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Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256949, 2024. tab, mapas, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360214


Among Bemisia tabaci species, the invasive MEAM1 and MED species are key agricultural pests for many crops. In Brazil, most part of B. tabaci population outbreaks were associated with MEAM1, which, since 1990s quickly spread across the entire country. Later in 2014, the MED was identified in Brazil, initially more restricted to greenhouses, but suddenly reaching new areas in the South and Southeast open regions. Thus, our objective was to investigate the geographical distribution of MEAM1 and MED on open field crops in Brazil. MEAM1 is still the predominant species on open field crops such as soybean, cotton, and tomato. The sequencing of a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene fragment revealed a single haplotype of MEAM1, suggesting the establishment of a single MEAM1 strain in the country. The haplotypes found for MEAM1 and MED are genetically related to the globally dispersed strains, Jap1 and Mch1, respectively. Continuous monitoring of B. tabaci species is crucial because landscape alterations, climatic changes, and pest management methods may shift the B. tabaci species distribution and dominance in Brazilian crop areas.

Dentre as espécies de Bemisia tabaci, as espécies invasoras MEAM1 e MED se destacam como pragas de grande importância para várias culturas. No Brasil, a maior parte dos surtos populacionais de mosca-branca são associados a presença da espécie MEAM1, que a partir 1990 se espalhou por todo o país. Por outro lado, em 2014 a espécie MED foi identificada no Brasil, inicialmente restrita a casas de vegetação, mas rapidamente se difundindo em novas áreas nas regiões Sul e Sudeste do Brasil. Assim, nosso objetivo foi investigar a distribuição geográfica das espécies MEAM1 e MED em grandes culturas no Brasil. A espécie MEAM1 continua sendo predominante nas monoculturas como algodão, soja e tomate. O sequenciamento de um fragmento do gene citocromo c oxidase subunidade I (COI) revelou a presença de um haplótipo para MEAM1, sugerindo o estabelecimento de apenas uma linhagem no país. Os haplótipos encontrados para MEAM1 e MED são geneticamente relacionados as linhagens globalmente dispersas Jap1 e Mch1, respectivamente. O monitoramento contínuo das espécies de B. tabaci é crucial pois as mudanças na paisagem, mudanças climáticas e métodos de manejo das pragas podem alterar a dominância e a distribuição dessas espécies nas áreas agrícolas do Brasil.

Animals , Pest Control , Chromosome Mapping , Agricultural Pests
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935336


To investigate the efficacy and value of optical genome mapping (OGM) in detecting chromosomal structural variations. In a clinical study about high-precision analysis of genomic structural variation for complex genetic diseases, a retrospective study was performed on the cases with karyotyping at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Endocrinology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January to December 2021. Ten cases with abnormal karyotype was detected by OGM. Partial cases were verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), SNP array or CNV-seq. Results of ten cases, nine were detected with abnormality by OGM, including unbalanced chromosomal rearrangements (n=3), translocation (n=5) and paracentric inversion (n=1), and the results were in concordance with other standard assays. However, one case with breakpoint and reconnected at centromere has not been detected. In conclusion, ten samples were comprehensively analyzed by karyotyping, FISH, SNP array or CNV-seq, and OGM, and results demonstrated that optical genome mapping as a new technology can not only detect unbalanced rearrangements such as copy number variants as well as balanced translocations and inversions, but more importantly, it can refine breakpoints and orientation of duplicated segments or insertions. So it can contribute to the diagnosis of genetic diseases and prevent birth defect. However, the current technology is not yet capable of detecting breakpoints of balanced structural variations lying within unmapped regions.

Chromosome Mapping , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic
Electron J Biotechnol ; 49: 72-81, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291929


BACKGROUND: Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Diospyros. In this study, genetic diversity and variations in persimmon genotypes were investigated using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers identified by genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-five persimmon accessions grown in the Pear Research Institute, National Institute Horticultural and Herbal Science, were sequenced using the Illumina Hiseq2500 platform and polymorphic SNPs were detected to develop molecular markers. These reliable SNPs were analyzed using the Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) assay to discriminate among persimmon genotypes. GBS generated a total of 447,495,724 trimmed reads, of which 89.7% were raw reads. After demultiplexing and sequence quality trimming, 108,876,644 clean reads were mapped to the reference transcriptome. An average of 1,146,070 genotype reads were mapped. Filtering of raw SNPs in each sample led to selection of a total of 1,725,401 high-quality SNPs. The number of homozygous and heterozygous SNPs ranged from 1,933 to 6,834 and from 846 to 5,927, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Of the 49 SNPs selected for development of an identification system for persimmons, 15 SNPs were used in the KASP assay to analyze 32 persimmon accessions. These KASP markers discriminated among all accessions.

Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Diospyros/genetics , Genetic Variation , Genetic Markers , Chromosome Mapping , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Alleles , Genotyping Techniques , Homozygote
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21190494, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249202


Abstract The aim of this paper was to present the second case of B chromosomes in Auchenipteridae (Trachelyopterus sp.), and to test the hypothesis that the B chromosomes of this species and Parauchenipterus galeatus might have a common origin, since these two species have phylogenetic proximity. Both species have 58 chromosomes in the A complement, heterochromatin preferentially located at terminal region of the most of chromosomes, simple Ag-NORs located at the short arm of a subtelocentric pair, which was confirmed by hybridization with 18S rDNA, two submetacentric pairs carrying 5S rDNA sites, and presence of B chromosomes. The B chromosomes of the two species are small, metacentric, and almost totally heterochromatic, with variation of number intra and interindividual. In addition, for the first time in fish, the telomeric sequence [TTAGGG]n was dispersed along the B chromosomes (both species). The [GATA]n microsatellite were scattered in all chromosomes of the A complement and absent in the B chromosomes, in both species. These aspects confirm the phylogenetic proximity between the genus Parauchenipterus and Trachelyopterus, and they suggest the hypothesis that the B chromosomes of the two species might have common origin, previous to the diversification of these genera.

Catfishes , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, 4-5 , Phylogeny
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e042, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132668


Abstract A few investigations of caries biofilms have identified Scardovia spp.; however, little is known about its involvement in caries pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to assess the gene expression profile of Scardovia spp. in root caries, and compare it with other microorganisms. Clinical samples from active root caries lesions were collected. Microbial mRNA was isolated and cDNA sequenced. The function and composition of the Scardovia were investigated using two methods: a) de novo assembly of the read data and mapping to contigs, and b) reads mapping to reference genomes. Pearson correlation was performed (p < 0.05). Proportion of Scardovia inopinata and Scardovia wiggsiae sequences ranged from 0-6% in the root caries metatranscriptome. There was a positive correlation between the transcriptome of Lactobacillus spp. and Scardovia spp. (r = 0.70; p = 0.03), as well as with other Bifidobacteriaceae (r = 0.91; p = 0.0006). Genes that code for fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase (the key enzyme for "Bifid shunt"), as well as ABC transporters and glycosyl-hydrolases were highly expressed. In conclusion, "Bifid shunt" and starch metabolism are involved in carbohydrate metabolism of S. inopinata and S. wiggsiae in root caries. There is a positive correlation between the metabolism abundance of Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacteriaceae members, and Scardovia in root caries.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gene Expression , Actinobacteria/genetics , Root Caries/microbiology , Reference Values , DNA, Bacterial , Chromosome Mapping , Actinobacteria/isolation & purification , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , Gene Expression Profiling , Transcriptome , Middle Aged
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190401, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135285


Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccines comprise a family of related strains. Whole genome sequencing has allowed the better characterisation of the differences between many of the BCG vaccines. As sequencing technologies improve, updating of publicly available sequence data becomes common practice. We hereby announce the draft genome of four commonly used BCG vaccines in Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela.

Humans , BCG Vaccine/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Mycobacterium bovis/genetics , Argentina , Venezuela , Brazil , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 27(4): 609-620, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057446


Resumo Objetiva-se comparar o estado da legislação brasileira sobre mapeamento genético com o de legislações internacionais visando dimensionar a realidade normativa do país quanto às tendências sociais de reconhecimento das diferenças e a abertura jurídica prospectiva, com foco na área laboral. Trata-se de revisão de literatura e pesquisa documental sobre o diálogo entre bioética, medicina do trabalho e genética, que têm a dignidade humana como ponto em comum. Concluiu-se que se tende a admitir o mapeamento genético de trabalhadores para pesquisa e prevenção do adoecimento, inferindo-se, dado seu referencial comum e de acordo com a perspectiva culturalista do Código Civil, que essa possibilidade se estende à identificação genética de habilidades do trabalhador para o exercício de atividades.

Abstract This work aims to verify the status of Brazilian legislation on genetic mapping, focusing on the occupational sphere, in comparison to international legislation, to assess the country's normative reality regarding social trends related to the recognition of differences and prospective legal opening. This is a review of literature and documents regarding the dialogue between bioethics, occupational medicine and genetics, taking into account that they have human dignity as a common ground. It was concluded that there is a tendency to accept the genetic mapping of workers for research and prevention of illness. Given their common reference and in accordance with the culturalist perspective of the Civil Code, it is inferred that this possibility extends to the genetic identification of workers' skills for the exercise of their duties.

Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar el estado de la legislación brasileña sobre mapeo genético en relación con el de las legislaciones internacionales, buscando dimensionar la realidad normativa del país ante las tendencias sociales de reconocimiento de las diferencias y la apertura jurídica prospectiva, con foco en el área laboral. Se trata de una revisión de la literatura y de una investigación documental sobre el diálogo entre bioética, medicina del trabajo y genética, considerando que tienen a la dignidad humana como punto en común. Se concluyó que se tiende a admitir el mapeo genético de los trabajadores para la investigación y prevención de enfermedades, infiriéndose, dada su referencia común y de acuerdo con la perspectiva culturalista del Código Civil, que esta posibilidad se extiende a la identificación genética de habilidades del trabajador para para el ejercicio de actividades.

Bioethics , Chromosome Mapping/ethics , Legislation as Topic , Occupational Medicine
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 39: 30-41, may. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051590


BACKGROUND: A total of 62,591 cowpea expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were BLAST aligned to the whole-genome sequence of barrel medic (Medicago truncatula) to develop conserved intron scanning primers (CISPs). The efficacy of the primers was tested across 10 different legumes and on different varieties of cowpea, chickpea, and pigeon pea. Genetic diversity was assessed using the same primers on different cowpea genotypes. Singlenucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected, which were later converted to length polymorphism markers for easy genotyping. CISPs developed in this study were used in tagging resistance to bacterial leaf blight disease in cowpea. RESULTS: A total of 1262 CISPs were designed. The single-copy amplification success rates using these primers on 10 different legumes and on different varieties of cowpea, chickpea, and pigeon pea were approximately 60% in most of the legumes except soybean (47%) and peanut (37%). Genetic diversity analysis of 35 cowpea genotypes using 179 CISPs revealed 123 polymorphic markers with PIC values ranging from 0.05 to 0.59. Potential SNPs identified in cowpea, chickpea, and pigeon pea were converted to PCR primers of various sizes for easy genotyping. Using the markers developed in this study, a genetic linkage map was constructed with 11 linkage groups in cowpea. QTL mapping with 194 F3 progeny families derived from the cross C-152 × V-16 resulted in the identification of three QTLs for resistance to bacterial leaf blight disease. Conclusions: CISPs were proved to be efficient markers to identify various other marker classes like SNPs through comparative genomic studies in lesser studied crops and to aid in systematic sampling of the entire genome for well-distributed markers at low cost

Genome, Plant , Genomics/methods , Medicago truncatula/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Chromosome Mapping , Expressed Sequence Tags , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genomics , Quantitative Trait Loci , Fabaceae/genetics
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(10): e7113, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951714


Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons regenerate spontaneously after traumatic or surgical injury. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in various biological regulation processes. Conditions of lncRNAs in DRG neuron injury deserve to be further investigated. Transcriptomic analysis was performed by high-throughput Illumina HiSeq2500 sequencing to profile the differential genes in L4-L6 DRGs following rat sciatic nerve tying. A total of 1,228 genes were up-regulated and 1,415 down-regulated. By comparing to rat lncRNA database, 86 known and 26 novel lncRNA genes were found to be differential. The 86 known lncRNA genes modulated 866 target genes subject to gene ontology (GO) and KEGG enrichment analysis. The genes involved in the neurotransmitter status of neurons were downregulated and those involved in a neuronal regeneration were upregulated. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 was downregulated. There were 13 credible GO terms for the rno-Cntnap2 gene, which had a putative function in cell component of voltage-gated potassium channel complex on the cell surface for neurites. In 26 novel lncRNA genes, 4 were related to 21 mRNA genes. A novel lncRNA gene AC111653.1 improved rno-Hypm synthesizing huntingtin during sciatic nerve regeneration. Real time qPCR results attested the down-regulation of rno-Cntnap lncRNA gene and the upregulation of AC111653.1 lncRNA gene. A total of 26 novel lncRNAs were found. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 and novel lncRNA AC111653.1 were involved in neuropathic pain of DRGs after spared sciatic nerve injury. They contributed to peripheral nerve regeneration via the putative mechanisms.

Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Ganglia, Spinal/injuries , Neuralgia/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Gene Expression Regulation , Blotting, Western , Chromosome Mapping , Disease Models, Animal , Transcriptome , Ganglia, Spinal/physiopathology , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772959


Despite the large number of genomic and transcriptomic resources in maize, there is still much to learn about the function of genes in developmental and biochemical processes. Some maize mutants that were generated by gamma-irradiation showed clear segregation for the kernel phenotypes in B73 × Mo17 F2 ears. To better understand the functional genomics of kernel development, we developed a mapping and gene identification pipeline, bulked segregant exome sequencing (BSEx-seq), to map mutants with kernel phenotypes including opaque endosperm and reduced kernel size. BSEx-seq generates and compares the sequence of the exon fraction from mutant and normal plant F2 DNA pools. The comparison can derive mapping peaks, identify deletions within the mapping peak, and suggest candidate genes within the deleted regions. We then used the public kernel-specific expression data to narrow down the list of candidate genes/mutations and identified deletions ranging from several kb to more than 1 Mb. A full deletion allele of the Opaque-2 gene was identified in mutant 531, which occurs within a ∼200-kb deletion. Opaque mutant 1486 has a 6248-bp deletion in the mapping interval containing two candidate genes encoding RNA-directed DNA methylation 4 (RdDM4) and AMP-binding protein, respectively. This study demonstrates the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of BSEx-seq for causal mutation mapping and candidate gene selection, providing a new option in mapping-by-sequencing for maize functional genomics studies.

Chromosome Mapping , Methods , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Endosperm , Exome , Genetics , Exons , Genetics , Gene Deletion , Genomics , Phenotype , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Methods , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Zea mays , Genetics
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 16(1): e170092, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895134


Astyanax is one of the most abundant and diverse taxa of fishes in the Neotropical region. In order to increase the amount of cytogenetic information for Astyanax as well as to exhibit data to subsidize future taxonomic studies, this work analyzed three species of Astyanax: two species are cryptic, and are here reported to live in syntopy (A. abramis and A. lacustris); the first karyotype description for A. pirapuan is also presented. Cytogenetic analyzes reveal a diploid number of 2n=50 chromosomes for three species, yet with differences in their karyotype morphology. The physical mapping of 18S rDNA showed up to thirteen sites in A. pirapuan and two in A. abramis and A. lacustris. The physical mapping of 5S rDNA has proven to be an effective marker for the characterization of species of Astyanax studied in this work.(AU)

Astyanax é um dos táxons mais representados e diversos na região Neotropical. Com o intuito de aumentar as informações citogenéticas para Astyanax e apresentar dados que possam subsidiar estudos taxonômicos futuros, este trabalho traz uma análise citogenética de três espécies de Astyanax: duas espécies consideradas crípticas, aqui reportadas em sintopia (A. abramis e A. lacustris) e a primeira descrição cariotípica de A. pirapuan. As análises citogenéticas revelaram 2n=50 cromossomos para as três espécies, com diferença na morfologia cariotípica de cada uma. Foram observados apenas dois sítios de rDNA 18S em A. abramis e A. lacustris e até 13 para A. pirapuan. O mapeamento físico do rDNA 5S se mostrou como um marcador efetivo para a caracterização das espécies de Astyanax abordadas neste estudo.(AU)

Animals , Characidae/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Cytogenetics/classification
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 1(3): 311-315, jul.set.2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380541


A síndrome de desregulação imune, poliendocrinopatia e enteropatia ligada ao X (IPEX) é uma síndrome de imunodeficiência primária rara, de herança recessiva, que afeta lactentes do sexo masculino. A doença cursa com enteropatia perdedora de proteínas, dermatite eczematosa e poliendocrinopatias, podendo ser fatal naqueles sem tratamento apropriado. O objetivo deste relato é descrever um caso de IPEX, enfatizando a importância da história familiar para o diagnóstico precoce. O caso descreve um lactente com tipo grave da síndrome, com apresentação clínica precoce e história familiar característica, com episódios de morte prematura em doze homens pertencentes à linhagem materna. O diagnóstico por mapeamento genético demostrando mutação no gene FOXP3 foi obtido após o óbito do paciente, decorrente de choque séptico. O transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas é o melhor tratamento disponível, e na sua ausência, a síndrome IPEX pode ser fatal nos primeiros dois anos de vida. Assim, assegurar um diagnóstico precoce é fundamental.

Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a rare recessive primary immunodeficiency syndrome that affects male infants. The disease course is characterized by protein-losing enteropathy, eczematous dermatitis, and polyendocrinopathies, and may be fatal if not appropriately treated. The aim of this report was to describe a case of IPEX, emphasizing the importance of family history for early diagnosis. The case describes an infant with a severe manifestation of the syndrome, with early clinical presentation and characteristic family history, with episodes of premature death affecting 12 men belonging to the mother's lineage. Diagnosis was established by genetic mapping after the patient's death due to septic shock; a mutation in the FOXP3 gene was found. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the best treatment available; in its absence, the IPEX syndrome can be fatal in the first 2 years of life. Therefore, ensuring early diagnosis is critical.

