogenicidad TG/cHDL e índice de aterogenicidad del plasma (IAP). RESULTADOS: 37,1% presentó dislipidemia, 8% hipercolesterolemia, 19,5% hipertrigliceridemia, 6,3% cLDL elevado y 25,2% cHDL disminuido. Solo un 9,4% fueron considerados físicamente activos de acuerdo a la recomendación de la OMS. En los sujetos físicamente activos no hubo caso de dislipidemias (p= 0,032) y tampoco bajos niveles de cHDL (p= 0,013). El %AFMV estaba reducido en sujetos con cHDL bajo y se correlacionó positivamente con HDL-c (r= 0,157, p=0,048). Además, el %AFMV se correlacionó con menores valores de TG/cHDL (r= -0,193, p=0,015) e IAP (r= -0,214, p=0,006). Si bien el comportamiento sedentario no estuvo asociado con riesgo de dislipidemias, el %CS se correlacionó positivamente con niveles de glucosa (r= 0,159, p=0,044) y HOMA-IR (r= 0,178, p=0,037) y negativamente con Quicki (r= -0,160, p=0,044). CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren que la AF se correlaciona a menor frecuencia de dislipidemias y la práctica de AFMV aumentaría los valores de HDL-c y reduciría los índices aterogénicos, por lo que promoverla puede significar disminuir el riesgo de ECVs en nuestra población. Además, la CS se relaciona con un aumento en valores de glucosa e índices de resistencia insulínica en escolares de la Región de La Araucanía.


Dyslipidemias cause early formation of atherosclerotic plaque, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Physical Activity (PA) is a protective factor against CVDs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between objectively measured PA with dyslipidemias in a pediatric population. METHOD: The PA was evaluated in 159 children (9-13 years old) from Región de La Araucanía using accelerometry (ActiGraph GT3X +). The percentage of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were estimated. Subjects with ≥60 min of MVPA were considered physically active according to the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO). Individuals with %SB >75th percentile were sedentary. The lipid profile was determined using conventional methods. TG/HDL-C ratio and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) were calculated. RESULTS: 37.1% presented dyslipidemia, 8% hypercholesterolemia, 19.5% hypertriglyceridemia, 6.3% elevated LDL-C and 25.2% decreased HDL-C. Only 9.4% were physically active according to the WHO recommendation. In physically active subjects where no cases of dyslipidemias (p =0.032) and no low HDL-C (p = 0.013). The %MVPA was reduced in subjects with low HDL-C and positively correlated with HDL-c (r = 0.157, p = 0.048). In addition, %MVPA was correlated with lower TG / HDL-C values (r = -0.193, p = 0.015) and AIP (r = -0.214, p = 0.006). SB was not associated with risk of dyslipidemia, % SB was positively correlated with glucose levels (r = 0.159, p = 0.044) and HOMA-IR (r = 0.178, p = 0.037) and negatively with Quicki (r = -0.160, p = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that PA is it correlates to a lower frequency of dyslipidemia and the practice of MVPA would increase HDL-c values and reduce atherogenic index, promoting it may been reducing the risk of CVDs in our population. In addition, the SB is related to an increase in glucose values and insulin resistance index in schoolchildren in Región de La Araucanía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Dyslipidemias/blood , Students , Triglycerides/blood , Body Weight , Insulin Resistance , Chile , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Primary and Secondary , Atherosclerosis/blood , Sedentary Behavior , Accelerometry , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Homeostasis , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11035, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285659

