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Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358106


El condroblastoma es un tumor óseo benigno infrecuente que representa el 1-2% de todos los tumores óseos primarios. Como aproximadamente solo el 4% se localiza en el astrágalo, la bibliografía es escasa. Se presenta a un varón de 18 años con un condroblastoma localizado en el astrágalo derecho. El paciente tuvo una buena evolución, sin complicaciones a los 15 meses de la cirugía. Revisamos los casos ya publicados para analizar la forma de presentación y la evolución luego del tratamiento quirúrgico. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Chondroblastoma (CB) is a rare benign bone tumor that represents between 1% to 2% of all primary bone tumors. Because only abouy 4% of them are located in the talus, the literature is scarce. We present a case of an 18-year-old male patient who presents with a chondroblastoma located in the right talus. He had an uneventful recovery; with no complications at his last follow-up at 15 months. We also reviewed the published literature to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of chondroblastoma in the talus. Level of evidence: IV

Adolescent , Talus , Chondroblastoma
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(5): 609-616, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057943


Abstract Patellar tumors are rare. Commonly benign, giant-cell tumors and chondroblastomas are the most frequent types of this tumor. Aneurysmal bone cysts are a less common type, corresponding to less than 1% of the cases. The authors present a case of a 23-year-old male patient who presented left patellar pain and swelling for two years. The radiographic images suggested tumoral causes, and the biopsy was negative for neoplasm. The treatment approach was a complete patellectomy, without complications. The imaging follow-up showed no recurrence.

Resumo Os tumores patelares são uma condição rara. Comumente benignos, o tumor de células gigantes e o condroblastoma são os tipos mais frequentes. O tipo menos comum entre os tumores patelares é o cisto ósseo aneurismático, que corresponde a menos de 1% dos casos. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 23 anos, com dor e aumento do volume da patela esquerda havia 2 anos. A radiologia sugeriu causas tumorais, e a biópsia foi negativa para neoplasia. A abordagem terapêutica escolhida foi uma patelectomia total, feita sem intercorrências. O acompanhamento com imagens não mostrou recorrência.

Humans , Male , Adult , Patella , Biopsy , Bone Cysts , Chondroblastoma , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 31-34, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738418


Chondroblastoma is a rare benign tumor that produces giant cells and cartilage matrix. The tumor occurs in people between 10 and 25 years with slightly higher incidence in males. The condition occurs in the proximal epiphysis of the tibia and humerus, distal epiphysis of the femur, but its occurrence in the talus is relatively rare, accounting for 4% of the total number of chondroblastoma cases. Chondroblastoma is often misdiagnosed as a primary aneurysmal bone cyst, giant cell tumor, chondromyxoid, and lesion of a secondary aneurysmal bone cyst by fibrous dysplasia. The most commonly used surgical method for chondroblastoma is broad curettage with bone grafting. In general, an aneurysmal bone cyst is associated with a second degree chondroblastoma, which is approximately 20%. Chondroblastoma of the talus and secondary aneurysmal bone cysts can be misdiagnosed as primary aneurysmal bone cysts. This paper reports a case of a young male patient with chondroblastoma of the talus, which was initially misdiagnosed as an aneurysmal bone cyst with involvement of the talo-navicular joint.

Humans , Male , Aneurysm , Bone Cysts , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Bone Transplantation , Cartilage , Chondroblastoma , Curettage , Epiphyses , Femur , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humerus , Incidence , Joints , Methods , Talus , Tibia
Clinics ; 73: e540, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974910


OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the diagnosis and treatment of 12 patients with tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma admitted to the orthopedics department from May 2011 to February 2016; among them were 4 males and 3 females aged 10-19 years, with an average age of 15.7 years. Tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma was on the left and right side in 7 and 5 cases, respectively. The preoperative average Lysholm score of the knee joint was 68 (42-87). A posteromedial approach was applied in all cases. The incisions were approximately 5-8 cm in length. Complete curettage and inactivation were performed after fenestration, and allogeneic bone grafts were transplanted. Then, the posterior cruciate ligament insertion was fixed with 5.0 suture anchors. All patients were followed up with regularly to monitor for tumor recurrence, observe bone graft healing, and reassess the Lysholm score of the knee. RESULTS: Patients were followed for 7-55 months, and the median follow-up time was 19 months. One patient experienced tumor relapse 4 months after the operation. Incision, inactivation and cementation were performed. Then, the bone was fixed with anchors. In the other 11 patients, the bone graft healed over an average period of 6.2 months (4-10 months), with good functional recovery postoperatively. The average postoperative Lysholm score of the knee was 91 (81-95). CONCLUSION: Tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma has unique clinical and imaging characteristics and can effectively be treated by curettage followed by the inactivation, transplantation and fixation of allogeneic bone grafts with suture anchors through a posteromedial approach.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/diagnostic imaging , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Chondroblastoma/surgery , Chondroblastoma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 51-57, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770017


PURPOSE: Clear cell chondrosarcoma may have a benign appearance even on a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Hence, it can be confused with benign bone tumors, such as a giant cell tumor or chondroblastoma. The aim of our study was to document the doctorassociated diagnostic errors in patients with clear cell chondrosarcoma and oncologic outcomes of these lesions, which were misdiagnosed as benign bone tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 10 patients who were diagnosed with and treated for clear cell chondrosarcoma between January 1996 and December 2014. One patient was excluded due to insufficient clinical data. We then reviewed their data regarding age, gender, symptom onset, tumor location, initial imaging diagnosis, and associated previous treatment. We examined the errors of surgeons and pathologists with respect to patient and tumor characteristics. We also analyzed treatment delay, time to local recurrence, metastasis, follow-up duration, and the oncologic outcome. RESULTS: The initial presumptive diagnosis based on MRIs for all 9 patients was benign bone tumor. Among 8 patients who underwent inappropriate procedure, half of them were diagnosed as clear cell chondrosarcoma immediately after the curettage. As for the remaining 4 patients, the surgeon did not send any tissue samples to a pathologist for a definite diagnosis in three patients and a pathologist made an incorrect diagnosis in one patient. We performed an appropriate surgery on all patients with a wide surgical margin. The average treatment delay was 27 months (range, 0–127 months), and the average follow-up duration was 65 months (range, 13–164 months). One patient had local recurrence after 12 months. Metastatic disease developed in 2 patients with a median time to definitive treatment of 24 months (12–37 months). Ten-year overall survival of patients with clear cell chondrosarcoma was 78%, and two patients died due to disease progression. CONCLUSION: Misdiagnosis of clear cell chondrosacroma as a benign bone tumor is not uncommon, even for experienced orthopaedic oncologists, resulting in definite curative surgery without biopsy. An inappropriate primary treatment may increase the risk of local recurrence and metastasis. Therefore, a proper subsequent surgery is mandatory for patients with clear cell chondrosarcoma who received inadvertent curettage.

Humans , Biopsy , Chondroblastoma , Chondrosarcoma , Curettage , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Disease Progression , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Surgeons
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 253-259, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715554


