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1.
Espaç. saúde (Online) ; 25: 1-10, 02 abr. 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556138

ABSTRACT

Estudo exploratório descritivo, quantitativo, realizado em um hospital pediátrico filantrópico, com objetivo de compreender as competências profissionais da enfermagem no atendimento da parada cardiorrespiratória em pediatria, além de investigar suas percepções. Participaram 30 profissionais da equipe de enfermagem e a coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de um questionário fechado. Os resultados, analisados por meio de estatística descritiva, mostraram que os profissionais de enfermagem, em sua maioria, apresentaram conhecimento sobre o atendimento da emergência investigada. Em relação às suas percepções sobre as habilidades técnicas necessárias, notou-se que a maioria dos participantes se perceberam seguros para as manobras de ressuscitação e para a administração de medicações durante o atendimento; contudo, ao abordar o manuseio do desfibrilador e a realização de punção venosa, a maior parte da amostra afirmou não se sentir totalmente segura para estas atividades. Concluiu-se que a maioria dos participantes apresentam conhecimento teórico-prático para a execução do atendimento.


Descriptive, quantitative exploratory study, carried out in a philanthropic pediatric hospital, with the objective of understanding the nursing professional competencies in the care of cardiorespiratory arrests in pediatrics, besides investigating. 30 professionals from the nursing team participated and data was collected using a closed questionnaire. The results, analyzed using descriptive statistics, showed that the majority of nursing professionals had knowledge about the care of the investigated emergency. In relation to their perceptions about the necessary technical skills, the majority of participants perceived themselves to be confident in resuscitation maneuvers and the administration of medications during care. However, when approaching the handling of the defibrillator and performing a venipuncture, most of the sample stated that they did not feel complete confidence for these activities. Study concluded that the majority of participants had theoretical-practical knowledge to perform the service.


Estudio exploratorio descriptivo, cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital pediátrico filantrópico, con el objetivo de comprender las competencias profesionales de enfermería en el cuidado de la parada cardiorrespiratoria en pediatría, además de investigar sus percepciones. Participaron 30 profesionales del equipo de enfermería y la recolección de datos se realizó mediante cuestionario cerrado. Los resultados, analizados mediante estadística descriptiva, mostraron que la mayoría de los profesionales de enfermeira tenían conocimiento sobre la atención de la emergencia investigada. En relación a sus percepciones sobre las habilidades técnicas necesarias, se observa que la mayoría de los participantes se observó que la mayoría de los participantes se percibió confiada en las maniobras de reanimación y la administración de medicamentos durante la atención. Sin embargo, al abordar el manejo del desfibrilador y realizar una punción venosa, la mayoría de la muestra manifestó no sentirse completamente segura para estas actividades. Estudio concluyó que la mayoría de los participantes presentó conocimientos teórico-prácticos para realizar el servicio.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310172, abr. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551321

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La insuficiencia respiratoria es la causa más común de paro cardíaco en pediatría; su reconocimiento y el manejo adecuado son cruciales. La simulación se utiliza para mejorar las habilidades médicas. El objetivo del trabajo fue determinar la proporción de residentes de pediatría que reconocieron un paro respiratorio (PR) pediátrico en un centro de simulación. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional con 77 médicos residentes. Se utilizó un caso simulado de un paciente con dificultad respiratoria que progresa a PR. Resultados. De los 77 participantes, 48 reconocieron el paro respiratorio (62,3 %). El tiempo medio para reconocer el PR fue de 34,43 segundos. Conclusión. El 62,3 % de los participantes logró reconocer el paro respiratorio. Entre aquellos que lo identificaron, el tiempo promedio fue de 34,43 segundos. Se observaron graves deficiencias en algunas de las intervenciones esperadas.


Introduction. Respiratory failure is the most common cause of cardiac arrest in pediatrics. Recognizing and managing it adequately is critical. Simulation is used to improve medical skills. The objective of this study was to establish the proportion of pediatric residents who recognized a respiratory arrest in a child at a simulation center. Methods. This was an observational study in 77 residents. A simulation of a patient with respiratory distress that progressed to respiratory arrest was used. Results. Among the 77 participants, 48 recognized respiratory arrest (62.3%). The mean time to recognize respiratory arrest was 34.43 seconds. Conclusion. Respiratory arrest was recognized by 62.3% of participants. Among those who did so, the average time was 34.43 seconds. Severe failures were noted in some of the expected interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Heart Arrest/therapy , Internship and Residency , Clinical Competence , Airway Management
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1587-1595, dic. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528805

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Anatomy and clinical skills are taught separately to physical and occupational therapy students. Formaldehyde is the primary chemical used to embalm donors which creates a challenge in integrating clinical skills into the anatomy curriculum. This study aimed to evaluate the integration of clinical skills into anatomical education using Imperial College London- Soft Preservation (ICL-SP) and formaldehyde embalming through the evaluation of student perceived learning and confidence. Students were invited to complete a survey after dissecting an ICL-SP and formaldehyde embalmed donors and perform clinical tests. It was easier to dissect and identify neurovascular structures on ICL-SP donors compared to formaldehyde. Clinical tests, like measuring range of motion and ligament tests were also more realistic on ICL-SP donors. The integration of clinical skills in the anatomical curriculum increased student perceived understanding of associated anatomy (p < 0.001), gave better understanding of how anatomy is important to their professions (p < 0.001) and increased motivation to learn anatomy (p < 0.001). The integration of clinical skills into anatomical education can facilitate student learning with higher confidence performing clinical skills and is complemented by the utilization of the new ICL-SP methodology instead of the traditional formaldehyde preservation.


