Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 58-64, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089331


ABSTRACT Background: Although performance of rapid immunochromatographic tests (RITs) for dengue virus (DENV) serotypes 1, 2 and 3 is relatively settled, evidence on accuracy of RITs for DENV-4 are based on studies with small sample sizes and with discrepant results. Objectives: To assess accuracy and inter-observer agreement of RITs targeting dengue nonstructural protein-1 (NS1) antigen - Dengue NS1-Bioeasy™, Dengue NS1 Ag Strip-Bio-Rad™, IVB Dengue Ag NS1-Orangelife™ and Dengue NS1-K130-Bioclin™ in DENV-4 samples. Methods: Study sample (n = 324) included adults presenting at an emergency unit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with fever of ≤72 h and two or more dengue symptoms. A serum sample from each patient was tested by each RIT. A positive reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was considered as the reference standard for dengue diagnosis. The diagnostic parameters analyzed for each RIT were sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and likelihood ratios. Each RIT was read by homogeneous (two junior nurses) or heterogeneous (one junior nurse and one senior biologist) pairs. Agreement was estimated by simple kappa with 95% confidence interval, positive (Ppos) and negative (Pneg) proportion concordance and prevalence and bias adjusted kappa, rated from poor (k < 0.0) to almost perfect (0.8 < k < 1.0), and perfect (k = 1). Results: NS1 RITs for DENV-4 diagnosis showed high specificity (95.9%-99.4%), but low sensitivity (14.7%-45.4%). Bioeasy™ had the best performance, with a positive likelihood ratio of 26.0 (95% CI: 8.4;81.0). Inter-observer agreement was almost perfect for all evaluated RITs. Mismatches in confirmed dengue were more common for the Bioclin™ (Ppos 88.3-90.0 %) and Orangelife™ (Ppos 91.7-94.1 %) tests. Conclusions: For DENV-4, the tested RITs had high specificity, but lower sensitivity compared to published results for other serotypes. They should not be used for screening purposes. Different brands may have very different performances. This should be considered upon deciding of using RITs in DENV-4 outbreaks.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chromatography, Affinity/standards , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Reference Standards , Brazil , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Observer Variation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, Affinity/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dengue/immunology , Dengue/virology , Serogroup
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 27(1): 75-85, mar. 1993. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-124852


La utilización de la cromatografía de afinidad con concanavalina A o de cromatografía de inmunoafinidad con anticuerpos anti apoB permite obtener dos grupos de lipoproteínas: las que contienen apoA y las que contienen apoB. El subfraccionamiento por cromatografía de inmunoafinidad secuencial de las partículas lipoproteicas que contienen apoA permite obtener a su vez tres mayores partículas lipoproteicas: LP-A-I, LP-A-I:A-II y LP-A-II. El subfraccionamiento a través de inmunoprecipitación secuencial o cromatografía de inmunoafinidad secuencial de las partículas lipoproteicas que contienen apoB permite obtener cinco mayores grupos de partículas: LP-B, LP-B:C, LP-B:E, LP-B:C:E y LP-A-II:B. La diferencia entre normo e hiperlipoproteinémicos sería el resultado de cambios cuantitativos (y no cualitativos) de las partículas lipoproteicas. En hipercolesterolémicos se destaca un aumento de LP-B en tanto que en hipertrigliceridémicos aumentan la LP-B-C y LP-B:C:E. Las drogas hipolipemiantes, independientemente de su mecanismo de acción, afectan en diferentes sentidos las concentraciones de las partículas lipoproteicas que contienen apoA y apoB. Bajas concentraciones de LP-A-I y elevadas de LP-B:C y LP-B:C:E se asocian con riesgo aterogénico

Humans , Male , Female , Apolipoproteins A/isolation & purification , Apolipoproteins B/isolation & purification , Apolipoproteins/isolation & purification , Chromatography, Affinity/standards , Immune Adherence Reaction/standards , Apolipoproteins A/classification , Apolipoproteins B/classification , Apolipoproteins B/metabolism , Apolipoproteins/classification , Apolipoproteins/blood , Atherosclerosis/physiopathology , Chemical Fractionation , Gemfibrozil/therapeutic use , Hyperlipoproteinemias/diagnosis , Hyperlipoproteinemias/drug therapy