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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 61-67, jan. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360115

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Algumas síndromes têm características específicas e facilmente reconhecíveis, enquanto outras podem ser mais complexas de se identificar e podem apresentar diferentes manifestações fenotípicas, por exemplo. Um diagnóstico etiológico é importante para entender a natureza da doença, para estabelecer o prognóstico e para começar o tratamento, permitindo a inclusão de pacientes na sociedade e reduzindo o custo financeiro dessas doenças. Objetivo A proposta inicial deste estudo foi a triagem citogenética para detectar a síndrome de deleção 22q11.2 (SD22q11.2) em recém-nascidos e crianças com doença cardíaca congênita utilizando a técnica da amplificação multiplex de sondas dependente de ligação (MLPA). Assim, por meio da pesquisa, outras mudanças genômicas foram identificadas nesses pacientes cardíacos. Nosso objetivo se estendeu a investigar essas outras mudanças citogenéticas. Métodos Investigamos 118 recém-nascidos com doenças cardíacas congênitas nascidos consecutivamente durante um ano, utilizando a técnica da MLPA. Resultados A técnica da MLPA permitiu a detecção da SD22q11.2 em 10/118 pacientes (8,5%). Outras alterações genômicas foram identificadas em 6/118 pacientes (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 casos), 7q dup, 12 dup e 8q24 dup. Conclusão Este estudo ressalta a relevância da detecção de alterações genômicas que estão presentes em recém-nascidos e crianças com doenças cardíacas congênitas por meio de ferramentas citogenômicas.


Abstract Background Some syndromes have specific and easily recognizable features, while others may be more complex to identify and may present different phenotypic manifestations, for example. An etiological diagnosis is important to understand the nature of the disease, to establish the prognosis and to start the treatment, allowing the inclusion of patients in society and reducing the financial cost of such diseases. Objective The initial proposal of this study was cytogenetic screening for the detection of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome in consecutive newborns and infants with congenital heart disease using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique. Therefore, throughout our research, other genomic alterations were identified in these cardiac patients. Thus, our objective was extended to investigate these other cytogenetic alterations. Methods We investigated 118 neonates with congenital heart diseases born consecutively during one year using the MLPA technique. Results The MLPA technique allowed the detection of 22q11.2DS in 10/118 patients (8.5%). Other genomic alterations were also identified in 6/118 patients (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 cases), 7q dup, 12 dup and 8q24 dup. Conclusion This study highlights the relevance of detecting genomic alterations that are present in newborns and infants with congenital cardiac diseases using cytogenomic tools.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Brazil , Mass Screening , Chromosome Deletion , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): e636-e638, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353058

ABSTRACT

El uleritema ofriógenes es un trastorno cutáneo benigno y poco frecuente que se presenta habitualmente en la infancia. Se caracteriza por pápulas foliculares eritematosas y queratósicas en el lateral de las cejas, que con el tiempo suelen evolucionar a alopecia cicatricial. Dicha entidad puede aparecer como manifestación clínica aislada o asociada a varios síndromes congénitos (18p-, Cornelia de Lange, Noonan y Rubinstein- Taybi, entre otros). Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 13 años con síndrome 18p- que consultó por lesiones puntiformes rugosas al tacto y pérdida de pelo en ambas cejas (uleritema ofriógenes), así como por hiperqueratosis pilar en brazos. Esta tríada, conocida como síndrome de Zouboulis, ha sido poco descrita en la literatura. Se considera que el reconocimiento del uleritema ofriógenes es de crucial importancia ya que, ante su presencia, debería realizarse una anamnesis y una exploración física exhaustivas en búsqueda de otras alteraciones que pudieran orientar a la existencia de un trastorno genético subyacente.