Las habilidades anatómicas y clínicas se enseñan por separado a los estudiantes de terapia física y ocupacional. El formaldehído es el químico principal que se usa para embalsamar a los donantes, lo que crea un desafío para integrar las habilidades clínicas en el plan de estudios de anatomía. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la integración de habilidades clínicas en la educación anatómica utilizando Imperial College London-Soft Preservation (ICL-SP) y embalsamamiento de formaldehído a través de la evaluación del aprendizaje y la confianza percibidos por los estudiantes. Se invitó a los estudiantes a completar una encuesta después de diseccionar un ICL-SP y donantes embalsamados formolizados y realizar pruebas clínicas. Fue más fácil diseccionar e identificar estructuras neurovasculares en donantes ICL-SP en comparación con los fijados en formaldehído. Las pruebas clínicas, como la medición del rango de movimiento y las pruebas de ligamentos, también fueron más realistas en los donantes de ICL-SP. La integración de habilidades clínicas en el plan de estudios anatómico aumentó la comprensión percibida por los estudiantes de anatomía asociada (p < 0,001), dio una mejor comprensión de cómo la anatomía es importante para sus profesiones (p < 0,001) y aumentó la motivación para aprender anatomía (p < 0,001). La integración de las habilidades clínicas en la educación anatómica puede facilitar el aprendizaje de los estudiantes con mayor confianza en el desempeño de las habilidades clínicas y se complementa con la utilización de la nueva metodología ICL-SP en lugar de la conservación tradicional con formaldehído.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students/psychology , Tissue Preservation/methods , Anatomy/education , Cadaver , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Therapy , Physical Therapy Modalities , Clinical Competence , Curriculum , Dissection , Embalming , Formaldehyde
4.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e71004, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525080

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar o conhecimento de enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem atutentes em Unidades de Pronto Atendimento quanto ao reconhecimento de manifestações clínicas e grupos de risco para o desenvolvimento da forma grave da COVID-19. Método: estudo descritivo, realizado com 53 profissionais de três unidades de pronto atendimento, com coleta de dados realizada por meio de questionário autorrespondido. Dados analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial (testes t-student e qui-quadrado). Protocolo de pesquisa aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da instituição. Resultados: destaca-se uma associação entre a citação de manifestações clínicas como náuseas e vômitos, grupos de risco e a função, enfermeiros ou técnicos de enfermagem (p<0,05) e o nível de formação, ou seja, os enfermeiros relataram com maior frequência a presença desses sintomas que os técnicos de enfermagem. Conclusão: os profissionais de enfermagem apresentam conhecimento quanto a sintomatologia e grupos de risco, ainda que haja diferença entre o nível profissional(AU)


Objective: to compare the knowledge of nurses and nursing technicians working in Emergency Care Units regarding the recognition of clinical manifestations and risk groups for the development of the severe form of COVID-19. Method: descriptive study, carried out with 53 professionals from three emergency care units, with data collection carried out through a self-answered questionnaire. Data analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (t-student and chi-square tests). Research protocol approved by the institution's Research Ethics Committee. Results: an association stands out between the mention of clinical manifestations such as nausea and vomiting, risk groups and the role, nurses or nursing technicians (p<0.05) and the level of training, that is, nurses reported with the presence of these symptoms was more frequent than nursing technicians. Conclusion: nursing professionals have knowledge regarding symptoms and risk groups, even if there is a difference between the professional level(AU)


Objetivo: comparar los conocimientos de enfermeros y técnicos de enfermería que trabajan en Unidades de Atención de Emergencia sobre el reconocimiento de manifestaciones clínicas y grupos de riesgo para el desarrollo de la forma grave de COVID-19. Método: estudio descriptivo, realizado con 53 profesionales de tres unidades de atención de emergencia, con recolección de datos realizada a través de un cuestionario auto respondido. Datos analizados mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial (pruebas t de Student y chi-cuadrado). Protocolo de investigación aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la institución. Resultados: se destaca asociación entre la mención de manifestaciones clínicas como náuseas y vómitos, grupos de riesgo y el rol, enfermeros o técnicos de enfermería (p<0,05) y el nivel de formación, es decir, los enfermeros reportaron la presencia de estos síntomas. fue más frecuente que los técnicos de enfermería. Conclusión: los profesionales de enfermería tienen conocimientos sobre síntomas y grupos de riesgo, aunque exista diferencia entre el nivel profesional(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Clinical Competence , Nurse's Role , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Nursing, Team , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Medical Services , Licensed Practical Nurses , Nurses
5.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3935, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441983

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir las competencias profesionales de los enfermeros que trabajan en urgencias y emergencias y comprender la percepción que tienen sobre las competencias esenciales para el desempeño y la actualización profesional. Método: estudio secuencial explicativo de métodos mixtos, realizado con enfermeros de urgencias y emergencias. Para obtener datos cuantitativos, se utilizó un cuestionario con 78 ítems, respondido por 39 enfermeros, que fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva y pruebas no paramétricas. Los datos cualitativos se obtuvieron a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas con 17 enfermeros, que fueron interpretados mediante el análisis temático de contenido inductivo. Los datos se combinaron por conexión. Resultados: se obtuvo un alto nivel de competencia en la autoevaluación de los enfermeros de urgencias y emergencias en el factor 2 - relaciones en el trabajo y un nivel más bajo en el factor 6 - excelencia profesional (p=0,036). Los datos cualitativos coincidieron positivamente con el factor relaciones en el trabajo, identificando la asociación entre conocimiento y experiencia práctica con las competencias, además de un escenario que carece de educación continua. Conclusión: a pesar de los altos niveles de competencia identificados en los enfermeros de urgencias y emergencias, el fortalecimiento de las estrategias educativas favorece el desarrollo y reconocimiento profesional.


