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Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 114-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935486


Objective: To investigate the immunohistochemical expression of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 in mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MC), and to explore the differential diagnostic value of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 in MC and other types of small round cell malignant tumors. Methods: A total of 12 cases of MC and 97 other small round cell malignant tumors diagnosed in Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine from 2001 to 2020 were collected for NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 immunohistochemical detection. Among them, two kinds of NKX3.1 antibodies [rabbit polyclonal antibody and rabbit monoclonal antibody (EP356)] were used for detection in 12 cases of MC, and one NKX3.1 antibody (rabbit polyclonal antibody) was detected in 97 cases of other small round cell malignant tumors, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The 12 MC patients included 7 females and 5 males, with a mean age of 33 years (14-54 years). Nine cases were from bone and three from soft tissue. Among the 12 MC patients, 8 patients had postoperative recurrence or metastasis, and 3 of them died of tumor recurrence or metastasis. Histologically, 12 cases of MC showed typical bidirectional differentiation.The positive rate of both NKX3.1 antibodies in MC was 12/12, NKX3.1 was focal weakly positive in only one of 12 chondrosarcomas (grade 3), 5 alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas, 5 embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas, and 5 solitary fibrous tumors, respectively. The remaining 70 cases of other small round cell malignant tumors were negative. The positive rates of NKX2.2 in MC, Ewing sarcoma and olfactory neuroblastoma were 12/12, 15/15 and 4/5, respectively. In 12 cases of chondrosarcoma (grade 3), 5 cases of poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma, 5 cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, and 5 cases of solitary fibrous tumor, NKX2.2 was focally and weakly positive in only one case, respectively, and all the remaining 50 cases of other small round cell malignant tumors were negative. Conclusions: The expression of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 proteins are significant indicators in the diagnosis of MC, and the combined detection of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 can help distinguish MC from most other small round cell malignant tumors.

Female , Humans , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Homeodomain Proteins , Immunohistochemistry , Nuclear Proteins
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(2): 355-359, Jan.-Apr. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-709270


Condrossarcoma mesenquimal extraesquelético (CME) é um neoplasma maligno e raro em animais domésticos. Descreve-se um caso de CME em uma gata que apresentava uma massa firme, branco-amarelada, medindo 18cm de diâmetro, aderida à musculatura do membro pélvico esquerdo. O exame citológico revelou presença de células fusiformes individualizadas pleomórficas e agregados de pequenas células ovais, sem bordas definidas em meio à matriz intercelular amorfa. Devido à impossibilidade de tratamento e ao prognóstico desfavorável, foi realizada eutanásia. Microscopicamente foram observadas células fusiformes indiferenciadas e agregados de células condroides pleomórficas. O diagnóstico de CME foi confirmado pelas técnicas de azul alciano, tricrômico de Masson e pela prova imunoistoquímica, utilizando-se anticorpos antivimentina...

Extraskeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a rare malignant tumor in domestic animals. We described a case of EMC in a cat with a mass measuring 18cm in diameter, yellowish-white and firm attached to the muscles in left hind limb. Cytological examination revealed the presence of individual pleomorphic spindle cells and clusters of small oval cells with no hard edges in the midst of an amorphous intercellular matrix. Due to the impossibility of treatment and poor prognosis, the cat was euthanized. Microscopically undifferentiated spindle cells and clusters of pleomorphic chondroid cells were observed. The CME diagnosis was confirmed with thealcian blue, Masson's trichrome and immunohistochemistry techniques, using antivimentin antibodies...

Animals , Cats , Cats , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/diagnosis , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/veterinary , Kinesthesis , Motor Skills Disorders , Proprioception
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 11(2): 55-8, abr.-jun. 1996. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-221539


Presentamos tres casos de pacientes en los cuales se diagnosticaron tumores mesenquimales de diferente tipo, dos de ellos benignos y uno maligno. Las manifestaciones clínicas en cada caso fueron variables y el manejo en todos fue quirúrgico. Se revisa la literatura

Female , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/diagnosis , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/surgery , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery