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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42: e232410, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356591

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo tem por objetivo apresentar os fundamentos teóricos da implantação de uma clínica de atendimento psicanalítico a crianças autistas em uma Universidade Federal. Aqui, apresentamos como se fundamenta essa clínica, como ela se iniciou, seu funcionamento, sua práxis na instituição e como se dá o tratamento da criança autista no Serviço de Psicologia Aplicada de uma Universidade Federal. O método implica uma discussão sobre o "estado da arte" nesse campo a fim de discutir as bases teóricas e a implementação recente (em 2019) de um serviço de psicanálise pela Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei para crianças autistas, realizado por meio da prática entre vários, método que agrega todas as intervenções realizadas por todos que trabalham com as crianças autistas na instituição. Ressaltamos neste artigo a importância da fundamentação teórica de todo e qualquer trabalho clínico, uma vez que é a partir dela que poderemos orientar os tratamentos disponibilizados para a população em geral, principalmente em tempos em que a saúde pública tem sido precarizada. Concluímos reiterando a necessidade dessa especialidade de trabalho realizado pela psicanálise, em especial a clínica psicanalítica dos autismos, em tempos de massificação do tratamento, que pretende retirar a psicanálise do campo de práticas possíveis de atendimento em políticas públicas de saúde mental.(AU)


Abstract This article presents the theoretical foundations of the implementation of a psychoanalytic clinic for autistic children inside a Federal University. We will present what this clinic is based on, how it started, its operation, its praxis in the institution and how the treatment of the autistic child is performed at the Applied Psychology Service at a Federal University. The method involves a discussion of the "state of art" in this field with the aim of discussing the theoretical bases and the recent implementation (2019) of a psychoanalysis service by the Federal University of São João del-Rei for autistic children by means of the practice among several, as the method that aggregates all the interventions performed by all the people who work with autistic children at the institution. We emphasize in this article the importance of the theoretical basis of any clinical work since it guides the treatments available to the general population, especially in times when public health has been precarious. We conclude by reiterating the necessity of this specialty of work done by psychoanalysis, especially the psychoanalytic clinic of autism in times of mass treatment, which aims to remove psychoanalysis from the field of possible practices of care in public mental health policies.(AU)


Resumen Este artículo tiene el propósito de presentar los fundamentos teóricos de la implementación de una clínica de asistencia psicoanalítica para niños autistas en el interior de una Universidad Federal. Seguiremos con el objetivo de presentar como se fundamenta esa clínica, como se ha dado su inicio, su operación, su praxis en la institución y, de esa manera, como se da el tratamiento del niño autista en el Servicio de Psicología Aplicada en una Universidad Federal. El método implica una discusión acerca del «estado del arte¼ en este campo con el objetivo de discutir las bases teóricas y la implementación reciente (2019) de un servicio de psicoanálisis de la Universidad Federal de São João del-Rei para niños autistas a través de la «práctica entre varios¼, como «método que agrega todas las intervenciones realizadas por todas las personas¼ que trabajan en la institución para niños autistas. Subrayamos en este artículo la importancia de la fundamentación teórica de todo y cualquier trabajo clínico desde lo cual podremos orientar los tratamientos ofrecidos a la población general, principalmente en tiempos en que la salud pública ha sido precarizada. Concluimos reiterando esa especialidad de trabajo realizado por el psicoanálisis, en especial la clínica psicoanalítica de los autismos en tiempos de masificación del tratamiento, que pretende quitar el psicoanálisis del campo de prácticas posibles de asistencia en políticas públicas de salud mental.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Psychoanalysis , Autistic Disorder , Universities , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Psychology , Specialization , Therapeutics , Mental Health , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Health Policy
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(3): 1-8, 30 de diciembre del 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352439

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La identificación de los microorganismos patógenos es un elemento clave la toma de decisiones clínicas y de formulación de estrategias para la prevención y control de los procesos infecciosos que aquejan a la población pediátrica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue realizar un perfil epidemiológico microbiológico en un hospital pediátrico de Quito-Ecuador. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio observacional retrospectivo de informes microbiológicos de niños atendidos en el Hospital Gineco-Obstétrico Pediátrico Luz Elena Arismendi de Quito entre enero y diciembre del año 2020. Resultados: Ingresaron al estudio 102 reportes de cultivos positivos de la población pediátrica. Enterococcus faecalis 16/102 casos (15.69%), Staphylococcus aureus 16/102 casos (15.69%), Escherichia coli 14/102 casos (13.72%), Klebsiella pneumonia 13/102 casos (12.75%), Staphylococcus epidermidis 13/102 casos (12.75%) explicaron la mayor prevalencia del grupo. Los meses de mayores reportes microbiólógicos fueron Junio y Noviembre. Fueron 51 hemocultivos positivos, 14 por Enterococcus faecalis, 10 por Staphylococcus aureus 10 casos, Diversas morfmorfologías coagulasa 9 casos. A nivel de líquido cefalorraquídeo fueron 11 reportes positivos con una prevalencia de Staphylococcus epidermidis en 7 casi y Staphylococcus aures en 4 casos. A nivel de urocultivos 12 casos fueron positivos, Escherichia coli 4 casos, Klebsiella oxytoca 3 casos y Klebsiella pneumoniae 3 casos. Conclusión: El presente reporte tiene similitudes con reportes latinoamericanos en prevalencia de Staphylococcus y Escherichia coli. Se requiere continuidad en ente reporte. No existieron casos multiresistentes


Introduction: The identification of pathogenic microorganisms is a key element in making clinical decisions and formulating strategies for the prevention and control of infectious processes that affect the pediatric population. The objective of the present study was to carry out a microbiological epidemiological profile in a pediatric hospital in Quito-Ecuador. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of microbiological reports of children treated at the Luz Elena Arismendi Pediatric Gyneco-Obstetric Hospital in Quito between January and December 2020. Results: A total of 102 reports of positive cultures from the pediatric population were included in the study. Enterococcus faecalis 16/102 cases (15.69%), Staphylococcus aureus 16/102 cases (15.69%), Escherichia coli 14/102 cases (13.72%), Klebsiella pneumonia 13/102 cases (12.75%), and Staphylococcus epidermidis 13/102 cases (12.75%) explained the higher prevalence of the group. The months with the highest microbiological reports were June and November. There were 51 positive blood cultures, 14 for Enterococcus faecalis, 10 for Staphylococcus aureus, 10 cases, and 9 cases of various coagulase morphologies. At the level of cerebrospinal fluid, there were 11 positive reports with a prevalence of Staphylococcus epidermidis in almost 7 cases and Staphylococcus aureus in 4 cases. At the level of urine cultures, 12 cases were positive: Escherichia coli, 4 cases; Klebsiella oxytoca, 3 cases; and Klebsiella pneumoniae, 3 cases. Conclusion: This report has similarities with Latin American reports in the prevalence of Staphylococcus and Escherichia coli. Continuity is required in the entire report. There were no multi-resistant cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Microbiological Techniques , Blood Culture , Epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Urine Specimen Collection
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(3): e1679, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347521

ABSTRACT

La desproporcional y alta frecuencia de órdenes médicas de anticuerpos frente al citoplasma del neutrófilo (ANCA, por sus siglas en inglés) dirigidas a nuestros laboratorios clínicos evidencia el sobreuso de la prueba de ANCA. El uso indiscriminado de esta aumenta los gastos sin beneficio de salud. El laboratorio clínico es el eslabón de la cadena diagnóstica que más siente el uso excesivo de las solicitudes de ANCA, básicamente porque genera resultados falsos positivos que comprometen la utilidad clínica de la prueba, además de recargar innecesariamente el trabajo diario del laboratorio. La prueba de ANCA es una herramienta diagnóstica muy útil para las vasculitis sistémicas primarias, pero su valor en situaciones no vasculíticas así como en otras condiciones inflamatorias y en enfermedades infecciosas o tumorales, no ha sido demostrado.1,2 El descubrimiento de los ANCA cambió...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Systemic Vasculitis , Fluorescence
4.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(3): 211-218, 20210930. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366577

ABSTRACT

A leptospirose é a zoonose de maior distribuição geográfica, com estimativa de cerca de 60.000 mortes por ano. A doença é causada por bactérias do gênero Leptospira, que possui mais de 300 diferentes sorovares e 64 espécies já identificadas, sendo o ambiente a principal fonte de contaminação. A doença em humanos apresenta manifestações clínicas variadas e caráter bifásico, devendo ser confirmada por meio do diagnóstico laboratorial. O objetivo deste trabalho foi reunir conceitos atualizados sobre a leptospirose humana e as principais técnicas de diagnóstico laboratorial empregadas. A MAT é considerada o padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico da leptospirose, mas devido à baixa sensibilidade na fase inicial da doença é necessário o emprego de técnicas mais sensíveis neste período. Baseado em diversos estudos, as metodologias de PCR, ELISA-IgM e teste rápido apresentaram sensibilidade satisfatória nos primeiros dias após o início dos sintomas. Na segunda semana, a MAT apresentou 100% de sensibilidade, mantendo sua alta especificidade em ambas as fases. No geral, os testes sorológicos de ELISA-IgM e teste rápido apresentaram resultados satisfatórios como métodos de diagnóstico precoce, principalmente tratando-se de locais com pouca infraestrutura, diferente dos laboratórios de referência onde é possível empregar as técnicas de PCR e MAT.


Leptospirosis is the most widespread zoonosis, which has a balance of almost 60,000 deaths per year. Bacteria of Leptospira genus, which has more than 300 different serovars and 64 species already identified, cause the disease, being the environment the main source of contamination. The human disease presents a large set of clinical manifestations, showing biphasic presentation, the reason why leptospirosis must be confirmed by laboratory diagnosis. This study aimed to group recent concepts concerning human leptospirosis and the main diagnosis techniques employed at the laboratory. MAT is considered the gold standard for leptospirosis diagnosis, but has low sensitivity on the onset of disease, leading to the use of techniques with higher sensitivity on this period. Based on several studies, PCR, ELISA-IgM and rapid test presented satisfactory sensitivity on the onset of symptoms. In the second week, MAT showed 100% of sensitivity, maintaining its high specificity in both phases. In general, the ELISA-IgM and rapid serological tests showed satisfactory results as methods for early diagnosis, especially in the case of places with poor infrastructure, different from the reference laboratories where it is possible to use the PCR and MAT techniques.


Subject(s)
Weil Disease , Leptospirosis/diagnosis , Leptospirosis/etiology , Spirochaetales , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Leptospira
5.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(2): e1566, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347450

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Habana fue el territorio más complejo a nivel nacional en el enfrentamiento al primer brote de la COVID-19. Su condición de capital, la densidad poblacional, la escasa delimitación geográfica entre sus municipios, el elevado flujo intermunicipal e interprovincial de personas, sumado a que es la provincia que mayor número de viajeros recibe procedentes del extranjero, confirieron a este territorio particularidades en el enfrentamiento a la pandemia. Objetivo: Determinar las principales características clínico-epidemiológicas de pacientes cubanos residentes en La Habana afectados por la COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal. La muestra quedó formada por 431 pacientes, mayores de un año, de alta epidemiológica de la infección por SARS-CoV-2. Para la recolección de información se aplicó un cuestionario a través de una entrevista. Resultados: La edad promedio de la muestra fue de 45 años. Más de la mitad de los casos evolucionaron de modo sintomático (no grave o grave). La fiebre fue la manifestación clínica más frecuente. Los individuos incluidos en la muestra, con grupo sanguíneo O, o con antecedentes de asma, mostraron menos riesgo de presentar formas sintomáticas de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que la edad constituye el principal factor de riesgo para desarrollar formas sintomáticas (no graves o graves) de la COVID-19. De modo contrario, el grupo sanguíneo O y el antecedente de asma son factores de protección para estas formas de evolución clínica(AU)


