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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): e636-e638, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353058

ABSTRACT

El uleritema ofriógenes es un trastorno cutáneo benigno y poco frecuente que se presenta habitualmente en la infancia. Se caracteriza por pápulas foliculares eritematosas y queratósicas en el lateral de las cejas, que con el tiempo suelen evolucionar a alopecia cicatricial. Dicha entidad puede aparecer como manifestación clínica aislada o asociada a varios síndromes congénitos (18p-, Cornelia de Lange, Noonan y Rubinstein- Taybi, entre otros). Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 13 años con síndrome 18p- que consultó por lesiones puntiformes rugosas al tacto y pérdida de pelo en ambas cejas (uleritema ofriógenes), así como por hiperqueratosis pilar en brazos. Esta tríada, conocida como síndrome de Zouboulis, ha sido poco descrita en la literatura. Se considera que el reconocimiento del uleritema ofriógenes es de crucial importancia ya que, ante su presencia, debería realizarse una anamnesis y una exploración física exhaustivas en búsqueda de otras alteraciones que pudieran orientar a la existencia de un trastorno genético subyacente.


Ulerythema ophryogenes is a benign and rare skin disorder commonly presenting in childhood. It is characterized by erythematous and keratotic follicular papules located on the side of the eyebrows, and which over time tends to evolve into scarred alopecia. This entity may appear as an isolated clinical manifestation or associated with several congenital syndromes (18p-, Cornelia de Lange, Noonan, Rubinstein-Taybi, among others). We present a 13-year-old male with 18p- syndrome who consults for rough lesions and hair loss in both eyebrows (ulerythema ophryogenes), as well as for hyperkeatosis pilaris in both arms. This triad, known as Zouboulis syndrome, has been rarely reported in the literature. We consider that the recognition of ulerythema ophryogenes is of crucial importance since, in view of its presence, comprehensive anamnesis and physical examination should be performed in search of other alterations that could guide the existence of an underlying genetic disord


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Chromosome Disorders , Darier Disease , Abnormalities, Multiple , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 , Chromosome Deletion , Eyebrows/abnormalities
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(2): 1-7, 31 de agosto del 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284497

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Rubinstein ­ Taybi es una patología de origen genético que afecta a 1 de cada 100.000 a 125.000 nacidos vivos, se caracteriza por presentar: retraso en el crecimiento, retraso en el desarrollo psicomotriz y anomalías morfológicas que incluyen: rasgos faciales peculiares (cejas arqueadas y gruesas, fisuras palpebrales inclinadas hacia abajo, puente nasal convexo con punta de la nariz por debajo de las alas), pulgares y hallux anchos. Su origen epigenético en el 60% de los casos se debe a una alteración en el gen CREBBP (codificador de la proteína CPB), en el 10% a un cambio en el gen EP300 (codificador de la proteína p300) y en el 30% no se han logrado identificar su causa. Caso clínico: Niño de 8 años de edad con retardo en el desarrollo psicomotriz, con dificultades para la adaptación escolar. Al examen físico con rasgos faciales: cejas superpobladas y arqueadas, hirsutismo en frente y región de labio superior, fisuras palpebrales inclinadas hacia abajo, hipertelorismo con estrabismo convergente, puente nasal ancho, nariz achatada, la punta se extiende levemente por debajo de las alas nasales. Con hirsutismo en región cervical e interescapular. En las manos se identifica dedos pulgares anchos, en el resto de dedos se evidencian falanges distales ensanchadas, de igual forma en la región de los pies se identifican hallux anchos y falanges distales ensanchadas. Evolución: El paciente sigue en observación por consulta externa, fue enviado a programas de terapia de lenguaje, lectura y psicomotriz. No ha desarrollado infecciones pulmonares hasta el cierre del seguimiento, 6 meses posteriores al diagnóstico. Conclusión: En presente caso reporta las alteraciones fenotípicas características faciales y de extremidades de un niño con síndrome de Rubinstein-Taybi, las cuales ayudaron al diagnóstico clínico.


