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1.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 127-136, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556122

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neumonía por COVID-19 puede presentarse con dos patrones radio-lógicos: daño alveolar difuso o neumonía organizativa. Estos patrones tienen diferente evolución y pronóstico en pacientes sin infección por COVID-19. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la prevalencia del patrón radiológico de neumonía organizativa y su asociación con los desenlaces clínicos.Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo que incluyó a pacientes adultos hospitalizados por COVID-19 grave/crítica a los que se les realizó una tomografía computarizada de tórax en los 21 días posteriores al diagnóstico. Los patrones radiológicos fueron revisados y clasificados por dos radiólogos expertos. Resultados: De los 80 pacientes incluidos, el 89% (n=71) presentaron un patrón compatible con neumonía organizativa. Los principales hallazgos radiológicos fueron la distribución multilobar (98,7%) y bilateral (97,6%) con opacidades en vidrio esmerilado (97,6%). El 44% (n=33) de los sujetos requirió ingreso en cuidados intensivos, de los cuales el 24% (n=19) recibió ventilación mecánica. La presencia de neumonía organizativa se asoció de forma independiente con una disminución de las probabilidades de ventilación mecánica o muerte (Odds ratio 0,14; intervalo de confianza del 95%: 0,02 - 0,96; valor de p 0,045) en un modelo multivariado que incluía la edad, el sexo, el IMC y la afectación pulmonar en la TC.Conclusiones: Un patrón radiológico de neumonía organizativa es altamente prevalen-te en pacientes con COVID-19 grave/crítico y se asocia con mejores resultados clínico


Introduction: COVID-19 pneumonia can present with two distinct radiologic patterns: diffuse alveolar damage or organizing pneumonia. These patterns have been linked to different outcomes in non-COVID-19 settings. We sought to assess the prevalence of organizing pneumonia radiologic pattern and its association with clinical outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study including adult patients hospita- lized for severe/critical COVID-19 who underwent chest computed tomography within 21 days of diagnosis. Radiologic patterns were reviewed and classified by two expert radiologists. Results: Among 80 patients included, 89% (n=71) presented a pattern consistent with organizing pneumonia. The main radiologic findings were multilobar (98.7%) and bilateral (97.6%) distribution with ground glass opacities (97.6%). Intensive care admission was required for 44% (n=33) of subjects, of which 24% (n=19) received mechanical ventilation. The presence of organizing pneumonia was independently associated with a decreased odds of mechanical ventilation or death (Odds ratio 0.14; 95% confidence interval 0.02 - 0.96; p value 0.045) in a multivariate model including age, gender, BMI and lung involvement on CT. Conclusion: A radiologic pattern of organizing pneumonia is highly prevalent in patients with severe/critical COVID-19 and is associated with improved clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia/diagnostic imaging , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial , Comorbidity , Clinical Diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Prevalence , Cohort Studies , Critical Illness , COVID-19 Serological Testing
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 122-131, 20240102. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526859

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La resección segmentaria del intestino y su derivación temporal o definitiva es un procedimiento frecuente en la práctica quirúrgica, que implica la construcción de un estoma. La enfermedad que lleva a la cirugía, las condiciones clínicas del paciente y los aspectos técnicos en la construcción de la ostomía son puntos claves en la evolución posoperatoria. Métodos. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura identificando las complicaciones asociadas a la construcción de estomas, con el objetivo de ofrecer herramientas de tratamiento y toma de decisiones al personal médico involucrado en la atención de estos pacientes. Resultados. La cirugía de urgencia, la inmunosupresión, la obesidad y la técnica en la apertura del orificio en la pared abdominal, favorecen la aparición de complicaciones tempranas que requieren manejo médico o reintervención quirúrgica. Conclusiones. Todo paciente con estoma debe ser valorado minuciosamente por el cirujano y la terapista enterostomal en las primeras 72 horas luego de la cirugía.


Introduction. Segmental resection of the intestine and its temporary or permanent bypass is a frequent procedure in surgical practice, which involves the construction of a stoma. The disease that leads to surgery, the clinical conditions of the patient and the technical aspects in the construction of the ostomy are key points in the postoperative evolution. Methods. A review of the literature was performed, identifying the complications associated with the construction of stomas, with the aim of offering treatment and decision-making tools to the medical personnel involved in the care of these patients. Results. Emergency surgery, immunosuppression, obesity, and the technique used to open the orifice in the abdominal wall favor the appearance of early complications that require medical management or surgical reintervention. Conclusions. Every patient with a stoma must be carefully evaluated by the surgeon and the enterostomal therapist in the first 72 hours after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Colostomy , Ileostomy , Clinical Diagnosis
3.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534853

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer vesical es una enfermedad que afecta, generalmente, a pacientes masculinos de la tercera edad. Este tumor tiene dos formas principales de manifestarse: como tumor superficial y de bajo grado, o como neoplasia invasora de alto grado. La mayoría de los pacientes afectados con esta enfermedad presentan como factor de riesgo, el consumo de tabaco. Objetivo: Contribuir al conocimiento de la comunidad científica en lo relativo a los factores de riesgo y al síntoma principal asociados al cáncer vesical en pacientes adultos de la tercera edad. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática sobre el tema en las bases de datos: SciELO, EBSCO, Scopus, PubMed, y en revistas de Urología. Los artículos fueron publicados en idioma español o inglés. Se realizó un análisis del contenido para lograr la actualización teórica del tema. Conclusiones: El cáncer vesical es una enfermedad multifocal que provoca la aparición de varias neoformaciones dentro del epitelio transicional, en toda su extensión. La presencia de hematuria asintomática en los pacientes adultos fue la causa más común de consulta con el urólogo. Dentro de los factores de riesgo, el principal fue el consumo de tabaco.


