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1.
Acta amaz ; 50(3): 260-262, jul. - set. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1118854

ABSTRACT

The first record of Vanilla labellopapillata is presented for the state of Amazonas, Brazil, in the region of Manaus, now the western limit of the species, which was previously known only from the type locality in the state of Pará. A brief description is provided and taxonomic and ecological aspects of the species are discussed in the light of this new finding. (AU)


Subject(s)
Forests , Classification , Amazonian Ecosystem , Vanilla
2.
Av. enferm ; 38(1): 87-94, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1089013

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Analizar la intervención de enfermería de salud mental con un usuario con diagnóstico de control de impulsos ineficaz relacionado con trastorno bipolar I. Síntesis del contenido: Se presenta el abordaje del caso a partir del proceso de enfermería y el uso del lenguaje estandarizado. Además, se analiza la intervención de enfermería de salud mental teniendo en cuenta la propuesta de Peplau. Conclusión: Es necesaria la participación de la enfermería de salud mental en el abordaje de personas con trastorno mental a partir de estrategias propias de la profesión.


Resumo Objetivo: Analisar a intervenção de enfermagem de saúde mental com um usuário com diagnóstico de controle de impulsos ineficaz relacionado com transtorno bipolar I. Síntese do conteúdo: Apresenta-se a abordagem do caso a partir do processo de enfermagem e do uso da linguagem padronizada. Além disso, analisa-se a intervenção de enfermagem de saúde mental de acordo com a proposta de Peplau. Conclusão: É necessária a participação da enfermagem de saúde mental na abordagem de pessoas com transtorno mental a partir de estratégias próprias da profissão.


Abstract Objective: Analyze mental health nursing intervention with a user with an ineffective impulse control diagnosis related to bipolar disorder I. Synthesis of the contents: The approach to the case is presented from the nursing process and the use of standardized language. In addition, mental health nursing intervention is analyzed considering Peplau's proposal. Conclusion: Mental health nursing participation in addressing people with mental disorder is necessary based on strategies specific to the profession.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychiatric Nursing , Bipolar Disorder , Mental Health , Nursing , Classification
3.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 17-24, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1100762

ABSTRACT

Se estima que aproximadamente 100 trillones de microorganismos (incluidos bacterias, virus y hongos) residen en el intestino humano adulto y que el total del material genético del microbioma es 100 veces superior al del genoma humano. Esta comunidad, conocida como microbioma se adquiere al momento del nacimiento a través de la flora comensal de la piel, vagina y heces de la madre y se mantiene relativamente estable a partir de los dos años desempeñando un papel crítico tanto en el estado de salud como en la enfermedad. El desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías, como los secuenciadores de próxima generación (NGS), permiten actualmente realizar un estudio mucho más preciso de ella que en décadas pasadas cuando se limitaba a su cultivo. Si bien esto ha llevado a un crecimiento exponencial en las publicaciones, los datos sobre las poblaciones Latinoamérica son casi inexistentes. La investigación traslacional en microbioma (InTraMic) es una de las líneas que se desarrollan en el Instituto de Medicina Traslacional e Ingeniería Biomédica (IMTIB). Esta se inició en 2018 con la línea de cáncer colorrectal (CCR) en una colaboración con el Colorectal Cancer Research Group del Leeds Institute of Medical Research en el proyecto Large bowel microbiome disease network: Creation of a proof of principle exemplar in colorectal cancer across three continents. A fines de 2019 se cumplió el objetivo de comprobar la factibilidad de la recolección, envío y análisis de muestras de MBF en 5 continentes, incluyendo muestras provenientes de la Argentina, Chile, India y Vietnam. Luego de haber participado de capacitaciones en Inglaterra, se ha cumplido con el objetivo de la etapa piloto, logrando efectivizar la recolección, envío y análisis metagenómico a partir de la secuenciación de la región V4 del ARNr 16S. En 2019, la línea de enfermedad de hígado graso no alcohólico se sumó a la InTraMic iniciando una caracterización piloto en el marco de una colaboración con el laboratorio Novartis. Los resultados de ese estudio, así como el de cáncer colorrectal, están siendo enviados a publicación. En 2020, con la incorporación de la línea de trasplante alogénico de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas, fue presentado un proyecto para un subsidio del CONICET que ha superado la primera etapa de evaluación. En el presente artículo se brinda una actualización sobre la caracterización taxonómica de microbioma y se describen las líneas de investigación en curso. (AU)


