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1.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(3): e00197521, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364631

ABSTRACT

Este ensaio explora as tatuagens e cicatrizes que se articulam às narrativas sobre viver e conviver com as condições de adoecimento crônico, raro e complexo. Entendemos essas marcas como expressões públicas de um testemunho daqueles afetados pela deficiência e fragilidade da vida, seja como experiência pessoal ou no papel de cuidadores. O corpo como testemunho e suporte performático é explorado na sua dimensão estética e política, na expressão de conteúdos simbólicos que ganham visibilidade na afirmação de identidades e pautas negligenciadas de um público que reivindica reconhecimento e valorização de suas vidas.


This essay explores the tattoos and scars that convey narratives on experiencing and living with chronic, rare, and complex illnesses. We view such marks as public expressions, when individuals bear witness to lives traversed by disability and frailty, whether as their own personal experience or in the role of caregivers. The body as witness and performative support is explored here in its aesthetic and political dimensions, in the expression of symbolic contents that gain visibility in the affirmation of neglected identities and agendas by persons who claim the recognition and valorization of their lives.


Este trabajo investiga los tatuajes y cicatrices que se relacionan con narraciones sobre vivir y convivir con enfermedades crónicas, raras y complejas. Entendemos estas marcas como expresiones públicas de un testigo por parte de quienes se ven atravesados por la deficiencia y fragilidad de la vida, sea como experiencia personal o en el papel de cuidadores. El cuerpo como testigo y soporte performativo es explorado en su dimensión estética y política, como expresión de contenidos simbólicos que ganan visibilidad en la afirmación de identidades y pautas olvidadas de forma negligente, por parte de un público que reivindica reconocimiento y la puesta en valor de sus vidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tattooing , Disabled Persons , Brazil , Cicatrix
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 451-453, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285104

ABSTRACT

Abstract Melanoma in childhood is rare and its diagnosis is more difficult than in adults, as it often presents histologic features overlapping with the Spitz nevus. The authors report the case of a 17-year old boy who was first diagnosed with Spitz nevus, however, the final diagnosis made after the excision of the tumor arising in the scar was changed to melanoma. The case in this present study emphasizes the importance of the differential diagnosis of skin tumors in young patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Melanoma/diagnosis , Cicatrix , Diagnosis, Differential , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
4.
Femina ; 49(8): 505-508, 20210831.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342422

ABSTRACT

A gestação ectópica em cicatriz de cesariana prévia é um evento iatrogênico raro, que vem crescendo junto com o aumento das taxas de cesariana. Ela não exi- be manifestação clínica específica, o que dificulta o diagnóstico e não apresenta tratamento preconizado, embora esteja associada a grandes complicações obsté- tricas como hemorragia incoercível, acretismo placentário e rotura uterina. Dessa forma, o presente artigo relata três casos clínicos em que diferentes tratamentos foram propostos, objetivando discutir algumas possibilidades terapêuticas como a aspiração manual intrauterina (AMIU) associada com o uso de metotrexato, lapa- roscopia e laparotomia, comparando os resultados encontrados.(AU)


Ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare iatrogenic event, which has been increase with growing in the percentage of cesarean delivery. It does not exhibit specific cli- nical manifestation, making diagnosis difficult and does not have yet recommended treatment, although is associated with major obstetrics complication such incoer- cible hemorrhage, abnormally invasive placenta and uterine rupture. Therefore, the present article reports three clinical cases witch different types of management, ai- ming discuss some possibilities such intrauterine manual aspiration after systemic methotrexate, laparoscopy or laparotomy surgical, comparing results.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Ectopic/surgery , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Suction , Cicatrix , Video-Assisted Surgery , Laparotomy
5.
Rehabil. integral (Impr.) ; 15(1): 9-19, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283451