Humans , Male , Infant , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Early Diagnosis , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases/mortality , Patients , Protein-Losing Enteropathies , Chromosome Mapping , Mortality, Premature , Mutation
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 34(1): 272-278, ene.-mar. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841453


ResumenLas canalopatías abarcan una serie síndromes arrítmicos caracterizados por una presentación inicial de muerte súbita o síncope, en personas en su mayoría jóvenes y conocidas sanas, que poseen una autopsia normal. Éstas se deben a mutaciones en los genes que codifican para canales iónicos de los miocitos cardíacos, así como las proteínas asociadas a si funcionamiento o traducción. Dada su asociación hereditaria, los familiares podrían tener un riesgo aumentado de presentar el trastorno pese a estar asintomáticas. Allí radica la importancia del mapeo genético en aquellas autopsias en las que no se ha identificado la causa de muerte. La autopsia molecular permite buscar e identificar estas mutaciones y correlacionar la muerte súbita con una canalopatía. Lo cual resulta esencial para la evaluación del riesgo y la prevención de otro episodio de muerte súbita cardíaca en familiares portadores.En este artículo se exponen las canalopatías más importantes asociadas a muerte súbita, y el impacto del mapeo genético en la prevención y manejo en familiares portadores.

AbstractChannelopathies include a series of syndromes characteristic of an initial presentation of sudden death or syncope, in persons mostly young and known healthy, who have a normal autopsy. These are due to mutations in the genes encoding ionic channels of cardiac myocytes, as well as the proteins associated with whether functioning or translation. Because of their hereditary association, relatives may be at increased risk of developing the disorder despite being asymptomatic. There lies the importance of genetic mapping in those autopsies in which the cause of death has not been identified. Molecular autopsy allows searching and identifying these mutations and correlating sudden death with a channelopathy. This is essential for the evaluation of risk and prevention of another episode of sudden cardiac death in family members. This article discusses the most important channelopathies associated with sudden death, and the impact of genetic mapping on prevention and management in family members.

Humans , Autopsy , Chromosome Mapping , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Death, Sudden , Brugada Syndrome , Channelopathies , Forensic Medicine
Santiago; Chile. Ministerio de Salud; 2017. tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-882509


INTRODUCCIÓN: Las enfermedades de depósito lisosomal son un grupo heterogéneo de errores metabólicos poco frecuentes, congénitos, de origen genético, caracterizados por la deficiencia funcional de los lisosomas y por la acumulación intralisosomal de sustratos. Se han caracterizado cerca de 50 desórdenes metabólicos de este origen, causados por alteraciones genéticas a nivel enzimático, de receptores, proteínas activadoras, de membrana o transportadora, causando la acumulación lisosomal de sustratos, específicos para cada enfermedad. La acumulación es progresiva, causando finalmente el deterioro funcional celular y tisular. Varios de estos desórdenes afectan el sistema nervioso central, y la mayoría de los pacientes tienen disminución de la esperanza de vida y morbilidad asociada. Para efectos del presente informe de evaluación se consideraron las patologías Mucopolisacaridosis I; Mucopolisacaridosis II; Mucopolisacaridosis VI; Enfermedad de Gaucher y Enfermedad de Fabry. TECNOLOGÍAS SANITARIAS EVALUADAS: Examen genético molecular: secuenciación y/o genotipificación. EFICACIA DE LAS INTERVENCIONES: La intervención es eficaz, cumpliendo con lo dispuesto en la letra a), del artículo 2, del decreto supremo N°13, de 2017, del Ministerio de Salud, que aprueba Reglamento que Establece el Proceso destinado a determinar los Diagnósticos y Tratamientos de Alto Costo con Sistema de Protección Financiera, según lo establecido en los artículos 7° Y 8° de la ley N° 20.850. ANÁLISIS ECONÓMICO: El costo total de implementación de los exámenes es de $ 2.037.565 anuales en el año 2018 y hasta $ 6.883.384 en el 2022. CONCLUSIÓN: Para dar cumplimiento al artículo 28° del Reglamento que establece el proceso destinado a determinar los diagnósticos y tratamientos de alto costo con Sistema de Protección Financiera, según lo establecido en los artículos 7°y 8° de la ley N°20.850, aprobado por el decreto N°13 del Ministerio de Salud, se concluye que el presente informe de evaluación se considera no favorable, de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Título III. de las Evaluaciones Favorables de la Norma Técnica N° 0192 de este mismo ministerio.

