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1.
Brasília; s.n; 20 maio 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097388

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 16 artigos e 7 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Disease Progression , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Sulbactam/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Ampicillin/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(2): 111-116, abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125050

ABSTRACT

La resistencia bacteriana a ciertos antibióticos condiciona el éxito del tratamiento erradicador de la infección gástrica por Helicobacter pylori y es motivo de creciente preocupación a nivel mundial. Dada la escasa evidencia publicada en Argentina sobre este tema, nuestro objetivo fue investigar factores asociados a la persistencia de H. pylori post-tratamiento antibiótico. Se determinó la frecuencia de fracaso terapéutico en 81 pacientes con gastritis por H. pylori tratados en nuestro Servicio y sometidos al estudio de urea en aire espirado para confirmar la erradicación de la infección. La edad promedio fue 58±12 y 43.2% eran hombres. La frecuencia de fracaso terapéutico fue 17.3%. De los dos esquemas más utilizados, la frecuencia de fracaso fue mayor con claritromicina + amoxicilina que con levofloxacina + amoxicilina (25% vs. 6.6%, p=0.04). Como factores de riesgo investigamos las siguientes variables: edad, género, síntomas, tabaquismo, consumo de anti-inflamatorios, diabetes, obesidad, tipo y duración de tratamiento. En el análisis univariado, el uso de esquemas con claritromicina y el género masculino se asociaron significativamente a persistencia de la infección [OR 4.2 (1.1-15.6) y 5.2 (1.1-26.4)]. En el análisis multivariado, el uso de esquema con claritromicina permaneció asociado al fracaso terapéutico [OR 5.38 (1.1-29.5)]. Concluimos que la inclusión de claritromicina en el esquema terapéutico para la gastritis por H. pylori se asoció a mayor fracaso terapéutico. Este fracaso es atribuible a alta prevalencia de resistencia de H. pylori a ese antibiótico en la población atendida en nuestro hospital y cuestiona las prácticas habituales de tratamiento en nuestro medio.


Antibiotic resistance may hinder the efficacy of eradication therapy against Helicobacter pylori infection and it has become a major concern worldwide. Due to the relatively scarce evidence published in Argentina on this topic, our aim was to describe factors associated with H. pylori persistence after antibiotic treatment. The therapeutic failure rate was described among 81 patients with H. pylori gastritis treated in our Hospital with a post-treatment urea breath test to determine successful eradication. Mean age was 58 ± 12 and 43.2% were male subjects. H. pylori persistence was observed in 17.3% of subjects. Therapeutic failure was more common among patients receiving clarithromycin + amoxicillin therapy that among those receiving levofloxacin + amoxicillin (25% vs. 6.6%, p = 0.04). The following variables were assessed: age, gender, referral symptoms, smoking, anti-inflammatory use, diabetes, obesity, treatment type and duration. Clarithromycin-based therapy and male gender were associated with infection persistence on univariate analysis [OR 4.2 (1.1-15.6) and 5.2 (1.1-26.4)]. On multivariate analysis, clarithromycin-based was associated with infection persistence [5.38 (1.1-29.5)]. We conclude that clarithromycin-based therapy is significantly associated with treatment failure. This failure may be due to an elevated prevalence of H. pylori resistance to clarithromycin in the population under study and raises the question on the utility of such therapeutic alternative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Gastritis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Argentina , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Treatment Failure , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Gastritis/microbiology , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use
3.
Brasília; s.n; 27 abr. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097410

ABSTRACT

Essa é uma produção do Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Decit) da Secretaria de Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Insumos Estratégicos em Saúde (SCTIE) do Ministério da Saúde (Decit/SCTIE/MS), que tem como missão promover a ciência e tecnologia e o uso de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisão do SUS, tendo como principal atribuição o incentivo ao desenvolvimento de pesquisas em saúde no Brasil, de modo a direcionar os investimentos realizados em pesquisa pelo Governo Federal às necessidades de saúde pública. Informar sobre as principais evidências científicas descritas na literatura internacional sobre tratamento farmacológico para a COVID-19. Além de resumir cada estudo identificado, o informe apresenta também uma avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a quantidade de artigos publicados, de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre outros). Foram encontrados 9 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Interleukin-6/therapeutic use , Interleukin-1/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Obesity Management/organization & administration , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
4.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 30(supl.1): S18-S25, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116305