Ulerythema ophryogenes is a benign and rare skin disorder commonly presenting in childhood. It is characterized by erythematous and keratotic follicular papules located on the side of the eyebrows, and which over time tends to evolve into scarred alopecia. This entity may appear as an isolated clinical manifestation or associated with several congenital syndromes (18p-, Cornelia de Lange, Noonan, Rubinstein-Taybi, among others). We present a 13-year-old male with 18p- syndrome who consults for rough lesions and hair loss in both eyebrows (ulerythema ophryogenes), as well as for hyperkeatosis pilaris in both arms. This triad, known as Zouboulis syndrome, has been rarely reported in the literature. We consider that the recognition of ulerythema ophryogenes is of crucial importance since, in view of its presence, comprehensive anamnesis and physical examination should be performed in search of other alterations that could guide the existence of an underlying genetic disord


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Chromosome Disorders , Darier Disease , Abnormalities, Multiple , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 , Chromosome Deletion , Eyebrows/abnormalities
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248354

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Síndrome da deleção 6q é considerada uma anomalia cromossômica rara. Assim, nosso objetivo foi relatar um caso de um menino com essa síndrome, em Manaus/Amazonas. Descrição do caso: Menino com quatro anos de idade que apresenta atraso do crescimento e do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor, dificuldades de ganho de peso e anormalidades na retina. A análise citogenética do paciente revelou cariótipo com 46, XY, del(6)(q25-qter). Conclusões: Este relato demonstrou a importância das análises citogenéticas para o diagnóstico preciso das anomalias congênitas, pois auxiliam no encaminhamento de tratamentos adequados aos pacientes e na ampliação de conhecimento científico relacionado a essa deleção.


Aims: Deletion 6q syndrome is considered a rare chromosomal anomaly. Thus, our objective was to report a rare case of a boy with 6q deletion syndrome. Case description: 4-year-old boy with delayed growth and neuropsychomotor development, weight gain difficulties and retinal abnormalities. Karyotypic analysis of the patient revealed karyotype 46, XY, del (6) (q25-qter). That is, a deletion in the long arm of one of the chromosome 6, specifically in the distal region of the long arm of the 6q25 band up to the 6qter band. Conclusions: This report demonstrates the importance of cytogenetic analyzes for the accurate diagnosis of congenital anomalies, as they assist in referring appropriate treatments to patients and in expanding scientific knowledge related to this deletion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 , Congenital Abnormalities , Chromosome Deletion , Karyotype
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genetic characteristics of a child with 5q14.3 microdeletion syndrome.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) and low-coverage massively parallel copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) were used to determine the potentially pathogenic variants as well as the copy number variations (CNVs). Candidate CNVs were verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.@*RESULTS@#The patient presented with psychomotor retardation, epilepsy, peculiar face and hypotonia. The results of WES suggested that he has carried a heterozygous deletion for chr5:86 564 268-88 119 605. CNV-seq indicated that the patient carried a heterozygous deletion of 4.76 Mb heterozygous deletion on chromosome 5q14.3. The MEF2C gene and RASA1 gene in the deletion area were verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The results showed that the MEF2C geneand RASA1 gene were heterozygous deletion, which was consistent with the sequencing results.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with 5q14.3 microdeletion syndrome. Haploinsufficiency of the MEF2C gene may underlie the manifestations of 5q14.3 microdeletion syndrome.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , DNA Copy Number Variations , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Phenotype , Whole Exome Sequencing , p120 GTPase Activating Protein
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform prenatal diagnosis, pedigree analysis, and genetic counseling of a pregnant woman who gave birth to a child with Kleefstra syndrome.@*METHODS@#Karyotype analysis, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used of peripheral blood and amniotic fluid to find causes. Recurrence risk assessment was performed later.@*RESULTS@#The amniotic fluid sample showed a 9q34.3 microduplication of arr (hg19) 9q34.3 (140 168 806-141 020 389)× 3, which overlapped the 9q34.3 microdeletion region of proband. The pregnant woman was detected with a balanced translocation of ish, t(9;17)(9q34.3; qter) (9p+; 17p+,9q+, 17q+). No other abnormal results were found in the family.@*CONCLUSION@#Offspring who share the same chromosome segment deletion or duplication are always from parent who carries balanced chromosomal structural aberration.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9/genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Pregnancy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921969

