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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 141-147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969690

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the causative factors of renal function in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients with renal inadequacy. Methods: 181 MM patients with renal impairment from August 2007 to October 2021 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital were recruited, whose baseline chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage was 3-5. Statistical analysis was performed based on laboratory tests, treatment regimens, hematological responses, and survival among various renal function efficacy groups. A logistic regression model was employed in multivariate analysis. Results: A total of 181 patients were recruited, and 277 patients with CKD stages 1-2 were chosen as controls. The majority choose the BCD and VRD regimens. The progression-free survival (PFS) (14.0 months vs 24.8 months, P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (49.2 months vs 79.7 months, P<0.001) of patients with renal impairment was considerably shorter. Hypercalcemia (P=0.013, OR=5.654) , 1q21 amplification (P=0.018, OR=2.876) , and hematological response over a partial response (P=0.001, OR=4.999) were independent predictive factors for renal function response. After treatment, those with improvement in renal function had a longer PFS than those without (15.6 months vs 10.2 months, P=0.074) , but there was no disparity in OS (56.5 months vs 47.3 months, P=0.665) . Conclusion: Hypercalcemia, 1q21 amplification, and hematologic response were independent predictors of the response of renal function in NDMM patients with renal impairment. MM patients with CKD 3-5 at baseline still have worse survival. Improvement in renal function after treatment is attributed to the improvement in PFS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Hypercalcemia , Prognosis , Chromosome Aberrations , Kidney/physiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 132-136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969688

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with SIL-TAL1-positive T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) . Methods: The clinical data of 19 SIL-TAL1-positive T-ALL patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between January 2014 and February 2022 were retrospectively computed and contrasted with SIL-TAL1-negative T-ALL patients. Results: The median age of the 19 SIL-TAL1-positive T-ALL patients was 15 (7 to 41 years) , including 16 males (84.2%) . SIL-TAL1-positive T-ALL patients had younger age, higher WBC, and hemoglobin compared with SIL-TAL1-negative T-ALL patients. There was no discrepancy in gender distribution, PLT, chromosome abnormality distribution, immunophenotyping, and complete remission (CR) rate. The 3-year overall survival (OS) was 60.9% and 74.4%, respectively (HR=2.070, P=0.071) . The 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS) was 49.2% and 70.6%, respectively (HR=2.275, P=0.040) . The 3-year RFS rate of SIL-TAL1-positive T-ALL patients was considerably lower than SIL-TAL1-negative T-ALL patients. Conclusion: SIL-TAL1-positive T-ALL patients were connected to younger age, higher WBC, higher HGB, and poor outcome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Female , Child , Chromosome Aberrations , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , T-Cell Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Protein 1/genetics , T-Lymphocytes
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1023-1028, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a noninvasive method for prediction of 1p/19q codeletion in diffuse lower-grade glioma (DLGG) based on multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiomics.@*METHODS@#We collected MRI data from 104 patients with pathologically confirmed DLGG between October, 2015 and September, 2022. A total of 535 radiomics features were extracted from T2WI, T1WI, FLAIR, CE-T1WI and DWI, including 70 morphological features, 90 first order features, and 375 texture features. We constructed logistic regression (LR), logistic regression least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LRlasso), support vector machine (SVM) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) radiomics models and compared their predictive performance after 10-fold cross validation. The MRI images were reviewed by two radiologists independently for predicting the 1p/19q status. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate classification performance of the radiomics models and the radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The 4 radiomics models (LR, LRlasso, SVM and LDA) achieved similar area under the curve (AUC) in the validation dataset (0.833, 0.819, 0.824 and 0.819, respectively; P>0.1), and their predictive performance was all superior to that of resident physicians of radiology (AUC=0.645, P=0.011, 0.022, 0.016, 0.030, respectively) and similar to that of attending physicians of radiology (AUC=0.838, P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Multiparametric MRI radiomics models show good performance for noninvasive prediction of 1p/19q codeletion status in patients with in diffuse lower-grade glioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Chromosome Aberrations , Area Under Curve , Glioma/genetics , ROC Curve
