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1.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(2): 260-270, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339265

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Introducción. El riesgo de infección con Brucella canis en humanos y perros aumenta con la exposición constante a perros portadores asintomáticos. En Colombia hay evidencia de infección con B. canis en personas que conviven con perros. Una preocupación adicional en Bogotá es la falta de información actualizada sobre la prevalencia de la infección en perros destinados a programas de adopción. Objetivo. Establecer la seroprevalencia de la infección por B. canis en perros de un refugio para animales de compañía destinados a la adopción en Bogotá. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en un refugio para animales de Bogotá. Se detectaron anticuerpos contra B. canis en el suero de 51 perros (28 hembras y 23 machos) mediante una prueba inmunocromatográfica de flujo lateral. Asimismo, los individuos positivos se analizaron con PCR para la detección del ADN de Brucella spp. Resultados. La seroprevalencia de B. canis fue del 1,96 % (1/51). El perro seropositivo correspondió a una hembra asintomática de tres años de edad en la cual no se detectó ADN bacteriano en sangre mediante la PCR. Conclusiones. La seroprevalencia representada por un solo perro con IgG anti-B. canis puede considerarse un riesgo potencial para las poblaciones de perros y humanos, ya que podría tratarse de un animal con infección persistente capaz de diseminar la bacteria.


Abstract | Introduction: The risk of Brucella canis infection in humans and dogs has increased due to the permanent exposure to asymptomatic carrier dogs. In Colombia, there is evidence of B. canis infection in humans living with dogs. In the case of Bogotá, an additional concern is the lack of updated information related to the prevalence of the infection in dogs. Objective: To determine the seroprevalence of infection by B. canis in dogs intended for adoption programs in Bogotá. Materials and methods: By means of a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out in a dog shelter in Bogotá, anti-B. canis IgG antibodies were detected in the serum from 51 dogs (28 females and 23 males) using a lateral-flow immunochromatographic test. Additionally, seropositive animals were analyzed with PCR to detect Brucella spp DNA. Results: Brucella canis seroprevalence was 1.96% (1/51). The seropositive dog was an asymptomatic three-year-old she-dog in which no bacteria DNA was detected in the blood through PCR. Conclusions: The seroprevalence determined in this study represented by a single dog with anti-B. canis IgG can be considered a potential risk both for canine and human populations since this single dog could have a persistent infection capable of spreading the bacteria.


Subject(s)
Brucellosis , Dogs , Zoonoses , Public Health , Chromatography, Affinity
2.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 531-537, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: the aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of co-detection of Flu A and RSV using rapid immunochromatographic tests at the point of care, in pediatric patients under 2 years of age in a general hospital. Methods: a retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze clinical outcomes in hospitalized infants with viral respiratory disease with positive results of rapid immunochromatographic test for RSV and/or Flu-A, from 2013 to 2018. A logistic regression model was adjusted to analyze predictors of orotracheal intubation during hospitalization. Results: we analyzed 220 cases: RSV (192), Flu-A (9), co-detection (19). Lethality rate was 1.8% (2 cases), and 88% (194) were under 1 year of age. Mean time of hospitalizations was higher in patients with co-detection. Variables significantly associated with orotracheal intubation were: younger age in months, comorbidities, RSV and Flu-A co-detection, and bacterial pneumonia during hospitalization. Conclusions: RSV and Flu-Aco-detection was associated with the least favorable clinical prognoses in this study. Rapid test diagnosis may provide important information at the point of care, because molecular panels are not widely accessible in general hospitals. Rapid diagnosis allows timely evaluation and treatment.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o impacto da codetecção de Influenza A (FluA) e Vírus Sincicial Respiratório (VSR) por meio de testes imunocromatográficos rápidos em tempo real, em pacientes menores de 2 anos em hospital público e universitário. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectivo foi conduzido para analisar os desfechos clínicos de crianças hospitalizadas com doença respiratória viral com resultados positivos do teste rápido imunocromatográfico para VSR e/ou FluA, de 2013 a 2018. Um modelo de regressão logística foi ajustado para analisar preditores de intubação orotraqueal durante a internação. Resultados: foram analisados 220 casos: RSV (192), FluA (9) eco-detecção (19). A letalidade foi de 1,8% (2 casos) e 88% (194) casos em menores de 1 ano. O tempo médio de internação foi maior nos pacientes com codetecção. As variáveis significativamente associadas à intubação orotraqueal foram: menor idade em meses, comorbidades, codetecção de VSR e Flu-A e pneumonia bacteriana durante a internação. Conclusões: codetecção VSR e FluA foi associada a prognósticos clínicos desfavoráveis. O teste rápido fornece informações importantes a beira-leito, pois os painéis moleculares não são amplamente acessíveis em hospitais públicos. O diagnóstico rápido permite a avaliação e tratamento oportunos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Prognosis , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses/isolation & purification , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Point-of-Care Testing/statistics & numerical data , Cohort Studies , Chromatography, Affinity/methods
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 30-36, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368538