ABSTRACT

In this eight-year retrospective study, we evaluated the associations between climatic variations and the biological rhythms in plasma lipids and lipoproteins in a large population of Campinas, São Paulo state, Brazil, as well as temporal changes of outcomes of cardiovascular hospitalizations. Climatic variables were obtained at the Center for Meteorological and Climatic Research Applied to Agriculture (University of Campinas - Unicamp, Brazil). The plasma lipid databases surveyed were from 27,543 individuals who had their lipid profiles assessed at the state university referral hospital in Campinas (Unicamp). The frequency of hospitalizations was obtained from the Brazilian Public Health database (DATASUS). Temporal statistical analyses were performed using the methods Cosinor or Friedman (ARIMA) and the temporal series were compared by cross-correlation functions. In normolipidemic cases (n=11,892), significantly different rhythmicity was observed in low-density lipoprotein (LDL)- and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C) both higher in winter and lower in summer. Dyslipidemia (n=15,651) increased the number and amplitude of lipid rhythms: LDL-C and HDL-C were higher in winter and lower in summer, and the opposite occurred with triglycerides. The number of hospitalizations showed maximum and minimum frequencies in winter and in summer, respectively. A coincident rhythmicity was observed of lower temperature and humidity rates with higher plasma LDL-C, and their temporal series were inversely cross-correlated. This study shows for the first time that variations of temperature, humidity, and daylight length were strongly associated with LDL-C and HDL-C seasonality, but moderately to lowly associated with rhythmicity of atherosclerotic outcomes. It also indicates unfavorable cardiovascular-related changes during wintertime.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Climate , Lipids/blood , Lipoproteins/blood , Periodicity , Seasons , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 575-582, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130946

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Psoriasis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease frequently associated with serious comorbidities. Objectives To investigate the systemic inflammatory burden in psoriasis and to assess the correlation between traditional and novel inflammatory markers and the severity of the disease. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on 60 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 50 healthy volunteers. Data including demographics, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index scores, and laboratory results were analyzed and compared. Results Compared with the control group, the psoriatic patients had significantly higher high sensitive C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, leukocyte, neutrophil, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte to high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio, and aspartate aminotransferase levels, and significantly lower HDL cholesterol levels (p < 0.05). No significant difference was found in procalcitonin, lymphocyte, monocyte, hemoglobin, red blood cell distribution width, platelet, mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide, glucose, alanine aminotransaminase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol levels between the two groups (p > 0.05). The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score was positively correlated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, and monocyte to HDL cholesterol ratio, and negatively correlated with lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (p < 0.05). Study limitations This was a single-center study with relatively limited numbers of patients and controls. Conclusions The data show that high sensitivity C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and monocyte to HDL cholesterol ratio can be used as markers of systemic inflammation in patients with psoriasis. Moreover, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, monocyte to HDL cholesterol ratio and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio are closely related to the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score, and they may be regarded as objective indicators in determining the disease severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis , Monocytes , Biomarkers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholesterol, HDL
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(3): 462-467, out. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131319