Unsintered hydroxyapatite (u-HA) and poly-L-lactide (PLLA) composites (u-HA/PLLA) are osteoconductive and biodegradable. Screw (Super-Fixsorb MX30) and plate (Super-Fixsorb MX40 Mesh) systems made of u-HA/PLLA are typically used in small bones in maxillofacial surgeries. After the resection of bone tumors in larger bones, reconstructions with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) implants of strong compression resistance have been reported. After a resection, when the cavity is hemispheric- or concave-shaped, stabilization of the implanted β-TCP block is necessary. In the current series, u-HA/PLLA were used to stabilize the mechanically strong implanted low-porous β-TCP blocks in six bone tumor cases, including three giant cell tumors of bone, and one case each of chondroblastoma, chondrosarcoma, and parosteal osteosarcoma. The mean age of patients at the time of surgery was 31.3 years (range, 19 to 48 years). The bones involved were two ilia (posterior), a femur (diaphysis to distal metaphysis), and three tibias (proximal epiphysis, proximal metaphysis to epiphysis, and distal metaphysis to epiphysis). Neither displacement of the implanted β-TCP block nor any u-HA/PLLA-related complications were observed. The radiolucent character of the u-HA/PLLA did not hinder radiological examinations for potential signs of tumor recurrence. The method of using u-HA/PLLA components for the stabilization of β-TCP blocks makes the procedure easy to perform and reliable. It can extend the application of β-TCP blocks in reconstruction surgery.

Humans , Bone Neoplasms , Chondroblastoma , Chondrosarcoma , Durapatite , Epiphyses , Femur , Giant Cell Tumors , Hydroxyapatites , Methods , Osteosarcoma , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Recurrence , Tibia
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 133-138, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-655924


PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to compare clinical, oncological outcomes between chondroblastoma and giant cell tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed 25 patients with histologically confirmed chondroblastoma of bone between 1998 and 2012. During the same period, 42 patients diagnosed as a giant cell tumor were also reviewed. We then analyzed clinical and oncological results of chondroblastoma compared with giant cell tumor. In chondroblastoma, 17 cases were male, and 8 cases were female, with a mean age of 20.6 years (range from 11 to 38 years). In giant cell tumor, 20 cases were male, and 22 cases were female, with a mean age of 39.26 years (from 17 to 75 years). All patients underwent surgical treatment that extended curettage with electrocauterization. After curettage, bony cavity was filled with autogenous bone, allogenic bone chip, bone cement, tricalcium phosphate, and so on. The results were compared in recurrence and metastatic rate. The minimum follow-up period was 1 year. RESULTS: In chondroblastoma, mean size was 2.18 cm (0.3 to 9.5 cm). Local recurrence and metastasis were absent. In giant cell tumors, mean size was 3.71 cm (0.3 to 11 cm). Local recurrence rate was 9.5% (4 of 42 cases) and there was one lung metastasis. CONCLUSION: Chondroblastoma is less invasive with better prognosis than giant cell tumor. Treatment of chondroblastoma and giant cell tumor is surgery. Electrocauterization as an adjuvant therapy showed good results.

Female , Humans , Male , Chondroblastoma , Curettage , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Lung , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
The Journal of Korean Knee Society ; : 61-64, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759158


Chondroblastoma of the proximal tibia is difficult to treat because of its epiphyseal predilection. This condition can be treated by curettage, which results in immediate restoration of stability and a reduced recurrence rate, followed by cement filling of the bone defect. Nevertheless, contact with cement can damage articular cartilage, potentially leading to severe knee osteoarthritis. Most previous reports regarding this complication described patients with giant cell tumors of the proximal tibia. We present here a patient who underwent arthroscopic treatment for cement exposure caused by articular cartilage loss of the tibial plateau, which occurred after initial curettage and cementation for chondroblastoma of the proximal tibia. To our knowledge, this is the first report on arthroscopic treatment of this condition.

Humans , Arthroscopy , Cartilage, Articular , Cementation , Chondroblastoma , Curettage , Giant Cell Tumors , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Recurrence , Tibia
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 8(2): 71-73, dic. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-997693


