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1.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 72-82, jun, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381297

ABSTRACT

La hipersensibilidad de la dentina surge ante la exposición de esta y en respuesta a estímulos de diverso tipo, fundamentalmente de origen térmico, evaporativo, táctil, osmótico o químico. Se realizó una investigación abocada a caracterizar la hipersensibilidad dental de pacientes atendidos en consulta de odontología y la respuesta a determinado dentífrico utilizado. En el análisis de estimulación dental se tomaron 308 mediciones de la sensibilidad dental para todos los participantes (n=22), con 7 factores de tiempo (T0 antes del uso del producto, T3 días, T5 días, T8 días, T22 días y T29 días después del uso del dentífrico). Se realizó la prueba paramétrica regresión lineal simple para identificar la tendencia y el ajuste de los datos, al considerar dichas variables como una serie temporal. Se utilizaron 22 tratamientos. Casi el 91,0% expreso que el dentífrico había cumplido sus expectativas, fundamentalmente por la reducción de la hipersensibilidad a corto plazo, mientras que aproximadamente 91,0% de los casos afirmó que compraría el dentífrico (20 casos, IC 95%: 72,2% y 97,5%), respectivamente(AU)


Dentin hypersensitivity arises when exposed to it and in response to various types of stimuli, mainly of thermal, tactile evaporative, osmotic or chemical origin. An investigation was carried out aimed at characterizing the dental hypersensitivity of patients seen in the dental office and the response to a certain toothpaste used. In the dental stimulation analysis, 308 measurements of tooth sensitivity were taken for all participants (n = 22), with 7 time factors (T0 before use of the product, T3 days, T5 days, T8 days, T22 days and T29 days after using the toothpaste). The simple linear regression parametric test was performed to identify the trend and the fit of the data, considering these variables as a time series. 22 treatments were used. Almost 91.0% believed that the toothpaste had met their expectations, mainly due to the reduction in hypersensitivity in the short term, while approximately 91.0% of the cases stated that they would buy the toothpaste (20 cases, 95% CI: 72 , 2% and 97.5%), respectively(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Toothpastes , Dentifrices , Dentin Sensitivity/diagnosis , Chronic Periodontitis/diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mouthwashes
2.
Niger. J. Dent. Res. (Online) ; 7(1): 60-66, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1354980

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study compared the concentration of salivary lactoferrin in patients with and without chronic periodontitis and investigated correlations with clinical variables of the disease. Methods: The study included 102 participants (51 cases and 51 controls) who presented at the Periodontology Clinic of University of Benin Teaching Hospital and met the selection criteria of '4mm and above' periodontal probing depths (PPD) and positive bleeding on probing (BOP) using community periodontal index (CPI) probe. Healthy participants (controls) were patients that had PPD less than or equal to 3mm, absence of BOP and simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) not more than 1.2. Baseline OHI-S and CPI scores were recorded. Saliva samples were collected and analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All data were analyzed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.0. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the mean (SD) lactoferrin concentration of control participants 5.27(0.59) mg/l and case participants 6.74(0.61) mg/l (p<0.001). Participants with probing pocket depths (PPD) of 6mm or more had a significantly higher mean concentration [6.85(0.06) mg/l] than that of those with PPD 4-5mm [6.71(0.67) mg/l] (p< 0.001)Lactoferrin levels were highest in participants with 'poor' oral hygiene [6.85(0.60) mg/l] and lowest in those with 'good' oral hygiene [6.65(0.83) mg/l]. Conclusion: Salivary lactoferrin levels were higher among participants with chronic periodontitis than those without chronic periodontitis and correlates positively with the main clinical characteristics of the disease


Subject(s)
Saliva , Lactoferrin , Chronic Periodontitis , Health Facilities
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365223

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the Oncostatin M (OSM) concentrations in tissues of patients with chronic periodontitis with and without diabetes. Material and Methods: Sixty-four subjects visiting the dental outpatient department were categorized as "healthy" (Group 1), "periodontitis" (Group 2), and "diabetes with periodontitis" (Group 3) groups. The clinical oral examination included assessment of plaque, gingivitis, probing depth, clinical attachment level. Blood glucose was assessed for group 3 patients. OSM concentration in the tissues was assessed using ELISA in all groups. Results: The mean OSM was 0.02 ± 0.04 pg/mg in the healthy group, 0.12 ± 0.09 pg/mg in the chronic periodontitis group and 0.13 ± 0.10 pg/mg in the diabetes-periodontitis group. A significantly higher mean OSM was seen in Group 2 and Group 3 than Group 1. The amount of OSM positively correlated with probing depth and clinical attachment level. Conclusion: Periodontal disease causes a rise in Oncostatin M, independent of the diabetic status. Expression of OSM in the gingival tissues can serve as an inflammatory marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Plaque Index , Cytokines , Diabetes Mellitus , Oncostatin M/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Glucose , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diagnosis, Oral , Gingiva , India/epidemiology , Inflammation
4.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3598, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289618