It is estimated that approximately 100 trillion microorganisms (including bacteria, viruses, and fungi) reside in the adult human intestine, and that the total genetic material of the microbiome is 100 times greater than that of the human genome. This community, known as the microbiome, is acquired at birth through the commensal flora of the mother's skin, vagina, and feces and remains relatively stable after two years, playing a critical role in both the state of health and in disease. The development of new technologies, such as next-generation sequencers (NGS), currently allow for a much more precise study of it than in past decades when it was limited to cultivation. Although this has led to exponential growth in publications, data on Latin American populations is almost non-existent. Translational research in microbiome (InTraMic) is one of the lines developed at the Instituto de Medicina Traslacional e Ingeniería Biomédica (IMTIB). This started in 2018 with the Colorectal Cancer Line (CRC) in a collaboration with the Colorectal Cancer Research Group of the Leeds Institute of Medical Research in the project "Large bowel microbiome disease network: Creation of a proof of principle exemplar in colorectal cancer across three continents". At the end of 2019, the objective of verifying the feasibility of collecting, sending and analyzing MBF samples on 5 continents, including samples from Argentina, Chile, India and Vietnam, was met. After having participated in training in England, the objective of the pilot stage has been met, achieving the collection, delivery and metagenomic analysis from the sequencing of the V4 region of the 16S rRNA. In 2019, the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease line joined InTraMic, initiating a pilot characterization in the framework of a collaboration with the Novartis laboratory. The results of that study, as well as that of colorectal cancer, are being published. In 2020, with the incorporation of the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation line, a project was presented for a grant from the CONICET that has passed the first stage of evaluation. This article provides an update on the taxonomic characterization of the microbiome and describes the lines of ongoing research. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Translational Medical Research/organization & administration , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/genetics , Transplantation, Homologous , Vietnam , Aztreonam/therapeutic use , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/analysis , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/microbiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Classification/methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Metagenomics , Translational Medical Research/methods , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/trends , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/microbiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , India , Latin America , Occult Blood
4.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 71(1): 42-55, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1115619

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la asociación entre parto por cesárea y hospitalización del neonato, y describir las indicaciones de cesárea según los grupos de Robson en el servicio de obstetricia de una institución general de alta complejidad. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal. Se incluyeron todos los nacimientos ocurridos entre marzo y julio de 2018 en un hospital general de enseñanza de alta complejidad en Bogotá, Colombia, mediante muestreo consecutivo. Tamaño muestral de 1040 gestantes. Se describe la frecuencia de cesárea, las indicaciones, los resultados neonatales por cada grupo de Robson y el riesgo de hospitalización neonatal por medio del odds ratio (OR) crudo y crudo y ajustado por análisis multivariado. Resultados: se incluyeron 1493 nacimientos, de los cuales 539 (36,3 %) fueron por cesárea. Las mujeres con antecedente de cicatriz uterina, programadas para cesárea electiva y las hospitalizadas para inducción aportan la mayoría de cesáreas. Las principales indicaciones para esta intervención fueron sospecha de estado fetal insatisfactorio y alteraciones del trabajo de parto. Ajustado por peso al nacer, la cesárea incrementó el riesgo global de hospitalización del neonato (OR ajustado [ORa] = 2,2; IC 99 %: 1,3-3,7). Conclusiones: en la institución se identificaron grupos de Robson susceptibles de intervención para disminuir la tasa de cesáreas ante la sospecha de estado fetal insatisfactorio y prolongación del trabajo de parto. Se encontró una asociación entre el parto por cesárea y la posterior hospitalización del recién nacido. Se requieren estudios controlados aleatorizados que determinen el beneficio de las estrategias para reducir la tasa de cesárea y validar la asociación encontrada.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between cesarean delivery and hospitalization of the newborn and describe the indications for cesarean according to Robson's groups in the obstetrics service of a highly complex general institution. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study. All births occurred between March and July 2018 in a high complexity general teaching hospital in Bogotá, Colombia were included, by consecutive sampling up to a sample size of 1040 pregnant women. The frequency of caesarean section, indications, neonatal outcomes for each Robson group, and the risk of neonatal hospitalization are described using the crude and adjusted odds ratio (OR) using multivariate analysis. Results: 1,493 births were included, of which 539 (36.3 %) were by cesarean section. Women with a history of uterine scar scheduled for elective caesarean section and those hospitalized for induction provide the majority of caesarean sections. The main indications for cesarean section were suspicion of unsatisfactory fetal status and prolongued labor. Adjusted for birth weight, caesarean section increased the overall risk of neonatal hospitalization (adjusted OR [aOR] = 2,2; IC 99 %: 1,3-3,7). Conclusions: There are groups of Robson susceptible of intervention to decrease the rate of caesarean sections due to the suspicion of unsatisfactory fetal status and prolongation of labor. An association was found between cesarean delivery and subsequent neonatal hospitalization. Randomized controlled studies are required to determine the benefit of the strategies to reduce cesarean section rates and evaluate the association found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Cesarean Section , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Risk Factors , Classification , Delivery, Obstetric , Hospitalization
5.
Acta amaz ; 50(1): 44-53, jan. - mar. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1118654

ABSTRACT

Diplodon granosus was one of the first freshwater mussels to be described for South America. However, the status of the species was confusing for a long time, receiving different taxonomic treatments. In this paper, we redescribe the shell, with new data on the soft parts and information on the distribution and conservation of D. granosus, a rarely recorded species. The shell is thin, not inflated; the macrosculpture is composed only by granules that cover the whole shell, not forming bars; the microsculpture comprises short spikes. In the soft parts we highlight the few, weak and irregularly distributed lamellar connections of the outer demibranch and some features of the stomach, such as the distally enlarged minor typhlosole. There are records of D. granosus over a large area of South America, from Guiana to Argentina. However, most of these records are related to other species and the distribution of D. granosus is restricted to the north of South America in the basins of the Amazonas and Orinoco rivers, and coastal rivers in between. Despite this wide distribution, the species occurs in specific habitats, mainly streams (igarapés), resulting in an extremely fragmented occurrence. Thus, any disturbance to these habitats can threat this freshwater mussel. (AU)