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 727-732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out optical genome mapping (OGM) for a Chinese pedigree with a rare paracentric reverse insertion of chromosome 17.@*METHODS@#A high-risk pregnant woman identified at the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Hangzhou Women's Hospital in October 2021 and her family members were selected as the study subjects. Chromosome G banding analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and OGM were applied to verify the balanced structural abnormality of chromosome 17 in the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#Chromosomal karyotyping analysis and SNP array assay have identified a duplication of 17q23q25 in the fetus. Karyotyping analysis of the pregnant woman showed that the structure of chromosome 17 was abnormal, whilst SNP array has detected no abnormality. OGM revealed that the woman has carried a paracentric reverse insertion, which was confirmed by FISH. The karyotype of her husband was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The duplication of 17q23q25 in the fetus has derived from a paracentric reverse insertion of chromosome 17 in its mother. OGM has the advantage for delineating balanced chromosome structural abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Pedigree , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17/genetics , East Asian People , Chromosome Aberrations , Prenatal Diagnosis , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosome Inversion
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 593-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal genetic testing for a fetus with de novo 46,X,der(X)t(X;Y)(q26;q11).@*METHODS@#A pregnant woman who had visited the Birth Health Clinic of Lianyungang Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital on May 22, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the woman was collected. Peripheral blood samples of the woman and her husband and umbilical cord blood of the fetus were collected and subjected to conventional G-banded chromosomal karyotyping analysis. Fetal DNA was also extracted from amniotic fluid sample and subjected to chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).@*RESULTS@#For the pregnant women, ultrasonography at 25th gestational week had revealed permanent left superior vena cava and mild mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. G-banded karyotyping analysis showed that the pter-q11 segment of the fetal Y chromosome was connected to the Xq26 of the X chromosome, suggesting a Xq-Yq reciprocal translocation. No obvious chromosomal abnormality was found in the pregnant woman and her husband. The CMA results showed that there was approximately 21 Mb loss of heterozygosity at the end of the long arm of the fetal X chromosome [arr [hg19] Xq26.3q28(133912218_154941869)×1], and 42 Mb duplication at the end of the long arm of the Y chromosome [arr [hg19] Yq11.221qter(17405918_59032809)×1]. Combined with the search results of DGV, OMIM, DECIPHER, ClinGen and PubMed databases, and based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the deletion of arr[hg19] Xq26.3q28(133912218_154941869)×1 region was rated as pathogenic, and the duplication of arr[hg19] Yq11.221qter(17405918_59032809)×1 region was rated as variant of uncertain significance.@*CONCLUSION@#The Xq-Yq reciprocal translocation probably underlay the ultrasonographic anomalies in this fetus, and may lead to premature ovarian insufficiency and developmental delay after birth. Combined G-banded karyotyping analysis and CMA can determine the type and origin of fetal chromosomal structural abnormalities as well as distinguish balanced and unbalanced translocations, which has important reference value for the ongoing pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pregnancy , Female , Vena Cava, Superior , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Translocation, Genetic , Fetus , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 588-592, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the strategies of prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for fetuses of two families with large deletions of 13q21.@*METHODS@#Two singleton fetuses who were diagnosed with chromosome 13 microdeletions by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) at Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital in March 2021 and December 2021 respectively were selected as the study subjects. Chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were carried on amniotic samples. Peripheral blood samples were collected from the two couples for CMA assay to determine the origin of abnormal chromosomes identified in the fetuses.@*RESULTS@#The karyotypes of the two fetuses were both normal. CMA revealed that they have respectively harbored heterozygous deletions spanning 11.935 Mb at 13q21.1q21.33 and 10.995 Mb at 13q14.3q21.32, which were respectively inherited from their mother and father. Both deletions had low gene density and lacked haploinsufficient genes, and were predicted to be likely benign variants based on database and literature search. Both couples had opted to continue with the pregnancy.@*CONCLUSION@#The deletions of the 13q21 region in both families may be of benign variants. As the follow-up time was short, there was no sufficient evidence for the determination of pathogenicity, though our finding may still provide a basis for the prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Female , Humans , Pedigree , East Asian People , Prenatal Diagnosis , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Microarray Analysis , DNA Copy Number Variations
