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1.
CoDAS ; 32(4): e20190152, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133516

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a influência do tipo de fissura sobre o aparecimento da hipernasalidade após o avanço cirúrgico da maxila (AM). Método A nasalidade foi determinada por meio da medida de nasalância (correlato acústico da nasalidade) utilizando-se a nasometria. Foi realizada a análise dos escores de nasalância de 17 indivíduos com fissura isolada de palato (FP), 118 com fissura de lábio e palato unilateral (FLPU) e 69 com fissura de lábio e palato bilateral (FLPB), de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 18 e 28 anos, submetidos ao AM. Apenas indivíduos com escores de nasalância indicativos de ressonância equilibrada previamente ao AM foram incluídos neste estudo. A nasometria foi realizada, em média, três dias antes e 15 meses após o AM. A proporção de pacientes que apresentaram escores de nasalância indicativos de hipernasalidade após o AM foi calculada por meio do teste ANOVA e a comparação entre os diferentes tipos de fissura foi realizada utilizando-se o teste Qui-quadrado (p < 0,05). Resultados Não foi observada diferença significante entre as proporções de indivíduos com hipernasalidade, de acordo com o tipo de fissura. Conclusão A nasometria mostrou que o aparecimento da hipernasalidade após o AM, em indivíduos com fissura de palato envolvendo ou não o lábio, ocorreu em proporções similares independentemente do tipo de fissura.


ABSTRACT Purpose This study investigated the influence of the cleft type on the appearance of hypernasality after surgical maxillary advancement (MA). Methods Nasality was determined by measurement of nasalance (acoustic correlate of nasality) by nasometry. The study involved analysis of the nasalance scores of 17 individuals with isolated cleft palate (CP), 118 with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and 69 with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), of both sexes, aged 18 to 28 years, after MA. Only individuals with normal nasalance scores indicating balanced resonance before MA were included in this study. Nasometry was performed 3 days before and 15 months after MA, on average. The proportion of patients who presented nasalance scores indicating hypernasality after surgery was calculated by the ANOVA test, and comparison among the different cleft types was evaluated by the chi-square test (p < 0.05). Results No significant difference was found in the proportions of individuals with hypernasality among the cleft types. Conclusion Nasometry showed that the appearance of hypernasality after MA in individuals with cleft palate with or without cleft lip occurred in similar proportions, regardless of the cleft type.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Speech/physiology , Speech Disorders/etiology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/etiology , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Speech Disorders/physiopathology , Speech Production Measurement , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Osteotomy, Le Fort/adverse effects , Maxilla/surgery
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190628, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134803

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study of dental development in individuals born with cleft lip and palate (CLP) serves to determine when orthodontic intervention should start. Objective To evaluate the permanent second molar development in children born with cleft lip and palate according to Demirjian's and Nolla's methods. Methodology Out of a total of 513 digital panoramic radiographs, 113 pairs of children aged 3 to 16 years were selected. The exams were from children born with or without cleft lip and palate, of the same sex, with an age difference of up to 30 days. The images were analyzed by three examiners and reliability was checked through intra-examiner agreement by the Kappa test. The data were analyzed by Wilcoxon's and Mann-Whitney tests according to each dataset. Results The findings indicated delayed development of the permanent second molars in children with CLP (P<0.001). The development of the right permanent second molar was delayed compared to the left molar in children with CLP. Moreover, mandibular teeth showed significantly earlier development than maxillary teeth in both the case and control groups. There was no significant difference in the development of permanent second molars between sexes. Conclusion Children with CLP presented delay in the development of permanent second molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Dentition, Permanent , Molar/growth & development , Reference Values , Case-Control Studies , Sex Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Molar/diagnostic imaging
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e0061, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019602

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the orofacial functions and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). This case-control study included patients with UCLP matched by sex and age with controls (children without UCLP), resulting in the inclusion of a total of 108 eight- to ten-year-old children. Orofacial functions and OHRQoL were evaluated using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) and the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 8-1 0 ), respectively. Data normality was assessed by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Differences and correlations in NOT-S and CPQ 8-1 0 scores between and within the groups were evaluated using Mann-Whitney and Spearman´s correlation tests, respectively. The distribution of NOT-S and global ratings of CPQ 8-1 0 for each group were assessed by Chi-squared/Fisher's Exact tests. The UCLP group had a higher NOT-S total and examination scores than the controls. Dysfunctions related to breathing, facial symmetry/expression, and speech were more frequent in the UCLP patients than in the controls. The UCLP group had higher scores on the social well-being domain than the controls. There was a significant difference between the groups in their ratings in regards to the extent to which their oral condition affected their life overall, with controls perceiving it as somewhat better than patients. In both groups, NOT-S total and interview scores were positively correlated with CPQ 8-1 0 total and domain scores. The NOT-S examination score was only significantly correlated with social domain scores in the control group. The presence of UCLP was associated with clinical signs of orofacial dysfunctions related to breathing, facial symmetry/expression, and speech. Children with UCLP reported more orofacial dysfunctions and negative impacts on social well-being than controls.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Quality of Life , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Face/physiopathology , Mouth/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Deglutition/physiology , Disability Evaluation , Facial Asymmetry/physiopathology , Mastication/physiology
4.
CoDAS ; 31(1): e20180109, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989650

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Realizar a ampliação, validação de conteúdo, critério e construto de um protocolo de avaliação miofuncional orofacial para indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina e definir parâmetros de avaliação para a utilização do instrumento. Método A ampliação do instrumento foi realizada com base no protocolo MBGR; os itens, subitens e possibilidades de respostas do instrumento ampliado foram analisados quanto à clareza por sete examinadores para a validação do conteúdo. Parâmetros de avaliação para a utilização do instrumento foram estabelecidos a fim de minimizar a subjetividade. Quatro examinadores compararam os aspectos do protocolo aos de outro instrumento para a validação de critério, e a validação de construto foi realizada comparando os resultados pré e pós-tratamento cirúrgico do avanço da maxila. Aplicou-se o Índice de Validação do Conteúdo e os testes Kappa, Correlação de Spearman e Wilcoxon para as validações. Resultados Foram acrescentados os aspectos da avaliação da mobilidade, tonicidade e sensibilidade ao protocolo; na validação do conteúdo, 72% dos itens foram classificados como muito claro e 28%, como claro; construiu-se um manual com parâmetros de avaliação para todos os itens e subitens do protocolo. A concordância interexaminadores apresentou-se moderada. Na comparação dos protocolos, para a validação de critério, foi observada boa relação entre eles. Para a validação do construto, o protocolo demonstrou ser capaz de identificar resultado de tratamento após a realização do tratamento. Conclusão O protocolo foi ampliado e considerado validado em sua totalidade: conteúdo, critério e construto, e estabelecidos parâmetros de avaliação para a sua utilização.