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCION: En la literatura existen escalas de valoración de cicatrices, basadas en la observación de características físicas de una porción de ellas, pero ninguna se refiere al nivel de compromiso físico que la secuela produce en el paciente desde el punto de vista del tratante o evaluador. OBJETIVO: Identificar en forma consensuada, elementos determinantes de la complejidad física del paciente con cicatrices e injertos producto de una o más quemaduras. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Quince profesionales médicos, kinesiólogos y terapeutas ocupacionales, que cumplieron diferentes requisitos de selección, participaron en un consenso e-Delphi, para operacionalizar el constructo "complejidad física de un paciente con secuela de quemaduras", constituido por tres rondas de encuestas anónimas, con retroalimentación, cuyos resultados se evaluaron mediante análisis de frecuencia, considerando como aceptable una concordancia de 80% y más. RESULTADOS: Como componentes de la complejidad física del paciente con secuela de quemaduras, se identificaron las dimensiones: localización, edad, etapa de evolución de los injertos, etapa de evolución de las cicatrices, tipo de cicatrices, tipo de injertos, grado de retracción en las secuelas y tipo de deformidad. Cada dimensión, con sus respectivos ítems. CONCLUSION: El consenso fue alcanzado en una variedad de dimensiones y sus ítems específicos para identificar los principales componentes involucrados en la complejidad física del paciente con secuela de quemaduras, lo que permite incluir esta información en una escala, cuya validación biométrica podría favorecer el pronóstico de la evolución de la secuela de quemaduras, orientar la rehabilitación, mejorar la gestión administrativa y calidad de vida del paciente.


INTRODUCTION: In literature there are scales for scar assessment, based on the observation of physical characteristics of each patient´s scar but none refer to the level of physical compromise that the sequelae produces in the patient from the point of view of the treating physician or evaluator. OBJECTIVE: To identify, by consensus, elements that determining the physical complexity of patients with scars and skin grafts resulting from one or more burns.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 15 health care professionals physicians, physiotherapist and occupational therapists, who met different selection requirements, participated in an e-Delphi consensus, to operationalize the construct of "physical complexity of a patient with burn sequelae". The e-Delphi panel consisted of three rounds of anonymous surveys, with feedback, and the results were evaluated by frequency analysis. An 80% or more of concordance was considered as acceptable.RESULTS: The following dimensions were identified as components of physical complexity in patients with burn sequelae; location, age, stage of skin graft progress, type of scar, type of skin graft, retraction degree of sequelae and type of deformity. Each dimension with its respective items.CONCLUSION: The consensus was reached on a variety of dimensions and their specific items to identify the main components involved in the physical complexity in patients with burn sequelae. The biometric validation of this information include on a scale could report regarding the prognosis the burn sequelae, guide rehabilitation therapy, improve the management administration and the quality of life of patient with burn sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians/psychology , Burns/complications , Delphi Technique , Severity of Illness Index , Burns/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cicatrix
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 101-111, maio 5, 2021. fig, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354993

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o plasma rico em plaquetas é definido como um concentrado de plaquetas autólogas, obtido por centrifugação de sangue total. Trata-se de uma técnica inovadora, simples e de baixo custo, que apresenta muitos benefícios, podendo ser aplicada em diferentes áreas da saúde. Objetivo: a presente pesquisa buscou desenvolver um protocolo operacional padrão para obtenção e aplicação do plasma sanguíneo rico em plaquetas para o tratamento de alterações estéticas faciais. Metodologia: o estudo tratou de uma pesquisa de campo experimental, de caráter qualitativo e quantitativo. Um processo seletivo foi realizado para recrutar pacientes voluntários para o estudo, que foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Através de testes foi possível chegar ao tempo de centrifugação e velocidade ideais para a produção do plasma rico em plaquetas e testá-lo no tratamento de alterações estéticas faciais. Resultados e discussão: as principais mudanças que foram notadas pelos pacientes durante e após o tratamento foram a redução das cicatrizes de acne e aumento da hidratação e viscosidade da pele. A melhora das alterações estéticas tratadas foi notada por 100% dos pacientes, não havendo piora em nenhum paciente. Conclusão: com base nos testes e resultados obtidos, foi possível padronizar um protocolo operacional padrão ideal para a obtenção e aplicação do plasma rico em plaquetas, comprovando sua eficácia no tratamento de alterações estéticas faciais como rugas, flacidez, linhas de expressões acentuadas, acne, cicatrizes de acne, além de ter-se observado uma melhora significativa na hidratação da pele e redução de poros dilatados.