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 532-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) for fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) thickness.@*METHODS@#Sixty two pregnant women who had visited Urumqi Maternal and Child Care Health Hospital between June 2018 and June 2020 for NT ≥ 3.0 mm at 11 ~ 13+6 gestational weeks were selected as study subjects. Relevant clinical data were collected. The patients were divided into 3.0 ~ <3.5 mm (n = 33) and ≥3.5 mm groups (n = 29). Chromosome karyotyping analysis and chromosomal microarray analysis were carried out. And trio-WES analysis was performed on 15 samples with NT thickening but negative CMA results. The distribution and incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in the two groups were compared by using chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the pregnant women was 29 years old (22 ~ 41 years old), the median thickness of NT was 3.4 mm (3.0 ~ 9.1 mm), and the median gestational age at the detection was 13+4 weeks (11+5 ~ 13+6 weeks). Chromosome karyotyping analysis has detected 12 cases of aneuploidies and 1 case of derivative chromosome. The detection rate was 20.97% (13/62). CMA has detected 12 cases of aneuploidies, 1 case of pathogenic CNV and 5 cases of variant of uncertain significance (VUS), with a detection rate of 29.03% (18/62). The aneuploidy rate for the NT ≥ 3.5 mm group was higher than that for the 3.0 ≤ NT < 3.5 mm group [3.03% (1/33) vs. 41.38% (12/29), χ² = 13.698, P < 0.001]. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the detection rate of fetal pathogenic CNV and VUS (χ² = 0.028, P > 0.05). Trio-WES analysis of 15 samples with negative CMA result and no structural abnormality has identified 6 heterozygous variants, including SOS1: c.3542C>T (p.A1181V) and c.3817C>G (p.L1273V), COL2A1: c.436C>T (p.P146S) and c.3700G>A (p.D1234N), LZTR1: c.1496T>C (p.V499A), and BRAF: c.64G>A (p.D22N), respectively. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), all of the variants were rated as VUS.@*CONCLUSION@#NT thickening can indicate chromosome abnormality, and CMA and trio-WES may be used for the prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Adult , Infant , Nuchal Translucency Measurement/methods , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Chromosome Aberrations , Aneuploidy , Fetus/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , DNA Copy Number Variations , Transcription Factors
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 527-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981782

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal mosaicisms.@*METHODS@#A total of 775 pregnant women who had visited the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Yancheng Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were selected as study subjects. Chromosome karyotyping analysis and CMA were carried out for all women, and FISH was used to validate the suspected mosaicism cases.@*RESULTS@#Among the 775 amniotic fluid samples, karyotyping has identified 13 mosaicism cases, which yielded a detection rate of 1.55%. Respectively, there were 4, 3, 4 and 2 cases for sex chromosome number mosaicisms, abnormal sex chromosome structure mosaicisms, abnormal autosomal number mosaicisms and abnormal autosomal structure mosaicisms. CMA has only detected only 6 of the 13 cases. Among 3 cases verified by FISH, 2 cases were consistent with the karyotyping and CMA results, and clearly showed low proportion mosaicism, and 1 case was consistent with the result of karyotyping but with a normal result by CMA. Eight pregnant women had chosen to terminate the pregnancy (5 with sex chromosome mosaicisms and 3 with autosomal mosaicisms).@*CONCLUSION@#For fetuses suspected for chromosomal mosaicisms, CMA, FISH and G-banding karyotyping should be combined to determine the type and proportion of mosaicisms more precisely in order to provide more information for genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Mosaicism , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Chromosome Aberrations , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Microarray Analysis/methods , Chromosomes
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 446-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981768

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology and related factors in 1 065 women with spontaneous abortions.@*METHODS@#All patients have presented at the Center of Prenatal Diagnosis of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021. Chorionic villi and fetal skin samples were collected, and the genomic DNA was assayed by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). For 10 couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions but normal CMA results for abortive tissues, non-in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) pregnancies and no previous history of live births and no structural abnormalities of the uterus, peripheral venous blood samples were collected. Genomic DNA was subjected to trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES). Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Multifactorial unconditional logistic regression analysis was carried out to analyze the factors that may affect chromosomal abnormality in spontaneous abortions, such as the age of the couple, number of previous spontaneous abortions, IVF-ET pregnancy and history of live birth. The incidence of chromosomal aneuploidies in spontaneous abortions during the first trimester was compared in young or advanced-aged patients by chi-square test for liner trend.