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a gram negative bacteria that survives in the gastric acid environment. The infection is acquired mainly during childhood. Fifty to 70% of adult population has the infection. However, in the last 10 year, a decrease in the prevalence of this infection has been observed in all age groups, in particular in pediatric population and elderly patients over 60 years old. The evolution of the infection depends on bacterial factors (virulence and toxins) and host immune response. People infected mainly develop gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis, peptic ulcer and MALT lymphoma. H. pylori infection is the main risk factor of gastric cancer and for that reason, the eradication is recommended if H. pylori has been detected through invasive or non-invasive tests. Among children, eradication is not recommended unless there is a clinical manifestation that merits. H. pylori eradication is recommended in symptomatic adults and there is a controversy about massive eradication in asymptomatic population due to the risk of development of antibiotic resistance. Treatment is based on the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) associated to antibiotics, that should be chosen taking into account the increasing antibiotic resistance, and local availability. Clarithromycin (CLA) and levofloxacin resistance is increasingly high, and CLA-free quadruple therapy schemes are currently recommended for first-line therapy. H. pylori eradication must be confirmed with invasive or non-invasive tests. Second-line therapy based on antibiotics not previously used, PPI high doses and bismuth is recommended.


Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) es una bacteria gramnegativa que sobrevive en el medio ácido gástrico. La infección se adquiere principalmente en la niñez. Un 50 a 70% de la población adulta es portadora, pero en los últimos 10 años, se ha observado una disminución en la prevalencia de infección en todos los grupos etarios, en particular en población pediátrica y mayores de 60 años. La evolución de la infección depende de factores propios de la bacteria (virulencia, toxinas) y de la respuesta inmune del huésped. Los individuos infectados desarrollan principalmente patologías gastrointestinales como gastritis, úlcera péptica y linfoma MALT. La infección por H. pylori es el principal factor de riesgo del cáncer gástrico por lo que se recomienda su erradicación en caso de haberse detectado mediante test invasivo o no invasivo. En niños, no es recomendable la erradicación a menos que exista una manifestación clínica que lo amerite. Se recomienda su erradicación en adultos sintomáticos y existe controversia respecto a la erradicación masiva en población asintomática debido al riesgo de desarrollar resistencia antibiótica. El tratamiento se basa en el uso de inhibidores de la bomba de protones asociado a antibióticos, los cuales deben ser escogidos teniendo en cuenta la tasa de resistencia antimicrobiana y disponibilidad local. La resistencia a claritromicina (CLA) y levofloxacino es creciente, por lo que se recomienda el uso de esquemas de cuadriterapia libre de CLA en esquemas de primera línea. Se recomienda confirmar su erradicación con test no invasivos y retratar con esquema de segunda línea con antibióticos no utilizados previamente, asociado a dosis altas de inhibidores de bomba de protones y sales de bismuto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Remission Induction , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/physiopathology , Age Factors , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/drug effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190039, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041600

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The growing incidence of post-surgical atypical mycobacteriosis (PSAM) may be related to the increased use of low- and medium-complexity video-assisted surgery. METHODS: Between April 2007 and June 2009, 125 patients were referred from the State Health Department of Rio de Janeiro for the treatment of confirmed, probable, or suspected PSAM. RESULTS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the most frequent surgical procedure (48.8%) among patients. Clarithromycin, ethambutol, and terizidone were used to treat 113 patients for a mean duration of 226 days. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the need for multidrug therapy and long treatment duration, most included patients adhered to treatment and experienced cure without relapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Video-Assisted Surgery/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ethambutol/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous
6.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(4): 311-316, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974231