Introduction: platelet-rich plasma is defined as a concentrate of autologous platelets, obtained by centrifuging whole blood. It is an innovative, simple and low-cost technique that has many benefits, and can be applied in different areas of health. Objective: the present research sought to develop a standard operating protocol for obtaining and applying platelet-rich blood plasma for the treatment of facial aesthetic changes. Metodology: the study was a qualitative and quantitative field research. A selection process was carried out to recruit volunteer patients for the study, who were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Through tests it was possible to reach the ideal centrifugation time and speed for the production of platelet-rich plasma and to test it in the treatment of facial aesthetic changes. Results and discussion: the main changes that were noted by patients during and after treatment were the reduction of acne scars and increased hydration and skin viscosity. The improvement of the aesthetic changes treated was noticed by 100% of the patients, with no worsening in any patient. Conclusion: based on the tests and results obtained, it was possible to standardize an ideal standard operating protocol for obtaining and applying platelet-rich plasma, proving its effectiveness in the treatment of facial aesthetic changes such as wrinkles, sagging, accentuated expression lines, acne, scars from acne, in addition to a significant improvement in skin hydration and reduction of enlarged pores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Therapeutics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Esthetics , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Epidemiology, Experimental , Cicatrix , Acne Vulgaris , Evaluation Studies as Topic
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 311-316, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280049

ABSTRACT

Abstract A cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a scary and life-threatening complication of cesarean section (CS). Nevertheless, the incidence of CS is constantly growing. The CSP incidence is 0,15% of pregnancies after CS which represents 6,1% of all ectopic pregnancies in women with condition after CS. Therefore, it should be more present in the clinical daily routine. From mild nonspecific symptoms to hypovolemic shock, diagnosis and therapy must be performed quickly. With the progressive growth of the scar pregnancy, a uterine rupture involves the risk of severe bleeding, and an emergency hysterectomy could be necessary. Prolongation of pregnancy has been successful only in a few cases.We report 11 cases from our hospital in the past 10 years. In the discussion, treatment options of this complication with an increasing incidence, which is associated with serious morbidity and mortality, are presented based on the current literature. Treatment options include drug therapy, but also surgical or combined procedures with radiological intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy, Ectopic/diagnosis , Pregnancy, Ectopic/therapy , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cicatrix/complications , Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology , Uterine Rupture/etiology , Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Dilatation and Curettage , Hysterectomy
9.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0015, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288631

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The authors present a case of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , a rare skin disease of unknown etiology, which may cause unaesthetic scarring due to its difficult treatment. The histopathological examination of epithelioid granulomas with caseating necrosis, together with the clinical features, are important for diagnosis and early treatment with better results. Despite difficult and unsatisfactory treatment, there are ongoing studies on therapy to improve aesthetic and social impairment. This case report describes an initial misdiagnosis delaying appropriate treatment, and highlights the value of physical examination and clinical judgment for another pathological examination, whenever necessary, aiming at better treatment outcomes in daily practice.


RESUMO Os autores apresentam um caso de lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , uma dermatose rara, de etiologia desconhecida, que pode deixar cicatrizes não estéticas, pela dificuldade de tratamento. O exame histopatológico de granulomas compostos por células epitelioides, com necrose caseosa, e as características clínicas, são importantes para o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce, com melhores resultados. Apesar do tratamento difícil e insatisfatório, há estudos em andamento sobre terapias para melhorar o comprometimento estético e social. Este relato de caso descreve um diagnóstico inicial errôneo, que atrasou o tratamento adequado, e destaca o valor do exame físico e raciocínio clínico para solicitar outro exame anatomopatológico, quando necessário, de forma a obter melhores desfechos com o tratamento, na prática diária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Eyelid Diseases/pathology , Eyelid Diseases/drug therapy , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Cicatrix , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Rosacea/pathology , Rosacea/drug therapy , Dapsone/therapeutic use , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/drug therapy , Lupus Vulgaris/pathology , Lupus Vulgaris/drug therapy , Minocycline/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: E0031, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291376

ABSTRACT

O acretismo placentário consiste na aderência anormal da placenta na parede uterina. Ao aderir-se diretamente ao miométrio, denomina-se placenta acreta; ao estender-se mais profundamente, placenta increta, e ao invadir a serosa uterina ou órgãos adjacentes, percreta. O fator de risco mais frequente constitui cesarianas anteriores. Paciente 27 anos, G3P1CA1 (cesariana há 8 anos/ parto prematuro 25 sem há 4 anos), IG: 25sem3d; com alteração da vitalidade fetal e placenta prévia com sinais de acretismo (sugerindo placenta percreta). Foi indicada a interrupção da gestação com 27 semanas e 1 dia. No período intraoperatório foi evidenciada, por meio de ultrassom, presença de acretismo placentário com invasão miometrial e invasão de serosa vesical sendo posteriormente realizado a histerectomia subtotal e rafia das lacerações da mucosa vesical. A placenta percreta é mais frequente em grávidas com placenta prévia no local da cicatriz de cesariana e o órgão mais frequentemente acometido é a bexiga; estando associada a maior morbimortalidade materna. O diagnóstico definitivo é anatomopatológico, porém é presumível durante a cirurgia abdominal com a visualização da invasão placentária, devendo ser confirmado por Histopatologia.