Introduction: bladder cancer is a disease that generally affects elderly male patients. This tumour has two main forms of manifestation: as a low-grade superficial tumor or as a high-grade invasive neoplasm. Most of the patients affected with this disease have tobacco consumption as a risk factor. Objective: to contribute to the knowledge of the scientific community in relation to the risk factors associated with bladder cancer in elderly patients. Methods: a systematic review on the subject was carried out in SciELO, EBSCO, Scopus and PubMed databases as well as in Urology journals. Articles published in Spanish or English languages were taken into account. A content analysis was conducted to achieve a theoretical update on this topic. Conclusions: bladder cancer is a multifocal disease that causes the appearance of several neoformations within the transitional epithelium and throughout its entire length. The presence of asymptomatic hematuria in adult patients was the most common reason for consultation with the urologist. The main risk factor was tobacco consumption.


Subject(s)
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Risk Factors , Clinical Diagnosis , Hematuria
4.
Educ. med. super ; 37(2)jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1528538

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con la meta permanente de mejorar la relación médico-paciente y favorecer que este último asuma una posición proactiva en la búsqueda de su salud, se implementa la metodología AELI® KINETEST, aceptada desde 2017 por la Oficina Cubana de la Propiedad Industrial, órgano estatal subordinado al Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente. Esta emplea una forma diferente de realizar diagnóstico y tratamiento, con una marcada intención de lograr visión integral del paciente, que abarca contexto personal, familiar, laboral, y complementa así el método clínico. Objetivo: Describir los resultados de la atención a pacientes con AELI®KINETEST. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y de corte transversal. La población estuvo conformada por 582 pacientes del Hospital Universitario Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez, entre marzo de 2016 y marzo de 2019. Se confeccionó una ficha personal que incluía los resultados de la aplicación del protocolo del test muscular de los miembros superiores para identificar las disarmonías energéticas. Resultados: Se halló una evolución positiva, predominante a partir de la segunda consulta, en la que se encontraba asintomático el 84,4 por ciento y en la tercera, el 91 por ciento. Conclusiones: AELI® KINETEST resulta una metodología que promueve salud desde una visión integral del ser humano; y permite crecimiento personal, control de los síntomas a corto plazo y rápida reincorporación laboral y familiar. Los resultados muestran la aceptación social y apuntan a una inmediata inclusión en el aprendizaje de las ciencias de la salud(AU)


Introduction: With the permanent goal of improving the doctor-patient relationship and encouraging the latter to assume a proactive position in the pursuit of her or his health, the AELI®KINETEST methodology is implemented. It has been accepted since 2017 by the Cuban Office of Industrial Property, a state body subordinated to the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment. This methodology uses a different way of making a diagnosis and carrying out treatment, with a marked intention to achieve an comprehensive vision of the patient, covering the individual, family, work, and other contexts. Objective: To describe the results of patient care with AELI®KINETEST. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted. The population consisted of 582 patients from Hospital Universitario Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez, during March 2016 and March 2019. An individual file was prepared, including the results of the application of the upper limb muscle test protocol for identifying energetic disharmonies. Results: A positive evolution was observed, predominantly from the second consultation, at which moment 84.4 percent were asymptomatic; while at the moment of the third consultation, 91 percent were asymptomatic. Conclusions: AELI® KINETEST is a methodology that promotes health with an approach towards a comprehensive vision of the human being, as well as it allows individual growth, short-term symptom control and a rapid reincorporation to work and family. The results show social acceptance and point to an immediate inclusion in the learning of health sciences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physician-Patient Relations , Complementary Therapies/methods , Clinical Diagnosis/education , Treatment Outcome , Methodology as a Subject , Patient Care , Learning , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Disease Prevention
5.
Rev. anesth.-réanim. med. urgence ; 15(2): 115-119, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1511805

ABSTRACT

L'accident vasculaire cérébral hémorragique (AVCH) est une interruption de la circulation sanguine par la rupture d'une artère cérébrale qui va provoquer une perte soudaine d'une ou plusieurs fonctions cérébrales. L'objectif de notre étude était de déterminer l'aspect épidemio-clinique et radiologique et de décrire la prise en charge chirurgicale d'un AVCH au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona (CHU JRA), Antananarivo Madagascar. Méthodes : Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective et descriptive de 125 cas d'AVCH opérés sur des patients hospitalisés du Janvier 2017 au 31 Décembre 2019. Résultats : Nous avons noté une prédominance masculine de 55% avec un Sex ratio de 0,82 ; dont l'âge moyen était de 52,8 ans. Le facteur de risque le plus rencontré était l'hypertension artérielle (HTA) avec 58,4% des cas. Les motifs d'admission étaient les troubles de la conscience (63,2%) et les déficits moteurs (44,8%). Les signes à l'examen étaient surtout l'hémiplégie (55,2%), la dysarthrie (22,4%). Les hématomes étaient lobaires dans 80,8% des cas et 19,2% au niveau de la fosse postérieure. La technique chirurgicale la plus utilisée était l'évacuation de l'hématome par craniotomie. Les séquelles étaient dominées par l'hémiparésie et l'aphasie respectivement 53.6% et 10.4%. Le taux de mortalité a été de 8%. Conclusion : La chirurgie tient une place primordiale dans la prise en charge des AVCH au CHU JRA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decompressive Craniectomy , Cerebral Intraventricular Hemorrhage , General Surgery , Radiologic Health , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Clinical Diagnosis , Hemiplegia
6.
Rev. int. sci. méd. (Abidj.) ; 25(1): 44-48, 2023. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1442483

ABSTRACT

Defi ned as circumferential eversion of the epithelium of the distal urethra, mucosal prolapse of the urethra occurs in the girl child. The diagnosis is clinical but may be overlooked or confused with other conditions. Treatment remains controversial. The aim was to describe the anatomical and therapeutic aspects. Methods. This was a retrospective and descriptive study over 5 years. Age, time of admission and circumstances of occurrence were analysed. Clinical aspects were based on the length of the prolapse (small less than 1 cm, medium: between 1 and 2 cm, large more than 2 cm), the colour of the prolapse and the presence or absence of bleeding. The treatment was medical (hormonal) and surgical in case of failure of hormonal treatment. The evaluation of the results was based on the occurrence of recurrence and urinary incontinence. The average follow-up was 18 months. Results. Twenty-one patients were included in the study with a mean age of 6.5 years. The mean time to onset was 12.4 days. Vulvar bleeding was the reason for consultation in n=9 patients. The prolapse was large in 12 patients, medium in 9 patients and small in 3 patients. The prolapse was violaceous in 15 patients. Medical