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Desde hace algunos años, se reporta en la literatura médica una posible asociación entre la periodontitis con otras enfermedades y condiciones sistémicas. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la periodontitis con las dislipidemia, obesidad o ambas. Material y Método: Estudio analítico transversal. Del universo de 9 350 individuos residentes en el municipio Plaza de la Revolución en edades entre 35 y 70 años, ambos sexos; se seleccionó una muestra probabilística utilizando el esquema muestreo aleatorio simple de 1 200 individuos que otorgaron su consentimiento para participar. Debían presentar, en su historia clínica médica, resultados de análisis complementarios para detectar dislipidemia en los últimos seis meses y como mínimo seis dientes en boca. Las variables estudiadas fueron: periodontitis, dislipidemia, obesidad y presencia de dislipidemia y obesidad en el mismo individuo. Los sujetos se clasificaron en tres grupos: con presencia de dislipidemia, obesos y ambas entidades (dislipidemia+obesidad). Resultados: La variable más encontrada fue dislipidemia (73,0 por ciento), seguida de periodontitis (62,2 por ciento). La periodontitis se encontró con mayor frecuencia en individuos que presentaban dislipidemia (48,1 por ciento), los obesos presentaron en su mayoría periodontitis, en los sujetos que presentaron dislipidemia + obesidad, la periodontitis fue más frecuente que en los que no presentaban ambas entidades unidas. Conclusiones: La periodontitis se relacionó con la dislipidemia, obesidad y ambas unidas, no así con la obesidad, aunque fue más frecuente en estos últimos que en los no obesos(AU)


Introduction: A possible association between periodontitis and other diseases and systemic conditions has been reported by the medical literature for many years. Objective: To determine the relationship between periodontitis and dyslipidemia and obesity or both of them. Material and Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted. The universe consisted of 9 350 individuals between the ages of 35 and 70 years, of both sexes who live in Plaza de la Revolución Municipality. From this universe, a sample composed of 1 200 individuals who gave their consent to participate in the study was selected by simple random sampling method. Their clinical records should include the results of complementary tests to determine dyslipidemia in the last six months; also, they should have at least six teeth in the mouth. The variables studies included: periodontitis, dyslipidemia, obesity and the presence of dyslipidemia and obesity in the same individual. The subjects were divided into three groups: with dyslipidemia, obese and with both entities (dyslipidemia+obesity). Results: The most common variable found was dyslipidemia (73,0 percent), followed by periodontitis (62,2 percent). Periodontitis was more frequently found in individuals with dyslipidemia (48,1 percent), and the majority of obese subjects had periodontitis. Periodontitis was more frequent in individuals with dyslipidemia + obesity than in the ones that did not present both entities at the same time. Conclusions: Periodontitis was associated with dyslipidemia, obesity and with both entities at the same time, but it was not associated with obesity only. However, it was more frequent in obese subjects than in non-obese ones(AU)


Subject(s)
Simple Random Sampling , Dyslipidemias/complications , Obesity/complications , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chronic Periodontitis/complications
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(1): 22-27, ene.-feb- 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177078

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La periodontitis es una enfermedad infecciosa que afecta a los tejidos de sostén de los dientes, su prevalencia se estima entre el 35 y 45% de la población adulta. Las enfermedades cardiovasculares tienen relación directa con la periodontitis crónica, las bacterias periodontales pueden pasar la barrera epitelial de los tejidos periodontales y lograr la propagación sistémica a través de los vasos sanguíneos, causando la inflamación del endocardio. Objetivo: Determinar prevalencia de enfermedad periodontal como factor de riesgo cardiovascular en adultos de 25 a 60 años en Nacajuca, Tabasco. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudió observacional, prospectivo, transversal y analítico, con muestra de 40 participantes entre 25 y 60 años, el 52% (21) son hombres y el 49% (19) mujeres, se empleó el sistema no probabilístico por conveniencia. Las variables fueron edad, género, grado de conocimiento sobre enfermedad periodontal, nivel de alimentación, grado de tabaquismo, grado de higiene bucal y grado de periodontitis. Resultado: La prevalencia de enfermedad periodontal como factor de riesgo cardiovascular es 48% (19 personas) con periodontitis crónica moderada y avanzada generalizada. Conclusión: Con base en la revisión bibliográfica, las personas con el grado de periodontitis crónica moderada y avanzada generalizada son propensas a desencadenar una enfermedad cardiovascular (infarto agudo de miocardio). Sin embargo, son necesarios más estudios de experimentación longitudinal, con base en el vínculo que tiene la enfermedad periodontal y cardiovascular (AU)