Placental accretism consists of abnormal placental adherence to the uterine wall. When adhering directly to the myometrium it is called placenta accreta; when extending more deeply, placenta increta; and when invading the uterine serosa or adjacent organs, percrete. The most frequent risk factor is previous cesarean sections. The patient is 27 years old with altered fetal vitality and placenta previa with signs of accreation (suggesting percretal placenta). Pregnancy termination at 27 weeks and one day was indicated. In the intraoperative period, the presence of placental accretion with myometrial invasion and bladder serous invasion was evidenced by ultrasound, with subtotal hysterectomy and raffia of lacerations of the bladder afterwards. The percretal placenta is more frequent in pregnant women with placenta previa at the site of the scar of a cesarean section and the organ most frequently affected is the bladder; being associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality. The definitive diagnosis is anatomopathological, but it is presumed during abdominal surgery with the visualization of the placental invasion and must be confirmed by Histopathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Adult , Placenta Accreta , Urinary Bladder , Placenta Diseases , Placenta Previa , Pregnancy Complications , Serous Membrane , Cesarean Section , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Risk Factors , Cicatrix , Hysterectomy , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Myometrium
11.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020226, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142402

ABSTRACT

Uterine rupture during pregnancy is a known complication of placenta accreta. This paper presents a case of sudden maternal death in the 27th week of gestation due to a ruptured uterine scar at the site of placenta accreta with a short inter-pregnancy period of 6 months with previous two C-sections. Autopsy findings revealed a massive hemoperitoneum and a thinned out anterolateral uterine wall. Internal examination revealed clotted and fluid blood in the peritoneal cavity with rupture of the anterior uterine wall at the site of the placenta accreta in a healed cesarean section scar. Placenta accreta is a rare complication of pregnancy. However, it is becoming more frequent and a significant risk factor with the increasing rate of C-section.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Placenta Accreta , Uterine Rupture , Cesarean Section , Maternal Death , Pregnancy Complications , Autopsy , Cicatrix , Fatal Outcome , Death, Sudden
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921772

ABSTRACT

When ischemia or hemorrhagic stroke occurs, astrocytes are activated by a variety of endogenous regulatory factors to become reactive astrocytes. Subsequently, reactive astrocytes proliferate, differentiate, and migrate around the lesion to form glial scar with the participation of microglia, neuron-glial antigen 2(NG2) glial cells, and extracellular matrix. The role of glial scars at different stages of stroke injury is different. At the middle and late stages of the injury, the secreted chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan and chondroitin sulfate are the main blockers of axon regeneration and nerve function recovery. Targeted regulation of glial scars is an important pathway for neurological rehabilitation after stroke. Chinese medicine has been verified to be effective in stroke rehabilitation in clinical practice, possibly because it has the functions of promoting blood resupply, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidative stress, inhibiting cell proliferation and differentiation, and benign intervention in glial scars. This study reviewed the pathological process and signaling mechanisms of glial scarring after stroke, as well as the intervention of traditional Chinese medicine upon glial scar, aiming to provide theoretical reference and research evidence for developing Chinese medicine against stroke in view of targeting glial scarring.


Subject(s)
Astrocytes , Axons/pathology , Cicatrix/pathology , Gliosis/pathology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nerve Regeneration , Stroke/drug therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 113-125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880189

ABSTRACT

Recently, more and more clinical and basic studies have shown that early intervention of scars after wound healing can shorten the immature period of scars, improve the final outcome of scars, effectively prevent and control the occurrence and development of pathological scars. However, there are many methods for early management of scars with varying quality, and there is a lack of expert consensus on early scar management. Based on the existing clinical evidence of each intervention method and clinical experience of experts, more than 40 domestic experts from Standing Committee of Chinese Association of Plastics and Aesthetics Scar Medicine Branch have reached a consensus on definition, therapeutic principles, therapeutic methods, and other aspects of early scars after multiple discussions and revisions, providing reference for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Cicatrix/therapy , Consensus , Humans , Wound Healing
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1478-1481, Nov. 2020.
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143624

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY We watch a variety of news on the Coronavirus daily. Some are reliable and others just instill more fear into the population. This article reflects on the possible consequences of this virus, which goes beyond the organic disease and the symptoms and signs mentioned daily in the media. Seeking a reflection on the effects caused indirectly by the virus. Since isolation precedes the disease, total isolation during the disease and isolation after the disease worsens, in some cases resulting in abrupt grief.