Subject(s)
Classification , Conservation of Natural Resources , Unionidae
6.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(1): 22-25, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1089634

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The objective of this study was to analyze the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the Lenke classification among spine surgeons from the city of Salvador, Bahia. Methods Preoperative imaging (front, profile and lateral inclinations) examinations of 20 patients at the Outpatient Clinic of the of Santa Izabel Hospital Orthopedic Department, Salvador, Bahia, who had been diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, were selected to be evaluated by 15 spine surgeons two times at an interval of 30 days, for analysis of the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the Lenke classification. The project was first submitted for ethical analysis to the Institutional Review Board of the Santa Izabel Hospital - Santa Casa de Misericórdia da Bahia / Prof. Dr. Celso Figueirôa and approved with voucher number 002650/2019. All the participants signed the Informed Consent Form (ICF). Results Analyzing the concordance using the Kappa index, interobserver reproducibilities of 0.755, 0.525 and 0.840 were obtained for the type of curve and the lumbar and sagittal modifiers, respectively, while the intraobserver reliabilities for the same parameters were 0.921, 0.370 and 0.929. Conclusion For the study population, the reliability of Lenke's classification was moderate to almost perfect. Level of evidence III; Interobserver and intraobserver reliability.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo do presente trabalho consiste em analisar a confiabilidade intraobservador e interobservador da classificação de Lenke entre cirurgiões de coluna da cidade de Salvador, Bahia. Métodos Foram selecionados exames de imagem pré-operatórios (frente, perfil e inclinações laterais) de 20 pacientes acompanhados no Ambulatório de Coluna do Departamento de Ortopedia do Hospital Santa Izabel, Salvador, Bahia, com diagnóstico de escoliose idiopática do adolescente, para serem avaliados por 15 cirurgiões de coluna, em dois momentos, com intervalo de 30 dias, para análise da confiabilidade intraobservador e interobservador da Classificação de Lenke. O projeto foi, antes de tudo, submetido a análise de ética no CEP Hospital Santa Izabel - Santa Casa de Misericórdia da Bahia/Prof. Dr. Celso Figueirôa e aprovado com número de comprovante 002650/2019. Todos os participantes assinaram o Termo de Livre Consentimento Esclarecido (TCLE). Resultados Analisando-se a concordância por meio do índice Kappa, obteve-se uma reprodutibilidade interobservador de 0,755, 0,525 e 0,840, respectivamente, para o tipo de curva, modificador lombar e sagital, já a confiabilidade intraobservador é de 0,921, 0,370 e 0,929, respectivamente para o tipo de curva, modificador lombar e modificador sagital. Conclusão Para a população em estudo, a confiabilidade da classificação de Lenke é de moderada a quase perfeita. Nível de evidência III; Reprodutibilidade interobservador e intraobservador.


RESUMEN Objetivo El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en analizar la confiabilidad intraobservador e interobservador de la clasificación de Lenke entre cirujanos de columna de la ciudad de Salvador, Bahia. Métodos Fueron seleccionados exámenes de imagen preoperatorios (frente, perfil e inclinaciones laterales) de 20 pacientes acompañados en el Ambulatorio de Columna del Departamento de Ortopedia del Hospital Santa Izabel, Salvador, Bahia, con diagnóstico de escoliosis idiopática del adolescente, para ser evaluados por 15 cirujanos de columna, en dos momentos, con intervalo de 30 días, para análisis de la confiabilidad intraobservador e interobservador de la Clasificación de Lenke. El proyecto fue, antes que nada, sometido a análisis de ética en el CEP Hospital Santa Izabel - Santa Casa de Misericordia de Bahia/Prof. Dr. Celso Figueirôa y aprobado con número de comprobante 002650/2019. Todos los participantes firmaron el Término de Libre Consentimiento Esclarecido (TCLE). Resultados Analizándose la concordancia por medio del índice Kappa, se obtuvo una reproductibilidad interobservador de 0,755, 0,525 e 0,840, respectivamente, para el tipo de curva, modificador lumbar y sagital, ya la confiabilidad intraobservador es de 0,921, 0,370 e 0,929, respectivamente para el tipo de curva, modificador lumbar y modificador sagital. Conclusión Para la población en estudio, la confiabilidad de la clasificación de Lenke es de moderada a casi perfecta. Nivel de evidencia III; Reproductibilidad interobservador e intraobservador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Classification
7.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(1): 34-39, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1089635