Objective: to describe the professional competencies of nurses working in urgency and emergency services and to understand their perception of the essential competencies for professional performance and updating. Method: a sequential, mixed-methods and explanatory study, conducted with emergency nurses. To obtain the quantitative data, a questionnaire with 78 items was used, answered by 39 nurses and analyzed using descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests. In turn, the qualitative data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with 17 nurses, whose interpretation was based on inductive content thematic analysis. The data were combined by connection. Results: a high level of competence was obtained in the self-assessment of urgency and emergency nurses in Factor 2 - Relations at work and a lower level in Factor 6 - Professional excellence (p=0.036). The qualitative data corroborated positively with the "Relations at work" factor, identifying the association of knowledge and practical experience, with competencies beyond a scenario devoid of permanent education. Conclusion: despite the high levels of competence identified in emergency nurses, the strengthening of educational strategies favors professional development and recognition.


Objetivo: descrever as competências profissionais dos enfermeiros que atuam em urgência e emergência e compreender sua percepção a respeito das competências essenciais para a atuação e a atualização profissional. Método: estudo sequencial explanatório de métodos mistos, realizado com enfermeiros de urgência e emergência. Para a obtenção dos dados quantitativos, utilizou-se um questionário com 78 itens, respondidos por 39 enfermeiros, que foram analisados mediante estatística descritiva e testes não paramétricos. Já os dados qualitativos, foram obtidos por entrevista semiestruturada realizada com 17 enfermeiros, cuja interpretação deu-se pela análise temática de conteúdo indutiva. Os dados foram combinados por conexão. Resultados: obteve-se alto nível de competência na autoavaliação dos enfermeiros de urgência e emergência no fator 2 - relações no trabalho e menor nível no fator 6 - excelência profissional (p=0,036). Os dados qualitativos corroboraram de forma positiva com o fator relações no trabalho, identificando a associação do conhecimento e experiência prática com competências, além de um cenário desprovido de educação permanente. Conclusão: apesar de altos níveis de competência identificados nos enfermeiros de urgência e emergência, o fortalecimento de estratégias educacionais favorece o desenvolvimento e o reconhecimento profissional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional Competence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Clinical Competence , Qualitative Research , Emergency Service, Hospital , Nurses
6.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3950, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441986

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la evidencia científica sobre las metodologías que utilizan los profesionales de enfermería para producir videos educativos. Método: revisión integradora. La búsqueda de estudios primarios se realizó en las bases de datos CINAHL, LILACS y MEDLINE/PubMed. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 19 investigaciones. La calidad metodológica de los estudios incluidos se evaluó usando una herramienta propuesta por la Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice y los resultados se analizaron de forma descriptiva. Resultados: las etapas metodológicas utilizadas para el proceso de elaboración y realización de los videos incluyen preproducción, producción y postproducción. Los estudios revelan que, en general, los autores aplicaron y/o describieron correctamente las etapas, además contemplaban el método adoptado. Sin embargo, en 14 estudios no se utilizó un marco metodológico para garantizar el rigor en su realización y en 11 presentaron validación por parte del público objetivo. Conclusión: la síntesis de conocimientos mostró que aún hay necesidad de atención en la construcción de videos educativos en cuanto al marco metodológico y la validación por la población objetivo. La ejecución rigurosa de los procedimientos metodológicos necesarios para el desarrollo de videos educativos, para fomentar la adquisición de habilidades esenciales para la creación de material didáctico de alta calidad.


Objective: to evaluate the diverse scientific evidence on the methodologies used by Nursing professionals in the production of educational videos. Method: an integrative review. The search for primary studies was carried out in the CINAHL, LILACS and MEDLINE/PubMed databases. The sample consisted of 19 research studies. The methodological quality of the studies included was assessed using a tool proposed by the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice and the results were analyzed in a descriptive form. Results: the methodological stages used for the process to elaborate and make the videos include pre-production, production and post-production. The studies reveal that, for the most part, the stages were properly applied and/or described by the authors, in addition to contemplating the method adopted. However, in 14 studies there was no use of a methodological framework to ensure rigor in their conduction and in 11 presented validation by the target audience. Conclusion: the synthesis of knowledge showed that there is still a need for attention for the construction of educational videos regarding the methodological framework and validation by the target population. The rigorous execution of the methodological procedures necessary for the development of educational videos, aiming to encourage the acquisition of essential skills for the creation of high-quality teaching materials.


Objetivo: avaliar as evidências científicas sobre as metodologias utilizadas pelos profissionais de enfermagem na produção de vídeos educativos. Método: revisão integrativa. A busca dos estudos primários foi realizada nas bases de dados CINAHL, LILACS e MEDLINE/PubMed. A amostra foi composta por 19 pesquisas. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos incluídos foi avaliada por meio ferramenta proposta por Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice e os resultados foram analisados de forma descritiva. Resultados: as etapas metodológicas utilizadas para o processo de elaboração e construção dos vídeos compreendem a pré-produção, produção e pós-produção. Os estudos revelaram que, majoritariamente, as etapas foram aplicadas e/ou descritas corretamente pelos autores, além de contemplar o método adotado. No entanto, em 14 estudos não houve a utilização de referencial metodológico para assegurar o rigor em sua condução e em 11 apresentaram a validação pelo público-alvo. Conclusão: a síntese de conhecimento mostrou que ainda há necessidade de atenção para a construção de vídeos educativos quanto ao referencial metodológico e validação pela população-alvo. A execução rigorosa dos procedimentos metodológicos para o desenvolvimento de vídeos educacionais, permitem fomentar a aquisição de habilidades essenciais para a criação de materiais didáticos de elevada qualidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Educational Technology , Instructional Film and Video , Education, Nursing , Health Services Needs and Demand
7.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 22(1): 70-83, 04-09-2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1509836