Introduction: Periodontitis is an infectious disease that affects the tissue of the teeth, its prevalence is estimated between 35 and 45% of the adult population. Cardiovascular diseases are directly related to chronic periodontitis, periodontal bacteria can pass the epithelial barrier of periodontal tissues and achieve systemic propagation through the blood vessels causing Inflammation of the endocardio. Objective: To determine the prevalence of periodontal disease as a cardiovascular risk factor in adults from 25 to 60 years Nacajuca, Tabasco. Material and methods: An observational, prospective, transverse and analytical study was carried out, with a sample of 40 participants between 25 and 60 years, 52% (21) corresponds to the masculine genus and 49% (19) represents the female genus, the non-probabilistic system was employed by Convenience. The variables were age, gender, degree of knowledge on periodontal disease, feeding level, degree of smoking, degree of oral hygiene and degree of periodontitis. Result: the prevalence of periodontal disease as a cardiovascular risk factor is 48% (19 people) with chronically moderate and advanced generalized periodontitis. Conclusion: Based on the bibliographical review people with the degree of chronic periodontitis moderate and advanced generalized are prone to trigger a cardiovascular disease (acute myocardial infarction). However, more studies of longitudinal experimentation are necessary, based on the link which has the periodontal and cardiovascular disease (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Chronic Periodontitis , Periodontal Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Prospective Studies , Mexico , Myocardial Infarction
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132742

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Endocan, a 50 kDa soluble proteoglycan, also called endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1), is involved in many major cellular activities and has been reported to be overexpressed in inflammatory conditions. This study aims to determine ESM-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from individuals with periodontitis to determine the correlation between the levels of lymphocyte-function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and clinical findings of periodontitis. This study enrolled 27 individuals diagnosed with Stage III-Grade C generalized periodontitis and 16 individuals as healthy controls. Bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were calculated. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was used for detecting the levels of ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 in GCF samples. PPD, BOP, CAL, and GCF volumes were significantly increased in patients with periodontitis in comparison to the control group (p < 0.001). The total amount of ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 levels in GCF were increased in the periodontitis group (p < 0.001). ESM-1 level correlated with PPD, BOP, and CAL (p < 0.05). ICAM-1 level correlated with BOP and CAL (p < 0.05). LFA-1 level correlated with PPD and CAL (p < 0.05). Our data indicate that ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 levels are increased in GCF of patients with periodontitis. These molecules could be associated with the pathogenesis and progression of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Chronic Periodontitis , Proteoglycans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Neoplasm Proteins
7.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 40-47, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223492

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades del periodonto tienen una etiopatogenia compleja y puede considerarse multifactorial. El factor etiológico esencial en la patología inflamatoria periodontal es la biopelícula dental y cuando el desequilibrio entre el huésped y los microorganismos cambia la complejidad de la flora. Ciertas bacterias como Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella loescheii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerrella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens y Treponema spp., han sido comúnmente relacionadas con la periodontitis crónica y son consideradas como indicadores de riesgo para la progresión de dicha enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la prevalencia de Prevotella spp y Porphyromona spp en los distintos estadios de periodontitis crónicas. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron 48 pacientes sistémicamente saludables con diagnóstico de periodontitis crónica. Se completó el consentimiento informado, se realizó historia clínica y examen periodontal. El estado periodontal se clasificó en distintos grados de severidad: leve, moderada y severa. Se tomaron muestras de dos sitios con mayor profundidad de sondaje con conos de papel absorbente estériles y se transportaron en un medio prerreducido. Para el aislamiento de Prevotella spp se utilizó agar Brucella más sangre ovina al 5%, hemina, vitamina K al que se agregaron vancomicina y kanamicina; Porphyromonas sp se aisló en el mismo medio con el agregado de bacitracina y colistina. Se sembraron 10 µl de muestra entera y las placas fueron incubadas en jarras de anaerobiosis por 5 a 7 días a 37ºC. Resultados: los distintos grados de periodontitis correspondieron a un 17% periodontits leve, 57% moderada y 26% severa. En el total de pacientes se determinó la presencia de Prevotella spp en el 54% de los casos y un 12,5% de Porphyromona spp. Conclusión: De los pacientes estudiados con periodontits crónica, un 52% correspondió al sexo masculino, un 57% de los casos correspondieron a periodontitis moderada. Se aisló Prevotella sp en todos los estadios de periodontitis crónica y Porphyromonas sp sólo en periodontitis severas (AU)