RESUMO Observamos diariamente uma variedade de notícias sobre o Coronavirus. Algumas confiáveis e outras apenas para causar mais temor para a população. Este artigo realiza uma reflexão sobre possíveis consequências desse vírus, que vai além da doença orgânica e dos sintomas e sinais referidos diariamente nos meios de comunicação. Buscando uma reflexão sobre efeitos ocasionados indiretamente pelo vírus. Sendo o isolamento antecedente a doença, isolamento total durante a doença e isolamento posterior a agudização da doença, em alguns casos resultando em luto abrupto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections , Social Isolation , Grief , Cicatrix , Betacoronavirus
15.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(3): 34-38, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253240

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A face é a região do corpo humano mais projetada o qual propicia a lesões traumáticas com importantes sequelas. Esta, desempenha funções estéticas e funcionais como as expressões faciais. As reconstruções dos tecidos devem ser realizadas com a finalidade de restabelecer a funcionalidade, assimetria e o contorno da região. Devese dar importância as características dos tecidos moles lesionados, o qual deve ser reconstituído com a aparência mais próxima ao local da lesão. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar a reconstrução do lábio superior e do alvéolo-dentário imediatamente após um acidente ciclístico. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 26 anos de idade, normossistêmico, compareceu ao serviço de emergência de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Buco-Maxilo-Facial devido a uma queda de bicicleta, a qual teria sido ocasionada pela quebra do garfo, o qual evoluiu com laceração em lábio superior e fratura dentro-alveolar. Foi realizado a reconstrução do lábio superior e alvéolos dentários. O paciente evoluiu 45 dias do pós-operatório com discreta cicatriz e função preservada. Considerações finais: Os traumas por bicicleta podem ter graves consequências orofaciais. Constata-se a indispensável avaliação profissional quanto as características dos tecidos moles e dento-alveolares, possibilitando ao paciente o retorno estético e funcional... (AU)


Introduction: The face is the region of the most projected human body which leads to traumatic injuries with important sequelae. It performs aesthetic and functional functions such as facial expressions. Tissue reconstructions should be performed with the purpose of restoring the functionality, asymmetry and contour of the region. The characteristics of lesioned soft tissues should be considered, which should be reconstituted with the appearance closest to the lesion site. The aim of the present study is to report the reconstruction of the upper lip and the dental alveolus immediately after a cycling accident. Case report: Male patient, 26 years of age, normossemic, attended the emergency service of Buco-Maxillo-Facial Surgery and Traumatology due to a bicycle fall, which would have been caused by the fork breaking, which evolved with laceration in the lip superiority and in-alveolar fracture. A reconstruction of the upper lip and dental alveoli was performed. The patient evolved 45 days postoperatively with discrete scar and preserved function. Final considerations: Bicycle traumas can have serious orofacial consequences. It is necessary to evaluate the professional characteristics of the soft and dentoalveolar tissues, allowing the patient to return aesthetic and functional... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Wounds and Injuries , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Tooth Socket , Lacerations , Fractures, Bone , Facial Injuries , Lip , Accidents , Cicatrix , Emergencies , Facial Expression
16.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(4): e3006, tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139179

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el embarazo ectópico se produce cuando el embrión se implanta fuera de la cavidad uterina, y se ubica mayormente en las trompas de Falopio. Objetivo: presentar un caso clínico en el que la paciente desarrolló un embarazo ectópico en la cicatriz de una histerorrafia previa, fue diagnosticada cuando cursaba la sexta semana de gestación y se resistió ante la idea de perderlo irremediablemente, aunque su cuadro clínico es muy doloroso y se complica rápidamente. Presentación del caso: paciente de 27 años de edad, de color de piel negra, con antecedente de cesárea previa 9 meses atrás. Según reporte ecográfico se diagnostica embarazo de 8,6 semanas de gestación localizado en la zona de cicatriz de cesárea previa. Recibe tratamiento inicial con metotrexate y cloruro de potasio, para luego ser intervenida quirúrgicamente a través de legrado instrumental, se corrobora diagnóstico ecográfico y se logra extraer el embrión exitosamente. Conclusión: el manejo atendió a las características clínicas e individuales de la gestante y se respetó el principio de autonomía de la embarazada. La paciente pudo ser dada de alta con un estado de salud satisfactorio, conservó su capacidad de fecundidad(AU)