INTRODUCCIÓN: El condroblastoma es un tumor óseo benigno representando menos del 1 por ciento del total de tumores óseos; se presenta principalmente en jóvenes. De etiología controversial, se desarrolla habitualmente en centros secundarios de osificación en huesos largos. No hay casos que describan su existencia junto a osteomielitis ni su tratamiento quirúrgico. CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 15 años con antecedente de osteomielitis de inicio reciente, diagnosticada con cintigrafía y biopsia en escápula izquierda; a pesar de tratamiento médico antibiótico con cloxacilina persiste dolor, eritema, impotencia funcional y aumento de volumen progresivo. Cintigrafía de control confirma nula respuesta a tratamiento inicial. Tomografía computada (TC) informa probable proceso tumoral osteolítico cortical con reacción de partes blandas en casi la totalidad de la escápula incluyendo cavidad glenoidea. Biopsia quirúrgica informa condroblastoma sospecha de variante agresiva resolviéndose con escapulectomía total con resección de cabeza humeral y posterior pexia clavículo-humeral. Biopsia definitiva de pieza quirúrgica informa osteomielitis crónica y condroblastoma agresivo. Evolución favorable en controles posteriores sin signos de recidiva local ni a distancia. DISCUSIÓN: La nula respuesta clínica al tratamiento inicial y su progresión hizo sospechar un proceso tumoral no diagnosticado inicialmente debido a que la biopsia no incluyó focos del condroblastoma. El manejo clásico del condroblastoma consiste en curetaje y relleno con autoinjerto; pero debido a la localización atípica, posibilidad de malignización y coexistencia con proceso osteomielítico crónico se optó por cirugía innovadora que consistió en resección total y posterior pexiaclavículo-humeral

INTRODUCTION: A Chondroblastoma is a benign bone tumor, corresponding to less than 1 percent of all bone tumors, and affecting mainly young people. Commonly developing in secondary centers of ossification in large bones, there are no cases describing its existence along with osteomyelitis, nor its surgical treatment. CLINICAL CASE: Woman (15 Y/O) with a history of osteomyelitis onset caused by a recent fall is diagnosed through scintigraphy and biopsy in the left scapule. Despite treatment with cloxacillin, pain persisted, erythema developed, with a progressive increase of volume and functional impotence. Control scintigraphy confirms no response to initial treatment. Computed Tomography (CT) informs of a probable cortical osteolysis tumoral process with soft tissue reactions in almost the entire scapule including glenoid cavity. Surgical biopsy shows chondroblastoma and, suspecting an agressive variant, it is resolved to perform a total scapulectomy with resection of scapule head and subsequent humerus-claviclepexia. Definitive biopsy of surgical piece shows chronic osteomyelitis and agressive chondroblastoma. The evolution of the patient is normal on follow-up controls, not presenting any signs of local neither distant relapse. DISCUSSION: The non-existence of a response to the initial treatment and its progression made us suspect of a natural process that was not diagnosed initially because the biopsy didn't include chondroblastoma focus. The usual chondroblastoma treatment consists of curetting and autograft filling; but due to the atypical location, and the possibility of coexistence with malignant and chronic osteomyelitic process we chose to apply an innovative surgery that consisted of total resection and subsequent pexia.

Humans , Adolescent , Osteomyelitis/complications , Bone Neoplasms/complications , Bone Neoplasms/diagnosis , Chondroblastoma/complications , Chondroblastoma/diagnosis , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Chondroblastoma/surgery
Acta ortop. mex ; 28(6): 378-381, nov.-dic. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-745200


El condroblastoma de la cabeza femoral es un tumor poco frecuente (aproximadamente 1 o 2% de los tumores benignos de hueso), se presenta con mayor frecuencia en pacientes jóvenes de sexo masculino. El condroblastoma es más frecuente en el húmero proximal, fémur proximal, fémur distal y tibia proximal. La cabeza femoral es el tercer sitio más frecuente, No existe un tratamiento específico para esta entidad; se han descrito desde osteotomías acetabulares, injertos osteocondrales, injertos vascularizados de peroné, etcétera, todos reportando buenos resultados. Pero es clínicamente impredecible si no recibe tratamiento. Se presenta un caso que se manejó con aloinjerto osteocondral y la evolución de tres años posterior al procedimiento quirúrgico...