Periodontal diseases have a complex etiopathogenesis and can be considered multifactorial. The essential etiological factor in periodontal inflammatory pathology is the dental biofilm and when the imbalance between the host and the microorganisms changes the complexity of the flora. Certain bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella loescheii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerrella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens and Treponema spp., Have been commonly related to chronic periodontitis and are considered as risk indicators for the progression of said disease. The objective of this work was to establish the prevalence of Prevotella spp and Porphyromonas spp in the different stages of chronic periodontitis. Forty eight systemically healthy patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were studied. Informed consent was completed, a medical history and periodontal examination was carried out. The periodontal state was classified into different degrees of severity: mild, moderate and severe. Samples were taken from two sites with greater depth of probing with sterile absorbent paper cones and transported in a prereduced medium. For the isolation of Prevotella spp, Brucella agar plus 5% sheep blood, hemin, vitamin K to which vancomycin and kanamycin were added. For Porphyromonas spp, the same medium was used and bacitracin and colistin were added. 10 µl of the whole sample was seeded and the plates were incubated in anaerobic jars for 5 to 7 days at 37 ° C. Different degrees of periodontitis corresponded to 17% mild periodontitis, 57% moderate and 26% severe. In the total number of patients, the presence of Prevotella spp was determined in 54% of the cases and 12.5% of Porphyromona spp. Of the patients studied with chronic periodontitis, 52% corresponded to the male sex, 57% of the cases corresponded to moderate periodontitis. Prevotella spp was isolated in all stages of chronic periodontitis and Porphyromonas sp only in severe periodontitis (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Prevotella intermedia/isolation & purification , Chronic Periodontitis/microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Risk Factors , Culture Media , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Age and Sex Distribution
8.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 18(3): 30-40, dic. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289151

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Adjunctive treatment for periodontal disease is quite varied and depends on many factors. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of 0.12% chlorhexidine and essential oils associated with scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. Material and methods: The sample included 42 patients randomly assigned to three groups. Decrease in periodontal status was measured with the World Health Organization's periodontal probe by analyzing probe depth values and level of clinical insertion at 3, 4, and 5 months. Statistical analysis of the progress of the three therapies was conducted using Student's t, Anova, and Tukey tests with a significance level of p < 0.05. Results: The obtained values demonstrated that 0.12% chlorhexidine is more effective in all of its follow ups, whereas no significant difference existed between essential oils and the control group. A significant difference was observed over time in each separate treatment. Conclusión: Chlorhexidine at a 0.12% concentration associated with root scaling and planing is better than essential oil therapies for the treatment of chronic periodontitis.


Resumen Introducción: el tratamiento coadyuvante de la enfermedad periodontal es muy variado y depende de muchos factores. El objetivo del presente artículo fue comparar la efectividad entre clorhexidina al 0.12 % y aceites esenciales asociados al raspado y alisado radicular en el tratamiento de periodontitis crónica. Materiales y métodos: la muestra estuvo conformada por 42 pacientes distribuidos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos. La disminución del estado periodontal se midió con la sonda periodontal de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, analizando los valores profundidad al sondaje y el nivel de inserción clínica a los 3, 4 y 5 meses. Para el análisis estadístico de la evolución de las 3 terapias se empleó la t de Student, análisis de varianza y test de Tukey con un nivel de significancia de p < 0.05. Resultados: los valores obtenidos demostraron que la clorhexidina al 0.12 % es más efectiva en todos sus controles; mientras que no existe diferencia significativa entre aceites esenciales y el grupo control. Existe diferencia significativa a través del tiempo en cada tratamiento por separado. Conclusión: la clorhexidina al 0.12 %> asociada al raspado y alisado radicular es superior a los tratamientos con aceites esenciales en el tratamiento de la periodontitis crónica.


Resumo Introdução: o tratamento coadjuvante da doença periodontal é muito variado e depende de muitos fatores. O objetivo do presente estudo foi comprar a efetividade entre clorexidina ao 0.12% e aceites essenciais associados à raspagem e alisamento radicular no tratamento de periodontite crónica. Materiais e métodos: a amostra esteve conformada por 42 pacientes distribuídos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos. A diminuição de estado periodontal se mediu com a sonda periodontal as Organização Mundial da Saúde analisando os valores profundidade à sondagem e nível de inserção clínica aos 3, 4 e 5 meses. A análise estatística da evolução das 3 terapias, se realizou empregando t de Student, Anova e teste de Tukey com um nível de significancia de p < 0.05. Resultados: os valores obtidos demostraram que a clorexidina ao 0.12% é mais efetiva em todos seus controles, enquanto não existe diferença significativa entre aceites essenciais e o grupo controle. Existe diferença significativa através do tempo em cada tratamento por separado. Conclusão: a clorexidina ao 0.12% associada à raspagem e alisamento radicular é superior aos tratamentos com aceites essenciais no tratamento da periodontite crónica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Periodontitis , Periodontal Diseases , Oils, Volatile , Chlorhexidine , Mouthwashes
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337596