Introduction: Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome is a pathology of genetic origin that affects 1 out of every 100,000 to 125,000 live births, it is characterized by: growth retardation, delay in psy-chomotor development and morphological abnormalities that include: peculiar facial features (thick arched eyebrows, downward sloping palpebral fissures, convex nasal bridge with tip of nose below wings), broad thumbs and hallux. Its epigenetic origin in 60% of cases is due to an alteration in the CREBBP gene (coding for CPB protein), in 10% to a change in the EP300 gene (coding for p300 protein) and in the 30% have not been able to identify its cause. Clinical case: 8-year-old boy with a delay in psychomotor development, with difficulties in adapting to school. On physical examination with facial features: overpopulated and arched eyebrows, hirsutism in the forehead and upper lip region, downward sloping palpebral fissures, hypertelorism with convergent strabismus, wide nasal bridge, flattened nose, the tip extends slightly below the nasal wings. With hirsutism in the cervical and interscapular region. In the hands, broad thumbs are identified, in the rest of the fingers there are widened distal phalanges, in the same way in the region of the feet, wide hallux and widened distal phalanges are identified. Evolution: The patient continues to be observed by outpatient consultation, he was sent to speech, reading and psychomotor therapy programs. He has not developed pulmonary infections until the close of follow-up, 6 months after diagnosis. Conclusion: In this case, it reports the phenotypic alterations of the facial and limb characteristics of a child with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome, which helped the clinical diagnosis.


Introdução: A síndrome de Rubinstein-Taybi é uma patologia de origem genética que afeta 1 em cada 100.000 a 125.000 nascidos vivos, é caracterizada por: retardo de crescimento, atraso no desenvolvimento psicomotor e anormalidades morfológicas que incluem: características faciais peculiares (sobrancelhas arqueadas e grossas, descendente fissuras palpebrais, ponte nasal convexa com a ponta do nariz abaixo das asas), polegares largos e hálux. Sua origem epigenética em 60% dos casos deve-se a uma alteração no gene CREBBP (que codifica a proteína CPB), em 10% a uma alteração no gene EP300 (que codifica a proteína p300) e em 30% sua causa não foi identificada . Caso clínico: Menino de 8 anos com atraso no desenvolvimento psicomotor, com dificuldade de adaptação à escola. No exame físico com características faciais: sobrancelhas superpovoadas e arqueadas, hirsutismo na testa e região do lábio superior, fissuras palpebrais inclinadas para baixo, hipertelorismo com estrabismo convergente, ponte nasal larga, nariz achatado, a ponta se estende ligeiramente abaixo das asas nasais. Com hirsutismo na região cervical e interescapular. Nas mãos identificam-se os polegares largos, nos restantes dedos são identificadas falanges distais alargadas, da mesma forma que na região dos pés, hálux largo e falanges distais alargadas. Evolução: O paciente ainda está em acompanhamento ambulatorial, foi encaminhado para programas de fonoaudiologia. Ele não desenvolveu infecções pulmonares até o fechamento do acompanhamento, 6 meses após o diagnóstico. Conclusão: Nesse caso, relata as alterações fenotípicas das características faciais e de membros de uma criança com síndrome de Rubinstein-Taybi, o que auxiliou no diagnóstico clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome , Case Reports , Thumb , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Chromosome Disorders
3.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 117-125, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877178

ABSTRACT

@#Background. Accidental radiation exposure can occur anytime. Biodosimeters help in quantifying the absorbed dose of individuals who are not equipped with personal dosimeters during radiation exposure. The dicentric assay can quantify radiation damage by correlating radiation dose exposure with the frequency of dicentric chromosomes in the peripheral lymphocytes extracted from exposed individuals. Objective. The study aims to present the interim results of the reference dose-response curve for a Philippine radiotherapy facility constructed using a 6MV linear accelerator (ClinacX, Varian). Methods. Samples of peripheral blood from healthy volunteers were irradiated in a customized water phantom of doses 0.10 to 5.0 Gray using a linear accelerator. The irradiated samples were cultured and analyzed following the International Atomic Energy Agency Cytogenetic Dosimetry Protocol (2011) with modifications. Linear-quadratic model curve fitting and further statistical analysis were done using CABAS (Chromosome Aberration Calculation Software Version 2.0) and Dose Estimate (Version 5.2). Interim results of the samples were used to generate these curves. Results. The dose-response curve generated from the preliminary results were comparable to published dose response curves from international cytogenetic laboratories. Conclusion. The generated dose-response calibration curve will be useful for medical triage of the public and radiologic staff accidentally exposed to radiation during medical procedures or in the event of nuclear accidents.