Introduction: Havana city was the most complex territory at the national level facingthe first outbreak of COVID-19. Its condition of capital, the population density, the limited geographical delimitation between its municipalities, the high inter-municipal and inter-provincial flow of people, added to the fact that it is the province that receives the largest number of travelers from abroad, conferred particularities on this territory. Objective: To determine the main clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients affected by COVID-19 living in Havana. Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample contained 431 patients, older than one year, with epidemiological discharge from the SARS-CoV-2 infection. To collect information, a questionnaire was applied through an interview. Results: The average age of the sample was 45 years. More than half of the cases evolved in a symptomatic way (not serious or serious). Fever was the most frequent clinical manifestation. The individuals included in the sample, with blood group O or with a background of asthma, showed less risk of presenting symptomatic forms of the disease. Conclusions: The results suggest that age is the main risk factor for developing symptomatic forms (not severe or severe) of COVID-19. On the contrary, blood group O and a history of asthma are protective factors for these forms of clinical evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Group Antigens , Adaptation, Psychological , Population Density , Protective Factors , COVID-19 , Clinical Evolution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Clinical Laboratory Techniques
6.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(2): e1094, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341462

ABSTRACT

La catarata senil es la primera causa de ceguera reversible en el mundo y la cirugía constituye el único método para solucionar esta enfermedad, con alto nivel de seguridad y elevada mejoría en calidad visual y de vida. Por ser una afectación que ocurre en pacientes de la tercera edad, con frecuencia presentan enfermedades sistémicas como hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus, enfermedades cardiovasculares, entre otras. Hasta esta fecha se indican exámenes de laboratorio de rutina en el preoperatorio que para algunas instituciones son innecesarios por el bajo riesgo de esta técnica quirúrgica. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en Pubmed, Cochrane y Google Académico con el objetivo de revisar lo relacionado con la necesidad de efectuar estos exámenes de laboratorio como rutina antes de la cirugía de catarata. Existen pocos artículos referentes al tema, por lo que se seleccionaron los de mayor evidencia científica. Se pudo concluir que no hay evidencia sobre los requerimientos y necesidades de estudios de laboratorio en el preoperatorio, ya que sus resultados no aportan la capacidad de predecir la morbilidad o de cambiar la conducta relacionada con el proceder quirúrgico o anestésico(AU)


Senile cataract is the leading cause of reversible blindness worldwide. Surgery is the only method available to heal this condition, with a high level of safety and considerable improvement in visual quality and quality of life. Being as it is a condition occurring in elderly patients, systemic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, among others, are usually present. Routine preoperative laboratory tests are customarily indicated which some institutions consider unnecessary due to the low risk of this surgical procedure. A bibliographic search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane and Google Scholar with the purpose of reviewing published information about the need to conduct these laboratory tests as routine practice before cataract surgery. Since few papers about the topic were available, a selection was made of the ones providing the most relevant scientific evidence. It was concluded that no evidence exists about the requirements of and need for preoperative laboratory studies, since their results do not contribute to the ability to predict morbidity or change the conduct related to the surgical or anesthetic procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Cataract Extraction/methods , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Quality of Life , Quality Management
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(3): 157-161, 20210000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359922

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: el fármaco antimetabolito aumenta el nivel de hemoglobina fetal y reduce la frecuencia de crisis en pacientes con anemia de células falciformes. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de los antimetabolitos (hidroxiurea) en casos con crisis falciforme frecuente de anemia de células falciformes y talasemia no dependiente de transfusiones en el hospital de formación de Karbala desde abril de 2016 hasta diciembre de 2020. Pacientes y métodos: de 81 pacientes realizados en este estudio de casos y controles, cuarenta recibieron hidroxiurea y los otros cuarenta y un pacientes no. Se realizaron monitoreos cada dos semanas en los primeros tres meses mediante el envío para análisis (Hb, WBC, recuento de plaquetas y urea en sangre y creatinina sérica) LA PRENSA MÉDICA ARGENTINA Antimetabolite drug in patients with sickle cell diseases in hematological center of kerbalaa training hospital 161 V.107/Nº 3 además de la evaluación de los efectos secundarios de los medicamentos. Los cuarenta y un pacientes restantes que rechazaron la terapia con medicamentos los consideramos un grupo de control. Resultado: el grupo de casos que recibió hidroxilurea tuvo crisis principalmente después de 12 semanas desde la última crisis, mientras que el grupo de control tuvo crisis principalmente cada 3 a 7 semanas con un valor P=0,0001. No hubo efectos secundarios en el 77,5% de los casos que recibieron hidroxiurea. El 22,5% restante de los casos tuvo efectos secundarios menores o inespecíficos. Conclusión: En pacientes con drepanocitosis que sufrieron episodios recurrentes de crisis, la terapia con Hidroxiurea disminuye significativamente la frecuencia de la crisis dolorosa, con un bajo nivel de efectos secundarios en comparación con el grupo control.


