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1.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(285): 7204-7221, fev.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371978

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a percepção da consulta de enfermagem no Climatério sob a ótica das mulheres atendidas na Atenção Básica. Método: Estudo descritivo qualitativo com abordagem intencional realizado numa Unidade de Saúde Escola no município de Caruaru-PE, durante o período de abril e maio de 2021. Foram entrevistadas 07 mulheres usuárias do serviço na fase do climatério. Resultados: a partir das entrevistas foram obtidas 3 categorias, sendo duas sobre a vivência do climatério pelas mulheres e uma sobre a percepção da mulher com relação à consulta de enfermagem. Conclusão: Conclui-se que as mulheres se sentem bem ao passarem pela consulta de climatério feita pela enfermagem, pois traz sentimento de alívio e entendimento. A consulta de enfermagem é um elemento chave na assistência à saúde, atingindo a proposta da PNAISM e oferecendo uma melhor qualidade de vida para as mulheres no climatério(AU)


Objective: To describe the perception of the nursing consultation in climateric from the perspective of women assisted in Primary Care. methods: Qualitative descriptive study with intentional approach conducted in a School Health Unit in the municipality of Caruaru-PE, during the period April and May 2021. We interviewed 07 women users of the service in the climacteric phase. Results: from the interviews, 3 categories were obtained, two of which were about the experience of the climacteric period by women and one about the perception of women regarding the nursing consultation. Conclusion: It is concluded that women feel well when they go through the climacteric consultation made by nursing, because it brings a feeling of relief and understanding. The nursing consultation is a key element in health care, achieving the proposal of PNAISM and offering a better quality of life for women in climateric.(AU)


Objetivo: Describir la percepción de la consulta de enfermería en el climaterio desde la perspectiva de las mujeres atendidas en Atención Primaria. Método: Estudio descriptivo cualitativo con abordaje intencional realizado en una Unidad de Salud Escolar de la ciudad de Caruaru-PE, de abril a mayo de 2021. Se entrevistaron 07 mujeres usuarias del servicio en la fase climatérica. Resultados: Por las entrevistas se obtuvieron 3 categorías, dos sobre la experiencia del climaterio por parte de las mujeres y una sobre la percepción de la mujer sobre la consulta de enfermería. Conclusión: Se concluye que las mujeres se sienten bien al pasar por la consulta climatérica realizada por la enfermería, ya que les brinda una sensación de alivio y comprensión. La consulta de enfermería es un elemento clave en el cuidado de la salud, llegando a la propuesta del PNAISM y ofreciendo una mejor calidad de vida a las mujeres en el climaterio(AU)


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Unified Health System , Climacteric , Women's Health , Nursing Care
4.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 3-14, jan./jun. 2022. Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354383

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o climatério pode ser influenciado por mudanças psicossociais simultâneas, que associadas às alterações hormonais, como o hipoestrogenismo e a diminuição dos níveis de progesterona, podem intensificar os sintomas e agravos na mulher. Objetivo: identificar os perfis sociodemográficos, obstétricos, ginecológicos, de saúde e hábitos de vida das mulheres climatéricas atendidas na rede básica de saúde, por meio da aplicação de questionário, escalas de Hamilton de Ansiedade e Depressão, e Índice Menopausal de Kupperman e Blatt. Material e Método: estudo transversal descritivo exploratório de relato de experiência, desenvolvido por graduandas em Medicina e Enfermagem. As participantes apresentam idade entre 45 e 60 anos, atendidas em quatro unidades de Estratégia de Saúde da Família. Resultados: participaram 41 mulheres, com idade média de 52,3 anos. Prevaleceram brancas, casadas, com filhos, ensino médio completo, sem plano de saúde, escore de depressão leve, índice menopausal leve, ansiedade normal e uso regular de medicamentos. Conclusão: as mulheres climatéricas necessitam de um espaço para verbalizar seus sentimentos e dúvidas em relação ao climatério e ter acesso à escuta atenta por profissionais capacitados, visando o atendimento integral de saúde com resolutividade.


Introduction: climacteric can be influenced by simultaneous psychosocial changes, which associated with hormonal changes, such as hypoestrogenism and decreased progesterone levels, can intensify symptoms and health problems in women. Objective: to identify the health profile of climacteric women in primary care regarding their obstetrics, gynecological, social, and demographic aspects, and their lifestyle as well, through a questionnaire and the application of the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Depression Scale, and the Blatt-Kupperman Menopausal Index. Materials and Methods: it is an exploratory-descriptive cross-sectional study presented as an experience report, developed by medical and nursing students. The participants had 45 to 60 years-old and visited four units of the Family Health Strategy. Results: 41 women participated in the research, with an average age of 52.3-year-old. The majority were white, married, high school graduates, with no health insurance; had children, normal anxiety levels, mild depression, mild menopausal index, and reported regular use of medication. Conclusion: the climacteric women need some time to verbalize their feelings and doubts about the climacteric to trained professionals, aiming for a resolutive and comprehensive health care.