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim To analyze the influence of the -31 C/T polymorphism of the interleukin-1β gene on Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy success in patients with functional dyspepsia. Methods Functional dyspepsia was diagnosed according to the Rome III criteria. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and gastric biopsies were obtained at screening and 12 months after randomization (last follow-up visit). Urease test and histological examination were performed to define the H. pylori status. Patients received twice-daily amoxicillin, clarithromycin and omeprazole for 10 days. Genotyping of the interleukin-1beta -31 C/T polymorphism (rs1143627) was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results One hundred forty-nine patients received treatment with triple therapy for H. pylori eradication. Only one patient was lost to follow-up, and adherence to study medication was 94.6%. A total of 148 patients (mean age 46.08 ± 12.24 years; 81.8% women) were evaluated for the influence of the interleukin-1beta -31 C/T polymorphism on the outcome of H. pylori eradication therapy. After treatment, bacteria were eradicated in 87% of patients (129/148). Genotype frequencies of the polymorphism were as follows: CC, 38/148 (25.7%); CT, 71/148 (47.9%); and TT, 39/148 (26.4%). Successful eradication rate was 78.9%, 94.4% and 82.1% for the CC, CT and TT genotypes, respectively. The CT genotype was significantly associated with successful H. pylori eradication (p= 0.039). Conclusion This study suggests that the CT genotype of the interleukin-1beta -31 C/T polymorphism plays a role in the successful eradication of H. pylori among patients with functional dyspepsia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Treatment Outcome , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Genotype , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Anti-Ulcer Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Govaresh. 2018; 22 (4): 261-265
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-192476

ABSTRACT

Background: Clinical trials and meta-analyses have reported about 20% failure rates in first-line Helicobacter pylori [H. pylori] eradication. This reflects the need for effective second-line eradication regimens


Materials and Methods: 61 patients with H. pylori infection who had failed previous non-bismuth clarithromycin-containing first line therapies entered the study. They were given a 14-day levofloxacin-containing triple regimen consisted of pantoprazole 40 mg, amoxicillin 1gr, and levofloxacin 500mg, each given twice daily. Eight weeks after the treatment, H. pylori eradication was assessed by 14C-urea breath test


Results: All patients completed the study. The eradication rate was 91.8% [95% confidence interval = 84.9% - 98.6%] by both intention to treat and per-protocol analyses. Side effects of therapy were reported by eight patients [13.1%], but they were severe in only two patients [3.2%]


Conclusion: According to the high H. pylori eradication rate and the very low rate of severe adverse effects, levofloxacin-containing triple therapy seems to be a suitable second-line option in case of previous failure by clarithromycin-containing therapies. We suggest further studies with shorter duration of treatment or lower dose of levofloxacin


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Disease Eradication , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin , Drug Therapy, Combination
11.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 5(1): 54-62, 2018. ilus 27 cm
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-965189

ABSTRACT

La infección por Helicobacter pylori es una de las infecciones crónicas más comunes a nivel mundial y causa importante de enfermedad péptica y cáncer gástrico. Infecta al 50% de la población adulta con mayor prevalencia en América Central/Sur y Asia y al menos dos veces mayor en poblaciones con alta incidencia de cáncer gástrico. Los objetivos de esta investigación fueron identificar la tasa de erradicación de H. pylori con terapia triple estándar y las posibles características asociadas a su erradicación. Se estudió a 119 pacientes con diagnóstico de infección por H. pylori, seleccionados en forma consecutiva de la consulta externa de Gastroenterología del Hospital General San Juan de Dios. Se realizó endoscopia diagnóstica y toma de biopsia gástrica. Se dio terapia triple estándar con lansoprazol, amoxicilina y claritromicina durante 10 días, seguido de 30 días con lansoprazol. Seis semanas después de completado el tratamiento se evaluó el antígeno de H. pylori en heces para determinar si hubo erradicación. La edad promedio de los participantes fue 49.0 años, 81.5% mujeres, 85.7% de área urbana, el síntoma más común fue dispepsia en 86.6%. En el examen post tratamiento el 89.9%, IC 95% [83.0, 94.7] presentó antígeno en heces negativo. No se encontró asociación entre las características de los pacientes con la respuesta al tratamiento. En conclusión, la respuesta a la terapia triple de primera línea se encuentra dentro del rango aceptable para continuar con ese esquema, pero debe mantenerse una evaluación constante por la presencia de posible resistencia.