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 (DMT2) é comum nos idosos, que também apresentam um nível elevado de fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares (DCVs), tais como dislipidemia. Entretanto, o papel da depressão nos pacientes com DMT2 e sua relação com fatores de risco para DCV são pouco estudados. Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a relação entre sintomas depressivos (SDs) e fatores de risco cardiovascular conhecidos em idosos comunitários portadores de DMT2. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal, no qual foram incluídos 85 idosos comunitários com DMT2. Os SDs foram avaliados através da Escala de Depressão Geriátrica de Yesavage, em versão reduzida (GDS-15). Os seguintes fatores de risco cardiovascular foram avaliados: pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD), glicose plasmática em jejum (GPJ), perfil lipídico (triglicerídeos séricos (TG), colesterol total sérico (CT), colesterol sérico de lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL-C) e colesterol sérico de lipoproteína de baixa densidade (HDL-C)) e índice de massa corporal (IMC). A análise de regressão múltipla de Poisson foi utilizada para avaliar a associação entre os SDs e cada fator de risco cardiovascular ajustado por sexo, idade, tempo em atividades físicas moderadas e status funcional. O nível de significância adotado para a análise foi de 5%. Resultados Dentre todos os fatores de risco analisados, apenas o aumento de LDL-C apresentou uma correlação com níveis elevados de SD (RP=1,005; IC95% 1,002-1,008). Foi observada uma associação significativa entre os níveis de HDL-C (RP=0,99; IC95% 0,98-0,99) e a PAS (RP=1,009; IC95% 1,004-1,014). Conclusão Nos idosos com DMT2, a presença de SD foi associada a níveis de LDL-C, HDL-C e PAS, mesmo após o ajuste por sexo, idade, nível de atividade física e capacidade funcional. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is common in older adults, who also present a high level of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as dyslipidemia. However, the role of depression in T2DM patients and its relationship with CVD risk factors are understudied. Objective The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between depressive symptoms (DS) and known cardiovascular risk factors in community dwelling older adults with T2DM. Methods This is a cross sectional study, in which 85 community-dwelling older adults with T2DM were assessed. DS was assessed using the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale - short version (GDS-15). The following cardiovascular risk factors were evaluated: systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), lipid profile (serum triglycerides - TG, serum total cholesterol - TC, serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol - LDL-C, and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol - HDL-C) and body mass index (BMI). Poisson multiple regression was performed to test the association between DS and each cardiovascular risk factor adjusted by sex, age, time spent in moderate physical activity, and functional status. The significance level adopted for the analysis was 5%. Results Among all the analyzed risk factors, only high levels of LDL-C were related to high DS (PR=1.005, CI 95% 1.002-1.008). A significant association was observed between HDL-C levels (PR=0.99, CI 95% 0.98-0.99) and SBP (PR=1.009, CI 95% 1.004-1.014). Conclusion In older adults with T2DM, the presence of DS was associated with LDL-C, HDL-C levels and SBP, even after adjusting for sex, age, physical activity level and functional capacity. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Depression/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Triglycerides , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
15.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 337-343, jul.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289235

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El valor nutritivo de las proteínas derivadas de la carne magra de cerdo ha cambiado ostensiblemente con la tecnificación en la producción y la posibilidad de obtener productos que conserven un alto valor nutritivo. No obstante, en nuestro medio su consumo se ha estigmatizado por un posible aumento de riesgo cardiovascular. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del consumo de la carne magra de cerdo sobre algunos parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos de riesgo cardiovascular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de seguimiento a un grupo de 47 personas sanas que consumieron 200 gramos de carne magra de cerdo durante un periodo de ocho semanas, durante las cuales se valoraron parámetros bioquímicos, antropométricos, nutricionales y de riesgo cardiovascular. Resultados: Se observó que, tanto a las cuatro como a las ocho semanas, los niveles de colesterol LDL y triglicéridos no variaron. No obstante, los niveles de colesterol HDL y los micronutrientes zinc, hierro y vitamina B12 aumentaron en plasma luego de ocho semanas de consumo de carne magra de cerdo. De igual forma, marcadores metabólicos, como la adiponectina y el IGF-1, incrementaron luego de ocho semanas de consumo. Conclusiones: De acuerdo con estas observaciones la carne magra de cerdo puede mejorar el aporte de algunos micronutrientes y parámetros metabólicos sin que se haya evidenciado un efecto adverso sobre ciertos parámetros de riesgo cardiovascular en individuos sanos.


Abstract Introduction: The nutritional value of proteins derived from lean pork meat has essentially changed with the introduction of technology in the production and the possibility of obtaining products that retain a high nutritional value. However, its consumption has been stigmatised in this country due to a possible increase in cardiovascular risk. Objective: To evaluate the impact of consuming lean pork meat on some anthropometric and biochemical parameters of cardiovascular risk. Methods: A follow-up study was conducted on a population of 47 healthy subjects that consumed 200 grammes of lean pork meat for a period of 8 weeks. An evaluation was made of some biochemical, anthropometric, nutritional and cardiovascular risk parameters. Results: No changes were observed in the LDL-cholesterol or triglyceride levels. However, the plasma levels of HDL-cholesterol, as well as those of micronutrients such as zinc, iron and vitamin B12, increased after 8 weeks of consuming lean pork meat. Furthermore, metabolic markers, like adiponectin and IGF-1, also increased after eight weeks of consumption. Conclusions: According to these observations, lean pork meat may improve the supply of some micronutrients, as well as some metabolic parameters, with no evidence of any adverse effects on certain cardiovascular risk factors in healthy individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Biochemical Phenomena , Anthropometry , Pork Meat , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Vitamin B 12 , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
16.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(1): 102-115, jan.-mar., 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102721