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To establish a classification in subgroups with symptoms and functionality involving volunteers with nonspecific chronic low back pain for better clarity of functional and therapeutic diagnostic definitions. Methods Observational, quantitative, cross-sectional study with population of 62 university students between 18 and 30 years of age, with a mean age of 21.40 (± 2.40) years, presenting nonspecific lumbar pain for more than three months. Three questionnaires were used for the division into subgroups: STarT Back Screening, the Oswestry Disability Index, and FABQ-Brasil, the VAS evaluation, orthopedic tests: Lasègue's, Slump test, de Sèze test, Valsalva maneuver, and evaluation of the pain threshold of the right and left iliocostal lumbar muscles. Results All the volunteers included in the study had chronic back pain. Most of them (50%) had normal body mass index, 54.8% were sedentary, and of those who were physically active, 14.5% did body building. The Slump test (35.5%) proved to be more reliable than Lasègue's test (21%). In the evaluation, the volunteers reported moderate pain intensity (72.6%) and the mean pressure pain threshold was 6.37 kgf and 6.14 kgf for the right and left iliocostal muscles, respectively. In the questionnaires, 85.5% had a low-risk score, that is, a good prognosis for pain treatment, and 91.9% had minimum disability. The largest treatment hypothesis group was stabilization (29.0%). Conclusion The method of treatment subgroup classification is a guide towards better semiological perspectives and the definition of the clinically preferred physiotherapeutic treatment for each case. Level of Evidence III; Diagnostic study.


RESUMO Objetivo Estabelecer uma classificação em subgrupos com sintomatologia e funcionalidade, envolvendo voluntárias com lombalgia crônica inespecífica, para melhor clareza das definições diagnósticas funcionais e terapêuticas. Métodos Estudo observatório, quantitativo, transversal, com população de 62 estudantes universitárias, entre 18 e 30 anos, com média de idade 21,40 (±2,4) anos, apresentando dor lombar inespecífica há mais de três meses. Foram utilizados três questionários para a divisão dos subgrupos: STarT Back Screening, Índice de Incapacidade Oswestry e FABQ-Brasil, avaliação de EVA, testes ortopédicos de Lasègue, Slump Test, Sinais das Pontas, Manobra de Valsalva e avaliação do limiar de dor no músculo íliocostal lombar direito e esquerdo. Resultados Todas as voluntárias incluídas no estudo apresentam lombalgia crônica. A maioria com 50% de índice de massa corporal normal, sendo que 54,8% são sedentárias e, das que praticam atividade física, 14,5% fazem musculação. O Slump Test (35,5%) mostrou-se mais confiável do que o teste de Lasègue (21%). Na avaliação, as voluntárias relataram intensidade de dor moderada (72,6%) e com média do limiar da dor à pressão sobre o músculo íliocostal lombar direito de 6,37 kgf e esquerdo de 6,14 kgf. Nos questionários, 85,5% mostrou-se com pontuação de baixo risco, ou seja, um bom prognóstico para o tratamento da dor e 91,9% com incapacidade mínima. O maior grupo de hipótese de tratamento é a estabilização (29,0%). Conclusão O método de tratamento da classificação de subgrupos norteia para melhores perspectivas semiológicas e de definição do tratamento fisioterapêutico de predileção clínica para cada caso. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo diagnóstico.


RESUMEN Objetivo Establecer una clasificación en subgrupos con sintomatología y funcionalidad, involucrando a voluntarias con lumbalgia crónica inespecífica para mejor claridad de las definiciones diagnósticas funcionales y terapéuticas. Métodos Estudio observatorio, cuantitativo, transversal, con población de 62 estudiantes universitarias, entre 18 y 30 años, con promedio de edad de 21,40 (± 2,40) años, presentando dolor lumbar inespecífico desde hace más de tres meses. Fueron utilizados tres cuestionarios para la subdivisión de los subgrupos: STarT Back Screening, Índice de Incapacidad Oswestry y FABQ-Brasil, evaluación de Eva, pruebas ortopédicas de Lasègue, Slump Test, señales de las puntas, maniobra de Valsalva y evaluación del umbral de dolor en el músculo iliocostal derecho e izquierdo. Resultados Todas las voluntarias incluidas en el estudio presentan lumbalgia crónica. La mayoría con 50% de índice de masa de cuerpo normal, siendo que 54,8% son sedentarias y, de las que practican actividad física, 14,5% hace musculación. El Slump Test (35,5%) se mostró más confiable que el Test de Lasègue (21%). En la evaluación, las voluntarias relataron intensidad de dolor moderada (72,6%) y con el promedio del umbral de dolor a la presión sobre el músculo iliocostal lumbar derecho de 6,37 kgf e izquierdo de 6,14 kgf. En los cuestionarios, 85,5% se mostró con puntuación de bajo riesgo, o sea, un buen pronóstico para el tratamiento de dolor y 91,9% con incapacidad mínima. El mayor grupo de hipótesis de tratamiento es la estabilización (29,0%). Conclusión El método de tratamiento de la clasificación de subgrupos nortea para mejores perspectivas semiológicas y de definición del tratamiento fisioterapéutico de predilección clínica para cada caso. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Classification , Pain Threshold , Low Back Pain , Chronic Pain
8.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 33: 1-11, 03/01/2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099888

