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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of AML patients with 11q23/MLL rearrangement, and to evaluate the effect of those mutations on the AML patients.@*METHODS@#53 cases involving translocations of chromosome 11q23 were identified by chromosome banding analysis. MLL rearrangements were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization and/or multiplex nested PCR. The samples were screened for mutations in the candidate genes FLT3-ITD, FLT3-TKD, TET2, N-RAS, ASXLI, EZH2, DNMT3, C-Kit, NPM1, WT1, CEBPA by using genomic DNA-PCR and deep-sequencing.@*RESULTS@#21/53 MLL-rearranged AML cases showed at least one additional chromosomal aberrations. The most common additional aberration was +8. Gene mutations were observed in 23 cases (43.4%) and most cases showed singal mutation. N-RAS mutation was more frequent (8 cases, 15.1%), followed by WT1 mutation in 4 cases (7.5%), FLT3-ITD mutation in 3 cases, ASXL1 mutation in 2 cases, DNMT3A mutation in 2 cases, EZH2 mutation in 1 case, c-Kit17 mutation in 1 case, FLT3-TKD mutation in 1 case, and FLT3-ITD and TKD mutation coexistent in 1 case. No mutation was detected in CEBPA, NPM1, C-KIT8, TET2. Median OS for gene mutated patients was 8.5 months and 13 months for no mutated patients. Median OS for patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was 22.5 months and 7.5 months for patients who olny received chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#A relatively high mutation frequency is observed in AML patients with 11q23/MLL rearrangements and most cases shows single mutation. The RAS signaling pathway alterations are most common. Gene mutation does not affect the OS of these patients, who show poor prognosis. A significantly higher Hb at initial diagnosis in FLT3 mutated patients is significantly higher than that in FLT3 wild-type cases. Patients who underwent HSCT show a better prognosis than those only received chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out multipath cytogenetic analysis of a rare case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 11q23 aberration and D13S319 deletion.@*METHODS@#G+R banding technique was used to analyze the chromosomal karyotype of the patient after 24 h of cell culture. Combined interphase and metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect specific chromosomal sites for complex translocations and minor missing fragments.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor MLL-AF10 fusion gene due to rearrangement of the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene in conjunct with deletion of the D13S319 locus on chromosome 13.@*CONCLUSION@#Whether MLL gene rearrangement and absence of D13S319 locus has a double impact on AML should attract more attention. For AML patient with clonal abnormalities such as 13q-, del(13)(q14), -13 or der(13), FISH assay should be proof and considered to determine the size of missing fragment so as targeted therapy may be implemented.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Interphase , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Metaphase , Translocation, Genetic
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(4): 336-338, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019412

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aniridia is a congenital eye disorder with a variable degree of hypoplasia or absence of iris tissue. It is caused by loss of function of the PAX6 gene and may be an isolated ocular abnormality or part of a syndrome. WAGRO refers to a rare genetic condition leading to Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, mental retardation, and obesity and is caused by a deletion of the short arm of chromosome 11 (11p), where the PAX6 gene is located. Here, we report on an 8-year-old boy with aniridia, polar cataract, and lens subluxation along with neuropsychomotor and speech delays. Karyotype evaluation showed an interstitial deletion including region 11p13-p14, confirming the diagnosis of WAGRO syndrome. In cases of aniridia, a diagnosis of WAGRO syndrome should be considered.


RESUMO A aniridia é uma doença ocular congênita com grau variável de hipoplasia ou ausência do tecido da íris. É causada pela perda de função do gene PAX6 e pode ser uma anormalidade ocular isolada ou parte de uma síndrome. WAGRO refere-se a uma condição genética rara que leva ao tumor de Wilms, aniridia, anomalias geniturinárias, déficit intelectual e obesidade e é causada por uma deleção do braço curto do cromossomo 11 (11p), onde o gene PAX6 está localizado. Aqui, nós relatamos um menino de 8 anos de idade com aniridia, catarata polar e subluxação do cristalino, além de retardo neuropsicomotor e de fala. A avaliação cariotípica revelou uma deleção intersticial envolvendo a região 11p13-p14, confirmando o diagnóstico da síndrome WAGRO. Em casos de aniridia, um diagnóstico de síndrome de WAGRO deve ser considerado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Cataract/diagnosis , Aniridia/diagnosis , Lens Subluxation/diagnosis , WAGR Syndrome/diagnosis , Obesity/diagnosis , Cataract/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11/genetics , Aniridia/genetics , Lens Subluxation/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , WAGR Syndrome/genetics , Karyotype , Obesity/genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766008