Background: the antimetabolite drug increase fetal hemoglobin level and reduce the frequency of crisis in sickle cell disease patients. Aim: To evaluate the effect of antimetabolites (hydroxyurea) in cases with frequent sickling crisis of sickle cell disease and non-transfusion dependent thalassemia in Karbala training hospital from APRIL 2016 till December 2020. Patient and methods: from eighty-one patients conducted in this case control study, forty were received hydroxyurea and the other forty-one patients were not. Monitoring every two weeks in the first three months by sending for investigations (Hb, WBC, platelet count and blood urea and serum creatinine) in addition to assessment of drug side effects. The remaining forty-one patients who refused drug therapy we consider them as a control group. Result: the case group who received hydroxylurea had crisis mostly after 12 weeks from last crisis, whereas the control group had crisis mostly each 3 to 7 weeks in P value 0.0001. There was no side effect in 77.5% of cases received hydroxyurea.The remaining 22.5% of cases had less or nonspecific side effects. Conclusion: In patient with sickle cell diseases who suffered from recurrent episodes of crisis, Hydroxyurea therapy significantly decreases the frequency of the painful crisis, with low level of side effects in comparison with control group


Subject(s)
Humans , Fetal Hemoglobin , Case-Control Studies , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Hydroxyurea/therapeutic use , Anemia, Sickle Cell/pathology , Antimetabolites
8.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e642, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156365

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La selección de exámenes laboratorios preoperatorios (test específicos o exámenes por imágenes) debe hacerse como medida complementaria en el caso de sospecha clínica. La solicitud indiscriminada y de rutina es innecesaria e implica costos adicionales para la institución, además de la posibilidad de resultados falsos positivos, con repercusiones más o menos graves para los pacientes. Objetivo: Destacar los resultados y la repercusión clínico-anestésica de los exámenes complementarios preoperatorios en pacientes ASA I para cirugía ambulatoria que llegan a cirugía ambulatoria en el Hospital General Docente Comandante Pinares del municipio de San Cristóbal, Artemisa durante el año 2017. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo, de corte transversal en el Hospital General Docente Comandante Pinares del municipio de San Cristóbal, Artemisa, durante el año 2017. El universo se representa por 823 pacientes que se sometieron a cirugía ambulatoria, la muestra fue de 394 pacientes, según criterio de selección no probabilístico, intencional. Resultados: El sexo con mayor predominio en las cirugías fue el femenino 65,98 por ciento, las edades más frecuentes fue de 18-30 años. La cirugía electiva que más se realizó fue la colecistectomía 43,18 por ciento. En cuanto a los exámenes paraclínicos realizados, se detectó una baja incidencia de alteraciones, la complicación perioperatoria detectada fue la crisis hipertensiva 0,50 por ciento. Conclusión: Los resultados de los exámenes complementarios fueron normal en la mayoría de los pacientes, sin repercusiones o cambios en la conducta clínico anestésica. Además, generaron un elevado gasto a la institución de salud(AU)


Introduction: The selection of preoperative laboratory tests (specific tests or imaging tests) should be done, as a complementary measure, in the case of clinical suspicion. Indiscriminate and routine request is unnecessary and implies additional costs for the institution, in addition to the possibility of false positive results, with more or less serious repercussions for patients. Objective: To highlight the results and the clinical-anesthetic repercussion of complementary preoperative examinations in ASA-I patients who arrive for ambulatory surgery at Commandant Pinares General Teaching Hospital in San Cristóbal Municipality, Artemisa Province, during the year 2017. Method: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at Commandant Pinares General Teaching Hospital in San Cristóbal Municipality, Artemisa Province, during the year 2017. The universe was represented by 823 patients who underwent ambulatory surgery. The sample consisted of 394 patients, following nonprobabilistic, intentional selection criteria. Results: The sex with the highest prevalence of surgeries was the female sex (65.98 percent). The most frequent ages were between 18 and 30 years. The most performed elective surgery was cholecystectomy (43.18 percent). Regarding the paraclinical examinations performed, a low incidence of alterations was detected; the perioperative complication detected was hypertensive crisis (0.50 percent). Conclusion: The results of the complementary examinations were normal in most of the patients, without repercussions or changes in the clinical anesthetic behavior. In addition, they generated high expenses for the health institution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/ethics , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Laboratories , Cross-Sectional Studies , Preoperative Period
9.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(1): e603, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280332

ABSTRACT

. Introducción: Con los primeros casos de COVID-19 en Cuba era necesario el reconocimiento temprano de los pacientes con riesgo de evolucionar hacia formas graves de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento clínico de la COVID-19 en pacientes hospitalizados en el Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Pedro Kourí" e identificar factores asociados a la gravedad. Métodos: Se presentaron los primeros 73 casos de COVID-19 hospitalizados en el Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí desde el 11 de marzo al 5 mayo de 2020. Los pacientes se clasificaron en dos grupos: graves y con enfermedad ligera. Se compararon variables clínicas, demográficas, de laboratorio e imagenológicas en el momento del ingreso, y su posible asociación con la gravedad de la enfermedad. Resultados: Hubo siete pacientes graves (9,6 por ciento), cinco fallecieron. La edad > 60 años, tener más de una comorbilidad, hipertensión arterial y asma bronquial, fueron más frecuentes en pacientes graves. La fiebre más de seis días (p= 0,00), disnea (p= 0,00), presencia de estertores húmedos (p= 0,00), frecuencia respiratoria > 24/min (p= 0,00) y valores de linfocitos < 0,8 x109/L (p= 0,00), de ferritina > 500µg/L (p =0,00), proteína C reactiva ( 10μg/L (p= 0,01) y LDH ( 500 U/L (p= 0,01) se relacionaron con la gravedad. El 18,2 por ciento de las radiografías de tórax mostró alteraciones, con predominio de focos de condensación inflamatoria bilateral. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron: distrés respiratorio, choque, sepsis bacteriana y afecciones cardíacas. Conclusiones: Existen características clínicas y de laboratorio, identificables al ingreso, que están relacionadas con la gravedad de la enfermedad; lo que puede ser útil para la estratificación del riesgo y el manejo adecuado de los pacientes(AU)