Infection by Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common chronic infections worldwide and an important cause of peptic disease and gastric cancer. It infects 50% of the adult population with the highest prevalence in Central / South America and Asia and at least twice as high in populations with a high incidence of gastric cancer. The objectives of this research were to identify the eradication rate of H. pylori after first line standard triple therapy and the possible characteristics associated with its eradication. It was studied 119 patients with a diagnosis of H. pylori infection, selected consecutively from the outpatient department of Gastroenterology of the San Juan de Dios General Hospital. Diagnostic endoscopy and gastric biopsy was performed. Standard triple therapy was given with lansoprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin for 10 days, followed by 30 days with lansoprazole. Six weeks after the treatment was completed, the H. pylori antigen in feces was evaluated to determine if there was eradication. The average age of the participants was 49.0 years, 81.5% women, 85.7% of urban area, the most common symptom was dyspepsia in 86.6%. In the post-treatment examination 89.9%, 95% CI [83.0, 94.7] presented negative antigen in feces. No association was found between the characteristics of the patients with the response to treatment. In conclusion, the response to first line triple therapy is within the acceptable range to continue with this scheme, but a constant evaluation must be maintained due to the presence of possible resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Biopsy , Helicobacter Infections/therapy , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Lansoprazole/therapeutic use , Heartburn/diagnosis , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 341-344, ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899613

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El píloro doble constituye un hallazgo endoscópico extremadamente raro, siendo más frecuente en pacientes que padecen enfermedad ulcerosa péptica. Corresponde a una comunicación anormal entre el antro gástrico y el bulbo duodenal, que puede llegar a requerir tratamiento quirúrgico. Caso clínico: Mujer de 86 años de edad con antecedentes de diabetes mellitus tipo 2, hipertensión arterial, así como ingesta crónica de AINE, portadora de enfermedad ácido-péptica de larga evolución con poca respuesta al manejo médico con bloqueadores H2, la cual presenta sangrado de tubo digestivo durante 5 días caracterizado por hematemesis y melena, así como pirosis, náuseas, sin pérdida ponderal; por este motivo se realiza endoscopia digestiva alta la cual reporta como hallazgos: gastritis erosiva crónica activa secundaria a AINE y asociada a Helicobacter pylori, así como píloro doble adquirido secundario a enfermedad ácido-péptica, sin evidencia de tumores u otras lesiones asociadas. Se inicia esquema de erradicación para H. pylori con amoxicilina y claritromicina durante 14 días, asociados a inhibidor de bomba de protones durante 6-8 semanas con buena respuesta al manejo médico. Discusión: El píloro doble adquirido es una rara complicación de úlcera péptica que puede ser asociada a otras enfermedades, AINE y a la colonización por H. pylori, por lo tanto el adecuado tratamiento consistirá en la corrección de esos factores.


Background: The double pylorus is an extremely rare endoscopic finding, being more frequent in patients suffering from peptic ulcer disease. It corresponds to an abnormal communication between the gastric antrum and the duodenal bulb, which may require surgical treatment. Clinical case: A 86-year-old woman with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and chronic NSAID intake, a carrier of long-term peptic acid disease with poor response to medical management with H2 blockers. This presents digestive tube bleeding for 5 days characterized by hematemesis and melena, as well as heartburn, nausea, without weight loss, reason why high digestive endoscopy is performed, which reports as findings: active chronic erosive gastritis secondary to NSAIDs and associated with Helicobacter pylori, as well as acquired double pylorus secondary to peptic acid disease, without evidence of tumors or other associated lesions. Eradication scheme begins for H. pylori with amoxicillin and clarithromycin for 14 days, associated with a proton pump inhibitor for 6-8 weeks with good response to medical management. Discussion: The acquired double pylorus is a rare complication of peptic ulcer disease that can be associated with other diseases, NSAIDs and colonization by H. pylori, therefore the appropriate treatment will consist in the correction of these factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Peptic Ulcer/diagnosis , Pylorus/pathology , Gastric Fistula/diagnosis , Peptic Ulcer/complications , Peptic Ulcer/drug therapy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori , Gastric Fistula/etiology , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use
13.
Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. 2017; 18 (2): 62-67
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189166