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el correcto manejo de la hipotensión arterial durante la hemodiálisis es fundamental en la formación y trabajo del personal de enfermería nefrológica del Centro Médico Naval. El personal debe tener conocimientos suficientes sobre la hipotensión y sus factores asociados que le ayuden a predecirla y actuar de manera preventiva, así como con habilidades instrumentales para llevar a cabo medidas en la práctica. Objetivo: analizar la competencia clínica del personal de enfermería en el servicio de hemodiálisis del Centro Médico Naval con respecto a su formación académica y experiencia profesional en el manejo de la hipotensión arterial intradialítica. Metodología: estudio prospectivo, descriptivo y observacional. Se emplearon dos instrumentos: una adaptación del Cuestionario de conocimientos para el manejo de hemodiálisis de Miller y la Guía de observación de habilidades instrumentales en el personal de enfermería de Murillo. Resultados: se contó con una muestra de doce enfermeros pertenecientes al servicio de hemodiálisis. El 33.3% mostró un nivel regular de competencia clínica y 66.7% un nivel bueno. En promedio, la competencia clínica se ubicó en 78%. Discusión: los resultados obtenidos difieren de los reportados en otras investigaciones, tanto por el año de aplicación como de los sujetos evaluados. Limitaciones: se contó con una muestra baja debido a que el personal del servicio no es numeroso. Conclusiones: es necesario reforzar los conocimientos del personal sobre el tema. Sin embargo, se observó que las habilidades instrumentales fueron excelentes en todos los casos. No se observa relación con el nivel de estudios o la experiencia profesional.


Introduction: the correct management of arterial hypotension during hemodialysis is fundamental in the training and work of the nephrological nursing staff at the Naval Medical Center. The staff must have sufficient knowledge about hypotension and its associated factors to help them predict it and act preventively, as well as instrumental skills to carry out measures in practice. Objective: to analyze the clinical competence of the nursing staff in the hemodialysis service of the Naval Medical Center concerning their academic training and profesional experience in the management of intradialytic arterial hypotension. Methodology: a prospective, descriptive, and observational study. Two instruments were used: an adaptation of Miller's Hemodialysis Management Knowledge Questionnaire and Murillo's Guide to Observation of Instrumental Skills in Nursing Personnel. Results: There was a sample of twelve nurses belonging to the hemodialysis service. 33.3% percent showed a fair level of clinical competence and 66.7% a good level. On average, clinical competence was 78%. Discussion: the results obtained differ from those reported in other studies, in terms of both the year of application and the subjects evaluated. Limitations: there was a low sample size due to the small number of service personnel. Conclusions: it is necessary to reinforce the knowledge of the personnel on the subject. However, it was observed that instrumental skills were excellent in all cases. No relationship was observed with the level of studies or professional experience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nursing Staff , Renal Dialysis , Clinical Competence , Hypotension
8.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 250-257, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439608

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: High-fidelity (HF) pediatric patient simulators are expensive. This randomized study aimed to compare the quality and educational impact of a full-scale simulation workshop with an HF infant simulator (SimBaby™, Laerdal) or with a low-cost (LC) simulator composed of an inert infant manikin with SimBaby™ software that displays respiratory/hemodynamic parameters on a monitor for medical education in pediatric difficult airway management. Methods: After written informed consent, anesthetists and emergency or ICU physicians participated in teams (4 to 6 participants) in a training session that included direct participation and observation of two difficult intubation scenarios. They were randomized into two groups (HF group, n = 65 and LC group, n = 63). They filled out a simulation quality score (SQS, 0 to 50), self-evaluated their anesthetists' non-technical skills (ANTS) score (15 to 60), and an educational quality score (EQS, 0 to 60) immediately (T0, main criteria), as well as 3 (T3) and 6 (T6) months after the training session. Results: We enrolled 128 physicians. Direct participation SQS (39 ± 5 HF group versus 38 ± 5 LC group), observation SQS (41 ± 4 H F group versus 39 ± 5 LC group), ANTS scores (38 ± 4 HF group versus 39 ± 6 LC group), T0 SQS (44 ± 5 HF group versus 43 ± 6 LC group), T3 and T6 SQS were not different between groups. Conclusion: Our low-cost simulator should be suggested as a less expensive alternative to an HF simulator for continuing medical education in pediatric difficult airway management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Education, Medical, Continuing , Simulation Training , Clinical Competence , Airway Management
9.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(4): 510-517, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560191

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Communication skills (CS) are competencies required by health professionals. Clinical simulation with a simulated/standardized patient (SP) is a good resource for teaching this skill. However, it requires trained teachers to guide the process. Not all teachers have this training. HC short evaluation instruments are required to develop a structured observation during the activity, especially those that can be applied by all the participants to guide and understand the process from a broader perspective. AIM: Validate a short HC assessment questionnaire to evaluate these skills from a 360° analysis, i.e., from the learner, facilitator/teacher, and PS perspective. METHOD: A brief HC questionnaire was created, subjected to construct and content validity, and thus applied to 40 Kinesiology undergraduate students, facilitator/teacher, and PS during a simulated teleconsultation scenario. We analyzed the result of the communication by descriptive statistics, Lashe, Cronbach, KMO, Bartlett, IVC, Fisher and Cohen tests, and exploratory factorial analysis. RESULTS: The questionnaire showed content validity for 5 of 6 items. Construct validity with commonalities over 50% for each item. With good reliability (Cronbach's alpha > 0.79). We found high levels of HC in the students, but the concordance between observers was weak (Cohen's Kappa < 0.4). CONCLUSION: The short questionnaire for HC is a valid assessment tool during clinical simulation. Incorporating the views and perceptions of all the simulation participants can improve the understanding of health communication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Communication , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Patient Simulation , Clinical Competence , Telerehabilitation/methods
10.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 25(1): [16], abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440167