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer a percepção de profissionais de saúde e usuários em relação ao acolhimento com classificação de risco em um serviço de urgência/emergência. Métodos: Estudo exploratório descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado em uma unidade de urgência/emergência de um hospital do interior do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A coleta de dados ocorreu em agosto e setembro de 2017, através de entrevista semiestruturada realizada com 15 profissionais de saúde e nove usuários do serviço. A análise obedeceu aos pressupostos da análise de conteúdo, emergindo três categorias temáticas: O cotidiano de trabalho dos profissionais em relação ao acolhimento e classificação de risco; Dificuldade do usuário em compreender a classificação de risco estabelecida pelos profissionais; Importância da capacitação para atuação em equipe no acolhimento com classificação de risco. Resultados: Os usuários possuem pouco conhecimento sobre o acolhimento com classificação de risco, assim como sobre o funcionamento do mesmo. Os profissionais não se sentem preparados para trabalhar com esse sistema em função da falta de treinamento adequado, por vezes classificando os usuários de forma inadequada, o que pode agravar o quadro clínico e o prognóstico, além de dificultar a efetivação da integralidade do cuidado. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se que os usuários não têm clareza a respeito dos critérios utilizados para a realização do Protocolo de acolhimento com classificação de risco, gerando conflitos entre profissionais e usuários. Há necessidade de se repensar as formas de esclarecer os usuários quanto à importância desse sistema.


Objective: To know health professionals' and users' perceptions of user embracement and risk classification in an urgency/emergency service. Methods: A qualitative exploratory descriptive study was conducted in an urgency/emergency center of a hospital in the countryside of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected in August and September 2017 through semi-structured interviews with 15 health professionals and nine service users. The analysis followed the assumptions of content analysis and three thematic categories emerged: Professionals' daily work in relation to user embracement and risk classification; User's difficulty in understanding the risk classification made by professionals; Importance of training for teamwork in user embracement with risk classification Results: The users have little knowledge about user embracement with risk classification and its functioning. The professionals do not feel prepared to work with this system due to lack of adequate training and sometimes end up inappropriately classifying the users, which may worsen the clinical picture and prognosis in addition to hindering the delivery of comprehensive care. Conclusion: The users do not understand clearly the criteria adopted to carry out the user embracement with risk classification protocol, which generates conflicts between professionals and users. There is a need to rethink ways to inform users about the importance of this system.


Objetivo: Conocer la percepción de profesionales sanitarios y usuarios respecto la acogida con la clasificación de riesgo de un servicio de urgencia/emergencia. Métodos: Estudio exploratorio descriptivo de abordaje cualitativo realizado en una unidad de urgencia/emergencia de un hospital de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. La recogida de datos se dio entre agosto y septiembre de 2017 a través de entrevista semiestructurada realizada con 15 profesionales sanitarios y nueve usuarios del servicio. El análisis obedeció a los presupuestos del análisis de contenido del cual emergieron tres temáticas: El cotidiano de trabajo de los profesionales respecto la acogida y la clasificación de riesgo; Dificultad del usuario de comprender la clasificación de riesgo establecida por los profesionales; Importancia de un equipo preparado para la acogida con clasificación de riesgo. Resultados: Los usuarios tienen poco conocimiento sobre la acogida con clasificación de riesgo así como el funcionamiento del mismo. Los profesionales no están preparados para trabajar con ese sistema por no tener entrenamiento adecuado, algunas veces clasificando los usuarios de manera inadecuada lo que puede empeorar el cuadro clínico y el pronóstico además de dificultar la efectuación de la integralidad del cuidado. Conclusión: Se ha evidenciado que los usuarios no están seguros de los criterios utilizados para la realización del protocolo de acogida con clasificación de riesgo lo que genera conflictos entre profesionales y usuarios. Hay la necesidad de repensar las formas de aclarar los usuarios sobre la importancia de ese sistema.


Subject(s)
Risk , Nursing , Classification , Emergency Relief , Emergencies , User Embracement
9.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-9, 01/01/2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1100451

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as diferenças nas taxas de cesariana em Santa Catarina, ao comparar os perfis público e privado, de acordo com grupos do Sistema de Classificação de Robson. Métodos: estudo transversal baseado no Sistema de Informação dos Nascidos Vivos de Santa Catarina (SINASC/SC), 2012. Foram calculadas as taxas globais e específicas de cesariana de acordo com o grupo do SCR, além do excesso de cesarianas pelo Risco Atribuível Proporcional (RAP). Diferenças nas proporções de partos e taxas de cesariana em cada grupo, de acordo com a forma de pagamento, foram analisadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado, a 5% de significância. Resultados: a taxa global de cesariana foi de 60,7%, sendo 88,9% no sistema privado e 45,7% no setor público. Os grupos 1, 4 e 5 do SCR tiveram maior impacto nas taxas globais. No setor privado, chamou à atenção a baixa utilização da indução, com mais de 65% dos partos ocorrendo eletivamente, além da alta concentração de multíparas com cesariana prévia. Conclusão: taxas elevadas entre primíparas antecipam o efeito cumulativo da cesariana prévia em multíparas. A grande proporção de cesarianas eletivas em detrimento do manejo ativo do trabalho de parto, principalmente no setor privado, aponta para um grande número de cesarianas realizadas sem indicações médicas e preocupam devido a potenciais efeitos adversos para mães e recém-nascidos.