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Uterine Prolapse , Intraepithelial Lymphocytes , Urethra , Clinical Diagnosis
7.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(1): 124-157, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417295

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a frequência de registros de Monkeypox (MPX) no recorte histórico formado pelos meses de "janeiro a outubro de 2022" no recorte geográfico formado pelo "Brasil". Método: Pesquisa exploratória, descritiva, comparativa e quantitativa. Os dados foram adquiridos junto ao Centro de Informações Estratégicas em Vigilância em Saúde (CIEVS), do Centro de Operações em Emergências (COE) do Ministério da Saúde (MS). Resultados: Foram notificados o universo de 13.915 registros de MPX, sendo que 65% (n=9.045) eram de casos confirmados e 35% (n=4.870) eram de casos suspeitos. A região Sudeste (SE) computou a maior preponderância, tanto de casos confirmados com 65,1% (n=5.886) quanto de casos suspeitos com 33,6% (n=1.635). O estado de São Paulo (SP) obteve maior preponderância com 44,4%(n=4.012) casos confirmados e 23,2% (n=1.131) casos suspeitos. Conclusão: Foi identificado aumento na frequência de registros de casos confirmados e suspeitos no recorte geográfico e histórico analisados.


Objective: To analyze the frequency of Monkeypox (MPX) records in the historical period formed by the months from "January to October 2022" in the geographic region formed by "Brazil". Method: Exploratory, descriptive, comparative and quantitative research. Data were acquired from the Center for Strategic Information on Health Surveillance (CIEVS), from the Emergency Operations Center (COE) of the Ministry of Health (MS). Results: A total of 13,915 MPX records were reported, of which 65% (n=9,045) were confirmed cases and 35% (n=4,870) were suspected cases. The Southeast (SE) region accounted for the highest preponderance, both of confirmed cases with 65.1% (n=5,886) and of suspected cases with 33.6% (n=1,635). The state of São Paulo (SP) had the highest prevalence with 44.4% (n=4,012) confirmed cases and 23.2% (n=1,131) suspected cases. Conclusion: An increase in the frequency of records of confirmed and suspected cases was identified in the geographical and historical scope analyzed


Objetivo: Analizar la mortalidad por infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM) en Brasil de 1996 a 2017. Método: Estudio epidemiológico, exploratorio, descriptivo y cuantitativo. Los datos fueron extraídos del Servicio de Información de Mortalidad (SIM) del Ministerio de Salud (MS). Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: Se identificó un universo de 1.592.197 registros, con media y desviación estándar de (72.373±12.999,9). El año 2016 registró la mayor preponderancia con 5,9% (n=94.148) y 1996 la menor con 3,5% (n=55.900). La mayor preponderancia estuvo constituida por 59,1% (n=940.552) del sexo masculino, 25,6% (n=407.340) tenían entre 70 y 79 años, 54,7% (n=871.319) eran blancos, 45,5% (n=725.234) casados, 20,7 El % (n=328.981) tenía de 1 a 3 años de escolaridad, el 55,6% (n=885.368) tenían sus defunciones registradas en el hospital. Conclusión: Se identificó un aumento en la frecuencia de registros de defunción por IAM en el área geográfica e histórica analizada.


Subject(s)
Mpox (monkeypox) , Clinical Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Mortality , Monkeypox virus
8.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 422023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508226

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neurofibromatosis tipo i es una enfermedad hereditaria, autosómica dominante, multisistémica, progresiva con penetrancia completa y expresividad variable. El análisis de las familias con marcadores moleculares permite realizar el diagnóstico por métodos indirectos. Objetivos: Estudiar dos familias cubanas con al menos un caso de neurofibromatosis tipo i e identificar los alelos resultantes del polimorfismo para el diagnóstico molecular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo a dos familias con al menos un caso de neurofibromatosis tipo i. Se extrajo el ADN con la técnica de precipitación salina y fue utilizada la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para la amplificación del fragmento de interés. Se realizó la digestión enzimática con la enzima Rsai para analizar los alelos del polimorfismo estudiado y posteriormente hacer la electroforesis en gel de agarosa al 2 por ciento. Resultados: Las manifestaciones clínicas más frecuentes fueron las manchas color café con leche, pecas axilares e inguinales y lesiones óseas. Se detectaron los alelos 1 y 2 al analizar el polimorfismo en las muestras. Las frecuencias alélicas fueron 38,5 por ciento y 61,5 por ciento respectivamente. Conclusiones: Fueron identificadas las principales manifestaciones clínicas en los pacientes. La técnica para el análisis del polimorfimo permitió el estudio molecular en las familias con neurofibromatosis tipo i. Se detectaron los alelos del marcador molecular y sus frecuencias. Se realizó el diagnóstico molecular de los individuos sospechosos (AU)


Introduction: Neurofibromatosis type i is a hereditary, autosomal dominant, multisystemic, progressive disease with complete penetrance and variable manifestation. The analysis of families with molecular markers allows diagnosis by indirect methods. Objectives: To study two Cuban families with at least one case of neurofibromatosis type i and to identify the alleles resulting from the polymorphism for molecular diagnosis. Methods: A descriptive study of two families with at least one case of neurofibromatosis type i was performed. DNA was extracted with the saline precipitation technique and polymerase chain reaction was used for amplification of the fragment of interest. Enzymatic digestion was performed with the RsaI enzyme to analyze the alleles of the polymorphism studied and then to perform electrophoresis in 2 percent agarose gel. Results: The most frequent clinical manifestations were café-au-lait spots, axillary and inguinal freckles and bone lesions. Alleles 1 and 2 were detected when analyzing the polymorphism in the samples. The allele frequencies were 38.5 percent and 61.5 percent respectively. Conclusions: The main clinical manifestations in patients were identified. The technique for polymorphism analysis allowed the molecular study in the families with neurofibromatosis type i. The alleles of the molecular marker and their frequencies were detected. Molecular diagnosis of suspected individuals was performed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , Neurofibromatosis 1/diagnosis , Cafe-au-Lait Spots , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Clinical Study
9.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 27(Supl. 1): [52-71], 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1515981