ABSTRACT Purpose To perform the expansion, validation of the content, criterion and construct of an orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol for individuals with cleft lip and palate; and to define evaluation parameters for the instrument use. Methods The expansion of the instrument was performed based on the MBGR protocol; the items, sub items and possibilities of answers of the amplified instrument were analyzed for their clarity by seven examiners for the content validation.. Assessment parameters were developed for the use of the instrument in order to minimize the subjectivity. Four examiners compared the aspects of the protocol to those of another instrument for the criterion validation, and the construct validation was performed comparing the results of pre and post orthognathic surgery treatment. The Content Validation Index and the Kappa, Spearman and Wilcoxon Correlation tests were applied for the validations. Results The mobility, tonicity and sensitivity aspects of the evaluation were added to the protocol and at content validation, 72% of the items were classified as very clear and 28% as clear. A manual with assessment parameters for all items and sub items of the protocol was constructed. The inter-examiner agreement was moderate. In the comparison of the protocols, for the validation of the criterion, a good relation among them was observed. For the validation of the construct the protocol was able to identify outcome after the treatment. Conclusion The protocol was expanded and considered validated in its entirety: content, criterion and construct, and evaluation parameters for its use were established.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomatognathic System/physiopathology , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Clinical Protocols , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e29, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Concentrated growth factor (CGF) is an autogenuous product that contains highly concentrated number of platelets and can be derived from venous blood by selective centrifugation. It has been speculated that local growth factors in human platelets (insulinlike growth factor, IGF; transforming growth factor, TGF-b; platelet derived growth factor, PDGF) would enhance healing of grafts and also counteract resorption. The osteogensis effect of CGF and acellular dermal matrix (ADM) for alveolar cleft defects was evaluated in this study. Twenty alveolar cleft patients were divided randomly into two groups. One group underwent guided bone regeneration (GBR) using acellular dermal matrix film combined with alveolar bone grafting using iliac crest bone grafts (GBR group), while the other group underwent alveolar bone grafting combined with CGF (CGF group). Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were obtained at 1 week and 6 months following the procedure. Using Mimics 17.0 software, the bone resorption rate and bone density improvement rate were calculated and compared between the two groups. Although not significant between ADM and CGF in bone resorption rate, the bone density improvement in cases with CGF(61.62 ± 4.728%) was much better than in cases with ADM (27.05 ± 5.607%) (p = 0.0002). Thus, CGF could be recommended to patients with alveolar cleft as a better choice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Acellular Dermis , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Cleft Lip/therapy , Cleft Palate/therapy , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/pharmacology , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Alveolar Bone Loss/physiopathology , Bone Density/physiology , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Cleft Lip/diagnostic imaging , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/diagnostic imaging , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Osteogenesis/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing/drug effects , Wound Healing/physiology
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e113, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974434

ABSTRACT

Abstract The impact of oral rehabilitation on masticatory function and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) may vary with the experience of the individual with tissue loss. Our hypothesis is that patient-centered outcomes vary among adults who have experienced large defects in the maxilla due to congenital or acquired conditions even after oral rehabilitation to restore aesthetics and function. This study compared OHRQoL, perceived masticatory ability, maximum bite force (MBF), and symptoms of pain and depression among subjects with acquired (edentulous maxilla) and congenital (cleft lip and palate) loss of oral tissues in the maxilla after dental treatment. A gender-matched sample (n = 60) of cleft lip and palate (CLP), maxillary denture wearers (DENT) and controls (CONT) was recruited. OHRQoL was assessed using OHIP-14. Chewing was evaluated through a masticatory ability questionnaire and by MBF. The RDC/TMD Axis II questionnaire was used to assess symptoms of pain and depression. Data were analyzed by Fisher's test, Kruskal Wallis test, and Spearman correlation coefficients. CLP showed higher OHIP-14 and depression scores than DENT and CONT (p < 0.05). Sub-analysis by OHIP-14 items (%FOVO) showed higher prevalence of psychological impact for CLP and of functional impacts for DENT. The number of foods difficult to chew, of food textures difficult to chew, and avoided foods were similar between CLP and DENT. OHIP-14, MBF, and depression scores showed significant correlation (p < 0.05). The results suggest that adults with treated CLP or maxillary DENT have chewing impairment and lower MBF than healthy subjects, with different psychological and functional impacts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Dentures , Cleft Lip/rehabilitation , Cleft Palate/rehabilitation , Mastication/physiology , Reference Values , Bite Force , Case-Control Studies , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depression , Chronic Pain/physiopathology
7.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3059, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-978625

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to correlate spirituality and religiosity with quality of life of adolescents with and without cleft lip and palate. Methods: cross-sectional and correlational study involving two groups: case group (n = 40) and comparison group (n = 40). The Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Bref were used for data collection. The Mann-Whitney, Chi-Square, Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation tests were used in the statistical analyses, with a significance level of 5% (p ≤ 0.05). Results: organizational religiosity and overall quality of life were significantly higher in the case group (p = 0.031 and p = 0.012, respectively). As for quality of life, the Environment Domain was significantly higher in the case group (p < 0.001). In the correlation between religiosity and spirituality, non-organizational religiosity had a strong correlation (r = 0.62) with organizational religiosity (p < 0.001). In the correlation of religiosity and spirituality with quality of life, only a moderate correlation between spirituality and overall quality of life was identified (r = -0.35, p = 0.026). Conclusion: there was no relationship of religiosity and spirituality with quality of life among adolescents with cleft lip and palate for most aspects evaluated.


RESUMO Objetivo: correlacionar a espirutualidade e a religiosidade com a qualidade de vida de adolescentes com e sem fissura labiopalatina. Métodos: estudo transversal e correlacional, englobando dois grupos, caso (n= 40) e comparativo (n= 40). Para a coleta de dados, utilizou-se a Escala de Religiosidade de Durel e o World Health Organization Quality of Life Bref. Para a análise estatística, os testes de Mann-Whitney, Qui-Quadrado, t-Student e de Correlação de Pearson foram utilizados, com nível de significância de 5% (p≤0,05). Resultados: a religiosidade organizacional e a qualidade de vida global foram significativamente maiores no grupo caso (p=0,031 e p=0,012, respectivamente). Referente à qualidade de vida, o Domínio Meio Ambiente foi significativamente maior no grupo caso (p<0,001). Ao se correlacionar a religiosidade e a espiritualidade, a religiosidade não organizacional apresentou forte correlação (r=0,62) com a religiosidade organizacional (p<0,001). Ao se correlacionar a religiosidade e a espiritualidade com a qualidade de vida, identificou-se somente correlação moderada entre a espiritualidade e a qualidade de vida global (r=-0,35; p=0,026). Conclusão: evidenciou-se a não existência de relação entre a religiosidade e a espiritualidade com a qualidade de vida entre adolescentes com fissura labiopalatina, para a maioria dos aspectos avaliados.