Introduction: Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the embryo is implanted outside the uterine cavity, mostly located in the fallopian tubes. Objective: To present a clinical case in which the patient developed an ectopic pregnancy over a previous cesarean section scar; the diagnosis was made when she was in the sixth week of her pregnancy and she could not withstand the idea of losing the baby, but the clinical picture worsened, she was very painful and became complicated quickly. Case report: Twenty-seven-year-old black patient with previous history of a cesarean section 9 months ago. According to ultrasound criteria, 8.6 weeks of pregnancy located in the area of a previous cesarean section scar is diagnosed. The patient receives initial treatment with methotrexate and potassium chloride to undergo a surgical procedure through instrumental intervention (curettage), confirming the diagnosis of the ultrasound and removing the embryo successfully. Conclusions: The management was based on the clinical and individual characteristics of the pregnant woman respecting the principle of autonomy. The patient was in good health at the moment of discharge, preserving her fertility capacity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy, Ectopic/surgery , Pregnancy, Ectopic/diagnosis , Cicatrix/complications , Vacuum Curettage
17.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(2): 68-75, apr-jun 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120092

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las retracciones cicatrizales secundarias a quemaduras representan un desafío para el cirujano plástico debido a la variabilidad en su complejidad y presentación. La pérdida de movimiento del codo conlleva una limitación funcional con impacto directo en la calidad de vida, por lo que la indicación quirúrgica se hace necesaria. La gran variedad de tácticas quirúrgicas plantean la necesidad de sistematizar el tratamiento de las retracciones cicatrizales. Objetivo. El objetivo de esta presentación es la aplicación de la sistemática en el tratamiento de la secuela posquemadura de codo en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica del Hospital de Quemados del Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires durante los últimos 10 años. Material y métodos. Mediante un diseño observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo, se realizó el presente trabajo sobre pacientes con diagnóstico de retracción cicatrizal posuemadura en codo de agosto de 2008 a agosto de 2018. El criterio de inclusión fue pacientes entre 3 y 65 años sometidos a cirugías reconstructivas para la liberación de contracturas del codo posteriores a una quemadura durante el período mencionado. Se realizó una revisión de las historias clínicas y se evaluaron los casos a través del examen físico y de documentación fotográfica, y se analizaron diferentes variables: sexo, edad, comorbilidades, clasificación de gravedad, grado de retracción pre- y posoperatoria, tipo de reconstrucción empleada y complicaciones. Las variables mencionadas se registraron en tablas. Resultados. Treinta y cuatro pacientes operados, 20 mujeres y 14 hombres. El rango de edad fue de 3 hasta los 50 años, con una media de 21,2 años. La causa más frecuente de quemadura fue el agua caliente. El grado de retracción fue leve en 41,17% (14 casos), moderada en 47,05% y severa en 11,7%. El procedimiento más utilizado fueron los colgajos pediculados (50%), seguido por los colgajos locales (41,2 %) y, por último, se emplearon injertos de piel (8,8%). Dentro de los colgajos pediculados, el más utilizado fue el colgajo antecubital (12 casos) con un 70,6%, seguido por el colgajo braquial lateral con un 23,5% y, por último, con un solo caso, un colgajo propeller, que representó el 5,9%. Dentro de las plásticas locales, los colgajos de avance representaron el 42,8%, seguidos por las zetaplastias en un 35,7%, los colgajos de transposición en un 14,3% y la w plastia en un 7,14%. Todos los injertos de piel realizados fueron de espesor total. Las complicaciones fueron dehiscencia del borde del colgajo y epidermólisis. La ganancia objetiva de extensin en grados fue entre 5 y 80 grados. Conclusiones. Podemos concluir que es posible la aplicación de nuestro algoritmo para el tratamiento en la secuela cicatrizar en codo. Siempre que sea posible, se recomienda utilizar un colgajo fasciocutáneo por su mejor cobertura, resistencia y poca morbilidad de obtención. Todo método quirúrgico debe acompañarse con medidas no quirúrgicas como la ferulización y la rehabilitación kinésica temprana para lograr un resultado sostenido en el tiempo.