ABSTRACT

Patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) are predisposed to developing embryonal tumors, with hepatoblastoma being the most common type. Our patient showed hemihypertrophy, macroglossia, and paternal uniparental disomy in chromosome 11 and was diagnosed with BWS. When the patient was 9 months old, a 2.5×1.5 cm oval hypoechoic exophytic mass was detected in the inferior tip of his right liver. Preoperative imaging identified it as hepatoblastoma; however, histologic, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopic findings were compatible with adrenal cortical neoplasm with uncertain malignant potential. The origin of the adrenal tissue seemed to be heterotopic. Here, we describe for the first time an adrenal cortical neoplasm with uncertain malignant potential arising in the heterotopic adrenal cortex located in the liver of a patient with BWS.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms , Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Hepatoblastoma , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Liver , Macroglossia , Uniparental Disomy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of detecting the rearrangement of mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene in children with acute mononuclear leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probe was used to detect MLL gene rearrangement in 68 children with AML by interphase FISH. The results were compared with that of conventional G banding chromosomal analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 68 children, 28 were detected by FISH with positive hybridization signals, with a detection rate for MLL gene rearrangement being 41.2%. Twelve (17.6%) reciprocal translocations and interruption of 11q23 were detected by G banding analysis. The difference in the detection rates between the two methods was statistically significant (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The sensitivity of FISH assay for MLL gene rearrangement was significantly higher than that of G banding chromosomal karyotyping. Combined use of both methods for children with AML can improve the detection rate of MLL gene rearrangements and provide crucial clues for clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Gene Rearrangement , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute , Genetics , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , Genetics , Translocation, Genetic
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of detecting multiple rearrangements of MLL gene in children with acute mononuclear leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Eighty six children with AML were analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), chromosomal karyotyping and multiplex reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#Cross signals were detected by FISH in 26 cases, and 30.2% were detected with MLL gene rearrangements. R-band karyotyping analysis revealed 14 translocations with breakages involving 11q23 and 5 other aberrations, which yielded an overall detection rate of 22.1%. Multiple RT-PCR has detected 12 fusion genes produced by the MLL translocation, which yielded a detection rate of 14.0%. A significant difference was found in the detection rate of the three methods (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Combined use of FISH, chromosomal karyotyping and multiplex RT-PCR can improve the detection of MLL gene rearrangements and provide important clues for clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Gene Rearrangement , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , Genetics , Translocation, Genetic
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687960

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report on a case of therapy-related acute monocytic leukemia(t-AML) with t(11;17) (q23;q21)/MLL-AF17q after successful treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) with t(15;17) (q22;q21)/PML-RARα.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A MICM method (bone marrow morphology(M), immunophenotype(I), cytogenetics(C), and molecular biology(M)) was used for the diagnosis and classification of the disease at the time of onset and transformation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patient was initially identified with typical morphology and immunophenotype of APL. She has carried t(15;17)(q22;q21) and PML-RARα fusion gene but was without t(11;17)(q23;q21) or MLL gene abnormalities. After 13 months of successful treatment, she has transformed to AML with typical morphology and immunophenotype. t(11;17)(q23;q21) and MLL-AF17q fusion gene were detected in her bone marrow sample, while no PLZF-RARα fusion gene was detected by real-time quantitative reverse-transcription PCR(RQ-PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>t-AML is a serious complication after successful treatment of APL. t(11;17)(q23;q21) is not specific for the diagnosis of variant APL and can also be detected in t-AML. RQ-PCR and FISH are essential for the diagnosis of such patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute , Genetics , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Genetics , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344190