RESUMEN Objetivo: correlacionar la espiritualidad y la religiosidad a la calidad de vida de adolescentes con y sin fisura labiopalatina. Métodos: estudio transversal y correlacional, englobando dos grupos, caso (n= 40) y comparativo (n= 40). Para la recolección de datos, fueron utilizadas la Escala de Religiosidad de Durel y el World Health Organization Quality of Life Bref. Para el análisis estadístico fueron utilizados los tests de Mann-Whitney, Chi-Cuadrado, t-Student y de Correlación de Pearson, con nivel de significancia de 5% (p≤0,05). Resultados: la religiosidad organizacional y la calidad de vida global fueron significativamente mayores en el grupo caso (p=0,031 y p=0,012 respectivamente). Referente a la calidad de vida, el Dominio Medio Ambiente fue significativamente mayor en el grupo caso (p<0,001). Al correlacionarse la religiosidad y la espiritualidad, la religiosidad no organizacional presentó fuerte correlación (r=0,62) con la religiosidad organizacional (p<0,001). Al correlacionarse la religiosidad y la espiritualidad a la calidad de vida, se identificó solamente una correlación moderada entre la espiritualidad y la calidad de vida global (r=-0,35; p=0,026). Conclusión: se evidenció la no existencia de relación entre la religiosidad y la espiritualidad con la calidad de vida entre adolescentes con fisura labiopalatina, para la mayoría de los aspectos evaluados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Lip/rehabilitation , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/psychology , Religion , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Spirituality
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170106, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893722

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral health problems can influence people's Quality of Life (QoL) because of pain, discomfort, limitations, and other esthetics problems, affecting their social life, feeding, daily activities, and the individual's well-being. Objective: To compare oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with and without oral clefts and their families. Materials and Methods: 121 children aged from 2 to 6 years, from both sexes, enrolled in the treatment routine of the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of a Dental School and a Hospital for Cleft Treatment were divided into two groups: Group 1 - children with cleft lip and palate; Group 2 - children without cleft lip and palate. The OHRQoL was assessed using the validated Portuguese version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS). The questionnaire was answered individually, only once, at a private place. Mann-Whitney U test was used to verify differences between groups. Spearman's Rho test was used to associate sex and age with quality of life. The level of significance was set at 5% (p<0.05). Results: According to the parents' perception on the OHRQoL of children with and without cleft lip and palate, oral health of children with oral clefts (Group 1) had a statistically significant impact on OHRQoL. The correlation of sex with impact on OHRQoL did not show statistically significant differences. On the other hand, the higher the age the higher the impact on QoL. Conclusions: The group comparison revealed that the cleft lip and palate negatively impacted on OHRQoL of 2 to 6-year-old children and their parents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Sickness Impact Profile , Family/psychology , Case-Control Studies , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cleft Lip/psychology , Cleft Palate/psychology , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170145, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893709

ABSTRACT

Abstract Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL±P) compromises oral health, leading to missing or malformed teeth, and hampering oral hygiene. Apart from anatomic damages, NSCL±P also culminates in an impact on the routine quality of life with social privation and psychological embarrassment. Objective To evaluate the impact of NSCL±P on oral health-related quality of life. Material and Methods The study was classified as exploratory and descriptive, with quantitative approach. Patients with NSCL±P treated between August 2013 and September 2014 at the Cleft Lip and Palate Integral Care Center (CAIF), Curitiba, Brazil, were invited to participate. Age and sex-related data were collected, as well as level of education, financial income, type of orofacial cleft, use of orthodontic and prosthetic appliances, and number of previous orofacial surgeries. Selected patients were asked to answer the Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP) questionnaire designed to measure the impact of oral health on daily performances. Results The sample was composed of 103 (44.59%) women and 128 (55.41%) men, with mean age of 19.74 ± 10.20 (7-65) years. The OIDP values ranged from 1 to 175 in 114 (49.35%) patients (mean: 22.38), whereas 117 patients (50.65%) presented total OIDP value equal to zero. High negative impact of NSCL±P on daily performances was detected when associated with the female sex (p=0.037). Daily performances related to phonetics (OIDP2; 2.63) and aesthetics (OIDP5; 2.48) presented the highest average values when compared to other daily performances, except OIDP6. The main symptoms and reported oral problems comprised the aesthetic dissatisfaction. Conclusions Almost half of the patients evaluated in this study showed negative impact of NSCL±P in the performance of daily activities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cleft Lip/psychology , Cleft Palate/psychology , Sickness Impact Profile , Middle Aged
10.
CoDAS ; 28(4): 369-372, jul.-ago. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-795241

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar o desempenho nas habilidades de linguagem receptiva e expressiva de crianças com fissura labiopalatina com crianças sem fissura labiopalatina e com desenvolvimento típico de idade cronológica entre 12 e 36 meses. Método Participaram do estudo 60 crianças, com idade cronológica entre 12 e 36 meses; 30 do grupo experimental, com fissura labiopalatina, e 30 crianças do grupo comparativo, sem fissura labiopalatina, com desenvolvimento típico. Os grupos foram pareados quanto ao gênero, idade cronológica (em meses) e nível socioeconômico. Os procedimentos constaram de análise de prontuário, anamnese com os familiares e da aplicação da Early Language Millestone Scale (ELMS) . Na análise do prontuário, verificou-se que 63,34% das crianças apresentavam fissura transforame incisivo unilateral; 16,66%, transforame incisivo bilateral; e 20%, pós-forame. As crianças com fissura labiopalatina realizaram as cirurgias (queiloplastia e/ou palatoplastia) nas idades recomendadas e participavam de programas de intervenção fonoaudiológica; 40% apresentaram histórico de otites de repetição e 50% frequentavam escolas. O estudo estatístico contou com a aplicação do teste de Mann Whitney com o nível de significância p <0,05. Resultados Houve diferença estatisticamente significante na comparação entre os grupos em relação às habilidades receptivas e expressivas. Conclusão O grupo de crianças com fissura labiopalatina apresentou desempenho inferior, estatisticamente significante, nas habilidades de linguagem receptiva e expressiva quando comparado com crianças sem fissura labiopalatina.