Subject(s)
Cytogenetics , Biological Assay , Chromosome Disorders , Cytogenetic Analysis , Radiation
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879575

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for the detection of fetal chromosomal aneuploidies in women with twin pregnancy.@*METHODS@#A total of 2473 women with twin pregnancy underwent the NIPT test to assess the risk for fetal chromosomal aneuploidies from January 2016 to September 2019. Those with a high risk by NIPT were confirmed by amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling. All cases were followed up to evaluate the positive prediction value of NIPT for twin pregnancies.@*RESULTS@#Among the 2473 women, the NIPT test has identified 31 cases (1.25%) with a high risk for fetal chromosomal aneuploidies, which included 5 cases of trisomy 21, 1 case of chromosome 21 deletion, 4 cases of trisomy 18, 7 cases of sex chromosome abnormality and 14 cases of microdeletion and microduplication. By invasive prenatal diagnosis or chromosomal karyotyping analysis of neonates, 5 cases of trisomy 21, 3 cases of trisomy 18, 1 case of sex chromosome abnormality, and 2 cases of microdeletion and microduplication were confirmed, which yielded a positive predictive value of 100%, 75%, 25% and 25%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT can be used for the screening of fetal chromosomal aneuploidies in women with twin pregnancy with high accuracy. The method is non-invasive, safe and effective for the screening of fetal chromosomal aneuploidies, in particular trisomy 21.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Chromosome Disorders , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Twin , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy , Trisomy 13 Syndrome , Trisomy 18 Syndrome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the origin and structure of 3 cases of small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) through cytogenetic and molecular genetic analysis.@*METHODS@#Conventional G, C and N banding were carried out to analyze the chromosomal karyotypes. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to delineate the origin and structure of the sSMCs.@*RESULTS@#In case 1, chromosomal karyotype of peripheral blood sample was 47,XY,+mar. This de novo sSMC was a dual-satellited dicentric inverted duplicated marker chromosome, for which CMA yielded a normal result. It was predicted to not increase the risk of offspring. In case 2, the fetal chromosomal karyotype was 47,XY,+mar[17]/46,XY[33]. Chromosomal banding suggested that this de novo segment contained euchromatin, and the result of CMA was arr[hg19] 5p12q11.1(45 694 574-49 475 697) × 3. FISH showed the sSMC to be a fragment derived from 5p12 containing the HCN1 gene. Case 3 was found to have a fetal karyotype of 45,XY,-13[25]/46,XY,r(13)[18]/46,XY,-13,+mar[7]. Both parents had refused further examination.@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional chromosomal banding combined with molecular methods can delineate the origin and structure of the sSMCs, which can help with prediction of their pathogenicity and facilitate genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Disorders , Cytogenetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reported on two fetuses diagnosed with 17q12 microdeletion syndrome.@*METHODS@#The two fetuses were respectively found to have renal abnormalities and polyhydramnios upon second and third trimester ultrasonography. Umbilical cord blood of the first fetus and amniotic fluid of the second fetus were subjected to single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis. After 17q12 microdeletion was found in the first fetus, SNP-array was carried out on peripheral blood samples of the parents to determine its origin. With the medical history of the parents taken into consideration, the father underwent high-throughput sequencing for 565 urinary system-related genes to exclude pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants associated with congenital malformations of the urinary and reproductive systems.@*RESULTS@#In both fetuses, SNP-array has revealed a 1.42 Mb deletion at 17q12, or arr[hg19]17q12 (34 822 465-36 243 365) × 1. In both cases the microdeletion was inherited from the father, in whom no urinary disease-related pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants was identified.@*CONCLUSION@#Paternally derived 17q12 microdeletions probably underlay the genetic etiology of the two fetuses with renal ultrasound abnormalities and polyhydramnios. SNP-array can enable the diagnosis and facilitate genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the families.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Female , Fetus , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing , Humans , Polyhydramnios/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with febrile seizures.@*METHODS@#Peripheral venous blood samples were taken from the child and his parents for the analysis of chromosomal karyotype and dynamic variant of the FMR1 gene. The family trio was also subjected to target capture and next generation sequencing (NGS) with a gene panel related to developmental retardation, mental retardation, language retardation, epilepsy and special facial features.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to have a normal karyotype by conventional cytogenetic analysis (400 bands). No abnormal expansion was found with the CGG repeats of the FMR1 gene. NGS revealed that the child has carried a heterozygous c.864+1 delG variant of the MEF2C gene, which may lead to abnormal splicing and affect its protein function. The same variant was found in neither parent, suggesting that it has a de novo origin. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, c.864+1delG variant of MEF2C gene was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2).@*CONCLUSION@#MEF2C, as the key gene for chromosome 5q14.3 deletion syndrome which was speculated as a cause for febrile seizures, has an autosomal dominant effect. The c.864+1delG variant of the MEF2C gene may account for the febrile seizures in this patient.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Epilepsy , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Karyotyping , MEF2 Transcription Factors/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide genetic counseling for a couple with recurrent detection of fetal structural abnormality during second trimester pregnancy.