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To carry out genetic analysis for a fetus with Dandy-Walker malformation and provide prenatal diagnosis for its parents during the subsequent pregnancy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Routine G-banding was carried out to analyze the karyotype of the fetus and its parents, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to verify the result.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The father showed a normal karyotype, while the mother was found to carry a balanced t(11; 22) (q23; q11) translocation. NGS and FISH analysis verified that the supernumerary marker chromosome carried by the fetus was der(22) t(11; 22) (q23;q11). The fetus was diagnosed with Emanuel syndrome. During the next pregnancy, the fetus was found to carry the same balanced translocation as its mother. After genetic counseling, the couple decided to continue with the pregnancy, and eventually delivered a healthy baby.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A fetal case of Emanuel syndrome has been identified. The derivative der(22) t(11; 22)(q23; q11) chromosome probably underlies the Dandy-Walker malformation in the fetus. Combined cytogenetic and molecular analyses can attain a more precise diagnosis for fetal abnormalities detected by ultrasonography.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Cleft Palate , Diagnosis , Genetics , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital , Diagnosis , Genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Diagnosis , Genetics , Muscle Hypotonia , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Translocation, Genetic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344166

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetic cause for two children with omphalocele.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The patients were examined, and the medical history of their families was collected. Methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) was performed to detect potential mutation in the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Loss of methylation of imprinting center 2 (IC2) at the 11p15.5 region of the maternal chromosome was detected in both children.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The two patients were diagnosed with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome by MS-MLPA. The loss of methylation of IC2 probably underlies the disease in both patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , DNA Methylation , Female , Genomic Imprinting , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11455

ABSTRACT

Ribosomal protein L21 (RPL21) is a structural component of the 60S subunit of the eukaryotic ribosome. This protein has an important role in protein synthesis and the occurrence of hereditary diseases. Pig is a common laboratory model, however, to the best of our knowledge, its RPL21 gene has not been cloned to date. In this study, we cloned and identified the full-length sequence of the pig RPL21 gene for the first time. In addition, we examined its expression pattern and function by using overexpression or knockdown approaches. As a result, we obtained a 604 bp segment that contains a 483 bp open reading frame encoding 160 amino acids. The pig RPL21 gene is located in the “+” strand of chromosome 11, which spans 2167 bp from 4199792 to 4201958. Pig RPL21 protein has nine strands and two helices in its secondary structure. Pig RPL21 is predominantly expressed in ovary and lung, at lower levels in kidney, small intestine, and skin, and at the lowest levels in heart and liver. Furthermore, RPL21 expression is closely connected with cell proliferation and cell cycle arrest. The results are intended to provide useful information for the further study of pig RPL21.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Proliferation , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Clone Cells , Cloning, Molecular , Female , Gene Expression , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Heart , Intestine, Small , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Open Reading Frames , Ovary , Ribosomal Proteins , Ribosomes , Skin , Sus scrofa
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287960

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical features and diagnosis of 7 patients with atypical mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 7 MCL patients were misdiagnosed as chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) due to a score of 4 for their immunophenotypes. The clinical features and diagnosis of such patients were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six patients had superficial lymphadenectasis but their lymph nodes could not be palpated. All 7 patients were as stage IV considering bone marrow infiltration. Scores of immunophenotype of CLL were 4, and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for t(11;14) were positive in all patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Some MCL patients have clinical features similar to CLL. Interphase FISH can play an important role in the diagnosis of MCL.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 , Genetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Diagnosis , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Translocation, Genetic
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247708

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prenatal application of single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) in the identification of 5p deletion syndrome with partial trisomy 11q.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>G-banded karyotyping and SNP array were performed using amniocytes on a fetus with multiple malformations for the identification of chromosome abnormality. Furthermore, karyotyping was carried out on the parental peripheral blood specimens to ascertain the origin of chromosome abnormalities and then fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was also utilized to confirm the results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Karyotype of amniocyte showed 46, XY, der(5) (?::p15 → qter). SNP array revealed a 13.907 Mb deletion at 5p15.33p15.2 (chr5: 113576-14020561), overlapping the region of 5p deletion syndrome, and a 18.254 Mb duplication at 11q23.3 q25 (chr11: 116684627-134938470), overlapping no known syndrome. Karyotype of the parents showed a normal 46,XX in mother and 46,XY,t(5;11)(p15;q23) in father. Three-color metaphase FISH analysis on paternal peripheral blood specimens also confirmed the paternal karyotyping result.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SNP array could uncover 5p deletion syndrome with partial trisomy 11q unidentified by G-banded karyotyping and accurately locate the genomic breakpoints, facilitating the mapping of pathogenic critical regions and the identification of candidate genes, also accumulating research data for genotype-phenotype study.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Embryology , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 , Genetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Male , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods , Trisomy , Diagnosis , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239533