Introduction: Upon appearance of the first COVID-19 cases in Cuba, early identification of patients at risk of developing severe forms of the disease became a necessity. Objective: Describe the clinical behavior of COVID-19 in patients admitted to Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute and identify factors associated to severity. Methods: A presentation was made of the first 73 COVID-19 cases admitted to Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute from 11 March to 5 May 2020. The patients were divided into two groups: severe and mild disease. A comparison was made of clinical, demographic, laboratory and imaging variables at admission, and their possible association to disease severity. Results: Seven patients (9.6%) were critically ill; five died. Age > 60 years, more than one comorbidity, arterial hypertension and bronchial asthma were more common among critical patients. Fever for more than six days (p= 0.00), dyspnea (p= 0.00), presence of humid stertors (p= 0.00), respiratory rate > 24/min (p= 0.00) and lymphocytes < 0.8 x109/l (p= 0.00), ferritin > 500 µg/L (p =0.00), C-reactive protein 10 μg/l (p= 0.01) and LDH 500 U/l (p= 0.01) were related to disease severity. 18.2 percent of the chest radiographs showed alterations, with a predominance of bilateral foci of inflammatory condensation. The most common complications were respiratory distress, shock, bacterial sepsis and heart disorders. Conclusions: Some clinical and laboratory characteristics identifiable at admission may be associated to disease severity, which makes them useful for risk stratification and the appropriate management of patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/drug therapy , Cuba , Laboratory Critical Values
10.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(1): 32-40, 20210330. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290947

ABSTRACT

A saliva tem ganhado espaço no meio laboratorial, devido a sua potencialidade como amostra biológica. Por se tratar de um fluido em tempo real, de fácil acesso e obtenção, a saliva vem sendo estudada com o intuito de se obter o diagnóstico e prognóstico de determinadas doenças. Esta é uma amostra de natureza menos invasiva, mais confortável e de baixo custo. Este trabalho visa descrever sobre a utilização da saliva como amostra biológica para exames imunológicos, relacionando os analitos já existentes na saliva e com a associação da sensibilidade desse método em relação a outras amostras biológicas. O presente artigo trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, feita através da análise de 238 artigos, dos quais, foram selecionados 25. Os principais critérios para a inclusão foram de artigos científicos na língua inglesa e portuguesa, publicados entre o período de 2010 a 2019 que tratam do uso da saliva para exames imunológicos. Já existem exames que utilizam a análise salivar, contudo ainda há necessidade de padronização dos valores de referência nas dosagens dos analitos, comprovando assim a sua capacidade de detecção de biomarcadores. Podendo assim afirmar que a utilização da saliva tem muitos benefícios para análise diagnóstica.


Saliva has gained space in the laboratory because of its potential as a biological sample. For treating a real-time fluid, easy access and obtainment, saliva has been studied in order to achieve the diagnosis and prognosis of certain diseases. This is a less invasive sample, more comfortable and has lower cost. This work aims to describe the use of saliva as a kind of biological analysis for immunological tests, relating the existing analytes in saliva and the association of the disease control mechanism. The present article is an integrative review, through an analysis of 238 articles which 25 were selected. The main criteria of inclusion were scientific English and Portuguese articles, published between 2010 to 2019 of saliva's use for immunological exams. There are already tests that use a salivary analysis, although there is still the need for patterning of a reference values in analyte dosages, thus proving its biomarker detection capability. Being able to state that the use of saliva has many benefits for diagnostic analysis.


Subject(s)
Saliva , Biomarkers , Clinical Laboratory Techniques
11.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 37(1): 27-33, Ene-Jun 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147875

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal retrospectiva con el fin de determinar el perfil clínico y epidemiológico de la enfermedad de Kawasaki (EK) en 95 niños egresados del Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga durante el período 2014-2017. El promedio de edad de los pacientes se ubicó en 3,9 ± 3,3 años, siendo 69,5% del sexo masculino. El tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad fue menor de 10 días en el 68,4% de los casos. Las manifestaciones clínicas predominantes fueron fiebre (100%), edema y/o descamación de palmas y plantas (85,3%), alteración de la mucosa oral (65,3%), inyección conjuntival (59%) y eritema polimorfo (55,8%). El tratamiento recibido consistió en aspirina (100%) e inmunoglobulina (96,8%). La respuesta al tratamiento fue satisfactoria en el 95,8% de los pacientes. Los hallazgos de laboratorio evidenciaron una PCR elevada (51,6%) y trombocitosis (97,9%) con hemoglobina normal en 62,1% de los casos. 41% de los pacientes presentaron ecocardiograma anormal y 97,9% presentaron ultrasonido abdominal normal. El diagnóstico de ingreso de la EK fue incompleto en 53,7% de los pacientes y el diagnóstico de egreso de la EK fue completo en 51,6%. Los resultados de este estudio brindan datos epidemiológicos recientes sobre la enfermedad de Kawasaki en nuestra institución prestadora de salud(AU)


A descriptive cross-sectional retrospective investigation was carried out to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological profile of Kawasaki disease (KD) in 95 children discharged from the Pediatric Hospital Dr. Agustín Zubillaga during the period 2014-2017. Mean age of children was 3.9 ± 3.3 years and 69.5% were male. Time of symptom onset was less than ten days in 68.4% patients. Predominant clinical manifestations were fever (100%), edema and/or desquamation of palms and soles (85.3%), alteration of the oral mucosa (65.3%), conjunctival injection (59%) and polymorphic erythema (55.8%). Treatment received included aspirin (100%) and immunoglobulin (96.8%). Response to treatment was satisfactory in 95.8% of cases. Laboratory findings showed elevated CRP (51.6%), thrombocytosis (97.9%) and normal hemoglobin in 62.1% patients. 41% had an abnormal echocardiogram and 97.9% showed a normal abdominal ultrasound. The diagnosis of CHD admission was incomplete in 53.7% of cases and the diagnosis of EK was complete in 51.6%. Results of this study show recent epidemiological data about Kawasaki disease in our healthcare institution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronary Disease/etiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Signs and Symptoms , Vasculitis , Edema , Fever
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 30-36, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368538