@*METHODS@#The fetal tissue and peripheral blood samples of the couple were subjected to G banded chromosomal analysis, copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assays.@*RESULTS@#CNV-seq has detected a 6.59 Mb duplication at 7p22.3-p22.1 and a 3.81 Mb deletion at 4p16.3 in the fetal tissue, though conventional karyotyping results of both parents were normal. FISH has confirmed that the father has harbored a cryptic translocation of t(4;7)(7p+,4q+,4p+,7q+).@*CONCLUSION@#The ultrasonographic abnormality of the fetuses may be attributed to the 7p microduplication and 4p microdeletion derived from the cryptic translocation carried by the father. Reciprocal translocation of tiny chromosomal segments should be suspected for couples with recurrent adverse pregnancies but apparently normal karyotypes.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Disorders , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Translocation, Genetic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genetic characteristics of a child with 5q14.3 microdeletion syndrome.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) and low-coverage massively parallel copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) were used to determine the potentially pathogenic variants as well as the copy number variations (CNVs). Candidate CNVs were verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.@*RESULTS@#The patient presented with psychomotor retardation, epilepsy, peculiar face and hypotonia. The results of WES suggested that he has carried a heterozygous deletion for chr5:86 564 268-88 119 605. CNV-seq indicated that the patient carried a heterozygous deletion of 4.76 Mb heterozygous deletion on chromosome 5q14.3. The MEF2C gene and RASA1 gene in the deletion area were verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The results showed that the MEF2C geneand RASA1 gene were heterozygous deletion, which was consistent with the sequencing results.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with 5q14.3 microdeletion syndrome. Haploinsufficiency of the MEF2C gene may underlie the manifestations of 5q14.3 microdeletion syndrome.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , DNA Copy Number Variations , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Phenotype , Whole Exome Sequencing , p120 GTPase Activating Protein
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical value of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for the screening of trisomy and copy number variations (CNVs) of chromosomes 21, 18 and 13.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2019, 40 628 pregnant women underwent NIPT testing using high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics analysis to test the cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma. High-risk pregnant women underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis, while low-risk ones were followed up by telephone.@*RESULTS@#The three most common indications included intermediate risk of serological screening, high risk of serological screening and advanced maternal age. Among all pregnant women, 257 cases were detected as trisomy 21, 18 and 13 (170, 49 and 38 cases, respectively). 227 cases chose invasive prenatal diagnosis, with respectively 122, 28 and 10 cases confirmed. The positive predictive value (PPV) was 81.33% (122/150), 65.12% (28/43), 29.41% (10/34), respectively. Two false negative cases of trisomy 18 were found during follow-up. Meanwhile, NIPT has detected 46 cases (15, 16 and 15 cases, respectively) CNVs on chromosomes 21, 18 and 13, among which 37 cases underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis. There were 5, 3 and 5 positive cases, which yielded a PPV of 41.67% (5/12), 25%(3/12) and 33.33%(5/15), respectively. Two other chromosome CNVs were accidentally discovered among the false positive samples.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in the serological screening high-risk group was 52.02%, which was significantly higher than other groups. NIPT has a high sensitivity and specificity for the screening of trisomies 21, 18 and 13, while its accuracy for detecting CNVs of chromosomes 21, 18 and 13 needs to be improved. As a screening method, NIPT has a great clinical value, though there are still limitations of false positive and false negative results.Comprehensive pre- and post-test genetic counseling should be provided to the patients.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes , DNA Copy Number Variations , Down Syndrome/genetics , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To apply combined non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray for the screening and prenatal diagnosis of a fetus with supernumerary small marker chromosome (sSMC).@*METHODS@#Standard NIFTY and full gene NIFTY kits were applied to detect free DNA (cfDNA) isolated from peripheral blood sample of a pregnancy woman. Amniocentesis was carried out for the woman for an abnormal NIPT result. G-banded karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) were used to determine the karyotype and copy number variants in the fetus. The result was validated with a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay.@*RESULTS@#Both the standard NIFTY and full gene NIFTY indicated abnormal dup(chr12:707 334-33 308 759), for which the T score value of copy number anomaly in full gene NIFTY is 6.823, which is higher than the standard NIFTY's T-score value of 3.9535. The two NIFTY results were both above the normal threshold ± 3. Conventional G-banding analysis of amniocytes showed that the fetus has a karyotype of 47,XY,+mar. SNP-array delineated duplication of 12p (arr [hg19]12p13.33p11.1 (173 786_34 385 641)× 4, which was verified by FISH. Based on the above results, the fetus was diagnosed as a novel case of Pallister-Killian syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT has a certain value for the prenatal detection of PKS. Combined use of multiple techniques can facilitate delineation of the source of sSMC.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12/genetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921969