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: El estudio teórico, el diagnóstico realizado y la experiencia de los investigadores, posibilitan formular como problema de la presente investigación: limitaciones en el desarrollo de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los residentes de la especialidad de Dermatología del Hospital General Provincial Docente "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" de Ciego de Ávila. Objetivo: Elaborar una concepción didáctica del proceso de formación interdisciplinar de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los residentes de la especialidad de Dermatología, a partir de la caracterización del estado actual de esta habilidad. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación educativa con un componente descriptivo en el Hospital General Provincial Docente "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" de Ciego de Ávila, en los cursos escolares desde 2016 al 2020. La población de estudio fueron los 16 residentes de 1.er año que matricularon la especialidad de Dermatología en el período de estudio. Se emplearon métodos del nivel teórico y empírico. Resultados: La caracterización realizada reveló limitaciones en el desarrollo de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los laboratorios de Anatomía Patológica, Microbiología y Parasitología Médica, por los residentes (100 %). La concepción didáctica del proceso de formación interdisciplinar de la habilidad diagnosticar orienta el proceso desde las actividades docentes-atencionales y prácticas de laboratorio en una consecutividad lógica y sistematización desde las diferentes formas de enseñanza y tipologías de clase. Integra la interdisciplinariedad y la utilización del método investigativo establecido en las ideas rectoras. Conclusiones: La concepción didáctica como aporte de la investigación resuelve la contradicción dialéctica entre la aplicación del método clínico y los procedimientos en la práctica de laboratorio que se da en ese proceso formativo y constituye un soporte didáctico que respalda las actividades prácticas en los laboratorios para cumplir con los objetivos del Plan de estudio de la especialidad.


Background: The theoretical study, the diagnosis conducted and the experience of the researchers make possible to formulate the problem of the present research: limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the Specialty of Dermatology of the General Provincial Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila. Objective: To elaborate a didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the specialty of Dermatology, based on the characterization of the current state of that ability. Methodology: An educational research with a descriptive component was conducted at the Provincial General Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila, in the 2016-2020 school years. The study population consisted of the 16 first-year dermatology residents who enrolled in the specialty during the study period. Results: The characterization conducted showed limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in anatomic pathology laboratories, Microbiology and Medical Parasitology, by residents (100%). The didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of diagnostic ability focuses on teaching and learning activities and laboratory practices in a logical consecutiveness and systematization from the different forms of teaching and class typologies. It integrates the interdisciplinary and the use of the research method that is established in the guiding ideas. Conclusions: The didactic conception, as a research contribution, resolves the dialectic contradiction between the application of the clinical method and the procedures in laboratory practice that occurs in this formative process which is a didactic support that backs up the practical activities in the laboratories in order to achieve the objectives of the study plan of the specialty.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence , Dermatology/education , Education, Medical/methods , Interdisciplinary Placement/methods , Medical Staff
11.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236641, 01 jan 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437872

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear as competências do enfermeiro especialista em Dermatologia. MÉTODO: Trata-se de uma scoping review, desenvolvida conforme as recomendações do Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Para elaboração da questão de pesquisa utilizou-se a estratégia Population, Concept e Context. A busca por publicações, sem limitar idioma e recorte temporal, foi realizada nas fontes: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE) via PubMed, Scopus, Embase e Cochrane Library, além de sites das associações de especialistas e no Google Acadêmico. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionadas 17 publicações, originando as categorias: avaliação integral do paciente dermatológico, prescrição de medicamentos, detecção precoce e prevenção do câncer de pele, tratamento de feridas e estética. CONCLUSÃO: Diante da vasta possibilidade de atuação do enfermeiro nesta área, constata-se a necessidade de ampliação da discussão e de pesquisas sobre o tema.


OBJECTIVE: To map the competencies of specialist nurses in Dermatology. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted according to the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). The Population, Concept, and Context framework established the research question. The search for publications was carried out in different sources, including Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Latin America and the Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE) via PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Additionally, expert association websites and Google Scholar were searched. No language or time restrictions were applied. RESULTS: Seventeen publications were selected, originating the categories: integral evaluation of the dermatological patient, drug prescription, early detection and prevention of skin cancer, wound care, and aesthetics. CONCLUSION: Faced with the vast possibilities for nurses to work in Dermatology, there is a need to expand the discussion and research on the subject.


Subject(s)
Professional Competence , Specialization , Clinical Competence , Delivery of Health Care , Dermatology , Nurses
12.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236629, 01 jan 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1415536

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o ensino baseado em simulação no desenvolvimento da competência clínica de estudantes. MÉTODO: Estudo quase experimental realizado em uma universidade pública que participaram 62 estudantes. Para coleta de dados utilizou-se um Teste de Conhecimento e um Checklist. Os dados foram apresentados em percentual e comparados com a ANOVA. RESULTADOS: A média do percentual do conhecimento, antes, durante e após as estratégias teóricas (estudo de caso e aula teórica dialogada), foi 67,6%, 76,7% e 88,1% respectivamente e 87,6% após 30 dias. Na simulação, a habilidade "comunicou-se com fala nítida e tom de voz controlado" obteve 93,5% de acertos; "acoplou oxímetro de pulso" e "administrou o antiagregante plaquetário" 100%; 75% dos estudantes classificaram o paciente em um dos três grupos de síndrome coronariana e 83,7% relacionaram com o melhor tratamento. CONCLUSÃO: O ensino baseado em simulação possibilitou o desenvolvimento da competência clínica dos estudantes no atendimento de síndrome coronariana.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate simulation-based teaching in the development of students' clinical competence. METHOD: Quasi-experimental study carried out at a public university with the participation of 62 students. A Knowledge Test and a Checklist were used for data collection. Data were presented as percentages and compared using ANOVA. RESULTS: The average percentage of knowledge, before, during and after the theoretical strategies (case study and dialogued theoretical class), was 67.6%, 76.7% and 88.1% respectively and 87.6% after 30 days. In the simulation, the skill "communicated with clear speech and controlled tone of voice" obtained 93.5% of correct answers; "attached pulse oximeter" and "administered platelet antiaggregant" 100%; 75% of the students classified the patient in one of the three groups of coronary syndrome and 83.7% related it to the best treatment. CONCLUSION: Simulation-based teaching enabled the development of students' clinical competence in treating coronary syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Clinical Competence , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Simulation Training , Patient Care , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
13.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 125-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981592