ABSTRACT

Background and study aims: The success rate of Helicobacter pylori [H. pylori] eradication with the classical triple therapy is gradually declining. In this study, we aimed to compare and assess the efficacies of six different eradication regimens including sequential protocols


Patients and methods: Endoscopically confirmed nonulcer dyspepsia patients were enrolled. H. pylori presence was determined either histologically or by a rapid urease test. Treatment-naive patients were randomly assigned to an either one of three 10-day [OAC, OTMB, and OACB] or one of three sequential protocols [OA + OCM, OA + OCMB, and OA + OMDB] [O = omeprazole, A = amoxicillin, C = clarithromycin, T = tetracycline, M = metronidazole, B = bismuth, D = doxycycline]. The eradication was assessed 6-8 weeks after the completion of the treatment by a 14C-urea breath test


Results: In total, 301 patients were included. Fifty-two percent of the participants [n = 157] were female, and the mean age was 44.9 years [range = 18-70]. The intention to treat [ITT] and per protocol [PP] eradication rate for each regimen is as follows: OAC [ITT = 61.2%, PP = 75%], OTMB [83.3%, 87%], OACB [76.5%, 79.6%], OA + OCM [72.3%, 73.9%], OA + OCMB [82.7%, 89.6%], and OA + OMDB [59.3%, 65.3%]. Smoking significantly affected the eradication rate [P = 0.04]


Conclusion: In this study, OTMB and OA + OCMB were significantly superior to the triple therapy and succeeded to reach the eradication rate proposed by the Maastricht consensus [over 80%]. These two bismuth-containing regimens could be considered for first-line therapy in the regions with high clarithromycin resistance


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Helicobacter pylori , Disease Eradication , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Metronidazole/therapeutic use , Bismuth/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies
14.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 28(3): 165-169, 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118762

ABSTRACT

Standard triple therapy (TT), used massively as first-line empirical therapy for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication, has shown a progressive decrease in its effectiveness, probably due to increasing resistance to clarithromycin. Recent studies in Chile show eradication under 90%, a limit suggested as adequate efficacy. The so-called concomitant therapy (CT) comprising a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, clarithromycin and metronidazole is the non-bismuth first-line therapy most recommended in current guidelines. However, we have no local data to assess the effectiveness of this regimen. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the effectiveness of CT in a group of patients controlled at a private health center in Santiago, Chile. Patients received 40 mg esomeprazole, 1 g amoxicillin, 500 mg clarithromycin and 500 mg metronidazole, every 12 hours, for 14 days. Sixty-six patients were included, of these patients, 36 returned to control. CT was successful in 33/36 patients, corresponding to 92% (95% CI: 82.5-100%, per protocol analysis). The frequency of significant side effects was 25% (mainly diarrhea and abdominal pain) and only one patient discontinued the treatment. In conclusion, 14-days CT therapy is effective to eradicate H. pylori and could be recommended as first-line empirical regimen, at least in the studied population segment and geographical area. Additional studies are necessary to confirm its efficacy in other socioeconomic and/or geographical settings.


La terapia triple estándar (TT), utilizada masivamente como terapia de primera línea empírica para erradicación de Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) ha mostrado una progresiva disminución de su efectividad, probablemente por resistencia creciente a claritromicina. Los últimos estudios en Chile muestran erradicación bajo 90%, límite sugerido como eficacia adecuada. Esto ha motivado la búsqueda de esquemas alternativos más eficaces, siendo la así llamada terapia concomitante (TC), que consiste en un inhibidor de la bomba de protones, amoxicilina, claritromicina y metronidazol, el esquema sin bismuto más recomendado en guías clínicas recientes. Sin embargo, no contamos con datos locales que evalúen su efectividad. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar prospectivamente la efectividad de TC en un grupo de pacientes controlados en un centro de salud privado de Santiago de Chile. Los pacientes recibieron esomeprazol 40 mg, amoxicilina 1 g, claritromicina 500 mg y metronidazol 500 mg cada 12 h, por 14 días. Se incluyeron 66 pacientes, de los cuales 36 volvieron a control. La TC fue exitosa en 33/36 pacientes, correspondientes al 92% (IC 95%: 82,5-100%; análisis por protocolo). La frecuencia de efectos colaterales significativos fue 25% (principalmente diarrea y dolor abdominal) y sólo un paciente suspendió el tratamiento por esta causa. En conclusión, la TC por 14 días es efectiva para erradicar H. pylori, al menos en el segmento poblacional y área geográfica estudiados y es un esquema empírico que pudiera recomendarse como primera línea en nuestro medio, aunque se requiere confirmar su eficacia en otros grupos poblacionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control , Remission Induction , Drug Administration Schedule , Chile , Prospective Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Treatment Outcome , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
15.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 20(6): 534-538, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828170