Subject(s)
Female , Middle Aged , Anxiety , Women , Climacteric , Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Family Health Strategy , Depression
5.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 15(2): [115-125], dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349499

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever evidências científicas que abordem os aspectos que influenciam na vivência da sexualidade pela mulher climatérica e discutir as principais intervenções que o enfermeiro pode realizar na tentativa de promover a qualidade da vida sexual destas. Método: Trata-se de uma Revisão integrativa. Foram adotados os seguintes critérios de inclusão: artigos científicos com texto completo disponível, em português, inglês e espanhol, publicado nos últimos dez anos e relacionados à temática proposta. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 19 artigos, 18 disponíveis no idioma português e um em espanhol, publicados entre os anos de 2006 a 2016. Conclusão: Os sintomas climatéricos nem sempre são o fator principal que influenciam na vivência da sexualidade da mulher climatérica, mas pode vir associado a fatores psicológicos. A contribuição do enfermeiro ao conhecimento sobre o assunto ainda apresenta respostas que permanecem abertas.


Objective: To describe scientific evidences about the aspects that influence the climacteric woman's experience of sexuality, as well as the interventions that the nurse can perform in an attempt to seek to promote quality for the sexual life of these women. Method: This study is an integrative review. It was used the following inclusion criterias: scientific articles with full text available in Portuguese, English and Spanish, published in the last ten years and related to the proposed theme. Results: 19 articles were selected and analyzed,18 available in the Portuguese language and one in Spanish, published between the years 2006 and 2016. Conclusion: Climacteric symptoms are not always the main factor influencing the climacteric woman's sexuality, but may be associated with psychological factors. The nurse's contribution to the knowledge on the subject still presents answers that remain open.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Climacteric , Women's Health , Sexuality
6.
Revagog ; 3(3): 104-110, Jul-Sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1344331

ABSTRACT

El climaterio es una etapa fisiológica que permite al médico reconocer tempranamente los riesgos de patologías y la gran oportunidad de revertirlas. Este trabajo examinará la evidencia actual de la terapia hormonal en la prevención primaria de la enfermedad cardiovascular en mujeres, así como la importancia que igualmente tienen la indemnidad de los ovarios, el peso normal, el uso correcto de antibióticos, la preservación de la microbiota intestinal, las dietas antioxidantes, los estilos de vida saludables y el obligatorio abandono del hábito de fumar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Climacteric/physiology , Menopause/physiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Smoking/adverse effects , Andropause/physiology , Estradiol/therapeutic use , Atherosclerosis/prevention & control , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/drug effects , Healthy Lifestyle
7.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(3): 01022105, Jul-Set 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370030

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: O climatério corresponde ao período de transição entre a etapa reprodutiva e a não reprodutiva, onde há a menopausa caracterizada pela ausência de menstruação por 12 meses consecutivos, resultante da perda da atividade folicular ovariana. A Terapia de Reposição Hormonal (TRH) pode ser uma opção de tratamento com o intuito de melhorar as condições de saúde da mulher. O objetivo, deste estudo, foi investigar o perfil de idosas e sintomas climatéricos, além da utilização da TRH por mulheres em uma cidade do Sul de Santa Catarina. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico com delineamento transversal quantitativo utilizando-se questionário para coleta de dados que ocorreu entre julho a setembro de 2017 e analisados no EpiInfo®. Resultados: Foram entrevistadas 107 idosas, média de idade 69,7 (± 8,9) anos. Das entrevistadas, 52,3% relataram algum sintoma climatérico, sendo mais frequente o fogacho. Pequena parcela das entrevistadas fez uso de TRH (15,9%), obtendo-se benefícios com a utilização. Destas, maioria foi administração via oral (88,2%), sendo que 35,3% usaram por mais de cinco anos, 82,4% relataram alguma reação adversa, sendo citada a mastalgia e o ganho de peso, e 64,7% realizavam consulta médica semestral. Somente 8,4% fizeram uso de chás, sendo a Amora Branca (Morus alba L) a mais citada. Conclusões: O esquema de TRH prescrito mais frequente foi a associação de estrógenos e progestógenos para administração por via oral, com acompanhamento médico semestral e obtendo-se resultados favoráveis. Medidas não farmacológicas foram adotadas por minoria das mulheres, adotando-se essencialmente o uso de planta medicinal na forma de chá. PALAVRA-CHAVE: Climatério, menopausa, terapia de reposição hormonal, saúde da mulher


ABSTRACT Introduction: The climacteric corresponds to the transition period between the reproductive and non-reproductive stages, where there is the menopause, characterized by the absence of menstruation for 12 consecutive months, resulting from the loss of ovarian follicular activity. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) can be a treatment option with the aim of improving women's health conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of elderly women and climacteric symptoms, as well as the use of HRT by women in a city in southern Santa Catarina. Methods: Epidemiological study with a quantitative cross-sectional design using a questionnaire for data collection that was answered between July and September 2017 and analyzed in EpiInfo®. Results: 107 elderly women were interviewed, mean age 69.7 (± 8.9) years. Of the interviewees, 52.3% reported some climacteric symptom, with hot flashes being more frequent. A small portion of the interviewees used HRT (15.9%), obtaining benefits from its use. Of these, most were administered orally (88.2%), and 35.3% used it for more than five years, 82.4% reported some adverse reaction, mentioning breast tenderness and weight gain, and 64.7% had medical consultations every six months. Only 8.4% made use of teas, with the white blackberry (Morus alba L) being the most mentioned. Conclusions: The most frequent prescribed HRT regimen was the combination of estrogens and progestins for oral administration, with medical follow-up every six months and obtaining favorable results. Non-pharmacological measures were adopted by a minority of women, essentially adopting the use of medicinal plants in the form of tea. KEYWORDS: Climacteric, menopause, hormone replacement therapy, women's health