Objective: to analyze cesarean section rates in Santa Catarina and its association with source of payment for childbirth. Methods: Cross-sectional study based on the Information System of Live Births of Santa Catarina (SINASC/SC), 2012. The global and specific cesarean rates were calculated according to the SCR groups, in addition to the excess of cesarean sections due to the Proportional Attributable Risk (RAP). Differences in birth proportions and cesarean section in each group, according to the form of payment, were analyzed by the chi-square test at 5% significance level. Results: The overall cesarean section rate was 60.7%, being 88.9% in the private system and 45.7% in the public one. Groups 1, 4 and 5 of RCS were the ones with the greatest impact on cesarean overall rates. In the private sector, attention was drawn to the low use of induction, with more than 65% of deliveries occurring electively, in addition to the high concentration of multiparous women with previous cesarean section. Conclusions: High rates among primiparous women anticipate the cumulative effect of previous cesarean section in multiparous women. The large proportion of elective cesareans sections at the expense of active labor management, especially in the private sector, points to a large number of cesarean sections performed without medical indications and concerns due to potential adverse effects on mothers and newborns.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Classification , National Health Systems
10.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 1233-1240, jan.-dez. 2020. graf, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1120344

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objectives of this study were to identify the nursing diagnoses in patients under palliative care according to the literature and highlight those most used. Methods: This integrative review with a descriptive nature was carried out by analyzing articles published over the last ten years. Literature search was conducted in the following online databases: Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL). Results: The sample consisted of 14 articles. Most of them were published in 2016. Also, the NANDA-I was the most used classification system for the formulation of the nursing diagnoses. Among the most prevalent diagnoses, 'Pain', 'Death Anxiety', and 'Impaired Physical Mobility' were highlighted. Conclusion: Although research on the topic is incipient, it is hoped that this study can make it easier for nurses to make decisions based on evidence to ensure that patients under palliative care receive dignified, humanized, systematized, and quality care


Objetivo: Identificar as evidências científicas disponíveis acerca dos diagnósticos de enfermagem para pacientes em cuidados paliativos e elencar aqueles mais utilizados nessa prática. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo de revisão integrativa, na qual foram analisados artigos publicados nos últimos dez anos, nas bases de dados: Lilacs; Pubmed; Web of Science; Scopus; CINAHL. Resultados: a amostra foi composta por 14 estudos, averiguando-se um maior quantitativo de produções no ano de 2016, sendo a NANDA-I o sistema de classificação mais empregado para a formulação do diagnóstico de enfermagem. Dentre os diagnósticos mais prevalentes, destacaram-se: 'Dor', 'Ansiedade relacionada à morte' e 'Mobilidade física prejudicada'. Conclusão: embora seja incipiente a produção de estudos acerca da temática, espera-se que esta pesquisa possa contribuir para a tomada de decisão pelo enfermeiro, baseada em evidências, que possa assegurar ao paciente sob cuidados paliativos uma assistência digna, humanizada, sistematizada e de qualidade


Objetivo: Identificar la evidencia científica disponible sobre diagnósticos de enfermería para pacientes en cuidados paliativos y enumerar los más utilizados en esta práctica. Método: este es un estudio descriptivo de una revisión integradora, en el cual los artículos publicados en los últimos diez años fueron analizados en las bases de datos: Lilacs; Pubmed Web de la Ciencia; Scopus Cinahl. Resultados: la muestra consistió en 14 estudios, verificando una mayor cantidad de producciones en el año 2016, siendo NANDA-I el sistema de clasificación más utilizado para la formulación del diagnóstico de enfermería. Entre los diagnósticos más frecuentes, se destacaron los siguientes: "Dolor", "Ansiedad relacionada con la muerte" y "Movilidad física deteriorada". Conclusión: aunque la producción de estudios sobre el tema es incipiente, se espera que este estudio pueda contribuir a la toma de decisiones por parte de las enfermeras, con base en la evidencia, que puede garantizar al paciente bajo cuidados paliativos con dignidad, humanización, sistematización y calidad


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Palliative Care , Nursing Diagnosis , Standardized Nursing Terminology , Classification , Decision Making , Nursing Process
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 14-16, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095464
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782509

ABSTRACT

Cat vocalizes to communicate with another and express their internal states. The vocal repertoire of the cat is wide and up to 21 different vocalizations have been described in the literatures. But it is more than probable that the repertoire contains more types of vocalizations. An ethogram was created in this paper describing the actual known vocalisations of the domestic cat based on an auditory classification. However, the audiogram allows also a visual classification which can increase the accuracy of vocalization differentiation. The classification can be risky as it is sometimes unclear if different types of vocalizations are produced in different environments or if a unique type of vocalization is used with variation in the acoustic parameters. As an example, isolation calls produced by kittens differ depending on the context. The environment has an important impact on the vocal behaviour and thus feral cats and pet cats vocalize differently. Pet cats are thus able to create an efficient communication with humans thanks to the flexibility of vocalisation behaviours. This review allowed us to create a simple model of the cat vocal repertory.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Animals , Auditory Perception , Cats , Classification , Humans , Pliability , Vocalization, Animal
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782503