Femoral head chondroblastoma is an infrequent tumor, accounting for approximately 1-2% of benign bone tumors. It occurs more frequently in young male patients. It's most frequent locations include the proximal humerus, proximal femur, distal femur and proximal tibia. The femoral head is the third most frequent site of this tumor. There is no specific treatment for this entity; reported treatments range from acetabular osteotomies and osteochondral grafts, to vascularized fibular grafts, all of them with good results. However, this tumor is clinically unpredictable if left untreated. We report a case managed with osteochondral graft and followed-up for three years after the surgical procedure...

Adolescent , Humans , Male , Chondroblastoma/surgery , Femur Head , Femoral Neoplasms/surgery , Allografts , Bone Transplantation , Cartilage/transplantation
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2014; 24 (12): 898-901
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-154006


To determine the clinico-pathological and histological features of Chondroblastoma [CB]. Case series. The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from 2000 to 2013. The histological slides of all reported cases of CB were retrieved and reviewed for morphological features. Clinical features were noted from surgical pathology reports. Frequency of features was noted. Sixty one cases of CB were identified. Pain was the most common presenting symptom. The age ranged from 10 to 38 years [mean 20 +/- 1.98 years; M: F 2.5:1] with 61% patients in the second decade of life. Forty six cases occurred in long tubular bones; distal femur being most common site. Metaphysis, clavicle, temporal bone and metacarpal were also involved. Histologically, all CBs were composed of round to polygonal cells and scattered osteoclast-type multinucleated giant cells and majority had hemosiderin pigment. Chicken-wire calcifications and coarse calcifications were seen in 85% and 26% of cases respectively. A spindle cell component was seen in 54% of cases. ABC-like areas were seen in 10 cases. Mitosis ranged from 1 to 6/10 HPFs. Recurrence was seen in 2 cases. Recurrent tumor showed similar morphology when compared with the initial tumor. CB is a benign tumor but has potential for recurrence. Males are more affected, second decade is more common and distal femur is most common site. Metaphysis, clavicle, temporal bone and metacarpal were the rare sites of CB. Histological features predictive of recurrence were not separately identified

Humans , Male , Female , Chondroblastoma/diagnosis , Bone Neoplasms , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
The Journal of Korean Knee Society ; : 48-51, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759119


A 29-year-old woman complained of a 3-month history of left knee pain without trauma history. X-ray showed a well-defined osteolytic lesion with a sclerotic margin in the patella and magnetic resonance imaging showed T1-low and T2-high signal intensity with different fluid level. Our impression was an aneurysmal bone cyst. At surgery, the lesion was a blood-filled cystic cavity, surrounded by a gray or brownish tissue. Hemorrhagic soft tissues with recognizable bone fragments were observed. Curettage and autogenous bone graft was done. Microscopically, sheets of tumor cells were intermingled with some areas of eosinophilic chondroid matrix. The tumor cells showed oval-shaped nuclei with moderate eosinophilic cytoplasm. Several multinucleated giant cells and blood filled cystic cavities were observed. The final diagnosis was a chondroblastoma with a secondary aneurysmal bone cyst. At the post-operative 1.5-year follow-up, grafted bones were well incorporated radiographically and there were no recurrent evidence or any other abnormal symptoms.

Adult , Female , Humans , Aneurysm , Bone Cysts , Chondroblastoma , Curettage , Cytoplasm , Diagnosis , Eosinophils , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cells , Knee , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Patella , Transplants
Imaging Science in Dentistry ; : 165-169, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41708


An osteolytic lesion with a small central area of mineralization and sclerotic borders was discovered incidentally in the clivus on the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of a 27-year-old male patient. This benign appearance indicated a primary differential diagnosis of non-aggressive lesions such as fibro-osseous lesions and arrested pneumatization. Further, on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion showed a homogenously low T1 signal intensity with mild internal enhancement after post-gadolinium and a heterogeneous T2 signal intensity. These signal characteristics might be attributed to the fibrous tissues, chondroid matrix, calcific material, or cystic component of the lesion; thus, chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma were added to the differential diagnosis. Although this report was limited by the lack of final diagnosis and the patient lost to follow-up, the incidental skull base finding would be important for interpreting the entire volume of CBCT by a qualified oral and maxillofacial radiologist.