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 065 spontaneous abortion patients, 570 cases (53.5%) of chromosomal abnormalities were detected in spontaneous abortion tissues, which included 489 cases (45.9%) of chromosomal aneuploidies and 36 cases (3.4%) of pathogenic/likely pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs). Trio-WES results have revealed one homozygote variant and one compound heterozygote variants in two pedigrees, both of which were inherited from the parents. One likely pathogenic variant was detected in the patient from two pedigrees. Multifactorial unconditional Logistic regression analysis suggested that age of patient was an independent risk factor of chromosome abnormalities (OR = 1.122, 95%CI: 1.069-1.177, P < 0.001), the number of previous abortions and IVF-ET pregnancy were independent protective factors for chromosomal abnormalities (OR = 0.791, 0.648; 95%CI: 0.682-0.916, 0.500-0.840; P = 0.002, 0.001), whilst the age of husband and history of live birth were not (P > 0.05). The incidence of aneuploidies in the abortive tissues has decreased with the number of previous spontaneous abortions in young patients (χ² = 18.051, P < 0.001), but was not significantly correlated with the number of previous spontaneous abortions in advanced-aged patients with spontaneous abortions (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Chromosomal aneuploidy is the main genetic factor for spontaneous abortion, though CNVs and genetic variants may also underlie its genetic etiology. The age of patients, number of previous abortions and IVF-ET pregnancy are closely associated with chromosome abnormalities in abortive tissues.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Aged , Abortion, Spontaneous/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Aneuploidy , Abortion, Habitual/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 442-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prognosis of fetuses identified with de novo variants of unknown significance (VOUS) by chromosome microarray analysis (CMA).@*METHODS@#A total of 6 826 fetuses who underwent prenatal CMA detection at the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Drum Tower Hospital from July 2017 to December 2021 were selected as the study subjects. The results of prenatal diagnosis, and outcome of fetuses identified with VOUS of de novo origin were followed up.@*RESULTS@#Among the 6 826 fetuses, 506 have carried VOUS, of which 237 were detected for the parent-of-origin and 24 were found to be de novo. Among the latters, 20 were followed up for 4 to 24 months. Four couples had opted elective abortion, 4 had developed clinical phenotypes after birth, and 12 were normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Fetuses with VOUS should be continuously follow-up, in particular those carrying de novo VOUS, in order to clarify their clinical significance.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , DNA Copy Number Variations , Follow-Up Studies , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Chromosomes , Microarray Analysis/methods , Fetus , Chromosome Aberrations
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 418-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with t (14;19) (q32;q13) . Methods: The case data of 11 patients with CLL with t (14;19) (q32;q13) in the chromosome karyotype analysis results of the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2018, to July 30, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: In all 11 patients, t (14;19) (q32;q13) involved IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, and most of them were accompanied by +12 or complex karyotype. An immunophenotypic score of 4-5 was found in 7 patients and 3 in 4 cases. We demonstrated that CLLs with t (14;19) (q32;q13) had a mutational pattern with recurrent mutations in NOTCH1 (3/7), FBXW7 (3/7), and KMT2D (2/7). The very-high-risk, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk groups consisted of 1, 1, 6, and 3 cases, respectively. Two patients died, 8 survived, and 2 were lost in follow-up. Four patients had disease progression or relapse during treatment. The median time to the first therapy was 1 month. Conclusion: t (14;19) (q32;q13), involving IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality in CLL, which is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping
12.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e240118, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278559

ABSTRACT

Abstract For many centuries human populations have been suffering and trying to fight with disease-bearing mosquitoes. Emerging and reemerging diseases such as Dengue, Zika, and Chikungunya affect billions of people around the world and recently has been appealing to control with chemical pesticides. Malathion (MT) is one of the main pesticides used against mosquitoes, the vectors of these diseases. This study aimed to assess cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of the malathion for the bioindicator Allium cepa L. using a multivariate and integrative approach. Moreover, an appendix table was compiled with all available literature of insecticides assessed by the Allium cepa system to support our discussion. Exposures during 48h to 0.5 mg mL-1 and 1.0 mg mL-1 MT were compared to the negative control (distilled water) and positive control (MMS solution at 10 mg L-1). The presence of chromosomal aberrations, micronuclei frequency, and mitotic index abnormalities was evaluated. Anaphase bridges were the alterations with higher incidence and presented a significantly elevated rate in the concentration of 0.5 mg mL-1, including when compared to the positive control. The integrative discriminant analysis summarizes that MT in assessed concentrations presented effects like the positive control, corroborating its potential of toxicity to DNA. Therefore, it is concluded that MT in its pure composition and in realistic concentrations used, has genotoxic potential in the biological assessment of A. cepa cells. The multivariate integrative analysis was fundamental to show a whole response of all data, providing a global view of the effect of MT on DNA.