ABSTRACT

La periodontitis crónica es una patología caracterizada por la destrucción de los tejidos de soporte del diente. Existe evidencia científica de la presencia en bolsas periodontales de Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bacteria que altera la microbiota subgingival. Ha sido asociada al fracaso en el tratamiento de la periodontitis y podría constituir un riesgo para la salud general de los pacientes. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la frecuencia de P. aeruginosa en bolsas periodontales de pacientes con periodontitis crónica que acudieron a la cátedra de Periodoncia de la Universidad Autónoma de Asunción. El estudio fue observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, para el mismo fueron seleccionados pacientes con periodontitis crónica que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. Las piezas dentariasseleccionadas para la toma de muestras fueron aisladas con rollos de algodón estéril, y una vez removida la placa bacteriana supragingival, se retiró la placa subgingival de las bolsas periodontales por medio de curetas de Gracey y se introdujeron en tubos de ensayo que contenían medio de Stuart, para luego llevar las muestras hasta el laboratorio de microbiología para su análisis. Del total de 14 muestras, solo una dio positivo a P. aeruginosa representando el 7,14%. El microrganismo aislado resultó resistente a los antibióticos utilizados como coadyuvantes en el tratamiento de la periodontitis crónica,al igual que en otros trabajos encontrados en la literatura internacional. La presencia de estas bacterias dificulta el control de la enfermedad periodontal y podría significar un riesgo para desarrollar infecciones oportunistas, especialmente en los pacientes inmunodeprimidos


Chronic periodontitis is a pathology characterized by the destruction of tooth supporting tissues. There is scientific evidence of the presence in periodontal pockets of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a bacterium that alters the subgingival microbiota and that has been associated with failure to treat periodontitis and could constitute a risk to patient general health. The objective of this research was to determine the frequency of P. aeruginosa in periodontal pockets of patients with chronic periodontitis who attend the Chair of Periodontology at the Autonomous University of Asunción. Descriptive, cross-sectional observational study, in which patients with chronic periodontitis who met the inclusion criteria were selected. The pieces selected for sampling were isolated with sterile cotton rolls, and once the supragingival bacterial plaque had been removed, the subgingival plaque was removed from the periodontal pockets by means of Gracey curettes and placed in test tubes containing Stuart medium, then the samples were taken to the microbiology lab for analysis. Of the total of 14 samples, only one was positive for P. aeruginosa, representing 7.14%. The isolated microorganism was resistant to the antibiotics used as adjuvants in the treatment of chronic periodontitis, as in other studies found in the international literature. The presence of these bacteria makes it difficult to control periodontal disease and could pose a risk for developing opportunistic infections, especially in immunosuppressed patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Periodontal Abscess/microbiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Chronic Periodontitis , Subgingival Curettage
10.
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 267-271, sept.-oct. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147148

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ozono (O3) presenta múltiples acciones biológicas, entre ellas su efecto antimicrobiano, lo que ha sido beneficioso en odontología, siendo la presentación acuosa la más utilizada (20 µg/ mL), la cual presenta efectos similares a la clorhexidina. Reporte de caso: Paciente masculino de 76 años de edad, diagnosticado con periodontitis crónica moderada localizada, el cual fue tratado mediante ozonoterapia acuosa durante la fase inicial periodontal y la fase quirúrgica en colgajo por debridación. 12 semanas posteriores al acto quirúrgico se obtuvo la eliminación de las bolsas periodontales, encontrándose un surco de 3 y 2 mm y un buen control de placa dentobacteriana. Conclusión: No existen reportes acerca del uso de ozonoterapia acuosa durante un colgajo por debridación. El éxito del tratamiento periodontal consiste en la eliminación del factor causal así como en establecer y mantener un control de placa dentobacteriana adecuado (AU)


Introduction: Ozone (O3) has multiple biological actions, including its antimicrobial effect, which has been beneficial in dentistry, the aqueous presentation being the most used (20 µg/mL), which has similar effects to chlorhexidine. Case report: Male patient of 76 years of age, diagnosed with localized moderate chronic periodontitis, which was treated by aqueous ozone therapy during the initial periodontal phase and surgical phase in debridement flap. Twelve weeks after surgery, the periodontal pockets were eliminated, finding a 3 and 2 mm groove and good control of dentobacterial plaque. Conclusion: There are no reports about the use of aqueous ozone therapy during a debridement flap. The success of the periodontal treatment consists in the elimination of the causal factor, as well as establishing and maintaining an adequate control of plaque (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Ozone/therapeutic use , Chronic Periodontitis/drug therapy , Periodontal Pocket/drug therapy , Surgical Flaps , Chronic Periodontitis/surgery , Periodontal Debridement/methods
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 183-190, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090673