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of licorice in H. pylori eradication in patients suffering from dyspepsia either with peptic ulcer disease (PUD) or non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) in comparison to the clarithromycin-based standard triple regimen. Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 120 patients who had positive rapid urease test were included and assigned to two treatment groups: control group that received a clarithromycin-based triple regimen, and study group that received licorice in addition to the clarithromycin-based regimen for two weeks. H. pylori eradication was assessed six weeks after therapy. Data was analyzed by chi-square and t-test with SPSS 16 software. Results: Mean ages and SD were 38.8 ± 10.9 and 40.1 ± 10.4 for the study and control groups, respectively, statistically similar. Peptic ulcer was found in 30% of both groups. Response to treatment was 83.3% and 62.5% in the study and control groups, respectively. This difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: Addition of licorice to the triple clarithromycin-based regimen increases H. pylori eradication, especially in the presence of peptic ulcer disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Glycyrrhiza/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Peptic Ulcer/microbiology , Peptic Ulcer/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Dyspepsia/drug therapy
16.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(2): 113-117, April.-June 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783810

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background - Antimicrobial resistance is the major factor leading to eradication failure in H. pylori treatment. Molecular tests are useful to detect genetic mutations predictive of clarithromycin and fluoroquinolones resistance. Knowledge of the local prevalence rate of resistance is important to define the best recommended treatment. Objective - To assess the prevalence of primary resistance of H. pylori to clarithromycin and fluoroquinolones, using a molecular test, in a Southeastern urban Brazilian population. Methods - A total of 72 H. pylori seropositive patients [65% female, mean age 39 (19-73) years] never treated before for this infection were studied. All patients underwent gastroscopy in addition to antrum and corpus biopsies and molecular test GenoType HelicoDR (Hain Life Science, Germany) to detect H. pylori and point mutations in genes responsible for clarithromycin and fluoroquinolone resistance. The molecular procedure was divided into three steps: DNA extraction from biopsy samples, a multiplex amplification with biotinylated primers and a reverse hybridization. The most frequent point mutations involved in resistance to the two antibiotics were evaluated. Results - Resistance to clarithromycin was detected in nine (12.5%) patients and to fluoroquinolones in eight (11.1%) patients. The point mutation A2147G was the most common (77.8%) among resistant strains to clarithromycin. In 50% of the resistant strains to fluoroquinolones, the mutant codon couldn't be identified. Conclusion - The resistance rates to clarithromycin and fluorquinolones in a large urban population in the Southeast of Brazil were acceptable, suggesting that these drugs remain appropriate options to first and second-line of H. pylori treatment. The molecular test represents an adequate diagnostic tool for monitoring H. pylori resistance.