Humans , Chromosome Mapping/methods , Lysosomal Storage Diseases/diagnosis , Health Evaluation/economics , Technology Assessment, Biomedical/economics
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2017; 21 (5): 294-302
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188486


Background: Inherited retinal diseases [IRDs] are a group of genetic disorders with high degrees of clinical, genetic and allelic heterogeneity. IRDs generally show progressive retinal cell death resulting in gradual vision loss

IRDs constitute a broad spectrum of disorders including retinitis pigmentosa and Leber congenital amaurosis. In this study, we performed genotyping studies to identify the underlying mutations in three Iranian families

Methods: Having employed homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing, we identified the underlying mutations in the crumbs homologue 1 gene. The CRB1 protein is a part of a macromolecular complex with a vital role in retinal cell polarity, morphogenesis, and maintenance

Results: We identified a novel homozygous variant [c.1053-1061del; p.Gly352-Cys354del] in one family, a combination of a novel [c.2086T>C; p.Cys696Arg] and a known variant [c.2234C>T, p.Thr745Met] in another family and a homozygous novel variant [c.3090T>A; p.Asn!030Lys] in a third family

Conclusion: This study shows that mutations in CRB1 are relatively common in Iranian non-syndromic IRD patients

Humans , Mutation , Retinitis Pigmentosa/genetics , Leber Congenital Amaurosis/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Whole Genome Sequencing , Eye Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Homozygote
Colomb. med ; 47(3): 172-175, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828604


Abstract Case Description: It is presented the phenotype of a new compound heterozygous mutation of the genes R384X and Q356X encoding the enzyme of 11-beta-hydroxylase Clinical Findings: Severe virilization, peripheral hypertension, and early puberty. Treatment and Outcome: Managed with hormone replacement therapy (corticosteroid) and antihypertensive therapy (beta-blocker), resulting in the control of physical changes and levels of arterial tension. Clinical Relevance: According to the phenotypic characteristics of the patient, it is inferred that the R384X mutation carries an additional burden on the Q356X mutation, with the latter previously described as a cause of 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency. The description of a new genotype, as in this case, expands the understanding of the hereditary burden and deciphers the various factors that lead to this pathology as well as the other forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), presenting with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations. This study highlights the importance of a complete description of the patient's CAH genetic profile as well as their parents' genetic profile.

Resumen Descripción del Caso: Se presenta el fenotipo de una nueva mutación heterocigota compuesta en los genes Q356X y R384X que codifican la enzima 11-beta-hidroxilada Hallazgos Clínicos: Virilización severa, pubertad precoz periférica e hipertensión. Tratamiento y Resultados: Manejo con terapia de reemplazo hormonal con corticoide y antihipertensivo con beta-bloqueador con lo que se logró controlar los cambios físicos y los niveles de tensión arterial. Relevancia Clínica: Según las características fenotípicas del paciente se infiere que la mutación R384X acarrea una carga adicional a la mutación Q356X, esta última descrita como causa de deficiencia de 11-beta-hidroxilasa. La descripción de nuevos genotipos, como en este caso, permite ampliar la comprensión de la carga hereditaria y descifrar los diversos factores que llevan a que esta patología, así como las demás formas de hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita (HSC), se presenten con un amplio espectro de cuadros clínicos. Esto permite resaltar la importancia de una descripción completa del perfil genético del paciente con HSC y de sus padres.

Humans , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Desoxycorticosterone Acetate , Genotype
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(5): 335-346, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782048


Salivary gland polytene chromosomes of 4th instar Anopheles darlingi Root were examined from multiple locations in the Brazilian Amazon. Minor modifications were made to existing polytene photomaps. These included changes to the breakpoint positions of several previously described paracentric inversions and descriptions of four new paracentric inversions, two on the right arm of chromosome 3 and two on the left arm of chromosome 3 that were found in multiple locations. A total of 18 inversions on the X (n = 1) chromosome, chromosome 2 (n = 7) and 3 (n = 11) were scored for 83 individuals from Manaus, Macapá and Porto Velho municipalities. The frequency of 2Ra inversion karyotypes in Manaus shows significant deficiency of heterozygotes (p < 0.0009). No significant linkage disequilibrium was found between inversions on chromosome 2 and 3. We hypothesize that at least two sympatric subpopulations exist within the An. darlingi population at Manaus based on inversion frequencies.