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to show the distribution of periodontal disease, risk factors, and importance of primary healthcare, for the improvement of clinical parameters. Two phases study transversal and nonrandomized trial (before - after), with educational intervention and conservative treatment, were carried out at Dental School of the Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero México, in 161 subjects who met the inclusion criteria. Oral healthcare education was carried out as well as conservative periodontal treatment, with six months follow up. Clinical measurements were performed with a Williams probe, O'Leary plaque index, calculus index and dental mobility Miller method. Periodontal disease was found on 82 % of all participants. Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed an odds ratio of 14.3 (95 % CI: 2.5, 82.1), 13.4 (95 % CI: 1.7, 103.5), 29.2 (95 % CI: 3.2, 260.9) and 68 (95 % CI: 6.6, 711.0) plaque in gingivitis, mild, moderate and severe chronic periodontitis, respectively. The longitudinal panel data analysis showed a significant effect (p <0.001) in the mean decrease of the clinical parameters after intervention, probing depth 0.4 mm (95 % CI: -0.5, -0.3), pockets depth 1.1 mm (95 % CI: -1.3, -0.9), amount of pockets 4.5 (95 % CI: -5.2, -3.7), bleeding 5.2 (95 % CI: -5.9, -4.5) and dental mobility 0.6 degrees (95 % CI: -0.7, -0.5). Primary healthcare is still the best option to improve the periodontal health in population who do not have access to specialty services. Dentists can achieve significant clinical improvement at very low cost, if they are aware of primary health care.


El objetivo del estudio fue mostrar la distribución de la enfermedad periodontal, los factores de riesgo y la importancia de la atención primaria de salud, para la mejora de los parámetros clínicos. Material y método: Estudio de dos fases transversal y no aleatorizado (antes - después), con intervención educativa y tratamiento conservador, realizado en la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero México, en 161 sujetos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se llevó a cabo una educación sanitaria oral, así como un tratamiento periodontal conservador, con un seguimiento de seis meses. Las mediciones clínicas se realizaron con una sonda Williams, el índice de placa O'Leary, el índice de cálculo y el método Miller de movilidad dental. Resultados: se encontró enfermedad periodontal en el 82 % de todos los participantes. El análisis de regresión logística multinomial mostró un odds ratio de 14.3 (IC 95 %: 2.5, 82.1), 13.4 (IC 95 %: 1.7, 103.5), 29.2 (IC 95 %: 3.2, 260.9) y 68 (IC 95 %: 6.6, 711.0) placa en gingivitis, periodontitis crónica leve, moderada y grave, respectivamente. El análisis de datos del panel longitudinal mostró un efecto significativo (p <0.001) en la disminución media de los parámetros clínicos después de la intervención, profundidad de sondeo 0.4 mm (IC 95 %: -0.5, -0.3), profundidad de bolsillos 1.1 mm (IC 95 %: -1.3, -0.9), cantidad de bolsillos 4.5 (IC 95 %: -5.2, -3.7), hemorragia 5.2 (IC 95 %: -5.9, -4.5) y movilidad dental 0.6 grados (IC 95 %: -0.7, - 0.5). Conclusiones: la atención primaria de salud sigue siendo la mejor opción para mejorar la salud periodontal en la población que no tiene acceso a servicios especializados. Relevancia clínica: los dentistas pueden lograr una mejora clínica significativa a un costo muy bajo, si conocen la atención primaria de salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Socioeconomic Factors , Logistic Models , Oral Health , Health Education , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Chronic Periodontitis/epidemiology , Conservative Treatment , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Mexico
12.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(2): 124-133, mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126928