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by arterial and venous thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity in patients with persistent antiphospholipid antibodies. However, nationwide population-based epidemiology studies regarding APS are still unavailable.METHODS: We analyzed claims data extracted from the Korean Health Insurance and Review Agency (HIRA) covering more than 52 million Koreans, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2017. Patients diagnosed with APS, as determined by the Korean Classification of Disease, 7th edition (D68.6), and a rare intractable disease program (V253), were identified in HIRA.RESULTS: A total of 3,088 newly diagnosed incident cases of 1,215 men and 1,873 women were identified during 2009–2016. The mean age was 44.6 ± 16.6 (men, 47.4 ± 16.3; women, 42.8 ± 16.6) years. The incidence was 0.75 per 105 person-year (95% confidence interval, 0.73–0.78). The prevalence in 2016 was 6.19 per 105 people. For incident cases, women showed incidence peak at ages of 30–39 years and 70–79 years, whereas for men, it was highest at ages of 70–79 years only. Of all patients, 1,766 (57%, 810 men and 956 women) had primary APS, 1,322 (43%, 405 men and 917 women) had secondary APS, and 845 (27%, 216 men and 629 women) were associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).CONCLUSION: The incidence of APS differs according to age groups and gender. The incidence of primary APS was higher than that of secondary APS in both gender. Furthermore, as already reported, secondary APS is highly associated with SLE; however, we observed that rheumatoid arthritis is also highly related.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Classification , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Insurance, Health , Korea , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Male , Pregnancy , Prevalence , Venous Thrombosis
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782287

ABSTRACT

The receptor of vitamin D is expressed in almost all body cells, including vascular endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. Vitamin D deficiency has been observed widespread amongst heart failure (HF) patients, which could have harmful effects on their health condition. This study aims to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplements on blood pressure (BP) and physical activity of HF patients. Thirty-nine systolic HF patients with low ejection fraction (EF) < 50% and class III of New York Heart Association functional classification were randomly divided into 2 groups including intervention and placebo to enroll in an 8 weeks double-blind clinical trial. During the trial 6-minute walk test (6MWT), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) level, BP, sodium and potassium intakes were assessed. The mean 25(OH)D level increased to 28.9 ± 11.7 ng/mL (p < 0.001) in the intervention group. There was a poor but non-significant reduction in systolic BP (−0.033 ± 4.71 mmHg, p = 0.531) in the intervention group. The BP also did not change in the placebo group at the end of the trial. A negligible decrease of 6MWT was observed in the intervention group (−6.6 ± 29.2 m) compared to the placebo (−14.1 ± 40.5 m). However, differences between the 2 groups were not statistically significant (p = 0.325). The results solely showed a slight positive correlation between 25(OH)D level and 6MWT. No significant improvements in BP and 6MWT were observed after vitamin D3 supplementation.TRIAL REGISTRATION: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials Identifier: IRCT2016102113678N13


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cholecalciferol , Classification , Endothelial Cells , Exercise Test , Exercise Tolerance , Heart Failure , Heart , Humans , Motor Activity , Myocytes, Cardiac , Potassium , Sodium , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamins
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Back pain, especially lower back pain, is experienced in 60% to 80% of adults at some points during their lives. Various studies have found that lower back pain is a very common problem among adolescents, and the highest incidence rates are for adults in their 30s. There has been a remarkable increase in using computer-aided diagnosis to assist doctors in the interpretation of medical images. Spine segmentation in computed tomography (CT) scans using algorithmic methods allows improved diagnosis of back pain.METHODS: In this study, we developed a web-based automatic spine segmentation method using deep learning and obtained the dice coefficient by comparison with the predicted image. Our method is based on convolutional neural networks for segmentation. More specifically, we train a hierarchical data format file using U-Net architecture and then insert the test data label to perform segmentation. Thus, we obtained more specific and detailed results. A total of 344 CT images were used in the experiment. Of these, 330 were used for learning, and the remaining 14 for testing.RESULTS: Our method achieved an average dice coefficient of 90.4%, a precision of 96.81%, and an F1-score of 91.64%.CONCLUSIONS: The proposed web-based deep learning approach can be very practical and accurate for spine segmentation as a diagnostic method.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Back Pain , Classification , Diagnosis , Health Information Systems , Humans , Incidence , Learning , Low Back Pain , Methods , Spine
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782252

ABSTRACT

The standardization committee of the Korean Society for Laboratory Hematology revised laboratory testing guidelines in order that hematologic neoplasms could be diagnosed according to the revised 4th edition of WHO classification of tumors of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. The new guidelines were revised based on an extensive review of international guidelines that included the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines, and European LeukemiaNet recommendations that are based on the revised WHO classification. We expect that the newly revised guidelines will improve clinical decisions, standardize laboratory tests, and enhance the development of new molecular technologies that are integrated into diagnostic algorithms via ongoing consensus initiatives.