ABSTRACT

Objectives To learn the echocardiography skills of intensivists after receiving a basic critical care echocardiography training course, and investigate factors that may influence their performance. Methods We completed a web-based questionnaire that assessed the skills in ultrasound scanning techniques of intensivists who took a training course on basic critical care echocardiography held in 2019 and 2020. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the factors which might affect their performance on image acquisition, recognizing clinical syndrome, and measuring the diameter of inferior vena cava, left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral.Results We enrolled 554 physicians from 412 intensive care units across China. Among them, 185 (33.4%) reported that they had 10%-30% chance of being misled by critical care echocardiography when making therapeutic decision, and 34 (6.1%) reported that the chance was greater than 30%. Intensivists who performed echocardiography under the guidance of a mentor and finished ultrasound scanning more than 10 times per week reported significant higher scores in image acquisition, clinical syndrome recognition, and quantitative measurement of inferior vena cava diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral than those without mentor and performing echocardiography 10 times or less per week respectively (all P < 0.05).Conclusion The skills in diagnostic medical echocardiography of Chinese intensivists after a basic echocardiographic training course remain low, and further quality assurance training program is clearly warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , East Asian People , Echocardiography/standards , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Self-Assessment , Physicians/standards , Internal Medicine/standards
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1825-1837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981173

ABSTRACT

Comprehensive experiments course is a bridge for higher vocational students to integrate theoretical knowledge with production practice. The article introduces that our biological pharmacy department is committed to the principles of "promotion of teaching, learning and construction through skills competition so as to integrate education and training". By taking penicillin fermentation process as an example, reform has been made in several aspects including teaching objectives, teaching content and teaching methods. We integrate the practical operation of fermentation equipment with virtual simulation software to develop a two-way interactive course. By reducing the subjective dependence, the quantitative management and evaluation of fermentation process parameter control were put into place, which efficiently integrated the skills competition with practical teaching. Improved teaching performance has been achieved over recent years, which may facilitate the reform and practice of similar courses based on skills competition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Learning , Students , Technology , Biological Products
15.
Health Sciences Journal ; : 85-94, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005092

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical schools shifted to blended learning. This study aimed to determine the demographic and level of confidence of a private medical school’s clinical clerks of School Year 2021-2022 on general competencies and skills. @*Methods@#The study aimed to identify the skills that exhibited the highest and lowest levels of confidence among a group of 139 clinical clerks. Additionally, it sought to examine whether there were significant differences in confidence levels based on sex and prior clinical experience. An analytical cross-sectional study design was employed using a Google Form as the data collection tool.@*Results@#The clerks were most confident in handwashing, and least in NGT insertion, performing digital rectal examination (DRE), and suturing. Females were more confident in history taking of obstetric and gynecologic, surgical, and medical patients, physical examination of pediatric patients, and preparing a discharge summary, while males were more confident in performing digital rectal examination. Clerks with prior medical experience were significantly more confident in foley catheter insertion, intravenous insertion, blood extraction, suturing, and performing essential intrapartum and newborn care (EINC) than those without. The results aligned with previous studies since clerks with prior experience were able to practice the skills in a psychomotor sense.@*Conclusion@#The study revealed significant differences in the confidence level on the competencies and skills for medical practice between sex and prior medical experience.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence
17.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 222 p. ilus..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1555903

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho visou a criação do primeiro Manual de Medicina Narrativa em Oncologia, para preencher uma lacuna existente na formação médica e na educação continuada, afim de dar os primeiros ensinamentos, aos que pretendem se introduzir nesta disciplina; foram convidados experts inseridos na oncologia, na literatura e nas artes, que colocaram a sua experiência de forma técnica mas parazerosa nos capitulos. No momento não há no Brasil nenhum manual para a introdução de profissionais da Oncologia à Medicina Narrativa, apesar da Medicina Narrativa existir de fato desde 2001, e as evidências da Oncologia Narrativa desde 2003 nos Estados Unidos da América. No manual é apresentado ao leitor a Medicina Narrativa, sua relação com a Biblioterapia, com Comunicação Eficiente, com a Navegação Oncológica, com a Arte em Saúde, com a Experiência da Profissional Paciente, com a Educação no Paciente com Câncer, com os Cuidados Paliativos e com a Oncologia Pediátrica, de maneira técnica, mas ao mesmo tempo simples e prazerosa. No último capítulo há o convite para um minicurso, através de conteúdos selecionados, textos, livros, pinturas, filmes e vídeos para despertar o leitor para a as artes, uma imersão autorreflexiva, de autodesenvolvimento, e ao final é apresentado um anexo com uma que convida o leitor a uma autorrevisão dos capítulos, estimulando a escrita e a memória. Consideramos que a Oncologia Narrativa será uma área de grande crescimento, haja vista as evidências da contribuição desta para o ecossistema: paciente, familiares, comunidade, médicos, profissionais da saúde, prestadores, operadoras de saúde e Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). O Manual pretende o substrato para esta transformação como uma ferramenta de auto desenvolvimento e de introdução a pratica autoreflexiva. Bem vindo a Oncolologia Narrativa.