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se através deste trabalho, determinar a prevalência de cinomose canina no semiárido da Paraíba, através de testes rápidos imunocromatográficos, correlacionando-a com os principais achados clínicos e hematológicos. Foram analisadas 67 fichas de animais em que foram realizados testes rápidos para pesquisa de antígeno em amostras nasais e oculares no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2019. Observou-se que 47% (32/67) dos cães analisados foram positivos para cinomose canina. As variáveis que apresentaram diferença estatística significativa (p<0,05) para a infecção foram animais sem raça definida 60% (21/35), animais não vacinados 70% (29/42), e período seco do ano, sendo o mês de agosto (40%; 13/32), com maior ocorrência. Os principais sistemas afetados foram o respiratório 61% (17/28), oftalmológico 70% (22/31), nervoso 69% (13/19), dermatológico 45% (9/20), e gastrintestinal 42% (6/14). As principais alterações hematológicas foram anemia 66% (23/32), leucopenia 76% (19/25) e linfopenia 48% (15/31). Concluiu-se que foi elevada a ocorrência de cinomose canina em animais com suspeita clínica no Semiárido Paraibano, e animais sem raça definida, não vacinados, no período seco do ano foram mais diagnosticados com a enfermidade.


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of distemper canine distemper vírus (CDV) infection in the semi-arid region of Paraíba, using rapid immunochromatographic tests, correlating it with the main clinical and hematological findings. 67 records of animals were analyzed in which rapid tests were performed for antigen research in nasal and ocular from January to December 2019. It was observed that 47% (32/67) of compulsory dogs were positive for canine distemper. The variables that defined difference difference (p <0.05) for infection were mixed breed animals 60% (21/35), unvaccinated animals 70% (29/42), and dry period of the year, being the August (40%; 13/32), with greater occurrence. The main affected systems were the respiratory 61% (17/28), ophthalmological 70% (22/31), nervous 69% (13/19), dermatological 45% (9/20), and gastrointestinal 42% (6/14 )) The main changes were hematological, anemia 66% (23/32), leukopenia 76% (19/25) and lymphopenia 48% (15/31). It was concluded that the occurrence of canine distemper in animals with clinical suspicion in the Semiarid Paraibano was high, and non-vaccinated mixed-breed animals in the dry period of the year were more diagnosed with the disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Chromatography, Affinity/veterinary , Distemper/diagnosis , Distemper Virus, Canine , Dogs/virology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/veterinary , Semi-Arid Zone , Diagnosis
13.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200266, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285556

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS This scoping review summarizes the findings of clinical trials using methylene blue (MB) for the treatment of various health conditions. This research method allowed mapping main findings, clarifying research topics, and identifying gaps in the literature.


Abstract studies evaluating effective drugs for health conditions are of crucial importance for public health. Methylene blue (MB) is an accessible synthetic drug that presents low toxicity and has been used in several health areas due to its effectiveness. Objective: this scoping review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of relevant research regarding the use of MB for the treatment of health conditions. Methods: a five-stage framework Arksey and O'maley scoping review was conducted. The literature was searched in Cochrane Library database using Mesh term "methylene blue". Data were collected by two independent reviewers and submitted to descriptive synthesis. Results: The search resulted in 429 records, from which 16 were included after exclusion criteria were applied. The therapeutic use of MB was identified for acute conditions (malaria and septic shock), chronic conditions (discogenic back pain, bipolar disorder, refractory neuropathic pain, and post-traumatic stress disorder), and postoperative care (vasoplegic syndrome, and pain after haemorrhoidectomy, lumbar discectomy, and traumatic thoracolumbar fixation). Conclusion: there is much evidence emerging from clinical trials about the therapeutic use of MB for acute, chronic, and postoperative conditions; however, many gaps were identified, which open further avenues for future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/instrumentation , Methylene Blue/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Chronic Disease/drug therapy , Acute Pain/drug therapy
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(8): 600-607, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351768