RESUMO Contexto - A resistência aos antimicrobianos é o principal fator associado à falha terapêutica no tratamento do H. pylori. Testes moleculares são úteis na detecção das mutações genéticas associadas ao desenvolvimento de resistência à claritromicina e fluorquinolonas. O conhecimento da taxa de prevalência local de resistência é importante na definição do melhor esquema terapêutico. Objetivo - Estimar a prevalência de resistência primária do H. pylori à claritromicina e fluorquinolonas, empregando-se um teste molecular, em uma capital do Sudeste do Brasil. Métodos - Setenta e dois pacientes com sorologia positiva para H. pylori [65% mulheres, idade média 39 (19-73) anos], nunca tratados previamente para essa infecção, foram selecionados. Todos os pacientes submeteram-se à endoscopia digestiva com biópsias de antro e corpo e realização do teste molecular GenoType HelicoDR (Hain Life Science, Alemanha) para a detecção do H. pylori e das mutações pontuais dos genes responsáveis pela resistência à claritromicina e fluorquinolonas. O procedimento molecular constituía-se de três etapas: extração do DNA a partir das amostras endoscópicas, amplificação multiplex com primers biotinilados e hibridização reversa. As mutações pontuais mais frequentemente envolvidas com resistência aos dois antibióticos foram avaliadas. Resultados - Resistência à claritromicina foi detectada em nove (12,5%) pacientes e às fluorquinolonas em oito (11,1%) pacientes. A mutação pontual A2147G foi a mais comum (77,8%) entre as cepas resistentes à claritromicina. Em 50% das cepas resistentes à fluorquinolonas, o códon mutante não pôde ser identificado. Conclusão - As taxas de resistência à claritromicina (12,5%) e às fluorquinolonas (11,1%), em uma importante capital do Sudeste do Brasil, mostraram índices aceitáveis, sugerindo que essas drogas permanecem opções apropriadas para o tratamento de primeira e segunda linha do H. pylori. O teste molecular constitui uma ferramenta diagnóstica adequada para monitorar a resistência do H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Clarithromycin/pharmacology , Fluoroquinolones/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Urban Population , Biopsy , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Fluoroquinolones/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Mutation/genetics
17.
Rev. cuba. farm ; 49(3)jul.-set. 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-779726

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pseudomonas aeruginosa caracteriza-se como bastonete gram-negativo reto ou ligeiramente curvo, aeróbio estrito, podendo ser encontrado na água, solo, vegetais, esgoto e animais. É um patógeno nosocomial com envolvimento em infecções hospitalares provocando infecções oportunistas em pacientes, principalmente naqueles imunocomprometidos. Uma das características de P. aeruginosa é seu alto nível de resistência intrínseca a agentes antimicrobianos estruturalmente diferentes. Objetivo: avaliar as atividades microbiológicas e comparar as atividades decorrentes da associação entre antibióticos que atuam no mesmo alvo e também em alvos diferentes frente às cepas bacterianas de Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Métodos: a Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM) foi realizada pelo método de microdiluição em caldo. Foi realizada modulação com bactérias associando os antibióticos. Resultados: as associações claritromicina‒imipenem e claritromicina ‒ciprofloxacina apresentaram sinergismo frente à P. aeruginosa, porém a associação claritromicina‒gentamicina demonstrou indiferença. Por outro lado as associações imipenem‒claritromicina, ciprofloxacino‒claritromicina e gentamicina ‒claritromicina apresentaram antagonismo. Conclusão: o resultado deste ensaio sugere que a associação de dois antibióticos testados aumenta o seu potencial antimicrobiano, podendo ser usado em combinação mediante investigações posteriores que comprovem a segurança de tal uso(AU)


Introduction: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an anaerobic and gramnegative rod, they can be isolated from water, soil, vegetables, waste and animals. This microorganism is a nosocomial opportunistic infectious agent, mainly for immunocompromised patients. One of the main traits of P. aeruginosa is its intrinsic drug resistance to structurally different antibiotics. Objective: to evaluate the microbiological effect and to compare the activities derived from the antibiotic association s acting on the same target and on different targets against P. aeruginosa strains. Methods: the Minimun Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) was determined by broth microdilution method. The modulation of the activity on the bacteria was based on the antibiotic association. Results: the association of clarithromycin-imipenem and of clarothromycin-ciprofloxacin demonstrate synergism against P. aeruginosa. However, the association of clarithromycin?gentamycin did not show differences. On the other hand, the association of imipenem-clarihtromycin, of ciprofloxacine-clarithromycin and of gentamycin-clarithromycin showed antagonistic effect. Conclusions: the results of this study indicated that the association of two antibiotics enhances the antimicrobial potential of these drugs, and that they can be used in combination whenever other research studies confirm the safety of such use(AU)