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se através deste trabalho, determinar a prevalência de cinomose canina no semiárido da Paraíba, através de testes rápidos imunocromatográficos, correlacionando-a com os principais achados clínicos e hematológicos. Foram analisadas 67 fichas de animais em que foram realizados testes rápidos para pesquisa de antígeno em amostras nasais e oculares no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2019. Observou-se que 47% (32/67) dos cães analisados foram positivos para cinomose canina. As variáveis que apresentaram diferença estatística significativa (p<0,05) para a infecção foram animais sem raça definida 60% (21/35), animais não vacinados 70% (29/42), e período seco do ano, sendo o mês de agosto (40%; 13/32), com maior ocorrência. Os principais sistemas afetados foram o respiratório 61% (17/28), oftalmológico 70% (22/31), nervoso 69% (13/19), dermatológico 45% (9/20), e gastrintestinal 42% (6/14). As principais alterações hematológicas foram anemia 66% (23/32), leucopenia 76% (19/25) e linfopenia 48% (15/31). Concluiu-se que foi elevada a ocorrência de cinomose canina em animais com suspeita clínica no Semiárido Paraibano, e animais sem raça definida, não vacinados, no período seco do ano foram mais diagnosticados com a enfermidade.


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of distemper canine distemper vírus (CDV) infection in the semi-arid region of Paraíba, using rapid immunochromatographic tests, correlating it with the main clinical and hematological findings. 67 records of animals were analyzed in which rapid tests were performed for antigen research in nasal and ocular from January to December 2019. It was observed that 47% (32/67) of compulsory dogs were positive for canine distemper. The variables that defined difference difference (p <0.05) for infection were mixed breed animals 60% (21/35), unvaccinated animals 70% (29/42), and dry period of the year, being the August (40%; 13/32), with greater occurrence. The main affected systems were the respiratory 61% (17/28), ophthalmological 70% (22/31), nervous 69% (13/19), dermatological 45% (9/20), and gastrointestinal 42% (6/14 )) The main changes were hematological, anemia 66% (23/32), leukopenia 76% (19/25) and lymphopenia 48% (15/31). It was concluded that the occurrence of canine distemper in animals with clinical suspicion in the Semiarid Paraibano was high, and non-vaccinated mixed-breed animals in the dry period of the year were more diagnosed with the disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Chromatography, Affinity/veterinary , Distemper/diagnosis , Distemper Virus, Canine , Dogs/virology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/veterinary , Semi-Arid Zone , Diagnosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4066-4074, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921487

ABSTRACT

Different fragments of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein were expressed and purified, and a fluorescence immunochromatography method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established. The effect of different protein fragments on the performance of the method was evaluated. The N protein sequence was analyzed by bioinformatics technology, expressed in prokaryotic cell and purified by metal ion affinity chromatography column. Different N protein fragments were prepared for comparison. EDC reaction was used to label fluorescence microsphere on the synthesized antigen to construct sandwich fluorescence chromatography antibody detection assay, and the performance was systemically evaluated. Among the 4 prepared N protein fragments, the full-length N protein (N419) was selected as the optimized coating antigen, N412 with 0.5 mol/L NaCl was used as the optimal combination; deleting 91-120 amino acids from the N-terminal of N412 reduced non-specific signal by 87.5%. the linear range of detection was 0.312-80 U/L, the limit of detection was 0.165 U/L, and the accuracy was more than 95%. A fluorescence immunochromatographic detection method for analysis of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established by pairing N protein fragments. The detection result achieved 98% concordance with the commercially available Guangzhou Wanfu test strip, which is expected to be used as a supplementary approach for detection of SARS-CoV-2. The assay could also provide experimental reference for improving the performance of COVID-19 antibody detection reagents.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Microspheres , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
5.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64(spe): e21200147, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285565

ABSTRACT

Abstract With the COVID-19 pandemic, many diagnostic tests (molecular or immunological) were rapidly standardised, given the urgency of the situation, many are still in the process of being validated. The main objective of this study was to review the aspects of the diagnostic kits approved in Brazil and their application in the different federative units to gather epidemiological information. In order to achieve these objectives, a survey was carried out on the data available at the regulatory agency (ANVISA) and in the literature. The main countries that have registered products in Brazil are China (51.4%), Brazil (16.6%), South Korea (9.2%), USA (8.8%) and Germany (3.6%). The methodologies of these products are based on the detection of nucleic-acid (15.8%), antigen (13%) and antibody (71.2%). In the immunological tests, it was verified that the sensitivity ranged from 55 to 100% and the specificity from 80 to 100%. The percentage of cases in the samples tested in Brazil is elevated in almost all federative units since eight states showed 40% of positive cases in tested samples, while 18 states displayed between 20 and 40%. In conclusion, this review showed that Brazil is dependent on external technology to respond to pandemics, epidemics and endemics disease and needs to improve its biotechnological scheme to solve further diseases outbreaks.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS Virus/isolation & purification , COVID-19/diagnosis , Immunologic Tests/instrumentation , Brazil/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Chromatography, Affinity/instrumentation , COVID-19 Testing/instrumentation , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/methods
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 778-786, May-June, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129176