ABSTRACT

Los supervivientes de cáncer se definen como aquellos individuos que han completado su tratamiento inicial y no tienen evidencia de la enfermedad. Para el caso de las pacientes supervivientes de cáncer de mama, el seguimiento involucra no sólo la vigilancia de la recaída locorregional y a distancia, así como la tamización de segundos primarios mamarios, sino también la evaluación de los efectos relacionados con las terapias recibidas. Hoy en día, existe controversia sobre cuál debe ser el método, la frecuencia, la duración y tipo de personal de la salud que realice el seguimiento de estas pacientes. Las guías de las distintas sociedades científicas muestran una variabilidad importante en las recomendaciones a este respecto. Este documento pretende revisar la mejor evidencia disponible sobre los procedimientos para la detección de la recaída locorregional, de las metástasis a distancia, de un segundo cáncer de mama contralateral y de los eventos adversos relacionados con los tratamientos para el cáncer de mama. Adicionalmente, se examinan los porcentajes y sitios de recidiva tumoral con relación al estadio clínico y a la biología tumoral


Cancer survivors are defined as those individuals who have completed their initial treatment and have no evidence of disease. In the case of breast cancer survivors, follow-up involves not only surveillance of locoregional and distant relapse, as well as screening for second primary breast cancers, but also evaluation of the effects related to the therapies received. Nowadays, there is controversy about what should be the method, the frequency, the duration and the type of health personnel that carry out the follow-up of these patients. The guides of the different scientific societies show a significant variability in the recommendations in this regard. This document aims to review the best available evidence on procedures for the detection of locoregional relapse, distant metastases, contralateral second breast cancer, and adverse events related to breast cancer treatments. Additionally, the percentages and sites of tumor recurrence are examined in relation to clinical stage and tumor biology


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Therapeutics , Clinical Diagnosis
10.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(3): 110123, sept.-dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425181

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: La fibrosis periapical posendodóntica es un proceso reparativo asintomático, radiolúcido y no progresivo que se interpreta con frecuencia como una lesión patológica persistente. El diagnóstico de esta entidad suele ser dudoso y sólo puede definirse mediante la correlación de las obser- vaciones clínicas, radiográficas e histológicas. El objetivo de este informe es describir el caso de un paciente que presenta un área radiolúcida periapical persistente y asintomática en un incisivo lateral superior. Caso clínico: Luego de cuatro años y dos meses de ha- ber recibido un tratamiento endodóntico el paciente concurre a la consulta para un examen de rutina. El examen radiográfico del diente revela un área radiolúcida persistente y bien defini- da. A causa de una fractura radicular irreparable, se indicó la extracción de la pieza dentaria. Esto permitió realizar el estu- dio histológico del tejido blando que permanecía adherido en el ápice de la raíz, lo que confirmó y completó el diagnóstico de fibrosis periapical posendodóntica.(AU)


Aim: The postendodontic periapical fibrosis is an asymp- tomatic radiolucent and non-progressive healing process that is often interpreted as a persistent pathological lesion. The diagnosis of this entity is usually uncertain, and it is only de- fined by the correlation of clinical, radiographic and histo- logical observations.The aim of this report is to describe the case of a patient with a long-term persisting asymptomatic and radiolucent area in a upper lateral incisor. Clinical case: Four years and two months after receiv- ing an endodontic treatment the patient comes to our office for a routine control. Radiographic examination revealed the presence of a persistent well defined radiolucent area. Sur- gical tooth extraction was required due to the presence of a complicated root fracture.This allowed to perform a histolog- ical study of the soft tissue attached to the apex of the ex- tracted root, which confirmed and completed the diagnosis of postendodontic periapical fibrosis (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Periapical Diseases/classification , Periapical Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Root Canal Therapy/adverse effects , Fibrosis/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Extraction/methods , Clinical Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Incisor/injuries
11.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-6, 01/jan./2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411467

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: this is a retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study aimed at describing the epidemiological profile of laboratory and clinical diagnosis of unvaccinated patients seen at a basic health unit in Araçatuba ­ SP, infected with SARS-CoV-2 between June 2020 and January 2021.The results were analyzed through inferential and descriptive statistics. Additionally, Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used (p<0.05). Results: of 313 patients, 128 were positive for COVID-19, with 68.75% diagnosed by RT-PCR and the others by immunochromatography. Women were 51.56% of those infected with adults corresponding to the main age group (76.56%), and 57% of patients had only a basic educational level concluded. A total of 88.26% of the patients progressed to cure without complications; eight patients died, most of whom were men and elderly. Of the variables analyzed for positive/negative outcomes, only "basic educational level" was significant for a positive result(p=0.0019). Conclusion: the deaths of infected patients may be associated with the existence of at least one comorbidity and advanced age of men.


Objetivo: descrever os fatores de risco associados com a infecção por SARS-CoV-2. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo descritivo retrospectivo e transversal, voltado a descrever o perfil epidemiológico de diagnóstico laboratorial e clínico, de pacientes não vacinados, atendidos em uma unidade básica de saúde de Araçatuba-SP, infectados por SARS-CoV-2, no período entre junho de 2020 e janeiro de 2021. Os resultados foram analisados por estatística inferencial e descritiva. Adicionalmente, foram aplicados os testes de Qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher (p<0.05). Resultados: dos 313 pacientes, 128 apresentaram resultado positivo para COVID-19, com 68,75% diagnosticados por RT-PCR e o restante por imunocromatografia. Mulheres foram 51,56% dos infectados, com adultos correspondendo à principal faixa etária (76,56%), 57% dos pacientes apresentavam apenas o nível educacional básico concluído. O quadro de 88.26%dos pacientes evoluiu para cura sem complicações;8 pacientes foram a óbito, sendo, em sua maioria, homens e idosos. Das variáveis analisadas para grau de dependência de resultado positivo/negativo, apenas "nível escolar básico" apresentou resultado significante para resultado positivo (p=0.0019). Conclusão: os óbitos dos pacientes infectados podem ser associados à existência de, pelo menos, uma comorbidade e à idade avançada de homens.