ABSTRACT

Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS)(OMIM#606232) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a deletion of the distal long arm of chromosome 22q13 involving a variety of clinical features with considerably heterogeneous degrees of severity. This syndrome is characterized by global developmental delay, intellectual disability, hypotonia, absent or severely delayed speech, minor dysmorphic features and autism spectrum disorder. PMS is easy to be misdiagnosed due to the lack of specific clinical manifestations. SHANK3 has been identified as the critical candidate gene for the neurological features of this syndrome. However, some studies have shown that other genes located in the 22q13 region may have a role in the formation of symptoms in individuals with PMS. This article provides a review for recent progress made in research on PMS including etiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, and treatment, with a particular emphasis on clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Humans , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prenatal ultrasonic characteristics and genetic features of 14 fetuses with chromosome 22q11 microdeletion syndrome (22q11DS).@*METHODS@#4989 fetuses were analyzed by using single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) in the Fujian Maternal and Child Health Hospital from November 2016 to November 2019.@*RESULTS@#SNP array showed that 11 fetuses had classic 3 Mb microdeletion in 22q11 region, one fetus had 2.0 Mb microdeletion, and two fetuses had 1.0 Mb microdeletion. The 1.0 Mb microdeletion in 22q11 region contains SNAP29 and CRKL genes, which may increase the risk of congenital renal malformation and cardiovascular malformation.@*CONCLUSION@#Prenatal ultrasonic characteristics of fetuses with 22q11 microdeletion syndrome vary, and SNP array is a powerful tool to diagnose such diseases, which can provide accurate genetic diagnosis and enable prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
22q11 Deletion Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22/genetics , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with febrile seizures.@*METHODS@#Peripheral venous blood samples were taken from the child and his parents for the analysis of chromosomal karyotype and dynamic variant of the FMR1 gene. The family trio was also subjected to target capture and next generation sequencing (NGS) with a gene panel related to developmental retardation, mental retardation, language retardation, epilepsy and special facial features.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to have a normal karyotype by conventional cytogenetic analysis (400 bands). No abnormal expansion was found with the CGG repeats of the FMR1 gene. NGS revealed that the child has carried a heterozygous c.864+1 delG variant of the MEF2C gene, which may lead to abnormal splicing and affect its protein function. The same variant was found in neither parent, suggesting that it has a de novo origin. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, c.864+1delG variant of MEF2C gene was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2).@*CONCLUSION@#MEF2C, as the key gene for chromosome 5q14.3 deletion syndrome which was speculated as a cause for febrile seizures, has an autosomal dominant effect. The c.864+1delG variant of the MEF2C gene may account for the febrile seizures in this patient.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Epilepsy , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Karyotyping , MEF2 Transcription Factors/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a pregnant woman with mild mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, and a history of adverse pregnancies and provide prenatal diagnosis for her.@*METHODS@#Routine G-banded karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP-array) analysis were performed on the couple and amniotic fluid sample.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was found with the couple and amniotic fluid sample. SNP-array analysis showed that the woman has carried a 7.801 Mb microdeletion in 10q22.3q23.2, which involved 18 OMIM genes including CDHR1, BMPR1A, NRG3, GRID1 and LDB3, which are associated with facial abnormalities, developmental retardation, mental retardation and autism. The fetus also carried a 7.819 Mb deletion in the same region, while the father showed no abnormality.@*CONCLUSION@#Both the pregnant woman and her fetus have carried a 10q22.3q23.2 microdeletion, which has provided guidance for her subsequent pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Cadherins , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) to verify a fetus with partial 18p deletion signaled by non-invasive prenatal testing.@*METHODS@#G-banding chromosomal karyotyping analysis was carried out on amniotic fluid sample of the fetus and peripheral blood samples from the parents. Amniotic DNA was also subjected to CMA analysis. The fetus was also subjected to systematic ultrasound scan.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to have a karyotype of 46,XX,18p+. CMA has revealed a 5 Mb deletion at 18p11.32-p11.31, a 2.9 Mb duplication at 18p11.31-p11.23, and a 2.5 Mb duplication at 18p11.23-p11.22. No chromosomal aberration or microdeletion/microduplication was detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#Non-invasive prenatal testing and CMA are both sensitive for the detection of chromosomal microdeletions and microduplications. CMA can help with clarification of genotype-phenotype correlation and facilitate prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for the family.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes , Female , Fetus , Humans , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with partial 18p deletion detected by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood and amniotic fluid samples of the pregnant woman and her husband were subjected to G-banded chromosomal karyotyping and more accurate chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). The deletion sites were verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using centromeric probe Cep11 Aqua and telomeric probes Tel11q SO and Tel18 SG.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the fetus was determined as 46,XN,del(18)(p11.3). CMA has detected a 6.66 Mb deletion at 18p11.32-p11.31 (136 226-6 796 178). FISH confirmed the presence of a partial deletion at 18p. The mother was found to harbor the same deletion by chromosomal karyotyping as well as CMA analysis. No abnormality was found with the husband.@*CONCLUSION@#Although the fetus and its mother have both carried the same 18p deletion, no clinical manifestation was detected in the mother, which may be attributed to a low penetrance of the disorder. The fetus had died at 33 weeks of gestation with unknown cause.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879590