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La terapia antimicrobiana después del raspado y alisado radicular en el anciano no ha sido evaluada en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente "Mártires del Moncada", de Santiago de Cuba. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la tetraciclina y azitromicina en el tratamiento del raspado y alisado radicular en el adulto mayor. Método: Estudio cuasiexperimental de intervención terapéutica, realizado entre 2018-2019, en 30 pacientes con 60 y más años y con diagnóstico de periodontitis crónica. Se crearon tres grupos con 10 casos mediante el método aleatorio simple. El Grupo 1 tratado con la técnica convencional y los Grupos 2 y 3, después de la técnica, se aplicó una concentración subgingival de tetraciclina y azitromicina respectivamente y la colocación de cemento quirúrgico por siete días. Se emplearon variables como edad, sexo, cuadro clínico, evolución de signos y síntomas al séptimo día, 1 y 3 meses, y efectividad de curación. La validación estadística fue a través de la prueba Chi-cuadrado, con un 95 % de confiabilidad y la efectividad antimicrobiana, mediante el Análisis de Varianza ANOVA. Resultados: Predominio del grupo 65-69 años y sexo femenino, persistencia de inflamación gingival en el 30,0 % del Grupo 1 al tercer mes, disminuyó la profundidad al sondaje y hubo ganancia de inserción clínica, mejorando sus medias en el tiempo. Se logró un 100,0 % de efectividad de curación en los Grupos 2 y 3. Conclusiones: Elevada efectividad de la aplicación tópica subgingival de tetraciclina y azitromicina con cemento quirúrgico, sobre aquellos tratados con raspado y alisado radicular convencional.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Antimicrobial therapy after scaling and root planing treatment in the elderly has not been evaluated at the "Mártires del Moncada" Provincial Teaching Stomatology Clinic in Santiago de Cuba. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of tetracycline and azithromycin in the treatment of scaling and root planing in the elderly. Method: Quasi-experimental study of therapeutic intervention, carried out between 2018 and 2019, on 30 patients with the age of 60 and over and diagnosed with chronic periodontitis. Three groups with 10 cases were created using the simple randomized method. Group 1 treated with the conventional technique and groups 2 and 3, after using the same technique, a subgingival concentration of tetracycline and azithromycin was applied respectively and surgical cement placement for 7 days. Variables such as age, sex, clinical picture, evolution of signs and symptoms at the seventh day, 1 and 3 months, and healing effectiveness were used. The statistical validation was through the Chi-square test, with a 95% reliability and the antimicrobial effectiveness, through the Analysis of Variance ANOVA. Results: Predominance of the group age between 65 and 69 years and female sex, persistent gingival inflammation in 30,0 % of group 1 at the third month, decreased the depth of the catheterization and there was a clinical insertion gain, improving their averages in time. A 100.0% healing effectiveness was achieved in groups 2 and 3. Conclusions: High effectiveness of subgingival topical application of tetracycline and azithromycin with surgical cement, over patients treated with conventional scaling and root planing.


Subject(s)
Aged , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Dental Scaling/methods , Treatment Outcome , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Anti-Infective Agents , Chronic Periodontitis/diagnosis , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to assess the accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting furcation involvement (FI) in maxillary molars.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one maxillary molars of 15 patients with generalized chronic periodontitis considered for furcation surgery were assessed. Clinical examination and CBCT were performed, and the FI degree was evaluated. Clinical and CBCT-based FI assessments were compared with intrasurgical data.@*RESULTS@#The agreement between clinical and intrasurgical assessments was weak in all sites, with a kappa of less than 0.4; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 42.0%, 24.7%, and 33.3%, respectively. The agreement between the CBCT and intrasurgical assessments was strong, with a ka ppa of 0.831; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 88.2%, 3.2%, and 8.6%, respectively. The agreement between both assessments was the highest in the buccal furcation entrance (κ=0.896), followed by that in the distopalatal (κ=0.822) and mesiopalatal (κ=0.767) furcation entrances.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CBCT images demonstrated high accuracy in assessing the horizontal bone loss of FI in maxillary molars.


Subject(s)
Chronic Periodontitis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Furcation Defects , Humans , Molar
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of clarithromycin (CLM) in the adjuvant treatment of chronic periodontitis systematically, obtain reasonable conclusions through evidence-based medicine, and provide guidance for clinical rational drug use.@*METHODS@#Literature about CLM in the adjuvant treatment of chronic periodontitis was searched in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Embase databases from inception to February 2019 using a computer. Meta-analysis was performed on the homogeneous study using RevMan 5.3 software after two independent reviewers screened the literature, evaluated the quality of the study, extracted the data, and evaluated the risk of bias in the included studies.@*RESULTS@#Six randomized controlled trials were included in 316 subjects. The meta-analysis showed that compared with the scaling and root planning (SRP) group, the probing depth (PD) was reduced in patients with CLM and SRP [MD=-1.00, 95%CI (-1.55, -0.45), P=0.000 04]. Clinical attachment loss was obtained [MD=-0.03, 95%CI (0.43, 0.65), P<0.000 01], and the difference between the groups was statistically significant. The modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI) was reduced [MD=-0.01, 95%CI (-0.14, 0.19), P=0.66]. No significant difference was observed between the groups, but the decrease in mSBI was more significant in CLM combined with SRP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CLM combined with subgingival SRP can achieve remarkable results in treating chronic periodontitist.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Chronic Periodontitis , Drug Therapy , Clarithromycin , Dental Scaling , Humans , Periodontal Index , Root Planing , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827526