Introduction. Burn injuries to the elbow can lead to significant functional impairment and major aesthetic problems. This represents a challenge for the plastic surgeon due to the variability in their complexity and presentation. The elbow can be constructed with a wide range of surgical technique such as skin grafts, local, regional or free flaps. However, contractures vary greatly, depending on the loss of function, depth and extension of tissue involvement, and duration of scarring and, therefore, surgical intervention should be tailored for each patient. Objective. To present our experience and systematic approach for releasing postburn elbow contractures. Materials and methods. A retrospective review of the cases of post-burn elbow contractures treated in our center between August of 2008 and August of 2018 was conducted. Results. Since 2008 we have treated 34 patients. They included 20 female patients and 14 male patients. The average age was 21,2 years (range 3-50 years) at the time of the first corrective operation. Severity of elbow contracture was graded as mild in 41,17% of the cases, moderate in 47,05% and severe in 11,7%. Contractures were treated with fascio cutaneous pedicled flaps in 50% of the cases, with local flaps in 41,2% of the cases and with skin graft in 8,8%.Of the fascio cutaneous flaps employed, 12 patients were treated with an antecubital flap, 4 with a lateral arm flap and 1 with a propeller flap. Among the local flaps, z plasties and advancement flaps were the most commonly used. Elbow excursion improved in all cases between 5 and 80 degrees Conclusions. Severe elbow contracture resulting from burn injury can be treated using a systematic approach according to the physical characteristics of the contracture. Although there are many techniques of soft-tissue coverage to treat elbow contractures, we advocate using well-vascularized fascio cutaneous flaps to provide coverage due to their resistance and low donor site morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Algorithms , Burns/therapy , Cicatrix/therapy , Skin Transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 249-253, apr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103841

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Atualmente com o aumento das gastroplastias redutoras (cirurgia bariátrica) e grande perda ponderal, há também um aumento na procura destes pacientes pela cirurgia plástica. Uma das características destes pacientes é o excesso de tecido dermogorduroso que causa deformidades, principalmente nos membros inferiores, acometendo a região trocantérica. Objetivo: Relatar um caso de dermolipectomia trocantérica em paciente pós-cirurgia bariátrica, onde a lipoaspiração por si só não resolveria a correção da deformidade. Relato de caso: IPMS, sexo feminino, 55 anos, histórico de gastroplastia redutora (cirurgia bariátrica) com grande perda ponderal. Relata desconforto importante com a lipodistrofia e extensa flacidez em região trocantérica bilateral. Após avaliação pela equipe, foi optado por realizar dermolipectomia trocantérica bilateral, em janeiro de 2019, no Serviço de Cirurgia Plástica Osvaldo Saldanha. Discussão: Nos casos de lipodistrofia trocantérica com deformidades graves, a cicatriz da dermolipectomia em relação à deformidade é favorável quanto a escolha desta técnica, pois a lipoaspiração poderá agravar ainda mais a deformidade, sendo mandatório utilizar a técnica de dermolipectomia trocantérica para corrigila. Quanto à lipodistrofia com deformidade moderada há dúvida entre a relação do benefício e a deformidade resultante, sendo aplicada a técnica de acordo com a necessidade do paciente e, por fim, nos casos de lipodistrofia com deformidade leve, opta-se pela lipoaspiração devido à correção ser realizada sem grandes cicatrizes aparentes. Conclusão: Portanto, a lipoaspiração tem benefício nos casos de adiposidade localizada, limitando as indicações da técnica de dermolipectomia, em especial na região trocantérica, sem invalidá-la para casos selecionados, como o descrito neste relato de caso.