Subject(s)
SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Comorbidity , Clinical Diagnosis , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 35(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441761

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alteraciones oftalmológicas asociadas al SARS-CoV-2 se pueden clasificar como efectos directos del virus, por reacción inmunológica o por la vacunación. Objetivo: Describir las alteraciones oftalmológicas en pacientes con COVID-19. Métodos: Se presenta una serie de casos con diagnóstico clínico y serológico de COVID-19 en el curso de la enfermedad, posterior a esta o por la vacunación. Fueron estudiados 7 casos (4 mujeres y 3 hombres), que acudieron de forma consecutiva a la consulta de Neuroftalmología del Hospital "Hermanos Ameijeiras" (HHA), remitidos por especialistas que evalúan el protocolo de casos "Pos-COVID-19" en esta institución con las siguientes alteraciones: neurorretinitis (NR), papilitis (P), uveítis y papilitis (U-P), membrana epirretiniana (MER) y parálisis facial periférica (PFP), en el periodo de agosto a noviembre de 2021. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 44 años. La NR, P y MER unilateral predominaron en la serie estudiada. La etiología inmunológica fue la más frecuente. Los síntomas y signos referidos por los pacientes fueron: disminución visual y déficit en la visión de los colores. Los resultados terapéuticos no fueron satisfactorios en los casos 1 y 6, con un tiempo de evolución prolongado, desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el diagnóstico y tratamiento con esteroides y vitaminas del complejo B. Conclusiones: Existe una asociación entre las enfermedades oftalmológicas encontradas en pacientes jóvenes con antecedentes de padecer la COVID-19 o relacionado con la vacunación. La efectividad terapéutica estuvo condicionada por el tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Ophthalmologic alterations associated with SARS-CoV-2 can be classified as direct effects of the virus, by immunologic reaction or by vaccination. Objective: To describe the ophthalmologic alterations in patients with COVID-19. Methods: A series of cases with clinical and serologic diagnosis of COVID-19 during the course of the disease, after the disease or after vaccination is presented. Seven cases were studied (4 women and 3 men), who consecutively attended the Neurophthalmology Consultation of the "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Hospital (HHA), referred by specialists who evaluate the "Post-COVID-19" case protocol in this institution with the following alterations: neuroretinitis (NR), papillitis (P), uveitis and papillitis (U-P), epiretinal membrane (MER) and peripheral facial palsy (PFP), in the period from August to November 2021. Results: The average age was 44 years. NR, P and unilateral MER predominated in the series studied. Immunologic etiology was the most frequent. The symptoms and signs referred by the patients were visual impairment and color vision deficit. Therapeutic results were not satisfactory in cases 1 and 6, with a prolonged evolution time, from the onset of symptoms to diagnosis and treatment with steroids and B-complex vitamins. Conclusions: There is an association between the ophthalmologic diseases found in young patients with a history of suffering from COVID-19 or related to vaccination. Therapeutic effectiveness was conditioned by the time of evolution of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Clinical Diagnosis
13.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(4): 450-455, oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1424345

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la presencia del Virus Papiloma Humano (VPH) tipo 16 y 18 en biopsias de tejido mamario parafinado de pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de cáncer de mama. Se analizaron 32 biopsias de cáncer de mama embebidas en parafina para detectar el ADN de VPH mediante PCR en tiempo real, los iniciadores estuvieron dirigidos al gen E6. Se evaluaron el tipo histológico, grado histológico y la sobreexpresión de C-erB2 y Ki-67 mediante inmunohistoquímica. El 84,38% (27) fueron positivos para VPH, el 25% (8) fueron positivos para VPH-16 y el 59,38% (19) para VPH-18. El 15,63% (5) de las muestras presentaron infección mixta. Se evidenció la sobrexpresión de C-erbB2 y Ki-67 en 6,25% (2) de las muestras positivas para VPH-16 y 15,63% (5) de las muestras positivas para VPH-18. Se detectó ADN de VPH-16 y VPH-18 en las muestras de biopsias analizadas mediante PCR en tiempo real.


The aim of this study was to determine the presence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 and 18 in biopsies of paraffin-embedded breast tissue from patients with clinically diagnosed breast cancer. 32 paraffin-embedded breast cancer biopsies were analyzed in order to detect HPV DNA by real-time PCR, the primers were directed at the E6 gene. The histological type, histological grade and overexpression of C-erB2 and Ki-67 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. 84.38% (27) of the samples were positive for HPV, 25% (8) were positive for HPV-16 and 59.38% (19) were positive for HPV-18. Mixed infection was found in 15.63% (5) of the samples. Overexpression of C-erbB2 and Ki-67 was seen in 6.25% (2) of the samples positive for HPV-16 and in 15.63% (5) samples positive for HPV-18. HPV-16 and HPV-18 DNA was detected in the biopsy samples analyzed by real-time PCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Human papillomavirus 16 , Human papillomavirus 18 , Papillomaviridae , Tissues , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Clinical Diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 901-909, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399503

ABSTRACT

Com o aumento da população brasileira e consequentemente o número de edêntulos realizando tratamentos reabilitadores com implantes dentários, se tornou frequente aparições de complicações como, por exemplo, sua fratura. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar as causas prováveis relacionadas a fratura de implante dentário, através de um relato de caso clínico onde pode-se avaliar a condição da fratura apresentada e como foi solucionada. Após a analise do caso clínico, foi constatado que o principal fator que levou a sua fratura foram as sobrecargas oclusais associadas ao mal posicionamento e a qualidade do implante antigo. A partir disso, conclui-se que é de extrema importância o cirurgião dentista estar ciente de todas as possíveis complicações acerca do implante dentário, afim de realizar um bom planejamento cirúrgico diminuindo a taxa de insucesso levando a um bom prognóstico.