ABSTRACT

Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS)(OMIM#606232) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a deletion of the distal long arm of chromosome 22q13 involving a variety of clinical features with considerably heterogeneous degrees of severity. This syndrome is characterized by global developmental delay, intellectual disability, hypotonia, absent or severely delayed speech, minor dysmorphic features and autism spectrum disorder. PMS is easy to be misdiagnosed due to the lack of specific clinical manifestations. SHANK3 has been identified as the critical candidate gene for the neurological features of this syndrome. However, some studies have shown that other genes located in the 22q13 region may have a role in the formation of symptoms in individuals with PMS. This article provides a review for recent progress made in research on PMS including etiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, and treatment, with a particular emphasis on clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Humans , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics
13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC5335, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133770

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Chromosomal abnormalities are responsible for several congenital malformations in the world, some of these are associated to telomeric/subtelomeric deletions. The abnormalities involving the telomere of chromosome 12 are rare, with few reports of deletions involving 12q24.31 region in the literature, and, to our knowledge, only four of them in the 12q24.31-q24.33 region. We report a further case of interstitial deletion of bands 12q24.31-q24.33 associated with autism spectrum disorder. A 2-year-old boy with global developmental delay associated with multiple congenital anomalies. The Human Genome CGH Microarray 60K confirmed the diagnosis of 12q deletion syndrome. This study made a review of the current literature comparing our patient with previously reported cases. These detailed analyses contribute to the development of genotype/phenotype correlations for 12q deletions that will aid in better diagnosis and prognosis of this deletion.