Introduction: Currently, with the increase in reducing gastroplasty (bariatric surgery) and the great weight loss, there is also an increase in the demand of these patients for plastic surgery. One of the characteristics of these patients is the excess of dermal adipose tissue that causes deformities, especially in the lower limbs, affecting the trochanteric region. Objective: To report a case of trochanteric dermolipectomy in a patient after bariatric surgery, where liposuction alone would not solve the correction of the deformity. Case report: IPMS, female, 55 years old, history of reducing gastroplasty (bariatric surgery) with great weight loss. She reports significant discomfort with lipodystrophy and extensive flacidity in the bilateral trochanteric region. After the team's evaluation, it was decided to perform bilateral trochanteric dermolipectomy, in January 2019, at the Plastic Surgery Service Osvaldo Saldanha Discussion: In cases of trochanteric lipodystrophy with severe deformities, the scar of dermolipectomy in relation to the deformity is favorable in terms of the choice of this technique, since liposuction may further aggravate the deformity, and it is mandatory to use the trochanteric dermolipectomy technique to correct it. Conclusion: Therefore, liposuction is beneficial in cases of localized adiposity, limiting the indications for the dermolipectomy technique, especially in the trochanteric region, without invalidating it for selected cases, as described in this case report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Plastic , Obesity, Morbid , Case Reports , Cicatrix , Evaluation Study , Lower Extremity , Bariatric Surgery , Lipodystrophy/pathology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Obesity, Morbid/pathology , Cicatrix/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Lipodystrophy , Lipodystrophy/surgery , Lipodystrophy/complications
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(3): 540-551, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088881

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A fisiopatologia e o prognóstico não estão claramente determinados nos pacientes com fenômeno do fluxo coronário lento (FCL). Esses pacientes apresentam várias condições clínicas, que variam desde quadro assintomático até internação hospitalar com morte cardíaca súbita. Objetivos Nosso objetivo foi avaliar os achados da ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) com o realce tardio pelo gadolínio (RTG), como um indicador de fibrose miocárdica. Também buscamos determinar a relação entre a presença de fibrose miocárdica e os níveis de NT-proBNP em pacientes com FCL na artéria coronária descendente anterior esquerda (DAE). Métodos Ao todo, 35 pacientes, entre 31 e 75 anos de idade, foram incluídos. Os pacientes estudados (n=19) apresentaram artérias coronárias epicárdicas normais na angiografia, mas tinham FCL na DAE. O grupo controle de pacientes (n=16) apresentou artérias coronárias epicárdicas normais e níveis de escore TIMI normais na angiografia. Em ambos os grupos, os pacientes foram examinados com RMC para a detecção de presença de fibrose miocárdica. Além disso, níveis plasmáticos de NT-proBNP foram medidos. Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados A taxa de fibrose miocárdica foi significativamente maior na RMC para os pacientes com FCL (p=0.018). Uma quantidade variável de tecido cicatricial foi detectada no ápice ventricular esquerdo em 7 pacientes e nas regiões inferior e inferolateral em 3 pacientes. Não foram observadas diferenças nos níveis de NT-proBNP nos pacientes com FCL. Entretanto, os níveis de NT-proBNP foram maiores nos pacientes com FCL, que apresentaram fibrose miocárdica na RMC (p=0.022). Conclusões Em suma, o RTG na RMC mostrou que a cicatriz miocárdica isquêmica pode estar presente nos pacientes com FCL. Esses resultados indicam que o FCL pode nem sempre ser inofensivo. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(3):540-551)


Abstract Background Pathophysiology and prognosis are not clearly determined in patients with the coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP). These patients present with various clinical conditions ranging from being asymptomatic to being admitted with sudden cardiac death. Objectives We aimed at assessing the findings of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) as an indicator of myocardial fibrosis. We also aimed at determining the relationship between the presence of myocardial fibrosis and NT-proBNP levels in patients with CSFP in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Methods A total of 35 patients were enrolled within an age range of 31-75. The study patients (n=19) had normal epicardial coronary arteries at angiography, but they presented with CSFP in the LAD. The control group patients (n=16) had normal epicardial coronary arteries and TIMI scores at normal levels in angiography. In both groups, the patients were examined with CMR for the presence of myocardial fibrosis. In addition, plasma NT-proBNP levels were measured. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results The rate of myocardial fibrosis was significantly higher in CMR in the patients with CSFP (p=0.018). A variable amount of myocardial scar tissue was detected at the left ventricular apex in 7 patients and at the inferior and inferolateral regions in 3 patients. There was no difference in the level of NT-proBNP in patients with CSFP. However, the NT-proBNP levels were higher in patients with CSFP, who had scar tissue in CMR (p=0.022). Conclusions In conclusion, LGE in CMR showed that ischemic myocardial scarring may exist in patients with CSFP. These results indicate that CSFP may not always be innocent. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(3):540-551)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix , No-Reflow Phenomenon , Peptide Fragments , Contrast Media , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Gadolinium
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