With the increase of the Brazilian population and, consequently, the number of edentulous individuals undergoing rehabilitation treatmentes with dental implants, the appearance of complications such as, for example, their fracture has become frequent. The present work aims to presente the probable causes related to dental implant fracture, trough a clinical case report where the condition of the fracture presented and how it was resolved can be evaluated. After analyzing the clinical case, it was found that de main factor that led to its fracture were the occlusal overloads associated with poor positioning and the quality of the old implant. From this , it is concluded that it is extremely important for the dental surgeon to be aware of all possible complications regarding the dental implant, in order to carry out a good surgical planning, reducing the failure rate, leading to a good prognosis.


Con el aumento de la población brasileña y, en consecuencia, del número de personas edéntulas que se someten a tratamientos de rehabilitación con implantes dentales, las complicaciones, como las fracturas, se han vuelto comunes. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar las probables causas relacionadas con la fractura de implantes dentales, a través del reporte de un caso clínico, donde se puede evaluar la condición de la fractura presentada y la forma en que fue resuelta. Tras analizar el caso clínico, se comprobó que el principal factor que condujo a la fractura fue la sobrecarga oclusal asociada a una mala colocación y a la calidad del implante antiguo. Esto lleva a la conclusión de que es muy importante que el cirujano dental conozca todas las posibles complicaciones de los implantes dentales, para realizar una buena planificación quirúrgica, reduciendo así la tasa de fracasos y consiguiendo un buen pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Dental Implants , Causality , Bruxism/complications , Clinical Diagnosis/education , Osseointegration , Torque , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/instrumentation , Dentists/education , Fractures, Bone
15.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 33(2)ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1441546

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de ovario poliquístico es la forma más común de anovulación crónica relacionada con exceso de andrógenos. La prevalencia oscila según el criterio diagnóstico utilizado entre 4-21 pòr ciento. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas de las pacientes con síndrome de ovario poliquístico. Métodos: Se seleccionaron los consensos hasta ahora realizados y artículos originales de los último 10 años, disponibles en los siguientes buscadores: Pubmed, Medscape, Scielo, Bireme. Se consideraron otras publicaciones que por su importancia clínica no han sido replicados. Conclusiones: La variedad de fenotipos presentes en el SOP hace que las manifestaciones clínicas y factores de riesgo para otras morbilidades sean heterogéneas. La influencia que ejerce además su etiopatogenia, no completamente dilucidada, hace que el diagnóstico y por consiguiente el manejo actual de estas pacientes tenga un enfoque multidisciplinario, individualizado y enfocado a las prioridades e inconformidades que puedan afectar su calidad de vida(AU)


Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common form of chronic anovulation related to androgen excess. The prevalence ranges according to the diagnostic criteria used between 4-21 percent. Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Methods: The consensuses and original articles of the last 10 years were selected, which were available in the following search engines: Pubmed, Medscape, Scielo, and Bireme. Other publications that due to their clinical importance have not been replicated were considered. Conclusions: The variety of phenotypes present in the polycystic ovary syndrome makes the clinical manifestations and risk factors for other morbidities heterogeneous. The influence exerted also by its etiopathogenesis, not completely elucidated, causes the diagnosis and therefore the current management of these patients to have a multidisciplinary approach which is individualized and focused on the priorities and nonconformities that may affect the patients' quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Clinical Diagnosis , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic , Search Engine/methods
16.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 13(2): 1-9, 20220504.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402139

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los adultos mayores constituyen el grupo poblacional más vulnerable y el menos favorecido por los sistemas de salud, transitan por un proceso de involución progresiva que puede repercutir en su salud; por tanto, se torna relevante el diagnóstico clínico oportuno y adecuado para identificar eventuales alteraciones. Objetivo: Establecer el diagnóstico clínico integral según sexo y edad de adultos mayores atendidos a nivel nacional en el Perú. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo, durante marzo y abril del 2021, en 60698 adultos mayores atendidos en todos los departamentos del Perú. La valoración física, funcional, mental y social de los adultos mayores se realizó mediante la Historia Clínica de Atención Integral de Salud del Adulto Mayor y se interpretó con su guía técnica. Se describieron frecuencias absolutas, relativas, intervalos de confianza para proporciones al 95% y el chi cuadrado de homogeneidad. Resultados: El 49,4% de adultos mayores estaban enfermos, de los cuales el 50,8% fueron mujeres y el 47,4% varones, el 50,0% tenían de 60 a 69 años, el 50,6% de 70 a 79 años y el 46,1% de 80 a más años. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el diagnóstico clínico integral por sexo y edad (p = 0,000). Discusión: Independientemente del número de participantes en todos los contextos estudiados, al menos una enfermedad crónica coexiste medianamente en los adultos mayores, sin ser determinante el lugar donde viven, pues el proceso de envejecimiento solo puede ser distinto en su velocidad de progresión y en las condiciones en que se presenta. Conclusión: Los adultos mayores en su mayoría estaban enfermos, fueron mujeres y tenían de 70 a 79 años, las diferencias por sexo y edad en el diagnóstico clínico integral fueron significativas. Las intervenciones en etapas previas contribuirían de manera importante en un envejecimiento saludable.


Introduction: Older adults are the most vulnerable population group and the least favored by health systems. They go through a process of progressive involution that can have health repercussions; therefore, timely and adequate clinical diagnosis becomes relevant to identify possible alterations. Objective: To establish a comprehensive clinical diagnosis according to sex and age of older adults attended nationally in Peru. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, and retrospective study was conducted between March and April 2021 on 60,698 older adults attended in all the departments of Peru. Physical, functional, mental, and social examination of the older adults was conducted using the Medical Record of Comprehensive Health Care for Older Adults, interpreted using its technical guide. Absolute and relative frequencies, 95% confidence intervals for proportions, and the chi-square test of homogeneity were described. Results:49.4% of older adults were ill, of which 50.8% were women and 47.4% were men; 50.0% were aged 60 to 69 years, 50.6% were aged 70 to 79 years, and 46.1% were aged 80 years and over. Statistically significant differences were found among comprehensive clinical diagnosis, sex, and age (p = 0.000). Discussion: Regardless of the number of participants in all the contexts studied, at least one chronic disease moderately coexists in older adults, without the place where they live being a determining factor, since the aging process can only be different in its speed of progression and in the conditions in which it occurs. Conclusions: Most of the older adults were ill, female, and aged 70 to 79 years; differences in sex and age in the comprehensive clinical diagnosis were significant. Interventions at earlier stages may contribute significantly to healthy aging.