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare the performance in the abilities of receptive and expressive language of children with cleft lip and palate with that of children without cleft lip and palate with typical 12 to 36-month chronological development. Method The sample consisted of 60 children aged 12 and 36 months: 30 with cleft lip and palate diagnosis and 30 without cleft lip and palate diagnosis with typical development. The groups were paired according to gender, age (in months), and socioeconomic level. The procedures consisted of analysis of medical records, anamnesis with family members, and valuation of the Early Language Milestone Scale (ELMS). The chart analysis showed 63.34% of the children with unilateral cleft lip and palate, 16.66% with bilateral incisive transforamen cleft, and 20% with post-foramen cleft. Children with cleft lip and palate underwent surgeries (lip repair and/or palatoplasty) at the recommended ages and participated in early intervention programs; 40% presented recurrent otitis history, and 50% attended schools. Statistical analysis included the use of the Mann Whitney test with significance level of p <0.05. Results There was a statistically significant difference between the groups regarding receptive and expressive skills. Conclusion The group of children with cleft lip and palate showed statistically significant low performance in receptive and expressive language compared with children without cleft lip and palate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Speech Disorders/physiopathology , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Language Development , Socioeconomic Factors , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 82(3): 326-333, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785814

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Perceptual evaluation is considered the gold standard to evaluate speech nasality. Several procedures are used to collect and analyze perceptual data, which makes it susceptible to errors. Therefore, there has been an increasing desire to find methods that can improve the assessment. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the results of speech nasality obtained by assessments of live speech, the Test of Hypernasality (THYPER), assessments of audio recorded speech, and nasometry. METHODS: A retrospective study consisting of 331 patients with operated unilateral cleft lip and palate. Speech nasality was assessed by four methods of assessment: live perceptual judgement, THYPER, audio-recorded speech sample judgement by multiple judges, and nasometry. All data were collected from medical records of patients, with the exception of the speech sample recording assessment, which was carried out by multiple judges. RESULTS: The results showed that the highest percentages of absence of hypernasality were obtained from judgements performed live and from the THYPER, with equal results between them (79%). Lower percentages were obtained from the recordings by judges (66%) and from nasometry (57%). CONCLUSION: The best results among the four speech nasality evaluation methods were obtained for the ones performed live (live nasality judgement by a speech pathologist and THYPER).


Resumo Introdução: A avaliação perceptiva é considerada padrão-ouro para avaliar a nasalidade de fala. Vários procedimentos são utilizados para coletar e analisar os dados percebidos, o que a torna suscetível a erros. Por isso, há uma preocupação crescente na procura de métodos que possam aperfeiçoá-la. Objetivo: Descrever e comparar os resultados da nasalidade de fala obtidos por meio de julgamento ao vivo, Teste de Hipernasalidade (THIPER), julgamento de gravações por juízes e nasometria. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de 331 pacientes com fissura labiopalatina unilateral operada. Foi realizada a análise dos resultados do julgamento da nasalidade ao vivo e por meio de gravações por juízes, do THIPER e da nasometria. Os dados foram coletados do prontuário dos pacientes, com exceção do julgamento das gravações das amostras de fala, que foi realizado por juízes múltiplos. Resultados: Foram obtidas porcentagens mais altas de ausência de hipernasalidade no julgamento ao vivo e no THIPER, com resultados iguais entre ambas (79%). Porcentagens menores de ausência de hipernasalidade foram obtidas no julgamento das gravações por juízes (66%) e para a nasometria (57%). Conclusão: Os melhores resultados entre as quatro modalidades de avaliação da nasalidade de fala foram obtidos para as realizadas ao vivo (julgamento por um fonoaudiólogo e THIPER).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Voice Quality , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Speech Production Measurement/methods , Voice Disorders/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Cleft Lip/complications , Cleft Palate/complications , Nasal Cavity
12.
CoDAS ; 28(2): 141-148, mar.-abr. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-782142

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução Alto índice de concordância no julgamento perceptivo da hipernasalidade entre diferentes avaliadores é difícil de ser alcançado. O treinamento prévio dos avaliadores e a padronização dos critérios de análise podem ser estratégias eficazes para minimizar o efeito da subjetividade do julgamento perceptivo e aumentar a concordância entre os avaliadores. Objetivo Investigar a influência do treinamento prévio sobre a concordância entre diferentes avaliadores no julgamento perceptivo da hipernasalidade. Métodos Três fonoaudiólogas experientes analisaram 77 amostras de fala, de indivíduos com fissura de palato reparada. Na primeira etapa, as avaliadoras classificaram a hipernasalidade utilizando seus próprios critérios, em uma escala de quatro pontos. Setenta dias depois, foram submetidas a um treinamento para a definição das amostras utilizadas como referências para o julgamento na etapa seguinte. Na segunda etapa as avaliadoras julgaram as mesmas amostras e classificaram a hipernasalidade com a mesma escala, utilizando como critério as referências definidas no treinamento. Índices de concordância intra e interavaliadores foram estabelecidos nas duas etapas utilizando-se o coeficiente Kappa e foram comparados por meio do teste Z. Resultados Os índices de concordância intra-avaliadores obtidos entre as duas etapas variou de 0,38 para 0,92, com diferença estatisticamente significativa para uma das avaliadoras (p=0,004). O índice de concordância quanto ao grau de hipernasalidade obtido entre as três avaliadoras após o treinamento (0,54) foi significativamente maior do que o obtido antes do treinamento (0,37; p=0,044). Conclusão O treinamento das avaliadoras e a definição de critérios para a classificação da hipernasalidade levam ao aumento do índice de concordância intra e interavaliadores.


ABSTRACT Introduction A high agreement in the perceptual assessment of hypernasality among different listeners is difficult to achieve. Prior listener training and the standardization of analysis criteria may be effective strategies to decrease the effect of perceptual assessment subjectivity and increase the agreement among listeners. Objective To investigate the influence of prior training on agreement among different listeners in the perceptual assessment of hypernasality. Methods Three experienced speech–language pathologists analyzed 77 audio-recorded speech samples of individuals with repaired cleft palate. During the first phase, the listeners classified hypernasality according to their own criteria, using a 4-point scale. Seventy days later, they were required to complete the training to define the stimuli to be used as anchors for the assessment in the following phase. During the second phase, the listeners analyzed the same samples and rated hypernasality in a 4-point scale, using the anchors defined during training as the criteria. Intra- and interrater agreement in both the phases were calculated by the kappa coefficient. These values were statistically compared using the Z-test. Results The intrarater agreement obtained between the two phases of the study ranged from 0.38 to 0.92, with a statistically significant difference for one of the listeners (p=0.004). The agreement for the hypernasality degree obtained among the three listeners after training (0.54) was significantly higher than that obtained before training (0.37; p=0.044). Conclusion Listener training and the definition of criteria to rate hypernasality lead to the increase of intra- and interrater agreement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Speech Perception , Speech Production Measurement , Voice Quality , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/physiopathology , Observer Variation , Voice Disorders/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Speech-Language Pathology/education , Cleft Palate/physiopathology
13.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 96 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-880683