Adult , Humans , Male , Chondroblastoma , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Cranial Fossa, Posterior , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibroma , Incidental Findings , Lost to Follow-Up , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Skull Base , Skull Base Neoplasms
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 779-782, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215004


Chondroblastomas are rare entities accounting for approximately 1% of all primary bone tumors. We describe a case of a 7-year-old girl with a giant chondroblastoma of the maxilla, treated with bilateral class III maxillectomy and reconstruction with a double-barreled and double skin paddle fibular free flap. We show evidence of an excellent aesthetic outcome at 6 months' follow up with no evidence of tumor recurrence.

Child , Humans , Chondroblastoma , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Free Tissue Flaps , Maxilla , Recurrence , Skin , Surgical Flaps
Singapore medical journal ; : 275-280, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359101


<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>This study aimed to evaluate radiological findings in patients with chondroblastoma (CB) in tubular and non-tubular bones (NTBs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with CB. Data collected included patients' gender and age, type, size and location of bone involved, and imaging findings regarding border, lobulation, calcification, trabeculation, cortical expansion and destruction, periosteal reaction, soft tissue component and fractures. Magnetic resonance imaging and/or multidetector computed tomography were used to determine the presence of any internal cystic space or secondary aneurysmal bone cyst that may have affected the radiological appearance of CB.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 31 lesions (18 tubular bones, 13 NTBs) exhibited geographic bone destruction and did not involve the adjacent joints. Univariate analysis showed that NTB lesions were found in older patients and were associated with thin trabeculation (p < 0.01) and well-defined margins (p < 0.05), whereas tubular bone lesions correlated with thick trabeculation and partially ill-defined margins. On multivariate analysis, age and type of bone involvement were significantly correlated. An increase in age by one year reduced the risk of having tubular bone involvement by about 27% when compared with NTBs (p = 0.011). Thin trabeculation was also significantly correlated with NTB lesions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Age was the most significant parameter, as increased age was found to reduce the risk of tubular bone involvement. Patients with NTB lesions were significantly older than those with tubular bone lesions. Based on imaging alone, thin trabeculation showed significant correlation with CB occurring in NTBs on both univariate and multivariate analyses.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Bone Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Bone and Bones , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Chondroblastoma , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Multivariate Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1059-1062, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250696


Chondroblastoma of the patella, rare occurred in patellar,is a kind of an uncommon benign bone tumor. Compared with giant cell tumor, the morbidity of chondroblastoma is lower. Meanwhile, its clinical manifestations are various, and images are very complicated. Therefore, the understanding of this kind of tumors may be limited even to the orthopedist. The differences of patellar chondroblastoma between other tumor in X-ray, CT and MRI is a spot in recent years. Sometimes patellar chondroblastoma coexists with aneurysmal bone cyst, which is a challenge to obtain an accurate pathological and radiological diagnosis. For the treatment, curettage and bone grafting is one the most popular method, but whether to perform a biopsy before surgery still remain controversy. Some new technique still has an unknown prospect for the treatment such as radiofrequency ablation.

Humans , Bone Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Chondroblastoma , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Patella , General Surgery
The Journal of the Korean Bone and Joint Tumor Society ; : 1-8, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88313