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze a fetus with heart defects and to assess the recurrence risk for her family.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Single nucleotide polymorphism-based arrays (SNP-Array) analysis using Affymetrix Genome Wide Human SNP CytoHD was performed to analyze the fetus and her parents. Karyotype analysis was also carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SNP-Array has detected a 14.5 Mb duplication at 9p and a 14.7 Mb deletion at 11q. Karyotype analysis indicated that the fetus' mother has a karyotype of 46, XX, t(9;11) (p23;q24). Therefore, the fetus has inherited a derivative chromosome 11 derived from the maternal translocation, and her karyotype was 46, XX, der(11) t(9;11) (p23;q24) mat.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SNP-Array combined with high resolution GTG banding has confirmed that the fetus has a derivative chromosome 11 derived from her mother's balanced translocation, resulting in partial 9p trisomy and partial 11q monosomy. This couple therefore have a high recurrence risk. SNP-Array is capable of detecting small chromosomal imbalance in abnormal fetuses and can pinpoint the breakpoints. It therefore has the advantage for the detection of unbalanced translocation which is difficult to detect with GTG banding, which is important for assessment the recurrence risk for cryptic balanced translocation carriers.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital , Genetics , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Translocation, Genetic
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141143

ABSTRACT

Potocki-Shaffer syndrome (PSS, OMIM #601224) is a rare contiguous gene deletion syndrome caused by haploinsufficiency of genes located on the 11p11.2p12. Affected individuals have a number of characteristic features including multiple exostoses, biparietal foramina, abnormalities of genitourinary system, hypotonia, developmental delay, and intellectual disability. We report here on the first Korean case of an 8-yr-old boy with PSS diagnosed by high resolution microarray. Initial evaluation was done at age 6 months because of a history of developmental delay, hypotonia, and dysmorphic face. Coronal craniosynostosis and enlarged parietal foramina were found on skull radiographs. At age 6 yr, he had severe global developmental delay. Multiple exostoses of long bones were detected during a radiological check-up. Based on the clinical and radiological features, PSS was highly suspected. Subsequently, chromosomal microarray analysis identified an 8.6 Mb deletion at 11p11.2 [arr 11p12p11.2 (Chr11:39,204,770-47,791,278)x1]. The patient continued rehabilitation therapy for profound developmental delay. The progression of multiple exostosis has being monitored. This case confirms and extends data on the genetic basis of PSS. In clinical and radiologic aspect, a patient with multiple exostoses accompanying with syndromic features, including craniofacial abnormalities and mental retardation, the diagnosis of PSS should be considered.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/diagnosis , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11/genetics , Craniofacial Abnormalities/genetics , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Muscle Hypotonia/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Rare Diseases/genetics , Republic of Korea
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141142

ABSTRACT

Potocki-Shaffer syndrome (PSS, OMIM #601224) is a rare contiguous gene deletion syndrome caused by haploinsufficiency of genes located on the 11p11.2p12. Affected individuals have a number of characteristic features including multiple exostoses, biparietal foramina, abnormalities of genitourinary system, hypotonia, developmental delay, and intellectual disability. We report here on the first Korean case of an 8-yr-old boy with PSS diagnosed by high resolution microarray. Initial evaluation was done at age 6 months because of a history of developmental delay, hypotonia, and dysmorphic face. Coronal craniosynostosis and enlarged parietal foramina were found on skull radiographs. At age 6 yr, he had severe global developmental delay. Multiple exostoses of long bones were detected during a radiological check-up. Based on the clinical and radiological features, PSS was highly suspected. Subsequently, chromosomal microarray analysis identified an 8.6 Mb deletion at 11p11.2 [arr 11p12p11.2 (Chr11:39,204,770-47,791,278)x1]. The patient continued rehabilitation therapy for profound developmental delay. The progression of multiple exostosis has being monitored. This case confirms and extends data on the genetic basis of PSS. In clinical and radiologic aspect, a patient with multiple exostoses accompanying with syndromic features, including craniofacial abnormalities and mental retardation, the diagnosis of PSS should be considered.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/diagnosis , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11/genetics , Craniofacial Abnormalities/genetics , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Muscle Hypotonia/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Rare Diseases/genetics , Republic of Korea
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232534