ABSTRACT

As crianças com fissura labiopalatina geralmente apresentam alterações fonoaudiológicas com manifestações em vários aspectos, especialmente no da comunicação. No que se refere à audição, os bebês que nascem com fissura no palato tendem a apresentar acúmulo de fluido na orelha média, devido ao mau funcionamento do mecanismo de abertura e fechamento da tuba auditiva. O quadro pode evoluir para otites, que é umas das causas mais comuns de perda auditiva em crianças com fissura labiopalatina com até 10 anos. Esta perda auditiva geralmente é do tipo condutiva bilateral. Sabe-se que a audição normal é essencial para a aquisição da linguagem oral e efetiva comunicação verbal, e que déficits do sistema auditivo, congênitos ou adquiridos afetam a transmissão e a percepção do som. Qualquer perda auditiva oferece privação sensorial, podendo, assim, levar a alterações em diferentes habilidades auditivas. São crescentes os estudos científicos relacionados às habilidades auditivas em crianças com fissura labiopalatina, contudo, existe uma escassez de trabalhos relacionando habilidades auditivas centrais com as alterações de fala na fissura labiopalatina. Assim, hipotetizou-se que as habilidades auditivas centrais em crianças com fissura labiopalatina que apresentam alterações de fala seriam diferentes das habilidades das crianças com fissura labiopalatina sem alteração de fala e também que poderia existir uma relação entre as alterações de fala relacionadas à Disfunção Velofaríngea e às habilidades auditivas centrais. Este trabalho teve por objetivo verificar a associação entre as habilidades auditivas centrais e alterações de fala decorrentes da Disfunção Velofaríngea (hipernasalidade e emissão de ar nasal), e Articulações Compensatórias em crianças com fissura labiopalatina operada. Nesta pesquisa, foi realizado um estudo prospectivo de 45 pacientes, subdividos em 3 grupos. Todos matriculados no Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais da Universidade de São Paulo, com fissura labiopalatina operada. Foram averiguados inicialmente em prontuário dados quanto à Disfunção Velofaríngea e ao uso de Articulações Compensatórias a fim de compor os três grupos do estudo, sendo o G1 com alterações de fala decorrentes da Disfunção Velofaríngea e Articulações Compensatórias, o G2 com alterações de fala decorrentes da Disfunção Velofaríngea, porém sem Articulações Compensatórias, e G3 (grupo controle) sem alterações de fala decorrentes da Disfunção Velofaríngea e sem Articulações Compensatórias. Posteriormente, os sujeitos foram submetidos à avaliação audiológica periférica e a testes do processamento auditivo central. A Articulação Compensatória de maior ocorrência foi a golpe de glote, seguida pela fricativa faríngea e plosiva dorso médio palatal. O G1 foi o grupo que apresentou o maior número de sujeitos com habilidades auditivas alteradas, seguido pelo G2, e G3. Foi encontrada significância estatística na associação do grupo com alterações de fala decorrentes da DVF e AC com as habilidades de figura-fundo e ordenação temporal. A habilidade de resolução temporal esteve alterada em toda amostra estudada.(AU)


Children with cleft lip and palate usually have speech-language disorders with manifestations in various aspects of communication and supply. With regard to auditing, children with cleft palate tend to have fluid buildup in the middle ear due to malfunction of the opening and closing mechanism of the Eustachian tube. The table may develop into Otitis, which is one of the most common causes of hearing loss in children up to 10 years with cleft lip and palate. This hearing loss is usually conductive type and bilateral. Normal hearing is essential for the acquisition of oral language and effective verbal communication and that deficits of the auditory system, congenital or acquired, affect the transmission and perception of sound. Any hearing loss offers sensory deprivation and may thus lead alteration in different hearing abilities.Scientific studies related to the auditory abilities in children with cleft lip and palate are increasing, however, there is a paucity of studies linking central auditory skills with speech disorders in the cleft lip and palate. Thus hypothesized dry the central auditory skills in children with cleft lip and palate who have speech disorders would be different from the skills of children with cleft lip and palate speechless change and also that could be a relationship between speech disorders related to velopharyngeal dysfunction and central auditory skills .The objective of this study is investigate the association between central auditory skills and speech disorders resulting from the velopharyngeal dysfunction (hypernasality and nasal air emission) and compensatory articulations in children with cleft palate. In this research it performed a prospective study of 45 patients, subdivided into 3 groups. All enrolled in the Craniofacial Anomalies Rehabilitation Hospital of the University of São Paulo, with operated cleft lip and palate. They were initially investigated in medical records data on the velopharyngeal dysfunction and use of compensatory articulations in order to compose the three study groups: the G1 with speech disorders resulting from the velopharyngeal dysfunction and compensatory articulations, G2 with speech disorders resulting from the velopharyngeal dysfunction But without compensatory articulations and G3 (control group) without speech disorders resulting from the velopharyngeal dysfunction and no compensatory articulations. Later the subjects underwent a peripheral audiological evaluation and auditory processing tests. The compensatory articulation was the most frequent glottal stop, followed by pharyngeal fricative and plosive average back palatal. The G1 was the group that had the highest number of subjects with altered auditory skills, followed by G2 and G3. Found statistically significant association between the group with speech disorders resulting from VPD and CA with the figure-ground skills and temporal skills. The temporal resolution skill was altered in all groups of this study.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Cleft Lip/complications , Cleft Palate/complications , Hearing Disorders/etiology , Speech Disorders/etiology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/etiology , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Hearing Disorders/physiopathology , Hearing Tests , Speech Articulation Tests , Speech Disorders/physiopathology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/physiopathology
14.
CoDAS ; 27(6): 584-587, nov.-dez. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-770515

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a influência da cirurgia de retalho faríngeo para a correção da insuficiência velofaríngea sobre a nasalidade e a nasalância da fala na produção de sons nasais de indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina. Métodos Estudo prospectivo realizado com 159 indivíduos com fissura de palato±lábio reparada, de ambos os gêneros, com idades entre 6 e 57 anos. Todos os participantes apresentavam insuficiência velofaríngea residual com indicação para cirurgia de retalho faríngeo e foram submetidos à avaliação perceptivo-auditiva e nasométrica da fala, antes e após (14 meses, em média) a cirurgia de retalho faríngeo. A hiponasalidade foi classificada perceptivamente em ausente ou presente e a nasalância foi determinada por meio do nasômetro, utilizando amostras de fala com sons predominantemente nasais, a fim de se estimar a hiponasalidade. O valor de 43% foi utilizado como limite inferior de normalidade. A nasalidade e a nasalância foram comparadas antes e após a cirurgia (p<0,05). Resultados: A hiponasalidade perceptiva foi observada em 14% dos indivíduos, enquanto que os valores de nasalância sugestivos de hiponasalidade (<43%) foram obtidos em 25% deles após a cirurgia, havendo correlação entre os métodos utilizados. Conclusão A cirurgia de retalho faríngeo influenciou na produção dos sons nasais, causando hiponasalidade em parcela significativa dos indivíduos. A presença deste sintoma de fala pode ser ainda um indicador de obstrução das vias aéreas superiores provocada pelo retalho faríngeo, que deve ser investigada de forma objetiva e criteriosa no pós-operatório.