Animals , Anopheles/genetics , Chromosome Inversion/genetics , Insect Vectors/genetics , Polytene Chromosomes/genetics , Salivary Glands , Anopheles/classification , Brazil , Chromosome Mapping , Insect Vectors/classification
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 14(2): e150141, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785086


Characiformes is the most cytogenetically studied group of freshwater Actinopterygii, but karyotypical data of several taxa remain unknown. This is the case of Nematocharax , regarded as a monotypic genus and characterized by marked sexual dimorphism. Therefore, we provide the first cytogenetic report of allopatric populations of Nematocharax venustus based on distinct methods of chromosomal banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with repetitive DNA probes (18S and 5S rDNA). The karyotype macrostructure was conserved in all specimens and populations, independently on sex, since they shared a diploid number (2n) of 50 chromosomes divided into 8m+26sm+14st+2a. The heterochromatin was mainly distributed at pericentromeric regions and base-specific fluorochrome staining revealed a single pair bearing GC-rich sites, coincident with nucleolar organizer regions (NORs). On the other hand, interpopulation variation in both number and position of repetitive sequences was observed, particularly in relation to 5S rDNA. Apparently, the short life cycles and restricted dispersal of small characins, such as N. venustus , might have favored the divergence of repetitive DNA among populations, indicating that this species might encompass populations with distinct evolutionary histories, which has important implications for conservation measures.

Characiformes é o grupo de Actinopterygii de água doce mais estudado citogeneticamente, porém dados cariotípicos de vários taxa permanecem desconhecidos. Este é o caso de Nematocharax , considerado um gênero monotípico e caracterizado pelo acentuado dimorfismo sexual. Em vista disso, nós fornecemos a primeira descrição citogenética de populações alopátricas de Nematocharax venustus , baseada em métodos distintos de bandamento cromossômico e hibridação fluorescente in situ (FISH) com sondas de DNA repetitivo (DNAr 18S e 5S). A macroestrutura cariotípica mostrou-se conservada em todos os espécimes e populações, independentemente do sexo, uma vez que compartilharam um número diploide (2n) de 50 cromossomos dividido em 8m+26sm+14st+2a. A heterocromatina distribuiu-se principalmente nas regiões pericentroméricas e a coloração com fluorocromos base-específicos revelou um único par portador de sítios GC-ricos, coincidentes com as regiões organizadoras de nucléolo (RONs). Por outro lado, foi observada uma variação interpopulacional no número e na posição das sequências repetitivas, especialmente em relação ao DNAr 5S. Aparentemente, ciclos de vida curtos e dispersão restrita dos pequenos caracídeos, tal como N. venustus , podem ter favorecido a divergência do DNA repetitivo entre as populações, indicando que essa espécie pode englobar populações com distintas histórias evolutivas, o que tem implicações importantes para medidas de conservação.

Animals , Characiformes/genetics , Chromosome Mapping/trends , Chromosome Mapping/veterinary , Genomic Structural Variation/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/veterinary
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 38(5): 425-430, Nov. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-772139


Advances in human genetics and genomic sciences and the corresponding explosion of biomedical technologies have deepened current understanding of human health and revolutionized medicine. In developed nations, this has led to marked improvements in disease risk stratification and diagnosis. These advances have also led to targeted intervention strategies aimed at promoting disease prevention, prolonging disease onset, and mitigating symptoms, as in the well-known case of breast cancer and the BRCA1 gene. In contrast, in the developing nation of Trinidad and Tobago, this scientific revolution has not translated into the development and application of effective genomics-based interventions for improving public health. While the reasons for this are multifactorial, the underlying basis may be rooted in the lack of pertinence of internationally driven genomics research to the local public health needs in the country, as well as a lack of relevance of internationally conducted genetics research to the genetic and environmental contexts of the population. Indeed, if Trinidad and Tobago is able to harness substantial public health benefit from genetics/genomics research, then there is a dire need, in the near future, to build local capacity for the conduct and translation of such research. Specifically, it is essential to establish a national human genetics/genomics research agenda in order to build sustainable human capacity through education and knowledge transfer and to generate public policies that will provide the basis for the creation of a mutually beneficial framework (including partnerships with more developed nations) that is informed by public health needs and contextual realities of the nation.