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Climacteric , Menopause , Women's Health , Hormone Replacement Therapy
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 535-544, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347254

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the feasibility of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) through gametherapy for relieving urinary symptoms of climacteric women with stress ormixed urinary incontinence (UI). Methods Randomized clinical trial, divided into two groups: Gametherapy (G_Game) and Control (G_Control). Both groups received recommendations about unsupervised PFMT, and G_Game also received supervised PFMT through gametherapy. After 5 consecutive weeks, the feasibility was investigated considering participant adherence, urinary symptoms (evaluated by the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form [ICIQ-UI-SF] questionnaire), and pelvic floor function (PERFECT Scheme: power, endurance, repetition and fast). The Fisher exact, Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon sign paired, and Mann-Whitney U tests were used by intention-to-treat analysis, using STATA 15.1 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, USA) software. Results The present study included 20 women per group and observed a higher adherence in G_Game. In the intragroup analysis, a decrease in the ICIQ-UI-SF score was observed in both groups (14.0 to 10.0; 13.5 to 0), associated with increased endurance (2.5 to 3.5; 2.5 to 4.0) in G_Control and G_Game, respectively. Moreover, there was a concomitant increase in pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) power (2.0 to 3.0), repetition (3.0 to 5.0), and fast (10.0 to 10.0) in G_Game. In the intergroup analysis, a reduction of UI was observed (p<0.001; r=0.8), as well an increase in PFM power (p=0.027, r=0.2) and endurance (p=0.033; r=0.3) in G_Game. Conclusion The feasibility of supervised PFMT through gametherapy was identified by observing participant adherence, relief of urinary symptoms, and improvement in PFM function.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a viabilidade do treinamento dos músculos do assoalho pélvico (TMAP) por meio de gameterapia no alívio de sintomas urinários em mulheres climatéricas com incontinência urinária (IU) de esforço ou mista. Métodos Ensaio clínico randomizado, dividido em dois grupos: Gameterapia (G_Game) e Controle (G_Controle). Ambos os grupos receberam recomendações sobre TMAP não supervisionado, e G_Gametambém recebeu TMAP supervisionado por meio de gameterapia. Após 5 semanas consecutivas, a viabilidade foi investigada considerando a aderência das participantes, sintomas urinários (avaliados pelo questionário International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form [ICIQ-UI-SF]) e função do assoalho pélvico (esquema PERFECT: power, endurance, repetition, fast). Os testes exatos de Fisher, Kruskal-Wallis, sinal de Wilcoxon pareado e Mann-Whitney U foram usados pela análise de intenção de tratar, usando o software STATA 15.1 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, EUA). Resultados O presente estudo incluiu 20 mulheres por grupo e observou uma maior adesão no G_Game. Na análise intragrupo, foi observada diminuição no escore do ICIQUI- SF emambos os grupos (de 14,0 para 10,0; de 13,5 para 0), associada ao aumento da resistência (de 2,5 para 3,5; de 2,5 para 4,0) em G_Control e G_Game, respectivamente. Além disso, houve um aumento concomitante no power (de 2,0 para 3,0), repetition (de 3,0 para 5,0) e fast (de 10,0 para 10,0) dosmúsculos do assoalho pélvico (MAPs) no G_Game. Na análise intergrupos, foi observada redução da IU (p<0,001; r=0,8), assim como do power (p=0,027; r=0,2) e da endurance (p=0,033; r=0,3) dos MAPs no G_Game. Conclusão A viabilidade do TMAP supervisionado por meio de gameterapia foi identificada pela observação da aderência das participantes, pelo alívio dos sintomas urinários e pela melhora da função dos MAPs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Incontinence/therapy , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/therapy , Climacteric , Feasibility Studies , Treatment Outcome , Pelvic Floor , Exercise Therapy
9.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(2): 162-170, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289314

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Elaborar una aproximación a la prevalencia de los problemas de sueño (PDS) en mujeres climatéricas colombianas durante la pandemia COVID-19. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio transversal que pertenece al proyecto de investigación Calidad de Vida en la Menopausia y Etnias Colombianas bajo condiciones de pandemia [CAVIMEC+COVID STUDY]. Se incluyeron mujeres naturales y residentes en Colombia entre 40 y 59 años, quienes en los primeros cinco días de junio del 2020 participaron de forma anónima y voluntaria, previo consentimiento informado en el diligenciamiento de un formulario alojado en una plataforma virtual. Los PDS fueron identificados con el tercer ítem de Menopause Rating Scale. Se exploraron características sociodemográficas, la presencia y severidad de los PDS y el estado menopáusico. Se hace estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Participaron 984 mujeres, la mediana de edad fue 47,0 [RIC: 42,0-53,5] años. El 84,5% de las participantes eran mestizas, el 13,7% afrodescendientes y 1,7% indígenas. El 39,3% posmenopáusicas. El 70% residían en la región caribe colombiana. Informaron PDS 637 (64,7%) de las participantes y 112 (11,3%) tenían PDS severos. Las posmenopáusicas informaron un 65,1% de PDS, en forma severa el 10,1%, y las premenopáusicas informaron 64,5%, en forma severa el 12,2%. Conclusiones: Los PDS podrían ser un problema frecuente en las mujeres en estado premenopáusico y postmenopáusico. Se debe explorar este problema en la consulta ginecológica para ofrecer soluciones. Se requieren estudios poblacionales que confirmen estas observaciones.