PURPOSE: Primary bone tumors of hindfoot are uncommon compared with other locations, and there have been few large-group studies. This study was designed to analyze the characteristics and the clinical results of the primary bone tumors of hindfoot. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty five cases in 44 patients who have been diagnosed from 1989 to 2011 were reviewed. The minimum follow-up period was 1 year. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and images. RESULTS: Twenty six cases were male and 18 cases were female. Mean follow-up period was 33.1 months and mean age was 25.1 years. Forty four cases were benign and 1 case was malignant. Thirty six cases occurred in calcaneus and 9 cases were in talus. The most common benign bone tumor was simple bone cyst (20 cases), followed by intraosseous lipoma (12 cases), and chondroblastoma (4 cases). In calcaneus, there were 18 cases of simple bone cyst, and 12 cases of intrasosseous lipoma. In talus, there were 3 cases of chondroblastoma, 2 cases of simple bone cyst, and 2 cases of intraossesous ganglion. Many patients with hindfoot bone tumors presented with pain, but some were found accidentally. Patients received surgical procedures, such as curettage and bone graft, open reduction and internal fixation, tumor resection, and below knee amputation. CONCLUSION: Primary bone tumors of hindfoot are rare and can be misdiagnosed as ankle sprain or contusion. Although most are benign, malignant tumors cannot be ruled out, so early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is important.

Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Ankle , Bone Cysts , Calcaneus , Chondroblastoma , Contusions , Curettage , Early Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Ganglion Cysts , Knee , Lipoma , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Sprains and Strains , Talus , Transplants
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 257-264, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295888


To investigate the clinical characteristics of chondroblastoma with an emphasis on lesions located in the long bone diaphysis, we reviewed the clinical data of 7 patients with histologically proven chondroblastoma treated in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Fudan University Cancer Hospital between January 1995 and May 2009. There were two rare cases of chondroblastoma in the long bone diaphysis. One patient with a lesion in the tibial diaphysis underwent intralesional curettage and bone grafting, and the postoperative bone function was measured as excellent according to the Enneking scoring system. The patient was still alive upon follow-up at 60 months. The other patient with a lesion in the humeral diaphysis underwent resection, and the postoperative bone function was excellent at 48 months, at which there was no evidence of recurrence or metastasis. Thus, except for the distinctive site of the long bone diaphysis, which made diagnosis difficult, the patients' ages, symptoms, X-ray and CT images, treatment, and prognosis were in accordance with typical lesions in the epiphysis and metaphysis. The diagnosis of chondroblastoma in the long bone diaphysis significantly depends on histopathologic characteristics.

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Bone Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Bone Transplantation , Methods , Chondroblastoma , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Curettage , Methods , Diaphyses , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Humerus , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tibia , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Rev. bras. ortop ; 46(5): 561-564, set.-out. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-611419