ABSTRACT

O perfil epizootiológico da cinomose canina em Belo Horizonte é desatualizado e não alberga algumas características relevantes. Uma análise recente da distribuição do vírus em relação às características do hospedeiro e do meio ambiente associada aos principais sinais clínicos e achados laboratoriais são importantes para se adotarem medidas estratégicas para o controle da enfermidade. Objetivou-se, assim, determinar as características epizootiológicas da infecção pelo vírus da cinomose canina associada à variedade de sinais clínico-neurológicos e laboratoriais em Belo Horizonte, auxiliando no diagnóstico precoce da infecção e na diminuição das taxas de morbidade e mortalidade da doença. A avaliação do perfil epizootiológico de 90 cães revelou que a doença é mais frequente em animais adultos (um a seis anos de idade) e que não receberam vacinas conforme recomendado pelos protocolos. Os sinais clínicos extraneurais e neurais foram variados, com predomínio para manifestações gastrentérica e respiratória, mioclonia e déficit motor, respectivamente. O exame do fluido cérebro-espinhal demonstrou predomínio de proteinorraquia associada à pleocitose linfocítica. O teste de imunocromatografia para pesquisa de antígeno com amostras do fluido cerebroespinhal foi eficaz para identificar a doença em pacientes com sinais neurológicos, diferentemente das amostras do swab conjuntival, que não devem ser utilizadas.(AU)


The epizootiology profile of canine distemper in Belo Horizonte is outdated and does not harbor some important characteristics. A recent analysis of the virus distribution in relation to host and environmental characteristics associated with the main clinical signs and laboratory findings are important for adopting strategic measures to control the disease. The aim of this study was to determine the epizootiology characteristics of canine distemper virus infection associated with a variety of clinical and neurologic signs and laboratory findings in Belo Horizonte, helping to detect early infection and reduce morbidity and mortality rates. The evaluation of the epizootiology profile of 90 dogs revealed that the disease is more frequent in adult animals (1-6 years of age) and did not receive vaccines as recommended by the protocols. Extra neural and neural clinical signs were varied, with predominance for gastrointestinal and respiratory manifestations and myoclonus and motor deficit, respectively. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid of 16 dogs showed a predominance of increase protein associated with lymphocytic pleocytosis. The immunochromatography test for antigen screening with samples of cerebrospinal fluid in 76 animals with neurological signs was effective in identifying the disease, unlike conjunctival swab samples, which should not be used.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Distemper/epidemiology , Distemper Virus, Canine/isolation & purification , Myoclonus/veterinary , Neurologic Manifestations , Chromatography, Affinity/veterinary , Motor Skills Disorders/virology , Lymphocytosis/veterinary
7.
Brasília; s.n; maio 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-1099659