ABSTRACT Objective: To make an approximation to the prevalence of sleep disorders in Colombian menopausal women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study as part of the Quality of Life in Menopause and Colombian Ethnic Groups research project [CAVIMEC+COVID STUDY]. The population consisted of women born and residing in Colombia, 40 to 59 years of age, who signed an informed consent and agreed to participate by completing an online form, freely and anonymously, in the first five days of June 2020. Sleep disorders were identified using the third item on the Menopause Rating Scale. Sociodemographic characteristics, presence and severity of sleep disorders and menopause status were explored. Descriptive statistics are provided. Results: Overall, 984 women aged 47.0 [IQR: 42.0-53.5] years were included: 84.5% mestizo, 13.7% Afro-Colombian, 1.7% indigenous; 39.3% were postmenopausal; 70% lived in the Caribbean region of Colombia. Sleep disorders were reported by 637 women (64.7%), and 112 (11.3%) had severe sleep disorders. Among postmenopausal women, 65.1% reported sleep disorders with 10.1% reporting severe disorders, while 64.5% of premenopausal reported sleep disorders, and 12.2% severe disorders. Conclusions: Sleep disorders could be a frequent problem among premenopausal as well as postmenopausal women in the pandemic time. This issue should be explored during gynecological visits in order to offer solutions. Population studies that confirm these observations are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Climacteric , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm , Menopause , Pandemics
10.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 29(2): 86-95, 01-abr-2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1355281

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el climaterio representa el inicio del cese de la menstruación y el final de la vida reproductiva de la mujer, e involucra procesos fisiológicos, endocrinos, psicosexuales, sociales y familiares. Objetivo: determinar la relación entre la calidad de vida en la etapa del climaterio y la funcionalidad familiar de las usuarias adscritas a una Unidad de Medicina Familiar (UMF) en Culiacán, Sinaloa. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y correlacional, que incluyó mujeres de 40 a 59 años que asisten a consulta en una UMF. Se utilizaron una cédula de datos personales, la Menopause Rating Scale (MRS-11) y la escala Adaptación, Participación, Gradiente de recurso personal, Afecto y Recursos familiares (APGAR-5) familiar. Los datos fueron analizados con el paquete estadístico SPSS. El estudio se apegó a lo dispuesto en la Ley General de Salud en materia de investigación. Resultados: el 42.6% presentó molestias moderadas, el 30.1% leves y el 21.3% graves. El 33% tiene familia funcional, el 29% disfunción familiar leve, el 20% moderada y el 18% severa. Se encontró asociación en la calidad de vida por grupo etario, somática, psicológica y urogenital (p = 0.01); el grupo de 50 a 60 años presentó molestias moderadas y graves. Las participantes tienen (OR=1.5, IC 95%, 1.02- 2.44, p=0.04) y (OR=1.5, IC 95%, 1.02 - 2.44, p=0.04) de disfunción familiar con dispareunia y líbido disminuida. Existe correlación negativa y significativa entre la calidad de vida y funcionalidad familiar (rs= -.349, p=0.01). Existe correlación negativa y significativa entre la calidad de vida y la funcionalidad familiar (rs = −0.349; p = 0.01). Conclusiones: las usuarias viven con molestias moderadas, el grupo de 50-59 vive con molestias psicológicas y urogenitales leves a moderadas, y existe correlación negativa y significativa entre la calidad de vida y la funcionalidad familiar.


Introduction: The climacteric represents the beginning of the cessation of menstruation and the end of reproductive life in women, it involves physiological, endocrine, psychosexual, social and family processes. Objective: To determine the relationship between the quality of life in the climacteric stage and the family functionality of the users assigned to a family medicine unit (FMU) in Culiacán, Sinaloa. Methods: Descriptive, observational, crosssectional, and correlational study, included women between 40 and 59 years old who attend a consultation in a FMU. A personal data card, the menopause rating scale (MRS-11) and family APGAR were used. The data were analyzed with the SPSS statistical package. The study adhered to the provisions of the general health law regarding research. Results: 42.6% presented moderate discomfort, 30.1% mild, 21.3% severe. 33% have a functional family, 29% mild family dysfunction, 20% moderate, 18% severe. An association was found in quality of life by age group, somatic, psychological and urogenital (p = 0.01); the group of 50 to 60 years presented moderate and severe discomfort.The participants had (OR = 1.5, 95% CI, 1.02-2.44, p = 0.04) and (OR = 1.5, 95% CI, 1.02 - 2.44, p = 0.04) of family dysfunction with dyspareunia and decreased libido.There is a negative and significant correlation between quality of life and family functionality (rs= −0.349; p = 0.01). Conclusions: The users live with moderate discomfort, the group of 50-59 lives with mild to moderate psychological and urogenital discomfort; there is a negative and significant correlation between quality of life and family functionality


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Climacteric , Women's Health , Family Practice , Women , Menstruation , Mexico
11.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e264, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289384