ABSTRACT Objective To verify the influence of pharyngeal flap surgery on the management of velopharyngeal insufficiency on nasality and speech nasalance on nasal sound production in individuals with cleft lip and palate. Methods Prospective study in 159 individuals with repaired cleft palate±lip, of both genders, aged 6 to 57 years old. All the participants presented residual velopharyngeal insufficiency and were submitted to pharyngeal flap surgery. Perceptual speech evaluation and nasometric assessment were performed before and after (14 months on average) the pharyngeal flap surgery. Hyponasality was rated as absent or present, and nasalance scores were determined by means of nasometer using nasal stimuli, with a cutoff score of 43% used as the lowest limit of normality. Nasality and nasalance were compared before and after surgery (p<0.05). Results On the basis of correlation between both the methods used, perceptual hyponasality was observed in 14% of the individuals, whereas nasalance scores indicating hyponasality (<43%) were obtained in 25% of the patients after surgery. Conclusion Pharyngeal flap surgery influenced the production of nasal sounds, causing hyponasality in a significant proportion of individuals. The presence of this speech symptom can also be an indicator of upper airway obstruction caused by pharyngeal flap, which should be investigated objectively and prudently postoperatively.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/physiopathology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/surgery , Voice Disorders/physiopathology , Nasal Cavity/physiopathology , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Speech Disorders/etiology , Speech Disorders/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Voice Quality , Voice Disorders/etiology
15.
CoDAS ; 27(5): 464-471, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767914

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a atividade velofaríngea (VF) de indivíduos com disfunção velofaríngea (DVF) aferida por rinometria acústica, comparativamente à rinomanometria. Métodos: Estudo clínico prospectivo em 41 adultos, de ambos os gêneros, com fissura de palato±lábio previamente operada e DVF residual ao exame clínico, sem articulação compensatória nas plosivas surdas [p], [t] e [k]. Variáveis analisadas: (1) variação volumétrica da nasofaringe (∆V) na produção das três plosivas, relativamente ao repouso, por rinometria acústica (reduções <3 cm3 foram consideradas como ausência de atividade velofaríngea); (2) área do orifício velofaríngeo (área VF), por rinomanometria anterior modificada; áreas ≥0,05 cm2 foram consideradas como fechamento inadequado. Na comparação das técnicas foi utilizada a plosiva [p] (n=24). Resultados: Observou-se: (1) ∆V médio de 18% no [k], significantemente menor (p<0,05) que a redução relatada para normais (30%); valores de ∆V sugestivos de DVF constatados em 59% dos casos. Resultados similares foram obtidos no [p] e [t], mostrando-se mais apropriados para o exame rinométrico, por não envolverem a participação da língua no fechamento velofaríngeo, diferentemente da plosiva velar [k]; (2) fechamento VF inadequado em 85% dos casos. Não houve correlação significativa entre o ∆V e a área do orifício velofaríngeo. A concordância de diagnóstico entre os métodos ocorreu em 51% dos casos. Conclusão: A rinometria acústica não apresentou boa acurácia como método de diagnóstico da DVF frente ao método padrão. Demonstrou, contudo, potencial como método de acompanhamento dos resultados de intervenções clínico-cirúrgicas que levem à maior atividade velar e faríngea.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To analyze the velopharyngeal (VP) activity of subjects with velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) by acoustic rhinometry, as compared to rhinomanometry. Methods: This was a prospective clinical study conducted in 41 adults, both genders, with repaired cleft palate, with or without a previously repaired cleft lip, and residual VPD on clinical assessment, without compensatory articulations for [p], [t], and [k]. The outcome measures were as follows: (1) on acoustic rhinometry, nasopharyngeal volumetric change (ΔV) during [p], [t], and [k], relatively to rest condition (decreases by <3 cm3 considered as absence of VP activity); (2) on modified anterior rhinomanometry, VP orifice area (areas ≥0.05 cm2 considered as inadequate closure). The plosive [p] was used when comparing the techniques (n=24). Results: (1) A mean ΔV decrease of 18% was observed during [k], which was significantly lower (p<0.05) than the decrease reported for individuals without VPD (30%). ΔV values suggesting VPD were observed in 59% subjects. Similar results were obtained for [p] and [t], which shall be used as stimulus, given that they do not involve the use of the tongue to lift the velum during VP closure, differently from the velar plosive [k]. (2) Inadequate closure was seen in 85% subjects. No correlation was observed between ∆V and VP orifice area. Agreement between techniques was observed in 51% cases. Conclusion: Acoustic rhinometry had low accuracy as a diagnostic method of VPD when compared to the gold standard method. Nevertheless, the technique shows potential as a method for monitoring the outcomes of clinical and surgical treatment of VPD aimed at increasing velar and pharyngeal activity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Rhinomanometry/methods , Rhinometry, Acoustic/methods , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Rhinomanometry/instrumentation , Rhinometry, Acoustic/instrumentation , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/physiopathology
16.
CoDAS ; 27(4): 365-371, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-760409

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the nasoendoscopic findings related to the velopharyngeal gap among patients with cleft palate who underwent the Furlow (F) technique and those who underwent the von Langenbeck (vL) technique for primary palatal surgery, who remained with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI).METHODS: The analyzed data were retrieved from the institution's data of recordings of nasoendoscopic exams. The sample comprised 70 recorded nasoendoscopic exams obtained from 22 patients who underwent the F technique and from 48 who underwent the vL technique during primary palatoplasty, who remained with VPI after surgery and were submitted to nasoendoscopy, between the ages of 5 and 15 years (mean age: 8 years), for definition of the best treatment for VPI. The images were edited into a DVD in a randomized sequence to be assessed by three experienced speech language pathologists regarding displacement and excursion of the soft palate; displacement and excursion of lateral pharyngeal's walls; displacement and excursion of the posterior pharyngeal's wall; and presence of the Passavant ridge and size and type of velopharyngeal gap.RESULTS: The results of the comparison of measurements between F and vL groups were not statistically significant.CONCLUSION: The surgical technique used in primary palatoplasty was not relevant to determine the difference in the size of the velopharyngeal gap for patients who maintained VPI.