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo é analisar os efeitos de um programa de intervenção interdisciplinar no perfil de risco cardiometabólico de adolescentes com diagnóstico de sobrepeso/ obesidade. Estudo de intervenção, realizado com adolescentes com excesso de peso, constituído por grupo controle e grupo intervenção, o qual participou de um programa interdisciplinar com duração de seis meses. O grupo experimental final é composto por 23 adolescentes (12 sexo feminino e 11 sexo masculino). No início do programa, quatro adolescentes apresentavam sobrepeso e 19 obesidade. O grupo controle é composto pelo mesmo número de sujeitos, uma vez que este foi composto pelos pares dos escolares do grupo experimental. A intervenção contou com sessões de exercícios físicos, em três dias da semana e orientações nutricionais e psicológicas, uma vez por semana. Uma avaliação foi realizada antes do inicio do programa e logo após seu término. As avaliações consistiram em variáveis antropométricas - índice de massa corporal, circunferência da cintura, razão cintura-estatura e razão cintura -quadril, avaliação da pressão arterial, da aptidão cardiorrespiratória e coleta sanguínea para avaliação do perfil lipídico. Para a comparação das variáveis no período pré e pós-intervenção foi utilizado o teste t para amostras pareadas, para as variáveis de distribuição normal e, para as variáveis não paramétricas, foi aplicado o t este de Wilcoxon, considerando o nível de significância de p<0,05. O programa de intervenção foi eficaz n a redução de todos os indicadores antropométricos, na melhora dos níveis de aptidão cardiorrespiratória e na redução dos níveis de colesterol LDL. Entretanto, não modificou de forma significativa o s níveis de pressão arterial e demais parâmetros do perfil lipídico (colesterol total, HDL e triglicerídeos)...(AU)


: The objective of the study is to analyze the effects of an interdisciplinary in terven tion program on the cardiometabolic risk profile of adolescents diagnosed as overweight / obese. Intervention study with overweight adolescents, consisting of a control group and an intervention group, which participated in an interdisciplinary program lasting six months. The final experimental group co nsists o f 23 adolescents (12 females and 11 males). At the beginning of the program, four adolescents were overweight and 19 were obese. The control group is composed of the number of subject s, sin ce it was composed by the pairs of students in the experimental group. The intervention coun ted o n sessio n s o f physical exercises, in three days of the week and nutritional and psychological orientations, once a week . An evaluation was carried out before the start of the program and soon after its completion. The evaluations consisted of anthropometric variable - body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-waist ratio, and waist-to-hip ratio, arterial pressure, cardiorespiratory fitness evaluation and blood collection t o evaluate the lipid profile. For the comparison of the variables in the pre- and post-intervention period, t he t-test for paired samples was used for the variables of normal distribution and fo r th e n on-parametric variables the Wilcoxon test was used, considering the level of significance of p < 0.05. The intervention program was effective in reducing all anthropometric indicators, improving cardiorespiratory fitness levels and reducing LDL cholesterol levels. However, it did not significantly modify the blood pressure levels and other parameters of the lipid profile (total cholesterol, HDL and triglycerides)...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physical Education and Training , Students , Body Mass Index , Control Groups , Risk Factors , Adolescent , Overweight , Control , Obesity , Orientation , Triglycerides , Blood Pressure , Cholesterol , Risk , Reference Parameters , Waist Circumference , Arterial Pressure , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Cholesterol, HDL
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 132-135, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100246