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome vasomotor constituye la manifestación clínica más frecuente de la transición menopaúsica y a menudo se asocia con cambios en la función endotelial. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la intensidad del síndrome vasomotor y la función endotelial en mujeres de edad mediana aparentemente sanas. Método: Estudio descriptivo transversal, en 133 mujeres de 40-59 años sin factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Se excluyeron aquellas mujeres con menopausia quirúrgica, uso previo de terapia hormonal de reemplazo seis meses antes. Se evaluó la función endotelial mediante la prueba de dilatación mediada por el flujo de la arteria braquial, y la intensidad del síndrome vasomotor mediante la escala de Pérez Piñeiro. Las mujeres fueron distribuidas en dos subgrupos: uno con disfunción endotelial y el otro con función endotelial normal. Para identificar la asociación entre variables se utilizó la prueba Kruskal-Wallis y la prueba Chi Cuadrado para evaluar la significación estadística, considerándose significativos los valores de p < 0,05. Resultados: El 63 por ciento de las mujeres presentaron síndrome vasomotor, 29 de intensidad leve, 31 moderado y muy molesto 33 mujeres. Del total de mujeres, 51 tuvieron disfunción endotelial, para un 38,3 por ciento, mostrando un promedio de dilatación dependiente del endotelio de 1,81±1,57 cm. No se encontró asociación significativa entre la intensidad del síndrome vasomotor y la función endotelial p = 0,139. Conclusiones: La intensidad del síndrome vasomotor no se relacionó con la disfunción endotelial en mujeres de edad mediana. Se necesita ampliar la muestra y realizar estudios prospectivos para identificar el daño vascular en ese grupo de mujeres(AU)


Introduction: The vasomotor syndrome is the most frequent clinical manifestation of the menopausal transition and it is often associated with changes in the endothelial function. Objective: Determine the relation among the intensity of the vasomotor syndrome and the endothelial function in apparently healthy middle age women. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study in 113 women of 40-59 years without cardiovascular risk factors. There were excluded women with surgical menopause, and use of replacement hormonal therapy six months before. It was assessed the endothelial function through the dilation test and the flow of the brachial artery, and the intensity of the vasomotor syndrome through the scale of Pérez. The women were organized in two groups: one group of women with endothelial dysfunction and the other of women with normal endothelial function. It was used the Kruskal-Wallis test to identify the association among variables and the chi-Square test to assess the statistical significance considering important the values of p < 0.05. Results: 63 percent of the women presented vasomotor syndrome, 29 of them of slight intensity, 31 moderate and 33 women had a very uncomfortable one. Of the total, 51 women presented endothelial dysfunction representing a 38.3 percent and showing an average of dilation dependant of endothelium of 1.81±1.57 cm. There was not found significant association among the intensity of the vasomotor syndrome and the endothelial function p = 0.139. Conclusions: The intensity of the vasomotor syndrome was not related with the endothelial dysfunction in middle age women. It is needed to expand the sample and to implement prospective studies in order to identify the vascular damage in that group of women(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Climacteric/metabolism , Menopause , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
12.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e256, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289383

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se ha descrito una probable asociación entre la presencia de osteopenia/osteoporosis y el riesgo incrementado de cardiopatía isquémica. Objetivo: Determinar la posible asociación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida, así como la relación de ambas condiciones con algunos factores de riesgo cardiovascular y variables de la esfera reproductiva en mujeres en etapa de climaterio. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo con 72 mujeres (34 con síndrome coronario agudo y 38 sin síndrome coronario agudo), que fueron seleccionadas de bases de datos del Instituto de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular. La densidad mineral ósea se determinó mediante absorciometría dual de rayos X en columna lumbar. Las pruebas Chi cuadrado y U de Mann Whitney permitieron evaluar la posible relación entre variables. Resultados: El 55,9 por ciento de las pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo y el 60,5 por ciento de las mujeres sin síndrome coronario agudo tenían densidad mineral ósea disminuida. En las mujeres con densidad mineral ósea disminuida (n=42): 81 por ciento presentaron obesidad abdominal, 78,6 por ciento dislipoproteinemia, 83,3 por ciento hipertensión arterial y 76,2 por ciento refirieron el antecedente familiar de cardiopatía isquémica. Conclusiones: En las mujeres en etapa de climaterio estudiadas no se demostró asociación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida. Tampoco existió relación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida con factores de riesgo cardiovascular, ni con las variables de la esfera reproductiva(AU)


Introduction: A probable association has been described between the presence of osteopenia/osteoporosis and the increased risk of ischemic heart disease. Objective: To determine the possible association between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density, as well as the relationship of both conditions with some cardiovascular risk factors and variables of the reproductive sphere in women during the climacteric stage. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with 72 women (34 with acute coronary syndrome and 38 without acute coronary syndrome), who were selected from databases of the Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery. Bone mineral density was determined by dual lumbar spine X-ray absorptiometry. The chi-square and Mann Whitney U tests allowed to evaluate the possible relationship between variables. Results: 55.9 percent of the patients with acute coronary syndrome and 60.5 percent of the women without acute coronary syndrome had decreased bone mineral density. Among women with decreased bone mineral density (n=42), 81 percent had abdominal obesity, 78.6 percent had dyslipoproteinemia, 83.3 percent had arterial hypertension, and 76.2 percent had a family history of ischemic heart disease. Conclusions: In the women in the climacteric stage studied, no association was shown between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density. There was no relationship either between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density with cardiovascular risk factors, or with variables in the reproductive sphere(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Climacteric , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Bone Density , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyslipidemias/pathology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/pathology
13.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(1): 72-85, Mar 19, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284038