OBJETIVO: Comparar os achados nasoendoscópicos relacionados ao gapvelofaríngeo entre pacientes com fissura labiopalatina operados do palato pela técnica de Furlow (F) e aqueles operados pela de Von Langenbeck (vL) que permaneceram com insuficiência velofaríngea (IVF).MÉTODOS: Os dados analisados foram coletados do banco de gravações de exames de nasoendoscopia da instituição. A amostra foi constituída por 70 gravações de nasoendoscopia obtidas de 22 pacientes operados do palato pela técnica de F e de 48 pela de vL, que permaneceram com IVF e que foram submetidos à nasoendoscopia para definição de conduta para correção da IVF, entre as idades de 5e 15 anos (média: 8 anos). As imagens foram editadas em sequência aleatória em um DVD e julgadas por três fonoaudiólogas experientes quanto ao movimento e deslocamento do véu palatino; ao movimento e descolamento das paredes laterais da faringe; ao movimento e deslocamento da parede posterior da faringe; à ocorrência da prega de Passavant e ao tamanho e tipo do gapvelofaríngeo.RESULTADOS: Os resultados quanto à comparação das medidas entre as técnicas cirúrgicas (F versusvL) não foram estatisticamente significantes.CONCLUSÃO: A técnica cirúrgica utilizada na palatoplastia primária não foi relevante para determinar diferença no tamanho do gapvelofaríngeo para os pacientes que permaneceram com IVF.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Cleft Palate/surgery , Endoscopy , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Palate, Soft/surgery , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/surgery , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Palate, Soft/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome
17.
CoDAS ; 27(3): 267-272, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-753093

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation among velopharyngeal closure, hypernasality, audible nasal air emission (NAE) and nasal rustle (NR), in individuals with repaired cleft palate. METHODS: One hundred patients with repaired cleft palate and lip, submitted to pressure-flow study for measurement of velopharyngeal orifice area (velopharyngeal area) and speech sample recordings. Velopharyngeal area was estimated during the production of the sound /p/ inserted in a sentence, and the velopharyngeal closure was classified as adequate, borderline or inadequate. Hypernasality was rated using a 4-point scale, NAE and NR were rated as absent or present, by three speech language pathologists, using recorded speech samples. Inter and intra-judge agreements were established. Statistical analysis was performed using the Spearman correlation coefficient considering p<0.05. An ordinal logistic regression model was developed to investigate whether the characteristics of speech can predict velopharyngeal closure. For this, the speech samples included in this analysis were those that obtained 100% agreement among raters as to the degree of hypernasality (43 out of 100). RESULTS: Significant correlation was found between hypernasality and velopharyngeal area; audible NAE and velopharyngeal area. A negative correlation was observed between the NR and velopharyngeal area. The regression analysis showed that the perceptual speech characteristics contributed significantly to predict the velopharyngeal closure. CONCLUSION: There is significant correlation between velopharyngeal closure and hypernasality, NAE and NR. It suggests that the perceptual speech characteristics can predict velopharyngeal closure, favoring the diagnosis and the definition of treatment conduct of velopharyngeal dysfunction. .


OBJETIVO: Investigar a correlação entre as dimensões do orifício velofaríngeo, hipernasalidade, emissão de ar nasal (EAN) audível e ronco nasal (RN), em indivíduos com fissura palatina reparada. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados cem pacientes com fissura labiopalatina reparada, submetidos à medida da área do orifício velofaríngeo (área velofaríngea) por meio da técnica fluxo-pressão e à gravação de fala. A partir da área velofaríngea, determinada durante a produção de /p/ inserido numa frase, o fechamento velofaríngeo foi classificado em adequado, marginal e inadequado. A hipernasalidade foi classificada em escala de quatro pontos, EAN e RN em presente-ausente, por três fonoaudiólogas utilizando amostra de fala gravada. A concordância inter e intra-avaliadores foi estabelecida e a correlação entre as variáveis foi analisada por meio do coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, considerando p<0,05. Um modelo de regressão logística ordinal foi elaborado para investigar se as características da fala podem predizer o fechamento velofaríngeo. Para tanto, foram incluídas somente 43 amostras de fala que obtiveram 100% de concordância quanto ao grau de hipernasalidade entre as avaliadoras. RESULTADOS: Correlação significativa entre hipernasalidade e área velofaríngea; EAN audível e área velofaríngea. Correlação negativa foi verificada entre RN e área velofaríngea. O modelo logístico mostrou que as características da fala contribuíram significativamente para a previsão do fechamento velofaríngeo. CONCLUSÃO: Existe correlação entre dimensões do orifício velofaríngeo e hipernasalidade, EAN e RN, sugerindo que as características perceptivas da fala podem predizer o fechamento velofaríngeo, favorecendo o diagnóstico e a definição de conduta de tratamento da disfunção velofaríngea. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Pharynx/physiopathology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Rhinomanometry , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/physiopathology , Voice Disorders/physiopathology
18.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 37(6): 422-429, Jun. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-754063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of reported estimates of the association between gestational syphilis (GS) and stillbirth in the Americas region. METHODS: Cochrane Library, Embase, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed, PLOS, and ScienceDirect were searched for original research studies quantifying the relationship between GS and stillbirth in the region. A final sample of eight studies was selected. A cumulative meta-analysis plus four subgroup meta-analyses of study data on the association between maternal syphilis during pregnancy and stillbirth were conducted. The four meta-analyses were based on 1) definition of cases and the control; 2) syphilis treatment (presence or absence, effective or ineffective); 3) definition of stillbirth as "showing no signs of life at birth"; and 4) definition of stillbirth based on low birth weight and gestational age. Random-effects metaanalyses were used to calculate pooled estimates of stillbirth with exposure to GS, and each subgroup analysis was tested for heterogeneity. RESULTS: Women with GS had increased odds of stillbirth (pooled odds ratio (OR): 6.87; 95% confidence interval: 2.93, 16.08). There was considerable heterogeneity across the eight studies (percentage of variance (I²) = 95). The funnel plot was not statistically significant, pointing to a lack of publication bias. Increased odds of stillbirth among pregnant women with syphilis were also seen in all four subgroup meta-analyses. CONCLUSIONS: GS is a major contributing factor for stillbirths in the Americas. Interventions targeting GS are highly cost-effective and, along with high-quality point-of-care testing, should be implemented across the region to help reach the goal of eliminating congenital syphilis.


OBJETIVO: Llevar a cabo una revisión sistemática y metanálisis de los cálculos notificados de la asociación entre sífilis gestacional (SG) y mortinatalidad en la Región de las Américas. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda en Cochrane Library, Embase, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed, PLOS y ScienceDirect de estudios de investigación originales que cuantificaran la relación entre la SG y la mortinatalidad en la Región de las Américas. Se seleccionó una muestra final de ocho estudios. Se efectuaron un meta-nálisis acumulativo y cuatro metanálisis de subgrupo de los datos de estudio sobre la asociación entre sífilis materna durante el embarazo y mortinatalidad. Los cuatro metanálisis se basaron en 1) la definición de casos y del control; 2) el tratamiento de la sífilis (presencia o ausencia, eficaz o ineficaz); 3) la definición de mortinatalidad como "ausencia de signos de vida al nacer"; y 4) la definición de mortinatalidad basada en el bajo peso al nacer y la edad gestacional. Se emplearon metanálisis de efectos aleatorios para calcular las estimaciones acumuladas de mortinatalidad con exposición a la SG, y se comprobó la heterogeneidad de cada uno de los análisis de subgrupo. RESULTADOS: Las mujeres con SG presentaron mayores probabilidades de mortinatalidad (razón de posibilidades [OR] acumulada: 6,87; IC de 95%: 2,93-16,08). Se observó una heterogeneidad considerable en los ocho estudios (porcentaje de variación [I2] = 95). El gráfico en embudo no fue estadísticamente significativo, lo que indica una ausencia de sesgo de publicación. En los cuatro metanálisis de subgrupo, también se observaron mayores probabilidades de mortinatalidad en las mujeres embarazadas con sífilis. CONCLUSIONES: La SG es un importante factor contribuyente a la mortinatalidad en la Región de las Américas. Las intervenciones dirigidas a la SG son altamente eficaces en función de los costos y deben ejecutarse en toda la región, junto con las pruebas diagnósticas de alta calidad en el lugar de asistencia, para ayudar a alcanzar la meta de eliminación de la sífilis congénita.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Articulation Disorders/epidemiology , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Articulation Disorders/diagnosis , Articulation Disorders/etiology , Audiometry , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Speech , Speech Articulation Tests
19.
CoDAS ; 27(2): 193-200, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748855