This work aimed at creating a Manual of Narrative Medicine in Oncology, which seeks to fill an existing gap in medical training and continuing education,in order to give the first lessons to those who intend to introduce themselves to this technique and discipline; here we will share the experience of protagonist in the journey of a Cancer Center.At the moment there is no manual in this sense aimed at specifically introducing cancer center professionals in Brazil to Narrative Medicine despite its emergence in American oncology since 2003 through the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) from interviews in the PRO Narrative Oncology section with poems and works of art, and the Journal of Clinical Oncology with the Art of Oncology section dedicated to personal essays, and also with the journal Practical Radiation Oncology which had a section on Narrative Oncology which in 2012 brought together oncology leaders and makes the special publication Narratives in Oncology, always remembering that the landmark of narrative medicine is Rita Charon's 2001 publication(The patient-physician relationship. Narrative medicine: A model for empathy, reflection, profession, and trust. JAMA, v.286, n. 15, p.1897-902, 2001).In Brazil, more precisely in the state of São Paulo, there is a course dedicated only to Narrative Medicine, with no precise relation to oncology, in the extension area at Escola Paulista de Medicina ­ Universidade Federal de São Paulo, and a discipline at the University of São Paulo , the first called Narrativas em Saúde ­ Multiprofessional and interdisciplinary Extension Project that works with Narrative Medicine, with a monthly meeting and some work projects with patients and the community, and Neuro-narrative and Neuro-discourse, linked to the Neuro-discourse Sector. Humanities of the Discipline of Neurology, which gives notions of neuroscience regarding cognition, allow associating narrative activity and its correlations with the improvement of the cognitive abilities of both the professional and the patient; the second at the University of São Paulo at the Faculty of Philosophy, Letters and Human Sciences, in the Literature, Narrative and Medicine Study and Research Group, which aims to analyze and interpret different types of narrative. We believe that Narrative Oncology will be an area of great growth, given the evidence of its contribution to the ecosystem: patient, family, community, physicians, health professionals, providers, health insurance companies and the Unified Health System (SUS).


Subject(s)
Humans , Narrative Medicine , Bibliotherapy , Clinical Competence , Evidence-Based Medicine , Education, Medical , Neoplasms
18.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e278403, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529212

ABSTRACT

A Comissão Consultiva em Avaliação Psicológica (CCAP) do Conselho Federal de Psicologia (CFP), em seu 20º aniversário, vem discutir os possíveis efeitos, ainda efetivamente desconhecidos, da Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (ADI) 3481, instruída no Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), a qual desestruturou o modo como os testes psicológicos eram comercializados no Brasil. A livre comercialização de testes psicológicos coloca em risco a segurança de avaliações psicológicas e cabe à categoria profissional pensar estratégias de enfrentamento desses riscos. Neste artigo, são discutidos possíveis efeitos da ADI 3481 para a categoria profissional da psicologia, bem como para a sociedade em geral, e são também elencadas possíveis estratégias de enfrentamento desses riscos, sem desconsiderar aspectos éticos relacionados a eles. Dessa forma, busca-se neste manuscrito, além da problematização dos efeitos derivados da ADI 3481, pensar soluções ou alternativas que venham a redirecionar a trajetória da área da avaliação psicológica no Brasil. Com isso, abre-se um espaço de discussão e encaminhamentos que a categoria profissional precisará tomar nos próximos anos.(AU)


The Advisory Commission for Psychological Assessment of the Federal Council of Psychology discusses, on its 20th anniversary, the possible and still effectively unknown effects of the Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (DAU) 3481, following the Supreme Federal Court, which interrupted how psychological tests were marketed in Brazil. The free trade of psychological tests puts the safety of psychological assessments at risk, and this professional category must think of strategies to face these risks. This study discusses the possible effects of DAU 3481 for professional psychology and for society in general, listing possible strategies for coping with these risks without disregarding its ethical aspects. Thus, this study seeks to problematize the effects derived from DAU 3481 and think of solutions or alternatives that may redirect the trajectory of the field of psychological assessment in Brazil, thus opening a space for discussion and referrals professional psychology will require in the coming years.(AU)


La Comisión Consultiva en Evaluación Psicológica (CCEP) del Consejo Federal de Psicología (CFP), en su 20.º aniversario, propone discutir los posibles efectos aún efectivamente desconocidos de la Acción Directa de Inconstitucionalidad (ADI) 3481, determinada por el Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), por la cual trastornó la forma de comercializar las pruebas psicológicas en Brasil. La comercialización sin restricciones de las pruebas psicológicas pone en riesgo la seguridad de las evaluaciones psicológicas, y le corresponde a la categoría profesional pensar estrategias para enfrentar estos riesgos. En este artículo se discuten los posibles efectos de la ADI 3481 para la categoría profesional de la Psicología, así como para la sociedad en general, pero también se enumeran posibles estrategias para el enfrentamiento de estos riesgos, sin descuidar los aspectos éticos relacionados con ellos. Así, este manuscrito busca, además de problematizar los efectos derivados de la ADI 3481, pensar en soluciones o alternativas que puedan reconducir la trayectoria del campo de la evaluación psicológica en Brasil. Esto abre un espacio de discusión y derivaciones que la categoría profesional deberá tomar en los próximos años.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Social Justice , Aptitude Tests , Politics , Poverty , Problem Solving , Professional Practice , Quality of Health Care , Safety , Social Control, Formal , Social Sciences , Societies , Specialty Boards , Systems Analysis , Teaching , Therapeutics , Choice Behavior , Mental Health , Control Groups , Reproducibility of Results , Health Status Indicators , Databases, Bibliographic , Decision Support Techniques , Investigative Techniques , Health Strategies , Civil Rights , Negotiating , Mental Competency , Clinical Competence , Disabled Persons , Total Quality Management , Collective Bargaining , Commerce , Communication , Confidentiality , Impacts of Polution on Health , Knowledge , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Decision Support Systems, Clinical , Handbook , Credentialing , Health Risk , Access to Information , Decision Making , Uncertainty , Government Regulation , Law Enforcement , Diagnosis , Employee Discipline , Equipment and Supplies , Disease Prevention , Ethics , Ethics, Professional , Professional Training , Data Accuracy , Ecological Momentary Assessment , Mentoring , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Freedom , Health Occupations , Health Services Accessibility , Jurisprudence , Licensure , Methods
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e256659, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529213