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As mulheres, entre 40 e 65 anos, passam por mudanças fisiológicas que interferem na sua sexualidade, caracterizado pelo climatério. Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência das disfunções sexuais em mulheres climatéricas contribuindo com evidências para profissionais que lidam com a saúde da mulher. Métodos: Estudo de corte transversal descritivo e analítico, realizado na clínica especializada da mulher em Caruaru/PE, com 99 mulheres, de 40 a 65 anos e que tinham vida sexual ativa. Foram avaliadas através dos questionários: Sociodemográfico, Questionário da Saúde da Mulher, Quociente Sexual Versão Feminina e Índice de Função Sexual Feminino. Resultados: 44,44% têm indicativo para disfunção sexual. 52,52% possuem bom desempenho sexual, cerca de 58,58% tem alteração na lubrificação e 51,51% dor no ato sexual. 63,63% tem alterações na satisfação e orgasmo, 69,69% têm alterações no desejo e a falta de excitação foi o maior índice amostral, representado por 74,74%. Conclusão: A maioria apresenta bom desempenho sexual, entretanto possuem baixa qualidade de vida e alto indicativo para disfunções sexuais. Sendo assim, propõe-se desenvolvimento de pesquisas, gerando conhecimentos para profissionais que lidam com essa temática, visando saúde e qualidade de vida. (AU)


Introduction: Women, between 40 and 65 years old, undergo physiological changes that interfere with their sexuality, characterized by the climacteric. Objective: To verify the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in climacteric women, contributing with evidence for professionals who deal with women's health. Methods: Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study, carried out at the women's specialized clinic in Caruaru/PE, with 99 women, 40 to 65 years old and who had an active sex life. They were evaluated through questionnaires: Sociodemographic, Women's Health Questionnaire, Female Version Sexual Quotient and Female Sexual Function Index. Results: 44.44% are indicative of sexual dysfunction. 52.52% have good sexual performance, about 58.58% have changes in lubrication and 51.51% have pain during sex. 63, 63% have changes in satisfaction and orgasm, 69.69% have changes in desire and lack of excitement was the highest sample rate, represented by 74.74%. Conclusion: Most have good sexual performance, however they have low quality of life and high indications for sexual dysfunction. Therefore, it is proposed to develop research, generating knowledge for professionals who deal with this theme, aiming at health and quality of life. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Climacteric , Socioeconomic Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Women's Health
14.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 14-18, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282384

ABSTRACT

Climatério é período de transição hormonal da mulher, com manifestações genitais e extragenitais que requerem ou não tratamento. Este estudo transversal analisou o conhecimento básico de mulheres de Curitiba-PR entre 45 e 60 anos sobre terapia de reposição hormonal através de questionário autoaplicado. Das 623 mulheres participantes a minoria fez ou fazia uso da terapia de reposição hormonal, sendo sintomas prevalentes dessa fase fogachos, distúrbio do sono, alteração do humor e diminuição da libido. Mais de 80% delas acreditavam que terapia de reposição hormonal pode melhorar qualidade de vida. No entanto, muitas disseram ter medo de iniciar esse tipo de tratamento. Maioria das entrevistadas foram orientadas sobre a menopausa, porém apenas uma parte delas foi instruída sobre benefícios e riscos da terapia. Esses dados corroboram a premissa de que ainda faltam orientações e medidas voltadas para o cuidado integral das mulheres no climatério


The climateric is a biological transition phase of the woman's life, being accompanied by genital and extra-genital manifestations whose symptons may, or may not, require treatment. The present transversal study intends to analyze the basic knowledge of the women between 45 and 60 years old about the hormone replacement therapy through a self-administered questionnaire. It has been observed that only few women have used or use hormone replacement therapy and that the most prevalent symptoms on this phase are hot flushes, sleep disturbance, mood changes and decreased libido. More than 80% of the interviewees believe that the hormone replacement therapy can improve life quality. However, many reported being afraid to initiate such treatment. The majority of the interviewees have been previously oriented about the menopause, but only a part of them have been warned about the benefits and risks of the said therapy. These data corroborate the premise that there is a lack of guidance and measures aimed at the integral care of women in the climateric


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Climacteric , Menopause , Hot Flashes , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Knowledge , Libido
15.
rev. colomb. cienc. soc ; 12(2): 563-587, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341982

ABSTRACT

La sexualidad es una de las áreas que sufre cambios importantes cuando la mujer se instala en el climaterio, estos cambios se conocen como trastornos y/o disfunciones sexuales. Material y método: en el Instituto Nacional de Perinatología se llevó a cabo un estudio con 139 mujeres en climaterio; se utilizó la encuesta de síntomas y la Historia Clínica Codificada de la Sexualidad Femenina (HCCSF) para conocer la presencia de las disfunciones y/o trastornos sexuales y los factores asociados a estos. Resultados: no se encontró relación alguna entre las variables sociodemográficas y la presencia de disfunciones sexuales; de la muestra, 124 mujeres presentaron al menos una disfunción sexual. Conclusión: aquellas mujeres que cuentan con información sexual a edades tempranas, que tienen deseo y cooperan durante la relación sexual y que además han explorado su sexualidad con más de una pareja, tienen un efecto protector para no presentar disfunciones sexuales. Por otra parte, la presencia de trastornos sexuales se asocia exclusivamente con padecimientos médicos y de salud en la mujer como en la pareja.