Resumo Por muitos séculos, as populações humanas sofrem e tentam combater os mosquitos transmissores de doenças. Doenças emergentes e reemergentes como Dengue, Zika e Chikungunya afetam bilhões de pessoas em todo o mundo e, recentemente, vem apelando ao controle com pesticidas químicos. O Malation (MT) é um dos principais pesticidas usados ​​contra mosquitos, vetores dessas doenças. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a citotoxicidade e a mutagenicidade do MT para o bioindicador Allium cepa L. usando uma abordagem multivariada e integrativa. Além disso, uma tabela suplementar foi compilada com toda a literatura disponível de inseticidas avaliada pelo sistema Allium cepa para apoiar nossa discussão. Exposições ao MT durante 48h a 0,5 mg mL-1 e 1,0 mg mL-1 foram comparadas a um controle negativo (água destilada) e um controle positivo (10 mg L-1 de MMS). Foram avaliadas a presença de aberrações cromossômicas, frequência de micronúcleos e anormalidades no índice mitótico. As pontes anafásicas foram as alterações com maior incidência e apresentaram uma taxa significativamente elevada na concentração de 0,5 mg mL-1, inclusive quando comparadas ao controle positivo. A análise discriminante integrativa resume que o MT nas concentrações avaliadas apresentou efeitos semelhantes ao controle positivo, corroborando seu potencial de toxicidade para o DNA. Portanto, conclui-se que o MT, em sua composição pura e nas concentrações realistas utilizadas, possui potencial genotóxico na avaliação biológica de células de A. cepa. A análise integrativa multivariada foi fundamental para mostrar uma resposta completa de todos os dados, fornecendo uma visão global do efeito da MT no DNA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Zika Virus , Zika Virus Infection , Insecticides/toxicity , DNA Damage , Chromosome Aberrations , Plant Roots , Onions , Mosquito Vectors , Malathion/toxicity , Mitotic Index
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249911, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339366

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hematological and hematopoietic cells malignancies of the genes and hematopoietic cells are associated with the genetic mutation, often at the chromosomal level. The standard cytogenetic study is widely accepted as one of the main diagnostics and prognostic determinants in patients. Therefore, the current descriptive and cross-sectional study sought to determine the cytogenetic analysis of frequent hematological malignancies in Pakistan. A total of 202 peripheral bone marrow or blood samples from patients with benign and malignant hematological malignancy were taken using a conventional G-banding technique. Among enrolled patients, the mean age was 21.5 years ± 23.4, and gender-wise distribution showed a marked predominance of the male 147 (73%) population compared to the female 55 (27%). Patients in the age group (2-10 years) had the highest frequency, 48 (24%), of hematological neoplasms, followed by age (11-20 years) with 40 (20%). Normal karyotypes (46, XX/46, XY) was found in 51% (n=103) patients. Furthermore, the frequency of complex karyotype was 30 (15%), while normal was seen in 171 (85%) patients. Pre-B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (Pre-B ALL) was the most prevalent malignancy of 66 (33%), followed by Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) of 41 (20%) and Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia of 29 (14%). Translocation was the most prevalent 50 (25%), followed by hypotriploidy 14 (7%) and monosomy 8 (4%) on chromosome aberration analysis. In addition, t(9:22) translocation was found to be 20 (10%) in CML, with the majority in the age group (31-40 years). This study recommends that karyotyping should be tested frequently in hematological conditions because it may provide insight into the relative chromosomal changes associated with particular malignancies.