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave 2 (abreviado para SARSCoV-2, do inglês Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2), anteriormente conhecido como novo coronavírus (2019-nCoV), é um agente zoonótico recémemergente que surgiu em dezembro de 2019, em Wuhan, China, causando manifestações respiratórias, digestivas e sistêmicas, que se articulam no quadro clínico da doença denominada COVID-19 (do inglês Coronavirus Disease 2019). Ainda não há informações robustas sobre a história natural da doença, tampouco sobre as medidas de efetividade para o manejo clínico dos casos de infecção pelo COVID19, restando ainda muitos detalhes a serem esclarecidos. No entanto, sabe-se que o vírus tem alta transmissibilidade e provoca uma síndrome respiratória aguda que varia de casos leves ­ cerca de 80% ­ a casos muito graves com insuficiência respiratória - entre 5% e 10% dos casos ­, os quais requerem tratamento especializado em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI). Sua letalidade varia, principalmente, conforme a faixa etária. TECNOLOGIA: Os testes de diagnóstico para a COVID-19 se destacaram na pandemia de coronavírus em andamento como uma ferramenta essencial para rastrear a propagação da doença. Uma ampla gama de testes diagnósticos para o SARS-CoV-2 está disponível comercialmente, alguns dos quais receberam autorizações para uso por várias agências reguladoras nacionais. Com as informações da sequência genética devidamente identificadas, os testes de diagnóstico baseados na detecção da sequência viral por reação em cadeia da polimerase com transcriptase reversa (RT-PCR) ou plataformas de sequenciamento logo se tornaram disponíveis. Isso permitiu a confirmação do diagnóstico e melhores estimativas da atividade da infecção, que vêm aumentando em velocidades alarmantes. Para a detecção mais sensível de SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV e SARS-CoV-2, recomendavam-se a coleta e o teste de amostras respiratórias superiores e inferiores. O diagnóstico de casos suspeitos era confirmado por testes de RNA com RT-PCR em tempo real ou sequenciamento de próxima geração. Foi demonstrado que o RNA viral poderia ser detectado a partir do swab nasal e faríngeo, lavagem broncoalveolar e plasma sanguíneo usando RT-PCR direcionado ao gene do vírus (5). O padrão-ouro para diagnóstico laboratorial da COVID-19 é a reação da transcriptase reversa, seguida de reação em cadeia da polimerase (RT-PCR) para amostras coletadas no trato respiratório superior ou inferior. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste relatório é analisar a acurácia dos testes diagnósticos registrados na Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA) até a presente data. METODOLOGIA: foi realizada uma busca por diagnósticos para COVID-19 com registros vigentes na ANVISA. Para tal, foram utilizados os termos "COVID 19", SARS e coronavírus no campo de consulta de registro de produtos para saúde no site da Agência (https://consultas.anvisa.gov.br/#/saude/). Os passos para acesso ao banco de dados de produtos diagnósticos na ANVISA são: 1) consulta produtos; 2) consulta a banco de dados; 3) produtos para a saúde e 4) pesquisa de produtos para a saúde registrados. CONCLUSÕES: A ANVISA já avaliou mais de 120 pedidos de registro de produtos para testagens relacionadas à COVID-19 desde o dia 18 de março. A maior parte das petições aguarda complementação de informações por parte das empresas e outras estão sendo analisadas com prioridade. O tempo médio para avaliação dos registros na ANVISA gira em torno de 15 dias. Atualmente, mais da metade dos registros concedidos diz respeito a testes rápidos para anticorpos. Até a presente data, foram registrados 64 testes para diagnóstico da COVID-19, sendo 15 deles moleculares. O teste de polymerase chain reaction em tempo real (RT-PCR) para identificação de SARS-CoV-2 é um teste de elevada sensibilidade e especificidade, ainda que os doentes com maior carga viral possam ter maior probabilidade de um teste positivo. Os testes moleculares baseados em RNA exigem instalações laboratoriais específicas com níveis restritos de biossegurança e técnica. A sensibilidade e especificidade dos testes sorológicos variaram entre os fabricantes. É importante destacar que uma baixa sensibilidade do teste diagnóstico pode resultar em uma maior probabilidade de detectar falsos-negativos, o que poderia interferir principalmente em casos de indivíduos assintomáticos. Em geral, a sensibilidade dos testes foi superior a 85% e a especificidade, superior a 94%. Os testes sorológicos medem a quantidade de dois anticorpos (IgG e IgM) que o organismo produz quando entra em contato com um invasor. Contudo, o desenvolvimento da resposta de um anticorpo à infecção pode ser dependente do hospedeiro e levar tempo. No caso de SARS-CoV-2, estudos iniciais sugerem que a maioria dos pacientes se converte entre 7 e 11 dias após a exposição ao vírus, embora alguns pacientes possam desenvolver anticorpos mais cedo. Devido a esse atraso natural, o teste de anticorpos pode não ser útil no cenário de uma doença aguda (11). Os testes de anticorpos para SARS-CoV-2 podem facilitar (i) o rastreamento de contatos (os testes baseados em RNA também podem ajudar); (ii) a vigilância sorológica nos níveis local, regional, estadual e nacional; e (iii) a identificação de quem já teve contato com o vírus e, portanto, pode (se houver imunidade protetora) ser imune (11,12). Alguns conjuntos de reagentes para testes sorológicos foram autorizados pela ANVISA em caráter emergencial devido à gravidade da situação e à necessidade de ampliar a testagem da população, mas a validação desses reagentes pelos laboratórios é fundamental, uma vez que poucos trabalhos conseguiram ser publicados até o momento. As aprovações estão de acordo com a Resolução da Diretoria Colegiada (RDC) 348/2020, que define os critérios e os procedimentos extraordinários e temporários para tratamento de petições de registro de medicamentos, produtos biológicos e produtos para diagnóstico in vitro, e mudança pós-registro de medicamentos e produtos biológicos em virtude da emergência de saúde pública internacional decorrente do novo coronavírus. Na RDC, para registro de testes diagnósticos, a ausência de qualquer estudo de desempenho ou restrição de dados deve ser justificada por motivações técnicas que permitam a avalição da confiabilidade dos resultados e da efetividade diagnóstica do produto. Os registros concedidos nas condições dessa Resolução terão a validade de um ano, exceto para situações em que a avaliação da estabilidade seja apresentada por comparação com produtos similares e os demais critérios descritos no Regulamento sejam atendidos. Nesse caso, poderão ter a concessão regular de validade de registro de produtos para saúde por um período de 10 anos. Em resumo, as duas categorias de testes para SARS-CoV-2 podem ser úteis nesse surto, pois, eventualmente, a coleta de múltiplas amostras, regiões e em tempos diferentes durante a evolução da doença pode ser necessária para o diagnóstico da COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Chromatography, Affinity/instrumentation , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/instrumentation , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/instrumentation , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Health Evaluation
9.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 58-64, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Although performance of rapid immunochromatographic tests (RITs) for dengue virus (DENV) serotypes 1, 2 and 3 is relatively settled, evidence on accuracy of RITs for DENV-4 are based on studies with small sample sizes and with discrepant results. Objectives: To assess accuracy and inter-observer agreement of RITs targeting dengue nonstructural protein-1 (NS1) antigen - Dengue NS1-Bioeasy™, Dengue NS1 Ag Strip-Bio-Rad™, IVB Dengue Ag NS1-Orangelife™ and Dengue NS1-K130-Bioclin™ in DENV-4 samples. Methods: Study sample (n = 324) included adults presenting at an emergency unit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with fever of ≤72 h and two or more dengue symptoms. A serum sample from each patient was tested by each RIT. A positive reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was considered as the reference standard for dengue diagnosis. The diagnostic parameters analyzed for each RIT were sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and likelihood ratios. Each RIT was read by homogeneous (two junior nurses) or heterogeneous (one junior nurse and one senior biologist) pairs. Agreement was estimated by simple kappa with 95% confidence interval, positive (Ppos) and negative (Pneg) proportion concordance and prevalence and bias adjusted kappa, rated from poor (k < 0.0) to almost perfect (0.8 < k < 1.0), and perfect (k = 1). Results: NS1 RITs for DENV-4 diagnosis showed high specificity (95.9%-99.4%), but low sensitivity (14.7%-45.4%). Bioeasy™ had the best performance, with a positive likelihood ratio of 26.0 (95% CI: 8.4;81.0). Inter-observer agreement was almost perfect for all evaluated RITs. Mismatches in confirmed dengue were more common for the Bioclin™ (Ppos 88.3-90.0 %) and Orangelife™ (Ppos 91.7-94.1 %) tests. Conclusions: For DENV-4, the tested RITs had high specificity, but lower sensitivity compared to published results for other serotypes. They should not be used for screening purposes. Different brands may have very different performances. This should be considered upon deciding of using RITs in DENV-4 outbreaks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chromatography, Affinity/standards , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Reference Standards , Brazil , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Observer Variation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, Affinity/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dengue/immunology , Dengue/virology , Serogroup
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1216-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826856