ABSTRACT

Em 2020, o mundo enfrentou uma grave emergência de saúde pública devido à pandemia de COVID-19, que impactou significativamente a mobilidade humana e a vida cotidiana de milhares de imigrantes ao redor do mundo. Este artigo fez uso de entrevistas online e por telefone com imigrantes que chegaram ao Brasil a partir de 2016, para identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas durante a pandemia. Foi realizada uma análise transversal das entrevistas com o auxílio do software Atlas.ti 9, usando a técnica sistemática de categorização iterativa. Com base em uma perspectiva sociocultural em psicologia, o artigo introduz os impactos iniciais da pandemia em diferentes esferas da vida cotidiana desses imigrantes e apresenta as estratégias mobilizadas para restaurar continuidades funcionais e relacionais em um momento no qual as rupturas provocadas pela migração e pela pandemia se sobrepõem. Entre outros, podese identificar como os entrevistados ativaram rapidamente as redes sociais locais e transnacionais virtualmente, mobilizando competências e habilidades aprendidas durante a migração.(AU)


In 2020, the world faced a serious public health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has significantly impacted human mobility and the daily lives of thousands of immigrants around the world. This article uses online and telephone interviews conducted with migrants who arrived in Brazil in 2016, to identify coping strategies employed during the pandemic. A transversal analysis of all interviews was conducted with the aid of the software Atlas.ti 9, using a systematic approach of iterative categorization. From a sociocultural perspective in psychology, the article introduces the initial impacts of the pandemic in different spheres of everyday life of these immigrants. With this everyday context, we present the strategies mobilized by immigrants to restore functional and relational continuities at a moment in which the ruptures caused by migration and the pandemic overlap. In particular, we identify how interviewees rapidly activated local and transnational social networks virtually, mobilizing skills learnt during migration.(AU)


En 2020, el mundo se enfrentó a un grave estado de emergencia en salud pública debido a la pandemia del COVID-19, que impactó significativamente la movilidad humana y la vida cotidiana de miles de inmigrantes en todo el mundo. Este artículo realizó entrevistas en línea y por teléfono con inmigrantes quienes llegaron a Brasil a partir de 2016, con el fin de identificar sus estrategias de afrontamiento adoptadas durante la pandemia. Se realizó un análisis transversal de las entrevistas con la ayuda del software Atlas.ti 9, utilizando la técnica sistemática de categorización iterativa. Desde una perspectiva sociocultural en Psicología, este artículo expone los impactos iniciales de la pandemia en diferentes ámbitos de la vida cotidiana de estos inmigrantes y presenta las estrategias movilizadas para restaurar las continuidades funcionales y relacionales en un momento en que se superponen las rupturas causadas por la migración y la pandemia. Entre otros aspectos, se puede identificar cómo los entrevistados activaron virtualmente las redes sociales locales y transnacionales movilizando habilidades y destrezas aprendidas durante la migración.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adaptation, Psychological , Cultural Characteristics , Emigration and Immigration , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Aptitude , Politics , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Refugees , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Change , Social Desirability , Social Isolation , Social Mobility , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Social Work , Socioeconomic Factors , Unemployment , Viruses , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Brazil , Career Mobility , Economic Development , Quarantine , Communicable Disease Control , Family Characteristics , Adjustment Disorders , Hygiene , Mental Health , Disease Outbreaks , Mortality , Immunization , Population Growth , Universal Precautions , Clinical Competence , Workplace , Interview , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Disease Notification , Refugee Camps , Endemic Diseases , Credentialing , Crisis Intervention , Affective Symptoms , Culture , Terrorism , Capitalism , Internationality , Disasters , Economics , Employment , Environment and Public Health , Job Market , Ethics , Products Distribution , Cultural Competency , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Economic Recession , Policy , Remuneration , Forecasting , Faith-Based Organizations , Expression of Concern , Right to seek Asylum , Respect , Psychological Distress , Transtheoretical Model , Physical Distancing , Food Insecurity , Social Vulnerability , Disaster Operations , Human Development , Human Rights , Income , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Learning , Leisure Activities , Life Change Events , Loneliness
20.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39007, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415874

ABSTRACT

To analyze the knowledge and safety of primary health care professionals in the management of chronic kidney disease in its early stages. Integrative literature review carried out in four steps. The search took place in the following databases: MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and BVS. The descriptors used were "Primary Health Care" AND "Kidney Diseases" AND "Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice" and the quality of the analysis was checked by means of the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention Studies". Fifteen articles were found, with a predominance of qualitative and descriptive method; the results showed insufficient knowledge of health professionals and interest in the best approach in the initial stage of the disease. Thus, it is inferred that the knowledge and security of primary health care professionals depend on individual factors and institutional initiative for the adoption of clinical guidelines and training. Therefore, prepared professionals and organized care, using protocols, would bring benefits both to patients as to the evolution and outcome of the disease and savings to health services.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Clinical Competence , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
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