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El subdiagnóstico y subregistro de sobrepeso y obesidad en pediatría es muy frecuente. El uso de una historia clínica electrónica podría contribuir favorablemente. El objetivo fue conocer el porcentaje de registro de este problema por pediatras de cabecera y analizar si se asociaba con la realización de estudios complementarios.Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal. Se evaluó el registro del problema en pacientes pediátricos con sobrepeso y obesidad, y la presencia de resultados de glucemia, triglicéridos y colesterol de alta densidad en pacientes obesos.Resultados. Se analizaron 7471 pacientes con sobrepeso y obesidad; el registro adecuado del problema fue del 19 %. El 44 % de los obesos (n = 1957) tenía registro adecuado y el 32 %, resultados de laboratorio, con asociación significativa entre variables.Conclusiones. Los porcentajes de registro de sobrepeso y obesidad y realización de estudios complementarios fueron bajos. El registro del problema se asoció a mayor solicitud de estudios


Introduction. Under-diagnosis and under-recording of overweight and obesity in pediatrics is very common. Using an electronic medical record may be helpful. The objective was to establish the percentage of recording of this problem by primary care pediatricians and analyze if it was associated with the performance of ancillary tests.Methods. Cross-sectional study. The recording of this problem among overweight and obese pediatric patients and the presence of blood glucose, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol results in obese patients were assessed.Results. A total of 7471 overweight and obese patients were included; this health problem was adequately recorded in only 19 %. Among all obese patients (n = 1957), 44 % had adequate recording of this health problem; 32 % had lab test results showing a significant association among outcome measures.Conclusions. The percentage of overweight and obesity recording and ancillary test performance was low. Recording was associated with a higher level of test ordering


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Medical Records Systems, Computerized/statistics & numerical data , Overweight/epidemiology , Electronic Health Records , Obesity/epidemiology , Triglycerides , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholesterol, HDL
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(3): 469-475, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088903

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: A sizeable proportion of patients have discordant low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C). Objectives: We assessed the relationship between discordance of LDL-C and non-HDL-C and coronary artery disease (CAD) severity. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 574 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography. Fasting serum lipid profiles were recorded, SYNTAX and Gensini scores were calculated to establish CAD complexity and severity. We determined the medians for LDL-C and non-HDL-C to examine the discordance between LDL-C and non-HDL-C. Discordance was defined as LDL-C greater than or equal to the median and non-HDL-C less than median; or LDL-C less than median and non-HDL-C greater than or equal to median. A p value < 0.05 was accepted as statistically significant. Results: LDL-C levels were strongly and positively correlated with non-HDL-C levels (r = 0.865, p < 0.001) but 15% of patients had discordance between LDL-C and non-HDL-C. The percentage of patients with a Gensini score of zero or SYNTAX score of zero did not differ between discordant or concordant groups (p = 0.837, p = 0.821, respectively). Mean Gensini and SYNTAX scores, percentage of patients with Gensini score ≥20 and SYNTAX score >22 were not different from group to group (p = 0.635, p = 0.733, p = 0.799, p = 0.891, respectively). Also, there was no statistically significant correlation between LDL-C and Gensini or SYNTAX scores in any of the discordant or concordant groups. Additionally, no correlation was found between non-HDL-C and Gensini or SYNTAX score. Conclusions: While there was discordance between LDL-C and non-HDL-C (15% of patients), there is no difference regarding CAD severity and complexity between discordant and concordant groups.