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine the concordance between the clinical diagnosis of women with abnormal vaginal discharge (AVD) and laboratory results using molecular detection and observation of the vaginal microbiota. Methods Cross-sectional study conducted in 2018 in Temuco, Chile. A total of 25 midwives from 12 health centers participated. A total of 125 women>18 years old, volunteers, were recruited. The sample of the posterior vaginal fornix was obtained by speculoscopy. Characteristics of the discharge and of the external and internal genitalia were observed. Gram staining was used to observe vaginal microbiota, blastoconidia and pseudohyphae, and polymerase chain reaction was used for the detection of Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans. The Cohen kappa coefficient was used in the concordance analysis. Results Out of a total of 125 women with AVD, 85.6% consulted spontaneously and 14.4% were diagnosed clinically during a routine check-up. Absolute concordance was significant (p=0.0012), with an agreement of 13.6%. The relative concordance was significant, but fair for bacterial vaginosis (Kappa=0.21; p=0.003) and candidiasis (Kappa=0.22; p=0.001), and slight for trichomoniasis (Kappa=0.14; p=0.009). The percentage of coincidence of the diagnoses (single or mixed) by laboratory and midwives was: bacterial vaginosis 63.2% (12/19), candidiasis 36.5% (27/74), and trichomoniasis 12.5% (4/32). There was 20% coinfection. A total of 36% of the clinical diagnoses of AVD had negative laboratory tests. Conclusion The vulvovaginitis conditions candidiasis and trichomoniasis appear to be overdiagnosed, and bacterial vaginosis appears to be underdiagnosed by the clinical diagnosis when compared with the laboratory diagnosis. The low concordance obtained shows the importance of complementing the clinical diagnosis with a laboratory study of AVD, particularly in women with failed treatments and/or coinfections with unspecific and varying signs and symptoms.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a concordância entre o diagnóstico clínico de mulheres com corrimento vaginal anormal (AVD) e os resultados laboratoriais por meio da detecção molecular e observação da microbiota vaginal. Métodos Estudo transversal realizado em 2018 em Temuco, Chile. Participaram 25 parteiras de 12 centros de saúde. Um total de 125 mulheres>18 anos, voluntárias, foramrecrutadas. A amostra do fórnice vaginal posterior foi obtida por especuloscopia. Foram observadas características da secreção e da genitália externa e interna. A coloração de Gram foi usada para observar a microbiota vaginal, blastoconídios e pseudo-hifas, e a reação em cadeia da polimerase foi usada para a detecção de Trichomonas vaginalis e Candida albicans. O coeficiente kappa de Cohen foi usado na análise de concordância. Resultados De um total de 125 mulheres com AVD, 85,6% consultaram espontaneamente e 14,4% foram diagnosticados clinicamente durante um check-up de rotina. A concordância absoluta foi significativa (p=0,0012), com concordância de 13,6%. A concordância relativa foi significativa, mas razoável para vaginose bacteriana (Kappa =0,21; p=0,003) e candidíase (Kappa=0,22; p=0,001), e leve para tricomoníase (Kappa=0,14; p=0,009). O percentual de coincidência dos diagnósticos (solteiros ou mistos) por laboratório e parteiras foi: vaginose bacteriana 63,2% (12/19), candidíase 36,5% (27/74) e tricomoníase 12,5% (4/32). Houve 20% de coinfecção. Umtotal de 36% dos diagnósticos clínicos de AVD tiveram exames laboratoriais negativos. Conclusão As condições de vulvovaginite candidíase e tricomoníase parecem ser sobrediagnosticadas, e a vaginose bacteriana parece ser subdiagnosticada pelo diagnóstico clínico quando comparado com o diagnóstico laboratorial. A baixa concordância obtida mostra a importância de complementar o diagnóstico clínico comestudo laboratorial de AVD, principalmente emmulheres com falha de tratamento e / ou coinfecções com sinais e sintomas inespecíficos e variáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Trichomonas Vaginitis/diagnosis , Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal/diagnosis , Vaginosis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Vaginal Discharge , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Clinical Laboratory Techniques
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e01752021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250822

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION We present a data analysis and review of recent studies regarding the laboratory diagnosis of human T-lymphotropic virus 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) infections in Brazil. METHODS Target populations, available diagnostic serological assays (screening and complementary tests), molecular assays (in-house), causes of false-positive and false-negative results, and flowcharts were analyzed. RESULTS A table presents the target populations, two diagnostic flowcharts (depending on laboratory infrastructure and study population), and recent research that may improve how HTLV-1/2 is diagnosed in Brazil. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the implementation of public policies to reduce HTLV-1/2 transmission and its associated diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , HTLV-I Infections/diagnosis , HTLV-II Infections/diagnosis , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Software Design , Brazil , Human T-lymphotropic virus 2 , HTLV-II Infections/epidemiology
17.
Ghana Med. J. (Online) ; 55(2): 38-47, 2021. figures
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1337538

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Ghana is part of an ongoing pandemic caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first two cases of COVID-19 were confirmed in Ghana on 12th March 2020. COVID-19 was consequently declared a Public Health Emergency of National Concern, triggering several response actions, including enhanced surveillance, case detection, case management and contact tracing, closure of borders, suspension of international flights, ban on social gatherings and closure of schools. Preparedness and response plans were activated for implementation at the national, regional, district and community levels. Ghana's Strategic approaches were to limit and stop the importation of cases; detect and contain cases early; expand infrastructure, logistics and capacity to provide quality healthcare for the sick; minimise disruption to social and economic life and increase the domestic capacity of all sectors to deal with existing and future shocks. The health sector strategic frame focused on testing, treatment, and tracking. As of 31st December 2020, a total of 535,168 cases, including 335 deaths (CFR: 0.61%), have been confirmed with 53,928 recoveries and 905 active cases. All the regions have reported cases, with Greater Accra reporting the highest number. The response actions in Ghana have seen highlevel political commitment, appropriate and timely decisions, and a careful balance of public health interventions with economic and socio-cultural dynamics. Efforts are ongoing to intensify non-pharmaceutical interventions, sustain the gains made so far and introduce COVID-19 vaccines to reduce the public health burden of the disease in Ghana


Subject(s)
Humans , Preparedness , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Health Policy , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Pandemics
18.
Ghana Med. J. (Online) ; 55(2): 51-55, 2021.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1337568

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is an important subject for global health. Ghana experienced lowmoderate transmission of the disease when the first case was detected in March 12, 2020 until the middle of July when the number of cases begun to drop. By August 24, 2020, the country's total number of confirmed cases stood at 43,622, with 263 deaths. By the same time, the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research (NMIMR) of the University of Ghana, the primary testing centre for COVID-19, had tested 285,501 with 28,878 confirmed cases. Due to database gaps, there were initial challenges with timely reporting and feedback to stakeholders during the peak surveillance period. The gaps resulted from mismatches between samples and their accompanying case investigation forms, samples without case investigation forms and vice versa, huge data entry requirements, and delayed test results. However, a revamp in data management procedures, and systems helped to improve the turnaround time for reporting results to all interested parties and partners. Additionally, inconsistencies such as multiple entries and discrepant patient-sample information were resolved by introducing a barcoding electronic capture system. Here, we describe the main challenges with COVID-19 data management and analysis in the laboratory and recommend measures for improvement