Introdução: os idosos constituem o grupo populacional mais vulnerável e menos favorecido pelos sistemas de saúde, passam por um processo de involução progressiva que pode afetar sua saúde; portanto, o diagnóstico clínico oportuno e adequado torna-se relevante para identificar eventuais alterações. Objetivo: estabelecer o diagnóstico clínico integral segundo sexo e idade de idosos atendidos em nível nacional no Peru. Materiais e métodos: foi realizado um estudo descritivo, transversal e retrospectivo, durante março e abril de 2021, em 60.698 idosos atendidos em todos os departamentos do Peru. A avaliação física, funcional, mental e social dos idosos foi realizada por meio da História Clínica da Atenção Integral à Saúde do Idoso e foi interpretada com seu guia técnico. Foram descritas frequências absolutas e relativas, intervalos de confiança para proporções a 95% e o qui-quadrado de homogeneidade. Resultados: 49,4% dos idosos estavam doentes, sendo 50,8% mulheres e 47,4% homens, 50,0% tinham entre 60 e 69 anos, 50,6% tinham 70 a 79 anos e 46,1% de 80 a mais anos. Foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre o diagnóstico clínico abrangente por sexo e idade (p = 0,000). Disussão: Independentemente do número de participantes em todos os contextos estudados, pelo menos uma doença crónica coexiste moderadamente em adultos mais velhos, independentemente do local onde vivem, uma vez que o processo de envelhecimento só pode diferir na sua velocidade de progressão e nas condições em que ocorre. Conclusão: os idosos eram em sua maioria doentes, eram mulheres e tinham de 70 a 79 anos, as diferenças por sexo e idade no diagnóstico clínico integral foram significativas. As intervenções em etapas anteriores contribuiriam significativamente para um envelhecimento saudável.


Subject(s)
Peru , Aged , Clinical Diagnosis , Health of the Elderly , Integral Healthcare Practice , Statistical Data
17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 130-143, mayo 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394001

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome de Usher es una alteración genética caracterizada por la asociación de retinitis pigmentaria y sordera. Sin embargo, hay casos con familias en las cuales, a pesar de presentarse dicha asociación, no se puede diagnosticar un síndrome de Usher ni ninguno otro. Objetivo. Reevaluar fenotípicamente a 103 familias con diagnóstico previo de posible síndrome de Usher o retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera. Materiales y métodos. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 103 familias con un posible diagnóstico clínico de síndrome de Usher o retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera. Se seleccionaron las familias cuyo diagnóstico clínico no correspondía a un síndrome de Usher típico. Los afectados fueron valorados oftalmológica y audiológicamente. Se analizaron variables demográficas y clínicas. Resultados. Se reevaluaron 14 familias cuyo diagnóstico clínico no correspondía al de síndrome de Usher. De las familias con diagnóstico inicial de síndrome de Usher típico, el 13,6 % recibieron uno posterior de "retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera" de "otro síntoma ocular asociado con hipoacusia',' o en forma aislada en una misma familia, de "retinitis pigmentaria" o "hipoacusia'.' Conclusiones. Es fundamental el estudio familiar en los casos en que la clínica no concuerda con el diagnóstico de síndrome de Usher típico. En los pacientes con retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera, el diagnóstico clínico acertado permite enfocar los análisis moleculares y, así, establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. Es necesario elaborar guías de nomenclatura en los casos con estos hallazgos atípicos para orientar a médicos e investigadores en cuanto a su correcto manejo.


Introduction: There are several syndromes that associate retinitis pigmentosa with deafness or hearing loss. The most frequent is Usher syndrome, a genetic disorder of autosomal recessive inheritance, which, in some cases, is accompanied by vestibular dysfunction. However, there are cases of families that despite having retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness, cannot be classified as Usher or other syndromes due to additional findings. Objective: To reassess the phenotypes of 103 families previously diagnosed as possible Usher syndrome and/or retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness. Materials and methods: We conducted a descriptive and retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of 103 families with a probable clinical diagnosis of Usher syndrome and/or retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness. Families whose clinical diagnosis did not correspond to the typical Usher syndrome were selected and evaluated ophthalmologically and audiologically. Demographic and clinical variables were analyzed. Results: We selected and then reevaluated 14 families and 55 individuals as they did not correspond to a clinical diagnosis of Usher syndrome; 13.6% of the families initially considered to have typical Usher syndrome were later diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness, another ocular symptom associated with hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa, or isolated hearing loss in the same family. Conclusions: Family studies are essential in cases where the symptoms do not match the typical Usher' syndrome. In the cases of retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness, a correct clinical diagnosis allows for focusing on the molecular analyses to establish a differential diagnosis. The need for nomenclature guidelines on these atypical findings is relevant to aid physicians and researchers in the best approach to these cases.


Subject(s)
Retinitis Pigmentosa , Phenotype , Clinical Diagnosis , Usher Syndromes , Deaf-Blind Disorders , Hearing Loss
18.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(1): 4-13, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381253