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o resultado clínico e radiológico, a longo prazo, de pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico do condroblastoma, entre 2003 e 2009, pela mesma equipe cirúrgica e empregando a mesma técnica operatória. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo de 12 pacientes com diagnóstico histológico de condroblastoma, atendidos entre 2003 e 2009, na Fundação Pio XII (Hospital de Câncer de Barretos - Barretos, SP) e submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico com ressecção intralesional, adjuvância com eletrocauterização e substituição por metilmetacrilato (11 casos) ou enxerto ósseo autólogo de crista ilíaca (um caso). A avaliação pré-operatória incluía exame físico, radiografias simples do local, ressonância nuclear magnética ou tomografia axial computadorizada local, além de cintilografia óssea. Os pacientes foram avaliados clínica e radiologicamente, segundo protocolo predefinido, com radiografias seriadas e avaliação funcional, conforme o escore funcional de Enneking. RESULTADOS: A idade média do diagnóstico foi de 14A e 4M, sendo o local preferencial de acometimento a epífise distal do fêmur (75 por cento), seguido pela tíbia proximal (16,6 por cento) e calcâneo (8,4 por cento). Houve prevalência maior no sexo masculino em relação ao sexo feminino (3:1). Em três casos houve necessidade prévia de biópsia. Durante o seguimento, não evidenciamos recidiva local do tumor e todos os pacientes apresentaram excelente resultado funcional, com escore de Enneking entre 20 e 30, com a técnica cirúrgica empregada. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento cirúrgico do condroblastoma, com ressecção intralesional, uso de adjuvância, com eletrocauterização e substituição por metilmetacrilato ou enxerto ósseo produz bons resultados.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term clinical and radiological results from patients who underwent surgical treatment of chondroblastoma, between 2003 and 2009, by the same surgical team, using the same operative technique. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 12 patients with histological diagnoses of chondroblastoma, who were attended between 2003 and 2009 at the Pius XII Foundation (Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, State of São Paulo). These patients underwent surgical treatment with intralesional resection of the tumor, adjuvant electrocauterization and replacement with methyl methacrylate (11 cases) or an autologous graft from the iliac crest (one case). The preoperative evaluation included physical examination, plain radiographs of the site, magnetic resonance imaging, computed axial tomography and bone scintigraphy. The patients were assessed clinically and radiologically according to a predefined protocol, with a series of plain radiographs, and a functional assessment in accordance with the Enneking functional score. RESULTS: The average age at the time of diagnosis was 14 years and 4 months. The most frequent location affected was the distal femoral epiphysis (75 percent), followed by the proximal tibial epiphysis (16.6 percent) and the calcaneus (8.4 percent). There was higher prevalence among the female patients than among the male patients (3:1). In three cases, preoperative biopsy was necessary. During the follow-up, there was no evidence of local tumor recurrence, and all the patients presented an excellent functional result from the surgical technique used, with Enneking scores ranging from 20 to 30. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of chondroblastoma, using intralesional resection, adjuvant electrocauterization and replacement with methyl methacrylate or bone graft produced good results.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Chondroblastoma , Neoplasms , Postoperative Period , Treatment Outcome
Acta ortop. bras ; 19(4): 198-201, 2011. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-601827


OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o papel da eletrocauterização como método adjuvante isolado na ressecção intralesional dos tumores ósseos benignos, levando em conta fatores associados à recorrência dessas lesões. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos 47 pacientes com diagnóstico de tumores ósseos benignos que foram tratados com curetagem associada a eletrocauterização como método adjuvante. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por um tempo médio de 32,7± 19,4 meses e foi avaliada a taxa de recidiva em relação às seguintes variáveis: idade, sexo, localização do tumor, tipo histológico, estadiamento (B1, B2, B3), tamanho, tipo de material utilizado como preenchimento (PMMA ou enxerto ósseo). A taxa e o tipo de complicação pós-operatória também foram analisadas. RESULTADOS: A recidiva global foi de 19,1 por cento, havendo correlação significante do grau do tumor em relação ao tempo de recidiva (p=0,028). Não foram observados outros fatores diretamente relacionados à recidiva local. CONCLUSÃO: A eletrocauterização mostrou-se um método simples, barato e eficaz no tratamento adjuvante dos tumores ósseos benignos. Nivel de Evidência IV, serie de casos.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of cauterization as a sole adjuvant method inintralesional resection of benign bone tumors, taking into account associated factors that could influence local recurrence. METHODS: 47 patients diagnosed with different benign bone tumors were included in this study, all of whom had been treated with curettage associated with cauterization as an adjuvant method. The medium follow-up was 32.7 ± 19.4 months. The recurrence rate was then evaluated in relation to age, sex, location of the tumor, histologic type, tumor grade ( B1, B2 or B3 ), and size and type of material used to fill the tumor cavity ( PMMA or autologus bone). The type and percentage of complications were also included in the analysis. RESULTS: Global recurrence was 19.1 percent. There was statistic significance relating tumor grade to time to recurrence (p=0,028). No other factors were found that directly correlated with global recurrence of the tumors. CONCLUSION: Cauterization proved to be a simple, inexpensive and effective adjuvant method for the treatment of benign bone tumors. Level of Evidence: Level IV, case series.

Humans , Male , Female , Bone and Bones , Bone Neoplasms , Chondroblastoma , Curettage/methods , Femur , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Neoplasms/prevention & control , Cautery , Bone Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Recurrence