ABSTRACT

A rapid and simple method to detect tumor markers in liver cancer was established by combining immunochromatography technique with fluorescent microsphere labeling. According to the principle of double antibody sandwich, the cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4) paired antibody was used as the labeled and coated antibody, and the goat anti-rabbit polyclonal antibody was used as the quality control line coated antibody in the preparation of the CKAP4 fluorescent immunochromatographic test strips. After the preparation, the test strips were evaluated on various performance indicators, such as linearity, precision and stability. The CKAP4 immunochromatographic strip prepared by time-resolved fluorescent microspheres had high sensitivity, and good specificity. Its precision was within 15%, recovery between 85% and 115%, and linear range between 25 and 1 000 pg/mL. The test strip could be kept stable at 37 °C for 20 days, and it correlated well with commercial ELISA kits. The CKAP4 fluorescence immunochromatography method can quantitatively detect the content of CKAP4 in serum. Furthermore, it is rapid, sensitive, simple, economical and single-person operation. This method has the potential of becoming a new method for the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Metabolism , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescence , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Membrane Proteins , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(1): e151444, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1122147

ABSTRACT

Blood typing techniques have been improved to ensure greater safety for transfusion procedures. Typification for the DEA 1 antigen through flow cytometry should offer more reliability to routine immunohematology in donor and recipient dogs. Currently, the DEA 1 group is starting to be an autosomal dominant allelic system with the DEA 1 negative type and its variations of positivity. The present study investigated the DEA 1 antigen using the techniques of immunochromatography, hemagglutination and flow cytometry. Among the positive animals for the DEA 1 group, typified by flow cytometry, medium intensities of fluorescence were found, which are indicative of weak, moderate and strong antigenicity. This enabled the division of the DEA 1 group into weak positive, moderate positive and strong positive. The blood typing techniques for the DEA 1 group by flow cytometry, agglutination and immunochromatography had positive (Spearman r=0.70) and statistically significant (p>0.0001) correlations.(AU)


As técnicas de tipificação sanguínea vêm sendo aperfeiçoadas para garantir maior segurança aos procedimentos transfusionais. A tipificação para o antígeno AEC 1 com o emprego da citometria de fluxo poderá oferecer mais confiabilidade à rotina da imunohematologia em cães doadores e receptores. Na atualidade, o grupo AEC 1 passou a ser denominado como um sistema alélico autossômico dominante com o tipo AEC 1 negativo e suas variações de positividade. O presente trabalho comparou os resultados de três técnicas utilizadas para a pesquisa do antígeno AEC 1: cromatografia; hemoaglutinação e citometria de fluxo. Dentro dos indivíduos positivos para o grupo AEC 1, tipificados pela citometria de fluxo, foram encontradas intensidades médias de fluorescência indicadoras de antigenicidade fraca, moderada e forte, podendo-se dividir o grupo AEC 1 em positivo fraco, positivo moderado e positivo forte. As técnicas de tipificação sanguínea para o grupo AEC 1 por cromatografia, hemoaglutinação e citometria de fluxo apresentaram correlação positiva (Spearman r=0,70) e estatisticamente significativa (p<0,0001).(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Blood Transfusion/veterinary , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching/methods , Hemagglutination , Chromatography, Affinity/veterinary , Flow Cytometry
12.
Afro-Egypt. j. infect. enem. Dis ; 1(3): 209-220, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1258726