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out cyto- and molecular genetic testing for a child featuring facial dysmorphism and attention deficit and hyperactive disorder.@*METHODS@#The child was subjected to routine peripheral blood lymphocyte chromosomal karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analyses.@*RESULTS@#The child's facial dysmorphism included low-set ears, curly ear auricle, protuberance of eyebrow arch, nostril notch, short and flat philtrum and thin upper lip. SNP-array revealed that he has carried a 4.883 Mb deletion at 2q37. His chromosomal karyotype was ultimately determined as 45, XY, der(2;21) (2pter→ 2q37.3::21p13→ 21p10::20p10→ 20pter), der(20) (21qter→ 21q10::20q10→ 20qter).@*CONCLUSION@#A rare case of 2q37 deletion syndrome involving three chromosomes was discovered. Combined use of various cyto- and molecular genetic techniques is crucial for the diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities with complex structures.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Male , Translocation, Genetic
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe the clinical and genetic characteristics of a child with 14q12q13.1 deletion involving the FOXG1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestation of the child was analyzed. Peripheral blood sample of the patient was subjected to chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The male infant has developed feeding difficulty, poor sucking, lower limb tremor, and frontal bruising 8 days after birth. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed significant enlargement of bilateral ventricles and corpus callosum dysplasia. Chromosomal analysis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY,del(14)(q12q13.1), and SNP-array confirmed that there was a 9.6 Mb deletion in 14q11.2q13.1, which encompassed the FOXG1 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with brain development abnormalities, dyskinesia, cognitive impairment, speech disorder and other manifestations, copy number variation of the FOXG1 gene should be excluded. SNP-array should be carried out as early as possible to attain the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , DNA Copy Number Variations , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant , Karyotyping , Male , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic features of three patient diagnosed with Kleefstra syndrome.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the probands and their parents. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. Copy number variations (CNV) were detected by CNV-seq and validated by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Proband 1 was found to carry a de novo heterogeneous variant (c.823+1G>T) of the EHMT1 gene, which may affect its expression. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2). Proband 2 was found to carry a de novo missense variant c.439C>G (p.L147V) of the EHMT1 gene, which was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PS2+PM1+PM2+PP3). Proband 3 was found to carry a heterozygous 520 kb deletion at 9q34.3 by CNV-seq. The deletion has encompassed the whole of the EHMT1 gene. Real-time PCR has detected no CNV of this region in her parents.@*CONCLUSION@#Variants of the EHMT1 gene probably underlay the disease in these patients. Genetic testing has provided a basis for their clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Craniofacial Abnormalities , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Genetic Testing , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879568

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the prenatal diagnosis of a fetus with structural anomaly detected by ultrasonography.@*METHODS@#The fetus and its parents were subjected to chromosomal karyotyping and CMA analysis.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to carry a 46,XN,t(8;11)(q21.2;q13) translocation which was inherited from its mother. CMA has found no copy number variations (CNVs) in both parents but a de novo 2.00 Mb microdeletion in the fetus at 8q13.3.@*CONCLUSION@#CMA is capable of detecting microdeletions and microduplications in fetuses with translocations detected by karyotyping analysis.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Fetus , Humans , Karyotyping , Microarray Analysis , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879561