Sexuality is one of the areas that undergoes important changes when women settle in climacteric, these changes are known as sexual disorders and/or dysfunctions. Methods: A study was carried out at the National Institute of Perinatology with 139 women in climacteric. The survey of symptoms and the Codified Clinical History of Female Sexuality (HCCSF) were used to determine the presence of sexual dysfunctions and/or disorders and the factors associated with them. Results: No relationship was found between sociodemographic variables and the presence of sexual dysfunctions. Of the sample, 124 women presented at least one sexual dysfunction. Conclusion: Those women who have sexual information at an early age, who have desire and cooperate during sexual intercourse and who have explored their sexuality with more than one partner, have a protective effect for not presenting sexual dysfunctions. On the other hand, the presence of sexual disorders is associated exclusively with medical and health conditions in both the woman and the couple.


Subject(s)
Humans , Climacteric , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/psychology , Coitus , Sexual and Gender Disorders/psychology
16.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42: e20190374, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1156646

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the general characteristics of nursing professionals and assess the influence of overcommitment on perceived climacteric symptoms and on the quality of life of nursing professionals. Method: A cross-sectional, analytical study of 152 nursing auxiliaries and assistants aged 40 years or older was conducted at 3 hospitals in the interior of São Paulo state. Sociodemographic data were collected and the Blatt-Kupperman Menopausal Index, Women´s Health Questionnaire, Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey and Effort-Reward Imbalance were applied in 2017. A descriptive analysis was performed and network analysis was carried out. Results: Participants had a mean age of 50.23 years (SD ±7.1). Group 1 comprising 61 (40.1%) women with overcommitment had poorer quality of life as well as more severe climacteric symptoms. Conclusions: Presence of overcommitment seems to influence the negative perception of climacteric symptomatology and quality of life.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir las características generales de los profesionales de enfermería y evaluar cómo el compromiso excesivo puede influir en la percepción de los síntomas del climaterio y la calidad de vida de estas mujeres. Métodos: Este es un estudio analítico de corte transversal que evaluó a 152 auxiliares de enfermería y técnicas en el grupo de edad de 40 años en 3 hospitales em el interior del estado de São Paulo. En 2017, se recopilaron los datos sociodemográficos y se aplicaron el Índice de Menopausia de Blatt-Kupperman, Women´s Health Questionnaire, El Cuestionario de Salud SF-36 y El Cuestionario Effort-reward Imbalance. Análisis descriptivo y análisis de red se realizó. Resultados: La edad promedio de los participantes fue de 50,23 años (DP = ± 7,1). Grupo 1 compuesto por 61 (40.1%) mujeres con compromiso excesivo fue la peor calidad de vida y la mayor intensidad de síntomas climáticos. Conclusiones: La presencia de compromiso excesivo parece influir en una percepción negativa de la sintomatología climática y una peor calidad de vida.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as características gerais das profissionais de enfermagem e avaliar como o comprometimento excessivo pode influenciar na percepção dos sintomas do climatério e na qualidade de vida dessas mulheres. Método: trata-se de estudo transversal analítico, que avaliou 152 auxiliares e técnicas da enfermagem, na faixa etária de 40 anos ou mais, em 3 hospitais do interior do estado de São Paulo. Em 2017, foram coletados dados sociodemográficos e aplicados os instrumentos Índice Menopausal de Blatt-Kupperman, Questionário Saúde da Mulher, Medical Outcome Study 36-item short form Health Survey e Effort Reward Imbalance. Foi realizada análise descritiva e análise de rede. Resultados: A idade média das participantes foi de 50,23 anos (DP = ±7,1). O grupo 1, composto por 61(40,1%) mulheres com comprometimento excessivo apresentou pior qualidade de vida e maior intensidade de sintomas climatéricos. Conclusões: Presença de comprometimento excessivo parece influenciar em uma percepção negativa da sintomatologia do climatério e em uma pior qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Perception , Quality of Life , Climacteric/psychology , Menopause , Women's Health , Nurse Practitioners , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Stress , Work Engagement , Hospitals
17.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 24(3): e002106, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1348697

ABSTRACT

A partir del caso de una paciente con trastorno por deseo sexual hipoactivo durante su climaterio y a través del resumen de los resultados de dos revisiones sistemáticas, los autores de este artículo revisan la evidencia sobre la suplementación con andrógenos para el tratamiento de esta condición clínica. Concluyen que su uso sería relativamente seguro a corto plazo, aunque su eficacia no alcanzaría la relevancia clínica y no contamos aún con mayor información sobre la seguridad en el largo plazo. Los autores destacan además que el abordaje de las pacientes con este problema de salud debería ser realizado en forma integral, incluyendo opciones terapéuticas no farmacológicas e informando sobre las incertidumbres todavía presentes. (AU)


Based on the case of a patient with hypoactive sexual desire disorder during her climacteric period and through the summary of the results of two systematic reviews, the authors of this article review the evidence supporting androgen supplementation for the treatment of this clinical condition. They conclude that its use would be relatively safe in the short term, although its efficacy would not reach clinical relevance and no further information on long-term safety is available. The authors also highlight that patients with this health problem should be approached comprehensively, including non-pharmacological therapeutic options and providing information on the uncertainties still present. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Climacteric , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/drug therapy , Androgens/therapeutic use , Menopause , Off-Label Use , Systematic Reviews as Topic
18.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200136, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288026