ABSTRACT

Giardiasis is a common intestinal infection, recently included by the World Health Organization in the 'Neglected Diseases Initiative'. Despite the efficacy of nitroimidazoles; the main antigiardial chemotherapeutics, adverse effects and resistance enforced developing non-chemical alternatives. The present study aimed to assess the therapeutic efficacy of ethanol extract of olibanum (OL), propolis (PR), and their combination versus metronidazole (MTZ) against G. lamblia infection. Sixty Swiss male albino mice were randomly divided into 6 groups; 10 mice each,: Group I: normal control (non-treated; non-infected). Group II: infected with G. lamblia cysts, non-treated. On the 6th day postinfection (dPI), the remaining 4 infected groups were treated orally with: Group III: (OL). Group IV: (PR). Group V: combination of (OL+PR). Group VI: (MTZ). These mice were subjected to direct parasitological diagnosis of Giardia trophozoite in intestinal exudate, immunochromatographic test for antigen detection and histopathological studies. After 7 days therapy, complete clearance of Giardia trophozoites were in the combination of (OL+PR) and MTZ groups therapy. Lower percentages of reduction (91%) & (83%) were recorded in PR and OL-treated groups, respectively. Histopathological examination showed marked healing of intestinal mucosa using non-chemical combination and different degrees of dysplasia using MTZ, while partial healing was observed using olibanum and propolis separately. Olibanum, propolis and their combination were proved to enhance the clearance of Giardia trophozoites; with progressive improvement of the histopathological changes of jejunal mucosa, making good non-chemical alternative antigiardial therapeutics sidestepping the obstacles of metronidazole like dysplasia and teratogenicity


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Affinity , Egypt , Frankincense , Propolis
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(8): 649-654, Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040727

ABSTRACT

Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Ehrlichia canis and transmitted by Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato, a tick with worldwide distribution. When not diagnosed and treated early, disease can be severe. Currently, the disease is confirmed by serological or molecular assays. The objective of this study was to compare a serological assay based on immunochromatography (SPEED® EHRLI immunochromatographic test; BVT, France) and a molecular assay (a screening PCR followed by a nested PCR specific for E. canis) for the diagnosis of E. canis in suspected dogs from Buenos Aires city and southern Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina. Blood samples from 20 clinically healthy dogs (Control Group) and from 80 sick dogs suspected of having CME (Groups 1 to 4) were tested in parallel. Neither the immunochromatographic test nor the PCR assay was able to detect the presence of E. canis in the Control Group. In the group which had been previously tested by serology, the agreement between the tests was low (kappa: 0.200), whereas in the group which had been previously tested by PCR, the concordance between the tests was adequate (kappa: 0.650). The concordance between the tests evaluated in the total population studied was moderate (kappa: 0.496). The results of our study suggest that the use of rapid serological tests as a first approach, together with subsequent confirmation by PCR, will improve the diagnosis of CME.(AU)


A ehrlichiose monocítica canina (CME) é uma doença infecciosa transmitida pelo carrapato Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato com distribuição mundial causada por Ehrlichia canis, que pode produzir uma doença grave se não foi diagnosticada e tratada precocemente. A confirmação da doença é feita diretamente pela detecção do DNA fazendo a reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) ou indiretamente por métodos sorológicos. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o método sorológico baseado na imunocromatografia e a técnica de PCR para o diagnóstico de E. canis em cães suspeitos da Cidade de Buenos Aires e da região sul da Grande Buenos Aires. As amostras de sangue de 20 cães clinicamente saudáveis (Grupo Controle) e de 80 cães com suspeita clínica de CME (Grupo 1-4) foram avaliadas em paralelo. O diagnóstico serológico foi feito pelo teste imunocromatográfico SPEED® EHRLI (BVT, França). Para a detecção molecular, foi utilizada uma PCR de triagem para amplificar um fragmento de 345 pb do gene que codifica a subunidade 16S do rRNA da família Anaplasmataceae. As amostras positivas depois foram processadas pela PCR aninhada específica para E. canis. No Grupo Controle, a presença de E. canis não foi detectada por PCR ou anticorpos específicos com o teste imunocromatográfico. No grupo em que a sorologia foi solicitada inicialmente (1 e 2), a concordância entre os testes foi baixo (kappa: 0,200) enquanto que no grupo onde o teste inicialmente solicitado foi a PCR, a concordância entre os testes era adequado (kappa: 0,650). A concordância entre os testes avaliados na população total estudada foi moderada (kappa: 0,496). Em conclusão, os resultados do nosso estudo sugerem que o uso de testes serológicos rápidos inicialmente, juntamente com a confirmação subsequente por PCR, permitirá melhorar o diagnóstico de CME.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ehrlichiosis/diagnosis , Ehrlichiosis/veterinary , Ehrlichia canis/isolation & purification , Argentina , Serologic Tests/veterinary , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Chromatography, Affinity/veterinary
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 447-454, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011258

ABSTRACT

FIV e FeLV são retrovírus associados principalmente com neoplasias. Dois testes rápidos são disponibilizados no Brasil para o diagnóstico dessas infecções: um kit de imunocromatografia de fluxo bidirecional (SNAP® Combo IDEXX) e um kit de imunocromatografia de fluxo lateral unidirecional (ALERE/BIONOTE Anigen Rapid). O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o teste SNAP® com o teste ALERE. Amostras de sangue de 178 gatos foram testadas utilizando-se ambos os kits. A reação em cadeia de polimerase em tempo real (qPCR) foi empregada como método confirmatório para todos os resultados. O teste SNAP® apresentou sensibilidade e especificidade de 100% para FIV; a sensibilidade e a especificidade do teste ALERE foram de 96,15% e 98,68%, respectivamente. A sensibilidade e a especificidade para o FeLV foram de 93,02% e 96,30% para o teste SNAP® e de 90,70% e 97,78% para o teste ALERE. Ainda em relação ao FeLV, três amostras com resultado positivo na qPCR obtiveram resultado falso-negativo em ambos os testes. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os métodos. Considerando a qPCR como padrão-ouro, o teste SNAP® apresentou maior sensibilidade e especificidade para o FIV, e o teste ALERE apresentou maior especificidade para o FeLV. Os resultados mostraram uma boa correlação entre os testes.(AU)