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient featuring developmental delay.@*METHODS@#The patient and her parents were subjected to G- and C-banded chromosomal karyotyping analysis. The proband was also analyzed by single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP-array). The result was verified by using fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR).@*RESULTS@#The proband's karyotype was ascertained as 46,XX, r(15)(p11.2q26.3)[92]/45,XX,-15[9]/46,XX, dic r(15)(p11.2q26.3;p11.2q26.3)[4]. SNP-array revealed that she has carried a de novo deletion at 15q26.3 (98 957 555-102 429 040) spanning approximately 3.4 Mb, which encompassed the IGF1R gene. qPCR has confirmed haploinsufficiency of exons 3, 10 and 20 of the IGF1R gene. Both of her parents had a normal karyotype.@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal phenotype of the proband may be attributed to the microdeletion at 15q26.3, in particular haploinsuffiency of the IGF1R gene and instability of the ring chromosome. Cytogenetic method combined with SNP-array and qPCR can efficiently delineate chromosomal aberrations and provide accurate information for clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Cytogenetic Analysis , Female , Genetic Counseling , Humans , Karyotyping , Phenotype , Ring Chromosomes
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reported on two fetuses diagnosed with 17q12 microdeletion syndrome.@*METHODS@#The two fetuses were respectively found to have renal abnormalities and polyhydramnios upon second and third trimester ultrasonography. Umbilical cord blood of the first fetus and amniotic fluid of the second fetus were subjected to single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis. After 17q12 microdeletion was found in the first fetus, SNP-array was carried out on peripheral blood samples of the parents to determine its origin. With the medical history of the parents taken into consideration, the father underwent high-throughput sequencing for 565 urinary system-related genes to exclude pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants associated with congenital malformations of the urinary and reproductive systems.@*RESULTS@#In both fetuses, SNP-array has revealed a 1.42 Mb deletion at 17q12, or arr[hg19]17q12 (34 822 465-36 243 365) × 1. In both cases the microdeletion was inherited from the father, in whom no urinary disease-related pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants was identified.@*CONCLUSION@#Paternally derived 17q12 microdeletions probably underlay the genetic etiology of the two fetuses with renal ultrasound abnormalities and polyhydramnios. SNP-array can enable the diagnosis and facilitate genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the families.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Female , Fetus , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing , Humans , Polyhydramnios/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879526

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with lissencephaly.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from amniotic fluid sample and subjected to copy number variation (CNV) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to harbor a heterozygous 5.2 Mb deletion at 17p13.3p13.2, which encompassed the whole critical region of Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS) (chr17: 1-2 588 909).@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus was diagnosed with MDS. Deletion of the PAFAH1B1 gene may account for the lissencephaly found in the fetus.


Subject(s)
1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17/genetics , Classical Lissencephalies and Subcortical Band Heterotopias/genetics , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
19.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(3): 261-268, July-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134048

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is the most common hematologic malignancy among adults in Western countries. Several studies show that somatic mutations in the TP53 gene are present in up to 50% of patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia. This study aims to review and compare the methods used to detect somatic TP53 mutations and/or 17p deletions and analyze their importance in the chronic lymphocytic leukemia diagnosis and follow-up. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with refractory or recurrent disease, the probability of clonal expansion of cells with the TP53 mutation and/or 17p deletion is very high. The studies assessed showed several methodologies able to detect these changes. For the 17p deletion, the chromosome G-banding (karyotype) and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization are the most sensitive. For somatic mutations involving the TP53 gene, moderate or high-coverage read next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing are the most recommended ones. The TP53 gene mutations represent a strong adverse prognostic factor for patient survival and treatment resistance in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Patients carrying low-proportion TP53 mutation (less than 20-25% of all alleles) remain a challenge to these tests. Thus, for any of the methods employed, it is essential that the laboratory conduct its analytical validation, documenting its accuracy, precision and sensitivity/limit of detection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genes, p53 , Chromosome Deletion , Mutation
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8980, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089344

ABSTRACT

The mosaic 45,X/46,XY karyotype is a common sex chromosomal abnormality in infertile men. Males with this mosaic karyotype can benefit from assisted reproductive therapies, but the transmitted abnormalities contain 45,X aneuploidy as well as Y chromosome microdeletions. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of infertile men diagnosed with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism in China. Of the 734 infertile men found to carry chromosomal abnormalities, 14 patients were carriers of 45,X/46,XY mosaicism or its variants, giving a prevalence of 0.27% (14/5269) and accounting for 1.91% (14/734) of patients with a chromosomal abnormality. There were ten cases (71.43%, 10/14) of 45,X mosaicism exhibiting AZF microdeletions. Case 1 and Case 4 had AZFc deletions, and the other eight cases had AZFb+c deletions. A high frequency of Y chromosome microdeletions were detected in male patients with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis should be offered to men having intracytoplasmic sperm injection for hypospermatogenesis caused by 45,X/46,XY mosaicism, to avoid the risk of transfering AZF microdeletions in addition to X monosomy in male offspring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Sex Chromosome Disorders of Sex Development/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Mosaicism , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , China , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Karyotyping
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