Resumo As neoplasias hematológicas e de células hematopoiéticas dos genes e as células hematopoiéticas estão associadas à mutação genética, geralmente em nível cromossômico. O estudo citogenético padrão é amplamente aceito como um dos principais determinantes diagnósticos e prognósticos em pacientes. Portanto, o presente estudo descritivo e transversal buscou determinar a análise citogenética de neoplasias hematológicas frequentes no Paquistão. Um total de 202 amostras de medula óssea periférica ou sangue de pacientes com malignidade hematológica benigna e maligna foi coletado usando uma técnica convencional de banda G. Entre os pacientes inscritos, a média de idade foi de 21,5 anos ± 23,4, e a distribuição por gênero mostrou uma marcada predominância da população masculina de 147 (73%) em comparação com a feminina de 55 (27%). Pacientes na faixa etária (2-10 anos) tiveram a maior frequência, 48 (24%), de neoplasias hematológicas, seguida da idade (11-20 anos) com 40 (20%). Cariótipos normais (46, XX / 46, XY) foram encontrados em 51% (n = 103) dos pacientes. Além disso, a frequência de cariótipo complexo foi de 30 (15%), enquanto normal foi observada em 171 (85%) pacientes. Leucemia linfoblástica aguda pré-B (LLA Pré-B) foi a doença maligna mais prevalente de 66 (33%), seguida por leucemia mieloide crônica (LMC) de 41 (20%) e leucemia linfocítica aguda de 29 (14%). A translocação foi o 50 mais prevalente (25%), seguido por hipotriploidia 14 (7%) e monossomia 8 (4%) na análise de aberração cromossômica. Além disso, a translocação t (9:22) encontrada foi de 20 (10%) na LMC, com a maioria na faixa etária (31-40 anos). Este estudo recomenda que o cariótipo deve ser testado com frequência em condições hematológicas porque pode fornecer informações sobre as alterações cromossômicas relativas associadas a doenças malignas específicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Hematologic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pakistan/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Karyotyping
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 257-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique for the verification of the clonalities of non-clonal cytogenetic abnormalities (n-CCA) identified by conventional chromosome banding analysis (CBA) in patients with Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data and results of karyotyping and FISH assays for 91 patients of MDS with n-CCA identified by CBA were retrospectively analyzed. In total 94 non-clonal +8, 5q-, -7/7q- or 20q- were detected by CBA, among which 43 (45.7%) were verified to be clonal abnormalities by FISH.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates for +8, 5q-, -7/7q- and 20q- by FISH were 47.6% (30/63), 25% (2/8), 41.7% (5/12), 40% (2/5) and 66.7% (4/6), respectively, with the positive cells accounting for 4% to 90% of all counted cells, with a median value of 7%. The 91 patients were divided into three groups including ≥ 20, 10 ~< 20 and < 10 based on the numbers of metaphase cells in CBA, and the detection rates by FISH for the three groups were 43.7% (31/71), 33.3% (3/9) and 63.6% (7/11), respectively, which showed no statistically difference (P > 0.05). Continuous CBA and FISH surveys were conducted for 26 patients who received supportive treatment, and the results revealed that 91.7% (11/12) of FISH-verified positive abnormalities had persisted, whereas 92.9% (13/14) of the n-CCA verified as negative by FISH was transient.@*CONCLUSION@#Nearly half of the CBA identified n-CCA have been verified as clonal aberrations by FISH, and the FISH detection rate showed no correlation with the number of metaphase cells. FISH test is strongly recommended for verifying the clonalities of n-CCA detected by CBA, and continuous cytogenetic survey of the patients with MDS is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a rare case of acute B-lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) with double Philadelphia chromosomes (Ph) and double derivative chromosome 9s [der(9)].@*METHODS@#A patient with double Ph and double der(9) B-ALL who presented at Shanghai Zhaxin Intergrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital in June 2020 was selected as the subject. Bone marrow morphology, flow cytometry, G-banding karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), genetic testing and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were used to analyze bone marrow samples from the patient at various stages.@*RESULTS@#At initial diagnosis, the patient's bone marrow morphology and flow immunotyping have both supported the diagnosis of B-ALL. G-banded karyotyping of the patient indicated double Ph, in addition with hyperdiploid chromosomes involving translocations between chromosomes 9 and 22. BCR-ABL1 fusion gene was positive. Genetic testing at the time of recurrence revealed presence of a heterozyous c.944C>T variant in the kinase region of the ABL1 gene. FISH showed a signal for ABL1-BCR fusion on both chromosome 9s. CMA showed that the mosaicism homozygosity ratio of chromosome 9 was about 40%, and the mosaicism duplication ratio of chromosome 22 was about 43%.@*CONCLUSION@#Since both der(9) homologs were seen in 40% of cells, the possible mechanism for the double der(9) in this patient may be similar to that of double Ph, which might have resulted from non-disjunction during mitosis in the Ph chromosome-positive cell clone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Philadelphia Chromosome , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , China , Chromosome Aberrations , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 230-233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970911