FIV and FeLV are Retrovirus associated mainly with feline neoplasms. Two point-of-care tests are commercially available in Brazil for diagnosis of these infections: a bidirectional flow immunochromatography kit (IDEXX SNAP ® Combo) and a lateral unidirectional flow immunochromatography kit (ALERE/BIONOTE Anigen Rapid). The aim of this study was to compare SNAP ® and ALERE tests. Blood samples obtained from 178 cats were evaluated using both tests. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used as confirmatory test for all samples. The sensitivity and specificity of SNAP ® test was 100% for FIV, and for ALERE test was 96.15% and 98.68%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for FeLV was 93.02% and 96.30% for SNAP ® test and 90.70% and 97.78% for ALERE test. Three samples with a qPCR positive result for FeLV obtained a false negative result in both SNAP ® and ALERE tests. There was no statistically significant difference between the two methods. Considering qPCR as gold standard method, the SNAP® test showed higher sensitivity and specificity for FIV, and the ALERE test presented higher specificity for FeLV. The results showed good agreement among the tests.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Tumor Virus Infections/diagnosis , Tumor Virus Infections/veterinary , Serologic Tests/veterinary , Cat Diseases/diagnosis , Lentivirus Infections/diagnosis , Leukemia, Feline/diagnosis , Retroviridae Infections/diagnosis , Retroviridae Infections/veterinary , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Chromatography, Affinity/veterinary , Gammaretrovirus , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719648

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Automated Fluorescent Immunoassay System (AFIAS) rotavirus assay (Boditech Med Inc., Chuncheon, Korea) is a new rapid antigen test for rotavirus detection. We evaluated the performance of this assay for detecting rotaviruses and their specific genotypes in clinical stool samples. METHODS: AFIAS rotavirus assay was performed in 103 rotavirus-positive and 103 rotavirus-negative stool samples (confirmed by both PCR and ELISA), and its results were compared with those of PCR, ELISA, and immunochromatographic assay (ICA). We evaluated diagnostic sensitivity/specificity, the detectability of rotavirus subtypes, lower limit of detection (LLOD), reproducibility, cross-reactivity, and interference of AFIAS rotavirus assay. RESULTS: Based on PCR and ELISA results, diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of the AFIAS rotavirus assay were both 99.0%. LLOD results showed that the AFIAS assay had sensitivity similar to or greater than ICA and ELISA. High reproducibility was confirmed, and no cross-reactivity or interference was detected. This assay could detect genotypes G1P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8], G4P[6], G4P[8], G8P[4], G8P[8], G9P[4], and G9P[8]. CONCLUSIONS: The AFIAS rotavirus assay showed high reproducibility, sensitivity, and specificity as well as excellent agreement with ELISA, PCR, and ICA. It detected the most common as well as unusual genotypes of rotavirus prevalent in Korea. It could be a useful on-site assay for rapid, convenient, and cost-effective detection of rotavirus infection.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Genotype , Immunoassay , Chromatography, Affinity , Korea , Limit of Detection , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rotavirus Infections , Rotavirus , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771520

ABSTRACT

Affinity chromatography is characterized by its high specificity,high recovery rate and sensitivity,and it has been widely used in the selection of active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine,separation and enrichment of low molecular weight sugars and protein peptides,research on mechanism of action and discovery of targets.This paper reviewed the application of affinity chromatography and its adsorption isotherm model,kinetic model and adsorption thermodynamic mechanism in the field of traditional Chinese medicine.This summarizes and provides thinking for comprehensive applications of affinity chromatography theory in the field of active ingredient screening,purification and medicine interaction.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Chromatography, Affinity , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Theoretical
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 901-909, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771320

ABSTRACT

To establish a novel colloidal gold immunochromatography assay (GICA) for rapid, sensitive and accurate detection of Haemophilus influenzae infection by using the outer membrane protein P6 as detection target. First, the linear antigen epitope located in the extracellular domain of the P6 protein (GenBank accession number: AGH02799) was predicted by bioinformatics analysis. The region (62-75 aa of the protein) with strong antigen specificity was chosen and synthesized. Two rabbits were then immunized by the polypeptides (14 aa) for production of polyclonal antibodies. Then, the recombinant P6 proteins were also obtained to produce polyclonal antibodies. Finally, based on the two antibodies, a novel colloidal GICA for detection of Haemophilus influenzae infection was established and the specificity, sensitivity, repeatability and stability of this method were evaluated. At the same time, the method was tested in clinical simulation, and the plate culture method was used to verify its accuracy. The test strip for Haemophilus influenzae infection was successfully prepared. The detection limit of the test strip was as low as 1×105 CFU/mL and the whole process can be completed within 15 minutes. The strip specifically recognized Haemophilus influenzae and did not react with nine of other common respiratory pathogens such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycoplasma pneumonia, and Legionella pneumophila. And the strips could be stored at 25 °C for at least 6 months without losing sensitivity or specificity. The coincidence rate between the results of 200 clinical samples and the plate culture method was 90.5%. Haemophilus influenzae protein P6, which possessed a high degree of surface antigen accessibility and antigencity, could be used as a marker for Haemophilus influenzae detection. The immunochromatographic colloidal gold test strip which bears the features of rapidity, convenience and sensitivity provides a unique tool for the on-site surveillance and diagnosis of Haemophilus influenzae infection in clinical test.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Affinity , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Reference Standards , Gold Colloid , Chemistry , Haemophilus Infections , Diagnosis , Haemophilus influenzae , Humans , Limit of Detection , Rabbits , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760898