RESUMO Anomalias cromossômicas são responsáveis por inúmeras malformações congênitas no mundo, algumas delas associadas a deleções teloméricas/subteloméricas. As anomalias que envolvem o telômero do cromossomo 12 são raras, com poucos relatos na literatura sobre deleções relacionados à região 12q24.31 e, até onde sabemos, apenas quatro deles na região 12q24.31-q24.33. Relatamos um outro caso de deleção intersticial das bandas 12q24.31-q24.33 associada ao transtorno do espectro do autismo. Trata-se de um menino de 2 anos de idade com atraso global no desenvolvimento associado a múltiplas anomalias congênitas. A utilização do Human Genome CGH Microarray 60K confirmou o diagnóstico da síndrome de deleção 12q. Este estudo fez uma revisão da literatura atual, comparando nosso paciente com casos previamente relatados. Estas análises detalhadas contribuem para o desenvolvimento de correlações genótipo/fenótipo para deleções 12q, que ajudam aos melhores diagnóstico e prognóstico desta deleção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Autistic Disorder/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12/genetics , Chromosome Disorders/pathology , Rare Diseases/genetics , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Abnormalities, Multiple , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Deletion
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the analysis of 824 samples from miscarriage or stillbirth.@*METHODS@#Copy number variations (CNVs) in the abortic chorionic villi or stillbirth tissues were detected by CMA.@*RESULTS@#All specimens were successfully analyzed, among which 381 (46.2%) were diagnosed with chromosomal abnormalities, which included 312 (81.9%) numerical abnormalities, 66 (17.3%) structural abnormalities and 3 (0.8%) uniparental disomies. Among numerical chromosomal abnormalities, aneuploidies was most common (92.0%), with trisomy 16 and 45,X accounting for 41 (13.1%) and 63 (20.2%) of the cases, respectively. Among the 66 structural chromosomal aberrations, there were 26 (39.4%) CNVs duplications, 20 (30.3%) CNVs deletions, and 20 (30.3%) CNVs duplication and deletions. 33 CNVs were predicted as have a high chance to lead to a disease.@*CONCLUSION@#CMA is a reliable, robust, and high-resolution method for the analysis of miscarriage or stillbirth samples. Numerical aberrations, in particular chromosomal aneuploides, are the main cause for spontaneous abortions and stillbirths.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Genetics , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Pregnancy , Stillbirth , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of combined chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#G-banding karyotyping and CMA were simultaneously performed on 546 women who were subjected to amniocentesis during middle pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#In total 82 cases were detected with chromosomal abnormalities. The two methods were consistent in 43 cases, which included 14 trisomy 21, 6 trisomy 18, 1 trisomy 13, 14 sex chromosomal aneuploidies, 4 chromosomal deletions, 3 chromosomal duplications and 1 sex chromosomal mosaicism. Fifteen fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities detected by CMA were missed by karyotyping analysis, which included 9 microdeletions and 6 microduplications. Sixteen fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities detected by karyotyping analysis were missed by CMA, which included 15 chromosomal translocations and 1 sex chromosomal mosaicism. In 7 cases, the results of karyotyping analysis and CMA were inconsistent. One supernumerary marker chromosome detected by karyotyping analysis was verified by CMA as 9p13.1p21.1 duplication.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined chromosomal karyotyping and CMA can significantly improve the detection rate for chromosomal abnormalities, which has a great value for prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Genetics , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Microarray Analysis , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for 3 fetuses with abnormal prenatal screening.@*METHODS@#Fetal ultrasound, karyotype analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and fluorescence in situ hybridization were performed.@*RESULTS@#Abnormalities of chromosome 22 were found with all 3 fetuses. Fetus 1 harbored a 7.1 Mb deletion in 22q13.2q13.33 region, which involved 54 OMIM genes including SHANK3 and FBLN1. Fetus 2 had a mosaicism karyotype, with 12% of cells harboring a 6.6 Mb deletion in 22q13.31q13.33, covering 48 OMIM genes such as SHANK3 and PPARA, and 5% of cells harboring a 26.1 Mb duplication in 22q11.1q13.2 involving 285 OMIM genes. Fetus 3 carried a tandem duplication of 1.7 Mb in 22q11.1q11.21, which involved 10 OMIM genes including CECR1, CECR2 and ATP6V1E1. No abnormality was found in the three couples by chromosomal karyotyping and SNP array analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The severity of diseases caused by chromosome 22 abnormalities not only depends on the range of the deletion or duplication, but is also closely related to chromosome structure, gene dose and genetic environment. Combined ultrasonography and various genetic testing techniques in prenatal diagnosis can greatly increase the detection rate of genetic diseases with substantial phenotypic variation.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Genetics , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Transcription Factors , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879506