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic characteristics of a fetus with a high risk by maternal serum screening during the second trimester.@*METHODS@#Genetic counseling was provided to the pregnant woman on March 22, 2020 at Henan Provincial People's Hospital. G-banded chromosomal karyotyping and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) were carried out on the amniotic fluid sample and peripheral blood samples from the couple.@*RESULTS@#The fetus and the pregnant woman were respectively found to have a 46,XX,der(6)t(6;14)(q27;q31.2) and 46,XX,t(6;14)(q27;q31.2) karyotype, whilst the husband was found to have a normal karyotype. aCGH analysis has identified a 6.64 Mb deletion at 6q26q27 and a 19.98 Mb duplication at 14q31.3q32.33 in the fetus, both of which were predicted to be pathogenic copy number variations. No copy number variation was found in the couple.@*CONCLUSION@#The unbalanced chromosome abnormalities in the fetus have probably derived from the balanced translocation carried by the pregnant woman. aCGH can help to determine the types of fetal chromosome abnormalities and site of chromosomal breakage, which may facilitate the prediction of fetal outcome and choice for subsequent pregnancies.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , DNA Copy Number Variations , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Fetus , Prenatal Diagnosis
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 195-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) for the diagnosis of children with disorders of sex development (DSD).@*METHODS@#Five children with DSD who presented at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2019 to October 2020 were enrolled. In addition to chromosomal karyotyping, whole exome sequencing (WES), SRY gene testing, and CNV-seq were also carried out.@*RESULTS@#Child 1 and 2 had a social gender of female, whilst their karyotypes were both 46,XY. No pathogenic variant was identified by WES. The results of CNV-seq were 46,XY,+Y (1.4) and 46,XY,-Y (0.75), respectively. The remaining three children have all carried an abnormal chromosome Y. Based on the results of CNV-seq, their karyotypes were respectively verified as 45,X[60]/46,X,del(Y)(q11.221)[40], 45,X,16qh+[76]/46,X,del(Y)(q11.222),16qh+[24], and 45,X[75]/46,XY[25].@*CONCLUSION@#CNV-seq may be used to verify the CNVs on the Y chromosome among children with DSD and identify the abnormal chromosome in those with 45,X/46,XY. Above results have provided a basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , DNA Copy Number Variations , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Exome Sequencing , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 181-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the diagnosis of fetuses with anomalies of the central nervous system (CNS) and summarize the outcome of the pregnancies and follow-up.@*METHODS@#A total of 636 fetuses from June 2014 to December 2020 who were referred to the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital due to abnormal CNS prompted by ultrasound were selected as the research subjects. Based on the ultrasound findings, the fetuses were divided into ventricular dilatation group (n = 441), choroid plexus cyst group (n = 41), enlarged posterior fossa group (n = 42), holoprosencephaly group (n = 15), corpus callosum hypoplasia group (n = 22), and other anomaly group (n = 75). Meanwhile, they were also divided into isolated (n = 504) and non-isolated (n = 132) groups based on the presence of additional abnormalities. Prenatal samples (amniotic fluid/chorionic villi/umbilical cord blood) or abortus tissue were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA and CMA assay. Outcome of the pregnancies and postnatal follow-up were summarized and subjected to statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#In total 636 fetuses with CNS anomalies (including 89 abortus tissues) were included, and 547 cases were followed up. The overall detection rate of CMA was 11.48% (73/636). The detection rates for the holoprosencephaly group, ACC group, choroid plexus cyst group, enlarged posterior fossa group, ventricular dilatation group and other anomaly group were 80% (12/15), 31.82% (7/22), 19.51% (8/41), 14.29% (6/42), 7.48% (33/441) and 9.33% (7/75), respectively. Compared with the isolated CNS anomaly group, the detection rate for the non-isolated CNS anomaly group was significantly higher (6.35% vs. 31.06%) (32/504 vs. 41/132) (χ² = 62.867, P < 0.001). Follow up showed that, for 52 fetuses with abnormal CMA results, 51 