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Early detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae is important for appropriate antimicrobial therapy in children with pneumonia. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of a rapid antigen test kit in detecting M. pneumoniae from respiratory specimens in children with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). METHODS: A total of 215 nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) were selected from a pool of NPAs that had been obtained from children admitted for LRTI from August 2010 to August 2018. The specimens had been tested for M. pneumoniae by culture and stored at −70°C until use. Tests with Ribotest Mycoplasma® were performed and interpreted independently by two investigators who were blinded to the culture results. RESULTS: Among the 215 NPAs, 119 were culture positive for M. pneumoniae and 96 were culture negative. Of the culture-positive specimens, 74 (62.2%) were positive for M. pneumoniae by Ribotest Mycoplasma®, and 92 of the 96 (95.8%) culture-negative specimens were negative for M. pneumoniae by Ribotest Mycoplasma®. When culture was used as the standard test, the sensitivity and specificity of Ribotest Mycoplasma® were 62.2% and 95.8%, respectively. Additionally, the positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and overall agreement rates with Ribotest Mycoplasma® were 94.9%, 67.2%, and 77.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A positive test result of Ribotest Mycoplasma® suggests a high likelihood of culture-positive M. pneumoniae infection. However, a negative test result should be interpreted with caution because nearly one-third of negative test results reveal culture-positive M. pneumoniae infections.


Subject(s)
Child , Diagnosis , Humans , Chromatography, Affinity , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Point-of-Care Systems , Research Personnel , Respiratory Tract Infections , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760488

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is a major pathogen causing enteritis worldwide in children under five years of age. In recent years, immunochromatographic assay (ICA) has been widely used as a diagnostic test for rotavirus detection. This study aimed to compare and evaluate the performance of ICA-based rotavirus rapid test kits from two manufacturers. METHODS: Residual stool samples from a total of 130 children with acute enterocolitis from November 2017 to January 2018 were used. We compared the results of the two immunochromatographic methods (SD BIOLINE Rotavirus kit and GENEDIA Rotavirus Ag Rapid Test) with those of the currently used enzyme immunoassay method. RESULTS: Positive agreement, negative agreement, and total agreement rates between the SD BIOLINE rotavirus kit and the enzyme immunoassay were 98.0%, 100%, and 99.2%, respectively. Positive agreement, negative agreement, and total agreement rates between the GENEDIA Rotavirus Ag Rapid Test and the enzyme immunoassay were 96.0%, 100%, and 98.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both rotavirus rapid test kits showed very good agreement with the conventional enzyme immunoassay. Therefore, it could be a useful test to detect rotavirus directly from stool samples in a short time.


Subject(s)
Child , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Enteritis , Enterocolitis , Humans , Chromatography, Affinity , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Methods , Rotavirus
20.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190253, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Timely diagnosis is recommended by the Brazilian Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) Surveillance and Control Program to reduce case fatality. Attempts at assessing this topic in Brazil are scarce. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to describe where, when, and how the diagnosis of VL has been performed in a Brazilian endemic setting. METHODS Data of all autochthonous cases confirmed between 2011 and 2016 (N = 81) were recorded. The care-seeking itinerary until the confirmation of VL diagnosis was assessed among 57 patients. FINDINGS The majority of VL cases (79.1%) were reported by referral hospitals. The patients mainly sought primary health care centres at the onset of symptoms. However, they had to visit seven health services on average to achieve a confirmed diagnosis. The time from the onset of symptoms to the diagnosis of VL (TD) ranged from 1-212 (median, 25) days. The TD was longer among adult patients. There was a direct correlation between the patient's age and TD (r = 0.22; p = 0.047) and a higher occurrence of deaths due to the disease among older patients (p = 0.002). Almost all the patients (98.9%) underwent laboratory investigation, and the VL diagnosis was mainly confirmed based on clinical-laboratory criteria (92.6%). Positive results for the indirect fluorescence antibody test (22.7%) and parasitological examination plus rk39-based immunochromatographic tests (21.3%) were commonly employed. MAIN CONCLUSIONS VL diagnosis was predominantly conducted in hospitals with a long TD and wide application of serology. These findings may support measures focused on early diagnosis, including a greater involvement of the primary health care system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Delivery of Health Care/classification , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/epidemiology
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