Resumo Fundamento: Uma proporção considerável de pacientes apresenta níveis discordantes de colesterol de lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL) e de não alta densidade (não HDL). Objetivos: Avaliar a relação da discordância entre colesterol LDL e não HDL com a gravidade da doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Métodos: Avaliamos retrospectivamente os dados de 574 pacientes submetidos consecutivamente à angiografia coronariana. Foram registrados os perfis lipídicos séricos em jejum, e depois foram calculados os escores SYNTAX e Gensini para estabelecer a complexidade e a gravidade da DAC. Determinamos as medianas para colesterol LDL e não-HDL para examinar a discordância entre ambos. Discordância foi definida como LDL maior ou igual à mediana e não-HDL menor que mediana; ou LDL menor que a mediana e não-HDL maior ou igual à mediana. Valor de p < 0,05 foi aceito como estatisticamente significante. Resultados: Os níveis de colesterol LDL estiveram forte e positivamente correlacionados com os níveis de colesterol não-HDL (r = 0,865, p < 0,001), mas 15% dos pacientes apresentaram discordância entre LDL e não-HDL. A porcentagem de pacientes com escore Gensini ou SYNTAX zero não diferiu entre os grupos discordantes ou concordantes (p = 0,837, p = 0,821, respectivamente). Escores médios de Gensini e SYNTAX, porcentagem de pacientes com escore Gensini ≥ 20 e SYNTAX > 22 não foram diferentes de grupo para grupo (p = 0,635, p = 0,733, p = 0,799, p = 0,891, respectivamente). Além disso, não houve correlação estatisticamente significativa entre os escores de cholesterol LDL e Gensini ou SYNTAX em nenhum dos grupos discordantes ou concordantes. Também não foi encontrada correlação entre cholesterol não HDL e escore Gensini ou SYNTAX. Conclusões: Embora tenha havido discordância entre colesterol LDL e não-HDL (15% dos pacientes), não há diferença quanto à gravidade e complexidade da DAC entre os grupos discordantes e concordantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
19.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): 48609, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363097

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este artigo investiga a prevalência de cintura hipertrigliceridêmica em bancários e sua associação com fatores socioeconômicos, laborais, comportamentais, antropométricos e de condições de saúde. Método: trata-se de um estudo transversal com 525 bancários. Para avaliação do fenótipo cintura hipertrigliceridêmica foi considerada a associação de circunferência da cintura e hipertrigliceridemia. Resultados: A investigação resultou em uma prevalência de fenótipo de 19,4%, sendo maior em homens, pessoas em idades avançadas, que vivem maritalmente e que trabalham na agência há mais de cinco anos. O fenótipo também se associou ao excesso de peso, HDL-c (high density lipoprotein) baixo, hiperlipidemia mista, elevada relação triglicerídeos/HDL-c e hipertensão arterial. Ter mais de 50 anos e estar acima do peso aumentava as chances de os bancários apresentarem o fenótipo. Ser do sexo feminino e ter níveis adequados de HDL-c mostraram-se fatores de proteção contra o fenótipo. Conclusão: A prevalência de cintura hipertrigliceridêmica entre bancários é alta e associa-se principalmente ao excesso de peso e perfil lipídico desfavorável desta população. (AU)


Objective: This paper investigates the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemic waist in bank workers and its association with socioeconomic, labor, behavioral, anthropometric and health condition factors. Method: This is a cross-sectional study based on information from 525 bank workers. To investigate the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype, it was necessary to consider the association between waist circumference and high levels of serum triglycerides. Results: The investigation resulted in a phenotype prevalence of 19.4%, being higher in men, elderly, married and working in the bank for more than five years. The phenotype was also associated with overweight, low HDL-c (high-density lipoprotein), mixed hyperlipidemia, high triglyceride/HDL-c ratio and arterial hypertension. Being over 50 years of age and being overweight increased the chances of the bankers presenting the phenotype. Being female and having adequate levels of HDL-c were shown to be protective factors against the phenotype. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemic waist is high and is associated mainly with the excess weight and unfavorable lipid profile of this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Phenotype , Waist Circumference , Hypertriglyceridemic Waist/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Overweight , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Occupational Groups
20.
SMAD, Rev. eletrônica saúde mental alcool drog ; 16(1): 1-9, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094434