Los avances en materia de ciencias genéticas y genómicas humanas y la correspondiente expansión de las tecnologías biomédicas han ampliado la comprensión actual de la salud humana y han revolucionado la medicina. En las naciones desarrolladas, ello ha conducido a intensas mejoras en la estratificación del riesgo y el diagnóstico de las enfermedades. Estos avances también han conducido a estrategias de intervención dirigidas a promover la prevención de las enfermedades, retardar su aparición, y atenuar sus síntomas, como en el caso del cáncer de mama y el gen BRCA1. Por el contrario, en Trinidad y Tabago, nación en desarrollo, esta revolución científica no se ha traducido en la elaboración y aplicación de intervenciones eficaces basadas en la genómica para mejorar la salud pública. Aunque las razones de ello son multifactoriales, el motivo subyacente puede radicar en la falta de adecuación de la investigación genómica a escala internacional a las necesidades locales de salud pública del país, así como a la escasa relevancia de la investigación en genética realizada internacionalmente para los contextos genéticos y ambientales de la población. En efecto, para que Trinidad y Tabago pueda aprovechar los sustanciales beneficios en materia de salud pública de la investigación en genética y genómica, es extremadamente necesario, en un futuro próximo, desarrollar la capacidad local para la realización y traducción de ese tipo de investigación. En concreto, es esencial establecer un programa nacional de investigación en genética y genómica humanas con objeto de desarrollar una capacidad humana sostenible mediante la educación y la transferencia de conocimientos, y generar políticas públicas que proporcionen la base para la creación de un marco mutuamente beneficioso (incluidas las alianzas con naciones más desarrolladas) fundamentado en las necesidades de salud pública y en las realidades contextuales del país.

Chromosome Mapping/statistics & numerical data , Genome/genetics , Trinidad and Tobago
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(5): 425-432, oct. 2015. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757064


Introducción. La residencia de terapia intensiva pediátrica (TIP) tiene pocos años de desarrollo en nuestro país. Conocer su situación brinda la posibilidad de establecer estrategias para contribuir al desarrollo y capacitación de profesionales. Objetivos. 1) Describir las características de las residencias de TIP del país. 2) Evaluar si existen características que se relacionen con una mayor ocupación de las vacantes. 3) Explorar la inserción laboral en el hospital formador de los residentes. Diseño. Descriptivo, observacional. Encuesta nacional. Criterios de inclusión. Residencias de TIP funcionales entre el 1/4/2014 y el 31/5/2014. Resultados. Se analizaron 31 residencias. Solo 11/31 tenían volumen de internación anual >400 pacientes. No había normas y/o criterios de atención en 9/31. En 17/31, el programa estuvo adecuado al marco de referencia nacional. Hubo 13/31 que no contaban con jefe ni instructor de residentes. Fueron acreditadas por el Ministerio de Salud 5/31. Hubo 65 vacantes; el número aumentó en los últimos 4 años; la ocupación disminuyó de 59% en 2009 a 30% en 2013. El 60% de los residentes tuvo inserción laboral en la TIP formadora. El análisis de regresión logística multivariado identificó la variable ingresos anuales > 400 pacientes como predictora independiente de ocupación de vacantes > 60%. Conclusiones. 1) Hay un déficit en la ocupación de cargos. 2) El número de residencias acreditadas es escaso. 3) Las unidades de cuidados intensivos pediátricos con mayor número de ingresos se asociaron a una mayor cobertura de vacantes. 4) Más de la mitad de los residentes se insertaron laboralmente en la TIP formadora.

Introduction. Pediatric intensive care residency programs have been in place in Argentina for just a few years. Knowing their status offers the possibility to establish strategies to help with professional development and training. Objectives. 1) To describe the characteristics of pediatric intensive care residency programs across Argentina. 2) To assess whether certain characteristics are related to a higher vacancy filling rate. 3) To assess job placement in the hospital where residents are trained. Design. Descriptive, observational study. National survey. Inclusion criteria. Pediatric intensive care residency programs in place between April 1st, 2014 and May 31st, 2014. Results. Thirty-one residency programs were analyzed. Only 11/31 had an annual hospitalization volume >400patients. There were no guidelines and/or criteria for care in 9/31. The program suited the national reference frameworkin17/31. There was no head ofresidents or resident trainer in 13/31. Only 5/31 had been certified by the Ministry of Health. There were 65 vacancies; this number increased in the past four years; vacancy filling rate decreased from 59% in 2009 to 30% in 2013. Sixty percent of residents got a job in the pediatric intensive care unit where they were trained. A multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the outcome measure annual hospitalization volume >400 patients as an independent predictor of vacancy filling rate >60%. Conclusions. 1) Vacancy filling is deficient. 2) The number of certified residency programs is scarce. 3) Pediatric intensive care units with a higher number of hospitalizations were associated with a higher vacancy filling rate. 4) More than half of residents got a job in the pediatric intensive care unit where they were trained.

Cloning, Molecular , Dioxygenases/genetics , Fruit/genetics , Gene Expression , Malus/genetics , Plant Proteins/genetics , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Chromosome Mapping , Dioxygenases/chemistry , Fruit/growth & development , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Introns , Molecular Sequence Data , Malus/classification , Malus/growth & development , Phylogeny , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, DNA