Subject(s)
Classification , Consensus , Diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematology , Lymphoid Tissue
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782185

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the disease phenotype of Korean pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) patients at diagnosis according to the Paris classification by comparison with patients from the European multicenter 5-years recruitment of children with newly developed IBD (EUROKIDS registry).METHODS: Korean children and adolescents who had been newly diagnosed with CD at the age of < 18 years during 2013–2016 were included in this multicenter retrospective study. Disease phenotype at diagnosis was classified according to the Paris classification, and compared with the published data from the EUROKIDS study.RESULTS: A total of 255 patients were included. The median diagnosis age was 14.7 years (range, 0.8–17.9 years). No significant difference was observed in male-to-female ratio with EUROKIDS (1.9:1 vs. 1.45:1, p=0.062). The proportion of children aged < 10 years was significantly lower in Koreans (7.1% vs. 19.6%, p < 0.001). Colonic disease was less prominent (10.0% vs. 27.3%, p < 0.001), while upper GI involvement was more prominent in Korean children (59.3% vs. 46.2%, p < 0.001). The proportion with perianal fistulizing disease at diagnosis was significantly higher in Korean patients (44.8% vs. 8.2%, p < 0.001). A separate analysis of Korean patients revealed that perianal fistulizing disease at diagnosis was positively associated with male sex and body mass index z-score (odds ratio [OR]=2.12, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.20–3.76, p=0.010; and OR=1.29, 95% CI=1.05–1.58, p=0.015, respectively).CONCLUSION: Approximately half of pediatric CD patients in Korea present with perianal fistulas and/or abscesses at diagnosis, which is a distinct feature of CD in Korean children and adolescents compared to their European counterparts. An underlying genetic difference between ethnicities may play a role in this expression of different phenotypes in pediatric CD.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Adolescent , Body Mass Index , Child , Classification , Colonic Diseases , Crohn Disease , Diagnosis , Europe , Fistula , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Korea , Male , Pediatrics , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782164

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concordance of three international guidelines: the Korean Thyroid Association/Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology, American Thyroid Association, and American College of Radiology for thyroid nodules classified by ultrasonography (US) and the diagnostic performance of simulated size criteria for malignant biopsies.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2586 thyroid nodules (≥ 1 cm) were collected from two multicenter study datasets. The classifications of the thyroid nodules were based on three different guidelines according to US categories for malignancy risk, and the concordance rate between the different guidelines was calculated for the classified nodules. In addition, the diagnostic performance of criteria related to four different simulated biopsy sizes was evaluated.RESULTS: The concordance rate of nodules classified as high- or intermediate-suspicion was high (84.1–100%), but low-suspicion or mildly-suspicious nodules exhibited relatively low concordance (63.8–83.8%) between the three guidelines. The differences in sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy between the guidelines were 0.7–19.8%, 0–40.9%, and 0.1–30.5%, respectively, when the original biopsy criteria were applied. The differences decreased to 0–5.9%, 0–10.9%, and 0.1–8.2%, respectively, when simulated, similar biopsy size criteria were applied. The unnecessary biopsy rate calculated with the original criteria (0–33.8%), decreased with the simulated biopsy size criteria (0–8.7%).CONCLUSION: We found a high concordance between the three guidelines for high- or intermediate-suspicion nodules, and the diagnostic performance of the biopsy criteria was approximately equivalent for each simulated size criterion. The difference in diagnostic performance between the three guidelines is mostly influenced by the various size thresholds for biopsies.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Classification , Dataset , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782153

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Probiotic supplementation demonstrates beneficial effects on serum lipid profiles. We hypothesized that probiotics could benefit patients presenting with alopecia, secondary to improved blood flow to the scalp.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included men with stage II to V patterns of hair loss based on the Hamilton–Norwood classification and women with stage I to III patterns of hair loss based on the Ludwig classification. All patients were administered 80 mL of Mogut® (a kimchi and cheonggukjang probiotic product) twice a day. Hair growth and numbers were measured using the Triple Scope System® (KC Technology, Korea) at baseline and after 1 and 4 months of administration of a kimchi and cheonggukjang probiotic product.RESULTS: At baseline, the mean hair count was 85.98±20.54 hairs/cm2 and the mean thickness was 0.062±0.011 mm in all patients (n=46). Hair count and thickness had significantly increased at 1 month (90.28±16.13 hairs/cm2 and 0.068±0.008 mm, respectively) and at 4 months (91.54±16.29 hairs/cm2 and 0.066±0.009 mm, respectively). In this study, we found that a kimchi and cheonggukjang probiotic product could promote hair growth and reverse hair loss without associated adverse effects such as diarrhea.CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that the observed improvements in hair count and thickness resulted from initiation of the anagen phase in hair follicles in response to probiotics.


Subject(s)
Alopecia , Classification , Diarrhea , Female , Functional Food , Hair , Hair Follicle , Humans , Leuconostoc , Male , Pilot Projects , Probiotics , Scalp , Soybeans
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 4-14, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782129

ABSTRACT

The clinical phenotypes of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) hypersensitivity are heterogeneous with various presentations including time of symptom onset, organ involvements, and underlying pathophysiology. Having a correct diagnosis can be challenging. Understanding their respective mechanisms as well as developing a comprehensive classification and diagnostic algorithm are pivotal for appropriate management strategy. Treatment modalities are based on the subtypes and severity of hypersensitivity reactions. Insights into the phenotypes and endotypes of hypersensitivity reactions enable personalized management in patients with suboptimal control of disease. This review updated the recent evidence of pathophysiology, classification, diagnostic algorithm, and management of NSAID hypersensitivity reactions.


Subject(s)
Angioedema , Asthma , Classification , Diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Phenotype , Rhinitis , Urticaria
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