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to evaluate the interrelationships between obesity, blood pressure and metabolic profile in climacteric women. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with a random sample of 874 women, aged 40 to 65 years, assisted in Family Health Strategies units in Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil. A structural equation model was used to assess the interrelationships between obesity, blood pressure and metabolic profile, adjusted for age. The variables blood pressure, obesity and metabolic profile were treated as constructs, which measurement models were developed using confirmatory factor analysis. Results It was observed that age has a positive and significant effect on blood pressure (β=0.20; p<0.001) and obesity (β=0.10; p=0.004). There was a direct and positive effect of obesity on blood pressure (β=0.26; p<0.001) and on the metabolic profile (β=0.10; p=0.037), adjusted for physical activity. Conclusions The simultaneous analysis of the relationships between age, obesity, blood pressure and metabolic profile in menopausal women suggests that, ageing has an effect on the increase of obesity and blood pressure, just as obesity increases blood pressure and changes the metabolic profile.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar as inter-relações entre obesidade, pressão arterial e perfil metabólico em mulheres climatéricas. Métodos Trata-se de estudo transversal com amostra aleatória composta por 874 mulheres com idade entre 40 a 65 anos assistidas em unidades de Estratégias de Saúde da Família em Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foi utilizado modelo de equação estrutural para avaliar as inter-relações entre obesidade, pressão arterial e perfil metabólico, ajustado pela idade. As variáveis pressão arterial, obesidade e perfil metabólico foram tratadas como construtos, cujos modelos de mensuração foram construídos utilizando-se a análise fatorial confirmatória. Resultados Observou-se que a idade exerce efeito positivo e significativo sobre a pressão arterial (β=0,20; p<0,001) e a obesidade (β=0,10; p=0,004). Houve efeito direto e positivo da obesidade na pressão arterial (β=0,26; p<0,001) e no perfil metabólico (β=0,10; p=0,037), ajustado por atividade física. Conclusão A análise simultânea das relações entre idade, obesidade, pressão arterial e perfil metabólico em mulheres no climatério sugere que o aumento da idade tem efeito sobre o aumento da obesidade e da pressão arterial, assim como a obesidade tem efeito positivo sobre o aumento da pressão arterial e sobre a alteração no perfil metabólico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Climacteric/physiology , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Obesity , Metabolism/physiology
19.
In. Castillo Pino, Edgardo A. Manual de ginecología y obstetricia para pregrados y médicos generales. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro-FEFMUR, 2 ed; 2021. p.247-253.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1372543
20.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200084, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351559

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare body composition of postmenopausal women with and without dynapenia, defined by different cut-off points. Methods Body composition was assessed by electrical bioimpedance and the nutritional status by the body mass index. Dynapenia was diagnosed according to handgrip strength, using the following cut-off points: handgrip strength <16kgf and <20 kgf. Results A total of 171 women (50 to 92 years of age) participated in the investigation. The mean age of non-dynapenic and dynapenic women (handgrip strength <20kgf) was 69.4±8.2 and 74.5±8.2 years, respectively. The mean age of women with dynapenia (handgrip strength <16kgf) was 75.0±10.1 years and non-dynapenic women, 71.1±8.2 years. It was found that dynapenic women, with handgrip strength <20 and <16kgf, had an average of 2.38 and 2.47kg less muscle mass respectively, when compared to non-dynapenic women (p<0.05). However, there was no difference in muscle mass between the different dynapenic groups. Non-dynapenic women (handgrip strength ≥20kgf) had more total (3.55kg) and central fat (1.47kg) (p<0.05). Conclusion Dynapenic women, diagnosed considering both cutoff points, had less total and segmental muscle mass compared to non-dynapenic women. In addition, dynapenic women with handgrip strength <20kgf had lower total and trunk adiposity.


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a composição corporal de mulheres na pós-menopausa com e sem dinapenia a partir de diferentes pontos de corte. Métodos A composição corporal foi avaliada por bioimpedância elétrica e o estado nutricional pelo índice de massa corporal. A dinapenia foi diagnosticada por meio da força de preensão manual, utilizando-se os seguintes pontos de corte: força de preensão manual <16kgf e <20kgf. Resultados Participaram da pesquisa 171 mulheres (50 a 92 anos). A média de idade das não dinapênicas e das dinapênicas (força de preensão manual <20 kgf) foi 69,4±8,2 e 74,5±8,2 anos, respectivamente. As mulheres com dinapenia pela força de preensão manual <16kgf apresentaram média de idade de 75,0±10,1 anos e as não dinapênicas tinham, em média, 71,1±8,2 anos. Verificou-se que as mulheres dinapênicas, com força de preensão manual <20 e <16kgf, tinham em média 2,38 e 2,47kg a menos de massa muscular quando comparadas às não dinapênicas (p<0,05). Contudo, não foi observada diferença na massa muscular entre os diferentes grupos dinapênicos. As mulheres não dinapênicas (força de preensão manual ≥20kgf) apresentaram maior gordura total (3,55kg) e central (1,47kg) (p<0,05). Conclusão As mulheres dinapênicas, diagnosticadas por ambos os pontos de corte, apresentaram menor massa muscular total e por segmento em relação às não dinapênicas. Ademais, as dinapênicas com força de preensão manual <20kgf possuíam menor adiposidade total e no tronco.


Subject(s)
Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Women , Body Composition , Climacteric , Postmenopause , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscle Weakness
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