couples have opted induced labor, whilst 1 was delivered at full term with normal growth and development. Of the 434 fetuses with normal CMA results, 377 were delivered at full term (6 had developmental delay), and 57 couples had opted induced labor. The rate of adverse pregnancy outcome for non-isolated CNS abnormal fetuses was significantly higher than that of isolated CNS abnormal fetuses (26.56% vs. 10.54%) (17/64 vs. 39/370) (χ² = 12.463, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Fetuses with CNS anomaly should be tested with CMA to determine the genetic cause. Most fetuses with negative CMA result have a good prognosis, but there is still a possibility for a abnormal neurological phenotype. Fetuses with CNS abnormalities in conjunct with other structural abnormalities are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Holoprosencephaly , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Central Nervous System , Fetus/abnormalities , Nervous System Malformations/genetics , Microarray Analysis , Central Nervous System Diseases , Cysts , Chromosome Aberrations , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 135-142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical efficacy and health economic value of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for the prenatal screening of common fetal chromosomal aneuploidies.@*METHODS@#10 612 pregnant women from October 2017 to December 2019 presented at the antenatal screening clinic of the General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were selected as the study subjects. Results of NIPT and invasive prenatal diagnosis and follow-up outcome for the 10 612 pregnant women were retrospectively analyzed and compared. Meanwhile, NIPT data for two periods were analyzed for assessing the health economic value of NIPT as the second- or first-tier screening strategy for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal trisomies 21, 18 and 13.@*RESULTS@#The NIPT was successful in 10 528 (99.72%) subjects, with the sensitivity for fetal trisomies 21, 18 and 13 being 100%, 92.86% and 100%, and the positive predictive value (PPV) being 89.74%, 61.90% and 44.44%, respectively. The PPV of NIPT for sex chromosome aneuploidies was 34.21%. Except for one false negative case of trisomy 18, the negative predictive value for trisomy 21, trisomy 13 and other chromosomal abnormalities were 100%. For pregnant women with high risk by serological screening, advanced maternal age or abnormal ultrasound soft markers, NIPT has yielded a significantly increased high risk ratio. There was no statistical difference in the PPV of NIPT among pregnant women from each subgroup. NIPT would have higher health economic value as a second-tier screening until 2019, while compared to 2015 ~ 2017, its incremental cost-effectiveness ratio as a first-tier screening had declined clearly.@*CONCLUSION@#The screening efficacy of NIPT for trisomies 21, 18 and 13 for a mixed population is significantly better than conventional serological screening, but it is relatively low for sex chromosomal abnormalities. NIPT can also be recommended for populations with relatively high risks along with detailed pre- and post-test genetic counselling. From the perspective of health economics, except for open neural tube defects, it is possible for NIPT to replace the conventional serological screening in the future as its cost continues to decrease.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Trisomy/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Down Syndrome/genetics , Aneuploidy , Chromosome Aberrations , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/genetics , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Fetus
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 129-134, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970892

ABSTRACT

Chromosomal aberrations including numerical abnormalities and segment duplications/deletions, as genome-wide copy number variations (CNVs), are a leading cause for spontaneous abortion. Analysis of abortive tissues for such CNVs can detect potential genomic variations in the couple and provide guidance for the choice of appropriate method to avoid further miscarriage or birth of child with chromosomal disorders. With evidence-based clinical data, an expert group jointly formed by the Genetic Disease Prevention and Control Group, Committee for Birth Defects Prevention and Control, Chinese Association of Preventive Medicine; the Clinical Genetics Group, the Society of Medical Genetics, Chinese Medical Association; the Professional Committee for Prenatal Diagnosis of Genetic Diseases, the Society of Medical Geneticists, Chinese Medical Doctor Association has discussed and formulated this consensus, with an aim to provide guidance for the application of genomic CNVs detection for the abortive tissue and genetic counseling for family reproduction.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Female , Humans , DNA Copy Number Variations , Consensus , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Abortion, Spontaneous/genetics
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