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: investigar o efeito do consumo de álcool em geral e do tipo de bebida alcoólica consumida, em diferentes medidas lipídicas. MÉTODO: o efeito do consumo de álcool foi investigado, bem como do tipo de bebida alcoólica, em diferentes medidas lipídicas, em ambos os sexos de população do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto. RESULTADOS: foram realizadas análises em relação ao tipo e quantidade de consumo de bebida alcoólica por sexo. O consumo baixo-a-moderado de álcool, independentemente do tipo de bebida alcoólica consumida, resultou em níveis mais elevados de HDL-colesterol, HDL2-colesterol e HDL3-colesterol em homens e mulheres. Não houve participantes da pesquisa que consumiam quantidade baixa a moderada de bebidas alcoólicas destiladas. Os triglicerídeos tiveram efeitos inversos para homens e mulheres no perfil lipídico. Para homens, bebidas destiladas contribuíram para melhor perfil dos triglicerídeos, enquanto para mulheres foi o contrário. Homens que consumiam bebidas alcoólicas destiladas tiveram níveis menores de triglicerídeos e mulheres que consumiam bebidas alcóolicas destiladas tiveram níveis maiores. Nossos resultados estão de acordo com os de estudos anteriores. CONCLUSÃO: o consumo de álcool resultou em níveis diferentes de medidas lipídicas séricas em homens e mulheres. Dessa forma, conclui-se que a resposta ao álcool tem diferenças biológicas.


OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effect of general alcohol consumption and of the type of alcoholic beverage consumed, in different lipid measurements. METHOD: the effect of alcohol consumption as well as that of the type of alcoholic beverage consumed were investigated, in different lipid measurements, for the participants in the Longitudinal Study on Adults' Health for both sexes. RESULTS: analyses were conducted on the type and amount of alcoholic beverage consumed by sex. Low-to-moderate alcohol consumption, regardless of the type of alcoholic beverage, resulted in higher levels of HDL-cholesterol, HDL2- cholesterol and HDL3-cholesterol in males and females. No participants in the study consumed low-to-moderate amounts of spirits. Triglycerides showed inverse effects for men and women according to the lipid profile. For men, spirits contributed to a better triglyceride profile while for women it was the opposite. Men who consumed spirits showed lower triglyceride levels, and women who consumed that beverage type had higher levels. Our results are in agreement with those of previous studies. CONCLUSION: alcohol consumption resulted in different levels of serum lipid measurements in men and women. Thus, it is concluded that response to alcohol has biological differences.


OBJETIVO: investigar el efecto del consumo de alcohol general, así como el tipo de bebida alcohólica consumida, en diferentes medidas lipídicas. MÉTODO: el efecto del consumo de alcohol fue investigado, así como el tipo de bebida alcohólica, en diferentes medidas lipídicas en ambos sexos de población del Estudio Longitudinal de Salud del Adulto. RESULTADOS: se realizaron análisis en relación al tipo y cantidad de consumo de bebida alcohólica por sexo. El consumo bajo a moderado de alcohol, independientemente del tipo de bebida alcohólica consumida, resultó en niveles más altos de HDL-colesterol, HDL2-colesterol y HDL3-coleseterol en hombres y mujeres. No hubo participantes de investigación que consumían en cantidad baja a moderada de bebidas alcohólicas destiladas. Los triglicéridos tuvieron efectos inversos para hombres y mujeres en el perfil lipídico. Para los hombres, las bebidas destiladas contribuyeron a un mejor perfil de los triglicéridos, mientras que para las mujeres fue lo contrario. Los hombres que consumían bebidas alcohólicas destiladas tenían niveles más pequeños de triglicéridos y las mujeres que consumían bebidas alcohólicas destiladas tuvieron niveles más altos. Nuestros resultados están de acuerdo con estudios anteriores. CONCLUSIÓN: el consumo de alcohol resultó en niveles significativamente mayores de HDL-colesterol, HDL2-colesterol y HDL3-colesterol, tanto en mujeres como en hombres. De esta forma, se concluye que la respuesta al alcohol tiene diferencias biológicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Triglycerides , Alcohol Drinking , Cholesterol , Adult Health , Longitudinal Studies , Sex Distribution , Substance-Related Disorders , Alcoholism , Lipoproteins, HDL , Cholesterol, HDL
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