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To create and validate the content of an orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol for individuals with cleft lip and palate. Methods: The first version of an orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol for individuals with cleft lip and palate was created by two speech-language pathologists, who contemplated the structural and functional aspects of the stomatognathic system. This version was analyzed by other two speech-language pathologists experienced in cleft lip and palate assessment, who suggested changes that led to the second version of the protocol. Dynamic and static images necessary for performing the orofacial myofunctional examination were recorded from three individuals with cleft lip and palate, who represented three life stages: childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Five examiners evaluated the images, applied the proposed protocol, and judged each item regarding its clarity to validate the content, from Content Validity Index. Results: The assessment protocol was finalized with 13 items, ten related to structural aspects and three related to functional aspects, with their corresponding sub-items. The general agreement in the validation of its content was 100%, so that only one stage was required. Conclusion: A protocol to evaluate the orofacial myofunctional aspects of individuals with cleft lip and palate was created with 13 items, as well as their corresponding sub-items, and its content was validated. .


Objetivo: Elaborar e validar o conteúdo de uma proposta de protocolo de avaliação miofuncional orofacial para indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina. Métodos: Uma primeira versão do protocolo de avaliação miofuncional orofacial para indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina foi elaborada por duas fonoaudiólogas e contemplaram-se os aspectos estruturais e funcionais do sistema estomatognático. Essa versão foi analisada por outras duas fonoaudiólogas com experiência em avaliação de indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina, as quais apresentaram sugestões, e foi obtida a segunda versão. Foram registradas imagens dinâmicas e estáticas, necessárias à realização do exame miofuncional orofacial, de três indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina, representantes das três fases da vida: infância, adolescência e adulta. Cinco examinadores as analisaram e aplicaram o protocolo proposto; além disso, julgaram cada item quanto à clareza para a validação do conteúdo, a partir da aplicação do Índice de Validação do Conteúdo. Resultados: O instrumento foi finalizado em 13 itens, dez referentes aos aspectos estruturais e três funcionais, com seus respectivos subitens. Houve 100% de concordância na validação do seu conteúdo e, assim, foi necessária uma única etapa. Conclusão: Um protocolo para avaliação miofuncional orofacial de indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina foi elaborado com 13 itens, e os respectivos subitens, e teve seu conteúdo validado. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Facial Muscles/physiopathology , Stomatognathic System/physiopathology , Clinical Protocols , Dental Occlusion , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 106 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-773798

ABSTRACT

O uso crescente da Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico (TCFC) na área odontológica tem permitido o aumento dos achados incidentais em exames que são realizados por outros fins. Dentre essas uma, das mais comuns e com impacto na vida dos pacientes é o ateroma calcificado das artérias carótidas (ACAC), e no seu diagnóstico diferencial existem as ossificações das cartilagens da laringe. Para correta identificação dessas calcificações são necessários conhecimentos acerca da localização anatômica, distribuição e sua morfologia, sendo que a TCFC fornece uma localização tridimensional (3D) acurada. Entretanto existem diferentes softwares de pós-processamento de imagens disponíveis no mercado, e não há na literatura estudos sobre a capacidade desses softwares para a visualização dessas estruturas. Esse estudo tem o objetivo de identificar essas calcificações supracitadas, nos softwares de visualização de TCFC, i-Cat Vision® e Invivo5®, nas reconstruções multiplanares e 3D em dois grupos diferentes, sendo um grupo de exames de indivíduos com fissuras labiopalatinas (HRAC) (50 exames de TCFC) e outro sem fissuras labiopalatinas (FOB) (100 exames de TCFC). Foram avaliados 150 exames (112 do gênero feminino e 38 do gênero masculino) de TCFC por dois observadores devidamente treinados e calibrados. Para o grupo sem fissuras labiopalatinas foi encontrada diferença estatística significante entre a idade e a quantidade de calcificações encontradas. Considerando todas as calcificações, foram encontrados 104 indivíduos com alguma calcificação, representando 69,33% da amostra, sendo que o grupo HRAC apresentou 88% e o grupo FOB 59%. Foi possível demonstrar diferença estatística significante ao se comparar a quantidade de calcificações entre os grupos avaliados. Foi assumido nesse trabalho que as reconstruções separadamente do programa Invivo5® seria a padrão- ouro, nesse momento o programa i-Cat Vision® foi considerado mais específico do que sensível...


The widespread use of CBCT in Dentistry leads to an increasing of incidental findings regarding exams for different purposes. The most common incidental finding that impacts the patients quality of life is the carotid artery calcifications as well as the ossification of laryngeal cartilage which is the most common differential diagnosis for aterosclerosis. To identify this calcifications/ossification correctly it is necessary to know about its anatomic localization, distribution and morphology once that CBCT images may evidence an accurate 3D location. Therefore many different manipulations imaging software for CBCT technology is available and there is no research in the literature about the capacity of this software to visualize these calcification/ossification structures. This study aimed to identify these calcifications/ossification, in two different visualization softwares: i-Cat Vision® and Invivo5®, both in Multiplanar Reconstruction (MPR) and 3D reconstruction, in two different groups, where one was constituted of cleft lip and palate (50 CBCT exams) patients and the other by patients without cleft lip and palate (100 CBCT exams). Two calibrated and trained observers evaluated 150 CBCT exams (112 were female and 38 male). There was significantly statistical difference when comparing age and calcifications quantity for no cleft lip and palate group. When considering all calcifications in both groups, 104 patients in 150 (total number) showed some calcification/ossification, representing 69,33%. The percentage of calcification/ossification in the cleft lip and palate group were 88% whereas the other one evidenced 59%. And due to this difference, there was significantly statistical difference between these groups. Besides, the Invivo5® software was considered the gold-standard (multiplanar reconstruction and 3D reconstruction) to identify the structures previously mentioned; then i-Cat Vision® software showed more specificity than...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Calcinosis , Carotid Artery Diseases , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Software , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Chi-Square Distribution , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sex Factors
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