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnose for a fetus with ultrasonography abnormalities using multiple genetic techniques.@*METHODS@#Routine G-banding chromosomal analysis and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) were applied in conjunction for the prenatal diagnosis of the fetus. The result was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#SNP-array detected that the fetus has carried a hemizygous 5.1 Mb deletion at 22q13.31q13.33, which is associated with Phelan-McDermid syndrome, and a hemizygous 4.5 Mb deletion at 21q21.1q21.2. FISH analysis of the fetus and its parents suggested that both deletions were de novo in origin.@*CONCLUSION@#The hemizygous deletions on 21q21.1q21.2 and 22q13.31q13.33 probably underlay the abnormal phenotype of the fetus. Genetic analysis can provide crucial information for the prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22/genetics , Female , Fetus , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Sequence Deletion/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879485

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with Pallister-killian syndrome (PKS).@*METHODS@#The fetus was found to have limb malformations at 23rd gestational week. With informed consent from its parents, amniotic fluid sample was taken from the fetus and subjected to chromosomal karyotyping, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay.@*RESULTS@#G-banding analysis suggested the fetus has a mos47,XY,+mar[55]/46,XY[10] karyotype. CMA analysis of the cultured amniocytes with CytoScan 750K microarray revealed a segmental tetrasomy duplication of 12p13.33p11.1. FISH confirmed a 70% mosaicism of tetrasomy 12p in the metaphase amniocytes with 12pter/12qter probes.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined use of G-banding karyotyping, CMA and FISH analysis has enabled diagnosis of PKS in the fetus. Although short limb is a common feature of PKS, unequal femur length has not been reported previously, which has expanded the spectrum of PKS-associated limb abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12/genetics , Female , Fetus , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Mosaicism , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the application value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for prenatal diagnosis of fetus with ultrasound abnormalities.@*METHODS@#For 293 fetuses with ultrasound abnormalities (including 168 with structural abnormalities and 125 with non-structured abnormalities) but no common chromosomal abnormalities, CMA assay was performed.@*RESULTS@#Sixteen pathogenic copy number variants (pCNVs) were detected by CMA with a detection rate of 5.46%. The detection rates were 5.95% (10/168) for those with structural abnormalities and 4.80% (6/125) for those with non-structural abnormalities.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional karyotyping analysis, CMA can improve the detection of fetal chromosomal abnormality and provide an effective means for prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Fetus , Congenital Abnormalities , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Reference Standards , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785547

ABSTRACT

We present a 33-year-old male patient with cerebellar ataxia. He was first considered to have a psychiatric conversion disorder but finally found to have chromosomal deletion in 7q31.2-31.32 involving Ca2⁺-dependent activator protein for secretion (CADPS) gene. When a targeted gene sequencing using next-generation sequencing panel and chromosomal microarray analysis were performed, an 8.6 Mb deletion within chromosome 7q31.2-31.32 was discovered. Deletion of CADPS gene in the 7q31.2-31.32 was suggested as the causative factor of cerebellar ataxia. Functional levels evaluated by Berg balance scale and modified Barthel index were improved via comprehensive rehabilitation including balance training and a dopamine agonist medication. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of chromosomal deletion in 7q31.2-31.32 including CADPS gene detected in patients with cerebellar ataxia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cerebellar Ataxia , Chromosome Disorders , Conversion Disorder , Dopamine Agonists , Humans , Male , Microarray Analysis , Rehabilitation
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