Introducción: la Pseudomonas aeruginosa se caracteriza por ser gramnegativos con imagen de bastones rectos o ligeramente curvos, aeróbios, se pueden encuentrar en el agua, el suelo, en plantas, animales y aguas residuales. Es un patógeno nosocomial implicado en infecciones hospitalarias, causando infecciones oportunistas en pacientes, especialmente en aquellos inmunocomprometidos. Una de las características de la P. aeruginosa es su alto nivel de resistencia intrínseca a agentes antimicrobianos estructuralmente diferentes. Objetivo: evaluar las actividades microbiológicas y comparar las actividades derivadas de la asociación de antibióticos que actúan sobre la misma diana y también sobre diferentes dianas frente a cepas bacterianas de Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Métodos: el cálculo de la Concentración Mínima Inhibitoria (CMI) se realizó por el método de microdilución en caldo. La modulación de la actividad sobre bacterias se realizó por asociación de antibióticos. Resultados: las asociaciones claritromicina‒imipenem y claritromicina ‒ciprofloxacina mostraron sinergismo frente a P. aeruginosa; sin embargo la asociación claritromicina‒gentamicina no mostro diferencias. Por otro lado las asociaciones imipenem‒claritromicina, ciprofloxacino‒claritromicina y gentamicina ‒claritromicina demostraron antagonismo. Conclusión: los resultados de este estudio indican que la combinación de dos antibióticos aumenta su potencial antimicrobiano, y que pueden ser utilizadas en combinación, una vez que otras investigaciones confirmen la seguridad de dicho uso(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pseudomonas Infections , Gentamicins/therapeutic use , Ciprofloxacin/therapeutic use , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/methods , Imipenem/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Brazil
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(1): 104-107, Jan-Feb/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735735

ABSTRACT

Around 50 mycobacteria species cause human disease. Immunosuppressive states predispose to non-tuberculous mycobaterium infection, such as Mycobacterium chelonae: AFB, non-tuberculous, fast growth of low virulence and uncommon as a human pathogen. It may compromise the skin and soft tissues, lungs, lymph nodes and there is also a disseminated presentation. The diagnosis involves AFB identification and culture on Agar and Lowenstein-Jensen medium base. A 41-year-old female with MCTD (LES predominance) is reported, presenting painless nodules in the right forearm. She denied local trauma. Immunosuppressed with prednisone and cyclophosphamide for 24 months. Lesion biopsy has demonstrated positive bacilloscopy (Ziehl-Neelsen stain) and M.chelonae in culture (Lowenstein-Jensen medium base), therefore clarithromycin treatment has been started (best therapy choice in the literature).


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Mixed Connective Tissue Disease/drug therapy , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/immunology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/pathology , Mycobacterium chelonae/isolation & purification , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Immunocompetence/immunology , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Mixed Connective Tissue Disease/complications , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/drug therapy
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195239

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Trends in successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori using first-line triple therapy, consisting of a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin, have been understudied. We evaluated H. pylori eradication rates at a single center over the last 10 years and identified risk factors related to eradication failure. METHODS: This study included 1,413 patients who were diagnosed with H. pylori infection and received 7 days of triple therapy between January 2003 and December 2012. We investigated H. pylori eradication rates retrospectively with respect to the year of therapy, as well as demographic and clinical factors. H. pylori eradication was confirmed by a 13C-urea breath test or a rapid urease test at least 4 weeks after the completion of triple therapy. RESULTS: The overall H. pylori eradication rate was 84.9%. Annual eradication rates from 2003 to 2012 were 93.5%, 80.0%, 87.2%, 88.5%, 92.0%, 88.3%, 85.7%, 84.1%, 83.7%, and 78.8%, respectively, by per-protocol analysis. The eradication rate with first-line triple therapy decreased during the last 10 years (p = 0.015). Multivariate analysis showed that female gender (odds ratio [OR], 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12 to 2.55) and smoking (OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.05 to 2.47) were associated with the failure of H. pylori eradication therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of first-line triple therapy for H. pylori infection has decreased over the last 10 years, suggesting an increase in antibiotic-resistant H. pylori strains. Thus, other first-line therapies may be necessary for H. pylori eradication in the near future.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Breath Tests , Chi-Square Distribution , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Humans , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Proton Pump Inhibitors/adverse effects , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Smoking/adverse effects , Time Factors , Treatment Failure , Young Adult
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