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis.@*METHODS@#We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP databases from the inception to July 8th, 2019. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and evaluated the bias risk of included studies. Then, a meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13 randomized controlled clinical trials and 12 prospective clinical trials were included. Meta-analysis showed that serum CRP levels decreased at 2 and 3 months after SRP (P<0.05), and no significant difference in serum CRP levels was found at 6 months (P=0.49).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SRP can reduce serum CRP levels in systematically healthy patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis at 2 and 3 months after SRP.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Chronic Periodontitis , Dental Scaling , Humans , Prospective Studies , Root Planing
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of ultrasound subgingival scaling combined with manual root planing for treatment of chronic periodontitis in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#Forty elderly patients with chronic periodontitis were randomly divided into test group for treatment with ultrasound and Gracey subgingival curette for subgingival scaling combined with manual root planing and control group treated with ultrasound subgingival curette scaling (=20). We compared plaque index (PLI), bleeding index (BI), probing depth (PD), and attachment loss (AL) between the two groups before and at 6 weeks and 12 weeks after the treatment.@*RESULTS@#After periodontal treatment, PLI, BI, PD and AL all decreased significantly in both groups compared with the levels before the treatment ( < 0.05). The patients in the test group showed significantly more obvious decrease of PD and AL than those in the control group ( < 0.05), but the reduction of PLI and BI was comparable between the two groups (>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ultrasound subgingival scaling combined with manual root planing produces better therapeutic effect than ultrasonic subgingival scaling alone for treatment of chronic periodontitis in elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Chronic Periodontitis , Therapeutics , Dental Scaling , Humans , Root Planing , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A study was conducted to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of inflammatory factors in patients with chronic kidney disease and periodontitis after non-surgical periodontal therapy.@*METHODS@#We searched the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, CBM, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception to December 2019. Two reviewers independently collected all literature related to inflammatory factors in patients with chronic kidney disease and periodontitis after non-surgical periodontal therapy. These factors include C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The literature was screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of the studies was strictly evaluated, and the data were extracted. The literature of randomized controlled trials in accordance with the standards was Meta-analyzed with Revman 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Six randomized controlled trials were included. Compared with the control groups, the results of meta-analysis showed that non-surgical periodontal therapy significantly reduced the levels of CRP [MD=-0.58, 95%CI (-1.13, -0.02), P=0.04] and IL-6 [MD=-2.76, 95%CI (-5.15, -0.37), P=0.02] in these patients but not that of TNF-α [MD=-3.87, 95%CI (-8.79, 1.05), P=0.12].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Simultaneous regular renal treatment and non-surgical periodontal therapy can help relieve the periodontal damage on patients with chronic kidney disease and periodontitis. Moreover, it can improve the status of some inflammatory factors. This finding is conducive to the control and treatment of chronic kidney disease and periodontitis and needs to be a focus of research and in clinical operation.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Chronic Periodontitis , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
20.
Niger. J. Dent. Res ; 5(2): 145-154, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1266999

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating the occurrence of six periodontal pathogens in the subgingival plaque of patients with chronic periodontitis in Nigeria. Methods: Forty-two subjects with chronic periodontitis participated in the cross-sectional study between June, 2015 and August, 2016. Subgingival plaque samples from one site of ≤3mm depth (gingivitis) and another site with the greatest depth of ≥4mm (periodontitis) respectively were collected from each subject. Culture and PCR assay using 16S rRNA species-specific primers, were performed. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical analysis. Results: Majority (73.8%) of the subjects were positive for at least one of the organisms. Culture was positive for P. gingivalis, F. nucleatum and P. intermedia in 23.8%, 14.3% and 14.3% of the subjects respectively in sites of ≤3mm and at 33.3%, 23.8% and 33.3% respectively in sites of ≥4mm. PCR was able to detect all six periodontopathogens in sites of ≥4mm, with A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis F. nucleatum P. intermedia, T. forsythia and T. denticola in 4.8%, 31.0%, 40.4%, 45.2%, 4.8% and 2.4% of the subjects respectively. The pathogen with the most frequent total occurrence in all sites was P. intermedia (54.8%). The difference between the occurrence of the organisms in the sites of periodontal probing depth of ≤3mm and ≥4mm was significant (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study shows the distribution of subgingival periodontal pathogens in chronic periodontitis in a Nigerian population. Wider studies among the Nigerian population are required to assess differences in the pattern of distribution of these bacteria


Subject(s)
Chronic Periodontitis , Dental Plaque , Lakes , Nigeria , Patients
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