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features, laboratory findings and treatment of infant leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis of the clinical data was performed of the cases with the diagnosis of infant acute leukemia from August 1993 to October 2014 in our hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 144 cases of infant leukemia were diagnosed in the defined period, including 83 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 55 myeloid leukemia, 1 hybrid acute leukaemia and 5 with incompatible cytological and immunophenotyping findings. The patients at the age of 9 to 12 months accounted for the largest proportion (38.2%), and 87.5% of the patients had hepatosplenomegaly; Six patients below 6 months old had skin infiltration. In about 1/3 of the patients, the white blood cells count was no greater than 100 × 10⁹ /L. Ninety-five patients had chromosome examinations, which identified chromosome abnormalities in 67 patients, including 18 positive for t(4;11)or t(9;11)or t(11;19), and younger patients were more likely to have chromosome abnormalities. Thirty-seven patients underwent MLL gene detection and 11 of them had positive results; the positive patients had higher rate of chromosome 11 abnormalities than the negative patients. Most of the patients gave up treatments after diagnosis and only 6 patients older than 6 months completed regular chemotherapeutic treatments and were now in complete remission.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Infant leukemia is a rare type of leukemia with different clinical features from other types of leukemia. The patients often present with hepatosplenomegaly, high white blood cell counts, MLL gene fusion, and chromosome 11 abnormalities. The prognosis of infant leukemia is not favorable, and the current treatment still relies on chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid , Pathology , Leukocyte Count , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288041

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect chromosomal imbalance in a fetus with complex congenital heart disease, and to correlate the genotype with the phenotype.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Routine G-banding was carried out to analyze the karyotypes of the fetus and its parents, and single nucleotide polymorphisms array (SNP-array) was used for delineating fine genomic aberrations. The detected aberrations were confirmed with multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The fetus and its parents all showed a normal karyotype, while array-SNP has detected a 13.87 Mb duplication at 4p16.3-p15.33 and a 15.65 Mb deletion at 11q23.3-q25 in the fetus. The results were confirmed by the MLPA assay.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The partial trisomy 4p (Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome) and partial monosomy 11q (Jacobsen syndrome) probably underlie the complex heart defects detected in the fetus. Analysis of the karyotypes of its parents offered no help for the determination of the aberrant type and recurrent risk. Compared with routine karyotype analysis, aberrant regions can be identified with array-SNP with greater resolution and accuracy. This has provided useful information for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , China , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 , Genetics , Female , Fetal Diseases , Diagnosis , Genetics , Humans , Jacobsen Distal 11q Deletion Syndrome , Embryology , Genetics , Male , Pedigree , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome , Embryology , Genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 895-899, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278505

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) associated with t(6;11)(p21.2;q13)/MALAT1-TFEB gene fusion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 9 cases of such rare tumor were selected for clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis, with review of literature.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age of the patients ranged from 21 to 42 years (mean=31.3 years). The patients included four men and five women. Histologically, 4 of the 9 cases studied showed classic morphologic features of TFEB RCC, with hyaline material, pigments and psammoma bodies frequently identified. The remaining 5 cases demonstrated uncommon morphology, mimicking perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm, clear cell RCC, chromophobe RCC or papillary RCC. Immunohistochemical study showed that TFEB and vimentin were positive in all cases. Most of the tumors studied also expressed Ksp-cadherin, E-cadherin, CD117, HMB45, Melan A and Cathepsin K. CKpan showed immunostaining in only 1 case. The staining for TFE3, CD10 and CK7 were all negative. TFEB gene rearrangement was detected in all the 9 cases studied using fluorescence in-situ hybridization. MALAT1-TFEB fusion gene was identified in 2 cases by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. TFEB RCC seemed to be an indolent tumor. During a mean follow-up of 31 months, none developed tumor recurrence, progression, or metastasis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TFEB fusion-associated RCC is a rare neoplasm, tends to occur in young age group and carries an indolent behavior. Diagnosis relies on clinicopathologic findings and immunohistochemical analysis. TFEB break-apart FISH assay is a reliable tool in confirming the diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors , Genetics , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Gene Fusion , Gene Rearrangement , Genes, Neoplasm , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Male , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Young Adult
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