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Data Management , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ghana
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06856, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1340358

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to describe the main clinico-epidemiological, laboratory, and anatomopathological findings in 10 cattle affected with caudal vena cava thrombosis. The main clinical signs observed were decreased milk production, reduced appetite, apathy, impairment of ruminal motility, cardiorespiratory disorders (tachycardia and tachypnea), epistaxis, hemoptysis, and ascites. Intercurrent diseases such as mastitis, metritis, and phlebitis were verified. The hematological findings were mild anemia, leukocytosis due to neutrophilia with regenerative left shift, and hyperfibrinogenemia. The pathological exams revealed thrombi in the caudal vena cava, hepatomegaly, ascites, liver abscesses, pulmonary edema and emphysema, and abscesses in the lungs. The association of epidemiological information, clinical signs such as respiratory distress, epistaxis or hemoptysis, in addition to anemia and leukocytosis due to neutrophilia, as well as the occurrence of thrombus in the caudal vena cava as pathological findings, are indicative elements of the clinical picture of vena cava thrombosis in cattle. It is reiterated that this disease has an unfavorable prognosis and, when diagnosed, the animal must be culled.(AU)


Este trabalho teve por objetivo descrever os principais achados clínico-epidemiológicos, laboratoriais e anatomopatológicos de 10 bovinos diagnosticados com trombose da veia cava caudal. Os principais achados clínicos foram redução da produção leiteira, diminuição do apetite, apatia, comprometimento da dinâmica ruminal, alterações cardio-respiratórias (taquicardia e taquipnéia), epistaxe, hemoptise e ascite. Foi constatada a ocorrência de doenças intercorrentes como mastite, metrite e flebite. O hemograma revelou discreta anemia, leucocitose por neutrofilia com desvio para esquerda regenerativo e hiperfibrinogenemia. No exame anatomopatológico revelou trombos localizados na veia cava caudal, hepatomegalia, ascite e abscessos hepáticos; além de abscessos, enfisema e edema pulmonares. A associação de informações epidemiológicas, sinais clínicos como desconforto respiratório, epistaxe ou hemoptise, além de anemia e leucocitose por neutrofilia, bem como a ocorrência de trombo na veia cava caudal como achados patológicos são elementos indicativos do quadro clínico de trombose de veia cava em bovinos. Reitera-se que essa doença tem prognóstico desfavorável e, quando diagnosticada, o animal deve ser abatido.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Thromboembolism/pathology , Thrombosis/pathology , Vascular Diseases/pathology , Cattle , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/veterinary
20.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06931, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1340355

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to examine the efficacy of magnesium chloride therapy in sheep experimentally poisoned by Palicourea marcgravii and describe the clinical and laboratory findings that may aid in early ante mortem diagnosis of this poisoning. P. marcgravii is an important plant within a group of 22 species in Brazil that cause "sudden death." Its toxic component is sodium monofluoroacetate. It was observed that a time for evolution of poisoning was longer in our study compared to other studies that used the same dose of P. marcgravii in sheep. However, all animals that were poisoned and subsequently treated with magnesium chloride died. The sheep presented characteristic clinical signs before death in addition to other signs that have not been previously described for this type of poisoning, such as abdominal breathing, coughing, head pressing, and nystagmus. This is the first evaluation of hematological parameters of sheep poisoned by P. marcgravii. Leukocytosis with neutrophilia, hyperfibrinogenemia, and hyperglycemia, associated with hypophosphatemia and elevated levels of serum aspartato aminotransferase (AST), glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH), urea, creatinine, creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), were observed. Additionally, changes were noted in necropsy, such as engorged jugular, large vessel congestion, pulmonary edema. Histological examination revealed vacuolar hydropic degeneration in the distal twisted uriniferous tubules in the kidneys, similar to those reported in previous studies on P. marcgravii poisoning.(AU)


O presente estudo objetivou verificar a eficácia terapêutica do cloreto de magnésio em ovinos intoxicados experimentalmente por Palicourea marcgravii e descrever os achados clínicos e laboratoriais que possam auxiliar no diagnóstico precoce ante mortem dessa intoxicação. P. marcgravii é a principal planta dentro de um grupo de 22 espécies que causam "morte súbita" no Brasil e seu princípio tóxico é o monofluoracetato de sódio. Durante o procedimento, observou-se maior tempo de evolução em relação a outros trabalhos utilizando-se a mesma dose da P. marcgravii em ovinos, entretanto todos os animais intoxicados e posteriormente tratados com cloreto de magnésio vieram a óbito. Os ovinos apresentaram sinais clínicos característicos antes da morte, associados a sinais nunca antes descritos nesse tipo de intoxicação, como respiração abdominal, tosse, "head pressing" e nistagmo. Trata-se da primeira avaliação dos parâmetros hematológicos de ovinos intoxicados por P. marcgravi. Foi observado leucocitose com neutrofilia, hiperfibrinogemia e hiperglicemia, associado a elevação dos valores séricos de AST, GLDH, ureia, creatinina, CK, LDH e hipofosfatemia. À necropsia foram notadas alterações como jugular ingurgitada, congestão de grandes vasos, edema pulmonar. Histologicamente havia degeneração hidrópica vacuolar nos túbulos uriníferos contorcidos distais no rim, semelhantes às já relatadas em estudos anteriores, na intoxicação por P. marcgravii.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Plants, Toxic , Biochemical Phenomena , Sheep , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/veterinary , Rubiaceae/toxicity , Poisoning , Magnesium Chloride
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