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: i) Describir las características poblaciona- les, la frecuencia de patologías de mucosa bucal y de factores de riesgo asociados al cáncer bucal en una Campaña de Pre- vención y Diagnóstico Precoz de Cáncer Bucal (CPDPCB) en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires; ii) establecer concordancia entre diagnóstico clínico profesional de irritación mecánica crónica (IMC) y autopercepción de trauma. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descrip- tivo retrospectivo, en el que se utilizaron encuestas de 640 pa- cientes que participaron en las CPDPCB del Servicio de Odon- tología del Hospital Alemán entre los años 2016, 2017 y 2018. Se describen las variables demográficas, clínicas y cognitivas, y se analizan empleando chi cuadrado para variables cualitativas y ANOVA para variables cuantitativas comparando los años de campaña. Se realizó un estudio de concordancia entre el diag- nóstico clínico profesional de IMC y el trauma autopercibido mediante test Kappa, sensibilidad y especificidad. Resultados: Los sujetos participantes fueron predomi- nantemente mayores de edad, con bajo consumo de tabaco y alcohol. El porcentaje de pacientes con desórdenes potencial- mente malignos y cáncer bucal fue de 17,2%. La cartelería del hospital y la radio fueron las principales vías de información a los pacientes. El trauma autopercibido no presentó concor- dancia con el diagnóstico clínico profesional de IMC, y mos- tró sensibilidad de 0,41 y especificidad de 0,72. Conclusiones: El nivel de participación de los grupos de mayor riesgo de CBCE en la CPDPCB es bajo, y el perfil epidemiológico de los participantes no coincide generalmente con el perfil de los pacientes con CBCE. La autopercepción de trauma no sería una herramienta confiable para el diagnóstico de IMC (AU)


Aims: i) To describe population characteristics, frequency of oral mucosa pathologies, and risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in a Campaign for the Prevention and Early Diagnosis of Oral Cancer (CPEDOC), and ii) to establish concordance between professional clinical diagnosis of chronic mechanical irritation (CMI) and self-perception of trauma. Materials and methods: A retrospective descriptive study was performed using surveys of 640 patients who had participated in the CPEDOC conducted by the Dentistry Ser- vice at the Hospital Alemán during 2016, 2017 and 2018. De- mographic, clinical and cognitive variables were described and analyzed, using chi-square for qualitative variables and ANOVA for quantitative variables, to compare campaign years. Concordance was studied between the professional clinical diagnosis of CMI and self-perceived trauma using the Kappa test, sensitivity and specificity. Results: Participants were predominantly older, with low consumption of tobacco and alcohol. The percentage of patients with potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer was 17.2%. Hospital posters and radio broadcasting were the main channels of information to patients. Self-perceived trauma did not agree with the professional clinical diagnosis of CMI. Self-perceived trauma sensitivity and specificity were 0.41 and 0.72, respectively. Conclusions: The level of participation in the CPEDOC by the groups at higher risk of OSCC was low, and the epide- miological profile of the participants did not generally coincide with the profile of patients with OSCC. Self-perception of trau- ma does not seem to be a reliable tool for the diagnosis of CMI (AU)


Subject(s)
Mouth Neoplasms/prevention & control , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Argentina/epidemiology , Self Concept , Health Programs and Plans , Clinical Diagnosis , Health Education, Dental , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Service, Hospital , Early Diagnosis , Mouth Mucosa/injuries
19.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(1): 43-47, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391194

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir un caso de quiste odontogénico in- flamatorio cuya presentación imagenológica no es la habitual. Caso clínico: Acude a la clínica profesional de Pato- logía Oral de la Universidad Andrés Bello una paciente de género femenino de 13 años, sin antecedentes mórbidos, con un hallazgo radiográfico de lesión mixta ubicada entre los premolares inferiores derechos. Es derivada al posgrado de cirugía oral y maxilofacial para que le realicen una biopsia excisional de la lesión con una hipótesis diagnóstica de tumor odontogénico adenomatoide. Una vez realizado el estudio histopatológico, se define la lesión como quiste odontogénico inflamatorio, que por las características clínicas-radiográficas podría corresponder con un quiste residual de un diente tem- poral. Debido a la variabilidad en la presentación clínica e ima- genológica de las lesiones quísticas maxilofaciales, el estudio anatomopatológico es imprescindible para un correcto diag- nóstico y tratamiento (AU)


Aim: To present a case of inflammatory odontogenic cyst with unusual imaging presentation. Clinical case: A 13-year-old female patient, with no history of morbidity, with a radiographic finding of a mixed lesion located between the lower right premolars. The patient visited the professional Oral Pathology clinic of the Andrés Bello University and was referred to postgraduate oral and maxillofacial surgery for an excisional biopsy of the lesion, with a diagnostic hypothesis of adenomatoid odontogenic tu- mor. After the histopathological study, the lesion was defined as an inflammatory odontogenic cyst, which, based on clini- cal-radiographic characteristics, could be a residual cyst of a primary tooth. Due to the variability in the clinical and imaging pres- entation of maxillofacial cystic lesions, anatomopathological study is essential for correct diagnosis and treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Cyst, Calcifying/surgery , Schools, Dental , Biopsy/methods , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Clinical Diagnosis , Chile , Histological Techniques , Odontogenic Cyst, Calcifying/diagnostic imaging , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods
20.
Ethiop. j. health sci. (Online) ; 32(2): 229-234, 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1366924

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke has been reported to occur in a significantly higher number of COVID-19 patients as compared to healthy controls with variable proposed pathophysiologic mechanisms. To our knowledge, sufficient data regarding this subject is lacking in Ethiopia and the African continent at large. In this case series, we report the clinical characteristics and management of 5 cases with COVID-19 infection and acute ischemic stroke to shed light on the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in resource-limited setups. METHODS: This is a case series including data collected from the medical records of 5 participants with confirmed RT-PCR positive COVID-19 infection and radiologically confirmed acute ischemic stroke, admitted at Eka Kotebe General Hospital Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from June 10, 2020, to November 04, 2020. RESULTS: Cryptogenic stroke was documented in 4/5 participants included in this series with the most common vascular risk factors identified for stroke being hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The median time from onset of COVID-19 symptoms to the identification of stroke was 07 days. Two fifth of the participants in this series died during their ICU admission with the immediate cause of deaths reported to be related to the severe COVID-19 infection but not stroke. CONCLUSION: Cryptogenic stroke was documented in 4/5 patients in this series despite the presence of vascular risk factors for other stroke subtypes. The overall prevalence, subtypes, and outcomes of stroke in COVID-19 patients in Ethiopia and the African continent as a whole needs additional research to elucidate the local burden of the disease and define the predominant pathophysiologic mechanisms for stroke in COVID-19 in the region


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Clinical Diagnosis , Ischemic Stroke , COVID-19 , Disease Management
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