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Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1345-1349, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009301


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of three Chinese pedigrees affected with Citrullinemia type I (CTLN1).@*METHODS@#Three children diagnosed at the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from 2017 to 2020 were selected as the study subjects. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the probands and their parents. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out to detect pathological variants of the probands. Sanger sequencing was used for validating the candidate variant among the pedigrees.@*RESULTS@#The probands have respectively carried compound heterozygous variants of c.207_209delGGA and c.1168G>A, c.349G>A and c.364-1G>A, c.470G>A and c.970G>A of the ASS1 gene, which were respectively inherited from their parents.@*CONCLUSION@#The newly discovered c.207_209delGGA and c.364-1G>A variants have enriched the mutational spectrum of the ASS1 gene. And the mutation spectrum of Chinese CTLN1 patients is heterogeneous.

Child , Humans , Argininosuccinate Synthase/genetics , Citrullinemia/genetics , East Asian People , Mutation , Pedigree
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 139-142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928376


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of SLC25A13 gene variants in 16 infants with neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD).@*METHODS@#The infants were subjected to high-throughput DNA sequencing for coding exons and flanking regions of the target genes. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 16 NICCD cases, 15 were found to harbor pathogenic variants. Among these, IVS14-9A>G, c.1640G>A, c.762T>A, c.736delG, c.1098Tdel and c.851G>A were previously unreported.@*CONCLUSION@#Six novel SLC25A13 variants were found by high-throughput sequencing, which has enriched the spectrum of SLC25A13 gene variants and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.

Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/genetics , Citrullinemia/genetics , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Organic Anion Transporters/genetics , Protein Deficiency
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 952-956, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92080


Citrin is a liver-type mitochondrial aspartate-glutamate carrier encoded by the SLC25A13 gene, and its deficiency causes adult-onset type II citrullinemia and neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD). Here, the authors investigated clinical findings in Korean infants with NICCD and performed mutation analysis on the SLC25A13 gene. Of 47 patients with neonatal cholestasis, three infants had multiple aminoacidemia (involving citrulline, methionine, and arginine) and galactosemia, and thus were diagnosed as having NICCD. Two of these three showed failure to thrive. The laboratory findings showed hypoproteinemia and hyperammonemia, and liver biopsies revealed micro-macrovesicular fatty liver and cholestasis. The three patients each harbored compound heterozygous 1,638-1,660 dup/ S225X mutation, compound heterozygous 851del4/S225X mutation, and heterozygous 1,638-1,660 dup mutation, respectively. With nutritional manipulation, liver functions were normalized and catch-up growth was achieved. NICCD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cholestatic jaundice in Korean infants.

Humans , Infant , Amino Acids/blood , Calcium-Binding Proteins/deficiency , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/etiology , Citrullinemia/genetics , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Organic Anion Transporters/deficiency